Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 139 Class of Service Overview ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs ........................................................................................................................................... 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses ..................................................................................................................................................... 127 Displaying MAC Addresses . 99 Tagged VLAN Overview .................. 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview ................................................................................................................................................................... 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers ............................... 126 MAC Address Overview ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 156 Displaying Port Statistics ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 97 Port-based Example 1................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 112 Modifying a VLAN ................................... 157 Displaying Switch Statistics ....................................................................................................................................... 118 Changing a PVID Value .............................................................................................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs .......................................... 98 Port-based Example 2....................................................................................................................... 113 Displaying VLAN Information ............................................................................................................................ 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 142 IGMP Snooping Overview .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................91 VLAN Overview ..................................................................... 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN ........................................................................................................... 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN............................................................... 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview ............................................................................... 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service .......................................................................................................................................... 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table ..... 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering .................................................................................. 140 Configuring CoS .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN .............................................................................................................. 116 Deleting All VLANs ...... 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses ............................................................................................................................................ 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count ...................................................................................................................... 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes .......................................... 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 103 Tagged VLAN Example ...........................................................................................................................................................92 Port-based VLAN Overview ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 137 Changing the Aging Time ... 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN ................................................................................................ 151 Configuring the Interval Timer .................. 143 Activating IGMP Snooping ...................... 160 5 ................................................ 115 Deleting a VLAN ............................................................................................................................................................................ 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address ...... 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port .....................................................

.....................................195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session .............................................................................................................................................................................175 Viewing System Information ..204 Creating a VLAN ..................................................................................212 Changing a PVID ....................................................................................................................................................................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ...................................................................................................................................183 Configuring Port Parameters ............................................................................................................................................................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings .....205 Modifying a VLAN ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name .........................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings ........................................................................................................................................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters ..................................................... 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................171 Browser Tools..................................................................................................................................................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session ............................................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP .........................................................................................................................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks .........................................................................................................................................................................................................167 Example...............................................................................................................................................................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses .....................................................................................168 Example....................................................................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security ...............211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode .........192 Displaying the Port Security Level ................................................213 6 ...................................................................................................................... 168 Section III Web Browser Management ....................................................................................................................................203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs ...............................................................................................................................210 Displaying VLANs .............................................................................................................................209 Deleting a VLAN .......................................................................162 Obtaining Software Updates .................................... 167 Uploading a Configuration File ................................................................................................................................................................. 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session .....................................................................

........................... 228 Index ...... 230 7 ................................................................................................... 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table ..................................................................................................................................................................... 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping .......................................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table .......................................................................................................... 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control ...................... 225 Configuring the Interval Timer ................................................................................................................................................................ 219 Configuring CoS ... 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames ............................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 25 Figure 2: Main Menu ............................................................................................................................... 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window .................................................. 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window ......................................................................................................................... 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window ...........Example 1 .............................................................. 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 ......... 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window ................................................ 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu ............................ 52 Figure 11: Port Menu .................................................................................................................................. 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example .................................................. 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN ...................................... 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN .................................................................. 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu ..........................................................................................................................................................................List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port ................................................................................................................... 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu ..................................... 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu .........................................................................................................................................Example 2 ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu ........................................................................................................... 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window ..................................................................... 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN ......................................... 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu ...................... 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu ........................................................... 122 8 ................................................................................................................................................................................ 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window ................................................................................................................... 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window ........................................................................................ 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window .......................................................................... 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window ................... 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window ..... 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window .....................................................

................................................................................. Figure 62: Port Trunking Window ............................................................... Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 57: Settings for Port Window .................. Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 61: Port Security Menu ........................................................................... Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window ...............Configuration ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab ..... Figure 69: CoS Setting Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window .................................................... 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 .................. Figure 60: Port Statistics Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window .................................................................................Monitoring ......................................................................................................... Figure 68: VLAN Window ..... Figure 71: IGMP Tab .................................................................................................................................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ..................................................... Figure 53: General Tab ................................ Figure 66: VLAN Window .............................................................................. Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window ........................................................................................................................................................ Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page ............................................................................................ Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window ........................................................................................... Figure 67: Add VLAN Window ................................................................................................................................................... Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window ............................................................................................................... Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window ....................................................... Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window .......................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 59: Port Status Window .. Figure 54: General Tab Window .................................................................................. Figure 52: Home Page ...................................................................................................................... Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field ................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 55: SNMP Tab ..................................................................................................... Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu ................................ Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window ...............................................................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products.com or our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn. enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password.com. 14 . You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www.alliedtelesyn. To use the FTP server.

