Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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........ 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN............................................................................................91 VLAN Overview .................................................................................................................. 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 115 Deleting a VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 113 Displaying VLAN Information .................................................................................................................................................................... 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN ................................. 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview .......................................................................................................................... 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN ...... 112 Modifying a VLAN ................... 151 Configuring the Interval Timer ................................................................................................... 157 Displaying Switch Statistics .................................................... 116 Deleting All VLANs .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN ... 127 Displaying MAC Addresses ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 126 MAC Address Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview ............................................................................................................... 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs .......... 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table . 140 Configuring CoS ........ 97 Port-based Example 1.......................................................................................... 118 Changing a PVID Value ....................................................................... 143 Activating IGMP Snooping ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses ........................................................... 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 156 Displaying Port Statistics .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering ..... 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count ........................ 103 Tagged VLAN Example .....................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 142 IGMP Snooping Overview ........................................................................................................................ 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service ............................... 139 Class of Service Overview ..................................................................................................................................... 160 5 ....................................... 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 137 Changing the Aging Time .............................................................................. 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs ....................................................................................................... 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses ............................ 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 99 Tagged VLAN Overview ....................... 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port ...................................................................................................................................................................92 Port-based VLAN Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 98 Port-based Example 2................................... 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................175 Viewing System Information ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ..................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol .............................205 Modifying a VLAN .......................................................................................................................213 6 .....................................................................................................................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................168 Example...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name .............................204 Creating a VLAN .......................................................................... 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session ....................................................................................................................................................................................................201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings ..........................................................212 Changing a PVID .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................162 Obtaining Software Updates ................................................................................................209 Deleting a VLAN ........167 Example................................................................................................................................................................ 167 Uploading a Configuration File .....210 Displaying VLANs .............................................................................................................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters .................................................................................................................................................................171 Browser Tools...........................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session ...................192 Displaying the Port Security Level .............................. 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode ............................................................................................................................................................................................................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security ........................................................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks ...................................................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk .184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics ...........................................................................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 168 Section III Web Browser Management ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................183 Configuring Port Parameters ...........................................................................................................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses ....................................

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames ....................... 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table ....................................... 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping .............. 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control ........................................................... 228 Index ........................................................................................................ 230 7 ..................................................................................................... 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings .......................................................................................................................................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table ....................................................... 225 Configuring the Interval Timer ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service .......................................................................................................................................................... 219 Configuring CoS .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window .....Example 1 ................................... 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window .......................... 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu .. 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu .. 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu ........................................................... 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu ................................................. 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu ................ 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window ...................... 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu .......................... 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window ........................................................................ 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu .................................................................................................................................... 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window ........ 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window ................................................................................. 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu ......................................................................................................................... 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 122 8 .............................................. 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu ......... 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN ................................................................... 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN ........................................................................................................... 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Example 2 ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window ........................................... 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 52 Figure 11: Port Menu ................................................................................................................................................................................. 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window ................................................................................................................................................ 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ....................... 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example .. 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 25 Figure 2: Main Menu ......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window ............................................ 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ......................................................................... 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................

............................................................................................ Figure 60: Port Statistics Window ...............................................................................................................................................Configuration ............................................. Figure 54: General Tab Window .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page ........................................................................................ Figure 61: Port Security Menu ........................... Figure 66: VLAN Window ...................................................Monitoring ................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 62: Port Trunking Window ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 68: VLAN Window ............................................................... Figure 71: IGMP Tab ......................... Figure 52: Home Page ....................................... Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window ... Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window ............................ Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window ......................................................................................... Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 53: General Tab ............................... Figure 57: Settings for Port Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 69: CoS Setting Window ..................................................................................................... Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window ............................................................................................................................................................ 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 .................................................................................................. Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window ........................................................................................................................................................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ............................. Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window ............................................................................ Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu .................... Figure 59: Port Status Window ...................................... Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field .............................................................................................................................................................. Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window .............................................................. Figure 67: Add VLAN Window ................................................................. Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu ................................................................ Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu .................................................. Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window ........................................................................................................... Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab ......................................................... Figure 55: SNMP Tab ........... Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password. To use the FTP server.alliedtelesyn.alliedtelesyn. 14 .com or our FTP server at ftp.com. You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www.Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products.

Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software. 15 . It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters. You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches. 16 . Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A. then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network. and powering ON the device. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. as explained in the hardware installation guide. The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. If this is true for your network.Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters.

AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session. There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. 17 . The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide. The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use. It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser. such as to change or adjust its operating parameters. you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software.

18 . using a straight-through RS-232 cable. Note For instructions on starting a local management session. you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch.Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session. refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. Once the session is started. This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located.

Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. With AT-8024GB switches. which include the enhanced stacking feature. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. 19 . Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session. refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171. ❑ DHCP and BOOTP . just like a Telnet management session. that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address.You can view but not set the port security level of a switch.Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch.You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session. Consequently. every AT-8024GB switch. as well as every AT-8024 switch. ❑ Port security level . This too is a type of remote management. There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session. 20 . They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking . because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch. Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session.

Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program. refer to your SNMP management documentation. The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program. Consequently. A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program. 21 . For instructions.

Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .

Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .

Note For information on enhanced stacking. You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch. you must go to where that switch is located. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. to start this type of management session. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch. usually within a few meters. 24 . A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch. This can simplify network management. You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. Additionally. you can manage just that switch.

see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 . POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2. Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session. perform the following procedure: 1. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program. Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch. 3.

This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only. enter the password for the management software. The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset.1 and above. You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch. The default is “admin”. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S .Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 . (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>). (The password is case-sensitive.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal. the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt. Otherwise. the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps). Note During boot up.Save Configuration Changes R . (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1. simply type boot and press Return to start the switch. The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps.) 4. Press the Return key twice. 5.) The Main Menu is displayed. The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly. If prompted for a password.) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal. or an equivalent terminal emulator program.

This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. refer to Chapter 4. For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session. 27 . you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet. It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located. Enhanced Stacking on page 46.AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item. Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu. type the corresponding letter or number.

return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session. Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously. Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions. You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch. 28 . This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended.

Additionally. such as with a local management session. Enter the management software password when prompted. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. Note For background information on enhanced stacking. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. To return to a previous menu. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely. To make a selection. The default password is “admin”. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch. Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. as shown in Figure 2 on page 26. type R or press ESC twice. type its corresponding number of letter. 29 . The menus also function the same. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. In terms of functionally. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session.

30 .Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session. type Q for Quit from the Main Menu.

activating the original switch default settings. and more. There are also procedures for resetting the switch. There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it.Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 .

This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. This feature has two primary benefits.) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. You do not need to assign an IP address. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. Second. First. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. a web browser. This switch will be the Master switch of the stack. The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. subnet mask. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. you must assign at least one of them an IP address. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. you must also assign it a subnet mask. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. 32 . all from the same management session.

If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. You can do this two different ways. 33 .AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet. you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure. switches on your network need an IP address. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. if any.

..Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address....0..0..... 0. Comments .Save Configuration Changes R .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address ..0 Subnet Mask .) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch... subnet mask...0..0. go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37.. along with other optional information.Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 .. Change Password . 255.255. such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch.Release DHCP IP Address S ..Reset Switch X ....Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L ..0 Default Gateway . From the Main Menu.. and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session. perform the following procedure: 1.. (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network.Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42...... 0.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 ... The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed. 9 ...0. The selection X .... Administrator .0 System Name . To manually set a switch’s IP address. type 4 to select Administration Menu......

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

From the Main Menu. The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. From the System Configuration Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. 39 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. type 3 to select SNMP Configuration. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R .

when prompted.Trap Receiver 1 5 .0 0..0...... 4 ...0 0... 0. public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 .. 1 .......GET Community 2 ...Trap Community .0.. After making your changes.. public 2 ...0. enter the new value.... type S to select Save Configuration Changes..Save Configuration Changes R ... 40 ........... . private 3 ...Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed..... ....Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4..... The parameters are described below...Trap Receiver 2 6 ..0. 5.SET Community 3...... Adjust the parameters as desired........0..Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings...... type its corresponding number and..0 S ..SET Community .0. Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch..0. .GET Community ...0 0...Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 ..Trap Receiver 3 7 .0.. To change a value.

The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. 4. From the System Configuration Menu. Type Y to reset the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults. Type Y for yes or N for no. If you type Y for yes.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 2. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings. 41 . From the Main Menu. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A. You are prompted to reset the switch.

From the Administrator Menu. 2. type 4 to select Administrator Menu. a task requiring only a second or two to complete. perform the following procedure: 1. Some data traffic may be lost. The switch immediately reloads its operating system.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. 42 . Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software. type 9 to select Reset Switch. From the Main Menu.

type 5 to select System Config Menu. 2.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. To configure web browser access.The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch. perform the following procedure: 1.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch. if you specify 2 minutes. enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes. For example. For instructions on how to set this security feature. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and. ❑ Console Timeout . 43 . when prompted. the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. To configure the console timer. perform the procedure below. when prompted.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password. perform the procedure below. (The password is case-sensitive. 3. For instructions on how to set this security feature. The default password is “admin”. ❑ Web Access . To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software. The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes. and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser. These security features are: ❑ Password . type 6 to select Web Server Access and. type E to enable web access or D to disable web access.

if you disable web access. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser. 4. 44 . type S to select Save Configuration Changes.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. After you have made the desired changes.

.....1 5456411 00....A0.17..D2. type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version .. Serial Number .........AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information.. 45 ... The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed..... MAC Address .3 ATI_LOADER1.. AT-S39 v1.00 R .......32..... Bootloader Version ....Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed...

Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch. 46 .

There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. That way. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. Once connected to the network. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master. If your network consists of more than one subnet. 47 . you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. You simply connect it to your network. should you remove a master switch from the network. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. such as for maintenance.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. do not. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually. If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch. you must assign each master switch a unique IP address. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. referred to as slave switches. 3. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. 48 . The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session. You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37.

09.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature.22 Master 2 IP Address 149. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets.32. Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches.11. and each has been assigned a unique IP address.18 Master 2 IP Address 149. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149.32. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet.11.09.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router.16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149. 49 . you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet.32.32.

A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet. You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch. ❑ Slave switch .Save Configuration Changes R . perform the following procedure: 1. you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 . ❑ Unavailable .A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch.. Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack. To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. To be managed remotely. It does not need an IP address or subnet mask. or unavailable..A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch. Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch . A master switch must have a unique IP address. A switch with this designation can be managed locally. From the Main Menu.Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 .. a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address. The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed. Note The default setting for a switch is Slave. slave switch.Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable.Enhanced Stacking Services S . Master 2 .

Switch State. Note The “2 .” For example.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 . Press Return.Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches. Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3. Type M to change the switch to a master switch. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master. To change a switch’s status. 2. type 1 to select Switch State. 51 . The following prompt is displayed. S to make it a slave switch. 4. A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch. or U to make the switch unavailable.

you need to select it from the management software. The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch. The window in Figure 10 is displayed. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services.Get/Refresh List of Switches A . If you assigned system names to your switches. 2. The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G . then it is very easy. From the Enhanced Stacking window.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 . you are by default addressing that particular switch. When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet. To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch. To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet.Access Switch R .

53 . 6. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. Enter the switch’s password and press Return. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window. You now can manage the selected switch. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit. Once you see that window. The default password is “admin”. 4. Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches. Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch. if you want to manage the Master switch. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. The password is case-sensitive. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session. Type A to select Access Switch. This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

From the Main Menu. type 1 to select Port Menu. From the Port Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2.Accept changes & update flash R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C . type 4 to select Port Status. 55 . The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch. perform the following procedure: 1.

The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number.indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link. Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N .Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed.Update Display R .indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down .Next Page U . Manual . Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. 56 . Possible values are: Up .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. Figure 12 is an example of the window.Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode.

100 Mbps 1000 . Both . Possible values are: None . Transmit .The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.No flow control on the port.10 Mbps 100 . State The current operating status of the port. Receive .Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. Possible values are: Forwarding . Spd The operating speed of the port.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port.The port has been manually disabled. This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member. 57 .1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port. Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Flow The flow control setting for the port. Possible values are: 10 . Disabled .AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex.

Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return... enter the last port number in the range....... To configure a range of ports.. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3... perform the following procedure: 1.. Advertise 10HDX ... enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return.No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 ...Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch.. type 1 to select Port Menu... Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 ... type 1 to select Port Configuration. Negotiation . enter the first port of the range... Broadcast Control . Advertise 100FDX . Flow Control . The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. From the Port Menu.. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed........... To configure only one port. Advertise 10FDX ... Advertise 100HDX . 2.. To configure a range of ports. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status ..... From the Main Menu......... MDI/MDIX Mode ..

.. Once the problem has been fixed..... You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port..100 Mbps 1000 . 0100 3 . If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation..Speed selection are: 0010 ..10 Mbps 0100 ... a port will not receive or transmit frames. You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections.... 0 .. Disabled ... Possible settings are: Forwarding .Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode. This is the default setting. You adjust a parameter by typing its number.Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode.The port will receive and forward packets.. When disabled.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port... you can enable the port again to resume normal operation..1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 .The port will not receive or forward packets. If you select Manual. 59 .Speed ... 1 . The parameters are described below.. two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 . This toggles the parameter through its possible settings.Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex.. The possible settings for the 2 ..Duplex . The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters. the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically. which is the default.Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port. Adjust the port parameters as desired. 5.

the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps. You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation.Advertise 100FDX 8 . 5 . you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155. B . By default. The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time.Advertise 10HDX 7 . Both .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode. The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames.Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation. the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it.MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port.Advertise 10FDX 6 .No flow control on the port. For example. During Auto-Negotiation.Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option. which is the default setting. Possible settings are: None . which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. Receive . 60 .Advertise 100HDX to No. 9 . If you set this to Auto. if you set the selection 8 . half-duplex operation. which is the default setting. Transmit . a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it. Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. If desired.or full-duplex mode. a switch port will advertise its full capabilities.

