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PAPER – I

Syllabus of Paper –I : Common to all Science Subjects: General information on Science and
its interface with society to test the candidates awareness of science, aptitude of scientific and
quantitative reasoning. Questions would be so designed to judge the creativity, analytical ability
and research aptitude of a candidate. The questions to test the knowledge at the basic level would
be setup in each of the subject areas of NET, viz., Chemical Sciences, Earth, Atmospheric, Ocean
& Planetary Sciences; Life Sciences; Mathematical Sciences, Physical Sciences and each 8 marks.
8 X 5 = 40 Marks.
Common Elementary Computer Science:
(Applicable to all candidates offering any subject area; A few questions dealing with basic computer
awareness and uses). 10 Marks
(i) Programming Instructions
(ii) Simple algorithms and Computational methods.

Total : 50 Marks.

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PAPER – II
TEST NO. 01: APPLIED MATHEMATICS: REAL AND COMPLEX ANALYSIS (15questions)
REAL ANALYSIS: Basic Topology, Limit and Continuity, The Riemann-Stieltjes integral, Multivariable
Differential Calculus, Sequences and series of functionsCOMPLEX ANALYSIS: Functions of a complex
variable, Analytic functions, Cauchy-Riemann equations, Contour integration, Taylor and Laurent series,
Singularities, Calculus of Residues , Conformal mapping.
DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS (15questions)
ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS: Linear equations with variable coefficients, the wronskian
and linear independence, reduction of the order of a homogeneous equations, the non-homogeneous
equations. Homogeneous equations with analytic coefficients. Linear equations with regular singular
points, Euler’s equations and series solutions. Existence and uniqueness of solutions of 1st order
equations, exact equations, Picard’s method of successive approximations, existence & uniqueness of
solution to systems.
dx dy dz
PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS: Equations of the form = = , Orthogonal
P Q R
trajectories, Pfaffian differential equations, 1st order partial differential equations; Charpit’s method and
some special methods. Jacobi’s method. Second order Partial differential equations with constant &
Variable coefficients, canonical forms, separation of variables method.
DISCRETE MATHEMATICAL STRUCTURES AND THEORY OF COMPUTER SCIENCE:
DISCRETE MATHEMATICAL STRUCTURES : Mathematical logic, Theory of Inference, Relations
and ordering , Lattices- Lattices as partially ordered sets, properties of Lattices, Lattices as algebraic
systems, sub-Lattices, direct product and homomorphism, some special Lattices, Boolean Algebra -
subalgebra, direct product and Homomorphism, Boolean forms and free Boolean Algebras, values of
Boolean expressions and Boolean functions.
THEORY OF COMPUTER SCIENCE : The Theory of finite Automata, Formal Languages- Chomsky
classification of Languages, Languages and their relation, Recursive and recursively enumerable sets,
operations of languages, Languages and Automaton, Regular sets and Regular Grammars, Context-
free Languages, Turing Machines.
NUMERICAL METHODS AND C- LANGUAGE: Numerical techniques of solving transcendental and
polynomial equations: Bisection methods, secant method, Newton-Raphson method, Chebyshev
method, Rate of convergence, Iteration methods of first and second orders. Methods for multiple
roots. Numerical techniques of solving system of lineal Algebraic equations: Triangularization method,
Gauss elimination method, Gauss-Jordan method, Iterative methods: Jacobi method, Gauss-Seidel
method. Numerical techniques of determining the eigen values and eigen vectors of a matrix: Jacobi
method, power method and Rutishausher method Interpolation and Approximation, Numerical
techniques for evaluating derivatives and integrals, Numerical techniques for solving ordinary differential
equations, Numerical methods for solving elliptic partial differential equations.
PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE-C: Data types, Operators and Some statements, Writing a Program in
C, Control statements, Functions and Program Structures, Arrays, Pointers.
METHODS OF APPLIED MATHEMATICS CALCULUS OF VARIATIONS: Euler’s equations,
Functional dependence on higher order derivatives, variational problems in parametric form and
applications.
TENSOR ANALYSIS : Covariant and Contravariant vectors, contraction, second & higher order tensors,
quotient law, fundamental tensor, associate tensor, angle between the vectors, principal directions,
Christoffel symbols, covariant and intrinsic derivatives.
INTEGRAL EQUATIONS: Solutions of integral equations, Volterre and Fredholm integral equations.
INTEGRAL TRANSFORMS: Fourier and Laplace Transforms, its applications to ordinary and partial
differential equations.
MECHANICS:

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(I) CLASSICAL MECHANICS: Lagrangian Formulation- D’Alembert’s principle , Hamilton’s principle,
conservation theorems and symmetry properties, , Hamiltonian formulation- Legendre transformations
and the Hamilton equations of motion, the principle of least action, Poisson and Lagrange brackets,
Jacobi’s identity; Poisson’s Theorem., Hamilton Jacobi Equations for Hamilton’s principal function,
New concept of space and time, Lorentz transformation equations.
CONTINUUM MECHANICS: Analysis of strain, deformation, geometrical interpretation of the
components of strain, compatibility, Analysis of stress, equations of equilibrium, Mohr’s diagram,
Kinematics of fluids, real and ideal fluids, velocity of fluid at a point, streamlines and path lines, velocity
potential, velocity vector, local and particle rates of change, equation of continuity, Acceleration of fluid
conditions at a rigid boundary. General analysis of fluid motion. Euler’s equation of motion and Bernoulli’s
equation, Kelvin’s circulation theorem, Vortex motion.
(II). STATISTICAL METHODS: Random variables, distribution functions, Mathematical expectation
and Generating functions, Probability Distributions (Binomial, Poisson and Normal distributions),
Correlation and Regression.

TEST NO.02: BIOCHEMISTRY:MOLECULES AND THEIR INTERACTION RELAVENT TO BIOLOGY
Composition, structure and function of biomolecules (carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids and
vitamins). Principles of biophysical chemistry (pH, buffer, reaction kinetics, thermodynamics, colligative
properties).Bioenergetics, glycolysis, oxidative phosphorylation, coupled reaction, group transfer,
biological energy transducers. Principles of catalysis, enzymes and enzyme kinetics, enzyme regulation,
mechanism of enzyme catalysis, isozymes. Conformation of proteins (Ramachandran plot, secondary,
tertiary and quaternary structure; domains; motif and folds). Conformation of nucleic acids (A-, B-, Z-,
DNA), t-RNA, micro-RNA).
CELLULAR ORGANIZATION Membrane structure and function: Structure of model membrane,
lipid bilayer and membrane protein diffusion, osmosis, ion channels, active transport, ion pumps,
mechanism of sorting and regulation of intracellular transport, electrical properties of membranes.
Structural organization and function of intracellular organelles: Cell wall, nucleus, mitochondria, Golgi
bodies, lysosomes, endoplasmic reticulum, peroxisomes, plastids, vacuoles, chloroplast, structure &
function of cytoskeleton and its role in motility.
Organization of genes and chromosomes: interrupted genes, gene families, structure of chromatin
and chromosomes, unique and repetitive DNA, heterochromatin, euchromatin, transposons.
FUNDAMENTAL PROCESSES DNA replication, repair and recombination: Unit of replication,
enzymes involved, replication origin and replication fork, fidelity of replication, extra-chromosomal
replicons, DNA damage and repair mechanisms.
RNA synthesis and processing: Transcription factors and machinery, formation of initiation complex,
transcription activators and repressors, RNA polymerases, capping, elongation and termination, RNA
processing, RNA editing, splicing, polyadenylation, structure and function of different types of RNA,
RNA transport.
Protein synthesis and processing: Ribosome, formation of initiation complex, initiation factors and
their regulation, elongation and elongation factors, termination, genetic code, aminoacylation of tRNA,
tRNA-identity, aminoacyl tRNA synthetase, translational proof-reading, translational inhibitors, post-
translational modification of proteins.
Control of gene expression at transcription and translation level: Regulation of phages, viruses,
prokaryotic and eukaryotic gene expression, role of chromatin in regulating gene expression and gene
silencing.
CELL COMMUNICATION AND CELL SIGNALING Cell signaling: Hormones and their receptors,
cell surface receptor, signaling through G-protein coupled receptors, signal transduction pathways,
second messengers, regulation of signaling pathways, bacterial and plant two-component signaling
systems, bacterial chemotaxis and quorum sensing.
Cellular communication: Regulation of hematopoiesis, general principles of cell communication, cell
adhesion and roles of different adhesion molecules, gap junctions, extracellular matrix, integrins,
neurotransmission and its regulation.

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Cancer: Genetic rearrangements in progenitor cells, oncogenes, tumor suppressor genes, cancer and
the cell cycle, virus-induced cancer, metastasis, interaction of cancer cells with normal cells, apoptosis,
therapeutic interventions of uncontrolled cell growth.
Innate and adaptive immune system: Cells and molecules involved in innate and adaptive immunity,
antigens, antigenicity and immunogenicity. B and T cell epitopes, structure and function of antibody
molecules, generation of antibody diversity, monoclonal antibodies, antibody engineering, antigen-
antibody interactions, MHC molecules, antigen processing and presentation, activation and differentiation
of B and T cells, B and T cell receptors, humoral and cell-mediated immune responses, primary and
secondary immune modulation, the complement system, Toll-like receptors, cell-mediated effector
functions, inflammation, hypersensitivity and autoimmunity, immune response during bacterial
(tuberculosis), parasitic (malaria) and viral (HIV) infections, congenital and acquired immunodeficiencies,
vaccines.
APPLIED BIOLOGY: Microbial fermentation and production of small and macro molecules.Application
of immunological principles (vaccines, diagnostics). tissue and cell culture methods for plants and
animals. Transgenic animals and plants, molecular approaches to diagnosis and strain identification.
Genomics and its application to health and agriculture, including gene therapy. Bioremediation
Biosensors.Clinical Enzymology, Liver and Kidney Function tests, Plasma proteins and their variations
in diseases, Anemia, Endocrine disorders of Pancreas.
METHODS IN BIOLOGYMolecular biology and recombinant DNA methods: Isolation and purification
of RNA , DNA (genomic and plasmid) and proteins, different separation methods; analysis of RNA,
DNA and proteins by one and two dimensional gel electrophoresis, isoelectric focusing gels; molecular
cloning of DNA or RNA fragments in bacterial and eukaryotic systems; expression of recombinant
proteins using bacterial, animal and plant vectors; isolation of specific nucleic acid sequences; generation
of genomic and cDNA libraries in plasmid, phage, cosmid, BAC and YAC vectors; in vitro mutagenesis
and deletion techniques, gene knock out in bacterial and eukaryotic organisms; protein sequencing
methods, detection of post-translation modification of proteins; DNA sequencing methods, strategies
for genome sequencing; methods for analysis of gene expression at RNA and protein level, large scale
expression analysis, such as micro array based techniques; isolation, separation and analysis of
carbohydrate and lipid molecules; RFLP, RAPD and AFLP techniques.
Histochemical and immunotechniques: Antibody generation, detection of molecules using ELISA,
RIA, western blot, immunoprecipitation, flowcytometry and immunofluorescence microscopy, detection
of molecules in living cells, in situ localization by techniques such as FISH and GISH.
Biophysical methods: Analysis of biomolecules using UV/visible, fluorescence, circular dichroism,
NMR and ESR spectroscopy, structure determination using X-ray diffraction and NMR; analysis using
light scattering, different types of mass spectrometry and surface plasma resonance methods. co:
Statistical Methods: Measures of central tendency and dispersal; probability distributions (Binomial,
Poisson and normal); sampling distribution; difference between parametric and non-parametric statistics;
confidence interval; errors; levels of significance; regression and correlation; t-test; analysis of variance;
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X test.
Radiolabeling techniques: Properties of different types of radioisotopes normally used in biology,
their detection and measurement; incorporation of radioisotopes in biological tissues and cells, molecular
imaging of radioactive material, safety guidelines.
Microscopic techniques: Visualization of cells and sub-cellular components by light microscopy,
resolving powers of different microscopes, microscopy of living cells, scanning and transmission
microscopes, different fixation and staining techniques for EM, freeze-etch and freeze-fracture methods
for EM, image processing methods in microscopy.
Computational methods: Nucleic acid and protein sequence databases; data mining methods for
sequence analysis, web-based tools for sequence searches, motif analysis and presentation.
TEST NO. 03: BIOTECHNOLOGY:1: CELL BIOLOGY: Structure of typical bacterial, plant and animal
cells and functions of cell organelles. Mechanism of cell division. Cell cycle – Molecular events including
cell cycle check points and Cdk – cyclin complexes and their role in cell cycle regulation. Ultra structure
of plasmamembrane - Components and membrane asymmetry. Transport processes - active transport,

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DNA fingerprinting. Methods of sterilization. retroviruses. General account of algae molds and yeasts. visible. Hepatitis B Virus and viral infections. CD. and nucleotides. Gene Interaction. Exo and endocytosis.General morphology and functions of endoplasmic reticulum. nucleosides. structure and properties of fatty acids.safety precautions. Flow cytometry. Organization of mitochondrial respiratory chain. Phago and pinocytosis. instrumentation and applications of UV. 2: BIOMOLECULES Chemical foundations of Biology – pH.photophosphorylation. Sex determination. Viral genetics. Differences between gram positive and gram negative bacteria. Phytohormones and their physiological roles. Tetrad analysis. Linkage and recombination in diploids. sequence determination and characterization of proteins. Cytoskelatal elements. pasteurization and disinfection. Multiple alleles. Parasitic and temperate phages. scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Bacterial reproduction and growth curve. Transposons. Neo-Darwinism. Extra chromosomal inheritance. Natural selection. G-proteins. Genotype and phenotype. structure. Elements of gene mapping. 2-D Electrophoresis. Hetero cyclic compounds – Heme and Chlorophylls. phase contrast. Proteins . properties and biological significance of carbohydrates. Plant and animal viruses – multiplication of viruses.Organic evolution: Origin of life. Ultra structure of the chloroplast. macro and mega evolution. SV40. Clinically important bacteria. TLC. Signal hypothesis. buffers. structure and physico-chemical properties. Darwinism. Microbiology of water. structure and physiological roles of Vitamins. Monosaccharides. Micro. Mapping of prokaryotic gene. Biohazards . Dominance relationships.structure.Chemical nature and classification of bacteriophages. NMR spectroscopy. Pedigree analysis 4: ANALYTICAL TOOLS AND TECHNIQUES IN BIOTECHNOLOGY : Principles and applications of light. X-ray diffraction.classification.B and Z.Microbial genetics: Recombination in prokaryotes. Confirmation of proteins – Ramachandran plots.Amino acids . sequential and divergent evolution.Classification. Spectrofluorimetry and mass spectrometry. Ribosomal proteins. Denaturation of proteins. pK. phospholipids. Blotting techniques. φx174. glycosamino glycans and Lectins. Iso-electric focusing.A. C- 4 and CAM plants. Species concept. Autoradiography. Signal transduction cascade by cyclic AMP. Mechanisms of speciation. General characteristics of T Phase. Carbon dioxide fixation in C-3. Clinically important viruses. infrared. Clinically significant protozoans. Lysosomes and peroxisomes. Photosynthesis . and Polysaccharides. Stable and radioactive isotopes. Biology of plasmids.eucaryotic and procaryotic. triglycerides. Role of Golgi in protein secretion. and subspecies. Basic principles of sedimentation. Photorespiration. Mendel’s experiments. Lipids . transduction and sexduction. population. Isotachophoresis. Preparation of bacteriological media. Covalent structure of DNA and different forms of DNA . purification and criteria of homogeneity. conjugation. Structural organization. Role of isolating mechanisms. bases. General principles of electrophoretic techniques.Structure and properties of purines. Capillary electrophoresis. Gene mutations. Biological role of peptidoglycans. Non-isotopic tracer techniques. Poly Acryl amide Gel Electrophoresis. GLC and HPLC. Lamarckism. HIV. DNA super coiling. Disaccharides. Detection and measurement of radioactivity. 3: MICROBIAL PHYSIOLOGY & GENETICS: Classification and cultivation of bacteria. Economic importance of algae and fungi. ORD. ion-exchange and affinity chromatography. Classification. milk. Genetics of Eukaryotes: Gene & Environment. air.Principles and applications of gel-filtration.Hormones. races. Applications of preparative and analytical ultra centrifuges. Properties of electromagnetic radiations. Principles 5 . Sex linkage. growth factors and membrane receptor tyrosine kinases. Microbes as pathological agents in plant and animals. Transformation. acids. retrotransposons and mechanism of transposition. Principles and applications of lyophilization.classification and mechanism of action of steroid and protein hormones.classification. Chemical synthesis of peptides – solid phase peptide synthesis. Classification. Cell – cell interaction. Phospho inositate and calcium (Ca+). pyrimidines. biogenesis and enzymatic compartmentation. synthetic theory of evolution. Staining techniques. weak bonds and covalent bonds. dones. Ribosomes . Applications of radioisotopes in biological sciences. Types of RNA and covalent structure of t-RNA. mechanism of oxidative of phosphorylation. TMV. sphingolipids and cholesterol. soil and sewage.ionophores and ion channels. fluorescence. Agarose gel electrophoresis of DNA and RNA. Mitochondria . Principles.

RNA as an adaptor. HMP shunt path way and their regulation.and range of electrochemical techniques. Artificial chromosomes .C . Cis-trans elements.Nature of antigens and antibodies. Macrophages. Structure and function of antibodies. Covalent modification. animal (SV40. alkaline phosphatase. histones. Post translational control. medicine and in industry. Metabolism of cholesterol. The generation of antibody diversity.Translation in prokaryotes and eukaryotes: Genetic code . types of cloning vectors .The operon concept. thymus. lipofection and biolistics. Nucleic acid blotting – southern and northern blotting. DNA cloning. RNAi and small RNAs. zinc finger. metalloenzymes. Biosynthesis of Heme and chlorophylls. glycogenesis. Enzymes used in genetic engineering : Restriction endonucleases . cosmids. and isoenzymes with examples. nucleosome organization. DNA sequencing by chemical and enzymatic methods. DNA micro array technology. Preparation of gene libraries and c-DNA libraries .value paradox. Solenoids loops. terminal nucleotide transferase. Multisubstrate reactions. Chromatin structure & gene expression. electroporation. 3: GENETIC ENGINEERING: Isolation of DNA and RNA. Adjuvants and immunological tolerance. Assay of enzyme activity – units of enzyme activity. Essential and non-essential amino acids. phages (lamda and M13 phages). Transcriptional control. Gene amplification. Polymerase Chain Reaction and its applications. Urea cycle. Nuclear genome. promoters and exon – intron boundries. t . enhancer and silencers. Genome annotation – identification of genes. Biosynthesis and degradation of aromatic and branched chain aminoacids.Glycolysis. DNA damage and repair mechanism. Inborn errors of amino acid metabolism. polynucleotide kinase. acquired. Enzyme – substrate (protein ligand) binding. Operation of pH electrodes. Restriction mapping. Coenzymes. Baculo) and plant (CMV) viruses. polytene chromosomes. Regulation of gene expression in prokaryotes . polyprotein & nested genes. Organisation and structure of lymphoid organs – bone marrow. Ligation of foreign DNA to vectors . Clonal nature of immune response.Packing of DNA in to chromatin - protein components of chromatin. Mechanism of enzyme action of Chymotrypsin & Trypsin. Antigen – antibody interactions. deciphering of the genetic code. 4: BIOLOGY OF IMMUNE SYSTEM: Types of immunity – innate. enzymes and transcription factors.cohesive and blunt end methods . Mechanism of transcription. Factors affecting the rates of enzyme catalysed reactions. lac & tryp operons. Regulation in eukaryotes . domains & scaffolds. 5' end capping & 3' end tailing. Immunological memory. Post translational modifications. Catabolism of purines and pyrimidines. Immuno regulation. Environmental & developmental regulation. DNA ligase. T-Lymphocytes. Principles and applications of Ion-selective and gas sensing electrodes. Techniques of gene transfer .homopolymer tailing and adaptors. spleen and lymphnodes. gluconeogenesis.Salient features of cloning vectors. micro injection. Fine structure of the eukaryotic gene. DNA polymerase-I. Glycogenolysis. splicing. Different kinds of genes: overlapping. enzymes involved and mechanism. Ketone bodies.properties of the genetic code. DNA methylation & gene expression.types. General metabolic reactions of amino acids.plasmids. Nitrogen fixation. carboxy peptidase-A and ribonuclease A.Protein turnover. colony and fluorescent in-situ hybridization. Replication at telomeres.Control by promoter. Enzyme inhibition – Competitive. Active site determination. Leader sequences & protein targeting. Enzyme kinetics. Tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle. Isotypes. Applications of genetic engineering in agriculture. S1 nuclease.transformation . Reverse transcriptase. Mitochondrial & plastid genomes and genes.YACs and MACs. Oxygen electrodes. Methods for measurement of km. nomenclature and properties. passive and active. Ribozymes and catalytic antibodies. RNA editing and transport. Selection of r-DNA clones and their expression.Transcription in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. animal husbandry. 1: ENZYMOLOGY & METABOLISM : Classification and Nomenclature of Enzymes. Biosynthesis and oxidation of fatty acids. Cells of the immune system – B-Lymphocytes. its mode of function. Zymogen activation. non-competitive and uncompetitive. T-cell receptor – structure and function. DNA replication – apparatus. antigen receptors 6 . Allosteric enzymes. Types of cell mediated immunity and lymphokine activatd killer cells. transfection. 2: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY: Organization of genetic material . assembled. Glyoxylate cycle and its significance. Multienzyme systems. Split genes. Nucleic acid probes. Allotypes and Idiotypes. Maturation and processing of m-RNA. Biosynthesis of purine and pyrimidine nucleotides and their regulation. Ribosome as a translation factory. Genomics – genome sequencing by shot gun and hierarchical method. leucine zipper mechanism.

