Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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....... 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count ..................................................................................................................................................... 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers ........... 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN ............................................... 140 Configuring CoS ...............................................................................................................91 VLAN Overview ....94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 99 Tagged VLAN Overview ....................................................................................................................................... 139 Class of Service Overview ............................................................... 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN........................................................................................................................... 143 Activating IGMP Snooping ...........................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs ............................................................................ 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN .............................. 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table ............................................................................................................ 116 Deleting All VLANs ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 160 5 ........................................................................................... 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port ........................................................................................................................ 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address ........................................................................................................................ 126 MAC Address Overview ........................................................................................... 113 Displaying VLAN Information .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 151 Configuring the Interval Timer ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses ......................... 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control .............................................................................................................................................................................. 142 IGMP Snooping Overview .............................................................................................................................................................................................................92 Port-based VLAN Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 97 Port-based Example 1.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs ................................................................................................................................................................................ 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview .................................................. 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics .................................................... 127 Displaying MAC Addresses .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 98 Port-based Example 2................................................................ 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes ...................................... 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service .................................. 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN .... 156 Displaying Port Statistics ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 118 Changing a PVID Value ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 103 Tagged VLAN Example ................................................................................................ 112 Modifying a VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN ............................................................... 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses ........................................................................................................................ 115 Deleting a VLAN ....................... 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering ......................................................................................................................................... 137 Changing the Aging Time .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 157 Displaying Switch Statistics ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

..170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session .................................................................................................................................................................171 Browser Tools...........................................................................................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................213 6 ...212 Changing a PVID .183 Configuring Port Parameters .....175 Viewing System Information ..........168 Example.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 167 Uploading a Configuration File ........................................................................................................................209 Deleting a VLAN ........201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks ...........................................................................192 Displaying the Port Security Level ......................................................................162 Obtaining Software Updates ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP ..........................................204 Creating a VLAN ................................................................................................................................................203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ....................................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates ................................................................................................................................................................167 Example.........................................................................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 168 Section III Web Browser Management .........................205 Modifying a VLAN ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode ...............................................................................................................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters ............................................................................................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session ................................................... 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics .....................................................................................................................................210 Displaying VLANs .........................................................................................................................................................................................................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses ......................................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk ..............................................................................................................

.................................................................................................. 230 7 ............................................................................................................... 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service ................................................................................ 228 Index .................................................................................................................................................... 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control ................................ 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 219 Configuring CoS ....................................................................................................... 225 Configuring the Interval Timer .....................................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table ..................................................................... 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table ..............................

........................................... 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window ................................................... 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window ................................................. 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 ............................................................................................................................ 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window ............................................ 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu ...................................................................................................... 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window ........................................................................................... 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu .. 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu ............................................................................................................................................................ 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN ..................................................................................................................................................................... 52 Figure 11: Port Menu ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu ...............................................Example 1 ......................................... 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu .................................. 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example ........ 122 8 .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu ......................... 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu ...................... 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window ............................................ 25 Figure 2: Main Menu ......................................... 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window .......................................List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 ........................................... 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu ................................................................................. 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ...............................................................................................................................................................................................Example 2 ....... 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN ................................................................. 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window .............................................................. 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu ......................................................................................................................... 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu .................................................................. 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu ..................................................

....................................................................................................................................... Figure 54: General Tab Window ........................................................................................................... Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window ........................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 69: CoS Setting Window ....................................................... Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu ................................................................................................................................................. Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 71: IGMP Tab ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window ............ Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window ................................................................................ Figure 57: Settings for Port Window .................................................................................... Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window ........................................................................................................................................................................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ...................................................... Figure 59: Port Status Window .................................................................................. Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab .................................................................................................................................. Figure 55: SNMP Tab ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 52: Home Page ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 61: Port Security Menu ...................................................................................................... Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window ... Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page ................................................ Figure 67: Add VLAN Window ................................................................................................. Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field .................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window ...................................................................................... Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window ................ Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window .................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Monitoring ......................................................................... Figure 60: Port Statistics Window ................ Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window ............................................................................................................................................ Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu ............................................................................................................................ Figure 53: General Tab .................................................. Figure 66: VLAN Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 68: VLAN Window ............................................................................................................................................................. Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window ............................................................................................................................................................................. 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 .................................................... Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab ................................................................................................................................................. Figure 62: Port Trunking Window ........................................Configuration ................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu ..............................................................................................................................................................................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www.com. To use the FTP server.com or our FTP server at ftp. enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password.alliedtelesyn.Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products.alliedtelesyn. 14 .

It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. 15 .Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software.

Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters. such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters.Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches. and powering ON the device. The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network. Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A. as explained in the hardware installation guide. If this is true for your network. 16 .

They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session. There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser. The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use. you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software. 17 . The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide. such as to change or adjust its operating parameters.

you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch. This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch. You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session.Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. Once the session is started. 18 . Note For instructions on starting a local management session. refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located. using a straight-through RS-232 cable.

If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters. You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. With AT-8024GB switches. you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session. Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. 19 . refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. which include the enhanced stacking feature. Note For further information on enhanced stacking.

refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171. They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking . ❑ DHCP and BOOTP . every AT-8024GB switch.Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch.You can view but not set the port security level of a switch. 20 . Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session. that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address. as well as every AT-8024 switch. This too is a type of remote management. because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch. ❑ Port security level . Consequently.You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session.You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session. There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session. just like a Telnet management session.

AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program. you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program. For instructions. Consequently. refer to your SNMP management documentation. 21 . Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program.

Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .

The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

This can simplify network management. Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. Additionally. Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. 24 . Note For information on enhanced stacking. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. you must go to where that switch is located. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. usually within a few meters. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. to start this type of management session. you can manage just that switch. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch. You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch. This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch.

POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2. see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 . 3. Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200. Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session. perform the following procedure: 1. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program.

The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly. Press the Return key twice. (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1.) The Main Menu is displayed. If prompted for a password. enter the password for the management software.Save Configuration Changes R . The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps. Otherwise. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S . 5. the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps). Note During boot up. The default is “admin”. simply type boot and press Return to start the switch.Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 . the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt. The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset.1 and above.) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal. or an equivalent terminal emulator program.) 4.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal. This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only. (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>). (The password is case-sensitive. You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch.

It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located. type the corresponding letter or number. Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet. refer to Chapter 4. Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu. For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session. Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. Enhanced Stacking on page 46.AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item. 27 .

28 . You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session. Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions. return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit. Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously. This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended.

Additionally. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol. The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. type its corresponding number of letter. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. In terms of functionally. 29 . The menus also function the same. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol. as shown in Figure 2 on page 26. Note For background information on enhanced stacking. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. To make a selection. Enter the management software password when prompted. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. such as with a local management session. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. To return to a previous menu. type R or press ESC twice. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities. The default password is “admin”.

Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session. type Q for Quit from the Main Menu. 30 .

