Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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.......................................................................................................................................................................................... 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address . 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 142 IGMP Snooping Overview .................................................................................................... 140 Configuring CoS ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count ...................... 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 99 Tagged VLAN Overview ......................... 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering ..................................................... 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping ............................................. 157 Displaying Switch Statistics ............................................................................................................................................................... 127 Displaying MAC Addresses ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN ...........................................................................................................94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 139 Class of Service Overview .......... 103 Tagged VLAN Example ............................................................................................................... 116 Deleting All VLANs ...............................91 VLAN Overview ..............................................................................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs ..................................................................................................................... 137 Changing the Aging Time ............................. 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN ................................................................................... 151 Configuring the Interval Timer ............................ 113 Displaying VLAN Information .............................................. 112 Modifying a VLAN ................... 98 Port-based Example 2........................................................................... 143 Activating IGMP Snooping ..................... 97 Port-based Example 1.............................................................................................................................................................. 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 118 Changing a PVID Value .............................. 156 Displaying Port Statistics ..................... 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs ................................................................................................................................................ 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs ................................................................................................................................... 160 5 ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses ........................................ 115 Deleting a VLAN ...................................................................... 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control ...... 126 MAC Address Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port ............................................................................................................................... 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table .................................................. 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................92 Port-based VLAN Overview ...................................................... 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service ...

.... 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 168 Section III Web Browser Management ................168 Example........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................205 Modifying a VLAN ...................................................................................................................................................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................210 Displaying VLANs ..............................................................................................................................192 Displaying the Port Security Level ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring .................................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk .................................................201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings ...........................................................................................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 167 Uploading a Configuration File ........................................................................................................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror ...........................................................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ..........................................................................................................................................................213 6 ........................................................211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode ...................................204 Creating a VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session .........................183 Configuring Port Parameters ............................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................171 Browser Tools..................................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses .............................212 Changing a PVID ..........................................................................................203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ....184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................175 Viewing System Information ........................................................................................................................167 Example.......................................................................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP ............................................................................... 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session .......163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session ...................................................................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol ..............................................................................................................................209 Deleting a VLAN ......................................162 Obtaining Software Updates .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks ......................................174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table ... 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping ........Chapter 25 MAC Address Table ............................................................................................. 225 Configuring the Interval Timer .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 228 Index ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings ........ 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames ............................................................. 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service ........... 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control ................. 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping ............................................................................................................................... 230 7 ............................................................................................... 219 Configuring CoS .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

............................. 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ..............................................................................Example 1 .............................................................. 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 122 8 ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Example 2 ................................................. 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example ............................................................................................................................................................. 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window .......................................................................................................................................... 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu .................................................................................................................................................................................. 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 .................................................................................................................................................................................... 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu ........................... 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window ............................................................................................................................ 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window ................................................................................................................................. 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window .......................... 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu .................................................................................................................. 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu ........................................................................................................... 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu ............ 25 Figure 2: Main Menu ............................................................................ 52 Figure 11: Port Menu ............................................................................. 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu .............................................................................. 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu ....................................................... 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window ........................ 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window ....................................................................................................................................................... 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ..................................................................................................................................... 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu .......................................................................................................................... 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu .........................................................................................................................................................................................................List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window .......................................... 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window ........... 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN ............................................................................................................................................................ 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window .................................................................................. 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window ......................................................................................................................................................... 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu ..........................................................................................................

......................................................................................................... Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu ................................................................................ Figure 60: Port Statistics Window ...................................................................................................................................................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ................................................................................................................................. Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu ............................................................... Figure 68: VLAN Window ................................................ Figure 71: IGMP Tab .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 69: CoS Setting Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 66: VLAN Window ......................................... Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window .............................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window ........................................... Figure 52: Home Page .................................. Figure 59: Port Status Window .................................. Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page .............................................................. 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 .......................................................................... Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window .............................................................. Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu ...................................................................... Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window ............................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 61: Port Security Menu ...................................................................................................... Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field ............................................................................................................................................... Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window ..................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab ................................................................................ Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window .......................... Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 53: General Tab .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 55: SNMP Tab ................... Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window ..................................... Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab .................................................... Figure 54: General Tab Window ............................................................................................................... Figure 67: Add VLAN Window ................................................................................................................................ Figure 57: Settings for Port Window ................................................................................................................................................Monitoring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 62: Port Trunking Window ..................................................................................................................Configuration ............................................................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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alliedtelesyn. You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www. To use the FTP server.alliedtelesyn.Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products.com. enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password. 14 .com or our FTP server at ftp.

Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software. It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. 15 .

Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters. then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A.Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. 16 . If this is true for your network. and powering ON the device. You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches. as explained in the hardware installation guide. The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters.

you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software. They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session. 17 . There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use. It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser.AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. such as to change or adjust its operating parameters. The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide.

You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located. Once the session is started. 18 . refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. Note For instructions on starting a local management session. you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch. using a straight-through RS-232 cable.Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch.

Note For further information on enhanced stacking. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. With AT-8024GB switches. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. 19 . Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session. you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters. which include the enhanced stacking feature.

just like a Telnet management session.You can view but not set the port security level of a switch. 20 . Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session.Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch. ❑ DHCP and BOOTP . There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session. every AT-8024GB switch.You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session. that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address.You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session. They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking . as well as every AT-8024 switch. ❑ Port security level . This too is a type of remote management. refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171. because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch. Consequently.

For instructions. A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program.AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. Consequently. 21 . Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. refer to your SNMP management documentation. The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program. you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program.

The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session.

Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .

This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. 24 . You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. This can simplify network management. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. usually within a few meters. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch. Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. you can manage just that switch. you must go to where that switch is located. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch. Note For information on enhanced stacking.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. to start this type of management session. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. Additionally. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit.

see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 . perform the following procedure: 1. Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program. Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session. 3. POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2.

Save Configuration Changes R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S . This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only. Otherwise.) The Main Menu is displayed. the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt.) 4. The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset.Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 .1 and above. You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch. simply type boot and press Return to start the switch.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal. The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps. (The password is case-sensitive. (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>). The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly.) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal. enter the password for the management software. Press the Return key twice. (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1. Note During boot up. or an equivalent terminal emulator program. The default is “admin”. the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps). If prompted for a password. 5.

type the corresponding letter or number. For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session. It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located. Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu. you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet. Enhanced Stacking on page 46. 27 . Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item. Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. refer to Chapter 4.

Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously. This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session. 28 . Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions. You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch. return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit.

as shown in Figure 2 on page 26. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch. To return to a previous menu. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. Additionally. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities. In terms of functionally. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. such as with a local management session. To make a selection. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely. Note For background information on enhanced stacking. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. The default password is “admin”. Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. 29 . The menus also function the same. type R or press ESC twice. Enter the management software password when prompted. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. type its corresponding number of letter.

30 . type Q for Quit from the Main Menu.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session.

There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 . There are also procedures for resetting the switch. and more.Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures. activating the original switch default settings.

