Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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.......................................................................................... 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics ..............92 Port-based VLAN Overview ......................................................................................................................... 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs .................................................... 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN ....................................................................................................................... 142 IGMP Snooping Overview ............. 160 5 .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 97 Port-based Example 1..................... 156 Displaying Port Statistics ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping ........................................................... 137 Changing the Aging Time .......................................................................................................................................................... 118 Changing a PVID Value .......................................... 99 Tagged VLAN Overview ....................... 115 Deleting a VLAN .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN .......................................................................................................................................................................... 112 Modifying a VLAN ................................................................................................................................... 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode .............................................. 116 Deleting All VLANs ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count .................................................... 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview .......................................................................... 98 Port-based Example 2............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 113 Displaying VLAN Information ................................................................................... 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs .............................................................................................................. 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses ................................ 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs ............................................................................... 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control .................................................................................................................................................................... 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview ..................91 VLAN Overview ............................................................................................................................. 103 Tagged VLAN Example ................ 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes ................................................................................................................................................................................... 140 Configuring CoS ......................................................................................................... 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address ............................................................. 126 MAC Address Overview ..... 139 Class of Service Overview ..................................................................................................................... 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers .......................................... 157 Displaying Switch Statistics ................................................... 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 127 Displaying MAC Addresses ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 151 Configuring the Interval Timer ....................................................................... 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 143 Activating IGMP Snooping ............................................................................................................................................. 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN ...................................................... 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses ................ 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table ...........................................................

.........................................................................................................................................................................192 Displaying the Port Security Level ..................................................................... 168 Section III Web Browser Management ........................................................................................................................................................................................................213 6 ............................................................................................................. 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ...............................................................................................203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs .......................................................................................................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security ................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ..................................................................................................................................174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name .........................................................................................................................................................195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 167 Uploading a Configuration File ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................162 Obtaining Software Updates ...............................................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................204 Creating a VLAN ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................183 Configuring Port Parameters ...............................................................................................................................................................171 Browser Tools............211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode . 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session ......198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol .......................................................................................................212 Changing a PVID .......................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings .............................................................................184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics .................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................209 Deleting a VLAN ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................168 Example........................................................................................................................................................................205 Modifying a VLAN ..........................................................................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................167 Example...........................................................................................................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk .............175 Viewing System Information ........................................................................201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters .................................................................................................................................................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks ...............................................................................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session ....................................................................................................................................... 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters ......................................................................................................................................................210 Displaying VLANs ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

.................................................................. 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 225 Configuring the Interval Timer ........................................................................................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table ........ 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping ......................................................................................................................................... 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table ........................................................................................................................................................ 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control ................................... 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames .......................................................................................... 219 Configuring CoS ............................................................................................................................................................................... 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping ......................................... 228 Index .................................................................................................... 230 7 ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

............................. 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu ....................................................................................................................... 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Example 1 ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window ......... 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu .................................................................................................. 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu ....... 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu ...................................................Example 2 ..... 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window ................. 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 ............................................................................................................................................................. 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window ............................................................................. 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................ 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ........................................................... 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu ......................................................................................................................................................................... 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window .................................................................................................... 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window .. 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu ......................................................................................................................................... 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 .............. 52 Figure 11: Port Menu .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window ................................................................................................................................................... 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu .................................................................................................................................................................. 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN ...................................... 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window .......................... 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu ......................................................................................................... 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window .......................................................................................................................................................... 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example .................................................. 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window ................................................................................................................................................................... 122 8 .......................................... 25 Figure 2: Main Menu .............................................................List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port .............................................................. 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu ................................................................................................................................. 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window .............................................................................................................................................................. 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu .......................................................................... 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN ............................... 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window .................. 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................... Figure 66: VLAN Window .........................................................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window .......................................................... Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window .................................... Figure 52: Home Page ......................................................................... Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window ................................. Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu .......... Figure 55: SNMP Tab ................................................................................................................................................... Figure 54: General Tab Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 59: Port Status Window ....................................................................... Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 68: VLAN Window ..................................................................................................................................................... Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu .................................................... Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window ...................................................................................... Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 62: Port Trunking Window .................... Figure 67: Add VLAN Window ................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 57: Settings for Port Window .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 71: IGMP Tab ................................................ Figure 60: Port Statistics Window ................ Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab ........................................ Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window .......................................................................................................... Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window ............................................................................................................................................. Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu ........................................................................................ Figure 61: Port Security Menu ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Configuration .. Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu ................................................................................ Figure 53: General Tab ....................................................................................................................Monitoring ....................................................................................... Figure 69: CoS Setting Window ................................... 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 ................................................... Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window ............................................. Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field .......................................................................................................... Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window ............................................................................................ Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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To use the FTP server.com or our FTP server at ftp. You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com.alliedtelesyn.Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products. 14 . enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password.

Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software. It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. 15 .

Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters. Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A. as explained in the hardware installation guide. 16 . You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches. If this is true for your network. and powering ON the device. The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network.

The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide. They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session. It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser.AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. such as to change or adjust its operating parameters. There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software. 17 . The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use.

18 . Once the session is started. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located. You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session. using a straight-through RS-232 cable.Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch. Note For instructions on starting a local management session. you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch.

refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Note For further information on enhanced stacking.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. With AT-8024GB switches. If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session. 19 . which include the enhanced stacking feature. Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address.

❑ Port security level . that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address. There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session. Consequently.You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session. every AT-8024GB switch. ❑ DHCP and BOOTP . as well as every AT-8024 switch. This too is a type of remote management. Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session. just like a Telnet management session.You can view but not set the port security level of a switch. because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch. 20 . They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking . refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171.You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session.Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch.

A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program. refer to your SNMP management documentation. For instructions. The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program. you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program. Consequently.AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. 21 .

The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session.

Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .

You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch. 24 . Additionally. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. you must go to where that switch is located. Note For information on enhanced stacking. to start this type of management session. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. usually within a few meters. This can simplify network management. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. you can manage just that switch. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch.

Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program. Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch. POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2. perform the following procedure: 1. see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 .

) The Main Menu is displayed.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal. (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1. If prompted for a password. the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt. or an equivalent terminal emulator program.Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 . This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S . The default is “admin”. the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps). You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch. 5.) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal.1 and above. (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>). enter the password for the management software. (The password is case-sensitive. The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps. simply type boot and press Return to start the switch. The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly. Press the Return key twice.Save Configuration Changes R .) 4. Note During boot up. Otherwise. The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset.

This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet. For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session. Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. refer to Chapter 4. Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu. It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located. Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack.AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item. Enhanced Stacking on page 46. 27 . type the corresponding letter or number.

28 . return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit. You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch. Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session. Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions. This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended.

Note For background information on enhanced stacking. To return to a previous menu. type R or press ESC twice. The default password is “admin”. Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol. The menus also function the same. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. Additionally. as shown in Figure 2 on page 26. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities. 29 . Enter the management software password when prompted. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. To make a selection. type its corresponding number of letter. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol. such as with a local management session. The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. In terms of functionally. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely.

Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session. 30 . type Q for Quit from the Main Menu.

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures. activating the original switch default settings. and more. There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it. There are also procedures for resetting the switch. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 .

) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. First. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking. 32 . If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. you must also assign it a subnet mask. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. all from the same management session. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. You do not need to assign an IP address. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. This feature has two primary benefits. Second. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. a web browser. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses. you must assign at least one of them an IP address. subnet mask. This switch will be the Master switch of the stack.

The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. 33 . How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which. If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure. if any. You can do this two different ways.AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. switches on your network need an IP address. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session.

Administrator .Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L . type 4 to select Administration Menu. 255.. (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network........ 9 .0...0..) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch.. subnet mask..Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address..Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address . To manually set a switch’s IP address.0.Save Configuration Changes R .0... From the Main Menu.. go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37..0.. perform the following procedure: 1.Release DHCP IP Address S .... such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch. and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session.0 Subnet Mask .255.Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42. The selection X ... 0.. Comments ... The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed.... 0....Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 .0 System Name .....0 Default Gateway ... along with other optional information.Reset Switch X ... Change Password ..

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

2. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. type 3 to select SNMP Configuration. type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. From the System Configuration Menu. 39 . From the Advanced Configuration window. The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed.

.0 0. 1 .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 ..... when prompted.0..GET Community . public 2 ..0...Save Configuration Changes R . Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch.... ..Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings.. type S to select Save Configuration Changes.0 0.... To change a value. private 3 .SET Community 3..0..Trap Receiver 1 5 ....0.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4.0 S ....Trap Community .......Trap Receiver 3 7 ...... Adjust the parameters as desired........ public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 .... 0.Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch..SET Community .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed...GET Community 2 ...Trap Receiver 2 6 . 4 .0.0..0.. 5. enter the new value... The parameters are described below...0..0 0... type its corresponding number and.... 40 ..... After making your changes.. ..... ..........

perform the following procedure: 1. 4. Type Y to reset the switch. From the System Configuration Menu. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings. Type Y for yes or N for no. From the Main Menu. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. If you type Y for yes.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. type 5 to select System Config Menu. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. 2. Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A. 41 . You are prompted to reset the switch. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults.

a task requiring only a second or two to complete. type 4 to select Administrator Menu. type 9 to select Reset Switch. 42 . perform the following procedure: 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software. 2. The switch immediately reloads its operating system. Some data traffic may be lost. From the Administrator Menu. From the Main Menu.

3. the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. ❑ Web Access . (The password is case-sensitive.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software. type E to enable web access or D to disable web access. These security features are: ❑ Password . enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. ❑ Console Timeout . perform the following procedure: 1. when prompted. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. when prompted. For instructions on how to set this security feature. if you specify 2 minutes. From the Main Menu. 2. and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser.The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. The default password is “admin”. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password. perform the procedure below. type 6 to select Web Server Access and. To configure the console timer. type 5 to select System Config Menu. The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and. To configure web browser access. 43 . perform the procedure below.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch. For example. For instructions on how to set this security feature.

After you have made the desired changes.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. if you disable web access. 44 . 4. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser. type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

45 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information..17.D2......32..... Bootloader Version . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version . Serial Number .A0.....Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed........00 R ..3 ATI_LOADER1...... The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed.1 5456411 00. AT-S39 v1.... type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu......... MAC Address .....

This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch.Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. 46 . The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch.

you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. such as for maintenance. 47 . you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. If your network consists of more than one subnet.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. You simply connect it to your network. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. Once connected to the network. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. That way. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. should you remove a master switch from the network.

For instructions on how to set the IP address manually. For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack. you must assign each master switch a unique IP address. do not. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask. You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. 3. Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. 48 . referred to as slave switches. If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master.

32. and each has been assigned a unique IP address.18 Master 2 IP Address 149.32.11. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet. Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature. you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet.22 Master 2 IP Address 149. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets.16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149.32.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router.32. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149. 49 .09.09.11.

type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. ❑ Unavailable . slave switch.A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet. To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status.A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch. ❑ Slave switch ..Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 .Save Configuration Changes R . It does not need an IP address or subnet mask. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 . Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack. The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed. Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch . A master switch must have a unique IP address.A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch. a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address. You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch.. Note The default setting for a switch is Slave.Enhanced Stacking Services S . you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet. or unavailable.. From the Main Menu. A switch with this designation can be managed locally.Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable. perform the following procedure: 1. Master 2 . To be managed remotely.

the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master. or U to make the switch unavailable.Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches. To change a switch’s status. The following prompt is displayed. Type M to change the switch to a master switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 . Note The “2 . Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.” For example. 2. Press Return.Switch State. A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch. 4. 51 . type 1 to select Switch State. S to make it a slave switch.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch.Get/Refresh List of Switches A . The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window. you need to select it from the management software. The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch. 2. If you assigned system names to your switches.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 .Access Switch R . type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. you are by default addressing that particular switch. From the Main Menu. then it is very easy. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services. To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack. To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G . When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet. perform the following procedure: 1. The window in Figure 10 is displayed. From the Enhanced Stacking window.

53 . You now can manage the selected switch. This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. Enter the switch’s password and press Return. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. The password is case-sensitive. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window. Type A to select Access Switch. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. 6. Once you see that window. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. The default password is “admin”.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. if you want to manage the Master switch. Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password. 4. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

From the Port Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C . 55 . type 4 to select Port Status. perform the following procedure: 1. The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed.Accept changes & update flash R . type 1 to select Port Menu. From the Main Menu.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N .Next Page U . Manual . Figure 12 is an example of the window. 56 . Possible values are: Up .indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number.Update Display R . Down .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed.indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link. Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port.Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode.Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually. Possible values are: Auto .

Disabled . Receive .AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port.No flow control on the port. Possible values are: None .10 Mbps 100 .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. Transmit .1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port.100 Mbps 1000 .Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. State The current operating status of the port. Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex. This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member.The port has been manually disabled. Flow The flow control setting for the port. Possible values are: 10 .Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. 57 .The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames. Possible values are: Forwarding . Spd The operating speed of the port. Both .

. To configure a range of ports....... 2...No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 . type 1 to select Port Configuration........ Broadcast Control ... To configure only one port. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed.............. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch.. Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 ... Advertise 100HDX . Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return... type 1 to select Port Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status . perform the following procedure: 1.. From the Port Menu. enter the last port number in the range. To configure a range of ports. Flow Control . Negotiation ... enter the first port of the range... Advertise 10FDX . From the Main Menu. MDI/MDIX Mode . Advertise 10HDX ... Advertise 100FDX .. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return.......

