Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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.............................................................. 115 Deleting a VLAN ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table ............................................................. 97 Port-based Example 1....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics .............................................................. 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview ........................... 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview .............. 112 Modifying a VLAN .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 126 MAC Address Overview .............................................. 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses ...................................................................................................................................94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN ............................... 98 Port-based Example 2...... 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping ............................................ 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port ..................................................... 118 Changing a PVID Value ......................... 151 Configuring the Interval Timer ............................................................................................................................. 127 Displaying MAC Addresses ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 99 Tagged VLAN Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 116 Deleting All VLANs ........... 142 IGMP Snooping Overview ...... 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 139 Class of Service Overview ....................... 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering ............................................................................................................................................................................ 137 Changing the Aging Time .............Chapter 10 Virtual LANs ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................91 VLAN Overview ............................................................. 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control .................. 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN . 156 Displaying Port Statistics ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode .............. 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers ................................................................................................................ 143 Activating IGMP Snooping ....................................... 140 Configuring CoS ................................................................................................................................................................................ 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN ......................................................................... 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs ........................................................ 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count .................................................................................................................................. 113 Displaying VLAN Information ...............................................................................................................................................................................92 Port-based VLAN Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses ............................................... 160 5 ................................................................................................................. 103 Tagged VLAN Example ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN....................................... 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 157 Displaying Switch Statistics .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN . 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses ..........................................................................................................................................................

.............................................................................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk ..........................................................................................184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics .....................................................................................................................................183 Configuring Port Parameters ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................210 Displaying VLANs ...........................................................................................................204 Creating a VLAN ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP .......................209 Deleting a VLAN ................. 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ..........................................................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 168 Section III Web Browser Management .........................................................................................................................................................................171 Browser Tools...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings .......................................................................................................................................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................212 Changing a PVID ...............205 Modifying a VLAN .......203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs ............................................................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security ........................................................................................174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name .......................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................213 6 ........................................................................................... 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters ..............................................175 Viewing System Information .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................162 Obtaining Software Updates ......................................................195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring ................................................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks ...........................................................................................................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings .............................................................................................................................................................................................................192 Displaying the Port Security Level ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode ................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session ...........................................................................................................................................................................167 Example.....................................................................................................................168 Example.....................................................................................................................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror ............................................................................ 167 Uploading a Configuration File ..............................................................................................................................................................................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates .................................

...................................... 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table ............ 219 Configuring CoS .................................................................................................................................... 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping ................................................................................................................................................. 230 7 .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings ........................................................................................................................................................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 228 Index .......................................................................................................... 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control ... 225 Configuring the Interval Timer ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames ................................................................................................................................... 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping ................................................................................................................................ 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service .....................................................................................................................................................................

............................................ 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example ................. 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 52 Figure 11: Port Menu ........................ 122 8 ..................................................................................................... 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ....................................... 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu ................................... 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu ........................................................................................................ 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu ............................................................................................................................. 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu ................................................................................................... 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window ................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu ....................................................................................................................................................... 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window ............................................................................................................................................................................... 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu ................................................................................... 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window ................................................................................................ 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window ................ 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN .................................................................... 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu ........................................................................................................................ 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window ...........Example 1 ........................................................................................................................ 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window ... 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu .............................................................................................................................. 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window ................................................................................................................ 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu .............................................................................................List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu ..... 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN .......................................................................................................................................................................... 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Example 2 ....................................... 25 Figure 2: Main Menu ................................... 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 ........................................... 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu .............. 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window ........................................................................................................................... 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window .....................................

................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu ....................................................................................... Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window ......................................... Figure 68: VLAN Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 71: IGMP Tab ...... Figure 52: Home Page ................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 69: CoS Setting Window ......Monitoring ....................................................................................................................................................... Figure 55: SNMP Tab ................... Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page ........................................................... Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu ............ Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window .........................................................................................................................................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ................. Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window .................................................................................................................................... Figure 62: Port Trunking Window ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window .................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 57: Settings for Port Window .................. Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 60: Port Statistics Window .................... Figure 67: Add VLAN Window .......................................................... Figure 53: General Tab ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Configuration ..... Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window .......................................... Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window .............................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu ................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab ................................................................................. Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window ....... Figure 54: General Tab Window ........................................................... Figure 66: VLAN Window ............................................................................ Figure 61: Port Security Menu ................................................................................................. Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window ................................................................................................................................... Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window ................................................................................................ 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 59: Port Status Window ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu ..........................................................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products.com.com or our FTP server at ftp. To use the FTP server. 14 . You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www.alliedtelesyn.alliedtelesyn. enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password.

15 . It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software.

Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A. 16 . as explained in the hardware installation guide. then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network.Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. and powering ON the device. You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches. The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters. such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters. If this is true for your network.

It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser. The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use. such as to change or adjust its operating parameters. 17 . They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session. The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide.AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software.

Once the session is started. You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session. you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch. 18 . using a straight-through RS-232 cable. Note For instructions on starting a local management session.Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located. refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25.

You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. With AT-8024GB switches. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. which include the enhanced stacking feature. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. 19 . you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. Note For further information on enhanced stacking.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session.

as well as every AT-8024 switch. every AT-8024GB switch. They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking . Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session.You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session. ❑ Port security level . Consequently.You can view but not set the port security level of a switch. just like a Telnet management session.Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch. ❑ DHCP and BOOTP . There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session.You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session. This too is a type of remote management. refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171. 20 . that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address. because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch.

21 . For instructions. A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program. refer to your SNMP management documentation. Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. Consequently. you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program. The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program.

Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .

The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

you must go to where that switch is located. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. This can simplify network management. This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch. 24 . to start this type of management session. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. Additionally. usually within a few meters. Note For information on enhanced stacking. Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. you can manage just that switch.

3. see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 . perform the following procedure: 1. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program. Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200. POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2. Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session.

If prompted for a password. The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S . You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch. enter the password for the management software. 5. simply type boot and press Return to start the switch. The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal.1 and above.) The Main Menu is displayed. (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1. Press the Return key twice. (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>). the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt.Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 . The default is “admin”.) 4.) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal. Note During boot up. Otherwise. or an equivalent terminal emulator program. This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only. The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset. (The password is case-sensitive.Save Configuration Changes R . the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps).

This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. refer to Chapter 4. Enhanced Stacking on page 46. Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu. For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session. you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet. Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 27 . It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located. type the corresponding letter or number.AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item.

Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions. This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended. Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session. 28 . You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch. return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit.

Enter the management software password when prompted. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. The menus also function the same. To return to a previous menu. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. The default password is “admin”. Additionally. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch. Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. In terms of functionally. Note For background information on enhanced stacking. type its corresponding number of letter. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. 29 . type R or press ESC twice. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. as shown in Figure 2 on page 26. To make a selection. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. such as with a local management session.

30 .Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session. type Q for Quit from the Main Menu.

activating the original switch default settings. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 . and more.Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures. There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it. There are also procedures for resetting the switch.

