Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

3

Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

4

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 126 MAC Address Overview ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses ........ 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses ................................................................................................................................................................................ 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 127 Displaying MAC Addresses .............................................................................................................................. 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering ........................................................................................................................... 139 Class of Service Overview ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 137 Changing the Aging Time .................................................................................................................................................. 99 Tagged VLAN Overview .............................................................................................................................. 103 Tagged VLAN Example ......................................................... 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs ................... 140 Configuring CoS ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 143 Activating IGMP Snooping .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping ....................... 157 Displaying Switch Statistics ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 142 IGMP Snooping Overview ........ 98 Port-based Example 2................................ 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN .................................................................................... 112 Modifying a VLAN .................. 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN .....................................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs ...................................................... 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview ..................................................................................................................................................... 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes ........................................................................... 156 Displaying Port Statistics ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table ..................................................................................... 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 113 Displaying VLAN Information ......................92 Port-based VLAN Overview ............................................................................................................... 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs ............................ 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN ............................................ 160 5 .............................................................................................................. 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control .......................................................................................................... 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers ............................................................................................................................................ 97 Port-based Example 1........................................................................................................................................................................ 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN........................ 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview .............................. 151 Configuring the Interval Timer .......................................................................................................... 118 Changing a PVID Value .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 116 Deleting All VLANs ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN ........................ 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count ..............................................94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................91 VLAN Overview ......................................................... 115 Deleting a VLAN .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................167 Example.........................................................................................................................162 Obtaining Software Updates ....................................................................................... 167 Uploading a Configuration File ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................205 Modifying a VLAN ..................................................................168 Example......................................................................................................................................................................................................................184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode ......................................................................................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................213 6 .....201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings ..........................................................................................171 Browser Tools....................................................................................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol ........204 Creating a VLAN ................................................................212 Changing a PVID ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters ...........203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP ...........................................................................................................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security ...........................210 Displaying VLANs ....................209 Deleting a VLAN .....................................................................................................................................................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks .......192 Displaying the Port Security Level ...................................................................................... 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ........................................................174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name .............195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring ............. 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session ....................................................................................................175 Viewing System Information .....................................................................................................................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ........................................................................................................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................183 Configuring Port Parameters ................ 168 Section III Web Browser Management ..................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control ............................................. 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping ....................................................................................................................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table ........................................................ 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table ........... 230 7 .................................................................................................................................................................... 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping .................................................. 219 Configuring CoS .............................. 228 Index ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 225 Configuring the Interval Timer ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings ........................................................

......... 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu ...............List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port ......................... 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu ... 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window .......... 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window ...................... 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu ............................................................. 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 122 8 ............................................................................................... 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu ..................................................................................................................................... 25 Figure 2: Main Menu ..................................................................................................... 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window .................................... 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 52 Figure 11: Port Menu ........................................................................ 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu ..................................................................................................................................................... 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 .........................................................................Example 2 ...................... 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window .. 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window .................Example 1 ............................................... 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu ............................................................................................. 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN ............................................. 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example .......................... 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu .......................................................................... 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window ......................................... 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window ................ 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN ................................................ 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window .................. 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 ....... 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu ............................................................... 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window ............................................................................................................................................................ 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window ...................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window ............................................................ Figure 52: Home Page .......................................................................................................................................................... Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 62: Port Trunking Window .................................................................................. Figure 66: VLAN Window ..................................................... Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window ................................................... Figure 54: General Tab Window ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 69: CoS Setting Window .............................................................................................................. Figure 60: Port Statistics Window .......................... Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu ............................................................................................................... Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page .................................. Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window .......................................................................................................................................... Figure 71: IGMP Tab ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 ...........................................................................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ................................................................................................................................................... Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window ...................................................................................... Figure 55: SNMP Tab ............................................................ Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab ......................................... Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab .......................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 67: Add VLAN Window .......................................................................................................................................... Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window .................................................. Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window ............ Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu ................................................................................................................................................... Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window ............................................. Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window ................................................ Figure 57: Settings for Port Window ............................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 59: Port Status Window ....................................... Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 53: General Tab ...................................................................Configuration ............................................................................................................ Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window .............................................................................................................. Figure 68: VLAN Window ........................................ Figure 61: Port Security Menu ................................................................................................................................................................................................................Monitoring .....................................................................................................................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

10

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

11

Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

12

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

13

Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products.alliedtelesyn. To use the FTP server. You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www.alliedtelesyn. 14 .com. enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password.com or our FTP server at ftp.

15 . It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software.

as explained in the hardware installation guide. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. 16 . then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network. and powering ON the device. Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters. If this is true for your network. The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters. You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches.Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A.

The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use. They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session.AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software. It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser. 17 . such as to change or adjust its operating parameters. The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide.

18 . you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch. You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session. Once the session is started. using a straight-through RS-232 cable.Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located. Note For instructions on starting a local management session. refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25.

With AT-8024GB switches. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters. which include the enhanced stacking feature. You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session. Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. 19 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet.

They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking . as well as every AT-8024 switch. Consequently. This too is a type of remote management.You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session. refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171. every AT-8024GB switch. Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session.Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch.You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session. ❑ DHCP and BOOTP . that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address. There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session.You can view but not set the port security level of a switch. ❑ Port security level . just like a Telnet management session. because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch. 20 .

Consequently. The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program. For instructions. Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. refer to your SNMP management documentation. A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program. 21 . you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program.

The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session.

Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .

refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch. Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. usually within a few meters. to start this type of management session. you must go to where that switch is located. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch. Note For information on enhanced stacking. 24 . Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. you can manage just that switch. Additionally. This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. This can simplify network management. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session. Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200. 3. see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 . POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2. Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program. perform the following procedure: 1.

Otherwise. (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1. (The password is case-sensitive. (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>). The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset.Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 . Note During boot up.) 4. the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps). enter the password for the management software. You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal.) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal. This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only. If prompted for a password. simply type boot and press Return to start the switch. The default is “admin”. the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt.Save Configuration Changes R . or an equivalent terminal emulator program. The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly.1 and above.) The Main Menu is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S . 5. Press the Return key twice. The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps.

Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu. you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet. refer to Chapter 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item. 27 . For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session. This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. type the corresponding letter or number. Enhanced Stacking on page 46. It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located. Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch.

Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions. return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit. You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch. This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended. Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session. 28 .

In terms of functionally. The menus also function the same. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. such as with a local management session. To return to a previous menu. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely. 29 . type R or press ESC twice. type its corresponding number of letter. Additionally. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. The default password is “admin”. To make a selection. as shown in Figure 2 on page 26. Note For background information on enhanced stacking. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. Enter the management software password when prompted. Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time.

type Q for Quit from the Main Menu.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session. 30 .

activating the original switch default settings. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 .Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures. and more. There are also procedures for resetting the switch. There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses. Second. You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session.) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. 32 . it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. You do not need to assign an IP address. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. First. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. all from the same management session. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. This feature has two primary benefits. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address. The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. you must also assign it a subnet mask. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking. you must assign at least one of them an IP address. This switch will be the Master switch of the stack. subnet mask. a web browser. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address.

then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure. 33 . If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which.AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. You can do this two different ways. switches on your network need an IP address. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet. if any. The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet. The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. Note For further information on enhanced stacking.

