Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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............................................................................................................ 157 Displaying Switch Statistics .................................................................................. 127 Displaying MAC Addresses ................................................................................ 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count ..........94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN ........... 139 Class of Service Overview ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 140 Configuring CoS ...................................................................................................... 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 99 Tagged VLAN Overview ............. 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................91 VLAN Overview .................................................................... 151 Configuring the Interval Timer ........................................................................................................................ 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses .................................................................................................. 137 Changing the Aging Time ............................................................................................................................................... 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN .................. 115 Deleting a VLAN ..................................................................................... 97 Port-based Example 1........................................................... 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering ...................................................... 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 112 Modifying a VLAN ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 118 Changing a PVID Value ................................................. 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs ................................................................................................................................. 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview .......... 103 Tagged VLAN Example ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 143 Activating IGMP Snooping ............................... 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN............................................................................................................................................................ 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 160 5 ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers ........................................... 113 Displaying VLAN Information .......................................................................... 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN ..................................................................................... 98 Port-based Example 2............................................................................................................................................................................................... 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses ....................................................................................................................................... 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview ................................................................................................................................................................. 156 Displaying Port Statistics .............. 126 MAC Address Overview ......................... 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics ............................................................................................................................... 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses ........................................ 116 Deleting All VLANs ....................... 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN .................................92 Port-based VLAN Overview ............................................... 142 IGMP Snooping Overview ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs ........................................................................................................................... 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping .................................................................................... 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode ............................................

..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................167 Example...................................................................................................... 167 Uploading a Configuration File ...................................................................................................................................................................................................183 Configuring Port Parameters ..............200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................205 Modifying a VLAN ................192 Displaying the Port Security Level ..............174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring ................. 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ........................ 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................212 Changing a PVID ......................................................................................................................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol ............................................................................171 Browser Tools..........................................................................................................................................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses ..................................................................162 Obtaining Software Updates ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP .197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror .....203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs .................................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters ..................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates .......................204 Creating a VLAN ....................................................................................................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 168 Section III Web Browser Management .......................................................................................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks ...........................................................................................................................................................211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................210 Displaying VLANs ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................213 6 ................... 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session ......................................................................................................................................175 Viewing System Information ..........................................................................................................................................................209 Deleting a VLAN ..........................................................................................................168 Example.......................................................................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ...................................................................................

.................. 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping ................ 225 Configuring the Interval Timer ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 228 Index ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service ................................................................... 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames ...................... 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table .................. 230 7 ............................................................................................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table .................................................................................................................................................................................. 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings ....................................................................... 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control ........................................................................ 219 Configuring CoS ..................................................................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................................... 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu ....... 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu ............................. 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window ............................................................ 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ... 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window ...................................... 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window ............................................................................................................................................ 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN ............ 25 Figure 2: Main Menu ......... 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window ............................................................................. 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ............................................................... 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu ............. 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu .................................... 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu .... 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window ...................................................... 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu ........................... 52 Figure 11: Port Menu .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 122 8 ................................................................................................................. 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu ......................................... 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port .............................................................................................. 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu ..................... 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN .......................................................................................................................................................Example 1 ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example ................................................................................................................................ 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window .........................Example 2 ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window ........... 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu .................. 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window ............................................................................................................... 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window ...................................................................................... 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 ................................... 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu ...................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 69: CoS Setting Window ... Figure 52: Home Page ................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 71: IGMP Tab ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 68: VLAN Window .. Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab ........................ Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu ....................... Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu ........................................................................................................................................................... Figure 54: General Tab Window ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ....................................................................................................Configuration ....................................................................................... Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu ....................... Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window ............................................................................................................................................................. Figure 60: Port Statistics Window ............................................................................... Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window .................................. Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window ......................................................................Monitoring ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 62: Port Trunking Window ....................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 57: Settings for Port Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field .............................................................................................. Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window ................................................................................................ Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab ......................... Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window .................................................................................................................. Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window ......................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 67: Add VLAN Window ....................... Figure 59: Port Status Window ................................ Figure 66: VLAN Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page ............................................................................................ Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window .................................................. Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 61: Port Security Menu ... Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window .......................................................................................................................................................................... 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 ........................................................................................ Figure 53: General Tab ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window .............. Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 55: SNMP Tab ..........................................................................................................................................................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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alliedtelesyn. You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www.alliedtelesyn. To use the FTP server.com or our FTP server at ftp.com.Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products. enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password. 14 .

It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software. 15 .

Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters. Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A. You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches. then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network. as explained in the hardware installation guide. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters. If this is true for your network. 16 . and powering ON the device.

They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session. 17 . There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. such as to change or adjust its operating parameters. The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use. you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software. The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide. It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser.

You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session. refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. Once the session is started. 18 . you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch. Note For instructions on starting a local management session.Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. using a straight-through RS-232 cable. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located. This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch.

If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. 19 . This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. With AT-8024GB switches. you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. which include the enhanced stacking feature. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session. You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address.

There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session. This too is a type of remote management.You can view but not set the port security level of a switch.Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch. because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch. 20 . refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171. ❑ DHCP and BOOTP . Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session. that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address.You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session. ❑ Port security level . as well as every AT-8024 switch. every AT-8024GB switch.You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session. They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking . Consequently. just like a Telnet management session.

Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. Consequently. refer to your SNMP management documentation.AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. For instructions. you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program. 21 . The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program. A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program.

Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .

The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

Note For information on enhanced stacking. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. you must go to where that switch is located. usually within a few meters. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. you can manage just that switch. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch. This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. to start this type of management session. This can simplify network management. 24 . A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch. Additionally.

POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2. 3. Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session. Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200. perform the following procedure: 1. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program. see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 .

Save Configuration Changes R . Otherwise. enter the password for the management software.) The Main Menu is displayed. simply type boot and press Return to start the switch.1 and above. (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1. The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset. Press the Return key twice. (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>). or an equivalent terminal emulator program. The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly. The default is “admin”. Note During boot up.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal. the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps). Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S . (The password is case-sensitive. This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only. the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt.) 4. You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch. If prompted for a password. 5.) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal. The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps.Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 .

27 . Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session. It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located. refer to Chapter 4. This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network.AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item. you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet. Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu. type the corresponding letter or number. Enhanced Stacking on page 46.

Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions. You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch. return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit. This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended. Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously. 28 .Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session.

29 . The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. The menus also function the same. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. such as with a local management session. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. To make a selection. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities. Note For background information on enhanced stacking. type R or press ESC twice. as shown in Figure 2 on page 26. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. To return to a previous menu. In terms of functionally. Enter the management software password when prompted. Additionally. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. type its corresponding number of letter. The default password is “admin”. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch. Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session.

30 .Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session. type Q for Quit from the Main Menu.

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 . There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it. There are also procedures for resetting the switch. activating the original switch default settings. and more.

