You are on page 1of 3

Pakistan Veterinary Journal

ISSN: 0253-8318 (PRINT), 2074-7764 (ONLINE)
Accessible at: www.pvj.com.pk

Short Communication

Point Prevalence of Toxocara vitulorum in Large Ruminants Slaughtered at Multan Abattoir
M. Asif Raza*, Saeed Murtaza1, H. Allah Bachaya2, Abdul Qayyum3, M. Arfan Zaman4

*Department of Animal Sciences, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Sub-campus Dera Ghazi Khan; 1Department of
Clinical Sciences, BZU, Multan; 2Livestock & Dairy Development Department, Punjab; 3University College of
Veterinary and Animal Sciences, IUB; 4Department of Parasitology, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Jhang
*Corresponding Author: asifrazarana@yahoo.com

ARTICLE HISTORY ABSTRACT
Received: February 13, 2010 The present study was conducted to determine the point prevalence of Toxocara (T.)
Revised: May 11, 2010 vitulorum in buffalo and cattle slaughtered at Multan abattoir. Gastro-intestinal
Accepted: May 25, 2010 tracts of 94 buffaloes and 48 cattle were examined for T. vitulorum. Prevalence of T.
Key words: vitulorum was 63.83 and 37.50% in buffaloes and cattle, respectively. Sex wise
Large Ruminants prevalence of T. vitulorum was recorded as 39.46% (30/76) in male and 72.72%
Nematode (48/66) in female.
Point Prevalence
Toxocara Vitolorum ©2010 PVJ. All rights reserved
To cite this article: Raza MA, S Murtaza, HA Bachaya, A Qayyum and MA Zaman, 2010. Point prevalence of
Toxocara vitulorum in large ruminants slaughtered at Multan abattoir. Pak Vet J, 30(4): 242-244.

INTRODUCTION Heavy infestation with this worm causes digestive
disturbance, poor growth in young stock giving rise to
Helminthes parasites of cattle and buffalo include major economic loses (Singh et al., 2008). Large numbers
nematodes, cestodes and trematodes. They cause the of these parasites block the lumen of intestine in calves
animals to be unthrifty which may include the loss of and results in mortality. This parasite can transmit in
weight, low birth weights and digestive disturbances. In calves via colostrums (Husnain and Usmani, 2006).
addition to this the animals become susceptible to other In Pakistan, little information is available about the
health problems which can lead to death. Infections are infection rate and intensity of T. vitulorum in large
widespread, but the majority of animals infected with ruminants. Hence, the present study was designed to
parasites show a number of little obvious clinical signs determine the infection rate and point prevalence of T.
what so ever, through out their productive life. Partly for vitulorum in slaughtered cattle and buffalo at Multan
this reason, infections with gastrointestinal and other abattoir. This is one of the most common and
helminthes parasites are not given importance by the
economically significant problems of grazing animals.
farmers (Hasnain and Usmani, 2006).
Pakistan is located in the semi tropic zone: such type
MATERIALS AND METHODS
environment is conducive for many species of helminthes
parasites. Gastrointestinal heminthiasis syndrome is
always caused by a mixture of species of helminthes Gastro-intestinal tract of 142 large ruminants
parasites in alimentary tract (Chaudhry et al., 1984). slaughtered at Multan abattoir were examined from 21
Among these species of the helminthes, Toxocara January 2007 to 20 February 2007 for the presence of
vitulorum parasite has special importance in cattle and adult T. vitulorum. Among these animals, cattle were 48
buffalo (Yadav et al., 2008), which inhabiting the in number, comprising of 28 males and 20 females while
intestine of these animals and cause severe damage to the buffaloes were 94 in number, comprising of 48 males and
intestinal mucous membrane with similar effects. Young 46 females. The worms were collected with the help of
animals are more susceptible to infection (Singh et al., forceps and put into normal saline, then, transferred into
2008). wide mouthed screw capped glass bottle that contains 10
According to the work done by different researchers, percent formalin as preservative. The bottles were
infestation of buffalo and cow calves with T. vitulorum properly labeled with necessary information about
has been recorded as 20-22% throughout the Punjab animals (species, age, sex etc). The adult worms were
province (Chaudhri and Riaz, 1984; Shahid et al., 1993). identified based on the characteristics given by Soulsby

242

University of Agriculture. In order to see the magnitude of difference in the This study also predicts that female animals have prevalence of T. vitulorum and overall prevalence was reproductive events and insufficient/unbalanced diet recorded was 54. 41: 511-525. 60 out of 94 buffaloes were positive for parasite and Veterinary Officer/Superintendent Slaughter House. Trop Anim et al. 1st Ed Livestock Foundation.43 Cattle 7 21 25 11 9 55 χ2 = 8. 1984. Prevalence of T. of non. of No. 2002. this agrees with data were analyzed statistically by using Chi-square test most of the researchers which have observed higher rates (Petrie and Watson. 2008. RESULTS 2008. Pakistan. Muhammad Ali. Toxocara infection rate of T. (2002) reported the infection rate of T. vitulorum is species dependent (Urquhart protozoan internal parasitic infections in free ranging et al. Toxocara vitulorum in buffaloes.92 37 9 80. Hassan Farooq Kazmi. Barbosa and Corea (1989) who studied the natural Hasnain HU and RH Usmani. Raza et al. There was a significant Faisalabad abattoir. China. Pak Vet J. Brazil. Similarly. J Vet Male 30 46 39. DS He. RS Dai. 243 Pak Vet J. 18 were positive for parasite and Acknowledgment prevalence of T.. Percentage Animal species infected infected of infected infected infected animals of infected animals animals animals animals animals Buffalo 23 25 47. These results are resembled with the findings of Parasitol.Percentage calves. vitulorum infestation was 37.. vitulorum in large Iqbal Z. MS Phullan. ruminants as 33% in Tandojam town and its surroundings. Department (48/66) as shown in Table 1. Rao Naveed Shehzad. R Rind and AH Soomro. vitulorum in large ruminants as vitulorum in beef calves in North Central Florida. vitulorum infestation in male Dr. of No. Table 1: Sex wise prevalence of Toxocara vitulorum Prevalence of gastro-intestinal helminthes in buffalo No. vitulorum infestation was 63. Dr. RQ Lin and vitulorum. Pak Vet J.01). of non.. Multan. 1993. 2008.45% (23/48) and 80. Davila et al. Female 48 18 72. 4: 60-61. Liu buffaloes in Hunan Province. were examined. pp: 140-141. Table 2: Species wise prevalence of Toxocara vitulorum in buffalo and cattle Male Female No. The rate of helminthes small ruminants of Bangladesh. 1984. infection in large ruminants varies from one region of the 45: 67-72.43% Campus Dera Ghazi Khan) for their technical support (37/46) in male and female of buffaloes.46% (30/76) while in female was 72.. difference (P<0. 1984. 1993.. F Li. 1989. of No. of non. Percentage No. 2010. Health Prod. Liu et al. 2010.01 Punjab. of nematode infection in female hosts compared with the males (Iqbal et al. Livestock of parasitism of T. vitulorum was higher haemonchosis in sheep and goats slaughtered at in buffalo as compared to cow. Rab Nawaz Kusar. Faisalabad (Sub- T. 2008. 30(4): 242-244. Liu Y. and Mr. The results of present study revealed an overall Davila G. Pak J Agric Sci. . Higher prevalence of nematode parasites in females compared with males might be due to The study revealed that 78 animals out of 142 were lowered resistance of female animals on the part of their infected with T. 30: 51-53.. the more burden of T. M Akhtar. during research. (P<0. reported it’s prevalence as 52. YM Tan. 1999). The buffalo is the definitive host of T.77787. vitulorum infestation was 47. world to another.1%. Bachal B. 2008). Chaudhry NI. The small intestines of 48 cattle against higher needs. 4: 62-65. 2010). Dr. W Liu.46 Med. Bachal et al. vitulorum (P<0. 2007. prevalence of T. prevalence of T. Veterinary animals was 39.72 Chaudhri AQ and RA Riaz. P<0. prevalence of T. Islamabad. Helminthic and prevalence of T.93%. 2: 43-45. Slovenian Vet Res. vitulorum among cattle and buffalo. MN Khan and M Riaz. Gulam Dastager. M Irsik and EC Greiner. Natural parasitism animals animals animal of..72% Officers. 2006. Prevalence of helminthes in water buffalo than that of cattle (Chaudhri and Riaz. The DISCUSSION incidence of gastro-intestinal parasite in buffaloes and cattle in Azad Kashmir. 1996. 2010). Sex infected infected of infected Barbosa MA and FMA Corea. respectively. Lecturer. 168: 261–263. Nadeem Sial. Ascariasis in the χ2 = 15. Islam et al. vitulorum in buffaloes in Brazil and Pakistan. Dr. MS Durani and T Aziz. Davila et al.93%. vitulorum is more in XQ Zhu. 41: 543-546. While in cattle the prevalence was recorded 25% (7/28) in male animals and 55% (11/20) in female animals (Table REFERENCES 2).01) in buffalo and cattle indicating that Islam KBMS and MJFA Taimur. (1982).01). Vet 54.83%. Prevalence and economic significance of In this survey. J Biol Sci.. Species wise prevalence of of Statistics. therefore.897696.50% while The authors are thankful to Dr.

22: 57-62.. 30(4): 242-244. SK Mishra and AK Pruthi. 1996. Veterinary Parasitology. . age and sex-wise Singh K. Blackwell Science Ltd. Yadav CL. 7th Ed. Arthropods and Protozoa Petrie A and P Watson. 244 Pak Vet J. UK. 1999. A Rubina and R Saeed. R Garg and PS Shahid JR. Animal Sciences. Pathology of distribution of gastro-intestinal helminths of sheep parasitic infestations in gastrointestinal tract in and goats in and around Rawalpindi region. 81: 323-328. pp: 69-73. Z Iqbal. ruminants in southern Punjab. A Rashid. AM Dunn and FW prevalence of gastrointestinal helminthiasis in Jennings. 2008. UK. London. Statistics for Veterinary and of Domesticated animals. J. Pak Vet buffalo calves. Baneerjee. JL Duncan. J Vet Parasitol. 2007. RR Kumar. 12: 60-63. 1982. A Jabbar and M Yaseen. Soulsby EJL. 13: 88-89. Epidemiological studies on Prevalence of endo-parasites in buffaloes and cattle in gastrointestinal nematodosis in cattle and buffaloes. UK. Point Urquhart GM. Blackwell Science Ltd. Pakistan. S Vatsya. Breed. 2010. Pak Vet J. Bailliere Tindall. J Helminthol. 2nd Ed. Raza MA. Pal RA and M Qayyum. J Okara. pp: 764-766. Vet Parasitol. 1992. Helminths. 1993. J Armour. 2008. 22: 23-29. London.