_3F820B905D637A2D0B62D3562D993A6D | Network Switch | Telecommunications Standards

Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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....... 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN ............................................................................................................................. 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs .......................................................................................................... 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 126 MAC Address Overview ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 116 Deleting All VLANs ......................................................................................... 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering .............................................................................................................................................. 115 Deleting a VLAN ................................................................................................................... 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses ........................................................................................... 151 Configuring the Interval Timer ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs ................................................................................................................................................. 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 156 Displaying Port Statistics .......................................................................... 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 143 Activating IGMP Snooping ................................................................................................................................................................ 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses ......................................................... 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics ..................................................................................................................................................................... 137 Changing the Aging Time ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 157 Displaying Switch Statistics ............................................................................................................................. 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 113 Displaying VLAN Information .................................................................. 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN ..................................................................................................................................... 127 Displaying MAC Addresses .................................... 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port ................ 139 Class of Service Overview ............................................................................................................................................91 VLAN Overview ........................................................... 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 112 Modifying a VLAN ...........................................94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 97 Port-based Example 1.................................................................................................................. 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 142 IGMP Snooping Overview ..................................................................................................... 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview ....................................................................................................................................................... 140 Configuring CoS .................................... 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 118 Changing a PVID Value ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 98 Port-based Example 2.......................................................................92 Port-based VLAN Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address ......................................................... 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes ............................................................................. 160 5 ........................................................................................................................ 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN .................................................................................................................. 99 Tagged VLAN Overview ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers .......................................................................................... 103 Tagged VLAN Example ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs ..............................................

...................................................................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk ................................................... 168 Section III Web Browser Management ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................175 Viewing System Information .............................................................................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ............................................................................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol ......200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings .................................................................. 167 Uploading a Configuration File .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session ............................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................212 Changing a PVID ............................................................167 Example........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................213 6 ....................................................................168 Example..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................171 Browser Tools...................................................................................................................................209 Deleting a VLAN ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ....................................................................................................................205 Modifying a VLAN .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs .192 Displaying the Port Security Level ...................................... 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................210 Displaying VLANs ..........................................................................162 Obtaining Software Updates .................................................................................................................................................................................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror .................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses ...................................................211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode ...................................... 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters ...........................................................................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP .................................................................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security ......................201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................................................183 Configuring Port Parameters .........................................................................................................204 Creating a VLAN .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

.......................................................................................................................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table ................................................................................................................................................... 228 Index ................................. 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 230 7 ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table .............................................................................................................. 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings ............................................................. 219 Configuring CoS ................. 225 Configuring the Interval Timer ................... 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping ......................................................................... 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service ............. 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping ..................................

............................................................... 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window .................................... 52 Figure 11: Port Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window ...................................................Example 2 ..................................................... 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 ............... 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN .... 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN ................ 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 25 Figure 2: Main Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example ....................................... 122 8 .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window ................ 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu ................................................................................. 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu ................................................................................................................................................................. 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu .............................................................. 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu ............ 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu ............................................................................ 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu ................... 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu .................................................... 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window ..... 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window .....................List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu .................................................. 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window ..... 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Example 1 ................................................................................. 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window ................................................................................................. 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu .................................................................................. 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window ...................... 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window ...... 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window ............................................................................................. 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window ................................................................................... 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu ..............................

......................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 60: Port Statistics Window ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window ............ Figure 71: IGMP Tab .................................................................................... Figure 62: Port Trunking Window ...................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ........................................... Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 59: Port Status Window ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field ............................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window .. Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window .................................................Monitoring ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window ..................................................................................................................... Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window ...................................................... Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window .................... Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu ........................................................... Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu .................................... Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window ........................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 54: General Tab Window ...................................... Figure 55: SNMP Tab .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 57: Settings for Port Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 69: CoS Setting Window .................................................................. Figure 66: VLAN Window .................... 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window ..................................................................... Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu ................................................................................................... Figure 53: General Tab .........................Configuration ........................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab .................................................................... Figure 67: Add VLAN Window .............................................................................................. Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab ........................................................................................................ Figure 52: Home Page .................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 61: Port Security Menu ................... Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu ............................................................................................................................................. Figure 68: VLAN Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page .................................................................................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products.alliedtelesyn. 14 . To use the FTP server.com or our FTP server at ftp.com. You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www. enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password.alliedtelesyn.

Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software. It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. 15 .

AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. and powering ON the device. If this is true for your network.Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network. such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters. Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A. as explained in the hardware installation guide. 16 . You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches. Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters.

It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser. you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software. They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session. such as to change or adjust its operating parameters. The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use.AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. 17 . There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide.

This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located. You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session.Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch. refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. Note For instructions on starting a local management session. Once the session is started. 18 . using a straight-through RS-232 cable.

refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session. If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. 19 . A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. With AT-8024GB switches. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. which include the enhanced stacking feature.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session.

This too is a type of remote management. Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session. as well as every AT-8024 switch. that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address. refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171.You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session. Consequently.You can view but not set the port security level of a switch.You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session.Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch. just like a Telnet management session. ❑ Port security level . ❑ DHCP and BOOTP . They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking . 20 . because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch. There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session. every AT-8024GB switch.

21 . The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program.AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. Consequently. you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program. refer to your SNMP management documentation. Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program. For instructions.

The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session.

Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .

This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. Note For information on enhanced stacking. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. This can simplify network management. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. 24 . Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. you can manage just that switch. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch. You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. Additionally. to start this type of management session. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch. You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch. usually within a few meters. you must go to where that switch is located.

see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 . POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session. Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch. Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200. perform the following procedure: 1. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program.

(The password is case-sensitive. or an equivalent terminal emulator program. the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps).Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 . (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1. Otherwise. enter the password for the management software. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S . 5. This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only. If prompted for a password.1 and above. The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset. the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt. The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly. You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch. The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps.) The Main Menu is displayed.) 4. The default is “admin”. Press the Return key twice.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal. simply type boot and press Return to start the switch.Save Configuration Changes R . (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>).) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal. Note During boot up.

27 .AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item. type the corresponding letter or number. Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu. Enhanced Stacking on page 46. For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session. refer to Chapter 4. It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located. you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet. Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack.

Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session. This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended. return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit. You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch. 28 . Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions. Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously.

you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol. 29 . type its corresponding number of letter. In terms of functionally. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. Additionally. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. as shown in Figure 2 on page 26. The default password is “admin”. Enter the management software password when prompted. To return to a previous menu. such as with a local management session. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely. To make a selection. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. The menus also function the same. Note For background information on enhanced stacking. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. type R or press ESC twice.

30 .Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session. type Q for Quit from the Main Menu.

activating the original switch default settings. and more. There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it. There are also procedures for resetting the switch. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 .Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures.

The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. you must also assign it a subnet mask. all from the same management session. First. (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking. a web browser.) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. This switch will be the Master switch of the stack. The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. This feature has two primary benefits. Second. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address. 32 . Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. You do not need to assign an IP address. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. subnet mask. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. you must assign at least one of them an IP address.

