# We know that the railway network of India is the biggest in south Asia and perhaps the most complicated

in all over the world. There are so many different types of trains local, fast, super fast, passenger, goods…. etc. and their so many multiple routs. Although the time table is perfect it is not at all possible to maintain it. And that’s why the train accidents are becoming more and more usual. So why not we add a kind of intelligence to the train engines itself so that it tries to avoid accidents. The idea is whenever any engine observes a red signal on its track it will start decreasing its speed gradually and stops automatically at some distance from the signal pole. After then when it gets green signal the driver can manually start the train and go on. In the mean time when train has not stopped yet and a red signal becomes green then it crosses the signal pole with low speed and then driver can slowly increase the speed. So now before the driver observes the red signal the engine itself observes it and automatically starts decreasing speed and then stops. The driver can feel relax in driving because he doesn’t have to take care about red signal. Even if he forgets to take any action on red signal then also we can avoid accidents by the implementation of this idea. General description: What we have to do is we have to attach a transmitter with signal pole which will start transmitting signals only when the red light is on. If there is green light no transmission. The engine has a receiver which catches these transmitted signals and takes desire actions. Both the transmitter and receiver are of RF type with minimum range of 2 Km. so that train can get enough time to decrease its speed and stop before the signal pole with minimum swapping distance of 100-200 mt. Here in our project we have used IR transmitter and receiver instead of RF for demo purpose. But same idea can be easily implemented with RF also with a little more cost. Lets first discuss the demonstration model. Demonstration Model: The train engine runs on 24V DC motor so that we can easily vary its speed by varying applied voltage. The switching voltage is applied in step of 18 V, 15 V, 12 V and 9 V (min speed). The 230 VAC is step-down to 24 VAC by 12-0-12, 2 Ampere step down transformer. As shown in figure this 24 VAC line runs parallel with track at the top of the train. Movable tapping are taken from this line and fed to the internal circuit of engine. These tapping slides as the train runs on the track and give continuous supply to circuit. The IR sensor is placed at the top of the engine, senses the signals transmitted by IR transmitter attached to signal pole. Train track is straight and

Thus the output of U2 controls the operation of U1 means it will switch on or off the . The heart of the circuit is IC555. The main component of the circuit is only IC555. The frequency of U2 is 0. This is decided by RC components connected with it. The output of U2 is connected with reset pin (4) of U1.5 Hz and U1 is 38 KHz. Connections: Both ICs are connected in astable mode. The receiver is housed in engine which senses the IR signals and takes suitable action. Schematic diagram of IR transmitter. Signal Pole IR Transmitter:- The figure shows the schematic diagram of IR transmitter.20 ft long. Model of Intelligent Train Engines The project is divided in two parts Transmitter Receiver The transmitter is housed in signal pole and it is activated only when red light is ON. Signal pole is placed at the end of track and train starts from farther end.

The output of 7805 is connected to 89C51 and TSOP and also to all the LEDs. The output of U1 is fed to two IR LEDs through Darlington pair made up of Q1. Connections: 24 VAC is rectified by diode bridge D1 and filtered through C1 and given to all the regulated ICs as input. This cycle repeats till the red light is on. When the circuit is energized U2 will start generating high pulse at every 1 sec.output of U1. Note: The range of this transmitter is limited to 10 ft only. Output of 7812 (last one) is connected to common coil terminal and to ULN The outputs of middle four regulated ICs are connected to DC motor through relay contacts. Thus after every one second the IR beam of 38 KHz is generated for one second only. The 9V DC battery is connected with circuit through SPDT switch SW1 as shown. current driver chip ULN2003A and all voltage regulator ICs (78XX series). Output of TSOP is connected with pin P3. Q2 and R5. When switch changes its position the red LED and transmitter is off and only green LED will on. microcontroller 89C51. IR receiver circuit The main components of the circuit are IR sensor TSOP 1738. as this pulse is fed to reset pin of U1 it will generate 38 KHz square wave and give it to IR leds. IR leds will generate IR beam of 38 KHz for the same time. Operation: As shown in figure when SW1 is in position as shown the transmitter is On and also the red LED is also ON. 89C51 based IR receiver for Engine: The IR receiver circuit housed in engine is as shown below.3 (INT1) of microcontroller All five leds are connected with port P0 as shown .

