Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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............................................................................................................................................................. 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN .................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 97 Port-based Example 1........................ 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics ................. 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................91 VLAN Overview ................................................................. 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 142 IGMP Snooping Overview ..................................................................................... 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table ............................................... 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count ..................................... 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes ........................ 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 143 Activating IGMP Snooping .............................................................................94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN .............. 99 Tagged VLAN Overview ..................................................................................... 113 Displaying VLAN Information ................................................................... 116 Deleting All VLANs ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 139 Class of Service Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 157 Displaying Switch Statistics ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 160 5 ............................................................................................ 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 118 Changing a PVID Value ............................................................................................................................................................... 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address ........ 140 Configuring CoS .............................................................................................................................................................. 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port ..................................................................................................................................... 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN ................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs .. 156 Displaying Port Statistics .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 103 Tagged VLAN Example .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview ................................................................................................................. 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 151 Configuring the Interval Timer ................... 112 Modifying a VLAN ......................................................................................................................... 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode ................................................................................................ 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control .................................................................................................................................... 126 MAC Address Overview .................................................................................. 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering ...................................................................................................................... 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 137 Changing the Aging Time ...................................................................... 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN................................................................................................................................. 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs ............................................................................................. 98 Port-based Example 2................................................... 115 Deleting a VLAN ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................92 Port-based VLAN Overview ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 127 Displaying MAC Addresses ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

.................205 Modifying a VLAN .......................................211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates ........................................................................................................................................................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................183 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................................201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings ........................................................................................................213 6 ..............................................................................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses ...........................................................................................................................................................162 Obtaining Software Updates ...................... 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ................................203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror ................168 Example...........................................171 Browser Tools.........................................................................................................................................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol .....................................................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session .............................................................................................................................................212 Changing a PVID ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security .........................................................................................................209 Deleting a VLAN ...................................................... 168 Section III Web Browser Management .................................................................. 167 Uploading a Configuration File ...................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................175 Viewing System Information .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................167 Example..................204 Creating a VLAN ............................................................................................................................................................................. 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session ......................................................................................................................192 Displaying the Port Security Level .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ......................................................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP ..................................195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................210 Displaying VLANs ...................................................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk ...........................................................184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics ....................................................................................................................................................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session ................................ 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters ..........................

............................ 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 230 7 .............................................................................................. 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping .............................. 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 219 Configuring CoS ........................................................... 225 Configuring the Interval Timer ......................... 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table ........................................................................... 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 228 Index .......................................................................................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table . 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames .....................................................................................................

............................................................. 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu ......... 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window ................................................. 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu .................................................................................................................. 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu ........................................................................................................................................ 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window ............................................................................................................................................................ 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window ............................ 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu .................................................................................................................................................................. 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu .... 122 8 ...................................................................................... 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN ...................................................................................................................... 25 Figure 2: Main Menu ......................................................................................................... 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu .......................................................................................... 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu ................ 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window ................................................................................................................................................................. 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu ..................................................................................................... 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu .................................... 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN ..................................................................................................................................................... 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 .........................................................................................................................................................................................................Example 2 .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window .............................................................................................................................................................................. 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu ................................................................ 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu ............................................................................................. 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ................. 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example ........................................................................................................................................... 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window ...............Example 1 ............................................................................................................................................. 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu .................................................................................................................................................... 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window ............................................................................................................ 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window ........................................................... 52 Figure 11: Port Menu ................................................................. 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window ................................................................................ 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window ........................................................................................................................... 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window ....................................List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window ......... Figure 53: General Tab .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 59: Port Status Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field ................................................................................................. Figure 61: Port Security Menu ........................................................................................................................... Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window ................................................................................................. Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu ........................................................................................................ Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window ................................................................................................................................. Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window ................................................................................ Figure 60: Port Statistics Window ......................................................................................................................................................... Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 67: Add VLAN Window ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window ...................................... Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window ....................................................................... Figure 57: Settings for Port Window ..............................................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ........................ Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window .................................................. Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page ......................................................Monitoring .................................................................................................................... Figure 66: VLAN Window ......................................................................................................................... Figure 54: General Tab Window ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window ......................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window .......................................................................................................................................... Figure 52: Home Page ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 71: IGMP Tab ............................................................... Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu .................. Figure 55: SNMP Tab ...................................................... Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab .................................................................................Configuration ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab ..................................... Figure 69: CoS Setting Window ................................... 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 ................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 62: Port Trunking Window ....................... Figure 68: VLAN Window ................................................................................ Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu ........................................................................................... Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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com or our FTP server at ftp.Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products.alliedtelesyn. To use the FTP server.com.alliedtelesyn. You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www. 14 . enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password.

15 . It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software.

AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A. If this is true for your network. 16 . and powering ON the device. such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters. then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network. The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches. as explained in the hardware installation guide.Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters.

It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser. such as to change or adjust its operating parameters. They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session. The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use. The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide. There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. 17 . you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software.AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch.

Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. 18 . This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch. You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session. Once the session is started. Note For instructions on starting a local management session. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located. using a straight-through RS-232 cable. refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch.

which include the enhanced stacking feature.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. With AT-8024GB switches. Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. 19 . You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session.

❑ Port security level .You can view but not set the port security level of a switch.You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session. This too is a type of remote management. 20 . as well as every AT-8024 switch. because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch. Consequently. They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking . just like a Telnet management session. ❑ DHCP and BOOTP . There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session. that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address.You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session.Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch. Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session. refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171. every AT-8024GB switch.

refer to your SNMP management documentation. The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program. Consequently. A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program. For instructions.AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program. 21 .

The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session.

Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .

When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch. Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. usually within a few meters. you can manage just that switch. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. Note For information on enhanced stacking. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. 24 . You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch. This can simplify network management. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. you must go to where that switch is located. This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch. Additionally.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. to start this type of management session.

Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program. Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session. see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 . perform the following procedure: 1. 3. POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2. Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch.

The default is “admin”. The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps. This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only. or an equivalent terminal emulator program. Otherwise. Note During boot up. (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1.) 4. (The password is case-sensitive. enter the password for the management software.Save Configuration Changes R .) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal.Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 .Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal. the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt. The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly. If prompted for a password. the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps). Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S .1 and above. (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>). simply type boot and press Return to start the switch.) The Main Menu is displayed. 5. You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch. Press the Return key twice. The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset.

27 . Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session. type the corresponding letter or number. Enhanced Stacking on page 46. you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet. Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu. refer to Chapter 4. This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located.AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item.

You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch. Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions. 28 . This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended. return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit. Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session.

An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely. In terms of functionally. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. To make a selection. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. as shown in Figure 2 on page 26. Note For background information on enhanced stacking. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol. Enter the management software password when prompted. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. 29 . Additionally. The menus also function the same. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities. Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. type its corresponding number of letter. type R or press ESC twice. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. such as with a local management session. The default password is “admin”.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol. To return to a previous menu. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch.

type Q for Quit from the Main Menu. 30 .Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session.

There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it. There are also procedures for resetting the switch. and more.Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 . activating the original switch default settings.

