Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode ..................... 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs ............................................................................................................... 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers .............................................................................................................................................. 97 Port-based Example 1............................................................................... 156 Displaying Port Statistics .................................... 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN ................................................................................................................................. 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN .......................................................................................................... 99 Tagged VLAN Overview .......................................................................................................................... 113 Displaying VLAN Information .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 126 MAC Address Overview ...................................................................................................................... 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering ................................................. 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN ........................................................... 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses ........... 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview .. 116 Deleting All VLANs ......................................................................................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs .......................................................... 160 5 .................................................................................................................. 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port ....................................................................................................................94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 98 Port-based Example 2................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address .............................................................................................................. 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs ................................................................................. 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping ..................................................................... 140 Configuring CoS .....................................................................................................................91 VLAN Overview ........................................................................................................................................................ 142 IGMP Snooping Overview ............................................................................................... 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview ...........................................................................................................92 Port-based VLAN Overview ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 139 Class of Service Overview .... 143 Activating IGMP Snooping ........................................................................................................................................... 103 Tagged VLAN Example ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 151 Configuring the Interval Timer ............................................................................................................................................................ 137 Changing the Aging Time .......................... 112 Modifying a VLAN ............................ 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control . 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 157 Displaying Switch Statistics .............. 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN.............................................................................................................. 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 118 Changing a PVID Value .................. 115 Deleting a VLAN .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 127 Displaying MAC Addresses .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror ..............213 6 ................................................................................................................................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates .........................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ..............................................................................................................210 Displaying VLANs ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................212 Changing a PVID ......................................................................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ............................................................. 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session .......................................................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks .................................................................................................................204 Creating a VLAN ................................................................................. 168 Section III Web Browser Management .......................................................................................................................168 Example...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................209 Deleting a VLAN ..................................................................174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ..............................................................................................183 Configuring Port Parameters ......................................... 167 Uploading a Configuration File ...............................................................................................................................................................................................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP .................................................................205 Modifying a VLAN ..................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol ...............211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode .........................................................................................................................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................175 Viewing System Information ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters ...................................................................................................................................................................................................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk ..............201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings ...........................................................................................................................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses ................................................................................................................................................................................162 Obtaining Software Updates ..............................195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ...........................................................................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session ...................................................................................................................................................................................167 Example........184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters ............................................................................................................................171 Browser Tools....................................................................................192 Displaying the Port Security Level ..................................................................

............ 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service .............. 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping ........................................................ 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping ...................................................................................................................................................................... 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames ......................................................................................................................................... 225 Configuring the Interval Timer ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control ........................................................................................................... 219 Configuring CoS ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 230 7 ............................................................................................. 228 Index ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table ........................................................................................................................................................................... 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table ................................................................

.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu ...................................................................................................................................................................... 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN ................................ 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window .........................................................................................................................................................List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port ......... 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window ............................. 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window .............................Example 2 .............................................................................................. 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window ................................................ 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu ............ 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window ................................................. 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window ............................................................................ 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window ....................................................................... 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu .............. 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ................................................................................................ 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window ................. 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu ........................................... 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu .................................................................... 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window ................................................................ 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu ................................................................................................................................................. 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu .................. 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN ........................................................................................................................................... 52 Figure 11: Port Menu ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 25 Figure 2: Main Menu ................. 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu ......................... 122 8 .............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window ............................................................................................Example 1 ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example ................................................................................................................................. 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window ..................................................................................................................................... 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 ........................................................................................................................................................... 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window ...

.................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 71: IGMP Tab ............. Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window ................................................................................................ Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window ...................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window .................................. Figure 62: Port Trunking Window .................................... Figure 67: Add VLAN Window ............................................................................................................................................. Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu ............................................. Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window ................................................................... Figure 69: CoS Setting Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 61: Port Security Menu .............................................................................................................................................. Figure 57: Settings for Port Window .................................................. 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 ............................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page ........................................................................................................................................ Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window ...........................................................................Monitoring ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 53: General Tab .................................................................................................................. Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field ............................................................... Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu ........... Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab ................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window .................................................................................. Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window ..................................................................................................................................................... Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window .......................................................................................................................................................... Figure 59: Port Status Window ......................................... Figure 60: Port Statistics Window ......................................... Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window .............................................................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window .......................... Figure 55: SNMP Tab ........................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 66: VLAN Window ............................ Figure 68: VLAN Window .................................................. Figure 52: Home Page .............................................Configuration .................................. Figure 54: General Tab Window ................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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com.com or our FTP server at ftp.Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products.alliedtelesyn. You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www.alliedtelesyn. 14 . enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password. To use the FTP server.

15 . It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software.

If this is true for your network. The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters. such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A.Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches. then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network. 16 . as explained in the hardware installation guide. and powering ON the device.

They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session. It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser. 17 . such as to change or adjust its operating parameters.AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software. The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use. There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide.

Note For instructions on starting a local management session. 18 . refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch.Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch. using a straight-through RS-232 cable. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located. Once the session is started. You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session.

If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. With AT-8024GB switches. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. 19 . refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session. which include the enhanced stacking feature. Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session. You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address.

that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address. Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session. There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session. because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch. as well as every AT-8024 switch. ❑ DHCP and BOOTP . Consequently.You can view but not set the port security level of a switch. They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking .Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch. 20 . every AT-8024GB switch. refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171.You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session. ❑ Port security level .You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session. This too is a type of remote management. just like a Telnet management session.

A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program. The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program. 21 . For instructions. Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. refer to your SNMP management documentation. Consequently. you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program.AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program.

The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session.

Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .

refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch. 24 . usually within a few meters. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. to start this type of management session. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. This can simplify network management. You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. you can manage just that switch. Note For information on enhanced stacking. Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch. You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch. you must go to where that switch is located. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. Additionally.

3. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session. Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program. POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2. see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 . Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch.

) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal. If prompted for a password.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal. or an equivalent terminal emulator program. The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly. This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S . enter the password for the management software. Otherwise.Save Configuration Changes R . the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps).) The Main Menu is displayed. The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset. (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1.Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 . Note During boot up. 5. (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>). simply type boot and press Return to start the switch.1 and above. The default is “admin”. You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch. (The password is case-sensitive. The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps.) 4. the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt. Press the Return key twice.

Enhanced Stacking on page 46. type the corresponding letter or number. For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session. refer to Chapter 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item. It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located. This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu. you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet. Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. 27 .

28 . Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions. Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously. You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch. This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session. return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit.

you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities. type R or press ESC twice. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol. as shown in Figure 2 on page 26. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. The menus also function the same. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely. type its corresponding number of letter. Additionally. To return to a previous menu. Note For background information on enhanced stacking. To make a selection. The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. such as with a local management session. Enter the management software password when prompted. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. 29 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. In terms of functionally. The default password is “admin”.

type Q for Quit from the Main Menu. 30 .Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session.

and more. There are also procedures for resetting the switch. activating the original switch default settings.Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures. There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 .