Algal Biotechnology: Laboratory culture of micro algae. Western Blot. Anabaena. shellfish. Isolation and propagation of embryonic stem cells. lime fish. Marine micro algae/sea weeds and their products. Tissue and organ culture. oocyte maturation in vitro.mechanism and significance. Bioactive compounds from corals. shrimp and crab culture practices.The biology of stem cells – Different types of stem cells – embryonic stem cells. Molecular markers and their significance.production and applications of monoclonal antibodies. Biofertilizers – Blue green algal fertilizers – Azolla. Eyestalk oblation.ELISA. Transgenic poultry and transgenic insects as bioreactor. Hypersensitivity . Biotechnological strategies for engineering stress tolerance. autologous. and holothurians. chimeras. Culture types. Allogenic. Development of insect resistant plants. Micro propagation. Basic techniques of mammalian cell culture in vitro.Aquaculture . Techniques for gene transfer into plants. primary and established cell line cultures. Hybridoma technology . Agricultural Biotechnology: Engineering of herbicide tolerance in plants. RAPD for molecular mapping and crop improvement. Biotechnological approaches for the management of pests. 7 . Edible sea weeds and their cultivation. 2: PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGYPlant Genetic engineering: Gene cloning techniques. fetal tissue stem cells. Economically important aquatic resources from fresh water. Large scale biomass production. Apoptosis . autoimmune diseases. bacterial fertilizers.hormonal methods. Live stock improvementProduction of transgenic animals . liver and pancreas.on B & T lymphocytes. RFLP. corals. embryo transfer in farm animals. immunity to infectious agents. Fresh water fish hatchery and seed production.advantages and disadvantages. In vitro fertilization in humans and cattle. generation of knockout mice and knock-in technology. Somatic hybridization. adult stem cells. Embryo culture. superovulation. Oocyte recovery. protoplast fusion and culture. stem cell plasticity – Differentiation versus stem cell renewal. effector cell mechanisms. Reporter genes. RIA. Brackish water fish. metabolite production in cultures. Lymphokines. production of disease resistant plants by gene transfer. Molecular pharming and animal cloning. Haploids. Chloroplast transformation – advantages in tobacco and potato. organogenesis and plant regeneration. Tumor immunology. viral and eukaryotic genes. transplantation and immunity. Vaccines and Vaccination. sheep and fish. . Cell lines. Somatic cell nuclear transfer in humans – Legal and ethical aspects. The genetic manipulation of crop yield by enhancement of photosynthesis. algae. Primary culture. brackish water and marine habitats – the finfish. mosquitoes and nematodes. Fish bioproducts. cells for adoptive cellular immunotherapy. Pearl culture technology – principles and applications. Mechanism of gene transfer by TI and RI plasmids as vectors. chimeric antibodies.mice.Altering protein and oil quality traits in seeds. Freshwater prawn culture. Biopesticides in agricultural production. symbiotic association. Isolation of protoplasts. Immunoblot and Immuno fluorescent techniques. MHC restriction and typing. Alzheimers. Immunocontraception . bone marrow transplantation . genetic control of immune response.types of hypersensitivity - immediate and delayed hypersensitivity. FACS. Immunological techniques . neurodegenerative diseases – Parkinson’s disease. balanced salt solutions and simple growth medium. . spinal cord injury and other brain syndromes. Potential applications of transgenic animals – Animal models for diseases and disorders. types of vaccines including new generation vaccines. sperm collection.The concept of aquatic biotechnology and blue revolution. Hypophysation and induced breeding techniques. Complement system. Antibody engineering. Mycorrhizal biofertilizers. somaclonal variations. syngenic and congenic transplantation.3: ANIMAL BIOTECHNOLOGYTypes and causes of male and female infertility. Clinical applications of stem cell therapy.Hematopoietic stem cells and bone marrow transplantation: Cells for hematopoietic reconstitution – Cord blood stem cells.Fresh water fish culture practices and types. Factors governing in vitro behaviour. stem cell differentiation.Animal cell and tissue culture. Cryopreservation. 1: CELL CULTURE TECHNOLOGY AND TISSUE ENGINEERING: Plant tissue culture technology: culture media – composition and preparation. plants for expression of bacterial. Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC). Human leukocyte antigens (HLA). AFLP and QTL in plants. Edible vaccines and plantibodies. transient gene assays and identification of transgenic plants. Serum and protein free defined media. Somatic embryogenesis. Sea weed fertilizers. Production and use of artificial tissues and organs – Skin. artificial insemination.

chemical herbicides and fertilizers. lactic acid).Introduction to Bioinformatics – Genomics and Proteomics. Acetone. Basic operations. standard deviation. Amino acids (lysine.Applications in forensic medicine. ANOVA. Molecular phylogeny . Whole cell immobilization. interferons. Microbiology of waste water treatment. Stabilization of the proteins. and PDB. Green house effect. low level and high level languages. Bioremediation . 4: MEDICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHNOLOGYHealth care products. Environmental monitoring and biomonitoring. NCBL. Different techniques of immobilization of enzymes. Down stream processing: Harvesting microbial cells – Membrane filtration system. Enzyme probes - glucose oxidase. fungal and viral pathogens using molecular methods. Diagnosis of shrimp & fish diseases caused by bacterial. binary number system.Organic solvents (Alcohol.Brief description and tabulation of data and its graphical representation. Genetic diseases and gene therapy. lymphokines and Hepatitis-B vaccines.Environment and energy: Renewable sources of energy – Biogas. growth hormone. Economic importance of Algae. Tuberculosis. semi synthetic penicillins). Gram scale purification of recombinant proteins – Chromatography systems and analytical methods for large scale purification. Types of data bases – Gen bank. Disease diagnosis: DNA probes. high density cell cultures – Bioreactors – Large scale fermentation system – tandem Airlift reactors – Single stirred tank reactors. Production of energy and fuel using microorganism – Biofuels and Biodiesal. 8 .Environmental pollution – types. Thallus organization and life history in Algae. UV-B. Techniques involved in transgenic fish production. Linux. Butanol). tissue plasminogen activator. Design and operation of immobilized enzyme systems and bioreactors. Post harvest technology. Application of enzymes in pharmaceutical. architecture of computer. Wines and beers.Conservation. median. Water pollution and its control. TEST NO. 1: HETEROLOGOUS EXPRESSION AND DOWN STREAM PROCESSING: Heterologous Expression: Expression vectors and hosts Generally Regarded As Safe (GRAS) organisms. Types of errors and level of significance. variance. Gene and Genome annotation – Tools used. cellulose. Processing technology: Microbial metabolites . chi-square tests. Enzyme technology: Sources production.Multiple sequence alignment and Dynamic programming. lactate oxidase. Simple linear regression and correlation. feed-batch fermentation – continuous fermentation. Measures of central tendency and dispersion . factor VIII. isolation and purification of enzymes for the industrial use.04: BOTANY: UNIT – I: Recent trends in the classification of Algae. Database searching using BLAST and FASTA. Principles of microbial growth – Batch fermentation.benefits to mankind . Production of active recombinant proteins of mammalian/Eukaryotic origin in prokaryotes. 2: BIOINFORMATICS AND BIOSTATISTICSScope of computers in current biological research.solid and liquid waste treatment. glutamic acid). PCR amplification and diagnosis . Biosensors . Protein 3D structure prediction. Current strategies for development of vaccines against HIV. EMBL. Organic acids (Citric acid. Introduction of programming in C.Concept methods of tree construction. Bioinformatics – Online tools and offline tools. sources and control. applications and kinetics of immobilized enzymes. Biomass and energy production from waste. Global environmental problems: Ozone depletion. energy crops. Microbes – Nitrogen fixation and cycle. Biodiversity . monoamine oxidase.principle and types. Physical map of genomes. The soft side of the computer – Different operating systems – Windows. Biological databases. Computer Aided Drug Design (CADD) in Drug discovery. streptomycin. Vitamins (Vitamin B12 and Riboflavin). Malaria. Fungi as partners of Plants. food processing and other industries. high speed semi continuous centrifugation – disrupting microbial cells. Large scale production of proteins from recombinant microorganisms. waste materials. Protein docking. range. Introduction to Internet and its applications. mode. Antibiotics (penicillin.mean. Protein secondary structure prediction. tetracycline. Introduction to homology modeling. Tests of significance – F & t tests. Production of single cell proteins. Ecology and sustainable development.insulin. Swiss port. Introduction of digital computers. Bioleaching – Microbial recovery of metals and acid mine drainage. Reduction of environmental impact of industrial effluents. Products from recombinant DNA Technology . Organization. Removal of oil spills.

Conventions on Biological Diversity . Soil Texture – Ecological and Economic impacts of soil erosion and soil pollution. erosion.Microbial groups: Bacteria.Water Quality Parameters – Water Pollution – Sources – Classification. extent and organization of repeated DNA sequences. 9 . fine structure analysis in Plants. and Protozoa. Environmental security. dose and response with special reference to Risk – Public perception of Environmental Risk – Communication of Risk – Developmental activities/projects/programmes required to carry out Risk assessments and propose Contingency Plans for Risk Management. Somatic Cell hybridization: Protoplast culture.Forest and Environmental Protection Acts.Ecological. Conservation of Crop genetic resources: Necessity. Negative side of green revolution.Classification of water and Water bodies – Abnormal properties of water – Water cycle. – 06: GEOGRAPHY: GEOMORPHOLOGY: Development in Geomorphology. Food Chains and Food Webs. Comparative morphology and taxonomy: role of anatomy. Organization and expression of Chloroplast and Mitochondrial genomes. Landforms in relation climate. Deforestation. Beta and Gamma diversities.Classification of Biomes and Bio-geographical Regions of the World.Components (Abiotic and Biotic factors) and Functions. Conservation and management of Natural resources.Bio diversity. . Concepts of Environmental Risks Definitions for Environmental Risk – concepts of Hazard. – impacts of Air Pollution- . Palynology and Phytochemistry. and impacts – Photochemical smog – Green house effect – Ozone depletion – Acid Rains – Sources and effects of noise pollution. Biosphere reserves.Ecological Niches. nature. Geomorphological processes.Environmental Problems of India and some Ecofriendly Solutions-Over population. Cryopreservation. Processes – weathering. Recent achievements in Tissue Culture in Agriculture and Forestry. National Parks. transportation and deposition. Desertification. Genetic engineering: General principles of recombinant DNA technology and applications. UNIT – II: Advancements in Plant Embryological research with the application of modern techniques. Ecotones . – 05: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES : Definition of Ecology – Energy Flows. Water and Air Pollution. Economical and Aesthetic importance. Distribution of climatic regions of India and Vegetation types- Biodiversities of Tropical and Temperate regions of the World-Measures of Bio Diversity. rock type. fusion. Ultra structure and biochemical aspects of pollen and embryo sac. types and Toxicology of water pollutants: – Eutrophication – Ground water pollution – Marine pollution – Ecological and Economic impacts of water pollution. Soil and Water). mass movement. Fungi. Transmission of plant viruses. metabolism and reproduction – Types and composition of culture media and sterilization – Physical factors (Temperature and light. their biology. UNIT – III: Vegetational types of India. pedogenesis. Chemical factors (pH. Significance of anatomical characters in phylogeny Modern concepts on fertilization in angiosperms. their general physical features. Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972. Structure of Atmosphere: Temperature Profile – Air Pollutants: Oxides of Sulphur – Oxides of Nitrogen – Carbon monoxide – Particulate matter. Growth hormones and their role in Plant systems. and Wildlife Sanctuaries. UNIT – IV: Plant genome: nuclear genome – concept of nucleotype. Diversity of Microbial Habitats: (Air.Alfa. Health security. Modern concept of gene: Historical account. Energy security. Man & Biosphere Programmes. O2 and CO2). their place in the classification of living world. Hydrostatic pressure). Embryology. Viruses.Structure. Structure. Ecological Pyramids. Minerals and their role in growth and development. Osmotic pressure. structure and tectonics.Terrestrial and Aquatic (Fresh Water and Marine) Ecosystems. somatic hybrids and transgenic Plants. Photosynthetic productivity in field Crops in relation to carbon dioxide fixation mechanisms. nutrition. Algae. TEST NO. Biology of Cell cycle: Determination of mitotic and meiotic cycle duration. Gene Banks – significance TEST NO.Ecological Succession – Population and Communities - Ecosystem. Complementation and genetic resolution. experimental control. Transformation. metabolic aspects of mitotic and meiotic cycles. Food security.Definition & Significance of Biodiversity . Ecology and human welfare. exposure.

Factors affecting the growth and distribution of population. Classification of climates – Koppen’s and Thornthwaite’s scheme of classification. uniformal and nodal. occupation and standard of living (iv) Environmental factors – urbanization and congestion. Urbban Growth and theories.. Integration of Cartography and GIS. mortality and migration. Geometry of vertical aerial photographs – Image displacement – Stereoscopy – Parallax measurement. Urbanization and migration. POPULATION GEOGRAPHY: World population. hydrographs and flood frequency analysis.Geomorphic processes and landforms – fluvial. Earth’s radiation balance. GEOGRAPHY OF HEALTH: Geographical factors affecting human health (1). Visual variables. Cartographic techniques for different purposes – Socio-economic data. landslides. Types of regions: Formal. functional. River forms and processes – stream flow. tsunamis. coastal and karst. Weather and Climatic data. soils and natural resources. Environmental problems and issues. humidity. densitiy. environmental pollution and deterioration. Environmental Impact assessment. etiology and transmission of major diseases: cholera. Types and scales of aerial photographs – photographic resolution. earthquakes. humidity. Ecology. Submarine relief. wind belts. Rank size rule. Modern remoste sensing platforms. GEOGRAPHY OF INDIA: Psysiography. Monsoon. ENVIRONMENTAL GEOGRAPHY: Man and Environment. composition and distribution. Sensors. water balance. Central place theory. Physical factors – refief. symbolization and generalization. Earth’s Surface features. social customs and poverty (iii) Economic factors – food and nutrition. pressure. The Himalaya. drainage. Environmental change – causes effects on processes and landforms. Population – its distribution and characteristics. Components of population growth – Fertility. Jet streams. Conceptual and theoretical frame work.characteristics. Data compression of spatial objects. Electromagnetic Spectrum – Energy interactions with Atmosphere. glacial. Urban morphological theories (Concentric. colour and pattern. Geomorphology and topographic analysis including DEM. Mapping concepts – Coordinate system and geocoding: 10 . cancer. GIS Functioning: Data capture – digitizing and scanning – preprocessing – Data manipulation analysis. Climate change. soils and vegetation (ii) Social factors – population. eolian. Agricultural geography of India. Biogeochemical cycles Natural and man-made hazards – droughts. leprosy. Spectral reflectance patterns. Air masses. climate. tropical cyclones. URBAN & REGIONAL PLANNING: Classification of urban settlements on the base of size and function. CLIMATOLOGY: Fundamental principles of climatology. Urban morphology and urban land use structure. GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS: General database concept: Spatial and Non-spatial data – Database Management Systems – Geographic data sources – Sources of error and data quality. Urban problems. hepatitis. typography and lettering. AIDS and STDS. Regional concept in Geography. Indian climatology with special reference to seasonal distribution and variation of temperature. single purpose and multipurpose regions. graphic elements. literacy. Atmospheric windows. floods. sector and multi-nuclei theory). Factors affecting fertility. India’s population. cloud formation and precipitation. Merits and limitations. Ecological balance. the Gondwana rift basins. distribution and composition. Climate zones of India. Gannga-Brahmaputra Plains and Peninsular India. air and noise pollution and solid waste. Latitudinal and seasonal variation of insolation. Cartography as graphic means of Communication. Applications of remote sensing techniques. Types of maps and their uses. climate. Data structure – Rastar and Vector and their capabilities – Data conversions – Relational database model. stage-discharge relationship. and ENSO. malaria. REMOTE SENSING: Energy sources and Radiation principles.. Diffusion of diseases and causes. Environmental planning and Management. Physiography. water. projections. cardiovascular. tuberculosis. mortality and migration. Mosaics. Computer Assisted Cartography.Christaller and Losch theories. wind and precipitation. Deficiency disorders and problems of mal-nutrition in India. temperature. Visual and Digital image processing. Precambrian schield.. Deccan Plateau. Theory of Visual perception. Malthus theory of population and his contribution – Demographic transition theory and theory of optimum population. cyclones. CARTOGRAPHY: Basic principles of Cartography – scales.

Boundary problems in Indian Phanerozoic stratigraphy. redox reactions and Eh-pH diagrams and their applications. Deformation mechanisms. and S-tectonic fabrics. such as the Deccan Traps. Metamorphism of pelites. Lithostratigraphic. In stratigraphic classification. Fault-related folding. Geometry and mechanics of development of folds. Geodynamic evolution of Himalaya. carbonatites. sandstones and mudstones. Major tectonic features and associated structures in extensional-. Rates of sediment accumulation.Petrogenetic aspects of important rock suites of India. Common coordinate system – grids – UTM. TEM and SEM applications. reciprocal lattice. Flow regimes and processes of sediment transport. Paleoecology. Recent developments. and fluids. mixed volatile equilibria and thermobarometry. diffraction and imaging. Application of fossils in age determination and correlation. emplacement and crystallization of magmas. thermodynamics of reactions involving pure phases. Lattice defects (Point. sulphides. STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY AND GEOTECTONICS:Theory of stress and strain. Application of micropaleontology in hydrocarbon exploration. Electrical. effect of volatiles on melt equilibria. mafic-ultra mafic rocks and siliceous dolomites. reconstruction of paleoenvironments. layered intrusive complexes. Solid solution and exsolution. Genesis. Use of microfossils in interpretation of sea floor tectonicm.gravel. equilibrium and distribution coefficients. polytypism. chronostratigraphic and biostratigraphic subdivisions. Paleostress analyses. Gravity induced structures. and strike-slip- terrances. P- T-t path in regional metamorphic terrains. biogenic. Geological and geophysical characteristics of plate boundaries. Phase equilibrium studies of simple systems. Integration of Remote Sensing and GIS – Use of GPS. solid solutions. Common types of finite strain ellipsoids. Types of microfossils.Steady-state geotherms. Environmental significance of fossils and trace fossils. Role of fluids in deformation processes. Magma-mixing. khondalites and gondites. TEST NO. Sedimentary textures and structures. GIS and DEMs – Concepts of DTM. compressional-. DEM and TIN. SEDIMENTOLOGY AND STRATIGRAPHY:Clastic sediments. Behavior of rocks under stress. Sheath folds. Methods for paleogeographic reconstruction. mingling and immiscibility. Code of stratigraphic nomenclature – Stratotypes. L-S- . metamorphic and sedimentary environments. properties. anorthosites. isograds and facies. the Periodic Table. vertebrate fossils. Concepts of crystal field theory and mineralogical spectroscopy. magnetic and optical properties of minerals. Important invertebrate fossils. Mineral/mineral assemblages as ‘sensors’ of ambient 11 . sand and mid. Modes of preservation of fossils and taphonomic considerations. and polysomatism. Life habitats and various ecosystems. Bonding and crystal structures of common oxides. Mohr circle. Material transport during metamorphism. Various states of stress and their representation by Mohr circles. Land information Systems. Mass extinctions and their causes. Organic evolution – Punctuated Equilibrium and Phyletic Gradualism models. Geometry and analyses of brittle-ductile and ductile shear zones. Geometry and mechanics of fracturing and conditions for reactivation of pre-existing discontinuities. Progressive strain history and methods for its determination. unconformities. Techniques of strain analysis. Mineral reactions with condensed phases. Oxygen and Carbon isotope studies of microfossils and their use in paleoceanographic and paleoclimatic interpretation. L-. Particle paths and flow patterns. boudins. and silicates. PALEONTOLOGY AND ITS APPLICATIONS: Theories on origin of life. and carbonate rocks. Facies concept in Stratigraphy – Walther’s law.their correlation with equivalent formations in other regions. Paleobiogeography. space group. Earth’s Climatic History. Formation and evolution of sedimentary basins. ionic substitution in minerals. Sedimentary facies and environments. Interference patterns and structural analyses in areas of superposed folding. charnockites. Phase rule and its applications in petrology. ideal and non-ideal solutions.Metamorphic structures and textures. Diagenesis of siliciclastic and carbonate rocks. Nucleation and diffusion processes in igneous. Transformation of minerals – polymorphism. Global Boundary Stratotype Sections and Points (GSSP). Methods of startigraphic correlation including Shaw’s Graphic correlation. line and planar). Different types of failure and sliding criteria. Applications of GIS. foliations and lineations. Classification of conglomerates. plant fossils and microfossils in Indian stratigraphy. Phanerozoic stratigraphy of India with reference to the type areas. – 07: GEOLOGY: MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY:Concept of point group. Concept of sequence stratigraphy. plate tectonics and metamorphism. chemical and volcanogenic sediments. GEOCHEMISTRY: Structure and atomic properties of elements.

