Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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.......................................... 97 Port-based Example 1........................................................................................ 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 113 Displaying VLAN Information .......... 160 5 ....................................................................................................................................................91 VLAN Overview .............................................................. 99 Tagged VLAN Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 151 Configuring the Interval Timer ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count ................................................................................................................................ 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview ........................ 127 Displaying MAC Addresses .......................... 157 Displaying Switch Statistics ............................... 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control .......................................................... 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses ...................................................................................... 140 Configuring CoS ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview ........... 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table ................................................................................................................... 142 IGMP Snooping Overview ......................................................... 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 143 Activating IGMP Snooping ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics ............................................92 Port-based VLAN Overview .......................................................... 156 Displaying Port Statistics .............................................................................................................................................................. 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses ...................................................... 103 Tagged VLAN Example ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 115 Deleting a VLAN .............................. 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN ............................ 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses ................................................................. 137 Changing the Aging Time ......................................................................................................................................................................... 112 Modifying a VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 126 MAC Address Overview .......... 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs ......................................... 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes ............. 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping ...................................................................................................................................................................... 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs .............. 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering ............................................. 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 116 Deleting All VLANs .............................................................................................................................................................................. 98 Port-based Example 2............................................... 118 Changing a PVID Value .............. 139 Class of Service Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port .......................................................................................................................... 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

..............................................................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................205 Modifying a VLAN .................................................................................................................................................................................................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks ....................................................... 167 Uploading a Configuration File ................................................................................................................204 Creating a VLAN ............171 Browser Tools.................................................................................. 168 Section III Web Browser Management ............................................................................................................................213 6 ...................................................................................210 Displaying VLANs ............................................................................................................................................ 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session ...................................... 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters ....................................................................................168 Example........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................175 Viewing System Information ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics .............................................................................................................................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................162 Obtaining Software Updates ...............................................................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ........................195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................167 Example...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................212 Changing a PVID .............................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session ...................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP .............................................................................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates ............................................................................................................................................................183 Configuring Port Parameters ..........187 Chapter 20 Port Security .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................209 Deleting a VLAN ..................................................................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters ....................................192 Displaying the Port Security Level ................................................................................................................................................211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode ...................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk .....................................

........................................................................................ 225 Configuring the Interval Timer ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 219 Configuring CoS ......................................................................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table ...................................................................................................................................... 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 230 7 ........................... 228 Index ............................................................................................... 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping ...... 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control ...................................................................................................................................... 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service .......................................................................................... 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 .................................. 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 ............... 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN .................................................................................................................................... 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 25 Figure 2: Main Menu .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu ..................................................................................................................... 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window .................................................... 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window .......... 122 8 ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window .......List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window ................................. 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 52 Figure 11: Port Menu ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window ...................................................... 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ................... 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window ...................................... 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu ................ 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN ........................................................ 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu .................. 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu ................................................................................. 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu ................................................................................................................ 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example .................................................................................................................................................... 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window .............................................................. 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Example 1 ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window ................................................................. 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu ........................................................................................................................................... 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window ............................Example 2 ........... 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu ................................................................. 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu .. 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN ...................................................

....................................................... Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field ....... Figure 67: Add VLAN Window .................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 62: Port Trunking Window ....................................................... Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 66: VLAN Window ......................... Figure 60: Port Statistics Window ......................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 61: Port Security Menu ..................................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window .. Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu ...................................................................................................... Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window ........................................................................................ Figure 57: Settings for Port Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 53: General Tab ..... Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window .......................................................... Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 71: IGMP Tab ................ Figure 55: SNMP Tab .................................................................................... Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 69: CoS Setting Window ...................................................................................................................Monitoring .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab ................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window ................ Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window ....................................................................................... Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu ........................................................................................................................................... Figure 52: Home Page ........... Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 59: Port Status Window ............................................................................... Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu ....................................... Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu ....................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 68: VLAN Window .................................................................................................................................................. Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab ........ Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 54: General Tab Window .................. 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 ................................................................. Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window ..................................................................................................................................................Configuration ......................................................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www.com or our FTP server at ftp. 14 .com.alliedtelesyn. enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password.alliedtelesyn. To use the FTP server.Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products.

15 .Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software. It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. If this is true for your network. Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters. then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network. and powering ON the device. Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A. You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches. as explained in the hardware installation guide. such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters. The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. 16 .

you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software. such as to change or adjust its operating parameters.AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session. There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. 17 . It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser. The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide. The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use.

you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch. refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located. 18 . You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session. Note For instructions on starting a local management session.Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch. Once the session is started. using a straight-through RS-232 cable.

you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. 19 . Note For further information on enhanced stacking. If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. With AT-8024GB switches. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters. Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session. which include the enhanced stacking feature. Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address.

just like a Telnet management session.You can view but not set the port security level of a switch. ❑ Port security level . Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session.Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch. There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session. This too is a type of remote management. that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address. ❑ DHCP and BOOTP . refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171. 20 .You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session.You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session. as well as every AT-8024 switch. every AT-8024GB switch. because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch. They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking . Consequently.

you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program. 21 . Consequently. The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program. For instructions. A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program. refer to your SNMP management documentation. Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program.

Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .

The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. you can manage just that switch. Note For information on enhanced stacking. Additionally. 24 . Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. you must go to where that switch is located. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch. You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. This can simplify network management. Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. usually within a few meters. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch. to start this type of management session.

perform the following procedure: 1. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program. see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 . 3. POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session. Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch. Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S . (The password is case-sensitive. If prompted for a password. The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset. the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt. This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal.Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 . The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly. Press the Return key twice.1 and above. You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch. 5.) 4. The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps. enter the password for the management software. (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1. simply type boot and press Return to start the switch. The default is “admin”. the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps). (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>).Save Configuration Changes R .) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal. Otherwise. Note During boot up. or an equivalent terminal emulator program.) The Main Menu is displayed.

This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located. 27 . Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu. For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session. Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet. refer to Chapter 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item. Enhanced Stacking on page 46. type the corresponding letter or number.

Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions. Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously. You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch. This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended. 28 . return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session.

Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch. such as with a local management session. To make a selection. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely. The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. type its corresponding number of letter. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities. To return to a previous menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol. 29 . Enter the management software password when prompted. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol. Note For background information on enhanced stacking. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. type R or press ESC twice. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. In terms of functionally. Additionally. The default password is “admin”. The menus also function the same. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. as shown in Figure 2 on page 26.

30 .Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session. type Q for Quit from the Main Menu.

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures. activating the original switch default settings. and more. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 . There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it. There are also procedures for resetting the switch.

First. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses. (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. you must also assign it a subnet mask. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. you must assign at least one of them an IP address. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. subnet mask. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. Second. You do not need to assign an IP address. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. This feature has two primary benefits. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking. all from the same management session.) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. 32 . AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. This switch will be the Master switch of the stack. a web browser. You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session.

then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet. The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure. 33 . If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. if any. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. switches on your network need an IP address. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. You can do this two different ways.AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets.

Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L .....Save Configuration Changes R . From the Main Menu....0 System Name .0 Subnet Mask .Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42.... along with other optional information.0. 0.... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address .) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch. Change Password .. To manually set a switch’s IP address.. The selection X ... 0.... go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37....Release DHCP IP Address S .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address.0. and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session... Comments .Reset Switch X ... 9 .... type 4 to select Administration Menu.0. subnet mask... 255.. (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 . such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch.... Administrator .255.0..... The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed.Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 .. perform the following procedure: 1..0 Default Gateway ..0.

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

From the Advanced Configuration window. The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 2. 39 . From the System Configuration Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R . type 3 to select SNMP Configuration. From the Main Menu. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.

.... ...Trap Receiver 3 7 . public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 .0 0.... ..0..0... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 . type S to select Save Configuration Changes.Trap Community .....SET Community ...0...0... when prompted...0.......0..... type its corresponding number and. Adjust the parameters as desired. Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch.Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch....Trap Receiver 2 6 .0 0.. private 3 . 5.. 40 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed..Trap Receiver 1 5 ..... public 2 ...0. 1 ...SET Community 3......GET Community ....0 0.. After making your changes..Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. 0.Save Configuration Changes R . enter the new value. 4 .... To change a value....Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4.. The parameters are described below..... ..........GET Community 2 .0.0 S ....

the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults. From the System Configuration Menu. 4. Type Y for yes or N for no. From the Main Menu. 41 . You are prompted to reset the switch. If you type Y for yes. perform the following procedure: 1. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings. 2. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Type Y to reset the switch. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A.

42 . type 9 to select Reset Switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. From the Administrator Menu. type 4 to select Administrator Menu. Some data traffic may be lost. a task requiring only a second or two to complete. The switch immediately reloads its operating system. From the Main Menu. 2. Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software. perform the following procedure: 1.

To configure the console timer. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software. perform the following procedure: 1. enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes. The default password is “admin”. The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes. perform the procedure below. (The password is case-sensitive. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. For example. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password. type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and. 43 . perform the procedure below. if you specify 2 minutes. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 2. For instructions on how to set this security feature. These security features are: ❑ Password . From the Main Menu. ❑ Console Timeout .The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser. ❑ Web Access . type E to enable web access or D to disable web access. when prompted. the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. 3.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch. For instructions on how to set this security feature.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. To configure web browser access. when prompted. type 6 to select Web Server Access and.

Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. After you have made the desired changes. 44 . if you disable web access. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 4. no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example.

D2. The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed.......... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version ...00 R ......... MAC Address ..A0...Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed. 45 ..... Serial Number ... Bootloader Version .32....AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information.17.. type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu....3 ATI_LOADER1. AT-S39 v1.......1 5456411 00..

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch. 46 .Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch.

It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. Once connected to the network. should you remove a master switch from the network. ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. such as for maintenance. You simply connect it to your network. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. If your network consists of more than one subnet. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management. 47 . there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master. That way.

3. you must assign each master switch a unique IP address. Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually. If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. 48 . For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. referred to as slave switches. do not.

22 Master 2 IP Address 149.32.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149. 49 .11.16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149.32.32.32. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets.09.18 Master 2 IP Address 149. Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches.09. and each has been assigned a unique IP address. you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet.11.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 . slave switch. ❑ Slave switch .Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable. A master switch must have a unique IP address. Master 2 .. you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet.Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 . ❑ Unavailable .A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet. A switch with this designation can be managed locally.Save Configuration Changes R . From the Main Menu. To be managed remotely. a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address..Enhanced Stacking Services S . You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch.A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch. It does not need an IP address or subnet mask. The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed. Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack. To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status.A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking.. Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch . or unavailable. perform the following procedure: 1. Note The default setting for a switch is Slave.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch.

A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch. To change a switch’s status.Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches.Switch State.” For example. 2. Note The “2 . Type M to change the switch to a master switch. 51 . type 1 to select Switch State. the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master. 4. Press Return. Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 . S to make it a slave switch. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. or U to make the switch unavailable. The following prompt is displayed.

From the Main Menu. To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch.Access Switch R . you need to select it from the management software. From the Enhanced Stacking window.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 . To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet. perform the following procedure: 1. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. you are by default addressing that particular switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G . 2.Get/Refresh List of Switches A . If you assigned system names to your switches. The window in Figure 10 is displayed. The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window. When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet. then it is very easy. The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch.

Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. Type A to select Access Switch. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch. Enter the switch’s password and press Return. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session. Once you see that window. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. The default password is “admin”. This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. 6. Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. if you want to manage the Master switch. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. The password is case-sensitive. return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit. 53 . 4. You now can manage the selected switch. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

Accept changes & update flash R .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch. 55 . From the Port Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2. type 1 to select Port Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C . type 4 to select Port Status. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed.

Possible values are: Auto . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N .Next Page U .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed.indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node.indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually.Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode.Update Display R . Manual . Figure 12 is an example of the window. Possible values are: Up . The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number. 56 . Down . Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port.

Disabled .Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port.The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames. Flow The flow control setting for the port.100 Mbps 1000 . Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex. Possible values are: Forwarding .Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member. Spd The operating speed of the port. Transmit . Both .1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. Possible values are: 10 .10 Mbps 100 . Possible values are: None . 57 . Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. State The current operating status of the port. Receive .No flow control on the port.The port has been manually disabled.

To configure a range of ports..... Advertise 10FDX . Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 ........ Broadcast Control .. enter the first port of the range... The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. type 1 to select Port Menu.. From the Port Menu... Advertise 100HDX . enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. 2..Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch. Advertise 10HDX .... enter the last port number in the range.. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. Flow Control .. type 1 to select Port Configuration.... From the Main Menu..... Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status . Advertise 100FDX .......... Negotiation ...No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 . The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed...... MDI/MDIX Mode . To configure a range of ports... To configure only one port... perform the following procedure: 1.

. Possible settings are: Forwarding .. Adjust the port parameters as desired...Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode. 5.10 Mbps 0100 .Speed . The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters.. you can enable the port again to resume normal operation. When disabled.Speed selection are: 0010 . Disabled . 59 .. The possible settings for the 2 . This is the default setting. If you select Manual.. Once the problem has been fixed. two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 . The parameters are described below. 1 .The port will receive and forward packets.. You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port. a port will not receive or transmit frames.. which is the default. You adjust a parameter by typing its number.Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port...1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 ....Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port. If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation. the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically...Duplex .100 Mbps 1000 . This toggles the parameter through its possible settings. You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections...Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex. 0100 3 ......The port will not receive or forward packets.... 0 .

