Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................91 VLAN Overview ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 113 Displaying VLAN Information .......................................... 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address ......................................................... 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service ......................... 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping ....................... 103 Tagged VLAN Example ............................................................................................................ 99 Tagged VLAN Overview ................................................................................ 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 98 Port-based Example 2.................................................... 143 Activating IGMP Snooping ........................................................................................................................ 151 Configuring the Interval Timer ............................................................................................................................................................................... 127 Displaying MAC Addresses ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 140 Configuring CoS .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics ................................... 137 Changing the Aging Time ............................................................................................................................................................ 156 Displaying Port Statistics .......................................................................................... 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control ..................................................................................................................................... 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview ........................................................................................................... 126 MAC Address Overview ............................................................................... 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs ............................................................................................... 112 Modifying a VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................. 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count ............................................................................................................................................. 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 142 IGMP Snooping Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN ..... 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 118 Changing a PVID Value ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 115 Deleting a VLAN ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN ............................... 116 Deleting All VLANs .............................................................................................. 157 Displaying Switch Statistics ................................................................................................................................................................... 139 Class of Service Overview ......................................................................... 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table .............................................................................................................................................. 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN ............................................................................................................................................................ 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses ..................................94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN ..................................................................... 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN...................................................................................................................................................................................... 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses ...................................................................................................................................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs .................................................................................................................. 160 5 .................. 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN ..................................................................................... 97 Port-based Example 1................................................................................................................... 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode ............92 Port-based VLAN Overview ........

.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ..........179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses .................203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs .................................................................................................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security ............................................................................................................ 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session .......................................................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP ...............................................................................................................................................................................210 Displaying VLANs ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 168 Section III Web Browser Management .......................................175 Viewing System Information ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring ..............................................................................................................................................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................162 Obtaining Software Updates ...........................................................................174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ............................................................................................................................................................................................211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode ............................168 Example........................................................................................................ 167 Uploading a Configuration File ................................................................................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session ....................................213 6 ...................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters ..198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol ........................................................................................................................................................................................................184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................167 Example..................................................................................................................................................................................................................209 Deleting a VLAN .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................192 Displaying the Port Security Level .....................................................204 Creating a VLAN ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings .......................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk ........................................................................... 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters ...........................................................................................................205 Modifying a VLAN ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................... 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session .........................................................................................................................................................................................................183 Configuring Port Parameters ..............................212 Changing a PVID ..........171 Browser Tools...............................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................................................. 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 230 7 ............................................................................................................ 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping ..................................................................... 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 219 Configuring CoS ........................................................................... 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service ................................. 228 Index .......................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table ................................................................................................................................................. 225 Configuring the Interval Timer .... 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames .............................

.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window ............. 25 Figure 2: Main Menu ........................................................................................................................................................... 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu ......... 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window ................ 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu ...................................................................................................................................................... 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu ........................................................................................... 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu ................................................................................................................................................................ 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window ......................................................................................................................... 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu .................. 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window ............................................................................................................................................ 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window .................................................................... 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window ........................... 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN .................. 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window ................................................. 122 8 ............................................. 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window ................................................................................................... 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window ............................ 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu ..................... 52 Figure 11: Port Menu ....................................... 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window ..................................................................................................................................................... 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Example 2 ................... 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu ........................................................Example 1 .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu ..........................................................List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port ........................................................................... 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example .................................. 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window ................................................................................................................................................................................... 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ............. 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu ................................................................................................................. 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window ............................................................................................................................................. 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

........................................................................ Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window ........................... Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window ... Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window . Figure 67: Add VLAN Window ..........................Monitoring ...................................... Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window .............................................................. Figure 57: Settings for Port Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 68: VLAN Window ...................... Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 62: Port Trunking Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu .................................................................... Figure 54: General Tab Window ...................................................................................... Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 66: VLAN Window ................................................................................. Figure 71: IGMP Tab ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window ........ Figure 59: Port Status Window . Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window ............................................................... Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window ............................................................................................................................................. Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab ........................................... Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window .................................................................................. Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window ............... Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu ..........................................................Configuration ................................................... Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab ........................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 55: SNMP Tab ...... Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window ..................................................................................................................................................... Figure 53: General Tab .......................................................................................................................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ..... 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 ........................................................... Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu ............................................................................................................ Figure 52: Home Page ................................................. Figure 69: CoS Setting Window ........ Figure 60: Port Statistics Window ........................................................................................................................... Figure 61: Port Security Menu ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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14 .com or our FTP server at ftp.Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products.alliedtelesyn. You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www. To use the FTP server.alliedtelesyn.com. enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password.

It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software. 15 .

The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. as explained in the hardware installation guide. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters. You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches. such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters. and powering ON the device. then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network. 16 .Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. If this is true for your network. Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A.

AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. such as to change or adjust its operating parameters. There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide. you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software. The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use. They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session. It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser. 17 .

You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session. 18 . Note For instructions on starting a local management session. you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch. refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. using a straight-through RS-232 cable. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located.Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. Once the session is started. This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. With AT-8024GB switches. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. which include the enhanced stacking feature. you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. 19 . A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session.

They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking . as well as every AT-8024 switch. every AT-8024GB switch. ❑ DHCP and BOOTP . 20 .You can view but not set the port security level of a switch. ❑ Port security level . refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171. There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session.Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch. Consequently. because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch. This too is a type of remote management. that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address. Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session.You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session.You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session. just like a Telnet management session.

Consequently. 21 . For instructions. The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program. Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. refer to your SNMP management documentation. you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program.AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program.

The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session.

Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .

24 . you can manage just that switch. This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. you must go to where that switch is located. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. Additionally. You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch. You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch. This can simplify network management.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. usually within a few meters. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. Note For information on enhanced stacking. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch. Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. to start this type of management session.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session. perform the following procedure: 1. Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200. see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 . POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2. 3. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program. Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch.

Otherwise. The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly. This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only. Note During boot up.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal. The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps.Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 .) The Main Menu is displayed. 5. If prompted for a password. the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt.1 and above. You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch. simply type boot and press Return to start the switch. The default is “admin”.) 4.) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal. (The password is case-sensitive. the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps).Save Configuration Changes R . (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1. or an equivalent terminal emulator program. Press the Return key twice. (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>). Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S . The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset. enter the password for the management software.

It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located. 27 . For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session. you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet. refer to Chapter 4. type the corresponding letter or number.AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item. This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu. Enhanced Stacking on page 46.

28 . This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended. Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously. return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit. Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions. You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session.

specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol. Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. 29 . type R or press ESC twice. The menus also function the same. The default password is “admin”. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol. To make a selection. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. To return to a previous menu. such as with a local management session. Enter the management software password when prompted. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. Additionally. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. In terms of functionally. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. Note For background information on enhanced stacking. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. type its corresponding number of letter. as shown in Figure 2 on page 26.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch.

type Q for Quit from the Main Menu.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session. 30 .

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures. activating the original switch default settings. and more. There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 . There are also procedures for resetting the switch.