Origin of peat. and genesis of ferrous. and cryosphere. stratigraphic and combination traps. Groundwater regimes in India. assaying and evaluation of mineral deposits. mobile belts and Proterozoic sedimentary basins of India. Quaternary stratigraphy of India – continental records (fluvial. atmosphere. chemical evolution of galaxy. palaeosols and duricrust). Luminescence. lithological. Stratigraphic nomenclature and classification. Groundwater exploration and water pollution. Quaternary Stratigraphy – Oxygen Isotope stratigraphy. continental slope and continental rise – Hotspot mechanism. marine records. geophysical. Hydrological classification of water- bearing formatins. Sampling.Physiography and divisions of seas and world oceans –Properties of sea water: temperature. the moon. seamounts and guyots . symbolic relations. Chebysev Polynomial.importance of stratigraphy – geological cycle on time scale. Lagrangian formula and Richardson’s extrapolation. Gauss’s Central difference formula. Nuclear and non-conventional energy resources.Coral reefs and their formation. migration and entrapment of petroleum. Numerical differentiation and Integration: Maximum and minimum of a tabulated function. Uranium series. metamorphic. eustatic changes.Evolution of man and Stone Age cultures. False position method. Active ore-forming systems. Simpson’ s rule.oceanic ridge system . abundance of elements in the earth.abyssal plains – turbidity currents . hydrothermal and surface processes of ore formation. glacial. Precambrian – Cambrain boundary with special reference to India. Composition of the various zones. least square approximation over discrete sets of points.the universe and our galaxy. Geochemical studies of aerosols. Stable isotopes and their application to earth system processes. Origin. ocean and cryosphere (ice core studies). and ground waters. Gas hydrates and coal bed methane. Aeolian. 12 .. QUATERNARY GEOLOGY:Definition of Quaternary. Fresh and salt-water relationships in coastal and inland areas. TEST NO. Darcy’s law. Amino-acid. Geological setting. geochemical and stratigraphic characteristics of granite – greenstone and granulite belts. Matrices: Principles and definitions. bitumen and anthracite. methods of mineral deposit studies including ore microscopy. sea level and tectonics on variable time scales in the quaternary. neotectonics. proxy indicators of paleoenvironmental/paleoclimatic changes.Island arcs – trenches . Single value decomposition method. marine-. conditions for formation of polymettallic nodules. structural. Precipitation. Quaternary climates – glacial-interglacial cylces.land. geochemical and geobotanical methods of surface and sub-surface exploration on different scales. placers on the beach and shelves. rank and grading of coal. primary differentiation of the earth. Aravallis and Eastern Ghat Mobile Belts. HYDROGEOLOGY: Groundwater. PRECAMBRIAN GEOLOGY AND CRUSTAL EVOLUTION:Evolution of lithosphere. continental-marine correlation of Quaternary record.Deep sea sediments. environments. Life Precambrian. relative dating methods. Deccan basalts. finding the roots by numerical methods. – 08: GEOPHYSICS: Origin of the earth. lignite. fluid inclusions and isotopic systematics. Stratigraphy and geochronology of the cratonic nuclei. Metallogeny and its relation to crustal evolution. biostratigraphy and magnetostratigraphy. hydrological cycle. formation of the earth and planets. ECONOMIC GEOLOGY:Magmatic. Responses of geomorphic systems to climate. Methods of petroleum exploration. hydrosphere. Weddle’s formula. biosphere. Petroliferous basins of India. Numerical Integration-Trapezoidal rule. ores and metamorphism-cause and effect relationships. surface-.Numerical Analysis. and Quarternary formations – Boundary problems in stratigraphy. coal resources of India. Plant and animal life in relation to glacial and interglacial cycles during Quaternary. Newton Raphson method. Continental margin: continental shelf.Groundwater in Igneous. Quaternary dating methods. Romberg integration. Least square polynomial approximation: the principle of least squares. Singhbhum super groups. Classification. Vindhyans and Kurnool systems. evapotranspiration and infiltration processes. coal petrography. Dharwar.. Sargur. the rotation of the earth. Interpolation: Finite difference.Mid . Cretaceous formations. salient concepts of plate tectonics. -radiocarbon. hydrological characteristics of aquifers. Interpolation by Newtons formula. characteristics.Earth and stratified rocks. base and noble metals. Cuddapahs. Radioactive decay schemes and their application to geochronology and petrogenesis. properties of source and reservoir rocks. MINERAL EXPLORATION: Geological. salinity and density - Littoral zone.bisection method. . active tectonics and their applications to natural hazard assessment. Bessel’s formula. Tectonic geomorphology. Introduction to various generalized inversion techniques and their properties.

mukopolysaccharidoses. family screening. epiloia. Resistivity and density log. classification of data and tabulation. Social. Genetic Screening and Counselling:Scope of genetic screening. Standardization in Human Cytogenetics.Ichthyosis. Banded chromosome and individual characterization of the human chromosomes. General remarks. Hardy-Weinberg principle. Sounding &Profiling. Measures of central tendency. Patterns of inheritance and risk assessment. survey & Interpretation techniques and application to Sub- surface exploration.laboratory measurement. inbreeding and assortative matings. presenting the risks and options and guiding. – 09: HUMAN GENETICS: General Genetics: Cell – cell growth – cell cycle and cell death Chromosomal basis of Heredity – distribution of chromosomes during mitosis. sampling techniques. Medical Genetics:Scope of Medical Genetics. the porphyrias. interaction of electromagnetic radiation with atmosphere. Ankylosing spondylitis. Rheumatoid arthritis. sonic logging. DNA studies of PKU and Hemoglobinopathies. Simple single factor inheritance (autosomal dominant . well hydraulics . concept of incoming short wave and outgoing long wave radiation: passive and active remote sensing. survey & interpretation techniques. Hypercholesteremia. multiple neurofibromatosis. Population Genetics and Biostatistics:Mendelian Population and scope of population genetics. Population screening for genetic diseases. sea water intrusion in coastal aquifers. Fundamentals of Remote Sensing: Introduction: Basic principles of remote sensing. chromosomal disorders. Human Chromosomes – types. concepts of water balance. vertical distribution of groundwater types of aquifers. sedimentary rocks. Mendel’s Laws of inheritance. The major histocompatability complex – HLA and Complement system. baldness. Cytogenetics: History and development of Human Cytogenetics The Human Chromosomes: Introduction – Morphological variability of the human chromosome. Immunoglobulins. Exploration Geophysics: Geological and Geochemical techniques. heterozygotes. Seismic method: Principles. Reproductive 13 . permeability . median and mode. Biochemical and Immunogenetics:The concept of Biochemical polymorphism. Myotonia. atmospheric windows and absorption bands. enzyme and protein polymorphisms – Hemoglobin. DNA level studies in HLA systems. Instruments.Electric log. Acid Phosphotase and Haptoglobin. impact of scattering on remotely sensed data. instruments. Principles of magneto telluricsElectromagnetic techniques.Prenatal and Post natal screening. extention of H-W principle to multiple alleles. X – linked recessive and Y – linked characters) Sex influenced and sex – limited characters. ethical and legal issues.Scope of genetic counseling.definition. meiosis and Gametogenesis. interaction of electromagnetic radiation with matter. Immunodeficiency diseases – autoimmunity and acquired immunodifficiences. Gravity methods: Principles. Skin. hydrologic cycle. autosomal dominant and recessive disorders. radiation logging. The origin and transmission of chromosomal abnormalities–Introduction. educating the counselee. Measures of dispersion . Magnetic methods: principles. Bore hole geophysics: Well logging. Darcy’s law. Survey& Interprétation techniques. Polydactyly. Instruments. selective and non-selective scattering. Muscle – Muscular dystrophies.Hydrology .steady and unidirectional flow. psoriasis. hereditary Hemorrhagic telangiectasia.Human blood group systems. Importance Of geophysical techniques. Spina bifida and anencephaly. refraction survey. electromagnetic spectrum. Planck’s law and wien’s displacement law. sex-linked alleles. autosomal recessive. instruments. X-linked disorders. X – linked dominant. sp log.Immune responses – innate immune system and adaptive immune system. multifactorial-polygenic disorders. syndactyly. porosity. blooms.methods of genetic counseling. Factors that change allelic frequencies Importance of population studies. Brachydactyly. survey techniques. instruments. TEST NO. inbreeding coefficient. numerical changes resulting from disturbances of chromosome distribution . structural chromosomal abnormalities. depth determination of different sub-surface layers. application to sub- surface techniques. The skeletal system – Marfan’s syndrome. Lasch Nyhan Syndrome.mean. Metabolic disorders. Gene action. Principles. mating patterns. Non-random matings. Gene and genotype frequencies. reflection surveys. Orotic aciduria.variance and standard deviation. Osteogenesis imperfecta. techniques. syndrome. Electrical methods. Phenylketonuria. quality of groundwater. Nail patella syndrome. SP techniques& interpretation techniques ea:– Principles of Induced polarization.

rigid rotator – simple harmonic oscillator. mitochondrial genome organization .DNA damage and repair. motifs. DNA replication – Meselson and stahl experiment. transposons. Ultrasonography.The following programs are to be practiced:Rate constant of a first order reaction or Beer’s law by least squares Method (derivation 14 .Prenatal screening methods. TEST NO. post translational modification. Pseudogenes.Valence bond approach – directed valence – hybridization covalent bond. Post transcriptional.Perturbation theory – time independent perturbataion – (Only first order perturbations to be dealt with) – applications to ground state energy of helium atom- variation principle – applications – calculation of zero point energy of harmonic oscillator – Many electron atom – Hartree-Fock self-consistent field method (Qualitative treatment only). unique sequences and reiterated sequences. fold recognition and abinitio structure prediction. fetoscopy.DNA sequencing. commucators of operators. Rotational and Vibrational Spectra:Rotation spectra of diatomic molecules – isotope effect-selection rules. particle in a box – factors influencing colour transition – dipole integral. Genomics and Proteomics: Introduction to genomics. gene families. i (-) (-) i and 0 (0) equations probability density in orbitals – shapes of orbitals.Electronic spectrum of a diatomic molecule – coars structure – classification of bands – fine structure – band head and band shading – types of electronic transitions in molecules – applications of electronic spectra – charge transfer spectra. structural and functional genomics˜Protein structure and its determination.comparative modeling of proteins. enzymes involved in replication. concept of directories. bio chips.calculation of ionic and covalent bond contributions in hydrogen molecule. Regulation of gene expression. mechanism of transcription.: 10: INORGANIC & ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY: General ChemistryBasic Quantum Chemistry:Wave equation – interpretation of wave function – properties of wave function – normalization and orthogonalisation – operators-linear and non-linear. alternate polyadenylation. Secondary structure prediction methods. Central dogma. RNA editing. structural hierarchy.Post-natal screening. multilocus mapping of human chromosome. processing of m RNA Translation – Gene code. flowcharting MS Fortran : Integer and real variables and constants – Assignment and replacement statements – conditional statements (if-then-else. internal organization of gene .alternative splicing. Alternate promoters. failures. gene ontology consortium recommendations. transcription factors. mapping of genetic disease locus to chromosome location.Infra-red spectra of diatomic molecules – isotope effect – selection rules – an harmonic oscillator – normal modes of vibration – simultaneous vibration – rotation spectra-combination bands – overtones – Fermi resonance – concept of group frequencies – Raman effect (classical approach) – applications of IR and Raman spectra. compilation of Fortran files.Transcriptional. folds. Epigenetic mechanisms.promoters. cytogenetic disorders and molecular methods. protein synthesis.chromosomal abnormalities. consanguinity. Hydrogen atom – solution of R(r). DNA micro arrays. human genome project. genetic mapping of human chromosomes.Chronic Villous sampling. Transcription – Types of RNA. homology. Molecular Spectroscopy:Basic concepts of symmetry and group theory – symmetry elements – axioms of group theory – classification of molecules into point groups – representation of point groups – matrix representation – reducible and irreducible representations – reduction of a reducible representation to an irreducible one – ortrhogonality theorem – character table and its anatomy (character table not to be derived) – use of character tables – application of group theoretical concepts to vibrational spectroscopy (infra-red and Raman).Molecular orbital theory – LCAO approximation – hydrogen molecules ion – hydrogen molecule (fundamental concepts only). physical mapping of human genome.DNA mathylation. cloning human disease genes. inducible gene expression. copying operation. domains.Amniocentesis.Wave mechanics of simple systems with constant potential energy. Postulates of quantum mechanics – setting up of operators observables – Hermition operator – Eigen values of Hermitian operator. main frame and super computers – synopsis of software packages in chemistry – Basic commands of MSDOS Format. Elements of Computer Programming:Basic components of computers – comparison of micro. nuclear genome . Goto) – repetition (Do statements with – read and write with I. Mechanism of replication. maternal blood sampling. chromatin organization . gene annotation. batch files. Molecular Genetics:DNA structure . F and G formats – concept of function and subroutine subprograms. gene structure predictions.

15 . Aromatic substitution reactions – electrophilic. configurations Properties of geometrical isomers. nucleophilic and through benzynes – radical substitution of arenas – orientation Nucleophilic substitution at a saturated carbon.Chemical Bonding : Application of VB. thiazole. Grigand Reformatsky. E2 reactions – elimination versus substitution reactions. (III) Complexes Ligand displacement reactions of square planner complexes of platinum (II) – Trans effect – Mechanism of trans effect (theories) – Electron transfer reactions of complexes – Inner and outer sphere mechanisms.Chemistry of transition elements: Comparative study of the first. Naature of Organic reaction – energy and kinetic considerations – types of Organic reactions – reagents – reactive intermediates. A nation and Base hydrolysis of cobalt.).Solving Vander – Walls equation or hydrogen ion concentration of a monoprotic weak acid (Gauss- Newton method). tetrahedral. oxidation states – position in the periodic table – actinide contraction – comparison of magnetic and spectral properties with those of lanthanides. cyclohextane.Roots of a quadratic equation – application to hydrogen ion Concentration of a strong acid. leaving group. benzefuran.Z. Chemistry of Inner Transitution elements: Chemistry of Lanthanides – electronic configurations. SN2.Stability of complexes – Factors affecting stability – chelate effect – Determination of stability constants of complexes – Spectrophotometric method and pH metric method. Organic ChemistryStructure and reactivity – localized and delocalized convalent bond – concent of resonance and aromatieity – Huckl’s rule aromaticity in benzenoid and non-benzenoid compounds – anti aromaaticity and homo aromaticity. Additions involving electrophiles. nucleophiles and free radicals. allences and spirans – optical isomerism of nitrogenous compounds – recemisation and resolution – geometrical isomerism and E. MO and VSEPR theories in explaining the structures of simple molecules – role of ‘P’ and ‘d’ orbitals in and bonding.Substitution reactions of metal complexes – Did. rearrangements – Hydroboration – Openauer Oxidation. cyclohexane. Addition Reactions: Addition to C=C and C=O double bond. exazole. Witting. Magnetic properties of freeions – spin and orbital moment and spin – orbit coupling Quenching of orbital momentum by crystal fields in complexes.Fischer’s projection – D. boron – nitrogen and sulphur – nitrogen cyclic compounds. square planar. Clasen and Favorsky.Machanisms of some name reactions – aldol. and R.Elimination reactions – E1. SNI. E1Cb. Parkin. I a and A mechanism – Ligand replacement reactions of octahedral complexes-Acid hydrolysis. their formation and stabilization – inductive and mesomeric effects. Basics of D Base III – creating structures for a bibliographic Data base and properties of chemical elements (Retrieval programs not needed. indole. second and third transition series. Wagner – Meerwein – Hofmann.Chemistry of main group elements: General trends in properties – boron hydrides. Chemistry of actinides – Synthesis of transuranium elements electronic configurations. Clemmensen reduction.not needed). isooxazole.Standard deviation and variance of univariate data.L.S. Coordination compounds: Crystal field theory – crystal field splitting patterns in octahedral. Oxidation states – Lanthanide contraction and its consequenees – magnetic and spectral properties – separation of lanthanides.Electronic spectra of transition metal complexes – Selection rules – break down of selection rules – Orgel and Tanabe – Sugano diagrams – Spectra a octra of octahedral and tetrahedral complexes. Chemistry of hetrocyclic compounds – synthesis and reactivity of the following systems – pyridine.Inorganic reaction mechanisms: Inert and liable complexes – Explanation of liability on the basis of CFSE.Stereochemistry and stereoisometism – conformational isomersm and analysis in acyclic and simple cyclic systems – substituted ethanes. Carboranes. isopquinoline. intercalation compounds. – configurations – relative and absolute configuration – optical isomerism due to a symmetric carbon atoms optical isomerism in biphenyl. cyclooctance and decalins – Optical isomerism – optical aactivity molecular dissymmetry and chirality – elements of symmetry. solvent and neighbouring groups. imidazole. square pyramidal and trigonal bipyramidal geometrics – Determination of crystal field splitting energy-calculation of crystal field stabilization energies – Factors affecting crystal field splitting energies – spectrochemical series – Jahn – Teller effect – Ligand field theory. Benzoin. cyclopentane. Metal cluster compounds – Favorable conditions for formation – Structure and bonding in halide and carboxlate metal compounds. quinoline. Wolf-Kischer reduction – Meerwein – Pondorf and Valey and Birch reductions. benzothiophene – pyrazole. Cannirzaro. Inorganic ChemistryTerm symbols – Russell – Saunders coupling – Derivation of terms Symbols for various configurations. tetragonal. ENi – reaction – effect of structure nucleophile. nitrogen – phosphorous. pyridine.

Zonation and adaptations of organisms in the interdial habitats. The shore Environment: Physicochemical and biological factors of intertidal zone.Chemistry of some typical natural products – A study of the following compounds involving their isolation. methal. pyrimidine and pyrazine. structure elucidation. ANCOVA. condition factor. t-Test. waves . POM and DOM in the sea and its properties. cocaine.Larval Ecology. Thermodynamics : Free energy. a-terpeneol. Photochemistry: Laws of photochemistry – photophysical processes fluorescence – delayed fluorescence and phosphorescence – Stern – volmer equation – Inter system crossing – internal conversion – photolysis – photosensitization and photochemical equilibrium. Physical ChemistryStates of Matter: Transport properties of gases – Thermal conductivity. upwelling and sinking. Terpenoids – citral.F. Mangrove systems: Special features distribution of plants & animals. papverine and quinine Purines – caffions. CO2 systems. Coral reefs their special features and distribution. dimethyl formamide and styrene – electron spin resonance –principle and experimental technique – line shapes and line widths – g-value – hyperfine interactions – application of ESR Studies to the structure of free radical. quercein.General 16 .Remote sensing Applications in coastal zone Management. F-Test Random sampling. acel tamide. ophor farnesol. – 11: MARINE LIVING RESOURCES: The sea as a Biological Environment.Physical Methods for theelucidation of molecular structure – magnetic properties of molecules – theories of magnetic susceptibility. general characteristics of the populations of the Primary biotic Divisions: plankton. metal complexes and biological systems. Salinity and Density. Solids: X-ray diffraction studies – crystal structure determination – lattice types and lattice dimensions – crystal defects – linear point and edge defects – Band theory solids – Theories of specific heats of solids – semiconductors and their properties.Population dynamics: Recruitment. growth and mortality. standard error. factors limiting abundance of stocks.Application of magnetic susceptibility measurements to coordination compounds – spin-spin interactions – Chemical shift and its origin – experimental methods – application of NMR studies in structural-elucidation – application to structure of ethanol.Criteria for distinguish units (or) Multiple species concept of Unit stock – its relevance to tropical marine fish. TEST NO. ANOVA.Spectra and structure – application of organic spectroscopy UV IR – HNMR and Mass spectral data. isothiazole. Median.Alkaloids – priperine. Standard deviation. pH. Kinetics: Theories of reaction rates – collision and transition state theories – study of fast reactions using flow and relaxation methods – Kinetic isotope effects – reactions in solution – primary and secondary kinetic salt effects – Effect of dielectric constant – elementary ideas of linear free energy relations – Hammett and Taft equations – Chain reactions – consecutive. length – weight relationship.General Account of Systematic classification of fishes based on degree of movement and mode of Reproduction. Coastal Zone regulations. cyaniding and genesterin. apropine. temperature. Theories of liquid structure – calculation of collision numbers. tides. Nekton and Benthos Effect of Environmental parameters –Light. entropy and enthalpy – Chemical equilibrium – thermodynamic criteria of the chemical equilibrium – effect of temperature on equilibrium constant – Vant Hoff isochore – Maxwell relations – Gibbs-Duhem equation Duheme – Margules equation – classius –clapeyron equation – Nernst heat theorem and third law of thermodynamics – determination of absolute entropy. Electrochemistry : Theories of strong electrolytes – Debye – Onsager equation – electrochemical cells – concentration cells with and without transference – effect of complexation on redox potential Determination of activity coefficients from E. Application of Statistics in Research: Measures of central Tendency: Mean. data. a- pinene.M. concept of correlation. Natural populations (or) stocks as biological entities. systhesis and biogenesis – Flavonoids – luteolin. Chi square Test. Distribution of life on rocky shores. settlement of larvae of benthic organisms. Estuarine Environment: Classification and physico .chemical characters.Classification of Marine Environment. pyridazine. constancy of composition of sea water. nicotins. parallel and opposing reactions involving uni-molecular steps only – catalysis – homogeneous and heterogeneous – acid-base and redox catalysis. acetophenone. sandy shores and muddy shores. viscosity and diffusion. Mode.

bacteria. processing of low cost fish. Bioactive marine natural products: Antibacterial and antiviral substances of Pharmaceutical importance. raceways. production of ployploids. hormones and Minerals. Sequencing of proteins and nucleic acids. cytoskeleton organization. organic farming. Overexploitation of resources. Gene structure and function. sea ranching.Role of genetics in aquaculture. Microbial fermentation. Mangrove microbiology: Mangrove microbial processes and organisms involved. Live feed organisms: Microalgae. Integrated farming. fishes silage. Structure. Enzymes structure and properties: classification. Biofermentator– Designing. Nutritional requirement of finfish and shell fishHatchery management and seed production of mullets. aminoacids vitamins. Mutations. toxicity tests. predatory fishes. isinglass. Amino acids and lipids. cell cycle. inhibitors. Archimedean property. nutritional quality. fish oil. proteins.Induction of ploidy. Agarose. Alginates. proteins. Corals.Chromosomes set manipulation – gynogenesis and androgenesis. gill nets Fish curing and processing Methods By products. immobilization. distribution in the marine environment. Immunity types. pearl oysters and mussels. microalgae and protozoa. their properties. – 12: MATHEMATICS: Analysis: Elementary set theory. Monoculture. Prevention and treatment methodsWater Quality management in the culture systems. Milk fish. Bioassay. Hybridoma technology. Agar. size and shape. Immunology of invertebrate organisms. transduction and conjugation. control of enzyme action. fish eggs and larvae. role in metabolism. Account of reproduction and spawning of fishes. Hybridization. recycling. chitin. Molecular basis of Mutations. Handlines. technical considerations. application of Biotechnology to control biodeterioration. ribozymes and abzymes. fish meal. supremum.˚ Transcription: Mechanism of Transcription in Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes. long lines.Gear material: Natural and synthetic. Environmental impact assessment in Aquaculture. Eradication of weed fishes. shrimps.Fishing craft: types of boats used in India. mincing meat.Criteria for selection of candidate species for Aquaculture Survey and site selection. and disease – resistant varieties. Immunoelectrophoresis. T3 and T7. Cross breeding. Single cell proteins and nutritional quality. TEST NO. Techniques in immunology: Precipitation & agglutination. Copepod.Trangenesis and its application in aquaculture to produce more growth. rafts. Hooks and baits. Genetic Selection. types of pollution. Microbes in the sea : Viruses. activators. culture of chiranomiid larvae Supplementary feeding: dry feeds. Transport paths. co-enzymes.Recombinant DNA technology: Techniques and tools used in gene modification. fish sausages. biofertilizer. decomposition. floats and sinkers. seabass. B & T cells. environmental regulation of gene expression. monitoring and treatment methods. Aquatic weeds and Insects. RIA. cold – resistant.DNA replication.DNA as genetic material. pearl essence. Agents. properties. chitosan. ELISA.Cell & Tissue culture Techniques and tools of tissue culture. testing and preservation. biological significance. countable and uncountable sets. Pole lines. 17 . Biomolecules – carbohydrates. lipids. Trawl nets. factors affecting enzyme catalysis. Immunotherapy. Marine pollution: GESAMP Definition.In-breeding. glue. cages. crabs lobsters. PCR.Diseases in aquaculture organisms. Use of Antibiotics and other chemicals and their impacts. Marine biodeterioration. Culture practices of sea weeds. Bioenergetics. Laws pertaining to aquaculture. T2. Polyculture. fungi and protozoans : classification and culture. Real number system as a complete ordered field. Monoclonal antibodies. Biosynthesis of carbohydrates. Artemia. easy phages to study T1. purse – seines. Culture systems: Ponds. Enzymes of Industrial and diagnostic application. pens. Cytotoxicity mechanisms. fungi. Lethal and sub lethal effects of pollutants. finite.Marine corrosion. feed ingredients.Genetic modification in sea weeds: application to commercial utilization and cultivation. Micro algae. allosteric enzymes. cofactors. Rotifers. Methods of exploitation of living Resources from sea. activity.Cell ultrastructure. Troll lines. Regulation of gene expression in Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes.Immunoglobulins: Structure properties. wet feeds. maintenance of fishing boats. food and feeding habits of fishes. Moulting and growth regulating factors. Monosex culture. roller Artificial feeds. oysters. long lines. Engyme kinetics. Hybrid vigour. nutrient transport. Culture practices: Open sea farming.