You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. you must also assign it a subnet mask. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address.) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. This feature has two primary benefits. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. Second. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. all from the same management session. you must assign at least one of them an IP address. a web browser. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. subnet mask. This switch will be the Master switch of the stack.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses. The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. You do not need to assign an IP address. (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking. First. 32 . This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate.

33 . you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. if any. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which.AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure. You can do this two different ways. switches on your network need an IP address. If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet.

. The selection X .. type 4 to select Administration Menu..0 System Name ....) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch... 9 .Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 ....... 255. along with other optional information. perform the following procedure: 1.0.. Comments .. such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch. and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session.....Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42..... 0.0 Default Gateway ..0..0.0.. subnet mask.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address ..Release DHCP IP Address S ..Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address. 0. Administrator ..... Change Password . (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network.. From the Main Menu.0.Reset Switch X . To manually set a switch’s IP address.Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L ... go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37.0 Subnet Mask .255..Save Configuration Changes R ....... The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed.

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R . 2. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. From the Advanced Configuration window.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed. 39 . type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the Main Menu. From the System Configuration Menu. type 3 to select SNMP Configuration.

.. Adjust the parameters as desired. 0. public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 ... private 3 ..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4.0 0.0..... 4 . 5....Save Configuration Changes R . ...Trap Community . public 2 ....0...0 0..0.....SET Community . enter the new value.......... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 .... To change a value...Trap Receiver 1 5 .........0. when prompted. 40 .0.Trap Receiver 3 7 ....0 S . type its corresponding number and...Trap Receiver 2 6 .0....SET Community 3. The parameters are described below.0..... Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch..GET Community ..... .. type S to select Save Configuration Changes..GET Community 2 . After making your changes. 1 .0 0...Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed...0....... ..Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch.Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings.......

This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. 4. 2. You are prompted to reset the switch. Type Y for yes or N for no. Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings. From the System Configuration Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the Main Menu. 41 . If you type Y for yes. the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. perform the following procedure: 1. Type Y to reset the switch. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3.

perform the following procedure: 1. From the Administrator Menu. a task requiring only a second or two to complete. The switch immediately reloads its operating system. 2. 42 . type 9 to select Reset Switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. Some data traffic may be lost. From the Main Menu. type 4 to select Administrator Menu. Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software.

3. when prompted. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. 2. For instructions on how to set this security feature.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. type 5 to select System Config Menu. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password. perform the procedure below. enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software. (The password is case-sensitive. For instructions on how to set this security feature. type 6 to select Web Server Access and. the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. To configure the console timer.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch. perform the procedure below.The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes. 43 . type E to enable web access or D to disable web access. ❑ Console Timeout . type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. ❑ Web Access . refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. if you specify 2 minutes. perform the following procedure: 1. when prompted. These security features are: ❑ Password . and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser. To configure web browser access. The default password is “admin”. From the Main Menu. For example.

if you disable web access. 44 . Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. After you have made the desired changes. 4. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example.

.. type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu..... AT-S39 v1....17.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed............3 ATI_LOADER1.00 R . The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information..........A0....1 5456411 00. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version .... Serial Number ....32... 45 . MAC Address .D2. Bootloader Version ...

Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch. 46 . This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch.

Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. such as for maintenance. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. should you remove a master switch from the network. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. 47 . You simply connect it to your network. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet. There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. If your network consists of more than one subnet. That way. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. Once connected to the network.

You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. do not. 3. 48 . you must assign each master switch a unique IP address. referred to as slave switches. Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session.

32.11.11. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet.16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149. 49 . Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches.09.18 Master 2 IP Address 149.32. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet.09. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets.32.32. and each has been assigned a unique IP address.22 Master 2 IP Address 149.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature. you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet.

Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch . type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. slave switch.A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch. or unavailable. a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address. You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch. It does not need an IP address or subnet mask.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 . perform the following procedure: 1. To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status. To be managed remotely. From the Main Menu.A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet.A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch. Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack. A switch with this designation can be managed locally...Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 .Save Configuration Changes R . ❑ Unavailable .Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable. The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed.Enhanced Stacking Services S .. you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet. ❑ Slave switch . Note The default setting for a switch is Slave. A master switch must have a unique IP address. Master 2 .

the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master. The following prompt is displayed. Press Return. Type M to change the switch to a master switch. 2. A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch.Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches. or U to make the switch unavailable.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 .” For example.Switch State. Note The “2 . Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3. 51 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. To change a switch’s status. 4. type 1 to select Switch State. S to make it a slave switch.

To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack. The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G .Get/Refresh List of Switches A . perform the following procedure: 1. The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch.Access Switch R . When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet. To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet. From the Main Menu. If you assigned system names to your switches. The window in Figure 10 is displayed. then it is very easy. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 . From the Enhanced Stacking window.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch. you are by default addressing that particular switch. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services. you need to select it from the management software. 2.

Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. 53 . The default password is “admin”. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password. You now can manage the selected switch. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. Once you see that window. This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window. Enter the switch’s password and press Return. Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. if you want to manage the Master switch. 4. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice. Type A to select Access Switch. The password is case-sensitive. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch. 6. return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit. Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

55 . type 4 to select Port Status.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch.Accept changes & update flash R . From the Main Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2. perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C . The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed. type 1 to select Port Menu. From the Port Menu.

indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node.Update Display R .indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually. 56 . Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N . Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto . Manual . Figure 12 is an example of the window. The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number.Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode.Next Page U . Down .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. Possible values are: Up .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed.

Disabled .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. Receive . Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port.100 Mbps 1000 . State The current operating status of the port. Transmit . Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Possible values are: Forwarding .The port has been manually disabled. Possible values are: None . Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex.10 Mbps 100 . Both . Flow The flow control setting for the port. 57 .Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port.The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames. This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member.No flow control on the port.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. Possible values are: 10 . Spd The operating speed of the port.

.. MDI/MDIX Mode ... The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. From the Port Menu. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return.. Advertise 100HDX . type 1 to select Port Menu.. Flow Control . Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return...... perform the following procedure: 1.... To configure a range of ports.. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed... To configure a range of ports...... Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 . enter the last port number in the range.. Advertise 100FDX .. Advertise 10FDX .. From the Main Menu.. Broadcast Control ..... Advertise 10HDX .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status .. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4.... Negotiation . enter the first port of the range...Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch..... 2.No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 .......... To configure only one port. type 1 to select Port Configuration.

. Once the problem has been fixed.. 5. You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port. You adjust a parameter by typing its number.. a port will not receive or transmit frames.Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode. If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation..100 Mbps 1000 .Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode.. 0 .. The parameters are described below.. 0100 3 .. The possible settings for the 2 . This is the default setting.. If you select Manual. you can enable the port again to resume normal operation.10 Mbps 0100 . When disabled. 1 .Speed selection are: 0010 ...Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex. Possible settings are: Forwarding . Adjust the port parameters as desired.The port will not receive or forward packets. The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 .. This toggles the parameter through its possible settings. which is the default.. Disabled .Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port. 59 ....... the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically.Duplex ..AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port......Speed .. two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 .The port will receive and forward packets. You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections.

Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated.Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option.or full-duplex mode.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port.Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation. During Auto-Negotiation. 9 . which is the default setting. which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half.No flow control on the port. the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps. you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX. The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time. if you set the selection 8 . half-duplex operation. the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it. a switch port will advertise its full capabilities. a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it. 60 . If desired. Both . 5 .Advertise 10FDX 6 . By default.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155. Transmit . The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames.MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. If you set this to Auto. For example. Possible settings are: None .Advertise 10HDX 7 . You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation. Receive . B .Advertise 100HDX to No.Advertise 100FDX 8 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode. which is the default setting.

Once you have set the port parameters. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. when selected. You can use this option to reset the selected port. 61 . This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node. which. Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port. The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch.GBIC Information R . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4. 62 . 2. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5. Type either 24 or 25. To display GBIC information. The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. Type 1 to select GBIC Information. type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the System Configuration Menu. From the Main Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 . From the Advanced Configuration window. type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information.

.............. Length 9/125 mm Fib... 63 ........................ N ............. Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding ... Elect/Opt Transceiver ...5/125 um Fib.......... Type of Serial Interface . (10k) .. Length 9/125 um Fib..AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module............. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only.. Length 62... (k) .Next Page R .. (10m) ....... Connector Type .. Figure 15 is an example of the window...... Extended Serial Transceiver . (100m) ...... You cannot change this information. Length 50/125 um Fib...

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. Note Port security can only be set through a local management session.Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. 64 .

There are four levels of port security.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. it remains in the table and is never purged. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table. Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn. Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. 65 . The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. Automatic This operating mode disables port security. it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. even when the end node is inactive. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch. You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. Once this mode is activated. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports.

66 . The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned. The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. Once you have activated this security level. no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time. When this security level is activated. even those belonging to inactive end nodes. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table.

❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. type 3 to select the Secured mode. type 2 to select Limited mode. 67 . you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward. After activating this security mode. type 1 to select Port Menu. type 1 to select Automatic mode. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses. 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. To specify the limits. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. To set a switch’s port security level. 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. From the Port Menu. type 5 to select Port Security. This is the default setting.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu.

68 . type 4 to select Lock all the ports now. A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned. Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time.

Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port. perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 .Set MAC limit per port 3 . From the Port Security menu. 3. To configure Limited security mode. Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed. From the Main Menu. type 5 to select Port Security. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 . From the Port Menu. frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed. You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports. 2. You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses.Configure port security limited mode R . Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table. type 1 to select Port Menu.Display MAC limit per port 2 . the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports. type 2 to select Limited security. When you activate this security level.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed. Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6. 10. 70 . 7. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. 9. Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. repeat Steps 5 through 9. Type 2 to choose Select a port. Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. This applies the limit to the port. 11. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. type R to select Return to previous menu. The range is 1 to 150 addresses. 13. type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. 12. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports.

15.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. If necessary. If you assigned different values to different ports. The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed. Limited security has now been configured on the switch. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu. be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. Examine the MAC limits. Check to be sure that they are correct. 14. repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port. 71 . 16.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks.

the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. 3. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. 5. and 7). there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. 23. ❑ The duplex mode. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. ❑ When cabling a trunk. 13. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. such as a server. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. Despite the software configuration and physical connections. 15 for the trunk. and so on. you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. and 24. router. 73 . To maintain the order of the port connections. 6. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. 14. 22. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. or another Ethernet switch. For example. port 13 to port 22. or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. ports 4. workstation. and so on. A port trunk is 2. or 4 ports. 3. speed. For example.

A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs. Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server. The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch.❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN. ❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch. AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches. The server is connected to the switch with four data links. AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 .

Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology. From the Port Menu. Check to be sure that the settings. type 3 to select Port Trunking. are the same for all the ports of the trunk. Note Before creating a port trunk. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 .Save Configuration Changes R . type 1 to select Port Menu.Show port trunking status S . 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 . The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch. such as speed and duplex mode. From the Main Menu.Delete Trunk 3 . Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software.Add ports to trunk 2 . To create a port trunk. You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN.

g.g.. Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking. 1. Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk. 8. 5.Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7. The following prompt is displayed. type 3 to display the status of the trunk. 7-10). The port trunk is ready for network operations.3. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. Enter new value -> 4.3. 6.4) or as a range (e. Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk. To confirm the creation of the port trunk. 76 . Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R .2. You can specify the ports individually (e..

To confirm the deletion. Type 2 to select Delete trunk. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. type 1 to select Port Menu. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology. 2. From the Main Menu. 3. The port trunk is deleted from the switch. type 3 to select Port Trunking. 77 . 4. 5. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. To delete a port trunk from the switch. From the Port Menu.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror.

meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time. if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. For example. However. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. the more ports you mirror. you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port. the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. 79 . For example. the mirror port is likely to drop packets.

80 .Delete ports from mirror 5 .Show Port Mirror Status S .. To mirror a range of ports. To mirror the traffic of only one port.. Press Return. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 .Save Configuration Changes R . The following prompt is displayed.... enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step. Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror.. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Port Menu.. If you want to mirror a range or ports. No 3 .CPU Attached . enter the last port in the range. Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is... The following prompt is displayed.. The following prompt is displayed. You can specify only one mirror port.. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. From the Main Menu.. 5..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. type 1 to select Port Menu.. the port to where the traffic will be copied). 0 2 .Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror. 2. Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored.Mirroring Port . type 2 to select Port Mirroring.Add ports to mirror 4 . Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7. Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6. enter the first port of the range.

The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored. Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu. 10. type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status.AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The port mirror is now functional. To confirm the creation of the port mirror. 81 . 9.

Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. 3. 82 . From the Main Menu. From the Port Menu. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. 5. The following prompt is displayed. Enter 0 and press Return. perform the following procedure: 1. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. 2.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror. type 1 to select Port Menu.

Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters. ISO/IEC 10038: 1993. refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol. 83 .1D.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. and sometimes its MAC address. 84 . STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. referred to as broadcast storms. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance. also referred to as the bridge identifier. leaving only one main active path. Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. as specified in the IEEE 802. STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number. of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. either planned or unplanned. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability.1D standard. By adjusting the value. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. exist in the network topology. Where multiple paths exist.

blocking mode. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. active path. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. 85 . This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. if one is found. If two paths have the same port cost. Below are the default values. Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. the preferred path is selected through port priority. where all ports have a port cost of 0. The faster the port. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. the lower the port cost. If redundant paths exist. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port.

a temporary data loop could occur. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. However. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. especially if it is a large network. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. and if not. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. For small networks. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. 86 . The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. a change in a port state is not activated immediately. removal. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. Consequently. For large networks. the active topology also changes. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. and that could adversely impact network performance. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. When a bridge is brought on-line. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. listening and learning. or addition of any active components. This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. before it begins to forward frames. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. with the size of your network being a primary factor. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets.