You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. You do not need to assign an IP address. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session.) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. Second. This switch will be the Master switch of the stack. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. you must assign at least one of them an IP address. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. First. (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. 32 . or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. all from the same management session. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. a web browser. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. you must also assign it a subnet mask. subnet mask. This feature has two primary benefits. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses.

if any.AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet. The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. You can do this two different ways. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. 33 . The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. switches on your network need an IP address. The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network.

.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address .Release DHCP IP Address S ... subnet mask.0 Subnet Mask ..Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L . Administrator .. The selection X .. 0..Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42. 0. Change Password .. perform the following procedure: 1.. To manually set a switch’s IP address.0. From the Main Menu..... (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network.0...... and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session.Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 .0. 255. go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37....Reset Switch X .255. such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch........Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 ...Save Configuration Changes R ..... 9 .. Comments .0 System Name .0.. type 4 to select Administration Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address. along with other optional information..0. The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed.0 Default Gateway ......) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch.

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. 39 . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R . perform the following procedure: 1. 2. From the System Configuration Menu. type 3 to select SNMP Configuration.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. From the Advanced Configuration window. From the Main Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu. The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed.

... After making your changes...Trap Receiver 2 6 .0...SET Community 3....Save Configuration Changes R .0 0.0. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 ....0 0. private 3 .....Trap Receiver 3 7 .... 40 .. .. when prompted........ .. . 5.....0. 1 .. type S to select Save Configuration Changes.0.. enter the new value.....Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch...... public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 .... 4 . public 2 ...Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings....0....Trap Community . The parameters are described below.... Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch......Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed.Trap Receiver 1 5 .0.0...GET Community 2 .....SET Community ..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4...0. To change a value....0 0. 0. Adjust the parameters as desired..0 S ....GET Community ... type its corresponding number and.

From the Main Menu. the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. 4. type 5 to select System Config Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings. Type Y to reset the switch. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A. 2. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. 41 . perform the following procedure: 1. You are prompted to reset the switch. If you type Y for yes. From the System Configuration Menu. Type Y for yes or N for no.

The switch immediately reloads its operating system. From the Main Menu. Some data traffic may be lost.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. perform the following procedure: 1. 42 . a task requiring only a second or two to complete. Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software. From the Administrator Menu. type 9 to select Reset Switch. 2. type 4 to select Administrator Menu.

perform the procedure below. type E to enable web access or D to disable web access. perform the following procedure: 1. and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser. 43 . To configure web browser access.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. For instructions on how to set this security feature. The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. 3. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software. type 5 to select System Config Menu. if you specify 2 minutes. ❑ Web Access . enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes. type 6 to select Web Server Access and. type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and. (The password is case-sensitive. ❑ Console Timeout .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. For instructions on how to set this security feature. perform the procedure below. To configure the console timer. when prompted.The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch. when prompted. 2. These security features are: ❑ Password . For example. the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. The default password is “admin”. From the Main Menu. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. 44 . no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. After you have made the desired changes. 4. if you disable web access. type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

..... 45 ..... Bootloader Version .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version ..... The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed..17... MAC Address .... type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu....D2. AT-S39 v1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information.....1 5456411 00..A0..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed..3 ATI_LOADER1........32.00 R ... Serial Number ....

Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch. 46 . This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch.

❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. such as for maintenance.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. You simply connect it to your network. should you remove a master switch from the network. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. 47 . Once connected to the network. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. That way. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. If your network consists of more than one subnet. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network.

Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session. do not. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. 48 . referred to as slave switches. If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. 3. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually. For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. you must assign each master switch a unique IP address. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack.

11. you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet.18 Master 2 IP Address 149.32. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149.32.32.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature. Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets.11.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router.09.16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. 49 . and each has been assigned a unique IP address.32.22 Master 2 IP Address 149. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet.09.

Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch .Enhanced Stacking Services S . perform the following procedure: 1. or unavailable.A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch. To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status.A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch.. Note The default setting for a switch is Slave.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch.Save Configuration Changes R . A switch with this designation can be managed locally. Master 2 . type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 . you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet. The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed.Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 . A master switch must have a unique IP address.. To be managed remotely. slave switch. ❑ Unavailable . From the Main Menu. It does not need an IP address or subnet mask. Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack. ❑ Slave switch .A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet. a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address. You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch..Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable.

type 1 to select Switch State.” For example. Note The “2 . Type M to change the switch to a master switch. To change a switch’s status.Switch State. A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. S to make it a slave switch. or U to make the switch unavailable. The following prompt is displayed. 4. Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 . Press Return. 51 . the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master. 2.Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches.

Access Switch R . perform the following procedure: 1. 2. The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window. To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack. The window in Figure 10 is displayed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services.Get/Refresh List of Switches A . then it is very easy. you are by default addressing that particular switch. If you assigned system names to your switches. When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 . you need to select it from the management software. The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. From the Enhanced Stacking window. To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet.

Enter the switch’s password and press Return. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password. 4. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. The default password is “admin”.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window. The password is case-sensitive. if you want to manage the Master switch. Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. 6. Type A to select Access Switch. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session. This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. Once you see that window. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice. 53 . You now can manage the selected switch. return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit.

Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .

perform the following procedure: 1. type 4 to select Port Status.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch. From the Main Menu. type 1 to select Port Menu.Accept changes & update flash R . 55 .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2. The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C . From the Port Menu.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed. 56 .indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.Update Display R . Manual . Figure 12 is an example of the window.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node.Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Down . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N . Possible values are: Up . The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number. Possible values are: Auto .Next Page U . Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port.Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually.

State The current operating status of the port. Flow The flow control setting for the port. Possible values are: None .100 Mbps 1000 .1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port. Spd The operating speed of the port. Both . Disabled .The port has been manually disabled.10 Mbps 100 . Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex. Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member.No flow control on the port. Possible values are: Forwarding . Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Receive .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member.AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port. 57 .The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames. Possible values are: 10 .Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. Transmit .

.... To configure a range of ports.. Negotiation ............ From the Port Menu.. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return... Advertise 100HDX . To configure only one port. Flow Control . The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3.. MDI/MDIX Mode .. type 1 to select Port Configuration. Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 ...Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed...No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 ...... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status ... 2. Advertise 10HDX . Advertise 100FDX . enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return.. Advertise 10FDX ....... enter the first port of the range. From the Main Menu.... Broadcast Control .... To configure a range of ports. enter the last port number in the range.... type 1 to select Port Menu... perform the following procedure: 1. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4.

Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex. two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 .The port will not receive or forward packets.Speed .....100 Mbps 1000 . The parameters are described below. you can enable the port again to resume normal operation.... This is the default setting... Adjust the port parameters as desired...10 Mbps 0100 . You adjust a parameter by typing its number. the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically.Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode.. This toggles the parameter through its possible settings..Speed selection are: 0010 . Once the problem has been fixed. which is the default.. If you select Manual.. 59 . 1 .. Possible settings are: Forwarding . The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters.Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode. Disabled .Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port. When disabled..AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 . 5... You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections... If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation..The port will receive and forward packets.. 0 .. a port will not receive or transmit frames.. You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port.Duplex .. The possible settings for the 2 . 0100 3 .