Reimann sums and Reimann integral. Change of basis. Lebesgue integral.Eigenvalues and eigenvectors. limit point compactness. linear equations.Relation. cyclic groups.. quotient groups. field extensions. connectedness. spanning trees. dimension.Orthonormal sets-The Conjugage space H*-The adjoint of an operator-Self adjoint operators-Unitary operators and Projections.Connected spaces. Cauchy problem for first order PDEs. compact spaces. the stone- cech compactification. The countability axioms. binary trees. The Hahn Banach Theorem . the separation axioms. Fundamental cycles.Topological Spaces. uniform convergence. minimal form of Boolean polynomials. Cauchy’s integral formula. triangular forms.Continuity. Topology: Finite sets. derivative as a linear transformation. convergence. Laurent series.Taylor series. the Urysohn’s metrization theorem.Inner product spaces. diagraphs. Normed Linear Spaces. normal subgroups. Cauchy’s theorem. the ordered topology. transcendental functions such as exponential. the product topology on X x Y. Open mapping theorem. Prim’s algorithm.The conjugugate of an operator-Hilbert Spaces.Sequences and series of functions. Spaces of Continuous functions as examples. the metric topology. Mobius transformations. distributive lattices. Switching circuits. Pigeon – hole principle. the maximum principle. unique factorization domain.Eulerian graphs. class equations. types of discontinuity. algebra of linear transformations. General theory of homogeneous and non – homogeneous linear ODEs. normal spaces. Heat and Wave equations. compact subspaces of the real line. subspaces. Countable and uncountable sets. limsup. Basic properties: Boolean polynomials. Lebesgue measure. definition of lattices. Boolean rings. Caley – Hamilton theorem.Contour integral. Partial Differential Equations (PDEs): Lagranges and Charpit methods for solving first order PDEs. ideals. characterization. Continuous functions.Metric spaces. Elementary results. basis. General solution of higher order PDEs with constant coefficients. Combinations. canonical forms. tree distances. multigraphs.Rings. Improper Integrals. the complex plane. partial order relation.The Natural imbedding of N into N**. linear dependence. variation of parameters.Analytic functions. dearrangements. unrestricted graphs. Liouville’s theorem.Matrix representation of linear transformations. pointwise and compact convergence. Maximum modulus principle. principal ideal domain. system of first order ODEs. The subspace topology.Fields. Boolean algebras. rank and determinant of matrices. Heine Borel theorem. the Tychnoff’s theorem. liminf. differentiability. compactness. theorems on trees. mean value theorem. partial derivative. infinite sets and the axiom of choice. diagonal forms. Baire space. The open mapping Theorem. Linear Algebra: Vector spaces. 18 . The Tietz extension theorem. Ascoli’s theorem. Schwarz lemma. Ordinary Differential Equations (ODEs): Existence and uniqueness of solutions of initial value problems for first order ordinary differential equations. networks. ideals. Method of separation of variables for Laplace. local compactness.Polynomial rings and irreducibility criteria. Algebra: Permutations.Bolzano Weierstrass theorem. Discrete Mathematics: Graphs. reduction and classification of quadratic forms. Power series.continuous linear transformations. Compactness in metric spaces. Cayley’s theorem.Functions of several variables. Complex Analysis: Algebra of complex numbers. inclusion – exclusion principle. Euclidean domain. the Urysohn’s lemma. Local finiteness. Metric spaces.Quadratic forms. homomorphisms. Jordan forms. Basis for a topology. Application of lattices. Functional Analysis: Banach Spaces. well ordered sets.Groups.Examples. structure based on connectivity. prime and maximal ideals.Monotonic functions.infimum. directional derivative. uniform continuity. Karnaugh diagrams. Modular lattices. quotient rings. permutation groups. finite fields.examples and some simple properties-Orthogonal compliments . minimal spanning trees. complete metric spaces. The Nagata-Smirnov metrization theorem. singular solutions of first order ODEs. Kruskal algorithm. functions of bounded variation.Classification of second order PDEs. orthonormal basis. Cauchy – Rieann equations. trigonometric and hyperbolic functions. connected subspaces of the real line. Sylow theorems.Sequences and series. the product topology. closed sets and limit points.Conformal mappings.Algebra of matrices. polynomials. Hamiltonian graphs. subgroups. calculus of residues.

NAO and Pacific oscillations. Weather charts and analysis. Modified Ekman layer. deepening and Filling of surface pressure systems.local and planetary evidences . Climate trends . Aviation Meteorology: SEGMET and Meteorological hazards to aviation – Take-off. Intensification and Weakening.teleconnections of the world climate system . Prediction of weather elements: Seasonal prediction of monsoon rainfall and date of onset.Icing. E.carbon dating .formation – Life cycle – Structure and movement. Geostropic adjustment process.Kinematics of the wind field: Relation between streamlines and trajectories.Kinematics of the pressure field: Characteristic curves – General expressions for their velocity and acceleration – Movement of troughs. Application of geostrophic.Atmospheric boundary layer: Atmospheric turbulence. Extra-tropical cyclones. Circulation & Vorticity – Bjerknes circulation theorem. Internal energy. Africa and North America.Rossby’s tricellular model . Volcanic eruptions and aerosols.Geotropic Wind. turbulence. Potential energy. Upper air data – PILOT and TEMP codes. Expression for APE . Synoptic Meteorology:Synoptic data and collection: Surface and upper air weather data transmission- Code for inland. Gravitational Force.Palmen’s modified model . Station models. Paleoclimate - Climate change and variations in Earth’s orbit. CAPE.: – 13:METEOROLOGY & OCEANOGRAPHY: Physical and Dynamical Climatology:Introduction: Weather and climate concepts . Momentum Equations. in-flight. Thermal wind. Dynamics of atmospheric circulation— Maintenance of the General circulation – Kinetic energy.theories of climate changes. coastal and ship stations.Application to Lee of the mountain trough.Linear perturbation theory – Perturbation method. General circulation of atmosphere – Maintenance of the mean circulation of kinetic energy balance of the atmosphere. Monsoons – Asia. Fronts and frontal surfaces – Principal frontal zones –frontogenesis and frontolysis. Application to Land & Sea breeze. divergence and vertical velocity computations. Impact of climate change on weather and climate. Fundamentals of Climate change . Coriolis force. Available potential energy. Inertial waves.Dynamics of tropical atmosphere: scale analysis of 19 . Momentum equations for PBL. visibility and fog. ridges and pressure centres. Absolute vorticity consideration.monsoon depression.Continuity equation – Horizontal divergence. Scale analysis of vorticity equation. gradient. Heat and cold waves. Dynamic Meteorology: Inertial and Non Inertial frames. Australia.Circulation pattern during winter and summer seasons.convective and meridional circulation . Gravity waves – External and Internal gravity waves. Surface layer. Spherical – Polar coordinate system. Global warming -Consequences of global warming. Systems of climatic classification .ENSO .Fundamental Forces-Pressure Gradient Forces. Global distribution of temperature. Ekman layer. Boussinesq approximation. precipitation pressure and winds .Thornthwaite. Differential properties of the wind field. Properties of waves Sound waves. .climate of the hemispheres. CAV Trajectories. CAT. Prandtl Layer – Logarithmic Profile Properties of Prandtl Layer. thermal winds. Affective Gravity.Circulation indices . Rainfall distribution and rain bearing systems during summer monsoon season . Secondary circulations.World climate system . absolute vorticity balance. Maximum and minimum temperatures – Fog.Ozone hole.Cartesian Coordinate System. Northeast monsoon onset phenomenon and rainfall distribution.TEST NO. Rossby waves. Apparent forces. Friction or Viscous Force. Jet streams. Vorticity equation. Scale analysis of momentum equations.Transformation of momentum & continuity equations. General circulation of the atmosphere . Kinetic energy. Isobaric coordinate System . the Flux-gradient theory. Climate change and agriculture.Centrifugal Force. Mid-tropospheric cyclones and Onset vortex. Vertical motion. Anticyclones and blocking. Nuclear winter . withdrawal. Gradient Wind. active and break situations of southwest monsoon. Trajectories in moving cyclones and anticyclones. landing. Angular momentum consideration.Experiments of General Circulation – Dishpan experiment. Balanced motion . Reynolds equations. Morgules theory of conversion of Potential & Internal energies to Kinetic energy.Air masses and fronts: Air mass production – Classification – Sources of air masses in winter and summer and their modification. CINE.Koppen . Hydrostatic approximation. angular momentum. Mixing length theory. Advanced Dynamical Meteorology:Atmospheric energetics – Energy equation. Potential vorticity .well mixed boundary layer. Turbulent kinetic energy. Indian monsoons: Land and sea breezes – Definition of monsoon – Synoptic features associated with onset.

QUICKSCAT etc and future ISRO programmes . computation of relative currents in a two layer ocean and in stratified ocean. marine environment and their characteristics.INSAT series. mid oceanic ridge system. Arakawa Jacobian. Polar and special purpose orbits.computational instability. Sound in the sea. Geostrophic currents: Barotropic and baroclinic fields. Protected and unprotected reversing thermometers. No emission equation. GPS sounding. Two level primitive equation model. Dynamical Oceanography:The Geopotential structure of the sea – Concept of Geopotential. Remote sensing of atmospheric variables: Schwarzchild’s Equation and its solution. Sandy shore. Adiabatic potential vorticity. Geostationary. GPS. field of pressure.Computation of Jacobian and Laplacian . Omega equation. Numerical weather Prediction:Numerical models . Mangroves and Seaweed. Heat budget of the oceans: Heat budget terms. Transparency of seawater. Temperature. field of mass. Multilevel primitive equation models. Marine Eco .Marine chemistry: Composition of seawater. constancy of composition. Heat conduction.Rainfall monitoring by VIS and IR data. CTD. bio-geo chemical cycles.Baroclinic Models - Two level model.Forward and centered finite difference methods. Baroclinic instability. active.MEGHATROPIQUES satellite. MBT.Cressman method. Staggered grid systems. atmospheric window regions and absorption bands. Tropical cyclone categorization of different stages. determination of Geopotential anomaly. Synoptic scale weather systems. Meteorological satellites and their orbital characteristics. XCTD.Satellite analogue data: Satellite image interpretation and enhancement techniques. Tropical cyclones. Sea and land breeze circulations.Sigma coordinate system. Colour of seawater. frequency domain. Cloud motion wind vectors. submarine topography. Objective analysis . Aliasing. Shelf sediments. sea surface temperature. Active and passive microwave sensors and their application for Ocean surface winds. Salinity and density distributions. Meteosat series. Static initialisation.Introduction to mesoscale models: Nonhydrostatic assumption. Method of analysis of tropical disturbances. low frequency oscillations. Drifters. Mesoscale circulation patterns. Current measurements: Lagrangian and Eulerian methods with examples. Barotropic instability. Quantitative precipitation estimation. soil moisture and NDVI. mineral resources of the world ocean. Cloud Model Techniques. SST. Finite difference methods . Position fixing at sea.Atmospheric transmission. Scale interaction in the tropics. Vertical sounding. cloud type identification and Neph analysis.Kepler’s laws of universal planetary motion.Marine Geology: Continental shelf.tropical motions. Different meteorological satellite systems. equatorial wave theory. Nonlinear balanced model. NOAA series. Equivalent barotropic model . ADCP. Short and Long wave radiation. Wave and Tide measurements. Density. Life History Techniques. transfer of particle-aerosols. break cycle. Tropical phenomena. Liner balanced model. - Numerical methods . methods of retrieval algorithms for temperature and humidity profiles. TRMM and SSMI series. Global weather satellite system. Satellite Meteorology:Physical basis of remote sensing . Bispectral techniques.Filtered models : Filtering of sound and gravity wave models: Barotropic model . Bjerknes’ circulation theorem and application to relative 20 . Mesoscale weather systems. level of no motion. seasonal monsoon rainfall.Oceanographic Instruments: Temperature measurements. orographic pattern. plankton and climate. Quasi-geostrophic multi-level models. Estimation of central pressure by using Dvorak’s technique and extra tropical cyclones.Satellite digital data: Retrieval techniques. oxygen in the ocean. Manganese and other deposits and the factors control their distribution. Beach terminology.Normal mode initialisation.Primitive equation models . ARGOS.system. Limb sounding. dissolved gases. receiver and data analysis. isobaric and level surfaces. Cloud Indexing Method. Method of Optimum Interpolation. Newtonian relaxation or Nudging . . Light in the sea. Dynamic initialisation. Physical Oceanography:Physical properties of seawater: Temperature. Slope. Application of satellite data for the study of southwest monsoon namely-onset of monsoon. Beach material.wave number domain. Detection of Aerosols. solution of Helmholtz and Poisson equations using relaxation method. Nonlinear instability. Sea Gliders. Shape and size.Remote sensing of the environment with Electromagnetic energy . Cloud top temperature. semi-implicit method . relative and slope currents. Salinity and Conductivity. Radiation budget. Sun-synchronous. Evaporation. XBT.Stability of fluid column: vertical acceleration in fluids and criteria for static stability. basic structure of MM5 and WRF models and their applications. cumulus convection and convective heating. Aandhera current meter.Initialisation . Rocky shore.

Scatterometer and Synthetic Aperture Radar.-Stokes solution. tide characteristics. thermal IR and microwave. deep and shallow water waves. sea and swell. Inverting amplifier.Non inverting amplifier.Physical interaction between the ocean and atmosphere. Upper ocean boundary layer. Air – Sea Interaction studies using satellite data:Active Sensors: Altimeter. Summing amplifier.Passive sensors: Visible wave band. Characteristics of AVHRR. Principles of Image Processing: Basics of image processing and Enhancement Presentation of Multi channel image data. Application of altimetry. Comparison between infrared and microwave radiometers for SST measurement. Tide producing forces. classes of sensors. Sun synchronous orbits. PNJ method of wave forecasting. equatorial current system. tidal energy and thermal energy OTEC. estimating of wave height from the altimeter pulse shape. Ekman spiral. Wind stress and resultant drag coefficient with variation to wind speed. Heat exchange through latent and sensible heat. orbit determination. Oceanic impact on the marine atmospheric circulation. and the geophysical model of the microwave radiation. Ocean tides: Tide producing forces. Atmospheric Heat Budget. Wave celerity and particle orbits. Oceanic forcing by air-sea exchange of moisture and heat. significant wave height. T-S diagram and water masses. Orbital elements. Barrier Layer. west ward intensification of currents. QUIKSCAT Scatterometer. Thermal inversion. Gaseous absorption and Scattering. Orientation in space. thermohaline circulation. Geostationary Orbits.Wave forecasting: Sea and swell. and surface wind and SST retrieval. other Orbits. Wavelength regions. Up welling. angular spreading and the concept of wave forecasting filter. Renewable energy sources from Ocean – Wave energy. wave growth and propagation. Retrieval of SST from AVHRR data. Dynamical theory. Theories of tide generation: equilibrium theory. Other satellites – NOAA. sinking. retrieving wind speed from return pulse amplitude :e.Fundamentals of waves and tides: wave characteristics. microwave interaction with the sea surface. Radiative transfer equation. Momentum transfer and drag. relationship between wind and radar back scatter. effects of the atmosphere. Coastal Hazards. salinity. microwave emissivity of the sea surface. Electronics:Operational Amplifier Fundamentals: The operational Amplifier . seasonal currents in North Indian Ocean. equilibrium theory and tidal currents. SAR imaging of ocean waves.Ideal OP Amp . Kepler’s laws. Wave generation: Jeffrey’s theory. Feed back 21 . Sverdrup and Munk theory. Ocean colors and Remote Sensing: The coastal zone color scanner. distance measurement with a satellite altimeter. shallow water bathymetry measured from SAR images. atmospheric window regions. Oceanic heat budget. Potential uses of SST data. cloud removal techniques. Atmospheric and Oceanic Interaction at various scales. Satellite Oceanography:Physical Principles of remote Sensing: Electromagnetic Spectrum. sea surface roughness and Scatterometry: Measuring the radars energy reflected from the sea. Laplace equation. Indian Remote Sensing Program with special reference to satellite Meteorology and Oceanography INSAT and OCEANSAT. Waves and tides:Wave hydrodynamics: wave characteristics. Passive microwave radiometers: Physical principles. Variations of wind. Co-cumulative spectrum method.Sensors for forecasting the Ocean: using the EM spectrum. Deep water waves and shallow water waves. SEASAT. wave spectrum. differentiator and integrator. ocean currents from altimetry. Atmospheric correction of visible wave length data. ocean properties measurable from above. Small amplitude wave theory .Storm surges and Tsunamis. ENSO and the Indian MonsoonWarm Pool in Indian and Pacific Oceans. Finite amplitude waves . Satellite Orbits: Newton’s laws.Large Scale Air-Sea Interaction: Ocean – Atmosphere interaction in tropics Characteristics of ENSO. SMB method of wave forecasting. seeing through the atmosphere. Atmospheric correction. retrieving wind vectors from Scatterometer measurements. wave generation.Airy’s solution. Radar Altimeters from the Ocean: Principles of Radar altimetry. Sea surface Temperature from infrared scanning radiometers. potential flows. swell forecasting. Synthetic Aperture Radar imaging of Ocean: Principles of SAR operation. Prediction of tides by harmonic analysis. dispersion. Ocean circulation: wind induced currents. Group velocity. Radiation. simple harmonic wave. temperature and moisture over the sea surface.currents. skin depth. Oceanographic interpretation of ocean colors and its applications in oceanography. Radars. Ocean information from óo images. ENSO and Air – Sea coupling. fetch limited and duration limited cases. Air Sea Interaction:The significance of Air-Sea Interaction. Concept of Boundary Layer. black body radiation laws. warm and cold currents of major world ocean. Air sea temperature differences. Orbit perturbation. Wave transformation.

Distinguishing characteristics between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells Structure and function of Cell wall of bacteria. effect of noise. stock. structure. TEST NO. Microwave antennas . magnetosomes and phycobolisomes. Synthetic Aperture Radar. structural staining and special staining methodsMicrobiological media-Natural and synthetic. Enrichment culturing techniques. Current to voltage converter. single cell isolation.Amplitude Modulation: Amplitude modulation theory. Recent trends and development in modern in microbiology.Bacterial nutrition and growth kinetics. capsule.Morphology. filtration methods. reproduction and economic importance of fungi. Classification. Digital Electronics: Binary number system. Comparison between frequency and amplitude modulation. gas vesicles. Major characteristics used in Taxonomy-morphological. numerical taxonomy.ground waves. mineral oil preservation. photo detector amplifiers. Beam width and polarization. defined. differential. Hackel’s three kingdom concept-Whittaker’s five kingdom concept-three domain concept of Carl Woese. chemical identification characters.Chemical structure of peptidoglycon. and Protein. freeze-drying (lyophilization). complex. Satellite Transponders. physiological and metabolic. Half adder. radiation methods. Frequency spectrum of FM wave. DNA. extra cellular enzymes. 2 complement Arithmetic. Reproduction in bacteria & spore formation. properties of paraboloid reflectors. exclusive . Inverting configuration.OR gates. Pasteur. Satellite Digital Link design. Antennas: Antenna gain and effective radiated power. Ultra structure and chemical composition of bacteria.Bergy’s manual and its importance. De Morgan’s theorems.synchronous. Chlamydiae – TRIC agents and LGV ArchaebacteriaEukaryotic microorganisms: General characteristics. Digital Modulation Techniques. Boolean laws and theorem. structure. autotrophic. Bandwidth. ATP. immunological characteristics. Ascomycota. – 14: MICROBIOLOGY : Discovery. differential staining. in OP Amp circuits— The non-inverting configuration. Time Division Multiplexing.Elements of Digital Communication system. General characteristics of a satellite communication systems. nomenclature and taxonomic ranks: general properties of bacterial groups. microsomes and ribosomal RNAs. Mathematical representation of FM. composition. staining methods – simple staining. Tropospheric scatter propagation. Joseph Lister. ecological. sterile soil preservation. Arithmetic circuits. genetic characteristics identification. Concept of containment facility. Koch. Nuclear material/nucleus. actinomycetes. Boolean algebra. frequency spectrum of AM wave. AND gate. fundamentals of moving target indication radar. invertors. moist heat. heterotrophic and phototropic media: basal. protoplasts. chemical methods and their application. Microbial cultures: Concept of pure culture. preservation at low temperature. Deuteromycota and slime & water moldsClassification. power relations in AM wave. genetic and molecular classification systems. 22 . Frequency Modulation: Theory of frequency modulation. cell membranes. feed mechanisms. space waves. Cultivation of aerobes and anaerobes. maintenance and transport mediaPreservation and Maintenance of Microbial cultures: Repeated sub culturing. transducer bridge amplifiers. Basidomycota. CO2 liberated O2 consumed. Propagation of radio waves .Microscopic identification characteristics. representation of AM. selective. rickettsiae.Radar System: Basic radar system. glycerol cultures.Ecological identification methods. batch and continuous cultures. Identification. Contributions of Van Leeuwenhock. Antenna resistance. reproduction and other characteristics of fungal divisions-Zygomycota. OR gate. sky wave propagation. Earth stations. Advantages and disadvantages of each method.antennas with parabolic reflectors. carboxysomes.block diagram and description. pili. drying. Nor gate. Methods of pure culture isolation. Winogradsky. sterilization at industrial level. characterization and classification of microorganisms. Concepts. Advantages of Satellite communication. enrichment. Beijerinck. spirochetes. flagella.Principles of bacterial taxonomy and classification: . Basic pulsed radar system . mycoplasma. deep freezing and liquid nitrogen preservation. Nand gate. measurements of NAD. spheroplasts.Basis of microbial classification. Methods of sterilization: Physical methods – Dry heat. Adder subtractor. biochemical identification methods. Moving target indication radar— Doppler effect. Evolution and development of Microbiology. the kingdoms of organisms and phylogenetic trees. Digital signal communication. Growth measurement methods –Metabolic diversity. and pure culture development. Radar range equation. pathogenic properties identification. Full Adder. Jenner. Nutritional (cultural) identification characters.