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures. and more. activating the original switch default settings. There are also procedures for resetting the switch. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 . There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it.

you must also assign it a subnet mask. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address. 32 . it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. all from the same management session. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. This feature has two primary benefits. subnet mask. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. Second. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking. First. (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address. You do not need to assign an IP address.) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. This switch will be the Master switch of the stack. you must assign at least one of them an IP address. a web browser.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses.

The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet. switches on your network need an IP address.AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure. if any. You can do this two different ways. 33 . The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47.

..0.. Administrator . Comments ...0 System Name . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address ... such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch.Reset Switch X ..0 Default Gateway . The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1..... subnet mask.. 255. (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network.Save Configuration Changes R .. The selection X ..Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L . and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session.....) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch. From the Main Menu... 9 .Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 .. 0. along with other optional information... Change Password ....255.Release DHCP IP Address S ..... go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37.0.. To manually set a switch’s IP address.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address. 0.....0..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 .0 Subnet Mask ......0. type 4 to select Administration Menu.Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42.0..

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

type 5 to select System Config Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R . From the Main Menu. type 3 to select SNMP Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. From the Advanced Configuration window. From the System Configuration Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. 39 . The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch.

Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch..0.0... 5. 0.. type S to select Save Configuration Changes.....Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. enter the new value.0. 1 ....0.......Trap Receiver 1 5 .. private 3 . 40 .GET Community 2 .Trap Receiver 3 7 . After making your changes.0...Trap Receiver 2 6 ..0 0... ...Trap Community ...GET Community ..0 0...... when prompted....SET Community ...0 S ..... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 ....... .. The parameters are described below.....SET Community 3........0 0... To change a value....Save Configuration Changes R .0.. Adjust the parameters as desired... public 2 ... type its corresponding number and....0..0...Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed. public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 ..... Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch.. 4 . .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4..

the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. From the System Configuration Menu. You are prompted to reset the switch. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. Type Y for yes or N for no. 4. If you type Y for yes.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. type 5 to select System Config Menu. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. 41 . Type Y to reset the switch. From the Main Menu. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A.

From the Main Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. Some data traffic may be lost. 42 . The switch immediately reloads its operating system. From the Administrator Menu. 2. Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software. perform the following procedure: 1. a task requiring only a second or two to complete. type 4 to select Administrator Menu. type 9 to select Reset Switch.

These security features are: ❑ Password . the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and. and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser. To configure the console timer. 3. For instructions on how to set this security feature. (The password is case-sensitive. if you specify 2 minutes.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. type E to enable web access or D to disable web access. 43 . type 5 to select System Config Menu. For instructions on how to set this security feature.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch. perform the procedure below. ❑ Console Timeout . The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes. when prompted. To configure web browser access. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password. The default password is “admin”. enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes.The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software. 2. ❑ Web Access . type 6 to select Web Server Access and. perform the procedure below.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. when prompted. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. For example.

After you have made the desired changes. 44 . 4.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. if you disable web access.

. Bootloader Version .1 5456411 00.. Serial Number .AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information. The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed...3 ATI_LOADER1............00 R ... 45 ..D2.. MAC Address . type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu........17..A0... AT-S39 v1.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version .......32......

This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch. 46 .Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch.

There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. Once connected to the network. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. You simply connect it to your network. should you remove a master switch from the network. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. such as for maintenance. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. If your network consists of more than one subnet. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management. That way. 47 .

do not. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. 3. You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch. referred to as slave switches. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. you must assign each master switch a unique IP address.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. 48 . A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask.

11.32. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149. 49 .32.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature. and each has been assigned a unique IP address.32. Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches.32.11.16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet.18 Master 2 IP Address 149. you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router.09.09.22 Master 2 IP Address 149. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets.

A master switch must have a unique IP address.. From the Main Menu. slave switch. A switch with this designation can be managed locally. The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed. To be managed remotely. you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet. perform the following procedure: 1. It does not need an IP address or subnet mask.A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch. ❑ Slave switch . a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch.Enhanced Stacking Services S . Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch . ❑ Unavailable ..A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch.. Note The default setting for a switch is Slave. You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch.Save Configuration Changes R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 .Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 . or unavailable.Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable. Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack. Master 2 .A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status.

or U to make the switch unavailable. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note The “2 . The following prompt is displayed. Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3. Press Return. A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch.Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches.Switch State. the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master. Type M to change the switch to a master switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 . To change a switch’s status. 51 .” For example. S to make it a slave switch. type 1 to select Switch State. 2.

Access Switch R .Get/Refresh List of Switches A . type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. From the Main Menu. you need to select it from the management software. When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet. then it is very easy. From the Enhanced Stacking window. If you assigned system names to your switches. 2. The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window. you are by default addressing that particular switch. perform the following procedure: 1.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 . The window in Figure 10 is displayed. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services. The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch. To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch. To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G .

A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. 4. This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. 6. Type A to select Access Switch. The default password is “admin”. return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. if you want to manage the Master switch. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. The password is case-sensitive. You now can manage the selected switch. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. 53 . The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window. Once you see that window. Enter the switch’s password and press Return. Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch.

Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .

Accept changes & update flash R . type 4 to select Port Status. type 1 to select Port Menu. 55 . From the Port Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch. The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2. From the Main Menu.

Next Page U . Possible values are: Auto .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.Update Display R .indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node.Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N . Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Figure 12 is an example of the window. 56 . Possible values are: Up .Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed.indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link. Down . The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number. Manual . Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port.

This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member. Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. Possible values are: Forwarding .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex.The port has been manually disabled. Spd The operating speed of the port.No flow control on the port.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. Possible values are: None .100 Mbps 1000 .The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames. Flow The flow control setting for the port. State The current operating status of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Receive . Transmit .10 Mbps 100 . Both . Possible values are: 10 . Disabled . 57 .

perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status .. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return... type 1 to select Port Configuration...... Broadcast Control . Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 ...... The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed. From the Main Menu.. Flow Control . MDI/MDIX Mode .. enter the last port number in the range. 2...... From the Port Menu........... To configure a range of ports. To configure a range of ports. Advertise 10FDX ..Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch. To configure only one port.... type 1 to select Port Menu. Advertise 100HDX .. Negotiation ..No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 . The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3...... Advertise 10HDX . Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. Advertise 100FDX .. enter the first port of the range.........

. 0 . 5. 59 ..Speed selection are: 0010 .. Once the problem has been fixed.. This is the default setting... a port will not receive or transmit frames.The port will not receive or forward packets... You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections.10 Mbps 0100 ... The parameters are described below. When disabled.The port will receive and forward packets..1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 . If you select Manual. which is the default.Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode....Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port... Disabled ..100 Mbps 1000 . Possible settings are: Forwarding .Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex. You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port. You adjust a parameter by typing its number.. two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 . you can enable the port again to resume normal operation... Adjust the port parameters as desired.Speed ... the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port.Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode. 0100 3 .. If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation. The possible settings for the 2 . This toggles the parameter through its possible settings.Duplex .. 1 .. The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters..

or full-duplex mode. B . If desired.Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option. which is the default setting. the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it.No flow control on the port.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port. Possible settings are: None . which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half.Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. a switch port will advertise its full capabilities. a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it. By default.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. which is the default setting. half-duplex operation.Advertise 10FDX 6 . the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps. Receive . Transmit .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode. The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames. The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155. you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX. 60 .Advertise 10HDX 7 . Both . If you set this to Auto. During Auto-Negotiation. You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation. if you set the selection 8 . Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated. For example.Advertise 100FDX 8 . 5 .Advertise 100HDX to No. 9 .