You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation.Advertise 10FDX 6 .Advertise 100HDX to No. which is the default setting. the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps. the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it. If desired. The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames. you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. 9 . Possible settings are: None .MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port.Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation. half-duplex operation. Both . Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated. For example. Transmit . B . During Auto-Negotiation. 5 .or full-duplex mode.Advertise 10HDX 7 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode.Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option. a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. Receive . a switch port will advertise its full capabilities.No flow control on the port. The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time.Advertise 100FDX 8 . If you set this to Auto. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155. which is the default setting. By default. 60 . if you set the selection 8 .

The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection. 61 .AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port. The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection. when selected. Once you have set the port parameters. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node. You can use this option to reset the selected port. This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode. which.

The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4. To display GBIC information. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5. perform the following procedure: 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch. From the System Configuration Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 . 62 .GBIC Information R . Type 1 to select GBIC Information. type 5 to select System Config Menu. these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. From the Advanced Configuration window. 3. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. From the Main Menu. type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information. Type either 24 or 25. 2.

...AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module. Length 50/125 um Fib...... (10k) ..... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number ........ Elect/Opt Transceiver ..... Length 62.... Connector Type ............ Type of Serial Interface ....... (100m) ...Next Page R . (10m) . Extended Serial Transceiver ... Figure 15 is an example of the window.... N .................... You cannot change this information....5/125 um Fib.............. Length 9/125 mm Fib. Length 9/125 um Fib.. Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding ............ (k) ..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only.. 63 ...

Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. 64 . The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security.

There are four levels of port security. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table. Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. Automatic This operating mode disables port security.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn. even when the end node is inactive. it remains in the table and is never purged. You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. 65 . Once this mode is activated. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port.

no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward. even those belonging to inactive end nodes. Once you have activated this security level. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table. the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned. The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time. Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. 66 . The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. When this security level is activated.

type 1 to select Port Menu. After activating this security mode. type 5 to select Port Security. Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. To specify the limits. type 3 to select the Secured mode. To set a switch’s port security level. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. type 2 to select Limited mode. From the Port Menu. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. type 1 to select Automatic mode. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. From the Main Menu. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward. 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. 2. 67 . This is the default setting. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed.

68 . Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time.Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned. type 4 to select Lock all the ports now. A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch.

perform the following procedure: 1. frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded. To configure Limited security mode. From the Port Menu.Display MAC limit per port 2 . Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed. type 1 to select Port Menu. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed.Configure port security limited mode R . Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 . You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. From the Main Menu. Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table. type 5 to select Port Security. 2. From the Port Security menu. 3.Set MAC limit per port 3 . When you activate this security level. You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports. type 2 to select Limited security.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 .

11. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8. Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6. repeat Steps 5 through 9. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode. 13. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. The range is 1 to 150 addresses.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. 9. Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. Type 2 to choose Select a port. To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch. 7. type R to select Return to previous menu. 10. 70 . This applies the limit to the port. type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. 12.

14. Examine the MAC limits. If necessary. 71 . 16. Check to be sure that they are correct. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu. 15. be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port. If you assigned different values to different ports. The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. Limited security has now been configured on the switch. repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks.

On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. For example. ports 4. and 24. 23. Despite the software configuration and physical connections. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. or another Ethernet switch. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. and so on. 73 . 6. router. 13. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. or 4 ports. To maintain the order of the port connections. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. A port trunk is 2. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. 15 for the trunk. such as a server. 3. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. For example. speed. workstation. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. and 7). 14. the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. port 13 to port 22. 5. or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. and so on. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. 22. 3. ❑ The duplex mode. ❑ When cabling a trunk.

AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches. Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server. The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch. The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 . The server is connected to the switch with four data links. A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs. ❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch.❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN.

From the Port Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance.Add ports to trunk 2 . 2. Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed. examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk.Show port trunking status S .Save Configuration Changes R . Note Before creating a port trunk. are the same for all the ports of the trunk. Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software. From the Main Menu.Delete Trunk 3 . Check to be sure that the settings.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 . type 1 to select Port Menu. To create a port trunk. type 3 to select Port Trunking. You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch. such as speed and duplex mode.

g. Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk.g. type 3 to display the status of the trunk. The port trunk is ready for network operations. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R . You can specify the ports individually (e. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch.2. To confirm the creation of the port trunk. 6. Enter new value -> 4. Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk.3.3. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.4) or as a range (e. 8. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window. 1... Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return.Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7. 76 . 7-10). Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking. 5. The following prompt is displayed.

type 3 to select Port Trunking. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology. 4. From the Port Menu. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. From the Main Menu. 5. The port trunk is deleted from the switch. type 1 to select Port Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. To confirm the deletion.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. Type 2 to select Delete trunk. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 3. 77 . To delete a port trunk from the switch.

Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .

the more ports you mirror. For example. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time. meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports. For example.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. the mirror port is likely to drop packets. the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. However. if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports. 79 . you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port. You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed.

enter the last port in the range.Mirroring Port .Save Configuration Changes R .. Press Return. 5. Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored. enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed.CPU Attached ... 80 . If you want to mirror a range or ports. enter the first port of the range. Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is.Add ports to mirror 4 ... type 1 to select Port Menu.. 0 2 . Type 1 to select Mirroring Port.Show Port Mirror Status S . 2. No 3 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 . Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror. Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6.. You can specify only one mirror port. The following prompt is displayed.. From the Port Menu.. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. The following prompt is displayed...Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror. perform the following procedure: 1. To mirror a range of ports. Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7. the port to where the traffic will be copied). To mirror the traffic of only one port. From the Main Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3.Delete ports from mirror 5 .. The following prompt is displayed...

9. type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status. Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu. 81 . To confirm the creation of the port mirror. The port mirror is now functional. The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored.AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 10.

Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. From the Port Menu. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. type 1 to select Port Menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror. 82 . 3. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. 2. The following prompt is displayed. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. 5. Enter 0 and press Return.

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol. 83 . refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802.1D. ISO/IEC 10038: 1993.Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters.

The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails.Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. and sometimes its MAC address. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. also referred to as the bridge identifier. Where multiple paths exist. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles. as specified in the IEEE 802. STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link. leaving only one main active path. referred to as broadcast storms. So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes. either planned or unplanned. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. By adjusting the value. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. 84 . STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. exist in the network topology. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability.1D standard.

where all ports have a port cost of 0. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. If two paths have the same port cost. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. 85 . This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby. active path. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and. the preferred path is selected through port priority. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. blocking mode. Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. Below are the default values. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. the lower the port cost. if one is found. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. The faster the port. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. If redundant paths exist. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port.

or addition of any active components. removal. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. a temporary data loop could occur. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. and that could adversely impact network performance. listening and learning. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. and if not. When a bridge is brought on-line. The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. the active topology also changes. before it begins to forward frames. For small networks. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. 86 . The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. Consequently. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. with the size of your network being a primary factor. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. For large networks. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. However. a change in a port state is not activated immediately. especially if it is a large network. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches.