The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. you must also assign it a subnet mask. This switch will be the Master switch of the stack. 32 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses.) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. Second. You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address. You do not need to assign an IP address. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking. This feature has two primary benefits. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. subnet mask. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. all from the same management session. First. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. you must assign at least one of them an IP address. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. a web browser. (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address.

The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address.AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet. The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. if any. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. switches on your network need an IP address. 33 . If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. You can do this two different ways. The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet.

0... type 4 to select Administration Menu.Save Configuration Changes R ........ 9 .. and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session..Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L ..0.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 .0 Subnet Mask .. perform the following procedure: 1....0. The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed..) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch..0 Default Gateway .Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42. 0.. 255..255. Change Password . Comments ... From the Main Menu. (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network...... along with other optional information.0 System Name .Reset Switch X . go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37.... To manually set a switch’s IP address..Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 . Administrator . subnet mask...Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address ..0. 0....... The selection X .. such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch...Release DHCP IP Address S .0.

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

39 . type 5 to select System Config Menu. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. From the Advanced Configuration window. The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R . From the System Configuration Menu. From the Main Menu. type 3 to select SNMP Configuration.

.... Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch.Trap Receiver 2 6 .. enter the new value. type S to select Save Configuration Changes....... public 2 ..0 0.Trap Community ...0...0.... After making your changes.......0...0 S ..0...... 40 ...0.0.GET Community .. 4 .......GET Community 2 . .... To change a value. 1 ...0.SET Community 3. 0...Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch.Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings....0 0. type its corresponding number and..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4... The parameters are described below. ..SET Community ... Adjust the parameters as desired.. 5.Trap Receiver 3 7 ....0. when prompted..Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed.Save Configuration Changes R .......0 0.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 ...Trap Receiver 1 5 .... public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 .... . private 3 .....

If you type Y for yes. the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A. Type Y to reset the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. type 5 to select System Config Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. From the System Configuration Menu. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. 4. From the Main Menu. 41 . Type Y for yes or N for no. You are prompted to reset the switch. 2. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings.

From the Main Menu. From the Administrator Menu. type 4 to select Administrator Menu. a task requiring only a second or two to complete.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software. Some data traffic may be lost. type 9 to select Reset Switch. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. 42 . The switch immediately reloads its operating system.

(The password is case-sensitive. 2. type E to enable web access or D to disable web access. ❑ Console Timeout . when prompted.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. type 6 to select Web Server Access and. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. 43 . These security features are: ❑ Password .This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. From the Main Menu. 3. For instructions on how to set this security feature. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. perform the procedure below. To configure web browser access. type 5 to select System Config Menu. The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes. perform the procedure below. when prompted.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. For example. ❑ Web Access . enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes. perform the following procedure: 1. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password. The default password is “admin”. the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. To configure the console timer. type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and. For instructions on how to set this security feature. if you specify 2 minutes.The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch. and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software.

no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser. if you disable web access.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 44 . 4. After you have made the desired changes.

............ AT-S39 v1. type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu. MAC Address .....1 5456411 00.A0.00 R .. Bootloader Version ... Serial Number ..3 ATI_LOADER1.32..... 45 .......17....AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information... The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed.....Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version ....D2.

46 .Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch.

should you remove a master switch from the network. you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. 47 . That way. If your network consists of more than one subnet. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. Once connected to the network. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. such as for maintenance. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. You simply connect it to your network.

Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. 48 . A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack. 3. referred to as slave switches. do not. If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch. You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. you must assign each master switch a unique IP address.

24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router. 49 .11.32. Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet.09.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet.18 Master 2 IP Address 149.09.32.16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149.22 Master 2 IP Address 149. and each has been assigned a unique IP address.32.11. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets.32.

A switch with this designation can be managed locally. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 . slave switch. Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch . Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack.A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch.. or unavailable. A master switch must have a unique IP address. Master 2 . To be managed remotely.. you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. perform the following procedure: 1. You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch.Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 . ❑ Unavailable . To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status.. a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address.Save Configuration Changes R . The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed. From the Main Menu. It does not need an IP address or subnet mask.Enhanced Stacking Services S .A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet. Note The default setting for a switch is Slave.Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable. ❑ Slave switch .A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch.

or U to make the switch unavailable. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master. 2.” For example. Press Return. S to make it a slave switch.Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches. type 1 to select Switch State.Switch State. Type M to change the switch to a master switch. The following prompt is displayed. To change a switch’s status. 4. 51 . A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch. Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 . Note The “2 .

you are by default addressing that particular switch. The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch.Access Switch R .Get/Refresh List of Switches A . To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet. From the Enhanced Stacking window. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services. From the Main Menu. 2.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch. The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window. If you assigned system names to your switches. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G . To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack. The window in Figure 10 is displayed. When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. then it is very easy.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 . you need to select it from the management software. perform the following procedure: 1.

4. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. Enter the switch’s password and press Return. 53 . if you want to manage the Master switch. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice. Once you see that window.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. Type A to select Access Switch. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. You now can manage the selected switch. The password is case-sensitive. return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit. Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches. 6. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session. The default password is “admin”.

Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .

From the Port Menu.Accept changes & update flash R . The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed. 55 . type 4 to select Port Status. From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C . type 1 to select Port Menu. perform the following procedure: 1.

Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N . Possible values are: Up . The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number. Possible values are: Auto .Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually. Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Manual . 56 .Update Display R . Down .indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link. Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Figure 12 is an example of the window.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed.indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node.Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode.Next Page U .

Flow The flow control setting for the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X.100 Mbps 1000 . Disabled .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. Receive . Possible values are: Forwarding . State The current operating status of the port.No flow control on the port. Possible values are: None . Transmit . This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member. Spd The operating speed of the port.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. Both .The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port. 57 .1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port. Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex. Possible values are: 10 .10 Mbps 100 .The port has been manually disabled.

Advertise 100FDX . The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. enter the first port of the range. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3.... Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. To configure only one port... Advertise 10HDX ..Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch. Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 . Flow Control ...... Negotiation . Advertise 100HDX ... 2.. type 1 to select Port Configuration.... type 1 to select Port Menu. From the Main Menu.. Broadcast Control ...... Advertise 10FDX . perform the following procedure: 1.... From the Port Menu. MDI/MDIX Mode .. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return.... enter the last port number in the range............ The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status .... To configure a range of ports.....No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 .. To configure a range of ports..

10 Mbps 0100 ..The port will not receive or forward packets.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 ...Duplex . two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 .. 0 ...Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode.. Possible settings are: Forwarding .. If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation. This is the default setting... The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters. The parameters are described below.. 1 . Adjust the port parameters as desired.Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode. When disabled.. If you select Manual.The port will receive and forward packets. You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections.. 0100 3 .Speed .. Disabled ..Speed selection are: 0010 . a port will not receive or transmit frames. This toggles the parameter through its possible settings. You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port... 59 .. you can enable the port again to resume normal operation.Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port.100 Mbps 1000 .Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex. The possible settings for the 2 ... Once the problem has been fixed. which is the default.. You adjust a parameter by typing its number....AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port. the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically.. 5..