You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. all from the same management session. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. This feature has two primary benefits. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. 32 . you must also assign it a subnet mask. Second. First. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. You do not need to assign an IP address. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address. a web browser. subnet mask. This switch will be the Master switch of the stack.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses.) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. you must assign at least one of them an IP address.

How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which. switches on your network need an IP address. you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet. You can do this two different ways. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet. The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure. If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. 33 .AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. if any. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses.

The selection X ..Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address...0 Subnet Mask .Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42.0 System Name . along with other optional information.. type 4 to select Administration Menu.. such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch..0. Comments . The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed.255..0.. From the Main Menu. Change Password .) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch.Release DHCP IP Address S .Save Configuration Changes R .. To manually set a switch’s IP address.... subnet mask.. 0.0.. perform the following procedure: 1. 255. go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37... 0...Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L .0.......Reset Switch X .. Administrator .Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 ............Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 .. 9 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address ...0 Default Gateway ...0. and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session... (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network.

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

2. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Advanced Configuration window. From the System Configuration Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. 39 . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed. type 3 to select SNMP Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R . type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the Main Menu.

.. private 3 ....0. enter the new value.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4.. Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch. type S to select Save Configuration Changes...0... 4 . 40 ..Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed... 0..GET Community ...SET Community .. Adjust the parameters as desired....0.. .0 0.Trap Receiver 1 5 ..Trap Community .. ....Trap Receiver 3 7 .... type its corresponding number and....... The parameters are described below...Trap Receiver 2 6 . 5. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 ..... To change a value.................SET Community 3.. After making your changes...Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings..... public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 ..0.. public 2 . 1 ..GET Community 2 .0 0.Save Configuration Changes R ... ..0...0..0.....0 0.0 S .. when prompted.....Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch.0.

If you type Y for yes. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. Type Y to reset the switch. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. You are prompted to reset the switch. 4. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. type 5 to select System Config Menu. the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. From the System Configuration Menu. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. Type Y for yes or N for no.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults. 41 . Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A. From the Main Menu.

Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software. type 4 to select Administrator Menu. From the Administrator Menu. a task requiring only a second or two to complete. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. 2. 42 . type 9 to select Reset Switch. The switch immediately reloads its operating system. Some data traffic may be lost.

perform the procedure below. and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser. ❑ Console Timeout . For instructions on how to set this security feature. perform the procedure below. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password. perform the following procedure: 1. The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes. 43 . This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. (The password is case-sensitive. type 5 to select System Config Menu.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. To configure the console timer.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. For example. if you specify 2 minutes. when prompted.The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch. type E to enable web access or D to disable web access. type 6 to select Web Server Access and.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software. ❑ Web Access . To configure web browser access.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch. 3. enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes. The default password is “admin”. when prompted. For instructions on how to set this security feature. From the Main Menu. the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. These security features are: ❑ Password . 2.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. After you have made the desired changes. no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser. if you disable web access. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. 4. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 44 .

..1 5456411 00....... MAC Address .00 R .. The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed.. Bootloader Version . 45 ...32.... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version ...D2........17.... type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu...... Serial Number .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information..3 ATI_LOADER1...A0.... AT-S39 v1.....

This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch.Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch. 46 .

It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. 47 . you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. Once connected to the network. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. You simply connect it to your network. That way. should you remove a master switch from the network. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management. If your network consists of more than one subnet. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. such as for maintenance. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet.

A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask. 3. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. do not. You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. you must assign each master switch a unique IP address. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. 48 . For instructions on how to set the IP address manually. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. referred to as slave switches. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session. If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch.

09. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router.11.22 Master 2 IP Address 149. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets.18 Master 2 IP Address 149.32. 49 . You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet.16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149. and each has been assigned a unique IP address.09. you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet.11.32.32. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet. Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches.32.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature.

A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch.Save Configuration Changes R . a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address. ❑ Slave switch . From the Main Menu. You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch. To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status.A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch. A switch with this designation can be managed locally. Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack. Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch ...Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 . It does not need an IP address or subnet mask. you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet. Master 2 . To be managed remotely.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch. or unavailable.. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. slave switch. A master switch must have a unique IP address.Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable. perform the following procedure: 1.Enhanced Stacking Services S . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 . The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed. ❑ Unavailable . Note The default setting for a switch is Slave.A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet.

Press Return. The following prompt is displayed.Switch State. 2. or U to make the switch unavailable. A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch.” For example. 51 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note The “2 .Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches. Type M to change the switch to a master switch. 4. To change a switch’s status. S to make it a slave switch. the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master. Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3. type 1 to select Switch State.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 .

The window in Figure 10 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G . you need to select it from the management software.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch. To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet. When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet. perform the following procedure: 1. you are by default addressing that particular switch. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. From the Enhanced Stacking window.Access Switch R . To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack. From the Main Menu. then it is very easy. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services. If you assigned system names to your switches. The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch. 2. The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window.Get/Refresh List of Switches A .

Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. if you want to manage the Master switch. Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches. 6. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password. You now can manage the selected switch. return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit. Once you see that window. Enter the switch’s password and press Return. This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice. 53 . The password is case-sensitive. Type A to select Access Switch. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session. Type the number of the switch you want to manage.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window. The default password is “admin”. 4. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch.

Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .

From the Port Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C . perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. type 4 to select Port Status. The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed.Accept changes & update flash R . 55 . type 1 to select Port Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch.

Manual .Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed. The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number. Possible values are: Up . Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Figure 12 is an example of the window.Update Display R . Possible values are: Auto .indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N . Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port.Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually. Down . 56 .indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node.Next Page U .

1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port. Receive . Spd The operating speed of the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex. Both . Disabled . Possible values are: None . This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member. Possible values are: Forwarding .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.100 Mbps 1000 . Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member.No flow control on the port.10 Mbps 100 . Possible values are MDI and MDI-X.The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. State The current operating status of the port. Flow The flow control setting for the port. 57 .Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port.The port has been manually disabled. Possible values are: 10 . Transmit .

... enter the last port number in the range. To configure a range of ports.. To configure only one port.. From the Port Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch..No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 . Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return.. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return.... The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. From the Main Menu.. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed. Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 . Advertise 10FDX . perform the following procedure: 1.. Broadcast Control .. MDI/MDIX Mode .... Negotiation ... Advertise 100FDX . To configure a range of ports. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status .. Advertise 100HDX . type 1 to select Port Menu....... 2............ Advertise 10HDX ..... enter the first port of the range. type 1 to select Port Configuration... Flow Control ........

1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 ..AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port.. 5... a port will not receive or transmit frames. This toggles the parameter through its possible settings.....Speed selection are: 0010 .Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode. Adjust the port parameters as desired. the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically.Duplex . The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters. you can enable the port again to resume normal operation. 1 ...Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex. If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation. 59 . The parameters are described below. If you select Manual...... 0100 3 . Disabled ... You adjust a parameter by typing its number. This is the default setting. Once the problem has been fixed....Speed .The port will receive and forward packets.10 Mbps 0100 . When disabled.Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode. You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port.100 Mbps 1000 .. two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 . which is the default.Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port.. 0 .. The possible settings for the 2 . Possible settings are: Forwarding . You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections.The port will not receive or forward packets....

5 . which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half. a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it. Both . For example. By default. B .or full-duplex mode. the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it. You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation. Possible settings are: None .Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX. Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated. Receive . The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time. the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps. a switch port will advertise its full capabilities.Advertise 10HDX 7 . half-duplex operation.No flow control on the port. if you set the selection 8 .Advertise 100FDX 8 . which is the default setting. Transmit .Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option. which is the default setting. During Auto-Negotiation.Advertise 10FDX 6 . 60 .Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port.MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.Advertise 100HDX to No. 9 . refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155. The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames.Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation. If desired.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode. If you set this to Auto.

This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode. 61 . type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection. Once you have set the port parameters.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node. Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port. You can use this option to reset the selected port. which. This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection. when selected.

To display GBIC information. type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information. Type 1 to select GBIC Information. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5. type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the System Configuration Menu. 3. From the Advanced Configuration window. these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.GBIC Information R . From the Main Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 . 62 . Type either 24 or 25.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch. The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4. 2. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.

...... Length 9/125 mm Fib....... Elect/Opt Transceiver . Length 50/125 um Fib............. N ...... (10m) ... You cannot change this information.. Type of Serial Interface ........AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module. Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding .....Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only.....5/125 um Fib... Length 62............... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number .. (k) ......Next Page R ... Extended Serial Transceiver ....... Figure 15 is an example of the window........ (100m) ... Connector Type .... 63 .. (10k) ....... Length 9/125 um Fib......

You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security. 64 . Note Port security can only be set through a local management session.

The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. Once this mode is activated. it remains in the table and is never purged. 65 . even when the end node is inactive. There are four levels of port security. Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. Automatic This operating mode disables port security. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table. Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table.

The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level. When this security level is activated. even those belonging to inactive end nodes. The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table. no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. 66 . the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. Once you have activated this security level. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time.

2. To set a switch’s port security level. type 5 to select Port Security. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed. type 3 to select the Secured mode. 67 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. From the Main Menu. After activating this security mode. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. To specify the limits. perform the following procedure: 1. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. type 1 to select Port Menu. This is the default setting. From the Port Menu. type 2 to select Limited mode. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward. Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. type 1 to select Automatic mode. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session.

A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch. Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. type 4 to select Lock all the ports now. 68 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned.

perform the following procedure: 1.Configure port security limited mode R . To configure Limited security mode. You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports. frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded. From the Main Menu. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed. type 2 to select Limited security.Set MAC limit per port 3 .Display MAC limit per port 2 . When you activate this security level. From the Port Menu. Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 . From the Port Security menu. 2. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports. type 1 to select Port Menu. type 5 to select Port Security. You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn. Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed. 3. Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 .

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed. Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode. 70 . Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. This applies the limit to the port. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports. The range is 1 to 150 addresses.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. 13. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch. 11. repeat Steps 5 through 9. 10. 7. type R to select Return to previous menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. 12. 9. Type 2 to choose Select a port. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports.

16.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. Check to be sure that they are correct. be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. 14. If necessary. 71 . Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu. Limited security has now been configured on the switch. The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed. 15. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port. Examine the MAC limits. repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. If you assigned different values to different ports.

Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .

and 24. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. For example. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. For example. A port trunk is 2. and so on.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. or another Ethernet switch. and 7). 3. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load. 15 for the trunk. 13. To maintain the order of the port connections. 6. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. 73 . On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. ports 4. 3. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. such as a server. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. port 13 to port 22. workstation. and so on. or 4 ports. router. 23. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. 22. ❑ When cabling a trunk. speed. ❑ The duplex mode. 14. the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. Despite the software configuration and physical connections. 5.

AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 . Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server.❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN. The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch. A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs. ❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch. AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches. The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. The server is connected to the switch with four data links.

Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 . Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. type 3 to select Port Trunking. To create a port trunk. Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure.Save Configuration Changes R .Delete Trunk 3 . From the Main Menu. are the same for all the ports of the trunk. From the Port Menu. 2. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed. Check to be sure that the settings. You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology.Show port trunking status S .AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch. Note Before creating a port trunk.Add ports to trunk 2 . examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk. such as speed and duplex mode. type 1 to select Port Menu.

Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking. Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk. 8. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch.g. You can specify the ports individually (e. The following prompt is displayed. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 7-10). Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return. 5.Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7. Enter new value -> 4. To confirm the creation of the port trunk.3. type 3 to display the status of the trunk..g.2. 1. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window.4) or as a range (e. 6. 76 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R .3. Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk. The port trunk is ready for network operations..

The port trunk is deleted from the switch. To confirm the deletion. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. 5. 4. perform the following procedure: 1. Type 2 to select Delete trunk. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology. From the Port Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. type 1 to select Port Menu. To delete a port trunk from the switch. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. From the Main Menu. type 3 to select Port Trunking. 3. 2. 77 .

Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .

the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port. 79 . For example. For example. meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports. if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports. However. the more ports you mirror. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. the mirror port is likely to drop packets.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time. You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch.

80 . 2... Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. No 3 . The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed. Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 ..Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror.. To mirror a range of ports.. Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6. You can specify only one mirror port. The following prompt is displayed. 0 2 .Add ports to mirror 4 .. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored. Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7. type 1 to select Port Menu. From the Port Menu. If you want to mirror a range or ports..CPU Attached ...Delete ports from mirror 5 . 5.Show Port Mirror Status S . The following prompt is displayed..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3.. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. The following prompt is displayed. Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror. enter the first port of the range..Save Configuration Changes R . the port to where the traffic will be copied). type 2 to select Port Mirroring... enter the last port in the range. Press Return. To mirror the traffic of only one port.Mirroring Port . enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step.

AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. 10. To confirm the creation of the port mirror. The port mirror is now functional. type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status. 9. The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored. 81 . Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

2. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. Enter 0 and press Return. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. perform the following procedure: 1. The following prompt is displayed. 3. 5. From the Port Menu. From the Main Menu. type 1 to select Port Menu. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror. 82 .

ISO/IEC 10038: 1993. 83 . The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol.1D.Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters. refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802.

84 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link. of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. also referred to as the bridge identifier. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. Where multiple paths exist. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability. referred to as broadcast storms. as specified in the IEEE 802. either planned or unplanned. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. leaving only one main active path. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles. So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes.1D standard. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number. and sometimes its MAC address. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. By adjusting the value. exist in the network topology. STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode.

the preferred path is selected through port priority. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and. Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. Below are the default values. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. The faster the port. If two paths have the same port cost. the lower the port cost. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state. 85 . where all ports have a port cost of 0. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. blocking mode. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. If redundant paths exist. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. active path. if one is found.

a temporary data loop could occur. a change in a port state is not activated immediately. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. However. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. especially if it is a large network. or addition of any active components. For small networks. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). listening and learning. removal. you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. 86 . The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. and that could adversely impact network performance. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. before it begins to forward frames. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. with the size of your network being a primary factor. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. When a bridge is brought on-line. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. Consequently. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. the active topology also changes. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. and if not. For large networks.

.. Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 . Bridge Priority . 1 . You should consult the IEEE 802.Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch. Bridge Max Age ... The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed. If you enable STP...Display STP Port Settings 9 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable .Config STP Port Settings 8 . 1. Bridge Identifier . type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu.. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed...... the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. Bridge Forwarding .. From the Main Menu.... 87 .1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters.Reset STP to Defaults R . Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2. The parameters are described below.. Bridge Hello Time .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings... The default setting is disabled..

not all links may have yet adapted to the change. For example. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds.535. After you have made the desired changes. with 0 being the highest priority. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. 4 . for example. 3. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. type S to select Save Configuration Changes.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . The default is 15 seconds. if you use the default 20. resulting in network loops. 88 .Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65.Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state.Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. 5 . The default is 20 seconds. The default is 2 seconds. The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed. 3 . This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. When a root bridge goes off-line.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. 6 . the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. If the bridge transitions too soon. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds.

... perform the following procedure: 1. Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R . enter the first port of the range.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters....... enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5. 2. 1 .. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4...... enter the last port of the range. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating .... To configure just one port. Adjust the settings as desired. To configure a range of ports. From the Spanning Tree menu. From the Main Menu. type 7 to select Config STP port settings.. Root Bridge .. Port Priority . The parameters are described below. 89 . type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. To configure a range of ports.. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3...Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain. Path Cost . Bridge Hello Time ... Enter the number of the port you want to configure.. The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed. This value cannot be changed..

The default value for priority is 128.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. 90 . 4 . The range is 0-255. This value cannot be changed from this window. The range is 1 to 65535. 5 . refer to the previous procedure. The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port. and 4 for a 1 Gbps port.Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . 10 for a 100 Mbps port.Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain. To change this value. 3 . The default is 2 seconds. This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed.Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge.

It also contains the procedures for creating. and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 . modifying.Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs). This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode.

such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. For example. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. if an employee changed departments. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. This too can improve overall network performance. The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN. 92 . With VLANs. For example. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. Additionally. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth. logical LAN segments. Before the advent of VLANs. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate.

The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections. a virtual LAN can span more than one switch. VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically. 93 . Additionally. you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software. or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another. This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location.AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS.

All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches. called the Default VLAN. and Engineering. A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. such as a router or Layer 3 switch. or just a few ports. Production. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. you must give it a name. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. 94 . VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. Examples include Sales.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network.

the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. If you allow the management software to do it automatically. unique VLAN. Additionally. Untagged Ports Naturally. In this manner. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously.AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. This is acceptable when you are creating a new. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. rather than by a port’s PVID. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. it will simply select the next available VID. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID. The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership. Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames. For example. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. Consequently. The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received. 95 . all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID.

❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port. Consequently. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID. the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. However. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. 96 . ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID. General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches.

❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network. In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches. such as servers and printers.AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN. For example. 97 . across multiple VLANs. a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN. A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs.

) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN . 11 . and Production VLANs on the switch. A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN.4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9. (For purposes of the following examples.Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales.13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . The ports have been assigned PVID values. A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member.24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs. the Default VLAN is not shown. 98 . Engineering. Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . You assign this number when you create a VLAN.

In this example. The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN . each VLAN has one port connected to the router. Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs.Example 2 99 .AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example. two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch.

it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch. and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 .11. This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment. 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . Since this VLAN spans multiple switches. It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch.This is the final VLAN in the example.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch.This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN. This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN.This VLAN spans both switches.24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 . 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13. However. it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router. ❑ Production VLAN . 100 . Engineering. ❑ Engineering VLAN . It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4.6. Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router.6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN . 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 . This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN. 14. So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch.

For example. the frame will be discarded. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header.1Q-compliant. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously. If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of. 101 . Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802. referred to as a tagged frame. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames. This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port. The IEEE 802. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802. the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports. The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch. This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch. this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network.3ac standard). the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. A tag. When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. This contrasts to a port-based VLAN.

In the case of a tagged VLAN. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. However. there would seem to be no need for a PVID. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN. a frame without any tagged information). The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. simultaneously. 102 . and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. But actually there is. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. An untagged port. Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. can be in only one VLAN at a time. Otherwise. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives.

AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN. each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID. ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time. 103 . ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS. ❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802.1Q-based products.1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 . Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.

16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. The tagged frames. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. 20 (PVID 3) 8. each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. 105 . It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. data separation and security remain.1Q-compliant server. One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. 18 (PVID 2) 8. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated. It is connected to an IEEE 802. But with tagged ports. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. when received by the switch. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. while still maintaining data separation and security. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch.

Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. Packets are passed through the switch unchanged. but the VLANs are not used. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121. You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames. 106 . ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. either tagged or untagged. All VLAN information. frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered. is ignored.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2. From the VLAN Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. 107 . From the Main Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S .Save Configuration Changes R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed.Virtual LAN Definitions 3 .Virtual LAN Support 2 . From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 .Port VLANs & Priorities R . type 1 to select Create a VLAN.

0 Send to CPU (Y/N) . than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch. If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN.. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected... The name can be from one to ten characters in length. 5...... but not special characters.. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). 0 Tagged Ports ..... If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value. C .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4.... then its VID must also be unique.. Mirroring Port .... The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096.. The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example. VLAN ID (VID) . If this will be a unique VLAN in your network.. If the VLAN will be unique in your network... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name ... The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value....... For example.. Sales or Accounting)..Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed... then the name should be unique as well.. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN...Create VLAN R . 108 .. The name can contain spaces.. Untagged Ports .

If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN. type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted. as a range (e. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU.g. Type C to select Create VLAN. Press any key. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. leave this field empty. If the VLAN will contain tagged ports. If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports.g..g.7-9).7-9) 7. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports. leave this field empty. 2. 2.(If you do not to activate this feature. 9. you can analyze the VLAN traffic. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. or both (e.5. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. For more information on port mirroring..5. you will see the following message: SUCCESS . A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored.. 14..g.Press any key to continue.. 109 . or both (e. 13.) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature.5). type 4 to select Show All VLANs. as a range (e. 11. 10.5). 7-9). 2. 7-9). 12. Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports. type 6 and Y for yes. 8. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN.g.g.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. You can specify the ports individually (e.3. 2.3.. You can specify the ports individually (e. this parameter should be left with its default value of 0. either do not select this option or select it and type N for no. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note In most cases. To verify that the VLAN was created correctly.

Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time. if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. 110 . the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15. You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs. ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. For example. Note When you create a new VLAN.

These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Ports 1 to 4. To create the example Sales VLAN. 3. Type C to select Create VLAN. 5. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. From the VLAN Menu. 9. 8. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. 4. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. press any key. The new Sales VLAN has now been created. 111 . Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. 7. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. 6. Press Return.

3. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. Ports 9. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created.16”. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN. 112 . 2.10. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. perform the following procedure: 1. 9. 10. Type C to select Create VLAN. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. 5. It will consist of three untagged ports. 11. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. From the VLAN Menu. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. 20”. From the Main Menu. To create the example Engineering VLAN. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN.11. 8. press any key. and two untagged ports. 7. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. 6. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. Press Return.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104. Ports 8 and 16. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. and 12. 4. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.

refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 . The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. To modify a VLAN.Press any key to continue. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. type 2 to select Modify a VLAN..AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure.. The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed.. type M to select Modify VLAN. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. From the VLAN Menu. R .VLAN ID (VID) ... For a description of the parameters. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4.. This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN. From the Main Menu. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID).. After making the desired changes. 113 . 7. 3. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify. The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS . 6. Change the VLAN’s information as desired.

The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs. 8. The VLAN has been modified.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 11. 114 . 9. Press any key. 10. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names. Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7. From the VLAN Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R . VID numbers. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33.9 U: 1-6 T: 7. 3.9 U: 8. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. type 4 to select View All VLANs. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 2. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch. The Show All VLANs window is displayed.

. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 . type D. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID).. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. To delete the VLAN. 3. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. R .. From the VLAN Menu. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return. 116 .. To delete a VLAN.. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed. type 3 to select Delete a VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed. From the Main Menu. Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN.VLAN ID (VID) .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. which has a VID of 1.. A confirmation prompt is displayed. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. 6.. 2.

All ports in the deleted VLAN. 9. both tagged and untagged. The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS .Press any key to continue. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs. The VLAN has been deleted. 117 .AT-S39 User’s Guide 7. 8. are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed. 10. Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. 118 . 5. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. perform the following procedure: 1. To delete all VLANs on a switch. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. except the Default VLAN. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 3. From the Main Menu. Press Return. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. on a switch. From the VLAN Menu. A confirmation message is displayed. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. 4. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. To delete selected VLANs. 2.

Press Return. From the VLAN Menu. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. From the Main Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 . For example.Port Number R . if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7. 119 . 2. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary. Type 1 to select Port Number. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. perform the following procedure: 1. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. To change a PVID for a port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number ...Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed... The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS .Press any key to continue....... 9. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip... 8.. 120 .. Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID.. Press Return.. 7. Specify the new PVID value for the port. Port VLAN ID .. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The port now has a new PVID.. Override Priority (Y/N) .Update Changes to Chip C ........ 1 1 0 N U ... You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch.. Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High ...Accept changes & update flash R ........... Return to the Main Menu....

B-Basic): 3. 121 . To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. perform the following procedure: 1. Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. 2. 5. From the Main Menu. The default is Tagged mode. Press Return. Type 3 to select Switch Mode. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged.

the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode.Disable VLANs Globally R . The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed. 2.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3. Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering. When VLANs are disabled. perform the following procedure: 1. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 .Enable VLANs Globally D . From the VLAN Menu. If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode.Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 . ingress filtering is disabled.Enable/Disable VLANs 2 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E . Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs. When VLANs are enabled. It sets a switch’s VLAN mode. From the Main Menu.Accept changes & update flash R .Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C .

4. 123 . 6. 5.AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode. A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch.

the frame is discarded. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN. 124 . Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. If they belong to different VLANs. Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. the port discards the frame. For further information. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). Here is an example. Fortunately. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. the port accepts the frame. the port accepts the frame. just as a reminder. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. If they belong to the same VLAN. or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. tagged or untagged. the switch discards the frame. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. First. If there is. Once the tagged frame is received. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. nor to any frames. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. In this case.

A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame. which is the default. From the Main Menu. You cannot set this per port. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority. From the Virtual LAN Support menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3. 125 .Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R . Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags. regardless of the status of ingress filtering. Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. In most cases. 4. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch. From the VLAN Menu.Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D . The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed. and that is the priority tag. Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E . type 2 to select VLAN Menu. To enable or disable ingress filtering.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis.

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table.

it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. For example. and the port number where each address was learned. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. When the destination node responds. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch. determines the port where the destination node is connected. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. 127 . This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. along with the port number on which each address was learned. When the switch receives a packet. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. it also examines the destination address and. by referring to its MAC address table. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table.

Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table. The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses. For instructions on changing the aging timer. even when the end node is inactive. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. A static MAC address. This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted. even when the end node is inactive. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes). Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports. refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. once entered in the table. 128 . The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer.

The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed. One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses. From the Main Menu. To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. To display only static MAC addresses. type 6 to select MAC Address Tables. 3. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports. just the base ports. perform the following procedure: 1. The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R . 129 . type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses. type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports. To display the MAC address table.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch.

Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window.Update Display R . which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses. non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N .”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. 130 . MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. The static MAC address window is exactly the same. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch.Accept changes & update flash U . The columns in the window are defined below.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned.

assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. except for the switch’s MAC address. As an example.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. This feature is not supported at this time. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. Another example is “000020F. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. 131 . Type The MAC address type. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. The type can be either static or dynamic.

Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3. The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. 2. type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu. A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 1. From the Main Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. 132 . From the MAC Address Table menu. You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.

The procedure in this section offers an easier way. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. But if the switch is part of a large network. 2. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address. type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address. for a static address. 133 . or to which the address was assigned. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. if the address was learned dynamically. you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. finding the address could prove difficult. 1. From the MAC Address Table menu. From the Main Menu.

For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3. 134 . From the MAC Address Table menu. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch. 1. 2. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. produces the same result. type 6 to select MAC Address Table.) Note To perform this procedure. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. (This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. as explained earlier in this chapter.

Once the table has been purged. the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses. 3. 1. 2. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure. 135 . Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. From the Main Menu. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table. perform the following procedure. From the MAC Address Table menu. A confirmation prompt is displayed. type 6 to select MAC Address Table.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. If you type Y for yes.

The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table. 5. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. perform the following procedure: 1. type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address. 2.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. To add a static address to the MAC address table. From the Main Menu. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected. From the MAC Address Table menu. 136 . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address.

The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. type 3 to select Delete MAC Address. From the Main Menu. 137 . 4. Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table. 2. From the MAC Address Table menu.

type 5 to select System Config Menu. 138 . To adjust the aging time. The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch. The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3. From the Main Menu. From the System Config Menu. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes). perform the following procedure: 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. 2. Enter a new value in seconds. When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. the switch deletes the address. This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software.

You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port. When a tagged packet enters a switch port. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802. File transfer delays did occur. packet transfer delays can prove problematic. untagged frames (i.1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer.1Q standards.1p and 802. But with the introduction of time-critical applications. For example. 0 to 7. The 802. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest.e. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue. such as voice transmission or video conferencing. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue.. 140 . These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis. transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality. network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner. CoS was designed to address this problem. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue. Prior to CoS. By default. but were mostly transparent to network users. low and high.

) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. Type 3 to select Priority (0 . From the VLAN Menu. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. 8.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS.) 7. From the Main Menu. 10. 141 . 5. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. 9. 3. 11. Return to the Main Menu.7). perform the following procedure: 1. 2. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. Press Return. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. (Again. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The default for this parameter is No. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. enter a value from 4 to 7. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. Type 1 to select Port Number. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. enter a value from 0 to 3. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. 6.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch.

A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. In Version 2. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. it removes the node from appropriate membership list. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. In Version 1. referred to as a time-out value. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. There are two versions of IGMP. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. it simply stops sending reports. the router does not send multicast packets out the port. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups. 143 . This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. Once the router has received a report from a host node.) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports.

144 . The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2. a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports. IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch. except the port on which it received the packet. Note By default. which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups. and by processing leave requests.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value. Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance.

After selecting this option.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters.IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch...... The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. type E to enable or D to disable this feature.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status . Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate).. View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S . type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration.... 2 . type 5 to select System Config Menu... From the System Configuration Menu. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 . perform the following procedure: 1.Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. 2.Save Configuration Changes R . 3.... Maximum Multicast Groups .. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration... Host/Router Timeout Interval .. The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. Multicast Router Port(s) .. From the Main Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window.. Multicast Host Topology .

The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. The default is 260 seconds. The range is 1 to 2048 groups.Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. that is. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. 5 . You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses.400 seconds (24 hours).Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports. The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. 4 .Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. The range is from 1 second to 86. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 .Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. The default is 256 multicast groups. 3 . An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. The default is 256 multicast addresses. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses.

AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect. enter “0” (zero) for this parameter. Your changes are activated immediately on the switch. or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number. 147 . 4. Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter. To select Auto Detect. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. After making the desired changes.

The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group. From the Advanced Configuration window. To display the list. type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. as well as the host nodes.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. 2. From the System Configuration Menu. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 4. 148 . The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch. 3.Update Display R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U . Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. From the Main Menu. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window.

From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U . To display a list of the multicast routers.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. From the System Configuration Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window.Update Display R . perform the following procedure: 1. type 7 to select View Multicast Router List. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. From the Main Menu. 149 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 3. Router IP The IP address of the multicast router. 4. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. 2. You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member.

Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .

The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. Broadcast frames are different. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. In order to use this feature. The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. For example. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. For example. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. That is. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored.AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. 151 . When a node sends out a broadcast frame. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN.

152 . Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch. the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example. At these settings. Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames. If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval. the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch.

(1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.Save Configuration Changes R .Timer for 100 MB ports .. type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup. 3. 0 micro sec C ...1x ❑ 1000 Mbps .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4. 0 milli sec 3 . Type 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 . or 3 and enter a value when prompted. 100. perform the following procedure: 1. From the System Configuration Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds. 2. 0 milli sec 2 ..100x 153 . From the Main Menu. 2.10x ❑ 100 Mbps ... type 5 to select System Config Menu. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps .. and 1000 Mbps. From the Advanced Configuration Menu.Timer for 10 MB ports . You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds..Timer for 1000 MB ports . The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed..

Once you have set the desired timer intervals. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. the management software multiples the value by 10. 6. Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. 5. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive. The default value is “0” for all timers. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. 154 .

If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds. 5. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded. type 1 to select Port Configuration.> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. From the Port Menu. To configure a range of ports. enter the first port of the range. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. For example. To configure a range of ports. From the Main Menu. 6. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. Type B to select Broadcast Control. type 1 to select Port Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 155 . enter the last port number in the range. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . To configure only one port.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics.

Clear Module Statistics 3 . 157 . From the Main Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3. The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed. From the Ethernet Statistics menu. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics. The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 .Clear Port Statistics 3 .Display Port Statistics R . Type 1 to choose Select a Port. Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics. perform the following procedure: 1. type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu.Display Module Statistics R . 5.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2. Press Return.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics.Port Statistics Menu 2 .Select a Port 2 . Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 .

.... CRC_ERROR .. RX_MLTCAST ................Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window.......... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded.. TX_COUNT ................... Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port....... OVERSIZE .. U . Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port. RX_COUNT .... Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port....... shown in Figure 48... RX_BRDCAST ............. The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port..... PORT_IN_DISCARDS ....... RX_UNICAST .....Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only...... FRAGMENT ......... UNDERSIZE ........... Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port................ RX_OVERFLOW ....Update Display R ............................................... CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port................ 158 .......... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT ....

AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. but discarded and not forwarded.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. 159 . Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. packets with alignment errors. select the option “2 .Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port. If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”.

......Update Display R ........Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch............... CRC_ERROR ....... Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch.............. PORT_IN_DISCARDS ....Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.. UNDERSIZE ................. From the Ethernet Statistics menu............. RX_MLTCAST . RX_BRDCAST ........ U ......... TX_COUNT .. shown in Figure 48........... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch.............. From the Main Menu.. RX_COUNT ... type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics.................. Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded.... type 3 to select Display Module Statistics........... OVERSIZE ... perform the following procedure: 1.... RX_UNICAST .... 160 ..................... 2...... RX_OVERFLOW ........ The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window.... Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch.... FRAGMENT ....... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT .....

and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch. packets with alignment errors. If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”. Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. select the option “2 . Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch.Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu. 161 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch. but discarded and not forwarded. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch.

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

162

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

163

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

164

AT-S39 User’s Guide

The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

Note Do not interrupt the initialization process. 166 . Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. the switch automatically resets. Begin the file transfer of the new management software image. If you are installing a new management image. the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete. Do not reboot the switch. Once the management software is initialized.

Binary . The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. loader file.img 167 .img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39.The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch. tftp -i 149. A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT.ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39.The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch. This may necessitate renaming the file.1 put c:\ats39.cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image.1. If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software.1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software. or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above. Put .35. Source file .This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image. you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn. Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host . Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software.1.35.

as explained in the previous section. Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited.35. Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149.1 to local drive C: of the workstation. 168 . The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host . Source file .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation.The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation. Destination file .35. tftp -i 149.1 get ats39.cfg”. Get .The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file.img Once the file is stored on a local drive.1. Binary .img c:\ats39.1. This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically.This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from.The source file name is “ATS39.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP.

Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24. Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19. IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28. Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17. Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23. MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26. Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22. Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27.

such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator. 170 .Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser.

To start a web browser management session.) The user name cannot be changed. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. For instructions.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed. the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. 171 . To change the password. Start your web browser. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser. 2. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. the switch must have an IP address. as shown in Figure 51. Consequently. enter the user name and password. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies. (The password is case-sensitive. When prompted. Additionally.

Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus. In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites. You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser. Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display. You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows.The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed. 172 . Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software.

select Exit from any AT-S39 management page. 173 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session.