Bromoviridae. Biochemical classification of algae.reproduction and other characteristics of algal divisions. Microalgae. chemistry. oropharynx and intestinal tract. thallus organization. viral enchancers. systemic and general syndromes – interactions. seed and pollen. transmission-vector. Essential amino acids & amphoteric nature of amino acids and reactions and functions of carboxyl and amino groups and side chains. Prions. respiratory. Virus offense meets host defense – Host defense against viral infections. Virus disease surveillance. embryonated eggs. Partitiviridae and Totiviridae. virus and vector relationship.Virus – host interactions – Influence of virus on host organism-latent infection. classification of viruses. electrophoretic mobility. dinoflagellates. Ramachandran’s plot. Horizontal (Indirect) transmission. non-arthopods. chromosomal aberrations. non- vector.blue green algae. Structural levels of proteins – primary. cell lines. Biochemical characteristics – chemical composition of viruses. secondary. Ortho and Paramyxoviridae. Hydrolysis of proteins. qualitative and quantitative investigations. Flaviviridae. Definition of terms. Nature origin and evolution of viruses. components of epidemiology. Biochemical classification of algae. carbohydrates. strategies of virus maintenance in communities. enzymes. water.Amino acids and proteins – classification. immunological responses of the host.Distribution of algae. Caulimoviridae. buoyant density. Methods for isolation and characterization of proteins. Major characteristics of different virus families/genera/groups. muriens and lipopolysaccharides. suspension and monolayer cell cultures. RNA viruses and regulation of viral genome expression. Multiple host infections – viral zoonosis. primary and secondary cell cultures. assay and maintenances of viruses – Animal. cultivation.Poxviridae. apparatus& equipment. Mechanism of virus spread in the body – spread in epithelia.linear. positive and negative sense of RNA genomes. algae. viruses in human welfare. nucleic acids. bacteria. Hepadnaviridae. diversity among viral genomes – DNA and RNA genomes.bacterial cell wall polysaccharides. invasion of the skin.Baltimore strategies. properties and function – free fatty acids. Conjugated lipids – lipoproteins. oral. mechanism of viral persistence. types of epidemiological investigations. Virus ecology and epidemiology – Epidemiological concepts. conjunctiva. Replication of viruses – an overview of viral replication cycles. cell strains. triglycerides. Adenoviridae. Peptide structure. mechanical. Rotavirus. spread by the blood stream. Molecular parasitism concepts. New emerging viruses. Parvoviridae. Mechanism of infection and viral spread in the body: Routes of entry – skin. tertiary and quaternary. double and single stranded. BIOMOLECULES: Major Biomolecules: Carbohydrates – Classification. nutritional requirements. cytopathic effects of viral infections. gential. inclusion bodies. Vector-arthropod.ne:Characteristics of Various protozoa-Morphology. glycolipids & waxes.Persistence of viruses – Pattern of viral infection.wild and domestic animals. Picornaviridae. host induced modification. Reoviridae. Plant and Bacterial Viruses: Experimental animals. Sat nucleic acids. innate and adaptive immune response to viruses. denaturation of proteins. Viroids.Transmission of viruses – Vertical (Direct) transmission – contact. Conjugated polysaccharides– glycoproteins. Major steroids of biological importance – prostaglandins. mono. function and their properties. fungi. dodder.Biological properties of viruses – host range. subepithelial invasion and lymphatic spread. reproduction. Characteristics of. Retroviridae. Herpesvirus (CMV). respiratory and intestinal tracts. Herpesviridae. oligo and polysaccharides. Antigenic nature of viruses. media tissue culture – organs cultures. Nucleic acids – structure. products of algae and their economic importance. Response of host cells to viral infection – Host specificity. structure and function. replication strategies of DNA. classification and structure of viruses – criteria used for naming. transplacental. Rhadboviridae. phospholipids. Isolation. central nervous system.structure and complexity of viral genomes. sexual. Lipids – classification. wild plants and weeds. Viral replication and genome expression – viral genomes. Molecular mechanisms of viral pathogenesis with respect to Poliovirus. other organs. resistance. Baculoviridae. plants. Cyanophages. Geminiviridae. Scope of epidemiology – epidemiological investigation of virus diseases. envelope. Fungal viruses. Structural 23 . biological and physical factors influencing the survival and spread of virus diseases. transovarial. Protein sequencing using various methods. and function – mono. Properties of Viruses. Potyviridae. Tobamoviridae. proteins. polyamines. Nomenclature. structure. fecal. cations. Subviral agents-sat viruses. respiratory tract. graft. experimental plant tissue cultures.Phycodnaviridae. VIROLOGY: History and Discovery of Viruses. Disease gradients and forecasting of diseases. Host specificity and tissue tropism – receptors. chemistry.Algal. patterns of host response- biological gradient. humans. Bunyaviridae.aerosols. circular. food. sedimentation. fomites. recent ICTV classification of viruses infecting animals. interference. properties. di. bi tri and multipartite of genome. Physical properties of viruses – morphology.

anaplerotic reactions. phospholipids and sphingolipids. electron beams. factors effecting growth. butanol and citric acid fermentations. glyoxylate cycle. decarboxylation and oxidative deamination. Catabolism of amino acids. sample preparations) and electron microscopy (Magnetic lenses. meta and gentsiate cleavage) and reductive catabolism. photosynthetic electron transportMineral metabolism – phosphorus.Metabolism of amino acids –Biosynthesis of amino acids and their regulation with emphasis on tryptophan and histidine by microorganismsProtein metabolism . FPLC and Gel filtration. calcium and Trace elements –molybdenum. phase plate. oxidative phosphorylation and mechanism.fixing of specimens. specimen preparations). negative staining techniques of biological samples). Turbidometry. light scattering.Assimilation of inorganic nitrogen and sulphur. facultative anaerobes and obligate anaerobes. Immunoblotting. Determination of size. Bacteriochlorophylls & algal pigments. Role of trace elements on microbial enzymes. Immunoelectrophoresis. stable and radioactive isotopes.Lipid metabolism . fluorescent & electron microscopes. diffusion. radiometric analysis. xanthophylls. Cell cycle in microbes and generation time Growth phases of bacteria –survival of microbial cells. preparation. preparation of blocks. fluorescence flame photometry. General principles and applications of chromatography – Paper. hexose monophosphate shunt (HMP). synthesis of peptidoglycans and glycoproteins. Freeze drying and its application in biological systems. Oxidation of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids. 2.Sources. MICROBIAL PHYSIOLOGY & METABOLISM: Nutritional types – autotrophic bacteria. HPLC. dark field condensor. Column. Chemistry of Porphyrins – Heme. Microtomy – sectioning. Regulation of nucleotide synthesis. Chemistry and biochemical functions of water-soluble vitamins. infrared and mass spectrophotometry. gluconeogenesis. zinc. Signal transduction with reference to nitrogen metabolism. potassium. complex optical system. phase. types of electron microscopy – scanning and transmission. density gradient centrifugation. Kreb’s cycle. Anaerobic respiration . sedimentation and X-ray diffraction. flow birefringence. Respiration in bacteria – aerobic and anaerobic types of respiration. Entner-Doudoroff (ED) pathway. Influence of minerals on the production of toxins. Urea cycle . cobalt and copper. Nitrate and sulphate respiration.Nucleotide metabolism . Viscometry. microtomy and staining. Energy yields. Ion exchange. Principles of colorimetry.Biosynthesis of triacyl glycerols. Laws of absorption and radiation. zone (Paper Gel) electrophoresis. ESR. Heterotrophic bacteria – saprophytes. Biological redox carriers. Carotenoides. ethanol.Principles of Centrifugation – Centrifugation techniques-preparative and analytical methods. Bacterial photosynthesis.Manometric techniques. sample preparations . Affinity chromatography.Fermentation. Thin layer. ultraviolet. catabolism of purine and pyrimidines. detection and measurement of isotopes. RNA. 2-D electrophoresisPrinciples. Toxic effect of oxygen on anaerobes. Chlorophylls. chemosynthetic and heterotrophic microbes. parasites and mixotrophs. NMR.4-D and toluene) with emphasis on the role of monooxygenase and dioxygenase in the ring cleavage (ortho.Utilization of secondary 24 . RIA. manganese. labeling. ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES: Microscopy – Principles of light. Biochemical mechanisms of lactic acid. chemosynthetic and photo synthetic microorganisms. Absorption spectra. obligate aerobes. Porphyrin biosynthesis and catabolism. problems of experimental design. transamination.polymorphism of DNA. Cytochromes. cytometry and flow cytometry. Fermentation of carbohydrates by microorganisms – Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas pathway. C2-C4 split pathway. biological membranes.Biosynthesis of purnine and pyrimidine nucleotides. optical rotatory dispersion. condensors.Biological oxidation. Electrophoresis – moving boundary. Importance of each growth phase. Synchronous cultures – methods of synchronous culturing Continuous culturing methods. Structural characteristics of RNA. shape and molecular weight of macromolecules – osmotic pressure.Secondary metabolism . Biochemistry of nitrogen fixation. Isoelectric focusing. Microbial metabolism of aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons (camphor.Radio isotopic tracers – methodology. Physiology and biochemistry of sporulation and germination of spores Carbohydrate metabolism in microbes – synthesis of carbohydrates in photosynthetic. biosynthesis of deoxyribonucleotides. Visible. Microscopic techniques: Basic principles and applications of phase – contrast microscopy (phase annulus. Microbial growth: The concept of growth and definition. Bioluminescence in microorganisms. electron transport. Gas. Kinetics of radioactive disintegration. fluorescent microscopy (filters. Methods of growth measurement.

Molecular basis of mutations. screening of mutants. Cyclic nucleotides. Criteria for testing purity of enzyme preparations. purification and characterization of monoclonal antibodies. Molecular markers(RFLP and RAPD) Polymorphisms. assay of enzymes and kinetics of enzyme catalyzed reactions – Michaelis – Menton equation. intercalating substances. lysozyme and chymotrypsin. hormones (GA). coenzymes and metalloenzymes. IgD and IgE.Oxygenic and anoxygenic photosynthesis. activators. Glutamine synthetase. macrophages. Complement fixation test (CFT).Methods of isolation. halo bacterial photosynthesis. determination of Km. CELL BIOLOGY & ENZYMOLOGY: Organellar Biology: Structure. Active site determination. Selection and screening methods for positive hybrids. Site directed mutagenesis. control of mating type loci in yeast. and photosynthetic electron transport. Recovery and yield of enzymes.Nature of antigens. lymphoid system. Applications of monoclonal antibodies in 25 . primary photochemistry of PS I and PS II. Nutrient transport – simple diffusion. Thymus. Transduction – Generalized and specialized transductions. Hemoglobin & Myoglobin. APC. coated vesicles. G proteins. mutator genes.Signal transduction in eukaryotes: Protein kinases. Transposable elements – transposition. temperature. cells involved in immune system – T-lymphocytes. allotypes and idiotypes. nomenclature. Complementation test. fusion methods. types of mutations. serological analysis of antibodies – isotypes. Antibody diversity. MAP kinase pathway. second site revertants. radiation.lymphocytes. membrane receptors. RIA. CO2 fixation. etc. Allosteric enzymes – ATCase. generation of lymphocyte specificity and diversity. Transposable elements in yeast and drosophila. apparatus. IgA. Isoenzymes. mesosomes. antigen receptors on B and T lymphocytes. UV damage of DNA and repair. chemical mutagens. Sex plasmid F and its derivatives.Hybridoma techniques (monoclonal antibody production) – Myeloma cell lines. IMMUNOLOGY: Adaptive immunity. immune blot.Outlines of enzyme classification. passive and facilitated diffusion. spleen. zymogen activation.Bacterial genetics – Inheritance of characteristics and variability. drug resistance (R ) plasmids. Complementation and functional allelism. competitive and noncompetitive inhibition. monocytes. Purple green photosynthetic bacteria Photosynthesis . IgM. Centromeres and telomeres. Genotypic changes. and antibiotics (penicillin and streptomycin). Retroposons.Antigen-Antibody reactions. Regulatory enzymes – covalent modification. The Ti plasmid of Agrobacterium. processing and presentation of antigens. carcinogens. clonal selection of lymphocytes. Mechanism of action of ribonuclease. innate immunity. Mutagenesis – base analogue mutagens. Reversion. Immobilised enzymes . enzyme and substrate concentrations.Methods of immobilisation. Plasmids – types. Bacterial conjugation. Photosynthesis in bacteria and plants: Organization. Immunodiffusion.ELISA. lymph nodes. antibody structure. bone marrow. lysosomes and cytoskeletal system. function & biogenesis of chloroplast and mitochondria. Production. toxins (aflatoxin and corynebacterial). Opsonins and opsonocytophagic reaction. Bacterial transformation. active. structure of synthetic pigments. purification.Mapping of bacterial chromosome by interrupted mating and transduction. and important immunological diagnostic tests . blood groups. Physico-chemical properties of bacteria – intracellular osmotic pressure. phosphorylation cascades.Enzyme purification .C value – cot curves” Multigene families. Benzer’s studies on r-II locus of T4 bacteriophage. Yeast & Drosophila as model organisms. immunoflourescence. Comparison of kinetics of immobilised and free enzymes. Recombination in bacteriophages. electron donors & acceptors. Neutrophils. Types of bacterial transposons. Immunoelectrophoresis. MOLECULAR & MICROBIAL GENETICS: Molecular organization of chromosomes in Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes. permeability of the bacterial cell. Bacterial recombination. plasmid DNA properties. Recombination at molecular level. immunological memory. Factors affecting enzyme reaction – pH. energetics. functions of IgG. Mechanisms of protein translocation across membranes in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Ras pathway.Organisation of genomes – Repeated sequences . isolation & analysis of mutants. mutational hot spots. duplication of target sequence at an insertion site. Vmax and kcat values. Tetrad analysis in eukaryotic microbes – Neurospora and yeast. frame shift mutations. Phenotypic changes due to environmental alterations. mast cells. heteroduplex analysis. classification of antibodies. B.metabolites for production of vitamins. Fine Structure analysis. Ag-Ab binding. agglutination. Hybridization in yeast. Deletion and inversion caused by transposons. Application of immobilized enzymes.Mutations – Terminology. primary and secondary immune response. Ribozymes and abzymesEnzyme inhibitors.

cytokines.tropica. 26 . pathology and lab diagnosis of diseases caused by pox viruses. Brucella. Need and significance of epidemiological studies. streptomycin. Clostridia. biological. properties of genetic material.Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC). viral hepatitis. BIOSTATISTICS & BIOINFORMATICSBiostatistics: Measures of Central tendency and distribution – mean. viruses affecting nervous system (ex: Polio virus. Induction of interferon. Mucomycosis. Trypanosoma gambiense. Hook worm. Ascaris lumbricoides. structural genes and repressors. Microsporosis. universality of the code. Post translational processing of proteins. (1) House fly (2) Mosquitoes (3) sand fly. Tetanus. and protozoan diseases. herpes virus (chicken pox.Description and pathology of diseases caused by Aspergillus. Mycobacteria.biomedical research. Hypersensitive reactions – Auto immunity. Description and pathology of diseases caused by bacteria. Regulation of lac. sulfonamides and Polymyxins.routes of transmission of microbes in the body. Types of tumors. Development of immuno diagnostic kits. Description and pathology of diseases caused by hemoflagellates. Reactions of immunity – antitoxins. Negative and Positive regulation. Filarial parasites. Proteus. Antifungal drugs (Nystatin). Rabies virus). DNA ligases. vaccine expression system. median.The genetic code: Deciphering the genetic code. variance. types & classification. theory of triplet code. enterovirus. Conynebacteria. Transmembrane signaling. constitutive genes. E. antigen receptor and signal pathways. Leishmania donavani. T and B cell interactions. range. Spirochaetes. serotherapy. physical. Secondary immunodeficiency (acquired). chemical and biological Carcinogens. malarial parasites. Pseudomonas. Vibrio cholera. Entamoeba histolytica. influenzae. neutralization of toxin with antitoxin Immune response to infectious diseases: viral infections. coli. protein channeling. Oncogenes. Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity. Protein synthesis: Mechanism and role of various factors involved in Initiation. Blenders experiments. polymerization and temination. the decoding system. Identification of stop and start codons. Giardia. Posttranscriptional modifications. Topoisomerases. Epidermophyscosis. redundancy of the code.Regulation of gene expression at the levels of transcription and translation. thymic aplasia. Shigella. Mechanism of transcription and transcriptional activators. Enterobacteriaceae. Overlapping genes. Infection and infections process. HIV Virus. Trichomonas. Regulation of gene expression in lambda and nif operon. generation of memory B cells and affinity maturation. Production of rabies vaccine. Modern concept of gene structure. Operon concept. Epidemiological investigations to identify a disease. components of classical and alternative complement pathways.Humoral and cell-mediated immunity. ontogeny of B and T lymphocytes. standard deviation. vaccinotherapy. rickettsiae. other respiratory viruses. intestinal flagellates. Immunodeficiency diseases - Primary immunodeficiency (genetic) diseases due to B-cell and T-cell and combined defects (hypogammaglobulinemia. Methods of transmission & role of vectors- biology of vectors. Procaryotic and Eucaryotic promoters. Haemophilus. elucidation of base composition of codons. jumping genes. Tumor immunology. Rhinosporidium. complement receptors. Drug resistance in bacteria. bacterial infections. The complement system. role of RNA in protein synthesis. Regulatory genes. Immunotherapy of infectious diseases. split genes. chromosomal changes induced by Carcinogens. Mode of antibiotics. MOLECULAR BIOLOGY: Proof of DNA & RNA as genetic material. Transformation experiments. transplantation immunity. L.zoster). Problems of drug resistance and drug sensitivity. Human leucocyte antigen (HLA) restriction. Helminthes. Vaccines – development and production. Principles of chemotherapy. types of inducers. pinworm. Klebsiella. host microbe interactions. mode. reovirus. orthomyxo and paramyxo viruses. Salmonella. Meselson-Stahl’s studies on replication.Viral diseases: Description. DNA vaccines. Blastomycosis. vaccinoprophylaxis. Enzymes and Proteins involved in replication Mechanism of replication – Initiation. adenovirus. Penicillin. Catabolite repression. immunological tolerance and immunosuppression. ara and trp operons. Regulation of gene expression in eucaryotes. elongation and termination of Protein Synthesis Inhibitors of protein synthesis. Interferon – Nomenclature. Gonococcus.DNA replication –various modes of replication. foot & mouth disease vaccine and hepatitis-B vaccine. Streptococcus. Types and principles of immunization. Basic principles of probability theory. consequences of complement activation. Antiviral agents. clinical diagnosis and treatment. SCID). Penicillium. lymphocyte-mediated cytotoxicity (CTL). Pneumococcus. pathogenic anaerobes.Laboratory diagnosis of Common infective syndromes and parasitic manifestations.-MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGYNormal microbial flora of human body.

inter reactions of microbial population and 27 . Ligases. Biological factors influencing the growth and survival of microorganisms. advantages and disadvantages of DNA and protein micro arrays. Control of various parameters. screening methods. continuous culture.role of microorganisms in the recovery of minerals (uranium. Types of fermentors. Genetically engineered microorganisms and intellectual property rights. biochips. peptide sequencing using mass and spectroscopy data.Gene expression- expression of cloned genes in bacteria. Comparative genomics. Cloning strategies – shot gun experiments. Biotransformation. EXPASY. Nucleic acid probe technology. DNA micro array n:– printing of oligonucleotides and PCR products on glass slides. Pairwise sequence alignment using dynamic programming (Needleman – Wunsch & Smith – Waterman algorithms. Ecosystem – Concept. Fermentation Economics. small sample test. patenting biotechnology inventions. medicine. isolation of autotrophic mutants. DNA finger printing. types. PIR. Application of recombinant DNA technology in biology. plant. Analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms using DNA chips. Similarity measures . Media and materials required for industrial microbiological processes – Antifoams. Petroleum Microbiology. Whole genome analysis for global patterns of gene expression using fluorescent-labelled c-DNA or end labeled RNA probes. Energy transfer efficiencies between tropic levels. PCR. similarity matrices (PAM. nitrocellulose paper. structural and functional analysis of recombinants. yeast.principle. beer & wine.Bayes theorem. Computer application in fermentation technology. Prediction of transmembrane segments in membrane proteins.Isolation of nucleic acids.Production of ethyl alcohol. Sequence Analysis: Introduction to biological databases: NCBI. preservation and strain improvement of industrially important microorganisms. Inoculum development for large-scale processes.Cloning vectors- Plasmids. maxam-Gilbert and Di-deoxy methods. components.) Multiple sequence alignment – progressive alignment – profiles – multidimensional dynamic programming. Restriction endonucleases. Gene prediction – Statistical approaches – Similarity based approaches gene annotation. gene therapy.Euclidean. genetic diseases. Fragment assembly. Comparison of variance (F-test). food webs and tropic levels. Microorganisms used in industrial microbiological processes – the isolation. MOLECULAR BIOTECHNOLOGY: R-DNA technology. Southern. food chains. t-test for comparison of means chi square test. ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY: Basic concepts of Ecology and Environment – Biological spectrum at levels of organization & realm of ecology. biofilms. design of digester. Microbial groups involved in biogas production. Patenting: Concept and its composition & protection of right and their limitation. copper) from ores. Correlation and Linear regression. Isolation of cloned genes. DNA sequencing. Pfam. Modeling: Protein secondary structure prediction – Chou Fasman rules – neural networks – discriminant analysis. Concept of World Wide Web: HTML. statistical inference – Types of errors and levels of significance. restriction maps. Microbial leaching. Mahalanobis distance. identification of recombinants.Microbial growth kinetics. Introduction to hidden Markov models. cloning of c-DNA in bacteria. application. ligation of fragments with cohesive ends & blunt ends. homopolymer tailing.joining. biosurfactants. Northern blotting and western blotting. plant and animal cells. Protein micro array. HTPP. FERMENTATION TECHNOLOGY & INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY: An introduction to fermentation processes – the range of fermentation processes. intellectual property rights (IPR). gene libraries. synthesis of c-DNA. Enzyme probe biosensors. Analysis of gene expression data by clustering. Isolation of poly mRNA. Cosmids and bacteriophages. Normal distribution.DNA ligases. fed batch culture and Dual or multiple fermentations. BLOSUM) Searching sequence databases using BLAST. Design of fermentor: Construction and maintenance of aseptic conditions. EMBL. batch culture. Sterilization of media.Microbial products from genetically modified (cloned) organisms ex: insulin. Protein 3D structure prediction – homology – threading – potential energy functions – energy minimization – molecular dynamics – simulated annealing. Genomics and proteomics: Molecular phylogenetics: Construction of of phytogenetic trees using parsimony method and branch & bound method. Recovery and purification of fermentation products. Clustering methods – UPGMA & neighbor. Edit distance.