This switch will be the Master switch of the stack. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. Second. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. a web browser. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. You do not need to assign an IP address. you must assign at least one of them an IP address. This feature has two primary benefits. 32 . you must also assign it a subnet mask. First. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. all from the same management session.) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address. subnet mask. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision.

The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. if any. 33 . you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. You can do this two different ways. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet.AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. switches on your network need an IP address. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually.

.. From the Main Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address.... 0... Comments ...Release DHCP IP Address S ..) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch.Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 . type 4 to select Administration Menu. To manually set a switch’s IP address.Save Configuration Changes R .. 255....0. The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed... along with other optional information....Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address . Administrator ... (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network. subnet mask...255.....0 Subnet Mask ..0.. Change Password .0 System Name . perform the following procedure: 1.Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42. go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37..... such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch..0.0....Reset Switch X .. 0.0 Default Gateway ....0. and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session.. 9 .. The selection X .

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

From the Advanced Configuration window. 2.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed. type 3 to select SNMP Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. From the System Configuration Menu. 39 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R . type 5 to select System Config Menu.

.0.0 S ..0.. ........ 5.... To change a value. ...SET Community 3....Trap Community . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 ..0.. Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch... 0..0 0.....0.GET Community .Trap Receiver 1 5 ...Trap Receiver 3 7 .. type its corresponding number and.........0....0 0. enter the new value...0..0..Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. . 1 .....Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed.Trap Receiver 2 6 ... when prompted...SET Community .... type S to select Save Configuration Changes... public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 .0 0. After making your changes. public 2 ..... The parameters are described below. Adjust the parameters as desired... 40 ... 4 .GET Community 2 ....Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch...... private 3 .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4........Save Configuration Changes R .0..

You are prompted to reset the switch. 2. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. Type Y for yes or N for no. type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the System Configuration Menu. If you type Y for yes. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults. Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A. the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. 41 . Type Y to reset the switch. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values.

type 4 to select Administrator Menu. From the Main Menu. type 9 to select Reset Switch. a task requiring only a second or two to complete. 2. 42 . perform the following procedure: 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. Some data traffic may be lost. The switch immediately reloads its operating system. From the Administrator Menu. Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software.

❑ Console Timeout . To configure the console timer. if you specify 2 minutes. when prompted. The default password is “admin”. and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software. when prompted.The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. perform the procedure below. 2. For instructions on how to set this security feature. perform the following procedure: 1. type 5 to select System Config Menu. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. From the Main Menu. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password. The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. perform the procedure below. 43 . type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. ❑ Web Access . type 6 to select Web Server Access and. To configure web browser access.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch. (The password is case-sensitive. For example.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes. type E to enable web access or D to disable web access. For instructions on how to set this security feature. the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. 3. These security features are: ❑ Password .

if you disable web access. After you have made the desired changes. 4. 44 . Your changes are immediately activated on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser. type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

. type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu.............3 ATI_LOADER1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version .. AT-S39 v1..17. 45 .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed..A0.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information.... The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed.......D2. Serial Number ...32.. MAC Address .........1 5456411 00..... Bootloader Version ..00 R ..

46 .Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch. This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch.

you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. Once connected to the network. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. 47 . ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. such as for maintenance. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. That way. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet. You simply connect it to your network.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. should you remove a master switch from the network. If your network consists of more than one subnet. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack.

refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. do not. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack. referred to as slave switches. For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. 3. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask. you must assign each master switch a unique IP address. You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. 48 . This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50.

you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet.32.22 Master 2 IP Address 149. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet.32. 49 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature.18 Master 2 IP Address 149. and each has been assigned a unique IP address.09.11. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet.16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149.32.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router.11.32.09. Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 . Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch . a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address. The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed. Master 2 . Note The default setting for a switch is Slave. you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet.A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch. Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack. To be managed remotely. It does not need an IP address or subnet mask. ❑ Unavailable .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch. ❑ Slave switch .A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet. perform the following procedure: 1.Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 .Save Configuration Changes R . You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch. A switch with this designation can be managed locally.Enhanced Stacking Services S ... A master switch must have a unique IP address..Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable. From the Main Menu.A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch. To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. or unavailable. slave switch.

Note The “2 . type 1 to select Switch State. Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3. Press Return.Switch State. 4.” For example.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 . A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch. the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master. 51 . Type M to change the switch to a master switch. To change a switch’s status. or U to make the switch unavailable. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The following prompt is displayed. S to make it a slave switch. 2.Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches.

type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch. To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack. The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch. The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window.Access Switch R . From the Enhanced Stacking window. If you assigned system names to your switches. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G . When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet.Get/Refresh List of Switches A . perform the following procedure: 1. To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet. you are by default addressing that particular switch. The window in Figure 10 is displayed. From the Main Menu. 2.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 . you need to select it from the management software. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. then it is very easy.

return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. Type A to select Access Switch. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password. Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. 6. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice. The password is case-sensitive. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. if you want to manage the Master switch. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. The default password is “admin”. 4. This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. Once you see that window. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. Enter the switch’s password and press Return. 53 . Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. You now can manage the selected switch.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch.Accept changes & update flash R . type 1 to select Port Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2. 55 . From the Main Menu. From the Port Menu. type 4 to select Port Status. The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed.

Update Display R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number. Possible values are: Auto . Possible values are: Up . Down . Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed.Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode.Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually.indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link. Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port.indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node.Next Page U . 56 . Manual . Figure 12 is an example of the window.

Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. 57 . Disabled . Both . This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member. Possible values are: 10 .The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port.10 Mbps 100 . Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex. Transmit .Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. Spd The operating speed of the port. State The current operating status of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Receive . Possible values are: Forwarding .The port has been manually disabled.100 Mbps 1000 .AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are: None .No flow control on the port. Flow The flow control setting for the port.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.

enter the first port of the range.... Advertise 10FDX .. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. MDI/MDIX Mode .... Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 .... type 1 to select Port Menu. From the Port Menu. Advertise 100HDX . 2... perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu...... Advertise 100FDX ....... To configure only one port......Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch. enter the last port number in the range.. Broadcast Control ...... To configure a range of ports.. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3... The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4... type 1 to select Port Configuration.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status .No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 ... To configure a range of ports.. Flow Control ... Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return...... Negotiation . Advertise 10HDX . The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed.