.. type 4 to select Administration Menu... Change Password ......0 System Name . 0.....0 Subnet Mask . (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network. Administrator . 9 . To manually set a switch’s IP address...0..0.. and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session..0.Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L .. The selection X . subnet mask. Comments ....) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 .Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42.0. such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch. along with other optional information.... From the Main Menu.0 Default Gateway . 0..255... perform the following procedure: 1. 255. go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37..0..Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 ..Save Configuration Changes R ....Reset Switch X . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address .. The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address..Release DHCP IP Address S ........

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

From the Main Menu. 39 .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. type 3 to select SNMP Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. From the Advanced Configuration window. The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed. From the System Configuration Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. 2.

. public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 ..0...0 0.. type S to select Save Configuration Changes.0 0..0. To change a value.... The parameters are described below....... .Trap Receiver 1 5 .0.......SET Community .0 S .Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch.Trap Receiver 2 6 ..Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed.. 4 ...Trap Receiver 3 7 ..0. 1 .Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings....Trap Community . public 2 ..........Save Configuration Changes R .......Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4......GET Community ..0.0. .. After making your changes.. 0..0. Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch. private 3 . when prompted.GET Community 2 ..... type its corresponding number and. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 ... 40 .SET Community 3.. Adjust the parameters as desired... .......... enter the new value..0 0.. 5.....0......

If you type Y for yes. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. Type Y for yes or N for no. From the System Configuration Menu. Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A. 41 . From the Main Menu. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings. 4. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. 2. the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults. perform the following procedure: 1. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. type 5 to select System Config Menu. You are prompted to reset the switch. Type Y to reset the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values.

From the Main Menu. a task requiring only a second or two to complete.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. The switch immediately reloads its operating system. From the Administrator Menu. 2. 42 . Some data traffic may be lost. type 9 to select Reset Switch. type 4 to select Administrator Menu. Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software. perform the following procedure: 1.

❑ Web Access . These security features are: ❑ Password . perform the following procedure: 1.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch. (The password is case-sensitive. type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and. 3. when prompted. if you specify 2 minutes. type E to enable web access or D to disable web access. perform the procedure below. ❑ Console Timeout . The default password is “admin”. 43 . 2. For instructions on how to set this security feature. the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. From the Main Menu.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. For example. perform the procedure below. and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser. type 5 to select System Config Menu.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. For instructions on how to set this security feature. The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. when prompted.The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch. To configure the console timer. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software. To configure web browser access. type 6 to select Web Server Access and. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password.

type S to select Save Configuration Changes. if you disable web access. 44 . Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. After you have made the desired changes. 4.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser.

.17...D2.... The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed..AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information....00 R ....A0................1 5456411 00. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version . AT-S39 v1. type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed. Serial Number .32....... MAC Address .... Bootloader Version ... 45 ..3 ATI_LOADER1...

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch. 46 . This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch.Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch.

This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. Once connected to the network. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. should you remove a master switch from the network. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. If your network consists of more than one subnet. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. such as for maintenance. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. You simply connect it to your network. That way. 47 . Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network.

3. 48 . For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. do not. you must assign each master switch a unique IP address. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session. You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch. referred to as slave switches. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network.

Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet.32. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149. 49 .16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router.11.09. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets. and each has been assigned a unique IP address.32.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature.22 Master 2 IP Address 149. you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet.32.18 Master 2 IP Address 149.32.11.09. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet.

type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack..A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet.A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch. ❑ Slave switch . Note The default setting for a switch is Slave. Master 2 ..Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable. You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch.Enhanced Stacking Services S .A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch. ❑ Unavailable . A switch with this designation can be managed locally. slave switch. To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status. The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed. From the Main Menu..Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 .Save Configuration Changes R . Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 . a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address. It does not need an IP address or subnet mask.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch. you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet. or unavailable. perform the following procedure: 1. A master switch must have a unique IP address. To be managed remotely.

Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches. 51 . Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3. Type M to change the switch to a master switch. The following prompt is displayed. type 1 to select Switch State. or U to make the switch unavailable.Switch State. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Press Return. S to make it a slave switch. 2. To change a switch’s status. the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master.” For example. A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 . Note The “2 . 4.

If you assigned system names to your switches.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G . To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet.Get/Refresh List of Switches A . 2.Access Switch R . type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch. From the Main Menu. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. From the Enhanced Stacking window. The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window. you need to select it from the management software. To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack. The window in Figure 10 is displayed. When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet. then it is very easy. perform the following procedure: 1. The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch. you are by default addressing that particular switch.

Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit. This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window. Enter the switch’s password and press Return. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session. 6. The default password is “admin”. Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. if you want to manage the Master switch. The password is case-sensitive. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. 53 . You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. You now can manage the selected switch. Once you see that window. Type A to select Access Switch. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. 4. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch. type 1 to select Port Menu.Accept changes & update flash R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C . perform the following procedure: 1. type 4 to select Port Status. 55 . From the Main Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2. The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed. From the Port Menu.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed. Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. 56 . The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number.indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N .Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually. Possible values are: Up .Update Display R .Next Page U . Figure 12 is an example of the window. Down . Possible values are: Auto . Manual .indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link. Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode.

The port has been manually disabled.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port. 57 .100 Mbps 1000 . Possible values are: 10 .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. Spd The operating speed of the port. Flow The flow control setting for the port.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. Disabled . Receive . Transmit . Possible values are: Forwarding . Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Possible values are: None . State The current operating status of the port.10 Mbps 100 . This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member. Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member.The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames. Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex.AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port.No flow control on the port. Both .

.... type 1 to select Port Menu.. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3.No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 . Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 . perform the following procedure: 1..... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status .. Flow Control . The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. Advertise 100FDX . MDI/MDIX Mode .. To configure only one port.. type 1 to select Port Configuration.... enter the first port of the range.. Negotiation .... From the Port Menu........ The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed... Advertise 10HDX . From the Main Menu. Advertise 10FDX ............ To configure a range of ports. enter the last port number in the range.. Advertise 100HDX ... To configure a range of ports. Broadcast Control ... enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return..Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch... 2. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return....

