Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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.................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs ................................................................................................. 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table .................................94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 115 Deleting a VLAN .................................................... 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping ........................................................... 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview .......................................................................92 Port-based VLAN Overview .......................................................................... 156 Displaying Port Statistics ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode ............................................................................. 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port ..................................................................................................... 160 5 .................................................................... 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................. 118 Changing a PVID Value ...................................................................................... 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service ....................................................................... 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 99 Tagged VLAN Overview ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 112 Modifying a VLAN ..................................................................................................................... 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers .....................91 VLAN Overview ................................ 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses ........................................... 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count ........................................................................................... 157 Displaying Switch Statistics ........................... 140 Configuring CoS ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 137 Changing the Aging Time .................................................................................................................................... 116 Deleting All VLANs ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 97 Port-based Example 1................................................................................................... 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering ................................................................................................................................ 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs ................................................................... 142 IGMP Snooping Overview ............................................................................................................................................................................ 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses ......................... 98 Port-based Example 2................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN . 143 Activating IGMP Snooping ................................................................................................................................. 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control .................................................. 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 151 Configuring the Interval Timer ............................................................................................. 103 Tagged VLAN Example ............................................................. 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address ....................................................................................... 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN ......... 127 Displaying MAC Addresses ................................................................................................................................................................... 113 Displaying VLAN Information ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses ...................................................................................................................................................... 126 MAC Address Overview .......................... 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview ............................................................................................................................................................................... 139 Class of Service Overview ...........

.....................................................................................................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol ...................................................................175 Viewing System Information ..........................................................212 Changing a PVID ...............................................................................................................................................213 6 ....................................................................................................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP .................................................................................................................184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics ............................183 Configuring Port Parameters .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................204 Creating a VLAN .......................................................................................................................................................................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings .............................................................205 Modifying a VLAN ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................168 Example......................................................................................................................................................................................................................211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ............................................................................................... 168 Section III Web Browser Management .....................................................................................................................167 Example.............................................171 Browser Tools.............................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror .........................................................................................................................................................................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................... 167 Uploading a Configuration File ....................................................................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session ............209 Deleting a VLAN ..............162 Obtaining Software Updates ....210 Displaying VLANs ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................192 Displaying the Port Security Level .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring ............................................................................................................................................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk ...............................................................................................................................................................201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings .................................. 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates ...................................................................................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks .....................................................................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses .....................................................................................................................203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs ..................................................................................................... 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session ..............

............................................... 219 Configuring CoS .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping ......................... 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames .............................................................................. 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service ......................................................................................... 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings .............................................................................................................................................................................................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table ............................................................................................................................................................... 228 Index .......................................................................... 230 7 ........................................................................................................................................... 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control ................................................................................................................................................................. 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 225 Configuring the Interval Timer ....................................

.......................................................................................................................... 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window ................................. 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu .................. 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window ................................................................................... 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 .................................................................... 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 122 8 ....................... 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window ..................................... 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window .................................................................................................................. 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu ..... 25 Figure 2: Main Menu ........................................................................................................ 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window ........................................................................Example 2 ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ................... 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu ......................................... 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window .......................................................................................................... 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu ............... 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 ............................................................ 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window ........................................................................................................... 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu ...................................................................................................... 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window ....................List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu .......................................................................................................................... 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window ................ 52 Figure 11: Port Menu ........................................ 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN ............... 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Example 1 ....... 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window ............................................................................... 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu ............................................. 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu ............................................................. 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu ............................................................................. 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN ................................................................................................................................ 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN ....................

.................... Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab .......................................................................................................... Figure 67: Add VLAN Window .......................... Figure 69: CoS Setting Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 57: Settings for Port Window .....Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab ................................................................................................ Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window .................................................. Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window .................. Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu ........ Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 52: Home Page ...................................................... Figure 59: Port Status Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 60: Port Statistics Window ............................................................................................ Figure 62: Port Trunking Window .................................. Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu .... Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window ... Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window . Figure 54: General Tab Window ..................................................... Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window ........................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field ......................................................................................................................................................................................Configuration ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 68: VLAN Window ........................................................................................................................................................... Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 53: General Tab ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 55: SNMP Tab ............................................................. Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page .......................... Figure 61: Port Security Menu .............. Figure 71: IGMP Tab .................................................................................................................................................................................................Monitoring ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 66: VLAN Window ................................................................................... Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window ......... Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window .................................................................................................. Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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To use the FTP server.com.com or our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn. 14 .Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products. enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password. You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www.alliedtelesyn.

15 .Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software. It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. If this is true for your network. You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches. Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters. Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A. 16 . as explained in the hardware installation guide. The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. and powering ON the device. then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network.Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches.

They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session. The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide. It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser.AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software. such as to change or adjust its operating parameters. 17 . There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use.

using a straight-through RS-232 cable. This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch. Note For instructions on starting a local management session. refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. Once the session is started. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located.Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. 18 . You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session. you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch.

refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. which include the enhanced stacking feature. 19 . only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters. Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session. Note For further information on enhanced stacking.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. With AT-8024GB switches. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet.

every AT-8024GB switch.Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch. ❑ DHCP and BOOTP . Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session. They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking . as well as every AT-8024 switch. This too is a type of remote management. refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171. because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch. Consequently. 20 . just like a Telnet management session.You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session. that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address.You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session. There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session.You can view but not set the port security level of a switch. ❑ Port security level .

The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program. Consequently. Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. For instructions. refer to your SNMP management documentation. 21 .AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program. A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program.

The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session.

Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .

running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. Note For information on enhanced stacking. This can simplify network management. This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch. to start this type of management session. You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. Additionally. usually within a few meters. Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. 24 . you must go to where that switch is located.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch. you can manage just that switch.

Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200. POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session. 3. see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 . Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program. perform the following procedure: 1.

) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal. 5.1 and above. simply type boot and press Return to start the switch. You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch. (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>). The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset.Save Configuration Changes R . (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1. This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S . Press the Return key twice. The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps.Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 . Note During boot up. (The password is case-sensitive. The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly.) The Main Menu is displayed. the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps). The default is “admin”. If prompted for a password. or an equivalent terminal emulator program. enter the password for the management software.) 4. the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt. Otherwise.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal.

refer to Chapter 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item. It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located. Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu. you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet. This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session. 27 . Enhanced Stacking on page 46. Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. type the corresponding letter or number. Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack.

Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session. This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended. You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch. Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously. 28 . Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions. return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit.

The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. In terms of functionally. Enter the management software password when prompted. such as with a local management session. type its corresponding number of letter. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. Note For background information on enhanced stacking. 29 . as shown in Figure 2 on page 26. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely. The menus also function the same. type R or press ESC twice. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. To return to a previous menu. To make a selection. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. The default password is “admin”. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. Additionally. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol.

30 . type Q for Quit from the Main Menu.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session.

activating the original switch default settings. and more.Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 . There are also procedures for resetting the switch. There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it.

all from the same management session. Second.) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. First. a web browser. subnet mask. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. 32 . you must assign at least one of them an IP address. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address. This feature has two primary benefits. You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. you must also assign it a subnet mask. This switch will be the Master switch of the stack. You do not need to assign an IP address. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking.

You can do this two different ways. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which. you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet. If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. switches on your network need an IP address. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure. 33 .AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. if any. The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network.

...Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L .Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 .. such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch.0 System Name ...0..0..Reset Switch X .0. Comments .....0 Default Gateway .. 0. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address . perform the following procedure: 1. Change Password .. type 4 to select Administration Menu..) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch.Save Configuration Changes R .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address...255. (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network... 0..... and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session. 9 ..0. go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37.. The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed. The selection X ....Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 ... along with other optional information. subnet mask. 255...Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42.0 Subnet Mask . Administrator .. From the Main Menu..... To manually set a switch’s IP address.0...Release DHCP IP Address S .....

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed. From the System Configuration Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R . From the Main Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window. 39 . type 3 to select SNMP Configuration. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 2. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.

. type its corresponding number and.0.0 0.. After making your changes.0...Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed..... 0..Save Configuration Changes R ... ....SET Community 3...Trap Receiver 1 5 . enter the new value...GET Community .. private 3 ... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 ....0.0..Trap Receiver 3 7 ....Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. public 2 .0 0. 4 ...Trap Receiver 2 6 ....0.0....0.GET Community 2 .....0 S ..... Adjust the parameters as desired..... To change a value..SET Community .0.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4..Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings...0 0. public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 ... type S to select Save Configuration Changes.... .. when prompted. 1 . The parameters are described below......... 5... 40 ....... ... Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch.......Trap Community .

To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings. Type Y to reset the switch. 4. If you type Y for yes. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. type 5 to select System Config Menu. You are prompted to reset the switch. From the Main Menu. Type Y for yes or N for no. 2. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. 41 . From the System Configuration Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. perform the following procedure: 1. the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults. Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A.

42 . From the Administrator Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. Some data traffic may be lost. The switch immediately reloads its operating system. a task requiring only a second or two to complete. type 4 to select Administrator Menu. type 9 to select Reset Switch. From the Main Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software. 2.

type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and. and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser. when prompted. 2.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. perform the procedure below. To configure web browser access. 3.The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch. perform the following procedure: 1.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch. perform the procedure below. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password. type 6 to select Web Server Access and. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software. For example. To configure the console timer. These security features are: ❑ Password . ❑ Web Access . The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes. the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. 43 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. ❑ Console Timeout . (The password is case-sensitive. For instructions on how to set this security feature. From the Main Menu. The default password is “admin”. type 5 to select System Config Menu. enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. For instructions on how to set this security feature. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. when prompted. type E to enable web access or D to disable web access. if you specify 2 minutes.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. 44 . 4. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. if you disable web access. After you have made the desired changes.

..32.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed.A0. Bootloader Version .D2... 45 ....17...3 ATI_LOADER1........ AT-S39 v1... MAC Address .. Serial Number .... type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu... The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed.........AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version ....00 R ...1 5456411 00....

46 . This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch.Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch.

should you remove a master switch from the network. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. Once connected to the network. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. 47 . There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. You simply connect it to your network. there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. That way. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. such as for maintenance. If your network consists of more than one subnet.

do not. you must assign each master switch a unique IP address. You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. 48 . Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. 3. For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch. referred to as slave switches.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37.

and each has been assigned a unique IP address.09.22 Master 2 IP Address 149.16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149.11.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router.32. you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet.32.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature.32. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet.09.18 Master 2 IP Address 149. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149.32. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets. 49 . Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet.11.

A master switch must have a unique IP address. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 .Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 . or unavailable. From the Main Menu. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status. Note The default setting for a switch is Slave. slave switch. Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch . ❑ Unavailable . Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack.Enhanced Stacking Services S .A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch. It does not need an IP address or subnet mask.A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch.Save Configuration Changes R . To be managed remotely.. Master 2 . ❑ Slave switch . The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed. a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address.A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet..Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch.Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable. You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch. perform the following procedure: 1.. you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet. A switch with this designation can be managed locally.

4. The following prompt is displayed.Switch State. Note The “2 . or U to make the switch unavailable. A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch. Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3. To change a switch’s status. the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master.” For example.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 . S to make it a slave switch. type 1 to select Switch State.Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches. 51 . Type M to change the switch to a master switch. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Press Return. 2.

The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G . then it is very easy.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 . perform the following procedure: 1. The window in Figure 10 is displayed. 2. When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet. you need to select it from the management software. From the Enhanced Stacking window. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services. To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet. The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch. If you assigned system names to your switches. To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack. From the Main Menu. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch.Get/Refresh List of Switches A .Access Switch R . you are by default addressing that particular switch.

You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. The password is case-sensitive. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password. return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. 4. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. if you want to manage the Master switch. The default password is “admin”. Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches. Once you see that window. Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. 6.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. Enter the switch’s password and press Return. This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. 53 . Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. You now can manage the selected switch. Type A to select Access Switch. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

55 .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C . type 4 to select Port Status. From the Port Menu.Accept changes & update flash R . type 1 to select Port Menu. From the Main Menu. The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed.

Possible values are: Up . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N . Down .Next Page U . Possible values are: Auto .Update Display R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed.indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link. Manual .indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Figure 12 is an example of the window.Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually.Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. 56 . The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number.

57 . Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X.The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames.100 Mbps 1000 . Possible values are: None .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. Disabled . Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. Spd The operating speed of the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member. Transmit . Both .The port has been manually disabled. Possible values are: 10 .No flow control on the port. Possible values are: Forwarding . Receive . Flow The flow control setting for the port.10 Mbps 100 . State The current operating status of the port.

. Advertise 100HDX ... 2.... enter the first port of the range.... enter the last port number in the range........... To configure only one port. To configure a range of ports... Flow Control . type 1 to select Port Configuration. Advertise 10FDX ..... The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed. Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 .. Broadcast Control .......... Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return.... To configure a range of ports. MDI/MDIX Mode .... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status . Advertise 10HDX ... type 1 to select Port Menu...... Negotiation . From the Port Menu.No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. Advertise 100FDX . From the Main Menu.. perform the following procedure: 1.. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3.

You adjust a parameter by typing its number...The port will receive and forward packets..Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port.Speed .Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex. If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation. This toggles the parameter through its possible settings.. Adjust the port parameters as desired.. you can enable the port again to resume normal operation. Disabled ..Speed selection are: 0010 .1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 .Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode. the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically.Duplex .10 Mbps 0100 . a port will not receive or transmit frames. Once the problem has been fixed. 59 . Possible settings are: Forwarding . The possible settings for the 2 . two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 .Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode.. This is the default setting.. The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters.. You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port... When disabled.. 0 .. The parameters are described below.. 1 ..The port will not receive or forward packets. 5..... 0100 3 .. If you select Manual.100 Mbps 1000 . You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections... which is the default.....

Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port.Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option.Advertise 100FDX 8 . During Auto-Negotiation. The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames.Advertise 10HDX 7 . the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it.Advertise 10FDX 6 . Receive . you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX.Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation. Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated. If you set this to Auto. 5 . if you set the selection 8 . which is the default setting.or full-duplex mode. which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half.No flow control on the port. 60 . which is the default setting. 9 . By default. half-duplex operation. B . refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155. a switch port will advertise its full capabilities. Transmit . For example. the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps. You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation.Advertise 100HDX to No. If desired. The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port. a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it. Possible settings are: None . Both .

The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection. Once you have set the port parameters. You can use this option to reset the selected port. when selected.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection. This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. which. This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode. 61 . prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node.

Type 1 to select GBIC Information.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4. From the Main Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch. type 5 to select System Config Menu. these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. 62 .GBIC Information R . To display GBIC information. From the System Configuration Menu. Type either 24 or 25. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5. From the Advanced Configuration window. type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information. 2. The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 . 3. perform the following procedure: 1.

.......... Elect/Opt Transceiver ..5/125 um Fib........... Type of Serial Interface ........ Connector Type .... You cannot change this information....... (10m) .... (100m) ...... (10k) ............ 63 ...Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only... Length 9/125 mm Fib.............. Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding .. (k) .. N .... Length 50/125 um Fib. Figure 15 is an example of the window....... Length 9/125 um Fib...Next Page R ... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number .... Extended Serial Transceiver ... Length 62....AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module......

You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security. Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. 64 .

The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. Once this mode is activated. even when the end node is inactive. Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. 65 . Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. There are four levels of port security. it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. Automatic This operating mode disables port security. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table. it remains in the table and is never purged.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network.

no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level. The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. 66 . the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. even those belonging to inactive end nodes. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward. Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time. Once you have activated this security level. The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. When this security level is activated.

The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed. type 1 to select Port Menu. From the Main Menu. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. After activating this security mode. To set a switch’s port security level. type 5 to select Port Security. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward. 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table. To specify the limits. type 1 to select Automatic mode. type 2 to select Limited mode. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. 67 . This is the default setting. perform the following procedure: 1. Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. From the Port Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. type 3 to select the Secured mode. 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses.

type 4 to select Lock all the ports now. Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch. 68 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned.

3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 .Display MAC limit per port 2 . You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. 2. From the Port Menu. Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port. To configure Limited security mode. type 1 to select Port Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. When you activate this security level.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 . From the Port Security menu. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed. type 2 to select Limited security. frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed. Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table. Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn. type 5 to select Port Security.Set MAC limit per port 3 . From the Main Menu. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports.Configure port security limited mode R . You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn.

11. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. The range is 1 to 150 addresses. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6. repeat Steps 5 through 9. type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. 10. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. This applies the limit to the port.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. Type 2 to choose Select a port. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . 70 . 7. 13. type R to select Return to previous menu. 12. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. 9. Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port.

The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed. repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. 71 . If you assigned different values to different ports. If necessary. Limited security has now been configured on the switch. 14. 16. 15. be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu. Examine the MAC limits. Check to be sure that they are correct.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks.

or 4 ports. 15 for the trunk. 3. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. 22. 6. port 13 to port 22. speed. For example. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. ❑ The duplex mode. and so on. workstation. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. ❑ When cabling a trunk. For example. or another Ethernet switch. 3. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. and 7). and so on. 73 . Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. ports 4. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. To maintain the order of the port connections. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load. 14. router. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. such as a server. you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. 13. and 24. 5.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. 23. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. A port trunk is 2. Despite the software configuration and physical connections.

The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch. AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 .❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN. ❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch. The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs. The server is connected to the switch with four data links. AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches. Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server.

Delete Trunk 3 . Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology. examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk. 2. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch. type 3 to select Port Trunking. Check to be sure that the settings.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 . perform the following procedure: 1. From the Port Menu. Note Before creating a port trunk. From the Main Menu. such as speed and duplex mode. type 1 to select Port Menu. are the same for all the ports of the trunk. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 . Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure.Add ports to trunk 2 .Save Configuration Changes R .Show port trunking status S . To create a port trunk.

The following prompt is displayed. The port trunk is ready for network operations. Enter new value -> 4.g. To confirm the creation of the port trunk. 76 . Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk. 6.4) or as a range (e.3.. Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking. 7-10). 1.g.Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7. 5.2.. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk. type 3 to display the status of the trunk. 8. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R . Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. You can specify the ports individually (e.3.

77 . From the Port Menu. type 1 to select Port Menu. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. Type 2 to select Delete trunk. From the Main Menu. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology. 4. perform the following procedure: 1. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. To confirm the deletion. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. The port trunk is deleted from the switch. To delete a port trunk from the switch. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. 3. 2. 5.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. type 3 to select Port Trunking.

Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .

However. you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port. 79 . For example. the mirror port is likely to drop packets.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time. For example. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed. the more ports you mirror. meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports. the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic.

. You can specify only one mirror port..CPU Attached . 5. The following prompt is displayed. The following prompt is displayed. From the Main Menu. enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step.Add ports to mirror 4 . Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored. To mirror the traffic of only one port. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 . enter the first port of the range. 0 2 ..Show Port Mirror Status S . Type 1 to select Mirroring Port.. Press Return..Mirroring Port .. 2.Save Configuration Changes R . If you want to mirror a range or ports... type 1 to select Port Menu. Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is. 80 . No 3 ..Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror. From the Port Menu.. the port to where the traffic will be copied).. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed.. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7. perform the following procedure: 1. To mirror a range of ports. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3. The following prompt is displayed.Delete ports from mirror 5 . Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6... Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror. enter the last port in the range.

AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. To confirm the creation of the port mirror. type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status. 81 . 9. The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored. The port mirror is now functional. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 10. Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu.

Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. 3. From the Main Menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. perform the following procedure: 1. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. 82 . The following prompt is displayed. 2. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. From the Port Menu.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror. type 1 to select Port Menu. Enter 0 and press Return. 5. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4.

Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters. ISO/IEC 10038: 1993.1D. 83 . The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol. refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802.

Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge. and sometimes its MAC address. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. as specified in the IEEE 802. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. 84 . you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number. referred to as broadcast storms. STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. By adjusting the value. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles.Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. Where multiple paths exist. exist in the network topology.1D standard. leaving only one main active path. of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. also referred to as the bridge identifier. either planned or unplanned. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link.

If two paths have the same port cost. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. where all ports have a port cost of 0. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. 85 . Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. the lower the port cost. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. Below are the default values. if one is found. blocking mode. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. the preferred path is selected through port priority. If redundant paths exist. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. active path. The faster the port. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state.

whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. especially if it is a large network. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. For small networks. a temporary data loop could occur. removal. 86 . and if not. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. Consequently. The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. listening and learning. When a bridge is brought on-line.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. However. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). with the size of your network being a primary factor. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. or addition of any active components. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. a change in a port state is not activated immediately. and that could adversely impact network performance. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. For large networks. before it begins to forward frames. the active topology also changes.

Bridge Identifier . 87 . If you enable STP..Reset STP to Defaults R .........AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings. From the Main Menu. 1. You should consult the IEEE 802.. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks.Config STP Port Settings 8 .Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch.. The default setting is disabled. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu...... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2. Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 . The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. Bridge Hello Time .... Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters.. 1 . The parameters are described below. Bridge Priority . Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. Bridge Forwarding . Bridge Max Age .Display STP Port Settings 9 .

The default is 2 seconds.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. For example. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. The default is 15 seconds. 3 . All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs).Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state.535. for example. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. The default is 20 seconds. resulting in network loops. After you have made the desired changes. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. When a root bridge goes off-line. 4 . This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge.Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. If the bridge transitions too soon. The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . 5 . 6 . with 0 being the highest priority. 88 . not all links may have yet adapted to the change. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. 3. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. if you use the default 20.Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge.

........ This value cannot be changed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5.. 1 . Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R . The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed. Adjust the settings as desired. enter the last port of the range.. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu.. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4..... The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. type 7 to select Config STP port settings. enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step.... From the Spanning Tree menu. To configure a range of ports. To configure a range of ports... Path Cost .. perform the following procedure: 1. enter the first port of the range.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters.Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain.. Root Bridge . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating .. The parameters are described below.. Bridge Hello Time . 2.. Port Priority . 89 . To configure just one port. From the Main Menu. Enter the number of the port you want to configure...

Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain. To change this value.Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN. The range is 0-255. This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed. and 4 for a 1 Gbps port. The range is 1 to 65535. 3 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . refer to the previous procedure.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. The default is 2 seconds. 5 . This value cannot be changed from this window. The default value for priority is 128.Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge. The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port. 10 for a 100 Mbps port. 90 . 4 .

and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session. modifying. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 . It also contains the procedures for creating.Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs). This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode.

It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. With VLANs. This too can improve overall network performance. Additionally. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. For example. 92 . changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. For example. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. logical LAN segments. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. Before the advent of VLANs. if an employee changed departments. such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets.

AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. Additionally. a virtual LAN can span more than one switch. or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another. This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location. VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically. 93 . The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections. you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software.

A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. Examples include Sales. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN. called the Default VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. Production. VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. such as a router or Layer 3 switch. A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. or just a few ports. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. 94 . a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. you must give it a name. and Engineering.

Additionally.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received.AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. Untagged Ports Naturally. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames. This is acceptable when you are creating a new. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID. Consequently. If you allow the management software to do it automatically. In this manner. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. unique VLAN. it will simply select the next available VID. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership. rather than by a port’s PVID. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. For example. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. 95 . An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously.

❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. Consequently. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member. This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. 96 . This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID. General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN. the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. However. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID. the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. across multiple VLANs. For example. ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN. A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs. such as servers and printers. In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches. many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. ❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network. a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN. 97 .

A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member. and Production VLANs on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs.4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9.24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID.13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 .Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN. (For purposes of the following examples. 11 .) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN . 98 . Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . You assign this number when you create a VLAN. the Default VLAN is not shown. The ports have been assigned PVID values. Engineering.

AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example. two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN . The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN. Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs. In this example.Example 2 99 . each VLAN has one port connected to the router.

19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 .This is the final VLAN in the example. However.This VLAN spans both switches. It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4.11. So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN. It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch. The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch.This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN. This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch. This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment. 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 . Since this VLAN spans multiple switches. and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 .24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 . it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router. 14. 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13. 100 . Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router.6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN . ❑ Engineering VLAN . This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. ❑ Production VLAN . This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN. it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. Engineering. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch.6.

Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802. The IEEE 802. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network. The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time. For example. This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames. referred to as a tagged frame. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches. 101 .1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch. This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. the frame will be discarded.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership. A tag. When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of.3ac standard). the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports. This contrasts to a port-based VLAN. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously.1Q-compliant.

Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. An untagged port. You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN. In the case of a tagged VLAN. 102 . Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. simultaneously. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. But actually there is. But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. can be in only one VLAN at a time. Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN. it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. Otherwise. However. there would seem to be no need for a PVID. the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. a frame without any tagged information). and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN.

103 . ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs. If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks. each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time.AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN. ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS. ❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID.

Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802.1Q-based products.1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 .

20 (PVID 3) 8. 18 (PVID 2) 8. when received by the switch. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs.1Q-compliant server. while still maintaining data separation and security. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. The tagged frames. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example. One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. But with tagged ports. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. 105 . These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. It is connected to an IEEE 802. data separation and security remain. It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated. 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11.

either tagged or untagged. but the VLANs are not used. Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. All VLAN information. Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. is ignored. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. 106 . Packets are passed through the switch unchanged. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames.

Port VLANs & Priorities R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S . perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3.Virtual LAN Definitions 3 . type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 . 107 . From the VLAN Menu. The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed.Save Configuration Changes R . The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.Virtual LAN Support 2 . From the Main Menu.

Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch.... 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) .... Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN... If the VLAN will be unique in your network.. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. then the name should be unique as well.... then its VID must also be unique.. Mirroring Port .. Untagged Ports . If this will be a unique VLAN in your network.. The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. Sales or Accounting). The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example........ 0 Tagged Ports .. The name can be from one to ten characters in length.. 108 . then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!).. you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value.....Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed. 5. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name .. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches.. C . but not special characters.. For example.Create VLAN R ... The name can contain spaces... VLAN ID (VID) .... The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value...Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4.

leave this field empty..AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. 7-9).5). type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports. leave this field empty.g. 10. 12.. You can specify the ports individually (e. 8. You can specify the ports individually (e..g. 2. this parameter should be left with its default value of 0. or both (e.3. Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch.5. 13. Type C to select Create VLAN. If the VLAN will contain tagged ports.5. as a range (e. Note In most cases. you will see the following message: SUCCESS . you can analyze the VLAN traffic. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.5). Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.3. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port.. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. 2. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. type 4 to select Show All VLANs.g. 11. 7-9). refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored. type 6 and Y for yes.g.7-9). For more information on port mirroring.7-9) 7.Press any key to continue.g. 2. If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports. type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted..) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature. To verify that the VLAN was created correctly.g. as a range (e. 2.. 14.(If you do not to activate this feature. or both (e. 9. either do not select this option or select it and type N for no. 109 . Press any key.

For example. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time. Note When you create a new VLAN. Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. 110 . the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN. ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs. if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15.

Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. 2. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. 4. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. press any key. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. Type C to select Create VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. From the Main Menu. The new Sales VLAN has now been created. 5. Ports 1 to 4. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. To create the example Sales VLAN. 3. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. 7. From the VLAN Menu. Press Return. 6. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. 111 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. 9. 8. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”.

112 . 9. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. 5. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. To create the example Engineering VLAN. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. 10. press any key.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104.10. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”. 8. From the VLAN Menu. 7. 4. and 12. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. It will consist of three untagged ports. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Ports 9. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. Type C to select Create VLAN. 2. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN.16”. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU.11. Press Return. Ports 8 and 16. 11. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created. 6. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. From the Main Menu. and two untagged ports. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. 20”.

From the VLAN Menu. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. For a description of the parameters. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 . R . 113 . To modify a VLAN. 6.Press any key to continue. The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS . Change the VLAN’s information as desired. 3.. perform the following procedure: 1. refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107. type 2 to select Modify a VLAN.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4. type M to select Modify VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 2... 7. The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed... Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID)..VLAN ID (VID) .AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify. From the Main Menu. After making the desired changes.. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.

8. 114 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. Press any key. 10. 9. 11. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. The VLAN has been modified. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs.

perform the following procedure: 1.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R . type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. 3.9 U: 1-6 T: 7. type 4 to select View All VLANs. Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 . VID numbers.9 U: 8.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names. From the VLAN Menu. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33. From the Main Menu. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch. The Show All VLANs window is displayed. 2. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.

Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID).VLAN ID (VID) . type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure. A confirmation prompt is displayed.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 . type 3 to select Delete a VLAN. 116 . To obtain a VLAN’s VID. 3. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return. R . The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed. The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed. 2.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4. From the VLAN Menu. which has a VID of 1... To delete the VLAN. To delete a VLAN. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. From the Main Menu. type D. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 6.. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5... From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. perform the following procedure: 1.

both tagged and untagged. Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 9. The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS . The VLAN has been deleted.Press any key to continue. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed. 10. are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. 8. 117 . All ports in the deleted VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide 7.

4. on a switch. Press Return. 5. From the Main Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. 118 . From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. except the Default VLAN. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. 2. To delete all VLANs on a switch. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. A confirmation message is displayed. To delete selected VLANs. From the VLAN Menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. 3. perform the following procedure: 1.

Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 . 2. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN. To change a PVID for a port. then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. Type 1 to select Port Number. For example. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7.Port Number R . Press Return. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the VLAN Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. perform the following procedure: 1. 119 . As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. From the Main Menu. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN.

The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6.......Update Changes to Chip C ... The port now has a new PVID. Override Priority (Y/N) ...Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed.. 120 .. The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS ..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5. 8..... 9.. 7.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number .....Press any key to continue. Specify the new PVID value for the port..... 1 1 0 N U . Type U to select Update Changes to Chip.. Press Return..Accept changes & update flash R ... Return to the Main Menu. Port VLAN ID . You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch..... Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID...... Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High .... Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. 4. B-Basic): 3. Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 5. Press Return. From the Main Menu. 2. Type 3 to select Switch Mode.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. perform the following procedure: 1. The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged. The default is Tagged mode. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs. 121 .

It sets a switch’s VLAN mode. From the VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E . perform the following procedure: 1. the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed.Accept changes & update flash R . ingress filtering is disabled. the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. 2.Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 . Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs. When VLANs are disabled. The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering. When VLANs are enabled. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support.Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 . Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Enable/Disable VLANs 2 . If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure.Disable VLANs Globally R .Enable VLANs Globally D .

123 . 5. 6. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode. A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch.

the frame is discarded. Here is an example. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN. the port discards the frame. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. For further information. First. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. 124 . If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. In this case. Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. tagged or untagged. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). the switch discards the frame. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. nor to any frames. the port accepts the frame. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. the port accepts the frame. Fortunately. Once the tagged frame is received. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated. If there is. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. If they belong to the same VLAN. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. If they belong to different VLANs. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. just as a reminder.

Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags. You cannot set this per port. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5. which is the default. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. In most cases.AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets.Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D . Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis. and that is the priority tag. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the VLAN Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3. From the Main Menu. 4. Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. 2. 125 . To enable or disable ingress filtering. regardless of the status of ingress filtering. A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch.Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R . The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed. From the Virtual LAN Support menu.

Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .

The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. it also examines the destination address and. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. by referring to its MAC address table. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table. and the port number where each address was learned. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. When the destination node responds. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port. it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. For example. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. determines the port where the destination node is connected. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. 127 . along with the port number on which each address was learned. A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. When the switch receives a packet. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table.

or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. A static MAC address. even when the end node is inactive. 128 . You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process. Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table. once entered in the table. even when the end node is inactive. The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted. The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses. This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. For instructions on changing the aging timer. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes). The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports.

type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports. perform the following procedure: 1. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2. 129 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R . To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses. type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses. just the base ports. To display the MAC address table. The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. type 6 to select MAC Address Tables. From the Main Menu. To display only static MAC addresses. The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed.

which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. The columns in the window are defined below.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. 130 . The static MAC address window is exactly the same.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses. except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses.Accept changes & update flash U . (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping.Update Display R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed. non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N . Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only. MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is.

Another example is “000020F. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. The type can be either static or dynamic. 131 . Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. This feature is not supported at this time. except for the switch’s MAC address. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. Type The MAC address type. As an example.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group.

The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return. From the Main Menu. You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port. 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. 132 . type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 2. type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu. A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port. From the MAC Address Table menu.

1. you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned. if the address was learned dynamically. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. From the Main Menu. finding the address could prove difficult. From the MAC Address Table menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. The procedure in this section offers an easier way. type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address. But if the switch is part of a large network. You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. or to which the address was assigned. for a static address. 133 .

134 . To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch. 2. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. 1. (This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN. produces the same result. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. From the Main Menu. From the MAC Address Table menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN.) Note To perform this procedure. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. perform the following procedure. as explained earlier in this chapter.

From the MAC Address Table menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table. A confirmation prompt is displayed. 3. Once the table has been purged. 1. From the Main Menu. Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure. the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 135 . If you type Y for yes. 2. the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. perform the following procedure.

The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table. From the MAC Address Table menu. 5. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses. 2. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address. To add a static address to the MAC address table. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. perform the following procedure: 1. 136 . type 6 to select MAC Address Table. From the Main Menu. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address.

perform the following procedure: 1. From the MAC Address Table menu. Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table. From the Main Menu. Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. 137 . type 3 to select Delete MAC Address.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. 2. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 4.

2. the switch deletes the address. The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch. When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time. From the Main Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active. Enter a new value in seconds. perform the following procedure: 1. The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3. type 5 to select System Config Menu. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. To adjust the aging time. From the System Config Menu. 138 . The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes).

Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .

1Q standards. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues. But with the introduction of time-critical applications. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest. When a tagged packet enters a switch port. network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802. Prior to CoS. transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality. but were mostly transparent to network users. File transfer delays did occur. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue.1p and 802. such as voice transmission or video conferencing. low and high. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue. 140 . But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority.e. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications.1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis. untagged frames (i. By default. CoS was designed to address this problem. The 802. 0 to 7.. packet transfer delays can prove problematic. For example.

perform the following procedure: 1. Type 1 to select Port Number. Type 3 to select Priority (0 . The default for this parameter is No. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. 2. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. Return to the Main Menu.7). enter a value from 4 to 7. 5. From the Main Menu. enter a value from 0 to 3. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 8. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 10. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. 6.) 7. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. (Again. 3. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch. 11. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. 141 . The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port. From the VLAN Menu. 9. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. Press Return.

Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .

Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. referred to as a time-out value. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. it removes the node from appropriate membership list. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups. In Version 1. it simply stops sending reports. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. Once the router has received a report from a host node. referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. In Version 2. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes.) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. 143 . A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. There are two versions of IGMP. the router does not send multicast packets out the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group.

The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value. 144 . The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2. a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports. and by processing leave requests. Note By default. which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups. IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch. except the port on which it received the packet. Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping.

. After selecting this option. Multicast Router Port(s) . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration... Host/Router Timeout Interval . This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 . The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch.. 2 .Save Configuration Changes R .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status . type E to enable or D to disable this feature...IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch... From the System Configuration Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 . 3..AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters. Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate). Multicast Host Topology . The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed.. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. Maximum Multicast Groups ..Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port.. perform the following procedure: 1..... From the Main Menu.. View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S .... type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window. 2.

The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port.Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports. The range is from 1 second to 86. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 . The default is 260 seconds. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected.400 seconds (24 hours). This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. 4 . The default is 256 multicast groups. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port.Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. 5 . leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. that is.Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port.Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. 3 . The default is 256 multicast addresses. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval.

To select Auto Detect. Your changes are activated immediately on the switch. 147 . Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter. type S to select Save Configuration Changes.AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect. 4. or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number. After making the desired changes. enter “0” (zero) for this parameter.

4. From the Main Menu. 148 . Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. To display the list. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. 2. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. as well as the host nodes.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected. type 5 to select System Config Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U . The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group. From the Advanced Configuration window.Update Display R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 3. From the System Configuration Menu. The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. type 6 to select View Multicast Host List.

The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. From the System Configuration Menu. Router IP The IP address of the multicast router.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes. 2. To display a list of the multicast routers. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. 149 . VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U . The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. From the Advanced Configuration window.Update Display R . type 5 to select System Config Menu. type 7 to select View Multicast Router List. From the Main Menu. You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected. 4. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration.

Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .

the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. For example. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. That is. Broadcast frames are different.AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. When a node sends out a broadcast frame. For example. You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps. In order to use this feature. 151 . The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage.

the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames. Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch. If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example. the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. 152 . At these settings.

100x 153 ... 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 . or 3 and enter a value when prompted.10x ❑ 100 Mbps .Timer for 10 MB ports . 0 micro sec C .) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed. 3... The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4. Type 1. type 5 to select System Config Menu.. type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . From the System Configuration Menu. The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed. From the Advanced Configuration Menu. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1.. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps ..Timer for 100 MB ports .. The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds. 0 milli sec 2 ..Save Configuration Changes R . 100.Timer for 1000 MB ports . From the Main Menu. and 1000 Mbps. 2. 0 milli sec 3 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature.

Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. The default value is “0” for all timers. 5. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. the management software multiples the value by 10. 154 . Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. Once you have set the desired timer intervals. 6.

> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. enter the first port of the range. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. 2. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. To configure a range of ports. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. To configure a range of ports. Type B to select Broadcast Control. 6. perform the following procedure: 1. type 1 to select Port Configuration. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds. From the Port Menu. 5. For example. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . enter the last port number in the range. To configure only one port. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. From the Main Menu. type 1 to select Port Menu. 155 . all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded.

Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .

type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics. 157 . Press Return. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics. type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu. 5.Port Statistics Menu 2 . The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 .Select a Port 2 . From the Ethernet Statistics menu.Clear Module Statistics 3 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2. Type 1 to choose Select a Port. perform the following procedure: 1.Display Module Statistics R .Clear Port Statistics 3 . Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics. Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . From the Main Menu. The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed.Display Port Statistics R .

............................... shown in Figure 48. TX_COUNT .... Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port.......... RX_BRDCAST ..................... RX_COUNT .... U .... RX_UNICAST ............................. The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port.. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port......... RX_MLTCAST .....Update Display R ...................Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only...... UNDERSIZE .. Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port... CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT ...........................Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window.......... PORT_IN_DISCARDS . RX_OVERFLOW ............... 158 . FRAGMENT ............. Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded. CRC_ERROR ... OVERSIZE ...... Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port...

packets with alignment errors. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets.AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. 159 . If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. select the option “2 .3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. but discarded and not forwarded. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port.Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu.

Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded.. Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch...... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT .................. From the Main Menu......... OVERSIZE ........... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch..................... Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch........... The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window.. perform the following procedure: 1.. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics. U .............Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only... From the Ethernet Statistics menu.............. RX_MLTCAST . CRC_ERROR . RX_BRDCAST ......... PORT_IN_DISCARDS ............. RX_UNICAST ...................Update Display R .............. 2. shown in Figure 48.......... TX_COUNT ... type 3 to select Display Module Statistics.............. 160 ................... RX_OVERFLOW ......Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch.. UNDERSIZE .. RX_COUNT ....... FRAGMENT .

Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. select the option “2 . but discarded and not forwarded. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets.AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. packets with alignment errors.Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch. Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. 161 .

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

163

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

166 . Begin the file transfer of the new management software image.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. Do not reboot the switch. a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete. Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. If you are installing a new management image. the switch automatically resets. the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed. Once the management software is initialized. Note Do not interrupt the initialization process.

ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39.1 put c:\ats39.img 167 . Source file . Put . Binary . If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software. The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39. loader file.cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image.The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch.35.This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image.The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch. A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT. Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149.35.1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software.img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39.1. tftp -i 149. This may necessitate renaming the file.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host . you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn.1. Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software. or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above.

Get . it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP.The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file. 168 . The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host . Source file . This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically.1.The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation.cfg”. as explained in the previous section.1 to local drive C: of the workstation.1 get ats39. Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149. Binary .1.35. Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited.img c:\ats39.img Once the file is stored on a local drive.This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from.The source file name is “ATS39.35. tftp -i 149. Destination file .You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation.

Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24. IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28. Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17. Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23. Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22. Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20.

such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator. 170 .Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser.

you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies. as shown in Figure 51. When prompted. you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed. Additionally. For instructions. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. (The password is case-sensitive. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. Consequently. the switch must have an IP address. 171 . The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. enter the user name and password. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. To start a web browser management session. perform the following procedure: 1. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. 2. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. To change the password. Start your web browser.) The user name cannot be changed.

172 . You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser. Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software. You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows. In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites.The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed. Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus. Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session. 173 . select Exit from any AT-S39 management page.

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

select Configuration. 175 . perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. From the Home Page. If the System menu option is not selected. To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. subnet address. refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. 2. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default. select it and then select the General tab.

The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example. Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window. Sales Ethernet switch). The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide. Change the parameters as desired. 3. Entering a value for this parameter is optional.Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed. 176 .

Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. After you have set the parameters. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. enter the new password into both fields. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. The default password is “admin”. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length. such as its location (e. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. Wiring closet 402B). The names can help you identify the various switches in your network.. IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. click Apply.g. Floor 4. Entering a value for this parameter is optional.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser. To create a new password. 4. a Telnet utility. or an SNMP management program. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply. 177 .

If you made a change to the IP address. 178 . You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session. you must reset the switch to activate your change.Section III: Web Browser Management 5. subnet mask. You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session. or by using the Reset button on the switch. or gateway address.

The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Configuration Menu. select the General tab. From the Home page. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 . select System Status. The Monitoring window is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. select Monitoring. 2. 3. If it is not already selected.

General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address. The sections in the window are defined below. ❑ Hash Count . If this parameter displays “Tagged. including the IP address of the switch and the system name.” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. For background information about MAC addresses. For information about VLANs. This value cannot be changed.Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table. refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212.Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted. Virtual LANs on page 91. These values cannot be changed. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. which also explains how to change the parameters. These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. You cannot change any of the values from this window. Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging . Administration This section contains a variety of information. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes). 180 . If this parameter displays “Basic. For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session.” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs.Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode.Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only. refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10. ❑ Switch Mode .

Select the SNMP tab. select Configuration. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. 181 . 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. From the Home page. The parameters are described below. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed. Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. perform the following procedure: 1. select System. 2. From the Configuration menu. Adjust the parameters as desired.

5. Click Apply to save your changes to the switch. Changes are immediately activated on the switch.Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. 182 .

Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 .Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

From the Configuration page. The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. click it again.) 5. Click Modify. select Configuration. select Layer 1. Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4. From the Home page. The selected port turns white. 2.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. Select the Port Setting tab. (To deselect a port. You can select only one port at a time. 184 .

refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time. Flow Control The flow control setting for the port.No flow control on the port. any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch. Receive .Flow control only on packets being received on the port.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. The parameters are described below. refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227. Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6. An example of the window is shown in Figure 57. 185 .AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed. For background information on this feature. Transmit .Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port. If the threshold is reach. Adjust the port parameters as desired. Both . Possible values are: None . For instructions on how to set this value.

This is the default. ❑ 10Mbps . Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames.Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode.Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps .Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port. click Apply.Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port.Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . Default values are listed in Appendix A. The default for this port parameter is enabled. The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port. 7. Once you have made the desired changes. 186 .

Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch. select Layer 1. duplex mode. 3. select Monitoring. Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. To display the status or statistics of a switch port. and more. 2. The selected port turns white. Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics.) 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. MDI/MDI-X configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58. (To deselect a port. You can view a port’s operating speed. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB. 187 . click it again. From the Home page. From the Monitoring page. You can select only one port at a time. Click a port.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

191

192 . Note For background information on port security.Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session. Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session. refer to Port Security Overview on page 65.

select the Port Security tab. Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 . 3. The current security level is displayed. From the Layer 2 page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. From the Home page. From the Configuration page. select Monitoring. perform the following procedure: 1. select Layer 2. 2.

refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73.Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session. 194 . Note For background information on port trunking.

Select the Port Trunking tab. 195 . select Layer 1. perform the following procedure: 1. select Configuration. 3. To create or delete a port trunk. Loops can result in broadcast storms. From the Configuration page. the ports of the trunk will be white. If there is a port trunk.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. From the Home page. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. which can produce broadcast storms. all ports in the switch image will be black. If you are deleting a port trunk. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. which can adversely effect the operations of your network. 2.

The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk. To create a port trunk. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch. 5. 3.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. do the following: a. Click Apply. b. You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. An unselected port is black. 196 . or 4 ports. A port trunk can contain 2. click Remove. To delete a port trunk. A selected port changes to white.

197 . refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79.Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror. Note For background information on port mirroring.

You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports. select Layer 1. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page. c.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. To create a port mirror. do the following: a. To delete an existing port mirror. 5. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. Click Apply. 3. From the Configuration page. The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. 2. select Configuration. 198 . Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. b. Select the Port Mirroring tab.

AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted. 199 . The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations.

Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP. Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session. refer to STP Overview on page 84. Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session. 200 .

To configure a bridge’s STP parameters. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network.Configuration 4. select Layer 2. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. From the Configuration menu.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. 3. If you enable STP. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Layer 2 window. You should consult the IEEE 802. select the Spanning Tree tab. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window . From the Home page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. select Configuration. 201 . The parameters are described below. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. 2.

the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. 5. When a root bridge goes off-line. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value.Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. 202 . All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge.535. This value cannot be changed. click Apply. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. with 0 being the highest priority. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. The default is 15 seconds. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. For example. if you use the default 20. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. The default is 20 seconds. After you have made the desired changes. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. The default is 2 seconds. If the bridge transitions too soon. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. possibly resulting in a network loop. The default setting is disabled. for example.

Monitoring 203 . The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. select Layer 2. refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings. 2. select Monitoring. 3. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window . To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters. From the Layer 2 page. From the Home page. From the Monitoring menu. select the Spanning Tree tab. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed.

modify. refer to Chapter 10. and delete VLANs from a web browser management session. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 .Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. Virtual LANs. This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode.

From the Home page. From the Layer 2 window. select Configuration. 2. select Layer 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. 3. From the Configuration menu. perform the following procedure: 1. select the VLAN tab. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 . The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed.

If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). 206 . Click Add. the name should be unique as well. The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example. its VID must be unique as well. The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. The name can contain spaces but not special characters. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. 6. Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN. Sales or Accounting). The name can be from one to 10 characters in length.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected.

8. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. 9. 7. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. 10. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. For example. To select ports for the VLAN. The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. its VID value should be the same on each switch. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. 207 . If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. This value disables port mirroring. Click Apply. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. Note For background information on port mirroring. click Send to CPU. or a tagged port. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. In most cases.

208 . The VLAN is now ready for network operations.Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment.

select the VLAN tab. 4. Click Modify. perform the following procedure: 1. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure. click Apply. From the Home page. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. From the Layer 2 window. 7. 209 . the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. 2. After making the desired changes. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. From the Configuration menu. select Layer 2. 6. 3. 5. they are returned to the Default VLAN. select Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. Creating a VLAN. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed.

The VLAN is deleted from the switch. 4. From the Home page. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete. select Configuration. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. 3. From the Configuration menu. 5. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. From the Layer 2 window. select the VLAN tab. select Layer 2. 210 .Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. Click Remove. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports.

select Layer 2. The management software displays the window in Figure 68. From the Monitoring page. select Monitoring. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . From the Home page. 2. From the Layer 2 page. select the VLAN tab.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch. 3.

From the Configuration menu. Note Refer to Chapter 10. choose System. To set the switch’s VLAN mode. 212 . which is the default. Virtual LANs. 4. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs. If you select Basic. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. select Configuration. 2. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. click either Tagged or Basic. In the Switch Mode section of the window. Reset the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home Page. You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. If you select Tagged. 3. Select the General tab.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. 5.

Click Apply.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. 3. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. select CoS. You can select only one port at a time. click it again. To deselect a port. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 . the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. From the Layer 2 page. select Configuration. For example. 5. A selected port turns white. From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. 2. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. From the Configuration page. select Layer 2. To change a PVID for a port. 4.

Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26. 7. The new value is immediately activated on the port.Section III: Web Browser Management 6. Class of Service on page 219. The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch. Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port. 214 . Click Apply.

refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. 215 . This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table.Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch.

You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1. select Monitoring. select the Forwarding Database tab. The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed. Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses. 3. From the Monitoring page.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. For instructions. 216 . Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session. From the Layer 2 page. The options are described below. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. select Layer 2. 2. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136.

Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch. 217 . (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. You specify the VLAN by its VID. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. The port numbering scheme is from right to left. click View. The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. Once you have configured the options. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. Another example is “000020F. 4. As an example.

This feature is not supported at this time. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. 218 . The type can be either static or dynamic. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. Type The MAC address type. except for the switch’s MAC address. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state.

Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS. refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. 219 .

Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. 4. click the Override Priority option.) 7. it does not matter which of these levels you select.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. 8. 3. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. (To deselect a port. select Configuration. A selected port turns white. Click the port where you want to configure CoS. Click Apply. You can select only one port at a time. perform the following procedure: 1. 6. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5. 2. From the Home page.) 5. From the Configuration page. click it again. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. select the CoS tab. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. Click Modify. From the Layer 2 page. select Layer 2. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. The default for this parameter is No. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. 220 . (Again.

refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143.Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch. 221 . Note For background information on this feature.

A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port).Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. Select the IGMP tab. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. select System. 222 . select Configuration. Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. From the Configuration menu. From the Home page. 3. The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed. Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. perform the following procedure: 1. 2.

The range is from 1 second to 86. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 . The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive.400 seconds (24 hours). The default is 260 seconds. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. The default is 256 multicast groups. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. that is.

The default is 256 multicast addresses.Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses. A white port indicates a multicast router port. Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image. You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. 224 .

refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. 225 .Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch. Note For background information on this feature.

4. the management software multiples the value by 10. After you have entered your values. 100. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept. perform the following procedure: 1.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps .Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. If they are not already selected.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . and 1000 Mbps. The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page. enter values for the three interval timers. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. 2. 3. From the Home page.100x For example. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. click Apply. To specify an interval timer. 226 . Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. select them now. The default value is “0” for all timers. select Configuration.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab.

2. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames. From the Configuration page. 7. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. Click Modify. The port will accept all broadcast frames. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. select Layer 1. When you open the Layer 1 page. The selected port turns white. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. To deselect a port. the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. 4. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. select it now. As an example. 227 . The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. select Configuration. 6. 5. You can select only one port at a time. click it again. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. From the Home page. Click Apply. In the graphical switch image. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. If it is not selected.

0.0.0 0.0 255.0.0.0.255.Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 . Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.

) 229 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.1 and above only.

84. 88. 86. 35. 212 BOOTP activating. 88. 202 bridge hello time parameter. 43 conventions. 11 D default values. 202 bridge identifier. 88. 138 defined. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. 37 releasing IP address. 185 forwarding delay. 37 defined. 128 AT-S39 default settings. 121. 60. 227 browser tools. 177 H hello time. 220 defined. 47 setting switch status. 172 C Class of Service configuring. 150. 84. 36 documentation. 41. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 167 obtaining. 90 host nodes 230 . 50 F flow control. 164 downloading via TFTP. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. 37 BPDU. 140 console timeout. 45 Auto-Negotiation.Index A aging time changing. 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. 228 DHCP activating. 106 setting. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. 86. 155. used in this guide. 202 bridge priority. 37 defined. 88 G gateway address. 41. 47 guidelines. 163 AT-S39 version number. 141. 60. AT-S39. 202 bridge max age parameter. 52 defined. configuring. 27. 225 defined. 88. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 202 broadcast frame control configuring.

210 displaying. 143 ingress filtering. 119. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 67 defined. 77. 216 MAC address. 79 deleting. 42 root bridge.AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 143 displaying. 209 priority queues. maximum. 145. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 222 defined. 45 slave switch. 223 I IEEE 802. 222 231 . 69 defined. port security. 181 SNMP management session. 151 L limited security mode configuring. 205 defined. 28 starting. 184 disable. 26. 115. 66 serial number. 32. 198 defined. 25 S Secure level. defined. 146. 21 master switch defined. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). 193 port statistics. 87. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. 226 defined. 58. 18 quitting. 223 multicast router. 186 displaying status. 24 M MAC address table. 111. 50 SNMP community strings. 187 speed. 73 deleting. 171 port configuring parameters. 65 displaying. 90 port mirroring creating. 65 local management session defined. switch. 39. 186 statistics. 140 priority. 95.1d standard. displaying. 35. 148 host/router timeout interval. default settings. 29. 198 port security configuring. 146. 213 defined. 107. 35. 82. 145. 50 returning to. 55. 59. 84 RS232 port. 80. 195 defined. 195 guidelines. 113. 177 default. 102 port-based VLAN creating. 153. 116. 211 modifying. 177 interval timer configuring. 90 PVID. 94 deleting all. 190 port cost defined. 75. 21 snoop topology. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 126. 30 web browser session. switch. 60 multicast groups. 28 Telnet session. 59. 118 deleting. 149 P password changing. 173 R resetting a switch. 157 port trunking creating. 85 setting. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing.

210 displaying. 113. 164 downloading via TFTP. 112. 201 configuring port parameters. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. 24 Telnet. downloading software updates. 205 defined. 45 virtual LAN creating. 30 starting. 29 web browser. 211 modifying. 84 port cost. 210 disabling. 177 switch statistics. 101 deleting all. 50 user name. 167 obtaining. 205 defined. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. 29 TFTP. 87. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 112. 108 VLAN identifier. 90 viewing bridge parameters. 43 limitations. 137 displaying. 122 mode. 116. 107. 173 starting. 203 starting session local. 107. 190 switch. defined. 171 232 . 19 quitting. 129 statistics port. 85. 115. 20 quitting. 211 enabling. 171 static MAC address adding. 35. 209 Telnet management session defined. 167 U unavailable status. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. 136 deleting. 94 tagged. AT-S39. 92 deleting all. 212 modifying. 206 VLAN. 209 port-based. 118 deleting. changing. 89 defined. 171 V version number. defined. defined. 160 system name. 160 STP. 111. 115. 35. 116. default. 113. 101 VLAN identifier (VID). 118 deleting. 122 displaying. 94.Index software updates downloading from a local session. 157. 121.

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