Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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.................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN........................................................................................................................................ 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN .................................................................. 142 IGMP Snooping Overview .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode ..................................................... 99 Tagged VLAN Overview ................... 113 Displaying VLAN Information ............ 151 Configuring the Interval Timer ............................................................. 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering ............................................................................................. 157 Displaying Switch Statistics .....................................91 VLAN Overview .... 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN ....................... 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses ............... 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address ...... 116 Deleting All VLANs ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs ... 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port ........................................................................................................... 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs .. 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers ............................................................................................................... 156 Displaying Port Statistics ........ 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 127 Displaying MAC Addresses ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 140 Configuring CoS ................................................................................... 143 Activating IGMP Snooping ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 137 Changing the Aging Time ............................................................................................................................................................................ 97 Port-based Example 1......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses ..................................................................................................................... 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table ................................................................................................................ 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics ............................................................92 Port-based VLAN Overview ................................................ 112 Modifying a VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes .................. 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping ................................................................. 126 MAC Address Overview ....................................................... 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview .................................................................. 160 5 ............................................ 103 Tagged VLAN Example ............................................................................................ 98 Port-based Example 2............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 118 Changing a PVID Value .................. 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN ...... 115 Deleting a VLAN ............................................................................................................................................................ 139 Class of Service Overview ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs ...................................................................................................................................................... 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview ................................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................. 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings ......................................................................175 Viewing System Information ....................................................................................... 168 Section III Web Browser Management ....183 Configuring Port Parameters ................................................................................................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ..............................................204 Creating a VLAN ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol ...................................................209 Deleting a VLAN ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 167 Uploading a Configuration File ..........................................................................................184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics ................................................................174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ..................................................192 Displaying the Port Security Level ..........................................................................................................................................................................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................167 Example......................................................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses ...............210 Displaying VLANs .................................................................................................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk ............................................................................................................................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror ..................................................................................................................................................................162 Obtaining Software Updates ......................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ................................................... 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................................205 Modifying a VLAN ...........................213 6 .................................171 Browser Tools........................................................................................................................................................................................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................212 Changing a PVID .................................................................................................................................................................................... 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security ...................................................................211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode .163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session .......................................................168 Example.........................................................................................................................203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs ........................................................

.............................................................................................................................. 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping ............................................................................................................................................... 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings ... 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table ........................................................................................................ 219 Configuring CoS ...........................................................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table ..... 230 7 ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping ................. 225 Configuring the Interval Timer ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control ............................................................................................... 228 Index ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................... 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window .............................................................................................. 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 52 Figure 11: Port Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Example 1 ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window .......... 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window ...................................................................................................................................................................... 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN ................................................................................................................................Example 2 .......................................... 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window ............................................................................................................................................................................. 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu ........................................................................................................ 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window ....... 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window ................ 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu ................................................................................................. 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ........................................................ 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu ................................................................................................................................ 122 8 .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN ................................................................................... 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu ..................................................... 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window .................................................................. 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu ........................................................................................................ 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window ......................................................................................................................................... 25 Figure 2: Main Menu .................... 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu ................................................................................................................................ 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN ............................... 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 ................................................. 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window ........................................................................................................................................................List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port ........................................................ 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window ................................................ 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu .................................................................... 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu ................................................................................................ 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window ...................... 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window ................................................................................................................................. 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu ......................................................................................

.......................................... Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window ............................................ Figure 62: Port Trunking Window ......................................................................................... Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field .................................................. Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window ...................................................................................Configuration .................................................................................... Figure 61: Port Security Menu ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 55: SNMP Tab ................................................................................................ Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window .......................................... Figure 68: VLAN Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window ....................................................................................................... Figure 67: Add VLAN Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window .......................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window ................................................. Figure 52: Home Page .............. Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window .......................................... Figure 53: General Tab ................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ..........................................................................................................................................................Monitoring .................................................................................. Figure 60: Port Statistics Window ................................................. Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab ......................................................................................................................................... Figure 54: General Tab Window ...................... Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu ........ 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 ............................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 69: CoS Setting Window ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page .......................................................................................................... Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu ............. Figure 59: Port Status Window ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window ........................................................................................................................... Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu ................................... Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 66: VLAN Window .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 71: IGMP Tab ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab ....................................................................................... Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window ...................................................................................................................................................... Figure 57: Settings for Port Window .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window ....................................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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alliedtelesyn. You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www. To use the FTP server.alliedtelesyn. 14 . enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password.Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products.com or our FTP server at ftp.com.

15 .Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software. It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters. 16 . If this is true for your network. The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network. and powering ON the device. You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A. as explained in the hardware installation guide. Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters.Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches.

17 .AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. such as to change or adjust its operating parameters. you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software. They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session. It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser. The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide. There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use.

refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session. Once the session is started. This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch. 18 . you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch.Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located. Note For instructions on starting a local management session. using a straight-through RS-232 cable.

refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. With AT-8024GB switches. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. which include the enhanced stacking feature. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters. If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. Note For further information on enhanced stacking.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. 19 . Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session.

❑ Port security level . every AT-8024GB switch.You can view but not set the port security level of a switch.Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch. Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session.You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session. This too is a type of remote management. Consequently. just like a Telnet management session. ❑ DHCP and BOOTP . that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address. They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking . because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch. as well as every AT-8024 switch. 20 . There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session.You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session. refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171.

you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program. A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program. For instructions.AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. refer to your SNMP management documentation. Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program. Consequently. 21 .

Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .

Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .

This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. 24 .Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. usually within a few meters. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. you must go to where that switch is located. Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. you can manage just that switch. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. Additionally. to start this type of management session. This can simplify network management. Note For information on enhanced stacking. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch.

perform the following procedure: 1. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program. see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 . POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2. Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200. Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session.

If prompted for a password. The default is “admin”. 5. The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps.Save Configuration Changes R . This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only.) 4.) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal. (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1. the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps). You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch.Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 .1 and above. Press the Return key twice. simply type boot and press Return to start the switch. The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset. the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt. The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly. enter the password for the management software. Note During boot up. (The password is case-sensitive.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal. Otherwise. (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>). Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S . or an equivalent terminal emulator program.) The Main Menu is displayed.

This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu. type the corresponding letter or number. Enhanced Stacking on page 46. refer to Chapter 4. 27 . you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet. Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session.AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item. Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located.

28 . return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit. You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch. Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions. This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session. Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously.

The menus also function the same. The default password is “admin”. Enter the management software password when prompted. To make a selection. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. type R or press ESC twice. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. In terms of functionally. Note For background information on enhanced stacking. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. 29 . The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. To return to a previous menu. type its corresponding number of letter. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch. Additionally.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol. Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. as shown in Figure 2 on page 26. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities. such as with a local management session. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely.

type Q for Quit from the Main Menu. 30 .Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 . There are also procedures for resetting the switch.Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures. and more. There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it. activating the original switch default settings.

you must assign at least one of them an IP address. This feature has two primary benefits. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. you must also assign it a subnet mask. subnet mask. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking. Second. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address. a web browser. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. You do not need to assign an IP address. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. all from the same management session. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. This switch will be the Master switch of the stack.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses. 32 .) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. First.

Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. switches on your network need an IP address. 33 . you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure. if any. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet.AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which. You can do this two different ways.

. along with other optional information.Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L ...) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch...... (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network.. go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37..Reset Switch X .0.Release DHCP IP Address S . 255.0..255.0......0 System Name .... perform the following procedure: 1. The selection X ...0 Subnet Mask ...Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 ..0.. Comments .. Administrator . 0.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 ...0.. such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch. and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session.0 Default Gateway .. From the Main Menu.. To manually set a switch’s IP address. 9 .. Change Password ... type 4 to select Administration Menu.Save Configuration Changes R . 0..Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42.. The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address .... subnet mask....Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address.

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

From the Main Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window. perform the following procedure: 1. 39 . type 3 to select SNMP Configuration. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 2. From the System Configuration Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R . The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.

... 40 ........ enter the new value...... 5..0..0 S .GET Community ..Trap Receiver 2 6 ..SET Community .0.... when prompted.. ..0... public 2 .0.0.. 0...Trap Receiver 1 5 .SET Community 3.... Adjust the parameters as desired..0 0. Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The parameters are described below....0. To change a value...... 4 .. .GET Community 2 . type its corresponding number and....Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4..0....0 0... public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 .... . 1 ........Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings.... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 ...Trap Receiver 3 7 ....Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed.0 0...Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch.0.. private 3 ........ After making your changes.Save Configuration Changes R ..Trap Community ...

Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A. You are prompted to reset the switch. Type Y for yes or N for no. 4. From the System Configuration Menu. If you type Y for yes. the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. perform the following procedure: 1. 41 . AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. 2. From the Main Menu. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Type Y to reset the switch. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults.

perform the following procedure: 1. type 4 to select Administrator Menu. From the Main Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. The switch immediately reloads its operating system. Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software. type 9 to select Reset Switch. 42 . Some data traffic may be lost. 2. a task requiring only a second or two to complete. From the Administrator Menu.

❑ Web Access . 2. For example. when prompted. type 6 to select Web Server Access and. perform the following procedure: 1. the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. perform the procedure below. From the Main Menu. For instructions on how to set this security feature. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes. when prompted. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software. enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes. To configure the console timer.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. 43 . ❑ Console Timeout . if you specify 2 minutes.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 3. These security features are: ❑ Password . perform the procedure below. For instructions on how to set this security feature. type E to enable web access or D to disable web access. and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and. The default password is “admin”. To configure web browser access. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password.The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. (The password is case-sensitive.

4. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser. After you have made the desired changes. 44 . if you disable web access.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example.

.... MAC Address .17........D2.3 ATI_LOADER1...1 5456411 00....00 R .. 45 ..... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version .32.. The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed.. AT-S39 v1... type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu.. Bootloader Version .....Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed...A0...... Serial Number ..AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information.....

46 . This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch.Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch.

47 . This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. Once connected to the network. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. That way. You simply connect it to your network.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. such as for maintenance. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. If your network consists of more than one subnet. there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master. should you remove a master switch from the network. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session.

Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack. referred to as slave switches. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually. do not. You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch. you must assign each master switch a unique IP address. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. 48 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. 3.

Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets.09. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet.11.18 Master 2 IP Address 149.32. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. and each has been assigned a unique IP address.32.09.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature.32.32. Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches. 49 .22 Master 2 IP Address 149.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router.11. you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet.16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149.

You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch. It does not need an IP address or subnet mask. From the Main Menu. Note The default setting for a switch is Slave. A switch with this designation can be managed locally.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch. ❑ Slave switch .A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch. To be managed remotely.Save Configuration Changes R . type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed.A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch.. ❑ Unavailable . A master switch must have a unique IP address.. Master 2 . slave switch.A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet.Enhanced Stacking Services S . Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack.Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable.. or unavailable. perform the following procedure: 1. To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status. Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch .Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 . a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 . you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet.

Type M to change the switch to a master switch.Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 . type 1 to select Switch State. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3. 2. Note The “2 . To change a switch’s status. A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch. S to make it a slave switch. 51 . The following prompt is displayed. or U to make the switch unavailable.Switch State. the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master.” For example. 4. Press Return.

2. The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window. The window in Figure 10 is displayed. To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet. From the Enhanced Stacking window. you are by default addressing that particular switch. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services. The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch. then it is very easy. To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack.Get/Refresh List of Switches A . Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G . perform the following procedure: 1. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking.Access Switch R . When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch. you need to select it from the management software. From the Main Menu. If you assigned system names to your switches.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 .

Enter the switch’s password and press Return. You now can manage the selected switch. The default password is “admin”. 4. The password is case-sensitive. Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session. 6. 53 . Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice. Type A to select Access Switch. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. Once you see that window. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. if you want to manage the Master switch. This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch. Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window.

Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .

type 4 to select Port Status. From the Main Menu. type 1 to select Port Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C . perform the following procedure: 1. From the Port Menu. The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed.Accept changes & update flash R .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch. 55 .

Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual . The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N .indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link. Possible values are: Auto .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed.Next Page U . Possible values are: Up .Update Display R . 56 . Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port.Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually.indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down . Figure 12 is an example of the window.

No flow control on the port. Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. Possible values are: Forwarding . Possible values are: 10 .AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port. Spd The operating speed of the port.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member. Disabled .100 Mbps 1000 . Possible values are: None . Transmit .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. Receive . Both . 57 . Flow The flow control setting for the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X.The port has been manually disabled.10 Mbps 100 .1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port. State The current operating status of the port. Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex.The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames.

... enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return.... From the Port Menu. To configure a range of ports. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status . Flow Control .. Advertise 10FDX . type 1 to select Port Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4... enter the last port number in the range.. Advertise 100FDX .. To configure only one port. MDI/MDIX Mode ... Broadcast Control ... Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return...... Advertise 10HDX .... enter the first port of the range. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3.. To configure a range of ports.... The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed.... Negotiation . From the Main Menu.............No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 . Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 .. Advertise 100HDX .. 2.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch.. perform the following procedure: 1. type 1 to select Port Configuration......

.Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode. which is the default. 0100 3 .... The possible settings for the 2 .... When disabled. Once the problem has been fixed. Adjust the port parameters as desired. you can enable the port again to resume normal operation... This toggles the parameter through its possible settings.Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex. a port will not receive or transmit frames.The port will receive and forward packets. Possible settings are: Forwarding .Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port. The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters. 0 . If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation..The port will not receive or forward packets... You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port.100 Mbps 1000 . If you select Manual. 59 .1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 .....AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port....... 5. Disabled . The parameters are described below. the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically.Speed selection are: 0010 ....Speed . You adjust a parameter by typing its number.Duplex . This is the default setting. You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections.Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode. two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 .10 Mbps 0100 . 1 ..

which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half.or full-duplex mode. If desired. The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames. Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated. 9 . the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps. half-duplex operation.Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation. B . Transmit . The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time. If you set this to Auto. which is the default setting.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode. 5 .Advertise 100FDX 8 .Advertise 10FDX 6 . By default. the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it. For example.MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port. which is the default setting. if you set the selection 8 .Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. Possible settings are: None . 60 . Both .Advertise 100HDX to No. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155. you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX.Advertise 10HDX 7 . a switch port will advertise its full capabilities.No flow control on the port.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it. You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation. Receive . During Auto-Negotiation.

