Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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......................................................................................................................................................................................... 98 Port-based Example 2.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 143 Activating IGMP Snooping ............................................................................................................................................................................. 160 5 .................................................................................................................................. 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN .................................................................................................................... 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses .................................................................................92 Port-based VLAN Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................ 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address .............................................................................. 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics ................... 151 Configuring the Interval Timer .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN .................................................................................................. 99 Tagged VLAN Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN.......................................................................................................................................................................................... 118 Changing a PVID Value ........................................................................................................... 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN .............................................................................................................................................. 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview .................................................................................................. 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table .................................................................................................... 115 Deleting a VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 139 Class of Service Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port ............................... 97 Port-based Example 1................. 137 Changing the Aging Time ................................................... 127 Displaying MAC Addresses ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs ......................... 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs ........................................................... 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses ............................ 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers ......................... 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................91 VLAN Overview ......................................................................................................... 126 MAC Address Overview .................................. 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping .............................. 116 Deleting All VLANs ......... 112 Modifying a VLAN ...................................................................................................................................................................... 157 Displaying Switch Statistics ................................................................................................................................................. 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN ....................................................................................................................................................... 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 156 Displaying Port Statistics ...................................................................................................................... 113 Displaying VLAN Information ............................................. 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count ................................. 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service ................ 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 142 IGMP Snooping Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 103 Tagged VLAN Example ................................................................ 140 Configuring CoS ......

....................................................................203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs ..................................... 168 Section III Web Browser Management ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings ................................................................................................................................................204 Creating a VLAN ........................................................................................................... 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates ....................................................................174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ............................................................................................................................................................... 167 Uploading a Configuration File .......................................................................................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror .............................................................................................................................................................................................211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................192 Displaying the Port Security Level ..................................................................175 Viewing System Information .........................................................................210 Displaying VLANs ....167 Example....................................................................................................................................................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks .........164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP ....................205 Modifying a VLAN ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................162 Obtaining Software Updates ......................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ........................................... 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session .....................195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses ..................................................................................................................................................................................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................213 6 ..212 Changing a PVID .................................................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session ........................................................................................................................168 Example.................................................................................................................................................183 Configuring Port Parameters ......................................................................................................................................................................................................184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics ............................................................209 Deleting a VLAN ..............................................................................................................................................................................171 Browser Tools...................................................................................................................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ..................................................................................................................

......................................................................................... 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control .......................................................................................................................... 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings .................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table .............................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table .................................................................................................................................................................................. 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping ................................................................................... 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping ................................................................................................................................... 225 Configuring the Interval Timer ................................................................................................................................................ 219 Configuring CoS ......................... 228 Index ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames ................. 230 7 ......................................................................................................................................................................................................

........................................ 52 Figure 11: Port Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................. 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu .. 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu ...................................................... 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu ........ 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window .............. 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window ............................................................................. 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu ...................................... 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ............... 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window .................................................................................................................List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port ................................................................. 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window ...... 25 Figure 2: Main Menu .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window .............................. 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 122 8 .................................... 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 ......................... 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu ..................................... 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu ....................................Example 1 .. 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window .......................................................................................................... 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window ...............................................Example 2 ................................ 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN .............................. 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu ......................................................... 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window ........................................................ 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu ............................................................................... 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu .................................................................................................................................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window .....................................................................................................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ........................................................................................................ Figure 55: SNMP Tab ................................................ Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 67: Add VLAN Window ............................................................................................ Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu ................................................................ Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window ............................... Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu ......................................................................Monitoring ................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window ............................................................................................................. Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window ....................................................................................................................... Figure 66: VLAN Window ................................................................................................. Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page ........................................................................................................... Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window ................................................................ Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab .................................................................................................................... Figure 52: Home Page ........................... Figure 68: VLAN Window ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field ........................... Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu .................................................. Figure 69: CoS Setting Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 57: Settings for Port Window ...................................................... Figure 61: Port Security Menu ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window .............................. Figure 53: General Tab .................................................................................................................................................... Figure 62: Port Trunking Window .........................................................................................................................................Configuration . 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 ................................................................................. Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu ..................................................................................................................... Figure 54: General Tab Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 71: IGMP Tab ........................................................................................................................................................ Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window ..................................................................................................................................................... Figure 60: Port Statistics Window ..................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window ..................................................................................................... Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window ............................................................................ Figure 59: Port Status Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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To use the FTP server. enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password.Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products. You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www.com. 14 .com or our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.alliedtelesyn.

15 . It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software.

Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters. 16 . AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network. such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters. The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. and powering ON the device.Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. If this is true for your network. Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A. You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches. as explained in the hardware installation guide.

you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software. They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session. 17 . such as to change or adjust its operating parameters. The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use. There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide. It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser.

Note For instructions on starting a local management session. using a straight-through RS-232 cable. you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch. 18 . You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located.Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch. Once the session is started. refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25.

With AT-8024GB switches. which include the enhanced stacking feature. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters. 19 . Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

just like a Telnet management session. every AT-8024GB switch.You can view but not set the port security level of a switch. refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171. There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session. 20 . because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch. ❑ DHCP and BOOTP . Consequently. that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address. Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session.Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch.You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session. This too is a type of remote management. ❑ Port security level . They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking . as well as every AT-8024 switch.You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session.

For instructions. Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program.AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. 21 . you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program. refer to your SNMP management documentation. A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program. Consequently.

Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .

The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. 24 . refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. Additionally. This can simplify network management. This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. usually within a few meters. Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. you must go to where that switch is located. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch. Note For information on enhanced stacking. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch. to start this type of management session. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch. You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. you can manage just that switch.

Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session. 3. see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 . POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2. perform the following procedure: 1. Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program.

(The password is case-sensitive. Otherwise.) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal. The default is “admin”.Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 . The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset. enter the password for the management software. (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>). If prompted for a password. This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only. Note During boot up.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal. the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt. Press the Return key twice. 5. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S . simply type boot and press Return to start the switch. The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly. (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1.) 4. The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps. the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps).Save Configuration Changes R .1 and above. or an equivalent terminal emulator program.) The Main Menu is displayed. You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch.

It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located. Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. refer to Chapter 4. type the corresponding letter or number. This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. Enhanced Stacking on page 46. you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet. For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session. Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu. 27 .AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item.

Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session. Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously. Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions. You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch. 28 . This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended. return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit.

The menus also function the same. To return to a previous menu. To make a selection. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities. 29 . type R or press ESC twice. In terms of functionally. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. Additionally. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely. The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. type its corresponding number of letter. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. Enter the management software password when prompted. Note For background information on enhanced stacking. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol. such as with a local management session. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch. The default password is “admin”. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. as shown in Figure 2 on page 26.

Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session. type Q for Quit from the Main Menu. 30 .

There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it. and more. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 . There are also procedures for resetting the switch. activating the original switch default settings.Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures.

