Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

3

Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

4

............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview .......................................................................................................................................................................... 160 5 ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN ........................................................................................................... 97 Port-based Example 1............................................ 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode .................................................................... 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses ................................................................................................................................................................................... 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers ...... 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes ................................................................................................92 Port-based VLAN Overview ....................................................................................................................... 143 Activating IGMP Snooping ....................................................................................................... 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN .............................................................................................. 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control ................................. 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview .......................................... 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN ...................................................................................... 126 MAC Address Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 137 Changing the Aging Time .................................................. 156 Displaying Port Statistics ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses ................................... 151 Configuring the Interval Timer ........................................................................................................ 99 Tagged VLAN Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 115 Deleting a VLAN .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs .................................................................................................................................................... 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering ..........................................................................................................................................91 VLAN Overview ................................................................................... 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count .................... 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics ............................. 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 98 Port-based Example 2......................... 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 116 Deleting All VLANs .................................................................... 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN ....................................................................... 127 Displaying MAC Addresses ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 118 Changing a PVID Value ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 142 IGMP Snooping Overview ....... 139 Class of Service Overview ............................... 103 Tagged VLAN Example ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 157 Displaying Switch Statistics ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 112 Modifying a VLAN .............................................. 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table ....................................................................................................... 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address ............................................ 113 Displaying VLAN Information ................................................................................................................................................... 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 140 Configuring CoS .........................................................

.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session .....................................................................................................................................................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror ..........................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................213 6 ........................................................192 Displaying the Port Security Level ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ....193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks ..............................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session ..................................................................................................................................................... 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ...........................................................................................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses ............Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates ....................................201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings ...............................................................................................................................................................................................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk ................................................................................................. 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ..................... 167 Uploading a Configuration File .................................................................................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security .........................................................................................................................................................................................212 Changing a PVID ................................171 Browser Tools..................................................................................................................................................................................167 Example.................................................................................................................................................................................205 Modifying a VLAN ..................................................................................... 168 Section III Web Browser Management .183 Configuring Port Parameters ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................210 Displaying VLANs .....................................................................................................................................................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................168 Example...................................................................................................................203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs .....................................................................................................................184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics .....................................................................................204 Creating a VLAN ....................................................................................................162 Obtaining Software Updates ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring .....................................209 Deleting a VLAN .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................175 Viewing System Information ........................................................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................

................................... 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping ......... 219 Configuring CoS ........................................................................ 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table ................................................................. 225 Configuring the Interval Timer .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control ............................................................. 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping .............Chapter 25 MAC Address Table ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 230 7 ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service ...................................................................................... 228 Index ............................................................................. 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames ...........................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................................... 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu ............... 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 ................................................................................................................................................ 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Example 1 ................................ 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu ..................................... 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window ........................ 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example ............................................................................. 52 Figure 11: Port Menu ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window ...................................... 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ............................................................. 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window ...................................................................... 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window .................................. 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu ................................................................................................. 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN ....................................................................................................................................................... 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ............................................................... 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window ............................................................. 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window ..................................................................................................................................................................... 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu ..................................... 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu ........................................ 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window .................................................................................................................................................................... 25 Figure 2: Main Menu ....................... 122 8 ............................................................... 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window ...... 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Example 2 ...................................... 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu ............................................................................................................. 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu ........ 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window ............................................................................................................List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port .

.............................................. Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu ......................................................................................................................... Figure 52: Home Page .........................................................................................................................................................................Configuration .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ................................................. Figure 68: VLAN Window ......... Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page ................................................................................................ Figure 54: General Tab Window ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window ........................................ Figure 59: Port Status Window .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab ............................................................................................................ Figure 69: CoS Setting Window ................................................................................................................................................. 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 ............................ Figure 67: Add VLAN Window ........................................................................................................................................... Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window .................................................................................................... Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab ............. Figure 53: General Tab ....... Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window ................................................................ Figure 60: Port Statistics Window ......................................................................................................................................... Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu ..................................... Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window ...... Figure 62: Port Trunking Window ........................................................................................................................................................ Figure 61: Port Security Menu ................... Figure 71: IGMP Tab .............................. Figure 57: Settings for Port Window .......................................................................................................................................................... Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu .......................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window ................................................................................... Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window ................................................................................... Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window ..................................................................................................... Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window ............................................................. Figure 66: VLAN Window ..... Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field .......................................................................................................................................................................................................Monitoring .............................................................................................................................. Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window ............................................................................................................. Figure 55: SNMP Tab ................ Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

10

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

11

Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

12

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

13

alliedtelesyn.alliedtelesyn.com. 14 .com or our FTP server at ftp.Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products. enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password. To use the FTP server. You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www.

15 . It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software.

If this is true for your network. Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters. 16 . and powering ON the device. The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. as explained in the hardware installation guide. then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network. You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches. such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters.Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228.

They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session. The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use. 17 .AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software. It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser. There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. such as to change or adjust its operating parameters. The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide.

you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch. Note For instructions on starting a local management session. Once the session is started. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located.Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. 18 . You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session. This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch. using a straight-through RS-232 cable. refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25.

refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters. Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. 19 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session. which include the enhanced stacking feature. Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. With AT-8024GB switches. Note For further information on enhanced stacking.

refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171.Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch. just like a Telnet management session. because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch. This too is a type of remote management. ❑ Port security level . 20 . every AT-8024GB switch. ❑ DHCP and BOOTP . Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session.You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session. They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking . that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address. There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session.You can view but not set the port security level of a switch.You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session. as well as every AT-8024 switch. Consequently.

A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program.AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program. The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program. 21 . Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. For instructions. refer to your SNMP management documentation. Consequently.

The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session.

The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch. Additionally. you must go to where that switch is located. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. This can simplify network management. You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch. 24 . To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. usually within a few meters. This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. to start this type of management session. Note For information on enhanced stacking. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. you can manage just that switch.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session. Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200. perform the following procedure: 1. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program. 3. see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 . Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch. POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2.

) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal. (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1. enter the password for the management software. (The password is case-sensitive. The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps.) The Main Menu is displayed. Otherwise. If prompted for a password.) 4. (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>). the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S .Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 . the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps). The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly. This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only. 5. The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset. You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch.1 and above. Press the Return key twice. simply type boot and press Return to start the switch. Note During boot up.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal.Save Configuration Changes R . The default is “admin”. or an equivalent terminal emulator program.

refer to Chapter 4. It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located. 27 .AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item. you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet. Enhanced Stacking on page 46. Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. type the corresponding letter or number. This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu. Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session.

Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions. return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit. You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch. Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously. This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session. 28 .

refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. The default password is “admin”. such as with a local management session. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. as shown in Figure 2 on page 26. In terms of functionally. Note For background information on enhanced stacking. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol. Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. To return to a previous menu. type its corresponding number of letter. 29 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. Enter the management software password when prompted. type R or press ESC twice. Additionally. The menus also function the same. To make a selection. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking.

Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session. type Q for Quit from the Main Menu. 30 .

and more. There are also procedures for resetting the switch. There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it. activating the original switch default settings. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 .Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures.

This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. you must also assign it a subnet mask. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. First. You do not need to assign an IP address. all from the same management session. The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. This switch will be the Master switch of the stack. This feature has two primary benefits. you must assign at least one of them an IP address. subnet mask.) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. 32 . (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. Second. a web browser. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address.

Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. 33 . refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet.AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure. switches on your network need an IP address. if any. How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. You can do this two different ways. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions.

0..Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 ..Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 . and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session.....0..0....Save Configuration Changes R . Administrator ... perform the following procedure: 1..0 System Name ..Reset Switch X ... 255.....255. such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch... The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed.0 Subnet Mask ...Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42. Change Password .0 Default Gateway .. From the Main Menu. 0..0. (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network. go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. To manually set a switch’s IP address.Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L .... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address .0.Release DHCP IP Address S . type 4 to select Administration Menu..) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch... along with other optional information. 9 ...0.. Comments ..... The selection X . subnet mask....

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

type 5 to select System Config Menu. 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R . From the Advanced Configuration window. From the System Configuration Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. 39 . type 3 to select SNMP Configuration.

.. public 2 ..0 0.0.. 0.Trap Receiver 1 5 .........Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch.. ..0.... type S to select Save Configuration Changes.. Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch...Trap Receiver 2 6 .....SET Community 3...... After making your changes..GET Community 2 .. 5.. ..Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings..0 0.Trap Receiver 3 7 ....Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4. To change a value....0.. type its corresponding number and.0 0. 40 . The parameters are described below..0.0.0 S .....0.Trap Community .0..GET Community .Save Configuration Changes R .0.. private 3 . 4 ............ when prompted......... Adjust the parameters as desired.. enter the new value...SET Community ..... ..... 1 .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed. public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 ....

From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. Type Y to reset the switch. 4. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. 41 . 2. Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A. If you type Y for yes. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings. type 5 to select System Config Menu. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. You are prompted to reset the switch. the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. Type Y for yes or N for no. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. From the System Configuration Menu.

Some data traffic may be lost. type 4 to select Administrator Menu. From the Main Menu. From the Administrator Menu. 42 . type 9 to select Reset Switch. Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software. perform the following procedure: 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. a task requiring only a second or two to complete. 2. The switch immediately reloads its operating system.

and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser. 3. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password. For instructions on how to set this security feature.The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. 43 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. type E to enable web access or D to disable web access. ❑ Console Timeout . perform the procedure below.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch. For instructions on how to set this security feature.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes. type 5 to select System Config Menu. when prompted. type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. The default password is “admin”. 2. the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. To configure the console timer. (The password is case-sensitive. perform the following procedure: 1. if you specify 2 minutes. perform the procedure below. From the Main Menu. For example. To configure web browser access. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. type 6 to select Web Server Access and. ❑ Web Access . These security features are: ❑ Password . when prompted. The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software.

type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 44 . After you have made the desired changes.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. 4. no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser. if you disable web access.

D2.32.....1 5456411 00.A0...17.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version .....3 ATI_LOADER1.... AT-S39 v1.. Serial Number ........ The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed... type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu.....AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed..00 R ... 45 ....... MAC Address . Bootloader Version ......

This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch.Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch. 46 .

such as for maintenance. Once connected to the network. ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. That way. You simply connect it to your network. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. If your network consists of more than one subnet. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. should you remove a master switch from the network. there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. 47 .

referred to as slave switches. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. 48 . If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually. 3. Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. you must assign each master switch a unique IP address. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack. do not. For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask.

32.32. Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets.32. 49 . you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet.18 Master 2 IP Address 149.09.22 Master 2 IP Address 149.11. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router.09.11. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149.16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149. and each has been assigned a unique IP address.32.

type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address. You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch. Master 2 . Note The default setting for a switch is Slave. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 . The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed. From the Main Menu. To be managed remotely.A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch.Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable.. ❑ Unavailable .. Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch . slave switch.Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 . ❑ Slave switch . you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet.A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet. perform the following procedure: 1. A master switch must have a unique IP address. Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack. or unavailable..Enhanced Stacking Services S .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch. It does not need an IP address or subnet mask. A switch with this designation can be managed locally. To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status.A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch.Save Configuration Changes R .

the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master. A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch.Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches.” For example. or U to make the switch unavailable. To change a switch’s status.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 . S to make it a slave switch. Type M to change the switch to a master switch.Switch State. The following prompt is displayed. Press Return. Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 2. 51 . type 1 to select Switch State. 4. Note The “2 .

Access Switch R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G . When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet. perform the following procedure: 1.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 . The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch. you need to select it from the management software. If you assigned system names to your switches.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch. From the Main Menu. To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet. From the Enhanced Stacking window.Get/Refresh List of Switches A . The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window. then it is very easy. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. you are by default addressing that particular switch. The window in Figure 10 is displayed. To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack. 2. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services.

This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password. 4. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch. 6. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive. Type A to select Access Switch. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. if you want to manage the Master switch. Once you see that window. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice. 53 . Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. You now can manage the selected switch. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. Enter the switch’s password and press Return. Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit.

Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .

type 1 to select Port Menu. type 4 to select Port Status.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2. 55 . The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed. From the Main Menu.Accept changes & update flash R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Port Menu.

Possible values are: Auto . The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number. Down . Possible values are: Up .Next Page U .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.Update Display R . Figure 12 is an example of the window.Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually.indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed.indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Manual . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N . Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. 56 . Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port.

57 . Possible values are: None . Disabled . This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member.The port has been manually disabled.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port.10 Mbps 100 . Flow The flow control setting for the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port.The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames. Spd The operating speed of the port.100 Mbps 1000 .1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port. Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex. Possible values are: 10 .No flow control on the port.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. Possible values are: Forwarding . Both . Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Receive .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. State The current operating status of the port. Transmit .

... The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4... To configure a range of ports. To configure only one port. Advertise 10FDX ........ enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return.... enter the first port of the range. Advertise 10HDX ..... perform the following procedure: 1..No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 . From the Port Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3........ Broadcast Control .. From the Main Menu. type 1 to select Port Configuration.... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status .. 2.... Advertise 100FDX .. To configure a range of ports.. type 1 to select Port Menu.. MDI/MDIX Mode ... Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return.. enter the last port number in the range. Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 ..... Flow Control ...Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch... Negotiation .. Advertise 100HDX .

.... If you select Manual..... which is the default.. Adjust the port parameters as desired.The port will receive and forward packets.Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex. Possible settings are: Forwarding .. the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically... 59 . The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters. you can enable the port again to resume normal operation.10 Mbps 0100 . When disabled. 5. two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 . This is the default setting. You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections. The parameters are described below. a port will not receive or transmit frames. 0100 3 ...Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode...AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port.. If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation.Duplex .Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode.. 0 ..The port will not receive or forward packets..1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 .100 Mbps 1000 .Speed selection are: 0010 . 1 . You adjust a parameter by typing its number.. Disabled .. Once the problem has been fixed. The possible settings for the 2 .Speed ... This toggles the parameter through its possible settings.Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port. You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port...

Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation. 60 .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. If desired. The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time.MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port.No flow control on the port. Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated. You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation. 5 .Advertise 10HDX 7 . Transmit . the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it.Advertise 100HDX to No.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode.or full-duplex mode. If you set this to Auto.Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option. Receive .Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half. For example.Advertise 10FDX 6 . During Auto-Negotiation. a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it. Possible settings are: None . 9 . The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames. B .Advertise 100FDX 8 . Both .Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155. half-duplex operation. By default. if you set the selection 8 . you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX. which is the default setting. which is the default setting. a switch port will advertise its full capabilities.

which. This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode. You can use this option to reset the selected port. Once you have set the port parameters. when selected. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection. The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection. Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port. 61 . This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6.

3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 .GBIC Information R . Type 1 to select GBIC Information. type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch. From the Main Menu. Type either 24 or 25. these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. From the Advanced Configuration window. The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed. 62 . To display GBIC information. perform the following procedure: 1. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5. From the System Configuration Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 2. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4.

. (10m) ...... Type of Serial Interface .. 63 ...........Next Page R . (10k) .AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module............. You cannot change this information..... Figure 15 is an example of the window................... Connector Type .. Length 9/125 mm Fib.... Length 9/125 um Fib.. (100m) .... (k) ......... Elect/Opt Transceiver .... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number ...... N ... Extended Serial Transceiver ............ Length 62. Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding .....Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only..5/125 um Fib.... Length 50/125 um Fib......

Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. 64 .Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.

Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. 65 . The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. even when the end node is inactive. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table. Once this mode is activated. Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. it remains in the table and is never purged. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. There are four levels of port security.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. Automatic This operating mode disables port security.

When this security level is activated. Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned. The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. even those belonging to inactive end nodes. no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. 66 . refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward. The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. Once you have activated this security level. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table.

❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. type 2 to select Limited mode. To specify the limits. 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . perform the following procedure: 1. To set a switch’s port security level. From the Main Menu. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed. 2. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table. type 1 to select Port Menu. type 5 to select Port Security. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. This is the default setting. From the Port Menu. After activating this security mode. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward. type 1 to select Automatic mode. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses. Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. type 3 to select the Secured mode. 67 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn.

A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned. type 4 to select Lock all the ports now. 68 . Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time.

Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn. When you activate this security level.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn. 3. To configure Limited security mode. 2. frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded. Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed.Configure port security limited mode R . type 5 to select Port Security. type 2 to select Limited security. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed. You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. type 1 to select Port Menu. From the Port Security menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 . the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports. From the Main Menu.Display MAC limit per port 2 . Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table.Set MAC limit per port 3 . You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 . perform the following procedure: 1. From the Port Menu.

12. 11. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. Type 2 to choose Select a port. type R to select Return to previous menu. Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. 70 . 9. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. 13. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed. This applies the limit to the port. 10. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6. To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. The range is 1 to 150 addresses. repeat Steps 5 through 9. type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode. Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. 7.

repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed. Check to be sure that they are correct. 14. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu. If you assigned different values to different ports. 71 . 15. be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. If necessary. 16. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port. Limited security has now been configured on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. Examine the MAC limits.

Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .

the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. 13. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. and so on. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. or 4 ports. 5. port 13 to port 22. 14. 73 . 3. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. and 24. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. For example. or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. ❑ The duplex mode. ❑ When cabling a trunk. To maintain the order of the port connections. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. For example. 15 for the trunk. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load. router. and 7). ports 4. or another Ethernet switch. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. 22. 23. On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. and so on. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. speed. 6. A port trunk is 2. such as a server. 3. there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. workstation.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. Despite the software configuration and physical connections.

AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches. ❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch. A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs. AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 . The server is connected to the switch with four data links.❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN. Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server. The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch.

examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk.Add ports to trunk 2 . are the same for all the ports of the trunk. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed.Show port trunking status S .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 . To create a port trunk.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch. Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure. You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN. Check to be sure that the settings.Save Configuration Changes R . perform the following procedure: 1. type 3 to select Port Trunking. Note Before creating a port trunk. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology. such as speed and duplex mode. From the Main Menu. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. type 1 to select Port Menu.Delete Trunk 3 . 2. Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software. From the Port Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 .

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R .. Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk.. 8.g. 7-10). The port trunk is ready for network operations. The following prompt is displayed.g.4) or as a range (e.2. To confirm the creation of the port trunk. 6. 5. type 3 to display the status of the trunk.3.Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking. 1. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk. 76 .3. Enter new value -> 4. You can specify the ports individually (e. Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window.

type 1 to select Port Menu. 4. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. From the Main Menu. 3. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. To confirm the deletion. From the Port Menu. To delete a port trunk from the switch. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. type 3 to select Port Trunking. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. 5. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type 2 to select Delete trunk. perform the following procedure: 1. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. 2. The port trunk is deleted from the switch. 77 .

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror.

you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port. For example.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time. the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. However. if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports. the mirror port is likely to drop packets. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports. For example. 79 . the more ports you mirror. You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed.

Press Return. the port to where the traffic will be copied)... 2.CPU Attached . To mirror a range of ports. type 1 to select Port Menu. type 2 to select Port Mirroring.Add ports to mirror 4 . Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Port Menu. If you want to mirror a range or ports...Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3.. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed. You can specify only one mirror port. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. The following prompt is displayed.Show Port Mirror Status S .. enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step. Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror. Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored. To mirror the traffic of only one port. The following prompt is displayed..Delete ports from mirror 5 . From the Main Menu. Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6. 0 2 .Mirroring Port . 80 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 .. The following prompt is displayed. Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is. No 3 . enter the last port in the range... 5. enter the first port of the range... Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7...Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror.Save Configuration Changes R .

type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status. Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu. 81 . 10. The port mirror is now functional. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 9. The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored. To confirm the creation of the port mirror.AT-S39 User’s Guide 8.

type 2 to select Port Mirroring.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror. From the Port Menu. Enter 0 and press Return. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. 82 . 5. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The following prompt is displayed. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. 2. From the Main Menu. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. type 1 to select Port Menu.

ISO/IEC 10038: 1993.Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters. 83 . refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol.1D.

STP can be an important part of large networks where loops.1D standard. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. leaving only one main active path. either planned or unplanned. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. Where multiple paths exist. 84 . STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge. also referred to as the bridge identifier. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes. of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. By adjusting the value. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. exist in the network topology. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. referred to as broadcast storms.Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. as specified in the IEEE 802. and sometimes its MAC address.

active path. blocking mode. If two paths have the same port cost. Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. Below are the default values. the lower the port cost. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. if one is found. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and. where all ports have a port cost of 0. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state. 85 . The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. The faster the port. If redundant paths exist. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. the preferred path is selected through port priority.