You can use this option to reset the selected port. which. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node. This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode. The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. when selected. The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection. Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port. 61 .AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. Once you have set the port parameters.

To display GBIC information. The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed. 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 . From the System Configuration Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5. From the Advanced Configuration window. 2. type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch. type 5 to select System Config Menu. perform the following procedure: 1.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. Type either 24 or 25. 62 . From the Main Menu. these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.GBIC Information R . Type 1 to select GBIC Information.

.........5/125 um Fib... (k) . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number .. N .. Figure 15 is an example of the window...... Length 9/125 um Fib.... Length 50/125 um Fib..... (10m) ..... You cannot change this information.....AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module.. (100m) .......... Type of Serial Interface ..... Elect/Opt Transceiver ........ Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding ... Extended Serial Transceiver ......... Length 62.................Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only....Next Page R .......... 63 ... Length 9/125 mm Fib... Connector Type ... (10k) ....

You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. Note Port security can only be set through a local management session.Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security. 64 . The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.

You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. it remains in the table and is never purged. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. even when the end node is inactive. Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table. 65 . Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. Once this mode is activated. Automatic This operating mode disables port security. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. There are four levels of port security. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses.

even those belonging to inactive end nodes. The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level. the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned. When this security level is activated.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward. no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. 66 . The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table. The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. Once you have activated this security level. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch.

67 . ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. To specify the limits.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. type 1 to select Port Menu. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses. This is the default setting. type 3 to select the Secured mode. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . 2. After activating this security mode. type 2 to select Limited mode.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. To set a switch’s port security level. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Port Menu. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table. From the Main Menu. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed. type 5 to select Port Security. type 1 to select Automatic mode.

A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch. type 4 to select Lock all the ports now. Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time.Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned. 68 .

From the Port Menu. You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port. type 5 to select Port Security. type 1 to select Port Menu. When you activate this security level. From the Main Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn.Display MAC limit per port 2 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 .Set MAC limit per port 3 . The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed. You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports. type 2 to select Limited security. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed. 3. Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn. Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table. From the Port Security menu. To configure Limited security mode.Configure port security limited mode R . perform the following procedure: 1. 2. frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded.

70 . Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports. 11. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode. 10. 7. repeat Steps 5 through 9. This applies the limit to the port. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . Type 2 to choose Select a port. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed. type R to select Return to previous menu. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. 9. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8. 13. 12. To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. The range is 1 to 150 addresses.

AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. 16. be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed. If necessary. 15. Limited security has now been configured on the switch. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu. Examine the MAC limits. Check to be sure that they are correct. 14. 71 . repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. If you assigned different values to different ports.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks.

❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. A port trunk is 2. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load. For example. ❑ When cabling a trunk. the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. and so on. ports 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. or another Ethernet switch. router. 15 for the trunk. or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. 5. speed. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. 14. 13. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. and 24. such as a server. For example. 23. To maintain the order of the port connections. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. port 13 to port 22. and 7). 22. ❑ The duplex mode. or 4 ports. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. 73 . 3. workstation. and so on. Despite the software configuration and physical connections. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. 3. you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. 6.

The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch. ❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch. A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs.❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN. AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 . The server is connected to the switch with four data links. The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches. Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server.

examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk. From the Port Menu.Save Configuration Changes R . The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed. type 3 to select Port Trunking. Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure. Check to be sure that the settings. You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN. Note Before creating a port trunk. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. From the Main Menu. such as speed and duplex mode. are the same for all the ports of the trunk.Delete Trunk 3 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 . To create a port trunk. 2. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 . type 1 to select Port Menu.Add ports to trunk 2 .Show port trunking status S . Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software.

g. To confirm the creation of the port trunk.g.. 5. Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking. Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R .2. Enter new value -> 4. The following prompt is displayed. You can specify the ports individually (e. 1.3.3. 76 . 7-10). The port trunk is ready for network operations.. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 6. 8.Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7.4) or as a range (e. Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window. type 3 to display the status of the trunk.

The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology. 5. 4. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. 3. The port trunk is deleted from the switch. To delete a port trunk from the switch. From the Main Menu. type 3 to select Port Trunking. perform the following procedure: 1. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. From the Port Menu. To confirm the deletion. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. type 1 to select Port Menu. 77 . Type 2 to select Delete trunk. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. 2.

Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .

meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. the mirror port is likely to drop packets. if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports. For example. However. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. the more ports you mirror. You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time. the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port. For example. 79 .

perform the following procedure: 1. To mirror a range of ports. The following prompt is displayed. enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step.. If you want to mirror a range or ports. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 ... To mirror the traffic of only one port. Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6.. 5. Press Return. enter the first port of the range. Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror. No 3 .. type 2 to select Port Mirroring.CPU Attached .. You can specify only one mirror port. 2. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed.Mirroring Port .Add ports to mirror 4 .... Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7. type 1 to select Port Menu. 80 .Show Port Mirror Status S . Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3. enter the last port in the range.Delete ports from mirror 5 . 0 2 . Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is. the port to where the traffic will be copied)..Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror.Save Configuration Changes R . The following prompt is displayed.. From the Port Menu... From the Main Menu. The following prompt is displayed.. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port.

9. type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. To confirm the creation of the port mirror. Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu. The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored.AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. 10. 81 . The port mirror is now functional.

type 2 to select Port Mirroring. 5. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. Enter 0 and press Return. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. From the Port Menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror. 3. type 1 to select Port Menu. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. 82 . The following prompt is displayed. From the Main Menu. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. perform the following procedure: 1. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. 2.

refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol. 83 . ISO/IEC 10038: 1993.Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters.1D.

leaving only one main active path. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. Where multiple paths exist. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. and sometimes its MAC address. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles. exist in the network topology.Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance. 84 . of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes. By adjusting the value. STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number.1D standard. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. also referred to as the bridge identifier. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. as specified in the IEEE 802. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability. either planned or unplanned. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. referred to as broadcast storms.

where all ports have a port cost of 0. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. the preferred path is selected through port priority. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. 85 . they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby. The faster the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and. the lower the port cost. blocking mode. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. active path. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. Below are the default values. If two paths have the same port cost. Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. if one is found. If redundant paths exist.