You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. all from the same management session. subnet mask. a web browser. you must also assign it a subnet mask. (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. First. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. Second. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses. 32 . The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. You do not need to assign an IP address. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. you must assign at least one of them an IP address. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking. This feature has two primary benefits.) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. This switch will be the Master switch of the stack.

AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. You can do this two different ways. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet. if any. The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. 33 . The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. switches on your network need an IP address.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address.0 Default Gateway .. To manually set a switch’s IP address. Comments ............Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 . (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network.. perform the following procedure: 1..Reset Switch X ..0 Subnet Mask . 255.. 0....0.. 0. type 4 to select Administration Menu....255.0...0. Administrator .... such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch.Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42..Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L ..Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 .... From the Main Menu. go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed. 9 ..0..Release DHCP IP Address S . Change Password . subnet mask.. and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session..0.. The selection X . along with other optional information. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address ..Save Configuration Changes R ...) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch...0 System Name .

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

type 3 to select SNMP Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. type 5 to select System Config Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. From the Advanced Configuration window. From the System Configuration Menu. The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed. From the Main Menu. 39 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R .

.Trap Receiver 2 6 ....Trap Receiver 3 7 ........ 5.0 S ... private 3 ... public 2 .. . 40 ..GET Community 2 .. type S to select Save Configuration Changes.0. Adjust the parameters as desired. 4 ......0 0.....0..0....0...Save Configuration Changes R ..0 0.. public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 ..0...... To change a value. ................ type its corresponding number and.. enter the new value.GET Community ..........0.Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch..0 0.. when prompted.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 . Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch. 0.SET Community .. .Trap Community . After making your changes..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4..0.. 1 . The parameters are described below.0......SET Community 3.Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings...Trap Receiver 1 5 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed...

type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. 41 . 4. From the Main Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. type 5 to select System Config Menu. If you type Y for yes. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings. Type Y to reset the switch. Type Y for yes or N for no. You are prompted to reset the switch. From the System Configuration Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A. 2.

From the Administrator Menu. From the Main Menu. The switch immediately reloads its operating system.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. type 4 to select Administrator Menu. type 9 to select Reset Switch. 2. Some data traffic may be lost. perform the following procedure: 1. Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software. a task requiring only a second or two to complete. 42 .

perform the following procedure: 1. For instructions on how to set this security feature. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. perform the procedure below. ❑ Console Timeout . ❑ Web Access .The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch. 43 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. 2.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes. These security features are: ❑ Password . and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password. when prompted. type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and. For instructions on how to set this security feature. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software. From the Main Menu. To configure web browser access. the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. if you specify 2 minutes. perform the procedure below. type E to enable web access or D to disable web access.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. (The password is case-sensitive. For example. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. when prompted. enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes. type 5 to select System Config Menu. To configure the console timer. type 6 to select Web Server Access and. 3. The default password is “admin”.

44 . type S to select Save Configuration Changes. no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. 4. if you disable web access. After you have made the desired changes.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example.

..AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version .D2... MAC Address ... 45 ... Bootloader Version .....1 5456411 00.3 ATI_LOADER1... AT-S39 v1. The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed.......... Serial Number ...A0...00 R ......32...17. type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu....Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed.....

46 . The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch. This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch.Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch.

This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. That way.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. If your network consists of more than one subnet. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management. Once connected to the network. You simply connect it to your network. should you remove a master switch from the network. such as for maintenance. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. 47 . there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack.

Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. referred to as slave switches. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask. 48 . refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. do not. If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch. 3. For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. you must assign each master switch a unique IP address. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually.

11.11. 49 . and each has been assigned a unique IP address.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature.16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149. you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149.32.32. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets.32.09.18 Master 2 IP Address 149. Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router.32.22 Master 2 IP Address 149.09.

Note The default setting for a switch is Slave.Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable. To be managed remotely. a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address. From the Main Menu.Save Configuration Changes R . Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack. Master 2 . perform the following procedure: 1. A switch with this designation can be managed locally.A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch. slave switch. ❑ Unavailable ..Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch. Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch . or unavailable. ❑ Slave switch . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 .A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch. you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet.Enhanced Stacking Services S ... type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed. It does not need an IP address or subnet mask. To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status. You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch. A master switch must have a unique IP address.A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet.

To change a switch’s status. 4. Note The “2 .” For example. S to make it a slave switch. Press Return.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 . type 1 to select Switch State. The following prompt is displayed. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 51 . the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master. Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3. Type M to change the switch to a master switch.Switch State. or U to make the switch unavailable. A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch. 2.Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches.

you need to select it from the management software. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. perform the following procedure: 1. To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet. The window in Figure 10 is displayed. 2. From the Main Menu. To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack. When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet. then it is very easy. you are by default addressing that particular switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch. If you assigned system names to your switches. The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch.Get/Refresh List of Switches A . type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 .Access Switch R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G . From the Enhanced Stacking window. The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window.

53 .AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches. Type A to select Access Switch. This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch. if you want to manage the Master switch. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session. You now can manage the selected switch. Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. Enter the switch’s password and press Return. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. The default password is “admin”. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. The password is case-sensitive. Once you see that window. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. 4. 6. return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

From the Port Menu. type 1 to select Port Menu.Accept changes & update flash R . From the Main Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C . 55 . perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch. The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed. type 4 to select Port Status.

56 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed.Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number.indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Possible values are: Auto . Down . Manual .Update Display R . Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port.Next Page U . Possible values are: Up .indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link. Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N .Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually. Figure 12 is an example of the window.

Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex. Disabled . Flow The flow control setting for the port. Spd The operating speed of the port. Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member.No flow control on the port.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port.10 Mbps 100 .The port has been manually disabled. Receive . Possible values are: 10 . Possible values are: Forwarding . This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Transmit . State The current operating status of the port. Both .Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. Possible values are: None .The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames.AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port.100 Mbps 1000 . 57 .

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch.. To configure a range of ports. Flow Control ......... MDI/MDIX Mode . The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3.. Negotiation .. Advertise 100FDX .. enter the first port of the range...No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 . Advertise 10FDX .. Advertise 10HDX . From the Port Menu.. type 1 to select Port Configuration....... From the Main Menu.... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status . The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed. To configure only one port. enter the last port number in the range. 2. Advertise 100HDX . To configure a range of ports.. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4.............. type 1 to select Port Menu.. Broadcast Control .. perform the following procedure: 1...... Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 . enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return..... Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return.

.The port will receive and forward packets.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 . Disabled . two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 ... 59 ... 0 .Speed .... If you select Manual.. When disabled.. 5.. This is the default setting. Adjust the port parameters as desired. You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port.100 Mbps 1000 .Speed selection are: 0010 . 1 ... which is the default.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port. The parameters are described below. This toggles the parameter through its possible settings....Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode.... The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters. 0100 3 .. the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically..Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode. You adjust a parameter by typing its number.. If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation...The port will not receive or forward packets.Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port. Possible settings are: Forwarding .Duplex . The possible settings for the 2 .Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex. a port will not receive or transmit frames.. You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections.. you can enable the port again to resume normal operation. Once the problem has been fixed.10 Mbps 0100 .