5 . a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it. During Auto-Negotiation.Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option. Both .or full-duplex mode. if you set the selection 8 . refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. By default.MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port. the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps. Receive .Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated. The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames.Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation. half-duplex operation.Advertise 100FDX 8 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode. which is the default setting. Possible settings are: None .No flow control on the port.Advertise 10HDX 7 . The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time. which is the default setting. the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it.Advertise 10FDX 6 .Advertise 100HDX to No. 60 . B . For example. If desired.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. 9 . If you set this to Auto. which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half. you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX. Transmit . You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation. a switch port will advertise its full capabilities.

AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. which. The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection. You can use this option to reset the selected port. when selected. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node. 61 . Once you have set the port parameters. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port. The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection. This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode. This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 .GBIC Information R . type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information. Type either 24 or 25. The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed. 3. 62 . these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. 2. From the System Configuration Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window. To display GBIC information. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. type 5 to select System Config Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5. Type 1 to select GBIC Information.

.......... Length 9/125 um Fib.... 63 . You cannot change this information... Length 50/125 um Fib.......... (k) ..................5/125 um Fib..... Elect/Opt Transceiver ... (100m) .. Connector Type .... (10k) .. Figure 15 is an example of the window. Extended Serial Transceiver .................... N ...... (10m) . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number .... Length 62.... Type of Serial Interface .........Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only..AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module...... Length 9/125 mm Fib..... Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding .Next Page R ..

You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. 64 . Note Port security can only be set through a local management session.Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn. There are four levels of port security. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table. it remains in the table and is never purged. even when the end node is inactive. Automatic This operating mode disables port security. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch. 65 . Once this mode is activated. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses.

refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time. The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. even those belonging to inactive end nodes. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table. Once you have activated this security level. 66 . you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward. the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned. no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. When this security level is activated.

refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . 67 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. type 5 to select Port Security. This is the default setting. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. 2. To set a switch’s port security level. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward. type 1 to select Automatic mode.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses. Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed. type 2 to select Limited mode. type 1 to select Port Menu. To specify the limits. type 3 to select the Secured mode. After activating this security mode. From the Port Menu. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table.

A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch. Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. type 4 to select Lock all the ports now. 68 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 . frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded. Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port. To configure Limited security mode.Configure port security limited mode R . From the Port Security menu. You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. When you activate this security level. type 2 to select Limited security. Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn. type 1 to select Port Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Port Menu. 3. From the Main Menu.Display MAC limit per port 2 .Set MAC limit per port 3 . The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed. Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports. You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 . The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed. type 5 to select Port Security. 2.

From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. 10. To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. The range is 1 to 150 addresses. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports. Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports. 13. type R to select Return to previous menu. This applies the limit to the port. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode. 70 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. 9. 12. 7. 11. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6. Type 2 to choose Select a port. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. repeat Steps 5 through 9.

If necessary. Limited security has now been configured on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. Check to be sure that they are correct. 71 . 14. be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed. 15. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu. If you assigned different values to different ports. Examine the MAC limits. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port. 16.

Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .

On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. 3. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. 14.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. speed. For example. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. 73 . The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. A port trunk is 2. or 4 ports. For example. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. 5. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. such as a server. and so on. 15 for the trunk. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. 22. you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. 3. and 24. ❑ The duplex mode. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. port 13 to port 22. To maintain the order of the port connections. 13. Despite the software configuration and physical connections. ❑ When cabling a trunk. ports 4. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. and 7). workstation. the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. or another Ethernet switch. 6. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. and so on. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. 23. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load. router.

A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs. ❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch.❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN. The server is connected to the switch with four data links. The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch. The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server. AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 . AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches.

From the Port Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 . are the same for all the ports of the trunk.Delete Trunk 3 . From the Main Menu. type 1 to select Port Menu.Save Configuration Changes R . 2.Show port trunking status S .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 .Add ports to trunk 2 . Check to be sure that the settings. such as speed and duplex mode. Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed. You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN. examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. perform the following procedure: 1. To create a port trunk. Note Before creating a port trunk. Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology. type 3 to select Port Trunking.

type 3 to display the status of the trunk. 6. The port trunk is ready for network operations. Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk. Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.g. 76 . 5.3. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. Enter new value -> 4. To confirm the creation of the port trunk. 1. Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return.2.4) or as a range (e.3. 7-10).Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7.g.. You can specify the ports individually (e. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R . The following prompt is displayed. Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking.. 8.

type 1 to select Port Menu. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. 3. 4. type 3 to select Port Trunking. 2. 5. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. From the Port Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. To delete a port trunk from the switch. Type 2 to select Delete trunk. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. To confirm the deletion. 77 . The port trunk is deleted from the switch.

Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .

However. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time. you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port. For example. if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports. meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports. the mirror port is likely to drop packets. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed. 79 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. the more ports you mirror. For example.

Show Port Mirror Status S .Mirroring Port . perform the following procedure: 1... Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7. enter the first port of the range.. If you want to mirror a range or ports. Press Return. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. The following prompt is displayed. enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step.Add ports to mirror 4 ..Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror.... enter the last port in the range. Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6. The following prompt is displayed. 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 .Save Configuration Changes R . From the Port Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3. Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. 5. The following prompt is displayed.. To mirror the traffic of only one port. You can specify only one mirror port..CPU Attached . To mirror a range of ports.. the port to where the traffic will be copied). Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. 80 .. Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored... Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror. From the Main Menu. 0 2 . The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed.Delete ports from mirror 5 . type 1 to select Port Menu. No 3 ..

Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu. type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status.AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. 9. 10. 81 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The port mirror is now functional. To confirm the creation of the port mirror. The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored.

The following prompt is displayed. 2. 5. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. From the Main Menu. Enter 0 and press Return. 82 . The port mirror on the switch is deleted. perform the following procedure: 1. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. From the Port Menu. 3. type 1 to select Port Menu.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror.

refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802.1D. 83 . The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol.Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters. ISO/IEC 10038: 1993.

So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles. and sometimes its MAC address. Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link. By adjusting the value. as specified in the IEEE 802. leaving only one main active path. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. exist in the network topology. also referred to as the bridge identifier.1D standard. 84 . STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number. Where multiple paths exist. of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number.Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. either planned or unplanned. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. referred to as broadcast storms.

the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. the lower the port cost. 85 . and which path(s) will be placed in the standby. active path. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. Below are the default values. where all ports have a port cost of 0. If two paths have the same port cost. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. if one is found. blocking mode. If redundant paths exist. the preferred path is selected through port priority. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and. Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. The faster the port.