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

175 . From the Home Page. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default. 2. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. perform the following procedure: 1. select it and then select the General tab. subnet address. refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. If the System menu option is not selected.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. select Configuration.

The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide. Sales Ethernet switch). 3. Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. 176 .Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed.

The default password is “admin”. To create a new password. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply. Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. enter the new password into both fields. Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. Floor 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions.g. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser. a Telnet utility. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. 4. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Wiring closet 402B). such as its location (e. Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. After you have set the parameters. 177 . The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length. or an SNMP management program. click Apply. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!).. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser.

If you made a change to the IP address.Section III: Web Browser Management 5. you must reset the switch to activate your change. You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session. subnet mask. or by using the Reset button on the switch. 178 . You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session. or gateway address.

From the Home page. If it is not already selected. The Monitoring window is displayed. select System Status. 3. select the General tab. select Monitoring. 2. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 . perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. From the Configuration Menu. The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed.

Virtual LANs on page 91. These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. These values cannot be changed.” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. ❑ Switch Mode . Administration This section contains a variety of information. refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212.” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. This value cannot be changed.Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode. For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session. For background information about MAC addresses.Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted. Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging . which also explains how to change the parameters. You cannot change any of the values from this window. ❑ Hash Count . If this parameter displays “Tagged. If this parameter displays “Basic.Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only. refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10. For information about VLANs. The sections in the window are defined below. General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes). 180 . including the IP address of the switch and the system name.Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.

2. Adjust the parameters as desired. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed. 181 . The parameters are described below. Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. select Configuration. select System. Select the SNMP tab. From the Home page. From the Configuration menu. 3.

5. Click Apply to save your changes to the switch.Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. 182 . Changes are immediately activated on the switch.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 . Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed.Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

Select the Port Setting tab. From the Home page. 184 . You can select only one port at a time.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch. (To deselect a port.) 5. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure. select Configuration. click it again. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. 2. From the Configuration page. select Layer 1. The selected port turns white. The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4. Click Modify.

refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. 185 . Flow Control The flow control setting for the port. refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227. Transmit .Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time. Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6. Receive .AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed. An example of the window is shown in Figure 57. any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch. For background information on this feature. Adjust the port parameters as desired.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. Possible values are: None . The parameters are described below.Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port. For instructions on how to set this value. Both .No flow control on the port. If the threshold is reach.

A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode.Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps . click Apply.Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port.Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps .Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. 186 . Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values. ❑ 10Mbps . This is the default. 7. Once you have made the desired changes. The default for this port parameter is enabled. The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port. Default values are listed in Appendix A.Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps .

3.) 4. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch. Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics. duplex mode. You can select only one port at a time. (To deselect a port. 2. and more. 187 . From the Home page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. Click a port. MDI/MDI-X configuration. select Layer 1. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB. Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. You can view a port’s operating speed. click it again. The selected port turns white. select Monitoring. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58. From the Monitoring page. To display the status or statistics of a switch port.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

191

Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session. Note For background information on port security. refer to Port Security Overview on page 65. 192 .Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session.

From the Home page. 2. From the Configuration page. select Layer 2. From the Layer 2 page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. The current security level is displayed. Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 . perform the following procedure: 1. 3. select the Port Security tab. select Monitoring.

Note For background information on port trunking.Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session. 194 . refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. From the Home page. If you are deleting a port trunk. 195 . Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. From the Configuration page. which can adversely effect the operations of your network. select Configuration. If there is a port trunk. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. To create or delete a port trunk. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk. Select the Port Trunking tab. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. all ports in the switch image will be black. which can produce broadcast storms. the ports of the trunk will be white. 2. Loops can result in broadcast storms. select Layer 1.

To create a port trunk. A selected port changes to white. To delete a port trunk. A port trunk can contain 2. 196 . You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. 3. Click Apply. 5. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk. b. do the following: a. The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. An unselected port is black. or 4 ports. click Remove.

197 .Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror. Note For background information on port mirroring. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79.

Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. From the Configuration page. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. do the following: a. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports. 5. Select the Port Mirroring tab. select Layer 1. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch. b. 198 . The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. To create a port mirror. From the Home page. To delete an existing port mirror. select Configuration. Click Apply. c. 3. Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4. You can select from 1 to 23 ports.

AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted. The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations. 199 .

200 . Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session.Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session. refer to STP Overview on page 84. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP.

201 .1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. If you enable STP. 2. To configure a bridge’s STP parameters. 3. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. From the Home page. The parameters are described below. select the Spanning Tree tab. You should consult the IEEE 802. perform the following procedure: 1. select Configuration. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. From the Layer 2 window. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window . the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. select Layer 2. From the Configuration menu.Configuration 4.

the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). for example. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. This value cannot be changed. After you have made the desired changes. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. click Apply. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. The default is 20 seconds. if you use the default 20. with 0 being the highest priority. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. The default setting is disabled. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. For example. If the bridge transitions too soon. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. When a root bridge goes off-line. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. 202 . The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. The default is 2 seconds. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. The default is 15 seconds. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65.535.Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. possibly resulting in a network loop. 5. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge.

3. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window . refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201. perform the following procedure: 1. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.Monitoring 203 . select Monitoring.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed. select the Spanning Tree tab. From the Home page. 2. From the Layer 2 page. select Layer 2. From the Monitoring menu. To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters.

and delete VLANs from a web browser management session. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 . This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. modify. Virtual LANs. refer to Chapter 10.Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode.

2. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 . select the VLAN tab. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. From the Home page. The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed. select Layer 2. From the Configuration menu. From the Layer 2 window. select Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN.

Section III: Web Browser Management 4. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. Click Add. 6. The name can contain spaces but not special characters. its VID must be unique as well. the name should be unique as well. Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. The name can be from one to 10 characters in length. The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example. Sales or Accounting). 206 . Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN.

This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. For example. 9. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. To select ports for the VLAN. In most cases. click Send to CPU. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. or a tagged port. 8. Click Apply. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. 10. its VID value should be the same on each switch. 207 . 7. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. Note For background information on port mirroring. This value disables port mirroring.

The VLAN is now ready for network operations. 208 .Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment.

Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure. After making the desired changes. perform the following procedure: 1. they are returned to the Default VLAN. 6. 4. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. From the Home page. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. 2. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. Click Modify. click Apply. Creating a VLAN. From the Layer 2 window. 209 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. 7. select Configuration. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. select Layer 2. From the Configuration menu. 3. 5. select the VLAN tab.

select the VLAN tab. Click Remove. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. From the Home page. 2. From the Layer 2 window. 4. select Configuration. From the Configuration menu. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete. The VLAN is deleted from the switch. select Layer 2. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed.Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. 210 . 5.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch. From the Layer 2 page. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Monitoring page. select Monitoring. 3. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. From the Home page. The management software displays the window in Figure 68. select Layer 2. 2. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . select the VLAN tab.

Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. which is the default. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. 5. 2. If you select Basic. click either Tagged or Basic. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs. Virtual LANs. To set the switch’s VLAN mode. From the Configuration menu. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. Note Refer to Chapter 10. Reset the switch. select Configuration. 4. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. If you select Tagged. 212 . 3. In the Switch Mode section of the window. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home Page. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. choose System. You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. Select the General tab.

The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. Click Apply. To change a PVID for a port. click it again. For example. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. 3. 4. select Configuration. A selected port turns white. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. From the Configuration page. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. 5. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. From the Layer 2 page. You can select only one port at a time. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 . 2. From the Home page. select Layer 2. To deselect a port. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. perform the following procedure: 1. select CoS. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure.

Section III: Web Browser Management 6. 7. 214 . Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port. The new value is immediately activated on the port. The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch. Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26. Class of Service on page 219. Click Apply.

215 . refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table.Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch.

select Monitoring. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. The options are described below. 3. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. 2. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed. 216 . From the Layer 2 page. select the Forwarding Database tab. For instructions. select Layer 2. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session. perform the following procedure: 1. Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses. From the Monitoring page. From the Home page. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136.

This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. 217 . Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. You specify the VLAN by its VID. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port. Another example is “000020F. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. 4. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. The port numbering scheme is from right to left. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. click View. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. Once you have configured the options. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. As an example. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is.

This feature is not supported at this time. The type can be either static or dynamic. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. Type The MAC address type. 218 . Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. except for the switch’s MAC address.

This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS.Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS. 219 . refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

Click the port where you want to configure CoS. perform the following procedure: 1. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. it does not matter which of these levels you select.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. 2. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. Click Modify. click the Override Priority option. 6. (To deselect a port. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. select Layer 2. (Again.) 5. You can select only one port at a time. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. select Configuration. The default for this parameter is No. From the Configuration page. Click Apply. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5. select the CoS tab.) 7. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7. 8. From the Home page. From the Layer 2 page. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. 3. click it again.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. 220 . 4. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. A selected port turns white.

Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch. 221 . refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143. Note For background information on this feature.

Select the IGMP tab. select Configuration. Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. perform the following procedure: 1.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. From the Configuration menu. Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. select System. 2. 222 . The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port). 3. From the Home page. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled.

If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 . The range is from 1 second to 86. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. The default is 260 seconds.400 seconds (24 hours). The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. that is. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. The default is 256 multicast groups.

Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image. The default is 256 multicast addresses. A white port indicates a multicast router port. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect. Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. 224 .

Note For background information on this feature. 225 . refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151.Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch.

The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. select Configuration.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. perform the following procedure: 1. The default value is “0” for all timers. You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. click Apply.100x For example. The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page. and 1000 Mbps. From the Home page.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . the management software multiples the value by 10. After you have entered your values. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. enter values for the three interval timers.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab. select them now. 3. If they are not already selected. 4. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed. 100. To specify an interval timer. 2. 226 .

The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. In the graphical switch image. As an example. 7. click it again. select Layer 1. To deselect a port. select it now. 4. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. The selected port turns white. You can select only one port at a time. select Configuration. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. 3. From the Configuration page. perform the following procedure: 1. 5. 227 . 6. If it is not selected. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. 2. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. Click Modify. the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. The port will accept all broadcast frames. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. From the Home page. When you open the Layer 1 page. Click Apply. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds.

Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.0.0.0. Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 .0 0.0.0.0 255.255.

1 and above only.) 229 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.

27. 37 defined. 47 guidelines. 37 releasing IP address. 202 bridge max age parameter. 177 H hello time. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 43 conventions. 41. 88 G gateway address. 50 F flow control. 84. 88. 227 browser tools. 163 AT-S39 version number. 36 documentation. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. 164 downloading via TFTP. 35. 228 DHCP activating. 141. AT-S39. 185 forwarding delay. 88. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. configuring. 41. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. 225 defined. 138 defined. 86. 202 bridge priority. 88. 172 C Class of Service configuring. 150. 52 defined. 37 defined. used in this guide. 37 BPDU.Index A aging time changing. 60. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. 88. 106 setting. 155. 47 setting switch status. 140 console timeout. 45 Auto-Negotiation. 202 bridge hello time parameter. 90 host nodes 230 . 220 defined. 86. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 202 bridge identifier. 212 BOOTP activating. 11 D default values. 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. 167 obtaining. 60. 84. 128 AT-S39 default settings. 121.

193 port statistics. port security. 145. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). 173 R resetting a switch. 24 M MAC address table. maximum. switch. 85 setting. 153. defined. 25 S Secure level. 35. 66 serial number. 58. 82. 95. 77. 113. 26. 143 displaying. 205 defined. 119. 216 MAC address. 209 priority queues. 211 modifying. 21 master switch defined. 59. 50 returning to. 35. 45 slave switch. 157 port trunking creating. 140 priority. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 30 web browser session. 60 multicast groups. 42 root bridge. 65 local management session defined. 190 port cost defined. 67 defined. 90 PVID. 223 multicast router. 55.1d standard. 177 interval timer configuring. 187 speed. default settings.AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 148 host/router timeout interval. 213 defined. 171 port configuring parameters. 79 deleting. 39. displaying. 69 defined. 143 ingress filtering. 28 Telnet session. 198 defined. 50 SNMP community strings. 90 port mirroring creating. 126. switch. 21 snoop topology. 186 displaying status. 107. 146. 177 default. 223 I IEEE 802. 80. 75. 210 displaying. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 226 defined. 149 P password changing. 222 defined. 195 defined. 222 231 . 184 disable. 116. 115. 65 displaying. 94 deleting all. 84 RS232 port. 181 SNMP management session. 87. 118 deleting. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 28 starting. 151 L limited security mode configuring. 59. 32. 18 quitting. 29. 111. 73 deleting. 195 guidelines. 102 port-based VLAN creating. 145. 198 port security configuring. 146. 186 statistics.

122 displaying. 209 Telnet management session defined. 171 static MAC address adding. 210 disabling. 160 system name. 203 starting session local. 113. 116. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. 29 TFTP. default. 113. 43 limitations. changing. 20 quitting. 35. 112. 121. 94. AT-S39. 84 port cost. 94 tagged. 101 VLAN identifier (VID). 101 deleting all. 116. 205 defined. 129 statistics port. 160 STP. 136 deleting. 24 Telnet. 19 quitting. 211 enabling. 107. defined. 118 deleting. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. 29 web browser. 87. 171 V version number. 177 switch statistics. 157. 92 deleting all. 212 modifying. 190 switch. 201 configuring port parameters. 164 downloading via TFTP. 35. 209 port-based. defined. 85. 115. 211 modifying. 167 U unavailable status. 115. 112. 173 starting. 108 VLAN identifier. 50 user name. 30 starting. 210 displaying. 90 viewing bridge parameters. 171 232 . 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 206 VLAN. 118 deleting. 45 virtual LAN creating. downloading software updates. defined.Index software updates downloading from a local session. 89 defined. 107. 122 mode. 111. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. 137 displaying. 205 defined. 167 obtaining.

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