Advertise 100HDX to No. which is the default setting. B . Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated.or full-duplex mode.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode. For example.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.Advertise 100FDX 8 . Possible settings are: None . refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155. 5 . During Auto-Negotiation.Advertise 10HDX 7 . 9 . the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps.MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port. If you set this to Auto.Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation. Transmit . a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it. which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half. Receive . 60 . a switch port will advertise its full capabilities. if you set the selection 8 .Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time. which is the default setting.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation.Advertise 10FDX 6 . The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames. Both .No flow control on the port.Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option. If desired. the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it. By default. you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX. half-duplex operation.

type S to select Save Configuration Changes. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. You can use this option to reset the selected port. The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection. 61 . This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode. Once you have set the port parameters. This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. which. The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection. when selected. Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port.

perform the following procedure: 1. Type either 24 or 25. To display GBIC information. 2. these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. From the Advanced Configuration window.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4. 62 . From the System Configuration Menu. 3. type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the Main Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 . Type 1 to select GBIC Information. The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed.GBIC Information R . type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information.

.... Length 9/125 um Fib..Next Page R ...AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module............. (10k) ....... Length 9/125 mm Fib..5/125 um Fib..... You cannot change this information.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number .. (10m) ................... Length 50/125 um Fib...... Elect/Opt Transceiver ..... Extended Serial Transceiver .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only............. 63 ....... Type of Serial Interface ... (100m) . Figure 15 is an example of the window.. N .. Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding ......... (k) . Connector Type ......... Length 62.....

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security. Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. 64 . You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session.

the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. Automatic This operating mode disables port security. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. it remains in the table and is never purged. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. There are four levels of port security. 65 . Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table. even when the end node is inactive. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. Once this mode is activated. Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level.

Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time. Once you have activated this security level. 66 . The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. even those belonging to inactive end nodes. Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. When this security level is activated. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward.

❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. To set a switch’s port security level. type 2 to select Limited mode. From the Port Menu. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed. type 3 to select the Secured mode. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. type 5 to select Port Security. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table. type 1 to select Automatic mode. 67 . This is the default setting. 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . After activating this security mode. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. type 1 to select Port Menu. To specify the limits. 2. From the Main Menu.

68 . Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. type 4 to select Lock all the ports now. A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned.

2. type 1 to select Port Menu. Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table. perform the following procedure: 1.Configure port security limited mode R . You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn.Set MAC limit per port 3 . 3. Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port.Display MAC limit per port 2 . To configure Limited security mode. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 . frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded. From the Port Menu. When you activate this security level.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 . From the Main Menu. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed. type 2 to select Limited security. From the Port Security menu. You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports. type 5 to select Port Security.

70 . To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. Type 2 to choose Select a port. type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. 13. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. 11. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6. type R to select Return to previous menu. This applies the limit to the port. 12. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed. The range is 1 to 150 addresses. 7. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. 9. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode. repeat Steps 5 through 9. 10. Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return.

If you assigned different values to different ports. If necessary. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu. Examine the MAC limits.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. 16. Limited security has now been configured on the switch. 15. Check to be sure that they are correct. 71 . 14. be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks.

Despite the software configuration and physical connections. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. A port trunk is 2. To maintain the order of the port connections. speed. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load. 5. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. and 24. 6. workstation. 3. For example. 73 . 22. and so on. or another Ethernet switch. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. 15 for the trunk. or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. such as a server. and so on. there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. 3. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. 23. and 7). ports 4. 13. port 13 to port 22. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. router. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. 14. ❑ The duplex mode. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. For example. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. or 4 ports. ❑ When cabling a trunk.

❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch. AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches.❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN. The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch. The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs. Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server. The server is connected to the switch with four data links. AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 .

Show port trunking status S . From the Port Menu. You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch. type 1 to select Port Menu. Check to be sure that the settings. type 3 to select Port Trunking. examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk. such as speed and duplex mode. Note Before creating a port trunk. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance.Add ports to trunk 2 .Delete Trunk 3 . 2. To create a port trunk. Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 . The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed. Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology. From the Main Menu. are the same for all the ports of the trunk.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 . perform the following procedure: 1.Save Configuration Changes R .

You can specify the ports individually (e. Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return.3. 76 . 1. 5.g. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R .. type 3 to display the status of the trunk. The following prompt is displayed.g. Enter new value -> 4. Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking. Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk. 7-10). Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window. Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk.2. 8. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7.4) or as a range (e. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch.. To confirm the creation of the port trunk. 6.3. The port trunk is ready for network operations.

Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 2. type 1 to select Port Menu. To confirm the deletion. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology. Type 2 to select Delete trunk. perform the following procedure: 1. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. 3. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. 4. From the Main Menu. The port trunk is deleted from the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. type 3 to select Port Trunking. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. 77 . 5. From the Port Menu. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. To delete a port trunk from the switch.

Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .

However. For example. the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. 79 . the mirror port is likely to drop packets. the more ports you mirror. You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time. meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports. if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports. For example.

To mirror the traffic of only one port... The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed. enter the first port of the range..CPU Attached .. From the Main Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 . type 1 to select Port Menu. No 3 .... Type 1 to select Mirroring Port...Add ports to mirror 4 . The following prompt is displayed.Mirroring Port .. perform the following procedure: 1. Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored.. The following prompt is displayed.Show Port Mirror Status S . Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7.Delete ports from mirror 5 . The following prompt is displayed. You can specify only one mirror port.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3.Save Configuration Changes R . type 2 to select Port Mirroring. Press Return.Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror. enter the last port in the range. Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6.. To mirror a range of ports. Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror.. From the Port Menu.. 0 2 . 80 . the port to where the traffic will be copied). enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step. Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. If you want to mirror a range or ports. 5. 2.

Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu. 81 . type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status. The port mirror is now functional. 10. 9. The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored.AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. To confirm the creation of the port mirror.

82 . 2. From the Port Menu. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. From the Main Menu. 5.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror. perform the following procedure: 1. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. 3. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. Enter 0 and press Return. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. The following prompt is displayed. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. type 1 to select Port Menu.

ISO/IEC 10038: 1993. 83 . The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol.1D.Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters. refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802.

of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. leaving only one main active path. as specified in the IEEE 802. Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge. referred to as broadcast storms. also referred to as the bridge identifier. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. exist in the network topology. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. and sometimes its MAC address. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. either planned or unplanned. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. Where multiple paths exist. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops.1D standard. By adjusting the value. 84 . STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link.Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down.

Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. 85 . if one is found. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. where all ports have a port cost of 0. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state. blocking mode. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. The faster the port. active path. If two paths have the same port cost. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. the preferred path is selected through port priority. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and. Below are the default values. Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. If redundant paths exist. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. the lower the port cost.

This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. or addition of any active components. For small networks. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. 86 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. For large networks. removal. listening and learning. a temporary data loop could occur. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. When a bridge is brought on-line. Consequently. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). and if not. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. before it begins to forward frames. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. with the size of your network being a primary factor. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. and that could adversely impact network performance. the active topology also changes. This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. especially if it is a large network. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. However. a change in a port state is not activated immediately. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports.

type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu..Config STP Port Settings 8 . From the Main Menu. The default setting is disabled. Bridge Forwarding . Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. Bridge Hello Time . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable . Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 ..AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings..Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch. Bridge Identifier .. 1. 1 ........ the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default... The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed.. You should consult the IEEE 802. Bridge Max Age . The parameters are described below. Bridge Priority ... If you enable STP.Reset STP to Defaults R . 87 .... Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network.Display STP Port Settings 9 ..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters.

The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. 5 . If two or more bridges have the same priority value.Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. 6 . resulting in network loops. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds.Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state.535.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . 3 . This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. with 0 being the highest priority. The default is 15 seconds. The default is 20 seconds. 3.Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. For example. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 88 . The default is 2 seconds. if you use the default 20. The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. 4 . Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. When a root bridge goes off-line. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. After you have made the desired changes. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. for example. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. If the bridge transitions too soon.

type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. This value cannot be changed. To configure just one port.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating .. type 7 to select Config STP port settings.... enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step. Root Bridge ....Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5. From the Spanning Tree menu.. 89 .. Enter the number of the port you want to configure. 1 .. 2.. enter the first port of the range. The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed...Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain.. perform the following procedure: 1... The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. To configure a range of ports. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. Port Priority ... Adjust the settings as desired. Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R .. To configure a range of ports. Bridge Hello Time ..AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters.. Path Cost .. enter the last port of the range.. The parameters are described below.. From the Main Menu...

The default value for priority is 128.Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge. This value cannot be changed from this window. The range is 0-255. 4 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . 3 . 10 for a 100 Mbps port. The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. and 4 for a 1 Gbps port. To change this value.Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain. The range is 1 to 65535. The default is 2 seconds. refer to the previous procedure. 90 . 5 .Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN. This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed.

It also contains the procedures for creating. and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session.Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs). This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. modifying. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 .

For example. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN. The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company. This too can improve overall network performance. 92 . since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. Before the advent of VLANs. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. Additionally. With VLANs. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. For example. logical LAN segments. such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN. if an employee changed departments.

VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically.AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. a virtual LAN can span more than one switch. Additionally. This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location. 93 . you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software. or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections.

Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. you must give it a name. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches. Examples include Sales. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. or just a few ports. 94 . Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. Production. The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. such as a router or Layer 3 switch. and Engineering. called the Default VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device.

If you allow the management software to do it automatically. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received.AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. Untagged Ports Naturally. Additionally. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN. all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID. Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). 95 . Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. In this manner. Consequently. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch. unique VLAN. For example. it will simply select the next available VID. This is acceptable when you are creating a new. You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. rather than by a port’s PVID.

Consequently. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port. ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID. 96 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID. General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. ❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. However. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs. the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID.

across multiple VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs. many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN. For example. ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN. 97 . ❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network. such as servers and printers. In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches.

A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member. The ports have been assigned PVID values. 11 . Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . Engineering.) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN . (For purposes of the following examples.4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9. the Default VLAN is not shown. A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN. 98 . and Production VLANs on the switch.13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . You assign this number when you create a VLAN.Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales.24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs.

Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN . In this example. The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example. Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs. two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch. each VLAN has one port connected to the router.Example 2 99 .

it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. However.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch.6. 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 . This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch.This VLAN spans both switches.6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN . Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router. 14. 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN. 100 . This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN. It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch.This is the final VLAN in the example. It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4. ❑ Engineering VLAN .11. 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13. Since this VLAN spans multiple switches.This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN. Engineering. it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router. So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch. ❑ Production VLAN .24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 . and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment.

The IEEE 802. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames. This contrasts to a port-based VLAN. A tag. Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802. the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports. the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802. If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of. This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership.3ac standard).AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN. the frame will be discarded. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward.1Q-compliant. For example. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port. When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time. 101 . The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch. referred to as a tagged frame.

However. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. there would seem to be no need for a PVID. Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. a frame without any tagged information). But actually there is. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. 102 . the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. simultaneously. The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. In the case of a tagged VLAN. An untagged port. can be in only one VLAN at a time. Otherwise. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN.

103 . ❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time.AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN. If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks. ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS. ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs.

1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 . Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.1Q-based products.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802.

16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. 20 (PVID 3) 8. 105 .AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. It is connected to an IEEE 802. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs. They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. when received by the switch.1Q-compliant server. data separation and security remain. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. But with tagged ports. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. 18 (PVID 2) 8. It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example. while still maintaining data separation and security. The tagged frames. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated.

You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered. Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. All VLAN information. Packets are passed through the switch unchanged. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. 106 . either tagged or untagged. is ignored. but the VLANs are not used.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 . type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S . From the Main Menu.Virtual LAN Support 2 . 107 . The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed.Save Configuration Changes R . type 1 to select Create a VLAN.Port VLANs & Priorities R . type 2 to select VLAN Menu. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2. From the VLAN Menu.Virtual LAN Definitions 3 . From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN.

... you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value..Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed.. VLAN ID (VID) . If this will be a unique VLAN in your network.... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name . The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. For example... The name can be from one to ten characters in length. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN... Mirroring Port . then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected.. but not special characters.......... Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN.. C ..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4.. The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example.. Untagged Ports .... than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!)... If the VLAN will be unique in your network.. 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) . The name can contain spaces. then the name should be unique as well. The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value. 5...... If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches.. If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. 0 Tagged Ports . then its VID must also be unique.. 108 .. Sales or Accounting).Create VLAN R . if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches..

Note In most cases.. A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored.7-9). type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. you will see the following message: SUCCESS .. 9. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79...(If you do not to activate this feature.5. 2. Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports.5). If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6.. type 6 and Y for yes. Press any key. 2. 8. 13.) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports. You can specify the ports individually (e. To verify that the VLAN was created correctly. either do not select this option or select it and type N for no.g. type 4 to select Show All VLANs.3. 12. leave this field empty.. If the VLAN will contain tagged ports.5. 2.g. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. you can analyze the VLAN traffic.7-9) 7.g.3. For more information on port mirroring.g. 10. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. Type C to select Create VLAN.g. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. 7-9). this parameter should be left with its default value of 0.Press any key to continue. 14. as a range (e. as a range (e. 11. You can specify the ports individually (e. or both (e. 7-9).g. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port. 109 . 2.5). or both (e. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. leave this field empty.

For example. Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time. You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs. the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN. Note When you create a new VLAN. if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. 110 . ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15.

9. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. To create the example Sales VLAN. 3. 111 . 2. perform the following procedure: 1. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. press any key. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. 6. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. 8. 5. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Type C to select Create VLAN. 7. Ports 1 to 4. Press Return. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. 4. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. The new Sales VLAN has now been created. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. From the VLAN Menu.