86 . This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. especially if it is a large network. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. and that could adversely impact network performance. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. the active topology also changes. removal. before it begins to forward frames. However. listening and learning. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). For small networks. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. Consequently. a change in a port state is not activated immediately. you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. with the size of your network being a primary factor. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. For large networks.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. or addition of any active components. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. a temporary data loop could occur. The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. When a bridge is brought on-line. and if not. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states.

Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2.Reset STP to Defaults R .Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch. Bridge Forwarding . Bridge Hello Time . Bridge Identifier . 1 .. Bridge Priority .Display STP Port Settings 9 .... Bridge Max Age . 1. The default setting is disabled. 87 .. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. From the Main Menu.. You should consult the IEEE 802.... type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. If you enable STP..Config STP Port Settings 8 . The parameters are described below...1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters.... Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 . Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default..AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings.... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable ..

6 . resulting in network loops. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. for example. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. with 0 being the highest priority.Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. When a root bridge goes off-line. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. 3 . The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed. 88 . The default is 15 seconds. 4 . The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value.Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. The default is 20 seconds. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. The default is 2 seconds. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs).Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . After you have made the desired changes. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. 5 . 3. For example. If the bridge transitions too soon.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge.535. if you use the default 20.Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes.

...... Root Bridge .. This value cannot be changed.. 2.. Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R .. type 7 to select Config STP port settings... To configure a range of ports. enter the last port of the range. Bridge Hello Time .Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain.... Enter the number of the port you want to configure... Adjust the settings as desired.. enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step.... The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4.. To configure just one port. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. 1 .. To configure a range of ports. From the Spanning Tree menu. Path Cost .. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters.. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3.. enter the first port of the range. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating . Port Priority . The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed. 89 . From the Main Menu.. The parameters are described below.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5.

10 for a 100 Mbps port.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . 5 . The default is 2 seconds. The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port.Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge. 3 . 90 . To change this value. The range is 0-255.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge.Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain.Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN. The range is 1 to 65535. This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed. refer to the previous procedure. This value cannot be changed from this window. and 4 for a 1 Gbps port. 4 . The default value for priority is 128.

It also contains the procedures for creating. modifying. This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 .Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs).

For example. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. With VLANs.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. logical LAN segments. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. Additionally. The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN. if an employee changed departments. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. This too can improve overall network performance. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. 92 . you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN. Before the advent of VLANs. For example. such as one for Sales and another for Accounting.

or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections. a virtual LAN can span more than one switch. VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically. 93 . you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software.AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location. Additionally.

The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. Production. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). called the Default VLAN. A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. such as a router or Layer 3 switch. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN. and Engineering. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. 94 . or just a few ports. Examples include Sales. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. you must give it a name. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network.

Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). unique VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch. Untagged Ports Naturally. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID. In this manner. Consequently. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. This is acceptable when you are creating a new. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. 95 . The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID. Additionally. it will simply select the next available VID. rather than by a port’s PVID. If you allow the management software to do it automatically. you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership. For example. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously.

assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. However. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port. the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID. ❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID. 96 . This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. Consequently.

97 . many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches. a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. For example. A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs. such as servers and printers. ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN. ❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network. across multiple VLANs.

13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . the Default VLAN is not shown. You assign this number when you create a VLAN.4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9.) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN . The ports have been assigned PVID values. Engineering. and Production VLANs on the switch. A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member. (For purposes of the following examples. A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs.Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . 98 .24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID. 11 .

two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch. In this example.Example 2 99 . The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN. Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs. each VLAN has one port connected to the router.AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN .

Engineering. and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . ❑ Production VLAN . This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN. This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch. It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch. However. it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router. 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13. This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment.6.This is the final VLAN in the example. Since this VLAN spans multiple switches. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch.This VLAN spans both switches. 14. 100 . Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router. This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN.24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN.This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN. It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4. 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 . The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch.11. ❑ Engineering VLAN .6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN . 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 .

If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of. referred to as a tagged frame.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN. this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. A tag. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port. the frame will be discarded. The IEEE 802. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches. When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. This contrasts to a port-based VLAN.3ac standard). The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802. the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. For example.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port.1Q-compliant. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership. Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802. This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames. 101 . which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame. This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch. the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports.

Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN. 102 . However. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. Otherwise. An untagged port. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. In the case of a tagged VLAN. can be in only one VLAN at a time. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. a frame without any tagged information). and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. simultaneously. the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. there would seem to be no need for a PVID. But actually there is.

each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID.AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN. ❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time. 103 . If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks. ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs.

Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802.1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 .1Q-based products.

These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs.1Q-compliant server. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. 105 . One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. data separation and security remain. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated. 18 (PVID 2) 8. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. when received by the switch. while still maintaining data separation and security. The tagged frames. 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11. 20 (PVID 3) 8. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs. It is connected to an IEEE 802. But with tagged ports.

is ignored. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. All VLAN information.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. either tagged or untagged. 106 . Packets are passed through the switch unchanged. frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered. You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. but the VLANs are not used. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121. Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode.

107 . From the VLAN Menu. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2. The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed.Virtual LAN Definitions 3 .Save Configuration Changes R .AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S . type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Port VLANs & Priorities R .Virtual LAN Support 2 .

then its VID must also be unique. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name .Create VLAN R .. 108 .. For example..... then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. C ...... 0 Tagged Ports ... If the VLAN will be unique in your network. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches... such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!)... 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) . 5.. Untagged Ports .. The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN.. If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches...Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN. The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value.... VLAN ID (VID) . The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. Mirroring Port .. The name can contain spaces..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4.. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches...... The name can be from one to ten characters in length.... you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value. Sales or Accounting)... If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch... but not special characters. then the name should be unique as well..

.. 2. 7-9).5. 2. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports. either do not select this option or select it and type N for no. For more information on port mirroring. type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted. Type C to select Create VLAN. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. you will see the following message: SUCCESS .g. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. 9. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN.. or both (e.5). you can analyze the VLAN traffic.) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port..7-9).g.g. leave this field empty. 8.3. To verify that the VLAN was created correctly. or both (e. type 6 and Y for yes.5).g. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored.5.Press any key to continue. 14. You can specify the ports individually (e. 10. type 4 to select Show All VLANs.(If you do not to activate this feature. 2. If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports.. Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports.g. 7-9). 2.7-9) 7. 12.3. Note In most cases. Press any key. this parameter should be left with its default value of 0. as a range (e. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN.g.. You can specify the ports individually (e.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. 109 . 11. as a range (e. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. 13. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. leave this field empty. If the VLAN will contain tagged ports.

ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN. if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time. You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs. For example. Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15. Note When you create a new VLAN. 110 .

