ANIMAL ASSOCIATIONS UPTO MATURE PROGLOTTID OF TAENIA SOLIUM 1 .

Stage of Plasmodium that penetrates through the crop wall of mosquito is

1. female gamete 2. sporozoite 3. male gamete 4. vermicule 2 . When one tapeworm is present in intestine of man, it will not allow another. This is due to 1. prophylaxis 2. premunition 3. hyperplasia 4. hypertrophy 3 . Entamoeba histolytica can be identified by the presence of 1. cart-wheel like nucleus 2. contractile vacuoles 3. many lobopodia 4. cellulose cyst 4 . Stage of Plasmodium that exhibits lashing movement is 1. female gamete 3. male gamete 5 . In Taenia solium, fertilization occurs in 2. sporozoite 4. ookinete

1. ootype 2. uterus 3. vagina 4. fallopian tube 6 . Total number of nuclear division and cytoplasmic divisions required for the formation of eight amoebulae from one metacystic stage of Entamoeba histolytica is 1. 4 and 3 2. 1 and 8 3. 4 and 7 4. 4 and 8 7 . An organism that is parasitic on another parasite is called

1. facultative parasite 2. temporary parasite 3. hyperparasite 4. ectoparasite 8 . Post-zygotic asexual multiplication of Plasmodium in mosquito is called 1. schizogony 3. gametogony 9 . Trichomonas vaginalis is 2. sporogony 4. anisogamy

1. longitudinal muscles 2. circular muscles 3. dorso-ventral muscles 4. protractor and retractor muscles 11 . Increase in the number of cells of host caused by a parasite is called 1. hyperplasia 2. hypertrophy 3. hyperparasitism 4. hypersensitivity 12 . Association between two organisms which is beneficial to one but harmful to the other is called 1. cannibalism 3. commensalism 13 . Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a 1. facultative parasite 3. symbiont 2. mutualism 4. parasitism 2. obligate parasite 4. hyperparasite

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1. coelozoic 2. histozoic 3. cytozoic 4. epizoic 10 . Muscles present parenchymal musculature but absent in tegumentary musculature of Taenia solium are

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14 . Number of merozoites that develop from one erythrocytic schizont in Plasmodium vivax is

1. 15-20 3. 4-8 15 . Sphaerospora polymorpha is a/an

2. 6-12 4. 10-17

1. hyperparasite 2. ectoparasite 3. endoparasite 4. facultative parasite 16 . Brown pigment, derived from haematin, that causes malaria is 1. haemolysin 3. haemocyanin 17 . Tegument of Taenia solium is 2. haemoglobin 4. haemozoin

1. living and syncytial 2. living and uninucleate 3. non-living and syncytial 4. non-living and enucleate 18 . A parasite that can live independently in the absence of a host is 1. facultative parasite 2. permanent parasite 3. hyperparasite 4. obligate parasite 19 . Commensalism is an association between two organisms in which 1. one is benifited while the other may or may be benifited or harmed

2. one is benifited while the other is neither benifited or nor harmed but cannot live independently 3. one is benifited while the other may or may 4. one is benifited while the other is harmed not be benifited but not harmed but can live independently 20 . Proglottids of Taenia solium are held together by

1. Anopheles 2. Hydra 3. Nosema 4. Sacculina 22 . Intercellular stage in the life history of Entamoeba histolytica histolytica is 1. precystic stage 2. tetranucleate cyst 3. trophozoite 4. metacyst 23 . In Taenia solium, reproductive organs are not developed in 1. immature proglottids 3. gravid proglottids 24 . Solium means 2. mature proglottids 4. squarish proglottids 2. tape 4. chain

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1. ribbon 3. worm 25 . Nutrition in Entamoeba histolytica is

1. holozoic 2. holophytic 3. saprozoic 4. autotrophic 26 . From sporocyst, sporozoites of Plasmodium vivax reach salivary glands through 1. oesophagus 3. haemocoel 27 . Tegument of Taenia solium is helpful for 1. protection and absorption 3. excretion and osmoregulation 2. proboscis 4. hypopharynx 2. blood circulation 4. respiration

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2. longitudinal excretory canals and transverse excretory canals 4. longitudinal nerve cords and transverse nerve cords 21 . Which of the following is a parasite that also acts as a host?

