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New York City

"New York, New York" and "NYC" redirect here. For other uses, see New York, New
York (disambiguation) and NYC (disambiguation).
This article is about the city. For other uses, see New York City (disambiguation).

New York is the most populous city in the United States, and the center of the New York
metropolitan area, which is one of the most populous metropolitan areas in the world. A
leading global city, New York exerts a powerful influence over global commerce,
finance, media, culture, art, fashion, research, education, and entertainment. As host of
the United Nations Headquarters, it is also an important center for international affairs.
The city is often referred to as New York City or the City of New York to distinguish it
from the state of New York, of which it is a part.

Located on a large natural harbor on the Atlantic coast of the Northeastern United States,
the city consists of five boroughs: The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten
Island. The city's 2009 estimated population approached 8.4 million,[2] and with a land
area of 305 square miles (790 km2),[3][4][5] New York City is the most densely populated
major city in the United States.[6] The New York metropolitan area's population is also the
nation's largest, estimated at 19.1 million people over 6,720 square miles (17,400 km2).
Furthermore, the Combined Statistical Area containing the greater New York
metropolitan area contained 22.2 million people as of 2009 Census estimates, also the
largest in the United States.

New York was founded as a commercial trading post by the Dutch in 1624. The
settlement was called New Amsterdam until 1664 when the colony came under English
control.[7] New York served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790.[8] It
has been the country's largest city since 1790.[9] As many as 800 languages are spoken in
New York City, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world.[10]

Many districts and landmarks in the city have become well known to outsiders. The
Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to America in the late 19th
and early 20th centuries. Times Square, iconified as "The Crossroads of the World", is
the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway theater district, one of the world's busiest
pedestrian intersections, and a major center of the world's entertainment industry.
Anchored by Wall Street, in Lower Manhattan, New York vies with London as the
financial capital of the world[11][12][13][14][15][16][17] and is home to the New York Stock
Exchange, the world's largest stock exchange by market capitalization of its listed
companies. The original Manhattan Chinatown attracts throngs of tourists to its bustling
sidewalks and retail establishments. World-class schools and universities such as
Columbia University and New York University also reside in New York City.


The region was inhabited by the Lenape Native Americans at the time of its European
discovery in 1524[18] by Giovanni da Verrazzano, a Florentine explorer in the service of
the French crown, who named it "Nouvelle Angoulême" (New Angoulême).[19] European
settlement began with the founding of a Dutch fur trading settlement, later called "Nieuw
Amsterdam" (New Amsterdam), on the southern tip of Manhattan in 1614. Dutch
colonial Director-General Peter Minuit purchased the island of Manhattan from the
Lenape in 1626 for a value of 60 guilders[20] (about $1000 in 2006);[21] a disproved legend
says that Manhattan was purchased for $24 worth of glass beads.[22][23]

In 1664, the city was surrendered to the English and renamed "New York" after the
English Duke of York and Albany.[24] At the end of the Second Anglo-Dutch War the
Dutch gained control of Run (then a much more valuable asset) in exchange for the
English controlling New Amsterdam (New York) in North America. Several intertribal
wars among the Native Americans and some epidemics brought on by the arrival of the
Europeans caused sizable population losses for the Lenape between the years 1660 and
1670.[25] By 1700, the Lenape population had diminished to 200.[26] In 1702, city lost 10%
of its population to yellow fever.[27] New York underwent no less than seven important
yellow fever epidemics from 1702 to 1800.[28]

New Amsterdam as it appeared in 1664. Under British rule it became known as New

New York grew in importance as a trading port while under British rule. The city hosted
the influential John Peter Zenger trial in 1735, helping to establish the freedom of the
press in North America. In 1754, Columbia University was founded under charter by
George II of Great Britain as King's College in Lower Manhattan.[29] The Stamp Act
Congress met in New York in October of 1765 as the Sons of Liberty organized in the
city, skirmishing over the next ten years with British troops stationed there.

During the American Revolution the largest battle of the war, the Battle of Long Island
was fought in August 1776, entirely within the modern day borough of Brooklyn. After
the battle in which the Americans were routed, and subsequent smaller engagements
following in its wake, the city became the British military and political base of operations
in North America. The city was a haven for Loyalist refugees, until the war ended in
1783. The only attempt at a peaceful solution to the war took place at the Conference
House on Staten Island between American delegates including Benjamin Franklin, and
British general Lord Howe on September 11, 1776. Shortly after the British occupation
began the Great Fire of New York occcured, a large conflagration which destroyed about
a quarter of the buildings in the city including Trinity Church.[30]

The assembly of the Congress of the Confederation made New York the national capital
shortly after the war: the Constitution of the United States was ratified and in 1789 the
first President of the United States, George Washington, was inaugurated; the first United
States Congress and the United States Supreme Court each assembled for the first time in

[35] The Great Irish Famine brought a large influx of Irish immigrants. the County of Richmond. In 1904.000 – had been born in Ireland. but during the 1830s New York became a center of interracial abolitionist activism in the North. Slaves had been held in New York through 1827. Throughout the first half of the 20th century. and communication. a political machine supported by Irish immigrants. the modern City of New York was formed with the consolidation of Brooklyn (until then a separate city). one of the worst incidents of civil unrest in American history. one in four New Yorkers – over 200.[34] Several prominent American literary figures lived in New York during the 1830s and 1840s.[37] In 1898. the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire. Public-minded members of the old merchant aristocracy lobbied for the establishment of Central Park. and the United States Bill of Rights drafted. Nathaniel Parker Willis. which became the first landscaped park in an American city in 1857.[38] The opening of the subway in 1904 helped bind the new city together. and the western portion of the County of Queens. this development did not come without a price.021 people on board. By 1916. In the 19th century.[32] A visionary development proposal. killing 1. The Harlem Renaissance flourished during the era of Prohibition. and Edgar Allan Poe. New York had surpassed Philadelphia as the largest city in the United States. . the city was transformed by immigration and development. New York City was a prime destination for African Americans during the Great Migration from the American South. However. all at Federal Hall on Wall Street. and by 1860. New York's black population was over 16. the steamship General Slocum caught fire in the East River.[31] By 1790.[36] Bird's eye panorama of Manhattan & New York City in 1873 Anger at military conscription during the American Civil War (1861–1865) led to the Draft Riots of 1863. Herman Melville. expanded the city street grid to encompass all of Manhattan.620 in 1890. commerce. the County of New York (which then included parts of the Bronx). Washington Irving. including William Cullen Bryant. A significant free-black population also existed in Manhattan and Brooklyn. and the 1819 opening of the Erie Canal connected the Atlantic port to the vast agricultural markets of the North American interior.000 in 1840. the city became a world center for industry. the city's worst industrial disaster. John Keese.[39] New York's nonwhite population was 36.1789. New York City was home to the largest urban African diaspora in North America. Rufus Wilmot Griswold. coincident with a larger economic boom that saw the skyline develop with the construction of competing skyscrapers.[33] Local politics fell under the domination of Tammany Hall. the Commissioners' Plan of 1811.[40] In the 1920s. took the lives of 146 garment workers and spurred the growth of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union and major improvements in factory safety standards. In 1911.