. Bridge Max Age . the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. 1... Bridge Identifier . You should consult the IEEE 802.. If you enable STP... Bridge Priority . The default setting is disabled...AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings...Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch. Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default... Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed..Config STP Port Settings 8 . Bridge Forwarding . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable . The parameters are described below.Reset STP to Defaults R ... Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2. Bridge Hello Time . Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. From the Main Menu. 87 ....1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu.. 1 . The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed..Display STP Port Settings 9 .

If two or more bridges have the same priority value. for example. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. When a root bridge goes off-line. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). with 0 being the highest priority. 6 . This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. 4 . 3. 3 .Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. After you have made the desired changes.535. 5 . This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. For example.Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. The default is 2 seconds.Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. If the bridge transitions too soon. 88 . becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. resulting in network loops. if you use the default 20. The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . The default is 20 seconds. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. The default is 15 seconds. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge.

...... To configure a range of ports. To configure a range of ports. To configure just one port. type 7 to select Config STP port settings. Port Priority ... enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step... type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. 1 . The parameters are described below. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating . From the Spanning Tree menu. Adjust the settings as desired....AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters. Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R .. 89 .. enter the first port of the range.. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. Path Cost .. enter the last port of the range. This value cannot be changed.Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain.... 2.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5... The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3... Root Bridge .. The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed. From the Main Menu. Enter the number of the port you want to configure.. Bridge Hello Time .. perform the following procedure: 1.

Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN. and 4 for a 1 Gbps port. The range is 1 to 65535. 10 for a 100 Mbps port.Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . The default is 2 seconds. The range is 0-255. To change this value.Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain. 90 . The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port. 3 . 5 . 4 . This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed. refer to the previous procedure. This value cannot be changed from this window. The default value for priority is 128.

and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session. This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. modifying. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 . It also contains the procedures for creating.Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs).

if an employee changed departments. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth. For example. It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. This too can improve overall network performance. For example. With VLANs. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. Additionally. logical LAN segments. 92 . you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. Before the advent of VLANs. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them.

Additionally. 93 . VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically. or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another.AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software. a virtual LAN can span more than one switch. This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections.

you must give it a name. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. called the Default VLAN. Production. 94 . VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. Examples include Sales. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. such as a router or Layer 3 switch. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. and Engineering. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. or just a few ports. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches.

This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. Consequently. Additionally. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID. 95 . You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. In this manner. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches.AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames. Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. This is acceptable when you are creating a new. If you allow the management software to do it automatically. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership. unique VLAN. The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received. For example. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. Untagged Ports Naturally. it will simply select the next available VID. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. rather than by a port’s PVID. all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN.

This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID. Consequently. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member. ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. 96 . each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN. However. ❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside.

❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network. such as servers and printers. a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN. across multiple VLANs. For example. ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN. A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. 97 . many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches.

98 .) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN . Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . 11 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs. A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member. The ports have been assigned PVID values.24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID. A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN.Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales.13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . You assign this number when you create a VLAN. and Production VLANs on the switch. the Default VLAN is not shown. (For purposes of the following examples.4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9. Engineering.

two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch. Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs. each VLAN has one port connected to the router. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN . In this example.AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example.Example 2 99 . The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN.

Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router.6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN . 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13. This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN. it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch. This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN. 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 . and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 .6. This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch.24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 . ❑ Engineering VLAN . This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment. The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch.11. It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4.This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN. 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 .This is the final VLAN in the example.This VLAN spans both switches. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. Engineering. 100 . However. it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router. So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN. 14. Since this VLAN spans multiple switches. ❑ Production VLAN .

This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches. The IEEE 802. This contrasts to a port-based VLAN. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch. For example. this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network.1Q-compliant. the frame will be discarded. A tag. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership. 101 . The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port. If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of. referred to as a tagged frame. the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously. When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag.3ac standard). contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802. the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port.

there would seem to be no need for a PVID. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN. But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. An untagged port. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. Otherwise. 102 . However. The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. simultaneously. But actually there is. In the case of a tagged VLAN. can be in only one VLAN at a time. Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN. and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. a frame without any tagged information).

❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. 103 . If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks. each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID. ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs. ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time.AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802.1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 . Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.1Q-based products.

They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. when received by the switch. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs. 105 . One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. It is connected to an IEEE 802. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. data separation and security remain. It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. 18 (PVID 2) 8. while still maintaining data separation and security. The tagged frames.1Q-compliant server. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example. 20 (PVID 3) 8. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated. But with tagged ports. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99.

All VLAN information. ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. either tagged or untagged. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. Packets are passed through the switch unchanged. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered. Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121. is ignored. 106 . but the VLANs are not used. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated.

From the Main Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3.Port VLANs & Priorities R .Virtual LAN Definitions 3 . type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2. perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 . From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. 107 .Save Configuration Changes R . type 2 to select VLAN Menu. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. type 1 to select Create a VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN. The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed. From the VLAN Menu.Virtual LAN Support 2 .

... The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network... 108 .... If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. Sales or Accounting).. For example. then the name should be unique as well. then its VID must also be unique... then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected.. The name can be from one to ten characters in length. Untagged Ports . The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN... but not special characters. The name can contain spaces.... If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches.Create VLAN R . you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value... if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches.. 0 Tagged Ports ......... 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) . such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!).. Mirroring Port . VLAN ID (VID) . 5. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN...... The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example. C . than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch..Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed.... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name .. If the VLAN will be unique in your network..

g. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports.3.5).. 12.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. Press any key.5.g. type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted. Type C to select Create VLAN. 10. you can analyze the VLAN traffic. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN. 2.3.g. or both (e. as a range (e. as a range (e. this parameter should be left with its default value of 0. If the VLAN will contain tagged ports. leave this field empty.. leave this field empty. 2. either do not select this option or select it and type N for no. or both (e. 7-9).7-9). If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports. To verify that the VLAN was created correctly.g.(If you do not to activate this feature.) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature. 2. A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored. 109 . The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. You can specify the ports individually (e. 9. 7-9). 14. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. 2. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports... 8. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. type 4 to select Show All VLANs.7-9) 7. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port. 11. type 6 and Y for yes.5)..5. Note In most cases. For more information on port mirroring. you will see the following message: SUCCESS . 13. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79.. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN.g. You can specify the ports individually (e. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports.Press any key to continue.g.

Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15. 110 . Note When you create a new VLAN. ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN. You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time. For example.

From the VLAN Menu. 2. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”. Type C to select Create VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. To create the example Sales VLAN. Ports 1 to 4. The new Sales VLAN has now been created. 3. 4. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. Press Return. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. 5. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 7. 9. 8. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu. press any key. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. 111 . This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. 6. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN.

6. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”. perform the following procedure: 1. and 12. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. 2. Ports 8 and 16. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created.16”. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”. It will consist of three untagged ports. press any key. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. 7. 3. Ports 9.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Press Return. and two untagged ports. 5. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. To create the example Engineering VLAN. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. 112 . From the VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu. 20”. 11. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. Type C to select Create VLAN. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9. 8. 9. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. 4. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.10.11. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. 10.

perform the following procedure: 1. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID).Press any key to continue. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4. 113 . type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions... After making the desired changes. 6. From the VLAN Menu. For a description of the parameters. From the Main Menu.. The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS . 7. 2. Change the VLAN’s information as desired. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. To modify a VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. type 2 to select Modify a VLAN. The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed. This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN. type M to select Modify VLAN. The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed. type 2 to select VLAN Menu..VLAN ID (VID) .. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. R . refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure. 3.. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify..

Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. Press any key. 10. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 9. The VLAN has been modified. 11. 8. 114 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs.

From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. From the VLAN Menu. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33. type 4 to select View All VLANs. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch. perform the following procedure: 1.9 U: 8.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R . VID numbers.9 U: 1-6 T: 7.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 . type 2 to select VLAN Menu. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. The Show All VLANs window is displayed. Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names. 3. From the Main Menu.

The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed. 2. From the VLAN Menu. 116 . R . To delete the VLAN. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. which has a VID of 1... A confirmation prompt is displayed.. 3. type 3 to select Delete a VLAN. To delete a VLAN..Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure.VLAN ID (VID) . From the Main Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed. perform the following procedure: 1... Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN. type D. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 . Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID).Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 6..

The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed. 10. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. both tagged and untagged. 9. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs. The VLAN has been deleted.AT-S39 User’s Guide 7. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure. 8. are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. All ports in the deleted VLAN.Press any key to continue. 117 . The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS .

on a switch. 3. To delete selected VLANs. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. 5. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. Press Return. 4. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 118 . except the Default VLAN. 2. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. A confirmation message is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. To delete all VLANs on a switch. From the VLAN Menu.

Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change.Port Number R . The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. 119 . Press Return.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. perform the following procedure: 1. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed. 2. To change a PVID for a port. From the VLAN Menu. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. From the Main Menu. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. For example. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7. Type 1 to select Port Number.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 .

Press Return. Return to the Main Menu..Accept changes & update flash R ....Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed. Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID.... The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS ..Press any key to continue.. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip... Port VLAN ID .. Override Priority (Y/N) ..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5... 1 1 0 N U .... Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High . 120 . 8.....Update Changes to Chip C . The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6.... Specify the new PVID value for the port.. The port now has a new PVID.... 9. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number ..... 7.... You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch...... Type S to select Save Configuration Changes...

B-Basic): 3. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. Type 3 to select Switch Mode. 2. Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. From the Main Menu. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. 5. The default is Tagged mode. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. Press Return. 4. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs. 121 . The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure.Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 . It sets a switch’s VLAN mode. When VLANs are enabled. When VLANs are disabled. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu.Accept changes & update flash R . the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3.Disable VLANs Globally R . From the VLAN Menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. ingress filtering is disabled. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed. The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E . Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 . 2. The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering.Enable VLANs Globally D .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure.Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C . Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode.Enable/Disable VLANs 2 .

Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 6. 5.AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode. A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch. 4. 123 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

First. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN. If they belong to the same VLAN. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. Here is an example. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. If there is. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. tagged or untagged. 124 . a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. the port accepts the frame. Fortunately. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. the frame is discarded. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. Once the tagged frame is received. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. just as a reminder. the port accepts the frame. nor to any frames. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. the port discards the frame. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. In this case. the switch discards the frame. Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. For further information. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. If they belong to different VLANs.

The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3. To enable or disable ingress filtering.AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets. regardless of the status of ingress filtering. Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame. From the Virtual LAN Support menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E . The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. which is the default. A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame.Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D .Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis. 4. Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. You cannot set this per port. Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch. 125 . type 2 to select VLAN Menu. In most cases. Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. and that is the priority tag. From the VLAN Menu.

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table.

For example. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port. When the switch receives a packet. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. along with the port number on which each address was learned. 127 . there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. by referring to its MAC address table. When the destination node responds. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. it also examines the destination address and. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. determines the port where the destination node is connected. and the port number where each address was learned. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node.

For instructions on changing the aging timer. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. once entered in the table. even when the end node is inactive. A static MAC address. even when the end node is inactive. Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table. refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes). The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses. You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process. The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. 128 .

The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed. To display only static MAC addresses. To display the MAC address table.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. type 6 to select MAC Address Tables. From the Main Menu. 3. type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports. type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses. To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. perform the following procedure: 1. One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses. 129 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports. The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed. just the base ports. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R .

This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses. The columns in the window are defined below.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only. The static MAC address window is exactly the same. MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window. 130 . Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned.Update Display R . A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed. except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses.Accept changes & update flash U .

Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. 131 . Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. except for the switch’s MAC address. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. Type The MAC address type. Another example is “000020F. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. This feature is not supported at this time.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. As an example. The type can be either static or dynamic. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored.

A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port. type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu. Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return. 2. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3. From the Main Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port. 132 . From the MAC Address Table menu. 1. The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130.

or to which the address was assigned.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address. 2. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. The procedure in this section offers an easier way. But if the switch is part of a large network. you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. if the address was learned dynamically. You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. finding the address could prove difficult. for a static address. 133 . 1. From the Main Menu. From the MAC Address Table menu.

To obtain a VLAN’s VID. From the MAC Address Table menu. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch.) Note To perform this procedure. From the Main Menu. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. as explained earlier in this chapter. 1. produces the same result. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. (This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. 2. For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3. 134 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. perform the following procedure. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table. type 6 to select MAC Address Table.

From the MAC Address Table menu. type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses. Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. 135 . the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. If you type Y for yes. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. Once the table has been purged. A confirmation prompt is displayed. 3. 2. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure. 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table.

The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table. 5. 136 . From the MAC Address Table menu. type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. From the Main Menu. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses. To add a static address to the MAC address table. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected. 2. perform the following procedure: 1.

From the Main Menu. 2. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. From the MAC Address Table menu. 137 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. type 3 to select Delete MAC Address. perform the following procedure: 1. Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table. 4. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3.

perform the following procedure: 1. When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time. The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch. 138 . Enter a new value in seconds. From the System Config Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. To adjust the aging time. The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3. This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes). the switch deletes the address. type 5 to select System Config Menu. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. From the Main Menu. 2.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software.

.1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802. packet transfer delays can prove problematic. transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality. 140 . low and high. The 802.1p and 802. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port. By default. CoS was designed to address this problem.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer. such as voice transmission or video conferencing. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis. When a tagged packet enters a switch port. But with the introduction of time-critical applications. but were mostly transparent to network users. For example.1Q standards. 0 to 7. File transfer delays did occur. untagged frames (i. network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue. Prior to CoS. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications.e. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue.

type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the VLAN Menu. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port. Return to the Main Menu. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed.) 7. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. enter a value from 4 to 7. perform the following procedure: 1. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. 11. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. 9. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. 141 . 5. 10. 6. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port. Press Return. Type 3 to select Priority (0 . The default for this parameter is No.7). 2. enter a value from 0 to 3. (Again. Type 1 to select Port Number. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. 3. From the Main Menu. 8.

Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .

A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups. it removes the node from appropriate membership list. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. In Version 2. In Version 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups. There are two versions of IGMP. it simply stops sending reports. referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group. Once the router has received a report from a host node. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port.) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports. Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. the router does not send multicast packets out the port. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. referred to as a time-out value. 143 .

which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups. and by processing leave requests. 144 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports. Note By default. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2. except the port on which it received the packet. IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch. Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value.

The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. Host/Router Timeout Interval ..Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. After selecting this option... type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 .... 2.Save Configuration Changes R ... type 5 to select System Config Menu.. Maximum Multicast Groups . This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 ... 3. View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S .. From the Advanced Configuration window.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status ... The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch... Multicast Router Port(s) ..IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch.. Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate).. Multicast Host Topology . From the Main Menu. type E to enable or D to disable this feature. perform the following procedure: 1..AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters. 2 . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. From the System Configuration Menu.

The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. 3 . The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub.Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. The default is 256 multicast addresses. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 . The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. that is.400 seconds (24 hours). If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected.Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets.Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. The default is 260 seconds. 4 . 5 . The range is from 1 second to 86.Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. The default is 256 multicast groups.

enter “0” (zero) for this parameter. Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. After making the desired changes. To select Auto Detect. 147 . Your changes are activated immediately on the switch. or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number. 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect.

The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. as well as the host nodes. type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. From the Advanced Configuration window. perform the following procedure: 1. 4. 2. To display the list. From the System Configuration Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch. Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port.Update Display R . The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group. 3. 148 . From the Main Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.

From the Main Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U . The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. From the System Configuration Menu. 3. The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. To display a list of the multicast routers.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. type 5 to select System Config Menu. type 7 to select View Multicast Router List.Update Display R . type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. From the Advanced Configuration window. 4. perform the following procedure: 1. Router IP The IP address of the multicast router. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected. 2. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. 149 . You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch.

Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .

151 . You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. For example. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. Broadcast frames are different. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. That is. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. For example. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. When a node sends out a broadcast frame. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network. The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds. In order to use this feature. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network.

Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames. If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval. At these settings. the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example. 152 .

100x 153 . type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup.Timer for 1000 MB ports . Type 1. 0 milli sec 2 . The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed. 3... You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. 2. The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. From the System Configuration Menu. or 3 and enter a value when prompted..) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed. and 1000 Mbps. 2. 0 micro sec C . From the Advanced Configuration Menu.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps .Timer for 10 MB ports . The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 .Timer for 100 MB ports .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature.. type 5 to select System Config Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4..10x ❑ 100 Mbps . 100. From the Main Menu... 0 milli sec 3 .Save Configuration Changes R .. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . perform the following procedure: 1.

Once you have set the desired timer intervals. Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. the management software multiples the value by 10. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. 5. The default value is “0” for all timers. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. 6. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. 154 .

AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. 5. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. From the Main Menu. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. For example. enter the first port of the range. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] .> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. enter the last port number in the range. Type B to select Broadcast Control. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. 155 . To configure only one port. 6. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. To configure a range of ports. 2. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. type 1 to select Port Configuration. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. From the Port Menu. type 1 to select Port Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded. To configure a range of ports. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch.

Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .

Select a Port 2 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics.Port Statistics Menu 2 . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4. perform the following procedure: 1.Display Module Statistics R .Display Port Statistics R . type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3.Clear Module Statistics 3 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . 5. Type 1 to choose Select a Port. Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics. The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed. From the Ethernet Statistics menu. 157 . Press Return. Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view.Clear Port Statistics 3 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2. From the Main Menu. The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu.

...... RX_MLTCAST ................................. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port............................. Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port......Update Display R .... RX_BRDCAST ... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port........... CRC_ERROR ...... OVERSIZE .... Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. 158 ......... RX_COUNT ... shown in Figure 48.....Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. PORT_IN_DISCARDS .......... TX_COUNT .. RX_OVERFLOW ................ U ... UNDERSIZE . FRAGMENT ......... CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port. Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port...................... RX_UNICAST ................ Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT .......Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window.. Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded.....................

but discarded and not forwarded. If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”. select the option “2 . Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets.Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port. 159 .3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. packets with alignment errors.AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.

. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT . UNDERSIZE .... Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch.............. perform the following procedure: 1.. RX_OVERFLOW ........ The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch...Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch................... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded......... type 3 to select Display Module Statistics....... FRAGMENT .......... 2............Update Display R ............... RX_BRDCAST ... type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics.......................................... Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch... PORT_IN_DISCARDS . OVERSIZE . The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window................... TX_COUNT .................... RX_MLTCAST .......Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.. CRC_ERROR ....... RX_COUNT .. RX_UNICAST . shown in Figure 48........ From the Ethernet Statistics menu.. U .. From the Main Menu..... 160 .....

3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. packets with alignment errors. 161 . but discarded and not forwarded. select the option “2 . If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch.Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch.

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

163

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

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The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

Once the management software is initialized. If you are installing a new management image. Begin the file transfer of the new management software image.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed. a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete. Do not reboot the switch. Note Do not interrupt the initialization process. Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. 166 . the switch automatically resets.

The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39.The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch.1.35.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host .img 167 . Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149.1. This may necessitate renaming the file. A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT. Binary . Put .ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39. tftp -i 149.1 put c:\ats39. Source file .cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image.1. loader file.AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software. or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above.The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch. If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software.img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39.35. Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software.This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image. you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn.

This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from.35.The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file. Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149. This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically. Destination file . tftp -i 149. The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host .1 get ats39.35.img c:\ats39.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. as explained in the previous section.1.1 to local drive C: of the workstation. Source file . Binary .The source file name is “ATS39.The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation. it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation. 168 .1.cfg”. Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited. Get .img Once the file is stored on a local drive.

IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22. Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17. Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20. Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19. Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27. MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26. Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23.

such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser. 170 .

The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. For instructions. as shown in Figure 51. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. perform the following procedure: 1. To change the password. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. enter the user name and password. the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. Consequently. To start a web browser management session. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. When prompted. Additionally.) The user name cannot be changed. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser. Start your web browser. 171 . Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. (The password is case-sensitive.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies. the switch must have an IP address. 2. you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed.

You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser. In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites. You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows. 172 .The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed. Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display. Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus. Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software.

173 . select Exit from any AT-S39 management page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session.

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default. 175 . subnet address. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. If the System menu option is not selected. refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. select Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. From the Home Page. select it and then select the General tab. To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch.