. The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters. which is the default. Once the problem has been fixed..... a port will not receive or transmit frames.Duplex ...The port will receive and forward packets. You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections.Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode.10 Mbps 0100 .Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex.. 0100 3 .... Adjust the port parameters as desired.. 0 . The parameters are described below.Speed ... the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically. If you select Manual.Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port. 59 . If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation.Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode. 1 .Speed selection are: 0010 . This is the default setting.100 Mbps 1000 . This toggles the parameter through its possible settings....AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port.... Possible settings are: Forwarding . you can enable the port again to resume normal operation... The possible settings for the 2 . 5. You adjust a parameter by typing its number..1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 ... Disabled . two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 . You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port.The port will not receive or forward packets. When disabled..

Advertise 10FDX 6 . which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half. During Auto-Negotiation.or full-duplex mode. 5 . the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps. The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames.Advertise 100FDX 8 . Receive . a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it. Transmit . refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155. if you set the selection 8 . a switch port will advertise its full capabilities. B . which is the default setting.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode. By default.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port.Advertise 100HDX to No. If desired.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. For example. which is the default setting. The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time. You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation.MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX. Possible settings are: None . 9 . 60 .Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation.No flow control on the port.Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option. Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated. half-duplex operation. the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it. Both . If you set this to Auto.Advertise 10HDX 7 .

This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. when selected. Once you have set the port parameters. The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node. The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection. which. You can use this option to reset the selected port. 61 . This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6.

these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5. 62 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch. To display GBIC information. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Advanced Configuration window. Type 1 to select GBIC Information. From the System Configuration Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu.GBIC Information R . 2.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4. Type either 24 or 25. type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. From the Main Menu. The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 .

... Length 62..........AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module. (k) .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only....... N ......... Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding ....... Length 9/125 mm Fib... 63 .......... Figure 15 is an example of the window. Length 9/125 um Fib......... Elect/Opt Transceiver .. Extended Serial Transceiver .............. (100m) ... (10m) . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number .... Type of Serial Interface ...5/125 um Fib....... You cannot change this information.... Connector Type ...... (10k) ... Length 50/125 um Fib.............Next Page R ..

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. 64 .Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security. Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session.

You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. 65 . Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table. it remains in the table and is never purged. Automatic This operating mode disables port security.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. even when the end node is inactive. Once this mode is activated. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. There are four levels of port security. Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table.

even those belonging to inactive end nodes. Once you have activated this security level. 66 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table. When this security level is activated. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward.

Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. type 1 to select Automatic mode. From the Main Menu. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses. type 5 to select Port Security. After activating this security mode. 67 . This is the default setting. From the Port Menu. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. type 2 to select Limited mode. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. To specify the limits. 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . perform the following procedure: 1. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. To set a switch’s port security level. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. type 1 to select Port Menu. ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. type 3 to select the Secured mode. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. 2.

68 . Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time.Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned. type 4 to select Lock all the ports now. A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch.

You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports. To configure Limited security mode. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports. type 5 to select Port Security. 3. From the Port Menu. Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn.Display MAC limit per port 2 . When you activate this security level.Configure port security limited mode R .Set MAC limit per port 3 . frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn. From the Port Security menu. type 2 to select Limited security. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 . 2. type 1 to select Port Menu. You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 . From the Main Menu. Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port. perform the following procedure: 1.

The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6. This applies the limit to the port. To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch. type R to select Return to previous menu. The range is 1 to 150 addresses. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. 7. 9. Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. 13. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. repeat Steps 5 through 9. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports. 12. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . 11. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. 10. Type 2 to choose Select a port. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. 70 . type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports.

16. 71 . 15. Check to be sure that they are correct. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu. Examine the MAC limits. If you assigned different values to different ports. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port. The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed. If necessary. repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. 14. be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. Limited security has now been configured on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch.

Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .

you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. ❑ When cabling a trunk. there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. such as a server. or another Ethernet switch. 3. port 13 to port 22. the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. ports 4. or 4 ports. workstation. 3. 15 for the trunk. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. and 7). ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. 22. and so on. 13. router. speed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. To maintain the order of the port connections. 5. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. and 24. 14. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. 6. For example. A port trunk is 2. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. 73 . ❑ The duplex mode. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. For example. or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. 23. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. Despite the software configuration and physical connections. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. and so on. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12.

❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN. AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches. The server is connected to the switch with four data links. A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs. The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch. The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server. AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 . ❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch.

From the Main Menu. such as speed and duplex mode. perform the following procedure: 1. Note Before creating a port trunk. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed.Show port trunking status S . Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure. type 3 to select Port Trunking. Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software. are the same for all the ports of the trunk. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch. To create a port trunk. From the Port Menu. type 1 to select Port Menu.Delete Trunk 3 . 2. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 . You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN. examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk. Check to be sure that the settings.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 .Add ports to trunk 2 .Save Configuration Changes R .

Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7.4) or as a range (e. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. 1.. 7-10).. The port trunk is ready for network operations. type 3 to display the status of the trunk. 76 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R . Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk. You can specify the ports individually (e. Enter new value -> 4. 8.g. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window. Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking.3. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return. The following prompt is displayed.3. 6.2. Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk. 5. To confirm the creation of the port trunk.g.

4. 77 . To delete a port trunk from the switch. 5. The port trunk is deleted from the switch. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. To confirm the deletion. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. 2. Type 2 to select Delete trunk. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. From the Port Menu. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. type 1 to select Port Menu. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology. type 3 to select Port Trunking.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror.

❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time. you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port. the more ports you mirror. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. the mirror port is likely to drop packets. However. 79 . meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports. the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. For example. if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed. For example.

Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. From the Main Menu.Add ports to mirror 4 . enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step.. Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror. type 1 to select Port Menu. From the Port Menu..Delete ports from mirror 5 ... No 3 . If you want to mirror a range or ports. 5. Press Return.. Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is. You can specify only one mirror port. The following prompt is displayed.. enter the first port of the range. To mirror the traffic of only one port. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6... The following prompt is displayed..Save Configuration Changes R .. The following prompt is displayed. 0 2 . Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored. the port to where the traffic will be copied)..Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror. 2.CPU Attached . perform the following procedure: 1... enter the last port in the range. Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3.Mirroring Port . To mirror a range of ports.Show Port Mirror Status S . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 . 80 ..

The port mirror is now functional. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. 10. type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status. To confirm the creation of the port mirror. 81 . Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu. The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored. 9.

Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The following prompt is displayed. Enter 0 and press Return. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. 5. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. 82 . The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. type 1 to select Port Menu. From the Main Menu. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. From the Port Menu. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. 3.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror. 2. perform the following procedure: 1.

1D. 83 .Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters. ISO/IEC 10038: 1993. refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol.

referred to as broadcast storms. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. also referred to as the bridge identifier. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. either planned or unplanned. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number. STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode.Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes. Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge. and sometimes its MAC address. Where multiple paths exist. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability. as specified in the IEEE 802. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. exist in the network topology. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. By adjusting the value. 84 .1D standard. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. leaving only one main active path. of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges.

If redundant paths exist. Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. the lower the port cost. The faster the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and. Below are the default values. where all ports have a port cost of 0. the preferred path is selected through port priority. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. active path. blocking mode. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. If two paths have the same port cost. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. if one is found. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. 85 . they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state.