The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. especially if it is a large network. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. with the size of your network being a primary factor. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. before it begins to forward frames. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. Consequently. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. For small networks. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. However. removal. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. 86 . This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. and if not. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. For large networks. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. the active topology also changes. or addition of any active components. listening and learning. When a bridge is brought on-line. and that could adversely impact network performance. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. a change in a port state is not activated immediately. a temporary data loop could occur. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states.

Reset STP to Defaults R . Bridge Priority . Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. Bridge Identifier .. Bridge Max Age ..... If you enable STP. 87 . type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2..1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters..Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch... Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default.. The parameters are described below. 1 ....AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings.Config STP Port Settings 8 . The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed. From the Main Menu. You should consult the IEEE 802.. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 .. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. Bridge Forwarding .. The default setting is disabled.Display STP Port Settings 9 .. 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable .... Bridge Hello Time .

Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. 3. The default is 15 seconds. type S to select Save Configuration Changes.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . 3 .Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state.Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. 5 . This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. resulting in network loops. The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed. When a root bridge goes off-line. For example. 88 . This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. for example.Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. The default is 2 seconds.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. 4 . After you have made the desired changes. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. with 0 being the highest priority. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. 6 . If the bridge transitions too soon. if you use the default 20. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP.535. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. The default is 20 seconds.

To configure a range of ports.... The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4.. enter the last port of the range. enter the first port of the range.. Port Priority .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating ...Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain.... Bridge Hello Time . To configure just one port. This value cannot be changed... perform the following procedure: 1... Enter the number of the port you want to configure. Root Bridge .... 1 . type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. 89 . From the Spanning Tree menu. To configure a range of ports. Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R .... The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. type 7 to select Config STP port settings... 2. Adjust the settings as desired.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5.. The parameters are described below. enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step.... Path Cost . From the Main Menu.

The range is 0-255. The default is 2 seconds.Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge. 4 .Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed. 3 . The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port. 90 . This value cannot be changed from this window. 5 . refer to the previous procedure.Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain. To change this value.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 .Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN. 10 for a 100 Mbps port. and 4 for a 1 Gbps port. The default value for priority is 128. The range is 1 to 65535.

Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs). This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 . It also contains the procedures for creating. modifying. and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session.

This too can improve overall network performance. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth. such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. Before the advent of VLANs. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. For example. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. logical LAN segments. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. With VLANs. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN. It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. if an employee changed departments. For example. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. Additionally. The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. 92 . VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN.

Additionally. VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically. a virtual LAN can span more than one switch. This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location. 93 . or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another.AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections. you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software.

This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. 94 . and Engineering. VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. called the Default VLAN. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. such as a router or Layer 3 switch. A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. Production.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. Examples include Sales. you must give it a name. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. or just a few ports. A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches. A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN.

rather than by a port’s PVID. The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received. In this manner. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID. it will simply select the next available VID. Consequently.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. This is acceptable when you are creating a new. For example. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. Untagged Ports Naturally. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership. Additionally. You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. If you allow the management software to do it automatically. Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID.AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID. 95 . unique VLAN. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101.

the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID. 96 . a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs. However. ❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. Consequently. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID. the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software.

In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches. a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN. many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. across multiple VLANs. 97 . For example. such as servers and printers. ❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network. ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs.

) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN .4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9. Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 .24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID. Engineering. and Production VLANs on the switch. A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN.Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. 98 . the Default VLAN is not shown. 11 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs. You assign this number when you create a VLAN. (For purposes of the following examples. A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member. The ports have been assigned PVID values.13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 .

each VLAN has one port connected to the router. Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs. The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN. two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch. In this example. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN .AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example.Example 2 99 .

❑ Production VLAN . However. 14. 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13. So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN. This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN. 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 . It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch. It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4. This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment. it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. Since this VLAN spans multiple switches.6. 100 .11. 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . Engineering.This VLAN spans both switches.This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch.This is the final VLAN in the example. ❑ Engineering VLAN . it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router. Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router. This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN.24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 . This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch. The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch.6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN . and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 .

This contrasts to a port-based VLAN. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94. The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time. 101 . Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch. the frame will be discarded. The IEEE 802. Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership. the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports. This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of. the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network.3ac standard). which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame. referred to as a tagged frame. For example. A tag.1Q-compliant. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port. This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging.

But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN. In the case of a tagged VLAN. However. Otherwise. it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. But actually there is. An untagged port. The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. 102 . and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. a frame without any tagged information). simultaneously. the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. there would seem to be no need for a PVID.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. can be in only one VLAN at a time. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs.

❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS. 103 .AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN. If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks. ❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time. ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802.1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 . Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.1Q-based products.

It is connected to an IEEE 802. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated. 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. The tagged frames.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs.1Q-compliant server. 105 . Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example. when received by the switch. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. But with tagged ports. while still maintaining data separation and security. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. data separation and security remain. 18 (PVID 2) 8. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. 20 (PVID 3) 8.

All VLAN information. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames. Packets are passed through the switch unchanged. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121. Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. 106 . is ignored. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered. frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. but the VLANs are not used. either tagged or untagged.

type 1 to select Create a VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN.Virtual LAN Support 2 . type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Save Configuration Changes R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. From the VLAN Menu.Port VLANs & Priorities R . From the Main Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 . 107 . From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed.Virtual LAN Definitions 3 . The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1.

.. than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch.. then its VID must also be unique..Create VLAN R ..... such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!)....Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed. 108 . The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN... Untagged Ports . if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches... C ...Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4... Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN.. you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value... Mirroring Port . The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example... The name can be from one to ten characters in length. The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value.. For example.. Sales or Accounting). VLAN ID (VID) . then the name should be unique as well.. 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) .... 5.... If the VLAN will be unique in your network.. If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network.. The name can contain spaces. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name .. 0 Tagged Ports .... but not special characters.. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected..

Press any key to continue. To verify that the VLAN was created correctly. as a range (e.3.3.g. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79.g. You can specify the ports individually (e. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN.7-9) 7. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. 2. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port.5.. 7-9). 13. or both (e.7-9). type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted. 2. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN.. 7-9). A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored. 10. Type C to select Create VLAN. Press any key. 14.. or both (e. Note In most cases.) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature. 9.g. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.. leave this field empty.5).(If you do not to activate this feature. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU.g. you can analyze the VLAN traffic. If the VLAN will contain tagged ports.. 2. 2. 109 .g. either do not select this option or select it and type N for no. this parameter should be left with its default value of 0. you will see the following message: SUCCESS . 12.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. type 6 and Y for yes.g.. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports. 8. 11. type 4 to select Show All VLANs. For more information on port mirroring. Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports. as a range (e.5. If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports. You can specify the ports individually (e.5). leave this field empty. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN. if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. For example. You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs. 110 . Note When you create a new VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time. Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.

9. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. 7. From the Main Menu. Ports 1 to 4. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. 111 . 5. press any key. To create the example Sales VLAN. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. Press Return. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. 8. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”. Type C to select Create VLAN. 4. 6. From the VLAN Menu. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. 3. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The new Sales VLAN has now been created. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN.