The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example. 176 . The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide.Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed. Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window. Sales Ethernet switch). Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Change the parameters as desired. 3.

. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. enter the new password into both fields. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. 4. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser. IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. a Telnet utility. Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. To create a new password. Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply. This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch. The default password is “admin”.g. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length. Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. After you have set the parameters. such as its location (e. Floor 4. or an SNMP management program. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. 177 . click Apply. Wiring closet 402B).

178 . or gateway address. or by using the Reset button on the switch. You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session.Section III: Web Browser Management 5. subnet mask. If you made a change to the IP address. you must reset the switch to activate your change. You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session.

2. 3. select System Status. From the Configuration Menu. select Monitoring. select the General tab. From the Home page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. The Monitoring window is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed. If it is not already selected. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 .

For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session. ❑ Switch Mode . Virtual LANs on page 91.Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode. The sections in the window are defined below. This value cannot be changed. refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes). You cannot change any of the values from this window. For information about VLANs. These values cannot be changed.” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. including the IP address of the switch and the system name. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. 180 .Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only. Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging .” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. which also explains how to change the parameters. General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address. These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. If this parameter displays “Basic. For background information about MAC addresses. ❑ Hash Count . Administration This section contains a variety of information. If this parameter displays “Tagged.Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted. refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10.Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table.

Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. 3. The parameters are described below. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. select System. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. select Configuration. Select the SNMP tab. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed. Adjust the parameters as desired. From the Configuration menu. From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1. 181 .

Click Apply to save your changes to the switch.Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. 5. 182 .

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 . Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed.Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

From the Home page. 3. 184 . perform the following procedure: 1. The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. You can select only one port at a time. Click Modify. select Configuration. The selected port turns white. Select the Port Setting tab. Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4. 2. select Layer 1. (To deselect a port. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure. click it again.) 5. From the Configuration page.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch.

Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. An example of the window is shown in Figure 57. The parameters are described below.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed. Transmit .Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Receive . Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6. For instructions on how to set this value. Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time. Adjust the port parameters as desired. Flow Control The flow control setting for the port. any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. Both . If the threshold is reach. For background information on this feature.No flow control on the port. Possible values are: None . refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227. 185 .Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port.

Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps .Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port. Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values.Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps . The default for this port parameter is enabled. 7. A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames. Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode.Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Default values are listed in Appendix A. ❑ 10Mbps . AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. Once you have made the desired changes. click Apply. 186 .Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . This is the default. The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port.

select Layer 1. and more. The selected port turns white. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB.) 4. (To deselect a port. click it again. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58. select Monitoring. Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. Click a port. MDI/MDI-X configuration. 187 . Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics. You can view a port’s operating speed. You can select only one port at a time.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. duplex mode. perform the following procedure: 1. To display the status or statistics of a switch port. 2. 3. From the Monitoring page. From the Home page.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

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Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session. 192 . refer to Port Security Overview on page 65. Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session. Note For background information on port security.

From the Layer 2 page. From the Configuration page. select Monitoring. select Layer 2. 2. From the Home page. The current security level is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 . select the Port Security tab.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level.

Note For background information on port trunking.Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session. refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73. 194 .

From the Configuration page. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. which can adversely effect the operations of your network. which can produce broadcast storms. Loops can result in broadcast storms. the ports of the trunk will be white. To create or delete a port trunk. If you are deleting a port trunk. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. select Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. 3. 195 . If there is a port trunk. 2. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk. Select the Port Trunking tab. select Layer 1. perform the following procedure: 1. all ports in the switch image will be black. From the Home page. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology.

The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. An unselected port is black. To delete a port trunk. 5. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch. 3. or 4 ports. click Remove. b. 196 . A port trunk can contain 2. do the following: a.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. A selected port changes to white. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk. To create a port trunk. Click Apply.

Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror. Note For background information on port mirroring. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. 197 .

Select the Port Mirroring tab. select Configuration. do the following: a. The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports. select Layer 1. 2. c. From the Configuration page. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. Click Apply. 198 . To delete an existing port mirror. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch. From the Home page. 5.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. b. Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4. To create a port mirror. perform the following procedure: 1. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. 3.

The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted. 199 .

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP. refer to STP Overview on page 84. Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session.Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. 200 . Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session.

To configure a bridge’s STP parameters. If you enable STP. select the Spanning Tree tab.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. 2. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window . Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. From the Layer 2 window. The parameters are described below. You should consult the IEEE 802. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. 201 . select Layer 2. 3. perform the following procedure: 1.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters.Configuration 4. select Configuration. From the Home page. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. From the Configuration menu.

When a root bridge goes off-line. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. 5. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value.Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. click Apply. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. This value cannot be changed. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. The default is 2 seconds. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. for example. The default is 15 seconds. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. For example. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. with 0 being the highest priority. if you use the default 20. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. 202 . All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). possibly resulting in a network loop. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. The default is 20 seconds. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. If the bridge transitions too soon. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. After you have made the desired changes. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. The default setting is disabled. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge.535.

Monitoring 203 . select Layer 2. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed. 3. From the Monitoring menu. select the Spanning Tree tab. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. From the Home page. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings. perform the following procedure: 1. refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201. To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters. 2. From the Layer 2 page. select Monitoring.

modify. Virtual LANs. and delete VLANs from a web browser management session. Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode.Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. refer to Chapter 10. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 . This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode.

perform the following procedure: 1. The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed. From the Layer 2 window. select the VLAN tab. select Configuration. From the Configuration menu. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. From the Home page. 2. select Layer 2. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 .

Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN. Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. The name can be from one to 10 characters in length. Click Add. its VID must be unique as well. Sales or Accounting). such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). the name should be unique as well. 6. 206 . The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. The name can contain spaces but not special characters. Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches.

9. To select ports for the VLAN. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. In most cases. 10. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. Note For background information on port mirroring. 7. For example. 8. This value disables port mirroring. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. or a tagged port.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. Click Apply. click Send to CPU. 207 . You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. its VID value should be the same on each switch. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time.

Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. The VLAN is now ready for network operations. 208 .

The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. select Layer 2. From the Configuration menu. After making the desired changes. From the Home page. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure. 5. Creating a VLAN. 7. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. they are returned to the Default VLAN. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. From the Layer 2 window. Click Modify. select the VLAN tab. 6. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. 4. select Configuration. 209 . The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. click Apply. 3.

From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1. select Layer 2. select the VLAN tab. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. 3. 4. 210 .Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. Click Remove. From the Layer 2 window. 2. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. 5. The VLAN is deleted from the switch. From the Configuration menu. select Configuration.

2. select the VLAN tab. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch. perform the following procedure: 1. select Monitoring. From the Home page. From the Monitoring page. From the Layer 2 page. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . select Layer 2. The management software displays the window in Figure 68. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.

perform the following procedure: 1. choose System. From the Home Page. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. Note Refer to Chapter 10. 212 . To set the switch’s VLAN mode. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. If you select Basic. which is the default. select Configuration. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. 4. Virtual LANs. From the Configuration menu. Reset the switch. 5. You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. 3. In the Switch Mode section of the window. click either Tagged or Basic. If you select Tagged. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. Select the General tab. 2. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session.