If you select Manual.Speed selection are: 0010 ..The port will receive and forward packets. This is the default setting.... 59 . Possible settings are: Forwarding .. which is the default.100 Mbps 1000 . The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters..Duplex . You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections.. When disabled.. If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation.. You adjust a parameter by typing its number. two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 . a port will not receive or transmit frames. the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port. 0100 3 .Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex..Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode.Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode..1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 .Speed ... 1 ......10 Mbps 0100 ... you can enable the port again to resume normal operation.. Once the problem has been fixed. The possible settings for the 2 .. The parameters are described below.The port will not receive or forward packets. You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port. 5. This toggles the parameter through its possible settings... Adjust the port parameters as desired. 0 ..Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port. Disabled ..

if you set the selection 8 .or full-duplex mode. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155. Receive . a switch port will advertise its full capabilities.No flow control on the port. B . half-duplex operation. If desired.Advertise 10FDX 6 . Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated. the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it. which is the default setting. which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half.Advertise 10HDX 7 .Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port.Advertise 100HDX to No. By default. 5 . During Auto-Negotiation. 9 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation. you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX. a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it. 60 .Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation.Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option.MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port. which is the default setting. Transmit . The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time. Both .Advertise 100FDX 8 . the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps. The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames. If you set this to Auto. For example. Possible settings are: None .

The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection. This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. which. 61 . The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection. You can use this option to reset the selected port. Once you have set the port parameters.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node. when selected. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port. This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 . To display GBIC information. From the Advanced Configuration window. The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed. From the Main Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 3. Type 1 to select GBIC Information. type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5. perform the following procedure: 1. 62 . From the System Configuration Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch. Type either 24 or 25. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. 2. these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.GBIC Information R .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4.

... Extended Serial Transceiver . You cannot change this information.. Length 9/125 um Fib..... Length 9/125 mm Fib.... Elect/Opt Transceiver ........ (10m) .......... Figure 15 is an example of the window.......... Type of Serial Interface ...5/125 um Fib....... Length 62............AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module. N ...... 63 .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number ........... (k) ...... Length 50/125 um Fib. Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding .Next Page R . (100m) .......... Connector Type .........Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only.... (10k) ......

64 .Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security. Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session.

Once this mode is activated. Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. even when the end node is inactive. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. 65 . Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table. it remains in the table and is never purged. Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch. Automatic This operating mode disables port security. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. There are four levels of port security.

Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time. Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. even those belonging to inactive end nodes. no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. Once you have activated this security level. the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward. 66 . The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table. The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level. The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. When this security level is activated.

To set a switch’s port security level. From the Port Menu. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. type 2 to select Limited mode.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. To specify the limits. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward. perform the following procedure: 1. type 1 to select Port Menu. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses. type 1 to select Automatic mode. 67 . type 5 to select Port Security. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. type 3 to select the Secured mode. ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. This is the default setting. 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. After activating this security mode. From the Main Menu. 2.

Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. type 4 to select Lock all the ports now.Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned. 68 . A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch.

frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded.Set MAC limit per port 3 . 3. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed. type 5 to select Port Security. You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports. From the Port Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. To configure Limited security mode. type 2 to select Limited security. Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port. Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table.Display MAC limit per port 2 . Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn. When you activate this security level. 2. From the Port Security menu.Configure port security limited mode R .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn. type 1 to select Port Menu. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 . From the Main Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 . You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses.

The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. This applies the limit to the port. type R to select Return to previous menu. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6. 10. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch. 11. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8. 13. repeat Steps 5 through 9. Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. 7. 70 . The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. 12. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . Type 2 to choose Select a port. 9. Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. The range is 1 to 150 addresses. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode. Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port.

repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. If you assigned different values to different ports. 14. If necessary. Limited security has now been configured on the switch. 16. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu. Check to be sure that they are correct.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. 15. Examine the MAC limits. be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. 71 . The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks.

A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load. and 24. workstation.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. 22. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. 73 . On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. such as a server. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. or 4 ports. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. ports 4. 3. For example. For example. 6. Despite the software configuration and physical connections. A port trunk is 2. To maintain the order of the port connections. the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. and 7). 3. 14. 15 for the trunk. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. and so on. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. ❑ When cabling a trunk. and so on. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. 13. or another Ethernet switch. 5. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. router. there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. port 13 to port 22. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. ❑ The duplex mode. speed. 23. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk.

AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 . Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server. AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches. ❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch. The server is connected to the switch with four data links.❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN. The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch. A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs.

2. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. From the Port Menu.Add ports to trunk 2 . To create a port trunk.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch. type 3 to select Port Trunking.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 . You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 . such as speed and duplex mode. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology. From the Main Menu. Note Before creating a port trunk. Check to be sure that the settings. Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software.Show port trunking status S . The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. type 1 to select Port Menu.Delete Trunk 3 .Save Configuration Changes R . examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk. are the same for all the ports of the trunk. Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure.

. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R . Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. type 3 to display the status of the trunk. The port trunk is ready for network operations. 6.g.2. To confirm the creation of the port trunk. Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk.3..3. Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return. Enter new value -> 4. 5. You can specify the ports individually (e. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window. Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk.4) or as a range (e. 7-10).g.Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7. 1. 8. 76 . The following prompt is displayed.

From the Port Menu. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. Type 2 to select Delete trunk. The port trunk is deleted from the switch. To confirm the deletion. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. To delete a port trunk from the switch. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. 4. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. type 1 to select Port Menu. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology. 3. type 3 to select Port Trunking. 77 .

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror.

79 . You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed. the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. However. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. For example. For example. the more ports you mirror. meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time. if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports. the mirror port is likely to drop packets.

80 ... Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4.CPU Attached . From the Main Menu. If you want to mirror a range or ports. enter the last port in the range. 0 2 . The following prompt is displayed.. The following prompt is displayed. Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3.. To mirror the traffic of only one port.Show Port Mirror Status S .. enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 .Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror. Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is. perform the following procedure: 1.Save Configuration Changes R . enter the first port of the range. type 1 to select Port Menu. 2. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. the port to where the traffic will be copied). Press Return.Add ports to mirror 4 . Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7... No 3 . Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. 5. The following prompt is displayed. You can specify only one mirror port. Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror.Mirroring Port ......Delete ports from mirror 5 ... From the Port Menu. To mirror a range of ports. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed.

type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status. The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored.AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. 9. Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu. The port mirror is now functional. 10. 81 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. To confirm the creation of the port mirror.

perform the following procedure: 1. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. From the Main Menu. Enter 0 and press Return. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. 3. The following prompt is displayed. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. 2. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. type 1 to select Port Menu. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. 82 . 5.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror. From the Port Menu. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations.

1D. refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802. 83 . The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol. ISO/IEC 10038: 1993.Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. either planned or unplanned. exist in the network topology. also referred to as the bridge identifier. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability. as specified in the IEEE 802. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number. leaving only one main active path. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link. By adjusting the value. STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge.1D standard. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance. and sometimes its MAC address. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. Where multiple paths exist. 84 . referred to as broadcast storms.

This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. If redundant paths exist. Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. blocking mode. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. 85 . the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and. Below are the default values. If two paths have the same port cost. the preferred path is selected through port priority. The faster the port. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. if one is found. where all ports have a port cost of 0. the lower the port cost. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. active path. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state.

if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. For small networks. or addition of any active components. the active topology also changes. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. a temporary data loop could occur. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. For large networks. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. listening and learning. This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. a change in a port state is not activated immediately. However. Consequently. When a bridge is brought on-line. and that could adversely impact network performance. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. with the size of your network being a primary factor. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. removal. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. especially if it is a large network. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. and if not. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). before it begins to forward frames.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. 86 .