To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. For large networks. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. 86 . The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. However. If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. or addition of any active components. the active topology also changes. For small networks. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. and if not. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). especially if it is a large network. before it begins to forward frames. a temporary data loop could occur. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. removal. and that could adversely impact network performance. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. When a bridge is brought on-line.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. listening and learning. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. Consequently. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. with the size of your network being a primary factor. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. a change in a port state is not activated immediately. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network.

. Bridge Max Age .Config STP Port Settings 8 . The default setting is disabled.. Bridge Forwarding . The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed. Bridge Priority ..Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch. Bridge Hello Time . type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. From the Main Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2.... You should consult the IEEE 802.. 1 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable .. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed.. 87 ... 1. The parameters are described below..Reset STP to Defaults R ..Display STP Port Settings 9 ... Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 .. Bridge Identifier ..1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. If you enable STP..AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks...

Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. 88 . The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. 6 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . 5 . 4 . The default is 2 seconds. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge.535. The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. The default is 15 seconds. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. For example. 3.Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. When a root bridge goes off-line.Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state.Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. After you have made the desired changes. if you use the default 20. 3 . with 0 being the highest priority. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. resulting in network loops. If the bridge transitions too soon. for example. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). The default is 20 seconds. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65.

. type 7 to select Config STP port settings. enter the first port of the range. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating . To configure a range of ports. From the Spanning Tree menu.Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain. Port Priority .. The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed... From the Main Menu..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5... 89 ... The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R .. enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step. 1 . Root Bridge . perform the following procedure: 1.. The parameters are described below.... Enter the number of the port you want to configure... Adjust the settings as desired..AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters. 2. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3...... enter the last port of the range. This value cannot be changed. Path Cost . To configure a range of ports... type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. To configure just one port... Bridge Hello Time ..

This value cannot be changed from this window. refer to the previous procedure. The range is 1 to 65535. 3 . This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed. The default value for priority is 128. 10 for a 100 Mbps port.Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 .Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain.Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN. The default is 2 seconds. 5 . 90 . and 4 for a 1 Gbps port. The range is 0-255. 4 . The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port. To change this value.

It also contains the procedures for creating.Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs). and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session. modifying. This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 .

logical LAN segments. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN. For example. if an employee changed departments. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases. It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. With VLANs. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. Before the advent of VLANs. 92 . For example. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. This too can improve overall network performance. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. Additionally. The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN.

Additionally. or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another. VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically. 93 . The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections. a virtual LAN can span more than one switch. you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software. This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location.AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS.

94 . or just a few ports. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN. Production. VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. such as a router or Layer 3 switch. A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. Examples include Sales. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. and Engineering. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches. you must give it a name. called the Default VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter.

Untagged Ports Naturally. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch. it will simply select the next available VID. Consequently. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN. you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously. Additionally. This is acceptable when you are creating a new. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received. If you allow the management software to do it automatically. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. In this manner. unique VLAN. rather than by a port’s PVID. For example. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID. Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID.AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames. 95 .

❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member. the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. ❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. 96 . However. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN. Consequently. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID.

For example. across multiple VLANs. many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. 97 . ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN. A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs. In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches. such as servers and printers. a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. ❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network.

A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN.) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN .24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID.4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9. The ports have been assigned PVID values. and Production VLANs on the switch. (For purposes of the following examples. Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . You assign this number when you create a VLAN.13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . Engineering.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs. the Default VLAN is not shown. 98 . A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member. 11 .Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales.

The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example. each VLAN has one port connected to the router. two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch.Example 2 99 . In this example. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN . Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs.

6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN . However. and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 . 14. It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4.6. Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router. This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment.24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 . Since this VLAN spans multiple switches. 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13.11. The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch. This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch.This is the final VLAN in the example. ❑ Engineering VLAN . This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN. it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router. 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 .This VLAN spans both switches. So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN. it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. Engineering. ❑ Production VLAN . It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch. 100 . The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch.This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN.

This contrasts to a port-based VLAN. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames. The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time. 101 . the frame will be discarded. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership. When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. A tag. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port. For example. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame. Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94.1Q-compliant. If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of. the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch. This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network. the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports. This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously. The IEEE 802. referred to as a tagged frame.3ac standard).

Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN. simultaneously. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. Otherwise. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. However. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. But actually there is. 102 . the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. can be in only one VLAN at a time. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. a frame without any tagged information). and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. In the case of a tagged VLAN. You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN. An untagged port. The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. there would seem to be no need for a PVID. the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports.

AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN. 103 . ❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time. ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS. each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID. If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks. ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs.

Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.1Q-based products.1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802.

1Q-compliant server. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. But with tagged ports. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example. while still maintaining data separation and security. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. 20 (PVID 3) 8. data separation and security remain. It is connected to an IEEE 802. It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. 105 . 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. when received by the switch. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. 18 (PVID 2) 8. One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. The tagged frames. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated.

❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames. 106 . You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. but the VLANs are not used. either tagged or untagged. is ignored. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered. frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121. Packets are passed through the switch unchanged. All VLAN information. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 . From the VLAN Menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3.Port VLANs & Priorities R . type 1 to select Create a VLAN.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2. perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S . 107 .Virtual LAN Definitions 3 . The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN. From the Main Menu. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.Virtual LAN Support 2 .Save Configuration Changes R .

Create VLAN R .. VLAN ID (VID) . 5..... For example...Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed. 0 Tagged Ports . The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example. then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected... you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value.. If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches.. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network.. The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096.... C . Mirroring Port .... such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!).. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN.. 108 . if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches.. Untagged Ports .. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches..... Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN.. The name can be from one to ten characters in length.. The name can contain spaces. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name ..... 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4... Sales or Accounting).. then the name should be unique as well.... then its VID must also be unique.. than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch.. but not special characters..

7-9). Press any key.3. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports. A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored. You can specify the ports individually (e. 2. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN.3. either do not select this option or select it and type N for no.5.. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. leave this field empty.Press any key to continue... as a range (e. For more information on port mirroring. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. 7-9). 13.g.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. this parameter should be left with its default value of 0.5.7-9) 7. 12. as a range (e. If the VLAN will contain tagged ports. type 4 to select Show All VLANs. 2.5).. Note In most cases. 9.g.g. 8. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU.) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature.. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port. 10. or both (e. 14. you can analyze the VLAN traffic. You can specify the ports individually (e. If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports. 2. Type C to select Create VLAN..5). To verify that the VLAN was created correctly. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.7-9). 11.g. Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports. or both (e. 109 . type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. type 6 and Y for yes.(If you do not to activate this feature. 2. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN. you will see the following message: SUCCESS .g.g. leave this field empty.

Note When you create a new VLAN. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time. Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15. 110 . if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. For example. You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs. the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN. ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment.

Press Return. 3. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. The new Sales VLAN has now been created. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. 9. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. Ports 1 to 4. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. 2. From the VLAN Menu. To create the example Sales VLAN. 8. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”. 5. 6. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. press any key. 4. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. Type C to select Create VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. 7. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 111 .