and the rise of abstract expressionism in the city precipitating New York's displacement of Paris as the center of the art world. Staten Island. New York. making land scarce and encouraging a high population density. and Long Island.C.[49] . has helped the city grow in significance as a trading city. when nearly 3. The city was one of the sites of the September 11. Important new sectors. The Hudson River flows through the Hudson Valley into New York Bay. approximately halfway between Washington. crime rates started to drop dramatically due to increased police presence and gentrification.[41] The difficult years of the Great Depression saw the election of reformer Fiorello LaGuardia as mayor and the fall of Tammany Hall after eighty years of political dominance. such as Silicon Alley. D. are being built on the site and are scheduled for completion by 2013. New York City began to suffer from economic problems and rising crime rates. 2001 attacks. While a resurgence in the financial industry greatly improved the city's economic health in the 1980s.000 people died in the destruction of the World Trade Center. overtaking London.[44] By the 1990s. Between New York City and Troy. separates Manhattan from the Bronx. Much of New York is built on the three islands of Manhattan. and many American transplants and waves of new immigrants arrived from Asia and Latin America. New York's crime rate continued a steep uphill climb through the decade and into the beginning of the 1990s.[48] The Hudson separates the city from New Jersey.New York became the most populous urbanized area in the world in early 1920s. and the metropolitan area surpassed the 10 million mark in early 1930s becoming the first megacity in human history. another tidal strait between the East and Hudson Rivers. The East River – a tidal strait – flows from Long Island Sound and separates the Bronx and Manhattan from Long Island. [46] Geography New York City is located in the Northeastern United States. with Wall Street leading America's ascendance as the world's dominant economic power. the United Nations headquarters (completed in 1950) emphasizing New York's political influence. and Boston. emerged in the city's economy and New York's population reached an all-time high in the 2000 census.[43] In the 1960s. a World Trade Center Memorial and three other office towers. New York emerged from the war unscathed and the leading city of the world. is the only entirely fresh water river in the city. which flows through the Bronx and Westchester County.[45] A new 1 World Trade Center (previously known as the Freedom Tower). which feeds into a naturally sheltered harbor and then into the Atlantic Ocean. the river is an estuary.[42] Returning World War II veterans created a postwar economic boom and the development of large housing tracts in eastern Queens. in southeastern New York State.[47] The location at the mouth of the Hudson River. The Bronx River. The Harlem River.

Yet the Atlantic and the partial shielding of the Appalachians keep the city warmer in the winter than inland North American cities located at similar or lesser latitudes such as Pittsburgh.7 °C). However temperatures in winter could for a few days be as low as 10 °F (−12 °C) and as high as 50 °F (10 °C). The average temperature in January. Reclamation is most prominent in Lower Manhattan.1 °C). Summers are typically hot and humid with a July average of 76. and snow cover usually remains for a few days. 164. but this usually varies considerably from year to year. at 409.[50] Some of the natural variations in topography have been evened out. which is fairly spread throughout the year.260 mm) of precipitation annually.5 °F (24. and using the 0 °C threshold it is the northernmost major city on the continent with such categorisation.8 feet (124.[58] Hurricanes and tropical storms are rare in the New York area. The highest point in the city is Todt Hill on Staten Island. and temperatures exceed 90 °F (32 °C) on average of 18 days each summer and can exceed 104 °F (40 °C) every 4–6 years. Average winter snowfall for the past century has been 28 inches (71 cm).[55] Spring and autumn are unpredictable.7 inches (1.1 °F (0. is 32.8 square miles (789 km2) is land. Nighttime conditions are often exacerbated by the urban heat island phenomenon.8 square miles (789 km2).[51] The city's land area is estimated at 304. and Indianapolis. the area's coldest month.[52] The summit of the ridge is mostly covered in woodlands as part of the Staten Island Greenbelt.214 km2).9 m) above sea level. and can range from chilly to warm. especially in Manhattan. with considerable land reclamation along the waterfronts since Dutch colonial times. [54] Winters are cold and damp. Cincinnati. and prevailing wind patterns that blow offshore minimize the moderating effects of the Atlantic Ocean.[4][5] Its total area is 468.1 square miles (425 km2) of this are water and 304.[56][57] The city receives 49. The area averages 234 days with at least some sunshine annually. and averages 58% of possible sunshine annually. is the highest point on the Eastern Seaboard south of Maine.The city's land has been altered substantially by human intervention. but are not unheard of and always have the potential to strike the area.9 square miles (1. . with developments such as Battery Park City in the 1970s and 1980s. which.[53] Climate Under the Köppen climate classification New York City has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa). although they are usually pleasantly mild with low humidity.

[70] As a result of the watershed's integrity and undisturbed natural water filtration system.715 hybrid taxis and other clean diesel vehicles.[72] with 50 completed skyscrapers taller than 656 feet (200 m).[67] and also.[60] The city's high level of mass transit use saved 1. and gasoline consumption in the city is the same rate as the national average in the 1920s. New York City has 5.8 billion gallons of oil in 2006. This is more than any other city in United States. As of August 2008. Approximately 55% of all NYC houeholds do not have a car in the household[citation needed] Architecture Manhattan's skyline with its many skyscrapers is universally recognized. New York is one of only four major cities in the United States with drinking water pure enough not to require purification by water treatment plants.[61] The city's population density. Large amounts of concentrated pollution in New York has led to a high incidence of asthma and other respiratory conditions among the city's residents. and second in the world. and the city has been home to several of the tallest buildings in the world. behind Hong Kong. including the Hearst Tower among others. Environmental Protection Agency Supreme Court case forcing the EPA to regulate greenhouse gases as pollutants.[69] The city is supplied with drinking water by the protected Catskill Mountains watershed.5.[73] .7% of the nation's population.[64] In recent years.[62] Its greenhouse gas emissions are 7. by mid 2010 the city has 3. the city has focused on reducing its environmental impact.1 metric tons per person compared with the national average of 24.[65] The city government is required to purchase only the most energy-efficient equipment for use in city offices and public housing.[66] New York has the largest clean air diesel-hybrid and compressed natural gas bus fleet in the country.[63] New Yorkers are collectively responsible for 1% of the nation's greenhouse gas emissions[63] though they comprise 2.[68] The city government was a petitioner in the landmark Massachusetts v. New York City saves half of all the oil saved by transit nationwide. The city is also a leader in the construction of energy-efficient green office buildings. the most in any city in North America.538 highrise buildings.Environment Main articles: Environmental issues in New York City and Food and water in New York City Mass transit use in New York City is the highest in the United States. The average New Yorker consumes less than half the electricity used by a resident of San Francisco and nearly one-quarter the electricity consumed by a resident of Dallas. low automobile use and high transit utility make it among the most energy efficient cities in the United States.[71] New York is the only US city where autoless households constitute a greater percentage of the population than households with one or more cars. representing around 28% of New York's taxi fleet in service.