Press Return. 2. Type C to select Create VLAN. 6. 5. 8. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. 3. From the Main Menu. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. Ports 1 to 4. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 111 . The new Sales VLAN has now been created. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. From the VLAN Menu. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. 7. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. press any key. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 4. To create the example Sales VLAN. 9. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports.

perform the following procedure: 1. 2. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port.10. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”. 112 . From the VLAN Menu. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN. 20”. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created. type 1 to select Create a VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. From the Main Menu. Ports 9. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. 10. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”. and two untagged ports. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 3. 5. 11. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. Type C to select Create VLAN. and 12. Press Return. 9.16”. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. press any key. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 4. 7. Ports 8 and 16. To create the example Engineering VLAN. 6. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. It will consist of three untagged ports. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9. 8.11.

The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed. type 2 to select Modify a VLAN.. 113 .Press any key to continue.VLAN ID (VID) . Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify. refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. To modify a VLAN.. After making the desired changes.. perform the following procedure: 1. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5.. From the Main Menu. 3. R . type 2 to select VLAN Menu. The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed. For a description of the parameters. 6.. type M to select Modify VLAN. 7. 2. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). From the VLAN Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure. Change the VLAN’s information as desired. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN.. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4.. The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 .

Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. 114 . 11. 9. 10. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs. The VLAN has been modified. 8. Press any key. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

9 U: 8.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 .9 U: 1-6 T: 7. From the Main Menu. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33. The Show All VLANs window is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names. type 4 to select View All VLANs. VID numbers. Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7. 3. 2.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R . From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. perform the following procedure: 1. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. From the VLAN Menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.

Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN.VLAN ID (VID) . which has a VID of 1. From the Main Menu. 3. type 2 to select VLAN Menu..Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure. type D. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. type 3 to select Delete a VLAN.. R . type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. To delete the VLAN..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. From the VLAN Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. A confirmation prompt is displayed. Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). 2. The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed. The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 ... To delete a VLAN. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. 116 .. 6..

All ports in the deleted VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide 7. 9. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 8. Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs. The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS . 117 . Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. The VLAN has been deleted. both tagged and untagged.Press any key to continue. are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. 10. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed.

2. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. 5. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. From the Main Menu. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. perform the following procedure: 1. 4. A confirmation message is displayed. except the Default VLAN. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. 3. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. Press Return. To delete selected VLANs.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. To delete all VLANs on a switch. From the VLAN Menu. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. on a switch. 118 .

119 . 2. Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change. From the VLAN Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 .Port Number R . Press Return. then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7. Type 1 to select Port Number. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. For example. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. To change a PVID for a port. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed.

Port VLAN ID ..Update Changes to Chip C .. Press Return. Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High .. 120 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed...... 7.. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip.. Specify the new PVID value for the port.... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number .... The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6. 8. Override Priority (Y/N) ........ 9.Press any key to continue... The port now has a new PVID.... Type S to select Save Configuration Changes... Return to the Main Menu.... Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID... You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch...Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5.Accept changes & update flash R . The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS ..... 1 1 0 N U ...

The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged. B-Basic): 3. Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Press Return. perform the following procedure: 1. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. The default is Tagged mode. Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. 2. 121 . Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 4. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. From the Main Menu. Type 3 to select Switch Mode.

It sets a switch’s VLAN mode. the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C .Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 . Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 . The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. 2. ingress filtering is disabled. When VLANs are enabled. the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs.Enable VLANs Globally D . From the Main Menu. From the VLAN Menu. When VLANs are disabled. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E . The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. perform the following procedure: 1.Disable VLANs Globally R . Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering. If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support.Accept changes & update flash R .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3. The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering.Enable/Disable VLANs 2 .

A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch. Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode.AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. 123 . 6. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 4.

If there is. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. the port accepts the frame. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. Once the tagged frame is received. or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. For further information. Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. First. If they belong to different VLANs. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. Here is an example. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). just as a reminder. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated. the frame is discarded. If they belong to the same VLAN. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table. the switch discards the frame. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN. nor to any frames. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. the port accepts the frame. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. tagged or untagged. the port discards the frame. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. 124 . when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. Fortunately. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. In this case. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch.

which is the default. Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority. The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. 125 . perform the following procedure: 1. From the VLAN Menu. Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame. You cannot set this per port. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. regardless of the status of ingress filtering. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch. 4. To enable or disable ingress filtering. 2. From the Virtual LAN Support menu. A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame. From the Main Menu.Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D .Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R . and that is the priority tag. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3. Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags.AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets. Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5. In most cases.

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table.

it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. When the switch receives a packet. When the destination node responds. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. 127 . along with the port number on which each address was learned. by referring to its MAC address table. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch. A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. it also examines the destination address and. and the port number where each address was learned.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. determines the port where the destination node is connected. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. For example. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices.

You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports. The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes). A static MAC address. Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table. For instructions on changing the aging timer. once entered in the table. refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. even when the end node is inactive. even when the end node is inactive. The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses. The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. 128 .

AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports. just the base ports. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R . The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed. To display only static MAC addresses. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed. To display the MAC address table. From the Main Menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Tables. type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2. type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports. 129 . To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses.

”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is.Update Display R . Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. The columns in the window are defined below. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window. non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed.Accept changes & update flash U . (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. The static MAC address window is exactly the same. except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only. 130 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses.

EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. The type can be either static or dynamic. 131 . Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. Type The MAC address type. Another example is “000020F. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. except for the switch’s MAC address. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. This feature is not supported at this time. As an example. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not.

You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3. 132 . type 6 to select MAC Address Table. type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu. 2. From the MAC Address Table menu. The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. 1. A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return. From the Main Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port.

you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned. finding the address could prove difficult. You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address. if the address was learned dynamically. for a static address. 2. From the MAC Address Table menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 133 . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. From the Main Menu. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. But if the switch is part of a large network. 1. The procedure in this section offers an easier way. or to which the address was assigned.

perform the following procedure. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. produces the same result. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch. 1. From the MAC Address Table menu. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130.) Note To perform this procedure. 134 . For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view. 2.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. From the Main Menu. as explained earlier in this chapter. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. (This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN.

1. If you type Y for yes. perform the following procedure. From the MAC Address Table menu. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table. 135 . To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. A confirmation prompt is displayed. Once the table has been purged.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses. 3. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure. From the Main Menu. the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. 2. the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. type 6 to select MAC Address Table.

Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses. To add a static address to the MAC address table. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. type 6 to select MAC Address Table.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. 2. 136 . type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address. 5. The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address. From the MAC Address Table menu.

type 3 to select Delete MAC Address. 2. Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. perform the following procedure: 1. 4. Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. 137 . From the MAC Address Table menu. From the Main Menu.

From the Main Menu. the switch deletes the address. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. perform the following procedure: 1. To adjust the aging time. The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. 138 . This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active. When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time. Enter a new value in seconds. The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3. 2. type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the System Config Menu. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes).

Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .

0 to 7. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority. but were mostly transparent to network users. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest. The 802. such as voice transmission or video conferencing. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis. low and high. packet transfer delays can prove problematic. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues.. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port.e. Prior to CoS. But with the introduction of time-critical applications. CoS was designed to address this problem. network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays. untagged frames (i. transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality. By default.1Q standards.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802.1p and 802. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue. 140 . But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue. When a tagged packet enters a switch port. For example. File transfer delays did occur. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications.1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802.

Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. 3. From the Main Menu. 5. Type 3 to select Priority (0 .) 7. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed.7). Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. Press Return.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port. 8. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. (Again. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch. 2. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. enter a value from 0 to 3. 11. 9. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS. From the VLAN Menu. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. Return to the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. The default for this parameter is No. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. enter a value from 4 to 7.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. Type 1 to select Port Number. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 6. 141 . 10.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch.

143 . referred to as a time-out value. referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group. In Version 2. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. There are two versions of IGMP. it simply stops sending reports. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. the router does not send multicast packets out the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. Once the router has received a report from a host node. it removes the node from appropriate membership list.) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. In Version 1. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups.

and by processing leave requests. Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance. a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports. 144 . IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch. which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value. Note By default. except the port on which it received the packet. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping.

.Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port....... From the Main Menu... Maximum Multicast Groups . After selecting this option.. 2... type 5 to select System Config Menu..Save Configuration Changes R . View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S . From the System Configuration Menu. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. Multicast Router Port(s) .. Multicast Host Topology . This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 . Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate). The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch...Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 ... type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. Host/Router Timeout Interval . type E to enable or D to disable this feature. perform the following procedure: 1... 3..AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters. From the Advanced Configuration window.IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. 2 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status .

With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. 5 . The range is from 1 second to 86. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. that is. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. The default is 256 multicast groups. The default is 256 multicast addresses. 3 . Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. The default is 260 seconds. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. 4 .Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected.Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval.400 seconds (24 hours). you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub.Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 . If a switch has a mixture of host nodes.Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports.

Your changes are activated immediately on the switch. 4. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. After making the desired changes. or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number. To select Auto Detect. 147 .AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect. Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter. enter “0” (zero) for this parameter.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U .Update Display R . 148 . Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected. From the Advanced Configuration window. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. perform the following procedure: 1. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. To display the list. 2. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. From the System Configuration Menu. 3. The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. From the Main Menu. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. 4. type 5 to select System Config Menu. as well as the host nodes.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch.

VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member.Update Display R . The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes. You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch. 2. 3. Router IP The IP address of the multicast router. From the System Configuration Menu. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U . 4. To display a list of the multicast routers. From the Main Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. type 7 to select View Multicast Router List. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. 149 .

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software.

The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds. When a node sends out a broadcast frame. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network.AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. For example. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. Broadcast frames are different. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. That is. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. For example. In order to use this feature. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval. 151 . You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps.

152 . If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval. Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch. At these settings. the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example. the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames.

Save Configuration Changes R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4. perform the following procedure: 1.. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. type 5 to select System Config Menu.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. 2.. 0 milli sec 2 . The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 . From the Main Menu..1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . 2.Timer for 10 MB ports . or 3 and enter a value when prompted. 0 milli sec 3 . The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed. From the System Configuration Menu. From the Advanced Configuration Menu.Timer for 1000 MB ports . type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup. 100.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature. 3.. 0 micro sec C ..Timer for 100 MB ports . The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps .. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10...10x ❑ 100 Mbps . and 1000 Mbps. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.100x 153 . Type 1..

A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. 5. Once you have set the desired timer intervals. The default value is “0” for all timers. 6. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 154 . The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive. the management software multiples the value by 10.

enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. To configure a range of ports. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. From the Main Menu. 6. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval. To configure a range of ports. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . For example. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. 5. 2. type 1 to select Port Menu. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports.> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds. enter the first port of the range. Type B to select Broadcast Control.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. 155 . The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. perform the following procedure: 1. type 1 to select Port Configuration. To configure only one port. From the Port Menu. enter the last port number in the range.

Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2. The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . 157 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics.Port Statistics Menu 2 . From the Main Menu.Select a Port 2 .Display Port Statistics R . Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view.Display Module Statistics R . 5. The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed.Clear Module Statistics 3 . type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu. Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4. perform the following procedure: 1. Type 1 to choose Select a Port. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics. From the Ethernet Statistics menu. Press Return.Clear Port Statistics 3 .

. The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port.......... RX_UNICAST .. RX_COUNT ....Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window...... RX_OVERFLOW ..... PORT_IN_DISCARDS ......... UNDERSIZE ..................... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT ................. OVERSIZE ........... CRC_ERROR ............ TX_COUNT ........ FRAGMENT . RX_BRDCAST ....... Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port............... shown in Figure 48................................ CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port......... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded................. U .. Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only...... Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port..... RX_MLTCAST .. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port..Update Display R ........................ 158 .

and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. select the option “2 . 159 .3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. but discarded and not forwarded. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. packets with alignment errors.Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu.

..............Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch..... FRAGMENT .............. CRC_ERROR ....... 2...... RX_OVERFLOW ... RX_COUNT ............... From the Ethernet Statistics menu... type 3 to select Display Module Statistics.......... TX_COUNT ........................ shown in Figure 48.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT ....... RX_BRDCAST ......... Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch.. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics.... RX_UNICAST ..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch..Update Display R ........ 160 . From the Main Menu.............. RX_MLTCAST ......... Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch............... U ................. PORT_IN_DISCARDS ..... perform the following procedure: 1.. Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded................... UNDERSIZE ..... The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window.... OVERSIZE ...

AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch.Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu. If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch. packets with alignment errors. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch. 161 . Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. select the option “2 . Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. but discarded and not forwarded. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch.

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

162

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

163

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

164

AT-S39 User’s Guide

The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

Begin the file transfer of the new management software image. 166 . If you are installing a new management image. Note Do not interrupt the initialization process. a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete. the switch automatically resets. Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. Do not reboot the switch. Once the management software is initialized.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed.

loader file. This may necessitate renaming the file.This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image.The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch. or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above.1.ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39. If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.img 167 .1 put c:\ats39. Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149. Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software. The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39.1. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host .AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software. tftp -i 149. you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn.cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image.1. Put . Binary .35.img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39. A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT. Source file .The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch.35.

Binary . Destination file . tftp -i 149.This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from.1. This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically. Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149. The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host .1 get ats39.The source file name is “ATS39.35.1 to local drive C: of the workstation.1. Get . Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited.img c:\ats39.cfg”.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. Source file . 168 .img Once the file is stored on a local drive. as explained in the previous section.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation. it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP.The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file.35.The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation.

Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27. Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20. MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26. Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22. IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28. Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17. Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21.

170 .Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser. such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.

the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. 171 . you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed. The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”.) The user name cannot be changed. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies. (The password is case-sensitive. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. Consequently. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. as shown in Figure 51. To change the password.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. When prompted. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. To start a web browser management session. the switch must have an IP address. enter the user name and password. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. For instructions. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. Additionally. Start your web browser.

You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser.The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed. Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software. In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites. 172 . You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows. Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display. Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session. 173 . select Exit from any AT-S39 management page.