Azospirillum. L-glutamic acid. Microorganisms and sewage treatment: COD. textiles. oceans. total colony counts and differential enumeration.Industrial Production of Enzymes – amylases. ammonia. Erythromycin. Norton’s theorem and maximum power transfer theorem. vegetables.Ecology of Microorganisms as it effects the pharmaceutical industry. bacitracin and tetracycline.Biofertilizers – Introduction. types of spoilage organisms. Food processing & preservation: Methods of food preservation. biochemical mechanism of resistance. microorganism their zonation and characteristics. Bacterial resistance to antibiotics . Types of Antibiotics-B-lactam antibiotics. Lactobacillus bulgaricus. Fate of genetically engineered microorganisms in the environment. quality assurance and the control of microbial risk in medicines. aminoglycoside antibiotics. 28 . Microbial composition. Streptomycin. sludge treatment (anaerobic digestion). Environmental impact assessment studies. Biopesticides – toxins from Bacillus thuringiensis. Analytical Microbiology – microbiological assays of Vitamins (Riboflavin. Food supplements and hormones. Azolla. Seasonal periodicity patterns. estuaries.Rhizobium. soil structure. Assay of antibiotics – Penicillin. Kinetic principles of prey-predator relationship. Atmospheric Environment: Dispersal of airborne microorganisms. aminoacids – L-lysine. hydrogen sulphide. organic acids. Rhizosphere – Rhizoshere Microorganisms. grains.lactic acid. painted surfaces. Anabaena Symbiosis.microscopic techniques and cultural techniques. Viruses. Biochelators (Siderophores). nitrification. Direct microscopic examination. amino acids (lysine. glycopeptide antibiotics. activated sludge process. Production of Vitamin B 12. chromosome function & replication. soil profile. community dynamics – Growth in closed environments and in open environments. Aseptic handling. nitrates.Mechanism of action of antibiotics – the bacterial cell wall. Fermented foods – preparation of Yogurt. Hemicellulose. Y-irradiation. sanitary examination of water.Intrinsic & acquired resistance. The kinetic properties of competition between microbial populations. Deterioration of materials – paper. Air Sampling principles and techniques. osmotic pressure. Nitrogen cycle – Nitrogen fixation. Microbial transformation of sterioids and nonsteroids. meat. eggs and fish and their infestation by bacteria. folate antagonis. pasteurization of milk. Microbial spoilage & preservation of medicines using antimicrobial agents. BOD & DO. Faecal pollution of waters – water borne diseases. Fermented soybean products. prevention of microbial deterioration. Psuedomonas syringae. chemicals – organic acids. – 15: NUCLEAR PHYSICS: Network theorems: Thevenin theorem. citric acid. Aquatic Environment: Fresh water microorganisms. algal toxins. sampling techniques. nitrogen oxides. Vertical profiles. blue green algae. dehydration. trickling filters. Eutrophication. streptococcus species. Air spora: Concepts and components. algae and fungal biomass production. mycotoxins and bacterial toxins. yeast. Pencillium roqueforti. food.Soil Environment. Proteases. Radiation – UV light. protozoa & fungi in biological control. Fungi and Protozoa. polypeptide antibiotics. pesticides and detergents. miscellaneous antibacterial antibiotics and antifungal antibiotics. Azatobacter. oxidation ponds. NPV virus. de-nitrification. fungi and viruses. Contamination of non-sterile pharmaceuticals in hospital & community environments. Biofouling.Semiconductor. tetracycline group Rifamycin. milk.Microorganisms. protein synthesis. B12). nitrosamines. Diurnal periodicity patterns. acid rain water. Streptomycin.Bioremediation Technology – Microbial degradation of oil spills. Mycorrihiza. antiseptics and preservatives. Microbial spoilage of milk. TEST NO. PHARMACEUTICAL MICROBIOLOGYChemical disinfectants. sulpher. IMVIC test. carbon monoxide. Microorganisms as food – single cell protein. Microorganisms and pollution: Microbial production of methyl mercury. Lignins)Bio-geo chemical cycles – Carbon cycle. Production of antibiotics – Penicillin. refrigeration and freezing. Identification of specific groups – Bacteria. iron and phosphorus cycles. nitrate. indicator organisms. indoor and outdoor air spora. role of Microorganisms in organic matter decomposition (cellulose. the cytoplasmic membrane. Salt water. food poisoning. Microbiological examination of foods. Physico-chemical conditions. fruits. nitrites and cresols. tryptophan). biofertilizers using nitrogen fixing microbes – phosphate solubilization. their zonation and characteristics. FOOD MICROBIOLOGY & AGRICULTURAL MICROBIOLOGYMicrobiology of foods – Microbial flora of fresh foods. Biological Control – Use of Baculovirus. Manufacture of cheese. macrolides. vinegar. trimethyl arsine.

isotopic effect in rotational spectra.Different series in alkali spectra.Coulomb gauge. Pure rotational spectra—salient features of rotational spectra. Bremsstrahlung. fine structure of rotation-vibration bands. Feedback Amplifiers : Feedback concept. Op. T flip-flop. Open loop gainOp. Decoders and Encoders.Energy and Momentum of electromagnetic waves .Spectra of alkaline earths. graphical analysis and analysis using h-parameter equivalent circuit. Modulo N counters. Practical inverting and Non inverting Op. pure rotational Raman spectra. Stark effect of one electron atom. Digital Electronics: (Combinational Logic)The transistor as a switch. diatomic molecule as a non rigid rotator. AND and NOT gates – NOR and NAND gates – Ex OR gate. JK flip-flop. JFET as common source amplifier. hyperfine structure—esxperimental study and interpretation. Conservation of Energy and Momentum. Schmitt trigger. structure determination from Raman & infra red spectroscopy. RC phase shift Oscillator. voltage series feedback. the molecule as a rigid rotator. Digital Electronics: (Sequential Logic) Flip-Flops. Power radiated by accelerated charge .Output offset voltage.differential stage. Electric and Magnetic dipole radiation. Amp parameters – input offset voltage ( Vio) input bias current (Iio). Shell Model: Evidence for shell structure in nuclei –square well potential – energy level scheme – spin orbit potential. Gauge invariance. Dispersion .Effect of electric and magnetic fields on the spectrum of an atom—Zeeman effect—classical interpretation of Normal Zeeman effect. Common Mode Rejection Ratio(CMRR). Voltage regulators – fixed regulators and adjustable voltage regulators. vibrational Raman spectra. singlet and triplet series in two valance electron systems. Amp configurations. Paschen – Back effect. OR. types of feed back. Boolean algebra and Logic implementation. Astable and monostable multivibrators. Electromagnetic waves in non-conducting media-Plane waves in Vacuum . Lorentz gauge. Poynting’s theorem.characteristics and relaxation oscillator. quantam mechanical treatment of Zeeman and Paschen-Back effect.Maxwell’s equations: Maxwell’s Equations in Free Space and Linear isotropic media.Larmour’s formula and its relativistic generalisation . Op. Fine and hyperfine structure of spectral lines—fine structure of hydrogen lines. Photo diode. dc level shifting and output stage. Maxwell’s Stress Tensor. Lorentz force law in potential form.Spectra of alkali elements.Raman spectra—classical and quantum theory of Raman effect. Electronic transitions and Frank- Condon principle. explanations of spins. Amp.Molecular spectra of diatomic molecules-regions of the spectrum. transition rules. Linear and Circular acceleration and angular distribution of power radiated. JK – master slave flip-flop. Permeability and Conductivity . 29 . Integrator and Differentiator. Lande’s g-factor for two valance electron system—L-S coupling and j-j coupling. Radiation reaction force. Coupling schemes. Op. Potential formulation of electrodynamics: Scalar and Vector potentials. BJT – CE amplifier – voltage gain. gain stage.Devices: Tunnel diode. Gauge transformations . Comparators.Operational Amplifiers: Ideal Operational amplifier. nuclear isomerism in terms of shell model. general characteristics of negative feedback in amplifiers. one bit memory – RS flip-flop.Propagation through Linear media – Polarization Reflection and Transmission at a Conducting surface/thin layer. experimental determination of Lamb shift. input and output resistance. LDR. measurement of nuclear spin. architecture.Radiation losses in charged particle accelerators. Synchrotron radiation and Cerenkov radiation. Multiplexers and De multiplexers. Electromagnetic waves: The Wave Equation.UJT. reproducibility of magic numbers with the spin orbit splitting of energy levels – Extreme Single Particle Model. parities and magnetic dipole moments of the ground and low lying excited states of nuclei. Boundary conditions on the fields at interfaces. Amplifier applications: Summing. Spectrum of helium atom. vibrational-rotational Raman spectra.Fields and Radiation by Moving Charges: Retarded Potentials . interaction energy levels in L-S coupling and j-j coupling. Lamb shift. Window -comparator. scaling and difference of input voltages. Solar cell.‘Lienard-Wiechert Potentials’ – Electric and Magnetic fields due to a uniformly moving point charge and an accelerated charge.Dispersion in non-conducting media-Cauchy’s Equation. determination of bond length and moment of inertia. intensity rules.The frequency dependence of Permittivity. Vector atom model anomalous Zeeman effect. LED. current series feed back and voltage shunt feedback. Spin-orbit interaction. JFET and MOSFET – construction and characteristics – and their applications. Amp. voltage follower. Vector atom model and Zeeman effect. Ritz combination principle. Vibrational spectra— diatomic molecule as a harmonic oscillator. Slew rate. Doublet structure in alkali spectra.

angular momentum and parity selection rules.n-p scattering at low energies—phase shift analysis.Pulse Processing and shaping:.Directional correlation of gamma rays from nuclear excited levels populated in heavy ion induced nuclear reactions – multi-polarities from DCO ratios – linear polarization. comparative half lives. characteristics and detection efficiency.dynamic nuclear structure effects – penetration parameters. Main amplifiers.exited states of deformed nuclei – Nilsson’s Model . excited states of deuteron. Pulse height analysis: Single Channel analyser – integral and differential modes of operation. NPG. evidence for the collective motions within the nuclei.Spins and parities of nuclear excited states and the nature of the connecting transitions: Angular distributions in stripping and pickup reactions – angular momentum transfer – spectroscopic factors. summing and coincident methods – sub-shell ratios – mixing ratios . pole-zero compensation.Energies and intensities of gamma rays and conversion electrons – construction of the level scheme using coincident methods – energy matrix.Electron-gamma and gamma-gamma directional correlations – spin and parities – particle parameters .Particle interactions and families. Energy resolution. lepton number.pulse shaping. RAL Model: High spin states – back bending – rotational alignment. Simple spectrometer assembly. lifetimes for gamma emission. isospin. BGO detectors – advantages of BGO over Scintillation detectors. base line restoration and pile up rejection. Introduction: Principle of detection of photons. nuclear binding energy. shape independent approximation/effective range theory.motions of nucleons in a deformed or non-spherical potential .Life times of nuclear excited states – delayed coincidence with gamma rays and pulsed beam – Doppler shift attenuation. Fermi theory of beta decay.Mossbauer spectroscopy – principle of the method . photoelectric. recoil distance and Coulomb excitation methods – transition probabilities – single particle estimates. D/A converters (R-2R ladder type). pure rotational states . Resistive and Optical feed back. Compton suppression spectrometer ( Ge(Li) detectors with anti Compton BGO shield ). Multi channel analyser: A/D converters ( Wilkinson and Flash types ).Energetics of gamma decay. Si(Li) detectors for X-rays and electrons. shape of the beta spectra.Scintillation detectors: Organic and inorganic Scintillators – theory.p-p scattering at low energies— equivalence of p-p and n-p singlet forces. Current and Charge sensitive types. scattering length. beta spectroscopy. Coincidence measurements: Slow .Internal conversion coefficients – XPG. non conservation of parity. Schmidt limits. Multi channel analyser in PHA and MCS modes. pure vibrational states. (Interaction of light and heavy charged particles with matter. evidence for the existence of non central forces. Introduction to Cluster and Clove detectors. deformed nuclei.General Characterstics of Nuclear forces. General Properties Of Nuclei: Size of the nuclei. nuclear quadrupole moments. Proportional counters. symmetries and conservation laws— energy and momentum. angular momentum. E . equivalence of n-n and p-p forces. parity and statistics.∆E detection for charged particles. Baryon number. Solid State Detectors: Silicon Surface Barrier detectors. colored quarks and gluons.Static magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments of nuclear excited states – magnetic fields and electric field gradients at the nucleus: Perturbed angular correlations – integral and differential correlations – experimental arrangement.fast coincidence arrangement for measurement of coincidence between radiation. parity. efficiency and timing considerations.experimental arrangement. Principle of operation and performance indices. 30 . the quark model. Experimental arrangement for energy and time coincidence measurements. Grand unified theories ( preliminaries only). Characteristics of nuclear energy levels and nature of the connecting transitions – radioactive decay and heavy ion induced nuclear reactions. The nuclear 2-body problem— deuteron and its simple theory—range and depth of the potential. angular momentum and parity selection rules.mixing ratios.Voltage. gamma ray spectroscopy. exchange forces.Preamplifiers . Prompt and chance coincidences. nuclear magnetic dipole moments. spin dependence of the nuclear forces. Compton and pair production )Gas counters: Ionisation chambers. coherent scattering of slow neutrons.Energy release in beta decay. HPGe detectors for photon detection. charged particles and neutrons. strangeness and charm. nuclear angular momentum.beta and gamma vibrational bands – particle-rotational coupling.Collective Model: Elementary considerations. Neutron detectors and G. internal conversion. counters.M.

other centers in Alkali halidesLine defects: -Edge dislocation – Screw dislocations – Burgers vectors – Slip – Plastic deformation – Crystal growthPlaner defects:.Reciprocal Lattice vectors – Diffraction conditions. parity assignments – Total neutron cross sections.Linear Accelerator –– modern linear accelerator for electrons and charged particles. powder and rotating crystal methods Defects in Crystals: Point defects:.Stacking faults – Grain boundaries – Low angle Grain boundaries Ionic Crystals: Electrostatic or Madelung energy – Evaluation of the madelung constant – Ionic crystal radii.Heterogeneous reactors – Properties of Heterogeneous systems – Resonance capture – Volume and surface absorption – Resonance escape probability – Advantages and Disadvantages of Heterogeneous systems. energy release in symmetric fission – conditions for spontaneous fission – neutron induced fission of both slow and fast neutrons. pick up and inelastic scattering reactions – Spin.test. De Hass Von Alphen effect. CaCl and diamond). periodic arrays of atoms – Fundamental types of lattices – index systems for crystal planes – Simple crystal structures (NaCl. Stability considerations of nuclei – Mass parabola – discovery of nuclear fission. Band theory of Solids: Energy spectra in atoms.Betatron – Electron Synchrotron and Proton synchrotron –– Beam transport. Microtron – Alternate gradient (strong) focussing – Variable energy cyclotron (AVF Cyclotron).Production of Neutrons: Classification of Neutrons – Slow.Interaction of neutrons with matter in bulk – Moderation of neutrons – The elastic collision – Average logarithmic energy decrement – Slowing down density and slowing down flux – Space distribution of slowing down density – Transport mean free path – Fremi Age – Point source consideration – Experimental determination of Fermi Age – Diffusion of neutrons – The basic diffusion equation – Diffusion of thermal neutrons from a infinite plane source – Point source considerations – Diffusion length and its experimental determination.impurities – Vacancies – Schottky and Frenkel vacancies – Extrinsic vacancies – Diffusion-Color centers – F-centers . Nuclear Fission – Characteristics of Fission reaction – Fission chain reaction – Neutron Balance in chain reaction. Reciprocal Lattice: Reciprocal Lattice – Derivation of Scattered wave amplitude .Reactor types – Multiplication factor for thermal reactors – Four-factor formula – Bare homogeneous thermal reactor – Critical equation – Geometrical and Material Buckling – Neutron balance in a thermal reactor – Calculation of critical size and composition in simple cases. χ2 . Phonons. Van de Graaf Accelerator . molecules and solids – Bloch theorem – acceleration of the moving electron in the periodic lattice and effective mass of the electron – The tight binding approximation – Construction of Fermi surfaces – Experimental methods in Fermi surface studies: Cyclotron resonance. Weizsaekar’s semi empirical mass formula.Cockcroft Walton Accelerator – Production of 14MeV neutrons. electrons and holes – Intrinsic carrier density – Intrinsic conductivity as a function of temperature and 31 .Tandem Van de Graaf Accelerator – Pelletron. CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS:Crystal Structure: Crystalline solids.Counting Statistics: Statistical errors and their propagation in experimental measurements.Breeder and Power reactors – Elementary considerations. Liquid Drop Model: Analogy between the atomic nucleus and a drop of liquid.Cyclotron –FM Cyclotron (Synchro-Cyclotron). Gross structure problem – Optical model and its explanation of gross structure problem. Magneto-resistance and the anomalous skin effect Semiconductors: Physical significance of Fermi function and Fermi energy – Photons. Crystal Diffraction: Introduction – Bragg’s law – Diffraction by X-rays. Average level spacing and reduced width – Direct interaction Mechanisms – Angular distribution in stripping. The Behavior of a Bare thermal reactor with prompt and delayed neutrons – The inhour formula – Temperature effects – Fission product poisoning – Use of Coolants and Control rods. electrons and neutrons – Experimental methods for Crystal structure determination – The Laue. Nuclear Reactions: Types of reactions and Conservation laws – Energetics of Nuclear Reactions – Cross sections – Neutron induced reactions – Slow neutron resonance – the two step view or the compound nucleus picture due to Bohr – Entrance and Exit channels – Level width and Level Spacing – Resonance reactions – Briet-Wigner single level formulation – Statistical model. Intermediate and Fast Neutrons – Radioactive Sources – Photo neutron sources – Particle accelerators as sources of neutrons – Mono energetic neutrons – Reactors as source of thermal neutrons – Distribution of energy of neutrons in a thermal reactor – Thermal column – The cadmium ratio – Measurement of thermal neutron flux using foil activation method.

Units of radio activity and radiation exposure – Curie.Bulk density – applications in Geophysics. & WATER CHEMISTRY: General ChemistryBasic Quantum Chemistry:Wave equation – interpretation of wave function – properties of wave function – normalization and orthogonalisation – operators-linear and non-linear. Magnetism: Introduction . Hydrogen atom – solution of R(r).Auger electron spectroscopy – basic principle – experimental arrangement – applications in surface physicsNuclear Magnetic Resonance – Nature of the phenomenon – Analysis – Experimental method – Determination of nuclear magnetic moments – structural studies. medicine. band gap – extrinsic semiconductors – semiconductor energy band structure with acceptor type and donor type impurities .Valence bond approach – directed valence – hybridization covalent bond. Roentgen.Protection of personnel against nuclear radiations – Radiation monitoring – film badge technique . Domains and Bloch – wall energy. – 16: ORGANIC & FOOD. AD and DE and their relations.Rutherford back scattering spectroscopy – basic principle – experimental arrangement – applications in surface physics. particle in a box – factors influencing colour transition – dipole integral.calculation of ionic and covalent bond contributions in hydrogen molecule.extrinsic conductivity – position of Fermi level. Spin waves and magnons – Curie Weiss law for susceptibility. commucators of operators. Rotational and Vibrational Spectra:Rotation spectra of diatomic molecules – isotope effect-selection rules. Postulates of quantum mechanics – setting up of operators observables – Hermition operator – Eigen values of Hermitian operator. geology.Molecular orbital theory – LCAO approximation – hydrogen molecules ion – hydrogen molecule (fundamental concepts only).Wave mechanics of simple systems with constant potential energy. Superconductivity: Occurrence of superconductivity – Effect of magnetic fields – Flux exclusion and Meissner effect – Heat capacity – Energy gap – Microwave and infrared properties – Isotope effect – The London equations – Meissner effect and flux penetration – High frequency effects – The BCS theory – BCS ground state Trace elemental analysis – X-ray fluorescence technique – particle induced x-ray emission technique – neutron activation analysis technique – experimental arrangement – applications in environmental pollution studies. Becquerel – RAD – REP.Radioactive waste management – planning and use of radio isotopes and chemical laboratoriesStructure of the living cell – cell division – direct and indirect action of ionizing radiation – Biological effects of radiations – somatic and genetic effectsApplications of radio isotopes in medicine – use of 131I for the study of the thyroid – use of radioisotopes in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer – radiation therapyApplications of radio isotopes in industry – principle of industrial radiology – non destructive testing of materials Applications of radio isotopes in agriculture – detection of plant diseases by tracer methods – study of photo synthesis – uptake of nutrients – radiation induced genetic changes and crop improvement – preservation and sterilization of foods and drugs.review of basic concepts – Wiess theory of ferromagnetism – Heisenerg model and molecular field theory. rigid rotator – simple harmonic oscillator. DRUGS. Ferri – and antiferro-magnetic order.Positron annihilation technique – basic principle – experimental arrangement for positron life time measurement – Doppler broadening and angular correlation studies – applications Ion beam channeling – basic principle – experimental arrangement – applications Neutron logging .Infra-red spectra of diatomic molecules – isotope effect – selection rules – an harmonic oscillator – normal modes of vibration – simultaneous vibration – rotation spectra-combination bands – overtones – Fermi resonance – concept of group frequencies – Raman effect (classical approach) – applications 32 .REM – Gray – Sievert - RBE. i (-) (-) i and 0 (0) equations probability density in orbitals – shapes of orbitals. Molecular Spectroscopy:Basic concepts of symmetry and group theory – symmetry elements – axioms of group theory – classification of molecules into point groups – representation of point groups – matrix representation – reducible and irreducible representations – reduction of a reducible representation to an irreducible one – ortrhogonality theorem – character table and its anatomy (character table not to be derived) – use of character tables – application of group theoretical concepts to vibrational spectroscopy (infra-red and Raman). TEST NO.Perturbation theory – time independent perturbataion – (Only first order perturbations to be dealt with) – applications to ground state energy of helium atom-variation principle – applications – calculation of zero point energy of harmonic oscillator – Many electron atom – Hartree-Fock self- consistent field method (Qualitative treatment only).

