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Introductory to EM
Invisible Power – The World of Microorganism
What is created by man will return to man one day
use of EM has spread in Japan with the support of practitioners of natural and organic farming. EM was developed by Professor Teruo Higa at the Agricultural Department. environment and human health including industrial applications. activities to reduce garbage by applying Bokashi (fermenting agent) to food scraps and left-overs resulted to a town full of flowers through the use of Bokashi compost. actinomycetes. reaching over 116 countries at present. . safe. animals. and have achieved satisfying results. People think of dreadful bacteria when they hear of microbes or microorganisms.■Introductory Guide to EM What is EM? EM is the acronym for Effective Microorganism and refers to a group of microorganisms that are beneficial. yeast. or plants nor does it use genetically engineered microbes. The use of EM technology began in agricultural applications and has now expanded into the fields of food production. we intend to contribute towards the protection of environment and human health through the application of EM technology. The Power of EM EM is composed of microorganisms such as photosynthetic bacteria. and EM activated solution diluted into rice washing water was used in cleaning rivers. and has been introduced and widely-used in various countries around the world as well. However. lactic acid bacteria. inexpensive. University of Ryukyus as an agent to improve soil quality to realize high yield without the use of pesticides or chemical fertilizers in crop production. EM has been applied at the grassroots level through activities led by communities from several local governments as a movement calling for participation from the socially disadvantaged. Furthermore. and to make sustainable society possible. and filamentous bacteria. welusia bacterium that causes old age) that are harmful to humans. EM is aimed towards a pleasant. EM does not contain any bad microorganisms (harmful bacteria such as staphylococcus that causes food poisoning. poultry and livestock production. Since its development. As part of the EM group that is administered by EM Research Organization (EMRO). high quality standard. all of these are convenient methods to help preserve the environment. For example.
antibiotics. Since the earth came into existence 4. it keeps on rolling and becomes difficult to stop.” Dominant Microorganisms in EM Photosynthetic Bacteria Photosynthetic bacteria have a long record of existence and are believed to have lived 3. Once these beneficial microorganisms join forces together and start interacting. They continuously produce antioxidants. It‘s like the force of inertia. To get the best effect of EM. we cannot find photosynthetic bacteria everywhere as it used to be during the ancient times. EM has the ability to control harmful bacteria (microbes that produce toxins) and to attract beneficial bacteria other than those in EM. Photosynthetic bacteria absorbed non-organic elements like carbon dioxide and hydrogen that covered the earth during that time. plants. and animals. and activate them. but in some instances. and the anaerobic bacteria to live together symbiotically. they will move in a positive direction based on instinct.6 billion years ago. At present. Sometimes only one application of EM is enough to achieve a good result. the senior microorganism in the world of EM. and soluble nutrients (including minerals) that are beneficial to human. Human existence including animals and plants owes to these organic compounds and oxygen produced by the photosynthetic bacteria. .EM consists of only those microorganisms which ancient people have used in their lives consciously or otherwise. “once a heavy ball starts rolling. the microbes will not take effect even after 100 applications.5 billion years ago. photosynthetic bacteria are the oldest creatures living up to now. It is also believed that only photosynthetic bacteria were able to use radiant energy during the ancient times. But we can find it in the rice paddy as it provides an environment wherein aerobic bacteria. and discharged organic elements and carbonic acid. the tip is to use it as many times possible until the desired result is achieved.
which is distinct since it is a single-celled organism unlike most other fungi which are multi-cellular. but it can be easily distinguished since threads are only 1 µm in diameter. more than two-thirds are produced by the family of Streptomyces. at a glance. Researches have shown that these have beneficial effect in immuno-stimulatory activities. A special characteristic of these bacteria is that they can live fairly well and co-exist with other bacteria. a Dutch trader who introduced the world of microorganism and amazed the people during the time. antitumor. It looks like fungi. reducing serum cholesterol and hypertension. The yeast was discovered by Anthony van Leeuwenhoek (1632 – 1723). Actinomycetes These are also called radial bacteria and they reproduce from the center point into a radial pattern. Actinomycetes can be found abundantly in the soil and they produce biologically active agents such as antibiotics which other bacteria do not produce. yeast is a species of Eumycetes (fungi). as the name suggests. In taxonomy. it has attracted attention as being the bacteria that had the best effect on human health. Since the time of its discovery by Louis Pasteur in 1857. Lactic Acid Bacteria In taxonomy. lactic acid bacteria belong to the Bacillus family and are microorganisms that convert sugar into lactic acid (lactic acid fermentation). antimutagenicity. Among the 5000 types of antibiotics that have been discovered. Actinomycete is represented by family of Streptomyces which produces antibiotics such as streptomycin. It is a minority group in the world of microorganisms but are very essential to human life. . It knocks out harmful bacteria and helps increase the good ones by assuming the character of Dirty Harry in the world of EM.Yeast Yeast refers to the “source of fermentation” which is an essential component in making wines and bread.
. producing various biologically active agents such as amino acids and polysaccharides. We usually have negative impression of fungi. they are hard working creatures like yeast. In taxonomy. however. Filamentous bacteria also provide food that is suited to enhance function of yeast. it produces lots of bacterial threads and spores. which we often encounter in our lives. In the world of EM. it belongs to the Eumycetes which is also a family of fungi. there are also beneficial fungi such as Aspergillus glaucus which is essential in manufacturing dried bonito stock.Filamentous bacteria This refers to fungi.