How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which. The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. if any. If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. 33 . you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet. The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. You can do this two different ways.AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure. switches on your network need an IP address. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. Note For further information on enhanced stacking.

..........0.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address..Reset Switch X . along with other optional information.....0.. The selection X . type 4 to select Administration Menu.Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L ...) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch...0. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 . 0. 0...Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42. Change Password . Comments . go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37...Save Configuration Changes R .....0..0 System Name .. and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session.0..255..Release DHCP IP Address S . 9 . subnet mask. From the Main Menu.. such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch.... The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed. 255.0 Subnet Mask .0 Default Gateway . Administrator .. (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network. To manually set a switch’s IP address.Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 ....... perform the following procedure: 1.

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

39 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R . 2. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. From the Main Menu. The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed. From the Advanced Configuration window.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. type 3 to select SNMP Configuration. type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the System Configuration Menu. perform the following procedure: 1.

.0....... To change a value.......Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch.0 S .. ...0.. .....Trap Receiver 3 7 ... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 . Adjust the parameters as desired.GET Community 2 . Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch.Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings.Trap Receiver 1 5 ...0..... 40 .0........ 0.. private 3 .SET Community 3. The parameters are described below.. type its corresponding number and. enter the new value...... type S to select Save Configuration Changes.0..GET Community ...Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed. 5. 4 .SET Community .......0 0.0....Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4...Trap Community .. public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 .Save Configuration Changes R .... public 2 .0 0. 1 ... when prompted......0........... .0 0.0...Trap Receiver 2 6 .. After making your changes..

From the Main Menu. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults. You are prompted to reset the switch. 4. Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A. perform the following procedure: 1. 41 . the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the System Configuration Menu. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. 2. Type Y for yes or N for no. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. Type Y to reset the switch. If you type Y for yes.

Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software. a task requiring only a second or two to complete.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. 2. 42 . type 9 to select Reset Switch. type 4 to select Administrator Menu. From the Main Menu. The switch immediately reloads its operating system. Some data traffic may be lost. From the Administrator Menu. perform the following procedure: 1.

) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. when prompted. The default password is “admin”. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software. 3. From the Main Menu. enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes.The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch. For example. For instructions on how to set this security feature.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. type 5 to select System Config Menu. (The password is case-sensitive. type 6 to select Web Server Access and. perform the procedure below. The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes. and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser. type E to enable web access or D to disable web access. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. To configure web browser access. These security features are: ❑ Password .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and. if you specify 2 minutes. To configure the console timer. 43 . For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password. perform the procedure below. ❑ Console Timeout . ❑ Web Access . when prompted.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch. the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. For instructions on how to set this security feature.

4. After you have made the desired changes. no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. 44 . type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. if you disable web access.

. 45 .......32.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed. AT-S39 v1.1 5456411 00..D2.................A0.......... The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version .17.....3 ATI_LOADER1. Bootloader Version .. type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu....00 R .. Serial Number . MAC Address .AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information.

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch.Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. 46 . This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch.

47 . ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. Once connected to the network. should you remove a master switch from the network. there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. If your network consists of more than one subnet. such as for maintenance.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. That way. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. You simply connect it to your network. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master.

Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack. you must assign each master switch a unique IP address. If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch. referred to as slave switches. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. 3. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually. 48 . For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. do not. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask.

32.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router. 49 .11.09.32.32. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets.18 Master 2 IP Address 149.09.16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149. you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet.11.32.22 Master 2 IP Address 149. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149. Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches. and each has been assigned a unique IP address.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature.

Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable. Note The default setting for a switch is Slave.A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet. Master 2 .Enhanced Stacking Services S . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 . Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch . Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack. It does not need an IP address or subnet mask.. A master switch must have a unique IP address. perform the following procedure: 1. You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch.Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 . you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet..Save Configuration Changes R . or unavailable. The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. ❑ Unavailable .A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch. slave switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch. To be managed remotely.A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch. ❑ Slave switch . To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status. A switch with this designation can be managed locally.. a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address. From the Main Menu.

To change a switch’s status. Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3. Note The “2 . 2. 51 . or U to make the switch unavailable. 4. the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. type 1 to select Switch State. S to make it a slave switch. Type M to change the switch to a master switch.” For example. Press Return. A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch.Switch State.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 . The following prompt is displayed.Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches.

2. you are by default addressing that particular switch. To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet. you need to select it from the management software.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch. The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G . If you assigned system names to your switches. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services.Access Switch R . perform the following procedure: 1. The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 . type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack.Get/Refresh List of Switches A . From the Enhanced Stacking window. The window in Figure 10 is displayed. From the Main Menu. When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet. then it is very easy.

return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. Once you see that window. The default password is “admin”. 4. return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch. You now can manage the selected switch. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. Type A to select Access Switch. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. 53 . You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. The password is case-sensitive. Enter the switch’s password and press Return. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session. if you want to manage the Master switch. Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. 6. Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches. This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2. type 4 to select Port Status. From the Main Menu. 55 .Accept changes & update flash R . type 1 to select Port Menu. The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed. From the Port Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C . perform the following procedure: 1.

Next Page U .indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link. Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port.Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N . Possible values are: Up .Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually. Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number. Figure 12 is an example of the window. Manual .indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.Update Display R .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed. 56 . Possible values are: Auto .

Possible values are: 10 . Both .AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port.The port has been manually disabled. This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member. Flow The flow control setting for the port.10 Mbps 100 .No flow control on the port. Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex. Receive .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. 57 . Transmit .Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. Disabled .Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port.100 Mbps 1000 . Possible values are: Forwarding . Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Spd The operating speed of the port. Possible values are: None . State The current operating status of the port.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port. Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member.The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames.

From the Port Menu. From the Main Menu. Advertise 10FDX ....... enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. Negotiation .. enter the first port of the range.. type 1 to select Port Configuration.. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status . Advertise 10HDX .. MDI/MDIX Mode ... Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 . enter the last port number in the range... type 1 to select Port Menu......Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3.. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed.....No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 . The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4.. Advertise 100HDX ..... To configure only one port....... Broadcast Control . To configure a range of ports......... To configure a range of ports. Advertise 100FDX . Flow Control ... 2......

1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 . 0 . which is the default. If you select Manual. The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters. If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation.Duplex .. Disabled .10 Mbps 0100 . You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port.... Adjust the port parameters as desired.. This toggles the parameter through its possible settings..... This is the default setting.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port.. You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections.. When disabled.. two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 .. you can enable the port again to resume normal operation.Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode...Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port. a port will not receive or transmit frames. You adjust a parameter by typing its number. Once the problem has been fixed. 5... The parameters are described below.Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex. The possible settings for the 2 ... 59 . Possible settings are: Forwarding . 1 .The port will receive and forward packets. the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically.. 0100 3 .Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode.100 Mbps 1000 ....Speed .The port will not receive or forward packets.Speed selection are: 0010 ....