9.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104. 20”. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. 4. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”. Ports 9.11. 3. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created. Press Return. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”.16”. 8. press any key. 6. 11. 10. 2. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. and 12. perform the following procedure: 1. and two untagged ports. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN. It will consist of three untagged ports. To create the example Engineering VLAN. From the Main Menu. From the VLAN Menu. Ports 8 and 16. 7.10. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. 5. Type C to select Create VLAN. 112 .

.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure. 113 . R . After making the desired changes. 6. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. type 2 to select Modify a VLAN.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4. The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS . For a description of the parameters.. The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed... To modify a VLAN. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. Change the VLAN’s information as desired.VLAN ID (VID) . refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107. The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5.Press any key to continue. 7. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 2. type M to select Modify VLAN. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify. 3.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 . From the VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1.. This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN..

The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. 9. 114 . The VLAN has been modified. 8. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 11. Press any key. 10. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs.

VID numbers. 2. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch.9 U: 8.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 . From the Main Menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7. The Show All VLANs window is displayed. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 3.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names.9 U: 1-6 T: 7. type 4 to select View All VLANs. From the VLAN Menu. perform the following procedure: 1.

. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4. To delete the VLAN. To delete a VLAN. 2. The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed. 3. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 . type 3 to select Delete a VLAN. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). To obtain a VLAN’s VID.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure. R . From the VLAN Menu.VLAN ID (VID) .. 116 . The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed. From the Main Menu.. which has a VID of 1.. 6. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return. type D. perform the following procedure: 1.. A confirmation prompt is displayed. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu..

AT-S39 User’s Guide 7. All ports in the deleted VLAN. Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure. 10. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. both tagged and untagged. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed.Press any key to continue. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 9. 117 . are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS . 8. The VLAN has been deleted. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs.

Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. To delete all VLANs on a switch. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. perform the following procedure: 1. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. 4. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. To delete selected VLANs. 2. Press Return. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the VLAN Menu. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. 118 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. except the Default VLAN. 3. From the Main Menu. on a switch. 5. A confirmation message is displayed. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.

But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. For example. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 119 . The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. Type 1 to select Port Number. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. From the Main Menu. From the VLAN Menu. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 .Port Number R . perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. 2. To change a PVID for a port. Press Return.

...Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5...... Port VLAN ID . 1 1 0 N U . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes....... 9... The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6.. The port now has a new PVID.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed. Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID. The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS . Press Return.. Specify the new PVID value for the port.Press any key to continue... Return to the Main Menu. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip.... You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch. 120 .. 7. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number . Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High ..........Accept changes & update flash R ... Override Priority (Y/N) ....... 8...Update Changes to Chip C .

121 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged. Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. Press Return. B-Basic): 3. Type 3 to select Switch Mode. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs. 2. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. 4. Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. type 5 to select System Config Menu. The default is Tagged mode.

the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode. Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering. When VLANs are disabled. the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3.Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C . perform the following procedure: 1. The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. 2.Enable/Disable VLANs 2 . The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed. From the VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu.Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 .Enable VLANs Globally D .Accept changes & update flash R . If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E . ingress filtering is disabled. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed. It sets a switch’s VLAN mode. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 .Disable VLANs Globally R . type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs. When VLANs are enabled.

Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode. 5. A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. 6. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 123 . 4.

So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. the switch discards the frame. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. If they belong to different VLANs. nor to any frames. tagged or untagged. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. Once the tagged frame is received. 124 . Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. First. just as a reminder. the port accepts the frame. For further information. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. Fortunately. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. the frame is discarded. If there is. Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. Here is an example. In this case. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. the port discards the frame. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. the port accepts the frame. If they belong to the same VLAN.

Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame. 4. Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags. To enable or disable ingress filtering. The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed.Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R . and that is the priority tag.AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3. From the VLAN Menu. 125 . type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D . From the Virtual LAN Support menu. In most cases. Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority. From the Main Menu. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. which is the default. You cannot set this per port. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch. regardless of the status of ingress filtering. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E .

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table.

The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. When the switch receives a packet. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table. For example. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. 127 . by referring to its MAC address table. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. determines the port where the destination node is connected. and the port number where each address was learned. This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. it also examines the destination address and. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. along with the port number on which each address was learned. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. When the destination node responds. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch.

The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses. For instructions on changing the aging timer. even when the end node is inactive. even when the end node is inactive. 128 . The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes).Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports. Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table. This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. once entered in the table. A static MAC address. The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted.

To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. 129 . perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2. From the Main Menu. To display the MAC address table. The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed. To display only static MAC addresses. 3. type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports. type 6 to select MAC Address Tables. just the base ports. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed. type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses. One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports.

PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only. 130 . (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch.Accept changes & update flash U . except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed.Update Display R . The columns in the window are defined below. non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N . A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. The static MAC address window is exactly the same.

Type The MAC address type. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. The type can be either static or dynamic. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. This feature is not supported at this time. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. As an example. 131 . Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. except for the switch’s MAC address. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. Another example is “000020F. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group.

You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 132 . Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return. From the MAC Address Table menu. 1. 2. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. From the Main Menu. A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port. The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table.

The procedure in this section offers an easier way. From the Main Menu. finding the address could prove difficult. From the MAC Address Table menu. 2. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. or to which the address was assigned. But if the switch is part of a large network. 133 . You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address. if the address was learned dynamically. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. for a static address. 1. type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. 2. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. (This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN. produces the same result.) Note To perform this procedure. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. perform the following procedure. For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN. From the MAC Address Table menu. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table. 134 . refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. as explained earlier in this chapter. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 1. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view. From the Main Menu.

2. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure. the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. 1. Once the table has been purged. From the Main Menu. From the MAC Address Table menu. the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. If you type Y for yes. 3. 135 . Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. A confirmation prompt is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. perform the following procedure. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table.

The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. From the MAC Address Table menu. From the Main Menu. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected. 5. 2. type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. To add a static address to the MAC address table. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. perform the following procedure: 1. 136 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. 2. From the MAC Address Table menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. From the Main Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table. 4. type 3 to select Delete MAC Address. 137 .

the switch deletes the address. 138 . The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3. The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. perform the following procedure: 1. Enter a new value in seconds. This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 2. From the System Config Menu. When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time. From the Main Menu. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. To adjust the aging time. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes).

Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .

transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue. File transfer delays did occur.e.1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example. Prior to CoS. packet transfer delays can prove problematic. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue. CoS was designed to address this problem. untagged frames (i.. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port. 0 to 7. but were mostly transparent to network users. By default. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802. The 802. For example. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays. 140 .1p standard outlines eight levels of priority. But with the introduction of time-critical applications. low and high. network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner. such as voice transmission or video conferencing. When a tagged packet enters a switch port. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis.1Q standards. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue.1p and 802.

perform the following procedure: 1. 2. 6. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. 3. enter a value from 0 to 3. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS. From the Main Menu. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. Return to the Main Menu. (Again. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. Type 3 to select Priority (0 . Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. 9. 5. 141 . From the VLAN Menu. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. 11. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type 1 to select Port Number. enter a value from 4 to 7. The default for this parameter is No. 8.7). All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself.) 7. 10. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port. Press Return.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch.