The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. First. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address.) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address. all from the same management session. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. you must also assign it a subnet mask. a web browser. subnet mask. This feature has two primary benefits. you must assign at least one of them an IP address. You do not need to assign an IP address. Second. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. 32 . This switch will be the Master switch of the stack. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address.

Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet. The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure.AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. 33 . The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. You can do this two different ways. How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet. if any. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. switches on your network need an IP address.

Administrator ...0..Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42..... From the Main Menu....0. (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network.......... 0..0 Default Gateway ...Save Configuration Changes R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address .... type 4 to select Administration Menu.) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 . along with other optional information..Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L . go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37.. perform the following procedure: 1.0. The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed. The selection X .Reset Switch X ...Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 ... 255. subnet mask. 0...0.. To manually set a switch’s IP address.0.0 Subnet Mask ..0 System Name ...Release DHCP IP Address S .. and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session.. such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch..255.. Change Password . 9 ... Comments .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address.

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

From the Main Menu. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. type 3 to select SNMP Configuration.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R . From the Advanced Configuration window.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. From the System Configuration Menu. The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed. 39 . type 5 to select System Config Menu.

....SET Community . 1 .... 4 .Trap Receiver 3 7 .0. Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch......Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings..SET Community 3...... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 ....0.Trap Receiver 1 5 ....0 0.Trap Community ........0.0 0..GET Community 2 ...0...Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4. To change a value. Adjust the parameters as desired. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 0.. type its corresponding number and....Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch.... when prompted. ......Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed...0. 5.0.Trap Receiver 2 6 ............. public 2 .. 40 . enter the new value... .0 0....0 S .0..0.Save Configuration Changes R .. ...... The parameters are described below.GET Community . public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 ... After making your changes...... private 3 .

From the System Configuration Menu. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings. type 5 to select System Config Menu. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. Type Y for yes or N for no. From the Main Menu. Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A. the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. You are prompted to reset the switch. 41 . type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. Type Y to reset the switch. If you type Y for yes. 4. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. perform the following procedure: 1. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values.

type 9 to select Reset Switch. The switch immediately reloads its operating system. perform the following procedure: 1. a task requiring only a second or two to complete. type 4 to select Administrator Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software. Some data traffic may be lost. 42 . From the Main Menu. 2. From the Administrator Menu.

To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software. ❑ Web Access . For instructions on how to set this security feature. perform the procedure below.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. 2. The default password is “admin”. type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the Main Menu. 43 . (The password is case-sensitive. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. To configure web browser access.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. ❑ Console Timeout .The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password. To configure the console timer. if you specify 2 minutes. when prompted. type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and. The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. type E to enable web access or D to disable web access. perform the following procedure: 1. perform the procedure below. 3. type 6 to select Web Server Access and. These security features are: ❑ Password . enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch. the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. For example. when prompted. For instructions on how to set this security feature.

44 . if you disable web access. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. 4. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. After you have made the desired changes.

.... Bootloader Version ..3 ATI_LOADER1..AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information.. MAC Address .....A0.. AT-S39 v1...... type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version .. Serial Number .... The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed..32..1 5456411 00..17.......00 R ..D2....Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed....... 45 ...

This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch.Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. 46 .

You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. such as for maintenance. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. If your network consists of more than one subnet. Once connected to the network. 47 . ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. That way. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. should you remove a master switch from the network.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. You simply connect it to your network. ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management.

You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. 48 . If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch. 3. referred to as slave switches. do not. Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack. you must assign each master switch a unique IP address.

Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets.32.16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet.11. Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches.09.32.32.32. 49 .22 Master 2 IP Address 149. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router. and each has been assigned a unique IP address. you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149.11.18 Master 2 IP Address 149.09.

. You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch. slave switch.Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 . perform the following procedure: 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch. ❑ Unavailable . A master switch must have a unique IP address.Enhanced Stacking Services S . type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. It does not need an IP address or subnet mask. From the Main Menu. To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status.Save Configuration Changes R . To be managed remotely. The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed.A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch.. you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 . a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address. Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch .Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable. ❑ Slave switch .A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet. A switch with this designation can be managed locally. Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack.. or unavailable. Master 2 . Note The default setting for a switch is Slave.A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch.

the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master. Press Return. A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch. 51 .Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches.Switch State. 4. To change a switch’s status.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 . Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3.” For example. The following prompt is displayed. S to make it a slave switch. type 1 to select Switch State. 2. or U to make the switch unavailable. Note The “2 . Type M to change the switch to a master switch. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

2. From the Enhanced Stacking window. If you assigned system names to your switches.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 . When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet. The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch. The window in Figure 10 is displayed. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services. then it is very easy.Get/Refresh List of Switches A .Access Switch R . To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G . perform the following procedure: 1. you need to select it from the management software. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window. you are by default addressing that particular switch. To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet. From the Main Menu.

6. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. You now can manage the selected switch. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice. if you want to manage the Master switch. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch. Type A to select Access Switch. return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password. 53 . This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. 4. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. The default password is “admin”. Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches. The password is case-sensitive. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session. Enter the switch’s password and press Return. Once you see that window.

Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C . type 4 to select Port Status. type 1 to select Port Menu.Accept changes & update flash R .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch. From the Port Menu. 55 . perform the following procedure: 1. The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2. From the Main Menu.

Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto . Down .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed. 56 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N .Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number. Manual .indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node.Update Display R .Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.Next Page U . Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up . Figure 12 is an example of the window.indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

Receive .100 Mbps 1000 . Possible values are: 10 . Spd The operating speed of the port. This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member. Both .AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex. Disabled . Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. Transmit . Possible values are: Forwarding .Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. 57 .10 Mbps 100 . State The current operating status of the port.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. Flow The flow control setting for the port. Possible values are: None .No flow control on the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X.The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port.The port has been manually disabled.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port.

Advertise 10FDX .. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4... The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3.. Advertise 100FDX . From the Main Menu. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return..... Negotiation . type 1 to select Port Menu.... enter the last port number in the range...Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. From the Port Menu.......No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 . To configure a range of ports...... To configure a range of ports... MDI/MDIX Mode .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status ..... The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed. Advertise 10HDX . type 1 to select Port Configuration... enter the first port of the range..... 2...... perform the following procedure: 1. Advertise 100HDX ... Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 . To configure only one port.. Flow Control ... Broadcast Control ....

This toggles the parameter through its possible settings.. 0100 3 . Adjust the port parameters as desired. Once the problem has been fixed..The port will receive and forward packets... You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port. 59 . You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections... 0 ..The port will not receive or forward packets. If you select Manual.. you can enable the port again to resume normal operation.........Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode. This is the default setting. When disabled.Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode.. The parameters are described below..10 Mbps 0100 . 1 . which is the default.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port.Duplex ...Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex. The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters.Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port. Disabled ... Possible settings are: Forwarding ... 5. You adjust a parameter by typing its number.. the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically.Speed . The possible settings for the 2 . two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 .. a port will not receive or transmit frames.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 .Speed selection are: 0010 . If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation.100 Mbps 1000 .