The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. 5. From the Configuration page. select CoS. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. Click Apply. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 . To deselect a port. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. You can select only one port at a time. perform the following procedure: 1. select Configuration. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. For example. From the Layer 2 page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. 4. 3. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. To change a PVID for a port. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. From the Home page. A selected port turns white. 2. click it again. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. select Layer 2.

214 . Class of Service on page 219. 7. Click Apply.Section III: Web Browser Management 6. Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26. The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch. The new value is immediately activated on the port. Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port.

refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table. 215 .

Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses. perform the following procedure: 1. select Monitoring. select the Forwarding Database tab. The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. 3. From the Home page.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. The options are described below. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session. 2. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table. 216 . You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. From the Layer 2 page. select Layer 2. From the Monitoring page. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. For instructions.

(The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port. Once you have configured the options. Another example is “000020F. As an example. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. The port numbering scheme is from right to left. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. You specify the VLAN by its VID. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. 217 . 4.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. click View. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups.

VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. This feature is not supported at this time.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. except for the switch’s MAC address. 218 . Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. The type can be either static or dynamic. Type The MAC address type.

This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS. 219 .Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS. refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

select Layer 2. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. 8. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed. Click Apply. 220 . select Configuration.) 7. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. perform the following procedure: 1.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. 6. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7. 3. The default for this parameter is No. (To deselect a port. select the CoS tab. From the Configuration page. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. click the Override Priority option.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. Click Modify. click it again. From the Layer 2 page. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. 4. (Again. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. A selected port turns white. Click the port where you want to configure CoS. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5.) 5. From the Home page. You can select only one port at a time. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. it does not matter which of these levels you select. 2.

Note For background information on this feature. 221 .Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch. refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143.

From the Configuration menu. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed. 3. 2. select Configuration. Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. perform the following procedure: 1. select System. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port). 222 . Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. From the Home page.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. Select the IGMP tab.

that is. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 . If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. The range is from 1 second to 86. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. The default is 256 multicast groups. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection. The default is 260 seconds. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn.400 seconds (24 hours). such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected.

or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image.Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. The default is 256 multicast addresses. 224 . A white port indicates a multicast router port. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect.

Note For background information on this feature.Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. 225 .

2. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. After you have entered your values. 4.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps .) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed. 100.100x For example.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. click Apply. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. If they are not already selected. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept. the management software multiples the value by 10. 3. To specify an interval timer. You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. From the Home page. enter values for the three interval timers. and 1000 Mbps. The default value is “0” for all timers. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab. select Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . select them now. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. 226 . The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps.

The selected port turns white. Click Apply. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. When you open the Layer 1 page. If it is not selected. 5. select it now. You can select only one port at a time. select Layer 1. In the graphical switch image. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. perform the following procedure: 1. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. 7. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. 4. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. From the Configuration page. click it again. As an example. 3. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. Click Modify. The port will accept all broadcast frames. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. To deselect a port. 227 . 2. select Configuration. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. From the Home page. 6.

0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 .0.0.0.Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.0 0.0. Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.255.0 255.0.

1 and above only.AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.) 229 .

202 bridge identifier. configuring. 37 defined. 36 documentation. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 150. 60. 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. 45 Auto-Negotiation. 37 BPDU. used in this guide. 202 bridge max age parameter. 128 AT-S39 default settings. 212 BOOTP activating. 37 defined. 220 defined. 225 defined. 90 host nodes 230 . 155. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. 88. 47 setting switch status. 41. 52 defined. 167 obtaining. 228 DHCP activating. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. 164 downloading via TFTP. 140 console timeout. 84. 41. 11 D default values. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 106 setting. 60.Index A aging time changing. 141. 138 defined. 50 F flow control. 88. 37 releasing IP address. 86. 227 browser tools. 86. 163 AT-S39 version number. 185 forwarding delay. 88. 202 bridge hello time parameter. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. 172 C Class of Service configuring. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. 47 guidelines. 43 conventions. AT-S39. 84. 88. 35. 202 bridge priority. 177 H hello time. 88 G gateway address. 27. 121.

75. 39. 140 priority. 87. 186 statistics. 181 SNMP management session. 195 defined. 143 displaying. 184 disable. default settings. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 116. 113. 66 serial number. 82. 94 deleting all. 119. 149 P password changing. 205 defined. 28 Telnet session. 210 displaying. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. 24 M MAC address table. displaying. 35. 222 defined. 222 231 . 28 starting. 111. 198 defined. 18 quitting. 146. 85 setting. 177 interval timer configuring. 118 deleting. 148 host/router timeout interval. 65 displaying. 90 port mirroring creating. 211 modifying. 42 root bridge. switch. 59. port security. 157 port trunking creating. 60 multicast groups. 79 deleting. 223 I IEEE 802.AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 213 defined. 173 R resetting a switch. 67 defined. 59. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 73 deleting. 107. 30 web browser session. 223 multicast router. 193 port statistics. 45 slave switch. 55. 115. 77. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. 190 port cost defined. 195 guidelines. 95. 50 SNMP community strings. 177 default. switch. 50 returning to. 198 port security configuring. 35. 151 L limited security mode configuring. 186 displaying status. 216 MAC address. defined. 145. 26. 145. 187 speed.1d standard. 126. 21 snoop topology. 146. 21 master switch defined. 84 RS232 port. 143 ingress filtering. 209 priority queues. 226 defined. 69 defined. 171 port configuring parameters. 25 S Secure level. maximum. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). 153. 102 port-based VLAN creating. 65 local management session defined. 90 PVID. 80. 32. 58. 29.

43 limitations. 173 starting. 201 configuring port parameters. 50 user name. 94 tagged. 87. changing. 209 port-based. 24 Telnet. 30 starting. 20 quitting. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 101 VLAN identifier (VID). 171 static MAC address adding. 164 downloading via TFTP. AT-S39. 136 deleting. 190 switch. defined. 29 TFTP. 209 Telnet management session defined. 211 modifying. 45 virtual LAN creating. 206 VLAN. 94. 101 deleting all. defined. 129 statistics port. 85. 112. 19 quitting. 167 U unavailable status. 111. 210 disabling. 89 defined.Index software updates downloading from a local session. 160 STP. 113. 205 defined. 29 web browser. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. downloading software updates. 160 system name. 122 mode. 121. 157. 113. 92 deleting all. 205 defined. 212 modifying. 35. 210 displaying. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. 167 obtaining. 115. 203 starting session local. 116. 177 switch statistics. 35. 211 enabling. 116. 118 deleting. default. 107. defined. 84 port cost. 108 VLAN identifier. 171 V version number. 122 displaying. 115. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. 171 232 . 90 viewing bridge parameters. 118 deleting. 107. 137 displaying. 112.