Transmit .Advertise 10FDX 6 . 60 . which is the default setting. During Auto-Negotiation. Possible settings are: None .No flow control on the port. 5 .Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames. the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it. The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time.Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation.Advertise 100HDX to No. Both . If desired. you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX. Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated. For example. Receive .Advertise 100FDX 8 .or full-duplex mode. a switch port will advertise its full capabilities. You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155. half-duplex operation. if you set the selection 8 . B .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port.Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option. By default. 9 . which is the default setting. If you set this to Auto. the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps. a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port.Advertise 10HDX 7 . which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half.

61 . This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode. This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection. which. You can use this option to reset the selected port. when selected. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Once you have set the port parameters. Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node. The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection.

62 . type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the System Configuration Menu. these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.GBIC Information R . From the Advanced Configuration window. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5. To display GBIC information. The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 . From the Main Menu. Type either 24 or 25. Type 1 to select GBIC Information. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information.

.......... Elect/Opt Transceiver ... Type of Serial Interface ........ Connector Type ........ Length 62.... You cannot change this information...... (100m) ..Next Page R . Extended Serial Transceiver . (k) . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number ... N ..... Length 9/125 um Fib.... (10m) ... Figure 15 is an example of the window.........Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only.........AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module.. Length 50/125 um Fib. 63 .. Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding ...5/125 um Fib....................... Length 9/125 mm Fib.......... (10k) .....

Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security. 64 . You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.

the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. There are four levels of port security. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. even when the end node is inactive. Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. 65 . Once this mode is activated. You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. it remains in the table and is never purged. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. Automatic This operating mode disables port security. it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch.

66 . The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned. The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. even those belonging to inactive end nodes. Once you have activated this security level. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time. When this security level is activated. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward. Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.

type 3 to select the Secured mode. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward. type 1 to select Port Menu. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. type 2 to select Limited mode. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table. 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. type 1 to select Automatic mode. This is the default setting. type 5 to select Port Security. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. From the Port Menu. After activating this security mode. 67 . To set a switch’s port security level. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. 2. To specify the limits.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned. 68 . type 4 to select Lock all the ports now. Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch.

From the Port Security menu.Set MAC limit per port 3 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 . type 2 to select Limited security. When you activate this security level.Configure port security limited mode R . type 5 to select Port Security. 3. type 1 to select Port Menu.Display MAC limit per port 2 . You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Port Menu. From the Main Menu. Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table. You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed. Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed. frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn. To configure Limited security mode. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports. 2.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 . Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn.

13. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. repeat Steps 5 through 9. 70 . type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports. 7. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. 9. type R to select Return to previous menu. 10. 11. This applies the limit to the port. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. Type 2 to choose Select a port. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. The range is 1 to 150 addresses. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. 12. Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6.

15. Examine the MAC limits. If necessary. 14. Limited security has now been configured on the switch. If you assigned different values to different ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu. Check to be sure that they are correct. be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. 71 . repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. 16.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks.

❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. and 7). 13. 5. A port trunk is 2. there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. router. 23. such as a server. On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. and so on.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. ❑ The duplex mode. ❑ When cabling a trunk. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. speed. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. 6. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. or another Ethernet switch. 14. 3. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. To maintain the order of the port connections. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. Despite the software configuration and physical connections. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. For example. and 24. port 13 to port 22. 15 for the trunk. ports 4. 22. or 4 ports. 3. For example. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load. 73 . workstation. and so on. the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node.

AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 . A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs. Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server. ❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch.❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN. The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch. The server is connected to the switch with four data links. The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches.

type 3 to select Port Trunking.Delete Trunk 3 .Add ports to trunk 2 . Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure.Save Configuration Changes R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 . Check to be sure that the settings. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology. Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software. 2. are the same for all the ports of the trunk. To create a port trunk. such as speed and duplex mode. From the Port Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch.Show port trunking status S . examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 . You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN. type 1 to select Port Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed. Note Before creating a port trunk. From the Main Menu.

Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return. You can specify the ports individually (e. 7-10). type 3 to display the status of the trunk.. The following prompt is displayed.g. To confirm the creation of the port trunk. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window. The port trunk is ready for network operations. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch.4) or as a range (e. 1. 8. Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking. 76 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.3.. Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk. Enter new value -> 4.3. 6.Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7.2.g. 5. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R . Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk.

The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. type 1 to select Port Menu. 5. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. From the Port Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. 77 . 4. The port trunk is deleted from the switch. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. From the Main Menu. type 3 to select Port Trunking. 3. Type 2 to select Delete trunk. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. perform the following procedure: 1. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology. To delete a port trunk from the switch. 2. To confirm the deletion.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror.

you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time. the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed. For example. the mirror port is likely to drop packets. For example. meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports. the more ports you mirror. 79 . ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. However. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed.

the port to where the traffic will be copied)..Add ports to mirror 4 .. Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6... enter the last port in the range..Save Configuration Changes R . 5.CPU Attached . 80 . type 1 to select Port Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3. No 3 . Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed.Mirroring Port . From the Port Menu. To mirror a range of ports. Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror. Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored. Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7..Delete ports from mirror 5 . To mirror the traffic of only one port. You can specify only one mirror port. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 .... If you want to mirror a range or ports.. Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is.Show Port Mirror Status S . The following prompt is displayed.Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror.. enter the first port of the range. From the Main Menu... Press Return. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4.. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. 0 2 . The following prompt is displayed. enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step. The following prompt is displayed. type 2 to select Port Mirroring.

Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. 81 . The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored. 10. The port mirror is now functional. type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status. To confirm the creation of the port mirror. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 9.

type 1 to select Port Menu. 82 . 2. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. 5. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 3. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. The following prompt is displayed. From the Port Menu.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. From the Main Menu. Enter 0 and press Return.

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol. 83 . refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802.1D. ISO/IEC 10038: 1993.Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters.

of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. By adjusting the value. STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability. 84 . and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes.Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge. Where multiple paths exist. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. referred to as broadcast storms. exist in the network topology. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. as specified in the IEEE 802. leaving only one main active path. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. either planned or unplanned. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link.1D standard. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. and sometimes its MAC address. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number. also referred to as the bridge identifier. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number.

if one is found. If redundant paths exist. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state. where all ports have a port cost of 0. active path. Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. the lower the port cost. Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. blocking mode. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. the preferred path is selected through port priority. If two paths have the same port cost. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. 85 . Below are the default values. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. The faster the port. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed.

or addition of any active components. For small networks. before it begins to forward frames. For large networks. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. listening and learning. removal.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. 86 . especially if it is a large network. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. with the size of your network being a primary factor. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. Consequently. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. However. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. the active topology also changes. When a bridge is brought on-line. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). a temporary data loop could occur. a change in a port state is not activated immediately. you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. and that could adversely impact network performance. This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. and if not.