1. longitudinal excretory canals and nerve cords 3. longitudinal excretory canals only

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28 . During Golgi cycle of Plasmodium vivax, Schuffner's dots are seen in

1. cytoplasm of amoeboid stage 3. cytoplasm of signet ring stage 29 . Macrogametocyte of Plasmodium vivax has

2. cytoplasm of erythrocyte 4. plasma membrane of erythrocyte

1. large central nucleus 2. large eccentric nucleus 3. small central nucleus 4. small eccentric nucleus 30 . Assertion (A) : Arrangement of genital pores in Taenia solium facilitates copulation among different proglottids

1. monogenetic, monopodial 3. monogenetic, polyopodial 33 . Fertilization in Plasmodium is

2. digenetic, polypodial 4. digenetic, monopodial

1. isogamy 2. anisogamontogony 3. anisogamy 4. schizogony 34 . Scientist who discovered Plasmodium in the blood of a malarial patient is 1. Richard Pfeiffer 3. Patric Manson 35 . Gametocytes of Plasmodium are formed in

1. crop of mosquito 2. salivary glands of mosquito 3. liver cells of man 4. blood of man 36 . What happens to Chlorella if Chlorohydra is maintained in darkness? 1. It lives phototrophically on the products of 2. It can survive longer thean others metabolism of the green hydra 3. It lives chemotrophically on the products of 4. It cannot survive metabolism of the green hydra 37 . In Taenia solium, reproductive organs are degenerated in 1. immature proglottids 3. gravid proglottids 38 . Body of Entamoeba is covered by 1. pellicle 3. plasmalemma 39 . Term malaria means

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1. mosquito 2. bad air 3. high fever 4. lethal 40 . Outer muscles in tegumentary musculature of Taenia solium are 1. longitudinal muscles 2. circular muscles 3. dorso-ventral muscles 4. striated muscles 41 . Number of acetabula in the scolex of Taenia solium is 1. 22-32 3. 2-12 2. 4 4. 2

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2. Ronald Ross 4. Charles Laveron

2. mature proglottids 4. squarish proglottids 2. tegument 4. cuticle

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1. Trichonympha 3. Rhizobium 32 . Entamoeba histolytica is

2. Chlorella 4. Escherichia coli

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Reason (R) : Genital pores alternate regularly between right and left margins of proglottids 1. Both 'A' and 'R' are true and 'R' is the 2. Both 'A' and 'R' are true but 'R' is not correct correct explanation of 'A' explanation of 'A' 3. 'A' is true but 'R' is false 4. 'A' is false but 'R' is true 31 . Symbiont in the musculo-nutritive cells of Chlorohydra is

42 . Malaria fever is caused due to

1. appearance of Schuffner's dots 2. liberation of haemozoin into blood plasma 3. production of gametocytes 4. liberation of merozoites into blood plasma 43 . Destruction of gonads of host by a parasite, leading to impotency of host, is called 1. hyperparasitism 2. parasitic castration 3. premunition 4. parasitic adaptation 44 . Assertion (A) : Nutrition in Taenia solium is saprobic. Reason (R) : It absorbs nutrients through tegument. 1. Both 'A' and 'R' are true and 'R' is the 2. Both 'A' and 'R' are true but 'R' is not correct correct explanation of 'A' explanation of 'A' 3. 'A' is true but 'R' is false 4. 'A' is false but 'R' is true 45 . The duration between the initial sporozoite infection and the first appearance of malarial symptoms is termed

1. RBCs in food vacuoles 2. single lobopodium 3. cart-wheel like nucleus 4. contractile vacuole 47 . Number of immature proglottids in the strobila of Taenia solium is 1. 900 2. 450 3. 200 4. 250 48 . Tegument secreting cells in Taenia solium are present in 1. epidermis 3. parenchyma 49 . Parasite that causes hypertrophy in man is