112 . 20”. and 12. From the VLAN Menu.11. 8. Type C to select Create VLAN. and two untagged ports. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”. 10. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 9. 4. 11. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. Press Return. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. press any key. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9. 5. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. 3. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. 7. Ports 8 and 16. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port.16”.10. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. It will consist of three untagged ports. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. To create the example Engineering VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. 6. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN. From the Main Menu. Ports 9. 2.

For a description of the parameters.. The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed. The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify. After making the desired changes. To modify a VLAN. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 . 2.. The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS . R . To obtain a VLAN’s VID.Press any key to continue.VLAN ID (VID) ..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4. This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. perform the following procedure: 1. 113 . From the VLAN Menu. 3. type 2 to select Modify a VLAN. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). 7. Change the VLAN’s information as desired. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions... type M to select Modify VLAN. 6... From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107. From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure.

Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 114 . 10. 8.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. The VLAN has been modified. Press any key. 9. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. 11. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs.

From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. From the VLAN Menu. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names. The Show All VLANs window is displayed. Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 . type 4 to select View All VLANs. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch. 3.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R .9 U: 8. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.9 U: 1-6 T: 7. perform the following procedure: 1. VID numbers. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33.

2. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.. To delete the VLAN. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID).. From the Main Menu. type 3 to select Delete a VLAN. type D.. The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure. 3.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4. perform the following procedure: 1. R . From the VLAN Menu. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 . From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5.. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. 116 . To delete a VLAN.VLAN ID (VID) . A confirmation prompt is displayed. 6. which has a VID of 1. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return....

The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs. both tagged and untagged. Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure. The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 10. All ports in the deleted VLAN. 117 . are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. The VLAN has been deleted. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 8. 9.AT-S39 User’s Guide 7.Press any key to continue.

Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. To delete selected VLANs. except the Default VLAN. 4. To delete all VLANs on a switch. A confirmation message is displayed. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. on a switch. 3.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. 5. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Press Return. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 118 . From the VLAN Menu. 2. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu.

Port Number R . 119 . Type 1 to select Port Number. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. Press Return. To change a PVID for a port. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary. From the VLAN Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. For example. There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. 2. then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 . perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu.

. Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID. Port VLAN ID ... Press Return. The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS .. 9.Press any key to continue. Override Priority (Y/N) . Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High .. Specify the new PVID value for the port.. Return to the Main Menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.Accept changes & update flash R ...... 8.... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number ...... 120 ... 7......Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5... The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6... You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip....Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed.... The port now has a new PVID....Update Changes to Chip C ... 1 1 0 N U ...

The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged. 121 . You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. The default is Tagged mode. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. B-Basic): 3. From the Main Menu. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. 2. 4. Type 3 to select Switch Mode. Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. 5. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. Press Return. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode.

Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering.Disable VLANs Globally R . When VLANs are enabled. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode.Enable/Disable VLANs 2 . perform the following procedure: 1. If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. It sets a switch’s VLAN mode. The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering. From the Main Menu. 2. When VLANs are disabled.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3. the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed.Enable VLANs Globally D .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs. the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode.Accept changes & update flash R . The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed. ingress filtering is disabled. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 . type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C .Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 . From the VLAN Menu.

5. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 6. 4. 123 . Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode.AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. tagged or untagged. Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. the port discards the frame. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. the port accepts the frame. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). the switch discards the frame. the frame is discarded. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. Once the tagged frame is received. the port accepts the frame. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. 124 . A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. If there is. or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. nor to any frames. If they belong to different VLANs. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. First.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. For further information. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN. just as a reminder. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. In this case. Here is an example. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. Fortunately. If they belong to the same VLAN. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode.

In most cases. From the Main Menu. 125 . You cannot set this per port. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. and that is the priority tag. From the VLAN Menu. regardless of the status of ingress filtering. A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch. Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame. perform the following procedure: 1. Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5. Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority. The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets.Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R . 2. Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis. which is the default.Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E . From the Virtual LAN Support menu. 4. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. To enable or disable ingress filtering. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support.

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table.

This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. along with the port number on which each address was learned. it also examines the destination address and. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. determines the port where the destination node is connected. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. When the destination node responds. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table. For example. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. 127 . A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. and the port number where each address was learned. by referring to its MAC address table. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. When the switch receives a packet. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received.

For instructions on changing the aging timer. remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted. once entered in the table. The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. even when the end node is inactive. A static MAC address. even when the end node is inactive. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes). You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process. 128 . Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table. The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses. This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address.

129 . To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed. type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. perform the following procedure: 1. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports. The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed. To display the MAC address table. One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses. just the base ports. type 6 to select MAC Address Tables. 3.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2. To display only static MAC addresses. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R . From the Main Menu. type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports.

Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. The static MAC address window is exactly the same. MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window.Update Display R .”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. 130 . A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. The columns in the window are defined below. which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group.Accept changes & update flash U . non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N .

This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. 131 . As an example. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. The type can be either static or dynamic.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. This feature is not supported at this time. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. Another example is “000020F. except for the switch’s MAC address. Type The MAC address type. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state.

The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3. 132 . 1. Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return. From the Main Menu. You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port. From the MAC Address Table menu. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. 2.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu. A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port.

Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. or to which the address was assigned. 133 . if the address was learned dynamically. finding the address could prove difficult. From the Main Menu. From the MAC Address Table menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. But if the switch is part of a large network.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. 1. The procedure in this section offers an easier way. 2. you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned. for a static address. type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected.

produces the same result. 134 . From the Main Menu. From the MAC Address Table menu. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3. 2.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN. (This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. 1. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. as explained earlier in this chapter. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table. For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch. type 6 to select MAC Address Table.) Note To perform this procedure. perform the following procedure. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return.

From the Main Menu. the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. 1. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. A confirmation prompt is displayed. Once the table has been purged. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure. 2. If you type Y for yes. type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses. 135 . the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. From the MAC Address Table menu. 3. perform the following procedure. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses.

Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address. From the MAC Address Table menu. From the Main Menu. The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table. type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. 2. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected. 5. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses. To add a static address to the MAC address table.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. perform the following procedure: 1. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 136 .

perform the following procedure: 1. Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. 4. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. 137 . type 3 to select Delete MAC Address. Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. 2. From the MAC Address Table menu.

From the System Config Menu. the switch deletes the address. From the Main Menu. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. perform the following procedure: 1. When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time. 138 . The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. Enter a new value in seconds. To adjust the aging time. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 2. This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes). The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software.

network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802.1Q standards. low and high. Prior to CoS. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority.. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer. but were mostly transparent to network users. The 802. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue. For example. CoS was designed to address this problem. untagged frames (i. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues.e. By default.1p and 802. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue. 140 . CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications. such as voice transmission or video conferencing. When a tagged packet enters a switch port. File transfer delays did occur.1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example. packet transfer delays can prove problematic. But with the introduction of time-critical applications. transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802. 0 to 7.

