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Management

®

Software

AT-S39


User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET
SWITCHES

VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc.
960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc.
Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape
Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are
trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.
Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without
prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable
for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or
related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have
known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8

Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10
How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10
Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11
Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12
Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13
Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13
Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I
Overview ......................................................................................................................................................... 15
Chapter 1
Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16
Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18
Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19
Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20
SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II
Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2
Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23
Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24
Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25
Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27
Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28
Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29
Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29
Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3
Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31
When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32
AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32
AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32
How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33
Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34
Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37
Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39
Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41
Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42
Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43
Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45

Chapter 4
Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46
Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47
Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47
Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49
Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50
Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52
Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53

Chapter 5
Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54
Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55
Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58
Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62

Chapter 6
Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64
Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65
Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67
Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69

Chapter 7
Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72
Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73
Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75
Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77

Chapter 8
Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78
Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79
Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80
Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82

Chapter 9
Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83
STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84
Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84
Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85
Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86
Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86
Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87
Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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.......................................................................................................................... 143 Activating IGMP Snooping ..................................................................................... 157 Displaying Switch Statistics .............................................................................................................................................. 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs ... 113 Displaying VLAN Information .............. 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control ..................................................................................................................... 142 IGMP Snooping Overview ...................................................................................................... 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................92 Port-based VLAN Overview ........................................................ 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................91 VLAN Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 126 MAC Address Overview .................................... 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 98 Port-based Example 2....................................................................................................... 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode ............................................................ 115 Deleting a VLAN .............. 97 Port-based Example 1................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 116 Deleting All VLANs ...... 103 Tagged VLAN Example ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 118 Changing a PVID Value ....................... 156 Displaying Port Statistics .............. 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count .......................................................................... 137 Changing the Aging Time .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs ........................................................ 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN........................................................................................................................................... 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping ............................................................................................................................... 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 140 Configuring CoS ............................................................. 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port .......................................................................................................................................... 99 Tagged VLAN Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN ....................................................................................... 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN .................. 160 5 ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses ..................................................... 151 Configuring the Interval Timer ..................................................................................................................... 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN ........................................................................................................................................... 127 Displaying MAC Addresses ............... 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering .. 112 Modifying a VLAN ............................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs .......................... 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 139 Class of Service Overview .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................................................204 Creating a VLAN .......................................................................................................................................213 6 .................................................................................................................................210 Displaying VLANs ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror ................................................................................. 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session .....................................................................................................................................................................212 Changing a PVID .......................................................................................................................................................................................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ........................................................................................................195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring ..........................................................................................................................................................................................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks .......................................................................................................................................162 Obtaining Software Updates .........................................................................................................................................................................209 Deleting a VLAN ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................168 Example......................................................................................................... 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session ................................................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol .........................................................................................................................................................................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates ......................................................................................................................................201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings ....................................................................183 Configuring Port Parameters ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................171 Browser Tools..................................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................205 Modifying a VLAN ............................................................................................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters ........................................................................................................203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs .............................................................................................184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics ............................... 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk ......179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses ...............................211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode ......................................................192 Displaying the Port Security Level ..............................................................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session ........... 167 Uploading a Configuration File .........................................................................174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name .........................................................................................................................175 Viewing System Information .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................167 Example.... 168 Section III Web Browser Management ..............200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings .............................................................

.................................................................................................... 219 Configuring CoS .................................................................................... 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping ........................................................................................................................................ 225 Configuring the Interval Timer ............................................................... 230 7 ....................................................................................................... 228 Index ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table .................................................................................... 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames ............................................... 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping ..................................................................................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings ................

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu .................................................................................................................................................................. 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ...................................... 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu .............................................................................. 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu .................................... 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window .. 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window .............................................................................................................. 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example ................................................................................................ 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu ................................................................................................................................. 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN .................................................................................. 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu ....................................................................... 122 8 ........................................................................................................................................................................List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port ................................................. 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN ....................................................................................................................................... 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window ............................................................................ 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu ............................................... 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu ...................... 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu ............................................................................................................................................ 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu .............................. 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 .................................................................................................................................... 52 Figure 11: Port Menu ................................ 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 .............................................................................................................. 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window ...........................................................................................................................Example 1 ........ 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window ................................................................................ 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................Example 2 ........................................................ 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu ........................................................................... 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu ........................................................................................................................... 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window ............................ 25 Figure 2: Main Menu ................................................................................ 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu ..................................................................... 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

...........................Monitoring .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 153 Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu .......................... 195 Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window ................................................................................................................................................................. 216 Figure 71: IGMP Tab ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 149 Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 190 Figure 61: Port Security Menu ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 171 Figure 52: Home Page ....................................... 179 Figure 55: SNMP Tab ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 165 Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field ........................................................................................................................................... 125 Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 222 9 ................................................................................... 193 Figure 62: Port Trunking Window ....................................................................................................................................................................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 145 Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 157 Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu ....................................................................... 211 Figure 69: CoS Setting Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 172 Figure 53: General Tab .......... 187 Figure 59: Port Status Window ..................................................................................................................................................................... 122 Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 176 Figure 54: General Tab Window ................................................................................................................................................................ 158 Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window ....................................................................................................................................... 203 Figure 66: VLAN Window .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 130 Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window .. 198 Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window .......Configuration ........................................................................................ 206 Figure 68: VLAN Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 205 Figure 67: Add VLAN Window ................. 181 Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab ........................................................ 160 Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu ..... 201 Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window ............................................................ 185 Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page ............................. 157 Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window ................................. 148 Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window ............... 184 Figure 57: Settings for Port Window .......... 129 Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window .. 213 Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab .................................................................... 188 Figure 60: Port Statistics Window .............................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and
AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management
software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections.

Section I: Overview

This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you
can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch.
Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local
management session or a Telnet management session.

A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or
PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch.

A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application
protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any
workstation on your network that has the application protocol.

Section III: Web Browser Management

The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web
browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator,
from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions:

Note
Notes provide additional information.

Warning
Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action
may result in bodily injury.

Caution
Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action
may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

11

Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files
of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The
documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local
workstation or server.

12

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in
the table below.

United States, Canada, Mexico, Germany, Switzerland, Austria,
Central America, South America, Eastern Europe
Puerto Rico Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126
Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4)

United Kingdom, Denmark, France, Belgium, Luxembourg,
Norway, Sweden, Finland The Netherlands, Middle East,
(+44) 1-235-442560 Africa
(+33) 1-60-92-15-25

Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Australia
Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Tel: 1 800 000 880
Philippines, China, India, Hong
Kong
Tel: (++65) 3815-612

Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Japan
Turkey, Israel Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640
Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at:
www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Allied Telesyn, Inc.
Corporate 19800 North Creek Parkway,
Suite 200
Information
Bothell, WA 98011
Tel:1 (425) 487-8880
Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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14 . You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www.Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products.com. enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password.alliedtelesyn.alliedtelesyn.com or our FTP server at ftp. To use the FTP server.

15 . It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software.

The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A. as explained in the hardware installation guide. You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228.Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network. such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters. 16 . Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters. If this is true for your network. and powering ON the device.

It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser. There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software. such as to change or adjust its operating parameters. AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session. The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use. 17 . The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide.

you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch. 18 . using a straight-through RS-232 cable.Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch. refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. Note For instructions on starting a local management session. Once the session is started. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located. You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session.

This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session. 19 . Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. which include the enhanced stacking feature. With AT-8024GB switches. You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address.

Consequently. that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address. every AT-8024GB switch. This too is a type of remote management. as well as every AT-8024 switch. because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch. ❑ DHCP and BOOTP . There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session.You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session. refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171. Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session.You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session. just like a Telnet management session. ❑ Port security level .Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch.You can view but not set the port security level of a switch. 20 . They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking .

A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program. The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program. Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. refer to your SNMP management documentation. Consequently. For instructions. AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program. 21 .

Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .

The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch. you can manage just that switch. You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. Additionally. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch. This can simplify network management. to start this type of management session. 24 . A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. you must go to where that switch is located. usually within a few meters. Note For information on enhanced stacking. Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port.

POR TB DE RS- 232 TER MIN AL P LINK ORT MOD FAU E LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2. see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 . AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local To start a local management session. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program. Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 Session connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch. perform the following procedure: Management 1. 3. Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200.

) The Main Menu is displayed. the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt.1 and above. Press the Return key twice.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal. If prompted for a password. (The password is case-sensitive. You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch.) 4. Enhanced Stacking S .) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal. (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1. or an equivalent terminal emulator program. Port Menu 2 . This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only. Administration Menu 5 .Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 . The default is “admin”. The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset.Save Configuration Changes R . System Config Menu 6 . 5. The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 . Note During boot up. simply type boot and press Return to start the switch. The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly. the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps). Otherwise. Spanning Tree Menu 4 . MAC Address Tables 7 . Diagnostics 9 . VLAN Menu 3 . Ethernet Statistics 8 . enter the password for the management software. (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>).

refer to Chapter 4. Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu. you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet. Enhanced Stacking on page 46. This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. Enhanced When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch Stacking that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. type the corresponding letter or number. AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item. It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located. 27 . For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session. Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch.

This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended. Local Session You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a To quit a local session. return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit. 28 . Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions. Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously.

The default password is “admin”. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. To make a selection. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. Enter the management software password when prompted. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. type R or press ESC twice. Starting a Telnet To start a Telnet management session. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities. Additionally. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. In terms of functionally. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. To return to a previous menu. Session The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. as shown in Figure 2 on page 26. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. 29 . such as with a local management session. The menus also function the same. AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. type its corresponding number of letter. specify the IP address of the Management switch in the Telnet application protocol. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol. Note For background information on enhanced stacking.

Management Session 30 .Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a To end a Telnet management session. type Q for Quit from the Main Telnet Menu.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 .Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures. and more. activating the original switch default settings. There are also procedures for resetting the switch. There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it.

You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. all from the same management session. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking. First.) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. This feature has two primary benefits. 32 . it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. You do not need to assign an IP address. AT-8024GB The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign Switch an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. you must also assign it a subnet mask. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. you must assign at least one of them an IP address. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. subnet mask. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. This switch will be the Master switch of the stack. a web browser.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. Second. (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol.

How Do You Once you have decided which. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. if any. 33 . Address? The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure. you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet. AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. switches on your network need an Assign an IP IP address. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. You can do this two different ways. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet.

. IP Address .Reset Switch X . Comments . along with other optional information... 255.0 4 . (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network.. From the Main Menu... 6 . and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session........... type 4 to select Administration Menu... To manually set a switch’s IP address..0. go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37...Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 . Administrator .0. The selection X ..0 3 . 0.. perform the following procedure: 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address.. System Name . such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch.0.0 2 ..) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch.Save Configuration Changes R ..255.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 ..0.. The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 .Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42. Default Gateway ..Release DHCP IP Address S . 5 ...0. 0...... 9 . Change Password . 7 ...Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L ... Subnet Mask .. subnet mask..

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired.
The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below:

1 - IP address
This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must
specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch
using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management
program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the
Master switch of an enhanced stack.

2 - Subnet mask
This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must
specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch.
3 - Gateway address
This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This
address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch
from a management station that is separated from the switch by
a router.

4 - System Name
This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales
Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional.

Note
It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help
you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can
help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong
switch.

5 - Administrator
This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator
responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional.

6 - Comments
This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast
Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor -
wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional.

7 - Change Password
This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login
password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10
characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a
to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local
and remote management sessions. The default password is
“admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution
Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or
exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if
you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most
web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords.

L - Release DHCP IP Address
If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP
address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this
selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the
IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to
another network device.

3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration
Changes.

Note
A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will
not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the
device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu
or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify
network management. They are used to automatically assign IP
configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP
address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address.

The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these
protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a
BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the
switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information
from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or
power ON the device.

Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server
residing on your network and you must configure the service by
entering in the switch’s MAC address.

BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP
address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If
you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to
the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred
configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the
same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to
use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch.

If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that
it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch
might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the
device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit.

Note
The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch.

To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch,
perform the following procedure:

1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch
System Config Menu

1 - MAC Aging Time ................... 300 seconds
2 - Hash Count ....................... 6
3 - Switch Mode ...................... Tagged
4 - Console Discount Timer Interval .. 10 minute(s)
5 - BOOTP/DHCP........................ Disabled
6 - Web Server Status ................ Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration
8 - Reset to Factory Defaults

S - Save Configuration Changes
R - Previous Menu

Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu

2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP.
The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):
3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to
disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled.
4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.
5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset
button on the back panel of the switch.

38

type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window. 39 . 2. From the System Configuration Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. type 3 to select SNMP Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. Broadcast Timers Setup 3 . SNMP Configuration 4 . The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed. From the Main Menu. AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 . GBIC Uplink Information R . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. IGMP Snooping Configuration 2 .

........0.SET Community ..0 6 .. Trap receiver 2 .0 5 ..... when prompted.Trap Receiver 2 6 ....Save Configuration Changes R ... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 .. 0. public 2 ..0..Trap Receiver 1 5 .. Trap receiver 1 .... 0.0.0..Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed... enter the new value..... 40 . type its corresponding number and..Trap Community ...... 0... The parameters are described below......Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4...Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. public 4 ..GET Community 2 . After making your changes. private 3 .......SET Community 3. To change a value.0 7 . 4 .......0.... Adjust the parameters as desired...... Trap receiver 3 .0 S ....0.......Trap Receiver 3 7 . 0.GET Community . 1 .. type S to select Save Configuration Changes.0. Trap receiver 4 ... Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch..0.Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. 5.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. If you type Y for yes. Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A. From the System Configuration Menu. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. 4. Type Y for yes or N for no. 41 . Type Y to reset the switch. 2. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. You are prompted to reset the switch.

42 . 2. Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software. a task requiring only a second or two to complete. From the Main Menu. type 4 to select Administrator Menu. type 9 to select Reset Switch. perform the following procedure: 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. Some data traffic may be lost. From the Administrator Menu. The switch immediately reloads its operating system.

type E to enable web access or D to disable web access. perform the procedure below. 2. To configure web browser access. To configure the console timer. For instructions on how to set this security feature. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password. perform the procedure below. type 5 to select System Config Menu. when prompted. AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes. and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser. 3. The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes. These security features are: ❑ Password . 43 .) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. type 6 to select Web Server Access and.The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch. the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. ❑ Console Timeout . For instructions on how to set this security feature. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. perform the following procedure: 1. if you specify 2 minutes. when prompted. The default password is “admin”. ❑ Web Access . From the Main Menu.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. (The password is case-sensitive. For example. type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch.

4. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. After you have made the desired changes. if you disable web access. no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. 44 . Your changes are immediately activated on the switch.

. Bootloader Version . Serial Number .D2.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed... MAC Address ...00 R .. 5456411 4 .. 00. The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed.3 2 ....... type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu. ATI_LOADER1.A0.. AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information.........17........... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 . 45 .1 3 . Application Software Version .....32...... AT-S39 v1..

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch.Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. 46 . This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch.

you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. should you remove a master switch from the network. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. That way. If your network consists of more than one subnet. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. You simply connect it to your network. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. such as for maintenance. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master. There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. Once connected to the network. 47 . AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack.

You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. 48 . do not. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask. you must assign each master switch a unique IP address. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. referred to as slave switches. If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch. 3.

and each has been assigned a unique IP address.32.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router.32.09.18 Master 2 IP Address 149.22 Master 2 IP Address 149.16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149. AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet.11. Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149.32. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet.32.11. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets. 49 .09. you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet.

Enhanced Stacking Services S . slave switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 . you can access and manage all the AT- 8024GB switches in the subnet. You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch. Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch . ❑ Slave switch . ❑ Unavailable .Save Configuration Changes R . A master switch must have a unique IP address.. A switch with this designation can be managed locally.Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable.Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 . It does not need an IP address or subnet mask.A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch. The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed... Note The default setting for a switch is Slave. To be managed remotely.A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. Master 2 . perform the following procedure: 1. To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status.A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch. Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack. From the Main Menu. a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address. or unavailable.

To change a switch’s status.Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches. AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 . The following prompt is displayed. 51 . Note The “2 .” For example. Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3.Switch State. A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch. S to make it a slave switch. the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master. 4. Type M to change the switch to a master switch. Press Return. or U to make the switch unavailable. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. type 1 to select Switch State. 2.

If you assigned system names to your switches. The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch. perform the following procedure: 1. When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet.Access Switch R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------- G .Get/Refresh List of Switches A . From the Enhanced Stacking window. From the Main Menu. then it is very easy. To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack. you need to select it from the management software.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch. 2. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services. To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet. The window in Figure 10 is displayed. you are by default addressing that particular switch.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 . type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window.

Enter the switch’s password and press Return. 53 . Once you see that window. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password. AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session. Type A to select Access Switch. This returns you to the Master switch screen Switch listing the switches in the subnet. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice. The password is case-sensitive. The default password is “admin”. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. Returning to When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage the Master another switch in the subnet. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window. 6. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. You now can manage the selected switch. Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit. 4. if you want to manage the Master switch.

Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .

AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch. Port Status 5 . Port Configuration 2 . perform the following procedure: 1. 55 .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2. Port Mirroring 3 . The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 . type 4 to select Port Status. Port Trunking 4 . Port Security C . From the Main Menu. From the Port Menu.Accept changes & update flash R . type 1 to select Port Menu.