If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. with the size of your network being a primary factor. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. and if not. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). a change in a port state is not activated immediately.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. listening and learning. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. especially if it is a large network. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. and that could adversely impact network performance. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. removal. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. For large networks. This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. For small networks. or addition of any active components. a temporary data loop could occur. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. However. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. the active topology also changes. Consequently. before it begins to forward frames. When a bridge is brought on-line. 86 .

87 . From the Main Menu. 1... type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu.. The default setting is disabled.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable .. Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 .Config STP Port Settings 8 . The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed..1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters..Display STP Port Settings 9 .. 1 .. The parameters are described below. Bridge Priority ..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2... Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network.Reset STP to Defaults R . You should consult the IEEE 802.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings. If you enable STP. Bridge Identifier .. Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. Bridge Max Age .. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed.Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch.. Bridge Forwarding ... the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. Bridge Hello Time ....

The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. The default is 20 seconds. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. 6 . 88 .535. The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed. 3. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. If the bridge transitions too soon. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge.Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. After you have made the desired changes. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. 5 . 4 . This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. For example. with 0 being the highest priority.Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. if you use the default 20. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. The default is 15 seconds. 3 . When a root bridge goes off-line.Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. resulting in network loops. The default is 2 seconds. for example. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes.

To configure a range of ports........ Port Priority . type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu.. Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters. Adjust the settings as desired... To configure just one port... The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed.. Root Bridge ... Bridge Hello Time .... 1 . Path Cost . perform the following procedure: 1... The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3... enter the first port of the range. 2. Enter the number of the port you want to configure. To configure a range of ports...Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain. From the Main Menu...Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating . From the Spanning Tree menu. type 7 to select Config STP port settings. The parameters are described below. enter the last port of the range.. This value cannot be changed. 89 . enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step.

The default is 2 seconds. To change this value. The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port.Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge. The range is 0-255. 10 for a 100 Mbps port. The default value for priority is 128. 3 . 90 . and 4 for a 1 Gbps port. 5 . This value cannot be changed from this window. 4 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed.Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain.Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. The range is 1 to 65535. refer to the previous procedure.

Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs). modifying. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 . This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session. It also contains the procedures for creating.

For example. With VLANs. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. logical LAN segments. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. if an employee changed departments. 92 . Before the advent of VLANs. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. For example. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN. It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. This too can improve overall network performance. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. Additionally. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN.

VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically. you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software. a virtual LAN can span more than one switch. 93 . or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another.AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections. This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location. Additionally.

A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. you must give it a name. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN. The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. Production. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). or just a few ports. A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches. called the Default VLAN. 94 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. Examples include Sales. and Engineering. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. such as a router or Layer 3 switch.

The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership. Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. In this manner. 95 . you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. Additionally. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. For example. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received. all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID. This is acceptable when you are creating a new. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. If you allow the management software to do it automatically. Consequently. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN. it will simply select the next available VID. unique VLAN. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames. rather than by a port’s PVID. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch. Untagged Ports Naturally. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously.AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves.

General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. ❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. 96 . However. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. Consequently. the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. For example. 97 . many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN. across multiple VLANs. a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN. such as servers and printers. In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches. ❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network. A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs.4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9. the Default VLAN is not shown. Engineering. 98 . The ports have been assigned PVID values. A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN. Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . and Production VLANs on the switch.13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 .) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN .Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. You assign this number when you create a VLAN. A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member.24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID. 11 . (For purposes of the following examples.

Example 2 99 . In this example. The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN. each VLAN has one port connected to the router.AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example. Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN . two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch.

The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch. it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales.This VLAN spans both switches. It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch.11. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch.6. Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router. This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN. However.24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 . ❑ Engineering VLAN .This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN. Since this VLAN spans multiple switches.6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN . 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN. So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN. This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch. 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13. It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4. Engineering. ❑ Production VLAN . This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment.This is the final VLAN in the example. 100 . 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 . it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . 14.

The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time. this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame. Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port. referred to as a tagged frame. the frame will be discarded. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port. If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of. the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports. When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously.3ac standard). This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. A tag. the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802.1Q-compliant. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch. This contrasts to a port-based VLAN. For example. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. The IEEE 802. 101 . This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward.

102 . simultaneously. it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. a frame without any tagged information). However. You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. Otherwise. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. But actually there is. The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. there would seem to be no need for a PVID. can be in only one VLAN at a time. Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. An untagged port. But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. In the case of a tagged VLAN.

❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time. 103 .AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN. ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS. ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs. each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID.

Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.1Q-based products.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802.1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 .

The tagged frames. while still maintaining data separation and security. One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. when received by the switch. data separation and security remain. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated. 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. 18 (PVID 2) 8. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. It is connected to an IEEE 802.1Q-compliant server. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. But with tagged ports. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example. 20 (PVID 3) 8. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. 105 . each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs.

Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered. You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. All VLAN information. Packets are passed through the switch unchanged. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames. frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. but the VLANs are not used. is ignored. ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. either tagged or untagged. 106 . refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode.

Virtual LAN Support 2 .Port VLANs & Priorities R . The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2. perform the following procedure: 1. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the VLAN Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3.Virtual LAN Definitions 3 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 . type 1 to select Create a VLAN. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S . 107 .Save Configuration Changes R . From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN.

If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. Untagged Ports .. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. 108 ....... If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches.. then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected.. The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example. C ..Create VLAN R ... The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. then the name should be unique as well. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches.. Mirroring Port .... If the VLAN will be unique in your network.. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network.. The name can be from one to ten characters in length..... Sales or Accounting). The name can contain spaces.. then its VID must also be unique.. than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch..... VLAN ID (VID) ..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4.. 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) ... but not special characters. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN..Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed... 0 Tagged Ports . such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name . you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value.. 5. For example.. The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value.....

12. Type C to select Create VLAN.3. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. 2. To verify that the VLAN was created correctly.g. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79..5. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port..(If you do not to activate this feature. 10. For more information on port mirroring. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports. You can specify the ports individually (e. Press any key. type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted. 14.g. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN. 2.5). If the VLAN will contain tagged ports.. leave this field empty.7-9). leave this field empty. or both (e.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. You can specify the ports individually (e.g.7-9) 7. A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored.. type 6 and Y for yes. 109 . 13.3.5.. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports. Note In most cases. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN. Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports. you can analyze the VLAN traffic.g.) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature. 7-9). If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports.5). as a range (e. 7-9). either do not select this option or select it and type N for no.. 2. 2. 8. type 4 to select Show All VLANs. you will see the following message: SUCCESS .Press any key to continue.g. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. or both (e. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. 9.g. as a range (e. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. this parameter should be left with its default value of 0. 11.

if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. For example. the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15. Note When you create a new VLAN. 110 . You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time. ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment.

perform the following procedure: 1. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. 6. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. Press Return.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. 2. 4. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Ports 1 to 4. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”. 5. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. To create the example Sales VLAN. 9. 7. 8. From the Main Menu. press any key. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The new Sales VLAN has now been created. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. 111 . Type C to select Create VLAN. From the VLAN Menu. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 3.