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

175 . perform the following procedure: 1. If the System menu option is not selected. select Configuration. From the Home Page. select it and then select the General tab. refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. subnet address. 2.

The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide. 176 . 3. Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example.Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed. Sales Ethernet switch). Change the parameters as desired.

The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. The default password is “admin”. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. click Apply. or an SNMP management program. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!).g. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. 177 . 4. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply. To create a new password. enter the new password into both fields.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. such as its location (e. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. After you have set the parameters. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length. Wiring closet 402B).. Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. a Telnet utility. Floor 4.

or gateway address. You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session. 178 .Section III: Web Browser Management 5. you must reset the switch to activate your change. subnet mask. You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session. If you made a change to the IP address. or by using the Reset button on the switch.

Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 . If it is not already selected. select the General tab. 3. 2. select Monitoring. perform the following procedure: 1. The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed. The Monitoring window is displayed. select System Status.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. From the Configuration Menu. From the Home page.

180 .” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212. This value cannot be changed. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. For background information about MAC addresses. Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging . refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10. These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. If this parameter displays “Basic.Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only.Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table.Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted. ❑ Switch Mode . General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address. Administration This section contains a variety of information. If this parameter displays “Tagged.Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode. The sections in the window are defined below. which also explains how to change the parameters.” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. You cannot change any of the values from this window. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes). ❑ Hash Count . including the IP address of the switch and the system name. Virtual LANs on page 91. For information about VLANs. These values cannot be changed. For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session.

The parameters are described below. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. Adjust the parameters as desired. select System. 3. 2. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed. Select the SNMP tab. select Configuration. Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. From the Home page. From the Configuration menu. perform the following procedure: 1. 181 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch.

182 .Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. 5. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. Click Apply to save your changes to the switch.

Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 . Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed.

) 5. From the Home page.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch. You can select only one port at a time. 184 . Click Modify. The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. perform the following procedure: 1. select Layer 1. 2. Select the Port Setting tab. select Configuration. click it again. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure. Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4. 3. (To deselect a port. The selected port turns white. From the Configuration page.

refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. Adjust the port parameters as desired. Receive . Transmit . If the threshold is reach.Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed. An example of the window is shown in Figure 57. The parameters are described below. Possible values are: None . Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time. Flow Control The flow control setting for the port. 185 . For instructions on how to set this value. Both .Flow control only on packets being received on the port. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch. For background information on this feature.No flow control on the port. Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6.

Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Default values are listed in Appendix A. The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port. The default for this port parameter is enabled. 7. Once you have made the desired changes. This is the default.Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps .Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port. click Apply.Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode.Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps . ❑ 10Mbps . AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values. 186 . A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames.

Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. perform the following procedure: 1. Click a port. 2.) 4. duplex mode. You can view a port’s operating speed. From the Monitoring page. 187 . You can select only one port at a time. click it again. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. MDI/MDI-X configuration. The selected port turns white. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB. select Layer 1. (To deselect a port. select Monitoring. To display the status or statistics of a switch port. From the Home page. Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics. and more.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

188

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

189

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

190

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

191

Note For background information on port security. 192 . Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session. refer to Port Security Overview on page 65.Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session.

perform the following procedure: 1. From the Layer 2 page. From the Home page. select Monitoring.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. The current security level is displayed. select Layer 2. From the Configuration page. select the Port Security tab. Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 . 2. 3.

194 .Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session. refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73. Note For background information on port trunking.

all ports in the switch image will be black. 2. If there is a port trunk.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. Select the Port Trunking tab. From the Configuration page. From the Home page. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. 3. the ports of the trunk will be white. Loops can result in broadcast storms. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. To create or delete a port trunk. Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. 195 . The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. If you are deleting a port trunk. which can produce broadcast storms. which can adversely effect the operations of your network. select Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. select Layer 1.

You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. Click Apply. click Remove. To create a port trunk. To delete a port trunk. The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. b. 5. do the following: a. A selected port changes to white. 3. An unselected port is black. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. A port trunk can contain 2. 196 . or 4 ports. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk.

refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. 197 . Note For background information on port mirroring.Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror.

From the Home page. The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. b. To delete an existing port mirror. do the following: a. From the Configuration page. select Layer 1. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. 5. Select the Port Mirroring tab. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports. 3. Click Apply.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. select Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. c. 198 . To create a port mirror. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. 2.

The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations. 199 .AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP. Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session.Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. refer to STP Overview on page 84. 200 . Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session.

You should consult the IEEE 802. The parameters are described below.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. 201 .Configuration 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. From the Layer 2 window. select Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. select the Spanning Tree tab. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. If you enable STP. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window . From the Configuration menu. 3. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. select Layer 2. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. To configure a bridge’s STP parameters. 2. From the Home page.

becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. If the bridge transitions too soon. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. 5. The default is 15 seconds. for example. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. After you have made the desired changes. click Apply. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. For example. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. The default setting is disabled. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. possibly resulting in a network loop. The default is 20 seconds.535. with 0 being the highest priority. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. This value cannot be changed. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. The default is 2 seconds.Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. When a root bridge goes off-line. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. 202 . if you use the default 20.

From the Home page. select the Spanning Tree tab. select Layer 2. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed. select Monitoring. perform the following procedure: 1. refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201. 2. 3. From the Layer 2 page. To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters. From the Monitoring menu. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window . The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings.Monitoring 203 .

modify. and delete VLANs from a web browser management session. Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode.Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. refer to Chapter 10. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 . This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. Virtual LANs.

Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 . The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed. 3. select the VLAN tab. From the Home page. select Layer 2. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. select Configuration. From the Layer 2 window.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. From the Configuration menu.

If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). Sales or Accounting).Section III: Web Browser Management 4. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. Click Add. its VID must be unique as well. The name can contain spaces but not special characters. 206 . 6. Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. the name should be unique as well. the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. The name can be from one to 10 characters in length. Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5.

If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. 10. For example. To select ports for the VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. 207 . if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. In most cases. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. 7. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. 9. its VID value should be the same on each switch. This value disables port mirroring. Note For background information on port mirroring. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. Click Apply. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. click Send to CPU. or a tagged port. 8.

208 . The VLAN is now ready for network operations.Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment.

6. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. From the Layer 2 window. click Apply. they are returned to the Default VLAN. Creating a VLAN. 4. After making the desired changes. 209 . Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. 5. 2. select the VLAN tab. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. From the Home page. From the Configuration menu. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. select Layer 2. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. 3. Click Modify. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. select Configuration. 7.

select Layer 2. From the Layer 2 window. Click Remove. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. 4. select Configuration. 210 . perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page. select the VLAN tab. 2.Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. From the Configuration menu. 5. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. The VLAN is deleted from the switch. 3.

The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . The management software displays the window in Figure 68. From the Home page. From the Monitoring page. 3. select Monitoring. 2. From the Layer 2 page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch. select Layer 2. select the VLAN tab.

You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. which is the default. Select the General tab. If you select Tagged. choose System. In the Switch Mode section of the window. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. perform the following procedure: 1. Note Refer to Chapter 10. 5. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. 3. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs. If you select Basic. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. 212 . From the Home Page. From the Configuration menu. select Configuration. To set the switch’s VLAN mode. click either Tagged or Basic. Reset the switch. Virtual LANs. 4.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. 2.

A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. From the Layer 2 page. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. 2. select Layer 2. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. perform the following procedure: 1. 5. click it again. To change a PVID for a port. select Configuration. To deselect a port. A selected port turns white. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 . You can select only one port at a time. From the Configuration page. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. 3. select CoS. For example. Click Apply. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. From the Home page. 4. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN.

7. Click Apply. The new value is immediately activated on the port. Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26. 214 . Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port. The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch. Class of Service on page 219.Section III: Web Browser Management 6.

215 .Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.

refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. From the Home page. select Layer 2. From the Monitoring page. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session. From the Layer 2 page. Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses. perform the following procedure: 1. select Monitoring. The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. 2. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. For instructions. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. select the Forwarding Database tab. 3. 216 . The options are described below.

217 . You specify the VLAN by its VID. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. Another example is “000020F. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. As an example. The port numbering scheme is from right to left. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. click View. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. 4. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch. Once you have configured the options.

Type The MAC address type. The type can be either static or dynamic. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. except for the switch’s MAC address. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. 218 . This feature is not supported at this time.

219 . refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS.

4. (Again. 2. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. select the CoS tab. You can select only one port at a time. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. 220 . meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. Click Apply.) 7. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. click it again. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. click the Override Priority option. Click the port where you want to configure CoS.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. Click Modify. it does not matter which of these levels you select. 8. select Configuration. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5.) 5. perform the following procedure: 1. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. From the Layer 2 page. The default for this parameter is No. From the Home page. 3. select Layer 2.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. (To deselect a port. From the Configuration page. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7. A selected port turns white. 6.

Note For background information on this feature. refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143. 221 .Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch.

Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed. Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. From the Configuration menu. Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. Select the IGMP tab. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port). Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. select System. 2. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. 222 . From the Home page. select Configuration.

You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 . The default is 256 multicast groups. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. The default is 260 seconds. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn.400 seconds (24 hours). If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection. that is. The range is from 1 second to 86.

or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image. 224 . The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. A white port indicates a multicast router port. You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect. Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. The default is 256 multicast addresses. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses.Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses.

Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch. 225 . Note For background information on this feature. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151.

perform the following procedure: 1. 2. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed. select Configuration. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. If they are not already selected. To specify an interval timer. the management software multiples the value by 10. click Apply. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. enter values for the three interval timers. select them now. and 1000 Mbps. 4. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . 226 . You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. After you have entered your values.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . 3.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds.100x For example. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page. From the Home page. The default value is “0” for all timers. Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept. 100.

The port will accept all broadcast frames. perform the following procedure: 1. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. The selected port turns white. 4. click it again. To deselect a port. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames. select Layer 1. 3. the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. You can select only one port at a time. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. select Configuration. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. select it now. In the graphical switch image. 7. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. From the Configuration page. 2. 227 . Click Apply. Click Modify. 6. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. When you open the Layer 1 page. 5. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. As an example. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. If it is not selected. From the Home page. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds.

0.0.0.0.0 0.255.0. Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.0 255.Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 .

) 229 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.1 and above only.

86. 220 defined. 37 defined. 11 D default values. 84. 88. 138 defined. 84. 121. 88. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. 36 documentation. 177 H hello time. 47 guidelines.Index A aging time changing. 37 releasing IP address. 41. 47 setting switch status. 27. used in this guide. 228 DHCP activating. 164 downloading via TFTP. 172 C Class of Service configuring. 212 BOOTP activating. 202 bridge max age parameter. 202 bridge hello time parameter. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. 225 defined. 88 G gateway address. 202 bridge identifier. 106 setting. 35. 41. 141. 60. 163 AT-S39 version number. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. 45 Auto-Negotiation. 86. 202 bridge priority. 167 obtaining. 227 browser tools. 60. 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. 128 AT-S39 default settings. 52 defined. configuring. 88. 150. 43 conventions. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 37 defined. AT-S39. 140 console timeout. 155. 50 F flow control. 90 host nodes 230 . 88. 37 BPDU. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 185 forwarding delay.

79 deleting. 148 host/router timeout interval. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. 115. 187 speed. 45 slave switch. 69 defined. 102 port-based VLAN creating. 90 port mirroring creating. 210 displaying. 216 MAC address. 107. 193 port statistics. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. 32. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). 18 quitting. 145. 153. 140 priority. 111. 195 defined. 118 deleting. 186 statistics. 77. 94 deleting all. port security. 39. 67 defined. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 149 P password changing. 90 PVID. 28 starting. 55. 73 deleting. 151 L limited security mode configuring. 126. 75. 171 port configuring parameters. 29. 190 port cost defined. 65 local management session defined. 143 ingress filtering. 223 I IEEE 802. 65 displaying. 50 returning to. 87. 209 priority queues. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 146. 82. 42 root bridge. defined. 66 serial number. displaying. 119. switch. 195 guidelines. 21 snoop topology.1d standard. 84 RS232 port. 35. 59. 222 defined. 186 displaying status. 173 R resetting a switch. 177 interval timer configuring. 21 master switch defined. 116. 28 Telnet session. 24 M MAC address table. 59. 181 SNMP management session. 198 port security configuring. 223 multicast router. 60 multicast groups. default settings. 95. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 80. 35. 211 modifying. 26. 30 web browser session. 25 S Secure level. 113. 85 setting. maximum.AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 222 231 . 205 defined. 198 defined. 226 defined. 177 default. 213 defined. 157 port trunking creating. 143 displaying. 146. 184 disable. 145. 50 SNMP community strings. 58. switch.

115. 29 TFTP. 84 port cost. 118 deleting. 101 deleting all. 201 configuring port parameters. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. 212 modifying. 211 modifying. downloading software updates. 160 STP. 115. 112. 92 deleting all. 101 VLAN identifier (VID). 210 displaying. 113. 157.Index software updates downloading from a local session. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. 164 downloading via TFTP. default. 118 deleting. 121. 209 Telnet management session defined. 171 V version number. 30 starting. 205 defined. 171 232 . 122 displaying. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 24 Telnet. 19 quitting. 129 statistics port. 43 limitations. 107. changing. 94 tagged. 116. 29 web browser. 203 starting session local. 205 defined. 111. 113. AT-S39. 167 U unavailable status. 45 virtual LAN creating. 206 VLAN. 209 port-based. 171 static MAC address adding. 167 obtaining. 160 system name. defined. 90 viewing bridge parameters. 85. 210 disabling. 87. 177 switch statistics. 89 defined. 35. defined. 50 user name. defined. 94. 137 displaying. 190 switch. 136 deleting. 122 mode. 35. 107. 108 VLAN identifier. 112. 20 quitting. 173 starting. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. 116. 211 enabling.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful