Committee: Colombia Country: Colombia Topic: UNPFII Delegate: Karla Aguilera School: ITESM CL

Good afternoon Mrs. And Ms. Delegates and honorable approval desk

There are nearly 1.4 million Indigenous people living in Colombia, making up around 3.4 per cent of the country¶s population. Colombia¶s Indigenous population is divided into 85 distinct Indigenous groups (Census, 2005). The National Indigenous Organization of Colombia (ONIC) puts the number at 102. Most Indigenous Peoples live in areas rich in natural resources. In the departments of Guainía, Vaupés, La Guajira, Amazonas and Vichada, Indigenous Peoples make up about half the population. Indigenous representatives have said much of the land allocated to them is unsuitable. For example, less than 8 per cent of reservation land is suitable for agriculture. Some 445,000 Indigenous people live outside the reservations and do not have official recognition of their collective rights over the land on which they live. (Colombian Statistics Ministry, 2007). All this Indian groups are part of the delegation of Colombia that is why Colombia is taking action, most of the culture of Colombia is conformed by all this diversity that ethnics groups bring. The United Nations declaration on the rights of indigenous people declares that Article 3 Indigenous peoples have the right to self-determination. By virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development Article 32 1. Indigenous peoples have the right to determine and develop priorities and strategies for the development or use of their lands or territories and other resources. 2. States shall consult and cooperate in good faith with the indigenous peoples concerned through their own representative institutions in order to obtain their free and informed consent prior to the approval of any project affecting their lands or territories and other resources, particularly in connection with the development, utilization or exploitation of mineral, water or other resources. 3. States shall provide effective mechanisms for just and fair redress for any such

social. and appropriate measures shall be taken to mitigate adverse environmental. So with this the delegation of Colombia is taking measures to always protect the indigenous women. and Colombia also find the solution that Indigenous will find their economic status and they will make it by the implementation of giving them lands and find some people who would like to give money to them. . economic.activities. cultural or spiritual impact.

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