From the VLAN Menu. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 7. 20”. and 12. Press Return. 2. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. To create the example Engineering VLAN. 9. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9. Ports 8 and 16. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104. 112 .10. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 10. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN. 11. 3. Ports 9. 6. It will consist of three untagged ports. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”. 8. From the Main Menu. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. 5. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. Type C to select Create VLAN. and two untagged ports.11. 4. press any key. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.16”. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8.

3.. 2. To modify a VLAN. 7. The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4. After making the desired changes. type M to select Modify VLAN. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. For a description of the parameters.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure. The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify. The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS . refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. From the VLAN Menu.. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Change the VLAN’s information as desired. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 . From the Main Menu. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). type 2 to select Modify a VLAN. refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107. This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1.Press any key to continue. 113 ...VLAN ID (VID) ... 6.. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. R .

10. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. 8. Press any key. 11. 9. The VLAN has been modified.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs. 114 .

From the Main Menu. From the VLAN Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 . type 2 to select VLAN Menu.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R . From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. The Show All VLANs window is displayed.9 U: 8. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 3. Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7. 2. type 4 to select View All VLANs. perform the following procedure: 1.9 U: 1-6 T: 7. VID numbers.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch.

. To delete the VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return. 3. The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115..VLAN ID (VID) . type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). type 3 to select Delete a VLAN. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. 116 . which has a VID of 1. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. A confirmation prompt is displayed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure. Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN. To delete a VLAN.... From the VLAN Menu. R . Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 . type D. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. 6. 2...

The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS . Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure.AT-S39 User’s Guide 7. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 117 . The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed. 9. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs. The VLAN has been deleted. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. both tagged and untagged.Press any key to continue. All ports in the deleted VLAN. are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. 10. 8.

5.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. 118 . From the Main Menu. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. on a switch. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. To delete all VLANs on a switch. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. 2. except the Default VLAN. To delete selected VLANs. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. 4. A confirmation message is displayed. From the VLAN Menu. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Press Return.

type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 . To change a PVID for a port. For example. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary. 2.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. From the Main Menu. Press Return. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change. Type 1 to select Port Number. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN.Port Number R .AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. perform the following procedure: 1. From the VLAN Menu. 119 .

.... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number ..Update Changes to Chip C .. 120 ... The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6..... Port VLAN ID ...... Press Return.... Override Priority (Y/N) .. 1 1 0 N U .. Return to the Main Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5....... Specify the new PVID value for the port..Accept changes & update flash R . The port now has a new PVID. Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID.. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. 9..... 7....Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed.... The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS .. You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch..Press any key to continue. Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High . 8.. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. perform the following procedure: 1. Press Return. 2. Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. From the Main Menu. Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. 121 . 5. The default is Tagged mode. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Type 3 to select Switch Mode. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. B-Basic): 3. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 4. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode.

If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure. Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu. Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering.Enable VLANs Globally D . the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. It sets a switch’s VLAN mode.Enable/Disable VLANs 2 . The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering. When VLANs are disabled.Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 . ingress filtering is disabled.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E . the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode.Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C . The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 . perform the following procedure: 1. From the VLAN Menu.Accept changes & update flash R .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3. When VLANs are enabled. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode.Disable VLANs Globally R . 2. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed.

Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode.AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 123 . 6. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 5.

Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. Fortunately. the frame is discarded. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. If they belong to the same VLAN. just as a reminder. First. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. If they belong to different VLANs. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN. nor to any frames. In this case. 124 . Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. the port discards the frame. the switch discards the frame. For further information. tagged or untagged. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated. or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. If there is. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. Once the tagged frame is received. Here is an example. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. the port accepts the frame. the port accepts the frame.

and that is the priority tag. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch. Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame. The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed.Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R . Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch. 2. 4. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets. From the VLAN Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5.Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E . perform the following procedure: 1. Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. regardless of the status of ingress filtering. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis. To enable or disable ingress filtering. You cannot set this per port. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags. which is the default. From the Virtual LAN Support menu. In most cases. From the Main Menu. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. 125 .

Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .

If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table. When the switch receives a packet. by referring to its MAC address table. along with the port number on which each address was learned. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. it also examines the destination address and. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. 127 . This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received. For example. When the destination node responds. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. and the port number where each address was learned. determines the port where the destination node is connected. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch.

Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports. once entered in the table. The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. even when the end node is inactive. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process. A static MAC address. remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted. For instructions on changing the aging timer. Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table. This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes). 128 . This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. even when the end node is inactive.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses.

The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports. just the base ports. One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses. 3. To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. perform the following procedure: 1. 129 . To display only static MAC addresses. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R . type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports. To display the MAC address table. type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses. The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. type 6 to select MAC Address Tables. From the Main Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2.

except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses. Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window. MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group.Accept changes & update flash U .Update Display R . A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. The static MAC address window is exactly the same. 130 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N . which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. The columns in the window are defined below. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed.

AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. except for the switch’s MAC address. Another example is “000020F. As an example. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. This feature is not supported at this time. 131 . Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Type The MAC address type. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. The type can be either static or dynamic. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored.

From the MAC Address Table menu. 2. The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu. 132 . Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. From the Main Menu. You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3. A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port. 1.

133 . From the MAC Address Table menu. But if the switch is part of a large network. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. 2. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. finding the address could prove difficult. you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. for a static address. From the Main Menu. 1. You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address. The procedure in this section offers an easier way. or to which the address was assigned. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. if the address was learned dynamically.

(This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. From the MAC Address Table menu. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch. 1. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. From the Main Menu.) Note To perform this procedure. as explained earlier in this chapter. For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. 2. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table. produces the same result. perform the following procedure. 134 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN.

135 . the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses. the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. 3. If you type Y for yes. 1. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. From the Main Menu. A confirmation prompt is displayed. From the MAC Address Table menu. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table. Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. perform the following procedure. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure. Once the table has been purged.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. From the Main Menu. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address. type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address. 5. perform the following procedure: 1. From the MAC Address Table menu. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected. 2. The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table. To add a static address to the MAC address table. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 136 .

type 3 to select Delete MAC Address. Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. perform the following procedure: 1. 137 . 2. From the MAC Address Table menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. From the Main Menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 4. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. 138 . To adjust the aging time. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes). This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active. Enter a new value in seconds. From the Main Menu. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. type 5 to select System Config Menu. the switch deletes the address. From the System Config Menu. 2. The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time. The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3.

Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .

untagged frames (i.e. but were mostly transparent to network users. By default. packet transfer delays can prove problematic. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue. But with the introduction of time-critical applications. network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner.1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest. such as voice transmission or video conferencing. 140 . a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues.1p and 802. Prior to CoS. When a tagged packet enters a switch port. For example.. The 802.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802. low and high. File transfer delays did occur. 0 to 7.1Q standards. CoS was designed to address this problem.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer. transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays.