If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. 141 . From the Main Menu. The default for this parameter is No. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. Type 1 to select Port Number. enter a value from 0 to 3. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port. From the VLAN Menu. 9. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. (Again. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. 6. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. 5. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y.7). 10.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port. 3. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. 11.) 7. Type 3 to select Priority (0 . 8. Press Return. Return to the Main Menu. 2. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS. enter a value from 4 to 7. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself.

Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .

One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group. Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. referred to as a time-out value. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. Once the router has received a report from a host node. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups.) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups. 143 . Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. the router does not send multicast packets out the port. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. In Version 2. There are two versions of IGMP. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. In Version 1. it simply stops sending reports. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. it removes the node from appropriate membership list. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located.

Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance. and by processing leave requests. a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value. 144 . IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. Note By default. which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2. except the port on which it received the packet.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed..Save Configuration Changes R . View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S ... The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch.... 2 .IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch... Host/Router Timeout Interval . Multicast Router Port(s) . 3..... perform the following procedure: 1. Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate). Maximum Multicast Groups . 2. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration.. Multicast Host Topology . After selecting this option. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status .. type E to enable or D to disable this feature. type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the Main Menu.Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. From the Advanced Configuration window..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 ... type 7 to select Advanced Configuration... From the System Configuration Menu...

Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports. The default is 256 multicast groups. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses.Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. 4 . The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 . such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. that is. Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. The default is 260 seconds. 3 .400 seconds (24 hours). You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. The range is 1 to 2048 groups.Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. The default is 256 multicast addresses. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. 5 . The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. The range is from 1 second to 86.Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port.

Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter. enter “0” (zero) for this parameter. or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number. After making the desired changes. 4. 147 . type S to select Save Configuration Changes.AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect. To select Auto Detect. Your changes are activated immediately on the switch.

To display the list. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 148 . The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. From the Advanced Configuration window.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch. The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group. as well as the host nodes. type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. From the System Configuration Menu. Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected. From the Main Menu. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U . 3. 2. 4. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. perform the following procedure: 1.Update Display R . From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.

type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. To display a list of the multicast routers. type 7 to select View Multicast Router List. From the System Configuration Menu. Router IP The IP address of the multicast router. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes.Update Display R . You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected. From the Main Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 3. 4. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. 149 . VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. perform the following procedure: 1. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window. 2. The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software.

A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. That is. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. Broadcast frames are different. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. For example. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds. You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network. In order to use this feature. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. For example.AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. 151 . you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. When a node sends out a broadcast frame. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network.

the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example. the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. 152 . If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval. Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch. At these settings. Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames.

type 5 to select System Config Menu.. The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed.. type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup. From the Advanced Configuration Menu. and 1000 Mbps. 100. 0 milli sec 3 . The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10.Save Configuration Changes R .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature.. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . or 3 and enter a value when prompted.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed. perform the following procedure: 1...10x ❑ 100 Mbps .. 2.Timer for 1000 MB ports .. 0 micro sec C . 2. 0 milli sec 2 . The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. From the System Configuration Menu. 3.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4.Timer for 100 MB ports .1x ❑ 1000 Mbps .Timer for 10 MB ports . Type 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 .. From the Main Menu..100x 153 .

6. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. Once you have set the desired timer intervals. 154 . The default value is “0” for all timers. the management software multiples the value by 10. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps.

and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. To configure only one port. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. enter the first port of the range. From the Port Menu. 5. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. 155 . enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. For example. From the Main Menu. 6. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. enter the last port number in the range. To configure a range of ports. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval. type 1 to select Port Menu. Type B to select Broadcast Control. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. type 1 to select Port Configuration. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds. To configure a range of ports.> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics.

perform the following procedure: 1. Type 1 to choose Select a Port. From the Ethernet Statistics menu. The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed. type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu. 5. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . 157 .Port Statistics Menu 2 . From the Main Menu.Display Module Statistics R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2.Display Port Statistics R . Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics.Clear Port Statistics 3 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3. Press Return. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics. Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics.Clear Module Statistics 3 . The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 .Select a Port 2 .

........ CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port......... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded... Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port.. UNDERSIZE .....Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window.......................... RX_MLTCAST .. Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port........ TX_COUNT . RX_UNICAST ............... RX_COUNT ...... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port..... shown in Figure 48...........Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only....... U ........................... Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port............ Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port........... RX_OVERFLOW ......... CRC_ERROR ..Update Display R ..................... OVERSIZE ........ PORT_IN_DISCARDS ....... FRAGMENT ... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT ........... 158 ........ RX_BRDCAST ....

3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. 159 . If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”. packets with alignment errors. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. select the option “2 .3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu. but discarded and not forwarded.

... From the Ethernet Statistics menu.......... CRC_ERROR ............ shown in Figure 48.... Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch...... TX_COUNT . Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch...................... U .. type 3 to select Display Module Statistics. PORT_IN_DISCARDS . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT ............... The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window...... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch.. RX_OVERFLOW ...... 160 ........ type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics.............. RX_MLTCAST . perform the following procedure: 1...................... UNDERSIZE ...................Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch.... RX_UNICAST .. 2..... OVERSIZE ..................... FRAGMENT ..... RX_BRDCAST ....... From the Main Menu.................... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. RX_COUNT .....Update Display R ........

Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch. packets with alignment errors.AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch. Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. but discarded and not forwarded. select the option “2 .3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch.Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch. 161 . If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch.

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

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Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

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The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

If you are installing a new management image. Do not reboot the switch. the switch automatically resets. Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. 166 . a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete. Begin the file transfer of the new management software image. Note Do not interrupt the initialization process. the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed. Once the management software is initialized.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7.

If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software. you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn.AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software. Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149.35.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.1. Binary . The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39. or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above.img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39. Source file .img 167 .ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39. loader file.1. This may necessitate renaming the file. Put . A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT.This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image.cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image. tftp -i 149.35. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host .1 put c:\ats39.The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch.1. Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software.The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch.

The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file.cfg”. it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP. as explained in the previous section. 168 . Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited.img c:\ats39.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. tftp -i 149. This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically. Binary .1 to local drive C: of the workstation.The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation.img Once the file is stored on a local drive. The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host .This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from.1 get ats39.35.1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation.The source file name is “ATS39.35. Source file . Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149. Destination file .1. Get .

MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26. Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20. Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27. IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28. Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19. Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22. Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23.

Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser. such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator. 170 .

Additionally. as shown in Figure 51. To change the password. The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser. you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. When prompted. perform the following procedure: 1. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175.) The user name cannot be changed. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch. 171 . For instructions. 2. the switch must have an IP address. (The password is case-sensitive. enter the user name and password. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. Start your web browser. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. To start a web browser management session. Consequently. the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session.

You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows. In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites.The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed. Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display. Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software. Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus. 172 . You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser.

173 . select Exit from any AT-S39 management page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session.