61 . The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection. This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. You can use this option to reset the selected port. The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection. which. Once you have set the port parameters.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. when selected. Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port. This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node. type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch. 62 . type 5 to select System Config Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4. From the Advanced Configuration window. Type either 24 or 25. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. 2. From the System Configuration Menu. To display GBIC information. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5. From the Main Menu.GBIC Information R . Type 1 to select GBIC Information. The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed. type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information. 3.

..5/125 um Fib....AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module... Type of Serial Interface . Length 9/125 um Fib.. (k) ..Next Page R ......... Elect/Opt Transceiver ....... N . (100m) ... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number ............ 63 .. (10m) ....... Extended Serial Transceiver .......... Connector Type .. Length 50/125 um Fib............ (10k) . You cannot change this information........Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only...... Length 62.. Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding .............. Figure 15 is an example of the window........... Length 9/125 mm Fib..

Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security. 64 .

the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch. Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. There are four levels of port security. Once this mode is activated. Automatic This operating mode disables port security. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. even when the end node is inactive. it remains in the table and is never purged. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. 65 .

you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. When this security level is activated. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. Once you have activated this security level. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. 66 . Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time. even those belonging to inactive end nodes. the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned. no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level. The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table.

From the Main Menu. ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. After activating this security mode. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. To set a switch’s port security level. Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table. type 1 to select Port Menu. To specify the limits. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. 67 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. 2. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. From the Port Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. This is the default setting. 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward. type 2 to select Limited mode. type 5 to select Port Security. type 3 to select the Secured mode. type 1 to select Automatic mode.

type 4 to select Lock all the ports now. 68 . Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned.

the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports. frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded. Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. type 5 to select Port Security. You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. 3.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 . From the Port Menu. To configure Limited security mode.Set MAC limit per port 3 .Display MAC limit per port 2 . The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed. type 1 to select Port Menu. You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 . The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn. Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn. type 2 to select Limited security. Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port. 2.Configure port security limited mode R . From the Port Security menu. When you activate this security level.

13. Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed. Type 2 to choose Select a port. Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. The range is 1 to 150 addresses. This applies the limit to the port.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. type R to select Return to previous menu. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode. 10. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. 9. 7. repeat Steps 5 through 9. Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. 11. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8. 70 . 12. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R .

Examine the MAC limits. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu. 14. Check to be sure that they are correct. 16. The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed. repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. Limited security has now been configured on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. If necessary. 71 . If you assigned different values to different ports. be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. 15. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks.

and so on. or 4 ports. 22. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. 3. workstation. Despite the software configuration and physical connections. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. or another Ethernet switch. 6. and so on. 13. there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. such as a server. and 24. For example. ❑ When cabling a trunk. A port trunk is 2. router. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. ❑ The duplex mode. 5. 14. the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. 73 . you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. To maintain the order of the port connections. port 13 to port 22. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. and 7). ports 4. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. 15 for the trunk. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load. speed. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. 23. 3. For example. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk.

AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches. The server is connected to the switch with four data links. The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch. ❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch. Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server. AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 .❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN. A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs. The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches.

Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 . You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN.Add ports to trunk 2 . are the same for all the ports of the trunk. Note Before creating a port trunk. type 1 to select Port Menu. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch.Show port trunking status S . Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure. Check to be sure that the settings. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed.Save Configuration Changes R . From the Port Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 . From the Main Menu. such as speed and duplex mode. To create a port trunk. examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk. type 3 to select Port Trunking.Delete Trunk 3 . 2. Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology. perform the following procedure: 1.

Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking. Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window. The port trunk is ready for network operations. 1.2. To confirm the creation of the port trunk. Enter new value -> 4. 76 . Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.3. 7-10).4) or as a range (e.3.Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7.. The following prompt is displayed. 8. 5..g. type 3 to display the status of the trunk. You can specify the ports individually (e. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R . Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk.g. 6.

type 3 to select Port Trunking. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology. type 1 to select Port Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. 3. To confirm the deletion. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type 2 to select Delete trunk. 2. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. The port trunk is deleted from the switch. 5. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. From the Port Menu. To delete a port trunk from the switch. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. 4. 77 .

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror.

For example. For example.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time. the more ports you mirror. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port. if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports. the mirror port is likely to drop packets. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed. 79 . However.

Add ports to mirror 4 ... The following prompt is displayed.Show Port Mirror Status S . From the Port Menu.Save Configuration Changes R . type 2 to select Port Mirroring. type 1 to select Port Menu. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored.. Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6. The following prompt is displayed. 0 2 .Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror. You can specify only one mirror port.Mirroring Port .. From the Main Menu. The following prompt is displayed. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. Press Return.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3. enter the first port of the range.... If you want to mirror a range or ports. Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror....Delete ports from mirror 5 .. Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7. 5. To mirror the traffic of only one port. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 . The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed. 80 . To mirror a range of ports. Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is. enter the last port in the range. 2.CPU Attached .. enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step.. the port to where the traffic will be copied). No 3 .. perform the following procedure: 1.

AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. To confirm the creation of the port mirror. 10. The port mirror is now functional. type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status. 9. The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored. Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu. 81 .

Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror. 82 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. type 1 to select Port Menu. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. The following prompt is displayed. From the Port Menu. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. Enter 0 and press Return. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. 2. From the Main Menu. 5.

refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802.1D. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol. ISO/IEC 10038: 1993. 83 .Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters.

The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. Where multiple paths exist. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches.Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. 84 . Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge. referred to as broadcast storms. exist in the network topology. leaving only one main active path. So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. as specified in the IEEE 802. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. also referred to as the bridge identifier. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability. and sometimes its MAC address. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance. By adjusting the value. STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. either planned or unplanned. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles.1D standard.

Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. If two paths have the same port cost. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and. the preferred path is selected through port priority. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. if one is found. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. Below are the default values. the lower the port cost. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby. active path. If redundant paths exist. Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. where all ports have a port cost of 0. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. The faster the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. 85 . This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. blocking mode.

The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. 86 . if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. However. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. especially if it is a large network. Consequently. or addition of any active components. and if not. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. and that could adversely impact network performance. For small networks. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. with the size of your network being a primary factor. the active topology also changes. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. listening and learning. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. When a bridge is brought on-line. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. a change in a port state is not activated immediately. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. a temporary data loop could occur. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). For large networks. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. before it begins to forward frames. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. removal.

If you enable STP. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks..... Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network... type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu..Config STP Port Settings 8 . 87 ... You should consult the IEEE 802. Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable ... Bridge Hello Time .Reset STP to Defaults R .1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters.. The parameters are described below. Bridge Max Age . Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. From the Main Menu..Display STP Port Settings 9 . Bridge Identifier . 1 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2.. Bridge Priority . Bridge Forwarding ...Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch.. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. 1. The default setting is disabled.. The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed...

3. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. 88 . type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The default is 2 seconds. 3 . This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. resulting in network loops. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. For example.535. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. When a root bridge goes off-line. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. After you have made the desired changes. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. 5 .Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed. for example. The default is 20 seconds.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. 4 .Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. with 0 being the highest priority. The default is 15 seconds. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds.Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. 6 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . If the bridge transitions too soon. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. if you use the default 20.Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge.

1 . type 7 to select Config STP port settings. enter the first port of the range...AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters. Enter the number of the port you want to configure.. The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed.Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain.. 89 . enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step. Root Bridge . From the Spanning Tree menu........ To configure a range of ports.... Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R .. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. From the Main Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4.. Adjust the settings as desired..... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating . Path Cost .. Bridge Hello Time . To configure just one port.. To configure a range of ports. perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5. 2. The parameters are described below.. This value cannot be changed.... Port Priority . The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. enter the last port of the range..

and 4 for a 1 Gbps port. 4 .Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN. refer to the previous procedure. 90 .Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. The range is 1 to 65535. The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port. To change this value.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed. 3 . The range is 0-255. 10 for a 100 Mbps port. The default is 2 seconds.Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge. 5 .Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain. This value cannot be changed from this window. The default value for priority is 128.

This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 . and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session.Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs). modifying. It also contains the procedures for creating. This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode.

❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. This too can improve overall network performance. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. Before the advent of VLANs. if an employee changed departments. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company. With VLANs. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. logical LAN segments. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN. 92 . For example. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN. Additionally. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN. For example.

a virtual LAN can span more than one switch. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections. This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location. or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another. 93 .AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software. VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically. Additionally.

VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. Production. The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. or just a few ports. you must give it a name. Examples include Sales. and Engineering. A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. called the Default VLAN. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. such as a router or Layer 3 switch. A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. 94 .

all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. For example. Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch. This is acceptable when you are creating a new. You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. 95 .AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. Untagged Ports Naturally. Additionally. In this manner. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID. unique VLAN. The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received. If you allow the management software to do it automatically. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames. rather than by a port’s PVID. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously. Consequently. it will simply select the next available VID. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN.

assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs. Consequently. This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. However. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID. the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID. the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. 96 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN. ❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID.

❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN. across multiple VLANs. 97 . such as servers and printers. a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN. In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches. For example. A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs. many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. ❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network.AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources.

A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN.13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs. The ports have been assigned PVID values. A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member. and Production VLANs on the switch.24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID. 98 . 11 . You assign this number when you create a VLAN.Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. (For purposes of the following examples.) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN .4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9. Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . Engineering. the Default VLAN is not shown.

Example 2 99 . The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN. two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch. In this example. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN . each VLAN has one port connected to the router. Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example.

The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch.24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 . ❑ Engineering VLAN . The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch. Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router. 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN. Engineering.This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN. This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment. it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. However. This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch. It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4. 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 . it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router. So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN.11. ❑ Production VLAN . and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 .This is the final VLAN in the example.6.6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN . Since this VLAN spans multiple switches. It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch.This VLAN spans both switches. This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN. 14. 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13. 100 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales.

1Q-compliant. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. 101 . The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames. This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN. The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port.3ac standard). If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame. This contrasts to a port-based VLAN. A tag. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership. The IEEE 802. this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network. the frame will be discarded. the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. For example. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802. the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously. referred to as a tagged frame. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch.

But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. there would seem to be no need for a PVID. An untagged port. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. a frame without any tagged information). whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. simultaneously. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. In the case of a tagged VLAN. Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN. it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. Otherwise. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. But actually there is. 102 . refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. can be in only one VLAN at a time. However. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN.

each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time.AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN. 103 . ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs. ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS. ❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks.

1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 . Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.1Q-based products.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802.

One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. when received by the switch. But with tagged ports. The tagged frames. It is connected to an IEEE 802. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs. 18 (PVID 2) 8.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. while still maintaining data separation and security. 105 . In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. data separation and security remain. 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated.1Q-compliant server. They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. 20 (PVID 3) 8. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example. It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs.

When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. either tagged or untagged. Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered. but the VLANs are not used. 106 . frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. is ignored. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121. All VLAN information. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. Packets are passed through the switch unchanged.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated.

perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3.Virtual LAN Definitions 3 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN.Port VLANs & Priorities R . type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu.Save Configuration Changes R . type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 .Virtual LAN Support 2 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S . From the VLAN Menu. 107 . type 1 to select Create a VLAN. The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed.

Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN..... Mirroring Port . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name .. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. C . 5. If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4. you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value.. The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value. then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected.. but not special characters. The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. Untagged Ports . 108 .... The name can be from one to ten characters in length... Sales or Accounting)... than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!)...... If this will be a unique VLAN in your network..... Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN. VLAN ID (VID) ..Create VLAN R ... If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches... then the name should be unique as well. 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) ... The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed. then its VID must also be unique.. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches.. The name can contain spaces..... 0 Tagged Ports ... For example....

7-9). A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored. 14. type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. Note In most cases. 2. If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports.5). To verify that the VLAN was created correctly.(If you do not to activate this feature. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN. 2.g. Type C to select Create VLAN. as a range (e.. you can analyze the VLAN traffic.5). 7-9).7-9) 7. 2. 9. 8. 12.. or both (e.5.) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature.3.5. this parameter should be left with its default value of 0. leave this field empty. 109 . 10. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU...g.3. type 4 to select Show All VLANs. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. leave this field empty. either do not select this option or select it and type N for no. 11. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN.7-9). you will see the following message: SUCCESS .g. type 6 and Y for yes. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. as a range (e..AT-S39 User’s Guide 6.g.g. For more information on port mirroring. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port. You can specify the ports individually (e.g. 13. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports.. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports. 2.Press any key to continue. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports. You can specify the ports individually (e. or both (e. If the VLAN will contain tagged ports. Press any key.

if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN. You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs. 110 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15. For example. Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Note When you create a new VLAN. ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time.

The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. perform the following procedure: 1. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. 6. 7. 4. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. From the Main Menu. To create the example Sales VLAN. Type C to select Create VLAN. 3. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. 9. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. 2. 5. press any key. 8. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Press Return. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”. Ports 1 to 4. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. 111 . The new Sales VLAN has now been created. From the VLAN Menu. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.

7. Press Return. 112 . These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. Type C to select Create VLAN. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.11. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. From the VLAN Menu. and two untagged ports. 9. 6.16”. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. It will consist of three untagged ports. type 1 to select Create a VLAN.10. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. 3. 2. 8. perform the following procedure: 1. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. 10. press any key. Ports 8 and 16. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 4. and 12. 11. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN. Ports 9. From the Main Menu. 20”. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9. 5. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created. To create the example Engineering VLAN. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”.