141 . enter a value from 4 to 7. Type 1 to select Port Number. Return to the Main Menu. 3.) 7. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 10. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. From the VLAN Menu. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS. The default for this parameter is No. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue.7). Type 3 to select Priority (0 . it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. 8. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 9. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. From the Main Menu. (Again.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port. enter a value from 0 to 3. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. 5. Press Return. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. 6. 11.

Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .

the router does not send multicast packets out the port. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. it removes the node from appropriate membership list. Once the router has received a report from a host node. A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. it simply stops sending reports. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. In Version 2. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups. There are two versions of IGMP. it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. referred to as a time-out value. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. 143 .) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port. In Version 1. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group.

Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2. and by processing leave requests. IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch. 144 . except the port on which it received the packet. Note By default. which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value. a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports.

Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate).. View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S . This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 .. From the Advanced Configuration window.. After selecting this option. Multicast Host Topology ...IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch.. 2 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 . Host/Router Timeout Interval ....Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status . From the Main Menu. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration... 2. Multicast Router Port(s) .Save Configuration Changes R . type E to enable or D to disable this feature.. perform the following procedure: 1. Maximum Multicast Groups . type 5 to select System Config Menu.... The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters. From the System Configuration Menu.......

With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. The range is from 1 second to 86. The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 .Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. The default is 256 multicast groups.Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn.Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. that is. Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. The default is 256 multicast addresses. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. 5 . it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. The range is 1 to 2048 groups.400 seconds (24 hours). You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. 4 . 3 . This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. The default is 260 seconds.Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected.

Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number. 4. After making the desired changes. Your changes are activated immediately on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect. 147 . To select Auto Detect. enter “0” (zero) for this parameter.

To display the list.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch. Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected. Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U . The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. 3. From the Main Menu. From the System Configuration Menu. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 2. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. 148 . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group. as well as the host nodes. 4. From the Advanced Configuration window.Update Display R . type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. type 5 to select System Config Menu.

From the Advanced Configuration window. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. 2. From the Main Menu. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected.Update Display R . The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. 4. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U . To display a list of the multicast routers. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. type 7 to select View Multicast Router List. 149 . From the System Configuration Menu. Router IP The IP address of the multicast router.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes. type 5 to select System Config Menu. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration.

Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .

AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. Broadcast frames are different. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps. For example. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. When a node sends out a broadcast frame. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. In order to use this feature. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. 151 . For example. You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. That is. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example. At these settings. the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. 152 . Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch. Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames. If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval.

The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds. 100.Timer for 1000 MB ports . perform the following procedure: 1. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration... The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4..100x 153 .. 0 milli sec 2 .. and 1000 Mbps. From the Main Menu. 0 micro sec C . You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed. 2..Timer for 10 MB ports . type 5 to select System Config Menu..1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . 3.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . or 3 and enter a value when prompted. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 . 0 milli sec 3 .. From the Advanced Configuration Menu. From the System Configuration Menu. Type 1. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature.Save Configuration Changes R . type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup.Timer for 100 MB ports ..

Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. The default value is “0” for all timers. Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive. 154 . The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. 6. Once you have set the desired timer intervals. the management software multiples the value by 10. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. 5.

To configure only one port. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. 2. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. enter the last port number in the range. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval. type 1 to select Port Menu. 155 . To configure a range of ports. Type B to select Broadcast Control. 6. 5.> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. type 1 to select Port Configuration. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. To configure a range of ports. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded. enter the first port of the range.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. From the Port Menu. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. For example. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics. From the Main Menu.Clear Module Statistics 3 . From the Ethernet Statistics menu. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4. Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics. 157 . Press Return.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2.Display Module Statistics R .Clear Port Statistics 3 .Port Statistics Menu 2 .Select a Port 2 . The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view. The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed. Type 1 to choose Select a Port. 5.Display Port Statistics R . type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics. perform the following procedure: 1.

........................................... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port.......... OVERSIZE . RX_OVERFLOW ...... TX_COUNT .. RX_COUNT ...... RX_UNICAST . UNDERSIZE ..... 158 ... RX_BRDCAST ....Update Display R ................................Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. PORT_IN_DISCARDS ... RX_MLTCAST .................... shown in Figure 48.... U . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT ................ CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port... CRC_ERROR ............. Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port........ Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port........Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window...... Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port.......... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded......... FRAGMENT ........ Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port........

3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. select the option “2 . packets with alignment errors. If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu. 159 . but discarded and not forwarded. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port.

............... From the Main Menu.................. U ....... UNDERSIZE .......... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT ........... type 3 to select Display Module Statistics.... Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch............. RX_MLTCAST ..... OVERSIZE ...... TX_COUNT ............. FRAGMENT .... RX_OVERFLOW .... The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window.................. The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch. Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch. perform the following procedure: 1.... 160 .. RX_COUNT ......Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch.. PORT_IN_DISCARDS ................ CRC_ERROR .... From the Ethernet Statistics menu. Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded.....Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only... shown in Figure 48. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics................... RX_UNICAST ....Update Display R ...... 2............... RX_BRDCAST .................

Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch. packets with alignment errors. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch. Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. 161 . but discarded and not forwarded. Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch.Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu. If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”. select the option “2 . CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch.

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

163

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

166 . Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. Do not reboot the switch. Once the management software is initialized. If you are installing a new management image. Note Do not interrupt the initialization process. Begin the file transfer of the new management software image. a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete. the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. the switch automatically resets.

img 167 .cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image.The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch.1 put c:\ats39.ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39.1. or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above.AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software.The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch.35.This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image.img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39.35. loader file. Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149. tftp -i 149. you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn. If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software. Binary . You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host . The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39. A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT.1. This may necessitate renaming the file. Source file . Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. Put .1.

The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host .img Once the file is stored on a local drive. Get . Source file .The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation.The source file name is “ATS39.img c:\ats39.1.cfg”.35.1.The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file. as explained in the previous section. This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. 168 . it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP.This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from.1 get ats39.35. Destination file . Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited.1 to local drive C: of the workstation. Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation. tftp -i 149. Binary .

MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26. Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20. Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28. Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24. Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23. Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25.

170 .Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser. such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.

171 . Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch. Additionally. the switch must have an IP address. as shown in Figure 51. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. 2. To start a web browser management session. Consequently. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. Start your web browser. enter the user name and password. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed. (The password is case-sensitive. For instructions.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser. The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. To change the password.) The user name cannot be changed. perform the following procedure: 1. When prompted.

Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software. In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites. You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows. You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser. Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus. 172 . Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display.The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed.

select Exit from any AT-S39 management page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session. 173 .

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

perform the following procedure: 1. refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. subnet address. 175 . 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. select Configuration. If the System menu option is not selected. From the Home Page. select it and then select the General tab. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default.

Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed. Sales Ethernet switch). Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window. 3. 176 . Entering a value for this parameter is optional. The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example.

g. a Telnet utility. To create a new password. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. such as its location (e. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. 4. or an SNMP management program. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. After you have set the parameters. enter the new password into both fields. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. click Apply. 177 . The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length. Wiring closet 402B). You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply.. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch. The default password is “admin”.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. Floor 4. Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch.

or gateway address. You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session. you must reset the switch to activate your change. subnet mask. You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session. 178 . If you made a change to the IP address.Section III: Web Browser Management 5. or by using the Reset button on the switch.

2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. From the Configuration Menu. The Monitoring window is displayed. If it is not already selected. From the Home page. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 . select the General tab. select System Status. 3. The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. select Monitoring.

Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table. If this parameter displays “Tagged. These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212.” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. 180 . Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging . For information about VLANs.” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. The sections in the window are defined below. Administration This section contains a variety of information.Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes). For background information about MAC addresses. This value cannot be changed. which also explains how to change the parameters.Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only. If this parameter displays “Basic. You cannot change any of the values from this window. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. Virtual LANs on page 91. ❑ Switch Mode . ❑ Hash Count . For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session. General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address. including the IP address of the switch and the system name. These values cannot be changed. refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10.Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode.

Adjust the parameters as desired. Select the SNMP tab. select Configuration. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. select System. The parameters are described below. 2. 3. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed. From the Configuration menu. 181 . Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page.

182 . Changes are immediately activated on the switch.Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. Click Apply to save your changes to the switch. 5.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 .Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed.

Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch. Select the Port Setting tab. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4. The selected port turns white. click it again. 184 . From the Home page. You can select only one port at a time. 3. (To deselect a port. From the Configuration page. select Layer 1. select Configuration.) 5. Click Modify. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure. The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56.

For instructions on how to set this value. refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227. 185 . Adjust the port parameters as desired. Both . Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6. any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch. Receive . For background information on this feature.Flow control only on packets being received on the port.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. If the threshold is reach. Possible values are: None .No flow control on the port. An example of the window is shown in Figure 57.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed. Flow Control The flow control setting for the port. Transmit . The parameters are described below.Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port.

Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps . Once you have made the desired changes. Default values are listed in Appendix A.Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps .Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode. A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames.Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps .Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port. Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values. The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. This is the default. 7. click Apply. 186 . The default for this port parameter is enabled. ❑ 10Mbps .

perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. From the Home page. To display the status or statistics of a switch port. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB.) 4. select Layer 1. You can view a port’s operating speed. and more. 3. Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. Click a port. 2. From the Monitoring page. click it again. duplex mode. (To deselect a port. MDI/MDI-X configuration. The selected port turns white. 187 . The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58. Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics. select Monitoring. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch. You can select only one port at a time.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

191

192 .Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session. Note For background information on port security. Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session. refer to Port Security Overview on page 65.

From the Home page. From the Layer 2 page. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Configuration page. select the Port Security tab.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. 2. select Layer 2. Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 . select Monitoring. The current security level is displayed.

194 .Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session. refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73. Note For background information on port trunking.

which can adversely effect the operations of your network. If there is a port trunk. From the Home page. all ports in the switch image will be black. which can produce broadcast storms. 195 . Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. select Configuration. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. From the Configuration page. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. perform the following procedure: 1. the ports of the trunk will be white. 2. 3. If you are deleting a port trunk. Select the Port Trunking tab. Loops can result in broadcast storms. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. select Layer 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. To create or delete a port trunk.

click Remove. A port trunk can contain 2. A selected port changes to white. 196 .Section III: Web Browser Management 4. do the following: a. b. 3. To delete a port trunk. or 4 ports. The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. Click Apply. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk. To create a port trunk. You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. 5. An unselected port is black.

Note For background information on port mirroring. 197 . refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79.Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror.

You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports. 5. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. perform the following procedure: 1. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch. 2. 3. Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. c. select Layer 1. b. From the Configuration page. From the Home page. do the following: a. 198 .Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. To create a port mirror. Click Apply. select Configuration. To delete an existing port mirror. Select the Port Mirroring tab.

The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations. 199 .AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted.

Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session. Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP. refer to STP Overview on page 84. 200 .

You should consult the IEEE 802. From the Configuration menu. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. select Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. From the Home page. 3. The parameters are described below. 201 . Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed.Configuration 4. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. From the Layer 2 window. 2. If you enable STP. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window . select the Spanning Tree tab. perform the following procedure: 1. To configure a bridge’s STP parameters. select Layer 2.

click Apply. When a root bridge goes off-line. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. For example. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. After you have made the desired changes.Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge.535. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. If the bridge transitions too soon. 5. with 0 being the highest priority. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. This value cannot be changed. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. The default setting is disabled. if you use the default 20. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. 202 . Changes are immediately activated on the switch. The default is 20 seconds. for example. The default is 2 seconds. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. possibly resulting in a network loop. The default is 15 seconds.

2. From the Layer 2 page. To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters.Monitoring 203 . refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings. 3. From the Home page. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window . From the Monitoring menu. select Monitoring. select Layer 2. select the Spanning Tree tab.

Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. Virtual LANs. modify. This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. and delete VLANs from a web browser management session. refer to Chapter 10. Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 .

From the Layer 2 window. The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. 2. From the Configuration menu. select Layer 2. perform the following procedure: 1. select the VLAN tab. 3. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 . select Configuration. From the Home page.

If the VLAN will be unique in your network. Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN. The name can contain spaces but not special characters. The name can be from one to 10 characters in length. its VID must be unique as well. The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. Sales or Accounting). Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. 6. Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. the name should be unique as well. 206 . Click Add. the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed.Section III: Web Browser Management 4.

Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. 7. 9. In most cases. 10. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. 8.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. Click Apply. You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. or a tagged port. click Send to CPU. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. This value disables port mirroring. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. For example. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. To select ports for the VLAN. its VID value should be the same on each switch. Note For background information on port mirroring. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. 207 .

208 . The VLAN is now ready for network operations.Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment.

6. Click Modify. 209 . 3. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. they are returned to the Default VLAN. From the Configuration menu. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. 7. 5. Creating a VLAN. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. From the Home page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. 4. select Configuration. After making the desired changes. click Apply. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. select the VLAN tab. select Layer 2. From the Layer 2 window. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure.

The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed.Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. Click Remove. 5. 4. From the Configuration menu. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. From the Layer 2 window. 2. select Layer 2. select the VLAN tab. 3. The VLAN is deleted from the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. 210 . From the Home page. select Configuration. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete.

From the Home page. 3. From the Monitoring page. select the VLAN tab. The management software displays the window in Figure 68. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . select Layer 2. select Monitoring. 2. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Layer 2 page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch.

You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. select Configuration. Virtual LANs. 3. Reset the switch. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. From the Home Page. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. 5. From the Configuration menu. In the Switch Mode section of the window. which is the default. perform the following procedure: 1. 212 . To set the switch’s VLAN mode. 2. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. If you select Basic. Select the General tab. Note Refer to Chapter 10. If you select Tagged. 4. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs. click either Tagged or Basic. choose System.

Click Apply. You can select only one port at a time. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. From the Configuration page. perform the following procedure: 1. select CoS. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. For example. click it again. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. A selected port turns white. From the Layer 2 page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. 5. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. 4. 3. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. 2. From the Home page. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. To deselect a port. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 . select Configuration. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. select Layer 2. To change a PVID for a port.

Click Apply. Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port. The new value is immediately activated on the port. Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26. 7. The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch. 214 .Section III: Web Browser Management 6. Class of Service on page 219.

Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table. 215 . refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.

select Layer 2. From the Layer 2 page. 2.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed. Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. select Monitoring. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. The options are described below. select the Forwarding Database tab. 216 . From the Home page. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. For instructions. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session. You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. From the Monitoring page. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses.

CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. click View. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port. 217 . Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. 4. You specify the VLAN by its VID. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. The port numbering scheme is from right to left. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. Another example is “000020F. Once you have configured the options. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch. As an example.

This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. This feature is not supported at this time. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. Type The MAC address type. The type can be either static or dynamic. 218 . Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. except for the switch’s MAC address.

refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS. 219 .

220 . click the Override Priority option. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. A graphical image of the switch is displayed.) 5. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5. You can select only one port at a time. Click the port where you want to configure CoS. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. Click Apply. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. 8. select Configuration. (To deselect a port. it does not matter which of these levels you select. A selected port turns white. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. The default for this parameter is No. select the CoS tab. 3. 6.) 7. select Layer 2. click it again. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. From the Layer 2 page. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. From the Configuration page. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. Click Modify. From the Home page. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7. 4. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. (Again.

refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143. Note For background information on this feature. 221 .Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch.

From the Home page. The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. 222 . A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. select System. select Configuration. 3. From the Configuration menu. Select the IGMP tab. Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port). The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch.

some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub.400 seconds (24 hours). With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 . that is. The default is 256 multicast groups. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. The default is 260 seconds. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. The range is from 1 second to 86. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. The range is 1 to 2048 groups.

or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image. The default is 256 multicast addresses. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. 224 . The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. A white port indicates a multicast router port. You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect.Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses.

Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. Note For background information on this feature. 225 .

perform the following procedure: 1. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. From the Home page. click Apply. and 1000 Mbps.10x ❑ 100 Mbps .) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed. the management software multiples the value by 10. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . 4. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.100x For example. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. 100. 226 . The default value is “0” for all timers.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept. 2. enter values for the three interval timers. The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. select them now. If they are not already selected. select Configuration. 3. To specify an interval timer. You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. After you have entered your values.

Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. You can select only one port at a time. As an example. In the graphical switch image. perform the following procedure: 1. Click Modify. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. If it is not selected. 7. Click Apply. The selected port turns white. To deselect a port. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames. From the Configuration page. From the Home page. 3. select Layer 1. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. 5. When you open the Layer 1 page. select it now. 6. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. click it again. The port will accept all broadcast frames. 4. 2. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. select Configuration. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. 227 . the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward.

Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.0.0.255.Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.0.0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 .0 0.0.0 255.0.

) 229 .1 and above only.AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.

37 BPDU.Index A aging time changing. used in this guide. 128 AT-S39 default settings. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. 202 bridge priority. 155. 150. 121. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. 141. 37 defined. 106 setting. 177 H hello time. 84. AT-S39. configuring. 60. 47 guidelines. 225 defined. 138 defined. 185 forwarding delay. 163 AT-S39 version number. 90 host nodes 230 . 37 releasing IP address. 35. 167 obtaining. 86. 84. 41. 27. 88. 41. 43 conventions. 202 bridge identifier. 45 Auto-Negotiation. 228 DHCP activating. 172 C Class of Service configuring. 202 bridge max age parameter. 60. 164 downloading via TFTP. 220 defined. 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. 227 browser tools. 52 defined. 88 G gateway address. 88. 47 setting switch status. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 50 F flow control. 86. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. 36 documentation. 202 bridge hello time parameter. 37 defined. 88. 212 BOOTP activating. 88. 11 D default values. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. 140 console timeout.

90 port mirroring creating. 59. 195 guidelines. 59. 84 RS232 port. 146. 85 setting. 65 displaying. 82. 143 ingress filtering. switch. 216 MAC address. 69 defined. 205 defined. 222 231 . 58. 177 interval timer configuring. 181 SNMP management session. 115. 25 S Secure level. 186 displaying status. 222 defined. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. 21 master switch defined. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 39. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). 187 speed. 50 SNMP community strings. 198 port security configuring. 28 starting. 157 port trunking creating. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. 60 multicast groups. 80. 66 serial number. 55. 18 quitting. 35. 148 host/router timeout interval. 143 displaying. 151 L limited security mode configuring. 24 M MAC address table. 184 disable. 26. 126. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 186 statistics. 226 defined. 28 Telnet session. 119. 21 snoop topology.1d standard. 90 PVID. 45 slave switch. 35. port security. 198 defined. 77. 111. 223 I IEEE 802. 153. 213 defined. 195 defined. 223 multicast router. 95. default settings. 177 default. 116. displaying. 190 port cost defined. 107. 73 deleting. 87. 145. 149 P password changing. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 94 deleting all. 29.AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 145. 65 local management session defined. 102 port-based VLAN creating. 118 deleting. defined. 209 priority queues. 42 root bridge. 146. 75. 50 returning to. 113. 67 defined. 210 displaying. 32. 30 web browser session. switch. 79 deleting. 173 R resetting a switch. maximum. 193 port statistics. 140 priority. 211 modifying. 171 port configuring parameters.

137 displaying. 116. 136 deleting. 29 web browser. 201 configuring port parameters. 210 displaying. 129 statistics port.Index software updates downloading from a local session. 101 VLAN identifier (VID). 203 starting session local. 211 modifying. 92 deleting all. downloading software updates. 115. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. 84 port cost. 35. 20 quitting. 167 obtaining. 209 Telnet management session defined. 111. 112. 116. 113. default. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 107. 118 deleting. 108 VLAN identifier. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. 118 deleting. 171 static MAC address adding. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. 205 defined. 167 U unavailable status. 190 switch. 171 232 . 24 Telnet. 94. 94 tagged. 30 starting. 107. 112. 113. 206 VLAN. changing. 205 defined. 45 virtual LAN creating. 35. defined. 212 modifying. defined. 101 deleting all. AT-S39. 211 enabling. defined. 121. 171 V version number. 19 quitting. 50 user name. 160 system name. 85. 87. 157. 90 viewing bridge parameters. 209 port-based. 210 disabling. 115. 177 switch statistics. 164 downloading via TFTP. 43 limitations. 122 displaying. 160 STP. 173 starting. 29 TFTP. 89 defined. 122 mode.

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