If you set this to Auto.Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation. B . 60 . By default. the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it. which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half. if you set the selection 8 .Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated. which is the default setting. The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode. If desired.Advertise 10HDX 7 . the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155.Advertise 10FDX 6 . You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation.No flow control on the port. 9 . Receive .or full-duplex mode. Both . half-duplex operation. Possible settings are: None .MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port.Advertise 100HDX to No.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. 5 .Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option. a switch port will advertise its full capabilities. which is the default setting.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. For example. The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames. Transmit .Advertise 100FDX 8 . During Auto-Negotiation. a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it. you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX.

which. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Once you have set the port parameters. 61 . The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port. when selected. This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node. The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection. You can use this option to reset the selected port. This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode.

Type either 24 or 25. To display GBIC information. From the Main Menu. From the System Configuration Menu. 3.GBIC Information R . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5. type 5 to select System Config Menu. type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information. 2. The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed. From the Advanced Configuration window.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 . 62 .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4. these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. Type 1 to select GBIC Information.

.. Connector Type ....Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only.................. Elect/Opt Transceiver . Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding .. Length 9/125 um Fib.. Length 50/125 um Fib.... (10k) ................ Extended Serial Transceiver .... Length 9/125 mm Fib..........5/125 um Fib. N .... You cannot change this information... (k) ..... Type of Serial Interface .......Next Page R ........ Figure 15 is an example of the window.. (10m) ..... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number ... Length 62... 63 .... (100m) .AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module..............

64 . You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session.Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security. Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.

the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. 65 . Once this mode is activated. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn. it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch. even when the end node is inactive. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. Automatic This operating mode disables port security. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. it remains in the table and is never purged. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. There are four levels of port security. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports.

Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. even those belonging to inactive end nodes. Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. When this security level is activated. The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time. no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. Once you have activated this security level. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table. The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward. The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. 66 . the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned.

❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. type 2 to select Limited mode. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses. type 1 to select Port Menu. From the Port Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. To set a switch’s port security level. type 1 to select Automatic mode. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward. type 3 to select the Secured mode.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. After activating this security mode. To specify the limits. 2. Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . This is the default setting. From the Main Menu. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. type 5 to select Port Security. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. 67 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table.

Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch. type 4 to select Lock all the ports now.Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned. 68 .

Display MAC limit per port 2 . 3. type 2 to select Limited security. To configure Limited security mode. You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn. type 5 to select Port Security. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 . 2. frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded. When you activate this security level. Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn. From the Port Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 .Set MAC limit per port 3 . From the Port Security menu. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed. From the Main Menu. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed. Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table. type 1 to select Port Menu. You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports.Configure port security limited mode R . perform the following procedure: 1.

9. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8. 10. Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports. The range is 1 to 150 addresses. 11. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. This applies the limit to the port. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . 70 . 7. To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. repeat Steps 5 through 9. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. 12. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode. 13. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. type R to select Return to previous menu. Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. Type 2 to choose Select a port. Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return.

be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. 16. Check to be sure that they are correct. Limited security has now been configured on the switch. The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed. If you assigned different values to different ports. 14. Examine the MAC limits. 15.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu. If necessary. repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. 71 .

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks.

they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. 15 for the trunk. workstation. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. For example. 3. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. ports 4. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. or 4 ports. speed. 23. such as a server. 22. On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. and 24. ❑ The duplex mode. 73 . you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. 6. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. port 13 to port 22. and so on. ❑ When cabling a trunk. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. and so on. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. 13. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. Despite the software configuration and physical connections. and 7). 5. To maintain the order of the port connections. 3. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. A port trunk is 2. For example. 14. or another Ethernet switch. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. router. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device.

A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs.❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN. The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch. The server is connected to the switch with four data links. Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server. AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches. AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 . The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. ❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch.

type 3 to select Port Trunking.Save Configuration Changes R . Check to be sure that the settings. type 1 to select Port Menu. examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk. perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 . 2.Delete Trunk 3 . The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed. are the same for all the ports of the trunk. Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software. From the Port Menu.Show port trunking status S . Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch.Add ports to trunk 2 . Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology. Note Before creating a port trunk. You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 . Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. From the Main Menu. such as speed and duplex mode. To create a port trunk.

76 .2. Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk. You can specify the ports individually (e. Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk. 7-10).3.g..Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 6. Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking.3. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch.g. 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R . 8. The port trunk is ready for network operations. The following prompt is displayed. Enter new value -> 4.4) or as a range (e. Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window. 5. type 3 to display the status of the trunk. To confirm the creation of the port trunk..

Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. Type 2 to select Delete trunk. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. 5. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. From the Main Menu. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. From the Port Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. 3. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. To delete a port trunk from the switch. 77 . To confirm the deletion. 2. type 3 to select Port Trunking. type 1 to select Port Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. The port trunk is deleted from the switch. 4.

Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .

For example. 79 . the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed. meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. However. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time. the more ports you mirror. if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port. the mirror port is likely to drop packets. For example.

. enter the first port of the range.CPU Attached . From the Main Menu. 5. Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror. Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 . No 3 . type 1 to select Port Menu. perform the following procedure: 1.Add ports to mirror 4 .. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. 80 .. The following prompt is displayed... Type 1 to select Mirroring Port.Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror. 2.. To mirror the traffic of only one port. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3.. 0 2 .Show Port Mirror Status S . From the Port Menu. Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored.. the port to where the traffic will be copied).. If you want to mirror a range or ports. enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step... You can specify only one mirror port. To mirror a range of ports. The following prompt is displayed. Press Return.. The following prompt is displayed.Mirroring Port . Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7.Save Configuration Changes R . enter the last port in the range.Delete ports from mirror 5 . Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is.. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed..

9. Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 10. The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored. The port mirror is now functional. To confirm the creation of the port mirror. 81 . type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status.

5. Enter 0 and press Return. 2. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The following prompt is displayed. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. From the Main Menu. 82 . From the Port Menu. type 1 to select Port Menu. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. type 2 to select Port Mirroring.

83 .1D. refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802.Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol. ISO/IEC 10038: 1993.

and sometimes its MAC address. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability.1D standard. of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. as specified in the IEEE 802. Where multiple paths exist. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. leaving only one main active path. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. 84 . A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. exist in the network topology.Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. referred to as broadcast storms. either planned or unplanned. So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes. By adjusting the value. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. also referred to as the bridge identifier. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line.

Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. Below are the default values. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. where all ports have a port cost of 0. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. 85 . The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. the preferred path is selected through port priority. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state. if one is found. If two paths have the same port cost. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. active path. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. If redundant paths exist. the lower the port cost. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and. blocking mode. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. The faster the port. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby.

If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. For small networks. before it begins to forward frames. For large networks. a change in a port state is not activated immediately. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. a temporary data loop could occur. with the size of your network being a primary factor. listening and learning. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. When a bridge is brought on-line. and if not. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. removal. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. or addition of any active components. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. the active topology also changes. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. Consequently. especially if it is a large network. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. 86 . The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. and that could adversely impact network performance. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. However.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure.