10.11. 7. It will consist of three untagged ports.16”. 4. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN. 5. 11. 6. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. Ports 8 and 16. Ports 9. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created. Press Return. 8. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 20”. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. To create the example Engineering VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. 3. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. 112 . Type C to select Create VLAN. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. 2. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”. 10. From the VLAN Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104. From the Main Menu. press any key. perform the following procedure: 1. and 12. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. 9. and two untagged ports.

refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107.Press any key to continue. The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS . The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. 6. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. 2. type M to select Modify VLAN. type 2 to select Modify a VLAN. To modify a VLAN. Change the VLAN’s information as desired. From the VLAN Menu. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115.. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 . The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. 3.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu...... For a description of the parameters. 7.. The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed. 113 . Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID).VLAN ID (VID) . After making the desired changes. R . type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure. This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN.

9. 11. The VLAN has been modified. Press any key. 114 . 10.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. 8. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs.

type 4 to select View All VLANs. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33. Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7. 3. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.9 U: 8. From the VLAN Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 .9 U: 1-6 T: 7. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. From the Main Menu. VID numbers.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R . 2. perform the following procedure: 1. The Show All VLANs window is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch.

. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 . type 3 to select Delete a VLAN. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. 2. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. A confirmation prompt is displayed.. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). 116 . The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed. From the VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu.. To delete the VLAN. which has a VID of 1. 3.. type D. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5.. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.VLAN ID (VID) . To delete a VLAN. 6. perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4. R . The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed.

9. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. The VLAN has been deleted. 10. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure. The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS .AT-S39 User’s Guide 7. both tagged and untagged. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed. All ports in the deleted VLAN. 117 . 8. are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports.Press any key to continue.

All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. A confirmation message is displayed. To delete all VLANs on a switch. 4. 2. on a switch. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. To delete selected VLANs. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. except the Default VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. 3. 5. From the Main Menu. From the VLAN Menu. 118 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Press Return. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. perform the following procedure: 1.

But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary. Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 . Type 1 to select Port Number.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. perform the following procedure: 1. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. Press Return. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed.Port Number R . then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7. 2. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. For example. From the VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu. To change a PVID for a port. 119 . type 2 to select VLAN Menu. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN. There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port.

Update Changes to Chip C ... Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID.... The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS . 1 1 0 N U ......Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5.....Accept changes & update flash R .. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 8.Press any key to continue........ Type U to select Update Changes to Chip.. 9.... Override Priority (Y/N) .... Press Return. You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch.. Port VLAN ID .. Specify the new PVID value for the port... The port now has a new PVID. Return to the Main Menu..Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number . Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High ... 120 ..... 7....

To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. The default is Tagged mode. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs. Type 3 to select Switch Mode.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. 2. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. perform the following procedure: 1. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 121 . 5. 4. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged. From the Main Menu. Press Return. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. B-Basic): 3.

Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs. When VLANs are disabled. perform the following procedure: 1.Disable VLANs Globally R . Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering.Enable VLANs Globally D .Accept changes & update flash R . The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed. From the VLAN Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 . the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. 2. When VLANs are enabled. From the Main Menu.Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 . If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure. The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed. the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs.Enable/Disable VLANs 2 . type 2 to select VLAN Menu. It sets a switch’s VLAN mode. The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E . ingress filtering is disabled.

Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 123 . Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode. A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch. 6.AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. 4. 5. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. nor to any frames. tagged or untagged. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. If they belong to different VLANs. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. First. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. the port accepts the frame. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. the port discards the frame. the frame is discarded. Once the tagged frame is received. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. Here is an example. Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. For further information. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. Fortunately. just as a reminder. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. If they belong to the same VLAN. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. If there is. the switch discards the frame. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. the port accepts the frame. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). 124 . In this case.

Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R . perform the following procedure: 1. In most cases. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E . 2. From the VLAN Menu. regardless of the status of ingress filtering. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. From the Virtual LAN Support menu. Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3.Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D . You cannot set this per port. Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets. Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame. 125 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis. The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed. A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. From the Main Menu. and that is the priority tag. which is the default. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. 4. To enable or disable ingress filtering.

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table.

For example. determines the port where the destination node is connected. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. it also examines the destination address and. 127 . The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. by referring to its MAC address table. it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table. and the port number where each address was learned. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. When the destination node responds. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port. When the switch receives a packet. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. along with the port number on which each address was learned. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table.

remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports. For instructions on changing the aging timer. 128 . The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes). The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. once entered in the table. Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table. This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. even when the end node is inactive. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. even when the end node is inactive. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses. You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process. The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. A static MAC address.

To display the MAC address table. From the Main Menu. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports. just the base ports. One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses. type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports. To display only static MAC addresses. type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R . The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed. To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. type 6 to select MAC Address Tables. 129 . perform the following procedure: 1. The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed.

Update Display R . Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N . (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only. MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. The columns in the window are defined below. which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. The static MAC address window is exactly the same.Accept changes & update flash U . 130 .

This feature is not supported at this time. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. The type can be either static or dynamic. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Type The MAC address type. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. Another example is “000020F. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. As an example. except for the switch’s MAC address. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. 131 .

The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3. type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. 2. 132 . A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port. Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return. From the Main Menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 1. The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. From the MAC Address Table menu.

You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address. From the MAC Address Table menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. finding the address could prove difficult. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. if the address was learned dynamically. you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned. or to which the address was assigned. type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address. 1. 2. From the Main Menu. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. But if the switch is part of a large network.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. 133 . for a static address. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. The procedure in this section offers an easier way.

134 . To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch. 1.) Note To perform this procedure. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN. as explained earlier in this chapter. From the MAC Address Table menu. produces the same result. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns. perform the following procedure. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. From the Main Menu. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table. (This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. 2. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3.

type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses. 135 . To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. 3. Once the table has been purged. the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. If you type Y for yes. Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table. A confirmation prompt is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. From the MAC Address Table menu. 2. From the Main Menu. the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. perform the following procedure. 1. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure.

type 6 to select MAC Address Table. perform the following procedure: 1. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. 136 . From the MAC Address Table menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. 2. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses. The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table. 5. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address. To add a static address to the MAC address table.

Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table. perform the following procedure: 1. 137 . 2. Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. From the Main Menu. From the MAC Address Table menu. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 4. type 3 to select Delete MAC Address.

This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active. Enter a new value in seconds. The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch. To adjust the aging time. The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3. From the System Config Menu. 2. 138 . the switch deletes the address. perform the following procedure: 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time. From the Main Menu. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes). type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. type 5 to select System Config Menu.

Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .

network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner. such as voice transmission or video conferencing. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis. but were mostly transparent to network users.1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example.1p and 802. The 802. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue. 140 . frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer. File transfer delays did occur. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue. low and high. CoS was designed to address this problem.. When a tagged packet enters a switch port.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority.e.1Q standards. transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality. Prior to CoS. 0 to 7. packet transfer delays can prove problematic. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port. By default. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest. For example. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802. But with the introduction of time-critical applications. untagged frames (i.

From the Main Menu. 10. Type 3 to select Priority (0 . If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port.) 7.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. The default for this parameter is No. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. enter a value from 4 to 7. perform the following procedure: 1. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. 5. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port. Press Return. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 6. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. enter a value from 0 to 3. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch. 8. 2. 141 . All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. 9.7). (Again. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. Type 1 to select Port Number. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. 3. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. 11. Return to the Main Menu. From the VLAN Menu.

Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .

it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. 143 . Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. the router does not send multicast packets out the port. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. In Version 2. referred to as a time-out value. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. Once the router has received a report from a host node. it simply stops sending reports. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time.) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port. A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. it removes the node from appropriate membership list. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. In Version 1. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. There are two versions of IGMP.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group.

and by processing leave requests. Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance. 144 . Note By default.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2. which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups. IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch. except the port on which it received the packet. a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports.

type 5 to select System Config Menu.... From the Advanced Configuration window. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters.Save Configuration Changes R .. perform the following procedure: 1...Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 .Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port..IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. Host/Router Timeout Interval .. Multicast Router Port(s) . After selecting this option. From the System Configuration Menu. From the Main Menu.... View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status . Multicast Host Topology .. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 ... type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. 2...... Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate). 3. type E to enable or D to disable this feature. 2 . Maximum Multicast Groups ... The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch.

The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval.Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. The range is 1 to 2048 groups.400 seconds (24 hours). The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected.Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. 4 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. The default is 256 multicast groups. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 . 3 . Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. The default is 260 seconds. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. that is. The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. The range is from 1 second to 86. The default is 256 multicast addresses. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. 5 . This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups.Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected.

Your changes are activated immediately on the switch. Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter. 147 . After making the desired changes. To select Auto Detect. or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number. enter “0” (zero) for this parameter. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect.

From the Main Menu. The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U . perform the following procedure: 1. 4. Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. From the System Configuration Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group. 3. as well as the host nodes. Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. 2. 148 . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.Update Display R . VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. To display the list.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. From the Advanced Configuration window.

Router IP The IP address of the multicast router. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected. The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U . 4. To display a list of the multicast routers.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Advanced Configuration window.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. From the Main Menu. From the System Configuration Menu. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. 2. type 7 to select View Multicast Router List. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed.Update Display R . You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch. 149 . 3. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software.

When a node sends out a broadcast frame. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds. That is. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps. In order to use this feature. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. For example. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. For example. 151 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network. Broadcast frames are different. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example. At these settings. If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval. the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch. 152 . Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames.

100. The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed..Timer for 100 MB ports .10x ❑ 100 Mbps . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 . The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds.Timer for 1000 MB ports ..AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.. 3. From the Advanced Configuration Menu.Save Configuration Changes R . 0 milli sec 2 . From the Main Menu. type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup. and 1000 Mbps.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed.. Type 1.. perform the following procedure: 1.. 0 micro sec C .. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. or 3 and enter a value when prompted.Timer for 10 MB ports . The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . 2. 0 milli sec 3 .1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. 2.100x 153 . type 5 to select System Config Menu. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4. From the System Configuration Menu...

A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. 5. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. 154 . Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. The default value is “0” for all timers. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. the management software multiples the value by 10. 6.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. Once you have set the desired timer intervals. type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded. To configure a range of ports. type 1 to select Port Menu. Type B to select Broadcast Control. 2. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. enter the first port of the range. To configure a range of ports. From the Port Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. type 1 to select Port Configuration. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch.> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. For example. enter the last port number in the range. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. 5. 155 . enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. From the Main Menu. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. perform the following procedure: 1. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. To configure only one port. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. 6. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds.

Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .

AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics.Clear Port Statistics 3 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics. type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu. Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view.Port Statistics Menu 2 .Display Port Statistics R . Press Return.Clear Module Statistics 3 . The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed.Select a Port 2 . The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . Type 1 to choose Select a Port. From the Ethernet Statistics menu. Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2.Display Module Statistics R . perform the following procedure: 1. 5. 157 . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4. From the Main Menu.

....... OVERSIZE . RX_OVERFLOW .... CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port.......................... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT ................................. shown in Figure 48... UNDERSIZE . U ...... Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port................... RX_MLTCAST ... CRC_ERROR .......... 158 ......... RX_UNICAST ....... Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port....................Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window.......................Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.................... Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port.. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port.. PORT_IN_DISCARDS ......... FRAGMENT ... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port.... RX_BRDCAST .. TX_COUNT .......Update Display R .... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded.. RX_COUNT ....

3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. but discarded and not forwarded. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. 159 . and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. select the option “2 . Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”. packets with alignment errors.AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu.

..... shown in Figure 48....................... From the Ethernet Statistics menu.......... type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics...... UNDERSIZE .... RX_COUNT .. perform the following procedure: 1.. U ............ PORT_IN_DISCARDS ....... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch.....................Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch.. From the Main Menu...Update Display R .......... RX_MLTCAST .................. type 3 to select Display Module Statistics.... RX_BRDCAST ..... FRAGMENT .. The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window... Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch............... OVERSIZE ............... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded...... 160 .. TX_COUNT .. Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch.. 2................... RX_OVERFLOW .... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT ..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.......... CRC_ERROR . RX_UNICAST ..................

3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch.Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu. but discarded and not forwarded.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch. select the option “2 . 161 . If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch. Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. packets with alignment errors.AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch.

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

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Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

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Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

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The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. Note Do not interrupt the initialization process. the switch automatically resets. 166 . If you are installing a new management image. Do not reboot the switch. a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete. Once the management software is initialized. Begin the file transfer of the new management software image. the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed.

This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image.cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image.1.img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39. Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149.img 167 .The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch.1. Put . Binary .35.1. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host . Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software.1 put c:\ats39. tftp -i 149.AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software. or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above. loader file. This may necessitate renaming the file.35.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch. A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT. If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software.ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39. The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39. Source file . you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn.

Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149.The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation.img Once the file is stored on a local drive.1.cfg”.The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file. This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically.35.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation.1. tftp -i 149. Source file . Destination file . 168 .The source file name is “ATS39.1 to local drive C: of the workstation.35.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from. The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host .img c:\ats39. as explained in the previous section. Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited. it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP. Binary . Get .1 get ats39.

Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26. Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17. Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27. Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22. IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18. Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20. Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 .

Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser. 170 . such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.

perform the following procedure: 1. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. enter the user name and password. you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed. To change the password. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. Additionally. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. the switch must have an IP address. When prompted. Consequently. To start a web browser management session. the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. For instructions.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch. as shown in Figure 51. 2. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser. (The password is case-sensitive. The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. Start your web browser. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. 171 . refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3.) The user name cannot be changed.

The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed. 172 . In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites. Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus. You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows. Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display. You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser. Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software.

select Exit from any AT-S39 management page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session. 173 .

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. If the System menu option is not selected. subnet address. refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. select it and then select the General tab. 2. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. select Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. 175 . The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default. From the Home Page.

The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example. Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide. Sales Ethernet switch). 176 . 3. Change the parameters as desired.Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed.

. a Telnet utility. After you have set the parameters. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. The default password is “admin”. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length.g. click Apply. 177 . This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Wiring closet 402B). Floor 4. Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. enter the new password into both fields. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. 4. Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. such as its location (e. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. or an SNMP management program. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. To create a new password.

subnet mask. You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session. You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session. or by using the Reset button on the switch. or gateway address. If you made a change to the IP address. 178 .Section III: Web Browser Management 5. you must reset the switch to activate your change.

Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 . 2. select the General tab. 3. select Monitoring.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1. The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed. The Monitoring window is displayed. select System Status. From the Configuration Menu. If it is not already selected.

Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging . For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session.Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted.” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. Virtual LANs on page 91. including the IP address of the switch and the system name. refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. You cannot change any of the values from this window.Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode. This value cannot be changed.Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only.Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table. ❑ Switch Mode .” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. These values cannot be changed. If this parameter displays “Basic. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes). These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. The sections in the window are defined below. refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10. ❑ Hash Count . General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address. For background information about MAC addresses. which also explains how to change the parameters. For information about VLANs. If this parameter displays “Tagged. Administration This section contains a variety of information. 180 .

AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. The parameters are described below. Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. 181 . select Configuration. Adjust the parameters as desired. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed. Select the SNMP tab. 2. From the Configuration menu. select System. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page.

5. Click Apply to save your changes to the switch. 182 .Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. Changes are immediately activated on the switch.

Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 .Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch. 2. select Configuration. (To deselect a port.) 5. perform the following procedure: 1. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure. From the Home page. click it again. 184 . 3. The selected port turns white. select Layer 1. The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. You can select only one port at a time. Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4. Click Modify. From the Configuration page. Select the Port Setting tab.

refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227. Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time. Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6. Flow Control The flow control setting for the port.Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port. An example of the window is shown in Figure 57. 185 .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. If the threshold is reach.Flow control only on packets being received on the port. For background information on this feature.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. Both . For instructions on how to set this value. Transmit . Adjust the port parameters as desired. Receive . The parameters are described below.No flow control on the port. Possible values are: None . any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch.

This is the default. Once you have made the desired changes. Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode. Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values. Default values are listed in Appendix A. click Apply. The default for this port parameter is enabled. 7.Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . ❑ 10Mbps . AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228.Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . 186 .Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps . The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port. A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames.Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port.Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port.

You can select only one port at a time. From the Home page. MDI/MDI-X configuration.) 4. To display the status or statistics of a switch port. The selected port turns white. Click a port. 187 . 2. From the Monitoring page. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB. perform the following procedure: 1. Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. select Monitoring. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58. 3. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch. Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. duplex mode. select Layer 1. (To deselect a port. You can view a port’s operating speed. and more. click it again.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

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refer to Port Security Overview on page 65. Note For background information on port security. Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session. 192 .Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session.

select Monitoring. From the Layer 2 page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. select Layer 2. perform the following procedure: 1. select the Port Security tab. 2. The current security level is displayed. 3. From the Home page. From the Configuration page. Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 .

Note For background information on port trunking. refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73. 194 .Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session.

Loops can result in broadcast storms. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. To create or delete a port trunk. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. which can produce broadcast storms. select Configuration. which can adversely effect the operations of your network. If there is a port trunk. all ports in the switch image will be black. select Layer 1. Select the Port Trunking tab. 195 . From the Home page. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. From the Configuration page. 3. If you are deleting a port trunk. the ports of the trunk will be white.

b. You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. To delete a port trunk. An unselected port is black. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk. or 4 ports. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch. click Remove. The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. Click Apply. 5. A selected port changes to white.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. 3. A port trunk can contain 2. 196 . To create a port trunk. do the following: a.

Note For background information on port mirroring. 197 .Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79.

Select the Port Mirroring tab. To create a port mirror. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports. 2. Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. do the following: a. c. 3. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. b. Click Apply. 198 . perform the following procedure: 1. To delete an existing port mirror. select Layer 1. From the Home page. From the Configuration page.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. select Configuration. 5.

AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted. 199 . The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations.

Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session.Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. 200 . Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session. refer to STP Overview on page 84. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP.

select the Spanning Tree tab.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. 3. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed.Configuration 4. If you enable STP. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. You should consult the IEEE 802. From the Layer 2 window. select Layer 2. select Configuration. To configure a bridge’s STP parameters. From the Home page. The parameters are described below. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window . 2. 201 . From the Configuration menu. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. perform the following procedure: 1.

This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. with 0 being the highest priority. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. The default is 15 seconds. click Apply. This value cannot be changed. possibly resulting in a network loop. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). Changes are immediately activated on the switch. if you use the default 20. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. When a root bridge goes off-line. If the bridge transitions too soon. 5. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. After you have made the desired changes. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. 202 .Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. The default setting is disabled. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes.535. For example. The default is 20 seconds. for example. The default is 2 seconds.

2.Monitoring 203 . From the Home page. select Monitoring. select the Spanning Tree tab. select Layer 2. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window . From the Layer 2 page. 3. refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings. From the Monitoring menu. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed. To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters. perform the following procedure: 1.

This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 . Virtual LANs. and delete VLANs from a web browser management session. Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode. refer to Chapter 10. modify.Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create.

select Configuration. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. From the Home page. From the Configuration menu. 2. From the Layer 2 window. select Layer 2. 3. select the VLAN tab. perform the following procedure: 1. The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed.

If the VLAN will be unique in your network. 206 . Sales or Accounting). If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). Click Add. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. the name should be unique as well. Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN. the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. its VID must be unique as well. Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example. The name can contain spaces but not special characters. 6. The name can be from one to 10 characters in length.Section III: Web Browser Management 4.

Click Apply. 7. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. In most cases. click Send to CPU. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. or a tagged port. its VID value should be the same on each switch. The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. 10. Note For background information on port mirroring. To select ports for the VLAN. 9. Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. For example. 8.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. This value disables port mirroring. 207 .

208 . The VLAN is now ready for network operations.Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment.

4. 209 . The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. select Layer 2. 7. 6. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. select Configuration. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. 2. click Apply. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. From the Layer 2 window. 3. After making the desired changes. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure. they are returned to the Default VLAN. Creating a VLAN. Click Modify. select the VLAN tab. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Configuration menu. From the Home page. 5.

2. From the Configuration menu. 3. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. Click Remove. 210 . From the Layer 2 window. From the Home page.Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete. The VLAN is deleted from the switch. select Configuration. select the VLAN tab. select Layer 2. 5. 4.