The default setting is disabled. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed...... Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. Bridge Identifier .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings... Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu.. Bridge Max Age . 1. Bridge Priority . From the Main Menu.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable . You should consult the IEEE 802. 1 ...Display STP Port Settings 9 ... The parameters are described below. Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 ... The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters..Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch. Bridge Forwarding ....Reset STP to Defaults R .Config STP Port Settings 8 . If you enable STP. 87 . the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. Bridge Hello Time ..

if you use the default 20. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. with 0 being the highest priority. 3 . 3. When a root bridge goes off-line. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). The default is 2 seconds. 4 . The default is 20 seconds. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. For example. resulting in network loops.535.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. If the bridge transitions too soon. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds.Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. After you have made the desired changes. 5 . all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. for example. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. 88 . The default is 15 seconds.Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state.Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. 6 . If two or more bridges have the same priority value.

.. To configure a range of ports... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating . perform the following procedure: 1. 89 . enter the last port of the range.. type 7 to select Config STP port settings....Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4.. To configure a range of ports.. Enter the number of the port you want to configure.. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. Adjust the settings as desired. This value cannot be changed. Bridge Hello Time ..... The parameters are described below.. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. Port Priority . From the Main Menu. The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed. 1 . Root Bridge .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters... From the Spanning Tree menu...Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5. Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R .. Path Cost ... enter the first port of the range. To configure just one port. 2..... enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step.

90 . This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed. 10 for a 100 Mbps port. This value cannot be changed from this window.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. The range is 1 to 65535. and 4 for a 1 Gbps port. The range is 0-255.Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN. 5 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . 4 . refer to the previous procedure. The default value for priority is 128.Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain. 3 . The default is 2 seconds. To change this value. The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port.Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge.

This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 . modifying.Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs). and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session. It also contains the procedures for creating. This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode.

The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. For example. logical LAN segments. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. For example. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN. Before the advent of VLANs. 92 . VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. Additionally. if an employee changed departments. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. This too can improve overall network performance. such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. With VLANs.

Additionally. VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically.AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. a virtual LAN can span more than one switch. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections. This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location. 93 . you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software. or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another.

The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. Production. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. 94 . VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches. and Engineering.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. such as a router or Layer 3 switch. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. or just a few ports. you must give it a name. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. Examples include Sales. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. called the Default VLAN. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN.

rather than by a port’s PVID. 95 . If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch. The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership. Additionally. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. This is acceptable when you are creating a new. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames. For example. unique VLAN. you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101.AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN. Consequently. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received. Untagged Ports Naturally. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID. it will simply select the next available VID. If you allow the management software to do it automatically. In this manner. Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID).

General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. Consequently. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. However. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member. the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. ❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. 96 . a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID. the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port.

❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network. many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. For example. a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN. across multiple VLANs. A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs. ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN. such as servers and printers.AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches. 97 .

(For purposes of the following examples. A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member. 98 . 11 . the Default VLAN is not shown. The ports have been assigned PVID values. Engineering. Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN.4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9.) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN .13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs.24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID.Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. and Production VLANs on the switch. You assign this number when you create a VLAN.

two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN .Example 2 99 .AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example. Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs. each VLAN has one port connected to the router. In this example. The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN.

❑ Engineering VLAN . This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN. This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN. 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. 100 . It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch.This is the final VLAN in the example.6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN . it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router.24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 . 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13. and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. ❑ Production VLAN .This VLAN spans both switches.This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN. Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router. This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch. 14. So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN.6. However. It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4.11. The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch. Engineering. Since this VLAN spans multiple switches. 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 .

This contrasts to a port-based VLAN. The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time.3ac standard). referred to as a tagged frame. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port. A tag. This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch. this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN.1Q-compliant. For example. the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. the frame will be discarded. The IEEE 802. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94. This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch. If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802. When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. 101 . which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame. the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames. Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port.

the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. can be in only one VLAN at a time. there would seem to be no need for a PVID. 102 . Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. An untagged port. However. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. Otherwise. The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. a frame without any tagged information). But actually there is. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. simultaneously. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. In the case of a tagged VLAN.

❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS. ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN. each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID. If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks. ❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time. 103 .

Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802.1Q-based products.1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 .

One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. while still maintaining data separation and security. when received by the switch. 20 (PVID 3) 8. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated. It is connected to an IEEE 802. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. 105 . It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. data separation and security remain. But with tagged ports. 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. 18 (PVID 2) 8. each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. The tagged frames.1Q-compliant server.

Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered. either tagged or untagged. You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. 106 . regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. Packets are passed through the switch unchanged.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. but the VLANs are not used. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121. is ignored. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames. All VLAN information.

type 1 to select Create a VLAN. The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2.Port VLANs & Priorities R . From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 . From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.Virtual LAN Support 2 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S . 107 . type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. From the VLAN Menu.Virtual LAN Definitions 3 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN.Save Configuration Changes R .

. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches.. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN... The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. 108 .. For example. The name can contain spaces... you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value.... If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches.. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches..... Mirroring Port . such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). If the VLAN will be unique in your network...Create VLAN R ... VLAN ID (VID) . then the name should be unique as well... Sales or Accounting).. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN.... The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value. than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch.. then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected.. 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name . then its VID must also be unique.. but not special characters.. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. C .. The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example. 0 Tagged Ports . The name can be from one to ten characters in length.....Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed... 5...Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4.. Untagged Ports ...

109 . Press any key. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. as a range (e. 2. you can analyze the VLAN traffic. A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored.5. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN. Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports. leave this field empty. type 6 and Y for yes. this parameter should be left with its default value of 0. If the VLAN will contain tagged ports.. 2.. Type C to select Create VLAN. 10. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79.g.) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature. you will see the following message: SUCCESS ..5). or both (e. 2. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch.g.g.5). Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.3. 8..(If you do not to activate this feature. You can specify the ports individually (e. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU.g.7-9).5. 7-9).. type 4 to select Show All VLANs. For more information on port mirroring.Press any key to continue.g. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports. 14. either do not select this option or select it and type N for no. 13. To verify that the VLAN was created correctly. You can specify the ports individually (e. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN.. type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted.7-9) 7. 11. 7-9). 2. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports.3. leave this field empty. 12.g. as a range (e. 9. Note In most cases. or both (e.

Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. For example. the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN. ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time. You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs. Note When you create a new VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15. 110 .

type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Type C to select Create VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. Ports 1 to 4. 7. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. Press Return. 5. 111 . 2. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. From the VLAN Menu. press any key. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 9. 4. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. 6. 3. The new Sales VLAN has now been created. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. To create the example Sales VLAN. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. 8. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. From the Main Menu.