[75] A highly influential example of the international style in the United States is the Seagram Building (1957). to allow sunlight to reach the streets below. The Condé Nast Building (2000) is an prominent example of green design in American skyscrapers. and restricted towers to a percentage of the lot size. reflected the zoning requirements.[80] This parkland is augmented by thousands of acres of federal and state parkland. the city required their installation on buildings higher than six stories to prevent the need for excessively high water pressures at lower elevations.[76] Stone and brick became the city's building materials of choice after the construction of wood-frame houses was limited in the aftermath of the Great Fire of 1835. The building has distinctive ornamentation such as replicas at the corners of the 61st floor of the 1928 Chrysler eagle hood ornaments. The 1916 Zoning Resolution required setback in new buildings. an early gothic revival skyscraper built with massively scaled gothic detailing. distinctive for its facade using visible bronze-toned I-beams to evoke the building's structure.New York has architecturally noteworthy buildings in a wide range of styles. and tenements that were built during a period of rapid growth from 1870 to 1930. townhouses. islands and water that covers most of Jamaica Bay. over 9. These include the Woolworth Building (1913). In the 1800s. the New York State portion includes the Jamaica Bay Wildlife Refuge in Brooklyn.[77] A distinctive feature of many of the city's buildings is the wooden roof-mounted water towers.000 acres (36 km2) of salt marsh.[69] New York's large residential districts are often defined by the classic brownstone rowhouses. which could break municipal water pipes.[74] The Art Deco style of the Chrysler Building (1930). Fort Wadsworth in Staten Island with historic pre-Civil war era Battery Weed and Fort Tompkins and Great Kills Park also on Staten Island with beaches and Great Kills Harbor.[78] Garden apartments became popular during the 1920s in outlying areas. with its tapered top and steel spire. including Jackson Heights in Queens. New York State Parks .[79] Parks New York City has over 28. National Park System Gateway National Recreation Area.000 acres (110 km2) of municipal parkland and 14 miles (23 km) of public beaches.

[83] • Flushing Meadows–Corona Park in Queens. Pelham Bay Park. is the most visited city park in the United States with 25 million visitors each year.There are seven state parks within the confines of New York City.57 km2) park in Manhattan.[84] • In Staten Island the Conference House Park contains the historic Conference House site of the only attempt of a peaceful resolution to the American Revolution attended by Benjamin Franklin representing the Americans and Lord Howe representing the British Crown.[81] New York City Department of Parks and Recreation • Central Park an 883-acre (3. a natural area which includes extensive riding trails. a lake and extensive woodlands.054 23 59 . was the setting for the 1939 World's Fair and the 1964 World's Fair. • Prospect Park in Brooklyn.43 km2) Jackie Onasis Reservoir. the Central Park Conservatory Garden.[82] The park contains a myriad of attractions.000 acres (28 km2). and Riverbank State Park.000 m2) meadow. Located within the park is the historic Burial Ridge the largest Native American burial ground within New York City. two ice-skating rinks. 7.629. Boroughs Main articles: Borough (New York City) and Neighborhoods of New York City New York's Five Boroughs at a Glance Jurisdiction Population Land Area estimate for square square Borough of County of 1 July 2009 miles km Manhattan New York 1. the Swedish Cottage Marionette Theatre. a 28-acre (110. including Van Cortlandt Park. Located within the park is the historic Battle Pass which fiqured prominently in the Battle of Long Island. the Bronx Zoo and the New York Botanical Gardens. the 106-acre (0. the city's third largest park. and the historic Carousel. • Over a fifth of the Bronx's area. Indoor attractions include Belvedere Castle with its nature center.000 m2) facility that rises 69 feet (21 m) over the Hudson River. is given over to open space and parks. including Clay Pit Ponds State Park. the Central Park Zoo. has a 90-acre (360. there are several lakes and ponds.

098 71 183 Queens Queens 2.[87] Except for a small section of Manhattan known as Marble Hill. Manhattan is loosely divided into Lower. and Uptown regions. 2009 Est. It is home to the Bronx Zoo. If the boroughs were each independent cities.629. Midtown. and home to the largest cooperatively owned housing complex in the United States.453 47. Pop. The borough is the financial center of the city and contains the headquarters of many major corporations. 1. Uptown Manhattan is divided by Central Park into the Upper East Side and the Upper West Side. the largest metropolitan zoo in the United States.397. • The Bronx (Bronx County: Pop.391. the location of Yankee Stadium. The Bronx Bronx 1. and many cultural attractions.: 1. Co-op City. many with a definable history and character to call their own. Manhattan.541.881 303 786 State of New York 19.306.287)[2] is New York City's northernmost borough.054)[2] is the most densely populated borough and is home to Central Park and most of the city's skyscrapers. Throughout the boroughs there are hundreds of distinct neighborhoods.730 58 151 City of New York 8. • Manhattan (New York County.284 Source: United States Census Bureau[2][6][85] New York City is composed of five boroughs.214 122.[86] Each borough is coextensive with a respective county of New York State as shown below.397.567. and above the park is Harlem. which . Queens.712 109 283 Staten Island Richmond 491. home of the New York Yankees. and the Bronx) would be among the ten most populous cities in the United States. the United Nations. the Bronx is the only section of the city that is part of the United States mainland. a number of important universities.287 42 109 Brooklyn Kings 2. four of the boroughs (Brooklyn.

abstract expressionism in the 1950s and the birthplace of hip hop in the 1970s. Located in central Staten Island. LaGuardia Airport and John F. today the borough is predominantly residential and middle class. Culture just seems to be in the air. it is home to two of the three major airports serving the New York metropolitan area. Historically a collection of small towns and villages founded by the Dutch.[92] Queens is the site of Citi Field. such as the Harlem Renaissance. and lower Manhattan. The city's punk and hardcore scenes were influential .567.500 acres (10 km2) Greenbelt has some 28 miles (45 km) of walking trails and one of the last undisturbed forests in the city. Queens County is the only large county in the United States where the median income among African Americans.000 animals. The city was a center of jazz in the 1940s. 2.[89] • Brooklyn (Kings County: Pop. the Greenbelt comprises seven city parks. Staten Island is connected to Brooklyn by the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge and to Manhattan by way of the free Staten Island Ferry. the home of the New York Mets.) • Staten Island (Richmond County: Pop. social and ethnic diversity. spans 265 acres (1. 491. Brooklyn is known for its cultural. It is also the only borough outside of Manhattan with a distinct downtown neighborhood. distinct neighborhoods and a distinctive architectural heritage. an independent art scene. The Staten Island Ferry is one of the most popular tourist attractions in New York City as it provides unsurpassed views of the Statue of Liberty.[91] and may overtake Brooklyn as the city's most populous borough due to its growth. (The third is Newark Liberty International Airport in Newark. Open tennis tournament. established in the 1870s as one of the earliest amusement grounds in the country.712)[2] is geographically the largest borough and the most ethnically diverse county in the United States.[88] The Bronx is the birthplace of rap and hip hop culture. Culture and contemporary life The Metropolitan Museum of Art is one of the largest museums in the world. is higher than that of White Americans.S. New Jersey.306.098). Ellis Island. and annually hosts the U. approximately $52. is the city's most populous borough and was an independent city until 1898. Additionally. the 2. 2. Kennedy International Airport.07 km2) and is home to over 6. which established the African-American literary canon in the United States.[90] • Queens (Queens County: Pop. The borough features a long beachfront and Coney Island. like part of the “ weather ” —Tom Wolfe[94] Numerous major American cultural movements began in the city.[2] on the western tip of Long Island.[93] Designated in 1984 to protect the island's natural lands.000 a year.730)[2] is the most suburban in character of the five boroughs.

New York City Ballet. The city's 39 largest theaters (with more than 500 seats) are collectively known as "Broadway. The city has more than 2. and They Might Be Giants. the Juilliard School and Alice Tully Hall.[97] The city government funds the arts with a larger annual budget than the National Endowment for the Arts.200 free concerts. including the Harlem Renaissance in literature and visual art.[95] salsa. and theater events across all five boroughs in the summer months. such as the famed Carnegie Hall and Metropolitan Museum of Art. independent film. disco. [98] This area is sometimes referred to as The Main Stem. The city is the birthplace of many cultural movements. cuisine. includingJazz at Lincoln Center. and the city has long had a flourishing scene for Jewish American literature. music. The Great White Way or The Realto. featured frequently as the setting for books. opera.[99] . New York City is also widely celebrated in popular lore.[89] punk. The Bravery. and literature. Interpol. freestyle. fashion." after the major thoroughfare that crosses the Times Square theater district. Prominent indie rock bands coming out of New York in recent years include The Strokes. dance. Today these productions are a staple of the New York theater scene. Scissor Sisters. Cohan and others used song in narratives that often reflected themes of hope and ambition. New York Philharmonic. The city prominently excels in its spheres of art. New York City is the second largest center for the film industry in the United States. New York City Opera. the 1970s and 1980s. and television programs. Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts is home to 12 influential arts organizations. and hip hop. It is the largest performing arts center in the United States. Central Park SummerStage presents performances of free plays and music in Central Park and 1. Entertainment and performing arts Today. George M. and in the 1880s New York City theaters on Broadway and along 42nd Street began featuring a new stage form that became known as the Broadway musical. that would become internationally established. productions such as those of Harrigan and Hart. Metropolitan Opera.000 arts and cultural organizations and more than 500 art galleries of all sizes. museums. theater. abstract expressionism (also known as the New York School) in painting. Strongly influenced by the city's immigrants. the Vivian Beaumont Theatre. The advent of electric lighting led to elaborate theater productions. movies (see New York in film).[97] Wealthy industrialists in the 19th century built a network of major cultural institutions. and Tin Pan Alley in music.

with 270 newspapers and magazines published in more than 40 languages. and Toronto). and events such as the Halloween Parade in Greenwich Village. Sony Music Entertainment and Warner Music Group. Universal Music Group. luxury shopping along Fifth and Madison Avenues.[101] Since the United States economy is still recovering. the St. more than 47 million in all. Seven of the world's top eight global advertising agency networks have their headquarters in New York. also a record. The city also has a major ethnic press. Rockefeller Center.1 billion directly to the city economy. the Hearst Corporation. Ellis Island. Times Square. Statue of Liberty. greenspaces such as Central Park and Washington Square Park. with more than 40 million combined domestic and international tourists visiting each year in the past five years. One-third of all American independent films are produced in New York.[105] More than 200 newspapers and 350 consumer magazines have an office in the city[105] and the book-publishing industry employs about 25. Patrick's Day parade. the News Corporation. New York City had a record number of tourists. and the New York Botanical Garden. Special experiences outside the key tourist areas of the city include.[107] El Diario La Prensa is New York's largest Spanish-language . the Tribeca Film Festival. seasonal activities such as ice skating in Central Park in the wintertime. Major tabloid newspapers in the city include: • The New York Daily News and The New York Post. Chicago. Mayor Michael Bloomberg's goal is to break the record again in 2012 by drawing more than 50 million tourists.Tourism Tourism is one of New York City's most vital industries.[101] Major destinations include the Empire State Building. and Viacom.[103] Some of the city's media conglomerates include Time Warner. and free performances in Central Park at Summerstage.000 people. In 2008.[102] Media New York is a center for the television. Broadway theater productions. advertising. and their spending contributed US$32. the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade. museums such as the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Coney Island.[106] Two of the three national daily newspapers in the United States are New York papers:The Wall Street Journal and The New York Times which has won the most Pulitzer Prizes for journalism. founded in 1801 by Alexander Hamilton. but are not limited to the Bronx Zoo.[104] Three of the "Big Four" record labels' headquarters. are in New York City. newspaper and book publishing industries and is also the largest media market in North America (followed by Los Angeles. music. the Thomson Reuters Corporation.

PBS programming. Cuisine New York's food culture includes a variety of world cuisines influenced by the city's immigrant history. MTV. founded in 1971. HBO and Comedy Central. including. a public radio station owned by the city until 1997. published in Harlem. In 2005. has the largest public radio audience in the United States.[110] *WNET is the city's major public television station and a primary source of national programming. FOX and NBC. Fox News. Many cable channels are based in the city as well. have made Middle Eastern foods such as falafels and kebabs standbys of modern New York street food. Some 4.[111] The City of New York operates a public broadcast service. cheesecake. and the influx of non-European immigrants in recent decades has led to changes in this distinctive dialect. many immigrant-owned. The four major American broadcast networks are all headquartered in New York: ABC. alternatively known as Brooklynese or New Yorkese. WNYC. The oldest public-access television channel in the United States is the Manhattan Neighborhood Network.[109] New York is also a major center for non-commercial media.[114] The classic version of this dialect is centered on middle and working class people of European American descent. It is generally considered one of the most recognizable accents within American English.[113] Accent The New York area has a distinctive regional speech pattern called the New York dialect.[115] . is a prominent African American newspaper. that produces several original Emmy Award-winning shows covering music and culture in city neighborhoods and city government.[112] The city is also home to many of the finest and most diverse haute cuisine restaurants in the United States. NYCTV. and New York-style pizza.daily and the oldest in the nation. although hot dogs and pretzels are still the main street fare. CBS. The Village Voice is the largest alternative newspaper The television industry developed in New York and is a significant employer in the city's economy. there were more than 100 television shows taped in New York City. Eastern European and Italian immigrants have made the city famous for bagels.[108] The New York Amsterdam News.000 mobile food vendors licensed by the city.

who compete in six games every regular season called the Subway Series. hence the pronunciation of the city name as "New Yawk. the New Jersey Devils. cross. Within the metropolitan area are two other NHL franchises. where they will occupy the Barclays Center as early as 2012. Washington-Baltimore. although both teams play their home games at New Meadowlands Stadium in nearby East Rutherford. This speech pattern is no longer prevalent. and the New York Islanders. while the Mets have won the World Series twice. the [ɔ] vowel sound of words like talk. butter [bʌɾə]. Both teams moved to California in 1958. law. In another feature called the low back chain shift. this leads to the caricature of New Yorkers saying things like "Joizey" (Jersey). In the most old-fashioned and extreme versions of the New York dialect. There are also two minor league baseball teams in the city. This is the only instance of a single metropolitan area having three teams within one of the four major North American professional sports leagues.[115] Sports There have been thirty-five Major League Baseball World Series won by New York teams. who are planning a move to nearby Brooklyn. The city's National Basketball Association team is the New York Knicks and the city's Women's National Basketball Association team is the New York Liberty. was held in . The Yankees have won a record 27 championships. "Toidy-Toid Street" (33rd St. the vowel sounds of words like "girl" and of words like "oil" become a diphthong [ɜɪ]. and coffee and the often homophonous [ɔr] in core and more are tensed and usually raised more than in General American.) and "terlet" (toilet). New Jersey. Long Island. the Staten Island Yankees and Brooklyn Cyclones. who play in Nassau County. Also within the metropolitan area is the NBA team New Jersey Nets. This is often misperceived by speakers of other accents as a reversal of the er and oy sounds. so that the sound [ɹ] does not appear at the end of a syllable or immediately before a consonant.The traditional New York area accent is non-rhotic. so that girl is pronounced "goil" and oil is pronounced "erl". The city's two current Major League Baseball teams are the New York Yankees and the New York Mets."[115] There is no [ɹ] in words like park [pɔːk] (with vowel raised due to the low-back chain shift). The New York Rangers represent the city in the National Hockey League. or here [hiə]. New Jersey and appeal mostly to the fans of Northern and Central New Jersey. The city also was once home to the New York Giants (now the San Francisco Giants) and the Brooklyn Dodgers (now the Los Angeles Dodgers). the National Invitation Tournament. The city is represented in the National Football League by the New York Jets and New York Giants (officially the New York Football Giants). Los Angeles and the San Francisco Bay Area being the others) to have two baseball teams. who play in nearby Newark. The first national college-level basketball championship. It is one of only five metro areas (Chicago.[115] The character Archie Bunker from the 1970s sitcom All in the Family was a good example of a speaker who had this feature.

P.[118] The city's rugby league team.S. Morgan Chase & 1 9 Co. The "Red Bulls" play their home games at Red Bull Arena in nearby Harrison. a street version of baseball. Many sports are associated with New York's immigrant communities. including 37.866 finishers in 2006.[117] Rucker Park in Harlem is a celebrated court where many professional athletes play in the summer league. They won the 2009 AMNRL Championship Final against the Jacksonville Axemen 32-12. German.S. A street in The Bronx has been renamed Stickball Blvd. New Jersey. was popularized by youths in working class Italian.New York in 1938 and remains in the city. the New York Knights. ranks NYC corporation US J.[119] Economy Main article: Economy of New York City The Top 15 Fortune 500 Companies in New York City in 2009 (ranked by revenues) with New York City and U. and Irish neighborhoods in the 1930s. Boxing is also a prominent part of the city's sporting scene. The New York is one of the world's largest. Queens is host of the U. Tennis Open.[116] The Millrose Games is an annual track and field meet whose featured event is the Wanamaker Mile. 2 Citigroup 12 Verizon 3 13 Communications American International 4 16 Group 5 Goldman Sachs Group 39 6 Pfizer 40 7 MetLife 51 New York Life 8 64 Insurance 9 Morgan Stanley 70 10 News Corporation 76 . plays in the AMNRL. In soccer. Stickball. as tribute to New York's most known street sport. New York is represented by the Major League Soccer side. Red Bull New York. one of the four Grand Slam tournaments. and the 2004–2006 events hold the top three places in the marathons with the largest number of finishers. with events like the Amateur Boxing Golden Gloves being held at Madison Square Garden each year.

[130] Midtown Manhattan is the largest central business district in the United States. respectively.4 billion in 2006.[125][126][127] Many major corporations are headquartered in New York City. insurance. representing the world's first and second largest stock exchanges.[132] Real estate is a major force in the city's economy.476 per square foot ($15.887/m²) set in the June 2007 sale of 660 Madison Avenue. at $1.000 m²) of office space in 2001.[131] Financial services account for more than 35% of the city's employment income. New York controlled 40% of the world's finances by the end of 2008. including 42 Fortune 500 companies. fashion. One out of ten private sector jobs in the city is with a foreign company. real estate.[129] Manhattan had 353.[133] The Time Warner Center is the property with the highest-listed market value in the city. according to IT Week.[122][123] making it the largest regional economy in the United States and.[135] Creative industries such as new media.860. 450 Park Avenue was sold on July 2. breaking the barely month-old record for an American office building of $1.7 million square feet (32. 2007 for $510 million. New York Stock Exchange on Wall Street.104/m²).[134] The city's television and film industry is the second largest in the country after Hollywood. the largest stock exchange in the world by dollar volume The New York metropolitan area had approximately gross metropolitan product of $1. media and the arts in the United States. design and . and is home to The New York Stock Exchange.[133] New York City is home to some of the nation's—and the world's—most valuable real estate. when measured by average daily trading volume and overall market capitalization. about $1. 11 Hess 79 12 Time Warner 82 13 American Express 88 14 TIAA-CREF 90 Philip Morris 15 94 International Notes New York is a global hub of international business and commerce and is one of three "command centers" for the world economy (along with London and Tokyo).[124] According to Cinco Dias. the second largest city economy in the world. Lower Manhattan is the third largest central business district in the United States. located on Wall Street.[121] The city is a major center for finance.1 billion in 2006. advertising. and the NASDAQ.13 trillion in 2005.589 per square foot ($17. making it the largest financial center in the world.[128] New York is also unique among American cities for its large number of foreign corporations. as the total value of all New York City property was $802.

Garments. and universities. Over the last decade the city has been growing rapidly and demographers estimate New York's population will reach between 9.2 and 9. and internet services are also growing. about 10.[2][144] This amounts to about 40% of the state of New York's population and a similar percentage of the metropolitan regional population.S. Trinidad and Tobago. Throughout its history the city has been a major point of entry for immigrants.[150] The term "melting pot" was first coined to describe densely populated immigrant neighborhoods on the Lower East Side.403 people per square mile (10.architecture account for a growing share of employment. Haiti.881 (up from 8. Mexico.000 more people per square mile than the next densest American city. Colombia and Russia. to be 8.[139] Demographics New York is the most populous city in the United States. the city had an extremely high population density of 26. 2009. game design. bolstered by the city's position at the terminus of several transatlantic fiber optic trunk lines. more Poles than any city in Poland except Warsaw.[139] Food making is a $5 billion industry that employs more than 19. Chocolate is New York City's leading specialty-food export.[137] Other important sectors include medical research and technology. Approximately 36% of the city's population is foreign-born. chemicals.[147][148] New York City is exceptionally diverse.940 people per square mile (25.[146] As synonymous with New York County. more than 12 million European immigrants passed through Ellis Island between 1892 and 1924. Ecuador.[151] Among American cities. with New York City possessing a strong competitive advantage in these industries. Manhattan's population density is 66. Jewish. highest of any county in the United States. non-profit institutions. with $234 million worth of exports each year. this proportion is higher only in Los Angeles and Miami.[152] The New York region .[149] By 1900.846/km²).[148] While the immigrant communities in those cities are dominated by a few nationalities.3 million in 1990).5 million by 2030.0 million in 2000 and 7. the U. Census Bureau estimated New York's population on July 1.194/km²). and Irish.000 residents. in New York no single country or region of origin dominates. San Francisco. In 2000. In 2010. Manufacturing accounts for a large but declining share of employment. and furniture are some of the principal products. and more Jews than any other city in the world. Italian. New York City had more Italians than any city in Italy except Rome. as many Irish as Dublin. The largest ethnic groups in New York City are African American. Guyana.[136] High-tech industries like biotechnology.[145] New York's two key demographic features are its density and ethnic diversity. software development. metal products.[138] The food-processing industry is the most stable major manufacturing sector in the city. processed foods. Jamaica.391. The ten largest countries of origin for modern day immigration are the Dominican Republic. China.

The present mayor is Michael Bloomberg.S. mainly from Sicily and Southern Italy.453. The government of New York is more centralized than that of most other U. recreational facilities. sanitation.[158] New York City has a high degree of income disparity. and comprised as of 2008 a population of 659.D. libraries. In his second term he has made school reform.4% to 39%) and 2009 (50.[157] or from one of the related clans of Uí Briúin and Uí Fiachrach.[162] The mayor and councilors are limited to three consecutive four-year terms but can run again after a four year break. one in 50 New Yorkers of European origin carry a distinctive genetic signature on their Y chromosomes inherited from the clan of Niall of the Nine Hostages. poverty reduction. the highest and fastest growing among the largest counties in the United States. In 2005 the median household income in the wealthiest census tract was $188. New York City has been a metropolitan municipality with a "strong" mayor-council form of government. correctional institutions. rezoning and economic development. the central government is responsible for public education. There is also a substantial Puerto Rican and Dominican population. [159] The disparity is driven by wage growth in high income brackets. The New York City Council is a unicameral body consisting of 51 Council members whose districts are defined by geographic population boundaries. a former Democrat. while in the poorest it was $9.[163] He is known for taking control of the city's education system from the state. a 40-story building built to accommodate increased governmental space demands after the 1898 consolidation of New York City.[161] Government The Manhattan Municipal Building. Another historically significant ethnic group are Italians. and the city proper contains the largest Jewish community in the world. who emigrated to the city in large numbers in the early twentieth century. and aggressive public health policy.continues to be the leading metropolitan gateway for legal immigrants admitted into the United States. water supply and welfare services.3% of the vote to 47.6% to 46%).[153] The New York City metropolitan area is home to the largest Jewish community outside Israel. 2005 (58. public safety. cities. sound fiscal management. and strict gun control central priorities of his administration. former Republican (2001– 2008) and current political independent elected on the Republican and Independence Party tickets against opponents supported by the Democratic and Working Families Parties in 2001 (50. In New York City.9%). an Irish high king of the fifth century A. The mayor and councillors are elected to four-year terms.596 ethnic Chinese.[155] the largest African American community of any city in the country.320. while wages have stagnated for middle and lower income brackets.[160] The borough is also experiencing a baby boom that is unique among American cities.[164] Together with Boston mayor . The Irish also have a notable presence.[156] the largest outside of Asia. In 2006 the average weekly wage in Manhattan was $1. the number of children under age 5 living in Manhattan grew by more than 32%. Since 2000.[154] It is also home to nearly a quarter of the nation's South Asians.697. Since its consolidation in 1898.

cities with populations greater than 100."[165] The Democratic Party holds the majority of public offices. while Brooklyn hosts the Appellate Division.[170] In 2005 the homicide rate was at its lowest level since 1966. the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. Party platforms center on affordable housing. The city also sends an additional $11 billion more each year to the state of New York than it receives back. First Department.[168] Each borough is coextensive with a judicial district of the New York Supreme Court and hosts other state and city courts. Crime Since 2005 the city has had the lowest crime rate among the 25 largest U. beginning with the Forty Thieves and the Roach Guards in the Five Points in the 1820s. The top zip code. Manhattan also hosts the Supreme Court Appellate Division. New York is the most important source of political fundraising in the United States.[167] The city has a strong imbalance of payments with the national and state governments.1% of all murder victims and 95.[171] and in 2007 the city recorded fewer than 500 homicides for the first time ever since crime statistics were first published in 1963. By 2002.[175] Others cite the end of the crack epidemic and demographic changes.[176] Organized crime has long been associated with New York City. It receives 83 cents in services for every $1 it sends to the federal government in taxes (or annually sends $11.000. Federal courts located near City Hall include the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. education and economic development. and the Court of International Trade. Violent crime in New York City decreased more than 75% from 1993 to 2005 and continued decreasing during periods when the nation as a whole saw increases. Some attribute the phenomenon to new tactics used by the New York City Police Department. cities. having become significantly safer after a spike in crime in the 1980s[169] and early 1990s from the crack epidemic that affected many neighborhoods. As of November 2008.[173] Sociologists and criminologists have not reached consensus on what explains the dramatic decrease in the city's crime rate.4 billion more than it receives back).[174] including its use of CompStat and the broken windows theory.[172] 95. Bush and John Kerry. as four of the top five ZIP codes in the nation for political contributions are in Manhattan.S.S. 10021 on the Upper East Side. 67% of registered voters in the city are Democrats. Utah and was ranked 197th in crime among the 216 U. Brooklyn hosts the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York. Second Department. an organization with the goal of "making the public safer by getting illegal guns off the streets. and labor politics are of importance in the city.9% of all shooting victims in New York City are black or Hispanic.[166] New York City has not been carried by a Republican in a statewide or presidential election since 1924.Thomas Menino. in 2006 he founded the Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition. New York City had about the same crime rate as Provo. generated the most money for the 2004 presidential campaigns of George W. The 20th century saw a .

40. managed by the New York City Department of Education. Albert Einstein College of Medicine. which has the largest collection of any public library system in the country.000 licensed physicians. About 1. There are approximately 900 additional privately run secular and religious schools in the city.rise in the Mafia dominated by the Five Families and they still are the largest and most powerful criminal organization in the city. serves Manhattan. Cooper Union. New York City recorded more than 200 gang wars fought largely by youth gangs. including many religious and special-purpose institutions.[179] The most prominent gangs in New York City today are the Bloods. including the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture. The Bronx.[187] Queens is served by the Queens Borough Public Library. The New York Public Library.[178] As early as 1850. John's University. Latin Kings.[182] Though it is not often thought of as a college town. New York University. cities. forming one of the highest concentrations of highly educated people in any American city. SUNY Downstate Medical Center. The Juilliard School. Transportation New York City is home to the two busiest rail stations in the US. Much of the scientific research in the city is done in medicine and the life sciences. Columbia University. is the largest in the United States. Macaulay Honors College. which are partly publicly funded.[181] Charter schools. including Grand Central Terminal.[183] In 2005. The New School. and Yeshiva University. Fordham University. The city has dozens of other smaller private colleges and universities.S. include Harlem Success Academy and Girls Prep.[177] Gangs including the Black Spades also grew in the late 20th century.[187] The New York Public Library has several research libraries. such as St.1 million students are taught in more than 1. which is the nation's second largest public library system. the highest number of any city in the United States.[180] Education The city's public school system. and Staten Island.[185] The city receives the second-highest amount of annual funding from the National Institutes of Health among all U. Rockefeller University. and Brooklyn Public Library serves Brooklyn. Crips. Mount Sinai School of Medicine and Weill Cornell Medical College. and 127 Nobel laureates with roots in local institutions. New York City has the most post-graduate life sciences degrees awarded annually in the United States. three out of five Manhattan residents were college graduates and one out of four had advanced degrees.000 university students in New York City.[184] New York City is home to such notable private universities as Barnard College. and The School of Visual Arts. there are about 594. The College of Mount Saint Vincent. Pace University.[186] Major biomedical research institutions include Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. . and MS-13.200 separate primary and secondary schools.

primarily Hoboken. The transportation system in New York City is extensive and complex. Toronto and Montreal. Paris.[196] more than 12.[197] an aerial tramway that transports commuters between Roosevelt Island and Manhattan. consists of the Long Island Rail Road. connecting the suburbs in the tri-state region to the city. including London. Metro-North Railroad and New Jersey Transit. The George Washington Bridge is the world's busiest motor vehicle bridge. About one in every three users of mass transit in the United States and two-thirds of the nation's rail riders live in New York and its suburbs. Amtrak provides connections to Boston. New York City residents spend an average of 38.000 buses and 200. also popularly referred to as "Grand Central Station".[190] Public transit is New York City's most popular mode of transit. and a ferry system connecting Manhattan to various locales within and outside the city. D. Like the New York City Subway. Philadelphia. which uses Pennsylvania Station. meaning two of the four rapid transit systems in the world which operate on 24-hour schedules are wholly or partly in New York (the others are a portion of the Chicago "L" and the PATCO Speedline serving Philadelphia). Madrid and Tokyo. Jersey City and Newark. New York City's public bus fleet and commuter rail network are the largest in North America. along the Northeast Corridor and long-distance train service to cities such as Chicago.000 commuters daily. It includes the longest suspension bridge in North America. Miami.[194] The New York City Subway is the largest rapid transit system in the world when measured by stations in operation. making it the busiest bus station in the world.5 billion passenger trips in 2006).Mass transit in New York City.[195] the world's first mechanically ventilated vehicular tunnel. with 468.6% of New Yorkers commuted to work in 2005 using mass transit. The "PATH" train (short for Port Authority Trans-Hudson) links Midtown and Lower Manhattan to northeastern New Jersey. New York's airspace is one of the world's busiest air transportation corridors.[188] New York's subway is also notable because nearly all the system remains open 24 hours a day. and Washington. in contrast to the overnight shutdown common to systems in most cities.4 minutes a day getting to work.[191] This is in contrast to the rest of the United States. .[192] According to the US Census Bureau. The Port Authority Bus Terminal. [188][189] The iconic New York City Subway system is the busiest in the Western Hemisphere. Montreal. New Orleans. most of which runs 24 hours a day. where about 90% of commuters drive automobiles to their workplace. serves 7. is the most complex and extensive in North America. 54. while Grand Central Terminal. which annually carries over 19 million passengers on the 5. the longest commute time in the nation among large cities. The Staten Island Railway rapid transit system solely serves Staten Island.4 km) run between Staten Island and Lower Manhattan.C. Washington. It is the third-largest when measured by annual ridership (1.2-mile (8.[188] The rail network. [193] New York City is served by Amtrak. the main intercity bus terminal of the city. is the world's largest railway station by number of platforms.000 yellow cabs. The busiest ferry in the United States is the Staten Island Ferry. the PATH operates 24 hours a day.

This will make United Airlines the largest airline in the New York market. Because these highways serve millions of suburban residents who commute into New York. Newark Airport will be the third largest hub for United Airlines once they complete their merger with Continental Airlines. beloved by residents and tourists year in and year out. The George Washington Bridge is the world's busiest bridge in terms of vehicle traffic. Westchester County.[204] Despite New York's reliance on public transit. New York City Festivals and Events There's always something doing in the Big Apple.[200] Outbound international travel from JFK and Newark accounted for about a quarter of all U.[203] To complement New York's vast mass transit network. Newark Liberty International and LaGuardia. . Stewart International Airport near Newburgh.[199] The area is served by three major airports. nationally the rate for metro regions is about 8%. Several of the city's streets and avenues.[60] Walk and bicycle modes of travel account for 21% of all modes for trips in the city.000 daily cyclists[202] and many pedestrian commuters makes it the most energy-efficient major city in the United States. 120. it is quite common for motorists to be stranded for hours in traffic jams that are a daily occurrence. 100 million travelers used the three airports in 2005 and the city's airspace is the busiest in the nation. Manhattan's street grid plan greatly influenced the city's physical development. roads are a defining feature of the city. Kennedy International. respectively. New York. finance. to be taken over and enlarged by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (which administers the other three airports). Wall Street and Madison Avenue are also used as metonyms for national industries located there: the theater.[201] JFK Airport is the largest hub for JetBlue. the city also has an extensive web of expressways and parkways.[188][198] New York City is the top international air passenger gateway to the United States. It is the fourth largest hub for American Airlines and is the sixth largest hub for Delta Air Lines. and advertising organizations. with plans for a fourth airport. and southwest Connecticut through various bridges and tunnels. travelers who went overseas in 2004. that link New York City to northern New Jersey.The combined systems converge at Grand Central Terminal and Pennsylvania Station and contain more than 250 stations and 20 rail lines. Long Island. Many are yearly traditions. like Broadway.S. as a "reliever" airport to help cope with increasing passenger volume. particularly during rush hour. Here are some of the best. New York's high rate of public transit use. John F.

led by members of the 165th “Fighting Irish” Infantry.Macy's Herald Square Macy's Annual Flower Show features blooms from around the world—the rare.and we always publish our roundup of activities both romantic and well. March St. Patrick's Day Parade From Fifth Ave.Madison Square Garden Each year. floats and other vehicles are not allowed. to 86th St. Come watch these regal canines compete for top-dog honors. the Lunar New Year Flower Market and the Lunar New Year Parade & Festival. there’s perhaps no better place to celebrate the Chinese New Year than New York City. The celebration encompasses several days of free events. anything else we come across. also known as the Chinese New Year. the exotic and the simply beautiful. February February is famous for Valentine's Day . Javits Convention Center Yachts. . The parade is the City’s oldest and largest. Westminster Dog Show . (Cars. The street is closed to traffic for parade participants and people watchers from roughly 10am until 4pm.January New York Boat Show . from 44th St. It is the epitome of dressing up in Easter finery and Easter bonnets. Chinese New Year Sometime in January or February.) The parade begins at 11am. it's the Lunar New Year. attend daily seminars with a full slate of top fishing and boating pros. kayaks—you’ll find them all at the New York Boat Show. Officiated by the archbishop of New York. fishing boats. the parade celebrates Irish culture and the Catholic faith. Founded in 1877. the Westminster Kennel Club is America's oldest organization dedicated to the sport of purebred dogs. a New York City institution for more than a century. dog fans flock to Madison Square Garden to find out which pooch will be designated Best in Show. you don’t have to be Irish to celebrate New York City’s famous St. April Easter Parade Every year on Easter Sunday it's time to see and be seen along Fifth Avenue from 49th to 57th Streets. Besides Beijing. Macy's Flower Show . Patrick’s Day Parade.Jacob K. Check out the latest in boats and fishing equipment. including the Firecracker Ceremony and Cultural Festival (firecrackers are detonated to ward off evil spirits).

the BBG hosts the weekend-long Cherry Blossom Festival. With a broad sweep of programming and free admission this is one of the best bargains in the city. Hey. view military demonstrations and more. shorts. the phenomenon of free Shakespeare in New York was pioneered and brought into being Joseph Papp and his colleagues. interviews and more.from Chambers Street down to the southern tip of Manhattan and across the island from river to river. May Fleet Week From the end of May to the beginning of June. martial arts. traditional Japanese music and dance. the 220 cherry trees at the breathtaking Brooklyn Botanic Garden are in full bloom. Nostalgic drivers can also check out a classic-car gallery. He did a very good thing. New York International Auto Show . bonsai-pruning workshops. Shakespeare in the Park From June to the beginning of August. featuring the latest concept vehicles. new green technology and more. Cherry Blossom Festival . tea ceremonies and manga art. During the festival.Brooklyn Botanic Garden Each spring. Fleet Week. The 20-block gastronomic extravaganza features cuisine from around the world. Navy and Coast Guard pull into the New York City harbor. June River to River Festival From June through August it's one huge Arts Festival in a variety of public venues that canvas all of Downtown New York . World premiers. taiko drumming. known in Japanese as Sakura Matsuri. .Tribeca Film Festival This very popular yearly festival generally takes place for a week in April or May. To celebrate. Organized by the Public Theater in New York City. Javits Convention Center See the cars before they hit the streets at this high-octane event. lets the public tour ships docked at New York Passenger Ship Terminal in Manhattan and Staten Island's Stapleton Pier.Jacob K. US Marine Corps. visitors enjoy scores of events celebrating Japanese culture including J-pop concerts. where restaurants and outdoor vendors serve up food to suit every taste. and the Public Theater continues the tradition. head to Central Park. New York is a multi-ethnic melting pot. documentaries. a New York City tradition since 1984. Ninth Avenue Food Festival Taste what Hell’s Kitchen is cooking at this annual food festival.

Coney Island pride. Neptunes. bisexual and transgender communities.9pm for free to New Yorkers and visitors for a mile-long block party and visual art celebration. marching bands. all ones that call Fifth Avenue home. various sea creatures. and the odd yacht pulled on flatbed. The offerings of the annual outdoor concert series span all genres. Puerto Rican Day Parade .Central Park Since 1986. country and culture. Pride Week As in Gay Pride . the salt air and the beginning of summer. This traffic-free. Coney Island Mermaid Parade The Mermaid Parade celebrates the sand. This beloved parade has not yet achieved national awareness and maintains its local flavor. the mile now officially designated as Museum Mile. One day a year. the occasional wandering lighthouse. lesbian. The Parade is characterized by participants dressed in hand-made costumes as Mermaids. dance. the sea. Celebrate Brooklyn (through August) Celebrate Brooklyn! has provided three decades of free music. SummerStage (through September) . at no charge. Coney Island post card or amusement ride. Central Park SummerStage has been providing great live music in Central park. July Macy's Fourth of July Fireworks Celebrate America’s independence as fireworks light up the skyline. drill teams. taking place on 5th Ave from 82nd St to 105th St.Fifth Avenue In celebration of their community. The lawn fills quickly. theater. the march from 44th to 86th Streets in Manhattan is part of the annual National Puerto Rican Day Enjoy the energetic musical performances. floats and a host of Puerto Rican celebrities. music. as well as antique cars. with musical accompaniment by the New York Pops orchestra and special guest stars You can watch the fireworks from several viewing locations around the City.New York City is home to one of the world's most vibrant gay. Rain or shine. so arrive early. It is one of the City’s longest-running outdoor art festivals. . and artistic self-expression. nine of the country's finest museums. Don't even think of driving along the upper 5th avenue. The week culminates with the famous march down Fifth Avenue.Museum Mile Festival It may be the city's biggest "block" party. for the past 31 years. film and specially commissioned projects. collectively open their doors from 6pm .and art-filled celebration fills the street and sidewalks of Fifth Avenue from 82nd to 105th street. as well as the history and mythology of Coney Island.

Although dedicated to a saint. martial arts. Family friendly. New York City CringeFest From mid-July to early August. dance and spoken word —. more than 120 dragon boat teams converge on Meadow Lake to compete in one of America’s largest dragon boat festivals.. er. Festival of the Feast of San Gennaro Annual Feast of San Gennaro fills the streets of historic Little Italy. this celebration features performances.. and free September New York City Film Festival The 17-day New York Film Festival highlights the best in world cinema. Lincoln Center Out of Doors Enjoy music. naughty. ..USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center It’s the final tournament of the year.Asian American International Film Festival The Asian American International Film Festival is the first and longest running festival in the country devoted to showcasing films created by media artists of Asian descent and about the Asian community. there's lots of secular activities and fun. it's time to watch "bad" plays. but these offerings are more like works that are irreverent. US Open Tennis . featuring top films from celebrated filmmakers as well as fresh new talent. Hong Kong Dragon Boat Festival .more than 100 live performances -. August The Fringe Festival The New York International Fringe Festival is the largest multi-arts festival in North America. The US Open is also an iconic event in American tennis. and food. with more than 200 companies from all over the world performing for 16 days in more than 20 venues – that's a total of more than 1300 performances! FringeNYC generates an atmosphere of excitement. bizarre? Harlem Week Far more than a week (despite its name). and utterly . and enjoy a wide array of international music.. dance and cuisine. politically Damrosch Park.. Take in the spectacle on the water.. crafts. vendors and tributes at assorted venues. Okay. not bad in the sense of poorly written. Most of the festivities are free.Flushing Meadows–Corona Park In celebration of the fifth month of the lunar calendar. politically incorrect. and energy.

openhousenewyork Weekend A celebration of that architecture and design. Matt Groening. and dancers. book signings. Mirroring the charitable component of its sister event. New York Chocolate Show If horror isn't your idea of fun. the festival also pays homage to the legends. with special events and old favorites. the Food Network South Beach Wine & Food Festival presented by Food & Wine. This year's lineup and schedule will be revealed in September. New York City Wine and Food Festival The Food Network New York City Wine & Food Festival is the only festival in New York to bring together both legendary culinary icons from around the globe and America's most beloved television chefs. Sherman Alexie and Oliver Stone.New York Botanical Garden A family favorite. puppets. television. seed and other plant materials. samples. More recent additions include the original Penn Station. Inventive presentations. and more. bands. Clint Eastwood. The New York City Horror Film Festival Along with introducing up-and-coming horror filmmakers to a wider audience. an elm-bark . from Roger Corman to George Romero. Over the years it's been transformed into a massive party with wildly costumed folks. Elmore Leonard.October Village Halloween Parade According to legend. as neighborhood children in the West Village walked from house to house with their friends. the arts.December These two months seem to form New York City's winter holiday season. Past panels and special guests included Salman Rushdie. cooking demonstrations Holiday Train Show . New Yorker Festival Occurring annually for more than a decade. the New Yorker Festival is a three-day event that brings together politics. November . journalism. Justifiably famous. 100 percent of the net proceeds from the New York City festival directly benefit the hunger relief organizations Food Bank For New York City and Share Our Strength. perhaps chocolate will be a better choice. the Village Halloween Parade had humble beginnings back in 1973. as well as fee-based activities. openhousenewyork Weekend includes free tours of buildings and sites -— many of which are normally closed to the public. Highlights include a miniature Brooklyn Bridge and Yankee Stadium. Stephen Colbert. the Holiday Train Show at the New York Botanical Garden features toy trains chugging alongside more than 140 replicas of City landmarks made from bark. A great organization providing an unusual look at New York City.

It is 32 feet high. Rockefeller Center Tree Lighting The Christmas tree lighting at Rockefeller Center heralds the holiday season in New York City. Chanukah Celebrations Chanukah can fall at the end of November. a menorah-lighting ceremony takes place at Brooklyn's Grand Army Plaza You can also see what's billed as the largest menorah in the world at 5th Avenue and 59th street. it then moves east along Central Park South and heads down Seventh Avenue. Balloon inflation the night before is open to the public. The ceremony. the major department stores along 5th Avenue. It’s no wonder this is one of NYC’s favorite holiday traditions. come after the official lighting. but if you want to avoid some of the crowds. It's a holiday tradition that you won't want to miss.000 multicolored lights. Broadway performers.000-pound steel holiday icon. The tree is always a treat to view. gold-colored. This amazing and iconic spectacle of celebrities. . but they take a backseat to the real stars of the show—the balloons. 4. televised live since 1966. Every evening during the holiday.Ellis Island and a replica of the George Washington Bridge that spans the exhibit’s entrance. The parade begins at Central Park West and West 77th Street and proceeds south. Snoopy. enormous balloon creatures and the first Santa of the season can be witnessed in person along the route. by the Plaza Hotel. or more commonly into December.using equipment donated by the fire department it order to reach the top. Holiday Windows Right after Thanksgiving. Every year. Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade School marching bands. more than 2.5 million cheering spectators watch as SpongeBob. The windows are beyond what you would imagine. anytime up until the week after New Year's Day. up through New Year's. Garfield and other giant helium-filled characters float along the route. ending at the Macy's flagship store at Seventh Avenue and West 34th Street. a candle is lit . celebrity guests and performers bring excitement to the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade. adorned with more than 25. where it will then turn east on West 42nd Street and continue south on Sixth Avenue. also includes live entertainment for the entire family. and Macy's on Herald's Square dress up their windows in what has become one of the city's most popular strolls. But whenever it is.