Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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............................................................................. 97 Port-based Example 1.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................91 VLAN Overview ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN ......................................................................................................... 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control . 160 5 ............................................. 99 Tagged VLAN Overview .............................................................................. 98 Port-based Example 2............................. 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count ....................................... 127 Displaying MAC Addresses .......................................................................................................... 115 Deleting a VLAN ...........................................................................................................................................................92 Port-based VLAN Overview .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 157 Displaying Switch Statistics ........................................................................................................... 142 IGMP Snooping Overview ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 116 Deleting All VLANs ............................................ 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview .................................................................................................................................................................... 140 Configuring CoS ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN.....Chapter 10 Virtual LANs .................................................................................................................. 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping ............. 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics ............................................................................................................................................... 103 Tagged VLAN Example .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 113 Displaying VLAN Information ............................ 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview ....................................................................................................................94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN ........ 139 Class of Service Overview ........................................................... 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs ........................................... 137 Changing the Aging Time ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 126 MAC Address Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 156 Displaying Port Statistics ............ 151 Configuring the Interval Timer .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses ............................................................................................................................. 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN .................................................................................................................................................. 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers ........................................................................................................................ 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 112 Modifying a VLAN .......................................................................................... 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table ............................................ 118 Changing a PVID Value ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port .................................................................................................................... 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN .......... 143 Activating IGMP Snooping .................................................................................................................................................. 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses ......... 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes ........................... 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses .................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................162 Obtaining Software Updates ......... 167 Uploading a Configuration File ...........................................................................................203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs ...........................209 Deleting a VLAN ..............................................................................................................................................................................192 Displaying the Port Security Level .....................................................................................................................174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ...........................................................................................................................................212 Changing a PVID .................................183 Configuring Port Parameters .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................168 Example...............171 Browser Tools..........164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings ...........193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks .......................................................................................195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 168 Section III Web Browser Management ....................................................................................................................................................................205 Modifying a VLAN ........................................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session .............................184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics ..........................................................................................................................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................167 Example..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security ................. 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session .....................213 6 . 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters .....................................204 Creating a VLAN ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates ....................................175 Viewing System Information ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................210 Displaying VLANs ...........................................................................................................................................................................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol ...............................................................................................................................................................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings .................................211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode ............................................................................................................................................................................. 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session .....

........................................................................................................................................ 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames ............................................................................ 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table ................................................................................................................................................................................................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table ........................... 230 7 ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control ......................................... 219 Configuring CoS ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 228 Index .................................................................................................................... 225 Configuring the Interval Timer ................................................... 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping ................................................................................... 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service ................................... 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings ..............

....................................... 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window .................................................................. 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 . 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window ....................................................................................... 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu ....................................................... 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu .................................................................................................... 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu ........................................................................................................................................................................ 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ......... 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu ............................................................................ 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window .......................................................................... 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN .................... 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu ................................................................................. 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window ................................................................ 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window ......................................................................................................................... 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example ............................................................................................................ 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu ............... 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu ........................................................................................................... 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 ............................ 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN ................... 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu ........................................................................................ 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Example 2 ................................ 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port ...................................................................................................... 25 Figure 2: Main Menu ........................................................................................................................ 52 Figure 11: Port Menu ........................................................................................ 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window .................... 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window ............................................................................................................................... 122 8 ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu ....................... 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................Example 1 ..................................................................................................... 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window ......................................................... 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window .................................

......................................................................................................... Figure 69: CoS Setting Window ............... Figure 67: Add VLAN Window ........................ Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window .................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu ....................................................................................................................................................... Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 71: IGMP Tab ....................................................................................................................................Configuration ............ Figure 59: Port Status Window .......................................................... 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 ............................................................................................. Figure 68: VLAN Window ...................................... Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window ........................................................................................... Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu ............................................................... Figure 60: Port Statistics Window .........Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ........................................................................................ Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page ......................................................................................................... Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window ........................................... Figure 62: Port Trunking Window ........................................................................................................................................ Figure 54: General Tab Window ........... Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab ...................................... Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 53: General Tab .........................................................................................................................................................................................Monitoring ......................................................................................................................... Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window ................ Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window ..................................................... Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 66: VLAN Window ........................................................ Figure 57: Settings for Port Window . Figure 61: Port Security Menu ........................................................................................................... Figure 55: SNMP Tab .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 52: Home Page ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window .. Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab ..................................................................................................................................................................................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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alliedtelesyn.com or our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products. You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www. 14 . To use the FTP server. enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password.com.

It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. 15 .Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software.

such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters. and powering ON the device. 16 . Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters. Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A. as explained in the hardware installation guide. If this is true for your network. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network.Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches.

such as to change or adjust its operating parameters. It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser. 17 . The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide. The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use. They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session. There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software.AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch.

Once the session is started.Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch. Note For instructions on starting a local management session. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located. you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch. 18 . using a straight-through RS-232 cable. refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session.

you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session. Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters. With AT-8024GB switches. You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. which include the enhanced stacking feature. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. 19 .

as well as every AT-8024 switch. ❑ DHCP and BOOTP . 20 .You can view but not set the port security level of a switch. every AT-8024GB switch. They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking .You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session. This too is a type of remote management. refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171. just like a Telnet management session. Consequently. because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch.Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch. that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address. There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session. ❑ Port security level .You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session. Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session.

Consequently. A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program. For instructions. refer to your SNMP management documentation.AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. 21 . you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program. The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program. Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch.

Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .

Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .

You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. to start this type of management session. Note For information on enhanced stacking. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. 24 . You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. This can simplify network management. you must go to where that switch is located. Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. Additionally. you can manage just that switch. This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. usually within a few meters.

Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch. POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session. Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program. see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 . perform the following procedure: 1.

(The password is case-sensitive. enter the password for the management software. the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt.Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 . The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly. This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only.) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal. Otherwise. the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps). The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset.) The Main Menu is displayed. Note During boot up. simply type boot and press Return to start the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S . Press the Return key twice. If prompted for a password. The default is “admin”.) 4.1 and above. You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch. or an equivalent terminal emulator program. (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1. (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>).Save Configuration Changes R . 5.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal. The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps.

Enhanced Stacking on page 46. For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session. 27 . you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet.AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item. This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. type the corresponding letter or number. It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located. Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu. Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. refer to Chapter 4. Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack.

28 . You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch. return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit. This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session. Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions. Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously.

as shown in Figure 2 on page 26. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. To return to a previous menu. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. type R or press ESC twice. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. The menus also function the same. such as with a local management session. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely. 29 . To make a selection. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. In terms of functionally. Enter the management software password when prompted.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol. The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. Note For background information on enhanced stacking. Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. The default password is “admin”. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch. type its corresponding number of letter. Additionally. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time.

Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session. type Q for Quit from the Main Menu. 30 .

and more. There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it. activating the original switch default settings.Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 . There are also procedures for resetting the switch.

or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking. This feature has two primary benefits. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch.) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. This switch will be the Master switch of the stack. Second. You do not need to assign an IP address. all from the same management session.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses. you must also assign it a subnet mask. You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. First. subnet mask. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. 32 . (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. a web browser. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. you must assign at least one of them an IP address. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network.