1 ...AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings..1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters..Reset STP to Defaults R . Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed. Bridge Hello Time . type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 .. 87 .... Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. Bridge Priority . From the Main Menu. The parameters are described below. Bridge Max Age . Bridge Identifier . The default setting is disabled.. You should consult the IEEE 802. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable ...Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch... Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default.. 1.... Bridge Forwarding . If you enable STP.Config STP Port Settings 8 ..Display STP Port Settings 9 ..

resulting in network loops.Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. The default is 20 seconds.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. with 0 being the highest priority. 5 . Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge.Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. The default is 15 seconds. The default is 2 seconds.535. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. 3. 88 . When a root bridge goes off-line. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. If the bridge transitions too soon. After you have made the desired changes. 3 .Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. 6 . This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. for example. The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed. if you use the default 20. For example. 4 . not all links may have yet adapted to the change.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs).

1 ... Bridge Hello Time .... Path Cost . Adjust the settings as desired. Port Priority . 2.. type 7 to select Config STP port settings. enter the last port of the range.. Root Bridge . This value cannot be changed. From the Main Menu.. 89 .Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain.. The parameters are described below. To configure a range of ports.. To configure just one port.. The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed.. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step... Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5..... perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating .. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4.. To configure a range of ports. From the Spanning Tree menu..... The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. enter the first port of the range.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters.... Enter the number of the port you want to configure.

The range is 0-255. 90 . To change this value. and 4 for a 1 Gbps port. refer to the previous procedure. This value cannot be changed from this window. 5 . This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed. The default is 2 seconds.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 .Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain. 10 for a 100 Mbps port. The range is 1 to 65535.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. The default value for priority is 128.Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN.Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge. 4 . The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port. 3 .

It also contains the procedures for creating. modifying. This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode.Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs). This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 . and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session.

the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth. 92 . Before the advent of VLANs. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. For example. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. With VLANs. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. Additionally. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. This too can improve overall network performance. For example. if an employee changed departments. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN. The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. logical LAN segments.

a virtual LAN can span more than one switch. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections. 93 . VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically. Additionally. you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software.AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location. or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. such as a router or Layer 3 switch. and Engineering. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. you must give it a name. called the Default VLAN. A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches. The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. Production. A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). or just a few ports. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. 94 . Examples include Sales. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain.

In this manner. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. it will simply select the next available VID. rather than by a port’s PVID. The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. This is acceptable when you are creating a new. Additionally. For example. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch. If you allow the management software to do it automatically. 95 . An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously. Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID. you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN. The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership. Consequently. You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID.AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. unique VLAN. Untagged Ports Naturally. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches.

the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member. the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. ❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. 96 . This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID. However.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. Consequently.

For example. A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs. 97 . a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN. ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN. across multiple VLANs. ❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network. many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches.AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. such as servers and printers.

A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member. 11 . the Default VLAN is not shown.13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs. (For purposes of the following examples.Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales.24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID. and Production VLANs on the switch. You assign this number when you create a VLAN.4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9. The ports have been assigned PVID values.) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN . Engineering. Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . 98 . A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN.

each VLAN has one port connected to the router.AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example. Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs. The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN .Example 2 99 . In this example. two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch.

However. it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch. So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch. Since this VLAN spans multiple switches.6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN . It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4.This is the final VLAN in the example. The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch. This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN. 100 . This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment. 14. ❑ Engineering VLAN .This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN.11.This VLAN spans both switches.6. Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router. 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 . 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13. Engineering. and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN. it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router.24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 . ❑ Production VLAN .

The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time.3ac standard). the frame will be discarded. If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of. Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port. This contrasts to a port-based VLAN. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches. This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership. 101 . the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802. this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network. For example. the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN. The IEEE 802. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch.1Q-compliant. When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. A tag. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port. This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. referred to as a tagged frame. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch.

Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. simultaneously. there would seem to be no need for a PVID. The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. But actually there is. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. Otherwise. it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. In the case of a tagged VLAN. 102 . You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN. a frame without any tagged information). They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. An untagged port. can be in only one VLAN at a time. However. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN.

❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks. each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID. 103 . ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time. ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS. ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN.

Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 .1Q-based products.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802.

meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. It is connected to an IEEE 802. each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. when received by the switch. 18 (PVID 2) 8. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. while still maintaining data separation and security. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. The tagged frames. 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11. 20 (PVID 3) 8.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs.1Q-compliant server. One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. data separation and security remain. 105 . Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example. It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. But with tagged ports.

either tagged or untagged. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames. Packets are passed through the switch unchanged. You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. but the VLANs are not used.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121. Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. 106 . regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. is ignored. Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered. ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. All VLAN information. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S . 107 . The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.Save Configuration Changes R . type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Virtual LAN Definitions 3 .Port VLANs & Priorities R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 . type 1 to select Create a VLAN. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.Virtual LAN Support 2 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2. From the VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1.

If the VLAN will be unique in your network. For example... 108 .. then the name should be unique as well.. then its VID must also be unique..... Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN. 0 Tagged Ports .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed. The name can contain spaces.... if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN.. 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) . The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name .. If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches.. then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096..... If this will be a unique VLAN in your network....Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4.. The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value... C .... than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch..... Sales or Accounting). such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). Mirroring Port .. 5.... Untagged Ports .. but not special characters. VLAN ID (VID) . The name can be from one to ten characters in length.. you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches....Create VLAN R .

Press any key to continue. this parameter should be left with its default value of 0. If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports. type 4 to select Show All VLANs.g.) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature. Note In most cases.. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN. 2. 11. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. 14.g. type 6 and Y for yes. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports. you will see the following message: SUCCESS .g.3. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.7-9) 7.g. type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted. You can specify the ports individually (e. as a range (e. you can analyze the VLAN traffic. Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN.5). as a range (e. A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored.g..(If you do not to activate this feature.. You can specify the ports individually (e. 9. leave this field empty.. For more information on port mirroring.. 2.5. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN. or both (e. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. 7-9).5. To verify that the VLAN was created correctly. 10. Press any key.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. leave this field empty. Type C to select Create VLAN. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. 8.3. 12.7-9).5). If the VLAN will contain tagged ports.g. 7-9). By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port. 109 . or both (e.. 2. 2. either do not select this option or select it and type N for no. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. 13.

110 . For example. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time. Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs. the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN. if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. Note When you create a new VLAN. ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15.

From the VLAN Menu. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 111 . Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”. perform the following procedure: 1. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. 5. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. 4. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. 8. The new Sales VLAN has now been created. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. 7. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. Press Return. From the Main Menu. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. 3. press any key. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. Ports 1 to 4. Type C to select Create VLAN. 6. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. 9. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. To create the example Sales VLAN. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

and two untagged ports. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. From the VLAN Menu.10. Ports 9. 9. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 6. 4. To create the example Engineering VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. 5. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. 3. It will consist of three untagged ports. Ports 8 and 16. 11. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created. 10. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.11. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. press any key. and 12. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. Press Return. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN.16”. 20”. 8. From the Main Menu. 112 . Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. 7. Type C to select Create VLAN.

Change the VLAN’s information as desired. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. From the Main Menu. This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN.. The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS .. The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5.VLAN ID (VID) .. To obtain a VLAN’s VID.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4. type 2 to select Modify a VLAN. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.. From the VLAN Menu. To modify a VLAN.Press any key to continue. refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107. 2. type M to select Modify VLAN. After making the desired changes. The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 . R . 6. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify. perform the following procedure: 1. For a description of the parameters. 3. 7..AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID)... From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. 113 .

Press any key. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs. 114 . 9. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. 8.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. The VLAN has been modified. 11. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 10.

type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch. type 4 to select View All VLANs. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33.9 U: 8.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names. 3.9 U: 1-6 T: 7.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R . From the Main Menu. From the VLAN Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. The Show All VLANs window is displayed. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 2.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 . VID numbers. Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.

which has a VID of 1. To delete the VLAN. type 3 to select Delete a VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 . refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN.VLAN ID (VID) . Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN.. To delete a VLAN. From the VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu. R .. The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. type D.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure.. 2.. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.. 116 . The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. 6. To obtain a VLAN’s VID.. 3. A confirmation prompt is displayed.

8.Press any key to continue. Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure. All ports in the deleted VLAN. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs. 10. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. both tagged and untagged. 117 . Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 9. The VLAN has been deleted.AT-S39 User’s Guide 7. are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed. The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS .

From the VLAN Menu. 2. except the Default VLAN. on a switch. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 4. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. 3. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Press Return. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. 5. A confirmation message is displayed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. To delete selected VLANs. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. perform the following procedure: 1. To delete all VLANs on a switch. 118 . From the Main Menu.

Type 1 to select Port Number. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. 119 . From the VLAN Menu. For example. perform the following procedure: 1. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN. Press Return. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. To change a PVID for a port. From the Main Menu. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed.Port Number R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 . a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. 2. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change.

1 1 0 N U ........ The port now has a new PVID. Specify the new PVID value for the port.. 120 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed... Port VLAN ID ...Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5.. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip.....Press any key to continue. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number .. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6.... Override Priority (Y/N) . Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High ... The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS ... Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID.... 9... 8. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.. You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch.....Accept changes & update flash R . Return to the Main Menu... 7.Update Changes to Chip C ... Press Return.....

The default is Tagged mode. Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. B-Basic): 3. Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. 5. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type 3 to select Switch Mode. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. perform the following procedure: 1. Press Return. type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the Main Menu. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs. 2. The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged. 121 .

The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode.Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 . ingress filtering is disabled.Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C . From the Main Menu. the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed. It sets a switch’s VLAN mode. the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 . If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support.Enable VLANs Globally D . type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering.Accept changes & update flash R . From the VLAN Menu.Enable/Disable VLANs 2 . When VLANs are enabled. When VLANs are disabled. The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs. 2.Disable VLANs Globally R .

6. 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. 123 . A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch. 5. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode.

refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. If there is. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. just as a reminder. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. Here is an example. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. the frame is discarded. nor to any frames. 124 . Fortunately. In this case. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. the port accepts the frame. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. tagged or untagged. the port accepts the frame. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. First. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. the port discards the frame. the switch discards the frame. If they belong to the same VLAN. Once the tagged frame is received. If they belong to different VLANs. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. For further information.

AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed. Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E . 2. 125 . which is the default. 4. From the Main Menu. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. From the Virtual LAN Support menu. In most cases. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch. To enable or disable ingress filtering. regardless of the status of ingress filtering.Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R . From the VLAN Menu. You cannot set this per port. and that is the priority tag. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5.Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D . A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch. Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags. A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame. Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis.

Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .

the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table. along with the port number on which each address was learned. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port. it also examines the destination address and. and the port number where each address was learned. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. When the switch receives a packet. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. 127 . If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table. by referring to its MAC address table. determines the port where the destination node is connected. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. For example. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch. When the destination node responds.

The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted. You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process. The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes). even when the end node is inactive. The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. A static MAC address. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses. once entered in the table. This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. even when the end node is inactive. For instructions on changing the aging timer.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. 128 . refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138.

perform the following procedure: 1. To display only static MAC addresses. To display the MAC address table. One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. 3. The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed. To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R . The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed. type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports. 129 . and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports. From the Main Menu. just the base ports. type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2. type 6 to select MAC Address Tables.

Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only. which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses.Accept changes & update flash U . (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. The columns in the window are defined below. The static MAC address window is exactly the same.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses. non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N . PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses.Update Display R . 130 . This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned.

VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. except for the switch’s MAC address. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. Type The MAC address type. The type can be either static or dynamic. As an example. Another example is “000020F. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. This feature is not supported at this time. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. 131 .AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. 2. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 1. Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return. 132 . A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3. You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. From the Main Menu. type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu. From the MAC Address Table menu.

But if the switch is part of a large network. if the address was learned dynamically. 1. or to which the address was assigned. finding the address could prove difficult. The procedure in this section offers an easier way. From the Main Menu. 2. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. type 6 to select MAC Address Table.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address. for a static address. From the MAC Address Table menu. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned. You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address. 133 . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3.

produces the same result. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. as explained earlier in this chapter. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 1. 2. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN.) Note To perform this procedure. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. (This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN. 134 . For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN. From the MAC Address Table menu. perform the following procedure. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table.

Once the table has been purged. 3. 2. the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. If you type Y for yes. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. 135 . Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure. From the Main Menu. Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. 1. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. From the MAC Address Table menu. the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. perform the following procedure. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table. A confirmation prompt is displayed.

type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. 136 . Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected. To add a static address to the MAC address table. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. From the Main Menu. 2. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. From the MAC Address Table menu. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address. perform the following procedure: 1. 5. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table.

2. From the MAC Address Table menu. Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. 137 . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. 4. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. type 3 to select Delete MAC Address. Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table. perform the following procedure: 1.

138 . This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active. From the System Config Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. the switch deletes the address. When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time. 2. The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch. The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3. From the Main Menu. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes). perform the following procedure: 1. Enter a new value in seconds. type 5 to select System Config Menu. To adjust the aging time.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software.

. For example. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue. File transfer delays did occur. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays. CoS was designed to address this problem. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest. such as voice transmission or video conferencing. When a tagged packet enters a switch port. 140 . You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port. packet transfer delays can prove problematic.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802.e.1p and 802. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802. The 802. But with the introduction of time-critical applications. but were mostly transparent to network users.1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example. 0 to 7. network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer. transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality. Prior to CoS. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority. untagged frames (i. By default. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications.1Q standards. low and high.