Possible values are: Auto . Figure 12 is an example of the window.Next Page U .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------- 001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N . Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port.Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Down . The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number.Update Display R .indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link. Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. 56 . Possible values are: Up . Manual .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed.indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node.

Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member. Possible values are: Forwarding .10 Mbps 100 .100 Mbps 1000 . Receive .1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 10 . Possible values are: None . 57 . Spd The operating speed of the port. Flow The flow control setting for the port.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. State The current operating status of the port. Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex.No flow control on the port. AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port. Both . Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member.The port has been manually disabled. Transmit .The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. Disabled . Possible values are MDI and MDI-X.

To configure only one port...Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. 2. Advertise 100HDX ....... Reset Port R . To configure a range of ports.. 0 .. type 1 to select Port Configuration... Broadcast Control ..No Broadcast Control C . Auto 4 . perform the following procedure: 1. Negotiation . Yes 6 .. Yes 7 ... enter the last port number in the range. type 1 to select Port Menu. Forwarding 1 . Advertise 10FDX .. Yes 8 . To configure a range of ports. Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 ... Flow Control ... None 5 ............ AUTO B .. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed... The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4... Advertise 100FDX . From the Main Menu. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return.... Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return... Advertise 10HDX .... MDI/MDIX Mode . Force Renegotiation X ... From the Port Menu. enter the first port of the range. Yes 9 .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 .. Status . Save Configuration Changes F ..

..100 Mbps 1000 .. This toggles the parameter through its possible settings... The possible settings for the 2 .Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode.Duplex are Full-duplex and Half- duplex.... You adjust a parameter by typing its number. AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port.10 Mbps 0100 .Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port.. You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections. 59 . two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 . which is the default.. Possible settings are: Forwarding .....The port will receive and forward packets..1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 . 5.Speed selection are: 0010 . Adjust the port parameters as desired. Once the problem has been fixed...Duplex . Disabled . If you select Manual. If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation. When disabled. you can enable the port again to resume normal operation.Speed . This is the default setting.... 0 .... You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port.. The parameters are described below.Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode.. the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically.The port will not receive or forward packets.. 1 . 0100 3 . a port will not receive or transmit frames. The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters.

Transmit .MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port. Both .Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. If you set this to Auto.No flow control on the port. By default.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode.or full-duplex mode.Advertise 10HDX 7 .Advertise 100HDX to No. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155. if you set the selection 8 . During Auto-Negotiation. Receive . 5 . B . the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it. Possible settings are: None .Advertise 10FDX 6 . If desired. the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps.Advertise 100FDX 8 . 60 . For example. You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. half-duplex operation. a switch port will advertise its full capabilities. The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time. you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX. which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half. 9 .Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for Auto- Negotiation. which is the default setting. which is the default setting. The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames. Note In most network environments you should leave all Auto- Negotiation advertisements activated.Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option.

Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port. This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode. The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection. The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection. 61 . This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. which. Once you have set the port parameters. You can use this option to reset the selected port. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node. when selected.

Type either 24 or 25. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5. From the Main Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window. type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. To display GBIC information. 62 . 3. perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4. 2. The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed. Type 1 to select GBIC Information. type 5 to select System Config Menu. these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.GBIC Information R . From the System Configuration Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch.

(k) ..... 24 Type of Serial Interface . Module Not Defined Connector Type ........ (100m) ................ 0 Length 50/125 um Fib...... (10k) ... You cannot change this information................. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number ........... 1000Base-SX Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding ....... 63 ..5/125 um Fib........ AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module..Next Page R ... (10m) ... FC SC connector Elect/Opt Transceiver . Figure 15 is an example of the window.... 22 N .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only...... 0 Length 9/125 um Fib......... GBIC Extended Serial Transceiver .. 8B10B Length 9/125 mm Fib...... 50 Length 62..

Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. 64 .Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.

Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. Once this mode is activated. Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn. There are four levels of port security. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch. even when the end node is inactive. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. Automatic This operating mode disables port security. You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. 65 . it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. it remains in the table and is never purged. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level.

no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. even those belonging to inactive end nodes. the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward. The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. When this security level is activated. The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. Once you have activated this security level. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table. The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. 66 . Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses.

For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. 2. To specify the limits. 1 . perform the following procedure: 1. type 2 to select Limited mode. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. This is the default setting. Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. type 5 to select Port Security. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed. To set a switch’s port security level. type 3 to select the Secured mode. ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. type 1 to select Port Menu. type 1 to select Automatic mode. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. Secured mode 4 . AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. Automatic mode (default mode) 2 . 67 . From the Main Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. Limited mode 3 . Lock all the ports now R . you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward. From the Port Menu. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. After activating this security mode. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports.

type 4 to select Lock all the ports now.Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned. 68 . Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn. type 5 to select Port Security. 3. You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports. From the Main Menu. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed. To configure Limited security mode.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 . Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table. 2. frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded.Configure port security limited mode R . the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports. From the Port Menu. type 2 to select Limited security. type 1 to select Port Menu.Display MAC limit per port 2 . When you activate this security level. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 . You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. From the Port Security menu. Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed.Set MAC limit per port 3 . Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn. perform the following procedure: 1.

repeat Steps 5 through 9. Set MAC limit for selected port 4 . The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. This applies the limit to the port. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. 13. Type 2 to choose Select a port. 7. Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. Select a port 3 . To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. type R to select Return to previous menu. 9. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. 12. 10. 11. Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8. Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 . The range is 1 to 150 addresses. 70 . Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6. Enter a threshold 2 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4.

repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. Examine the MAC limits. be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. 16. 71 . If necessary. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu. The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed. Check to be sure that they are correct. 15. If you assigned different values to different ports. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port. Limited security has now been configured on the switch. AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. 14.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks.

A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load. or another Ethernet switch. ports 4. such as a server. and so on. 13. 5. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. 3. 73 . 6. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. port 13 to port 22. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. 3. 14. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. or 4 ports. and so on. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. On the second AT- 8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. router. ❑ The duplex mode. there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. Despite the software configuration and physical connections. and 7). or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. To maintain the order of the port connections. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. For example. ❑ When cabling a trunk. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. speed. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. A port trunk is 2. 22. For example. 15 for the trunk. you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. workstation. 23. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. and 24.

AT-8024GB CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT RS-232 TERMINAL PORT 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM MODE PORT A PORT B Link COL Mode FAULT 100 LINK LINK Link FULL MASTER Mode ACT PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches. Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server. The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN. The server is connected to the switch with four data links. AT-8024 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch MODE Link COL Mode FAULT 100 Link FULL MASTER Mode ACT PWR AT-8024 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch MODE Link COL Mode FAULT 100 Link FULL MASTER Mode ACT PWR Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 . A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs. The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch. ❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch.

Note Before creating a port trunk. From the Port Menu. such as speed and duplex mode. Check to be sure that the settings. AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch.Add ports to trunk 2 . From the Main Menu. You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed. type 3 to select Port Trunking. 2. To create a port trunk.Delete Trunk 3 . Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. type 1 to select Port Menu. are the same for all the ports of the trunk. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 . Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software.Show port trunking status S . examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 .Save Configuration Changes R . Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure.

g. 3.Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7. 76 . Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. 8. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window. The following prompt is displayed. 6. Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking. To confirm the creation of the port trunk. Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk.3. Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk.4) or as a range (e. Enter new value -> 4. type 3 to display the status of the trunk.2. 5. The port trunk is ready for network operations. Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return.g. You can specify the ports individually (e... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports ------------------------------------------------------------------ 1-4 R . 7-10). 1.

perform the following procedure: 1. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. 2. Type 2 to select Delete trunk. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. type 3 to select Port Trunking. From the Main Menu. To confirm the deletion. 77 . To delete a port trunk from the switch. 3. The port trunk is deleted from the switch. 4. From the Port Menu. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology. type 1 to select Port Menu. 5. AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror.

❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. 79 . you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port. if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports. meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports. For example. the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. However. For example. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time. the more ports you mirror. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. the mirror port is likely to drop packets. AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed.

Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror. Press Return. type 1 to select Port Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3.. Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6. The following prompt is displayed... enter the first port of the range.CPU Attached . To mirror the traffic of only one port. Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored. From the Main Menu. You can specify only one mirror port... Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4.. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port... 80 .Save Configuration Changes R . The following prompt is displayed. If you want to mirror a range or ports.Show Port Mirror Status S ... 0 2 .Delete ports from mirror 5 . 2.Mirroring Port .Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror.. The following prompt is displayed. Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7..Add ports to mirror 4 . type 2 to select Port Mirroring.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 . 5. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Port Menu. enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step. the port to where the traffic will be copied). The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed. To mirror a range of ports. No 3 . enter the last port in the range..

9. AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. 10. type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status. To confirm the creation of the port mirror. Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu. The port mirror is now functional. The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored. 81 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

The following prompt is displayed. type 1 to select Port Menu.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. From the Main Menu. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Port Menu. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. 2. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. Enter 0 and press Return. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 3. 82 . 5.

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol. refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802.1D. 83 . ISO/IEC 10038: 1993.Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters.

A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. leaving only one main active path.1D standard. STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance. By adjusting the value. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. exist in the network topology. So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes. Where multiple paths exist. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. and sometimes its MAC address. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. either planned or unplanned. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. as specified in the IEEE 802.Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. referred to as broadcast storms. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. 84 . Selecting a Root The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is Bridge the selection of a root bridge. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles. also referred to as the bridge identifier.

Paths Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. the lower the port cost. active path. AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Once the Root Bridge has been selected. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. The faster the port. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby. the bridges must determine if Resolving the network contains redundant paths and. Below are the default values. where all ports have a port cost of 0. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed Port Cost 10 Mbps 100 100 Mbps 10 1000 Mbps 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. the preferred path is selected through port priority. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. blocking mode. If two paths have the same port cost. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or Redundant blocking state. Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. if one is found. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. If redundant paths exist. 85 .

especially if it is a large network. before it begins to forward frames. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. Communicating The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with Between each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. This portion of the frame is Bridges referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. listening and learning. a temporary data loop could occur. Consequently. and if not. For large networks. However. or Topology addition of any active components. For small networks. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT- 8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. and that could adversely impact network performance. This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. the active topology also changes. with the size of your network being a primary factor. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. removal. a Changes change in a port state is not activated immediately. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. 86 . if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. When a bridge is brought on-line. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time.

00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 3 ..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2. If you enable STP.Config STP Port Settings 8 . 1 . 87 ... 2 5 .. 15 6 . Disabled 2 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 . Bridge Priority ... the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks.. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu.. The parameters are described below.. Bridge Hello Time . Bridge Max Age . You should consult the IEEE 802...1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters.. Enable/Disable . Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. From the Main Menu. The default setting is disabled.Display STP Port Settings 9 . Bridge Forwarding .. Bridge Identifier . The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed.Reset STP to Defaults R . AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings..Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch. 20 7 . Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. 65535 4 .... 1.. Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default...

For example. If the bridge transitions too soon. After you have made the desired changes. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. with 0 being the highest priority. The default is 15 seconds. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. 88 . 3 . all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). 4 . type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 6 . 5 . not all links may have yet adapted to the change.535. resulting in network loops. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes.Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. if you use the default 20. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds.Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . When a root bridge goes off-line. The default is 2 seconds. for example. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. The default is 20 seconds. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. 3.Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed.

. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3.. 128 4 . From the Main Menu. enter the last port of the range. 10 3 . Port Priority . The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4.. Enter the number of the port you want to configure. type 7 to select Config STP port settings. Root Bridge .. Adjust the settings as desired.. 2. 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R . Path Cost .. To configure just one port.... From the Spanning Tree menu..Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain... 1 ..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5. To configure a range of ports.... Bridge Hello Time . This value cannot be changed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 .. To configure a range of ports... AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters.. The parameters are described below.. perform the following procedure: 1.. The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed.. enter the first port of the range. 2 5 . 89 ... type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. Yes 2 . Participating . enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step...

This value cannot be changed from this window.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . 5 . The range is 1 to 65535. refer to the previous procedure. 4 . and 4 for a 1 Gbps port. This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed. The range is 0-255.Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN. 10 for a 100 Mbps port. The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port. The default value for priority is 128. To change this value. 3 .Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain. The default is 2 seconds.Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge. 90 .

and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 . It also contains the procedures for creating. This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. modifying.Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs).

The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. if an employee changed departments. logical LAN segments. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. For example. Additionally. such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. This too can improve overall network performance. For example. Before the advent of VLANs. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth. It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. 92 . the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. With VLANs.

AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. 93 . Additionally. a virtual LAN can span more than one switch. VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically. you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections. This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location. or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another.

A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches. and Engineering. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. 94 . If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. called the Default VLAN. VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. or just a few ports. such as a router or Layer 3 switch. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). you must give it a name. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. Examples include Sales. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are pre- configured with one port-based VLAN. Production.

unique VLAN.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. In this manner. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames. Untagged Ports Naturally. all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. If you allow the management software to do it automatically. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. Additionally. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. Consequently. you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. 95 . The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID. For example. it will simply select the next available VID. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN. This is acceptable when you are creating a new. The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously. rather than by a port’s PVID. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch. Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID).

This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. Port-based ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. General Rules Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a port- to Creating a based VLAN. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID. 96 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID. Consequently. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. ❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. However. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs. If a VLAN particular VLAN spans multiples switches. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port. the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5.

A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs. 97 . such as servers and VLANs printers. across multiple VLANs. In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches. a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN. AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: Port-based ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. ❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network. For example. many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN.

Engineering.) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN Production VLAN (VID 2) (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch MODE Link COL Mode FAULT 100 Link FULL MASTER Mode ACT PWR Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN . the Default VLAN is not shown. A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member.Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales.13 (PVID 3) Ports 21 . Sales VLAN Engineering VLAN Production VLAN (VID 2) (VID 3) (VID 4) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 .24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID. 98 . (For purposes of the following examples. A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN. The ports have been assigned PVID values. 11 .4 (PVID 2) Ports 9. and Production VLANs on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch Example 1 with three port-based VLANs. You assign this number when you create a VLAN.

Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN Production VLAN (VID 2) (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch MODE Link COL Mode FAULT 100 Link FULL MASTER Mode ACT PWR WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch MODE Link COL Mode FAULT 100 Link FULL MASTER Mode ACT PWR Sales VLAN Engineering VLAN (VID 2) (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN . two VLANs Example 2 span more than one Ethernet switch. each VLAN has one port connected to the router. In this example. AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example. The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN. Port-based Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs.Example 2 99 .

it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router. 100 .This VLAN spans both switches. it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path.24 (PVID 4) (PVID 3) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 . This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment.This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN. It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4. Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router.6. Engineering.11. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch. ❑ Production VLAN . and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN Engineering VLAN Production VLAN (VID 2) (VID 3) (VID 4) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch. However.This is the final VLAN in the example. This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN. 14.6 (PVID 2) Ports 13. This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN. The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch. 18 (PVID 2) Ports 9 . ❑ Engineering VLAN . 19-24 (PVID 3) none ❑ Sales VLAN . So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN. 20 Ports 21 . Since this VLAN spans multiple switches.

If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch. 101 . When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame. This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network.3ac standard). The IEEE 802. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously. A tag. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch. This contrasts to a port-based VLAN. If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership. the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports. referred to as a tagged frame. The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time. the frame will be discarded.1Q-compliant. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN. For example. Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802. This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches.

the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. a frame without any tagged information). The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. simultaneously. The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. An untagged port. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. In the case of a tagged VLAN. and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. 102 . But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. Otherwise. But actually there is. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. However. Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. can be in only one VLAN at a time. You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN. there would seem to be no need for a PVID.

each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID. AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged to Creating a VLAN. ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS. Tagged VLAN ❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time. 103 . If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks. ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs.

Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN Production VLAN (VID 2) (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch MODE Link COL Mode FAULT 100 Link FULL MASTER Mode ACT PWR WAN IEEE 802.1Q-based products.1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch MODE Link COL Mode FAULT 100 Link FULL MASTER Mode ACT PWR Sales VLAN Engineering VLAN (VID 2) (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE Example 802.

16 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 Switch (PVID 2) (PVID 3) (top) AT-8024 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 15 none none Switch (PVID 3) (bottom) This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. when received by the switch. 105 . They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. 20 8.1Q-compliant server. while still maintaining data separation and security. each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. data separation and security remain. But with tagged ports. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example. 16 9 to 11. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports Untagged Ports Tagged Ports Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 1 to 5. The tagged frames. 18 8. It is connected to an IEEE 802. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated.

Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered. ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121. frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. All VLAN information.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. either tagged or untagged. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. is ignored. but the VLANs are not used. 106 . Packets are passed through the switch unchanged.

Modify a VLAN 3 .Save Configuration Changes R . type 1 to select Create a VLAN.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2. From the Main Menu.Port VLANs & Priorities R . The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 .Virtual LAN Support 2 . Delete a VLAN 4 . Clear All VLANs S . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 . From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Create a VLAN 2 . Show All VLANs 5 . perform the following procedure: 1. From the VLAN Menu. AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN. 107 . The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.Virtual LAN Definitions 3 .