In Version 1. There are two versions of IGMP.) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group. referred to as a time-out value. A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. 143 . Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. the router does not send multicast packets out the port. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. Once the router has received a report from a host node. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups. it simply stops sending reports. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. it removes the node from appropriate membership list. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. In Version 2.

144 . The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2. IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch. except the port on which it received the packet. which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups. Note By default. Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance. and by processing leave requests.

. After selecting this option. Multicast Router Port(s) . Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate)... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status ... The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed.... From the System Configuration Menu.Save Configuration Changes R .IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch..... perform the following procedure: 1.. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S ... 2 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 .. Maximum Multicast Groups .AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters. 2. type E to enable or D to disable this feature. From the Advanced Configuration window. type 5 to select System Config Menu.. From the Main Menu. Host/Router Timeout Interval . The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration.. 3..Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port.. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 . Multicast Host Topology ..

The range is 1 to 2048 groups. The default is 256 multicast addresses. The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 . such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. 3 . With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port.Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected.Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn.400 seconds (24 hours). This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. that is. The default is 256 multicast groups. The range is from 1 second to 86. you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection.Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. 4 . If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected.Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. 5 . The default is 260 seconds. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub.

or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number. Your changes are activated immediately on the switch. To select Auto Detect. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 147 . Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter.AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect. After making the desired changes. enter “0” (zero) for this parameter. 4.

The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group. 2. as well as the host nodes. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. 148 . perform the following procedure: 1. Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. From the System Configuration Menu. 3.Update Display R . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. From the Advanced Configuration window. Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U . type 5 to select System Config Menu. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch. To display the list. 4. type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. From the Main Menu.

Update Display R . type 5 to select System Config Menu. The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. 149 . 2. From the Advanced Configuration window. From the Main Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. Router IP The IP address of the multicast router. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. To display a list of the multicast routers. You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch. From the System Configuration Menu. 3. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes. perform the following procedure: 1. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. type 7 to select View Multicast Router List. 4. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software.

The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. When a node sends out a broadcast frame. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. Broadcast frames are different. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. For example. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. In order to use this feature. You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval. 151 . That is. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network. For example. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example. the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. 152 . Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch. At these settings. Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames. the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature.. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 .Timer for 10 MB ports .Save Configuration Changes R . 0 micro sec C . (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps .. type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup. 100..Timer for 100 MB ports . The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds..Timer for 1000 MB ports .10x ❑ 100 Mbps .. The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds. type 5 to select System Config Menu.. From the System Configuration Menu. 2. or 3 and enter a value when prompted.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4. 0 milli sec 3 . 2.100x 153 . perform the following procedure: 1. Type 1.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . 3. From the Main Menu. The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed. From the Advanced Configuration Menu. 0 milli sec 2 . You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10.... and 1000 Mbps.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. 6. The default value is “0” for all timers. Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. the management software multiples the value by 10. Once you have set the desired timer intervals. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 154 . 5. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports.

To configure only one port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. 5. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. To configure a range of ports. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. enter the first port of the range. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. type 1 to select Port Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval.> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. Type B to select Broadcast Control. From the Port Menu. For example. 2. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. 6. 155 . enter the last port number in the range. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. To configure a range of ports. type 1 to select Port Configuration. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return.

Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .

type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics. Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view. Type 1 to choose Select a Port.Select a Port 2 . The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 .Port Statistics Menu 2 . From the Main Menu.Display Port Statistics R . perform the following procedure: 1. Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics.Clear Port Statistics 3 . The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu. 157 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2. Press Return.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4.Display Module Statistics R . 5.Clear Module Statistics 3 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics. From the Ethernet Statistics menu.

Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port......... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded......... Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port.. RX_BRDCAST ............. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port...Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window....... U ......... TX_COUNT ..... 158 ...... CRC_ERROR . PORT_IN_DISCARDS ............Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.... shown in Figure 48...................... UNDERSIZE ... RX_COUNT . Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port.................. RX_MLTCAST ......... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port... OVERSIZE .................. FRAGMENT ....... Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port...................... RX_UNICAST ..............Update Display R ................ Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT .... RX_OVERFLOW ..............

Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. 159 . and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. packets with alignment errors.AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. select the option “2 . Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port. If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”. but discarded and not forwarded.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port.

...................... Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch.. U .. From the Main Menu. UNDERSIZE ................ Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT ................. perform the following procedure: 1... CRC_ERROR .... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch.... 2...Update Display R ....... From the Ethernet Statistics menu..... RX_UNICAST .............. TX_COUNT . RX_OVERFLOW ....Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only....... The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window... Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch....................... shown in Figure 48.... 160 ..... RX_BRDCAST ....Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch.............. type 3 to select Display Module Statistics....... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded.. RX_COUNT .................... OVERSIZE ......... FRAGMENT .. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics..... PORT_IN_DISCARDS .......... RX_MLTCAST ...............

packets with alignment errors. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch. select the option “2 . If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch. but discarded and not forwarded. Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. 161 .Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets.

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

163

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

Note Do not interrupt the initialization process. the switch automatically resets. Do not reboot the switch. Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed. 166 . Begin the file transfer of the new management software image. a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete. If you are installing a new management image. Once the management software is initialized.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7.

A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host .cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image.This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image.35.1.The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch.img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39. Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software. If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software. loader file. This may necessitate renaming the file. Binary . tftp -i 149. Source file .1. Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149. The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39.ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39.The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch. or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above.1 put c:\ats39.35. Put .AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software.img 167 . you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.1.

Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited. Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149.The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file.1 get ats39.img c:\ats39. Source file .img Once the file is stored on a local drive.35. The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host . Destination file . 168 .The source file name is “ATS39. it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP. as explained in the previous section.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation.This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from. Binary .You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.1. This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically. tftp -i 149. Get .cfg”.35.1 to local drive C: of the workstation.The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation.1.

Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24. Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17. Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20. Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23. MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26. Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19. IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27.

170 . such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser.

Additionally. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. Start your web browser. perform the following procedure: 1.) The user name cannot be changed. For instructions. the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. 171 . To change the password. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies. When prompted. 2. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser. the switch must have an IP address. enter the user name and password. (The password is case-sensitive. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. as shown in Figure 51. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch. The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. Consequently. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. To start a web browser management session. you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed.

In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites. Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software. Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display.The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed. 172 . You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser. Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus. You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session. select Exit from any AT-S39 management page. 173 .

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

select it and then select the General tab. 2. If the System menu option is not selected. select Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. subnet address. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default. refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. From the Home Page. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. 175 . To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch.