Return to the Main Menu. 3. From the Main Menu. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. 10. Type 1 to select Port Number. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. 6.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port. enter a value from 4 to 7. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. 9. enter a value from 0 to 3. Type 3 to select Priority (0 . 2. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. (Again. 5. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS. perform the following procedure: 1. The default for this parameter is No. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y.) 7. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. 11. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. 8. Press Return.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue.7). 141 . meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. From the VLAN Menu. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6.

Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .

referred to as a time-out value. it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group. it removes the node from appropriate membership list. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. it simply stops sending reports. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. In Version 1. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. the router does not send multicast packets out the port.) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. Once the router has received a report from a host node. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. 143 . and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups. Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. There are two versions of IGMP. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. In Version 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port.

144 . Note By default. except the port on which it received the packet. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2. which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups. Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value. a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports. IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. and by processing leave requests.

type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration....IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 .Save Configuration Changes R . The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch.. Host/Router Timeout Interval .... perform the following procedure: 1..... From the Advanced Configuration window. type E to enable or D to disable this feature. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status . 3. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate). This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 .. From the System Configuration Menu.. From the Main Menu. View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S ... Maximum Multicast Groups .. 2 . Multicast Host Topology . Multicast Router Port(s) .... type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters...Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. After selecting this option. 2. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed.

You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 . The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. The range is from 1 second to 86.400 seconds (24 hours). you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups.Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. The default is 260 seconds. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. 5 . 4 . With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. The default is 256 multicast groups. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. The default is 256 multicast addresses. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. that is. 3 .Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses.Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub.Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses.

or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number. enter “0” (zero) for this parameter.AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect. To select Auto Detect. After making the desired changes. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 147 . Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter. 4. Your changes are activated immediately on the switch.

148 . type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window. From the Main Menu.Update Display R . To display the list.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 3. The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch. 2. The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. 4. Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U . VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. as well as the host nodes. Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. From the System Configuration Menu. type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed.

type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. type 7 to select View Multicast Router List. You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch. 149 . From the Advanced Configuration window. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. To display a list of the multicast routers. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected. From the System Configuration Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U . 2. The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. Router IP The IP address of the multicast router.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 4. 3. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.Update Display R .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software.

the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. 151 . you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network. In order to use this feature. When a node sends out a broadcast frame. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps.AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. That is. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. For example. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. For example. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network. Broadcast frames are different. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network.

the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. 152 . At these settings. Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch. the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example. Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames. If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval.

Timer for 1000 MB ports . 0 milli sec 3 . 0 milli sec 2 .1x ❑ 1000 Mbps .. From the Main Menu. Type 1. type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup. and 1000 Mbps.Timer for 100 MB ports .Save Configuration Changes R .. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. 2.. The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds. 2.100x 153 . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. 3.. The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 . From the System Configuration Menu. 100. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. 0 micro sec C .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed..AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature... or 3 and enter a value when prompted.Timer for 10 MB ports ..10x ❑ 100 Mbps . perform the following procedure: 1. type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the Advanced Configuration Menu. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps .

The default value is “0” for all timers. Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. the management software multiples the value by 10. Once you have set the desired timer intervals. 5. 6. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. 154 .

> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. enter the first port of the range. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. enter the last port number in the range. To configure a range of ports. From the Port Menu. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. 2. 155 . From the Main Menu. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . Type B to select Broadcast Control. 6. perform the following procedure: 1. type 1 to select Port Menu. type 1 to select Port Configuration. 5. For example. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. To configure a range of ports. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. To configure only one port. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics.

Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics.Clear Module Statistics 3 . The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . From the Ethernet Statistics menu. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics.Select a Port 2 . Press Return. 157 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2.Port Statistics Menu 2 .Display Module Statistics R .Display Port Statistics R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3. From the Main Menu. The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4.Clear Port Statistics 3 . type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu. Type 1 to choose Select a Port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics. 5.

.................... RX_OVERFLOW ............ Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded..... Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port............................. The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port.........Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window... UNDERSIZE ........ U .. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port................. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT .. RX_COUNT ...Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only...... Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port........Update Display R . RX_MLTCAST ........ TX_COUNT .................. OVERSIZE ........................ Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port.. RX_UNICAST ........ RX_BRDCAST ........ PORT_IN_DISCARDS .. 158 ..... FRAGMENT ... Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port.. CRC_ERROR ........................ shown in Figure 48..

Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets.AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. select the option “2 . packets with alignment errors.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. 159 . If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. but discarded and not forwarded.Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu.

.................................. RX_MLTCAST . RX_COUNT .... U .......... From the Main Menu... PORT_IN_DISCARDS ... FRAGMENT ............ type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics. type 3 to select Display Module Statistics...... TX_COUNT ...... The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window......Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only...Update Display R ........ UNDERSIZE ...................... From the Ethernet Statistics menu.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT ............... Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch. 160 .. RX_BRDCAST . RX_OVERFLOW ...... RX_UNICAST . 2... OVERSIZE .................. CRC_ERROR .... Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch...............Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch.. shown in Figure 48...... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded......... perform the following procedure: 1.............................. The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch.

Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. packets with alignment errors. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch. but discarded and not forwarded. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch. 161 .3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. select the option “2 . If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”.Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch. Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

162

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

163

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

164

AT-S39 User’s Guide

The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete. Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. If you are installing a new management image. Begin the file transfer of the new management software image. Once the management software is initialized. the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed. Note Do not interrupt the initialization process. Do not reboot the switch. 166 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. the switch automatically resets.

ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39. This may necessitate renaming the file. you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn. loader file. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host .1.The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch.img 167 . Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software.This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image.1. If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software. or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above. Put . Binary .You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.1 put c:\ats39. The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39.cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image.1. Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149. A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT.img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39. tftp -i 149.35.35.The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch. Source file .AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software.

The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host .This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from. Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149. as explained in the previous section.35.The source file name is “ATS39.img c:\ats39.1 get ats39. Binary . 168 .35.The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation. Destination file .1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation.The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file. This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically.1 to local drive C: of the workstation.img Once the file is stored on a local drive.1. Source file .You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. Get . Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited. tftp -i 149. it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP.cfg”.

Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23. Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20. MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18. IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28. Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27. Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24. Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19. Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17.

170 .Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser. such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.

Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. When prompted. enter the user name and password. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. For instructions. Additionally. 2. as shown in Figure 51. The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. Start your web browser. the switch must have an IP address. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. Consequently. To start a web browser management session. (The password is case-sensitive. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. To change the password.) The user name cannot be changed. 171 . you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies. perform the following procedure: 1.

You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser. You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows. In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites. 172 . Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus. Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display.The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed. Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software.

173 . select Exit from any AT-S39 management page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session.