15 . It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software.

The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A. such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters. Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters.Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches. 16 . If this is true for your network. and powering ON the device. as explained in the hardware installation guide.

The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use. 17 . They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session. There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. such as to change or adjust its operating parameters. The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide. It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser. you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software.

Note For instructions on starting a local management session. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located.Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. Once the session is started. you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch. refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 18 . This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch. using a straight-through RS-232 cable. You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session.

Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session. 19 . This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. which include the enhanced stacking feature. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session. If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. With AT-8024GB switches. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network.

Consequently. that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address. Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session. ❑ DHCP and BOOTP .Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch.You can view but not set the port security level of a switch.You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session. ❑ Port security level . every AT-8024GB switch.You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session. There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session. as well as every AT-8024 switch. refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171. because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch. just like a Telnet management session. They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking . 20 . This too is a type of remote management.

Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program. For instructions.AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program. 21 . you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program. refer to your SNMP management documentation. Consequently.

The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session.

The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch. you can manage just that switch. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. This can simplify network management. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. to start this type of management session. You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. Note For information on enhanced stacking. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch. 24 . Additionally. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. usually within a few meters. you must go to where that switch is located. Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session.

perform the following procedure: 1. Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch. 3. see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 . Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200. POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program.

Note During boot up.1 and above.Save Configuration Changes R . Otherwise. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S . The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly. (The password is case-sensitive. simply type boot and press Return to start the switch. or an equivalent terminal emulator program. If prompted for a password. enter the password for the management software.Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 .) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal. 5. The default is “admin”.) The Main Menu is displayed. (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1.) 4. You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch. The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset. (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>).Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal. Press the Return key twice. the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps). The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps. the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt. This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only.

refer to Chapter 4. For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session. you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet. Enhanced Stacking on page 46. Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. type the corresponding letter or number. 27 .AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item. It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located. This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu.

28 .Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session. You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch. Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously. This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended. Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions. return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit.

type R or press ESC twice. To return to a previous menu. Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. type its corresponding number of letter. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. Additionally. Enter the management software password when prompted. 29 . refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. The default password is “admin”. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. Note For background information on enhanced stacking. as shown in Figure 2 on page 26. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol. such as with a local management session. The menus also function the same. The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. To make a selection. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol. In terms of functionally. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol.

Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session. type Q for Quit from the Main Menu. 30 .

activating the original switch default settings.Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures. There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it. There are also procedures for resetting the switch. and more. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 .

The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network.) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. subnet mask. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. you must assign at least one of them an IP address. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address. you must also assign it a subnet mask. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. You do not need to assign an IP address. You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. a web browser. This feature has two primary benefits. all from the same management session. This switch will be the Master switch of the stack. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. 32 . First. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. Second.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses.

you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet.AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet. You can do this two different ways. switches on your network need an IP address. The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. if any. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. 33 . Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually.

...Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address..Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L .Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42...Release DHCP IP Address S .... type 4 to select Administration Menu.. Comments ..0.. go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37.0........ along with other optional information....0.. 9 .. From the Main Menu...Save Configuration Changes R .. To manually set a switch’s IP address... and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session.. The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed..0. such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch..) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address . 255.. The selection X ...0. 0. subnet mask... perform the following procedure: 1...Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 . Change Password ..255...Reset Switch X . 0. (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network.0 Default Gateway . Administrator .0 System Name .0 Subnet Mask .

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

2. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. type 3 to select SNMP Configuration. From the System Configuration Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 39 . The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Advanced Configuration window.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3.

.Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. After making your changes....SET Community 3.... Adjust the parameters as desired..0.........Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings..0 S .. To change a value... public 2 ..0 0..0... public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 ... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 ... 40 ... 0.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed...Trap Receiver 3 7 .... 1 ...0.... enter the new value....0....Save Configuration Changes R . The parameters are described below.. type S to select Save Configuration Changes.Trap Receiver 1 5 .....Trap Receiver 2 6 ... . type its corresponding number and............ private 3 .....GET Community 2 .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4..SET Community ..0.0.. 4 .......0. 5.. ... Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch.GET Community . when prompted.0 0...0 0..0.Trap Community .