000 of EM to the total volume of water. Feeds: Add 1% . and lessen the load to the environment. Mixing the EM to the feeds will decompose organic matters and decrease the accumulation of slime. 1% to the feeds in order to prevent from sliming. Vitalizing the Agricultural Sector with EM Preparing the farm before application: Tip: Replenish humus and try to establish EM For 1000 square meters of land Basic Procedure . better EM treated) . tip is to add 1/10. .Compost: 2 to 3 tons (grass or manure of herbivorous animal as source. cleanse the water. 2. Aquaculture: The idea is same as in livestock feeding which improves the compatibility of microorganism to the environment.000 times.Applications in Various Fields 1.3% of EM Bokashi to the feeds (of good quality).EM-1: 1 to 200 liters (dilute in appropriate ratio and disperse thoroughly to the area) .Bokashi: 200 to 300 kilograms Spread above materials 1 month before planting and start plowing the soil (soil will harden by plowing with tiller as many times. and better use lister when plowing). For closed type aquaculture. EM & Livestock Basics of EM in Livestock Application Drinking water: Dilute EM with water 2000 – 4. 3.
If the bottom material is not soil. one is lagoon method which uses the natural environment and the other is septic tank method which applies man-made structures. In either method. The point is to provide an environment considering the feeds. and lessening bad odor. it is necessary to come up with a mechanism in establishing EM structurally. Furthermore. 5. saving electricity with decreased air supply.Application to Concrete . The advantages of cleansing method using EM are shown by decreasing the volume of sludge.Solution for Sick House Sample application: disperse 0. and temperature treating EM as a living thing. EM is introduced or inoculated at the first inflow of contaminated water. charcoal. As a general method of application. the tip in applying EM is to establish it in the whole area. dwelling. As a result. . and solubility of heavy metals deteriorate the environment and cause problem in treatment of sludge.000 times of EM or EM activated solution to the flow water. improving water quality. Between the 2 methods. It will cleanse to the extent that water used for treatment can be reused. and verification test by several public purifying facilities is already in progress. sludge and gas emitted during decomposition will cause bad odor. it can be introduced as an agent in eliminating odor. put polished ceramic. Since deodorizing effect of EM is remarkable. Construction Basics in Application for Construction Industry . Water Treatment The present trend in activating sludge is to feed dirt to aerobic microorganisms in the water by supplying air and take out the carcass as sludge. So aside from applying it to the sludge.5 – 1% of EM or 0. it seems the natural environment provided in the lagoon method is more suitable for EM to inhabit and effective than the man-made structure. reduction of cost in transport of sludge. brick or tiles to make EM established in the said environment. the facilities using normal sludge activation method can be diverted as is.1% of EM-X to the odiferous substance such as paint. There are generally two methods of sludge treatment.4. Disperse in 1000 to 10.
Ant Repellant & Anti-corrosion Treatment For Construction Materials As a remedy for chemical application. EM Treatment For Household Septic Tank Reuse Water as EM Treatment Water (water recycling) Put in EM regularly. Mix in 0.2% of EM Activated Solution to absorb and then suction out. Construction of Foundation Disperse plenty of EM Activated Solution to the foundation or either 50 – 100 grams of EM-X Ceramic powder for every 3.1 – 1% of EM-X Ceramic powder.3 square meters of the foundation. inject EM-X or EM-Z to the lumber or wood materials. .6 square meter of carpet and add 0. Maintenance Application for Carpet: Disperse 500 grams of EM-X Ceramic powder for every 3.- - - - Sample application: put in 1 – 2% of EM active solution into a concrete mixer and start agitating. Application for Paint Sample application: Mix in about 3% of EM-X Ceramic powder and start painting.3 – 6.
With the possible use of EM in any field.6. it becomes an effective fertilizer. exhaust gas from automobiles. we can apply pesticide-free/non-chemical fertilizers with the use of EM in farming. Today. A basin for the purpose is sold in the market in Japan so just follow the instructions. The idea is to create an environment without contact with air as possible. put the kitchen waste in the basin and add EM bokashi and seal it. so it is necessary to add more EM Bokashi to these kitchen wastes. kitchen wastes contain plenty of moisture (more than 90%) so drain it well. Aside from this. about fishes and fireflies reviving and rivers and ponds becoming clear and clean. With the application of EM. In agricultural areas. If basin for the purpose is not available. Through these EM activities. we have found some clues to solve many difficult problems with the use of EM technology such as alkaline leaching out from tetra pots in the seashores. and think about how to treat the drained water. we can prevent discharge of pollutants thereby creating a society that promotes recycling. factory smokestack. chemical fertilizers and pesticides are destroying the river’s ecological balance. we can make EM fermenting solution with water used in washing rice at home and apply it in washing laundry or in bathing. and discharge to sewage. 7. Furthermore. local governments as well as the country itself has promulgated the use of EM and some have started making EM model regions. Vegetables pose no problem in particular but meat and fish get rotten faster causing foul odor. contaminants and residual . This will make treatment of kitchen waste easier with EM. a children’s bathtub or composter can be used as a container or you may put more EM or EM Bokashi to the kitchen waste and bury it in the soil. it should be treated while still fresh. 70% of river pollutants in cities are said to come from household drainage. despite the problems in dioxins at the waste treatment site raised by public institutions. dioxin. Waste Treatment For Domestic Waste Kitchen waste disposed from households are treated with EM while still fresh and after fermentation. the reality is that no measures are taken against it. we received correspondence from all over the place. The best advantage of EM is that it can convert pollutants into energy and to clean the environment. Environmental Issues Present Situation of Environmental Issues: Today. Even in the farming community.
com .radiation from soil. EM will be in further demand for its vital role in solving environmental problems in the future. In normal situation. Therefore. If there are plants that survive in a specific environment. we presume that the possibility of EM’s influence to valuable roots of a particular environment such as desert would be minimal.com www.emrpi. soil will gradually become rich through the effect of microorganisms and plants. we believe there are certain conditions such as climate or microorganisms in the soil which allow only a specific plant to survive. emresearch@emrpi.
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