Display STP Port Settings 9 .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable ..Reset STP to Defaults R . From the Main Menu... Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 . the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks.. 1. You should consult the IEEE 802.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. Bridge Max Age .. The default setting is disabled. 1 . The parameters are described below. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu...Config STP Port Settings 8 .. Bridge Hello Time .. Bridge Forwarding .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings.... If you enable STP. 87 .. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2. The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed.Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch. Bridge Identifier .. Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default...... Bridge Priority .

6 . The default is 2 seconds. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. 3 .Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. with 0 being the highest priority.Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). 5 . 3. If the bridge transitions too soon. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. The default is 20 seconds. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. 4 . the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge.535. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. for example. For example. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . resulting in network loops. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP.Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. After you have made the desired changes.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. 88 . When a root bridge goes off-line. The default is 15 seconds.Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed. if you use the default 20.

.. Path Cost .. To configure just one port. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating .. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu..... Port Priority .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters..Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain.. enter the last port of the range. enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step. Enter the number of the port you want to configure.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5.. 1 . 2.. Adjust the settings as desired.. perform the following procedure: 1. To configure a range of ports. From the Main Menu... The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed. Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R . Bridge Hello Time ... Root Bridge . To configure a range of ports. enter the first port of the range. The parameters are described below.. This value cannot be changed.. 89 .. type 7 to select Config STP port settings. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. From the Spanning Tree menu........ The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4.

The range is 0-255.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . 3 . This value cannot be changed from this window. 5 . The default is 2 seconds.Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain. 4 . The default value for priority is 128.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. refer to the previous procedure. To change this value. The range is 1 to 65535. 10 for a 100 Mbps port.Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge. and 4 for a 1 Gbps port. This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed. The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port.Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN. 90 .

It also contains the procedures for creating.Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs). This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 . modifying. and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session.

Additionally. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. With VLANs. For example. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. logical LAN segments.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. 92 . VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. For example. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. This too can improve overall network performance. The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN. It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. Before the advent of VLANs. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. if an employee changed departments. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN. such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth.

or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another. This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location. a virtual LAN can span more than one switch. you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software. VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically.AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. 93 . The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections. Additionally.

such as a router or Layer 3 switch. and Engineering. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. called the Default VLAN. The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. 94 . you must give it a name. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. Examples include Sales. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. or just a few ports.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. Production. A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN.

all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID. The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received. you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID.AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. This is acceptable when you are creating a new. The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. Additionally. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. For example. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously. rather than by a port’s PVID. unique VLAN. If you allow the management software to do it automatically. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. it will simply select the next available VID. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN. 95 . Consequently. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch. Untagged Ports Naturally. In this manner. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames.

However. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs. Consequently. This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member. the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port. General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. ❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. 96 . each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID.

In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches. such as servers and printers. 97 . A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs. ❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network. across multiple VLANs. many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN. For example.AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN.

A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member. 98 . and Production VLANs on the switch.4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9. the Default VLAN is not shown. Engineering.13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs. 11 .) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN . A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN.Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. (For purposes of the following examples. Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 .24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID. The ports have been assigned PVID values. You assign this number when you create a VLAN.

Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN .AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example. two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch. In this example. each VLAN has one port connected to the router. The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN.Example 2 99 . Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4. This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN. Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router. This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch. it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router. ❑ Production VLAN .This is the final VLAN in the example. It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch. 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 . The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch. Engineering. ❑ Engineering VLAN . However.6. This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN. it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13. This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment. and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 .11. 14. 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . 100 . So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN. Since this VLAN spans multiple switches.This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN.24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 .This VLAN spans both switches.6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN .

This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port. A tag. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port. 101 . If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of. the frame will be discarded. The IEEE 802. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94. This contrasts to a port-based VLAN. the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network. When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time.3ac standard). referred to as a tagged frame. the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. For example.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch.1Q-compliant. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN. Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802.

Otherwise. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. An untagged port. it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. can be in only one VLAN at a time. However. In the case of a tagged VLAN. Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. a frame without any tagged information). there would seem to be no need for a PVID. But actually there is. and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. simultaneously. 102 . You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier.

103 .AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN. If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks. ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS. each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID. ❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time. ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs.

1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 . Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802.1Q-based products.

They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs. when received by the switch.1Q-compliant server. But with tagged ports. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated. It is connected to an IEEE 802. 105 . each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. while still maintaining data separation and security. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example. data separation and security remain. 18 (PVID 2) 8. It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. The tagged frames. 20 (PVID 3) 8. 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs.

All VLAN information. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. 106 . including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames. but the VLANs are not used. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121. frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. Packets are passed through the switch unchanged. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. is ignored. Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. either tagged or untagged.

The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S .Port VLANs & Priorities R .Virtual LAN Definitions 3 . perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 107 . type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. From the VLAN Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 .Virtual LAN Support 2 .Save Configuration Changes R .

......Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4... The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value. 108 . The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example. but not special characters.... For example. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name .. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. The name can be from one to ten characters in length. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. C .. Untagged Ports .. you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value.. 0 Tagged Ports . The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network... If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches... VLAN ID (VID) .. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). If the VLAN will be unique in your network. then its VID must also be unique... If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches.. 5....... Mirroring Port ...Create VLAN R . then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. Sales or Accounting). then the name should be unique as well... The name can contain spaces... Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN.. 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) ......

10.. or both (e. Type C to select Create VLAN. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. Press any key. 2. as a range (e. leave this field empty. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.3. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports. this parameter should be left with its default value of 0. 9. To verify that the VLAN was created correctly. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU.5.g. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports.g.3. 2.g. 2. 13. 11.. Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN.5). 7-9)..) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature.g. 14. 8. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.(If you do not to activate this feature.5).Press any key to continue.7-9). you can analyze the VLAN traffic. If the VLAN will contain tagged ports. type 4 to select Show All VLANs. you will see the following message: SUCCESS . type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted.7-9) 7.. type 6 and Y for yes. as a range (e. 12. leave this field empty. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN. or both (e. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch... For more information on port mirroring. either do not select this option or select it and type N for no. A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored. You can specify the ports individually (e. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. 109 .g. Note In most cases. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port. If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports.g. 7-9). 2.5. You can specify the ports individually (e.

Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. 110 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15. You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs. ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time. For example. Note When you create a new VLAN. the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN. if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN.

Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. 4. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. press any key. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. The new Sales VLAN has now been created. Type C to select Create VLAN. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 8. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. perform the following procedure: 1. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. 6. From the Main Menu. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”. 111 . 5. Ports 1 to 4. 9. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. Press Return.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. 7. To create the example Sales VLAN. 3. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. From the VLAN Menu. 2.

press any key.11. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. 7. To create the example Engineering VLAN. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”. From the Main Menu. 5.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. and two untagged ports. 6. 20”. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. Press Return. perform the following procedure: 1. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. Ports 9. 11. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. 2. 10. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 4. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created. 9.16”. 3. Ports 8 and 16. It will consist of three untagged ports. 112 . and 12. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. Type C to select Create VLAN. 8.10. From the VLAN Menu. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9.

This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN. 3.Press any key to continue. 2. To modify a VLAN. From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115.. From the VLAN Menu. 113 .. refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107. Change the VLAN’s information as desired. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 7. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. perform the following procedure: 1. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. For a description of the parameters. The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5.. type M to select Modify VLAN. 6. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS . type 2 to select Modify a VLAN. The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed.VLAN ID (VID) . After making the desired changes.. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify... R .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4. To obtain a VLAN’s VID.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 .

10. 114 . 11. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs. 9. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. The VLAN has been modified.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. Press any key. 8. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.

From the Main Menu. From the VLAN Menu. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch. 3.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 . Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7. VID numbers.9 U: 8. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33. The Show All VLANs window is displayed. 2. type 4 to select View All VLANs.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R .9 U: 1-6 T: 7. perform the following procedure: 1. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names.

A confirmation prompt is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1... 6. To delete a VLAN. From the VLAN Menu. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.. The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed. type 3 to select Delete a VLAN. 3.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4.. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. 2. To obtain a VLAN’s VID.VLAN ID (VID) . type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 116 .. Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN. From the Main Menu. which has a VID of 1.. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5.. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 . type 2 to select VLAN Menu. type D. R . To delete the VLAN. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return.

All ports in the deleted VLAN.Press any key to continue. are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS . 10. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed. 8. both tagged and untagged. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide 7. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs. 9. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure. 117 . The VLAN has been deleted.

3. From the VLAN Menu. A confirmation message is displayed. on a switch. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. To delete all VLANs on a switch. From the Main Menu. 118 . Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. except the Default VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. Press Return. 5. To delete selected VLANs. 2. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs.

Type 1 to select Port Number. From the VLAN Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. For example. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary. Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed. There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. To change a PVID for a port. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 . perform the following procedure: 1. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN. 2. Press Return. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. 119 . then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7.Port Number R . As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94.

You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch.Press any key to continue..... Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Press Return.... Specify the new PVID value for the port.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip.. Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID......... 1 1 0 N U .. Return to the Main Menu..Update Changes to Chip C ..Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number .......... 7.. 9. Override Priority (Y/N) . Port VLAN ID .. 120 .Accept changes & update flash R ... The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS ...... The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6.... The port now has a new PVID.... Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High . 8.

The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged. Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs. 5. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. 2. 4. The default is Tagged mode. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Press Return. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. B-Basic): 3. Type 3 to select Switch Mode. 121 . perform the following procedure: 1. Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode.

Disable VLANs Globally R . From the VLAN Menu. The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering. When VLANs are disabled. the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode.Enable/Disable VLANs 2 . It sets a switch’s VLAN mode.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. ingress filtering is disabled. From the Main Menu. The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure. When VLANs are enabled.Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 . perform the following procedure: 1.Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 .Accept changes & update flash R . type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed. Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs.Enable VLANs Globally D . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E . 2.

5. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 4. 123 . Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 6. A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch. Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode.AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs.

Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. If there is. or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. Once the tagged frame is received. the port accepts the frame. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. If they belong to different VLANs. If they belong to the same VLAN. the port discards the frame. Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. the port accepts the frame. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. nor to any frames. For further information. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. the switch discards the frame. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. Here is an example. just as a reminder. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. Fortunately. 124 . First. tagged or untagged. In this case. the frame is discarded. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN.

Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame.AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets. From the Virtual LAN Support menu. and that is the priority tag. Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch. From the VLAN Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E . The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3.Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D . regardless of the status of ingress filtering. The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed. 4. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. perform the following procedure: 1. To enable or disable ingress filtering. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 2. A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. You cannot set this per port.Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R . which is the default. Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags. 125 . From the Main Menu. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis. In most cases.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5. Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch.

Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .

If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. When the switch receives a packet. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port. by referring to its MAC address table. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. and the port number where each address was learned. For example. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. it also examines the destination address and. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. When the destination node responds. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table. determines the port where the destination node is connected. 127 . This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. along with the port number on which each address was learned. it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch.

The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses. refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted. This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. once entered in the table. The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. For instructions on changing the aging timer. 128 . even when the end node is inactive. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports. The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. A static MAC address. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes).Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. even when the end node is inactive. Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process. The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active.

From the Main Menu. To display only static MAC addresses. 3. To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. just the base ports. type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports. The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports. The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed. type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses. To display the MAC address table. type 6 to select MAC Address Tables.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R . One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses. 129 . perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2.

Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N . PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. The static MAC address window is exactly the same. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. The columns in the window are defined below. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed. MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch.Update Display R . 130 . except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”.Accept changes & update flash U . A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only.

Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. Type The MAC address type. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. except for the switch’s MAC address. The type can be either static or dynamic. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. As an example. This feature is not supported at this time. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Another example is “000020F. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. 131 . This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses.

From the Main Menu. From the MAC Address Table menu. type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu. You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port. A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. 2. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 132 . Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return. 1.

You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned. finding the address could prove difficult. 1. From the Main Menu. But if the switch is part of a large network. if the address was learned dynamically. for a static address. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. The procedure in this section offers an easier way. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 133 . type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address. From the MAC Address Table menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. 2. or to which the address was assigned. You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address.

From the Main Menu. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch. 2. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view. (This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN. as explained earlier in this chapter. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. type 6 to select MAC Address Table.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. 134 . The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns. To obtain a VLAN’s VID.) Note To perform this procedure. produces the same result. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. perform the following procedure. From the MAC Address Table menu. 1. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table.

From the Main Menu. the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure. 135 . 3. From the MAC Address Table menu. Once the table has been purged. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 2. perform the following procedure. type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses. Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. A confirmation prompt is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. 1. If you type Y for yes. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address. 136 . 5. To add a static address to the MAC address table. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address. From the Main Menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table. perform the following procedure: 1. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. 2. From the MAC Address Table menu. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected.

Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table. 2. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. 137 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. 4. type 3 to select Delete MAC Address. From the MAC Address Table menu.

perform the following procedure: 1. The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3. 138 . The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch. Enter a new value in seconds. This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active. From the System Config Menu. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes). From the Main Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. To adjust the aging time. type 5 to select System Config Menu. the switch deletes the address. 2. When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time.

Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .

These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis. The 802. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues.1Q standards. 0 to 7.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802. Prior to CoS. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue.e. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer. File transfer delays did occur.1p and 802. When a tagged packet enters a switch port. 140 . packet transfer delays can prove problematic. For example. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue.1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port. CoS was designed to address this problem. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications. But with the introduction of time-critical applications. untagged frames (i.. such as voice transmission or video conferencing. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest. By default. transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality. but were mostly transparent to network users. network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner. low and high.

All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 2. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port. 141 . Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch. 3. (Again. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. perform the following procedure: 1. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS. enter a value from 0 to 3. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4.) 7. 9. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. 6. enter a value from 4 to 7. 8. The default for this parameter is No. Press Return. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Return to the Main Menu. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. From the Main Menu.7). Type 3 to select Priority (0 .) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. 5. Type 1 to select Port Number. 11. 10. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. From the VLAN Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port.

Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .

referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. it simply stops sending reports. Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. the router does not send multicast packets out the port. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups. There are two versions of IGMP. In Version 2. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. it removes the node from appropriate membership list. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. In Version 1. 143 .) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. Once the router has received a report from a host node. it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. referred to as a time-out value.

except the port on which it received the packet. a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports. Note By default. 144 . IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch. and by processing leave requests. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance. which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value.

Host/Router Timeout Interval . From the Main Menu. 3. Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate)..... After selecting this option. The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status . type 5 to select System Config Menu.Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port... 2... type E to enable or D to disable this feature.IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch.Save Configuration Changes R .. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. From the Advanced Configuration window.. Multicast Router Port(s) ... perform the following procedure: 1.. Maximum Multicast Groups .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 . The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration... 2 ... View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S .AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters. Multicast Host Topology ... From the System Configuration Menu.. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 .

The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port.Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. 3 . you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. The default is 260 seconds.Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. 5 . If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port.400 seconds (24 hours). This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. The range is from 1 second to 86. The default is 256 multicast groups.Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. that is. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. 4 . The default is 256 multicast addresses.

4. enter “0” (zero) for this parameter. or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number.AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect. Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter. Your changes are activated immediately on the switch. 147 . type S to select Save Configuration Changes. To select Auto Detect. After making the desired changes.

as well as the host nodes. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. 148 . 4. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U . The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group. type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. From the Main Menu. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member.Update Display R . From the System Configuration Menu. 3. To display the list. 2. type 5 to select System Config Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. From the Advanced Configuration window. Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected.

3. From the Main Menu. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected. type 7 to select View Multicast Router List.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. From the Advanced Configuration window. To display a list of the multicast routers. 149 . The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. From the System Configuration Menu.Update Display R . 4. The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes. You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch. 2. type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. perform the following procedure: 1. Router IP The IP address of the multicast router.

Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .

In order to use this feature. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network. The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds.AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. When a node sends out a broadcast frame. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. That is. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. 151 . you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. For example. Broadcast frames are different. For example.

152 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example. Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames. the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval. At these settings. Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch. the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds.

The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds. 0 milli sec 2 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 . (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. type 5 to select System Config Menu. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10.Timer for 1000 MB ports . perform the following procedure: 1.... 0 milli sec 3 . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature. 100. 2..100x 153 . From the System Configuration Menu. From the Main Menu.Save Configuration Changes R .) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed. and 1000 Mbps.. From the Advanced Configuration Menu.. or 3 and enter a value when prompted. The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . Type 1.Timer for 10 MB ports .. 0 micro sec C .Timer for 100 MB ports .1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup... 2.

5. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. 154 . Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 6. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive. The default value is “0” for all timers. Once you have set the desired timer intervals. Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. the management software multiples the value by 10.

To configure a range of ports. type 1 to select Port Configuration. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 6. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. To configure a range of ports.> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. enter the last port number in the range. From the Main Menu. From the Port Menu. For example. To configure only one port. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. 155 . 5. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. 2. enter the first port of the range. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. perform the following procedure: 1. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. type 1 to select Port Menu. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. Type B to select Broadcast Control.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics.

Display Port Statistics R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . From the Ethernet Statistics menu. Press Return.Clear Module Statistics 3 . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4.Clear Port Statistics 3 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3. From the Main Menu. 5. 157 .Select a Port 2 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2. Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics. type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view.Display Module Statistics R . The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed. Type 1 to choose Select a Port. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics. The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics.Port Statistics Menu 2 .

.... U ............ PORT_IN_DISCARDS ................ 158 ................................Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port..... RX_MLTCAST ... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port.................................... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT ..... RX_UNICAST .............. OVERSIZE . Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port....... Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port.............. FRAGMENT .......... TX_COUNT . shown in Figure 48......... CRC_ERROR .Update Display R .......Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only...... CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port...... RX_OVERFLOW ....... Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port... RX_COUNT ................ UNDERSIZE ........... RX_BRDCAST .. Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded..

3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. select the option “2 .Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. 159 . If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. but discarded and not forwarded. packets with alignment errors. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port.

.. Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch....... type 3 to select Display Module Statistics....... 2..Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch............. perform the following procedure: 1......... 160 .... TX_COUNT ... RX_OVERFLOW ...................... RX_UNICAST ... Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch.. The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch........ RX_BRDCAST ........... FRAGMENT .. shown in Figure 48.... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded. PORT_IN_DISCARDS ........ Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT ..... RX_MLTCAST ....... RX_COUNT ......... The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window......................... From the Main Menu.......... From the Ethernet Statistics menu............. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics............Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only........ CRC_ERROR ........Update Display R ..... OVERSIZE ............ UNDERSIZE .... U .........

Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. but discarded and not forwarded. 161 . packets with alignment errors.AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch.Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch. Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”. Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. select the option “2 . Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch.

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

162

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

163

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

164

AT-S39 User’s Guide

The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. the switch automatically resets. Once the management software is initialized. the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete. If you are installing a new management image. 166 . Begin the file transfer of the new management software image. Do not reboot the switch. Note Do not interrupt the initialization process.

You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.1 put c:\ats39.1. Source file .35. Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software.1.This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host . loader file.1.The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch. you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn.ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39. Put . or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above.img 167 . Binary .35. A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT.The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch.cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image.AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software. The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39.img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39. tftp -i 149. If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software. Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149. This may necessitate renaming the file.

1.1 to local drive C: of the workstation. Binary . as explained in the previous section. Get . The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host .cfg”.35. tftp -i 149. Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation. Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited.1.img c:\ats39.This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from.The source file name is “ATS39.img Once the file is stored on a local drive.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. Destination file .The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation. Source file .The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file. This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically. 168 .35. it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP.1 get ats39.

IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28. Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24. Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19. Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22. Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23. MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18. Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser.

170 .Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser. such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.

(The password is case-sensitive. To start a web browser management session. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser. When prompted. the switch must have an IP address. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. Start your web browser. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. 171 . Additionally. as shown in Figure 51. For instructions. enter the user name and password. the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed. To change the password. Consequently. 2. perform the following procedure: 1.) The user name cannot be changed. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34.

In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites. 172 . Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus. Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software.The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed. You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows. Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display. You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session. select Exit from any AT-S39 management page. 173 .

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

subnet address. select it and then select the General tab. From the Home Page. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default. 175 . To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. If the System menu option is not selected. select Configuration. refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. perform the following procedure: 1. 2.

Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed. Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window. Sales Ethernet switch). 3. The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide. 176 .

You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. Entering a value for this parameter is optional.g. such as its location (e. Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length. Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. 177 . Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. enter the new password into both fields. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. Wiring closet 402B).. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply. After you have set the parameters. To create a new password. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. The default password is “admin”. or an SNMP management program. click Apply. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. Floor 4. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). 4. a Telnet utility. This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch.

Section III: Web Browser Management 5. 178 . or gateway address. subnet mask. If you made a change to the IP address. or by using the Reset button on the switch. You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session. you must reset the switch to activate your change. You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session.

select System Status. The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed. The Monitoring window is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. 2. From the Configuration Menu. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 . select Monitoring. From the Home page. select the General tab. If it is not already selected. 3. perform the following procedure: 1.

Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table. These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. including the IP address of the switch and the system name. The sections in the window are defined below. Administration This section contains a variety of information.” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. For information about VLANs. ❑ Switch Mode . General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address.Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only. This value cannot be changed. If this parameter displays “Tagged. You cannot change any of the values from this window. For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session.Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode. If this parameter displays “Basic. refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212. ❑ Hash Count . Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging . refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10. Virtual LANs on page 91. which also explains how to change the parameters. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes).Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. For background information about MAC addresses.” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. These values cannot be changed. 180 .

181 . 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed. From the Configuration menu. Select the SNMP tab. select Configuration. select System. The parameters are described below. 3. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. Adjust the parameters as desired.

Click Apply to save your changes to the switch. 5.Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. 182 . Changes are immediately activated on the switch.

Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed.Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 .

Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch. The selected port turns white. (To deselect a port. The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. perform the following procedure: 1. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure. select Layer 1. 2. Click Modify. From the Home page.) 5. You can select only one port at a time. select Configuration. From the Configuration page. 3. click it again. Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4. 184 . Select the Port Setting tab.

Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6. For instructions on how to set this value. Both . Receive . For background information on this feature. Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227. If the threshold is reach.Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port. Adjust the port parameters as desired.Flow control only on packets being received on the port.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. An example of the window is shown in Figure 57.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed. Transmit . any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch. 185 .No flow control on the port. Possible values are: None . The parameters are described below. Flow Control The flow control setting for the port.

The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port.Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port.Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values. ❑ 10Mbps . 186 . Default values are listed in Appendix A.Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps .Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps . The default for this port parameter is enabled. This is the default. 7. Once you have made the desired changes. A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228.Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port. click Apply. Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode.

You can select only one port at a time. duplex mode. 187 . 3. and more. MDI/MDI-X configuration. (To deselect a port. Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. You can view a port’s operating speed. From the Monitoring page. select Monitoring. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58. select Layer 1. Click a port. Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. From the Home page. The selected port turns white. 2.) 4. To display the status or statistics of a switch port. click it again.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

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Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session. Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session. Note For background information on port security. refer to Port Security Overview on page 65. 192 .

select Layer 2. select Monitoring. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page. select the Port Security tab. From the Layer 2 page. From the Configuration page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 . The current security level is displayed. 3.

Note For background information on port trunking. refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73. 194 .Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session.

3. all ports in the switch image will be black. 195 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. To create or delete a port trunk. Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. Select the Port Trunking tab. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. Loops can result in broadcast storms. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. select Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. select Layer 1. which can adversely effect the operations of your network. the ports of the trunk will be white. From the Home page. From the Configuration page. which can produce broadcast storms. If there is a port trunk. If you are deleting a port trunk. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk.

196 . b. To delete a port trunk. A selected port changes to white. click Remove. An unselected port is black. 3. The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. A port trunk can contain 2.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. do the following: a. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk. or 4 ports. 5. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch. Click Apply. You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. To create a port trunk.

Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. 197 . Note For background information on port mirroring.

The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. Select the Port Mirroring tab. From the Home page. b. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. 3. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports. perform the following procedure: 1.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. select Layer 1. do the following: a. 2. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. To delete an existing port mirror. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. From the Configuration page. Click Apply. c. To create a port mirror. 5. 198 . select Configuration. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch.

AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted. 199 . The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP. Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session.Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. 200 . Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session. refer to STP Overview on page 84.

Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window . From the Home page. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. select Configuration. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. 201 . From the Layer 2 window.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. The parameters are described below. select the Spanning Tree tab. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. To configure a bridge’s STP parameters.Configuration 4. 3.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. From the Configuration menu. select Layer 2. If you enable STP. perform the following procedure: 1. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. 2. You should consult the IEEE 802.

all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. When a root bridge goes off-line. The default is 15 seconds. with 0 being the highest priority. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. This value cannot be changed. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. After you have made the desired changes. possibly resulting in a network loop. 5.Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. The default is 2 seconds. For example. 202 . the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. click Apply. if you use the default 20. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. for example. The default is 20 seconds. If the bridge transitions too soon. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table.535. The default setting is disabled.

select Layer 2. select the Spanning Tree tab.Monitoring 203 . 2. refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201. From the Layer 2 page. select Monitoring. To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window . The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings. 3. From the Monitoring menu. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed. From the Home page.

Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode. This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. Virtual LANs. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 . refer to Chapter 10. and delete VLANs from a web browser management session. modify.

The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed. From the Configuration menu. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 . 2. 3. select Layer 2. From the Layer 2 window. select Configuration. select the VLAN tab.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1.

such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). the name should be unique as well. Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. 6. Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN. The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. 206 . Sales or Accounting). The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. its VID must be unique as well. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. Click Add. The name can be from one to 10 characters in length. The name can contain spaces but not special characters. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches.

If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. Click Apply. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. 8. Note For background information on port mirroring. For example. In most cases. The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. 207 . 10. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. This value disables port mirroring. its VID value should be the same on each switch. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. 7. You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. click Send to CPU.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. 9. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. To select ports for the VLAN. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. or a tagged port. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN.

208 . The VLAN is now ready for network operations.Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment.

3. 209 . 4. select Layer 2. After making the desired changes. 6. From the Configuration menu. select the VLAN tab. Creating a VLAN. click Apply. From the Layer 2 window.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. select Configuration. they are returned to the Default VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. 7. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. From the Home page. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. Click Modify. 5. 2. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure.

From the Layer 2 window. 5. select Configuration. From the Configuration menu. 3. select the VLAN tab. The VLAN is deleted from the switch. 210 . 4. Click Remove. From the Home page. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. 2.Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. select Layer 2. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch. From the Home page. 2. From the Layer 2 page. 3. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The management software displays the window in Figure 68. select the VLAN tab. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . select Monitoring. select Layer 2. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Monitoring page.