This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. You can use this option to reset the selected port. The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node. which. The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode. 61 . Once you have set the port parameters. when selected.

62 . perform the following procedure: 1. From the System Configuration Menu. Type 1 to select GBIC Information. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 . The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5. From the Main Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch. Type either 24 or 25. 3. 2.GBIC Information R . To display GBIC information. these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. type 5 to select System Config Menu. type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information.

.. (10m) .Next Page R ............ (10k) . (100m) ....... Length 50/125 um Fib.......... N ... You cannot change this information............... Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding .. Type of Serial Interface .. Figure 15 is an example of the window.....5/125 um Fib...Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only.. Length 9/125 mm Fib......AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module. Length 62........ 63 ....... Elect/Opt Transceiver ........ Length 9/125 um Fib... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number ............ Connector Type ...... (k) ..... Extended Serial Transceiver ..

64 . The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session.Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security.

You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. Automatic This operating mode disables port security. Once this mode is activated. Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table. it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. There are four levels of port security. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. 65 . and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch. even when the end node is inactive.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. it remains in the table and is never purged. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port.

you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward. 66 . When this security level is activated. The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. Once you have activated this security level. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level. The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. even those belonging to inactive end nodes. the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses.

67 . For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. type 2 to select Limited mode. To set a switch’s port security level. perform the following procedure: 1. 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . From the Main Menu. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. This is the default setting. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward. From the Port Menu. After activating this security mode. 2. type 3 to select the Secured mode.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table. ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. type 1 to select Port Menu. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. To specify the limits. type 5 to select Port Security. type 1 to select Automatic mode.

Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch. 68 . type 4 to select Lock all the ports now.Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned.

3. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports. From the Main Menu. Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed.Configure port security limited mode R .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 . The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed.Display MAC limit per port 2 . type 5 to select Port Security. When you activate this security level. To configure Limited security mode. type 2 to select Limited security. You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports. You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. type 1 to select Port Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 .Set MAC limit per port 3 . 2. Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn. Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table. frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Port Menu. From the Port Security menu.

The range is 1 to 150 addresses. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed. Type 2 to choose Select a port. 10. To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode. 12. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8. 9. type R to select Return to previous menu. Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. 70 . Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports. 11. repeat Steps 5 through 9. type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports. Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . 7. This applies the limit to the port. 13. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return.

be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. If you assigned different values to different ports. 71 . 14. Check to be sure that they are correct. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port. Limited security has now been configured on the switch. 15. repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. Examine the MAC limits. The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed. 16. If necessary.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks.

speed. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. 5. the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. or 4 ports. 73 . and 24. or another Ethernet switch. such as a server. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. For example. 23. ❑ The duplex mode. port 13 to port 22. 3. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. router. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. workstation. To maintain the order of the port connections. 14. 22. ports 4. and so on. ❑ When cabling a trunk. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. Despite the software configuration and physical connections. 13. A port trunk is 2. For example. 15 for the trunk. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. 3. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. and 7). or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. and so on. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. 6. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination.

The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server. The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch.❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN. A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs. ❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch. AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches. The server is connected to the switch with four data links. AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 .

To create a port trunk. 2. Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure. From the Port Menu.Show port trunking status S . From the Main Menu. Note Before creating a port trunk. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 .Delete Trunk 3 . Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 . The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed. such as speed and duplex mode. You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN.Save Configuration Changes R . type 1 to select Port Menu. Check to be sure that the settings. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology.Add ports to trunk 2 . type 3 to select Port Trunking. perform the following procedure: 1. are the same for all the ports of the trunk. Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software. examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk.

2. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R .3. Enter new value -> 4. 5. 8. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The following prompt is displayed. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window. Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk. 76 . The port trunk is ready for network operations. type 3 to display the status of the trunk.4) or as a range (e..Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7. Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking. You can specify the ports individually (e. To confirm the creation of the port trunk. 7-10).3.g. Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk. Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return.g. 6.. 1.

4. To delete a port trunk from the switch. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. 5. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology. To confirm the deletion. From the Main Menu. Type 2 to select Delete trunk. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. 3. 77 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. 2. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. type 1 to select Port Menu. From the Port Menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. type 3 to select Port Trunking. perform the following procedure: 1. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. The port trunk is deleted from the switch.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror.

You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed. if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports. the mirror port is likely to drop packets. However. the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port. For example. For example. meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports. 79 . ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. the more ports you mirror. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed.

Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. From the Port Menu. If you want to mirror a range or ports. 2.. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed..CPU Attached . Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4.. You can specify only one mirror port. enter the last port in the range.. To mirror a range of ports. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. 0 2 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 . Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored.. The following prompt is displayed. enter the first port of the range..Add ports to mirror 4 . The following prompt is displayed.Delete ports from mirror 5 . To mirror the traffic of only one port.Mirroring Port . type 2 to select Port Mirroring.Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror. The following prompt is displayed. Press Return. 80 . 5... Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6. Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is. Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7.. type 1 to select Port Menu. enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step. the port to where the traffic will be copied).Save Configuration Changes R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3. No 3 ...Show Port Mirror Status S .... Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror.

9. The port mirror is now functional. 81 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu. type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status. 10. The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored.AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. To confirm the creation of the port mirror.

type 2 to select Port Mirroring. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. 2. The following prompt is displayed. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. From the Main Menu. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. perform the following procedure: 1. Enter 0 and press Return. type 1 to select Port Menu. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. From the Port Menu. 3. 82 .Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror. 5.

ISO/IEC 10038: 1993. refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802. 83 .Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol.1D.

exist in the network topology. either planned or unplanned. 84 . So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number.Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link. Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge. also referred to as the bridge identifier. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance. By adjusting the value. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. as specified in the IEEE 802. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. referred to as broadcast storms. leaving only one main active path. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. Where multiple paths exist. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability. of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. and sometimes its MAC address.1D standard. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles.

The faster the port. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. the preferred path is selected through port priority. 85 . active path. the lower the port cost. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state. Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. if one is found. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. If redundant paths exist. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. where all ports have a port cost of 0. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. blocking mode. Below are the default values. If two paths have the same port cost. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby.