Possible settings are: None . During Auto-Negotiation. which is the default setting.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. if you set the selection 8 . If you set this to Auto. Both . The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames. which is the default setting. Transmit .Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation. 9 . The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time. a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. 5 .Advertise 10FDX 6 .or full-duplex mode.Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port.No flow control on the port. which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half. By default.Advertise 100HDX to No.Advertise 100FDX 8 . If desired. the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it. You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation. the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps. you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX.MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port. B .Advertise 10HDX 7 . half-duplex operation. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155. Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated. a switch port will advertise its full capabilities.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode. Receive . For example. 60 .

This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection. 61 . This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode. The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection. Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port. Once you have set the port parameters. when selected. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node. You can use this option to reset the selected port. which.

The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5. From the System Configuration Menu. 3. these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. To display GBIC information. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 . The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. Type either 24 or 25.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch. 62 . From the Main Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window. type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information. Type 1 to select GBIC Information.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4.GBIC Information R . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. 2.

..... Type of Serial Interface .. Length 62.......... Length 9/125 mm Fib........... (k) .................... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number . Extended Serial Transceiver ..... (10k) .. Connector Type ....... Elect/Opt Transceiver ..5/125 um Fib. Figure 15 is an example of the window... Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding ..... N ..... Length 9/125 um Fib.......... (10m) . Length 50/125 um Fib.....Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only. 63 .... You cannot change this information............Next Page R ..AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module..... (100m) ....

Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session.Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security. 64 .

even when the end node is inactive. it remains in the table and is never purged. Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. 65 . it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. Automatic This operating mode disables port security. You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch. There are four levels of port security. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. Once this mode is activated. Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses.

Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table. even those belonging to inactive end nodes. The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. 66 . Once you have activated this security level. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward. When this security level is activated. The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level. the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned.

type 2 to select Limited mode. type 5 to select Port Security. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. From the Main Menu. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table. To set a switch’s port security level. Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. type 1 to select Port Menu. ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. type 1 to select Automatic mode. To specify the limits. 2. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. 67 . After activating this security mode. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Port Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. type 3 to select the Secured mode. This is the default setting. 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed.

68 . type 4 to select Lock all the ports now. Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned.

The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed. You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 . frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded. Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table. To configure Limited security mode. type 2 to select Limited security. From the Port Menu. From the Port Security menu. Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn. type 1 to select Port Menu. 3. Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port.Configure port security limited mode R . 2.Set MAC limit per port 3 .Display MAC limit per port 2 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 . the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports. You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn. When you activate this security level. type 5 to select Port Security. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed. From the Main Menu.

type R to select Return to previous menu. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. The range is 1 to 150 addresses. repeat Steps 5 through 9. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . 12. 70 . To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch. 9.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. 13. Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. Type 2 to choose Select a port. 11. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports. 7. This applies the limit to the port.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed. Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. 10. Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again.

Limited security has now been configured on the switch. Check to be sure that they are correct. Examine the MAC limits. If necessary. If you assigned different values to different ports. The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port. be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. 15. repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. 16. 14. 71 .

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks.

you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. or 4 ports. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. For example. 14. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. router. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. 13. 22. 15 for the trunk. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. A port trunk is 2. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. For example. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. ports 4. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. 73 . 3. speed. 23. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. and 24. or another Ethernet switch. the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. To maintain the order of the port connections. there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. 3. 6. and so on. such as a server. or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. port 13 to port 22. workstation. ❑ When cabling a trunk. and 7). Despite the software configuration and physical connections. ❑ The duplex mode. 5. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. and so on.

The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch. AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 .❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN. AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches. The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. ❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch. A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs. Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server. The server is connected to the switch with four data links.

Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. are the same for all the ports of the trunk.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch. examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk. To create a port trunk. Check to be sure that the settings.Save Configuration Changes R .Show port trunking status S . perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 . Note Before creating a port trunk. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology. You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN. Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed. such as speed and duplex mode. type 3 to select Port Trunking. Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure. From the Main Menu. 2.Add ports to trunk 2 . type 1 to select Port Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 . From the Port Menu.Delete Trunk 3 .

76 . Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk. Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk.. type 3 to display the status of the trunk..g.g. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5.4) or as a range (e. Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. 7-10). Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return. Enter new value -> 4. 8.3. You can specify the ports individually (e. 6. The port trunk is ready for network operations. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R . 1. To confirm the creation of the port trunk. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window.2. The following prompt is displayed.3.Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7.

77 . 4. type 3 to select Port Trunking. To confirm the deletion. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. To delete a port trunk from the switch. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. 3. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. From the Port Menu. The port trunk is deleted from the switch. type 1 to select Port Menu. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 2. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. Type 2 to select Delete trunk. 5.

Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .

AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed. However. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port. For example. the more ports you mirror. 79 . ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. the mirror port is likely to drop packets. the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time. For example. if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports. meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports.

enter the first port of the range...Add ports to mirror 4 .CPU Attached . Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6. The following prompt is displayed. enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step.Delete ports from mirror 5 . type 1 to select Port Menu.Save Configuration Changes R .. 0 2 . 5.. To mirror a range of ports. The following prompt is displayed.. Press Return. From the Port Menu.. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed. enter the last port in the range.. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. You can specify only one mirror port.. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. To mirror the traffic of only one port.. 80 . Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. No 3 . Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored..Show Port Mirror Status S .Mirroring Port .. perform the following procedure: 1.. 2. If you want to mirror a range or ports. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 . Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror.Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror. the port to where the traffic will be copied).Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3. The following prompt is displayed. Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is... From the Main Menu.

AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu. The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored. 9. To confirm the creation of the port mirror. 10. type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status. 81 . The port mirror is now functional.

5. Enter 0 and press Return. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror. 82 . The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. From the Main Menu. From the Port Menu. 3. The following prompt is displayed. 2. type 1 to select Port Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port.

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol.1D.Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters. 83 . refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802. ISO/IEC 10038: 1993.

and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. Where multiple paths exist. leaving only one main active path. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges.Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. 84 . The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. and sometimes its MAC address. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance. STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. as specified in the IEEE 802. referred to as broadcast storms. either planned or unplanned. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down.1D standard. also referred to as the bridge identifier. of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes. exist in the network topology. By adjusting the value.

Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. blocking mode. The faster the port. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. If redundant paths exist. Below are the default values. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. the preferred path is selected through port priority. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state. active path. If two paths have the same port cost. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. if one is found. 85 . Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. the lower the port cost. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and. where all ports have a port cost of 0. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby.

The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. removal. For large networks. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. Consequently. If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). listening and learning. This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. However. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. especially if it is a large network. the active topology also changes. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. or addition of any active components. For small networks.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. 86 . and that could adversely impact network performance. and if not. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. a temporary data loop could occur. a change in a port state is not activated immediately. before it begins to forward frames. with the size of your network being a primary factor. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. When a bridge is brought on-line.

..AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu.. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks.. 1 .. Bridge Priority . Bridge Forwarding .. 1..Config STP Port Settings 8 .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable . If you enable STP.. You should consult the IEEE 802.Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch. Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 .. Bridge Identifier ... The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2. From the Main Menu. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network... Bridge Max Age . The default setting is disabled.. 87 .1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters.Display STP Port Settings 9 .... Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. Bridge Hello Time .Reset STP to Defaults R . The parameters are described below.. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed..

with 0 being the highest priority. 3 . For example. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. If two or more bridges have the same priority value.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . if you use the default 20. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. resulting in network loops. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. 6 . When a root bridge goes off-line. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. The default is 15 seconds. 5 . not all links may have yet adapted to the change. 88 . The default is 2 seconds.Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. 4 . for example. After you have made the desired changes. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed. The default is 20 seconds.Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge.Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge.535. If the bridge transitions too soon. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. 3. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds.

. To configure a range of ports.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating .. type 7 to select Config STP port settings. perform the following procedure: 1. This value cannot be changed..AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. To configure just one port. Enter the number of the port you want to configure.. 89 . The parameters are described below.. Bridge Hello Time .. Port Priority ..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5.... The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed. Adjust the settings as desired.. Root Bridge ..... Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R . enter the last port of the range... The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. 2.. From the Main Menu..... type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu....Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain.. 1 . From the Spanning Tree menu. enter the first port of the range. enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step. To configure a range of ports. Path Cost .

The range is 0-255. 90 .Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. The default value for priority is 128. To change this value. The default is 2 seconds. 10 for a 100 Mbps port. 4 . 5 . 3 . The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port. The range is 1 to 65535. This value cannot be changed from this window. and 4 for a 1 Gbps port.Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain. refer to the previous procedure.Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge. This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 .

Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs). This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. modifying. It also contains the procedures for creating. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 . and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session.

VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. 92 . Additionally. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. logical LAN segments. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. With VLANs. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN. such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. Before the advent of VLANs. For example. if an employee changed departments. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. For example. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN. This too can improve overall network performance. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements.

The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections. 93 . This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location. VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically. Additionally. or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another. you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software.AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. a virtual LAN can span more than one switch.

This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. called the Default VLAN. A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. such as a router or Layer 3 switch. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. and Engineering. The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. Examples include Sales. Production. 94 . A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches. you must give it a name. or just a few ports.

you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. Untagged Ports Naturally. The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. This is acceptable when you are creating a new. rather than by a port’s PVID. If you allow the management software to do it automatically. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. Additionally. Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID).AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. In this manner. For example. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN. unique VLAN. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. it will simply select the next available VID. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. 95 . Consequently. all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID. The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership.

Consequently. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID. This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs. the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. 96 . The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. However. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID. ❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member.

such as servers and printers. a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN. In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches. 97 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. For example. across multiple VLANs. A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs. ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN. many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. ❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network.

24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID. You assign this number when you create a VLAN. Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . 98 . the Default VLAN is not shown.13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . (For purposes of the following examples.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs.) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN .Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member.4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9. 11 . Engineering. A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN. The ports have been assigned PVID values. and Production VLANs on the switch.

two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch. each VLAN has one port connected to the router. In this example. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN . The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN. Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example.Example 2 99 .

14. 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 . It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch. It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4. This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. Since this VLAN spans multiple switches. This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment. 100 .This is the final VLAN in the example.11.6. Engineering.This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch. ❑ Engineering VLAN .6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN . So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN. ❑ Production VLAN . The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch. and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN. 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13. it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router.24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 . Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router.This VLAN spans both switches. it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch. However.

If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. 101 . a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously. Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802. This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames. referred to as a tagged frame.3ac standard). Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches. the frame will be discarded.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch.1Q-compliant. A tag. If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of. this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port. the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. This contrasts to a port-based VLAN. The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership. the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports. This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. For example. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port. The IEEE 802. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN.

The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. However. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. there would seem to be no need for a PVID. simultaneously.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. 102 . Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. a frame without any tagged information). the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. In the case of a tagged VLAN. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN. But actually there is. An untagged port. Otherwise. can be in only one VLAN at a time. the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID.

❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time. ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs. each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID. ❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS.AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN. If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks. 103 .

1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 . Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802.1Q-based products.

It is connected to an IEEE 802. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. when received by the switch. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99.1Q-compliant server. The tagged frames. 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11. while still maintaining data separation and security. 105 . But with tagged ports. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated. It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. 18 (PVID 2) 8. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. 20 (PVID 3) 8. They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. data separation and security remain.

either tagged or untagged. Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. is ignored. but the VLANs are not used. ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames. 106 . You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121. All VLAN information. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. Packets are passed through the switch unchanged.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode.

107 . type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S . The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.Virtual LAN Support 2 . From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3. perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2.Port VLANs & Priorities R . From the Main Menu.Save Configuration Changes R . The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.Virtual LAN Definitions 3 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN. From the VLAN Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 . type 1 to select Create a VLAN.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name . such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). The name can be from one to ten characters in length. C .Create VLAN R ....... Untagged Ports .... then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected......... VLAN ID (VID) .. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. Sales or Accounting). Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. 5. The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example. The name can contain spaces. 108 .. then the name should be unique as well. If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value... if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches.. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network..... Mirroring Port . For example. but not special characters.. The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096... 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) ..... than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch...Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4.. If the VLAN will be unique in your network.. then its VID must also be unique. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN.. The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value. 0 Tagged Ports ...Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed..

type 4 to select Show All VLANs.g. this parameter should be left with its default value of 0. To verify that the VLAN was created correctly.(If you do not to activate this feature.g.g. type 6 and Y for yes.. 8. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch.7-9). 2. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. 14. For more information on port mirroring. A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. 7-9). Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6.. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. or both (e. You can specify the ports individually (e. 7-9)..3. you can analyze the VLAN traffic..g. 2. as a range (e. 10. type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted...5. 12.) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature.5).g. Press any key.5. 11. you will see the following message: SUCCESS .3. either do not select this option or select it and type N for no. 2. as a range (e. 2. Type C to select Create VLAN. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN.7-9) 7. 9. leave this field empty. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN. If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports. If the VLAN will contain tagged ports. Note In most cases. 109 .g. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN. You can specify the ports individually (e. leave this field empty.Press any key to continue.5). or both (e. 13. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports.

ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time. the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15. Note When you create a new VLAN. 110 . You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs. For example. if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN.

This is the VID value for the new VLAN. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 3. To create the example Sales VLAN. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”. perform the following procedure: 1. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 7. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. From the VLAN Menu. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 6.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. From the Main Menu. 111 . Press Return. press any key. The new Sales VLAN has now been created. Ports 1 to 4. 5. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. 9. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. 8. 2. Type C to select Create VLAN.

The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. 3. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. 5. Press Return. Ports 8 and 16. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. To create the example Engineering VLAN. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”. and 12. 11. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 20”. 2. From the Main Menu. 10. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 8. press any key. Ports 9. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. From the VLAN Menu. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. 7.11.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104. It will consist of three untagged ports. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”.16”. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN.10. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created. 4. and two untagged ports. 9. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. 112 . Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. 6. Type C to select Create VLAN.

. Change the VLAN’s information as desired. From the VLAN Menu.. 6. 7. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. type M to select Modify VLAN.. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu.. For a description of the parameters.. refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107. This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN.VLAN ID (VID) . To modify a VLAN. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS . After making the desired changes. 2. The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure. R . From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. 3.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 .Press any key to continue. 113 .. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. type 2 to select Modify a VLAN. The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID).

11. 114 . Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Press any key.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. The VLAN has been modified. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs. 10. 9. 8.

perform the following procedure: 1. From the VLAN Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names. 3. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R . From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. VID numbers. 2. From the Main Menu. type 4 to select View All VLANs. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33. The Show All VLANs window is displayed.9 U: 1-6 T: 7.9 U: 8. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch.

The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. To delete a VLAN. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. From the Main Menu. 116 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure... The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed.. The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. 3. type D. 6. R . To obtain a VLAN’s VID. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. perform the following procedure: 1.. which has a VID of 1.. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return. To delete the VLAN. From the VLAN Menu.VLAN ID (VID) .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4. A confirmation prompt is displayed. 2. type 3 to select Delete a VLAN. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 . Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN... Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID).

The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs. The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS . The VLAN has been deleted. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. both tagged and untagged. 10. are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. All ports in the deleted VLAN. 117 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.Press any key to continue.AT-S39 User’s Guide 7. Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure. 9. 8.

The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. Press Return. From the VLAN Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. 5. 4. 3. 118 . perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. A confirmation message is displayed. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. To delete selected VLANs. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. 2. except the Default VLAN. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. To delete all VLANs on a switch. From the Main Menu. on a switch. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. perform the following procedure: 1.

type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change. 119 . The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed. Press Return. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. 2. To change a PVID for a port. From the Main Menu. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary. From the VLAN Menu. For example. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 .Port Number R . Type 1 to select Port Number. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. perform the following procedure: 1. then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94.

..... Return to the Main Menu....Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed... The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6. The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS ... Press Return. 8.... 9.Accept changes & update flash R ... 7. Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High .Update Changes to Chip C .... Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.. Port VLAN ID .. You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch.Press any key to continue. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number . 120 ... Type U to select Update Changes to Chip... 1 1 0 N U .... Specify the new PVID value for the port.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5. The port now has a new PVID............. Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID... Override Priority (Y/N) .

Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. From the Main Menu. Press Return. 121 . 4. 2. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged. B-Basic): 3. type 5 to select System Config Menu. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs. perform the following procedure: 1. 5. The default is Tagged mode. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. Type 3 to select Switch Mode.

From the Main Menu. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode.Accept changes & update flash R .Enable VLANs Globally D . When VLANs are disabled.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering.Disable VLANs Globally R .Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 . It sets a switch’s VLAN mode. The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed. ingress filtering is disabled. perform the following procedure: 1. When VLANs are enabled. the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode. From the VLAN Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 . Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering.Enable/Disable VLANs 2 . If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs.Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C . Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E . The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed. 2.

123 . Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode.AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. 5. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 6.

First. the frame is discarded. just as a reminder. Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated. the port discards the frame. the port accepts the frame. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. Fortunately. If there is. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table. the switch discards the frame. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. the port accepts the frame. 124 . nor to any frames. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. tagged or untagged. Once the tagged frame is received. For further information. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. If they belong to different VLANs. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. If they belong to the same VLAN. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. Here is an example. In this case.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames.

type 2 to select VLAN Menu. regardless of the status of ingress filtering. Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5.Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D . You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis. You cannot set this per port. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. 2. To enable or disable ingress filtering.AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3. 4. From the Virtual LAN Support menu. A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame. From the VLAN Menu. 125 . From the Main Menu. Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame. and that is the priority tag. perform the following procedure: 1. In most cases. Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E . A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch.Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R . Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch. which is the default.

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table.

It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. For example. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table. A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received. 127 . and the port number where each address was learned. by referring to its MAC address table. it also examines the destination address and.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. When the destination node responds. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. along with the port number on which each address was learned. This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. When the switch receives a packet. determines the port where the destination node is connected. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs.

The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. A static MAC address. The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses. For instructions on changing the aging timer. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. even when the end node is inactive. refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. once entered in the table. Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports. remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes). 128 . even when the end node is inactive. This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process.

To display the MAC address table. From the Main Menu. 129 . just the base ports.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2. perform the following procedure: 1. The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed. type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses. type 6 to select MAC Address Tables. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports. type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports. To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. To display only static MAC addresses. The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R . 3.

Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch.Accept changes & update flash U . The static MAC address window is exactly the same. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed. MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N . A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only.Update Display R . (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. The columns in the window are defined below.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses. 130 . This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses.

except for the switch’s MAC address. As an example. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. This feature is not supported at this time. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. The type can be either static or dynamic. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. 131 . Another example is “000020F. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. Type The MAC address type.

type 6 to select MAC Address Table. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 2. type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. 132 . The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3. From the Main Menu. Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return. From the MAC Address Table menu. You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port. 1. A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port.

But if the switch is part of a large network. The procedure in this section offers an easier way. you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. or to which the address was assigned.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. 2. From the Main Menu. for a static address. 133 . From the MAC Address Table menu. You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address. finding the address could prove difficult. 1. if the address was learned dynamically.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 2. From the Main Menu. 134 . To obtain a VLAN’s VID. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. From the MAC Address Table menu. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. 1.) Note To perform this procedure. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN. For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view. as explained earlier in this chapter. perform the following procedure. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. produces the same result. (This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN.

type 6 to select MAC Address Table. the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. 2. If you type Y for yes. Once the table has been purged.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. A confirmation prompt is displayed. type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. 1. Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure. From the Main Menu. From the MAC Address Table menu. 135 . perform the following procedure. 3.

type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. 136 . To add a static address to the MAC address table. 5. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses. 2. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address. From the Main Menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table. perform the following procedure: 1. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. From the MAC Address Table menu.

type 3 to select Delete MAC Address. From the MAC Address Table menu. 137 . Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table. type 6 to select MAC Address Table.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. 2. 4. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1.

The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3. This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. the switch deletes the address. type 5 to select System Config Menu. The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch. When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. Enter a new value in seconds. From the Main Menu. From the System Config Menu. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes). 138 . To adjust the aging time.

Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .

the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802.1Q standards. But with the introduction of time-critical applications. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis. File transfer delays did occur. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications. For example.e. 140 .1p standard outlines eight levels of priority.. When a tagged packet enters a switch port.1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example. network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner. such as voice transmission or video conferencing. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest. packet transfer delays can prove problematic. 0 to 7. but were mostly transparent to network users. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue. untagged frames (i.1p and 802. CoS was designed to address this problem. The 802. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port. By default. transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue. low and high. Prior to CoS.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802.