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. select Configuration. select it and then select the General tab. 2. If the System menu option is not selected.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. 175 . subnet address. From the Home Page. perform the following procedure: 1. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default.

Change the parameters as desired.Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed. The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide. Sales Ethernet switch). Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window. 176 . 3. The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example. Entering a value for this parameter is optional.

Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. The default password is “admin”.. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). Floor 4. The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. such as its location (e. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. To create a new password. 177 . IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. After you have set the parameters. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. a Telnet utility. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply. or an SNMP management program. 4. Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. click Apply. enter the new password into both fields. Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. Entering a value for this parameter is optional.g. Wiring closet 402B).

or by using the Reset button on the switch. If you made a change to the IP address. You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session. You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session. 178 . subnet mask. you must reset the switch to activate your change.Section III: Web Browser Management 5. or gateway address.

The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. select Monitoring. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. From the Home page. From the Configuration Menu. The Monitoring window is displayed. select the General tab. select System Status. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 . If it is not already selected. 2.

These values cannot be changed. refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10. You cannot change any of the values from this window.Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes). If this parameter displays “Basic. General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address. For background information about MAC addresses. refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212. This value cannot be changed. Administration This section contains a variety of information.Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode. Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging . 180 . refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only. including the IP address of the switch and the system name. If this parameter displays “Tagged. which also explains how to change the parameters.” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. ❑ Switch Mode .” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session. Virtual LANs on page 91.Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted. ❑ Hash Count . For information about VLANs. The sections in the window are defined below.

From the Configuration menu. Select the SNMP tab. 181 . The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed. 2. select Configuration. Adjust the parameters as desired. select System. The parameters are described below. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch.

5.Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. 182 . Changes are immediately activated on the switch. Click Apply to save your changes to the switch.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 .Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed.

Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4. select Configuration. click it again. Select the Port Setting tab.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch. 184 . The selected port turns white. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page. select Layer 1. 2.) 5. The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. Click Modify. (To deselect a port. 3. From the Configuration page. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure. You can select only one port at a time.

Receive . 185 . For instructions on how to set this value. Adjust the port parameters as desired. For background information on this feature.No flow control on the port. If the threshold is reach.Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port. Flow Control The flow control setting for the port. Transmit . The parameters are described below. Both . An example of the window is shown in Figure 57.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227. Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6.Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Possible values are: None . refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed. Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time.

The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port.Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port.Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. 186 . This is the default. Once you have made the desired changes.Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps .Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps . A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames.Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode. Default values are listed in Appendix A. ❑ 10Mbps . AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. click Apply. 7. The default for this port parameter is enabled. Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values.

You can select only one port at a time. 187 . Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB. Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics. From the Home page.) 4. 3. duplex mode. From the Monitoring page. Click a port. click it again. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch. To display the status or statistics of a switch port. perform the following procedure: 1. select Monitoring. select Layer 1. 2. MDI/MDI-X configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. (To deselect a port. and more. The selected port turns white. You can view a port’s operating speed.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

191

192 . refer to Port Security Overview on page 65. Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session.Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session. Note For background information on port security.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. select Monitoring. The current security level is displayed. From the Configuration page. Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 . 2. select Layer 2. 3. From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1. select the Port Security tab. From the Layer 2 page.

Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session. refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73. Note For background information on port trunking. 194 .

select Configuration. all ports in the switch image will be black.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. If you are deleting a port trunk. If there is a port trunk. 3. 195 . Loops can result in broadcast storms. From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. Select the Port Trunking tab. From the Configuration page. 2. which can produce broadcast storms. the ports of the trunk will be white. select Layer 1. which can adversely effect the operations of your network. To create or delete a port trunk. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk.

The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch. 3. Click Apply. b. do the following: a. A port trunk can contain 2. You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. 5. 196 . The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. An unselected port is black. To delete a port trunk. or 4 ports. A selected port changes to white.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. click Remove. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk. To create a port trunk.

Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror. Note For background information on port mirroring. 197 . refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79.

Click Apply.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. b. To create a port mirror. 198 . The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch. The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports. select Layer 1. select Configuration. c. Select the Port Mirroring tab. To delete an existing port mirror. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. 5. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. 3. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. From the Home page. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. do the following: a. From the Configuration page.

The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations. 199 .AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP.Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. 200 . refer to STP Overview on page 84. Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session. Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session.

From the Configuration menu. select Configuration. If you enable STP.Configuration 4. To configure a bridge’s STP parameters. From the Home page. 2. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window . You should consult the IEEE 802. 201 . Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. select the Spanning Tree tab. 3.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. perform the following procedure: 1. The parameters are described below. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. From the Layer 2 window. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. select Layer 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks.

Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. 202 . The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. click Apply. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. The default setting is disabled. The default is 15 seconds. The default is 20 seconds. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. The default is 2 seconds. For example. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. with 0 being the highest priority. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. If the bridge transitions too soon. After you have made the desired changes.Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. 5. for example. if you use the default 20. When a root bridge goes off-line. This value cannot be changed. possibly resulting in a network loop.535. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge.

The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed. To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window . select Layer 2. 2. select the Spanning Tree tab. From the Layer 2 page. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings. refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201. From the Home page. select Monitoring.Monitoring 203 . 3. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. From the Monitoring menu.

This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. modify. Virtual LANs. and delete VLANs from a web browser management session. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 .Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. refer to Chapter 10. Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode.

select the VLAN tab. From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Layer 2 window. select Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed. 3. From the Configuration menu. select Layer 2. 2. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 .

206 . If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. Click Add. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. 6. Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. the name should be unique as well. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). The name can be from one to 10 characters in length. Sales or Accounting). Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. its VID must be unique as well. The name can contain spaces but not special characters.

For example. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. 8. or a tagged port. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. To select ports for the VLAN. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. In most cases. click Send to CPU. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. 207 . 9. Note For background information on port mirroring. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. Click Apply. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. 10. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. its VID value should be the same on each switch. This value disables port mirroring. 7. The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches.

208 .Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. The VLAN is now ready for network operations.

they are returned to the Default VLAN. Click Modify. select Configuration. select Layer 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. 5. 6. 3. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. Creating a VLAN. click Apply. 209 . Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. 2. From the Configuration menu. After making the desired changes. perform the following procedure: 1. select the VLAN tab. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. 4. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. From the Layer 2 window. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. 7. From the Home page.

From the Configuration menu. select the VLAN tab. The VLAN is deleted from the switch. Click Remove. From the Layer 2 window. From the Home page. 5. 3. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete. 210 . 4. perform the following procedure: 1. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN.Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. select Layer 2. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. 2. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. select Configuration.

3. The management software displays the window in Figure 68. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 2. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . select the VLAN tab. perform the following procedure: 1. select Monitoring.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch. From the Layer 2 page. From the Home page. select Layer 2. From the Monitoring page.