You are prompted to reset the switch. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults. 4. Type Y to reset the switch. type 5 to select System Config Menu. the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. If you type Y for yes. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. 41 . Type Y for yes or N for no. From the System Configuration Menu. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. From the Main Menu. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. Some data traffic may be lost. Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software. type 9 to select Reset Switch. a task requiring only a second or two to complete. From the Administrator Menu. The switch immediately reloads its operating system. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. type 4 to select Administrator Menu. From the Main Menu. 42 .

For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password. For instructions on how to set this security feature. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. 3. 43 . From the Main Menu. when prompted. and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser. (The password is case-sensitive. the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. 2.The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch. For example. type E to enable web access or D to disable web access.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. To configure the console timer. perform the procedure below. For instructions on how to set this security feature. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. type 6 to select Web Server Access and. To configure web browser access. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software. perform the following procedure: 1. ❑ Console Timeout . if you specify 2 minutes. when prompted. The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and. These security features are: ❑ Password . The default password is “admin”. ❑ Web Access . type 5 to select System Config Menu.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch. enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes. perform the procedure below.

44 . type S to select Save Configuration Changes.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. After you have made the desired changes. if you disable web access. 4.

...AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information.....D2......A0.. 45 ..1 5456411 00.... Bootloader Version . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version ... AT-S39 v1..3 ATI_LOADER1.... type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu.. MAC Address .........Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed..17...00 R ...... The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed.32. Serial Number ...

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch. This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. 46 .Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch.

❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. You simply connect it to your network. If your network consists of more than one subnet. Once connected to the network. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management. That way. should you remove a master switch from the network. 47 . you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. such as for maintenance.

you must assign each master switch a unique IP address.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. referred to as slave switches. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. 48 . For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. 3. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. do not. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually. If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack.

11. 49 . Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches.22 Master 2 IP Address 149.18 Master 2 IP Address 149.32.32. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets.09.32.11.16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149.32.09. you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. and each has been assigned a unique IP address.

To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status. You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch. A switch with this designation can be managed locally. perform the following procedure: 1.. The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed.A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch.. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking.Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable. A master switch must have a unique IP address. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 .Save Configuration Changes R . slave switch. or unavailable.Enhanced Stacking Services S . Note The default setting for a switch is Slave.Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 . Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch . Master 2 .. To be managed remotely.A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet. ❑ Slave switch . From the Main Menu. Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch.A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch. a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address. you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet. ❑ Unavailable . It does not need an IP address or subnet mask.

The following prompt is displayed. Press Return. Type M to change the switch to a master switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 . To change a switch’s status.Switch State. S to make it a slave switch. the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master. A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch. 4. Note The “2 .Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches. 2. type 1 to select Switch State. 51 .” For example. or U to make the switch unavailable. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3.

Get/Refresh List of Switches A . Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G . type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. From the Enhanced Stacking window. If you assigned system names to your switches. The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window. 2. The window in Figure 10 is displayed. From the Main Menu. The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 .Access Switch R . then it is very easy.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch. perform the following procedure: 1. When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet. To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack. you need to select it from the management software. To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet. you are by default addressing that particular switch. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services.

6. 4. Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. 53 . you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice. Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches. The password is case-sensitive. You now can manage the selected switch. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch. return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit. if you want to manage the Master switch. The default password is “admin”. Enter the switch’s password and press Return.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. Type A to select Access Switch. This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. Once you see that window. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C . type 1 to select Port Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Port Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2.Accept changes & update flash R . 55 . The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed. From the Main Menu. type 4 to select Port Status.

56 .Update Display R .indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node.Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N . Manual .indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link. Possible values are: Auto . Down .Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Figure 12 is an example of the window.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.Next Page U . Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed. Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Up .

57 . Possible values are: Forwarding .10 Mbps 100 . Flow The flow control setting for the port.The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames. Transmit . Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex. Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member. Possible values are: None . Possible values are: 10 .No flow control on the port.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. State The current operating status of the port.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port. Receive . Both .The port has been manually disabled.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. Disabled . Possible values are MDI and MDI-X.100 Mbps 1000 .AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port. Spd The operating speed of the port.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.