Consequently. especially if it is a large network. For large networks. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. with the size of your network being a primary factor. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. or addition of any active components. For small networks. and that could adversely impact network performance. a temporary data loop could occur. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. When a bridge is brought on-line. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. before it begins to forward frames. This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. However. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. the active topology also changes. listening and learning. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. and if not. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. 86 . removal. a change in a port state is not activated immediately.

type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu.Display STP Port Settings 9 . Bridge Forwarding . The default setting is disabled. 87 . The parameters are described below.. Bridge Priority .Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable ..... If you enable STP. You should consult the IEEE 802. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks.. 1.. 1 . Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. Bridge Hello Time . Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed..... Bridge Identifier ....AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings...Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 .. From the Main Menu. The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed.. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. Bridge Max Age ..Reset STP to Defaults R ..Config STP Port Settings 8 .

When a root bridge goes off-line. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. The default is 20 seconds. 5 . 6 .Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. The default is 2 seconds. not all links may have yet adapted to the change.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. for example. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. 3. The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. 4 .Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. 88 . 3 . with 0 being the highest priority. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. if you use the default 20. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. After you have made the desired changes.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge.535.Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. The default is 15 seconds. resulting in network loops. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. For example.Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). If the bridge transitions too soon. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds.

The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. Adjust the settings as desired. 1 . The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R . enter the last port of the range....Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain.. Path Cost . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating . Enter the number of the port you want to configure...... From the Main Menu. 89 . To configure a range of ports. Port Priority .. The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed.. enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step.. type 7 to select Config STP port settings... type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu... To configure a range of ports. perform the following procedure: 1. The parameters are described below.. 2. From the Spanning Tree menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5.. enter the first port of the range. Bridge Hello Time ..... This value cannot be changed..AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters.. Root Bridge .. To configure just one port...

refer to the previous procedure. 5 .Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge. The default is 2 seconds. 10 for a 100 Mbps port.Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain. This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed. The default value for priority is 128. 3 .Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN. 4 . The range is 0-255. 90 . To change this value.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. The range is 1 to 65535. This value cannot be changed from this window.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . and 4 for a 1 Gbps port. The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port.

and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session. This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 . modifying. It also contains the procedures for creating.Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs).

VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. With VLANs. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN. It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. For example. This too can improve overall network performance. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. logical LAN segments. such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. 92 . since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. Before the advent of VLANs. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases. Additionally. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. if an employee changed departments. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth. For example. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management.

This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location. you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software. 93 . or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another. VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically. a virtual LAN can span more than one switch. Additionally.AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections.

Examples include Sales. The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. you must give it a name. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. such as a router or Layer 3 switch. called the Default VLAN. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN. A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches. A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. 94 . you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. Production. or just a few ports. and Engineering.

In this manner. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously. you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. Untagged Ports Naturally. For example. 95 . The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN. Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames. If you allow the management software to do it automatically. You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID. This is acceptable when you are creating a new. it will simply select the next available VID. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID. unique VLAN.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. Consequently. Additionally. The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. rather than by a port’s PVID. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches.AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches.

The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port. the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID. the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID. However. Consequently. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member. 96 . ❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID.

97 . ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN. across multiple VLANs. many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs. For example. ❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network. such as servers and printers. a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches.

Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 .) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN . The ports have been assigned PVID values. and Production VLANs on the switch. (For purposes of the following examples.4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9. 11 .Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales.24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID. A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN.13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . Engineering. 98 . A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member. the Default VLAN is not shown. You assign this number when you create a VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs.

Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs. The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN . two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch. In this example. each VLAN has one port connected to the router.Example 2 99 .AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example.

It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch.24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 . It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4. 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch. Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. 14.This is the final VLAN in the example. 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 . ❑ Engineering VLAN . This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment.This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch. ❑ Production VLAN . This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch. it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router. it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. Engineering. This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN. This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN.11. Since this VLAN spans multiple switches. 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13.This VLAN spans both switches. However. 100 .6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN . and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN.6.

the frame will be discarded. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously. referred to as a tagged frame. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN. the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports. this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network. Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches. the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID.3ac standard). This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. The IEEE 802.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port. If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802. The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time. A tag. This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. For example. When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. 101 . You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port.1Q-compliant. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. This contrasts to a port-based VLAN.

The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. But actually there is. However. 102 . The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. simultaneously. Otherwise. In the case of a tagged VLAN. the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. can be in only one VLAN at a time. But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. there would seem to be no need for a PVID. a frame without any tagged information). They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN. it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. An untagged port. You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN.

If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks.AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time. ❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. 103 . ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS. ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs. each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID.

Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.1Q-based products.1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802.

They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. while still maintaining data separation and security. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. 105 . each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs. It is connected to an IEEE 802. It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN.1Q-compliant server. But with tagged ports. One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. data separation and security remain. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example. 20 (PVID 3) 8. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. when received by the switch. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. 18 (PVID 2) 8. The tagged frames.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. but the VLANs are not used. Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered. All VLAN information. is ignored. You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121. either tagged or untagged. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames. Packets are passed through the switch unchanged. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. 106 .

From the Main Menu. From the VLAN Menu.Port VLANs & Priorities R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3. 107 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S .Save Configuration Changes R .AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.Virtual LAN Support 2 . type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 . type 1 to select Create a VLAN. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2. The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed.Virtual LAN Definitions 3 .

If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches.. Sales or Accounting). If the VLAN will be unique in your network. 0 Tagged Ports ... C . For example. then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected.... but not special characters... Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN. then the name should be unique as well..Create VLAN R . The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value.... you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN.... 108 . The name can contain spaces.. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!)....Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4..... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name .. 5. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches.. Mirroring Port . than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch. then its VID must also be unique... Untagged Ports .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed. 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) .. If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches.. The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example... The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096... VLAN ID (VID) ..... The name can be from one to ten characters in length.....

type 6 and Y for yes.3.g. Press any key.5). you can analyze the VLAN traffic.7-9) 7. 7-9). 10.. type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6.. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN..g. You can specify the ports individually (e. A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored. 2. leave this field empty. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN. 9. type 4 to select Show All VLANs. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. 2. If the VLAN will contain tagged ports..5.Press any key to continue. 2. Type C to select Create VLAN.g.g. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. or both (e.7-9). Note In most cases. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. 13.. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. leave this field empty.5. 11.5). 2. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. You can specify the ports individually (e. Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports. 12. this parameter should be left with its default value of 0. 8. 14. If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports. or both (e. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports.. as a range (e. For more information on port mirroring. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 7-9).) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature. you will see the following message: SUCCESS . If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. 109 .g. as a range (e. To verify that the VLAN was created correctly.(If you do not to activate this feature. either do not select this option or select it and type N for no. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port.g.3.

Note When you create a new VLAN. 110 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time. You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs. the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN. Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. For example. if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment.

After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Press Return. 3. 111 . This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. press any key.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. perform the following procedure: 1. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”. 8. The new Sales VLAN has now been created. 6. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. From the Main Menu. 4. 9. 5. Type C to select Create VLAN. 7. Ports 1 to 4. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. From the VLAN Menu. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 2. To create the example Sales VLAN.

These are the tagged ports of the VLAN. press any key. perform the following procedure: 1. 7. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN.16”. 5. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”. 112 . To create the example Engineering VLAN. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. and 12. Press Return.10. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. 11. 20”. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. From the VLAN Menu. It will consist of three untagged ports. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”. Type C to select Create VLAN.11. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. 6. and two untagged ports. 2. 9.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. From the Main Menu. 3. 10. 4. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created. Ports 8 and 16. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Ports 9. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. 8.

3.. For a description of the parameters.Press any key to continue. 6.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). From the Main Menu. Change the VLAN’s information as desired. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107. type 2 to select Modify a VLAN. To modify a VLAN. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. R . 2.. The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS . 113 . This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN.. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify. The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed. type M to select Modify VLAN. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. After making the desired changes... perform the following procedure: 1. From the VLAN Menu.VLAN ID (VID) .. 7. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 . refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. type 2 to select VLAN Menu..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4.

Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. 8. The VLAN has been modified. 9. 10. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs. Press any key. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 114 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. 11.

An example of the window is shown in Figure 33. The Show All VLANs window is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 . Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7. From the VLAN Menu.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R . type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.9 U: 8. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. VID numbers. type 4 to select View All VLANs. 3. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch. From the Main Menu. 2.9 U: 1-6 T: 7. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.

refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115.... To delete the VLAN. 3..VLAN ID (VID) . The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return. The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). A confirmation prompt is displayed. 6. type D.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4.. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 .. type 3 to select Delete a VLAN. 2. From the VLAN Menu. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. To delete a VLAN. 116 . R . which has a VID of 1.. The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed.

are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. 117 . 9. 10. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 8. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs.Press any key to continue. The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS .AT-S39 User’s Guide 7. Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. All ports in the deleted VLAN. The VLAN has been deleted. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed. both tagged and untagged.

type 5 to select Clear All VLANs.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. 2. A confirmation message is displayed. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the VLAN Menu. 3. To delete selected VLANs. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. To delete all VLANs on a switch. except the Default VLAN. on a switch. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Press Return. 118 . The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. 5. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. From the Main Menu. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. perform the following procedure: 1.

perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 . a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. To change a PVID for a port. There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. From the Main Menu. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary.Port Number R . The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. 119 . From the VLAN Menu. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed. Type 1 to select Port Number. Press Return. Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change. For example. 2. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7.

You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch.. 1 1 0 N U .. 120 ... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number . Return to the Main Menu........ Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High . The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6.. The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed.... Press Return.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5..Update Changes to Chip C . Type U to select Update Changes to Chip..... The port now has a new PVID. Port VLAN ID ...Press any key to continue...... Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.......... Override Priority (Y/N) . 9. Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID... Specify the new PVID value for the port.. 7.. 8.Accept changes & update flash R ....

4. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. B-Basic): 3. The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type 3 to select Switch Mode. Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. 2. Press Return. 121 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. perform the following procedure: 1. The default is Tagged mode. 5. From the Main Menu. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter.

Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering. The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering.Disable VLANs Globally R .Enable VLANs Globally D . To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 .Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C . Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs. the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode. perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E . ingress filtering is disabled.Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 .Accept changes & update flash R . When VLANs are enabled.Enable/Disable VLANs 2 . If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 2. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. From the VLAN Menu. It sets a switch’s VLAN mode.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3. The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed. When VLANs are disabled. From the Main Menu. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed. the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs.

6. Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 123 . 5. A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch. 4.

If they belong to the same VLAN. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN. Fortunately. nor to any frames. First. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. just as a reminder. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). the switch discards the frame. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. If there is. 124 . a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. the port accepts the frame. If they belong to different VLANs. the port discards the frame. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. For further information. Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. In this case. Once the tagged frame is received. the frame is discarded. Here is an example. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. tagged or untagged. the port accepts the frame.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E . From the Main Menu. regardless of the status of ingress filtering. Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags. You cannot set this per port. Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority. Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch. 2. The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed. Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame.Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D . type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. From the Virtual LAN Support menu. perform the following procedure: 1. 4. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis. A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame.AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets. In most cases. From the VLAN Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5.Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R . and that is the priority tag. which is the default. To enable or disable ingress filtering. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch. 125 .

Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .

This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. 127 . it also examines the destination address and. it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. When the switch receives a packet. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch. A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. For example. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. When the destination node responds. determines the port where the destination node is connected. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. along with the port number on which each address was learned. and the port number where each address was learned. by referring to its MAC address table. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data.

remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted. even when the end node is inactive. You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports. The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. 128 . Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table. once entered in the table. even when the end node is inactive. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes). refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses. For instructions on changing the aging timer. A static MAC address. This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches.

type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses. To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. 3. type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports. The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed. From the Main Menu. One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2. To display the MAC address table. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R . 129 . just the base ports. type 6 to select MAC Address Tables. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports. perform the following procedure: 1. To display only static MAC addresses.

Accept changes & update flash U . non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N . MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. 130 . The columns in the window are defined below.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses. which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses.Update Display R . Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. The static MAC address window is exactly the same.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window.

Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. The type can be either static or dynamic. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. 131 . Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. Another example is “000020F. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. except for the switch’s MAC address. As an example. Type The MAC address type. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. This feature is not supported at this time. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses.

2. 132 . A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port. You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. From the MAC Address Table menu. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3. Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return. 1. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. From the Main Menu. type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu.

The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. 133 . type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. 1. From the MAC Address Table menu. From the Main Menu. for a static address.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. or to which the address was assigned. 2. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. finding the address could prove difficult. You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address. But if the switch is part of a large network. The procedure in this section offers an easier way. you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned. if the address was learned dynamically. type 6 to select MAC Address Table.

To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. produces the same result. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns. (This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view. From the Main Menu. 2. 1. From the MAC Address Table menu. as explained earlier in this chapter. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table. perform the following procedure.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. 134 .) Note To perform this procedure. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN.

To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. A confirmation prompt is displayed. type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses. 135 . perform the following procedure. Once the table has been purged. 2. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure. From the MAC Address Table menu. From the Main Menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. 3. If you type Y for yes. the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table.

The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table. To add a static address to the MAC address table. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. 2. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address. 136 . type 6 to select MAC Address Table. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address. From the Main Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. perform the following procedure: 1. 5. From the MAC Address Table menu.

Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table. 4. 137 . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. From the Main Menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. perform the following procedure: 1. Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. type 3 to select Delete MAC Address. From the MAC Address Table menu.

the switch deletes the address. To adjust the aging time.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. 2. When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes). 138 . This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active. From the System Config Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3. Enter a new value in seconds. From the Main Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch.

Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .

CoS was designed to address this problem. Prior to CoS. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays. For example.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues.e. 0 to 7. packet transfer delays can prove problematic. When a tagged packet enters a switch port.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority.1Q standards. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest. By default. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue.1p and 802. untagged frames (i. network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner.1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example. File transfer delays did occur. But with the introduction of time-critical applications. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer. 140 . transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality. The 802. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis.. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications. but were mostly transparent to network users. low and high. such as voice transmission or video conferencing.

9. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. 11. 6. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port. enter a value from 4 to 7. 10. 8.7). The default for this parameter is No. (Again. perform the following procedure: 1. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch. 141 .) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. 3. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.) 7. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. Return to the Main Menu. From the Main Menu. 5. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. Type 3 to select Priority (0 . All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. From the VLAN Menu. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. enter a value from 0 to 3. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type 1 to select Port Number. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. Press Return. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. 2.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch.

There are two versions of IGMP. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. it simply stops sending reports. the router does not send multicast packets out the port. it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. it removes the node from appropriate membership list.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups. referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups. referred to as a time-out value. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. In Version 1. In Version 2. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. Once the router has received a report from a host node. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. 143 . One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group.) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports.

144 . which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups. Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance. except the port on which it received the packet. and by processing leave requests. Note By default. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2. IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch. a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports.

perform the following procedure: 1.... From the System Configuration Menu. Multicast Router Port(s) . 2.... Maximum Multicast Groups . From the Main Menu... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status . type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration.IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch.. type E to enable or D to disable this feature...AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters. View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S . Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate). type 5 to select System Config Menu. 3.. Host/Router Timeout Interval ..Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port.. Multicast Host Topology .. From the Advanced Configuration window.Save Configuration Changes R .. The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch.. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 . After selecting this option... 2 ... This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 .

Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. The range is from 1 second to 86. The default is 256 multicast groups. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 . The default is 256 multicast addresses. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. 4 .Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. 3 . The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. 5 . An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval.Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. The default is 260 seconds. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. that is.400 seconds (24 hours). This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active.Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval.

After making the desired changes. enter “0” (zero) for this parameter. Your changes are activated immediately on the switch. or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. To select Auto Detect. 4. 147 .AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect. Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter.

Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected. Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. perform the following procedure: 1. 148 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch. From the Advanced Configuration window. From the Main Menu. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. 4. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed.Update Display R . The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 3. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group. type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U . 2. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. as well as the host nodes. From the System Configuration Menu. To display the list.

type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes. To display a list of the multicast routers. 4. 149 . From the Main Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu.Update Display R . type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected. From the System Configuration Menu. 3. Router IP The IP address of the multicast router. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch. 2. type 7 to select View Multicast Router List.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U . From the Advanced Configuration window. perform the following procedure: 1.

Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .

You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps. Broadcast frames are different. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. 151 . The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. When a node sends out a broadcast frame. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval.AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. That is. For example. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. For example. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. In order to use this feature.

If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval. At these settings. the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example. Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames. the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. 152 .

From the Advanced Configuration Menu.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . From the System Configuration Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. Type 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 . 2. 0 micro sec C . 100.100x 153 . (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps ... You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed...Timer for 10 MB ports . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration... From the Main Menu. and 1000 Mbps. 3.. 0 milli sec 2 .1x ❑ 1000 Mbps .Timer for 100 MB ports . 0 milli sec 3 . The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. 2. The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed. or 3 and enter a value when prompted. type 5 to select System Config Menu.Save Configuration Changes R ...Timer for 1000 MB ports . The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4.

5. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. the management software multiples the value by 10. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive. Once you have set the desired timer intervals. Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. 6. 154 . The default value is “0” for all timers. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch.

and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. For example. 5. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. type 1 to select Port Menu. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. 155 . To configure a range of ports. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval. From the Port Menu. enter the last port number in the range. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. To configure a range of ports. Type B to select Broadcast Control.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. perform the following procedure: 1. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded. 2. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . From the Main Menu. type 1 to select Port Configuration. 6.> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. To configure only one port. enter the first port of the range.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics.

The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed.Display Port Statistics R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . Press Return.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics. From the Main Menu. Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics. 157 .Select a Port 2 .Port Statistics Menu 2 . Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view. From the Ethernet Statistics menu. Type 1 to choose Select a Port.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3.Clear Port Statistics 3 . type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics. type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu. 5. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4. perform the following procedure: 1.Display Module Statistics R .Clear Module Statistics 3 . The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 .

RX_OVERFLOW ... RX_UNICAST ............................. PORT_IN_DISCARDS .. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port.......... Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port.... FRAGMENT .. The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port. RX_BRDCAST ......... shown in Figure 48.... Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port.....Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only........ TX_COUNT ..... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT ........... U ....... CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port....Update Display R ..... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded.... RX_COUNT ........ 158 ........... OVERSIZE ...................Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window.................................... UNDERSIZE ...... RX_MLTCAST .... Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port.... CRC_ERROR ..............................

packets with alignment errors. If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”. select the option “2 .Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port. but discarded and not forwarded. 159 . Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port.

... 2....... UNDERSIZE ..Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics.... type 3 to select Display Module Statistics.... 160 ....... RX_OVERFLOW .................... RX_COUNT ...... From the Main Menu. OVERSIZE ................... perform the following procedure: 1... PORT_IN_DISCARDS ......... FRAGMENT ..... The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window.............. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT ........... Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch........... CRC_ERROR .................. TX_COUNT . RX_UNICAST .................... shown in Figure 48..Update Display R ............Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.......... RX_MLTCAST .... From the Ethernet Statistics menu................. The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch........... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded.. RX_BRDCAST ...... U ... Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch..

select the option “2 . packets with alignment errors. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch. If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”. Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. but discarded and not forwarded. Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch.Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu. 161 . Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch.

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

163

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

Once the management software is initialized. Do not reboot the switch. Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. the switch automatically resets. the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed. 166 . Begin the file transfer of the new management software image.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete. Note Do not interrupt the initialization process. If you are installing a new management image.

Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149.35. Put .1.1. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host .This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image.The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch. This may necessitate renaming the file.1 put c:\ats39. Binary .The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch. Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software. Source file . loader file. The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39.35.ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39.1. tftp -i 149. If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software.img 167 . or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn.cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image.img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39. A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT.AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software.

as explained in the previous section. it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP. 168 . tftp -i 149.The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation. The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host . Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited.The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file.1.cfg”.img c:\ats39. Binary .35.1 to local drive C: of the workstation.img Once the file is stored on a local drive.35.This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from. This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically. Destination file .1 get ats39.1. Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149. Get .The source file name is “ATS39.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. Source file .

Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19. IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28. MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23. Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20. Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22. Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24. Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18.

170 . such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. When prompted. 2. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser. the switch must have an IP address. To start a web browser management session. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”.) The user name cannot be changed. the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies. For instructions. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. To change the password. (The password is case-sensitive. Additionally. Start your web browser. perform the following procedure: 1. you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed. as shown in Figure 51. Consequently. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. 171 . Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. enter the user name and password.

In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites. 172 . Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software. Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus. You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows. Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display. You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser.The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session. select Exit from any AT-S39 management page. 173 .

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

175 . refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. From the Home Page. To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. subnet address. perform the following procedure: 1. select Configuration. 2. If the System menu option is not selected. select it and then select the General tab.

Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide. The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example. Change the parameters as desired.Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed. 176 . 3. Sales Ethernet switch).

After you have set the parameters. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. To create a new password. The default password is “admin”. or an SNMP management program. The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. click Apply. Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch.g. Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. a Telnet utility. 4. such as its location (e. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser. Floor 4. 177 . The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length. This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch..AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. enter the new password into both fields. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. Wiring closet 402B). Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!).

You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session. or by using the Reset button on the switch. or gateway address. 178 . you must reset the switch to activate your change.Section III: Web Browser Management 5. subnet mask. You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session. If you made a change to the IP address.

perform the following procedure: 1. select the General tab. If it is not already selected. 2. From the Configuration Menu. select System Status. 3. From the Home page. The Monitoring window is displayed. The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. select Monitoring. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 .

These values cannot be changed. Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging . which also explains how to change the parameters. 180 .Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only. General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address. Administration This section contains a variety of information. This value cannot be changed. For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session. ❑ Switch Mode . If this parameter displays “Basic.Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table. If this parameter displays “Tagged. including the IP address of the switch and the system name. refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212. ❑ Hash Count .Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted. Virtual LANs on page 91. The sections in the window are defined below. refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10. You cannot change any of the values from this window.Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode. For information about VLANs.” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs.” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes). For background information about MAC addresses. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175.

GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. 2. 181 . The parameters are described below. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed. From the Home page. 3. select Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. Select the SNMP tab.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. From the Configuration menu. Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. Adjust the parameters as desired. select System.

Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. 182 . Click Apply to save your changes to the switch. 5. Changes are immediately activated on the switch.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 .Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed.

Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4. 2. click it again. 184 .) 5.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. The selected port turns white. The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. You can select only one port at a time. From the Home page. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure. select Configuration. Click Modify. select Layer 1. Select the Port Setting tab. (To deselect a port. From the Configuration page.

refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. If the threshold is reach. For background information on this feature. Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6. Receive . The parameters are described below. Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time. An example of the window is shown in Figure 57.Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port.No flow control on the port. any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch. 185 . Possible values are: None .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. Flow Control The flow control setting for the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed. For instructions on how to set this value.Flow control only on packets being received on the port. refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227. Transmit . Adjust the port parameters as desired. Both .

The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port. Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode. This is the default. ❑ 10Mbps .Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . 7. Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values.Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port.Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . 186 . Once you have made the desired changes. The default for this port parameter is enabled. A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. click Apply.Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps .Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Default values are listed in Appendix A.

click it again.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics. You can select only one port at a time. perform the following procedure: 1. and more. duplex mode.) 4. You can view a port’s operating speed. select Monitoring. Click a port. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58. From the Monitoring page. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB. MDI/MDI-X configuration. 3. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch. Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. The selected port turns white. 187 . From the Home page. select Layer 1. (To deselect a port. To display the status or statistics of a switch port. 2.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

191

refer to Port Security Overview on page 65. Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session. 192 .Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session. Note For background information on port security.

select Layer 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. 3. 2. From the Configuration page. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Layer 2 page. From the Home page. The current security level is displayed. Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 . select Monitoring. select the Port Security tab.

refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73. 194 . Note For background information on port trunking.Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session.

the ports of the trunk will be white. To create or delete a port trunk. 195 . select Configuration. 2. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. Select the Port Trunking tab. From the Configuration page. Loops can result in broadcast storms. which can produce broadcast storms. Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk. select Layer 1. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. which can adversely effect the operations of your network. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. If there is a port trunk. From the Home page. all ports in the switch image will be black. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. If you are deleting a port trunk. perform the following procedure: 1.

5. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch. To create a port trunk. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. 196 . or 4 ports. click Remove. An unselected port is black. Click Apply. A port trunk can contain 2. A selected port changes to white. To delete a port trunk. 3. b. The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. do the following: a. You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch.

Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. 197 . Note For background information on port mirroring.

5. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. b. The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. select Layer 1. Click Apply. Select the Port Mirroring tab. To delete an existing port mirror. select Configuration. c. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. From the Configuration page. do the following: a. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch. 198 . select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. To create a port mirror. From the Home page. Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port.

The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted. 199 .

refer to STP Overview on page 84. 200 . Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session.Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP. Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session.

select Configuration. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. From the Configuration menu. 2. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window . To configure a bridge’s STP parameters. If you enable STP. From the Layer 2 window.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. select Layer 2. You should consult the IEEE 802. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. The parameters are described below. 201 . perform the following procedure: 1.Configuration 4. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. select the Spanning Tree tab. From the Home page. 3. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks.

This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. The default is 2 seconds. 202 . The default is 15 seconds.Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. for example. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. with 0 being the highest priority. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. The default is 20 seconds.535. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. possibly resulting in a network loop. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. click Apply. if you use the default 20. If the bridge transitions too soon. When a root bridge goes off-line. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. 5. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. The default setting is disabled. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. After you have made the desired changes. For example. This value cannot be changed.

select Monitoring. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. select the Spanning Tree tab. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed. 2. To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Layer 2 page. select Layer 2. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window .Monitoring 203 . From the Home page. refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201. From the Monitoring menu.

and delete VLANs from a web browser management session. refer to Chapter 10. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 . This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. modify.Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. Virtual LANs. Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode.

perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 . From the Layer 2 window. From the Configuration menu. 2. The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed. select Configuration. select Layer 2. select the VLAN tab. 3. From the Home page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN.

such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. The name can contain spaces but not special characters. its VID must be unique as well. 206 . If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. 6. Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. Click Add.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example. the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN. Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. The name can be from one to 10 characters in length. the name should be unique as well. Sales or Accounting).

8. 7. or a tagged port. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. To select ports for the VLAN. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. 207 . If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. 10. Click Apply. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. 9. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. click Send to CPU. its VID value should be the same on each switch. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. In most cases. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. Note For background information on port mirroring. For example. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. This value disables port mirroring. The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096.

Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. The VLAN is now ready for network operations. 208 .

Click Modify. select the VLAN tab. From the Home page. After making the desired changes. click Apply. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. Creating a VLAN. 4. 6. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure. 3. From the Layer 2 window.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. select Layer 2. 7. select Configuration. 209 . 5. 2. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. From the Configuration menu. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. they are returned to the Default VLAN.

The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. select the VLAN tab. select Layer 2. 5. 4. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. The VLAN is deleted from the switch. From the Configuration menu. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. 3. From the Layer 2 window. 2. Click Remove. 210 . From the Home page. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete. select Configuration.Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch.

From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1. select the VLAN tab. 2. select Layer 2. 3. From the Layer 2 page. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . From the Monitoring page. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. select Monitoring. The management software displays the window in Figure 68.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch.

Note Refer to Chapter 10. Select the General tab. click either Tagged or Basic. perform the following procedure: 1. You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. From the Home Page. 5. Virtual LANs. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. To set the switch’s VLAN mode. If you select Tagged. which is the default. 4. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. 2. If you select Basic. 212 . Reset the switch. 3. select Configuration. choose System. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. From the Configuration menu. In the Switch Mode section of the window.

A graphical image of the switch is displayed. From the Layer 2 page. 5. 4. From the Configuration page. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. 3. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. Click Apply. select Configuration. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 . 2. A selected port turns white. For example. select Layer 2. select CoS. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. To deselect a port. You can select only one port at a time. To change a PVID for a port. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. click it again. From the Home page. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1.

Class of Service on page 219. The new value is immediately activated on the port. Click Apply. Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26. Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port. 214 . 7.Section III: Web Browser Management 6. The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch.

refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table. 215 .Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch.

Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. From the Monitoring page. You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table. The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed. select the Forwarding Database tab. select Layer 2. The options are described below. For instructions. 216 . From the Home page. select Monitoring. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. From the Layer 2 page. perform the following procedure: 1.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. 3. 2.

You specify the VLAN by its VID. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. click View. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Once you have configured the options. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. Another example is “000020F.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. The port numbering scheme is from right to left. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. 4. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. As an example. 217 . This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”.

This feature is not supported at this time.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. The type can be either static or dynamic. except for the switch’s MAC address. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. Type The MAC address type. 218 . Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not.

Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS. 219 . refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS.

A graphical image of the switch is displayed. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. 6. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. it does not matter which of these levels you select. click the Override Priority option. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed.) 7. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. (Again. Click Modify.) 5. 220 .Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. From the Configuration page. A selected port turns white. select Configuration. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. From the Layer 2 page. Click Apply. 4. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. From the Home page. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. click it again. (To deselect a port. You can select only one port at a time. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7. 8. select Layer 2. 3.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. Click the port where you want to configure CoS. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. The default for this parameter is No. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5. select the CoS tab.

Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch. 221 . Note For background information on this feature. refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143.

select Configuration. 2. Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. From the Home page. Select the IGMP tab. From the Configuration menu. perform the following procedure: 1. Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. 222 . The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. 3. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port). select System. Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed.

The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection.400 seconds (24 hours). This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 . The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. that is. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. The range is from 1 second to 86. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. The default is 260 seconds. The default is 256 multicast groups. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. The range is 1 to 2048 groups.

You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. 224 . The default is 256 multicast addresses. or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image.Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses. A white port indicates a multicast router port.

225 . refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. Note For background information on this feature.Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch.

the management software multiples the value by 10. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. To specify an interval timer.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. If they are not already selected. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. 100. 226 . 4.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. click Apply. select them now. After you have entered your values.100x For example. 3. 2. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. and 1000 Mbps.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . enter values for the three interval timers. Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept. select Configuration. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . The default value is “0” for all timers. From the Home page. The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page. perform the following procedure: 1.

6. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. 2. To deselect a port. 4. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. If it is not selected. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. When you open the Layer 1 page. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. The selected port turns white.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. perform the following procedure: 1. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames. 227 . Click Modify. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. 3. In the graphical switch image. click it again. From the Home page. From the Configuration page. The port will accept all broadcast frames. select it now. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. select Layer 1. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. You can select only one port at a time. 7. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. Click Apply. As an example. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. select Configuration. 5. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds.

0.0.0. Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.0.0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 .0.255.0 0.0 255.

1 and above only.AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.) 229 .

164 downloading via TFTP. 35. 90 host nodes 230 . used in this guide. 52 defined. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 84. 88. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. 212 BOOTP activating. 47 setting switch status. 88. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. 140 console timeout. 86. 11 D default values. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. 41. 88. 138 defined. 88 G gateway address. 185 forwarding delay. 141. 150. 47 guidelines. 43 conventions. 84. 41. 37 releasing IP address. 50 F flow control. configuring. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. 167 obtaining. 225 defined. 202 bridge hello time parameter. 45 Auto-Negotiation. 37 defined. 202 bridge max age parameter. AT-S39. 220 defined.Index A aging time changing. 128 AT-S39 default settings. 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 27. 163 AT-S39 version number. 155. 37 defined. 202 bridge identifier. 121. 60. 88. 106 setting. 228 DHCP activating. 177 H hello time. 60. 172 C Class of Service configuring. 202 bridge priority. 36 documentation. 37 BPDU. 86. 227 browser tools.

153. 102 port-based VLAN creating. 90 port mirroring creating. 223 multicast router. 146. 107. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. switch. 195 defined. 118 deleting.AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 50 SNMP community strings. 87. 65 displaying. 58. 85 setting. 181 SNMP management session. 50 returning to. 145. 149 P password changing. 39. 171 port configuring parameters. 111. 59. 184 disable. 94 deleting all. default settings. 216 MAC address. 173 R resetting a switch. 213 defined. 30 web browser session. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 67 defined. 126. 25 S Secure level. 143 displaying. 75. 55. 222 defined. 209 priority queues. defined. 177 interval timer configuring. 222 231 . 186 displaying status. 140 priority. 60 multicast groups. 157 port trunking creating. switch. 211 modifying. 90 PVID. 66 serial number. 190 port cost defined. 69 defined. 145. 146. maximum. 187 speed. 223 I IEEE 802. port security. 115. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). 35. 205 defined. 21 snoop topology. 80. 21 master switch defined. 29. 45 slave switch. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. 77. 65 local management session defined. 186 statistics. 210 displaying. 95. 32. 193 port statistics.1d standard. 82. 28 starting. 113. 79 deleting. 73 deleting. 198 port security configuring. 198 defined. 177 default. 119. 148 host/router timeout interval. 151 L limited security mode configuring. 116. 35. 24 M MAC address table. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 28 Telnet session. 226 defined. 26. 143 ingress filtering. 195 guidelines. 59. 42 root bridge. 84 RS232 port. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 18 quitting. displaying.

116. 160 STP. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. 157. 87. 171 232 . 203 starting session local. 171 V version number. 118 deleting. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. 118 deleting. 113. 112. 29 TFTP. 90 viewing bridge parameters. 30 starting. 94. 108 VLAN identifier. 29 web browser. 210 displaying. 101 deleting all. 122 mode. 211 enabling. 24 Telnet. 85. 211 modifying. 115. 167 obtaining. 160 system name. 19 quitting. 101 VLAN identifier (VID). defined. 111. default. 209 port-based. 164 downloading via TFTP. changing. 20 quitting. 122 displaying. AT-S39. 209 Telnet management session defined. 121. 113. 129 statistics port. 201 configuring port parameters. 107. 107. downloading software updates. 205 defined. 210 disabling. defined. 45 virtual LAN creating. 94 tagged. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 167 U unavailable status. 212 modifying. 116. defined. 84 port cost. 137 displaying. 50 user name. 35. 89 defined. 177 switch statistics. 92 deleting all. 190 switch. 136 deleting. 205 defined. 206 VLAN. 115. 43 limitations.Index software updates downloading from a local session. 173 starting. 35. 112. 171 static MAC address adding.

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