The port will not receive or forward packets.. Disabled . This toggles the parameter through its possible settings.. Possible settings are: Forwarding .... The possible settings for the 2 . You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port.. which is the default.. If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation.Duplex ....Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode. 0100 3 ... 5.... You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port. Adjust the port parameters as desired. The parameters are described below.. a port will not receive or transmit frames. You adjust a parameter by typing its number. you can enable the port again to resume normal operation.Speed ...Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode. the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically. two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 .. The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters. 0 . When disabled..Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port. If you select Manual.. This is the default setting..1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 .100 Mbps 1000 . 59 . 1 .The port will receive and forward packets..10 Mbps 0100 ..Speed selection are: 0010 ..Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex. Once the problem has been fixed..

or full-duplex mode. you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX. a switch port will advertise its full capabilities.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. Both . The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode. B .Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. By default. Transmit . which is the default setting.Advertise 10FDX 6 . Receive . the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it. 5 . a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it.Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option. 60 .Advertise 10HDX 7 . 9 . For example. which is the default setting. Possible settings are: None . If desired. During Auto-Negotiation. You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation. half-duplex operation. Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated. if you set the selection 8 .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.Advertise 100FDX 8 . which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half.MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port.Advertise 100HDX to No. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155. The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames. the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps. If you set this to Auto.No flow control on the port.

when selected. Once you have set the port parameters. You can use this option to reset the selected port.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. 61 . type S to select Save Configuration Changes. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node. Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port. which. The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection. The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection. This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode.

Type either 24 or 25. these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. 62 . The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed. type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information. type 5 to select System Config Menu. To display GBIC information. 3.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 . perform the following procedure: 1.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4. From the System Configuration Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window.GBIC Information R . From the Main Menu. Type 1 to select GBIC Information. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. 2.

.... Length 62....AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module................... Connector Type . Length 9/125 mm Fib.......... You cannot change this information...Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only........ Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding ...................... (100m) . Elect/Opt Transceiver .. (k) ... N ...... Type of Serial Interface .. Extended Serial Transceiver .. 63 .... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number ............. (10k) ...5/125 um Fib. (10m) ..... Length 9/125 um Fib.Next Page R . Length 50/125 um Fib....... Figure 15 is an example of the window.

Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. 64 .Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.

it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. it remains in the table and is never purged. Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. even when the end node is inactive.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. Once this mode is activated. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. Automatic This operating mode disables port security. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. 65 . There are four levels of port security. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch.

The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level. no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. 66 . The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned. Once you have activated this security level. even those belonging to inactive end nodes. The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. When this security level is activated. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time.

type 3 to select the Secured mode.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. From the Main Menu. From the Port Menu. After activating this security mode. 2. 67 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. perform the following procedure: 1. 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . type 1 to select Automatic mode. ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. This is the default setting. To set a switch’s port security level. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward. type 5 to select Port Security. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. type 2 to select Limited mode.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. To specify the limits. type 1 to select Port Menu. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports.

68 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned. A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch. type 4 to select Lock all the ports now. Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time.

2. You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports. frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded.Set MAC limit per port 3 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn. type 1 to select Port Menu.Display MAC limit per port 2 . type 5 to select Port Security. 3. From the Port Menu.Configure port security limited mode R . From the Main Menu. From the Port Security menu. type 2 to select Limited security.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 . the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 . Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn. Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table. You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. When you activate this security level. Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. To configure Limited security mode.

Type 1 to select Enter a threshold.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. Type 2 to choose Select a port. repeat Steps 5 through 9. type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports. This applies the limit to the port. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. 13. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. type R to select Return to previous menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8. Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. 10. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. 70 . type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode. Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . The range is 1 to 150 addresses. To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch. 11. 12. 7. 9. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed.

If necessary. 16. The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed. If you assigned different values to different ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. 14. 15. Examine the MAC limits. Check to be sure that they are correct. Limited security has now been configured on the switch. 71 . be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu.

Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .

there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. and so on. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. Despite the software configuration and physical connections. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. or another Ethernet switch. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. router. ❑ The duplex mode. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. 15 for the trunk. ❑ When cabling a trunk. and so on. or 4 ports. 23. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. 22.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. such as a server. ports 4. and 7). 13. A port trunk is 2. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. speed. On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. For example. the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. 14. or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. workstation. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. 3. port 13 to port 22. and 24. 3. 5. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. 73 . On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. To maintain the order of the port connections. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load. For example. 6.

The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch. The server is connected to the switch with four data links. Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server. ❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch. The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 .❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN. AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches. A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs.

From the Main Menu. Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure. To create a port trunk. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed. examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk. Note Before creating a port trunk.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch. Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 . are the same for all the ports of the trunk.Add ports to trunk 2 .Delete Trunk 3 . type 3 to select Port Trunking. You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN. From the Port Menu. such as speed and duplex mode. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance.Save Configuration Changes R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 . Check to be sure that the settings. 2.Show port trunking status S . perform the following procedure: 1. type 1 to select Port Menu. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology.

. To confirm the creation of the port trunk. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. type 3 to display the status of the trunk. 8. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R .4) or as a range (e.2. Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk. Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking. The following prompt is displayed. 6. 7-10). You can specify the ports individually (e.g.3. Enter new value -> 4.3. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window.g.Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7.. Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk. The port trunk is ready for network operations. 5. 1. Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return. 76 .

77 . type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. type 3 to select Port Trunking. 5. The port trunk is deleted from the switch. From the Main Menu. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. Type 2 to select Delete trunk. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 4. type 1 to select Port Menu. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. To confirm the deletion. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology. To delete a port trunk from the switch. 2. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Port Menu.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror.

the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. For example. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. the more ports you mirror. However. if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports. You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed. 79 . you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports. the mirror port is likely to drop packets. For example.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port.

The following prompt is displayed. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. enter the last port in the range. Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is. perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3..Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror. To mirror a range of ports. Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6.Delete ports from mirror 5 .. type 1 to select Port Menu.. enter the first port of the range. 5.. Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 .Show Port Mirror Status S . Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror... enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step. The following prompt is displayed. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed.CPU Attached . Press Return. You can specify only one mirror port... 80 .Save Configuration Changes R ..Mirroring Port . Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4.. If you want to mirror a range or ports.. the port to where the traffic will be copied). Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7.Add ports to mirror 4 . 2. No 3 .. From the Main Menu. To mirror the traffic of only one port... The following prompt is displayed. From the Port Menu. 0 2 .

AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. 10. 9. The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored. To confirm the creation of the port mirror. type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status. Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The port mirror is now functional. 81 .

3. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. From the Main Menu. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. 2. 5. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. 82 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. From the Port Menu. type 1 to select Port Menu. Enter 0 and press Return. The following prompt is displayed.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror.

Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters.1D. 83 . ISO/IEC 10038: 1993. refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol.

of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. 84 . as specified in the IEEE 802. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles. Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge. and sometimes its MAC address. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number.1D standard.Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes. Where multiple paths exist. either planned or unplanned. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. leaving only one main active path. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. exist in the network topology. referred to as broadcast storms. By adjusting the value. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. also referred to as the bridge identifier.

and which path(s) will be placed in the standby. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state. Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and. the lower the port cost. if one is found. 85 . The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. If two paths have the same port cost. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. blocking mode. where all ports have a port cost of 0. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. Below are the default values. If redundant paths exist. the preferred path is selected through port priority. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. The faster the port. active path.

before it begins to forward frames. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. However. a temporary data loop could occur. with the size of your network being a primary factor. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. Consequently. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). and if not. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. When a bridge is brought on-line. the active topology also changes. 86 . For small networks. you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. and that could adversely impact network performance. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. removal. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. listening and learning. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. For large networks. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. especially if it is a large network. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. or addition of any active components. a change in a port state is not activated immediately.