From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. and two untagged ports. 9. 3. 11. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”. Press Return. 2. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. From the Main Menu.10. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. Ports 8 and 16. To create the example Engineering VLAN. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”. Type C to select Create VLAN. 5. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104. It will consist of three untagged ports. 7.16”. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8.11. 8. press any key. From the VLAN Menu. 4. perform the following procedure: 1. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. 10. Ports 9. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 6. 20”. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN. and 12. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. 112 .

type 2 to select Modify a VLAN. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5.. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify.. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID).Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4.Press any key to continue.. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. Change the VLAN’s information as desired.. To modify a VLAN. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. From the VLAN Menu. The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed. From the Main Menu. 6. This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN. type M to select Modify VLAN. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 . After making the desired changes. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS . For a description of the parameters. The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed.VLAN ID (VID) .. 113 . 7. refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107. R .

11. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs. 10. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. 114 . Press any key. 8. 9. The VLAN has been modified.

3. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. VID numbers.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R .9 U: 8.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names. perform the following procedure: 1.9 U: 1-6 T: 7. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7. 2. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33. The Show All VLANs window is displayed. type 4 to select View All VLANs. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch. From the Main Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 . From the VLAN Menu.

116 . type 3 to select Delete a VLAN.. 3. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. perform the following procedure: 1. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return. The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed. The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. To delete the VLAN.. type D. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4.. Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN.. From the VLAN Menu..VLAN ID (VID) . Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID).. 6. which has a VID of 1. A confirmation prompt is displayed. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. To delete a VLAN. R . 2.

The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS . Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs. All ports in the deleted VLAN. 8. 117 . are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. both tagged and untagged. 9. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed.Press any key to continue. The VLAN has been deleted. 10. Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.AT-S39 User’s Guide 7. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu.

To delete all VLANs on a switch. Press Return. 5. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 118 . perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. 3. To delete selected VLANs. 4. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. perform the following procedure: 1. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. From the Main Menu. From the VLAN Menu. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. 2. A confirmation message is displayed. except the Default VLAN. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. on a switch.

a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 119 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 . The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed.Port Number R . The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary. perform the following procedure: 1. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. 2. To change a PVID for a port. From the VLAN Menu. For example. There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. Type 1 to select Port Number. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. Press Return.

.. The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS .Accept changes & update flash R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5. 120 .. 9............. 8.. Override Priority (Y/N) .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed. Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID. Port VLAN ID ..... The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6. You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch.. Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High ... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number . Type U to select Update Changes to Chip..Press any key to continue.... The port now has a new PVID. 1 1 0 N U .. Return to the Main Menu..Update Changes to Chip C . Press Return.... Specify the new PVID value for the port....... Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.... 7...

Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. From the Main Menu. 2. Type 3 to select Switch Mode. Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. 4. B-Basic): 3. The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged. The default is Tagged mode. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. type 5 to select System Config Menu. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. perform the following procedure: 1. Press Return. 5. 121 .

If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure. The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E . the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs.Accept changes & update flash R . Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3. From the VLAN Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. perform the following procedure: 1. It sets a switch’s VLAN mode. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed.Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 . the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 . The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed.Disable VLANs Globally R .Enable VLANs Globally D . When VLANs are enabled. 2.Enable/Disable VLANs 2 . To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. ingress filtering is disabled. Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs. When VLANs are disabled.Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C . From the Main Menu.

5. 6. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode. A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 123 .

First. For further information. the port discards the frame. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. In this case. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. Here is an example. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. Once the tagged frame is received. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. nor to any frames.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. the port accepts the frame. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. If there is. tagged or untagged. just as a reminder. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. the port accepts the frame. If they belong to different VLANs. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. Fortunately. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN. 124 . because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. the frame is discarded. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. If they belong to the same VLAN. Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. the switch discards the frame.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E . 125 . type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5. 4. The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Virtual LAN Support menu. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. From the Main Menu. 2. You cannot set this per port.Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D . The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3. A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame. which is the default. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis. Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags. and that is the priority tag. From the VLAN Menu. regardless of the status of ingress filtering. In most cases. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority. To enable or disable ingress filtering.Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R . Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame.

Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .

This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. 127 . It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. along with the port number on which each address was learned. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. it also examines the destination address and.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. For example. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch. When the switch receives a packet. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. determines the port where the destination node is connected. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. and the port number where each address was learned. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received. This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. by referring to its MAC address table. When the destination node responds.

This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. A static MAC address. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports. 128 . For instructions on changing the aging timer. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. once entered in the table. remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted. even when the end node is inactive. even when the end node is inactive. The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes). Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table.

just the base ports. From the Main Menu. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R . type 6 to select MAC Address Tables.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2. The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed. 3. type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses. type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports. 129 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses. To display only static MAC addresses. To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. To display the MAC address table.

The static MAC address window is exactly the same. MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses.Update Display R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. The columns in the window are defined below. 130 . Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping.Accept changes & update flash U . Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N .

EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. Type The MAC address type. This feature is not supported at this time. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. As an example. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. The type can be either static or dynamic. Another example is “000020F. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. 131 . except for the switch’s MAC address. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses.

A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port. The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. From the MAC Address Table menu. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return. From the Main Menu. 2. 132 . type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu. 1. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3.

type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address. finding the address could prove difficult. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. From the MAC Address Table menu. You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address. 2. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. But if the switch is part of a large network. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. or to which the address was assigned. if the address was learned dynamically. 1. you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned. The procedure in this section offers an easier way. From the Main Menu. for a static address. 133 . Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations.

To obtain a VLAN’s VID. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. 134 . 1.) Note To perform this procedure. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view. For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. perform the following procedure. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch. produces the same result. as explained earlier in this chapter. From the MAC Address Table menu. 2.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3. (This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. From the Main Menu.

Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure. Once the table has been purged. 1. 2. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table. perform the following procedure. the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. 3. the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. From the MAC Address Table menu. type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses. A confirmation prompt is displayed. From the Main Menu. 135 . If you type Y for yes.

Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected. perform the following procedure: 1. To add a static address to the MAC address table. From the Main Menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. 5. The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table. type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address. 2. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. 136 . From the MAC Address Table menu. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses.

Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. 4. Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table. type 3 to select Delete MAC Address. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. perform the following procedure: 1. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. 2. 137 . From the Main Menu. From the MAC Address Table menu.

the switch deletes the address. 2. From the Main Menu. This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active. perform the following procedure: 1. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. From the System Config Menu. 138 . type 5 to select System Config Menu. When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes). To adjust the aging time. The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch. Enter a new value in seconds. The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3.

Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .

For example. but were mostly transparent to network users. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port. Prior to CoS.e.1Q standards. CoS was designed to address this problem. File transfer delays did occur. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue.. But with the introduction of time-critical applications. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue. 0 to 7. transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality. 140 .1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues. packet transfer delays can prove problematic. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays. low and high. The 802. network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner. When a tagged packet enters a switch port. By default. such as voice transmission or video conferencing. untagged frames (i.1p and 802.