cyclohexane. main frame and super computers – synopsis of software packages in chemistry – Basic commands of MSDOS Format.Chemistry of main group elements: General trends in properties – boron hydrides. intercalation compounds.S.Standard deviation and variance of univariate data. tetragonal. Chemistry of Inner Transitution elements: Chemistry of Lanthanides – electronic configurations. cyclooctance and decalins – Optical isomerism – optical aactivity molecular dissymmetry and chirality – elements of symmetry. oxidation states – position in the periodic table – actinide contraction – comparison of magnetic and spectral properties with those of lanthanides.Solving Vander – Walls equation or hydrogen ion concentration of a monoprotic weak acid (Gauss- Newton method). concept of directories. Coordination compounds: Crystal field theory – crystal field splitting patterns in octahedral. allences and spirans – optical isomerism of nitrogenous compounds – recemisation and 33 . Metal cluster compounds – Favorable conditions for formation – Structure and bonding in halide and carboxlate metal compounds.The following programs are to be practiced:Rate constant of a first order reaction or Beer’s law by least squares Method (derivation not needed).). and R. A nation and Base hydrolysis of cobalt. nitrogen – phosphorous.Substitution reactions of metal complexes – Did. cyclopentane. Chemical Bonding : Application of VB. second and third transition series.Electronic spectrum of a diatomic molecule – coars structure – classification of bands – fine structure – band head and band shading – types of electronic transitions in molecules – applications of electronic spectra – charge transfer spectra.Inorganic reaction mechanisms: Inert and liable complexes – Explanation of liability on the basis of CFSE. boron – nitrogen and sulphur – nitrogen cyclic compounds.Fischer’s projection – D. (III) Complexes Ligand displacement reactions of square planner complexes of platinum (II) – Trans effect – Mechanism of trans effect (theories) – Electron transfer reactions of complexes – Inner and outer sphere mechanisms. flowcharting MS Fortran : Integer and real variables and constants – Assignment and replacement statements – conditional statements (if-then-else.Chemistry of transition elements: Comparative study of the first. tetrahedral. copying operation. Magnetic properties of freeions – spin and orbital moment and spin – orbit coupling Quenching of orbital momentum by crystal fields in complexes.Stereochemistry and stereoisometism – conformational isomersm and analysis in acyclic and simple cyclic systems – substituted ethanes. Organic Chemistry: Structure and reactivity – localized and delocalized convalent bond – concent of resonance and aromatieity – Huckl’s rule aromaticity in benzenoid and non-benzenoid compounds – anti aromaaticity and homo aromaticity.L. batch files. square pyramidal and trigonal bipyramidal geometrics – Determination of crystal field splitting energy-calculation of crystal field stabilization energies – Factors affecting crystal field splitting energies – spectrochemical series – Jahn – Teller effect – Ligand field theory. I a and A mechanism – Ligand replacement reactions of octahedral complexes-Acid hydrolysis. Carboranes.Roots of a quadratic equation – application to hydrogen ion Concentration of a strong acid. Chemistry of actinides – Synthesis of transuranium elements electronic configurations.of IR and Raman spectra.Electronic spectra of transition metal complexes – Selection rules – break down of selection rules – Orgel and Tanabe – Sugano diagrams – Spectra a octra of octahedral and tetrahedral complexes. Oxidation states – Lanthanide contraction and its consequenees – magnetic and spectral properties – separation of lanthanides. their formation and stabilization – inductive and mesomeric effects. square planar.Stability of complexes – Factors affecting stability – chelate effect – Determination of stability constants of complexes – Spectrophotometric method and pH metric method. Basics of D Base III – creating structures for a bibliographic Data base and properties of chemical elements (Retrieval programs not needed. cyclohextane. Naature of Organic reaction – energy and kinetic considerations – types of Organic reactions – reagents – reactive intermediates. – configurations – relative and absolute configuration – optical isomerism due to a symmetric carbon atoms optical isomerism in biphenyl. MO and VSEPR theories in explaining the structures of simple molecules – role of ‘P’ and ‘d’ orbitals in and bonding. Goto) – repetition (Do statements with – read and write with I. compilation of Fortran files. Elements of Computer Programming:Basic components of computers – comparison of micro. Inorganic Chemistry: Term symbols – Russell – Saunders coupling – Derivation of terms Symbols for various configurations. F and G formats – concept of function and subroutine subprograms.

residues and evaluation of integrals. Two-body collisions. Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalisms and equations of motion. papverine and quinine Purines – caffions. pyrimidine and pyrazine. a- pinene. Chemistry of hetrocyclic compounds – synthesis and reactivity of the following systems – pyridine. Physical ChemistryStates of Matter: Transport properties of gases – Thermal conductivity. Additions involving electrophiles. Phase space dynamics. acetophenone. Clemmensen reduction. non-inertial frames and pseudoforces.Alkaloids – priperine. Solids: X-ray diffraction studies – crystal structure determination – lattice types and lattice dimensions – crystal defects – linear point and edge defects – Band theory solids – Theories of specific heats of solids – semiconductors and their properties. rearrangements – Hydroboration – Openauer Oxidation. Gamma & Special functions (Hermite. Parkin.Photochemistry: Laws of photochemistry – photophysical processes fluorescence – delayed fluorescence and phosphorescence – Stern – volmer equation – Inter system crossing – internal conversion – photolysis – photosensitization and photochemical equilibrium.Spectra and structure – application of organic spectroscopy UV IR – HNMR and Mass spectral data. moment of inertia tensor. TEST NO. Fourier series. Thermodynamics : Free energy.Physical Methods for theelucidation of molecular structure – magnetic properties of molecules – theories of magnetic susceptibility.Z. Elements of complex analysis: Laurent series-poles. Benzoin. Wolf-Kischer reduction – Meerwein – Pondorf and Valey and Birch reductions.Application of magnetic susceptibility measurements to coordination compounds – spin-spin interactions – Chemical shift and its origin – experimental methods – application of NMR studies in structural-elucidation – application to structure of ethanol. Terpenoids – citral. cocaine. interpolation. imidazole. benzefuran. isothiazole. pyridine. quinoline. benzothiophene – pyrazole. E1Cb. SNI. Finite difference methods. parallel and opposing reactions involving uni-molecular steps only – catalysis – homogeneous and heterogeneous – acid-base and redox catalysis. methal. – 17: PHYSICS: Mathematical Methods of Physics: Beta. stability analysis. dimethyl formamide and styrene – electron spin resonance –principle and experimental technique – line shapes and line widths – g-value – hyperfine interactions – application of ESR Studies to the structure of free radical. Grigand Reformatsky. leaving group. entropy and enthalpy – Chemical equilibrium – thermodynamic criteria of the chemical equilibrium – effect of temperature on equilibrium constant – Vant Hoff isochore – Maxwell relations – Gibbs-Duhem equation Duheme – Margules equation – classius –clapeyron equation – Nernst heat theorem and third law of thermodynamics – determination of absolute entropy. isooxazole.Elimination reactions – E1. pyridazine. systhesis and biogenesis – Flavonoids – luteolin.M. structure elucidation. Central-force motion. Poisson brackets and 34 . nicotins. scattering in laboratory and centre-of-mass frames.F. integration by trapezoid and Simpson’s rule. a-terpeneol. data. Clasen and Favorsky. apropine. quercein. resolution – geometrical isomerism and E. Wagner – Meerwein – Hofmann. ENi – reaction – effect of structure nucleophile. exazole. Kinetics: Theories of reaction rates – collision and transition state theories – study of fast reactions using flow and relaxation methods – Kinetic isotope effects – reactions in solution – primary and secondary kinetic salt effects – Effect of dielectric constant – elementary ideas of linear free energy relations – Hammett and Taft equations – Chain reactions – consecutive. ophor farnesol. Cannirzaro. nucleophilic and through benzynes – radical substitution of arenas – orientation Nucleophilic substitution at a saturated carbon. configurations Properties of geometrical isomers. Laguerre and Legendre).Machanisms of some name reactions – aldol. Variational principle. Aromatic substitution reactions – electrophilic. Addition Reactions: Addition to C=C and C=O double bond. isopquinoline. viscosity and diffusion. Electrochemistry : Theories of strong electrolytes – Debye – Onsager equation – electrochemical cells – concentration cells with and without transference – effect of complexation on redox potential Determination of activity coefficients from E. cyaniding and genesterin. thiazole. indole. Fourier and Laplace transforms. SN2. acel tamide. extrapolation. nucleophiles and free radicals. Theories of liquid structure – calculation of collision numbers.Chemistry of some typical natural products – A study of the following compounds involving their isolation. metal complexes and biological systems. solvent and neighbouring groups. E2 reactions – elimination versus substitution reactions. Elements of computational techniques: roots of functions. Witting. Rigid body dynamics.Classical Mechanics Newton’s laws.

rate equation. Scalar and vector potentials.. boundary value problems. Relativistic quantum mechanics: Klein Gordon and Dirac equations. logic gates and Boolean algebra. spin. spin-statistics connection. Reflection and refraction. Ordered phases of matter. SCR devices structure. small oscillations and normal modes. Born approximation. form of nucleon-nucleon potential. interference. harmonic oscillator. and diffraction. Commutators and Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle. Chemical potential. Time dependent perturbation theory and Fermi’s Golden Rule.and macrostates. UJT. Frank – Condon principle and selection rules. shape. Modes of resonators and coherence length. Hyperfine structure and isotopic shift. Magnetostatics: Biot-Savart law. Quasicrystals. tuned amplifiers. etc. Feedback concept in amplifiers. Classification of fundamental forces.particle shell model. Classical and quantum statistics. Schroedinger equation (time-dependent and time-independent). Phase space. Lorentz invariance of Maxwell’s equations. Dynamics of charged particles in static and uniform electromagnetic fields. Time-independent perturbation theory and applications. Radiation from moving charges. invariance and conservation laws. electronic. Nature of the nuclear force. boundary conditions on fields at interfaces. junction transistors. and Raman spectra of diatomic molecules. phase shifts. Pauli’s exclusion principle. dielectrics. Lasers. Tunneling through a barrier. Diamagnetism. Symmetry. Orbital angular momentum. Addition of angular momenta. chemical shift. Hydrogen atom. Relativistic corrections for energy levels of hydrogen. Semi-classical theory of radiation. Charge-independence and charge-symmetry of nuclear forces. Fresnel’s Law. diffraction and the structure factor. Free electron theory and electronic specific heat. Laplace and Poisson equations. Condensed Matter Physics: Bravais lattices. Digital circuits – number systems. Deuteron problem. its validity and limitations.canonical transformations. Bonding of solids. Electromagnetic Theory Electrostatics: Gauss’ Law and its applications. Atomic & Molecular Physics: Quantum states of an electron in an atom. multivibrators. Zeeman. Free Energy and connection with thermodynamic quantities. Bose-Einstein condensation. Elementary particles (quarks. helium and alkali atoms. Blackbody radiation and Planck’s distribution law. Electronics: Semiconductor device physics. diodes. Electron spin. Microprocessor basics. canonical and grand-canonical ensembles and partition functions. dipoles and retarded potentials. Elementary theory of scattering. fine structure. Microcanonical. width of spectral lines. Nuclear and Particle Physics: Basic nuclear properties: size. Spectrum of Hydrogen. and conductors. polarization. Variational method. compound nuclei and direct reactions. beta and gamma decays and their selection rules. Binding energy. Spin 35 . field effect devices. spin and parity. mesons. charge distribution. Selection rules. operational amplifiers and their applications. spin-orbit coupling. Superconductivity. Electron motion in a periodic potential. phase equilibria. Evidence of shell structure. Identical particles. shift registers. X-ray spectroscopy. flip-flops. translational and orientational order. Rotational. Wave functions in coordinate and momentum representations. Response and relaxation phenomena. partial waves. micro. semi-empirical mass formula. Defects and dislocations. Quantum Mechanics: Wave-particle duality. oscillators. Elementary ideas of alpha.II superconductors. band theory of metals. Isospin. Hall effect and thermoelectric power. Eigenvalue problems such as particle-in-a-box. leptons). LS & JJ coupling. insulators and semiconductors. Matrix representation. population inversion. Josephson junctions. Spontaneous and stimulated emission. Elastic properties. Periodic motion. lattice specific heat. Einstein A & B coefficients. De-Morgan laws. device characteristics and applications. and ferromagnetism. Paschen Back & Stark effect. Stern-Gerlach experiment. Ampere’s theorem. Fission and fusion. reaction mechanisms.and second-order phase transitions. kinds of liquid crystalline order. Nuclear magnetic resonance. cyclic coordinates. paramagnetism. optical pumping. Angular momentum algebra. Drude model of electrical and thermal conductivity. Gauge invariance. Rotational spectra. ideal Fermi and Bose gases. Thermodynamic potentials. Nuclear reactions. Dispersion relations in plasma. Thermodynamic and Statistical Physics: Laws of thermodynamics and their consequences. relativistic kinematics and mass–energy equivalence. Electron spin resonance. Reciprocal lattice. phonons. baryons. Conducting polymers. type e:– I and type . electromagnetic induction. Motion in a central potential. Dirac’s bra and ket notation. coherence. Electromagnetic waves in free space. Liquid drop model. vibrational. A/D and D/A converters. Random walk and Brownian motion. counters. Principle of detailed balance. First. Maxwell’s equations in free space and linear isotropic media. single.

concept of directories.Valence bond approach – directed valence – hybridization covalent bond. – 18: PHYSICAL NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY & CHEMICAL OCEANOGRAPHY: General ChemistryBasic Quantum Chemistry:Wave equation – interpretation of wave function – properties of wave function – normalization and orthogonalisation – operators-linear and non-linear. C. commucators of operators. Chemistry of actinides – Synthesis of transuranium elements electronic configurations. compilation of Fortran files. parity non-conservation in weak interaction TEST NO. oxidation states – position in the periodic table – actinide contraction – comparison of magnetic and 36 .Wave mechanics of simple systems with constant potential energy.Electronic spectrum of a diatomic molecule – coars structure – classification of bands – fine structure – band head and band shading – types of electronic transitions in molecules – applications of electronic spectra – charge transfer spectra. nitrogen – phosphorous. Inorganic Chemistry: Term symbols – Russell – Saunders coupling – Derivation of terms Symbols for various configurations. Gell-Mann-Nishijima formula.Chemistry of main group elements: General trends in properties – boron hydrides. Postulates of quantum mechanics – setting up of operators observables – Hermition operator – Eigen values of Hermitian operator. P.Solving Vander – Walls equation or hydrogen ion concentration of a monoprotic weak acid (Gauss- Newton method). strangeness. Carboranes. and T invariance and applications of symmetry arguments to particle reactions. F and G formats – concept of function and subroutine subprograms. main frame and super computers – synopsis of software packages in chemistry – Basic commands of MSDOS Format. i (-) (-) i and 0 (0) equations probability density in orbitals – shapes of orbitals.calculation of ionic and covalent bond contributions in hydrogen molecule. Chemistry of Inner Transitution elements: Chemistry of Lanthanides – electronic configurations.Roots of a quadratic equation – application to hydrogen ion Concentration of a strong acid.Standard deviation and variance of univariate data. Hydrogen atom – solution of R(r). batch files.). particle in a box – factors influencing colour transition – dipole integral.The following programs are to be practiced:Rate constant of a first order reaction or Beer’s law by least squares Method (derivation not needed). Goto) – repetition (Do statements with – read and write with I. MO and VSEPR theories in explaining the structures of simple molecules – role of ‘P’ and ‘d’ orbitals in and bonding. isospin.Molecular orbital theory – LCAO approximation – hydrogen molecules ion – hydrogen molecule (fundamental concepts only).Chemistry of transition elements: Comparative study of the first.Chemical Bonding : Application of VB. flowcharting MS Fortran : Integer and real variables and constants – Assignment and replacement statements – conditional statements (if-then-else. Metal cluster compounds – Favorable conditions for formation – Structure and bonding in halide and carboxlate metal compounds.Infra-red spectra of diatomic molecules – isotope effect – selection rules – an harmonic oscillator – normal modes of vibration – simultaneous vibration – rotation spectra-combination bands – overtones – Fermi resonance – concept of group frequencies – Raman effect (classical approach) – applications of IR and Raman spectra. Basics of D Base III – creating structures for a bibliographic Data base and properties of chemical elements (Retrieval programs not needed. intercalation compounds. and parity assignments. Elements of Computer Programming:Basic components of computers – comparison of micro. rigid rotator – simple harmonic oscillator. second and third transition series. boron – nitrogen and sulphur – nitrogen cyclic compounds. Molecular Spectroscopy:Basic concepts of symmetry and group theory – symmetry elements – axioms of group theory – classification of molecules into point groups – representation of point groups – matrix representation – reducible and irreducible representations – reduction of a reducible representation to an irreducible one – ortrhogonality theorem – character table and its anatomy (character table not to be derived) – use of character tables – application of group theoretical concepts to vibrational spectroscopy (infra-red and Raman).Perturbation theory – time independent perturbataion – (Only first order perturbations to be dealt with) – applications to ground state energy of helium atom- variation principle – applications – calculation of zero point energy of harmonic oscillator – Many electron atom – Hartree-Fock self-consistent field method (Qualitative treatment only). Rotational and Vibrational Spectra:Rotation spectra of diatomic molecules – isotope effect-selection rules. Oxidation states – Lanthanide contraction and its consequenees – magnetic and spectral properties – separation of lanthanides. copying operation.

Cannirzaro. Wolf-Kischer reduction – Meerwein – Pondorf and Valey and Birch reductions. quinoline. Physical Chemistry: States of Matter: Transport properties of gases – Thermal conductivity.Substitution reactions of metal complexes – Did.Fischer’s projection – D.Z. tetrahedral. Chemistry of hetrocyclic compounds – synthesis and reactivity of the following systems – pyridine. a-terpeneol. nucleophiles and free radicals. Solids: X-ray diffraction studies – crystal structure determination – lattice types and lattice dimensions – crystal defects – linear point and edge defects – Band theory solids – Theories of specific heats of solids – semiconductors and their properties. Naature of Organic reaction – energy and kinetic considerations – types of Organic reactions – reagents – reactive intermediates. and R. cocaine. thiazole. Clemmensen reduction. Wagner c:– Meerwein – Hofmann. A nation and Base hydrolysis of cobalt.Inorganic reaction mechanisms: Inert and liable complexes – Explanation of liability on the basis of CFSE. structure elucidation. acel tamide. Addition Reactions: Addition to C=C and C=O double bond. Grigand Reformatsky. – configurations – relative and absolute configuration – optical isomerism due to a symmetric carbon atoms optical isomerism in biphenyl. systhesis and biogenesis – Flavonoids – luteolin. apropine. Parkin. indole. square planar.S. Organic Chemistry: Structure and reactivity – localized and delocalized convalent bond – concent of resonance and aromatieity – Huckl’s rule aromaticity in benzenoid and non-benzenoid compounds – anti aromaaticity and homo aromaticity. their formation and stabilization – inductive and mesomeric effects. pyrimidine and pyrazine. tetragonal. Benzoin. ophor farnesol. cyclohexane. E1Cb.Machanisms of some name reactions – aldol. Coordination compounds: Crystal field theory – crystal field splitting patterns in octahedral.Physical Methods for theelucidation of molecular structure – magnetic properties of molecules – theories of magnetic susceptibility. E2 reactions – elimination versus substitution reactions.L. Aromatic substitution reactions – electrophilic. viscosity and diffusion.Stereochemistry and stereoisometism – conformational isomersm and analysis in acyclic and simple cyclic systems – substituted ethanes. Magnetic properties of freeions – spin and orbital moment and spin – orbit coupling Quenching of orbital momentum by crystal fields in complexes. papverine and quinine Purines – caffions. a- pinene. (III) Complexes Ligand displacement reactions of square planner complexes of platinum (II) – Trans effect – Mechanism of trans effect (theories) – Electron transfer reactions of complexes – Inner and outer sphere mechanisms. allences and spirans – optical isomerism of nitrogenous compounds – recemisation and resolution – geometrical isomerism and E. cyaniding and genesterin. Terpenoids – citral.Elimination reactions – E1.spectral properties with those of lanthanides. pyridine.Alkaloids – priperine. Additions involving electrophiles.Electronic spectra of transition metal complexes – Selection rules – break down of selection rules – Orgel and Tanabe – Sugano diagrams – Spectra a octra of octahedral and tetrahedral complexes. isooxazole. methal. dimethyl formamide and styrene – electron spin resonance –principle and experimental technique – line shapes and line widths – g-value – hyperfine 37 . isopquinoline.Application of magnetic susceptibility measurements to coordination compounds – spin-spin interactions – Chemical shift and its origin – experimental methods – application of NMR studies in structural-elucidation – application to structure of ethanol.Stability of complexes – Factors affecting stability – chelate effect – Determination of stability constants of complexes – Spectrophotometric method and pH metric method. nucleophilic and through benzynes – radical substitution of arenas – orientation Nucleophilic substitution at a saturated carbon. Clasen and Favorsky. cyclooctance and decalins – Optical isomerism – optical aactivity molecular dissymmetry and chirality – elements of symmetry. benzefuran. square pyramidal and trigonal bipyramidal geometrics – Determination of crystal field splitting energy-calculation of crystal field stabilization energies – Factors affecting crystal field splitting energies ´:– spectrochemical series – Jahn – Teller effect – Ligand field theory. quercein.Chemistry of some typical natural products – A study of the following compounds involving their isolation. leaving group. isothiazole. Witting. exazole. solvent and neighbouring groups. rearrangements – Hydroboration – Openauer Oxidation. Theories of liquid structure – calculation of collision numbers. imidazole.Spectra and structure – application of organic spectroscopy UV IR – HNMR and Mass spectral data. configurations Properties of geometrical isomers. SNI. I a and A mechanism – Ligand replacement reactions of octahedral complexes-Acid hydrolysis. acetophenone. ENi – reaction – effect of structure nucleophile. cyclopentane. benzothiophene – pyrazole. pyridazine. nicotins. SN2. cyclohextane.