Bridge Max Age ... 1 . The parameters are described below. From the Main Menu.. Bridge Forwarding .....Display STP Port Settings 9 . You should consult the IEEE 802.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2.. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks.Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch. Bridge Hello Time . Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. 87 . Bridge Priority .. The default setting is disabled..1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network... Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. If you enable STP...... The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings.. 1. Bridge Identifier . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable .. Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 .Reset STP to Defaults R .Config STP Port Settings 8 ..

The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. 3 . The default is 20 seconds. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. For example. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. 4 . 88 .535. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table.Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. After you have made the desired changes. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. The default is 2 seconds.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. not all links may have yet adapted to the change.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. If the bridge transitions too soon. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). with 0 being the highest priority. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. The default is 15 seconds. resulting in network loops.Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. if you use the default 20. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. 5 . for example. When a root bridge goes off-line. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 3. 6 .Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. If two or more bridges have the same priority value.

....AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5. The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed..... enter the first port of the range..... Enter the number of the port you want to configure.. This value cannot be changed. To configure just one port. Path Cost . perform the following procedure: 1. Adjust the settings as desired... enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step. From the Spanning Tree menu. To configure a range of ports. 89 .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating . Bridge Hello Time ... 2.. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. Port Priority ... 1 . From the Main Menu. Root Bridge . type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu.. To configure a range of ports. enter the last port of the range. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. type 7 to select Config STP port settings.Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain. Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R . The parameters are described below.....

Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain. 4 . The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port. The default is 2 seconds. This value cannot be changed from this window.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge.Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge. This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed. 90 . 10 for a 100 Mbps port. and 4 for a 1 Gbps port.Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN. refer to the previous procedure. The range is 1 to 65535. 3 . The range is 0-255.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . 5 . The default value for priority is 128. To change this value.

It also contains the procedures for creating.Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs). This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 . modifying. This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session.

such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. 92 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. For example. For example. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company. logical LAN segments. Before the advent of VLANs. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth. It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. Additionally. With VLANs. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. if an employee changed departments. This too can improve overall network performance. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN. The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN.

The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections. VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically. a virtual LAN can span more than one switch. This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location.AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software. Additionally. 93 . or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another.

A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. and Engineering. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. Examples include Sales. you must give it a name. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. or just a few ports. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. called the Default VLAN. A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches. A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. such as a router or Layer 3 switch. 94 . Production. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN.

all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID. If you allow the management software to do it automatically. it will simply select the next available VID. you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received. Additionally. rather than by a port’s PVID. Untagged Ports Naturally. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch. Consequently. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. In this manner. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). unique VLAN. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. 95 . You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. This is acceptable when you are creating a new. For example.

If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. ❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN. the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs. 96 . However. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port. This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. Consequently. the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID.

many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. across multiple VLANs. a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN. ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. For example. such as servers and printers. A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs. In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches. ❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network. 97 .

Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member. the Default VLAN is not shown. 11 . The ports have been assigned PVID values.13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 .) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN . You assign this number when you create a VLAN.4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs. and Production VLANs on the switch.24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID. A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN. (For purposes of the following examples. Engineering.Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. 98 .

Example 2 99 . each VLAN has one port connected to the router. The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example. In this example. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN . Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs. two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch.

This VLAN spans both switches. 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 . The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch. This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN. and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 .6. This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch. ❑ Production VLAN . It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch.24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 . So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN. Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch. This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN. 14. This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment. However. It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4. Engineering.6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN . ❑ Engineering VLAN .This is the final VLAN in the example. 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13. 100 . Since this VLAN spans multiple switches.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales.This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN. it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router.11.

where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94. This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802. If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame. This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time. 101 . the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. For example. this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802.1Q-compliant. the frame will be discarded.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN. This contrasts to a port-based VLAN. the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. A tag. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch. referred to as a tagged frame. The IEEE 802.3ac standard). a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches.

whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. However. You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN. But actually there is. there would seem to be no need for a PVID. and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. a frame without any tagged information). 102 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. Otherwise. An untagged port. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. can be in only one VLAN at a time. But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. In the case of a tagged VLAN. simultaneously.

AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time. 103 . If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks. ❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs. ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS. each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID.

1Q-based products.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 .

you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs. 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs. But with tagged ports. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. data separation and security remain. each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. 18 (PVID 2) 8. The tagged frames. 105 . Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device.1Q-compliant server. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. It is connected to an IEEE 802. It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. 20 (PVID 3) 8. while still maintaining data separation and security. when received by the switch.

including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered. Packets are passed through the switch unchanged.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. is ignored. You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. All VLAN information. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. 106 . but the VLANs are not used. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121. ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. either tagged or untagged.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S . From the Main Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3.Port VLANs & Priorities R . The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 . The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. 107 . From the VLAN Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN. type 1 to select Create a VLAN.Virtual LAN Support 2 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Save Configuration Changes R . perform the following procedure: 1.Virtual LAN Definitions 3 .

If this will be a unique VLAN in your network.... The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value. Mirroring Port . If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches.... Sales or Accounting). If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. 108 .. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!)..... than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch. 0 Tagged Ports . then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected.. then the name should be unique as well..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4.. Untagged Ports . 5.... The name can be from one to ten characters in length.... Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096..Create VLAN R . Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN. 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) .......... but not special characters....Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. C .... The name can contain spaces. VLAN ID (VID) . if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches.. The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name . For example... you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value.. then its VID must also be unique.

Note In most cases. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. 8. you will see the following message: SUCCESS . If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports.7-9). this parameter should be left with its default value of 0. leave this field empty. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. type 4 to select Show All VLANs. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports. 7-9).7-9) 7. 2. You can specify the ports individually (e. If the VLAN will contain tagged ports..5. To verify that the VLAN was created correctly..5. 109 . A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored.3.) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature. 14. Press any key. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN. Type C to select Create VLAN. 11. or both (e.g.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6.5). 2.g.Press any key to continue.(If you do not to activate this feature. For more information on port mirroring. 2. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. 2. either do not select this option or select it and type N for no. as a range (e. type 6 and Y for yes. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.g. 9. leave this field empty.. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN.5).3. or both (e. 10.. 13.g. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port.g.g. 7-9). Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports. type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted.. You can specify the ports individually (e. as a range (e. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports.. 12. you can analyze the VLAN traffic.

110 . the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN. For example.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15. if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time. Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. Note When you create a new VLAN.

After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. To create the example Sales VLAN. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Press Return. perform the following procedure: 1. Ports 1 to 4. 2. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. 111 . Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”. 9. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. press any key. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. 7. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. The new Sales VLAN has now been created. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. 6. Type C to select Create VLAN. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. 5. From the VLAN Menu. 4. 3. 8.