Return to the Main Menu. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. Type 3 to select Priority (0 . If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 11.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. 3. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. 2.7). The default for this parameter is No. 8. (Again. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. Press Return. From the VLAN Menu. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. Type 1 to select Port Number.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. 5. 10. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu. enter a value from 4 to 7. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch.) 7. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. 6. 141 . 9. enter a value from 0 to 3. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch.

Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. it simply stops sending reports. Once the router has received a report from a host node. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. it removes the node from appropriate membership list. In Version 1. referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group.) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports. A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups. it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. the router does not send multicast packets out the port. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group. In Version 2. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups. 143 .AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. There are two versions of IGMP. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. referred to as a time-out value.

144 . The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2. and by processing leave requests. which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups. a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value. Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance. IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. Note By default. except the port on which it received the packet.

type E to enable or D to disable this feature. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed... type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. Maximum Multicast Groups .... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status ... The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch... 2.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 .. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.. 2 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters. Multicast Host Topology .Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port.. type 5 to select System Config Menu.Save Configuration Changes R . perform the following procedure: 1. Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate).. 3.. Multicast Router Port(s) .. From the System Configuration Menu... View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S . This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 . From the Advanced Configuration window..... Host/Router Timeout Interval . After selecting this option. From the Main Menu.IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch.

3 .Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. The default is 256 multicast addresses. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 . it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. 4 . The default is 260 seconds. The default is 256 multicast groups. The range is from 1 second to 86. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. that is. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port.Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval.Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. 5 .400 seconds (24 hours). The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses.Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports.

type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect. To select Auto Detect. or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number. After making the desired changes. 147 . enter “0” (zero) for this parameter. Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter. Your changes are activated immediately on the switch.

Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. From the Main Menu. 4. The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group. The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. From the System Configuration Menu. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. To display the list. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 2. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch. 148 .Update Display R . 3. type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected. as well as the host nodes. From the Advanced Configuration window.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U . perform the following procedure: 1.

type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. Router IP The IP address of the multicast router. 149 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. From the System Configuration Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window.Update Display R . To display a list of the multicast routers. 4. 3.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 2. type 7 to select View Multicast Router List. The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes. perform the following procedure: 1. You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch. From the Main Menu.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software.

the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network. When a node sends out a broadcast frame. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. That is. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps.AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. For example. Broadcast frames are different. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. For example. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. 151 . In order to use this feature. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic.

If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example. 152 . the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch. Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames. the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. At these settings.

.. Type 1. 0 micro sec C .Timer for 10 MB ports .Save Configuration Changes R ...1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . and 1000 Mbps.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature. The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed. type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. 100. perform the following procedure: 1.Timer for 100 MB ports . type 5 to select System Config Menu. or 3 and enter a value when prompted.. The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds..100x 153 .) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed. 3. 0 milli sec 2 . 2. From the System Configuration Menu. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.Timer for 1000 MB ports .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4.. From the Advanced Configuration Menu. From the Main Menu. 0 milli sec 3 . You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 ..10x ❑ 100 Mbps . 2..

5. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. 154 . if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. Once you have set the desired timer intervals. The default value is “0” for all timers. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. the management software multiples the value by 10. Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. 6.

perform the following procedure: 1. To configure only one port. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. type 1 to select Port Menu. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. For example. From the Main Menu. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds. From the Port Menu. To configure a range of ports. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval. enter the last port number in the range. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. To configure a range of ports. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. 5. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 155 . 2. enter the first port of the range.> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. type 1 to select Port Configuration. 6. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . Type B to select Broadcast Control.

Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .

Clear Port Statistics 3 . The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed.Select a Port 2 . type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4. From the Ethernet Statistics menu.Display Module Statistics R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2. The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics. Type 1 to choose Select a Port.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3.Port Statistics Menu 2 . type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . From the Main Menu. Press Return.Clear Module Statistics 3 . perform the following procedure: 1. 5. 157 .Display Port Statistics R . Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view.

.. FRAGMENT ..... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port.... CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port.................... TX_COUNT ........Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.......... RX_COUNT ... PORT_IN_DISCARDS ................................ Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT ... U ... UNDERSIZE . Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port.... shown in Figure 48............... RX_BRDCAST .........Update Display R . Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port. RX_MLTCAST ........ CRC_ERROR .. Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port.............................. OVERSIZE .... RX_OVERFLOW ........................... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded........ RX_UNICAST ............ 158 ................Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window..

3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. 159 . select the option “2 . Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. but discarded and not forwarded. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port.Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”. packets with alignment errors.AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.

. Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch............. OVERSIZE ............................. FRAGMENT . RX_OVERFLOW ....... From the Ethernet Statistics menu. UNDERSIZE .......... From the Main Menu......Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.... PORT_IN_DISCARDS ............. Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch.. RX_COUNT .... RX_UNICAST ..........Update Display R ........................... shown in Figure 48...... RX_BRDCAST ... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT ..................... U ....... perform the following procedure: 1...... CRC_ERROR ....Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch........ type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics..... type 3 to select Display Module Statistics.. Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded... TX_COUNT ...... 160 .. 2............ RX_MLTCAST .............. The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window.....

161 .3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. but discarded and not forwarded. Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. packets with alignment errors. If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”.Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. select the option “2 . and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets.AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch. Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch.

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

162

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

163

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

164

AT-S39 User’s Guide

The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed. Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete. Once the management software is initialized. 166 . Note Do not interrupt the initialization process. Begin the file transfer of the new management software image. the switch automatically resets. If you are installing a new management image. Do not reboot the switch.

1.img 167 .cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image.img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39. you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn.ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39. A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT. Source file . If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software. Put .The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch.35.35. Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149. loader file.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software.The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host . The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39. tftp -i 149.This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image.1. This may necessitate renaming the file. or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above. Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software.1 put c:\ats39. Binary .1.

Destination file .1 get ats39. The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host .cfg”.1.The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file. Binary .1 to local drive C: of the workstation.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation.35. 168 . Source file .35. it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP. tftp -i 149. Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited.The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149.1.This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from. Get .The source file name is “ATS39. This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically.img c:\ats39. as explained in the previous section.img Once the file is stored on a local drive.

Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18. MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26. Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19. IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28. Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24. Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23. Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21.

170 .Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser. such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.

The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. Consequently. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser. (The password is case-sensitive. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch. the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. Additionally. To start a web browser management session. When prompted. enter the user name and password. For instructions. 171 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies. perform the following procedure: 1. you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. 2. To change the password. the switch must have an IP address. Start your web browser. as shown in Figure 51.) The user name cannot be changed. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3.

Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display. In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites. You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows. Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus. You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser. Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software. 172 .The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed.

173 . select Exit from any AT-S39 management page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session.

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

From the Home Page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. select it and then select the General tab. 2. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default. perform the following procedure: 1. subnet address. To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. select Configuration. If the System menu option is not selected. 175 . refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch.

Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Sales Ethernet switch). 176 . Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window. The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example.Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide. 3.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. click Apply. Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). After you have set the parameters. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. or an SNMP management program.g. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. Wiring closet 402B). Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. 177 .. Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. a Telnet utility. The default password is “admin”. To create a new password. 4. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser. such as its location (e. The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length. Floor 4. Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch. enter the new password into both fields. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. Entering a value for this parameter is optional.

or by using the Reset button on the switch. subnet mask. 178 . or gateway address. If you made a change to the IP address. You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session.Section III: Web Browser Management 5. You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session. you must reset the switch to activate your change.

2. The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. 3. The Monitoring window is displayed. select the General tab. perform the following procedure: 1. If it is not already selected. select System Status. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 . From the Configuration Menu. select Monitoring. From the Home page.

❑ Switch Mode . These values cannot be changed. The sections in the window are defined below.” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes). Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging .Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only. Virtual LANs on page 91. which also explains how to change the parameters. You cannot change any of the values from this window.” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. For information about VLANs.Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode. including the IP address of the switch and the system name. Administration This section contains a variety of information.Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted. These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. If this parameter displays “Basic. General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address. This value cannot be changed. For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session. If this parameter displays “Tagged. refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212. ❑ Hash Count . For background information about MAC addresses. 180 .

select Configuration. 2. The parameters are described below. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. 181 . Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. Adjust the parameters as desired. From the Configuration menu. select System.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. Select the SNMP tab. From the Home page. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed.

Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. 5. 182 . Click Apply to save your changes to the switch. Changes are immediately activated on the switch.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 . Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed.Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4. 2. select Configuration. Click Modify. The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. 184 . perform the following procedure: 1. (To deselect a port. You can select only one port at a time. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure. From the Configuration page.) 5. The selected port turns white. select Layer 1. Select the Port Setting tab. 3. click it again. From the Home page.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch.

Possible values are: None . Adjust the port parameters as desired. any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch.No flow control on the port. The parameters are described below. If the threshold is reach. refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227. Receive . For instructions on how to set this value. For background information on this feature. Flow Control The flow control setting for the port. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151.Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port. Both .AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed. An example of the window is shown in Figure 57. Transmit . Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6. Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time.Flow control only on packets being received on the port. 185 .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.

Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode. 7. ❑ 10Mbps . AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228.Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps .Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. The default for this port parameter is enabled. Default values are listed in Appendix A. A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames. The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port. click Apply. Once you have made the desired changes.Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . 186 .Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . This is the default. Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values.Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port.

select Monitoring. Click a port. The selected port turns white. duplex mode. You can view a port’s operating speed.) 4. 3. Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics. (To deselect a port. 187 . perform the following procedure: 1. 2. MDI/MDI-X configuration. From the Monitoring page. From the Home page. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58. select Layer 1. To display the status or statistics of a switch port. You can select only one port at a time. click it again. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. and more.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

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Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session. Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session. refer to Port Security Overview on page 65. Note For background information on port security. 192 .

From the Layer 2 page. select the Port Security tab. From the Home page. 2. From the Configuration page. The current security level is displayed. select Layer 2. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. select Monitoring. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 .

Note For background information on port trunking.Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session. 194 . refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73.

If there is a port trunk. Loops can result in broadcast storms. To create or delete a port trunk. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk. Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. From the Home page. select Layer 1. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. If you are deleting a port trunk. 2. all ports in the switch image will be black.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. Select the Port Trunking tab. 3. the ports of the trunk will be white. From the Configuration page. 195 . which can produce broadcast storms. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. which can adversely effect the operations of your network. perform the following procedure: 1. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. select Configuration.

Click the ports that will make up the port trunk. 3. A port trunk can contain 2. A selected port changes to white. or 4 ports. An unselected port is black. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch. The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. To create a port trunk. To delete a port trunk. Click Apply. b. 5. click Remove. 196 . You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. do the following: a.

refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. 197 . Note For background information on port mirroring.Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror.

Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4. perform the following procedure: 1. Select the Port Mirroring tab. To create a port mirror. Click Apply. select Configuration. From the Home page.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. 198 . To delete an existing port mirror. 2. 5. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. c. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports. The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. do the following: a. b. From the Configuration page. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. select Layer 1. 3.

199 . The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted.

Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session.Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session. refer to STP Overview on page 84. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP. 200 .

Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. select Configuration. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. From the Home page. 2.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. select Layer 2. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks.Configuration 4. The parameters are described below. From the Configuration menu. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window . If you enable STP. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. From the Layer 2 window. To configure a bridge’s STP parameters. 3. You should consult the IEEE 802. select the Spanning Tree tab. 201 .

The default is 2 seconds. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. If two or more bridges have the same priority value.535. 5. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. This value cannot be changed. If the bridge transitions too soon. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. with 0 being the highest priority. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. The default setting is disabled. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. for example. if you use the default 20. The default is 20 seconds. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. For example. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. click Apply. When a root bridge goes off-line. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. 202 . After you have made the desired changes. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP.Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. possibly resulting in a network loop. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. The default is 15 seconds.

The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. select Monitoring. From the Monitoring menu. From the Layer 2 page. 2. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window . refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201. perform the following procedure: 1.Monitoring 203 . From the Home page. select the Spanning Tree tab. select Layer 2. 3. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings. To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters.

and delete VLANs from a web browser management session. refer to Chapter 10. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 . This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. modify. Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode.Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. Virtual LANs.

perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page. From the Layer 2 window. select Configuration. 2. The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed. From the Configuration menu. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. select Layer 2. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 . select the VLAN tab.

Section III: Web Browser Management 4. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example. 6. The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. Click Add. the name should be unique as well. 206 . Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. The name can contain spaces but not special characters. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. its VID must be unique as well. The name can be from one to 10 characters in length. Sales or Accounting). Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN.

in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. 207 . The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. or a tagged port. Click Apply. 10. In most cases. Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. 8. Note For background information on port mirroring. its VID value should be the same on each switch. To select ports for the VLAN. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. 9. 7. click Send to CPU. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. This value disables port mirroring. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. For example.

The VLAN is now ready for network operations.Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. 208 .

7. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. After making the desired changes. click Apply. select Layer 2. 2. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. From the Home page. they are returned to the Default VLAN. 6.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. 4. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure. 209 . Click Modify. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. From the Configuration menu. 5. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. select Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. Creating a VLAN. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. From the Layer 2 window. select the VLAN tab. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. 3.

select Configuration. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. 2. 210 . select the VLAN tab. 4. select Layer 2. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. The VLAN is deleted from the switch. 5. From the Layer 2 window. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. Click Remove. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Configuration menu. 3.Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. From the Home page.

perform the following procedure: 1. The management software displays the window in Figure 68.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch. 3. From the Home page. select the VLAN tab. From the Monitoring page. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . 2. From the Layer 2 page. select Layer 2. select Monitoring.