The default setting is disabled.. Bridge Priority . Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default....AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks..... Bridge Hello Time .. Bridge Identifier .1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. 87 ....Display STP Port Settings 9 .....Config STP Port Settings 8 .Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu.. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. If you enable STP..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2. 1 .. From the Main Menu.Reset STP to Defaults R .. Bridge Forwarding . Bridge Max Age . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable . Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 . 1. You should consult the IEEE 802. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. The parameters are described below. The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed.

the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. The default is 20 seconds. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. 5 . with 0 being the highest priority. 3.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge.Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. After you have made the desired changes. if you use the default 20. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. 6 . for example. For example. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. 3 .535.Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. 4 . not all links may have yet adapted to the change. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table.Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. If the bridge transitions too soon. 88 . This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. When a root bridge goes off-line. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). The default is 2 seconds. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. resulting in network loops. The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed. The default is 15 seconds.

....... 1 .. The parameters are described below.... Path Cost . type 7 to select Config STP port settings. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. enter the last port of the range... The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3.... Enter the number of the port you want to configure..Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain. The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed. To configure just one port.. From the Main Menu. enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step. Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R . enter the first port of the range. To configure a range of ports... 89 ... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating .. Adjust the settings as desired. This value cannot be changed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters. Port Priority . To configure a range of ports. From the Spanning Tree menu.. perform the following procedure: 1. Root Bridge .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5. 2.. Bridge Hello Time ...

The range is 1 to 65535. This value cannot be changed from this window. 5 . 10 for a 100 Mbps port.Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain. The range is 0-255. 90 . To change this value. The default is 2 seconds. The default value for priority is 128.Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN. 3 . The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. refer to the previous procedure. 4 .Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge. This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . and 4 for a 1 Gbps port.

Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs). This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 . modifying. and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session. This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. It also contains the procedures for creating.

Before the advent of VLANs.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. if an employee changed departments. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. For example. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. With VLANs. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. Additionally. logical LAN segments. For example. 92 . ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN. such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. This too can improve overall network performance. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth.

AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another. This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location. VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections. Additionally. 93 . a virtual LAN can span more than one switch. you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software.

called the Default VLAN. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). Production. 94 . If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. and Engineering. A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN. Examples include Sales. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. such as a router or Layer 3 switch. A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. or just a few ports. you must give it a name. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter.

AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. Additionally. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch. Untagged Ports Naturally. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously. The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received. You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. For example. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN. you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. it will simply select the next available VID. Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). Consequently. This is acceptable when you are creating a new.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames. all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID. unique VLAN. The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. 95 . If you allow the management software to do it automatically. In this manner. rather than by a port’s PVID. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID.

❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port. ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs. ❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member. This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. Consequently. However. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID. 96 . If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN. the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID.

In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches. across multiple VLANs. ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN. a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. For example. ❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network. many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. such as servers and printers. 97 . A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs.

24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs.Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales.13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . 98 . You assign this number when you create a VLAN. A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN. Engineering. 11 . (For purposes of the following examples. and Production VLANs on the switch. The ports have been assigned PVID values. Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . the Default VLAN is not shown.) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN . A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member.4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9.

each VLAN has one port connected to the router.AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example. two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch. In this example. The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN.Example 2 99 . Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN .

This is the final VLAN in the example.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN. 100 .6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN . This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch. 14. However. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch. it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . Since this VLAN spans multiple switches.24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 . 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13. It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4. 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 .This VLAN spans both switches. and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 .11.This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN. ❑ Engineering VLAN . Engineering. So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN. it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router. Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router. The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch. It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch.6. ❑ Production VLAN . This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN. This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment.

the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports. The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94. the frame will be discarded. 101 . This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. For example. referred to as a tagged frame. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port. this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network. This contrasts to a port-based VLAN. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802. the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch.1Q-compliant. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches.3ac standard). The IEEE 802. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802. A tag.

102 . can be in only one VLAN at a time. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. But actually there is. it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. In the case of a tagged VLAN. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. Otherwise. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. An untagged port. simultaneously. But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. a frame without any tagged information). the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. there would seem to be no need for a PVID. However. You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID.

AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN. ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time. ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS. If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks. each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID. ❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. 103 .

1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 . Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802.1Q-based products.

16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. while still maintaining data separation and security. 18 (PVID 2) 8. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. when received by the switch. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. data separation and security remain. The tagged frames. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example. 105 . 20 (PVID 3) 8. But with tagged ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs.1Q-compliant server. It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs. They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated. It is connected to an IEEE 802.

You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered. either tagged or untagged. frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. All VLAN information. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121. Packets are passed through the switch unchanged. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. is ignored. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames. ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. but the VLANs are not used. 106 . Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode.

107 .Virtual LAN Support 2 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 . perform the following procedure: 1.Save Configuration Changes R .Virtual LAN Definitions 3 . type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. From the Main Menu.Port VLANs & Priorities R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S . The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed. From the VLAN Menu.

Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN... The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example....Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4.. The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value. then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected...... Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed.. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name . if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. The name can be from one to ten characters in length. VLAN ID (VID) . 0 Tagged Ports . such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches...... Mirroring Port .. The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. 5.. For example.. then the name should be unique as well.... C .... The name can contain spaces. Sales or Accounting).... Untagged Ports . than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch.... 108 .. 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) .... you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value.Create VLAN R .. then its VID must also be unique... If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches.. but not special characters..

type 6 and Y for yes. this parameter should be left with its default value of 0.5.g. If the VLAN will contain tagged ports. as a range (e.(If you do not to activate this feature. as a range (e. leave this field empty..g. Note In most cases. 13.g. 2.7-9). 14. type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6.3.g. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. 10. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port. leave this field empty. 2.g. If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 7-9).g. 7-9). To verify that the VLAN was created correctly. 8.5. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. You can specify the ports individually (e. type 4 to select Show All VLANs. 12.5). For more information on port mirroring. 11.3. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports..) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature. 2. Type C to select Create VLAN. 9. You can specify the ports individually (e. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN. either do not select this option or select it and type N for no. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. or both (e. 2.5). A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored.7-9) 7. or both (e. 109 . you can analyze the VLAN traffic. you will see the following message: SUCCESS ..Press any key to continue. Press any key... Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports..

Note When you create a new VLAN. ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time. 110 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15. Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN. For example. You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs.

Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. 2. press any key. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. Type C to select Create VLAN. To create the example Sales VLAN. Ports 1 to 4. From the VLAN Menu. The new Sales VLAN has now been created. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 9. 4. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. 8. 7. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. 6. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. 111 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Press Return. From the Main Menu. 5. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”.

10. 3. Press Return.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104. and two untagged ports. 112 . 6. 8. press any key. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. Ports 9. 11. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU.11. From the Main Menu. It will consist of three untagged ports. 2. Type C to select Create VLAN. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 9.10. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. 7. From the VLAN Menu. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created.16”. 20”. Ports 8 and 16. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. perform the following procedure: 1. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 4. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9. To create the example Engineering VLAN. 5. and 12.

6. refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107.VLAN ID (VID) .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4. R . To obtain a VLAN’s VID. For a description of the parameters. The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions... 7.Press any key to continue.. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID).. 3. From the VLAN Menu. The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS . perform the following procedure: 1. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5... Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify. 2. The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure. To modify a VLAN. This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN. Change the VLAN’s information as desired. After making the desired changes.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 . refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. type M to select Modify VLAN. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 113 . type 2 to select Modify a VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs. 9. The VLAN has been modified. 114 . Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 11. 8. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. Press any key. 10.

9 U: 1-6 T: 7. 3. The Show All VLANs window is displayed. From the VLAN Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 . From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R . 2. VID numbers. Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7. type 4 to select View All VLANs.9 U: 8. perform the following procedure: 1.

. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5.. The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4.. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115.. type D. From the VLAN Menu. The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed. R . Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return.. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. 116 . perform the following procedure: 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure. which has a VID of 1.. From the Main Menu. To delete the VLAN. To delete a VLAN. Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN. A confirmation prompt is displayed. type 3 to select Delete a VLAN. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. 2. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 3. 6.VLAN ID (VID) ..

Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs. 10. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.Press any key to continue. Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure. are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide 7. The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS . The VLAN has been deleted. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed. 9. 117 . 8. both tagged and untagged. All ports in the deleted VLAN.

From the Main Menu. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. From the VLAN Menu. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. A confirmation message is displayed. To delete all VLANs on a switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. except the Default VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. perform the following procedure: 1. on a switch. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. 118 . 5. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. 3. To delete selected VLANs. 4. Press Return. 2.

if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 .Port Number R . From the Main Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. Type 1 to select Port Number. Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. From the VLAN Menu. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN. 119 . For example. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. 2. To change a PVID for a port. There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. Press Return.

1 1 0 N U .. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6.. Return to the Main Menu...Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed....... Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. Specify the new PVID value for the port.. 120 ...Accept changes & update flash R . 9.. The port now has a new PVID..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5....Press any key to continue...... Press Return. 8....... Override Priority (Y/N) .Update Changes to Chip C ..... 7. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number . Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID. The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS ......... You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch. Port VLAN ID ..

type 5 to select System Config Menu. 2. The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged. The default is Tagged mode. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. 121 . Type 3 to select Switch Mode. Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. 5.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. perform the following procedure: 1. 4. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs. From the Main Menu. Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. Press Return. B-Basic): 3. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode.

type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. From the VLAN Menu. When VLANs are enabled.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure.Accept changes & update flash R . perform the following procedure: 1. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed. When VLANs are disabled. If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure. ingress filtering is disabled. the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 . To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E .Disable VLANs Globally R . The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering.Enable/Disable VLANs 2 . It sets a switch’s VLAN mode.Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C . type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu.Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3. Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering. The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed. 2. the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode.Enable VLANs Globally D .

Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 4. 6. 123 .AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode. 5.

If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN. the switch discards the frame. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. If they belong to the same VLAN. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. If there is. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. the port accepts the frame. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). For further information. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. the port accepts the frame. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. 124 . The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. Here is an example. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. just as a reminder. If they belong to different VLANs. the port discards the frame. Once the tagged frame is received. In this case. the frame is discarded. tagged or untagged. First. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. nor to any frames. Fortunately. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E .Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D . Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5. A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame. Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame. Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority. From the Virtual LAN Support menu. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis. and that is the priority tag.Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R . To enable or disable ingress filtering. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. From the VLAN Menu. 125 . type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. which is the default. 2. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets. The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed. In most cases. You cannot set this per port. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. 4. regardless of the status of ingress filtering. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch. Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch. From the Main Menu.

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table.

A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. by referring to its MAC address table. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. When the destination node responds.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. and the port number where each address was learned. 127 . This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. For example. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. along with the port number on which each address was learned. determines the port where the destination node is connected. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port. When the switch receives a packet. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table. it also examines the destination address and. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports.

or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. once entered in the table. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports. remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted. refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process. even when the end node is inactive. The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes). Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table. For instructions on changing the aging timer. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. 128 . The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. A static MAC address. even when the end node is inactive. The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address.

One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses. To display the MAC address table. 129 . perform the following procedure: 1. type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses. To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. 3. type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports. type 6 to select MAC Address Tables. From the Main Menu. To display only static MAC addresses. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R . The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed. just the base ports. The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2.

”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. 130 . A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. The static MAC address window is exactly the same. non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only. Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned.Accept changes & update flash U .Update Display R . The columns in the window are defined below. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed. which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses. except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping.

VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. Type The MAC address type. As an example. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. except for the switch’s MAC address. 131 . This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. The type can be either static or dynamic. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. This feature is not supported at this time. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Another example is “000020F. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state.

The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port. From the MAC Address Table menu. 2. From the Main Menu. A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port. 1. 132 . type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3. The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port.

for a static address. or to which the address was assigned. But if the switch is part of a large network. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address. From the Main Menu. The procedure in this section offers an easier way. 2. finding the address could prove difficult. 133 . From the MAC Address Table menu. 1. you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned. if the address was learned dynamically. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. type 6 to select MAC Address Table.

(This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN. 2. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. To obtain a VLAN’s VID.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns. 1. produces the same result. From the Main Menu. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch. From the MAC Address Table menu. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table. as explained earlier in this chapter. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. perform the following procedure. 134 . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3.) Note To perform this procedure. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115.

If you type Y for yes. 3. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure. the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. Once the table has been purged. From the Main Menu. From the MAC Address Table menu. 1. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses. A confirmation prompt is displayed. 135 . perform the following procedure.

From the MAC Address Table menu. perform the following procedure: 1. 136 . The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. 5. From the Main Menu. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address. 2. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses. To add a static address to the MAC address table. type 6 to select MAC Address Table.

Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table. 4. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. type 3 to select Delete MAC Address.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. From the MAC Address Table menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. 137 . 2.

To adjust the aging time. The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch. When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time. This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. From the Main Menu. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes). From the System Config Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 2. the switch deletes the address. 138 . The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3. Enter a new value in seconds. perform the following procedure: 1.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software.

untagged frames (i. By default.1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example. packet transfer delays can prove problematic. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue. transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality.. CoS was designed to address this problem. but were mostly transparent to network users.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue. When a tagged packet enters a switch port.1p and 802.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications. The 802. 0 to 7. network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner. Prior to CoS. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port. File transfer delays did occur. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802. low and high. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues. For example. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue. 140 . But with the introduction of time-critical applications. such as voice transmission or video conferencing.1Q standards. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays.e.

type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS. 8. 6. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. Type 3 to select Priority (0 . type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. enter a value from 4 to 7. From the Main Menu. 141 . enter a value from 0 to 3.) 7.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 11. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. 2. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port. From the VLAN Menu. 9. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. Press Return. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. perform the following procedure: 1. Type 1 to select Port Number. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. (Again. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. The default for this parameter is No. 5. Return to the Main Menu. 3. 10.7). All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch.

Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups.) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. Once the router has received a report from a host node.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. There are two versions of IGMP. 143 . A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups. In Version 2. it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. it simply stops sending reports. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. referred to as a time-out value. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. it removes the node from appropriate membership list. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group. In Version 1. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. the router does not send multicast packets out the port. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes.

and by processing leave requests. Note By default. which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups. IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch. Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2. except the port on which it received the packet. 144 . a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports.

. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. 2. Host/Router Timeout Interval . From the Advanced Configuration window.IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch.. From the System Configuration Menu. type E to enable or D to disable this feature.Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters. After selecting this option. View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S .. The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 .. 3.. Maximum Multicast Groups .... This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 . Multicast Router Port(s) . Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate)... From the Main Menu..Save Configuration Changes R . perform the following procedure: 1. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status ... type 7 to select Advanced Configuration..... 2 ... type 5 to select System Config Menu. Multicast Host Topology .

some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub.Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses.Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. that is.400 seconds (24 hours). If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets.Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. The range is from 1 second to 86. 5 . Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected.Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. 3 . you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 . The default is 260 seconds. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. The default is 256 multicast groups. 4 . leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. The default is 256 multicast addresses.

type S to select Save Configuration Changes.AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect. or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number. Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter. 4. After making the desired changes. Your changes are activated immediately on the switch. 147 . enter “0” (zero) for this parameter. To select Auto Detect.

2. The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected. 4. type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. type 5 to select System Config Menu. To display the list. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group. From the System Configuration Menu. From the Main Menu. as well as the host nodes. 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U . The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. From the Advanced Configuration window.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch. Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.Update Display R . 148 . VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member.

From the System Configuration Menu. 3. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. perform the following procedure: 1. The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. type 5 to select System Config Menu. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. 149 . type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U .Update Display R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 2. 4. From the Main Menu. type 7 to select View Multicast Router List. Router IP The IP address of the multicast router. To display a list of the multicast routers. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected. From the Advanced Configuration window. You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software.

For example. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. When a node sends out a broadcast frame. For example. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. Broadcast frames are different. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. In order to use this feature. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. That is. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. 151 . the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network. You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored.

Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch. 152 . At these settings. the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames. If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval. the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example.

or 3 and enter a value when prompted..10x ❑ 100 Mbps . From the Advanced Configuration Menu.. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 . The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds.. 0 micro sec C ..Timer for 10 MB ports . and 1000 Mbps. 2. 3.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4... perform the following procedure: 1. 100. type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the Main Menu. 0 milli sec 3 . The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed. 0 milli sec 2 . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.. From the System Configuration Menu. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10.100x 153 . 2. Type 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature..Timer for 100 MB ports .. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps .Timer for 1000 MB ports .Save Configuration Changes R .

The default value is “0” for all timers. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. 5. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 154 . Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. Once you have set the desired timer intervals. 6. the management software multiples the value by 10. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps.

Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . 6. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. To configure a range of ports. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. type 1 to select Port Menu. enter the first port of the range. Type B to select Broadcast Control. type 1 to select Port Configuration. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. For example. 155 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval.> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. To configure a range of ports. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds. From the Port Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. From the Main Menu. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. 2. enter the last port number in the range. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. To configure only one port. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5.

Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .

5. type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu.Display Port Statistics R .Clear Module Statistics 3 . From the Main Menu. Type 1 to choose Select a Port. Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics. perform the following procedure: 1. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4. The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed.Port Statistics Menu 2 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3. Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view. 157 . The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . Press Return. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2.Clear Port Statistics 3 . type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics.Select a Port 2 . From the Ethernet Statistics menu.Display Module Statistics R .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics.

.......................... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded........Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window...... RX_COUNT .................. The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port. shown in Figure 48................................ Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port......... FRAGMENT .... TX_COUNT ........Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only...... CRC_ERROR .....................Update Display R .. 158 ...... RX_UNICAST .. RX_OVERFLOW ... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT ... Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port....... CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port...... RX_MLTCAST .......... U . Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port......... UNDERSIZE . OVERSIZE ............... RX_BRDCAST ....... PORT_IN_DISCARDS ...................

159 .Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port. but discarded and not forwarded.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. packets with alignment errors. If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. select the option “2 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets.

............ RX_MLTCAST ................ PORT_IN_DISCARDS ......... RX_OVERFLOW .. 160 ................................... 2......... TX_COUNT .. U .... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded............ FRAGMENT .... perform the following procedure: 1..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.................. The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch....... type 3 to select Display Module Statistics.. UNDERSIZE .. From the Ethernet Statistics menu..... CRC_ERROR . type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics......... The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch. RX_BRDCAST ..............Update Display R .. RX_UNICAST . shown in Figure 48. RX_COUNT .......... From the Main Menu.... OVERSIZE ........ Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT .................... Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch...... Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch................

Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets.Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu. 161 . and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. select the option “2 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch. but discarded and not forwarded. Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch. If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”. packets with alignment errors.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch.

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

163

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

Once the management software is initialized. If you are installing a new management image.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. Note Do not interrupt the initialization process. Begin the file transfer of the new management software image. a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete. Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. 166 . the switch automatically resets. Do not reboot the switch. the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed.

ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39.1 put c:\ats39.35. The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host . Source file . This may necessitate renaming the file.35. Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149.1.The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch. Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software. tftp -i 149.1.cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image. A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT.1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software. Put . you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn. If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software.img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39. loader file.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image.img 167 . Binary . or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above.The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch.

This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically.35.img c:\ats39.1 get ats39. as explained in the previous section. Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149. tftp -i 149. Get . The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host .The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. Binary . Source file .35.The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation.1 to local drive C: of the workstation.cfg”. Destination file . Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited.1.img Once the file is stored on a local drive.1. it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation. 168 .This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from.The source file name is “ATS39.

Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18. Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19. Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20. IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28. Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22. Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26.

such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser. 170 .

the switch must have an IP address. For instructions. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. (The password is case-sensitive. To start a web browser management session.) The user name cannot be changed. The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. 2. the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. Additionally. When prompted. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. 171 . you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser. perform the following procedure: 1. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. Consequently. enter the user name and password. To change the password. Start your web browser. as shown in Figure 51.

In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites. You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows. Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software. Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus. Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display. You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser.The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed. 172 .

select Exit from any AT-S39 management page. 173 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session.

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

175 . refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. select Configuration. subnet address. 2. To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. perform the following procedure: 1. select it and then select the General tab. From the Home Page. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default. If the System menu option is not selected. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address.

Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window. The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide. Change the parameters as desired.Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed. 176 . 3. The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Sales Ethernet switch).

Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply. Wiring closet 402B). Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. a Telnet utility. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. or an SNMP management program. such as its location (e. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser.g. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch. The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!).AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. After you have set the parameters. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. 4. Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. To create a new password. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. enter the new password into both fields. click Apply. The default password is “admin”. Floor 4.. 177 . Entering a value for this parameter is optional.

Section III: Web Browser Management 5. You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session. 178 . or by using the Reset button on the switch. You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session. you must reset the switch to activate your change. or gateway address. subnet mask. If you made a change to the IP address.

The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed. select the General tab.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. select Monitoring. 3. From the Home page. From the Configuration Menu. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 . perform the following procedure: 1. The Monitoring window is displayed. select System Status. 2. If it is not already selected.

❑ Hash Count . These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175.Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted. Virtual LANs on page 91. If this parameter displays “Tagged. refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212.Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode. General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address.” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes). including the IP address of the switch and the system name. ❑ Switch Mode .Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only. The sections in the window are defined below. For information about VLANs. For background information about MAC addresses. These values cannot be changed. 180 . If this parameter displays “Basic.Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging . You cannot change any of the values from this window.” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10. This value cannot be changed. which also explains how to change the parameters. Administration This section contains a variety of information. For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session.

2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. select Configuration. The parameters are described below. Select the SNMP tab. 181 . From the Configuration menu. perform the following procedure: 1. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed. select System. Adjust the parameters as desired. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. From the Home page. 3.

Changes are immediately activated on the switch. Click Apply to save your changes to the switch. 5.Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. 182 .

Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 .Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

From the Home page. From the Configuration page. 3.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch. 2. select Layer 1. perform the following procedure: 1. Click Modify. click it again. select Configuration. (To deselect a port.) 5. The selected port turns white. Select the Port Setting tab. You can select only one port at a time. The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. 184 . Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure.

Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6. If the threshold is reach. Adjust the port parameters as desired. Receive . refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227.Flow control only on packets being received on the port. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port. The parameters are described below. Possible values are: None .No flow control on the port. any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch. Both . An example of the window is shown in Figure 57. Flow Control The flow control setting for the port. Transmit . For background information on this feature. For instructions on how to set this value.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed. 185 .

The default for this port parameter is enabled. Once you have made the desired changes. Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values.Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames. 7. Default values are listed in Appendix A.Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port.Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . click Apply.Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port. Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode. This is the default. ❑ 10Mbps . 186 .Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps . AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228.

You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB. Click a port.) 4. and more. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch. You can select only one port at a time. Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. duplex mode. Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics. From the Monitoring page. You can view a port’s operating speed. MDI/MDI-X configuration. 2. (To deselect a port. The selected port turns white. click it again. 187 . 3. To display the status or statistics of a switch port. perform the following procedure: 1. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. select Monitoring. select Layer 1. From the Home page.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

191

192 . Note For background information on port security. Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session. refer to Port Security Overview on page 65.Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session.

The current security level is displayed. select Layer 2. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. From the Layer 2 page. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 . 2. select Monitoring. select the Port Security tab. From the Home page. From the Configuration page.

Note For background information on port trunking.Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session. refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73. 194 .

which can produce broadcast storms. which can adversely effect the operations of your network. Select the Port Trunking tab. Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. To create or delete a port trunk. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. select Layer 1. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. 195 . disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. all ports in the switch image will be black. 3. From the Configuration page. If there is a port trunk. Loops can result in broadcast storms.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. If you are deleting a port trunk. the ports of the trunk will be white. From the Home page. select Configuration.

Section III: Web Browser Management 4. 196 . click Remove. A selected port changes to white. The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. b. To create a port trunk. To delete a port trunk. 3. An unselected port is black. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch. or 4 ports. Click Apply. You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. 5. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk. A port trunk can contain 2. do the following: a.

197 .Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. Note For background information on port mirroring.

You can select from 1 to 23 ports. 2. 198 . From the Home page. From the Configuration page. b.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. do the following: a. select Configuration. 3. To create a port mirror. The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. perform the following procedure: 1. To delete an existing port mirror. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. Select the Port Mirroring tab. Click Apply. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports. Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4. 5. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. select Layer 1. c. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply.

199 .AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted. The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP.Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. 200 . Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session. refer to STP Overview on page 84. Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session.

The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. select Layer 2.Configuration 4. From the Layer 2 window. If you enable STP. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. select the Spanning Tree tab. select Configuration. You should consult the IEEE 802. To configure a bridge’s STP parameters. 2.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. 201 . From the Home page. The parameters are described below. 3. From the Configuration menu. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window .

This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. The default is 15 seconds. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs).535. 202 . This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. The default setting is disabled. After you have made the desired changes. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. If the bridge transitions too soon. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. for example. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. if you use the default 20. possibly resulting in a network loop. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. This value cannot be changed. with 0 being the highest priority. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. For example. The default is 2 seconds. When a root bridge goes off-line. The default is 20 seconds. click Apply.Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. 5. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch.

2.Monitoring 203 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters. select the Spanning Tree tab. From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window . 3. refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201. From the Layer 2 page. From the Monitoring menu. select Monitoring. select Layer 2. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed.

Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. refer to Chapter 10. modify. Virtual LANs. and delete VLANs from a web browser management session. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 . Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode. This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. From the Configuration menu. From the Home page. 2. The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed. select Layer 2. 3. select Configuration. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 . perform the following procedure: 1. select the VLAN tab. From the Layer 2 window.

The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. its VID must be unique as well. Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!).Section III: Web Browser Management 4. the name should be unique as well. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example. Click Add. The name can be from one to 10 characters in length. The name can contain spaces but not special characters. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. 6. 206 . Sales or Accounting).

click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. click Send to CPU. 207 . For example. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. This value disables port mirroring. To select ports for the VLAN. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. 8. In most cases. Note For background information on port mirroring. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. its VID value should be the same on each switch. The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. 9. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. 7. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. Click Apply. or a tagged port. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. 10.

208 . The VLAN is now ready for network operations.Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment.

4. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure. select Layer 2. 2. click Apply. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. 3. 5. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. 7. 6. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. Click Modify. Creating a VLAN. 209 . select the VLAN tab. After making the desired changes. From the Layer 2 window. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. From the Configuration menu. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. they are returned to the Default VLAN. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. select Configuration.

Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete. 4. perform the following procedure: 1. select Layer 2. From the Home page. 210 . From the Configuration menu. 2. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. select Configuration. select the VLAN tab.Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. 5. 3. Click Remove. From the Layer 2 window. The VLAN is deleted from the switch.

select Layer 2. select the VLAN tab. select Monitoring. From the Monitoring page. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Layer 2 page. 2. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . From the Home page. The management software displays the window in Figure 68. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch.