RL4 one by one. How the project works? Initially when you switch on the supply 89C51 will switch all the relays RL1.#02h . give indication on third red led sjmp out . initialize the counter to count no. jump above the interrupt subroutine org 0013h .Input of ULN is connected with Port 1 pins P1.2) The same procedure repeats if 89C51 is interrupted third times. decrease the speed of train gradually in four steps and then stop it. Now motor runs at min speed (9 V) indicated by fourth red LED (P0. disable interrupt first clr p0.nxt2 . so now motor gets 12V supply and again its speed will be decreased indicated by third red LED (P0. So motor will get 9-12-15-18 V supply in steps and gradually increases its speed reaches max speed indicated by first red LED (P0. increment counter acall delay .#02h. That’s indicated by second red LED (P0. Now if the signal is green then train will cross the pole with same pole But if signal becomes red in between then IR sensor will detect IR beam and interrupts the 89C51 Getting first interrupt 89C51 will switch off RL4 and switch on RL3 so now motor will get 15 V supply and its speed will be decreased. reset green led cjne r0. give indication on second red led sjmp out nxt2: cjne r0. interrupt 1 subroutine location mov ie. And this is done by software embedded in to 89C51.1 sec delay setb p0.0 . if counter is 3 then decrease speed be two step (12 V) mov p0. 89C51 will indicate the interrupt event on first (green) LED and energizes only one particular relay through ULN chip.0-P1.#0fbh mov p1.#0f7h mov p1. Operation: TSOP will detect the 38 KHz IR beam and gives the interrupt to 89C51. and outputs are connected with second terminal of relay coil.#03h. So now when red signal becomes green driver must reset the controller to start the train again. Again if still red signal is on 89C51 will be interrupted and this time it will switch on RL2.nxt3 .#01h . This is indicated by green LED. After this interrupts will be disabled. of interrupts sjmp over .#04h . The complete pseudo code with necessary comments is as given org 00h mov r0. interrupt indication on green led inc r0 .0).if counter is 2 then decrease speed be one step (15 V) mov p0.3) After same delay on receiving fourth interrupt all the relays will be switched off and motor is now stop so the train is also stopped.0 .#00h . When any of the four relay get energized the motor will get supply from it and it will start running As voltage is less it will run with less speed So now its the function of microcontroller to receive signal from IR sensor.3.1) Now 89C51 will wait for some time (2 to 3 sec) and train goes on with same speed. call 0.

#04h acall dely mov p1.#84h .#04h. return from interrupt over:mov p1. with 2 sec delay in between acall dely mov p1.lop2 ret dely: mov r7.nxt4 . main program starts from here starts train with min speed acall dely . out: acall dely .#0feh mov p1. continue loop delay: mov r6.#0fdh mov ie.TK i 09717408885 . enable the interrupt here: sjmp here .#08h mov p0.lop3 djnz r6. 0.#05h.#15h . and gradually increase it to max in four step mov p1.nxt3: cjne r0.lop1 djnz r6.#0FAh lop3:nop nop djnz r5.#0efh mov p1. if counter is 5 then stop the train mov p0.out .lop5 ret end Please mail Us to Book this project or call us at our contact numbers indianengineer is also available at:IndianEngineer.#64h lop4:mov r5.#0FAh lop1:nop nop djnz r5.#01h .lop4 djnz r7.#64h . call 2 sec delay every time when speed is changed mov ie. give indication on fourth red led sjmp out nxt4: cjne r0. indicate it by green led. if counter is 4 then decrease speed be three step (9 V) mov p0.1 sec delay lop2:mov r5.#02h .#84h .tk Buyprojects. enable interrupt again reti .#00h . 2 sec delay lop5:mov r6.#01h .