If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. 11. Press Return. 2. (Again.) 7. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. 141 . enter a value from 4 to 7. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4.7). From the VLAN Menu. Type 3 to select Priority (0 . Type 1 to select Port Number. The default for this parameter is No. Return to the Main Menu. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. 8. perform the following procedure: 1. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. 10. 3. 6. enter a value from 0 to 3. 9. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. From the Main Menu. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. 5. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch.

Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .

it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port. it removes the node from appropriate membership list. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups. referred to as a time-out value. Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. it simply stops sending reports. referred to as Version 1 and Version 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. In Version 1. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. In Version 2. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. Once the router has received a report from a host node. There are two versions of IGMP. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. the router does not send multicast packets out the port. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups.) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. 143 . Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group.

a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports. Note By default. IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch. Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2. except the port on which it received the packet. and by processing leave requests.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value. 144 .

2 . From the System Configuration Menu..... Maximum Multicast Groups .. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.....IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed.... type 5 to select System Config Menu. Multicast Host Topology . type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S . This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 .. After selecting this option. From the Advanced Configuration window. Host/Router Timeout Interval . The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status . 2..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 . 3. Multicast Router Port(s) .AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters.. From the Main Menu.....Save Configuration Changes R .. Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate). type E to enable or D to disable this feature.Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. perform the following procedure: 1.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 . 3 . Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. The default is 256 multicast groups. 5 . The range is from 1 second to 86. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. The default is 260 seconds.Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. The default is 256 multicast addresses. The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected.Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. that is. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses.400 seconds (24 hours). An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port.Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. 4 .

Your changes are activated immediately on the switch. enter “0” (zero) for this parameter. To select Auto Detect. After making the desired changes. Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter.AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect. 4. or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number. 147 . type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

perform the following procedure: 1. type 5 to select System Config Menu. as well as the host nodes. 3. 148 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To display the list.Update Display R . From the Advanced Configuration window. The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group. The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. 4. 2.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch. From the System Configuration Menu. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected. type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. From the Main Menu. Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U . The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed.

Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. type 7 to select View Multicast Router List. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window.Update Display R . type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. From the Advanced Configuration window. 2. 3. type 5 to select System Config Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. 4. Router IP The IP address of the multicast router. The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. 149 . From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected. To display a list of the multicast routers. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U . From the System Configuration Menu. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software.

Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. In order to use this feature.AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. Broadcast frames are different. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. For example. That is. The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. For example. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps. You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. 151 . When a node sends out a broadcast frame.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example. Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames. the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. 152 . At these settings. the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval. Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch.

From the System Configuration Menu. The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed... or 3 and enter a value when prompted..) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed.. perform the following procedure: 1.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps .Timer for 1000 MB ports .. 2. 2. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10.Timer for 100 MB ports . 0 milli sec 3 .10x ❑ 100 Mbps . and 1000 Mbps.Save Configuration Changes R .Timer for 10 MB ports .100x 153 . 0 micro sec C . From the Advanced Configuration Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature.. 100. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 .. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. From the Main Menu. 3.. type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup. Type 1..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 0 milli sec 2 .

The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. Once you have set the desired timer intervals. The default value is “0” for all timers. 154 . 5. the management software multiples the value by 10. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. 6. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports.

If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. 155 . The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. To configure a range of ports. enter the first port of the range. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded. From the Port Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward.> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. Type B to select Broadcast Control. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. enter the last port number in the range. For example. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval. To configure a range of ports. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . 2. type 1 to select Port Menu. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. 5. 6. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. To configure only one port. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. type 1 to select Port Configuration. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. From the Main Menu.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics.

Type 1 to choose Select a Port.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3. The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 .Port Statistics Menu 2 .Display Module Statistics R . Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view. type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics. Press Return. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4.Clear Module Statistics 3 .Clear Port Statistics 3 . From the Ethernet Statistics menu. From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2. 157 . The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed. 5.Display Port Statistics R .Select a Port 2 . perform the following procedure: 1.

.... OVERSIZE ... RX_BRDCAST ............ CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port.. UNDERSIZE ..... 158 .....Update Display R ....... RX_OVERFLOW .................. PORT_IN_DISCARDS .......... RX_UNICAST . Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port.. RX_MLTCAST . Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port. shown in Figure 48........................Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.................. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port............... RX_COUNT ............Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window. Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded. The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port......... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT ..................................... CRC_ERROR ............................ Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. U ....... FRAGMENT ...... TX_COUNT .

Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. 159 . and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. packets with alignment errors. select the option “2 .3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. but discarded and not forwarded.AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port.Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”.

..... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT .. The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch....Update Display R . TX_COUNT ....... RX_MLTCAST ........ type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics.............. type 3 to select Display Module Statistics.... RX_COUNT ........... From the Ethernet Statistics menu........ RX_UNICAST ......... 2..... RX_BRDCAST ............ FRAGMENT . 160 ...... RX_OVERFLOW ............................. Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch........ CRC_ERROR ....... perform the following procedure: 1......... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded............ PORT_IN_DISCARDS ........... The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window. From the Main Menu. OVERSIZE ... UNDERSIZE . Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch...........Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch. U .................... shown in Figure 48.......Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.................

If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch. 161 . CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch. Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. packets with alignment errors. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch. but discarded and not forwarded.AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch.Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. select the option “2 .

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

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Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete. Once the management software is initialized. the switch automatically resets. Note Do not interrupt the initialization process. Begin the file transfer of the new management software image. 166 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. If you are installing a new management image. Do not reboot the switch. Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed.

tftp -i 149.ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39.35. If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software. A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT. Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149.1 put c:\ats39.1. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host . you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn.img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software. The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39. or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above. Binary . Source file .cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image. loader file.1.1.The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software.The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch. This may necessitate renaming the file.img 167 .35.This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image. Put .

it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP. tftp -i 149.img c:\ats39.35.1. 168 . Destination file . Source file .cfg”. This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically.1 get ats39.The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file. Binary .1 to local drive C: of the workstation.1. The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host .The source file name is “ATS39. Get .img Once the file is stored on a local drive.The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation.35. Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149. as explained in the previous section.This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation. Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.

Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23. Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19. IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28. MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17. Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22. Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18. Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24. Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20.

170 . such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser.

Start your web browser. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. 2. Consequently. the switch must have an IP address. perform the following procedure: 1. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser. you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. (The password is case-sensitive. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. enter the user name and password. as shown in Figure 51. To start a web browser management session. 171 . Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies. To change the password.) The user name cannot be changed. the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. Additionally. For instructions. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. When prompted.

Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software. In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites.The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed. You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows. You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser. Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display. 172 . Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus.

173 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session. select Exit from any AT-S39 management page.

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. 175 . perform the following procedure: 1. refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. If the System menu option is not selected. subnet address. To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. From the Home Page. select it and then select the General tab. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default. select Configuration.

The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide. Sales Ethernet switch). Change the parameters as desired. 3. 176 . Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window.Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed.

To create a new password. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch. such as its location (e.g. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. Wiring closet 402B). Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch.. a Telnet utility.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser. The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. 4. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. or an SNMP management program. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. enter the new password into both fields. The default password is “admin”. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. click Apply. 177 . such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). Floor 4. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length. After you have set the parameters. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply.

you must reset the switch to activate your change. or gateway address. or by using the Reset button on the switch. 178 .Section III: Web Browser Management 5. If you made a change to the IP address. You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session. subnet mask. You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session.

Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 . The Monitoring window is displayed. 3. 2. select System Status. select Monitoring. If it is not already selected. From the Home page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Configuration Menu. The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed. select the General tab.

” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. ❑ Hash Count .Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted. refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212. The sections in the window are defined below. If this parameter displays “Basic. For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session. If this parameter displays “Tagged. which also explains how to change the parameters. including the IP address of the switch and the system name.Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only.Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table. 180 . This value cannot be changed. These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10. Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging .Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. You cannot change any of the values from this window. General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address. ❑ Switch Mode . Administration This section contains a variety of information. For information about VLANs. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes). These values cannot be changed. Virtual LANs on page 91.” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. For background information about MAC addresses.

GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. From the Configuration menu. The parameters are described below. From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. 3. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed. Select the SNMP tab. Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. 181 . Adjust the parameters as desired. select System.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. select Configuration.

182 . Click Apply to save your changes to the switch.Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. 5. Changes are immediately activated on the switch.

Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 .

Select the Port Setting tab. The selected port turns white. 2. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure. From the Home page. 3. (To deselect a port. click it again.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch. 184 . The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. perform the following procedure: 1. select Layer 1. You can select only one port at a time. Click Modify. Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4. select Configuration.) 5. From the Configuration page.

185 . Adjust the port parameters as desired. Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed. refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227. any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch. Transmit . refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. Both . For background information on this feature. Receive . For instructions on how to set this value. The parameters are described below. Possible values are: None .Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time. An example of the window is shown in Figure 57.No flow control on the port.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. If the threshold is reach.Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port. Flow Control The flow control setting for the port.

click Apply.Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . 186 . The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port. Once you have made the desired changes. 7. This is the default. Default values are listed in Appendix A.Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values.Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port. The default for this port parameter is enabled. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode.Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps .Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames. ❑ 10Mbps .

Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. You can select only one port at a time. select Monitoring.) 4. (To deselect a port. Click a port. From the Monitoring page. duplex mode. 3. You can view a port’s operating speed. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB. To display the status or statistics of a switch port. Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. click it again. and more. perform the following procedure: 1. The selected port turns white. select Layer 1. 2. 187 . From the Home page. MDI/MDI-X configuration. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

191

192 . Note For background information on port security. refer to Port Security Overview on page 65.Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session. Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session.

select Monitoring.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. From the Configuration page. perform the following procedure: 1. select Layer 2. From the Home page. Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 . select the Port Security tab. 2. From the Layer 2 page. The current security level is displayed. 3.

refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73.Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session. Note For background information on port trunking. 194 .

which can produce broadcast storms. select Layer 1. which can adversely effect the operations of your network. From the Home page. Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. perform the following procedure: 1. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. the ports of the trunk will be white. Select the Port Trunking tab. 3. all ports in the switch image will be black. 2. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. 195 . From the Configuration page. If you are deleting a port trunk. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. select Configuration. If there is a port trunk. Loops can result in broadcast storms. To create or delete a port trunk. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node.

5. or 4 ports. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch. 196 . The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. Click Apply. click Remove. You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. do the following: a. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. 3. A selected port changes to white. b. An unselected port is black. To delete a port trunk. To create a port trunk. A port trunk can contain 2.

Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. 197 . Note For background information on port mirroring.

select Layer 1. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. To create a port mirror. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch. Click Apply. Select the Port Mirroring tab. select Configuration. From the Home page. 2. From the Configuration page. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. perform the following procedure: 1. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports. do the following: a.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. 5. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4. b. To delete an existing port mirror. 198 . 3. The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. c.

AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted. The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations. 199 .

refer to STP Overview on page 84. Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session. Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session. 200 .Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP.

The parameters are described below. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. From the Home page.Configuration 4. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. From the Configuration menu. select Layer 2. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window . You should consult the IEEE 802. 201 . select the Spanning Tree tab. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. If you enable STP. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Layer 2 window. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. select Configuration. 3. To configure a bridge’s STP parameters.

becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. For example. 202 . Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. When a root bridge goes off-line. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. 5. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. If the bridge transitions too soon. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. if you use the default 20. with 0 being the highest priority. for example. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). The default is 20 seconds. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. The default setting is disabled. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. If two or more bridges have the same priority value.Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge.535. click Apply. This value cannot be changed. After you have made the desired changes. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. possibly resulting in a network loop. The default is 2 seconds. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. The default is 15 seconds. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge.

Monitoring 203 . 2. From the Home page. select Monitoring. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed. select the Spanning Tree tab. To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters. From the Monitoring menu. 3. refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window . select Layer 2. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Layer 2 page.

This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. and delete VLANs from a web browser management session. refer to Chapter 10. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 . Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode.Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. modify. Virtual LANs.

select Layer 2. select Configuration. 2. From the Home page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 . perform the following procedure: 1. From the Configuration menu. select the VLAN tab. 3. From the Layer 2 window. The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed.

The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. The name can be from one to 10 characters in length. 6. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. Click Add.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example. Sales or Accounting). Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN. the name should be unique as well. 206 . its VID must be unique as well. The name can contain spaces but not special characters. Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. If the VLAN will be unique in your network.

207 . If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. In most cases. 7. This value disables port mirroring. Click Apply. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. Note For background information on port mirroring. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. 10. its VID value should be the same on each switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. For example. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. 8. or a tagged port. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. To select ports for the VLAN. 9. You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. click Send to CPU.

208 .Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. The VLAN is now ready for network operations.

5. From the Home page. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. 7. select Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. they are returned to the Default VLAN. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. 4. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. From the Configuration menu. 209 . 6. select Layer 2. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. Creating a VLAN. 2. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. Click Modify. From the Layer 2 window. After making the desired changes. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. select the VLAN tab. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure. click Apply.

Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. The VLAN is deleted from the switch. 5. From the Layer 2 window. 3. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. select Layer 2. perform the following procedure: 1. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. 4. Click Remove. select the VLAN tab. 2. From the Configuration menu. From the Home page. 210 . select Configuration. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete.

2. select Layer 2. The management software displays the window in Figure 68. From the Home page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch. select the VLAN tab. From the Monitoring page. select Monitoring. 3. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . From the Layer 2 page. perform the following procedure: 1.

click either Tagged or Basic. Virtual LANs. 3. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. If you select Basic. To set the switch’s VLAN mode.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. which is the default. Note Refer to Chapter 10. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs. From the Home Page. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. perform the following procedure: 1. In the Switch Mode section of the window. 212 . select Configuration. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. choose System. Reset the switch. If you select Tagged. 2. 5. From the Configuration menu. Select the General tab. 4.