Select the General tab. In the Switch Mode section of the window. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs. 5. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. Reset the switch. You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. choose System. 2. If you select Basic. 4. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. perform the following procedure: 1. select Configuration. 3. Note Refer to Chapter 10. To set the switch’s VLAN mode. Virtual LANs. 212 . You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. click either Tagged or Basic. From the Home Page.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. which is the default. If you select Tagged. From the Configuration menu.

Click Apply. select Layer 2. select Configuration. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 . if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. select CoS. A selected port turns white. 4. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. perform the following procedure: 1. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. click it again. 2. To change a PVID for a port. 5. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. You can select only one port at a time. For example. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. From the Configuration page. From the Layer 2 page. From the Home page. To deselect a port.

Section III: Web Browser Management 6. 214 . The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch. The new value is immediately activated on the port. Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26. 7. Class of Service on page 219. Click Apply. Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port.

refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table.Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch. 215 .

3. select the Forwarding Database tab. From the Monitoring page. 216 . perform the following procedure: 1. You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. 2. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session. Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses. For instructions. select Layer 2. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. The options are described below. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed. From the Home page. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. From the Layer 2 page.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. select Monitoring.

The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. click View.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. Another example is “000020F. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. 217 . You specify the VLAN by its VID. Once you have configured the options. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. 4. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. The port numbering scheme is from right to left. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. As an example. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses.

Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. except for the switch’s MAC address. The type can be either static or dynamic. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. This feature is not supported at this time. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. Type The MAC address type. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. 218 . EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored.

Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS. refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. 219 . This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS.

select any level from Level 4 to Level 7. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. Click Apply. From the Home page. select Layer 2. (Again. 2. 4. it does not matter which of these levels you select. 3. Click the port where you want to configure CoS. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed. select Configuration. 8.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5. 6.) 7. From the Layer 2 page. From the Configuration page. 220 . (It does not matter which of these levels you select. You can select only one port at a time. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. Click Modify.) 5. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. perform the following procedure: 1.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. The default for this parameter is No. click it again. (To deselect a port. A selected port turns white. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. click the Override Priority option. select the CoS tab.

Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch. refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143. Note For background information on this feature. 221 .

select System. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. From the Configuration menu. From the Home page. select Configuration. 222 . The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed. Select the IGMP tab. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port). Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. 3. Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port.

You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 . The range is from 1 second to 86. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. The default is 256 multicast groups. Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets.400 seconds (24 hours). With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. that is. you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. The default is 260 seconds. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected.

The default is 256 multicast addresses. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect. 224 .Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses. or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image. A white port indicates a multicast router port.

refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. 225 . Note For background information on this feature.Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch.

select Configuration. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. If they are not already selected. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept. To specify an interval timer. You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. the management software multiples the value by 10. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . 2.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed. The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page. select them now. After you have entered your values.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . 4.100x For example. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab. The default value is “0” for all timers. enter values for the three interval timers.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . From the Home page. and 1000 Mbps. perform the following procedure: 1. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. click Apply. 3.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. 226 . if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. 100.

Click Apply. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. 6. The port will accept all broadcast frames. select it now. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. If it is not selected. 227 . From the Configuration page. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. As an example. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. From the Home page. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. You can select only one port at a time. select Configuration. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. 5. 3. select Layer 1. Click Modify. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames. In the graphical switch image. the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. 4. To deselect a port. 7. The selected port turns white. click it again. When you open the Layer 1 page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward.

0.Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.0 0.0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 .0.0.0 255.255. Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.0.0.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.1 and above only.) 229 .

36 documentation. 52 defined. AT-S39. 228 DHCP activating. 150. 88. 41. 177 H hello time. 163 AT-S39 version number. 86. 225 defined. configuring. 227 browser tools. 50 F flow control. 88. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. 37 defined. 140 console timeout. 220 defined. 60. 27. 37 releasing IP address. 202 bridge identifier. 106 setting. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. 88 G gateway address. 47 setting switch status. 185 forwarding delay. 172 C Class of Service configuring. 60. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. 86. 212 BOOTP activating. 47 guidelines. 43 conventions.Index A aging time changing. 128 AT-S39 default settings. 202 bridge max age parameter. 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. 88. 155. 84. 41. 167 obtaining. 45 Auto-Negotiation. 138 defined. 37 defined. used in this guide. 11 D default values. 202 bridge priority. 37 BPDU. 84. 35. 202 bridge hello time parameter. 88. 90 host nodes 230 . 164 downloading via TFTP. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. 121. 141. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter.

195 guidelines.1d standard. 143 ingress filtering. 59. 82. 118 deleting. 59. defined. 211 modifying. 213 defined. 205 defined. 65 displaying. 210 displaying. 126. 113. 90 PVID. 153. 75. 35. 60 multicast groups. 66 serial number. 45 slave switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 39. 149 P password changing. 222 defined. 226 defined. 102 port-based VLAN creating. 94 deleting all. 146. 115. 223 I IEEE 802. 80. 29. 95. 143 displaying. 116. 177 interval timer configuring. displaying. 157 port trunking creating. 184 disable. 65 local management session defined. 140 priority. 145. 87. 177 default. 42 root bridge. 148 host/router timeout interval. 79 deleting. 216 MAC address. 186 statistics. switch. 222 231 . 193 port statistics. 186 displaying status. default settings. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. 26. 55. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 18 quitting. 173 R resetting a switch. 171 port configuring parameters. 58. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 30 web browser session. 67 defined. 50 SNMP community strings. 119. switch. 198 port security configuring. 145. maximum. 28 starting. 190 port cost defined. 25 S Secure level. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 107. 90 port mirroring creating. 151 L limited security mode configuring. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). 21 master switch defined. 85 setting. 73 deleting. 187 speed. 21 snoop topology. 146. 181 SNMP management session. 28 Telnet session. 32. 50 returning to. 35. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. 77. 24 M MAC address table. 209 priority queues. 69 defined. 198 defined. 223 multicast router. 84 RS232 port. 195 defined. port security. 111.

212 modifying. 107. 121. default. downloading software updates. 173 starting. 29 web browser. 84 port cost. 137 displaying. 122 displaying. 210 disabling. 211 modifying. 30 starting. 129 statistics port. 167 obtaining. 136 deleting. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 85. 45 virtual LAN creating. 201 configuring port parameters. 205 defined. 112. 35. 118 deleting. 171 V version number. 122 mode. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. 171 232 . 112. 29 TFTP. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. defined. 20 quitting. 89 defined. 203 starting session local. 115. 50 user name. changing. 177 switch statistics. 43 limitations. 113. 94 tagged. defined. 164 downloading via TFTP. AT-S39. 171 static MAC address adding. 209 Telnet management session defined. 101 VLAN identifier (VID).Index software updates downloading from a local session. 160 STP. 167 U unavailable status. 24 Telnet. 90 viewing bridge parameters. 101 deleting all. 35. 116. 205 defined. 206 VLAN. 94. 113. 19 quitting. 115. 116. 157. 211 enabling. 160 system name. 108 VLAN identifier. 118 deleting. 87. 111. defined. 92 deleting all. 209 port-based. 210 displaying. 190 switch. 107.

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