Select the General tab. click either Tagged or Basic. 212 . 5. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. Virtual LANs. To set the switch’s VLAN mode. choose System. In the Switch Mode section of the window. Note Refer to Chapter 10. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. which is the default. 2. From the Home Page. You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. If you select Tagged. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. If you select Basic. select Configuration. 4. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs. Reset the switch. From the Configuration menu. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode.

But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. From the Configuration page. You can select only one port at a time. 5.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. To deselect a port. From the Home page. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Layer 2 page. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. select CoS. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 . Click the port whose PVID you want to configure. click it again. For example. 3. A selected port turns white. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. select Configuration. To change a PVID for a port. Click Apply. select Layer 2. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. 2. 4.

Section III: Web Browser Management 6. Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26. Class of Service on page 219. The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch. 214 . The new value is immediately activated on the port. Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port. 7. Click Apply.

215 . This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table.Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.

Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table. 3. For instructions. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. 2. You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed. From the Monitoring page. select Monitoring. Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. From the Home page. From the Layer 2 page. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. select the Forwarding Database tab. 216 . Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. select Layer 2. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session. The options are described below. perform the following procedure: 1.

The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch. click View. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. Another example is “000020F. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. 4. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. You specify the VLAN by its VID. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. As an example. The port numbering scheme is from right to left. 217 . Once you have configured the options. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch.

VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. The type can be either static or dynamic. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. Type The MAC address type. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. 218 .Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. except for the switch’s MAC address. This feature is not supported at this time. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state.

Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS. refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. 219 . This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS.

) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed. 4. 8. Click Modify. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. select Layer 2. You can select only one port at a time. The default for this parameter is No. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. (To deselect a port. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. (Again. A selected port turns white. click the Override Priority option.) 7. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. From the Configuration page. select the CoS tab.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7. perform the following procedure: 1. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. Click Apply. From the Home page.) 5. 2. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. it does not matter which of these levels you select. 3. 6. select Configuration. click it again. Click the port where you want to configure CoS. 220 . If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. From the Layer 2 page.

221 . Note For background information on this feature.Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch. refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143.

The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed. Select the IGMP tab. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. 3. Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. From the Configuration menu. select System. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port). select Configuration. 2. Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. 222 . perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page.

This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. The default is 256 multicast groups. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 . some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. The default is 260 seconds.400 seconds (24 hours). that is. The range is from 1 second to 86. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port.

A white port indicates a multicast router port. or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image. The default is 256 multicast addresses. 224 . The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses.Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect.

refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. Note For background information on this feature. 225 .Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch.

Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept. 4. You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. From the Home page. After you have entered your values. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. 226 . To specify an interval timer. Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps .100x For example.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . 3. select Configuration. If they are not already selected. The default value is “0” for all timers. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab. the management software multiples the value by 10. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . 100. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page. and 1000 Mbps. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. click Apply. select them now. enter values for the three interval timers.

select Configuration. 5. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. 4. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. select Layer 1. perform the following procedure: 1. To deselect a port. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. As an example. Click Modify. The selected port turns white. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. 2. click it again. When you open the Layer 1 page. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. From the Home page. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. 227 . In the graphical switch image. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. 6. select it now. If it is not selected. The port will accept all broadcast frames. the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. From the Configuration page. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames. You can select only one port at a time. Click Apply. 7. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. 3. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch.

0.Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.0.0 255.0 0.255. Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 .0.0.0.

) 229 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.1 and above only.

185 forwarding delay. 227 browser tools. 45 Auto-Negotiation. 84. AT-S39. 86. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. used in this guide. 86. 88. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 164 downloading via TFTP. 47 setting switch status. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 41. 225 defined. 212 BOOTP activating. 88 G gateway address. 172 C Class of Service configuring. configuring. 41. 88. 37 defined. 27. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. 60. 220 defined. 202 bridge priority. 43 conventions. 52 defined. 167 obtaining. 37 releasing IP address. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. 150. 47 guidelines. 155. 35. 228 DHCP activating. 202 bridge identifier. 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. 106 setting. 37 defined. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. 88. 138 defined. 50 F flow control. 202 bridge max age parameter.Index A aging time changing. 163 AT-S39 version number. 202 bridge hello time parameter. 177 H hello time. 60. 128 AT-S39 default settings. 88. 84. 140 console timeout. 121. 37 BPDU. 141. 11 D default values. 90 host nodes 230 . 36 documentation.

50 returning to. 77. 195 defined. 90 port mirroring creating. 90 PVID. 28 starting. 84 RS232 port. 32. 80. 116. 153. maximum. 79 deleting. 151 L limited security mode configuring. 193 port statistics. 198 defined. 143 displaying. 143 ingress filtering. 26. 73 deleting. 223 I IEEE 802. 115. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 21 snoop topology. 39. 145. 157 port trunking creating. 24 M MAC address table. 50 SNMP community strings. 118 deleting. 186 displaying status. 45 slave switch. 67 defined. 29. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 210 displaying. switch. 65 local management session defined. 94 deleting all. 222 defined. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). switch. 30 web browser session. 184 disable. 42 root bridge. 223 multicast router. 111. 85 setting. 226 defined. 195 guidelines. 209 priority queues. 177 default. 126. 211 modifying. 171 port configuring parameters. 198 port security configuring. port security. 146. 213 defined. 140 priority. 58. default settings. 190 port cost defined. 82. 113. displaying. 60 multicast groups. 35. 18 quitting. 59. 107. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. 222 231 .AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 28 Telnet session. 173 R resetting a switch. 145. 148 host/router timeout interval. 59. 66 serial number. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. 146. 205 defined. 65 displaying. 35. 119. 186 statistics. 55. 181 SNMP management session.1d standard. 25 S Secure level. 95. 75. defined. 69 defined. 87. 187 speed. 102 port-based VLAN creating. 149 P password changing. 21 master switch defined. 177 interval timer configuring. 216 MAC address.

203 starting session local. 113. 201 configuring port parameters. 206 VLAN. 35. 113. 210 disabling. 118 deleting. 122 displaying. 121. 171 V version number. 94. 19 quitting. 171 232 . 173 starting. defined. 115. 177 switch statistics. 212 modifying.Index software updates downloading from a local session. default. 45 virtual LAN creating. 209 Telnet management session defined. 43 limitations. 157. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. 111. 35. 112. 122 mode. defined. 112. 107. AT-S39. 50 user name. 167 U unavailable status. 107. 89 defined. 85. 116. 29 web browser. 211 modifying. 210 displaying. 209 port-based. 160 STP. 92 deleting all. 205 defined. defined. 160 system name. changing. 167 obtaining. 115. 116. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. 29 TFTP. downloading software updates. 205 defined. 136 deleting. 84 port cost. 108 VLAN identifier. 87. 90 viewing bridge parameters. 30 starting. 211 enabling. 137 displaying. 101 deleting all. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 171 static MAC address adding. 20 quitting. 129 statistics port. 101 VLAN identifier (VID). 118 deleting. 24 Telnet. 164 downloading via TFTP. 94 tagged. 190 switch.

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