16”. From the Main Menu. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9. 112 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104. 3. press any key. 6. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created. 10. Type C to select Create VLAN. and two untagged ports. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. Press Return. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. and 12. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. 20”. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. 5. type 1 to select Create a VLAN.10. 7. 9. To create the example Engineering VLAN. Ports 8 and 16. It will consist of three untagged ports. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”. 8. perform the following procedure: 1. Ports 9. 11. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. 4.11. From the VLAN Menu. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. 2.

..VLAN ID (VID) . 2. type 2 to select Modify a VLAN. 3. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Press any key to continue. Change the VLAN’s information as desired. The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS . perform the following procedure: 1. After making the desired changes.. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. R . This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN. 6... type M to select Modify VLAN. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4. 7. refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify. The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed. For a description of the parameters. From the VLAN Menu. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115.. To modify a VLAN. 113 .

114 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 8. 10. The VLAN has been modified. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 9. Press any key. 11. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs.

2. type 4 to select View All VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names. 3. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch. From the VLAN Menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. The Show All VLANs window is displayed.9 U: 1-6 T: 7. Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. VID numbers. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 .9 U: 8.

Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. From the VLAN Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. type D. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return.. 3. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). To delete the VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure.. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. R . From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. To delete a VLAN. 6.. The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4. 116 . To obtain a VLAN’s VID. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 . Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed. A confirmation prompt is displayed. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. type 3 to select Delete a VLAN.. which has a VID of 1.. 2.VLAN ID (VID) . From the Main Menu..

The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS . Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 10. The VLAN has been deleted. both tagged and untagged. are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.AT-S39 User’s Guide 7. All ports in the deleted VLAN. 8. 117 . 9. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs. Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure.Press any key to continue.

To delete all VLANs on a switch. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 3. 118 . perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. perform the following procedure: 1. A confirmation message is displayed. Press Return. on a switch. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. 4. 2. 5.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. From the VLAN Menu. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. except the Default VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. To delete selected VLANs.

The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN. From the Main Menu. For example.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change. To change a PVID for a port. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed. 2. There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. Press Return. then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7. 119 . perform the following procedure: 1. Type 1 to select Port Number. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN.Port Number R . From the VLAN Menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 . if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7.

. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6... 8...Update Changes to Chip C ...Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed..... 120 .. The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS ... Port VLAN ID ......... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number . 7.Press any key to continue. 1 1 0 N U . Return to the Main Menu... Override Priority (Y/N) .. Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High ...... Type S to select Save Configuration Changes... Press Return.... Type U to select Update Changes to Chip...Accept changes & update flash R ... 9.. The port now has a new PVID.. You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch... Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID. Specify the new PVID value for the port.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5.

5. 121 . Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged. Press Return. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. The default is Tagged mode. From the Main Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. perform the following procedure: 1. 4. Type 3 to select Switch Mode. 2. B-Basic): 3. Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs.

Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3. From the VLAN Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 . To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. It sets a switch’s VLAN mode. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering. The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed.Enable/Disable VLANs 2 . When VLANs are disabled. Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs.Disable VLANs Globally R .Accept changes & update flash R . When VLANs are enabled.Enable VLANs Globally D .Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 . If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure.Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C . the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode. 2. ingress filtering is disabled.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E . Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering. perform the following procedure: 1. the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. From the Main Menu. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed.

123 .AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 4. 5. 6. Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode.

just as a reminder. or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. the switch discards the frame. the port accepts the frame.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. Fortunately. Here is an example. If there is. First. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. If they belong to different VLANs. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. the port discards the frame. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN. the port accepts the frame. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. If they belong to the same VLAN. nor to any frames. Once the tagged frame is received. For further information. 124 . The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table. In this case. tagged or untagged. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. the frame is discarded. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header.

Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5. perform the following procedure: 1. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. 4. From the VLAN Menu.Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D . Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags. Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets. From the Main Menu. Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame. 2. 125 . From the Virtual LAN Support menu. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E . The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. You cannot set this per port. Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority. The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed. To enable or disable ingress filtering. which is the default. regardless of the status of ingress filtering.Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R . and that is the priority tag. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. In most cases. A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame.

Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .

The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch. For example. along with the port number on which each address was learned. A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. it also examines the destination address and. When the switch receives a packet. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table. and the port number where each address was learned.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. 127 . If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. determines the port where the destination node is connected. by referring to its MAC address table. When the destination node responds. This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port.

For instructions on changing the aging timer. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. even when the end node is inactive. The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes). A static MAC address. even when the end node is inactive. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted. This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports. You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process. 128 . once entered in the table. The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table. The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table.

type 6 to select MAC Address Tables. type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses. One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. To display the MAC address table. The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed. just the base ports. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports. To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed. 129 . To display only static MAC addresses. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R . type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports. 3.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2. From the Main Menu.

A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only. The static MAC address window is exactly the same. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed.Accept changes & update flash U . (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. 130 . Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. The columns in the window are defined below. except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N .”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”.Update Display R . This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups.

except for the switch’s MAC address. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. This feature is not supported at this time. The type can be either static or dynamic. Another example is “000020F. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. As an example. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. 131 . This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. Type The MAC address type.

A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu. 2.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port. 132 . From the Main Menu. Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return. 1. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3. From the MAC Address Table menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table.

The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. The procedure in this section offers an easier way. or to which the address was assigned. From the MAC Address Table menu. 133 . From the Main Menu. for a static address. You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address. 2. type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. But if the switch is part of a large network. you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. if the address was learned dynamically. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. 1. finding the address could prove difficult.

134 . 2. From the MAC Address Table menu. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch. as explained earlier in this chapter. (This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns.) Note To perform this procedure. perform the following procedure. produces the same result. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. From the Main Menu. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view. 1.

The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table. If you type Y for yes. the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure. perform the following procedure.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. From the Main Menu. Once the table has been purged. 1. 135 . A confirmation prompt is displayed. From the MAC Address Table menu. 2. 3. type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses.

To add a static address to the MAC address table.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. 2. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected. The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table. 5. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address. From the Main Menu. From the MAC Address Table menu. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. perform the following procedure: 1. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses. 136 . type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address.

Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. 2. From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. 137 . From the MAC Address Table menu. type 3 to select Delete MAC Address. Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. perform the following procedure: 1. 4. type 6 to select MAC Address Table.

From the Main Menu. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. Enter a new value in seconds. When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time. This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active. type 5 to select System Config Menu. the switch deletes the address. The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3. From the System Config Menu. The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes). 138 . To adjust the aging time. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table.

Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .

low and high. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest. untagged frames (i. such as voice transmission or video conferencing. 0 to 7. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays. transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality.1Q standards.. 140 .1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue. File transfer delays did occur. Prior to CoS. When a tagged packet enters a switch port. but were mostly transparent to network users. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue.1p and 802.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority. packet transfer delays can prove problematic. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port. CoS was designed to address this problem. The 802. But with the introduction of time-critical applications. For example. network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner. By default.e. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802.

meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself.7). 6. 3. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. From the Main Menu. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. 11. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. 2. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. 10. Type 3 to select Priority (0 . Type 1 to select Port Number.) 7. From the VLAN Menu. 8. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 5.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. Press Return.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. Return to the Main Menu. enter a value from 4 to 7. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS. 141 . 9. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port. (Again. The default for this parameter is No. enter a value from 0 to 3. perform the following procedure: 1. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch.