The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example. Change the parameters as desired. Sales Ethernet switch). 3. Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window. 176 . Entering a value for this parameter is optional. The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide.Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed.

This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. 177 . Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch. such as its location (e. The default password is “admin”. a Telnet utility. Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. To create a new password. 4.. click Apply. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. or an SNMP management program. Wiring closet 402B). This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser. After you have set the parameters. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. Floor 4. enter the new password into both fields. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch.g. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length. The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Entering a value for this parameter is optional.

You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session. you must reset the switch to activate your change. You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session.Section III: Web Browser Management 5. subnet mask. If you made a change to the IP address. or by using the Reset button on the switch. 178 . or gateway address.

2. select Monitoring. From the Home page. The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. select System Status. The Monitoring window is displayed. select the General tab.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. If it is not already selected. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 . From the Configuration Menu.

If this parameter displays “Basic. refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212. For information about VLANs. Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging . which also explains how to change the parameters. These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175.Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only. General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address.Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted. ❑ Hash Count . These values cannot be changed. This value cannot be changed. ❑ Switch Mode .” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. If this parameter displays “Tagged. 180 .Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode. Administration This section contains a variety of information. refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10. You cannot change any of the values from this window. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes).” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. For background information about MAC addresses.Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table. The sections in the window are defined below. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session. Virtual LANs on page 91. including the IP address of the switch and the system name.

From the Configuration menu. The parameters are described below. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. 2. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. 181 . From the Home page. 3. select System. Select the SNMP tab.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. Adjust the parameters as desired. select Configuration.

182 . 5. Click Apply to save your changes to the switch.Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. Changes are immediately activated on the switch.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 .Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed.

Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure.) 5. select Configuration. 2. click it again. select Layer 1. 3. The selected port turns white. Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4. Select the Port Setting tab. You can select only one port at a time. From the Home page. (To deselect a port.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch. Click Modify. 184 . The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. From the Configuration page. perform the following procedure: 1.

refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. Receive . Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time. Transmit . For background information on this feature. An example of the window is shown in Figure 57. 185 . Adjust the port parameters as desired. Flow Control The flow control setting for the port. If the threshold is reach.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6. Both .AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed.Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Possible values are: None . refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227.Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port.No flow control on the port. For instructions on how to set this value. any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch. The parameters are described below.

Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode.Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . click Apply. The default for this port parameter is enabled. 7. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. 186 . Once you have made the desired changes. This is the default. Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values. Default values are listed in Appendix A.Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames. The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port.Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port.Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. ❑ 10Mbps .Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps .

) 4. Click a port. From the Home page. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch. 3. From the Monitoring page. 187 . Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics. click it again. You can view a port’s operating speed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. perform the following procedure: 1. Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58. and more. You can select only one port at a time. duplex mode. The selected port turns white. 2. select Layer 1. select Monitoring. (To deselect a port. To display the status or statistics of a switch port. MDI/MDI-X configuration. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

191

192 . refer to Port Security Overview on page 65.Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session. Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session. Note For background information on port security.

The current security level is displayed. select Monitoring.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page. select Layer 2. From the Configuration page. From the Layer 2 page. 2. Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 . select the Port Security tab. 3.

194 . refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73.Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session. Note For background information on port trunking.

To create or delete a port trunk. Select the Port Trunking tab. From the Configuration page. the ports of the trunk will be white. all ports in the switch image will be black. If you are deleting a port trunk. If there is a port trunk. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. 2. which can produce broadcast storms. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. select Layer 1. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk. From the Home page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. 195 . Loops can result in broadcast storms. select Configuration. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. which can adversely effect the operations of your network.

The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. do the following: a. You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. or 4 ports. click Remove. An unselected port is black. b. Click Apply. 3. To delete a port trunk. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk. 5. To create a port trunk. A selected port changes to white. A port trunk can contain 2. The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. 196 .

refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79.Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror. 197 . Note For background information on port mirroring.

5. b. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. 2. do the following: a. select Layer 1. Select the Port Mirroring tab. From the Home page. Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4. 3. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. 198 . select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. To create a port mirror. To delete an existing port mirror. From the Configuration page. Click Apply. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. select Configuration. c. The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. perform the following procedure: 1.

AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted. The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations. 199 .

Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session. Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP. refer to STP Overview on page 84.Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. 200 .

To configure a bridge’s STP parameters. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window . If you enable STP. You should consult the IEEE 802. 201 . select the Spanning Tree tab.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. select Configuration. From the Configuration menu. From the Layer 2 window. 3. The parameters are described below.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. perform the following procedure: 1. select Layer 2. From the Home page. 2.Configuration 4. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks.

Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. The default is 2 seconds. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. possibly resulting in a network loop. After you have made the desired changes. with 0 being the highest priority. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. For example.535. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. When a root bridge goes off-line. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. The default is 20 seconds. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. if you use the default 20. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. for example. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. 5. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge.Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. The default setting is disabled. The default is 15 seconds. This value cannot be changed. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. click Apply. If the bridge transitions too soon. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. 202 . This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds.

To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters. From the Layer 2 page. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window . From the Home page. select the Spanning Tree tab. select Monitoring. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed. select Layer 2.Monitoring 203 . perform the following procedure: 1. 2. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 3. From the Monitoring menu. refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings.

refer to Chapter 10. and delete VLANs from a web browser management session. This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. modify. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 . Virtual LANs.Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode.

From the Home page. 2. The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed. select Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. select the VLAN tab. select Layer 2. From the Layer 2 window. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. From the Configuration menu. 3.

Click Add. 206 . If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. its VID must be unique as well. The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example. the name should be unique as well. Sales or Accounting). Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. The name can be from one to 10 characters in length. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN. Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. 6. The name can contain spaces but not special characters.

Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. or a tagged port. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. 9. To select ports for the VLAN. 10. Note For background information on port mirroring. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. Click Apply. click Send to CPU. its VID value should be the same on each switch. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. 7. 8. 207 . If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. For example.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. This value disables port mirroring. In most cases. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096.

Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. The VLAN is now ready for network operations. 208 .

If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. select the VLAN tab. select Layer 2. From the Layer 2 window. Creating a VLAN. 4. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. From the Configuration menu. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. 7. 6. 5.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. select Configuration. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. they are returned to the Default VLAN. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure. From the Home page. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. After making the desired changes. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. click Apply. 2. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. Click Modify. 209 .

perform the following procedure: 1. From the Layer 2 window. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. The VLAN is deleted from the switch. 3.Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. Click Remove. select Layer 2. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. 2. select the VLAN tab. 5. 4. From the Home page. From the Configuration menu. 210 . select Configuration.

3. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. select Monitoring. select Layer 2. From the Monitoring page. From the Home page. select the VLAN tab.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch. 2. From the Layer 2 page. The management software displays the window in Figure 68. perform the following procedure: 1.