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default. select it and then select the General tab.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. subnet address. From the Home Page. select Configuration. 2. 175 . refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. perform the following procedure: 1. If the System menu option is not selected.

The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide. 3.Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed. The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example. Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window. Change the parameters as desired. 176 . Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Sales Ethernet switch).

such as its location (e. The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. 177 . You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. or an SNMP management program. Floor 4. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. To create a new password. Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser.. Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. The default password is “admin”. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply. enter the new password into both fields. IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. 4. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. click Apply. Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. Wiring closet 402B). The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address.g. After you have set the parameters. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. a Telnet utility. Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch.

or gateway address. If you made a change to the IP address. subnet mask. or by using the Reset button on the switch.Section III: Web Browser Management 5. You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session. you must reset the switch to activate your change. You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session. 178 .

If it is not already selected. 3. From the Configuration Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. The Monitoring window is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. From the Home page. The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed. 2. select System Status. select the General tab. select Monitoring. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 .

This value cannot be changed.Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted. including the IP address of the switch and the system name. For information about VLANs. which also explains how to change the parameters. Administration This section contains a variety of information. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. If this parameter displays “Basic. If this parameter displays “Tagged. Virtual LANs on page 91. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes). refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212.Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only. ❑ Switch Mode .Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table.Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode. These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. These values cannot be changed. 180 . Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging .” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode.” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. ❑ Hash Count . You cannot change any of the values from this window. refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10. The sections in the window are defined below. For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session. For background information about MAC addresses. General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address.

select System. From the Configuration menu. From the Home page. The parameters are described below. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. Adjust the parameters as desired. 181 . Select the SNMP tab.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. select Configuration. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed.

Changes are immediately activated on the switch. 182 . Click Apply to save your changes to the switch. 5.Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch.

Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 . Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed.

Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch. From the Home page. Click Modify. select Layer 1. Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4. (To deselect a port. perform the following procedure: 1. The selected port turns white. 184 . select Configuration.) 5. From the Configuration page. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure. 3. click it again. 2. Select the Port Setting tab. The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. You can select only one port at a time.

An example of the window is shown in Figure 57. Flow Control The flow control setting for the port. Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6. Both .AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed. any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch.Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Transmit . refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227.Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port. Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time. For instructions on how to set this value. 185 . If the threshold is reach.No flow control on the port.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. Adjust the port parameters as desired. Possible values are: None . refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. The parameters are described below. Receive . For background information on this feature.

Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values. 7. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port. Default values are listed in Appendix A.Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps . The default for this port parameter is enabled.Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps .Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port. A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames. Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode.Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . This is the default.Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. click Apply. ❑ 10Mbps . Once you have made the desired changes. 186 .

You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB. (To deselect a port. click it again. and more. You can select only one port at a time. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics. From the Home page. Click a port. select Monitoring. You can view a port’s operating speed. 187 . duplex mode. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch. The selected port turns white. Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. From the Monitoring page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. select Layer 1. To display the status or statistics of a switch port. MDI/MDI-X configuration.) 4. 2. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

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192 . Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session. Note For background information on port security. refer to Port Security Overview on page 65.Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session.

The current security level is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 . select Monitoring. 2. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Layer 2 page. From the Configuration page. select Layer 2. select the Port Security tab. From the Home page.

194 . refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73. Note For background information on port trunking.Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session.

From the Configuration page. select Layer 1. If there is a port trunk. Loops can result in broadcast storms. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk. Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. From the Home page. If you are deleting a port trunk. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. which can adversely effect the operations of your network. Select the Port Trunking tab. 3. the ports of the trunk will be white. select Configuration. all ports in the switch image will be black. To create or delete a port trunk.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. perform the following procedure: 1. 195 . Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. which can produce broadcast storms. 2. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk.

You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. Click Apply. To create a port trunk. 196 . A port trunk can contain 2. or 4 ports. do the following: a.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk. b. The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch. A selected port changes to white. 5. click Remove. An unselected port is black. 3. To delete a port trunk.

Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror. 197 . refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. Note For background information on port mirroring.

c. b. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. select Layer 1. Select the Port Mirroring tab. 3. 198 . 2.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Configuration page. select Configuration. To delete an existing port mirror. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch. Click Apply. The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. 5. do the following: a. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4. To create a port mirror. From the Home page. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. You can select from 1 to 23 ports.

AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted. The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations. 199 .

Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session. Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session. 200 .Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP. refer to STP Overview on page 84.

From the Layer 2 window. From the Home page. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window . Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. 3. The parameters are described below.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. select the Spanning Tree tab.Configuration 4. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. You should consult the IEEE 802. select Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Configuration menu. 201 . select Layer 2. If you enable STP. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. 2. To configure a bridge’s STP parameters.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default.

for example. When a root bridge goes off-line. possibly resulting in a network loop. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value.Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. After you have made the desired changes. If the bridge transitions too soon. The default is 20 seconds. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. The default setting is disabled. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. 5. 202 . Changes are immediately activated on the switch. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. click Apply. with 0 being the highest priority. For example. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. The default is 15 seconds.535. This value cannot be changed. The default is 2 seconds. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. if you use the default 20. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs).

From the Home page. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window . refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201. perform the following procedure: 1. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed. From the Monitoring menu.Monitoring 203 . select the Spanning Tree tab. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. From the Layer 2 page. select Monitoring.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings. To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters. 3. 2. select Layer 2.

modify. Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode.Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 . Virtual LANs. refer to Chapter 10. This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. and delete VLANs from a web browser management session.

From the Layer 2 window. perform the following procedure: 1. select the VLAN tab. 3. 2. The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed. From the Home page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 . select Configuration. select Layer 2. From the Configuration menu.

Click Add. its VID must be unique as well. Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. The name can contain spaces but not special characters. the name should be unique as well. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). 206 . Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. Sales or Accounting). The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. The name can be from one to 10 characters in length. 6. the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches.

This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. or a tagged port. For example. its VID value should be the same on each switch. The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. Click Apply. 8. click Send to CPU. 10. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. This value disables port mirroring. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. 7. Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. To select ports for the VLAN. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. In most cases. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. 9. 207 . You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. Note For background information on port mirroring. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image.

The VLAN is now ready for network operations. 208 .Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment.

Creating a VLAN. 4. From the Layer 2 window. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. From the Configuration menu. they are returned to the Default VLAN. click Apply. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. select Layer 2. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. 5. select Configuration. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. 2. From the Home page. After making the desired changes. Click Modify. 7. select the VLAN tab. 6. 209 .

4. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. 210 . The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. perform the following procedure: 1. Click Remove. select the VLAN tab. select Configuration. 5.Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. 2. From the Configuration menu. From the Home page. From the Layer 2 window. select Layer 2. 3. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete. The VLAN is deleted from the switch.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch. 3. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 2. The management software displays the window in Figure 68. select Monitoring. From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Layer 2 page. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . From the Monitoring page. select the VLAN tab. select Layer 2.

4. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. perform the following procedure: 1. 5. Note Refer to Chapter 10. 2. 212 . From the Home Page. 3.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. which is the default. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs. Reset the switch. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. If you select Tagged. Virtual LANs. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. click either Tagged or Basic. In the Switch Mode section of the window. select Configuration. Select the General tab. To set the switch’s VLAN mode. From the Configuration menu. choose System. If you select Basic. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode.

select CoS. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. click it again.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. From the Layer 2 page. For example. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. 5. To change a PVID for a port. You can select only one port at a time. From the Home page. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. To deselect a port. 3. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. From the Configuration page. 4. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 . select Configuration. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. 2. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. Click Apply. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure. perform the following procedure: 1. select Layer 2. A selected port turns white.

The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch. Click Apply. Class of Service on page 219. Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port. The new value is immediately activated on the port. 214 . Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26.Section III: Web Browser Management 6. 7.

Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch. 215 . refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table.

216 . The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed. For instructions. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. select Monitoring. From the Monitoring page. Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses. 2.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. select Layer 2. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Layer 2 page. select the Forwarding Database tab. The options are described below. From the Home page. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session.

4. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. The port numbering scheme is from right to left. 217 . assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. Another example is “000020F. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. Once you have configured the options. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. click View.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. As an example. You specify the VLAN by its VID.

The type can be either static or dynamic. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. Type The MAC address type. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. 218 . except for the switch’s MAC address.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. This feature is not supported at this time. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state.

Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS. refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. 219 .

6. A selected port turns white. The default for this parameter is No. it does not matter which of these levels you select. Click the port where you want to configure CoS. (Again. 8. 3. click it again. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5. perform the following procedure: 1. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. Click Apply.) 5. 2. From the Home page. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. select the CoS tab. select Configuration. 4. click the Override Priority option. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. Click Modify. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. select Layer 2. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. (To deselect a port. 220 . meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. From the Layer 2 page. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. You can select only one port at a time. From the Configuration page.) 7.

221 . Note For background information on this feature.Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch. refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143.

perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. 2. select System. select Configuration. From the Configuration menu. Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed. Select the IGMP tab. Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port). 222 . 3.

The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. The default is 256 multicast groups. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. The default is 260 seconds. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 . that is. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets.400 seconds (24 hours). The range is from 1 second to 86.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port.

The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. The default is 256 multicast addresses. Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. 224 . or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image.Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses. You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect. A white port indicates a multicast router port.

refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. Note For background information on this feature.Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch. 225 .

In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. click Apply. the management software multiples the value by 10. 100. If they are not already selected. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. and 1000 Mbps.100x For example. The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . To specify an interval timer. 4.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. enter values for the three interval timers. After you have entered your values. The default value is “0” for all timers. Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. perform the following procedure: 1. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . 3. Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. select Configuration. 226 .) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed. select them now. From the Home page. 2.

perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page. To deselect a port. the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. 2. In the graphical switch image. As an example. If it is not selected. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. select Configuration. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. 6. 5. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. The selected port turns white. select Layer 1. 7. You can select only one port at a time.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. From the Configuration page. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. 227 . Click Modify. Click Apply. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. 3. click it again. select it now. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames. When you open the Layer 1 page. The port will accept all broadcast frames. 4.

0.255.0.0.Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.0.0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 . Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.0.0 0.0 255.

1 and above only.AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.) 229 .

228 DHCP activating. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. 41. 185 forwarding delay. 202 bridge hello time parameter. 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. 37 defined. 86. 84. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 88. 45 Auto-Negotiation. 37 BPDU. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. 36 documentation. 155. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. 35. 41. 37 defined. 88. 86. 140 console timeout. 90 host nodes 230 . 172 C Class of Service configuring. 177 H hello time. 84. 37 releasing IP address. AT-S39. 128 AT-S39 default settings. 43 conventions. 47 setting switch status. 141. 88. 163 AT-S39 version number. 202 bridge priority. 220 defined. 88 G gateway address. 60. 121. 27. 167 obtaining. 11 D default values. 202 bridge identifier. used in this guide. 106 setting. 52 defined.Index A aging time changing. 47 guidelines. 164 downloading via TFTP. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. 60. configuring. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 225 defined. 88. 212 BOOTP activating. 150. 227 browser tools. 50 F flow control. 138 defined. 202 bridge max age parameter.

25 S Secure level. 69 defined. 28 starting. 143 displaying. 146. 79 deleting. 39. 149 P password changing. 42 root bridge. 28 Telnet session. 193 port statistics. 205 defined. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. 60 multicast groups. 55. 184 disable. 26. 190 port cost defined. 95. 59. port security. 45 slave switch. 209 priority queues. 66 serial number. 140 priority. 118 deleting. 107. 157 port trunking creating. 87. 35. 24 M MAC address table. 73 deleting. maximum. 211 modifying. 210 displaying. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 195 guidelines. 148 host/router timeout interval. 186 statistics. 119. 35. 77. 30 web browser session. 222 231 . 143 ingress filtering. 84 RS232 port. 226 defined.AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. default settings. switch. 111. 29. 94 deleting all. 90 port mirroring creating. 18 quitting. 181 SNMP management session. 151 L limited security mode configuring. 195 defined.1d standard. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 90 PVID. 50 SNMP community strings. 50 returning to. 21 snoop topology. 173 R resetting a switch. 223 multicast router. 186 displaying status. 115. 82. switch. 177 interval timer configuring. 59. 223 I IEEE 802. 102 port-based VLAN creating. 32. 80. 222 defined. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). 21 master switch defined. 85 setting. 67 defined. 145. 171 port configuring parameters. 65 displaying. displaying. defined. 113. 58. 116. 198 port security configuring. 177 default. 145. 75. 213 defined. 126. 65 local management session defined. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 198 defined. 187 speed. 146. 153. 216 MAC address.

157. 171 V version number. 173 starting. 84 port cost. 118 deleting. 171 static MAC address adding. 122 mode. 107. 43 limitations. 115. 112. 45 virtual LAN creating. default. 122 displaying. 108 VLAN identifier. 210 displaying. 111. 101 VLAN identifier (VID). 190 switch. 167 obtaining. 209 Telnet management session defined. 201 configuring port parameters. 211 enabling. 89 defined. 116. 129 statistics port. 167 U unavailable status. 136 deleting. 112. 115. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. 29 web browser. 137 displaying. 87. 121. 116. 205 defined. 85. 171 232 . defined. 92 deleting all. 164 downloading via TFTP. 35. 94 tagged. defined. 113. 203 starting session local. 29 TFTP. 50 user name. 94. 101 deleting all. 30 starting. 212 modifying. 19 quitting.Index software updates downloading from a local session. downloading software updates. 206 VLAN. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 90 viewing bridge parameters. 209 port-based. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. 20 quitting. defined. 160 STP. 211 modifying. 35. 24 Telnet. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. AT-S39. 177 switch statistics. 118 deleting. 107. 113. 160 system name. 205 defined. 210 disabling. changing.

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