From the Layer 2 page. select Layer 2. To deselect a port. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. For example. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. From the Configuration page. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. 2. A selected port turns white. click it again. perform the following procedure: 1. 4. 5. Click Apply. 3. select Configuration. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. From the Home page. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. You can select only one port at a time. select CoS. To change a PVID for a port. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 .

Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port.Section III: Web Browser Management 6. Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26. The new value is immediately activated on the port. Class of Service on page 219. 214 . Click Apply. The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch. 7.

Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. 215 . This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table.

For instructions. You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. select Monitoring.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. perform the following procedure: 1. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table. 2. From the Home page. The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed. select Layer 2. Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses. From the Layer 2 page. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. From the Monitoring page. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. 3. The options are described below. select the Forwarding Database tab. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session. 216 .

4. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. The port numbering scheme is from right to left.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. 217 . This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port. Another example is “000020F.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. As an example. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. You specify the VLAN by its VID. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. click View. Once you have configured the options. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch.

218 . This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. This feature is not supported at this time. The type can be either static or dynamic. Type The MAC address type. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. except for the switch’s MAC address.

219 .Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS. refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS.

A graphical image of the switch is displayed. The default for this parameter is No. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7. (Again. select Layer 2. A selected port turns white. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered.) 5. Click the port where you want to configure CoS. From the Layer 2 page. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. 4. click the Override Priority option. perform the following procedure: 1. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. Click Modify. it does not matter which of these levels you select. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. 2. select the CoS tab. select Configuration. 3. Click Apply.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. 8. From the Configuration page.) 7. 220 . You can select only one port at a time. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. 6. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5. From the Home page. click it again. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. (To deselect a port. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself.

Note For background information on this feature. 221 . refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143.Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch.

From the Home page. 222 . 2.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. Select the IGMP tab. 3. select System. The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed. Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. select Configuration. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port). From the Configuration menu. perform the following procedure: 1. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch.

The default is 260 seconds. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 .400 seconds (24 hours). it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. The default is 256 multicast groups. The range is from 1 second to 86. that is.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected.

A white port indicates a multicast router port. You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect. Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. 224 . or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses.Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses. The default is 256 multicast addresses. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses.

225 . Note For background information on this feature.Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151.

3.100x For example. select Configuration. You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. the management software multiples the value by 10.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. and 1000 Mbps. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. perform the following procedure: 1. select them now. 4.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. The default value is “0” for all timers. Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab. If they are not already selected. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. enter values for the three interval timers. 226 . From the Home page. The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page. 100. After you have entered your values. click Apply. Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps .) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed. To specify an interval timer. 2. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10.

The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. In the graphical switch image. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. As an example. The port will accept all broadcast frames. The selected port turns white. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. 6. 3. You can select only one port at a time.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames. click it again. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. Click Modify. 7. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. 227 . Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. From the Configuration page. 5. the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. 2. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. perform the following procedure: 1. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. select Configuration. If it is not selected. To deselect a port. 4. From the Home page. select it now. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. When you open the Layer 1 page. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. Click Apply. select Layer 1. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window.

0.0 0.0.0.0 255.255.0.Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings. Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 .0.

) 229 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.1 and above only.

227 browser tools. 60. 155. 45 Auto-Negotiation. 88. 47 setting switch status. 140 console timeout. 121. 88 G gateway address. 141. 84. 52 defined. 167 obtaining. 37 defined. 228 DHCP activating. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. 88. 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. 36 documentation. configuring. 164 downloading via TFTP. 86. 202 bridge priority. 35. 212 BOOTP activating. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 90 host nodes 230 . 86. used in this guide. 202 bridge identifier. 202 bridge max age parameter. 185 forwarding delay. 202 bridge hello time parameter.Index A aging time changing. 47 guidelines. 41. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. 37 releasing IP address. 88. 225 defined. AT-S39. 177 H hello time. 27. 106 setting. 84. 163 AT-S39 version number. 88. 50 F flow control. 41. 172 C Class of Service configuring. 60. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. 138 defined. 128 AT-S39 default settings. 37 defined. 220 defined. 37 BPDU. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 150. 11 D default values. 43 conventions.

186 statistics. 73 deleting. 222 231 . 140 priority. 59. 55. 77. 205 defined. 151 L limited security mode configuring. 75. 28 starting.1d standard. 186 displaying status. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. switch. 211 modifying. 198 port security configuring. 181 SNMP management session. 148 host/router timeout interval. 90 PVID. 58. switch. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 116. 113. 195 guidelines. 65 displaying. 29. 24 M MAC address table. 30 web browser session. 146. 25 S Secure level. 35. 177 default. 90 port mirroring creating. 35. 82. 143 ingress filtering. 213 defined. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. displaying. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). 190 port cost defined. 60 multicast groups. 143 displaying. 39. 210 displaying. 209 priority queues. 80. 26. 107. 222 defined. 198 defined. 50 SNMP community strings. 145. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. 187 speed. 69 defined. 95. 87. 195 defined. 226 defined. 94 deleting all. 111. 184 disable. 145. 28 Telnet session. 223 multicast router. default settings. 59. 153. 173 R resetting a switch. 66 serial number. 79 deleting. 65 local management session defined. 21 master switch defined. 157 port trunking creating. 32. defined. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. maximum. 67 defined. 177 interval timer configuring. 21 snoop topology. 45 slave switch. 18 quitting. 84 RS232 port. 102 port-based VLAN creating. 119. 223 I IEEE 802. 85 setting. port security. 171 port configuring parameters. 50 returning to. 118 deleting. 115. 146. 126. 149 P password changing.AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 216 MAC address. 193 port statistics. 42 root bridge.

177 switch statistics. 101 deleting all. 212 modifying.Index software updates downloading from a local session. 157. 205 defined. 171 232 . 107. 164 downloading via TFTP. 113. 167 U unavailable status. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 190 switch. 112. 107. 201 configuring port parameters. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. 118 deleting. 94. defined. 84 port cost. 206 VLAN. 167 obtaining. changing. 90 viewing bridge parameters. 116. 113. 209 port-based. 116. 160 STP. 137 displaying. 94 tagged. AT-S39. 129 statistics port. 50 user name. 160 system name. 211 modifying. 171 V version number. 173 starting. 29 TFTP. 115. 112. 203 starting session local. 89 defined. 115. 85. 111. 209 Telnet management session defined. 35. 35. 122 displaying. defined. 43 limitations. default. 121. 101 VLAN identifier (VID). 24 Telnet. 19 quitting. 20 quitting. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. 29 web browser. 108 VLAN identifier. downloading software updates. 45 virtual LAN creating. 210 displaying. 211 enabling. 205 defined. 87. 210 disabling. 92 deleting all. 30 starting. defined. 122 mode. 171 static MAC address adding. 136 deleting. 118 deleting.

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