The management software displays the window in Figure 68. 3. From the Layer 2 page. 2. select the VLAN tab. select Layer 2. perform the following procedure: 1. select Monitoring. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch. From the Monitoring page. From the Home page.

the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. If you select Basic.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. choose System. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. which is the default. You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. 2. 5. perform the following procedure: 1. To set the switch’s VLAN mode. If you select Tagged. 4. In the Switch Mode section of the window. 212 . Virtual LANs. click either Tagged or Basic. Select the General tab. Note Refer to Chapter 10. select Configuration. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. From the Configuration menu. 3. From the Home Page. Reset the switch.

a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. From the Home page. select Configuration. From the Configuration page. select Layer 2. 3. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. Click Apply. You can select only one port at a time. To change a PVID for a port. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. select CoS. From the Layer 2 page. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. A selected port turns white. 2. For example. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. 4. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. click it again. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. 5. perform the following procedure: 1. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. To deselect a port. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 .

7. The new value is immediately activated on the port.Section III: Web Browser Management 6. The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch. 214 . Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26. Class of Service on page 219. Click Apply. Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port.

Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table. 215 . refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.

From the Monitoring page.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session. select Layer 2. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. 3. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. select Monitoring. You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. 2. The options are described below. 216 . Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses. From the Home page. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. From the Layer 2 page. For instructions. select the Forwarding Database tab.

Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch. click View. 4. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. Another example is “000020F.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. The port numbering scheme is from right to left. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. As an example. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. 217 . PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. You specify the VLAN by its VID. Once you have configured the options. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”.

218 . This feature is not supported at this time. except for the switch’s MAC address. Type The MAC address type. The type can be either static or dynamic. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member.

Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS. refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. 219 .

2.) 7. (To deselect a port. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. 220 . select Layer 2. it does not matter which of these levels you select. select the CoS tab. Click the port where you want to configure CoS. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7. 3. The default for this parameter is No. From the Configuration page. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed. 4. 8. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. perform the following procedure: 1. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. A selected port turns white.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. click it again. (Again. You can select only one port at a time. From the Home page. Click Apply. From the Layer 2 page. select Configuration. Click Modify.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. click the Override Priority option. 6.) 5. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5.

Note For background information on this feature. 221 .Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch. refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143.

Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. select Configuration.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed. Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. 222 . The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. select System. Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. Select the IGMP tab. 3. 2. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port). From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Configuration menu. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled.

If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. that is. you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection. Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 . This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. The default is 256 multicast groups. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. The default is 260 seconds. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port.400 seconds (24 hours). The range is from 1 second to 86. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub.

224 . You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image. Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. A white port indicates a multicast router port. The default is 256 multicast addresses.Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses.

Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. 225 . Note For background information on this feature.

if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds.100x For example. 2. select Configuration. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . and 1000 Mbps. From the Home page.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . The default value is “0” for all timers. After you have entered your values. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page. enter values for the three interval timers. click Apply.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed. perform the following procedure: 1. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab. 226 . Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. 3. 4. Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept. the management software multiples the value by 10. If they are not already selected. To specify an interval timer. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. select them now. 100. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds.

5. In the graphical switch image. select Configuration. The selected port turns white. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. From the Configuration page. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. 2. The port will accept all broadcast frames. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. To deselect a port. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. If it is not selected. As an example.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. You can select only one port at a time. 4. the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. perform the following procedure: 1. Click Modify. select it now. click it again. 3. From the Home page. When you open the Layer 1 page. 6. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. 227 . 7. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames. select Layer 1. Click Apply.

Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.255.0.0 0.0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 .0.0. Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.0.0 255.0.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.1 and above only.) 229 .

228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. 202 bridge identifier. 47 setting switch status. 138 defined. 227 browser tools. 228 DHCP activating. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 212 BOOTP activating. 155. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. 88. 88. 45 Auto-Negotiation. 35. 202 bridge max age parameter. 36 documentation. 47 guidelines. 84. used in this guide. 52 defined. 86. 60. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. 163 AT-S39 version number. 37 defined. 37 releasing IP address. 164 downloading via TFTP. 150. 27. 50 F flow control. 167 obtaining. 11 D default values. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. 121. 88. 225 defined. AT-S39. 141. 86. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. 60. 41. 172 C Class of Service configuring.Index A aging time changing. 88. 128 AT-S39 default settings. 41. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 106 setting. 88 G gateway address. 220 defined. 177 H hello time. 140 console timeout. 202 bridge priority. 37 BPDU. 37 defined. 84. 43 conventions. 185 forwarding delay. configuring. 202 bridge hello time parameter. 90 host nodes 230 .

211 modifying. 186 statistics. 226 defined. 90 port mirroring creating. 146. 29. 186 displaying status. 140 priority. 157 port trunking creating. 187 speed. 95. 28 Telnet session. 59. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). port security. 42 root bridge. 18 quitting. 84 RS232 port. 87. 177 default. 223 I IEEE 802. 58.AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. default settings. 82. 21 snoop topology. 45 slave switch. 195 defined. 73 deleting. 177 interval timer configuring. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 55. 184 disable. 65 local management session defined. 148 host/router timeout interval. 25 S Secure level. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 173 R resetting a switch. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 146. 94 deleting all. 69 defined. 111. 102 port-based VLAN creating. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. 107. 35. 209 priority queues. 126. 143 displaying. 149 P password changing. 153. 222 231 . 145. 32. 24 M MAC address table. 50 SNMP community strings. 113. 115. 190 port cost defined. 198 port security configuring. defined. 216 MAC address. 198 defined. 181 SNMP management session. 85 setting. 67 defined. 28 starting. 59. 26. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. maximum. 143 ingress filtering. displaying. 213 defined. 50 returning to. 193 port statistics.1d standard. 75. 210 displaying. 116. 145. 66 serial number. 195 guidelines. 151 L limited security mode configuring. 223 multicast router. 205 defined. 35. 79 deleting. 171 port configuring parameters. 77. switch. switch. 60 multicast groups. 39. 80. 90 PVID. 119. 118 deleting. 21 master switch defined. 65 displaying. 30 web browser session. 222 defined.

20 quitting. 210 disabling. 107. 177 switch statistics. 209 port-based. 129 statistics port. defined. 87. 90 viewing bridge parameters. 210 displaying. 211 enabling. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. default. 113. 116. 89 defined. 206 VLAN. 190 switch. 160 system name. 94 tagged. 29 TFTP. 85. 101 deleting all. 112. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 35. 29 web browser. 116.Index software updates downloading from a local session. 122 displaying. 30 starting. 167 U unavailable status. downloading software updates. 137 displaying. 19 quitting. 24 Telnet. 118 deleting. 201 configuring port parameters. 167 obtaining. 43 limitations. 113. 157. 92 deleting all. 115. 171 V version number. 107. 203 starting session local. 115. 209 Telnet management session defined. 112. 211 modifying. 171 232 . 173 starting. 111. 94. 108 VLAN identifier. 205 defined. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. 118 deleting. 164 downloading via TFTP. 171 static MAC address adding. 35. 160 STP. 121. 45 virtual LAN creating. 50 user name. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. defined. 136 deleting. 84 port cost. changing. defined. 212 modifying. 101 VLAN identifier (VID). 122 mode. AT-S39. 205 defined.

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