more. UV LED.tech-led. www. i want to book this project.13 Votes • • • • Share this: StumbleUpon Digg Reddit • Ads by Google Infrared LEDs IR LED. this is very good idea . Photo Diode.i m waiting for ur response. 2009 2. Comment by nidhi saini | August 12. 2009 .com August 3. Uncategorized Like Be the first to like this post. Super beam LED.Posted by Common wealth games | project ideas. 30 Comments » 1.plz send me the necessary details for buying it. Surface Mount LED.

B.B. 2009 .SUNIL | August 16. THANK U SIR FOR GIVING ME GOOD PROJECT………….. Comment by S.KINDLY PROVIDE ME………. 2009 5.B. Comment by S.SUNIL | August 16. 2009 4. plz give me new projects ideas 4 my last year in diploma in ENTC Comment by amit kalyani | August 17. 2009 3. 2009 6.SUNIL | August 16.but we not acess IR receiver for Engine circuit Comment by sunil hile | August 14. THIS IS VERY GOOD PROJECT FOR A TRAIN ENGINEER……… Comment by S.. PLEASE SIR I WANT THIS PROJECT”INTELLIGENT TRAIN ENGINEER”.

2009 10.embedded based project ideas…. Comment by mohan | August 25. ultrasonic radar with display as well as int. sir i want some more details about “Intelligent train engine project”. and its cost etc… plz mail me how can i book it nd its overall expenses Comment by hitaishy sharma | August 23. Comment by Sunil Garg | August 22. Will you send me the full papers of this project? How to make more sensetive or to get more accurate result? Please send me the project paper & answer. Please help me.delivary report and further action.pls send some projects…pls…………… Comment by shanmughaselvan | September 6.. SIR I WANT THIS PROJECT”INTELLIGENT TRAIN ENGINEER”. plz send me this project at e-mail id Comment by tushar yejare | August 28. 2009 8. 2009 9. SIR.train engine send me price . this can really do a miracle Advertise inserted Comment by kumari sangeeta | August 31.component list . 2009 11. 2009 . THANK YOU…. I am a final year student.I want to do this project.. 2009 12.and i want VLSI.7.KINDLY PROVIDE ME……….

what could be the ways to overcome them?? . i want this project.KINDLY PROVIDE ME……….and i want VLSI. sir i need this project .embedded based project ideas….kindaly provide me …and microcontroller based project also send…. heavy rains etc affect its performance..pls send some projects…pls…………… Comment by shanmughaselvan | September 6. 2009 16. 2009 18.plz mail me the price n detail of this project Comment by robert | October 10. 2009 15. it is a good thought of making this project but won’t the climatic conditions like fos.plz as soon possible Comment by prashant singh | November 20.. please send me the cost of this project Comment by senthilnathan | December 12.and hw much cost …plx rep sir Comment by regu sankar | December 13. SIR I WANT THIS PROJECT”INTELLIGENT TRAIN ENGINEER”. 2009 17.i like this project.13. smog. sis. 2009 14. sir..

Comment by Sudeep S | December 20. I WANT A PROJECT DETAILS TITLED ‘PUT COIN AND DRAW POWER’ PLZ SEND ME THE DETAILS i want 2 buy …….i m waiting and and i want VLSI. plz soon Comment by praveen | December 26. HI.i m waiting and and i want VLSI.plz send me the necessary details for buying it. SIR . 2009 21.embedded based project ideas…. 2009 19. SIR . 2009 .plz send me the necessary details for buying it.pls send some projects…pls…………… Comment by kamalakannan | December 23.pls send some projects…pls…………… Comment by kamalakannan | December 23. 2009 20.embedded based project ideas…..