From the Configuration menu. select Configuration. Select the General tab. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. 5. You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. If you select Basic. 4. choose System. which is the default. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. 2. From the Home Page. In the Switch Mode section of the window. 212 . 3. perform the following procedure: 1. To set the switch’s VLAN mode. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. Virtual LANs.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. Note Refer to Chapter 10. If you select Tagged. click either Tagged or Basic. Reset the switch. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs.

select Configuration. To change a PVID for a port. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 . To deselect a port. You can select only one port at a time. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure. From the Configuration page. select Layer 2. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. 3. From the Layer 2 page. 2. select CoS. click it again. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. 5.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. From the Home page. For example. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. 4. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. A selected port turns white. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. Click Apply. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7.

The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch. Click Apply. Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port. 214 . 7. The new value is immediately activated on the port. Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26. Class of Service on page 219.Section III: Web Browser Management 6.

This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table. 215 . refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch.

You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. From the Home page. From the Monitoring page. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. select Monitoring. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. 216 . 3. perform the following procedure: 1. Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. select the Forwarding Database tab. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session. The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table. The options are described below. 2. From the Layer 2 page. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. select Layer 2. For instructions.

click View. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. 4. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. Once you have configured the options. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. As an example. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Another example is “000020F. 217 . The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. The port numbering scheme is from right to left.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. You specify the VLAN by its VID. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch.

Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. except for the switch’s MAC address.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. Type The MAC address type. This feature is not supported at this time. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. The type can be either static or dynamic. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. 218 . VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member.

Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS. 219 . refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

4. The default for this parameter is No. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5. it does not matter which of these levels you select. select the CoS tab. select Layer 2. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed. 6. Click Modify. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. (Again. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. click the Override Priority option.) 5. select Configuration. From the Layer 2 page. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. From the Home page.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. Click the port where you want to configure CoS. From the Configuration page. perform the following procedure: 1.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. 3. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. 8. (To deselect a port. 2. 220 . meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. Click Apply. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. You can select only one port at a time. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. A selected port turns white. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7. click it again.) 7. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch.

221 .Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch. refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143. Note For background information on this feature.

From the Home page. The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed. From the Configuration menu. Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. select System. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. 222 . The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. select Configuration. 2. Select the IGMP tab. 3. Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. perform the following procedure: 1. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port).

that is. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. The range is from 1 second to 86. The default is 260 seconds. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 . If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. The default is 256 multicast groups. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port.400 seconds (24 hours).

or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image. You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect. 224 .Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. A white port indicates a multicast router port. Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. The default is 256 multicast addresses.

refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. Note For background information on this feature.Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch. 225 .

100x For example. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . From the Home page. To specify an interval timer. select them now. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. and 1000 Mbps. If they are not already selected. 226 . if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept. enter values for the three interval timers. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. 4. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab. 2. The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page. perform the following procedure: 1. The default value is “0” for all timers. Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. 3.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed. the management software multiples the value by 10. 100.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . After you have entered your values. click Apply. select Configuration. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps .

As an example. select Configuration. 6. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Configuration page. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. 3. Click Modify. 2. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. select Layer 1. 4. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. From the Home page. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. The selected port turns white. You can select only one port at a time. If it is not selected. select it now. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. click it again. To deselect a port. 5. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames. Click Apply. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. 7. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. When you open the Layer 1 page. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. In the graphical switch image. 227 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. The port will accept all broadcast frames.

0.255.0.0 0. Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.0.0.0.Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 .0 255.

1 and above only.AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.) 229 .

88. 88. 202 bridge identifier. 45 Auto-Negotiation. 220 defined. 41. 84. 225 defined. 121. 37 defined. 88 G gateway address. 84. 163 AT-S39 version number.Index A aging time changing. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. 227 browser tools. 50 F flow control. 41. 177 H hello time. 52 defined. 164 downloading via TFTP. 37 defined. 106 setting. AT-S39. 11 D default values. 128 AT-S39 default settings. configuring. 155. 202 bridge hello time parameter. 172 C Class of Service configuring. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. 86. 88. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 35. used in this guide. 27. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. 37 BPDU. 37 releasing IP address. 150. 88. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 185 forwarding delay. 47 guidelines. 60. 141. 90 host nodes 230 . 60. 47 setting switch status. 43 conventions. 212 BOOTP activating. 202 bridge max age parameter. 138 defined. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. 86. 140 console timeout. 228 DHCP activating. 167 obtaining. 36 documentation. 202 bridge priority.

65 displaying. default settings. 67 defined. 143 displaying. 186 displaying status. switch. 143 ingress filtering. 115. 18 quitting. 210 displaying. 80. 77. 79 deleting. 145. switch. 177 interval timer configuring. defined. 193 port statistics. 24 M MAC address table. 198 defined. 187 speed. 82. 75. 107. 157 port trunking creating. 102 port-based VLAN creating. 59. 209 priority queues. 55. 148 host/router timeout interval. 50 SNMP community strings. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 42 root bridge. 58. 21 snoop topology. 87. 223 I IEEE 802. 25 S Secure level. 195 defined. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 173 R resetting a switch. 90 port mirroring creating. 111. 28 Telnet session. 60 multicast groups. 171 port configuring parameters. 195 guidelines. 65 local management session defined. 198 port security configuring. 146. 69 defined. 35. 29. 216 MAC address. displaying. maximum. 85 setting. 205 defined. 126. 151 L limited security mode configuring. port security. 222 231 .AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 181 SNMP management session. 222 defined. 30 web browser session. 149 P password changing. 21 master switch defined. 50 returning to. 119. 190 port cost defined. 184 disable.1d standard. 94 deleting all. 226 defined. 73 deleting. 223 multicast router. 35. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 145. 118 deleting. 211 modifying. 90 PVID. 45 slave switch. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. 28 starting. 116. 153. 177 default. 213 defined. 59. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. 32. 186 statistics. 113. 26. 39. 95. 66 serial number. 146. 84 RS232 port. 140 priority.

212 modifying. defined. 101 deleting all. 84 port cost. 171 static MAC address adding. 171 V version number. 94. 122 mode. 115. 89 defined. 177 switch statistics. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. 160 system name. 206 VLAN. 205 defined. 121. default. 160 STP. 29 web browser. 24 Telnet. 107. 101 VLAN identifier (VID). 118 deleting. 205 defined. 112. 92 deleting all. downloading software updates. 122 displaying. 171 232 . 35. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 211 enabling. 136 deleting. 164 downloading via TFTP. 210 displaying. 137 displaying. 116. 118 deleting. 19 quitting. 20 quitting. changing. 85. 115. 157. 30 starting. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. 211 modifying. 167 obtaining. 107. AT-S39. defined. 209 port-based.Index software updates downloading from a local session. 129 statistics port. 29 TFTP. 190 switch. 108 VLAN identifier. 203 starting session local. 45 virtual LAN creating. 94 tagged. 116. 113. 112. defined. 209 Telnet management session defined. 43 limitations. 90 viewing bridge parameters. 201 configuring port parameters. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. 35. 167 U unavailable status. 50 user name. 113. 173 starting. 111. 210 disabling. 87.

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