. then the name should be unique as well.. The name can contain spaces.. The name can be from one to ten characters in length.. C . Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN... If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches... 0 3 .. 2 ... 4 . Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN...... Send to CPU (Y/N) ... The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example...Create VLAN R . If the VLAN will be unique in your network.. The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096.... 0 6 .. If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch... Untagged Ports . 5.. The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value. 108 . but not special characters.. For example... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 ..... VLAN Name . Sales or Accounting).... then its VID must also be unique. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). Mirroring Port . if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4.... you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value. 5 . If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. VLAN ID (VID) . Tagged Ports .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed.

type 6 and Y for yes. 13. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch...7-9) 7.g. You can specify the ports individually (e. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.5). type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted. you can analyze the VLAN traffic. Press any key.Press any key to continue. A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored. 9. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports. 8. 10.5).7-9).. you will see the following message: SUCCESS ..3. type 4 to select Show All VLANs. leave this field empty. or both (e.g. To verify that the VLAN was created correctly. For more information on port mirroring. 2. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN. as a range (e. 11.(If you do not to activate this feature. 109 . as a range (e. Type C to select Create VLAN. or both (e. AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79.3. leave this field empty.) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN.g. You can specify the ports individually (e. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU.5.. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. 7-9). 14. 12. 2. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port. either do not select this option or select it and type N for no. 7-9). If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports.5. this parameter should be left with its default value of 0. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN.. Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports. Note In most cases.g. 2.g.g. 2. If the VLAN will contain tagged ports.

ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15. if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. 110 . Note When you create a new VLAN. You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time. Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN. For example.

111 . From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 7. Press Return. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. To create the example Sales VLAN. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. 8. 4. 9. 5. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. Ports 1 to 4. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. press any key. 6. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. The new Sales VLAN has now been created. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. From the VLAN Menu. AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Port- based Example 1 on page 98. Type C to select Create VLAN. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. From the Main Menu. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”.

After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. 8. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”. 4. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. From the VLAN Menu. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Ports 8 and 16. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9. and 12. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN. It will consist of three untagged ports. 11. press any key. 9.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104. Type C to select Create VLAN. 112 . 3. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. 6. Press Return. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. To create the example Engineering VLAN. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. perform the following procedure: 1. 7.11.10. 2. 20”. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.16”. 5. 10. and two untagged ports. From the Main Menu. Ports 9.

. R . To obtain a VLAN’s VID. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. 7. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4. After making the desired changes. 3. type 2 to select Modify a VLAN. This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN. For a description of the parameters. type M to select Modify VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.. From the Main Menu. The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS ..Press any key to continue.. Change the VLAN’s information as desired. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify. The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 . AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure. 113 ... The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115.. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. To modify a VLAN.VLAN ID (VID) . From the VLAN Menu. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 6.

10. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The VLAN has been modified. 9. Press any key. 8. 11. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. 114 .

10-19 T: 7 R . From the VLAN Menu.9 3 Production U: 8. AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names. 2. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. type 4 to select View All VLANs. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 . Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------- 1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7.9 2 Sales U: 1-6 T: 7. 3. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. VID numbers. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. The Show All VLANs window is displayed. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.

From the Main Menu... R . The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed. type 2 to select VLAN Menu... Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 . Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4. A confirmation prompt is displayed. 2.VLAN ID (VID) .. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 3. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. type D. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115.. From the VLAN Menu. 6. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. To delete the VLAN. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. which has a VID of 1. type 3 to select Delete a VLAN. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID).. 116 . To delete a VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure. The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed.

both tagged and untagged. The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS .Press any key to continue. The VLAN has been deleted. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed. 9. AT-S39 User’s Guide 7. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs. All ports in the deleted VLAN. 8. 117 . Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure. 10. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports.

type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu. on a switch. 118 . 2. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. To delete all VLANs on a switch. Press Return. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. except the Default VLAN. A confirmation message is displayed. 4. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. To delete selected VLANs. 3. From the VLAN Menu. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. 5. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116.

type 2 to select VLAN Menu. To change a PVID for a port. then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7. perform the following procedure: 1. Type 1 to select Port Number. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change. For example. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 . Press Return. AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. 2. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary. 119 .Port Number R . From the VLAN Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. From the Main Menu.

. The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS . 9......Press any key to continue.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5. 1 3 .......Update Changes to Chip C . Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 . Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High ... N U . Type U to select Update Changes to Chip.. Port Number ... Override Priority (Y/N) ........ 0 4 .... 7.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed. You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch.. Port VLAN ID . Return to the Main Menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes...... The port now has a new PVID. 1 2 . Press Return..Accept changes & update flash R . 8. 120 ..... Specify the new PVID value for the port... The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6..

B-Basic): 3. Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs. The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged. AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. 2. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 121 . 4. Press Return. Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. Type 3 to select Switch Mode. The default is Tagged mode. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. 5. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu.

If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure. 2.Accept changes & update flash R . The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering.Enable VLANs Globally D . type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs. It sets a switch’s VLAN mode. The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3.Enable/Disable VLANs 2 . From the VLAN Menu. the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode. When VLANs are disabled.Disable VLANs Globally R . The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed. the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. ingress filtering is disabled. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 . Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering. When VLANs are enabled. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. perform the following procedure: 1.Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 . From the Main Menu.

6. 4. Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode. A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch. 5. AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 123 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

just as a reminder. the frame is discarded. tagged or untagged. Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. nor to any frames. the port accepts the frame. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. Here is an example. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. If they belong to different VLANs. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. First. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. In this case. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. the port discards the frame. For further information. Fortunately. the port accepts the frame. Once the tagged frame is received. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. If there is. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. the switch discards the frame. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. 124 . when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. If they belong to the same VLAN. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table.

From the Main Menu. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E . In most cases. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5. Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch. You cannot set this per port. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. From the VLAN Menu. A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame. Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis. Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags. To enable or disable ingress filtering. which is the default. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets. and that is the priority tag. From the Virtual LAN Support menu.Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D .Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R . 125 . Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. 4. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. regardless of the status of ingress filtering. The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed.

Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .

The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. When the destination node responds. AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. by referring to its MAC address table. it also examines the destination address and. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. When the switch receives a packet. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. For example. This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. determines the port where the destination node is connected. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. along with the port number on which each address was learned. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table. and the port number where each address was learned. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. 127 .

The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses. 128 . remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted. The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. A static MAC address. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes). or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. even when the end node is inactive. once entered in the table. This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. For instructions on changing the aging timer. refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table. even when the end node is inactive.

The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed. Show all static MAC addresses 6 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2. View MAC addresses by VLAN ID 9 . To display only static MAC addresses. 129 . perform the following procedure: 1. AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 . Add static MAC Address 3 . Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses 5 . and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports. The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT- 8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed. Show all MAC Addresses 2 . View Multicast MAC Addresses A . To display the MAC address table. To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports. type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses. type 6 to select MAC Address Tables. View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R . One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses. just the base ports. Delete Static MAC Address 4 . From the Main Menu. 3. View the port of MAC address 8 . View MAC addresses by port 7 .

”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only.Update Display R . Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. 130 . The static MAC address window is exactly the same.Accept changes & update flash U . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------- 01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed. MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. The columns in the window are defined below. which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses. except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses.

Type The MAC address type. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. As an example. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. 131 . This feature is not supported at this time. The type can be either static or dynamic. except for the switch’s MAC address. Another example is “000020F. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left.

From the MAC Address Table menu. Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port. type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu. 132 . You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port. The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. From the Main Menu. 2. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.

for a static address. you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned. if the address was learned dynamically. AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. From the MAC Address Table menu. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. The procedure in this section offers an easier way. 2. You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address. or to which the address was assigned. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. From the Main Menu. 1. But if the switch is part of a large network. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. 133 . finding the address could prove difficult. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address.

perform the following procedure. For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns. (This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN. produces the same result. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch. 134 .) Note To perform this procedure. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. From the MAC Address Table menu. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. 1. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. 2. as explained earlier in this chapter.

From the Main Menu. Once the table has been purged. the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. 2. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. 1. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table. From the MAC Address Table menu. perform the following procedure. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. 3. 135 . type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses. A confirmation prompt is displayed. the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. If you type Y for yes.

To add a static address to the MAC address table. 5. The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. 136 . Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses. perform the following procedure: 1. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. 2. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected. From the MAC Address Table menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table.

type 3 to select Delete MAC Address. From the MAC Address Table menu. Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table. perform the following procedure: 1. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. From the Main Menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 137 . Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. 2. 4.

the switch deletes the address. When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time. To adjust the aging time. This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active. The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. Enter a new value in seconds. type 5 to select System Config Menu. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. 138 . 2. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes). perform the following procedure: 1. The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3. From the Main Menu. From the System Config Menu.

Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .

The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays. When a tagged packet enters a switch port.1p AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Priority Levels Queue 7 high 6 high 5 high 4 high 3 low 2 low 1 low 0 low For example. network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner. For example. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest. but were mostly transparent to network users.1p and 802. The 802.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority. such as voice transmission or video conferencing.1Q standards. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802. packet transfer delays can prove problematic. Prior to CoS. 140 .e. low and high. File transfer delays did occur. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis. By default. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue.. 0 to 7. transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802. CoS was designed to address this problem. But with the introduction of time-critical applications. untagged frames (i.

) 7. From the Main Menu. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch. 2. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. enter a value from 4 to 7. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS. Type 3 to select Priority (0 .) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. Press Return. 3. Type 1 to select Port Number. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. From the VLAN Menu. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. (Again. 141 . Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. perform the following procedure: 1. The default for this parameter is No. Return to the Main Menu. 10. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port. 9. 11. AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. 6. 5. 8. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7.7). If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. enter a value from 0 to 3.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch.

In Version 1. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. it simply stops sending reports. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. 143 . This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups. In Version 2. it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. the router does not send multicast packets out the port. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. referred to as a time-out value. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group. AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. There are two versions of IGMP. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. Once the router has received a report from a host node. it removes the node from appropriate membership list. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port.) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups.

IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. Note By default. which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups. Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value. a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2. 144 . except the port on which it received the packet. and by processing leave requests.

. View Multicast Hosts List 7 . 2.. From the Main Menu.... Maximum Multicast Groups .. The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch.. 256 5 . Multicast Host Topology . 260 seconds 4 . Auto Detect 6 .Save Configuration Changes R . This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 . From the System Configuration Menu. Possible settings are Single- Host/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate). View Multicast Router List S .. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed... IGMP Snooping Status ...Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 .. After selecting this option. type 5 to select System Config Menu. AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters.. Multicast Router Port(s) . type E to enable or D to disable this feature... 3.Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. Single-Host/Port (Edge) 3 . Host/Router Timeout Interval .... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 .. perform the following procedure: 1. 2 .. From the Advanced Configuration window. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration.IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. Disabled 2 .

The default is 256 multicast groups. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port.Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. 5 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports.Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. 4 . you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. that is. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. The default is 260 seconds. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval.Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. The range is from 1 second to 86. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 .400 seconds (24 hours). 3 . some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. The default is 256 multicast addresses.

enter “0” (zero) for this parameter. 147 . AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect. After making the desired changes. To select Auto Detect. Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter. Your changes are activated immediately on the switch. 4. or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number. type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

Update Display R .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. 4. type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. To display the list. From the Advanced Configuration window. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group. 3. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. as well as the host nodes. Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 148 . Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected. From the Main Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------- U . From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. From the System Configuration Menu.

Update Display R . From the Advanced Configuration window. From the System Configuration Menu. The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. 2.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------- U . The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected. 3. type 5 to select System Config Menu. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. To display a list of the multicast routers. From the Main Menu. 149 . 4. AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes. perform the following procedure: 1. type 7 to select View Multicast Router List. Router IP The IP address of the multicast router. You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software.

In order to use this feature. When a node sends out a broadcast frame. Broadcast frames are different. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. 151 . some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. For example. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. For example. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. That is. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit.

Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch. the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. 152 . Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames. the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example. At these settings.

type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.Timer for 100 MB ports ... The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . 0 micro sec C . type 5 to select System Config Menu. 100.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. From the Advanced Configuration Menu. Type 1.. 2. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps .10x ❑ 100 Mbps . 2. 0 milli sec 2 .100x 153 . and 1000 Mbps.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed.. or 3 and enter a value when prompted. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 . AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature.. From the Main Menu. 3.Save Configuration Changes R .. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. 0 milli sec 3 . type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup.Timer for 10 MB ports . From the System Configuration Menu... (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.Timer for 1000 MB ports . The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds..

Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive. The default value is “0” for all timers.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. 6. 154 . the management software multiples the value by 10. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. 5. Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. Once you have set the desired timer intervals. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. To configure a range of ports. From the Main Menu. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval. To configure a range of ports. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. From the Port Menu. To configure only one port. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. 155 . 2. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds. AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded. 5. type 1 to select Port Menu. For example. perform the following procedure: 1. 6. enter the first port of the range. type 1 to select Port Configuration. Type B to select Broadcast Control. enter the last port number in the range.> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics.

Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view. The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 .Clear Port Statistics 3 . Type 1 to choose Select a Port. From the Ethernet Statistics menu. From the Main Menu. The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed.Clear Module Statistics 3 . type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. 157 . AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics.Port Statistics Menu 2 .Display Port Statistics R . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2. Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics.Select a Port 2 . type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics. 5. Press Return.Display Module Statistics R .

....... 0 OVERSIZE ................ 0 RX_UNICAST ................ 158 .... 0 U ... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT ........ The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port... CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port....... 0 RX_OVERFLOW ................................... 0 FRAGMENT ....... 0 RX_BRDCAST ....... 0 UNDERSIZE ......... 0 CRC_ERROR . Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port............... 0 TX_COUNT ................... shown in Figure 48. 0 RX_MLTCAST ..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.Update Display R ............... Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port.... Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port....... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded..................... Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window............ 0 RX_COUNT ....... 0 PORT_IN_DISCARDS ...

packets with alignment errors. 159 . Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port.Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu. select the option “2 .3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. but discarded and not forwarded. If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”.

. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT .................... 160 ........... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch...................................Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.......................... 0 FRAGMENT . The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window..... perform the following procedure: 1............. 2. Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded....... From the Main Menu........ 0 RX_OVERFLOW .. 0 RX_COUNT ........... Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch. 0 RX_BRDCAST ..... Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch. From the Ethernet Statistics menu..... 0 TX_COUNT ...... 0 OVERSIZE ....... type 3 to select Display Module Statistics..... 0 RX_MLTCAST ... 0 PORT_IN_DISCARDS ...... 0 CRC_ERROR .....Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch....... 0 UNDERSIZE ... 0 RX_UNICAST ...Update Display R ...... 0 U ..................... shown in Figure 48.. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics........

Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu. AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. select the option “2 . and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch. packets with alignment errors. 161 . Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch. but discarded and not forwarded.

Chapter 16
Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39
management software and how to download the software onto an
AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch.

You can download new management software onto a switch using
either of the following methods:

❑ Local management session

❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol

Sections in the chapter include:

❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163

❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local
Management Session on page 164

❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using
TFTP on page 167

162

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the
Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP
server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter
“anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the
password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB
switches will have “S39” as part of the filename.

Note
The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management
software image.

163

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local
Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of
the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this
procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a
configuration file.

Note
You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser
management session.

Caution
The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software
download and initialization process.

Note
The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet
mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new
software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its
default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software
Default Values on page 41.

The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the
new version of management software and have stored it on the
computer from which you will be performing the procedure.

To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB
switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure:

1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend
to download the new management software.
For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session
on page 25.
2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu.
3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download
& Uploads.

164

AT-S39 User’s Guide

The following menu is displayed:

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch
Xmodem Downloads & Uploads

1 - Xmodem Image Download
2 - Xmodem Config Download
3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download

R - Return to Previous Menu

Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu

Note
This version of the management software does not allow you to
upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the
management software. Uploading configuration files is possible
using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on
page 168.

4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action.
The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -
5. Enter one of the following:

❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img.

❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr.

❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg.

Note
The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or
configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have
to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is
correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg).

The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility.
Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]
6. Type Y for Yes.
The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. Begin the file transfer of the new management software image. If you are installing a new management image. Do not reboot the switch. 166 . Note Do not interrupt the initialization process. a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed. Once the management software is initialized. the switch automatically resets.

tftp -i 149.This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image. If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software.1. you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn.The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch.img 167 . Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149. A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT.1. Put .1 put c:\ats39. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host .1. or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above. loader file.ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39.The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch.35.cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image. Binary .img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39. This may necessitate renaming the file. Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software. AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software.35. Source file .

The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation. Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited.35. tftp -i 149. Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.1 to local drive C: of the workstation.img c:\ats39. The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host .The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file.1 get ats39.cfg”.The source file name is “ATS39. it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP.1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation. This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically.1. Binary . Source file . 168 . Destination file .img Once the file is stored on a local drive. as explained in the previous section. Get .This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from.35.

Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20. Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27. Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23. Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17. IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28. Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24. Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18. Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19.

Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser. 170 . such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.

Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. perform the following procedure: 1. you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed.) The user name cannot be changed. 171 . To change the password. enter the user name and password. Start your web browser. (The password is case-sensitive. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch. For instructions. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser. To start a web browser management session. the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. When prompted. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. Consequently. the switch must have an IP address. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. Additionally. 2. as shown in Figure 51. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies.

You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows. Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display. In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites. The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed. Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus. You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser. Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software. 172 .

select Exit from any Web Browser AT-S39 management page. AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a To exit from a web browser management session. Management Session 173 .

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

If the System menu option is not selected. perform the following procedure: 1. refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. From the Home Page. 2. select it and then select the General tab. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default. subnet address. AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. 175 . select Configuration.

The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example. The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide. Change the parameters as desired. Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window. Sales Ethernet switch). 3. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. 176 .Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed.

. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. After you have set the parameters. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. 4. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. To create a new password. click Apply. or an SNMP management program. The default password is “admin”. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. enter the new password into both fields. such as its location (e. 177 . such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch.g. Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply. Floor 4. Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser. Wiring closet 402B). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length. AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. a Telnet utility.

If you made a change to the IP address. or gateway address. you must reset the switch to activate your change.Section III: Web Browser Management 5. You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session. 178 . You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session. or by using the Reset button on the switch. subnet mask.

select System Status. If it is not already selected. AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. From the Home page. select the General tab. From the Configuration Menu. 2. select Monitoring. The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 . The Monitoring window is displayed.

For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session. 180 .Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode.” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. Virtual LANs on page 91. including the IP address of the switch and the system name.Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only. For information about VLANs. which also explains how to change the parameters. Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging . If this parameter displays “Tagged. If this parameter displays “Basic. This value cannot be changed. These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. For background information about MAC addresses. refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes).Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted. These values cannot be changed. You cannot change any of the values from this window. The sections in the window are defined below. ❑ Hash Count . ❑ Switch Mode .Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table.” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. Administration This section contains a variety of information. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address. refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10.

perform the following procedure: 1. 2. 3. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed. AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. select Configuration. select System. Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. The parameters are described below. 181 . Adjust the parameters as desired. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. From the Configuration menu. From the Home page. Select the SNMP tab.

Click Apply to save your changes to the switch.Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. 182 . 5.

Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 .Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch. Select the Port Setting tab. From the Home page. 3. 2. click it again. Click Modify. Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4. select Configuration. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure. select Layer 1. (To deselect a port. 184 . You can select only one port at a time. The selected port turns white.) 5. perform the following procedure: 1. The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. From the Configuration page.

refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. Both . AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed.Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6. any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch. 185 . For instructions on how to set this value. Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time. Receive . Possible values are: None .No flow control on the port. Adjust the port parameters as desired. The parameters are described below. Flow Control The flow control setting for the port. For background information on this feature. If the threshold is reach. An example of the window is shown in Figure 57.Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. Transmit .

Once you have made the desired changes. Default values are listed in Appendix A. The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port. Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values. A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames. ❑ 10Mbps .Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps .Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . click Apply.Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps .Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port. 186 . AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. 7. The default for this port parameter is enabled. Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode. This is the default.Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port.

The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58. Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. 187 . 3. select Layer 1. From the Home page. To display the status or statistics of a switch port. Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics. (To deselect a port. MDI/MDI-X configuration. You can view a port’s operating speed. AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. perform the following procedure: 1.) 4. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB. 2. select Monitoring. You can select only one port at a time. duplex mode. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch. and more. click it again. The selected port turns white. Click a port. From the Monitoring page.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is
displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window

The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To
adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on
page 184.
The columns in the window are described below:
Link State
The status of the link between the port and the end node
connected to the port. Possible values are:
Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end
node.
Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not
established a valid link.

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Flow Control
The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are:
None - No flow control on the port.
Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the
port.
Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port.
Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.
MDI Mode
The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI
and MDI-X.
Negotiation
The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are:
Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set
operating speed and duplex mode.
Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are
set manually.
Actual Speed
The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values
are:
0010 - 10 Mbps
0100 - 100 Mbps
1000 - 1000 Mbps
Port VLAN ID
The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member.
Override Priority
The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes,
tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to
either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the
status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the
low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the
tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to
Class of Service Overview on page 140.
Priority
The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when
received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to
the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the
high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been
activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the
priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further
information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on
page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is
displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window

The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The
statistics are defined below:
Transmit Packets
Number of packets transmitted out the port.
Received Packets
Number of packets received on the port.
Received Overflow
Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the
capacity of the port’s buffer.
Received Broadcast
Number of broadcast packets received on the port.
Received Multicast
Number of multicast packets received on the port.
CRC Error
Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but
with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port
Total Packets
Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets
Number of packets that were less than the minimum length
specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on
the port.
Fragmented Packets
Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors,
and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port.
Oversize Packets
Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE
802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port.
Port in Discards
Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port,
but discarded and not forwarded.

191

Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session.Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session. Note For background information on port security. 192 . refer to Port Security Overview on page 65.

Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 . perform the following procedure: 1. 3. select Layer 2. From the Layer 2 page. From the Configuration page. From the Home page. The current security level is displayed. 2. select Monitoring. select the Port Security tab. AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level.

194 . Note For background information on port trunking. refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73.Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session.

the ports of the trunk will be white. Loops can result in broadcast storms. If you are deleting a port trunk. which can produce broadcast storms. From the Configuration page. Select the Port Trunking tab. From the Home page. which can adversely effect the operations of your network. 195 . Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. If there is a port trunk. all ports in the switch image will be black. select Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. select Layer 1. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. 3. 2. AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. To create or delete a port trunk. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk.

Click the ports that will make up the port trunk. A port trunk can contain 2. click Remove. 3. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch. do the following: a. You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. b. 5. or 4 ports. To create a port trunk.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. A selected port changes to white. An unselected port is black. To delete a port trunk. The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. Click Apply. 196 .

Note For background information on port mirroring. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. 197 .Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror.

198 . Select the Port Mirroring tab. select Layer 1. perform the following procedure: 1. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. Click Apply. The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. 5. From the Home page. 2. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. From the Configuration page. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4. do the following: a. b. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch. c. select Configuration. To create a port mirror. To delete an existing port mirror. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. 3.

199 . The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations. AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted.

Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. refer to STP Overview on page 84. Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session. 200 . Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP.

Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. From the Home page. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. select the Spanning Tree tab. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Layer 2 window. You should consult the IEEE 802. select Configuration. 3. If you enable STP. From the Configuration menu. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. To configure a bridge’s STP parameters.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. 2. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window .Configuration 4. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. The parameters are described below. 201 . select Layer 2. AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default.

for example. When a root bridge goes off-line.535. The default is 15 seconds. The default is 2 seconds. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. The default setting is disabled. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. 202 . After you have made the desired changes. with 0 being the highest priority. 5. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. This value cannot be changed.Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. click Apply. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. The default is 20 seconds. For example. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. possibly resulting in a network loop. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. if you use the default 20. If the bridge transitions too soon. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. If two or more bridges have the same priority value.

From the Home page. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window . The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. select Monitoring. AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings. From the Monitoring menu. 3. From the Layer 2 page. select Layer 2. refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201. To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed. select the Spanning Tree tab. perform the following procedure: 1.Monitoring 203 . 2.

and delete VLANs from a web browser management session.Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode. refer to Chapter 10. Virtual LANs. modify. This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 .

perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 . The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed. select Configuration. 2. select Layer 2. 3. From the Layer 2 window. From the Configuration menu. select the VLAN tab. AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. From the Home page.

Click Add. The name can be from one to 10 characters in length. 6. Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. the name should be unique as well. Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. The name can contain spaces but not special characters. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. 206 . such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!).Section III: Web Browser Management 4. its VID must be unique as well. the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example. Sales or Accounting). Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN.

you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. Note For background information on port mirroring. For example. This value disables port mirroring. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. or a tagged port. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. its VID value should be the same on each switch. click Send to CPU. 7. 9. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. 10. Click Apply. In most cases. 207 . The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. To select ports for the VLAN. 8. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches.

Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. The VLAN is now ready for network operations. 208 .

6. Creating a VLAN. After making the desired changes. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure. From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. From the Configuration menu. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. 7. 4. select Layer 2. 209 . AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. select Configuration. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. 2. click Apply. they are returned to the Default VLAN. From the Layer 2 window. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. select the VLAN tab. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. Click Modify. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. 5. 3.

3. From the Layer 2 window. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. Click Remove. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. From the Configuration menu.Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. The VLAN is deleted from the switch. select the VLAN tab. select Configuration. 210 . Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. 4. 2. From the Home page. 5. select Layer 2.

From the Monitoring page. select Monitoring. From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1. select Layer 2. select the VLAN tab. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 3. The management software displays the window in Figure 68. 2. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . From the Layer 2 page. AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch.

Reset the switch. 5. choose System. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. select Configuration. Note Refer to Chapter 10. Virtual LANs. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. To set the switch’s VLAN mode. 2. In the Switch Mode section of the window. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. If you select Basic. 4. Select the General tab. click either Tagged or Basic. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Configuration menu. If you select Tagged. which is the default. 3. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. 212 . You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. From the Home Page.

a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. 2. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. To change a PVID for a port. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. select Layer 2. From the Home page. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. To deselect a port. 5. click it again. 4. 3. select Configuration. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. For example. From the Configuration page. A selected port turns white. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. You can select only one port at a time. select CoS. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 . perform the following procedure: 1. Click Apply. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. From the Layer 2 page.

7. The new value is immediately activated on the port. Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26.Section III: Web Browser Management 6. 214 . The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch. Class of Service on page 219. Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port. Click Apply.

Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table. 215 . refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.

select the Forwarding Database tab. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page. select Monitoring. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session. From the Layer 2 page. 2. The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed. 3. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table. You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. From the Monitoring page. select Layer 2. The options are described below. For instructions. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. 216 .Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136.

Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. The port numbering scheme is from right to left. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. You specify the VLAN by its VID. 217 . Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. As an example. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch. Another example is “000020F.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. 4. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. click View. Once you have configured the options. AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group.

Type The MAC address type. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. The type can be either static or dynamic.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. 218 . except for the switch’s MAC address. This feature is not supported at this time. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state.

This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS. 219 .Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS. refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

(It does not matter which of these levels you select. 2. You can select only one port at a time. Click the port where you want to configure CoS. (Again. (To deselect a port.) 7. select the CoS tab. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. The default for this parameter is No. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. Click Apply. it does not matter which of these levels you select. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5. From the Configuration page. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed. From the Home page. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. 3. select Configuration. click the Override Priority option. 8. Click Modify.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. 4.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. A selected port turns white.) 5. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7. select Layer 2. From the Layer 2 page. click it again. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. 220 . 6. perform the following procedure: 1.

221 . Note For background information on this feature. refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143.Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch.

select System. From the Home page. 2. Possible settings are Edge (Single- Host/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port). Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. 3.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. select Configuration. Select the IGMP tab. Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. perform the following procedure: 1. The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed. 222 . From the Configuration menu.

The range is from 1 second to 86. you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 . The default is 260 seconds. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. that is. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. The default is 256 multicast groups.400 seconds (24 hours). Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval.

A white port indicates a multicast router port. The default is 256 multicast addresses. or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image. You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect.Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses. Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. 224 .

Note For background information on this feature.Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. 225 .

If they are not already selected. Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. After you have entered your values. 4. the management software multiples the value by 10. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. To specify an interval timer. select them now. 2. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab.100x For example.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . perform the following procedure: 1. click Apply. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. 3.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page. You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. From the Home page. select Configuration. and 1000 Mbps. enter values for the three interval timers. Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. The default value is “0” for all timers. 100. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. 226 .) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed.

the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. From the Home page. select Layer 1. You can select only one port at a time. select Configuration. As an example. When you open the Layer 1 page. 227 . Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. click it again. If it is not selected. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. Click Apply. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. 2. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames. select it now. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. Click Modify. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. 3. 5. From the Configuration page. 7. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. perform the following procedure: 1. The port will accept all broadcast frames. To deselect a port. The selected port turns white. In the graphical switch image. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. 6. 4.

0.0.0 Subnet Mask 255.0.0. Settings Default IP Address 0.0 Gateway Address 0.0.255.Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.0 System Name None MAC Aging Time 300 seconds Community Strings Get Community String public Set Community String private Trap Community String public Spanning Tree Protocol Status Disabled Bridge Priority 32768 Bridge Max Age Time 20 Bridge Hello Time 2 Bridge Forwarding Delay 15 IGMP Snooping Status Disabled Topology Single Host/ Port (Edge) Host/Router Time-out Interval 260 seconds Maximum Multicast Groups 256 228 .

) 229 .1 and above only. AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Default Management Interface Password admin (case-sensitive) User Name (web browser session only) manager Time Out Value 10 minutes Twisted Pair Ports Status Enabled Duplex Mode Auto-negotiation Speed Auto-negotiation Flow Control Disabled Broadcast Packets Forwarded Security Automatic VLANs Default VLAN Name Default VLAN (all ports) VID 1 Basic Mode Disabled Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 0 milliseconds 100 Mbps Interval Timer 0 milliseconds 1000 Mbps Interval Timer 0 microseconds RS232 Port Data Bits 8 Stop Bits 1 Parity None Flow Control Full-duplex Data Rate Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.

36 Basic VLAN mode documentation.Index A C aging time Class of Service changing. 47 bridge forwarding delay parameter. 202 F bridge max age parameter. 106 setting. 60. 151 broadcast frames H maximum number. configuring. 121. 86. 37 defined. 202 bridge identifier. 37 B releasing IP address. 37 changing switches. 140 AT-S39 default settings. 202 setting switch status. used in this guide. 47 BPDU. 45 DHCP Auto-Negotiation. 84. 202 forwarding delay. 35. 84. 220 defined. 88. 202 flow control. 11 downloading from a local session. 172 host nodes 230 . 227 hello time. see bridge protocol data unit guidelines. 138 configuring. 128 defined. 150. 27. 177 defined. 186 activating. 88. 225 gateway address. 90 browser tools. 164 downloading via TFTP. 41. 141. 88. 88 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 163 default values. 86. 202 broadcast frame control G configuring. 212 E BOOTP enhanced stacking activating. 52 defined. 12 defined. 228 AT-S39 version number. 185 bridge priority. 155. 60. 50 bridge hello time parameter. 88. 167 D obtaining. AT-S39. 37 defined. 41. 228 console timeout. 43 AT-S39 software updates conventions.

216 priority queues. 177 port trunking interval timer creating. 193 ingress filtering. 157 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 50 Q returning to. 148 port mirroring host/router timeout interval. maximum. 45 speed. 190 SNMP community strings. 201 port security IGMP snooping configuring. 223 creating. 124 port statistics. 53 quitting MDI/MDIX mode. defined. 75. 26. 140 MAC address. 195 configuring. 65 defined. 116. 25 port configuring parameters. 186 slave switch. 94 quitting. 177 root bridge. 149 web browser session. 39. 107. 153. displaying. 226 defined. 95. 18 defined. 58. 146. port security. 146. 82. 59. 55. 126. 35. 210 displaying. 90 displaying. 184 S disable. 65 port-based VLAN local management session creating. 222 231 . AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 102 defined. 87. 69 defined. 28 multicast groups. 90 Management Information Base (MIB). 59. 195 guidelines. 115. 181 port cost SNMP management session. 45 priority. default settings. 30 multicast router. 77. 21 PVID. 171 RS232 port. 145. 186 Secure level. switch. 187 serial number. 151 deleting. 32. 29. 80. 67 configuring. 223 Telnet session. 205 defined. 66 displaying status. 209 MAC address table. 113. 211 M modifying. 60 local session. 35. 222 defined. 111. 143 displaying. 85 snoop topology. 143 setting. 118 starting.1d standard. 119. 50 statistics. 24 deleting. 198 IEEE 802. switch. 28 deleting all. 79 I deleting. See Port VLAN identifier master switch defined. 73 L port VLAN identifier (PVID) limited security mode changing. 173 P R password resetting a switch. 198 defined. 145. 73 defined. 84 default. 213 configuring. 42 changing. 21 defined.

171 V version number. 164 defined. 101 local. 35. 137 web browser management session displaying. 205 defined. 160 system name. 108 Telnet. 92 downloading via TFTP. 201 displaying. 43 statistics limitations. 115. 29 TFTP. 171 VLAN. downloading software updates. 116. 30 starting. 35. 29 VLAN identifier. 190 quitting. 167 deleting all. 136 W deleting. 167 U unavailable status. 112. 203 port-based. defined. 211 modifying. See virtual LAN static MAC address adding. 113. 160 starting. 163 deleting.Index software updates creating. 19 quitting. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. 84 mode. 206 web browser. 85. 107. 122 defined. 101 deleting all. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 20 port. 122 configuring bridge parameters. 90 modifying. 209 Telnet management session defined. 24 VLAN identifier (VID). 209 viewing bridge parameters. 157. 94 starting session tagged. 211 configuring port parameters. default. 173 switch. 94. 118 deleting. 171 STP. 210 Spanning Tree Protocol disabling. 177 switch statistics. 129 disabling. 121. 210 displaying. 89 enabling. 113. 118 obtaining. 212 port cost. changing. defined. 112. defined. 116. 205 downloading from a local session. 45 virtual LAN 232 . AT-S39. 107. 87. 50 user name. 115. 111.