If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. referred to as Version 1 and Version 2.) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports. it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. In Version 2. it simply stops sending reports. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups. referred to as a time-out value. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. There are two versions of IGMP. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. it removes the node from appropriate membership list. In Version 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. the router does not send multicast packets out the port. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. Once the router has received a report from a host node. 143 . it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group.

144 . Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2. Note By default.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. and by processing leave requests. which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups. except the port on which it received the packet. IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value. a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports.

. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. type 5 to select System Config Menu.. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 . 2 .. From the System Configuration Menu. 3.Save Configuration Changes R ... From the Main Menu.. After selecting this option.. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status .. The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters. From the Advanced Configuration window.. Multicast Router Port(s) .IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. Multicast Host Topology ... Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate).. type E to enable or D to disable this feature... Host/Router Timeout Interval ..... View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S ..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 . Maximum Multicast Groups . 2.. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration.Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port.

Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn.Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. 3 .Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval.400 seconds (24 hours). leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups.Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. The range is from 1 second to 86. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. 5 . you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 . The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. The default is 256 multicast groups. The default is 256 multicast addresses. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. 4 . some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. The default is 260 seconds. that is.

Your changes are activated immediately on the switch. 147 . To select Auto Detect.AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect. Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 4. enter “0” (zero) for this parameter. After making the desired changes. or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number.

Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected. type 5 to select System Config Menu. as well as the host nodes. type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. From the Main Menu. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. From the System Configuration Menu. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch. From the Advanced Configuration window. 148 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.Update Display R . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. 3. The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group. Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. perform the following procedure: 1. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. 4. The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U . To display the list. 2.

Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. From the System Configuration Menu. The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. 2. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected. From the Advanced Configuration window. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U . You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. type 7 to select View Multicast Router List. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. 149 . From the Main Menu. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. To display a list of the multicast routers. type 5 to select System Config Menu.Update Display R . Router IP The IP address of the multicast router. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. 3. 4.

Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .

For example. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. That is. When a node sends out a broadcast frame. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval. Broadcast frames are different. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. In order to use this feature. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination.AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. 151 . when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds. For example.

the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval. Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example. At these settings. the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames. 152 .

.. From the System Configuration Menu.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps .10x ❑ 100 Mbps .....AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature. 0 milli sec 3 . (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.100x 153 .) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed. From the Advanced Configuration Menu.Save Configuration Changes R . From the Main Menu. 2.Timer for 10 MB ports . 0 milli sec 2 .Timer for 100 MB ports . type 5 to select System Config Menu. Type 1. The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed.. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 . and 1000 Mbps. 3. or 3 and enter a value when prompted.Timer for 1000 MB ports . The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . 0 micro sec C . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. 100.. 2. The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4. type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup.

type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 6. The default value is “0” for all timers. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. 154 . The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive. Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. Once you have set the desired timer intervals. the management software multiples the value by 10. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. 5.

the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds. type 1 to select Port Configuration. From the Port Menu. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. From the Main Menu.> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. To configure only one port. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. Type B to select Broadcast Control. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. To configure a range of ports. To configure a range of ports. For example. enter the first port of the range. 2. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. 155 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded. enter the last port number in the range. 6. 5. type 1 to select Port Menu. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch.

Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .

The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4. Type 1 to choose Select a Port. 157 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3. From the Main Menu. Press Return.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2. perform the following procedure: 1. The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 .Display Port Statistics R .Clear Module Statistics 3 . The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed. 5. Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view.Select a Port 2 .Display Module Statistics R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 .Clear Port Statistics 3 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics. type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu. From the Ethernet Statistics menu.Port Statistics Menu 2 . Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics.

........ Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port. PORT_IN_DISCARDS ........ Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded....... TX_COUNT ................... CRC_ERROR .. The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port..Update Display R ..... 158 ........ RX_UNICAST .... CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port....... RX_COUNT .....Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.... U ........Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window... Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port.... shown in Figure 48. RX_BRDCAST .. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port......... OVERSIZE .................................... Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port................ FRAGMENT ................ Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT . RX_OVERFLOW ...... UNDERSIZE .......................................... RX_MLTCAST .......

3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. but discarded and not forwarded. If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets.AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu. packets with alignment errors. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. 159 . select the option “2 .

... Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only...... U ................................................ The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window....... PORT_IN_DISCARDS ................. RX_BRDCAST .............. 160 ........ CRC_ERROR ............... type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT ... FRAGMENT ........... RX_MLTCAST ... 2.... From the Ethernet Statistics menu.......... TX_COUNT ............. RX_UNICAST .Update Display R .. RX_COUNT . Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch... From the Main Menu.. type 3 to select Display Module Statistics..... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch... UNDERSIZE ... OVERSIZE ............. shown in Figure 48..Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch......................... perform the following procedure: 1.... RX_OVERFLOW .. Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded....

Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch. but discarded and not forwarded.Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu. If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. select the option “2 . Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch. packets with alignment errors. Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. 161 . Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets.AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch.

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

162

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

163

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

164

AT-S39 User’s Guide

The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed. Begin the file transfer of the new management software image. Note Do not interrupt the initialization process. If you are installing a new management image. the switch automatically resets. 166 . Do not reboot the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. Once the management software is initialized. a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete.

tftp -i 149.1 put c:\ats39. A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT. The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39.cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image. Binary . Source file . Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software.35.This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image. or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above.AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software.1. Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149. If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch. This may necessitate renaming the file.img 167 .35.1. loader file. Put .1.ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39.The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch. you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn.img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host .

35.1 to local drive C: of the workstation.1. The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host .The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation. Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149. tftp -i 149. Destination file .The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file.img c:\ats39.The source file name is “ATS39. 168 .1 get ats39.35.This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from. Source file .img Once the file is stored on a local drive.1. as explained in the previous section. This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically. Get . it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP.cfg”. Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation. Binary .You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.

Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17. Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19. Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20. MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26. IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28. Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23. Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18.

170 . such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser.

2. Start your web browser.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. To change the password. For instructions. 171 . the switch must have an IP address. Additionally. enter the user name and password. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. To start a web browser management session. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. perform the following procedure: 1. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies. you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed. the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. Consequently. The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. (The password is case-sensitive. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser.) The user name cannot be changed. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. When prompted. as shown in Figure 51.

The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed. Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display. You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows. In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites. Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software. You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser. 172 . Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus.

select Exit from any AT-S39 management page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session. 173 .

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default. select Configuration. 175 . select it and then select the General tab. refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. subnet address. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home Page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. 2. To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. If the System menu option is not selected.