3. Select the General tab. choose System. From the Home Page. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs. 5. 4. Reset the switch. Virtual LANs. click either Tagged or Basic. Note Refer to Chapter 10. From the Configuration menu. You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. To set the switch’s VLAN mode. select Configuration. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. perform the following procedure: 1. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. 2. 212 . In the Switch Mode section of the window. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. If you select Tagged. If you select Basic. which is the default.

But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. select Configuration. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. 2. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. To change a PVID for a port. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. To deselect a port. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1. For example. From the Configuration page. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. From the Layer 2 page. select Layer 2. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. click it again. Click Apply. You can select only one port at a time. 3. select CoS. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. 4. A selected port turns white. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. 5.

Class of Service on page 219.Section III: Web Browser Management 6. The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch. The new value is immediately activated on the port. Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port. 7. 214 . Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26. Click Apply.

This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. 215 .Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch.

select the Forwarding Database tab. From the Layer 2 page. 3. select Layer 2. From the Monitoring page. You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. The options are described below.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. perform the following procedure: 1. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session. 216 . The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed. 2. Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses. select Monitoring. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. For instructions. From the Home page.

As an example. Another example is “000020F. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. click View. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. The port numbering scheme is from right to left. 4. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. You specify the VLAN by its VID. Once you have configured the options. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. 217 . The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU.

Type The MAC address type.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. except for the switch’s MAC address. This feature is not supported at this time. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. 218 . The type can be either static or dynamic.

refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. 219 .Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS.

A selected port turns white. From the Configuration page.) 7.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. click it again. You can select only one port at a time. (To deselect a port. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. Click Apply. 8. select Configuration. select Layer 2. Click the port where you want to configure CoS. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. 4. 6. (Again. The default for this parameter is No. perform the following procedure: 1. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7. select the CoS tab. 2. Click Modify. click the Override Priority option. From the Home page. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed. 3. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch.) 5. From the Layer 2 page. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. 220 . it does not matter which of these levels you select.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS.

refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143.Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch. Note For background information on this feature. 221 .

select System. Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. 3. Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed. Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. 2. From the Configuration menu. select Configuration. Select the IGMP tab. 222 . The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port).

it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. The default is 260 seconds. you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. The range is from 1 second to 86.400 seconds (24 hours). If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. The default is 256 multicast groups. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. that is. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 .

A white port indicates a multicast router port. You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect. The default is 256 multicast addresses. or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image.Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. 224 . Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses.

225 . Note For background information on this feature.Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151.

(1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. 226 . The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds.100x For example. 100.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed. You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. 4. If they are not already selected. perform the following procedure: 1. After you have entered your values. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. click Apply. The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab. 3. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. From the Home page. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. To specify an interval timer. Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. enter values for the three interval timers. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . The default value is “0” for all timers.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . select Configuration. the management software multiples the value by 10. 2. and 1000 Mbps. select them now. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps .Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port.

Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. The selected port turns white. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. 4. In the graphical switch image. perform the following procedure: 1. You can select only one port at a time. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. 5. From the Configuration page. When you open the Layer 1 page. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. As an example. 6. Click Modify. 7. 2. select Layer 1. select it now. the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames. If it is not selected. select Configuration. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. 3. Click Apply. click it again. 227 . The port will accept all broadcast frames. From the Home page. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. To deselect a port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward.

Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 .0 255.0.0 0.255. Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.0.0.0.0.

) 229 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.1 and above only.

11 D default values. 172 C Class of Service configuring. 84. 121. 202 bridge priority. 41. 155. 220 defined. 185 forwarding delay. 86. used in this guide. 202 bridge hello time parameter. 228 DHCP activating. 27. 150. 141. 37 releasing IP address. 177 H hello time. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 151 broadcast frames maximum number. 212 BOOTP activating. 84. 163 AT-S39 version number. 140 console timeout. 60. 88. 202 bridge max age parameter. 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. 227 browser tools. 88. 52 defined. 164 downloading via TFTP. 106 setting. 45 Auto-Negotiation. 225 defined. AT-S39. 88. 202 bridge identifier. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 138 defined. 47 guidelines. 86. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. 37 BPDU. 88 G gateway address. 37 defined. 167 obtaining. configuring. 41. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. 47 setting switch status. 60. 128 AT-S39 default settings. 37 defined. 88. 90 host nodes 230 . 35. 43 conventions. 50 F flow control. 36 documentation.Index A aging time changing.

32. 95. 21 master switch defined. 35. 186 statistics. 146.AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 87. 58. 184 disable. 90 PVID. 85 setting. 45 slave switch. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 198 defined. 35. 118 deleting. 66 serial number. 149 P password changing. 143 displaying. 153. 65 local management session defined. 146. 222 defined. 29. 190 port cost defined. 82. 39. 171 port configuring parameters. 60 multicast groups. 67 defined. 177 default. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 107. 226 defined. 90 port mirroring creating. 205 defined. 50 SNMP community strings. 193 port statistics. 223 multicast router. 211 modifying. 80. defined. 223 I IEEE 802. 209 priority queues. 116. port security. 143 ingress filtering. 126. 157 port trunking creating. 187 speed. displaying. 102 port-based VLAN creating. 59. switch. 119. 173 R resetting a switch. 186 displaying status. 177 interval timer configuring. 75. 42 root bridge. 151 L limited security mode configuring. maximum. 69 defined. switch. 21 snoop topology.1d standard. 79 deleting. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 195 defined. 216 MAC address. 77. 24 M MAC address table. 94 deleting all. 210 displaying. 111. 148 host/router timeout interval. 140 priority. 26. 145. 55. 28 Telnet session. 18 quitting. default settings. 28 starting. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. 73 deleting. 213 defined. 198 port security configuring. 145. 65 displaying. 113. 195 guidelines. 222 231 . 50 returning to. 25 S Secure level. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). 59. 30 web browser session. 84 RS232 port. 181 SNMP management session. 115.

112. 107. 29 web browser. 122 displaying. 20 quitting. changing. 171 V version number. 94 tagged. 136 deleting. AT-S39. 35. 171 232 . 118 deleting. 43 limitations. 115. 112. default. 84 port cost. 209 port-based. 177 switch statistics. 113. downloading software updates. 50 user name. 137 displaying. 107. 122 mode. defined. 101 VLAN identifier (VID). 205 defined. 35. 94. 24 Telnet. 209 Telnet management session defined. 129 statistics port. 29 TFTP. 205 defined. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. 171 static MAC address adding. 116. 45 virtual LAN creating. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. 203 starting session local. 210 displaying. 30 starting. 89 defined. 121. 164 downloading via TFTP. defined. 92 deleting all. defined. 108 VLAN identifier. 201 configuring port parameters. 101 deleting all. 211 modifying. 19 quitting. 190 switch. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. 160 system name. 167 U unavailable status. 118 deleting. 116. 211 enabling. 111. 113. 90 viewing bridge parameters. 85. 173 starting.Index software updates downloading from a local session. 87. 210 disabling. 160 STP. 157. 212 modifying. 115. 206 VLAN. 167 obtaining.

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