1. Fasciola 2. Plasmodium 3. Entamoeba 4. Trypanosoma 50 . Consider the following statements about sporozoite of Plasmodium vivax: I. It is covered by elastic and three-layered pellicle. II. Pellicle contains longitudinally arranged hollow microtubules. III. Convoluted tubules are useful for wriggling movement. Which of the above are true? 1. Only I and II 2. Only II and III 3. Only I and III 4. All of these 51 . Association between two animals which is beneficial to one but neither beneficial nor harmful to the other is called 1. mutualism 2. parasitism 3. predation 4. commensalism 52 . Shedding of gravid proglottids of Taenia solium is called 1. ecdysis 2. apolysis 3. haemolysis 4. glycolysis 53 . Surface area of tegument of Taenia solium is increased by 1. microtrichites 2. typhlosole 3. rectal papillae 4. rugae 54 . Tissue-dissolving enzyme secreted by trophozoite of Entamoeba histolytica is 1. haemolysin 3. hyaluronidase 2. haemozoin 4. histolysin

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2. dermis 4. basement membrane

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1. pre-patent period 2. gestation period 3. incubation period 4. photoperiod 46 . Trophozoite of Entamoeba histolytica resembles precystic form in the presence of

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55 . Entamoeba histolytica was first identified by

1. Lorsch 2. Losch 3. Lambel 4. Laveran 56 . Cells of Plasmodium that do not enter RBCs are 1. cryptomerozoites 2. micrometacryptomerozoites 3. erythrocytic merozoites 4. macrometacryptomerozoites 57 . In the life cycle of Plasmodium, exflagellation results in the formation of 1. microgametocytes 3. macrogametocytes 58 . Infective stage of Entamoeba histolytica is 2. microgametes 4. macrogametes

1. tetranucleate cyst 2. trophozoite 3. precystic stage 4. metacystic stage 59 . Correct seqence of stages in the lfie cycle of Entamoeba histolytica is

1. contractile vacuoles 2. many lobopodia 3. cart wheel like nucleus 4. RBCs in food vacuoles 62 . Assertion (A) : Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a facultative parasite.

1. 7 days 3. 10-14 days 64 . Consider the following statements:

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Reason (R) : It does not cause any disease in the host. 1. Both 'A' and 'R' are true and 'R' is the 2. Both 'A' and 'R' are true but 'R' is not correct explanation of 'A' correct explanation of 'A' 3. 'A' is true but 'R' is false 4. 'A' is false but 'R' is true 63 . Incubation period of Plasmodium vivax is 2. 18-42 days 4. 8 days

I. Adult liver fluke causes hyperplasia in primary host. II. Larvae of liver fluke cause gigantism in intermediate host. III. Plasmodium causes hypertrophy in intermediate host. Which of the above are true? 1. Only I and II 2. Only II and III 3. Only I and III 4. All are true 65 . Fasciola hepatica causes thickening of bile ducts in sheep due to 1. hyperplasia 3. hyperparasitism 2. hypertrophy 4. parasitic castration

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A.Amoeboid stage B. Merozoite C. Signet ring stage D. Schizont What is their correct sequence? 1. ACDB 2. CABD 3. CADB 4. CDAB 61 . Trophozoite of Entamoeba histolytica can be identified from precystic form by the presence of

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1. cystic stage - precystic stage - metacystic 2. precystic stage - metacystic stage - cystic stage stage 3. precystic stage - cystic stage - metacystic 4. metacystic stage - cystic stage - precystic stage stage 60 . The following are the stages in erythrocytic cycle of Plasmodium:

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66 . Vagina of Taenia solium is meant to carry

1. sperms from oviduct to genital atrium 2. sperms from genital atrium to oviduct 3. ova from oviduct to genital atrium 4. ova from ovary to oviduct 67 . Scientist who discovered oocysts of Plasmodium on the crop wall of female Anopheles mosquito is 1. Ronald Ross 2. Patric Manson 3. Charles Laveran 4. Richard Pfeiffer 68 . Identify the correct sequences of stages in the life cycle of Plasmodium

1. coelozoic 2. histozoic 3. cytozoic 4. epizoic 70 . Schuffner's dots that appear in RBCs infected with Plasmodium vivax are

1. antigens of host 2. antigens of parasite 3. antibodies of host 4. antibodies of parasite 71 . Number of metacysts that develop from a single tetranucleate cyst of Entamoeba is 1. 2 2. 1 3. 4 4. 8 72 . Number of mature proglottids in the strobila of Taenia solium is

1. mutualism 2. parasitism 3. commensalism 4. antagonism 74 . Number of female gametes that develop from one female gametocyte of Plasmodium vivax is 1. 12-24 3. 12,000 75 . Mature proglottids of Taenia solium are 2. 8 4. 1

1. rectangular 2. polygonal 3. squarish 4. triangular 76 . Flame cells of Taenia solium are primarily helpful for 1. excretion 2. osmoregulation 3. nutrition 4. respiration 77 . In the life cycle of Plasmodium, exflagellation occurs in 1. lumen of crop of mosquito 2. salivary glands of mosquito 3. wall of crop of mosquito 4. midgut of mosquito 78 . Number of gravid proglottids in the strobila of Taenia solium is 1. 900 2. 450 3. 200 4. 250 79 . According to Bano, nuclear divisions in Oocyst of Plasmodium are 1. one reductional and many mitotic 3. many reductional and one mitotic 2. all mitotic 4. all reductional

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1. 900 2. 450 3. 200 4. 250 73 . An intimate association between two organisms in which each one derives benefit from the other is termed

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1. schizogony - sporogony - gametogony 3. sporogony - gametogony - schizogony 69 . Precystic form of Entamoeba histolytica is

2. gametogony - schizogony - sporogony 4. schizogony - gametogony - sporogony

80 . Complete lify cycle of Plasmodium vivax in female Anopheles mosquito was described by

1. Laveron 2. Grassi 3. Ross 4. Golgi 81 . Number of rectangular proglottids in the strobila of Taenia solium is about 1. 650 2. 450 3. 200 4. 250 82 . Maximum number of daughter individuals that develop from a single tetranucleate cyst of Entamoeba is

1. 22-32 3. 2-12 84 . Apolysis helps Taenia solium for

2. 12-22 4. 4

1. increasing surface area of absorption 2. increasing the length of strobila 3. excretion and osmoregulation 4. maintenance of constant length of strobila 85 . Formation of new proglottids from neck region of Taenia is called 1. proglottisation 2. apolysis 3. strobilaion 4. premunition 86 . Infective stage of Plasmodium to mosquito is

1. wall of small intestine of man 2. lumen of small intestine of man 3. wall of large intestine of man 4. lumen of large intestine of man 88 . Assertion (A) : At amoeboid stage, Plasmodium causes hypertrophy of RBC. Reason (R) : Amoeboid stage occupies almost entire RBC. 1. Both 'A' and 'R' are true and 'R' is the 2. Both 'A' and 'R' are true but 'R' is not correct correct explanation of 'A' explanation of 'A' 3. 'A' is true but 'R' is false 4. 'A' is false but 'R' is true 89 . Increase in the size of cells due to parasitic effect is called 1. hyperplasia 2. hypertrophy 3. hyperparasitism 4. hypersensitivity 90 . Association between termite and Trichonympha is 1. mutualism 2. parasitism 3. commensalism 4. antagonism 91 . Cell organelles absent in trophozoite of Entamoeba histolytica are 1. food vacuoles and contractile vacuoles 2. food vacuoles and mitochondria 3. mitochondria and pseudopodia 4. contractile vacuoles and mitochondria 92 . Which of the following is an endocommensal in the intestine of man? 1. Entamoeba coli 2. Escherichia coli 3. Balantidium coli 4. Giardia intestinalis 93 . Stage of Plasmodium that occurs in the blood of both the hosts is 1. gametocyte 3. sporozoite 2. schizont 4. ookinete

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1. sporozoite 2. trophozoite 3. schizont 4. gametocyte 87 . In the life history of Entamoeba histolytica, excystment occurs in

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1. 1 2. 2 3. 4 4. 8 83 . Number of hooks in the scolex of Taenia solium is about

94 . Symbiont in the gut of termites is

1. Triceratium 3. Trichonympha 95 . Term symbiosis was coined by 1. de Bary 3. de Candolle 96 . Secondary host of Taenia solium is 1. Culex pipens 3. Homo sapiens 97 . Gigantism in snails is caused by

2. Trypanosoma 4. Chlorella 2. de Vries 4. de Duve 2. Sus scrofa 4. Bos indicus

1. liver fluke 2. larvae of blood fluke 3. blood fluke 4. larvae of liver fluke 98 . In Taenia solium, branched uterus is present in 1. immature proglottids 3. squarish proglottids 99 . Plasmodium vivax causes 1. benign tertian malaria 3. malignant tertian malaria 100 . Infective stage of Plasmodium to man is 1. gametocyte 3. sporozoite 101 . Gambusia offinis feeds on 2. mature proglottids 4. posterior proglottids 2. mild tertian malaria 4. quartan malaria 2. tetranucleate cyst 4. merozoite

1. Plasmodium 2. mosquito 3. wrigglers 4. dragon flies 102 . A cytozoic flagellate parasite in the following is 1. Plasmodium vivax 2. Leishmania donovani 3. Trypanosoma gambiense 4. Giardia 103 . Consider the following statements about Scolex of Taenia solium

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1. uterus and ootype 2. vagina and genital atrium 3. ovary and ootype 4. vagina and oviduct 105 . In which of the following animal associations, both the partners can live independently when separated? A.hermit crab-sea anemone B.man-TaeniaC.Trichonympha-termite D.ManMycobacterium tuberculosis 1. A and B 3. A and D 106 . Budding zone in Taenia solium is 1. scolex 3. strobila 2. B and C 4. only A 2. neck 4. head

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I. Hooks are arranged in two rows. II.Hooks are made up of chitin III.Hooks of lower row are larger while those of upper row are smaller Which of the above are true? 1. I and II 2. II and III 3. I and III 4. I, II and III 104 . In Taenia solium, which of the following do not directly communicate with each other?

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107 . The duration between the initial sporozoite infection and the first reappearance parasites in

the blood is termed 1. pre-patent period 3. incubation period 108 . Diploid motile stage of Plasmodium vivax is 2. gestation period 4. photoperiod

1. sporozoite 2. ookinete 3. oocyst 4. zygote 109 . In Chlorohydra viridissima, Chlorella lives in

1. wall of large intestine of man 2. lumen of large intestine of man 3. wall of small intestine of man 4. lumen of small intestine of man 111 . Pathogenic stage of Entamoeba histolytica is

1. tetranucleate cyst 2. trophozoite 3. precystic stage 4. metacyclic stage 112 . Stages of Entamoeba histolytica that undergoe only karyokinesis but not cytokinesis are 1. precystic stage and cystic stage 2. uninucleate cyst and binucleate cyst 3. binucleate cyst and metacystic stage 4. binucleate cyst and tetranucleate cyst 113 . Polyembryony and parthenogenesis are exhibited by 1. Ascaris 2. Taenia 3. Fasciola 4. Wuchereria 114 . Chromatoid bodies that occur in the precystic stage of Entamoeba histolytica contain 1. carbohydrates 3. chitin 115 . Holdfast organ of Taenia solium is

1. strobila 2. neck 3. buccal capsule 4. scolex 116 . Entamoeba histolytica causes may cause abscesses in

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A. Liver B. Lungs C. Brain D. Kidneys 1. A, B AND C only 3. A, B and D only 117 . Taenia solium exhibits

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1. homonomous segmentation 3. pseudosegmentation 118 . Sporogony of Plasmodium occurs in

1. lumen of crop of mosquito 2. salivary glands of mosquito 3. crop wall of mosquito 4. liver cells and RBCs of man 119 . Stools of a patient suffering from amoebic dysentery contain 1. tetranucleate cysts 3. sporozoites 2. octonucleate cysts 4. metacyclic stages

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2. glycogen 4. ribonucleoproteins

2. B, C and D only 4. All of these 2. heteronomous segmentation 4. superficial segmentation

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1. nutritive-muscular cells of ectoderm 2. epithelio-muscular cells of ectoderm 3. nutritive-muscular cells of endoderm 4. epithelio-muscular cells of endoderm 110 . Precystic form of Entamoeba histolytica undergoes encystment in

120 . Consider the following statements about Taenia solium:

I. New proglottids are formed anterior to strobila. II.Apolysis of proglottids takes place from the posterior end of strobila. III.A Mature proglottid has a full set of male and female reproductive systems. Which of the above are true? 1. Only I and II 2. Only II and III 3. Only I and III 4. All are true

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