Entering a value for this parameter is optional. The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide. Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window. 3. Sales Ethernet switch). Change the parameters as desired. The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example.Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed. 176 .

such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!).. click Apply. Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser. After you have set the parameters. Floor 4. Wiring closet 402B). or an SNMP management program. The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 177 . enter the new password into both fields. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch. such as its location (e. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. 4. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply. IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. To create a new password. Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. a Telnet utility. The default password is “admin”. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router.g. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions.

or gateway address. You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session. 178 . subnet mask.Section III: Web Browser Management 5. If you made a change to the IP address. you must reset the switch to activate your change. You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session. or by using the Reset button on the switch.

The Monitoring window is displayed. If it is not already selected. perform the following procedure: 1. select the General tab. From the Configuration Menu. From the Home page. select System Status.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. select Monitoring. 2. 3. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 . The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed.

This value cannot be changed.Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode. ❑ Hash Count .” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. For information about VLANs. which also explains how to change the parameters. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. Administration This section contains a variety of information. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes). ❑ Switch Mode . including the IP address of the switch and the system name.Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table. These values cannot be changed.Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted. Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging . You cannot change any of the values from this window. If this parameter displays “Basic.” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address. refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10. For background information about MAC addresses. refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212. Virtual LANs on page 91. These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session. The sections in the window are defined below. 180 . If this parameter displays “Tagged.Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only.

From the Configuration menu. select Configuration. 3. select System. Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. Select the SNMP tab. perform the following procedure: 1. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed. 2. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. From the Home page. The parameters are described below. 181 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. Adjust the parameters as desired.

5. Click Apply to save your changes to the switch. 182 .Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. Changes are immediately activated on the switch.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 . Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed.Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

From the Configuration page. You can select only one port at a time. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure. Click Modify. Select the Port Setting tab. From the Home page. 2.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch. select Layer 1. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. The selected port turns white. click it again. 184 . select Configuration. (To deselect a port.) 5. The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4.

refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time.Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port. An example of the window is shown in Figure 57. For instructions on how to set this value. Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6.Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Adjust the port parameters as desired. 185 . Possible values are: None . The parameters are described below. Flow Control The flow control setting for the port. Both . Receive . Transmit . refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227. If the threshold is reach.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed. any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch.No flow control on the port. For background information on this feature.

click Apply. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames.Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps . The default for this port parameter is enabled. Once you have made the desired changes. Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode.Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . This is the default. ❑ 10Mbps . 186 . Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values. 7.Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port.Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port. Default values are listed in Appendix A.Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port.

perform the following procedure: 1. 3. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58. (To deselect a port. 187 . select Layer 1. The selected port turns white. Click a port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. duplex mode. and more.) 4. Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. MDI/MDI-X configuration. From the Home page. You can select only one port at a time. From the Monitoring page. You can view a port’s operating speed. Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB. click it again. To display the status or statistics of a switch port. select Monitoring. 2.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

188

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

189

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

190

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

191

Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session. Note For background information on port security. Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session. refer to Port Security Overview on page 65. 192 .

select the Port Security tab. Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. From the Layer 2 page. 2. select Layer 2. perform the following procedure: 1. The current security level is displayed. select Monitoring. 3. From the Home page. From the Configuration page.

Note For background information on port trunking.Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session. refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73. 194 .

perform the following procedure: 1. select Layer 1. To create or delete a port trunk. select Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. Select the Port Trunking tab. From the Home page. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk. the ports of the trunk will be white. If you are deleting a port trunk. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. which can produce broadcast storms. which can adversely effect the operations of your network. 195 . Loops can result in broadcast storms. all ports in the switch image will be black. Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. From the Configuration page. 2. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. 3. If there is a port trunk.

The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. or 4 ports. do the following: a. A port trunk can contain 2. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch. click Remove. To create a port trunk. 196 . A selected port changes to white. To delete a port trunk. 5. An unselected port is black. b. Click Apply. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk. 3.Section III: Web Browser Management 4.

Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror. Note For background information on port mirroring. 197 . refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79.

select Configuration. 198 . c. From the Home page. select Layer 1. 3. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. 5. do the following: a. b. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. perform the following procedure: 1. To create a port mirror. Click Apply. Select the Port Mirroring tab. Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. To delete an existing port mirror. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. 2. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch. From the Configuration page. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports. The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63.

AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted. The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations. 199 .

Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. refer to STP Overview on page 84. Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session. Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session. 200 . Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP.

the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. 2. From the Home page. select Layer 2. 3. 201 . To configure a bridge’s STP parameters. If you enable STP.Configuration 4. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. select Configuration. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. From the Configuration menu. select the Spanning Tree tab. You should consult the IEEE 802.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. The parameters are described below. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Layer 2 window. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window .

not all links may have yet adapted to the change. After you have made the desired changes. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. For example. The default is 2 seconds. When a root bridge goes off-line. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. possibly resulting in a network loop. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. for example.535. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. if you use the default 20. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. The default is 15 seconds. The default is 20 seconds. If the bridge transitions too soon. 5. with 0 being the highest priority. 202 .Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. click Apply. The default setting is disabled. This value cannot be changed. If two or more bridges have the same priority value.

select Layer 2. select the Spanning Tree tab. From the Layer 2 page. 2. refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201. 3. From the Home page. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. select Monitoring.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings. To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1.Monitoring 203 . Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window . From the Monitoring menu.

and delete VLANs from a web browser management session. refer to Chapter 10.Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. Virtual LANs. modify. This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 .

From the Home page. select Layer 2. select the VLAN tab. From the Layer 2 window. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 . From the Configuration menu. select Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed. 3.

Section III: Web Browser Management 4. Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN. The name can contain spaces but not special characters. its VID must be unique as well. the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. the name should be unique as well. Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example. Sales or Accounting). Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). Click Add. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. 6. 206 . The name can be from one to 10 characters in length.

or a tagged port. To select ports for the VLAN. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. This value disables port mirroring. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. Click Apply. 10. click Send to CPU. 8. its VID value should be the same on each switch. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. For example. In most cases. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. 207 . 9. 7. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. Note For background information on port mirroring. The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port.

208 .Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. The VLAN is now ready for network operations.

click Apply. 4. From the Layer 2 window. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. 209 . 7. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. 6. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. From the Configuration menu. After making the desired changes. From the Home page. Creating a VLAN. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. they are returned to the Default VLAN. select the VLAN tab. select Configuration. Click Modify. perform the following procedure: 1. select Layer 2. 2. 5. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. 3.

Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. 3. 2. 210 . select Layer 2. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. Click Remove. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete. perform the following procedure: 1. The VLAN is deleted from the switch. select the VLAN tab. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. From the Layer 2 window. 4. From the Home page. select Configuration. From the Configuration menu. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. 5.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Monitoring page. select Layer 2. From the Home page. select Monitoring. 3. select the VLAN tab. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . From the Layer 2 page. The management software displays the window in Figure 68. 2.

