Chapter 1

Introduction Background of the Study Moringa Oleifera is common in the Philippines. It is called “miracle vegetable”. Its bark can be used as a handmade paper. The problem that connects in this project is “what will be the texture, cost/value and acceptance by the consumer if recycled wood bark of Malunggay is used in making paper”. The answer or hypothesis in the said problem is “we think that if recycled wood bark of Malunggay is used in making paper, then its texture will be rough, it is cheap and it will be acceptable by the consumer”. With this part the prime objective of this project is to enhance the knowledge and patience of the maker. Our generation consumes a lot of products and paper is one of them. Obviously they are produced abundantly and many of them are wasted. I come up of this project because I have observe that there is a lot of potential to do to make things more useful. I want everything to be in there full potential of use. I can see that there is a lot of malunggay trees in our neighborhood, assuming that there is a lot of malunggay in our country I come up to the idea to make papers out of the tree. In our streets the malunggay leaves are just falling freely creating a mass of trash in our community,rather than put them instantly to the garbage can we make as well as them as useful as possible. I believe that there is a lot of things that is needed to be tap to put it to its full capability and hopefully this could be the first step to make a greener planet. Statement of the Problem Like most of things we want to push through, I believe there are hindrances to put this project in start. I think there is a lot of things to discuss and questions to answer.

1. Is there enough falling malunggay leaves to make a production of paper. 2. We will be dependent on the weather for some steps to be done in producing the paper out of

3. Can we make enough paper to produce from malunggay leaves to satisfy the demand?
Such thing would be inimitable and is crucial to make the project. Things would be out of hands when such thing would be uncontrollable

Chapter 2
Review of Related Studies Malunggay has so many fibers that can used as handmade paper. Malunggay, known scientifically by its botanical name Moringa Oleifera Lank (also called kamunggay by Visayans and marunggay by Ilocanos), is a veritable miracle tree in the Philippines and in all tropics. It is so rich in nutrients that its image is used as the official

In the Philippines. It can also be propagated by seed. children must be groomed with proper guidance(by punishing too).00% to 99. bangkal and Bermuda grass can be used also in paper making. Not only Malunggay can be used as a material in paper making. Many findings from our earlier research that is relevant to our problem. The tree bears for several years. and other conditions. Uses include as an antiseptic and in treating rheumatism. paper tree. Extract from the seeds is used as a flocculant in a low-cost form of water treatment. the plant is propagated by planting limb cuttings 1–2 m long. seeds. roots. It has so many fibers that is applicable in making paper. but regular bearing commences after the second year. Moringa is a sunand heat-loving plant. Current Protocols in Microbiology published a step by step extraction and treatment procedure to produce "90. In February 2010. There is a saying in Tamil Language in India "Murungaiyai odithu vala.99%" bacterial reduction. Chapter 3 Methodology Instructions to make Raw Materials: 500 grams of dried malunggay bark 50 grams chlorine 100 grams caustic soda Other Materials: 2 grams Venus Dye Mold and Deckle Silk Screen Cloth or Net Bag Weighing Scale Mortar and Scale Procedure: . As with all plants.[17] The seeds are also considered an excellent source for making biodiesel. preferably. Seeds are planted an inch below the surface and can be germinated year-round in welldraining soil. from June to August. Aside from it. The plant starts bearing pods 6–8 months after planting. optimum cultivation depends on producing the right environment for the plant to thrive. fruit. The tree's bark. and gum are also used medicinally. pillaiyai adithu vala" (Meaning: the murungai tree must be cultivated by regular pruning. It does not tolerate freeze or frost. leaves. venomous bites.logo of the Food and Nutrient Research Industry (FNRI) of the Department of Science and Technology (DOST). flowers.

strip off the paper from the wall. To dry the pulp. The materials were first prepared before the experiment. Then the barks were washed to remove chemicals. Using the mold and deckle. When the pulp has already dried. The outer skin was scraped off and bark was stripped off from the inner wood.The barks of Malunggay stems are removed. The wood pulp was soaked in water for 5-15 minutes to make it whiter. After bleaching. The paper produced. Then the wood pulp was boiled in dye and water for about 15 minutes. it was washed to remove chemicals. place it on an even wall or screen to let it dry. Then the barks were sun-dried. The pulp produced in the process was bleached using chlorine. . the wood pulp mixed with water was molded. They were then pounded to produce wood pulp. The dyed wood pulp can now be molded. The dried barks were boiled in caustic soda and water for 2-3 hours.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.