2. If you select Basic. click either Tagged or Basic. choose System. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. which is the default. If you select Tagged. 212 . Reset the switch.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. 5. Virtual LANs. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. select Configuration. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. To set the switch’s VLAN mode. Note Refer to Chapter 10. In the Switch Mode section of the window. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs. From the Configuration menu. Select the General tab. 4. You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. From the Home Page.

From the Home page. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. 3. click it again. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. 5. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 . a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. To change a PVID for a port. 2. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. From the Layer 2 page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure. select Configuration. select CoS. To deselect a port. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. perform the following procedure: 1. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. select Layer 2. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. You can select only one port at a time. A selected port turns white. 4. From the Configuration page. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. For example. Click Apply.

214 . Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26. The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch.Section III: Web Browser Management 6. Class of Service on page 219. Click Apply. The new value is immediately activated on the port. Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port. 7.

refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table. 215 .

select Layer 2. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session. Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses. 2. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. From the Monitoring page. The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed. 3. The options are described below. You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. 216 . Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. perform the following procedure: 1.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. For instructions. select Monitoring. From the Layer 2 page. select the Forwarding Database tab. From the Home page. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table.

assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. Once you have configured the options. Another example is “000020F. The port numbering scheme is from right to left. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. 4. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port. 217 . The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. As an example. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. You specify the VLAN by its VID. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. click View.

The type can be either static or dynamic. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. except for the switch’s MAC address. 218 . This feature is not supported at this time. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. Type The MAC address type.

refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS. 219 . This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS.

click the Override Priority option. select Layer 2.) 7. From the Layer 2 page. select the CoS tab. From the Configuration page. select Configuration.) 5. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. A selected port turns white. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. 220 .Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. You can select only one port at a time. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. 8. 2. Click the port where you want to configure CoS. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed. it does not matter which of these levels you select. 4. click it again. 6.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. Click Apply. (To deselect a port. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. 3. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. Click Modify. The default for this parameter is No. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page. (Again. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port.

221 . refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143. Note For background information on this feature.Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch.

3. select Configuration.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. From the Home page. Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed. select System. Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. 2. Select the IGMP tab. From the Configuration menu. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port). perform the following procedure: 1. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. 222 . Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch.

400 seconds (24 hours). This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. The range is from 1 second to 86. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 . The range is 1 to 2048 groups. that is. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection. The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. The default is 260 seconds. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. The default is 256 multicast groups.

leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. The default is 256 multicast addresses. 224 .Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses. or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image. Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. A white port indicates a multicast router port.

Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. Note For background information on this feature. 225 .

If they are not already selected. After you have entered your values. You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page.100x For example. click Apply.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. The default value is “0” for all timers. select Configuration. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. To specify an interval timer. Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. the management software multiples the value by 10. and 1000 Mbps. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. From the Home page. 226 . 2. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. 100.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed. enter values for the three interval timers. 3. 4. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. select them now. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab.

5. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. To deselect a port. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames. From the Configuration page. As an example. 4. You can select only one port at a time. 3. 2. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. select Configuration. select it now. Click Apply. When you open the Layer 1 page. perform the following procedure: 1. 6. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. In the graphical switch image. The port will accept all broadcast frames. 7. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. select Layer 1. The selected port turns white. click it again. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. If it is not selected. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. Click Modify. 227 . From the Home page. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period.

0.0.0.0.0 0. Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.255.0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 .0 255.0.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.1 and above only.) 229 .

27. 225 defined. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. 172 C Class of Service configuring. 88. 88 G gateway address. 60. 121. used in this guide. 202 bridge max age parameter. 36 documentation. 84. 35. 37 releasing IP address. 140 console timeout. 202 bridge priority. 150. 84. 177 H hello time. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. 220 defined. 227 browser tools. 185 forwarding delay. 37 BPDU. 47 setting switch status. 138 defined. 41. 50 F flow control. 164 downloading via TFTP. 88. 60. 52 defined. 88. 141. 163 AT-S39 version number. 212 BOOTP activating. 47 guidelines. 167 obtaining. 128 AT-S39 default settings. 11 D default values. 41. 88.Index A aging time changing. 37 defined. 45 Auto-Negotiation. 43 conventions. 90 host nodes 230 . 106 setting. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 228 DHCP activating. 155. AT-S39. 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. 202 bridge hello time parameter. 86. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 37 defined. 202 bridge identifier. 86. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. configuring.

216 MAC address. 223 multicast router. 118 deleting. 75. 35. switch. 80. 90 PVID. 69 defined. port security. 59. 195 guidelines. 26. 45 slave switch. defined. 18 quitting. 107. 211 modifying. 67 defined. 28 starting. 21 snoop topology. 198 defined. 35. 113. 213 defined. 148 host/router timeout interval. 223 I IEEE 802. 94 deleting all. 39. 146. 84 RS232 port. 143 ingress filtering. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 28 Telnet session. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. 186 statistics. 60 multicast groups. 157 port trunking creating. 181 SNMP management session. 50 returning to. 77. 102 port-based VLAN creating. switch. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. 65 local management session defined. 24 M MAC address table. maximum. 73 deleting. 210 displaying. 143 displaying. 32. 50 SNMP community strings. 149 P password changing. 115. 193 port statistics. 65 displaying. 79 deleting. 55. displaying. 90 port mirroring creating. 95. 186 displaying status. 222 231 . default settings. 116. 146. 42 root bridge. 222 defined. 30 web browser session.1d standard.AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 190 port cost defined. 140 priority. 198 port security configuring. 226 defined. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 58. 66 serial number. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). 85 setting. 151 L limited security mode configuring. 171 port configuring parameters. 21 master switch defined. 145. 187 speed. 145. 173 R resetting a switch. 87. 126. 177 default. 153. 111. 205 defined. 59. 25 S Secure level. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 209 priority queues. 82. 184 disable. 119. 177 interval timer configuring. 29. 195 defined.

167 U unavailable status. 30 starting. 129 statistics port. 115. 209 port-based. 160 STP. 89 defined. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. 203 starting session local. default. 92 deleting all. 101 deleting all. downloading software updates.Index software updates downloading from a local session. 35. 177 switch statistics. 101 VLAN identifier (VID). 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. 87. 29 TFTP. 121. 211 enabling. defined. 136 deleting. 210 disabling. 111. 206 VLAN. 173 starting. 211 modifying. 171 232 . 108 VLAN identifier. 94 tagged. 212 modifying. 107. 160 system name. 116. 45 virtual LAN creating. 118 deleting. 107. defined. 43 limitations. 171 static MAC address adding. 85. 113. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. 137 displaying. changing. 201 configuring port parameters. 116. 35. 205 defined. 84 port cost. 122 displaying. 115. 209 Telnet management session defined. 210 displaying. 118 deleting. 122 mode. 157. 171 V version number. 94. 29 web browser. AT-S39. 205 defined. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 19 quitting. 24 Telnet. 113. 167 obtaining. 50 user name. 190 switch. 112. 164 downloading via TFTP. defined. 20 quitting. 112. 90 viewing bridge parameters.

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