In the Switch Mode section of the window.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. From the Home Page. You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. select Configuration. From the Configuration menu. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. If you select Basic. To set the switch’s VLAN mode. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. Select the General tab. 212 . perform the following procedure: 1. Virtual LANs. Reset the switch. 5. 2. 3. 4. Note Refer to Chapter 10. If you select Tagged. choose System. click either Tagged or Basic. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs. which is the default.

For example. select Configuration. 3. From the Home page. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. You can select only one port at a time. A selected port turns white. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure. From the Configuration page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. 2. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. Click Apply. click it again. From the Layer 2 page. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 . select Layer 2. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. select CoS. 4. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. perform the following procedure: 1. To change a PVID for a port. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. 5. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. To deselect a port.

Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26. The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch.Section III: Web Browser Management 6. Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port. Class of Service on page 219. The new value is immediately activated on the port. 7. 214 . Click Apply.

This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table.Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch. 215 . refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.

From the Layer 2 page.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. For instructions. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. From the Monitoring page. 2. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. From the Home page. select Layer 2. 216 . select the Forwarding Database tab. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table. You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses. The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session. select Monitoring. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. The options are described below.

You specify the VLAN by its VID. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. The port numbering scheme is from right to left. The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. click View. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. Once you have configured the options. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. Another example is “000020F. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port. 217 . 4. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. As an example.

218 . Type The MAC address type. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. The type can be either static or dynamic. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. This feature is not supported at this time. except for the switch’s MAC address. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state.

refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. 219 . This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS.Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS.

) 5. From the Layer 2 page. 6. (Again. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7. Click the port where you want to configure CoS. Click Apply. click the Override Priority option. A selected port turns white. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. 3. (To deselect a port.) 7. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. select Layer 2. 2. 8. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. select the CoS tab. From the Configuration page. Click Modify. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5. From the Home page. 4. select Configuration. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. click it again. it does not matter which of these levels you select. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. You can select only one port at a time. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. perform the following procedure: 1. 220 . The default for this parameter is No.

Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch. Note For background information on this feature. refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143. 221 .

2. From the Configuration menu. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. 3. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. perform the following procedure: 1. Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. select System.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. Select the IGMP tab. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port). From the Home page. Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed. select Configuration. 222 .

If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. The default is 260 seconds. Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. The default is 256 multicast groups. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active.400 seconds (24 hours). that is. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. The range is from 1 second to 86. you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 .

leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected.Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses. A white port indicates a multicast router port. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. 224 . You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect. The default is 256 multicast addresses. or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image.

225 . Note For background information on this feature. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151.Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch.

10x ❑ 100 Mbps . Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept. 226 . To specify an interval timer. 4. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. From the Home page. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed. Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. the management software multiples the value by 10. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. After you have entered your values. You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds.100x For example. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab. select Configuration. select them now. 3. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page. and 1000 Mbps. 100. perform the following procedure: 1. click Apply. enter values for the three interval timers.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . The default value is “0” for all timers. 2. If they are not already selected. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps .

Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. As an example. The port will accept all broadcast frames. the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. In the graphical switch image. 6. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. From the Home page. 7. The selected port turns white. 4. click it again. 3. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. From the Configuration page. 5. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. 227 . perform the following procedure: 1. Click Modify. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. When you open the Layer 1 page. Click Apply. To deselect a port. If it is not selected. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. select Layer 1. You can select only one port at a time. select Configuration. 2. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. select it now.

0.0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 . Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.0.0.0.255.0.0 0.0 255.Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.

) 229 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.1 and above only.

150. 177 H hello time. 84. 60. 86. 172 C Class of Service configuring. 202 bridge max age parameter. 35. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 86. 220 defined. 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. 106 setting. 227 browser tools. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. 121. 45 Auto-Negotiation. 202 bridge hello time parameter. 84. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. 155. 88. 140 console timeout. 163 AT-S39 version number. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. 37 releasing IP address. used in this guide. 202 bridge identifier. 141. 37 BPDU. 88. 41. 41. 47 setting switch status. 185 forwarding delay. 11 D default values. 52 defined. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 164 downloading via TFTP. 90 host nodes 230 . 36 documentation. 88. AT-S39. 43 conventions. 138 defined. 202 bridge priority. 47 guidelines. 37 defined. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. 88 G gateway address. 88.Index A aging time changing. 37 defined. 60. 128 AT-S39 default settings. 228 DHCP activating. 212 BOOTP activating. 27. 167 obtaining. 50 F flow control. configuring. 225 defined.

205 defined. 26. 84 RS232 port. 85 setting. 65 local management session defined. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. switch. 55. 157 port trunking creating. 66 serial number. 60 multicast groups. 146. 140 priority. 115. 67 defined. 80. 187 speed. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 177 interval timer configuring. 24 M MAC address table. 87. 90 port mirroring creating. 75. 25 S Secure level. 116. switch. defined. 143 displaying. 32. 193 port statistics. 35. 18 quitting. 29. 59. 50 SNMP community strings. port security. 90 PVID. 223 multicast router. 119. 210 displaying. 222 defined. 145. 21 master switch defined. 113. 111. 173 R resetting a switch. 186 statistics. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. 209 priority queues. 69 defined. 107. 190 port cost defined. 65 displaying. 226 defined. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). 177 default. 102 port-based VLAN creating. 79 deleting. 181 SNMP management session. default settings. 184 disable. 58. 211 modifying. 77. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. 171 port configuring parameters. 73 deleting. 148 host/router timeout interval. 118 deleting. 95. 186 displaying status. 145. 195 defined. 42 root bridge.AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 213 defined. 222 231 . displaying. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 59. 28 Telnet session. 21 snoop topology. 126. 143 ingress filtering. 198 defined. 30 web browser session. 28 starting. 195 guidelines. 146. 223 I IEEE 802. 149 P password changing. 50 returning to. 153. 45 slave switch. 198 port security configuring. maximum.1d standard. 94 deleting all. 35. 216 MAC address. 82. 151 L limited security mode configuring. 39.

113. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. 101 VLAN identifier (VID). 43 limitations. 209 Telnet management session defined. 112. 171 V version number. 167 obtaining.Index software updates downloading from a local session. 203 starting session local. 210 displaying. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 171 232 . 89 defined. defined. defined. 116. 160 system name. 209 port-based. 211 modifying. 19 quitting. 129 statistics port. AT-S39. 205 defined. 20 quitting. 29 web browser. 94 tagged. 29 TFTP. 90 viewing bridge parameters. 167 U unavailable status. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. 211 enabling. 164 downloading via TFTP. 173 starting. 115. 210 disabling. 107. 111. 157. 171 static MAC address adding. 121. 35. 190 switch. 87. 107. 108 VLAN identifier. 160 STP. 113. 94. 205 defined. 118 deleting. 115. 50 user name. 35. 112. 212 modifying. defined. 122 mode. 137 displaying. 85. 30 starting. 118 deleting. 84 port cost. 206 VLAN. default. 201 configuring port parameters. 101 deleting all. 92 deleting all. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. 122 displaying. 136 deleting. downloading software updates. changing. 45 virtual LAN creating. 177 switch statistics. 116. 24 Telnet.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful