Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table ............................................ 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses ............................................................... 140 Configuring CoS .......................................................................................................... 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses ......................................................................................................................................................... 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 157 Displaying Switch Statistics ................. 126 MAC Address Overview ................................................................................................................................................................... 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port ....................................................... 115 Deleting a VLAN ............................................................................................................. 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview ................................................................................91 VLAN Overview ...................................................................................................................................................... 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes ....................................................................................................................................................................... 113 Displaying VLAN Information .................................................... 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 137 Changing the Aging Time ................................................................................................................................................................... 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 139 Class of Service Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN ....................................................................................................................... 103 Tagged VLAN Example .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 98 Port-based Example 2..................................... 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers ......................................................... 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics ............ 99 Tagged VLAN Overview ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 127 Displaying MAC Addresses ........................................................................................................... 118 Changing a PVID Value .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs ................................................................................... 151 Configuring the Interval Timer ................................................ 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service ...........................................................................................................94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN .......................... 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping ..................................................... 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs ................ 112 Modifying a VLAN ..................................................... 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering .......................................................................................................................................................................... 160 5 ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs ....... 97 Port-based Example 1................. 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN ....... 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN .......................................................................................................................................................................................92 Port-based VLAN Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 142 IGMP Snooping Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 156 Displaying Port Statistics .............................................................................................................................. 116 Deleting All VLANs .................................................................................................................................... 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN........................................ 143 Activating IGMP Snooping .................................................................................................................................

... 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session ...................................................................................................................................................................201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................162 Obtaining Software Updates .203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs ..................................184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics .........................................212 Changing a PVID .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................192 Displaying the Port Security Level .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol .................................... 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................213 6 ...................................................................................................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ........................................................174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name .............................................................209 Deleting a VLAN .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session .........................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks .....................................167 Example......................................210 Displaying VLANs ......................................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters ............ 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session .........................................................................................183 Configuring Port Parameters .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................171 Browser Tools........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 168 Section III Web Browser Management ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ..........................................................................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses ..........................................................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP ...............................................................................................................................................................................168 Example...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................175 Viewing System Information ................................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates ................................204 Creating a VLAN .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring ............................................ 167 Uploading a Configuration File ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security ........................................205 Modifying a VLAN ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................................................... 219 Configuring CoS .................................................................................................................................................... 230 7 .................................................................................................................................................. 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table ................................................................................................................................................ 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping ....................................................................... 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service .......................................................................... 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping .................................. 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings ................................................................. 225 Configuring the Interval Timer ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 228 Index ...............................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................................................................................... 52 Figure 11: Port Menu ..................................................................... 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 ............................................... 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port ............................................................................................................... 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window ............................. 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu ................Example 1 .........................................................................................Example 2 .............................. 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu ....................................................................................... 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu .................................................................. 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window ........................................................ 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window .......................................................................................................................... 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu ........................................................................................................ 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 122 8 ................................................................................................ 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example ............................................................................... 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu ................ 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN .............................................................................................. 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window ........................................................................................................ 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN .............................................. 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window ......................................................................................................................... 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu ..................................................................................................... 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window ......................................................... 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 ....................................................................................... 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window ................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu ................... 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window ......................................... 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu .......................................................................... 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu ...................................... 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window ....................................................................................................... 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu ........................................................................................................ 25 Figure 2: Main Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window .........................................................................................

............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field .................................... Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 53: General Tab .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ............................. Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page ................. Figure 57: Settings for Port Window .............................. Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab .................................................... Figure 61: Port Security Menu ............................................................... Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Configuration ...................................... Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu ............................... Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 68: VLAN Window ......................................................................................................................................................... Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window ........................................................ Figure 71: IGMP Tab ............. Figure 55: SNMP Tab .............................................................................................. Figure 66: VLAN Window .............................. Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu ........................................... Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window ............................................................................................................................................ Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window ............................................................. Figure 52: Home Page ......................... 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 ................................................................................................................................................... Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window ................................................................... Figure 59: Port Status Window ................................................................ Figure 69: CoS Setting Window .............................................................. Figure 62: Port Trunking Window ....................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 54: General Tab Window .................................................... Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window .......................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window ...................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 60: Port Statistics Window .......................................................... Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window .............................................................................. Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window .................................................. Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 67: Add VLAN Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Monitoring .........................................................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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com or our FTP server at ftp. To use the FTP server.alliedtelesyn. enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password. 14 .com. You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www.Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products.alliedtelesyn.

Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software. 15 . It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

and powering ON the device. If this is true for your network. Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. as explained in the hardware installation guide. then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network. such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters. You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches.Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A. 16 . The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed.

There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session. you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software. It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser. The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use. 17 . The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide. such as to change or adjust its operating parameters.

18 . using a straight-through RS-232 cable. This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch. refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch. Note For instructions on starting a local management session.Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located. Once the session is started.

You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. With AT-8024GB switches. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session. Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. 19 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session. which include the enhanced stacking feature. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47.

❑ DHCP and BOOTP . just like a Telnet management session. They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking . that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address. Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session.You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session.You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session. every AT-8024GB switch. There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session. ❑ Port security level .Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch.You can view but not set the port security level of a switch. refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171. 20 . as well as every AT-8024 switch. because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch. This too is a type of remote management. Consequently.

Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program. A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program. 21 . Consequently. refer to your SNMP management documentation.AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program. For instructions.

Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .

Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .

Additionally. Note For information on enhanced stacking. This can simplify network management. Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. 24 . to start this type of management session. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. you can manage just that switch. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch. You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. usually within a few meters. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch. you must go to where that switch is located. You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network.

see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 . Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch. Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program. POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2. 3. perform the following procedure: 1.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S . (The password is case-sensitive. 5. Note During boot up.Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 . the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps).Save Configuration Changes R . or an equivalent terminal emulator program. (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>). The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal.) 4. Press the Return key twice. the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt.) The Main Menu is displayed. (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1. This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only. The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset.1 and above. The default is “admin”. You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch. If prompted for a password. Otherwise. enter the password for the management software. simply type boot and press Return to start the switch.) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal. The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly.

AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item. For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session. It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located. you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet. Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. 27 . Enhanced Stacking on page 46. refer to Chapter 4. This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. type the corresponding letter or number. Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu.

Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session. Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously. You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch. Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions. This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended. 28 . return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit.

as shown in Figure 2 on page 26. Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. To return to a previous menu. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. such as with a local management session. Additionally. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. type R or press ESC twice. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch. 29 . Enter the management software password when prompted. The default password is “admin”. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely. Note For background information on enhanced stacking. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. In terms of functionally. The menus also function the same.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. type its corresponding number of letter. The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. To make a selection. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol.

Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session. type Q for Quit from the Main Menu. 30 .

There are also procedures for resetting the switch. and more.Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures. There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it. activating the original switch default settings. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 .

This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking. You do not need to assign an IP address. 32 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses.) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address. First. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. This feature has two primary benefits. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. Second. all from the same management session. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. a web browser. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. This switch will be the Master switch of the stack. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. you must also assign it a subnet mask. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. subnet mask. you must assign at least one of them an IP address.

The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. switches on your network need an IP address.AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure. if any. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. You can do this two different ways. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which. 33 . you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet.

.0. and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session.... Comments . Administrator ..0....0 Subnet Mask ... go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37.. The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed.. The selection X ..0...... subnet mask. type 4 to select Administration Menu. along with other optional information. 0.. To manually set a switch’s IP address.255....Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address.Reset Switch X ... such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch..Release DHCP IP Address S ...0.0 Default Gateway ....Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 .. 255. (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network. 0.Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42....) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch..0 System Name ... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address ...Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L . From the Main Menu. Change Password .Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 ....0. perform the following procedure: 1. 9 ..Save Configuration Changes R .

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

type 5 to select System Config Menu. type 3 to select SNMP Configuration. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. 39 . From the Advanced Configuration window.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. From the System Configuration Menu. From the Main Menu.

private 3 .Save Configuration Changes R ......Trap Receiver 3 7 ... when prompted....0..... Adjust the parameters as desired. 4 ..Trap Community .0 0.0. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 ...0.SET Community ...0 0.... Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch...Trap Receiver 1 5 .......0...0...0 0..... public 2 .GET Community . 5. To change a value...... 1 ... 40 ....0. type its corresponding number and.0.. After making your changes....Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4. type S to select Save Configuration Changes...........SET Community 3..0.Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. .Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch......Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed.GET Community 2 ...0 S . . 0.......Trap Receiver 2 6 .. enter the new value. .. The parameters are described below. public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 .....

AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. Type Y for yes or N for no. You are prompted to reset the switch. the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. 2. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults. From the Main Menu. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings. Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A. From the System Configuration Menu. 41 . perform the following procedure: 1. 4. Type Y to reset the switch. If you type Y for yes. type 5 to select System Config Menu. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228.

type 4 to select Administrator Menu. Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software. From the Main Menu. From the Administrator Menu. Some data traffic may be lost. 42 . type 9 to select Reset Switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. a task requiring only a second or two to complete. perform the following procedure: 1. The switch immediately reloads its operating system. 2.

type 5 to select System Config Menu. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. (The password is case-sensitive. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password. 2. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. 3. type E to enable web access or D to disable web access.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. perform the following procedure: 1. perform the procedure below. To configure the console timer. ❑ Web Access . For instructions on how to set this security feature. type 6 to select Web Server Access and.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. if you specify 2 minutes. 43 . To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software.The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch. These security features are: ❑ Password . enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes. when prompted.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. when prompted. ❑ Console Timeout . To configure web browser access. The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes. and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser. type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and. the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. For example. For instructions on how to set this security feature. perform the procedure below. From the Main Menu.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch. The default password is “admin”.

no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser. After you have made the desired changes.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 4. 44 . Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. if you disable web access.

. Serial Number ... MAC Address . 45 ...AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information..............32. Bootloader Version .. AT-S39 v1...... The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed.....Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed...1 5456411 00...D2....A0. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version ..3 ATI_LOADER1..17. type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu.00 R ......

This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch.Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch. 46 .

AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. such as for maintenance. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. should you remove a master switch from the network. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. Once connected to the network. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master. That way. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. You simply connect it to your network. If your network consists of more than one subnet. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. 47 .

If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch. referred to as slave switches. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. do not. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack. You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. you must assign each master switch a unique IP address. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. 3.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually. 48 .

AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature. Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches.22 Master 2 IP Address 149. 49 .18 Master 2 IP Address 149.32. and each has been assigned a unique IP address. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet.32.11.32.16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router.09. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets.09. you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet.11.32.

To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status. perform the following procedure: 1. slave switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch.Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 . The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed. you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet. or unavailable. From the Main Menu. A switch with this designation can be managed locally.. A master switch must have a unique IP address.A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet. ❑ Unavailable . Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch .Save Configuration Changes R .. Master 2 . Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack. Note The default setting for a switch is Slave. ❑ Slave switch . type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking..Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable. You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch.A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch.A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch. a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address.Enhanced Stacking Services S . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 . To be managed remotely. It does not need an IP address or subnet mask.

type 1 to select Switch State. The following prompt is displayed. 4. Note The “2 . the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master.Switch State. 51 . 2.Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. S to make it a slave switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 . Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3. Type M to change the switch to a master switch. or U to make the switch unavailable. To change a switch’s status. Press Return. A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch.” For example.

To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet. perform the following procedure: 1.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G . To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack. From the Enhanced Stacking window. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services. you are by default addressing that particular switch. The window in Figure 10 is displayed. When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet. The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window.Get/Refresh List of Switches A .Access Switch R .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. From the Main Menu. you need to select it from the management software. If you assigned system names to your switches. The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch. 2. then it is very easy.

6. return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. The password is case-sensitive. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice. if you want to manage the Master switch. 53 . 4. The default password is “admin”. You now can manage the selected switch. Enter the switch’s password and press Return. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches. Once you see that window. Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. Type A to select Access Switch. This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session.

Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .

type 4 to select Port Status. From the Main Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C . 55 . type 1 to select Port Menu.Accept changes & update flash R .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch. From the Port Menu. The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed. Down .Update Display R .indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. 56 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N .indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Auto . Possible values are: Up . Figure 12 is an example of the window. The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number.Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually. Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port.Next Page U . Manual .

This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member.10 Mbps 100 .No flow control on the port. Spd The operating speed of the port. Possible values are: 10 . Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex.AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port. Transmit . Disabled . Receive . Possible values are: Forwarding .100 Mbps 1000 .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. Both . Flow The flow control setting for the port. Possible values are: None . 57 . Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member.The port has been manually disabled.The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. State The current operating status of the port.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port.

. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return.... To configure a range of ports..No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 ... To configure only one port... MDI/MDIX Mode .. 2.... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status .. Advertise 10FDX .... The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed... enter the first port of the range.... Advertise 100HDX .... type 1 to select Port Configuration.. type 1 to select Port Menu.. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Port Menu. From the Main Menu. Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 ...... enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. Flow Control .. Negotiation . Advertise 10HDX ....... The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. enter the last port number in the range.. Broadcast Control ..... To configure a range of ports.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3...... Advertise 100FDX ..

1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 .. You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port.100 Mbps 1000 . 5.. This is the default setting. the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically... Adjust the port parameters as desired.. If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation. When disabled..... If you select Manual.10 Mbps 0100 .Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode.. 1 . a port will not receive or transmit frames.Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex...Speed . You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections.. Possible settings are: Forwarding .. This toggles the parameter through its possible settings.. you can enable the port again to resume normal operation.The port will receive and forward packets.. The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters..... Once the problem has been fixed. The possible settings for the 2 ..Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port.Duplex . which is the default.Speed selection are: 0010 . two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 . 59 .. You adjust a parameter by typing its number..Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode.. The parameters are described below. 0 . Disabled .. 0100 3 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port.The port will not receive or forward packets..

which is the default setting. If you set this to Auto. if you set the selection 8 . The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time. B . which is the default setting. 9 .Advertise 10FDX 6 .or full-duplex mode.Advertise 100HDX to No.Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode. You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation. During Auto-Negotiation. The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames. the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps. Both . Receive .Advertise 10HDX 7 . refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155. which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half. 5 .Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option. By default.No flow control on the port. the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. half-duplex operation. a switch port will advertise its full capabilities.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. For example. 60 . Transmit . Possible settings are: None . a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it.MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port. Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated.Advertise 100FDX 8 . If desired. you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.

AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node. The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection. You can use this option to reset the selected port. The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection. This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. which. This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Once you have set the port parameters. when selected. 61 . Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port.

type 5 to select System Config Menu. The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed. 62 . Type either 24 or 25. 2. From the Advanced Configuration window. To display GBIC information. From the System Configuration Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information. From the Main Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5.GBIC Information R .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch. these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. Type 1 to select GBIC Information. 3.

.. You cannot change this information... 63 .......... Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding ...Next Page R .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number .. N ....................... Length 50/125 um Fib... Figure 15 is an example of the window................. (10k) .......... Type of Serial Interface . Length 9/125 um Fib........ Length 62. (100m) .. Elect/Opt Transceiver .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only... (k) . Extended Serial Transceiver ..AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module...5/125 um Fib............... Length 9/125 mm Fib..... (10m) .. Connector Type ....

Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security. 64 . Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.

it remains in the table and is never purged. even when the end node is inactive. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch. Once this mode is activated. Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. 65 . You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. There are four levels of port security. Automatic This operating mode disables port security. Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn.

Once you have activated this security level. Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward. even those belonging to inactive end nodes. The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. When this security level is activated. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. 66 . The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned. The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table.

The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table. To specify the limits. From the Port Menu. type 2 to select Limited mode. To set a switch’s port security level. 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. After activating this security mode. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. type 5 to select Port Security. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. type 1 to select Automatic mode. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed. From the Main Menu. type 1 to select Port Menu. type 3 to select the Secured mode. 67 . 2. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. This is the default setting. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward.

Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. type 4 to select Lock all the ports now. A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch. 68 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned.

type 5 to select Port Security. You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 .Display MAC limit per port 2 . From the Port Security menu. To configure Limited security mode. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 . type 2 to select Limited security. From the Main Menu. You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed. Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port. 2. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. When you activate this security level. type 1 to select Port Menu. Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table.Set MAC limit per port 3 .Configure port security limited mode R . From the Port Menu. 3. Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn.

Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. The range is 1 to 150 addresses. type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6. Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. type R to select Return to previous menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . 70 . Type 2 to choose Select a port. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. 9. 10. To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports. 13. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. 12. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. This applies the limit to the port. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed. repeat Steps 5 through 9. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. 11. 7.

Check to be sure that they are correct. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. If necessary. If you assigned different values to different ports. 71 . Limited security has now been configured on the switch. Examine the MAC limits. be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. 15. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port. 16. 14. The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed. repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits.

Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .

the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. 15 for the trunk. router. you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. For example. Despite the software configuration and physical connections. ❑ The duplex mode. ports 4. 73 . and 7). speed. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. 3. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. and so on. For example. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. and 24. or 4 ports. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load. 22. there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. or another Ethernet switch. 13. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. and so on. On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. workstation. or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. A port trunk is 2. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. such as a server. port 13 to port 22. ❑ When cabling a trunk. 6. 23. To maintain the order of the port connections. 5. 14. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches.

Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server. The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch. AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches. The server is connected to the switch with four data links. ❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch.❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN. The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs. AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 .

From the Port Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch. You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. Note Before creating a port trunk. such as speed and duplex mode. Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software. type 1 to select Port Menu. To create a port trunk. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed. Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure. Check to be sure that the settings. are the same for all the ports of the trunk. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology.Add ports to trunk 2 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 . perform the following procedure: 1. type 3 to select Port Trunking. 2. examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk.Show port trunking status S . From the Main Menu.Delete Trunk 3 .Save Configuration Changes R .

The following prompt is displayed.3.4) or as a range (e.g. Enter new value -> 4. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window. type 3 to display the status of the trunk. Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking.Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R . Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk.3. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return.. Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk. To confirm the creation of the port trunk. The port trunk is ready for network operations.2. 5. 1. You can specify the ports individually (e. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.. 76 . 7-10).g. 8. 6.

From the Main Menu. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. 2. type 1 to select Port Menu. Type 2 to select Delete trunk. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. type 3 to select Port Trunking. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology. 5. 77 . To delete a port trunk from the switch. The port trunk is deleted from the switch. 3. From the Port Menu. 4. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. To confirm the deletion.

Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .

For example.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. For example. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time. the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port. However. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed. 79 . ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. the more ports you mirror. if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports. meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports. the mirror port is likely to drop packets.

. enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port.. You can specify only one mirror port. Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6.. type 1 to select Port Menu.Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror. From the Port Menu. Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is. enter the last port in the range. 2..CPU Attached . 5. 80 ... The following prompt is displayed. The following prompt is displayed......Mirroring Port .Add ports to mirror 4 . Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror.Show Port Mirror Status S . The following prompt is displayed. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. No 3 .. To mirror a range of ports. Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored.. perform the following procedure: 1. If you want to mirror a range or ports. Press Return.Delete ports from mirror 5 . type 2 to select Port Mirroring. enter the first port of the range. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 . the port to where the traffic will be copied).Save Configuration Changes R . The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed. From the Main Menu. 0 2 ..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3. To mirror the traffic of only one port. Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7.

9.AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status. 81 . 10. The port mirror is now functional. The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. To confirm the creation of the port mirror. Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu.

From the Port Menu. 2. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. The following prompt is displayed. 5. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. From the Main Menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 82 . perform the following procedure: 1. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. type 1 to select Port Menu. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. Enter 0 and press Return. 3.

ISO/IEC 10038: 1993.1D. 83 .Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters. refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol.

So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes. also referred to as the bridge identifier. 84 .1D standard. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. Where multiple paths exist. of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. as specified in the IEEE 802. Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge. By adjusting the value. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance.Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. referred to as broadcast storms. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number. leaving only one main active path. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles. and sometimes its MAC address. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability. exist in the network topology. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. either planned or unplanned.

the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. the lower the port cost.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. The faster the port. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. Below are the default values. If two paths have the same port cost. if one is found. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. active path. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. blocking mode. If redundant paths exist. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. the preferred path is selected through port priority. 85 . The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. where all ports have a port cost of 0. Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby. Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge.

It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. 86 . This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. or addition of any active components. The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. removal.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. especially if it is a large network. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. When a bridge is brought on-line. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. and that could adversely impact network performance. before it begins to forward frames. For small networks. a change in a port state is not activated immediately. a temporary data loop could occur. For large networks. with the size of your network being a primary factor. Consequently. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. listening and learning. and if not. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. the active topology also changes. you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. However. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds.

.Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch. The default setting is disabled...Display STP Port Settings 9 ..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks.. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network... Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed.... Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable . Bridge Hello Time . 1.. 87 . The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed.. From the Main Menu. If you enable STP.. Bridge Forwarding . Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 . 1 . You should consult the IEEE 802. Bridge Max Age ..... Bridge Priority . Bridge Identifier . type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu.Config STP Port Settings 8 . The parameters are described below..1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters...Reset STP to Defaults R .

type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The default is 15 seconds. For example. The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). 4 . not all links may have yet adapted to the change.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds.Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. 3 . 88 . After you have made the desired changes. When a root bridge goes off-line. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes.535. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. If the bridge transitions too soon. The default is 2 seconds.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . for example.Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. resulting in network loops. 6 . 5 . The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. if you use the default 20. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. 3. with 0 being the highest priority.Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. The default is 20 seconds.

2. Root Bridge . type 7 to select Config STP port settings. enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step. 89 . The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters... This value cannot be changed.. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. 1 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5. enter the first port of the range..... The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed. From the Main Menu... The parameters are described below.... From the Spanning Tree menu.. Adjust the settings as desired.... Path Cost .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating .. enter the last port of the range.... Bridge Hello Time . Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R .... perform the following procedure: 1.. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. To configure a range of ports. Port Priority . To configure a range of ports. To configure just one port. Enter the number of the port you want to configure..Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain..

Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . 10 for a 100 Mbps port. This value cannot be changed from this window. 3 .Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain.Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN. To change this value. The range is 1 to 65535. and 4 for a 1 Gbps port. 4 . The default is 2 seconds. The range is 0-255. 90 . 5 .Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge. The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port. This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed. refer to the previous procedure. The default value for priority is 128.

modifying. and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session. This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode.Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs). This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 . It also contains the procedures for creating.

The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. logical LAN segments. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN. 92 . With VLANs. This too can improve overall network performance. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. For example. if an employee changed departments. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth. Additionally. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases. For example. It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. Before the advent of VLANs. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company.

or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another. VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically.AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. a virtual LAN can span more than one switch. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections. you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software. Additionally. 93 . This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location.

Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN. and Engineering. called the Default VLAN. A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches. Production. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. or just a few ports. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. Examples include Sales. A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). such as a router or Layer 3 switch. you must give it a name. 94 .

unique VLAN. For example. 95 . if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. Consequently.AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. If you allow the management software to do it automatically. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. In this manner. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID. Untagged Ports Naturally. Additionally. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames. it will simply select the next available VID. rather than by a port’s PVID. The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN. This is acceptable when you are creating a new. you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID.

However. 96 . ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member. the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. Consequently. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID. This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. ❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs. the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other.

A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs. ❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network. such as servers and printers. For example. 97 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN. a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN. across multiple VLANs. many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches.

13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . 98 . the Default VLAN is not shown. Engineering. and Production VLANs on the switch. 11 . A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN. (For purposes of the following examples.24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID. You assign this number when you create a VLAN. A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member.) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs. The ports have been assigned PVID values.Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales.4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9.

In this example. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN .AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example.Example 2 99 . Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs. each VLAN has one port connected to the router. two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch. The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN.

However. 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . 14. This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment. This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN.6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN . and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 .This is the final VLAN in the example. So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN.6. 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13. It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4. The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch. This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN.24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 . 100 . It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch.This VLAN spans both switches. Since this VLAN spans multiple switches. ❑ Production VLAN . This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch. it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router.This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN.11. 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. Engineering. ❑ Engineering VLAN . Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router. it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch.

This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. the frame will be discarded. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802. For example. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame.1Q-compliant. Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. 101 . the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports. This contrasts to a port-based VLAN. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94.3ac standard). A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port. When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. A tag. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously. The IEEE 802. the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames. The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch. If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch. this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network. referred to as a tagged frame. This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership.

The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. a frame without any tagged information). a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. In the case of a tagged VLAN. Otherwise. and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. simultaneously. can be in only one VLAN at a time. 102 . it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. But actually there is. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. An untagged port. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN. there would seem to be no need for a PVID. However. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN.

If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time.AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN. ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs. 103 . ❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS. each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID.

Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802.1Q-based products.1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 .

you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated. One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example. 20 (PVID 3) 8. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. 18 (PVID 2) 8. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. when received by the switch. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs. 105 . meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. But with tagged ports. data separation and security remain. The tagged frames.1Q-compliant server. each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11. It is connected to an IEEE 802. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. while still maintaining data separation and security. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device.

but the VLANs are not used. either tagged or untagged. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. Packets are passed through the switch unchanged. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames. 106 . ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. All VLAN information. is ignored. You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated.

From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN.Virtual LAN Support 2 . The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. 107 .Port VLANs & Priorities R . type 1 to select Create a VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3. From the VLAN Menu. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2.Virtual LAN Definitions 3 .Save Configuration Changes R .

.. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network... Sales or Accounting).. The name can be from one to ten characters in length. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name ... you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value. 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) . if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. Mirroring Port . than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN. The name can contain spaces.. If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. Untagged Ports . but not special characters.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4.. VLAN ID (VID) .. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. then the name should be unique as well. then its VID must also be unique. For example...... 0 Tagged Ports .. then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected.... The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096..Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed... The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value.. C ....... Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN.. 5..... The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example...Create VLAN R ... 108 .. If the VLAN will be unique in your network... such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!).

You can specify the ports individually (e. 2. you will see the following message: SUCCESS . If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports.. Type C to select Create VLAN. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. 7-9). For more information on port mirroring. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. 8.5). If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN. either do not select this option or select it and type N for no.5. leave this field empty.. To verify that the VLAN was created correctly.Press any key to continue. If the VLAN will contain tagged ports.g. 2.5. type 4 to select Show All VLANs.7-9) 7.. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.7-9).. 12.3. 10.g. 2. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. as a range (e.. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports.3. type 6 and Y for yes.g. type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. 109 .) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature.(If you do not to activate this feature. 2.g. 14. Press any key. as a range (e. you can analyze the VLAN traffic. 9. or both (e. You can specify the ports individually (e.g. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. or both (e.5). leave this field empty.. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN.g. Note In most cases. 11. 7-9). this parameter should be left with its default value of 0. 13. A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored.

if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. 110 . Note When you create a new VLAN. Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs. the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN. ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time. For example.

This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. To create the example Sales VLAN. From the Main Menu. 4. 9. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. 2. 3. Ports 1 to 4. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. This is the VID value for the new VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. The new Sales VLAN has now been created. Press Return. From the VLAN Menu. 7. Type C to select Create VLAN. 111 . type 1 to select Create a VLAN. 6. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. 5. press any key. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”. 8. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port.

This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. 8.11. Ports 9. 6. It will consist of three untagged ports. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. To create the example Engineering VLAN. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”. 10. 7. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created. 3. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. 4.10. perform the following procedure: 1. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN. press any key. 9.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104.16”. 20”. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. and 12. Press Return. Type C to select Create VLAN. 5. 11. 2. and two untagged ports. Ports 8 and 16. 112 . This is the VID value for the new VLAN. From the VLAN Menu.

refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107.. The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed. 6. 2.. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. From the VLAN Menu. 113 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure. The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed.. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. For a description of the parameters. 7.. 3.VLAN ID (VID) .Press any key to continue. After making the desired changes. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.. The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS .. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. R . Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 . type M to select Modify VLAN. type 2 to select Modify a VLAN. To modify a VLAN. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. From the Main Menu. Change the VLAN’s information as desired.

Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 114 . 8. 10. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 11. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. The VLAN has been modified. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs. 9. Press any key.

From the VLAN Menu. 2. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33. Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7.9 U: 1-6 T: 7. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. The Show All VLANs window is displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 .9 U: 8.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R . perform the following procedure: 1. VID numbers. type 4 to select View All VLANs. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch. 3.

Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN. A confirmation prompt is displayed. which has a VID of 1.. 3. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN.. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return. 2. The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed. To delete a VLAN. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). To delete the VLAN..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure.. perform the following procedure: 1. type 3 to select Delete a VLAN.. R . From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.. 6.. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed. type D. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 116 .VLAN ID (VID) . From the VLAN Menu. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. From the Main Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 . The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.

Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure. 9. 8. both tagged and untagged. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed. are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. 10.AT-S39 User’s Guide 7. 117 . All ports in the deleted VLAN. The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS . Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The VLAN has been deleted.Press any key to continue. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs.

Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. A confirmation message is displayed. 118 . To delete all VLANs on a switch. From the Main Menu. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. To delete selected VLANs. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. perform the following procedure: 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. 2. Press Return. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 4. From the VLAN Menu. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. on a switch. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 3. except the Default VLAN. 5. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

Port Number R . The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. Type 1 to select Port Number. There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. From the VLAN Menu. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Press Return. 2. 119 . For example. From the Main Menu. To change a PVID for a port. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 . perform the following procedure: 1. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port.

You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch. 1 1 0 N U .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed.. Press Return..... Port VLAN ID .Update Changes to Chip C . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number ... Override Priority (Y/N) .Press any key to continue.... Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. 9.... 8.. 120 ... Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID. 7.. Return to the Main Menu....... The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS ....... The port now has a new PVID......Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5... The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6.. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.. Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High ..Accept changes & update flash R .... Specify the new PVID value for the port..

The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged. perform the following procedure: 1. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. 5. 121 . 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 2. B-Basic): 3. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs. The default is Tagged mode. From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. type 5 to select System Config Menu. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. Press Return. Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. Type 3 to select Switch Mode. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode.

It sets a switch’s VLAN mode. From the VLAN Menu.Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 . perform the following procedure: 1. 2. The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed. If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure. ingress filtering is disabled. The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering. When VLANs are enabled. the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode.Disable VLANs Globally R .Enable VLANs Globally D .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. When VLANs are disabled. the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E . To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. From the Main Menu.Enable/Disable VLANs 2 . The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 .Accept changes & update flash R .Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C .

4. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 123 .AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode. 5. 6. A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. If they belong to different VLANs. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. the port discards the frame. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. tagged or untagged. the port accepts the frame. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. If they belong to the same VLAN. For further information. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. the port accepts the frame. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. the frame is discarded. or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. Here is an example. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN. Once the tagged frame is received. Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. In this case. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. the switch discards the frame. First. 124 . The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. If there is. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. nor to any frames. Fortunately. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. just as a reminder. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table.

You cannot set this per port. The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed. 4. Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority.Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R . From the VLAN Menu. To enable or disable ingress filtering. and that is the priority tag. 2. Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch. 125 . Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E . perform the following procedure: 1. From the Virtual LAN Support menu. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch. In most cases. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. regardless of the status of ingress filtering.Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets. Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags. A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. which is the default.

Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .

It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. When the destination node responds. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. by referring to its MAC address table. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. determines the port where the destination node is connected.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch. it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. When the switch receives a packet. and the port number where each address was learned. along with the port number on which each address was learned. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port. For example. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received. 127 . This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. it also examines the destination address and. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table.

The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports. 128 . The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. For instructions on changing the aging timer. Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table. even when the end node is inactive. This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses. A static MAC address. once entered in the table. The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. even when the end node is inactive. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process. refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes).

The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed. One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses. 3. just the base ports. To display only static MAC addresses. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2. perform the following procedure: 1. To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. type 6 to select MAC Address Tables. type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R . type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses. From the Main Menu. 129 . To display the MAC address table.

This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups.Update Display R . Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. The static MAC address window is exactly the same. MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. The columns in the window are defined below. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N . which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses.Accept changes & update flash U . Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window. 130 .

This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. This feature is not supported at this time. except for the switch’s MAC address. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. Another example is “000020F. As an example. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. Type The MAC address type. The type can be either static or dynamic. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. 131 . assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored.

type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 132 . From the Main Menu. 1. 2. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3. type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu. You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return. From the MAC Address Table menu.

1. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. From the MAC Address Table menu. 133 . But if the switch is part of a large network. you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned. From the Main Menu. 2. or to which the address was assigned. You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address. The procedure in this section offers an easier way. type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address. for a static address. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. finding the address could prove difficult. if the address was learned dynamically.

in which case displaying the entire MAC address table. (This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN. From the Main Menu. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view. perform the following procedure. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 1. produces the same result. as explained earlier in this chapter. 2.) Note To perform this procedure. From the MAC Address Table menu. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. 134 . To obtain a VLAN’s VID. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns.

From the MAC Address Table menu. 135 . A confirmation prompt is displayed. the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table. Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure. 3. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. perform the following procedure. From the Main Menu. type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. 2. 1. Once the table has been purged. If you type Y for yes.

the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected. perform the following procedure: 1. The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table. From the Main Menu. 136 . Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address. From the MAC Address Table menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses. To add a static address to the MAC address table. 2. 5.

type 6 to select MAC Address Table. Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. 137 . type 3 to select Delete MAC Address. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. 4. From the MAC Address Table menu. From the Main Menu. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table.

From the System Config Menu. 138 . This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active. When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time. To adjust the aging time. Enter a new value in seconds. From the Main Menu. 2. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. the switch deletes the address.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. perform the following procedure: 1. The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes). The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch. type 5 to select System Config Menu.

Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .

but were mostly transparent to network users. CoS was designed to address this problem. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest. low and high. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port.. untagged frames (i.1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example. such as voice transmission or video conferencing. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue. network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner. 0 to 7. packet transfer delays can prove problematic. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues.1p and 802. But with the introduction of time-critical applications. File transfer delays did occur. When a tagged packet enters a switch port. 140 . For example. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802. The 802. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis.e.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications.1Q standards. transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality. By default. Prior to CoS. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802.

type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. The default for this parameter is No. 10. 141 . (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3.7). Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. 9. Type 3 to select Priority (0 . 2. perform the following procedure: 1. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. From the VLAN Menu. 8. Return to the Main Menu. (Again. enter a value from 0 to 3. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Press Return. Type 1 to select Port Number. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. enter a value from 4 to 7. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. From the Main Menu.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. 11. 3. 5. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 6.) 7.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch.

Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. In Version 1. 143 . It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. There are two versions of IGMP. Once the router has received a report from a host node. it simply stops sending reports. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. the router does not send multicast packets out the port. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. In Version 2. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes.) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports. referred to as a time-out value. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group. it removes the node from appropriate membership list. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member.

which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups. except the port on which it received the packet. Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance. a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2. IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. 144 . Note By default. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value. and by processing leave requests.

. type E to enable or D to disable this feature..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 .. View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S . Multicast Router Port(s) ... perform the following procedure: 1. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration... type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 .. Multicast Host Topology . From the Advanced Configuration window. The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status .. From the Main Menu. 2.. Maximum Multicast Groups .AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters...Save Configuration Changes R . Host/Router Timeout Interval . Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate).IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch... 3. From the System Configuration Menu.. 2 .... After selecting this option..Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port.. type 5 to select System Config Menu.

3 . The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port.Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. 5 .Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 . The default is 260 seconds. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected.Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports. The default is 256 multicast groups. 4 . If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. that is. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. The range is from 1 second to 86. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router.Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. The default is 256 multicast addresses. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups.400 seconds (24 hours).

After making the desired changes. Your changes are activated immediately on the switch. or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number. 147 . type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 4. To select Auto Detect. enter “0” (zero) for this parameter. Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter.AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect.

VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. From the Advanced Configuration window. 148 . The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch. From the System Configuration Menu. The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. 4. 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U . From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. To display the list. perform the following procedure: 1. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected. type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.Update Display R . 2. as well as the host nodes.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. From the Main Menu.

149 . From the Advanced Configuration window. From the Main Menu. The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. type 7 to select View Multicast Router List.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch.Update Display R . 2. 4. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. Router IP The IP address of the multicast router. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. To display a list of the multicast routers. From the System Configuration Menu. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software.

In order to use this feature. Broadcast frames are different. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. That is. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network. You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. For example. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps. 151 . For example. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network. When a node sends out a broadcast frame. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames.

At these settings. 152 . the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example. Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames. If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval. the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds.

From the Advanced Configuration Menu. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.Save Configuration Changes R ... From the Main Menu.. The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds. 0 milli sec 3 . 100.. or 3 and enter a value when prompted. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds..Timer for 100 MB ports . 3.. 2... 0 micro sec C . type 5 to select System Config Menu. The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps .Timer for 10 MB ports ..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4. and 1000 Mbps. 0 milli sec 2 . 2. From the System Configuration Menu.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. Type 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . perform the following procedure: 1. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 .100x 153 .Timer for 1000 MB ports . type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup.

Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. 5. the management software multiples the value by 10. Once you have set the desired timer intervals. The default value is “0” for all timers. type S to select Save Configuration Changes.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. 154 . Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. 6. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch.

155 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. From the Main Menu. 2. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds. To configure only one port. Type B to select Broadcast Control. type 1 to select Port Configuration. 5. type 1 to select Port Menu. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. For example. 6. To configure a range of ports. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. From the Port Menu. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. enter the last port number in the range.> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. To configure a range of ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. enter the first port of the range. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. perform the following procedure: 1. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics.

Select a Port 2 . 5. From the Main Menu. The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed. 157 . Press Return. Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics.Display Module Statistics R . From the Ethernet Statistics menu.Clear Module Statistics 3 . type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu. Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics.Display Port Statistics R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics.Clear Port Statistics 3 . The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . Type 1 to choose Select a Port. perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3.Port Statistics Menu 2 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2.

Update Display R .......... 158 .. RX_UNICAST .... RX_BRDCAST .................... Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port..... RX_MLTCAST ............. Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port.................... Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port...............Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only...... UNDERSIZE ..................... CRC_ERROR .... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT ........................................ The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port.....Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window. FRAGMENT ..... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded...................... Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port.. U ... shown in Figure 48..... TX_COUNT ................ PORT_IN_DISCARDS . RX_OVERFLOW ..... OVERSIZE .. RX_COUNT ...

but discarded and not forwarded. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. select the option “2 . Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port. packets with alignment errors.Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets.AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. 159 .

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT ...................... CRC_ERROR . Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded.. TX_COUNT ............. PORT_IN_DISCARDS .....Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only..... RX_COUNT ... FRAGMENT .... From the Main Menu............ perform the following procedure: 1............. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics..................... RX_BRDCAST .... 160 .................... 2. OVERSIZE ........ Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch........ shown in Figure 48.... RX_UNICAST ...Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch....... type 3 to select Display Module Statistics...... RX_MLTCAST .... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch.. U ........... Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch....... UNDERSIZE .... RX_OVERFLOW ....... The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window........................Update Display R ............. From the Ethernet Statistics menu.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. but discarded and not forwarded. 161 . If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. select the option “2 .3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch. packets with alignment errors. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch.Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu. Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

162

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

163

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

Do not reboot the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. Once the management software is initialized. Begin the file transfer of the new management software image. a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete. the switch automatically resets. If you are installing a new management image. Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. Note Do not interrupt the initialization process. 166 . the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed.

1.The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch. A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT. Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149. loader file.AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software. Source file . tftp -i 149.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above.img 167 .img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39. Put .ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host .35. The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39.1.1 put c:\ats39. Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software. This may necessitate renaming the file.The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch.This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image.35.cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image. Binary . you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn.1. If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software.

The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file.1 to local drive C: of the workstation.img c:\ats39. Destination file .img Once the file is stored on a local drive.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. tftp -i 149. Binary .35. as explained in the previous section. Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149.cfg”.1 get ats39. Get .The source file name is “ATS39.The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation.1. it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP.1.35.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation.This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from. Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited. The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host . Source file . This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically. 168 .

Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18. MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26. Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22. Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19. Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27. IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17.

170 .Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser. such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.

To change the password. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser. perform the following procedure: 1. The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. Start your web browser. the switch must have an IP address. Consequently. (The password is case-sensitive. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. For instructions. 2.) The user name cannot be changed. as shown in Figure 51. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch. Additionally. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. enter the user name and password. When prompted. the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. 171 . you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed. To start a web browser management session.

Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus. You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows. You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser. 172 . Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display. Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software. In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites.The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session. 173 . select Exit from any AT-S39 management page.