. type M to select Modify VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure. 113 . For a description of the parameters. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. From the Main Menu. This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN. The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS .Press any key to continue... 3.. Change the VLAN’s information as desired. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115.. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.. 2. R . type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. To modify a VLAN. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 . From the VLAN Menu. The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed. The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed.. 6. To obtain a VLAN’s VID.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4. type 2 to select Modify a VLAN. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). perform the following procedure: 1. After making the desired changes. 7. refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.VLAN ID (VID) .

Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 114 . Press any key. 11. 9.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. The VLAN has been modified. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs. 8. 10. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.

From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R . From the VLAN Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 . The Show All VLANs window is displayed.9 U: 1-6 T: 7. VID numbers. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 3. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch.9 U: 8. type 4 to select View All VLANs. 2.

To obtain a VLAN’s VID. From the Main Menu. Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. To delete a VLAN...VLAN ID (VID) . The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. A confirmation prompt is displayed. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 6. The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4. which has a VID of 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 . The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure.. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. type D. 3. To delete the VLAN. From the VLAN Menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. type 3 to select Delete a VLAN. 116 . 2.. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return. R . Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID).. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN..

AT-S39 User’s Guide 7. The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS . both tagged and untagged. 10. Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure. The VLAN has been deleted. 8. 9. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 117 .Press any key to continue. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs. are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. All ports in the deleted VLAN. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed.

type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. except the Default VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Press Return. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. A confirmation message is displayed. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. To delete selected VLANs. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. perform the following procedure: 1. To delete all VLANs on a switch. 118 . From the Main Menu. 2. on a switch. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the VLAN Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. 5. 3. 4.

type 2 to select VLAN Menu. then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7. Type 1 to select Port Number. Press Return. perform the following procedure: 1. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. To change a PVID for a port.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 . A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. 2. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change. From the Main Menu. For example.Port Number R . The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary. From the VLAN Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. 119 . There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself.

Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID.Accept changes & update flash R . 7..... Specify the new PVID value for the port.. 8.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5.. The port now has a new PVID....... Port VLAN ID ....Press any key to continue. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number ...... The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6...... Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.Update Changes to Chip C .. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch.... Return to the Main Menu..... Press Return. 120 . Override Priority (Y/N) . The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS ...Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed... 9. 1 1 0 N U ....... Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High .

The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. From the Main Menu. Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 2. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs. B-Basic): 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. Press Return. 4. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. Type 3 to select Switch Mode. The default is Tagged mode. 121 . 5. perform the following procedure: 1.

type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. perform the following procedure: 1.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3.Enable/Disable VLANs 2 . Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs. When VLANs are enabled. The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. 2. From the VLAN Menu.Enable VLANs Globally D . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 . The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering. When VLANs are disabled. It sets a switch’s VLAN mode. Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering.Disable VLANs Globally R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E . ingress filtering is disabled.Accept changes & update flash R . If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure.Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C . type 2 to select VLAN Menu. the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode.Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 . To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. From the Main Menu.

6. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch. Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode. 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. 123 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5.

Once the tagged frame is received. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. If they belong to the same VLAN. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. tagged or untagged. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. nor to any frames. If they belong to different VLANs. just as a reminder. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. For further information. the frame is discarded. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. the port discards the frame. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. the port accepts the frame. Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. Fortunately. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN. Here is an example. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). In this case. First. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. the switch discards the frame. the port accepts the frame. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated. If there is. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table. 124 . What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames.

type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. regardless of the status of ingress filtering. The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets. Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags. In most cases. From the Main Menu. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3. From the Virtual LAN Support menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. and that is the priority tag. A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame. perform the following procedure: 1. Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch. 2.Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E . 4. From the VLAN Menu. To enable or disable ingress filtering. Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch.Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D . you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. You cannot set this per port. 125 . Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. which is the default.

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table.

A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. determines the port where the destination node is connected. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. along with the port number on which each address was learned. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. and the port number where each address was learned. it also examines the destination address and. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. 127 . If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table. it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. by referring to its MAC address table. When the switch receives a packet. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. When the destination node responds. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. For example. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch.

The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. 128 . The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes). A static MAC address. even when the end node is inactive.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. once entered in the table. remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports. even when the end node is inactive. The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses. Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table. For instructions on changing the aging timer. This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process.

129 . From the Main Menu. The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed. To display the MAC address table. 3. The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed. perform the following procedure: 1. One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses. To display only static MAC addresses. just the base ports. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports. type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R . type 6 to select MAC Address Tables.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2. To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch.

130 . The static MAC address window is exactly the same. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only. except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses. which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses.Accept changes & update flash U . This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed.Update Display R . non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N . Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. The columns in the window are defined below.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group.

Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. 131 . assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. The type can be either static or dynamic. As an example. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. Type The MAC address type. except for the switch’s MAC address. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. This feature is not supported at this time. Another example is “000020F. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU.

The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 1. From the MAC Address Table menu. A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port. The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. From the Main Menu. You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port. 132 . 2.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu. Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3.

The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. From the MAC Address Table menu. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. or to which the address was assigned.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. for a static address. if the address was learned dynamically. 133 . But if the switch is part of a large network. The procedure in this section offers an easier way. 1. From the Main Menu. 2. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned. type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address. finding the address could prove difficult. You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address.

From the Main Menu. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. 2. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view. 134 . perform the following procedure. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. as explained earlier in this chapter. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. From the MAC Address Table menu. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch.) Note To perform this procedure. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. produces the same result. 1. For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. (This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. A confirmation prompt is displayed. If you type Y for yes. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. From the MAC Address Table menu. From the Main Menu. Once the table has been purged. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table. 2. perform the following procedure. 135 . the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 3. 1. type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses.

From the Main Menu. To add a static address to the MAC address table. 136 . perform the following procedure: 1. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. From the MAC Address Table menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address. The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table. type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses. 5. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 2.

perform the following procedure: 1. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. 4. Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table. Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. type 3 to select Delete MAC Address. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 137 . From the MAC Address Table menu. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. From the Main Menu.

138 . The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3. the switch deletes the address. When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time. To adjust the aging time. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch. From the Main Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes). 2. From the System Config Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu. This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active. Enter a new value in seconds. perform the following procedure: 1.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software.

.1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest. Prior to CoS. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port. 0 to 7. The 802. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue. but were mostly transparent to network users. low and high. untagged frames (i. By default. network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner.e. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer. For example.1p and 802. transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis. 140 .1Q standards. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802. File transfer delays did occur. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays. such as voice transmission or video conferencing. But with the introduction of time-critical applications.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802. CoS was designed to address this problem. packet transfer delays can prove problematic.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue. When a tagged packet enters a switch port.

Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch. (Again. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. Type 3 to select Priority (0 . A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. enter a value from 0 to 3. The default for this parameter is No. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port.7). it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. 10.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. 3. 8. Type 1 to select Port Number. 6. 9. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. perform the following procedure: 1. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS. 141 . 5. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4.) 7. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. 11. enter a value from 4 to 7. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port. From the VLAN Menu. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. 2. Press Return. Return to the Main Menu. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue.

Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .

it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. referred to as a time-out value. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. In Version 1. referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. it simply stops sending reports. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. it removes the node from appropriate membership list. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. In Version 2. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. Once the router has received a report from a host node. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port. the router does not send multicast packets out the port. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. 143 .) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups. Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. There are two versions of IGMP. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request.

The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2. Note By default. except the port on which it received the packet. a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports. IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. 144 . Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance. and by processing leave requests. which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups.

3.... 2. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. After selecting this option... The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch.IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch.. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 .. From the Main Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu.... Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate).Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 .... From the System Configuration Menu.. Maximum Multicast Groups . From the Advanced Configuration window....AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters.. View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S . Host/Router Timeout Interval . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status .Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port... Multicast Host Topology . Multicast Router Port(s) . type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. 2 . perform the following procedure: 1.Save Configuration Changes R .. type E to enable or D to disable this feature.

The range is 1 to 2048 groups.Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports.Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. The default is 256 multicast addresses. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. The default is 256 multicast groups.400 seconds (24 hours). This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. 3 . You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 . some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. 4 .Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected.Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. that is. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. 5 . If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. The default is 260 seconds. The range is from 1 second to 86. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses.

After making the desired changes. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. To select Auto Detect. enter “0” (zero) for this parameter. or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number.AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect. Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter. 147 . 4. Your changes are activated immediately on the switch.

Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. From the Advanced Configuration window. 3. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U . To display the list.Update Display R . Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected. as well as the host nodes. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group. 4. 2.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch. type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. 148 . From the Main Menu. From the System Configuration Menu. The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. perform the following procedure: 1. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.

The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. 149 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U .Update Display R . To display a list of the multicast routers. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Router IP The IP address of the multicast router. 3.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes. type 7 to select View Multicast Router List. 2. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch. From the Advanced Configuration window. 4. perform the following procedure: 1. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. From the System Configuration Menu. From the Main Menu. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected.

Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .

The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval. That is. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network. 151 . For example. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. In order to use this feature. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. Broadcast frames are different. For example. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps.AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. When a node sends out a broadcast frame.

At these settings. Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames. the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval. 152 . Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example.

.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature...1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . or 3 and enter a value when prompted. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Advanced Configuration Menu. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. 2..10x ❑ 100 Mbps . 0 micro sec C .) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4. From the Main Menu.Timer for 1000 MB ports .100x 153 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 . (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. 2.Timer for 100 MB ports . 3. 0 milli sec 2 . type 5 to select System Config Menu. The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed.... Type 1. 0 milli sec 3 . 100. The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds. From the System Configuration Menu. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds.Save Configuration Changes R .Timer for 10 MB ports . and 1000 Mbps. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10...

6. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive. the management software multiples the value by 10. 5. The default value is “0” for all timers. 154 . Once you have set the desired timer intervals. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed.

The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. Type B to select Broadcast Control. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. enter the first port of the range. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. type 1 to select Port Menu. type 1 to select Port Configuration. enter the last port number in the range. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. 6. 155 . To configure only one port. From the Port Menu. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded. To configure a range of ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. 2. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports.> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. To configure a range of ports. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . From the Main Menu. 5. perform the following procedure: 1. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval. For example. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4.

Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .

Select a Port 2 .Port Statistics Menu 2 .Clear Port Statistics 3 . 157 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics.Clear Module Statistics 3 . From the Ethernet Statistics menu. Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics. 5.Display Module Statistics R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3. The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . Press Return. Type 1 to choose Select a Port.Display Port Statistics R . perform the following procedure: 1. type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu. Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view. From the Main Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4. The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 .

.....................Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port...... CRC_ERROR .... Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port........................... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT .. Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port.. Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded. RX_UNICAST ...... shown in Figure 48...... Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port.......................... TX_COUNT ....... FRAGMENT ..... RX_OVERFLOW ............... PORT_IN_DISCARDS .................... RX_BRDCAST .................... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port........ 158 .. U .................Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. RX_COUNT ........... RX_MLTCAST ............. UNDERSIZE . OVERSIZE ...Update Display R .. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port....

Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. but discarded and not forwarded. select the option “2 .Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. packets with alignment errors. If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”. 159 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port.

shown in Figure 48.............Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch.... 160 ..... type 3 to select Display Module Statistics. Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch... RX_BRDCAST .......... 2......... The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window.....Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.. UNDERSIZE ... CRC_ERROR .. TX_COUNT ... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT ....... Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch........... RX_UNICAST .......... RX_OVERFLOW ........ PORT_IN_DISCARDS ..... OVERSIZE ............... From the Ethernet Statistics menu......Update Display R .... perform the following procedure: 1....... From the Main Menu.................. RX_MLTCAST ... type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics.... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch....... FRAGMENT ... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded................ U ....... RX_COUNT ............................................

If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch. Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. but discarded and not forwarded.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. 161 . CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch. select the option “2 .Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu. packets with alignment errors. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch.

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

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Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

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Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

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The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

the switch automatically resets. Note Do not interrupt the initialization process. 166 . a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete. the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed. Once the management software is initialized.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. Do not reboot the switch. If you are installing a new management image. Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. Begin the file transfer of the new management software image.

The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch.1.1. This may necessitate renaming the file.AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software. Source file .img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39.img 167 . tftp -i 149. If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software.1.ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39. A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT. or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above. you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn. The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39. Put .35. Binary .The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch.This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host .35.cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image.1 put c:\ats39. Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. loader file. Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software.

Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited.1 to local drive C: of the workstation. Binary .You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.img c:\ats39. 168 . as explained in the previous section.35. tftp -i 149. Destination file .The source file name is “ATS39.1.The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation. Get . it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation. This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically.cfg”. Source file .This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from.The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file.img Once the file is stored on a local drive.1 get ats39. Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149.1. The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host .35.

MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19. Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27. Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28. Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23. Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20.

Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser. 170 . such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.

refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. the switch must have an IP address. enter the user name and password. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed. The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. 2. 171 . Additionally.) The user name cannot be changed. For instructions. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser. When prompted. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch. To change the password. To start a web browser management session. perform the following procedure: 1. (The password is case-sensitive.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. as shown in Figure 51. Consequently. the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. Start your web browser.

You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows. 172 . Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus. Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software. In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites. You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser. Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display.The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed.

select Exit from any AT-S39 management page. 173 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session.

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default. select it and then select the General tab. 175 . subnet address. refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. 2. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. If the System menu option is not selected. From the Home Page. perform the following procedure: 1. select Configuration.

Change the parameters as desired. Entering a value for this parameter is optional.Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed. 176 . Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window. The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide. 3. The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example. Sales Ethernet switch).

Entering a value for this parameter is optional. enter the new password into both fields. Floor 4. This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. a Telnet utility. or an SNMP management program. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply. The default password is “admin”. such as its location (e.. Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. Wiring closet 402B). This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions.g. 4. After you have set the parameters. The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. 177 . IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. To create a new password. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser. click Apply. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!).

You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session. You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session.Section III: Web Browser Management 5. subnet mask. you must reset the switch to activate your change. or gateway address. or by using the Reset button on the switch. If you made a change to the IP address. 178 .

If it is not already selected. From the Configuration Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 . The Monitoring window is displayed. select Monitoring. From the Home page. 3. select System Status. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed. select the General tab.

General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address. refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212. Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging . These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. If this parameter displays “Basic. Virtual LANs on page 91. ❑ Switch Mode . The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes). including the IP address of the switch and the system name. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. This value cannot be changed.Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode.” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs.Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table. 180 . For information about VLANs. Administration This section contains a variety of information. The sections in the window are defined below. For background information about MAC addresses. For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session.Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted. If this parameter displays “Tagged. These values cannot be changed. ❑ Hash Count . which also explains how to change the parameters. You cannot change any of the values from this window.Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only. refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10.” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode.

The parameters are described below. Select the SNMP tab. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed. From the Home page. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. perform the following procedure: 1. select Configuration. Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. select System. 3. Adjust the parameters as desired. 2. 181 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. From the Configuration menu.

5. 182 . Changes are immediately activated on the switch.Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. Click Apply to save your changes to the switch.

Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 .Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

click it again. 2. (To deselect a port. Click Modify. Select the Port Setting tab.) 5. From the Configuration page. From the Home page. select Configuration. The selected port turns white. perform the following procedure: 1. select Layer 1. 3. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure. The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch. You can select only one port at a time. Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4. 184 .

Adjust the port parameters as desired. Possible values are: None . For instructions on how to set this value. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. Flow Control The flow control setting for the port. For background information on this feature.Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time. Transmit .Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port. The parameters are described below.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed. Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6. 185 . any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch. refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227. An example of the window is shown in Figure 57. If the threshold is reach.No flow control on the port.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. Both . Receive .

Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps . Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values. Once you have made the desired changes. ❑ 10Mbps . Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode. Default values are listed in Appendix A. This is the default. 186 . The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port. The default for this port parameter is enabled. 7.Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port. A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames. click Apply.Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps .Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port.Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228.

select Layer 1. You can view a port’s operating speed. click it again. To display the status or statistics of a switch port. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB. 2. duplex mode. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58. select Monitoring. MDI/MDI-X configuration. Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics. Click a port.) 4. Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. The selected port turns white. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. 187 . From the Home page. From the Monitoring page. and more. (To deselect a port. You can select only one port at a time.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

191

Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session.Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session. Note For background information on port security. 192 . refer to Port Security Overview on page 65.

perform the following procedure: 1. From the Configuration page. From the Home page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. select the Port Security tab. 3. select Layer 2. From the Layer 2 page. Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 . select Monitoring. 2. The current security level is displayed.

refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73. Note For background information on port trunking. 194 .Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session.

select Layer 1. 2. If there is a port trunk. To create or delete a port trunk. which can produce broadcast storms. Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. If you are deleting a port trunk. Loops can result in broadcast storms. 195 . the ports of the trunk will be white. perform the following procedure: 1. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk. 3. all ports in the switch image will be black. Select the Port Trunking tab. From the Home page. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. From the Configuration page. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. select Configuration. which can adversely effect the operations of your network.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node.

do the following: a. 3. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch. 196 . An unselected port is black. A selected port changes to white.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. Click Apply. You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. To create a port trunk. The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. 5. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk. b. To delete a port trunk. or 4 ports. A port trunk can contain 2. click Remove.

197 . Note For background information on port mirroring. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79.Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror.

b. 3. do the following: a. Select the Port Mirroring tab.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. select Configuration. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. From the Home page. To create a port mirror. c. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. 2. select Layer 1. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports. The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. To delete an existing port mirror. 198 . Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4. Click Apply. perform the following procedure: 1. 5. From the Configuration page.

AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted. The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations. 199 .

Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session. refer to STP Overview on page 84. Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session. 200 .Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP.

The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. select Layer 2.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. From the Home page.Configuration 4. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. To configure a bridge’s STP parameters. select Configuration. The parameters are described below. From the Layer 2 window.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. From the Configuration menu. select the Spanning Tree tab. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window . the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. 2. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. If you enable STP. 201 . You should consult the IEEE 802.

click Apply. The default setting is disabled. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. with 0 being the highest priority. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. possibly resulting in a network loop. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. The default is 20 seconds. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. 202 . The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. After you have made the desired changes. The default is 2 seconds.Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. For example. if you use the default 20. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). for example. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP.535. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. 5. If the bridge transitions too soon. When a root bridge goes off-line. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. This value cannot be changed. The default is 15 seconds.

To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed. select Monitoring. select the Spanning Tree tab. From the Monitoring menu. 3. From the Home page. 2. From the Layer 2 page. select Layer 2.Monitoring 203 . Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window . refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201. perform the following procedure: 1.

This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. Virtual LANs.Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. refer to Chapter 10. modify. Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 . and delete VLANs from a web browser management session.

From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed. select the VLAN tab. From the Layer 2 window. select Configuration. From the Configuration menu. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 . select Layer 2.

The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example. 206 . The name can be from one to 10 characters in length. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. 6. the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. The name can contain spaces but not special characters.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. Click Add. its VID must be unique as well. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. the name should be unique as well. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. Sales or Accounting). Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN.

In most cases. its VID value should be the same on each switch. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. For example. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. 9. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. click Send to CPU. To select ports for the VLAN. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. Click Apply. Note For background information on port mirroring. 10. You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. 207 .AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. This value disables port mirroring. 8. or a tagged port. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. 7. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch.

208 . The VLAN is now ready for network operations.Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment.

After making the desired changes. click Apply. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. 4. From the Layer 2 window. 2. select the VLAN tab. they are returned to the Default VLAN. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. 5. 3. select Configuration. From the Home page. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. From the Configuration menu. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. 6. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. Click Modify. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. select Layer 2. 7. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. Creating a VLAN. 209 .

Click Remove. From the Home page. From the Configuration menu. From the Layer 2 window. select Configuration. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. 4. 210 . The VLAN is deleted from the switch. 5. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN.Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. 2. select the VLAN tab. select Layer 2. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. perform the following procedure: 1. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete. 3.

select Layer 2. From the Home page. The management software displays the window in Figure 68.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch. select Monitoring. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . From the Layer 2 page. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. select the VLAN tab. From the Monitoring page. 2. 3.

You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs. If you select Basic. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. 4. 5. You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. Reset the switch. 212 . 2. choose System. From the Home Page. If you select Tagged. select Configuration. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. which is the default. Select the General tab. From the Configuration menu. Note Refer to Chapter 10.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. In the Switch Mode section of the window. click either Tagged or Basic. To set the switch’s VLAN mode. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. Virtual LANs.

perform the following procedure: 1. select CoS. To change a PVID for a port. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure. You can select only one port at a time. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. 3. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. click it again. From the Layer 2 page. From the Configuration page. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. For example. select Layer 2. Click Apply. 4. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. A selected port turns white. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. To deselect a port. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. select Configuration. 2. 5. From the Home page.

Class of Service on page 219.Section III: Web Browser Management 6. Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26. Click Apply. The new value is immediately activated on the port. Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port. 214 . The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch. 7.

Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. 215 . This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table.

From the Layer 2 page. You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. select Layer 2. 216 . 2. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. select Monitoring. From the Home page. For instructions. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table. From the Monitoring page. The options are described below. select the Forwarding Database tab. The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed.

PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. click View. The port numbering scheme is from right to left. Once you have configured the options. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch. As an example. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. Another example is “000020F. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. You specify the VLAN by its VID. 4. 217 . Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch.

This feature is not supported at this time. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. Type The MAC address type. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. 218 . except for the switch’s MAC address. The type can be either static or dynamic.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member.

refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS.Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS. 219 .

select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. click it again. From the Layer 2 page. select Layer 2. From the Home page. A selected port turns white. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. (To deselect a port.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. Click Modify. Click the port where you want to configure CoS. select the CoS tab. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7. 8. click the Override Priority option.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. (Again. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. The default for this parameter is No.) 5. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. 4. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. You can select only one port at a time. Click Apply. 3. 220 . If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. it does not matter which of these levels you select. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. From the Configuration page. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed. 6. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. 2.) 7. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5. select Configuration. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue.

refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143. 221 . Note For background information on this feature.Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch.

select System. perform the following procedure: 1. Select the IGMP tab. From the Home page. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. 2. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port). 222 . Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. From the Configuration menu. The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed. select Configuration. 3. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch.

You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 . that is. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. The default is 256 multicast groups. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. The range is 1 to 2048 groups.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch.400 seconds (24 hours). The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. The default is 260 seconds. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. The range is from 1 second to 86. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port.

Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image.Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses. The default is 256 multicast addresses. 224 . A white port indicates a multicast router port. You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses.

Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. 225 . Note For background information on this feature.

select them now. enter values for the three interval timers. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. To specify an interval timer. 2. The default value is “0” for all timers. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . After you have entered your values. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. select Configuration. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. From the Home page.100x For example. Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . 3. perform the following procedure: 1. the management software multiples the value by 10. 4. If they are not already selected. The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page. 100. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. click Apply. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. and 1000 Mbps. 226 .) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed.

In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. From the Home page. In the graphical switch image. 5. When you open the Layer 1 page. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. The port will accept all broadcast frames. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. If it is not selected. 6. 4. select Layer 1. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. Click Modify. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. 227 . Click Apply. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. 7. the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. As an example. perform the following procedure: 1. The selected port turns white. click it again. You can select only one port at a time. From the Configuration page. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. select Configuration. select it now. 2. To deselect a port. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames.

0. Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.0.0 0.0.255.0.0 255.0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 .0.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.) 229 .1 and above only.

106 setting. 212 BOOTP activating. 37 defined. 140 console timeout. 185 forwarding delay. 27. 202 bridge priority. 50 F flow control. 150. 220 defined. 202 bridge max age parameter. 37 releasing IP address. 45 Auto-Negotiation. 37 BPDU. 228 DHCP activating. 90 host nodes 230 . 121. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. 36 documentation. 35. 41. 164 downloading via TFTP. 138 defined. 155. 177 H hello time. 88. 52 defined. 172 C Class of Service configuring. 128 AT-S39 default settings. 88. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 43 conventions. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 47 setting switch status. 167 obtaining. 202 bridge hello time parameter. 11 D default values. 225 defined. 141. 60. 202 bridge identifier. 60. AT-S39. 84.Index A aging time changing. 86. 47 guidelines. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. configuring. 37 defined. used in this guide. 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. 88. 163 AT-S39 version number. 86. 88. 84. 88 G gateway address. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. 41. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. 227 browser tools.

See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 187 speed.1d standard. 69 defined. 198 defined. 177 interval timer configuring. 209 priority queues. 140 priority. 213 defined. 173 R resetting a switch. 58. 82. 145. 90 port mirroring creating. 222 defined. 50 SNMP community strings. 60 multicast groups. 177 default. port security. 75. defined. 153. 145. 211 modifying. 198 port security configuring. displaying. 181 SNMP management session. 143 displaying. 28 starting. default settings. 171 port configuring parameters. 143 ingress filtering. switch. 35. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. 107. 28 Telnet session. 111. 65 local management session defined. 87. 21 master switch defined. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 66 serial number. 119. 80. 116. 148 host/router timeout interval. 35. 65 displaying. 85 setting. 24 M MAC address table. 113. 73 deleting. 223 multicast router. 42 root bridge. 115. 193 port statistics. 184 disable. 25 S Secure level. 55. 149 P password changing. 94 deleting all. 190 port cost defined. maximum. 30 web browser session. 157 port trunking creating. 79 deleting. 67 defined. 195 defined. 118 deleting. 18 quitting. 226 defined. 216 MAC address. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. 102 port-based VLAN creating. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 45 slave switch. 95. 151 L limited security mode configuring. 146. 77. 32.AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. switch. 186 statistics. 205 defined. 146. 195 guidelines. 90 PVID. 29. 39. 210 displaying. 59. 26. 59. 186 displaying status. 126. 84 RS232 port. 222 231 . 50 returning to. 21 snoop topology. 223 I IEEE 802.

downloading software updates. 121. 94. 205 defined. 107. 160 system name. 167 obtaining. 45 virtual LAN creating. 177 switch statistics. 164 downloading via TFTP. 108 VLAN identifier. 122 displaying. 212 modifying. 116. 19 quitting. defined. 136 deleting. 101 VLAN identifier (VID). AT-S39. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. 20 quitting. 209 port-based. 190 switch. 205 defined. 201 configuring port parameters. 116. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 137 displaying. 113. 157. 206 VLAN. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. 30 starting. 171 V version number. 160 STP. 89 defined. 35. 129 statistics port. 209 Telnet management session defined. defined. 84 port cost. 171 static MAC address adding. 211 enabling. 167 U unavailable status. 35. 85. changing. 43 limitations. 24 Telnet. 210 disabling. 29 web browser. 210 displaying. 112. 90 viewing bridge parameters.Index software updates downloading from a local session. defined. 115. 211 modifying. 118 deleting. 171 232 . 112. 92 deleting all. 111. 115. default. 173 starting. 50 user name. 122 mode. 113. 118 deleting. 101 deleting all. 87. 94 tagged. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. 203 starting session local. 29 TFTP. 107.

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