The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. if any. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure. you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. 33 . switches on your network need an IP address. You can do this two different ways. The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually.AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37.

....0.Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L .0.255.0... Change Password . 0.. go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. 0......Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42. Comments ...0 System Name . along with other optional information.... From the Main Menu..0.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 .. 9 ..... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address . (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network... type 4 to select Administration Menu. The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed.. The selection X ... Administrator ....0 Default Gateway .Release DHCP IP Address S . perform the following procedure: 1.Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 .....0 Subnet Mask .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address... such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch..0.Reset Switch X . and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session....Save Configuration Changes R . To manually set a switch’s IP address... 255. subnet mask.) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch.

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

From the Main Menu. type 3 to select SNMP Configuration.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R . From the System Configuration Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. type 5 to select System Config Menu. The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. 39 . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.

.....0... 5. 40 ....0.SET Community ....0 0.0.. Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch..0..GET Community 2 .0 0.Trap Receiver 3 7 . type its corresponding number and.. After making your changes.... type S to select Save Configuration Changes........ public 2 . public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 . .Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch..0 0..... The parameters are described below...... 4 ....Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4.0.. ......0 S ... private 3 .. To change a value. enter the new value........0..GET Community .Trap Receiver 2 6 .SET Community 3. .0...0......Trap Receiver 1 5 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 .Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings...... 0.. when prompted. Adjust the parameters as desired.....Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed....Trap Community ......Save Configuration Changes R . 1 .

41 . You are prompted to reset the switch. 2. 4. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults. From the System Configuration Menu. the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A. Type Y to reset the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. Type Y for yes or N for no. If you type Y for yes. From the Main Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. type 5 to select System Config Menu.

From the Administrator Menu. 42 . 2.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. perform the following procedure: 1. Some data traffic may be lost. Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software. a task requiring only a second or two to complete. From the Main Menu. type 9 to select Reset Switch. The switch immediately reloads its operating system. type 4 to select Administrator Menu.

43 . perform the following procedure: 1. ❑ Web Access . To configure web browser access. 2. 3. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. The default password is “admin”.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password. These security features are: ❑ Password . perform the procedure below. type 6 to select Web Server Access and.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software. if you specify 2 minutes. type 5 to select System Config Menu. ❑ Console Timeout . when prompted. type E to enable web access or D to disable web access. The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes. For instructions on how to set this security feature. and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser. enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes. To configure the console timer.The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch. the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. when prompted.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and. perform the procedure below. For instructions on how to set this security feature. From the Main Menu. For example. (The password is case-sensitive.

Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. if you disable web access.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser. 44 . 4. After you have made the desired changes. type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

A0..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed.............17. Serial Number ..00 R .........32..AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version .D2........ 45 ... The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed..1 5456411 00... Bootloader Version . AT-S39 v1.3 ATI_LOADER1... type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu.... MAC Address ..

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch. 46 .Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch.

That way. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. If your network consists of more than one subnet. such as for maintenance. you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. Once connected to the network. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet. 47 . ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. You simply connect it to your network. there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. should you remove a master switch from the network. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address.

You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. 3. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch. For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. 48 . do not. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask. You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack. you must assign each master switch a unique IP address. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually. Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session. referred to as slave switches.

32. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149.11.16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149. you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet. Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches.32.32. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets.09.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router.09. and each has been assigned a unique IP address. 49 .18 Master 2 IP Address 149.11.22 Master 2 IP Address 149. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet.32.

Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable.A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet.A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 . You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch.Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch. The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed.Save Configuration Changes R . slave switch. a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address.. It does not need an IP address or subnet mask. ❑ Unavailable . Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack. Note The default setting for a switch is Slave. A master switch must have a unique IP address. ❑ Slave switch .Enhanced Stacking Services S . or unavailable. A switch with this designation can be managed locally.A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch.. perform the following procedure: 1. To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status. To be managed remotely. Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch . From the Main Menu. Master 2 . type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking.. you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet.

AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 . The following prompt is displayed.Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches. Note The “2 . or U to make the switch unavailable. 4. A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch.” For example. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Press Return. 2. S to make it a slave switch. To change a switch’s status. Type M to change the switch to a master switch. 51 . the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master. type 1 to select Switch State.Switch State. Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3.

From the Main Menu. To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services.Get/Refresh List of Switches A .Access Switch R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G . The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 . From the Enhanced Stacking window. To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack. you need to select it from the management software. If you assigned system names to your switches. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. then it is very easy.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch. The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch. 2. The window in Figure 10 is displayed. you are by default addressing that particular switch. When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet. perform the following procedure: 1.

return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. You now can manage the selected switch. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. The password is case-sensitive. if you want to manage the Master switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice. Enter the switch’s password and press Return. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. 4. 53 . Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. Once you see that window. This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session. Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. The default password is “admin”. Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches. Type A to select Access Switch. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. 6. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2. 55 . type 1 to select Port Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C .Accept changes & update flash R . perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. type 4 to select Port Status. The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed. From the Port Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch.

The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed.Update Display R .Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual . Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port.Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node.indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link. Down .Next Page U . Possible values are: Auto . Possible values are: Up . Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N . 56 . Figure 12 is an example of the window.

100 Mbps 1000 . Possible values are: 10 .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. Possible values are: Forwarding .10 Mbps 100 .The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames. Possible values are: None .AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port. Spd The operating speed of the port. Disabled . Flow The flow control setting for the port. Transmit . 57 . State The current operating status of the port.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port.No flow control on the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port.The port has been manually disabled.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port. Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. Both . Receive . This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member. Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex.

Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 ...... Advertise 100HDX . To configure a range of ports.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status .... Advertise 10HDX . Advertise 100FDX ... Advertise 10FDX . Broadcast Control .. MDI/MDIX Mode .. Negotiation ....... Flow Control . enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return...No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 . type 1 to select Port Menu....Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch. 2. enter the last port number in the range. type 1 to select Port Configuration. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4... To configure only one port.. From the Port Menu...... The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3.. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return... perform the following procedure: 1..... To configure a range of ports.. From the Main Menu.... enter the first port of the range........

..The port will receive and forward packets. When disabled. If you select Manual. The parameters are described below. The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters.Speed . This toggles the parameter through its possible settings.Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode....The port will not receive or forward packets..Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex. This is the default setting. Disabled .. 5.. you can enable the port again to resume normal operation. 0100 3 . two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 .. a port will not receive or transmit frames...10 Mbps 0100 .. Possible settings are: Forwarding .100 Mbps 1000 ...Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port.. You adjust a parameter by typing its number.Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode. the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically...AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port... Adjust the port parameters as desired. 1 ..Speed selection are: 0010 . If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation. which is the default. 0 ..1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 . You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port. 59 ... Once the problem has been fixed. The possible settings for the 2 ..Duplex . You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections...

5 . the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps. which is the default setting. The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time. which is the default setting.Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation. a switch port will advertise its full capabilities.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode. During Auto-Negotiation. Transmit . 9 . If you set this to Auto. Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated. The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames. If desired.Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option.No flow control on the port. which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.Advertise 100HDX to No. 60 . B . half-duplex operation.MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port. Receive . You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155.Advertise 10HDX 7 . By default.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. if you set the selection 8 . the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX.Advertise 100FDX 8 . a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it. Possible settings are: None . For example.or full-duplex mode.Advertise 10FDX 6 . Both .

The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node. This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. 61 . You can use this option to reset the selected port. The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection. This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port. Once you have set the port parameters. which. when selected.

these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. From the Advanced Configuration window. The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch. Type 1 to select GBIC Information. perform the following procedure: 1.GBIC Information R . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. From the Main Menu. From the System Configuration Menu. type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information. 2. To display GBIC information. Type either 24 or 25. 3. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 62 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 . The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4.

...5/125 um Fib. Length 9/125 um Fib...... Extended Serial Transceiver . Length 50/125 um Fib... You cannot change this information................... Length 62..... 63 ..... Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding .......... N ... Connector Type .... (100m) .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number .....Next Page R ................ (10m) .............. Length 9/125 mm Fib.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only.. Type of Serial Interface . (10k) .... Elect/Opt Transceiver . (k) .......AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module.... Figure 15 is an example of the window......

Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security. Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. 64 . The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.

even when the end node is inactive. it remains in the table and is never purged. Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. Automatic This operating mode disables port security. it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. 65 . Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. Once this mode is activated. Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. There are four levels of port security. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch.

Once you have activated this security level. 66 . you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward. Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. When this security level is activated. The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level. The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time. no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table. the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned. even those belonging to inactive end nodes.

type 1 to select Automatic mode. This is the default setting. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. type 1 to select Port Menu. 67 . Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward. 2. 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. From the Main Menu. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. type 2 to select Limited mode. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses. After activating this security mode. From the Port Menu. To specify the limits. ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. To set a switch’s port security level. type 5 to select Port Security. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. type 3 to select the Secured mode.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned. 68 . Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. type 4 to select Lock all the ports now. A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn. 2.Set MAC limit per port 3 . Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed. type 2 to select Limited security. Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table. From the Port Security menu. type 1 to select Port Menu. From the Main Menu. Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 . You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed.Display MAC limit per port 2 . When you activate this security level.Configure port security limited mode R . frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded. From the Port Menu. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports. You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. To configure Limited security mode. type 5 to select Port Security.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 .

Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. 12. Type 2 to choose Select a port. Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6. repeat Steps 5 through 9. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. type R to select Return to previous menu. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. 7. 10. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. This applies the limit to the port. 11. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode. type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports. 13. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. 70 . Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. 9. The range is 1 to 150 addresses. To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5.

The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed. 71 . be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. Limited security has now been configured on the switch. Check to be sure that they are correct. 15. repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port. 16. Examine the MAC limits. If necessary. 14.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. If you assigned different values to different ports.

Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .

the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. speed. ports 4. such as a server. and so on. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. 3. 15 for the trunk. or another Ethernet switch. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. 22. 13. router. or 4 ports. Despite the software configuration and physical connections. or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. ❑ When cabling a trunk. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. To maintain the order of the port connections. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. and 24. 5. there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. and 7). and so on. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. port 13 to port 22. On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. ❑ The duplex mode. 6. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. 73 . they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. For example. A port trunk is 2. 23. workstation. 14. you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. For example. 3. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination.

AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches. ❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch.❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN. Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server. The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 . The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch. A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs. The server is connected to the switch with four data links.

From the Port Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. To create a port trunk. You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN. are the same for all the ports of the trunk.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 . type 3 to select Port Trunking.Add ports to trunk 2 . Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. From the Main Menu. 2. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology. examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk. Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 . Note Before creating a port trunk.Show port trunking status S .Delete Trunk 3 .Save Configuration Changes R . Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch. such as speed and duplex mode. type 1 to select Port Menu. Check to be sure that the settings. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R .Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7. 5. 76 .. The port trunk is ready for network operations. Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk. To confirm the creation of the port trunk. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window.3. Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk.2. 1. The following prompt is displayed. 8. type 3 to display the status of the trunk. You can specify the ports individually (e.g. Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. Enter new value -> 4.g. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.3. 7-10).. Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking.4) or as a range (e. 6.

2. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. 77 . 5. type 1 to select Port Menu. From the Port Menu. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. 3. type 3 to select Port Trunking. From the Main Menu. To delete a port trunk from the switch. Type 2 to select Delete trunk. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. To confirm the deletion. The port trunk is deleted from the switch. 4. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror.

meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports. the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. For example. if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. the mirror port is likely to drop packets. You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. For example. 79 . Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. the more ports you mirror. you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port. However.

. No 3 . 5.. You can specify only one mirror port.Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror.. Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror. Press Return.Delete ports from mirror 5 . The following prompt is displayed.. To mirror a range of ports.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 .CPU Attached . From the Main Menu. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. perform the following procedure: 1. The following prompt is displayed. From the Port Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3. 2. enter the first port of the range.... the port to where the traffic will be copied).Show Port Mirror Status S . Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7.Mirroring Port .. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. type 1 to select Port Menu.Add ports to mirror 4 . enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step. To mirror the traffic of only one port. Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored. 0 2 . The following prompt is displayed.Save Configuration Changes R . Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6. enter the last port in the range. 80 .. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is.. If you want to mirror a range or ports. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed....

9. The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored. The port mirror is now functional. 81 .AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. To confirm the creation of the port mirror. 10. Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu.

The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. From the Main Menu. From the Port Menu.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror. Enter 0 and press Return. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. 2. 82 . The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. 5. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. The following prompt is displayed. type 1 to select Port Menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

ISO/IEC 10038: 1993.1D. 83 . refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802.Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol.

also referred to as the bridge identifier.1D standard. By adjusting the value. of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. and sometimes its MAC address. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. Where multiple paths exist. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability. either planned or unplanned. 84 . A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link. as specified in the IEEE 802. So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles. exist in the network topology. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number.Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge. referred to as broadcast storms. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. leaving only one main active path. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches.

the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. blocking mode. 85 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. If redundant paths exist. If two paths have the same port cost. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state. the preferred path is selected through port priority. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. active path. if one is found. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. the lower the port cost. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. where all ports have a port cost of 0. The faster the port. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. Below are the default values. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby.

it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. and if not. and that could adversely impact network performance. Consequently. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. with the size of your network being a primary factor. the active topology also changes. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. 86 . removal. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. For large networks. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. or addition of any active components. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. before it begins to forward frames. a temporary data loop could occur. listening and learning. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. When a bridge is brought on-line. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. a change in a port state is not activated immediately. For small networks. The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. However. especially if it is a large network.

... Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed.. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. Bridge Priority . Bridge Identifier .Reset STP to Defaults R . the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks.. If you enable STP. Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 .. 87 ..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2....... 1.Display STP Port Settings 9 . Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. Bridge Forwarding .. 1 . Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. From the Main Menu..Config STP Port Settings 8 .. Bridge Max Age . You should consult the IEEE 802.Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch. Bridge Hello Time .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable .. The parameters are described below. The default setting is disabled.. The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters.

if you use the default 20. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed. 88 .Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. 6 . After you have made the desired changes. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. 3 . This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP.535. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. 4 . For example.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . 5 . The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). The default is 2 seconds. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. resulting in network loops. The default is 15 seconds. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. with 0 being the highest priority. If the bridge transitions too soon. The default is 20 seconds. 3. not all links may have yet adapted to the change.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge.Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. If two or more bridges have the same priority value.Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. When a root bridge goes off-line. for example.

... Port Priority . From the Main Menu.. From the Spanning Tree menu... To configure a range of ports. Adjust the settings as desired. 89 .. The parameters are described below. enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step.. This value cannot be changed..Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu.. perform the following procedure: 1.... Enter the number of the port you want to configure. enter the first port of the range.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5. 1 .. Bridge Hello Time . The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. type 7 to select Config STP port settings.. Root Bridge . To configure a range of ports. enter the last port of the range. The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed.. Path Cost ... Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R .... To configure just one port.. 2..AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating ....

90 . The range is 1 to 65535.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 .Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN. 4 .Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain. This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed. The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port. and 4 for a 1 Gbps port. 10 for a 100 Mbps port. 3 . The default is 2 seconds. The default value for priority is 128.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. 5 .Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge. refer to the previous procedure. The range is 0-255. This value cannot be changed from this window. To change this value.

Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs). This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 . modifying. It also contains the procedures for creating. and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session.

if an employee changed departments. This too can improve overall network performance. logical LAN segments. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. Additionally. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. With VLANs. Before the advent of VLANs. For example. The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. For example. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. 92 . This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases.

This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location. 93 . or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another. VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically. Additionally. you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software. a virtual LAN can span more than one switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections.

called the Default VLAN. and Engineering. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. Examples include Sales. The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). 94 . A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. or just a few ports. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. Production. VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. you must give it a name. A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. such as a router or Layer 3 switch.

This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. unique VLAN.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. rather than by a port’s PVID. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. For example. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously. all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID. The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership. This is acceptable when you are creating a new. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. If you allow the management software to do it automatically.AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch. Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). In this manner. you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. it will simply select the next available VID. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received. Untagged Ports Naturally. 95 . you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN. Consequently. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. Additionally.

❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. Consequently. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port. the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID. ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID. 96 . General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. ❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. However. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5.

97 . ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN. For example.AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs. In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches. across multiple VLANs. ❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network. a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN. such as servers and printers. many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs.

A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member. 11 . Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 .13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . You assign this number when you create a VLAN. A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs. (For purposes of the following examples. 98 . The ports have been assigned PVID values.Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. and Production VLANs on the switch.24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID. the Default VLAN is not shown. Engineering.4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9.) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN .

Example 2 99 . In this example. Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs. each VLAN has one port connected to the router. The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN . two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example.

and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 .6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN . 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . ❑ Engineering VLAN .This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch. 100 . This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN.This is the final VLAN in the example.6. It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4. This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment.11. This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN. Engineering. So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN. However. Since this VLAN spans multiple switches. ❑ Production VLAN . it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router. it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales.This VLAN spans both switches. 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13.24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 . This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch. It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch. The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch. 14. Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router.

referred to as a tagged frame. For example. 101 . The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership. This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames. the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch. This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802. the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports. This contrasts to a port-based VLAN.3ac standard).1Q-compliant. the frame will be discarded. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches. A tag. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN. The IEEE 802. Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously. When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch. this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network.

a frame without any tagged information). can be in only one VLAN at a time. Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. But actually there is. But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. Otherwise. 102 . You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN. there would seem to be no need for a PVID. the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. However. simultaneously. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN. In the case of a tagged VLAN. An untagged port. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID.

each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time. 103 . ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS. If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks. ❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802.1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 .1Q-based products. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.

One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. 20 (PVID 3) 8. 105 . are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated. when received by the switch. The tagged frames. 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs.1Q-compliant server. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. It is connected to an IEEE 802. while still maintaining data separation and security.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. 18 (PVID 2) 8. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example. They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs. But with tagged ports. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. data separation and security remain.

❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. but the VLANs are not used. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121. Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. All VLAN information. frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. 106 . When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered. either tagged or untagged.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames. You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. Packets are passed through the switch unchanged. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. is ignored.

type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.Virtual LAN Definitions 3 . type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Port VLANs & Priorities R . type 1 to select Create a VLAN. The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. 107 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3. perform the following procedure: 1.Save Configuration Changes R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 . From the Main Menu. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S . From the VLAN Menu.Virtual LAN Support 2 .

. you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value. The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. Sales or Accounting)... Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. 5. If the VLAN will be unique in your network..Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed.. 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) .. than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch...... then its VID must also be unique... Mirroring Port .... The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN... but not special characters. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches..... 0 Tagged Ports .Create VLAN R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name ... then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. Untagged Ports .... If this will be a unique VLAN in your network... if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches... The name can be from one to ten characters in length.. For example... The name can contain spaces. C . 108 . VLAN ID (VID) ...... If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. then the name should be unique as well..

The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.. If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports. 8. or both (e.g. To verify that the VLAN was created correctly. leave this field empty. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature. A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports. this parameter should be left with its default value of 0. type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted. 10. leave this field empty.3.(If you do not to activate this feature. 2.5). If the VLAN will contain tagged ports.3..5. 7-9). If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. 7-9).. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. as a range (e. Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports. Note In most cases.g. 11. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. You can specify the ports individually (e. you will see the following message: SUCCESS . You can specify the ports individually (e. 2.5). either do not select this option or select it and type N for no. or both (e.5. Type C to select Create VLAN. 9. type 6 and Y for yes. For more information on port mirroring.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6..Press any key to continue. 2...g. type 4 to select Show All VLANs. 14. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. 109 .g. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN.g.7-9) 7. Press any key.7-9). By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port.g. 13. 12. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. as a range (e. 2. you can analyze the VLAN traffic.

Note When you create a new VLAN. For example.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15. the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN. You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs. 110 . ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time. Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.

111 . This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. 3. From the Main Menu. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. To create the example Sales VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. The new Sales VLAN has now been created. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. 4. Type C to select Create VLAN. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. 2. Press Return. 6. From the VLAN Menu. 8. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. 5. press any key. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. 7. 9. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. perform the following procedure: 1. Ports 1 to 4.

2. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. 10. Type C to select Create VLAN. 8. From the Main Menu.16”. 4. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. 6. Ports 8 and 16. and two untagged ports. To create the example Engineering VLAN. 5. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Ports 9. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. From the VLAN Menu. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”. press any key. 9. 3. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Press Return.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104. perform the following procedure: 1.10. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9. 11. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.11. 20”. It will consist of three untagged ports. 7. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. 112 . The new Engineering VLAN has now been created. and 12. type 1 to select Create a VLAN.

The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed... The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. From the Main Menu. From the VLAN Menu. The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS .AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure..VLAN ID (VID) . The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). type 2 to select Modify a VLAN. 2. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. type M to select Modify VLAN. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. perform the following procedure: 1.Press any key to continue.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 ... 113 . For a description of the parameters. 3. 7. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Change the VLAN’s information as desired. This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN. refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107. R . After making the desired changes. 6. To modify a VLAN. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify.

11. 114 . Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs. 8. Press any key. 10. The VLAN has been modified.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 9. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.

From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. 2. The Show All VLANs window is displayed. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33.9 U: 8. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch.9 U: 1-6 T: 7. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. VID numbers. From the VLAN Menu. type 4 to select View All VLANs. Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7. 3.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R .

To delete a VLAN. type D. From the Main Menu. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5.. R . 116 . To delete the VLAN. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 3.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure. Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN.. From the VLAN Menu. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. A confirmation prompt is displayed. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return. The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 . To obtain a VLAN’s VID. The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4.. type 3 to select Delete a VLAN. 2... Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. 6. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID)..VLAN ID (VID) . which has a VID of 1. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.

Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs. 8. 117 . both tagged and untagged. 10.Press any key to continue.AT-S39 User’s Guide 7. 9. are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS . The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. All ports in the deleted VLAN. Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure. The VLAN has been deleted.

Press Return. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. From the VLAN Menu. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. To delete selected VLANs. To delete all VLANs on a switch. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. perform the following procedure: 1. 4. 3. except the Default VLAN. 2. on a switch. From the Main Menu. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. 118 . type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. A confirmation message is displayed. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 5. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again.

Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed. To change a PVID for a port. Type 1 to select Port Number. perform the following procedure: 1. Press Return. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN. 119 . Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. For example. There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. From the Main Menu. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 . 2.Port Number R . From the VLAN Menu.

Type S to select Save Configuration Changes...Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5.... 7.. Return to the Main Menu.. Specify the new PVID value for the port.....Update Changes to Chip C ..... The port now has a new PVID.. 1 1 0 N U . The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6...Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed......... Port VLAN ID . Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID... 9. 8.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number .. Press Return..... Type U to select Update Changes to Chip... Override Priority (Y/N) .. The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS . You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch..Accept changes & update flash R ..... 120 .Press any key to continue. Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High ..

type 5 to select System Config Menu. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. 121 . perform the following procedure: 1. B-Basic): 3. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs. The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. From the Main Menu. The default is Tagged mode. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. Press Return. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. Type 3 to select Switch Mode. 5. 2. 4. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode.

Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs.Accept changes & update flash R . The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3. From the Main Menu.Enable VLANs Globally D . It sets a switch’s VLAN mode. When VLANs are disabled. If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E . the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs.Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 . ingress filtering is disabled.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. perform the following procedure: 1. the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode. The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed.Disable VLANs Globally R . The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed. 2. When VLANs are enabled. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Enable/Disable VLANs 2 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 .Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C . From the VLAN Menu.

Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode. A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch. 123 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 6.AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. 4. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 5.

just as a reminder. First. If they belong to the same VLAN. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table. or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. If there is. nor to any frames. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated. In this case. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. tagged or untagged. the port accepts the frame. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. the port discards the frame. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. the port accepts the frame. 124 . A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. For further information. the switch discards the frame. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). If they belong to different VLANs. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. the frame is discarded. Once the tagged frame is received. Fortunately. Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. Here is an example. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN.

In most cases.AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets. The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed. 125 . you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch. 4. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the Virtual LAN Support menu. Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3. From the Main Menu. 2. Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5. and that is the priority tag. To enable or disable ingress filtering. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. You cannot set this per port. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E . which is the default. From the VLAN Menu. A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis. regardless of the status of ingress filtering.Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D .Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R .

Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .

it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. along with the port number on which each address was learned. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch. When the destination node responds. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. it also examines the destination address and. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. by referring to its MAC address table. 127 . the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. When the switch receives a packet. For example. and the port number where each address was learned. determines the port where the destination node is connected. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received.

You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports. This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes). refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. once entered in the table. A static MAC address. The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. For instructions on changing the aging timer. even when the end node is inactive. remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted. Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table. 128 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. even when the end node is inactive. The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses.

Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2. To display only static MAC addresses. type 6 to select MAC Address Tables. just the base ports. The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports. The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed. To display the MAC address table. 129 . To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports. One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses. From the Main Menu. 3. type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses.

Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only. which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed. The static MAC address window is exactly the same.Accept changes & update flash U .Update Display R . (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses. MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N . The columns in the window are defined below. except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. 130 . Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is.

Type The MAC address type. except for the switch’s MAC address. As an example. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. Another example is “000020F. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. The type can be either static or dynamic. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. 131 . This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. This feature is not supported at this time. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses.

type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 132 . You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port. From the Main Menu. A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port. 1. From the MAC Address Table menu. 2. Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return. The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130.

you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned. 2. But if the switch is part of a large network. for a static address. You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. finding the address could prove difficult. type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address. The procedure in this section offers an easier way. From the MAC Address Table menu. or to which the address was assigned. 1. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. From the Main Menu. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. 133 . if the address was learned dynamically.

(This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table. 1. From the MAC Address Table menu. 134 . as explained earlier in this chapter. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3. produces the same result. For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns. To obtain a VLAN’s VID.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. From the Main Menu. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115.) Note To perform this procedure. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view. 2. perform the following procedure. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch.

the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. From the Main Menu. Once the table has been purged. 2. type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses. From the MAC Address Table menu. A confirmation prompt is displayed. 135 . If you type Y for yes. the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table. Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. perform the following procedure.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. 1. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure. 3.

type 6 to select MAC Address Table. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected. type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses. To add a static address to the MAC address table. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table. perform the following procedure: 1. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. From the MAC Address Table menu. 2. 5. 136 . From the Main Menu.

137 . type 6 to select MAC Address Table. Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. perform the following procedure: 1. 4. From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table. 2. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. From the MAC Address Table menu. type 3 to select Delete MAC Address.

the switch deletes the address. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes). 2. To adjust the aging time. perform the following procedure: 1. The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch. From the System Config Menu. From the Main Menu. When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time. The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3. Enter a new value in seconds.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. type 5 to select System Config Menu. This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. 138 .

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software.

transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality. but were mostly transparent to network users.1Q standards. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue.. packet transfer delays can prove problematic.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802. network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner. For example. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802. But with the introduction of time-critical applications. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications. low and high. When a tagged packet enters a switch port. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays. Prior to CoS. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest.1p and 802.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority.1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port.e. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue. CoS was designed to address this problem. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer. The 802. 140 . untagged frames (i. File transfer delays did occur. By default. 0 to 7. such as voice transmission or video conferencing.

enter a value from 0 to 3. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. perform the following procedure: 1. 8. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. 10.7). enter a value from 4 to 7.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. 141 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port. 5. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. Press Return. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. Return to the Main Menu. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. (Again. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch. The default for this parameter is No. 3. 11. Type 1 to select Port Number. From the Main Menu. 6. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port. From the VLAN Menu. 9. Type 3 to select Priority (0 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. 2. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.) 7.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch.

it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups. 143 . referred to as a time-out value. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. it simply stops sending reports. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. In Version 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group. it removes the node from appropriate membership list. A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. the router does not send multicast packets out the port. it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. In Version 1. There are two versions of IGMP.) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. Once the router has received a report from a host node.

IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch. and by processing leave requests. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2. 144 . except the port on which it received the packet. a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups. Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance. Note By default. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value.

... From the Advanced Configuration window. 2 . The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed... From the System Configuration Menu.. View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status . Maximum Multicast Groups .. From the Main Menu. type E to enable or D to disable this feature.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters... perform the following procedure: 1.. 3.. The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. Host/Router Timeout Interval .. Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate).IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. Multicast Host Topology .Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port.. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 ..Save Configuration Changes R .. Multicast Router Port(s) .. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. 2... type 5 to select System Config Menu. After selecting this option.. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 .

Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port.Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. 4 . 5 . you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. The range is from 1 second to 86. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. that is.Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. The default is 260 seconds. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. 3 . You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. The default is 256 multicast addresses. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port.400 seconds (24 hours). With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. The default is 256 multicast groups.Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected.Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 . This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets.

or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number. Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter. To select Auto Detect. Your changes are activated immediately on the switch. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect. 147 . enter “0” (zero) for this parameter. After making the desired changes.

148 .Update Display R . type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. From the Advanced Configuration window. 4. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. 3. To display the list. type 5 to select System Config Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch. From the Main Menu. The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group. as well as the host nodes. Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. From the System Configuration Menu.

type 7 to select View Multicast Router List. To display a list of the multicast routers. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U . Router IP The IP address of the multicast router.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. From the System Configuration Menu. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected. 3. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Advanced Configuration window. You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. 2. From the Main Menu. 4.Update Display R . type 5 to select System Config Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes. 149 .

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software.

The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. For example. The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds.AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. In order to use this feature. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. 151 . The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. That is. Broadcast frames are different. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. When a node sends out a broadcast frame. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network. For example. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch.

If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval. the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. At these settings. Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch. Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames. the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. 152 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example.

1x ❑ 1000 Mbps ..AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature. From the Main Menu.. type 5 to select System Config Menu.Timer for 100 MB ports . (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds.. type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. or 3 and enter a value when prompted. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . perform the following procedure: 1. 2. 0 milli sec 3 .Save Configuration Changes R .10x ❑ 100 Mbps .. 0 micro sec C . 100. Type 1. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. 2.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed. 3...Timer for 1000 MB ports . 0 milli sec 2 .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 . From the System Configuration Menu.100x 153 . and 1000 Mbps.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4.Timer for 10 MB ports . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed.. From the Advanced Configuration Menu..

Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. Once you have set the desired timer intervals. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 6. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. the management software multiples the value by 10. The default value is “0” for all timers. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. 5. 154 .

perform the following procedure: 1. 155 . If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval. To configure a range of ports. type 1 to select Port Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. 6. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. type 1 to select Port Configuration. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds. From the Main Menu. For example.> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. 2. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. To configure a range of ports. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. enter the last port number in the range. 5. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. From the Port Menu. enter the first port of the range. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. To configure only one port. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . Type B to select Broadcast Control.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics.

type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu. Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view.Clear Port Statistics 3 .Display Port Statistics R . The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics.Select a Port 2 .Port Statistics Menu 2 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3.Display Module Statistics R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . Type 1 to choose Select a Port. Press Return. From the Ethernet Statistics menu. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics. From the Main Menu. Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics. perform the following procedure: 1. The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 .Clear Module Statistics 3 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4. 5. 157 .

.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded. U ...... Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. PORT_IN_DISCARDS ........ The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port........... RX_UNICAST ............ 158 .. Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port..........Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window....... RX_OVERFLOW . CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port.................................... RX_COUNT ..... Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port................................ CRC_ERROR . Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port... OVERSIZE .................. RX_MLTCAST ..............Update Display R .... UNDERSIZE ..... FRAGMENT ........ shown in Figure 48....... TX_COUNT .... RX_BRDCAST ............... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT ..................

159 . If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port. select the option “2 . but discarded and not forwarded.Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. packets with alignment errors.

.......... U ................................. RX_OVERFLOW ....................... PORT_IN_DISCARDS . RX_COUNT .......... From the Ethernet Statistics menu........... Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch..... perform the following procedure: 1... type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics.................. The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch... UNDERSIZE ........... OVERSIZE ... TX_COUNT .. RX_MLTCAST .................. FRAGMENT .......... From the Main Menu........... 2.. type 3 to select Display Module Statistics....... shown in Figure 48. RX_BRDCAST ......Update Display R ....... 160 . The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window. CRC_ERROR ....Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch......... RX_UNICAST . Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch......... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT ..... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded.........

3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. packets with alignment errors. but discarded and not forwarded. Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch. Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch. 161 . Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch.Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. select the option “2 .

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

162

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

163

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. 166 . Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. Do not reboot the switch. the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed. the switch automatically resets. Once the management software is initialized. Begin the file transfer of the new management software image. If you are installing a new management image. Note Do not interrupt the initialization process.

Binary .35.1.img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39.1. you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn. Put .1 put c:\ats39. loader file.AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host . tftp -i 149.1.cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image. If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software.35.img 167 .ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39. A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT. Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149. Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software. Source file . or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above.The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch.This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image.The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch. This may necessitate renaming the file. The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.

This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from.35. This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically.1.The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file.cfg”.The source file name is “ATS39. Source file . 168 . Get . it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP.The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation. Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149. Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited. tftp -i 149.img Once the file is stored on a local drive. The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host .img c:\ats39.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation.1. Destination file .1 to local drive C: of the workstation.35. Binary . as explained in the previous section.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.1 get ats39.

Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27. Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17. MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20. Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23. IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28. Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22. Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser.

such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator. 170 .Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser.

Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. To change the password.) The user name cannot be changed. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser. (The password is case-sensitive. Start your web browser. perform the following procedure: 1. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. To start a web browser management session. as shown in Figure 51. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. enter the user name and password.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. 171 . the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. Consequently. When prompted. For instructions. 2. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch. the switch must have an IP address. you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. Additionally.

In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites.The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed. You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows. Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software. You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser. Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus. Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display. 172 .

AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session. 173 . select Exit from any AT-S39 management page.

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. subnet address.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. From the Home Page. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. select it and then select the General tab. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default. refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. select Configuration. 175 . To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. If the System menu option is not selected.

176 . The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example. Sales Ethernet switch).Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Change the parameters as desired. Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window. The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide. 3.

Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch. enter the new password into both fields. The default password is “admin”. 177 . Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. To create a new password. The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. such as its location (e. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser. Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. or an SNMP management program.. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply. click Apply.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Floor 4.g. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. 4. After you have set the parameters. Wiring closet 402B). Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. a Telnet utility. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length.

You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session. you must reset the switch to activate your change. If you made a change to the IP address. 178 . You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session. subnet mask.Section III: Web Browser Management 5. or gateway address. or by using the Reset button on the switch.

select the General tab. 2. The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed. From the Configuration Menu. select System Status. The Monitoring window is displayed. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 . select Monitoring. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. If it is not already selected.

For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session. For information about VLANs. 180 . For background information about MAC addresses. If this parameter displays “Tagged. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. which also explains how to change the parameters.Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted.Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only. ❑ Switch Mode . The sections in the window are defined below.” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. If this parameter displays “Basic. You cannot change any of the values from this window. This value cannot be changed.Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode. These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address. refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212. refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10. These values cannot be changed.Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table.” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. Virtual LANs on page 91. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes). including the IP address of the switch and the system name. Administration This section contains a variety of information. Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging . ❑ Hash Count .

The parameters are described below. From the Configuration menu. select System. Adjust the parameters as desired. From the Home page. Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. select Configuration. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. 3. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. 181 . Select the SNMP tab.

5. Click Apply to save your changes to the switch. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. 182 .Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch.

Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 .Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

select Configuration. Select the Port Setting tab. Click Modify. From the Home page. click it again. select Layer 1. You can select only one port at a time. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure.) 5. 184 . 2. The selected port turns white. The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4. From the Configuration page.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch. (To deselect a port. 3.

No flow control on the port. An example of the window is shown in Figure 57. If the threshold is reach. Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. Both . For instructions on how to set this value. Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time. Receive . Transmit .AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed. refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227. any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch. Adjust the port parameters as desired.Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port. 185 .Flow control only on packets being received on the port. For background information on this feature.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. The parameters are described below. Flow Control The flow control setting for the port. Possible values are: None .

7. The default for this port parameter is enabled. click Apply.Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps .Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . ❑ 10Mbps . AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228.Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port.Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . 186 . Default values are listed in Appendix A. Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode.Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Once you have made the desired changes. The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port. This is the default. Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values. A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames.

) 4. From the Home page. Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics. The selected port turns white. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. You can select only one port at a time. select Layer 1. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch. (To deselect a port. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. You can view a port’s operating speed. From the Monitoring page. To display the status or statistics of a switch port. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB. 187 . Click a port. click it again. select Monitoring. Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. and more. 3. MDI/MDI-X configuration. duplex mode.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

191

Note For background information on port security. refer to Port Security Overview on page 65. Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session.Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session. 192 .

3. perform the following procedure: 1. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 . The current security level is displayed. select the Port Security tab. From the Layer 2 page. From the Home page. select Layer 2. select Monitoring. From the Configuration page.

refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73. Note For background information on port trunking.Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session. 194 .

From the Configuration page. Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. If there is a port trunk. To create or delete a port trunk. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. 3. all ports in the switch image will be black. From the Home page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. perform the following procedure: 1. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk. If you are deleting a port trunk. Select the Port Trunking tab. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. select Layer 1. which can produce broadcast storms. select Configuration. 2. Loops can result in broadcast storms. the ports of the trunk will be white. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. which can adversely effect the operations of your network. 195 .

3. 5. or 4 ports. A port trunk can contain 2. To delete a port trunk. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk. The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. Click Apply. click Remove. A selected port changes to white. b. You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. 196 . To create a port trunk. do the following: a.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. An unselected port is black.

197 .Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. Note For background information on port mirroring.

c. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports. Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4. 198 . 3. Select the Port Mirroring tab. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. From the Configuration page. To delete an existing port mirror. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. From the Home page. The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. do the following: a. To create a port mirror.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. 5. Click Apply. 2. select Layer 1. select Configuration. b. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch. perform the following procedure: 1.

AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted. 199 . The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP. refer to STP Overview on page 84. Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session. Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session.Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. 200 .

AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. perform the following procedure: 1. To configure a bridge’s STP parameters. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window . select Configuration. From the Configuration menu.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. From the Home page. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. From the Layer 2 window. If you enable STP. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. select the Spanning Tree tab. select Layer 2.Configuration 4. 2. 201 . the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. The parameters are described below. 3. You should consult the IEEE 802.

not all links may have yet adapted to the change. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. This value cannot be changed. The default setting is disabled. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. for example. The default is 2 seconds. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. After you have made the desired changes. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. For example. if you use the default 20. When a root bridge goes off-line. If the bridge transitions too soon. click Apply.535. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. 5. with 0 being the highest priority. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. 202 . The default is 15 seconds. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes.Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). If two or more bridges have the same priority value. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. The default is 20 seconds. possibly resulting in a network loop. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table.

select the Spanning Tree tab. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed.Monitoring 203 . From the Layer 2 page. 3. refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201. From the Monitoring menu. 2. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window . The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. select Layer 2. To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters. perform the following procedure: 1. select Monitoring.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings. From the Home page.

modify. refer to Chapter 10. Virtual LANs. and delete VLANs from a web browser management session. Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 .Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode.

From the Layer 2 window. select Layer 2. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. select the VLAN tab. From the Home page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. select Configuration. The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed. 3. From the Configuration menu. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 .

Click Add. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. Sales or Accounting). 6. the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN. its VID must be unique as well. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. The name can be from one to 10 characters in length. The name can contain spaces but not special characters. Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. 206 .Section III: Web Browser Management 4. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. the name should be unique as well. The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example.

refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. 9. This value disables port mirroring. To select ports for the VLAN. In most cases. click Send to CPU. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. Click Apply. Note For background information on port mirroring. The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. 10. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. or a tagged port. Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. 8. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. For example. You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. 207 . 7. its VID value should be the same on each switch. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN.

Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. 208 . The VLAN is now ready for network operations.

the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. click Apply. select Layer 2. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. 4. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. From the Layer 2 window. Click Modify. 7. 209 . select Configuration. From the Configuration menu. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. 6. 5. From the Home page. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. they are returned to the Default VLAN. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. 2. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure. After making the desired changes. select the VLAN tab. perform the following procedure: 1. Creating a VLAN. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN.

Click Remove.Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. From the Configuration menu. 3. From the Home page. 2. select Layer 2. 210 . From the Layer 2 window. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. The VLAN is deleted from the switch. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete. select Configuration. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. 4. 5. select the VLAN tab.

Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . From the Home page. From the Layer 2 page. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. From the Monitoring page. perform the following procedure: 1. select Monitoring. The management software displays the window in Figure 68. select the VLAN tab. select Layer 2. 2.

click either Tagged or Basic. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. Select the General tab. In the Switch Mode section of the window. You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. Note Refer to Chapter 10. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. 2. 4. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. Reset the switch. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. To set the switch’s VLAN mode. choose System. 212 . the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs. If you select Tagged. 3. select Configuration. Virtual LANs. which is the default. If you select Basic. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Configuration menu. From the Home Page. 5.

2. For example. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure. select Layer 2. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. From the Configuration page. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. To change a PVID for a port. 5. You can select only one port at a time. select Configuration. To deselect a port. click it again. 3. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. A selected port turns white. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 . As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. 4. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. Click Apply. From the Layer 2 page. From the Home page. select CoS.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port.

7. Class of Service on page 219. Click Apply. Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port. Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26. 214 . The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch.Section III: Web Browser Management 6. The new value is immediately activated on the port.

215 .Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.

216 . select the Forwarding Database tab. select Layer 2. From the Layer 2 page. From the Home page. You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. select Monitoring. The options are described below. 3. From the Monitoring page.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. For instructions. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session. Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses.

assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. 217 . VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch. click View. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. As an example. The port numbering scheme is from right to left. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. Another example is “000020F. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. 4. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. Once you have configured the options. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. You specify the VLAN by its VID.

218 . EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. Type The MAC address type. except for the switch’s MAC address. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. This feature is not supported at this time. The type can be either static or dynamic.

This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS. 219 .Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS. refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed. Click Apply. select Layer 2. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. A selected port turns white. 2. From the Home page. From the Configuration page. 3. You can select only one port at a time. The default for this parameter is No. (Again. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. Click Modify. (To deselect a port. perform the following procedure: 1. 4. select the CoS tab. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. From the Layer 2 page.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. it does not matter which of these levels you select. select Configuration. Click the port where you want to configure CoS.) 5.) 7.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. 8. click it again. 220 . click the Override Priority option. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7. 6.

Note For background information on this feature. 221 .Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch. refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143.

perform the following procedure: 1. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. select System. The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port). 3. Select the IGMP tab.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. 222 . From the Home page. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. From the Configuration menu. Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. select Configuration. 2. Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds.

An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 . This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. that is. The range is 1 to 2048 groups.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch.400 seconds (24 hours). If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. The range is from 1 second to 86. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection. The default is 260 seconds. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. The default is 256 multicast groups. Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub.

The default is 256 multicast addresses. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses.Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses. You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect. 224 . A white port indicates a multicast router port. or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image.

Note For background information on this feature. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151.Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch. 225 .

The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. If they are not already selected. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. After you have entered your values.100x For example. You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. and 1000 Mbps.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . 226 . select Configuration. 4. To specify an interval timer.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . 2. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. enter values for the three interval timers. click Apply. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page. From the Home page. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. 3. Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept. select them now. the management software multiples the value by 10. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. perform the following procedure: 1. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab. 100.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed. Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. The default value is “0” for all timers.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port.

3. As an example. In the graphical switch image. 5. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. select Layer 1. 2. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. 227 . Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. click it again. From the Configuration page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. To deselect a port. the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. If it is not selected. Click Modify. select Configuration. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. 4. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames. From the Home page. Click Apply. perform the following procedure: 1. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. You can select only one port at a time. 7. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. select it now. 6. When you open the Layer 1 page. The selected port turns white. The port will accept all broadcast frames.

0 255.0.0.0 0.Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 .0. Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.255.0.0.

) 229 .1 and above only.AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.

150. AT-S39. 140 console timeout. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. 202 bridge hello time parameter. 212 BOOTP activating. 88. 164 downloading via TFTP. 228 DHCP activating. 86. 11 D default values. 220 defined. 60. 225 defined. 88. 84. 43 conventions. 36 documentation. 138 defined. 141. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 128 AT-S39 default settings. 227 browser tools. 167 obtaining. used in this guide. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. 41. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. 37 defined. 84. 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. 177 H hello time. 88. 86. 37 BPDU. 172 C Class of Service configuring. 202 bridge max age parameter. 35. 45 Auto-Negotiation. 106 setting. 60. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 88. 121.Index A aging time changing. 50 F flow control. 202 bridge priority. 88 G gateway address. 202 bridge identifier. 37 releasing IP address. 155. 37 defined. 185 forwarding delay. 47 setting switch status. 41. 27. 47 guidelines. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. 52 defined. configuring. 90 host nodes 230 . 163 AT-S39 version number.

222 231 . 90 port mirroring creating. 171 port configuring parameters. 190 port cost defined. 145. 80. 211 modifying. 24 M MAC address table. maximum. 65 displaying. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 77. 213 defined. 205 defined. 67 defined. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. 60 multicast groups. 118 deleting. 18 quitting. 193 port statistics. 209 priority queues. 35.1d standard. 107. 198 port security configuring. 184 disable. 143 ingress filtering. 116. 126. 102 port-based VLAN creating. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). 111. 73 deleting. 21 snoop topology. 28 Telnet session. 186 statistics. 65 local management session defined. 75. 50 SNMP community strings. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 25 S Secure level. 223 I IEEE 802. 50 returning to. 69 defined. switch. 198 defined. 186 displaying status. 95. 84 RS232 port. 28 starting. 85 setting. 140 priority. 222 defined. 94 deleting all. 146. 26. 45 slave switch. 32. 177 interval timer configuring. 157 port trunking creating. 195 defined. defined. displaying. 66 serial number. 216 MAC address. 55. 79 deleting. 119. 59. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. 58. 42 root bridge. 29. 149 P password changing. 39. 82. 177 default. 173 R resetting a switch. 35. 146. 187 speed. 226 defined. 210 displaying. 59. 223 multicast router. 30 web browser session. 148 host/router timeout interval. 181 SNMP management session. 90 PVID. 21 master switch defined. 115. switch. 195 guidelines. default settings.AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 151 L limited security mode configuring. 143 displaying. 153. 113. 87. 145. port security.

121. 35. 205 defined. 210 disabling. 164 downloading via TFTP. 84 port cost. 206 VLAN. 19 quitting. 137 displaying. 116. 167 U unavailable status. 85. defined. 29 web browser. 43 limitations. 115.Index software updates downloading from a local session. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. 107. 136 deleting. defined. 87. 122 mode. defined. 111. 201 configuring port parameters. 122 displaying. 116. 92 deleting all. 112. 101 VLAN identifier (VID). 171 static MAC address adding. 209 Telnet management session defined. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. 20 quitting. 209 port-based. 205 defined. 24 Telnet. changing. 50 user name. 30 starting. 118 deleting. 94. default. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 171 V version number. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. 173 starting. 113. 177 switch statistics. 35. 45 virtual LAN creating. 115. 203 starting session local. 160 STP. 118 deleting. 211 enabling. 29 TFTP. 171 232 . 190 switch. 167 obtaining. 107. 89 defined. 210 displaying. 211 modifying. AT-S39. 90 viewing bridge parameters. 113. 101 deleting all. downloading software updates. 94 tagged. 157. 108 VLAN identifier. 160 system name. 112. 212 modifying. 129 statistics port.

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