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

select Configuration. From the Home Page. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. select it and then select the General tab. 175 . To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. perform the following procedure: 1. subnet address. If the System menu option is not selected. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default. 2.

176 . The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide. 3. Change the parameters as desired. Sales Ethernet switch). Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window. Entering a value for this parameter is optional.Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed. The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example.

such as its location (e. Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. a Telnet utility. The default password is “admin”. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch. Wiring closet 402B).g. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!).AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. enter the new password into both fields. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length. IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. click Apply. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. 4.. 177 . or an SNMP management program. Floor 4. Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply. To create a new password. This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. After you have set the parameters.

subnet mask. You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session. or gateway address. or by using the Reset button on the switch. You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session. If you made a change to the IP address. you must reset the switch to activate your change.Section III: Web Browser Management 5. 178 .

2. If it is not already selected.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. The Monitoring window is displayed. select the General tab. select System Status. The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 . From the Home page. select Monitoring. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Configuration Menu.

Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only.” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs.Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table. For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session. These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212. For information about VLANs. 180 . refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10. For background information about MAC addresses. Administration This section contains a variety of information. These values cannot be changed. You cannot change any of the values from this window. If this parameter displays “Basic. Virtual LANs on page 91. ❑ Switch Mode . ❑ Hash Count . which also explains how to change the parameters. The sections in the window are defined below.” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes).Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. including the IP address of the switch and the system name. General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address.Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode. If this parameter displays “Tagged. This value cannot be changed. Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging .

3. From the Configuration menu. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. The parameters are described below. Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. From the Home page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. Select the SNMP tab. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. select Configuration. select System. 181 . Adjust the parameters as desired.

Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. 5. 182 . Changes are immediately activated on the switch. Click Apply to save your changes to the switch.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 . Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed.Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

Select the Port Setting tab. 3.) 5. From the Configuration page. 2. The selected port turns white. perform the following procedure: 1. The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. From the Home page. Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4. (To deselect a port. 184 . click it again. select Layer 1. select Configuration. You can select only one port at a time. Click Modify. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch.

Flow Control The flow control setting for the port. any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. For background information on this feature.Flow control only on packets being received on the port.No flow control on the port. Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time. An example of the window is shown in Figure 57. refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227. 185 . Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6. For instructions on how to set this value. Adjust the port parameters as desired. If the threshold is reach. Receive . Transmit .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. Both .AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed. The parameters are described below.Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port. Possible values are: None .

Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps . 186 . This is the default. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode.Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port.Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . 7. Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values. click Apply.Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . ❑ 10Mbps . A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames. Once you have made the desired changes. The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port. The default for this port parameter is enabled.Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port. Default values are listed in Appendix A.

You can select only one port at a time.) 4. From the Monitoring page. select Layer 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics. Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. and more. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch. (To deselect a port. click it again. 187 . The selected port turns white. You can view a port’s operating speed. select Monitoring. 3. MDI/MDI-X configuration. To display the status or statistics of a switch port. perform the following procedure: 1. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB. duplex mode. 2. From the Home page. Click a port.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

191

Note For background information on port security. 192 . refer to Port Security Overview on page 65. Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session.Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session.

select Layer 2. From the Home page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 . From the Layer 2 page. 2. select Monitoring. 3. From the Configuration page. select the Port Security tab. The current security level is displayed.

194 . refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73. Note For background information on port trunking.Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session.

the ports of the trunk will be white. 2. 195 . If you are deleting a port trunk. 3. select Layer 1. Select the Port Trunking tab. From the Configuration page. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. Loops can result in broadcast storms. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. From the Home page. which can produce broadcast storms. To create or delete a port trunk. which can adversely effect the operations of your network. select Configuration. Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk. all ports in the switch image will be black. If there is a port trunk. perform the following procedure: 1. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62.

A selected port changes to white. A port trunk can contain 2. b. Click Apply. 5. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk. The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. An unselected port is black. click Remove. To create a port trunk. 3. do the following: a. or 4 ports.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. 196 . To delete a port trunk. You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch.

refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79.Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror. 197 . Note For background information on port mirroring.

The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. Select the Port Mirroring tab. To delete an existing port mirror. 198 . 5. select Layer 1. From the Home page. b. From the Configuration page. do the following: a. Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4. select Configuration. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports. Click Apply. To create a port mirror. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. c. 2.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch.

The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations. 199 .AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP. Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session.Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session. 200 . refer to STP Overview on page 84.

If you enable STP. The parameters are described below. From the Layer 2 window. 3. From the Configuration menu. select the Spanning Tree tab. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window . select Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default.Configuration 4. 2. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. 201 . select Layer 2. From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1. You should consult the IEEE 802. To configure a bridge’s STP parameters. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks.

with 0 being the highest priority. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. After you have made the desired changes. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. When a root bridge goes off-line. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. If the bridge transitions too soon. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. possibly resulting in a network loop. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. The default is 20 seconds. This value cannot be changed. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. The default is 15 seconds. click Apply. The default setting is disabled. 5.535. For example.Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. The default is 2 seconds. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). if you use the default 20. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. 202 . for example.

select Layer 2. To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed. 3. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window .Monitoring 203 . From the Layer 2 page. From the Monitoring menu. From the Home page. refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. select Monitoring. select the Spanning Tree tab.

This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode.Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. Virtual LANs. refer to Chapter 10. and delete VLANs from a web browser management session. modify. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 .

The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed. select Configuration. From the Configuration menu. 2. 3. From the Home page. From the Layer 2 window.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 . perform the following procedure: 1. select Layer 2. select the VLAN tab.

The name can contain spaces but not special characters. Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. Click Add. Sales or Accounting). the name should be unique as well. the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. 6. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. 206 . If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. The name can be from one to 10 characters in length. its VID must be unique as well.

For example. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. or a tagged port. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. its VID value should be the same on each switch. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. 7. Click Apply. You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. 10. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. click Send to CPU. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. In most cases. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. Note For background information on port mirroring.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. 9. This value disables port mirroring. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. To select ports for the VLAN. 8. 207 . Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN.

The VLAN is now ready for network operations. 208 .Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment.

4. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. Creating a VLAN. 7. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. they are returned to the Default VLAN. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. 3. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. From the Configuration menu. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. select Configuration. After making the desired changes. 6. 209 . perform the following procedure: 1. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. From the Layer 2 window. Click Modify. select Layer 2. select the VLAN tab. From the Home page. 5. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. click Apply.

210 . From the Layer 2 window. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete. From the Home page. 5. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. select Configuration. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. select the VLAN tab. 4. select Layer 2. The VLAN is deleted from the switch. 3. From the Configuration menu.Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. Click Remove. 2.

The management software displays the window in Figure 68. select Layer 2. 2. 3. From the Home page. select Monitoring. perform the following procedure: 1. select the VLAN tab. From the Monitoring page. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . From the Layer 2 page. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch.

To set the switch’s VLAN mode. You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. From the Configuration menu. In the Switch Mode section of the window. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs. perform the following procedure: 1. Reset the switch. Select the General tab. select Configuration. choose System. which is the default. 2. From the Home Page. Virtual LANs. click either Tagged or Basic. 4. 212 . You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. If you select Basic. If you select Tagged. 3. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. Note Refer to Chapter 10. 5.

The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. select Configuration. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure. To change a PVID for a port. 4. select Layer 2. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. 3. A selected port turns white. select CoS. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 . From the Configuration page. For example. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. From the Home page. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. click it again. perform the following procedure: 1. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. 5. From the Layer 2 page. To deselect a port. You can select only one port at a time. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. Click Apply.

Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port. The new value is immediately activated on the port. Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26. Click Apply. 214 . The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch. 7.Section III: Web Browser Management 6. Class of Service on page 219.

Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. 215 . This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table.

2. 216 . Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table. Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. select Monitoring. From the Layer 2 page. From the Home page. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. From the Monitoring page. select Layer 2. For instructions. The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed. The options are described below. select the Forwarding Database tab. 3.

This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. You specify the VLAN by its VID. 217 . This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. As an example. 4. Another example is “000020F. Once you have configured the options. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. click View. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port. The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. The port numbering scheme is from right to left.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is.

EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. The type can be either static or dynamic. This feature is not supported at this time. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. Type The MAC address type. 218 . Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. except for the switch’s MAC address.

refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS. 219 . This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS.

click the Override Priority option. select Layer 2. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. (To deselect a port. 6. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7. click it again. The default for this parameter is No.) 7. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. You can select only one port at a time. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. Click Modify.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. 3. (Again. 8. Click Apply.) 5.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. 220 . All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5. From the Configuration page. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. 4. 2. it does not matter which of these levels you select. select Configuration. A selected port turns white. From the Layer 2 page. select the CoS tab. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. From the Home page. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. Click the port where you want to configure CoS. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue.

221 .Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch. Note For background information on this feature. refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143.

Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port).Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. 222 . 2. From the Configuration menu. From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. Select the IGMP tab. Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed. 3. select System. select Configuration.

This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. The default is 260 seconds. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 . that is. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. The default is 256 multicast groups. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection. The range is from 1 second to 86. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups.400 seconds (24 hours). This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active.

Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses. A white port indicates a multicast router port. 224 . You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image. The default is 256 multicast addresses. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected.

refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. Note For background information on this feature. 225 .Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch.

enter values for the three interval timers. perform the following procedure: 1. Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. If they are not already selected. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab. click Apply. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. and 1000 Mbps. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. From the Home page.10x ❑ 100 Mbps .Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. To specify an interval timer. the management software multiples the value by 10. 3. The default value is “0” for all timers. select Configuration. Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.100x For example.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed. 2. select them now. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. After you have entered your values. 4. 226 . You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page. 100.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps .

3. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. The selected port turns white. You can select only one port at a time. select Layer 1. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. The port will accept all broadcast frames. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page. select it now. 6. To deselect a port. In the graphical switch image. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. 4. select Configuration. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. Click Apply. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. Click Modify. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames. the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. When you open the Layer 1 page. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. 2. click it again. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. 227 . In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. As an example. 7.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. From the Configuration page. If it is not selected. 5.

0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 . Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.0.255.0.0.0 0.0.0 255.0.Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.

1 and above only.) 229 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.

202 bridge max age parameter. 52 defined. 138 defined. 11 D default values. 88. 43 conventions. 37 releasing IP address. 27. 50 F flow control. 45 Auto-Negotiation. 84. 47 guidelines. 202 bridge hello time parameter. 185 forwarding delay. configuring. 90 host nodes 230 . 141. 212 BOOTP activating. 177 H hello time. 84. 220 defined. 150. 128 AT-S39 default settings. AT-S39. 41. 121. 88 G gateway address. 225 defined. 163 AT-S39 version number. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 41. 88. 60. 140 console timeout. 202 bridge identifier. 86. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. 37 defined. used in this guide. 60. 155. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. 228 DHCP activating. 37 defined. 167 obtaining. 164 downloading via TFTP.Index A aging time changing. 202 bridge priority. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. 37 BPDU. 106 setting. 47 setting switch status. 86. 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. 35. 227 browser tools. 36 documentation. 88. 88. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. 172 C Class of Service configuring. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU).

177 interval timer configuring. 177 default.AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 113. 184 disable. 222 defined. 226 defined. 126. 18 quitting. 148 host/router timeout interval. 59. 146. 50 returning to. 94 deleting all. 35. 186 statistics. 35. 116. 50 SNMP community strings. 143 ingress filtering. default settings.1d standard. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 28 starting. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. 107. 195 guidelines. 26. 195 defined. 24 M MAC address table. 102 port-based VLAN creating. 115. 85 setting. 59. 209 priority queues. 60 multicast groups. 90 port mirroring creating. 119. 21 master switch defined. maximum. 173 R resetting a switch. 66 serial number. 223 I IEEE 802. 222 231 . 95. 193 port statistics. 186 displaying status. 25 S Secure level. 73 deleting. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. 28 Telnet session. 211 modifying. 187 speed. 210 displaying. defined. 30 web browser session. 111. 140 priority. 79 deleting. 45 slave switch. 82. 84 RS232 port. 77. switch. 205 defined. 39. 146. 145. 32. 223 multicast router. 55. 149 P password changing. displaying. 213 defined. 75. 181 SNMP management session. 118 deleting. 90 PVID. 198 port security configuring. 190 port cost defined. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 157 port trunking creating. 80. 143 displaying. 198 defined. 145. 29. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). port security. switch. 21 snoop topology. 171 port configuring parameters. 58. 216 MAC address. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 65 displaying. 42 root bridge. 67 defined. 151 L limited security mode configuring. 69 defined. 153. 65 local management session defined. 87.

45 virtual LAN creating. default. 115. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. 210 displaying. defined. 111. 19 quitting. 94 tagged. 190 switch. 118 deleting. 171 232 . 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 122 displaying. 112. 35. 90 viewing bridge parameters. 94. 203 starting session local. 29 TFTP. defined. 167 U unavailable status. 92 deleting all. 212 modifying. 35. AT-S39. 137 displaying. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. 89 defined. 101 VLAN identifier (VID). 209 Telnet management session defined. 29 web browser. 171 static MAC address adding. 205 defined. 107. 20 quitting. changing. 24 Telnet. 136 deleting. 171 V version number. 167 obtaining. 108 VLAN identifier. 160 system name. 205 defined. 201 configuring port parameters. 122 mode. 116. 30 starting. 121. downloading software updates. 164 downloading via TFTP. 113. 115. 206 VLAN. 43 limitations. 113. 173 starting. 85. 87. 211 enabling. 112. 211 modifying. 101 deleting all. 209 port-based. 107. 129 statistics port. 50 user name. 84 port cost.Index software updates downloading from a local session. 116. 210 disabling. 177 switch statistics. defined. 157. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. 160 STP. 118 deleting.

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