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11/30/2010 Required Properties and Types for Prestressed Concrete 2nd Lecture

:Low Shrinkage -4

Relationship between Shrinkage and Age of Concrete

100

80
Shrinkage Percentage

60

40

20

0
0 1 2 3 4 5
Time

Average Shrinkage Design Value = ɛsh = 0.0002 – 0.0004
:Factors Affecting Shrinkage

a. Humidity
b. Size
c. W/C
d. Aggregate size
e. Cement type
f. Temperature

5- Low Porosity

6- Good Workability

:Pre-tensioning

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11/30/2010 Required Properties and Types for Prestressed Concrete 2nd Lecture Tension of tendons then pouring concrete (No Buckling as force (transfers by mean of bond strength :Post Tensioning Pouring concrete in form which fitted with a duct. after hardening of concrete occurred the tendons pulled through the duct and the duct may be filled with grout or may not.(Buckling occurred as the force applies at (the ends :Types of P/S Steel • P/S Wires: Hot rolled carbon steel Diameter (5 – 15 mm) • P/S Strands: Diameter (6-15mm) 7 wire strands 19 wire strands The strands can be categorized according to production process to: -2- .

F = P sin ɵ -3- . Low relaxation strands • High Tensile Bars: Diameter (20-40mm) Chromium steel materials Hot rolled then cold drawn F P Sinɵ P Sinɵ ɵ F= 2 P Sin ɵ Note: inclined Cables increase the shear resistance along the section depth.11/30/2010 Required Properties and Types for Prestressed Concrete 2nd Lecture a. Stress relieved strands b.

3– Steel threaded into open place and stressed (need for High early strength concrete) 4 – Steel anchored by plates & wedges against concrete (Some losses may occur in anchorage) Note: Tension should be from two sides to prevent losses due to friction Summary of P/S Losses: Types of Losses Pre-Tensioning Post Tensioning Elastic Shortening (3 – 4)% (2 . 2 – Concrete is cured. Pre-tensioning: 1. Concrete placed and bonded around it. 2.24" Friction losses None √ Creep (6 – 7)% (4 – 5)% Shrinkage (5 – 6)% (4 – 5)% Relaxation 3% 4% -4- . / E = (P/As) (∆/L) B.3)% Anchorage Seating None ≈ 0. Wire is stretched against form or end anchors ( Pi & Fsi ). 4. 3. Concrete is cured.95 Pi If you are in site and tendons are being pulled by the specialist and by a machine which its calibration is a matter of question. you can predict the strain by knowing E (Young's modulus) of the tendons. Steel released from anchorage leaving steel anchored in concrete by bond (Pt & Fst) Pt ≃ 0. Post-Tensioning: 1 – Concrete placed with open place for steel.11/30/2010 Required Properties and Types for Prestressed Concrete 2nd Lecture Types of Prestressing: A.

E/Ztb ∓ Mo.E/Ztb ∓ Mo. In P/S concrete the whole section is considered as the Prestressing force prevents the cracking of the section.11/30/2010 Required Properties and Types for Prestressed Concrete 2nd Lecture Total (17 – 20)% (14 – 17)% Combined Stress Concept: Ftb = -P/A ± P. -5- .w/Ztb ∓ ML.L/Ztb Notes: 1.w/Ztb ∓ ML. Proof strength is the strength used for design when Fy cannot be determined.E/Ztb ∓ Mo.w/Ztb At full service load: (Critical section at mid-span) Ftb = -P/A ± P. 2.L/Ztb Ftb ≯ Allowable stress stated by ECP Analysis: At transfer (critical section at end of beam) Ftb = -P/A ± P.