Data reduction techniques: Principle Component Analysis. – 19: STATISTICSSample Space. Random Variables and distribution functions( univariate and multivariate ). Logistic Regression. Discrete Probability. Elementary regression diagnostics. Data. Analysis of discrete data and chisquare test of goodness of fit.© Thermodynamics : Free energy. Properties of estimators. Photochemistry: Laws of photochemistry – photophysical processes fluorescence – delayed fluorescence and phosphorescence – Stern – volmer equation – Inter system crossing – internal conversion – photolysis – photosensitization and photochemical equilibrium. Discriminant Analysis.Digital logic circuits: Logic gates – Boolean algebra – Map simplification – Combinational logic circuit design – Arithmetic circuits – Flip flops – Excitation tables – Design of Register and countersDigital components: Decodes – Encoders – Multiplexer – Demultiplexer. Cluster Analysis. ( 20 Questions ).M. Octal. Analysis of variance and covariance. metal complexes and biological systems.F. probability inequalities(Tchebyshev. marginal and conditiomnal distributions. Canonical Correlation. Sample non-parametric tests for one and two sample problems. Multi-Variate Normal Distribution. Sampling distributions. partial and multiple correlation coefficients and related tests. Fixed. central limit theorem(i. Most powerful and uniformly most powerful tests. ( 20 Questions ). Connected. markov. Jensen). Best Linear Unbiased estimators. weak and strong laws of large numbers. Likelihood ratio tests. Classification of states. Wishart distribution and their properties. ( 20 Questions ). expectation and moments. Ratio and Regression Methods. complete and orthogonal block designs. Simple and multiple linear regression. Markov chains with finite and countable statespace. Independent random variables.Gauss-Markov models. random and mixed effects models. parallel and opposing reactions involving uni-molecular steps only – catalysis – homogeneous and heterogeneous – acid-base and redox catalysis. TEST NO. Method of estimation. Computer organization: General register organization – Instruction formats – Addressing modes – Data transfer – Data manipulation – Program control types – Reduced instruction set computer. tests for Linear hypotheses and confidence intervals. Bayes theorem. Kinetics: Theories of reaction rates – collision and transition state theories – study of fast reactions using flow and relaxation methods – Kinetic isotope effects – reactions in solution – primary and secondary kinetic salt effects – Effect of dielectric constant – elementary ideas of linear free energy relations – Hammett and Taft equations – Chain reactions – consecutive. Distribution of quadratic forms. entropy and enthalpy – Chemical equilibrium – thermodynamic criteria of the chemical equilibrium – effect of temperature on equilibrium constant – Vant Hoff isochore – Maxwell relations – Gibbs-Duhem equation Duheme – Margules equation – classius –clapeyron equation – Nernst heat theorem and third law of thermodynamics – determination of absolute entropy. – 20: SYSTEM DESIGN: Digital Systems: Number system and codes: Binary. randomized block and Latin square Designs. distribution of ordered statistics and range. Hexadecimal number systems – Conversions – BCD Codes. Tests of Hypotheses.i. Cluster sampling. Confidence intervals. BIBD. 2k factorial experiments: Confounding and construction. ( 20 Questions ). interactions – application of ESR Studies to the structure of free radical. characterisric functions. Stratified sampling and systematic sampling. Simple random sampling. Standard errors and asymptotic distributions. limiting behaviour of n-step transition probabilities.Completely randomized. Probability proportional to size sampling. independent events. estimability of parameters.d case). TEST NO. Electrochemistry : Theories of strong electrolytes – Debye – Onsager equation – electrochemical cells – concentration cells with and without transference – effect of complexation on redox potential Determination of activity coefficients from E. modes of convergence. Standard discrete and contiunuous univariate distributions. stationary distribution. two stage and multi stage sampling. Inferences for parameters. rank correlation and test for independence. ( 20 Questions ). Large sample tests.I/O & Memory Organization: Peripheral deices – I/O Interface – Asynchronous data transfer – Modes of 38 .

concepts of elastic and plastic strain. formation of scientific names of various taxa. Filter feeding in Polychaeta. Extreme terrestrial environment. Sliding filament theory. Lateral line system. Material basis of biosystematics. Humoral Immunity and Cell. Nerves-cranial. Primitive nervous system: Coelenterata and Echinodermata. Species concepts–species category. amphibians. Mechanisms of speciation in panmictic and apomictic species. Electroreception. Invertebrate larva. Hydrostatic movement in Coelenterata. Neurotransmitters. Immunoglobulins. Blood groups and tissue antigens. hoofs. Blood : Structure and properties of Blood. TEST NO. Trends in neural evolution. Freshwater environment Terrestrial life. curetting process of identification. Origin of coelom. syntax rules. Mechanisms of excretion . Marine environment. Evolution of heart. Concept of homeostatis and homeostatic 39 . – 21: ZOOLOGY: Biosystematics and TaxonomyDefinition and basic concepts of biosystematics and taxonomy. Nerve Structure of the nerve. Respiratory system. Evolution of aortic arches and portal systems. preservation. Basic concept of environmental stress and strain. Importance and applications of biosystematics in biology. transfer – interrupts – DMA – Memory hierarchy – Main memory – AUX memory – Associate memory – Cache memory – Virtual memory. The nature of Vertebrate morphologyOrigin and classification of vertebrates. Nerve Impulse. Molecular perspective on the conservation of diversity. claws.-taxonomic collections. Molecular basis of muscle contraction. Theories of biological classification. function arrays. Physiological adaptation of animals to different environments. Synaptic transmission. Taxonomic characters – biological mechanism of genetic incompatibility. Ionic basis of resting and action potentials. bilinear transformation and other methods) – Concept of circular buffering – Finite word length effects in digital filters. Nervous system. Shores and Estuaries. Acclimation and Acclimatization. scales. reptiles. General Physiology: Types of muscles and classification. Diversity and ecosystem process: Dimensions of speciation and taxonomy characters. Zoological nomenclature.Mediated Immunity. Organs of respiration: Respiratory pigments. Summation. Respiration. Simple receptors. Chordates and Invertebrates: Origin of Chordata. hierarchy of categories. Annelida and Echinodermata. Overlap-save methods) – Z-transform – Region of convergence of Z-transform – Inverse Z-transform –Z-transform properties – FIR filters – IIR filters – FIR design methods (Fourier. local & static variables data types. General plan of circulation in various groups. Molecular taxonomy. Excitability. Reticulo Endothelial system : Macro phages. Chemotaxonomy. Cytotaxonomy. horns. Trends in biosystematics´:–concepts of different conventional and newer aspects. general structure and function of skin and its derivatives. Development. Blood coagulation – Defense mechanism . windowed and frequency sampling methods) – IIR filter design methods (Impulse invariant. Excretion. Mollusca and Echinodermata. Evolution of urinogenital system in vertebrate series. loop control and case control structures. Light and Electron microscopic structure of skeletal muscle. Glands. Twitch. Common Indian vertebrates : Fishes. Organs of excretion: Nephridia and Malphigian tubules. Procedure keys in taxonomy. Programming in C: Introduction – Character – Constants – Variables – Keywords arithmetic instruction – Assignment statements – I/O Function – Conditional statement – Expressions in C-Logical expressions and control statements – Decision control. Stress Physiology. Nervous system. Patterns of feeding and digestion in lower metazoa. Digital Signal Processing: Discrete time systems – Classification of discrete time systems – LTI systems and time domain characterization – Linear and circular convolution – Auto and cross Correlations – Different structures of discrete time systems – Basics of statistics – Probability and noise – Linear constant coefficient difference equations – Frequency domain representation of discrete time systems and signals – Frequency response of LTI systems – Discrete Fourier transform – DFT properties – Computation of DFT – Fast Fourier transform (DIT and DIF) – Computational considerations of FFT – Linear convolution using DFT (Overlap-add. Concepts of Protochordata. Comparative anatomy of the brain in relation to its functions. nails. Locomotion. conductivity. Parasitic habitats. . Tetanus and Fatigue. feathers and hairs. Nutrition andDigestion. Mechanism of respiration. Sense organs. Vertebrate integument and its derivatives. birds & mammals. Organs of Olfaction and taste. peripheral and autonomous nervous systems. Flagella and ciliary movement in Protozoa. International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN)– its operative principles. Characters of respiratory tissue. global.

Cilia and flagella. MAP kinase pathways. active transport and pumps. Median and Mode. Neo- Darwinism.and macro-evolution. uniports.Frequency distribution - Classification and tabulation of data . Gene evolution. Second messenger system. Genetics:Concepts of evolution and theories of organic evolution with emphasis on Darwinism. pancreas. Integrins.Coefficient of Variation . Morphological and functional elements of eukaryotic chromosomes. Distribution–Binomial. Phenotypic variation. nitrogen and lipid metabolism. Cell and Molecular Biology :Biomembranes. Fish population – Population density – Population structure : Year classes – Estimation of population – Population dynamics – Abundance in population and fishery – Population dynamics and fishery catches. Demography – Life Tables – Net Reproductive rate – Longevity and theories of ageing – Reproductive strategies. Population Regulation – Effects of increased numbers – Division of labour. Physiological response to oxygen deficient stress.population density-Natality-Mortality-Age structure-Age pyramids. Thermoregulation. Population attributes-population dispersion. Neuro-endocrine mechanisms of moulting and growth in crustaceans. Community concept – Community dominance – Ecotone – Community composition – Stratification of community. Genome organization Mobile DNA.Common orientation . Trafficking mechanisms. Micro. Genetic drift. Microfilaments and microtubules. natural selection Mutation Migration. Cytoskeleton. Biogenesis of mitochondria and nuclei. Discovery of hormones. Tests of significance–Chi-square test and Student’s ‘t’ test. Mollusca and Echinodermata. Transport of macromolecules.and Pro-hormones. Patterns and mechanisms of reproductive isolation. Exothermic and Endothermic organisms. Concept of Neurosecretion and Neuro-endocrine system in invertebrate groups. Hormones and eukaryotic metabolic regulation. adrenals. Analysis of variance – One way ANOVA Correlation and Regression. Hormonal regulation of carbohydrate metabolism. Estimation or habitability. Hardy Weinberg law of genetic equilibrium. Classification of hormones. Apoptosis Cell-Cell adhesion and communication. Physiological response to body exercise. Habitat and Ecological Niche Sympatry and Allopatry – Spatial relations of populations Home range and Territory – Homing and return migration – Emigration. Phylogenetic and biological concept of species. signal transduction mechanisms Cell surface receptors. Protein synthesis on free and bound polysomes. Pre. physiological mechanism of body temperature regulation. Cell movements – intracellular transport. 40 . Normal distribution. Transport across cell membrane: diffusion.. depression and Heterosis.Standard Deviation – Variance .applications in fish. Concept of hormone receptors. insects.mechanisms of the body. Inbreeding. Genetics of speciation. Hormones and behaviour. Phylogenetic trees?. Molecular composition and arrangement. symports and antiports.Survivorship curves Remote sensing. Endocrinology: Hormones as messengers. General principles of hormone action. Ontogeny of endocrine glands. Phylogeny of endocrine glands (Pituitary. Ca++ independent homophillic adhesion.Standard Error. Biostatistics :Concept of sample and Population Sampling methods . Population–Inter-specific relationships – Positive interactions – Commensalism – Mutualism – Negative interactions – Predation – Parasitism – Antibiosis. thyroid. Molecular Phylogenetics. Probability – Concept and types of probabilities. . Co-translational and post-translational modifications of hormone structure. Microtubules and mitosis. Genetic structure of natural populations. Hormone structure and Biosynthesis of hormones. Molecular evolution. Immunological techniques. Neuro-endocrine integration in vertebrate. Analysis of quantitative traits. Measures of central tendency: Mean. Hormonal control of homeostasis. Biosynthesis and amino acid derives small size hormones ( Biosynthesis and simple peptide hormones. Ca++ dependent homophillic cell-cell adhesion. Osmoregulation in aqueous and terrestrial environments. Membrane potential. Phylogenetic gradualism and punctuated equilibrium. Poisson. Regulation of CDK-cycline activity.passive transport ..Mutual Attraction. Collagen. Genetics of quantitative traits in populations. Factors affecting human diseases frequency. General Ecology and Adaptation :Origin of groups – Reproduction.Diagrammatic and graphical presentation. Cyclines and cyclin dependent kinases. Physiological adaptation to osmotic and ionic stress.Active Locomotion . Gap junctions and connections. Cell cycle. Biosynthesis of steroid hormones de novo. Population growth – Natality and Mortality Biotic Potential and Environmental resistance ia:– Form of population growth – Logistic Curve – Stochastic and time lag models of population growth – Optimal yield. Measures of Dispersion . Genotype – environment interactions.

Microscopy. Biological assay. pure proteins of from foods. Spectrophotometer. nutritive value. methods of determination. Transportation of brood stock and induced breeding. turbidity. Finfish culture – Mullets (Mugil). Chemical and physico chemical methods of food evaluation. browning reactions. Estimation of fish yield and control of over-fishing. curing. Organelle separation by centrifugation. determination of proteins in foods. heat treatment. enzymes and starch. East Coast River system and West Coast river system). Reservoir Fisheries Estuarine Fisheries. Principles and uses of analytical instruments. A general survey of inland and marine fish catches of India and the world. Composition & Nutritive value. collagen and gelatine. Fisheries of Indian Sea. Nutritive value Fats and Oils. structure. culture of shrimps and their management and economics. examples physical and chemical properties of starches. their ecology and fisheries (Ganga. composition. Flesh Foods: Meat. Fisheries and Aquaculture :Fish catch statistics of the world. vegetables. dark field. density gradient separation. Ammonia etc. Construction of hatcheries and their management. management of crab farm. types of starches. function and their importance to Food Industry.R. flours and flour mixes. shortening value of fats.Thermal processing methods. scanning EM. Brahmaputra. Edible oyster culture. Hilsa fishery – causes of decline and efforts for revival. sugar. Ultra-centrifuge. Milk & milk products. Modified starches. theories. Composition. Fishery education. Craft and Gear used in Inland and Marine Fisheries. training and extension Freshwater Aquaculture. Nucleotide sequence comparisons and homologies. Godavari. Freezing etc. Fish populations and factors affecting the population structures. Nutritional requirements. Estimation of marine fish landings and Fisheries of different Marine States.Cereal and pulse processing. Microbial assays. Rancidity.Protein Chemistry: Chemical and physical properties. Pearl oyster culture. EEZ and its strategy. Riverine Fisheries : River systems in India. Brackishwater Fisheries Chilka lake. Fish transport and marketing including fishery co- operatives. Spectrophotometer. fermented soya products. Media Use of fermentors. Nitrates. & Cocoa. Brackish water aquaculture. Irradiation. Cereals & Cereal products. and. Milk products. Cereal and pulse based products. Methods of cooking.dry and moist heat methods. – 22: FOODS. Enzymes: Types of enzymes in foods. Fish nutrition. Culture Media. Freshwater fish culture Freshwater prawn culture. browning reactions. fattening process of crab. Feed management Mariculture . technology of starch. Crab culture – Pond design. fluorescence. ADVANCED FOOD SCIENCEDifferent methods of sensory evaluation. BOD. Nuts and Oil seeds: Composition & Nutritive value Fruits and Vegetables. Radio activity counter. NUTRITION AND DIETETICS: FOOD CHEMISTRYStarch chemistry: Classification of carbohydrates. Refrigeration. Integrated Fish Farming ˜:– Paddy cum Fish Culture and Fish cum Livestock Culture. effect of cooking on plant pigments and Sources. pH meter. Amino acid phylogeny-DNA-DNA hybridizations. Freshwater Fisheries. Krishna. Cauvery and West Coast estuaries). Cell culture techniques. Types. Chemical principles of food processing – Processing by salt. Fish and Eggs. denatured proteins. chromatography and electrophoresis. Estimation of Inland fish. Procurement and transportation of seed from natural resources. Mahanadi. Pulses. FOOD PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION TECHNOLOGY: Physical principles of food processing and preservation.. Lipid chemistry: Fatty acids. TEST NO. Principles of light. Phosphates. and amino acid composition of some proteins. transmission electron. Principles of establishment of crab and lobster hatcheries. Mussel culture. cooking methods. Fish products and By-products. N. Physical and chemical changes during ripening. canning. Fermentation technology: Fermentation technology of various fermented products. Separation Techniques in biology. Water quality management – pH. gel formation. Instrumentation: Chemical assay. beverages. energy metabolism. Restriction Enzyme sites. phase contrast. Major Estuaries of India and their fisheries (Hooghly – Matlah. Selection of species for culture–Biological principles. dissolved oxygen. Lobster culture. Additives and Preservatives. 41 . Milk fish (Chanos) and sea bass (Lates)... Coffee. COD. physical and chemical properties of fats. structure. formulation and preparation of fish feeds. methods of evaluation of rancidity. Micro-biological Techniques. Radio Isotopes. application of cold conditions.Beverages: Tea. smoke. types of fats. Pulicat lake and Kerala back waters. flavour changes in fats and oils.M. Sea weed culture. acids and chemicals. methods of identification and extraction.

biochemical functions.Classification. Urea cycle. salad dressing. fatty acids. isolating pure cultures and culturing techniques. thin layer. Dietary Fibre and its role in health and disease. solvent extraction. absorption. Probiotics and prebiotics.Energy content of foods. differential test. NUTRITIONAL BIOCHEMISTRYCarbohydrate metabolism.. Glycolysis. FOOD ANALYSIS Carbohydrates: Methods and principles of starch determination. fish eggs. inter esterification and production of MCT. alkaline phosphatase). Principles and Application of Chromatographic procedures in food analysis: Ion exchange. solid. Hormonal control of carbohydrate homeostasis. bleaching. deodorization). TCA cycle. dietary requirements and the recommended allowances with respect to various stages of life and for different activities. deamination (oxidative and non- oxidative pathway). Crude fibre and fibre fractions: Soluble and insoluble.butter. shortening. refining. macro and micro nutrients Interactions between drugs. Factors affecting BMR.vitamin and mineral. pregnancy and liver disorders.PEM. flame photometry. Altered metabolism in Diabetic MellitusEnzymes. Trans fatty acids.HACCP. Milk and Milk products processing Meat. column. Proteins & Lipids :Functions. oxidative phosphorylation. atomic absorptiometry. phospholipids and cholesterol. gel strength. energetics of aerobic and anaerobic Breakdown. definition. processing and storage of meat. classification.. mayonnaise.test for coli forms- most probable no. neutral glycerol.causative agents. Dietary requirements and recommended allowances with respect to various stages of life and for different activity.. cultural characteristics and biochemical activities- Micro organisms of importance to foods. intracellular distribution of enzymes. HMP Shunt. Metabolism and requirements. Body composition. Prostaglandins. method of separation of lipid fraction. Food laws and regulations. Culture media-solid and liquid media. plasticizing. Amino acids and its classification . Micro biological analysis of water. Glycogenesis. Glcogenolysis. Cholesterol Vitamins and Minerals .Changes in serum protein levels in PEM. refraction index. biosynthesis of amino acids. ultra centrifugation and ultra filtration techniques with examples. Hygiene Methods of quality control in food industries. Fruit and vegetable processing Technology Food fortification and enrichment technology- current trends. Role of micro organisms in antibiotics.role in oriental and traditional foods. Creatine and creatine synthesis. Enzymes in clinical diagnosis (SGPT. significance. Protein metabolism. and toxicity. functions. biochemical functions. Food poisoning and food infections. Food labelling. gas. Regulation of blood glucose. Protein biosynthesis (Transcription and Translation) . Growth curve of a typical bacterial cell. radio immuno assays and immuno diffusion. solubility separation of protein fractions electrophoresis (paper and boundary zone). purification (degumming. Pathogenic yeasts and Moulds Methods of detection and isolation of micro organisms in foods: conventional methods. Shelf life testing. Transamination. margarine. Food Packaging: Packaging – Concepts. methods of assessment. total energy requirements. Bacterial &viral diseases of man. Decarboxylation for amino acids. Changes in body weight and body composition with the changing energy balance. sources. tempering. Total Proteins: Protein nitrogen and non-protein nitrogen. Obesity Carbohydrates. GHP. Gluconeogenesis and Regulation. TEE. BMR & RMR. paper and gas and high performance liquid chromatography with suitable examples.Effect of drugs on Nutrient intake. Basal metabolic rate. 42 . detergent fibre and methods of determining fibre fractions. Role of n3 & n6 in health and disease. brix. application. Beneficial and harmful activities of micro organisms.Nutrient interactions.Classification of carbohydrates.Classification of proteins. Products. densitometry. colorimetry procedures and principles in food analysis with suitable examples. deficiency. sugar determination and polarimetry.Ash as an indicator of total mineral content. Total fat: Macro method and principles. Drugs affecting the intake of food and nutrients and their absorption. liquid. physiological fuel value. products. Pathway of entry of amino acids into TCA cycle. Evaluation of protein quality . Estimation of different minerals in foodsInstrumentation: Application of spectroscopy. Thermic effect of food. Beneficial micro organisms. methods and principles in Micro and Macro determination of nitrogen. FOOD MICRO BIOLOGY: Brief history of Micro biology. refractometry. Food safety and quality control.HUMAN NUTRITION Energy. Brief account of fermentation technology. neutral. winterisation.sources. fortified foods and their production technology. SGOT. Fructo Oligo saccharides. Energy balance. Detoxification of ammonia. General classification of Micro organisms- Family-genus-species. GMP.Food adulteration. Factors affecting the growth of micro organisms. Associated nutritional problems . study of their morphology. hydrogenation. newer techniques viz.Oil seeds processing Technology:Oil seed pressing. symptoms and foods involved their prevention. nutrients. Fish and Eggs: Preservation.

WHO. ********** 43 . temperature. CFTRI. functions. Cystinuria. Pentosuria. igneous rocks. UNICEF. color of sea water. cholesterol synthesis.. liquid diet. soil forming factors. tectonism. Structure and composition of the atmosphere. tube-feeding. classification according to grades of malnutrition. gravity methods. Fructosuria. regular diet.Dietary management in Gastro intestinal diseasesDietary management in liver and gall bladder disordersDietary management in Diabetes mellitus Dietary management in renal disorders Dietary management in Cardio vascular disordersDietary management in respiratory disordersDietary management in cancers. IMR. isostasy.World oceans. endogenetic processes-volcanism.Xeropthalmia. obesity. redox potentials. parenteral feeding. Iron deficiency disorders etc. Mid day Meals.Maps-types of maps. continental drift. triglycerides . nursing mothers. Galactosemia. Menu planning. geomorphic processes and landforms-fluvial. Phenylketonuria. Sea level changes. – 23: GEO-ENGINEERING: Interior of the earth. light diet. Wilson’s disease.Comparison with standards of ICMR and NCHS. role of various National and International agencies in promoting nutrition and health status of the vulnerable sections of the society.Clinical. data products. plate tectonics. Lipoproteins. NIN. food guide pyramid and food exchange lists. magnetic. coastal. infants and children. ocean aves.Nutritional needs and diet management throughout life cycleTherapeutic diets. FAO. Role of Communication and Mass media in Nutrition and Health education. MMR. sensors and platforms. classification of rocks. Ketosis and control mechanisms and steps of ketone bodies formation. Maple Syrup Urine Disease. conducting and evaluating nutrition education programmes.Exogenetic processes-Weathering. Total fertility rate. seismic. pressure belts and winds. Impact of malnutrition on National Development. Nutrition Intervention Schemes and programmes operating in India. Clinical signs and symptoms for PEM. insolation and heat budget. salinity.Soil and regolith. Goiter control. bile acids metabolism. CARE. .Overweight. Impact of Mass media communication on modification of food and nutrition behaviour. Diet surveys. .principles. Ricketts. Homocystinuria. factors to be considered. Lipid Metabolism.Electromagnetic radiation. and conversion to bio nucleotidesInborn errors of metabolism..Alcaptoneria.Indicators of mal nutrition. energy carriers and oxidative phosphorylationMetabolism of nucleic acids. Ex. eneral circulation of the atmosphere. Nutritional problems in India. radiation principles. anemia control.Modification of normal diet to suit special needs.Assessment of nutritional status of community. map scale. Identification of vulnerable groups- pregnant women. tides and currents. DIET THERAPY Introduction to diet therapy. . atmospheric windows. Nutrition education. Albinism. Standardization of recipes and portions.ICDS. sedimentary rocks and metamorphic rocks. Biochemical parameters for assessing the nutritional status. erosion. COMMUNITY NUTRITION Concept of community nutrition and malnutrition. Channels of communication. regulation of bio-synthesis. Bio-chemical and Anthropometric Measurements. density. glacial and eolian.Biosynthesis and degradation of purine and pyrimidine ring nucleotides. Biosynthesis and oxidation of fatty acids. soil components. Vitamin A Prophylaxis. geographical co-ordinates – map projections and datums. prostaglandins in health and disease Biological oxidation: Concept of enzyme system and carriers in oxidation chain reactions.Nutritional care for weight management. soft diet. mass-wasting. and deficiencies of vitamins and minerals. Glycogen storage disease. birth Rate. TEST NO.planning. commercial formula feeds. functions. underweight.Classification. Anemia. Routine hospital diets. respiratory chain components. .Principles and applications of electrical.CMR. Death Rate. soil properties and soil classifications.