. type 1 to select Port Configuration...Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch.. Advertise 100FDX .. Negotiation ..... From the Port Menu... enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. Broadcast Control . To configure a range of ports... MDI/MDIX Mode .. Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 . To configure a range of ports......... 2. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed. To configure only one port... Advertise 10FDX . The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3...... perform the following procedure: 1....No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 . enter the last port number in the range. From the Main Menu... The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4... Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return........ enter the first port of the range.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status ... Advertise 100HDX . Flow Control . type 1 to select Port Menu.. Advertise 10HDX ....

..1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 . This is the default setting. 5.. If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation. You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections.. a port will not receive or transmit frames. two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 . You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port.Speed ... 1 ..AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port. If you select Manual..Duplex ....Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port.Speed selection are: 0010 . Adjust the port parameters as desired... you can enable the port again to resume normal operation.. You adjust a parameter by typing its number. 0 . The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters.Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode. This toggles the parameter through its possible settings..Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex. which is the default. The parameters are described below.... The possible settings for the 2 .. When disabled... Once the problem has been fixed...The port will not receive or forward packets. Disabled ..Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode..The port will receive and forward packets.10 Mbps 0100 . 59 . Possible settings are: Forwarding .. the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically. 0100 3 .100 Mbps 1000 .

Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated. Transmit . Both . If you set this to Auto.Advertise 100FDX 8 . refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155.Advertise 10FDX 6 .No flow control on the port.Advertise 10HDX 7 .MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port. You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation. The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames. which is the default setting. During Auto-Negotiation. the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps. which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half. Possible settings are: None .Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.or full-duplex mode.Advertise 100HDX to No. you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX. if you set the selection 8 . The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time.Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode. a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it. a switch port will advertise its full capabilities. which is the default setting. 60 . By default. 5 . For example. half-duplex operation. B . 9 . the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it. If desired.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port.Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation. Receive .

Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. You can use this option to reset the selected port. This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode. 61 . The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection. The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node. when selected. This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. Once you have set the port parameters. which.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6.

62 . these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch. Type either 24 or 25.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4.GBIC Information R . Type 1 to select GBIC Information. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 . 3. type 5 to select System Config Menu. The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed. From the Advanced Configuration window. 2. To display GBIC information. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information. From the System Configuration Menu.

..... N .AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module............. (10k) ............. Length 9/125 mm Fib..... (k) . Extended Serial Transceiver ..5/125 um Fib..... 63 . Figure 15 is an example of the window.. Length 62.........Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only. Length 9/125 um Fib.......... You cannot change this information. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number ................... Length 50/125 um Fib........ Type of Serial Interface ..... (10m) .......Next Page R ... Connector Type . (100m) ...... Elect/Opt Transceiver ... Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding ..

Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. 64 .Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security.

Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn. 65 . Automatic This operating mode disables port security. even when the end node is inactive. You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. There are four levels of port security. it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. Once this mode is activated. Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. it remains in the table and is never purged. Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit.

When this security level is activated. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time. The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. even those belonging to inactive end nodes. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned. The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level. 66 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward. Once you have activated this security level. The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table.

perform the following procedure: 1. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. To set a switch’s port security level. 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . 67 . Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. type 1 to select Automatic mode. After activating this security mode. type 3 to select the Secured mode.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. type 1 to select Port Menu. From the Main Menu. To specify the limits. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. 2. This is the default setting. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses. type 2 to select Limited mode. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. type 5 to select Port Security. ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. From the Port Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session.

68 . Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch. type 4 to select Lock all the ports now.Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned.

Configure port security limited mode R .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 . type 5 to select Port Security. 2. 3. type 1 to select Port Menu. type 2 to select Limited security. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Port Security menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 .Set MAC limit per port 3 . You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports. Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port.Display MAC limit per port 2 . the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports. From the Main Menu. To configure Limited security mode. You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table. When you activate this security level. Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn. From the Port Menu. frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed.

12. type R to select Return to previous menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8. Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. Type 2 to choose Select a port. The range is 1 to 150 addresses. This applies the limit to the port. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed. 11. 13. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports. 9. 10. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. 70 . Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. repeat Steps 5 through 9. type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports. 7.

Examine the MAC limits. 16. Check to be sure that they are correct. Limited security has now been configured on the switch. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port. If you assigned different values to different ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. 71 . Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu. 14. repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. 15. The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed. If necessary. be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks.

speed. On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. 14. For example. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. 6. 3. ❑ When cabling a trunk. such as a server. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. 3. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. 23. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. workstation. router. 5. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load. 22. Despite the software configuration and physical connections. and 24. and 7). ❑ The duplex mode. 73 . or another Ethernet switch. To maintain the order of the port connections. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. For example. or 4 ports. 15 for the trunk. you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. and so on.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. ports 4. and so on. the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. port 13 to port 22. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. A port trunk is 2. 13. or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node.

❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch. The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch. The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 . A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs. The server is connected to the switch with four data links. Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server. AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches.❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN.

Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 . 2.Save Configuration Changes R . From the Port Menu.Show port trunking status S . type 3 to select Port Trunking. Check to be sure that the settings. From the Main Menu. Note Before creating a port trunk. such as speed and duplex mode. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed. examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software. To create a port trunk.Add ports to trunk 2 . type 1 to select Port Menu. Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure.Delete Trunk 3 . are the same for all the ports of the trunk. You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN.

To confirm the creation of the port trunk.Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R . 7-10). 5. 1. Enter new value -> 4. Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return. 76 . type 3 to display the status of the trunk. Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk.. The following prompt is displayed.3.g.3. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.4) or as a range (e.. Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window. The port trunk is ready for network operations. 6.g.2. You can specify the ports individually (e. 8. Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk.

type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. 4. To confirm the deletion. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. type 3 to select Port Trunking.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. 5. type 1 to select Port Menu. To delete a port trunk from the switch. Type 2 to select Delete trunk. 3. From the Port Menu. The port trunk is deleted from the switch. 77 . From the Main Menu. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. 2. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. perform the following procedure: 1.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror.

You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. the mirror port is likely to drop packets. meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports. the more ports you mirror. For example. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. However. if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports. you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port. 79 . For example. the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time.

. No 3 .Delete ports from mirror 5 . If you want to mirror a range or ports.. You can specify only one mirror port. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored. 0 2 . Press Return.. 2. enter the last port in the range.CPU Attached .. perform the following procedure: 1. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port.Add ports to mirror 4 . the port to where the traffic will be copied).. enter the first port of the range.. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. To mirror the traffic of only one port. type 1 to select Port Menu.. The following prompt is displayed. From the Port Menu. Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror. 80 . Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7. enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed.. The following prompt is displayed.. From the Main Menu.. Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is. To mirror a range of ports.Show Port Mirror Status S ...Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror. 5. The following prompt is displayed.. Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6.Save Configuration Changes R .Mirroring Port .

9. The port mirror is now functional. The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored. To confirm the creation of the port mirror. type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status. 10.AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. 81 . Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 82 . type 1 to select Port Menu. From the Port Menu. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. 3. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. From the Main Menu. Enter 0 and press Return. The following prompt is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. 2. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. 5.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror.

1D. 83 . ISO/IEC 10038: 1993.Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters. refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol.

also referred to as the bridge identifier. referred to as broadcast storms. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability. So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link. By adjusting the value. 84 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. Where multiple paths exist. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles. and sometimes its MAC address. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. exist in the network topology. STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. as specified in the IEEE 802. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance.1D standard. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number. leaving only one main active path. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. either planned or unplanned. Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line.

If two paths have the same port cost. If redundant paths exist. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. the lower the port cost. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. Below are the default values.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. 85 . Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. if one is found. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. the preferred path is selected through port priority. blocking mode. active path. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. The faster the port. where all ports have a port cost of 0. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state.

you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. Consequently. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. especially if it is a large network. However. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. a change in a port state is not activated immediately. with the size of your network being a primary factor. and if not. For small networks.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. For large networks. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). a temporary data loop could occur. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. and that could adversely impact network performance. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. 86 . listening and learning. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. When a bridge is brought on-line. the active topology also changes. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. or addition of any active components. before it begins to forward frames. removal.

.... Bridge Max Age . 1 . If you enable STP.Reset STP to Defaults R .... type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. The default setting is disabled. Bridge Forwarding .....AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings... the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2. 1.. Bridge Hello Time .... You should consult the IEEE 802. The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. Bridge Priority .. Bridge Identifier ..Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable . From the Main Menu. Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 . Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed.Config STP Port Settings 8 .. The parameters are described below.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. 87 .Display STP Port Settings 9 .

For example. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. with 0 being the highest priority. for example. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes.535.Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. 3 . not all links may have yet adapted to the change. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. 5 . The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. After you have made the desired changes. 4 .Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. The default is 15 seconds. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). The default is 2 seconds.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 .Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. 3. if you use the default 20. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. 88 . resulting in network loops. The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. The default is 20 seconds. If the bridge transitions too soon. When a root bridge goes off-line.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. 6 . the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge.

. This value cannot be changed...... type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. 89 . The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R .... To configure a range of ports... Port Priority .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating . The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4.. perform the following procedure: 1.Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain. type 7 to select Config STP port settings. enter the last port of the range. From the Main Menu.. The parameters are described below.. Path Cost ..AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters.. enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step. Root Bridge .. Bridge Hello Time ..... From the Spanning Tree menu.. Adjust the settings as desired. 1 . Enter the number of the port you want to configure.. To configure a range of ports. 2.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5.. enter the first port of the range. The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed... To configure just one port.

The range is 0-255. The range is 1 to 65535. 5 .Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN. This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed. The default is 2 seconds. To change this value.Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge. 3 . The default value for priority is 128. 90 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . and 4 for a 1 Gbps port.Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain. refer to the previous procedure. This value cannot be changed from this window. 10 for a 100 Mbps port. The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port. 4 .Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge.

Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs). modifying. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 . and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session. This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. It also contains the procedures for creating.

The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN. This too can improve overall network performance. It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. For example. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. 92 . if an employee changed departments. logical LAN segments. Additionally. For example.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. With VLANs. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth. such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN. Before the advent of VLANs. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company.

The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections. VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically. you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software. 93 . Additionally. or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another. a virtual LAN can span more than one switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location.

or just a few ports. A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. and Engineering. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. called the Default VLAN. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). such as a router or Layer 3 switch. you must give it a name.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. Examples include Sales. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches. 94 . This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. Production.

and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. If you allow the management software to do it automatically. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. Additionally. You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. 95 . This is acceptable when you are creating a new. For example. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN. Untagged Ports Naturally. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. In this manner.AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. Consequently. rather than by a port’s PVID. unique VLAN. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID. Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. it will simply select the next available VID. The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously.

❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID. General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. Consequently. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. 96 . the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. ❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port. the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. However.

97 . many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. such as servers and printers. across multiple VLANs. A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs. ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN. For example. In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches. a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. ❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network.

) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN . 11 .24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs. and Production VLANs on the switch. Engineering. Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 .4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9. 98 . A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN. (For purposes of the following examples.13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . the Default VLAN is not shown. The ports have been assigned PVID values.Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. You assign this number when you create a VLAN. A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member.

AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example. two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch. The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN. Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs.Example 2 99 . each VLAN has one port connected to the router. In this example. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN .

and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . 100 . However. 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 . it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router. Engineering. So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN.This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN. ❑ Production VLAN . This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment. 14. ❑ Engineering VLAN . The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch.24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 . 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch. Since this VLAN spans multiple switches. The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch. It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4. This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch.6.11.This is the final VLAN in the example. Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router.This VLAN spans both switches. This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN. This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN.6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN .

this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network. When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch. The IEEE 802. This contrasts to a port-based VLAN. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches. the frame will be discarded. A tag. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame. Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port. For example. 101 . contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN. This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94. referred to as a tagged frame. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership.1Q-compliant.3ac standard). the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time. If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. An untagged port. Otherwise. But actually there is. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. 102 . A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. In the case of a tagged VLAN. However. can be in only one VLAN at a time. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. there would seem to be no need for a PVID. a frame without any tagged information). Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. simultaneously. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN. The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID.

❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time. ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS. ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs. each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID. ❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID.AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN. 103 . If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks.

1Q-based products. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802.1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 .

It is connected to an IEEE 802.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. while still maintaining data separation and security. They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated. 20 (PVID 3) 8. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management.1Q-compliant server. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11. data separation and security remain. 18 (PVID 2) 8. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. 105 . when received by the switch. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. The tagged frames. But with tagged ports. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs. each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs.

Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames. Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. Packets are passed through the switch unchanged. Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. either tagged or untagged. 106 . frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. is ignored. but the VLANs are not used. All VLAN information.

The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2.Virtual LAN Support 2 .Port VLANs & Priorities R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3. type 1 to select Create a VLAN.Save Configuration Changes R .AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 107 . type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 . perform the following procedure: 1. From the VLAN Menu.Virtual LAN Definitions 3 .

.... 5.... The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value.. 108 .. than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch.... if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches..Create VLAN R .. The name can be from one to ten characters in length. then its VID must also be unique.. you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value. The name can contain spaces.... Sales or Accounting). If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches..... then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4.. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!)... If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. but not special characters...... then the name should be unique as well.. 0 Tagged Ports . For example... If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches.. The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name . The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example.... Mirroring Port . Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN... C . 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) . If the VLAN will be unique in your network. Untagged Ports . Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN... VLAN ID (VID) .

. Press any key. 2.g. leave this field empty. as a range (e. as a range (e. 14. either do not select this option or select it and type N for no. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports.g. Note In most cases. 7-9). To verify that the VLAN was created correctly. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN..AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. If the VLAN will contain tagged ports.3.7-9) 7. 12.g. 13. or both (e. 2. this parameter should be left with its default value of 0. 109 . 10. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports..) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature. you will see the following message: SUCCESS .5). or both (e.3. You can specify the ports individually (e. For more information on port mirroring. type 6 and Y for yes. 11.. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. type 4 to select Show All VLANs.5. 7-9). Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN.(If you do not to activate this feature.Press any key to continue. leave this field empty. Type C to select Create VLAN. If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports. 8. type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. 9. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.5. 2. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN.g. You can specify the ports individually (e.g. Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports.. 2. A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored.7-9). By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port..g. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.5). you can analyze the VLAN traffic.

if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. For example. 110 . the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN. Note When you create a new VLAN. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time. ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15. Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.

From the Main Menu. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. 2. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. To create the example Sales VLAN. 8. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. 7. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. press any key. 111 . Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. The new Sales VLAN has now been created. Type C to select Create VLAN. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. Press Return. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. 5. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. 6. From the VLAN Menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 4. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. perform the following procedure: 1. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. 3. 9. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”. Ports 1 to 4. type 1 to select Create a VLAN.

From the Main Menu. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”. To create the example Engineering VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. 11. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. 7. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 112 .10. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. and 12. and two untagged ports. Ports 9. 20”. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Type C to select Create VLAN. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 6. Press Return. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”. 2. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created.16”. 8. perform the following procedure: 1. Ports 8 and 16. 4. 3. It will consist of three untagged ports. press any key.11. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. 10. 5. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. 9. From the VLAN Menu.

refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107. For a description of the parameters. The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed. 2. type M to select Modify VLAN. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify.. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. From the Main Menu..AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure. perform the following procedure: 1. The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed. R .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4.. 6.. To modify a VLAN. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. 7.VLAN ID (VID) . 113 .. After making the desired changes. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. From the VLAN Menu. type 2 to select Modify a VLAN... Change the VLAN’s information as desired.Press any key to continue. 3. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 . The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS . This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN.

9. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. 8. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 11. The VLAN has been modified. 114 . 10. Press any key.

From the VLAN Menu. 2. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. type 4 to select View All VLANs.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names. 3. Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 . From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33. VID numbers. The Show All VLANs window is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1.9 U: 1-6 T: 7.9 U: 8. From the Main Menu.

From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. type D. 6. perform the following procedure: 1. A confirmation prompt is displayed. R .VLAN ID (VID) . To delete a VLAN. From the Main Menu..Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure... 3.. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 2.. To delete the VLAN.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4.. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 . type 2 to select VLAN Menu.. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed. type 3 to select Delete a VLAN. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. which has a VID of 1. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). 116 . To obtain a VLAN’s VID. The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed. Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. From the VLAN Menu.

10. 9. The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS . are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 117 . both tagged and untagged. The VLAN has been deleted. 8. Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure. All ports in the deleted VLAN. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide 7.Press any key to continue.

All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. on a switch. 5. To delete all VLANs on a switch. except the Default VLAN. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. perform the following procedure: 1. To delete selected VLANs. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 118 . 4. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. Press Return. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 2. A confirmation message is displayed. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. From the VLAN Menu. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. 3. From the Main Menu.

a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. From the VLAN Menu. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN. To change a PVID for a port. perform the following procedure: 1. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 . The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. Type 1 to select Port Number.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3.Port Number R . 119 . The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed. There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7. Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change. 2. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. For example. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary. Press Return.

Accept changes & update flash R ..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5. 120 .... Press Return. You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch.. The port now has a new PVID...... The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6. The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS . 1 1 0 N U . Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID. Override Priority (Y/N) .. 8... Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High ...... Port VLAN ID ..... 9...........Press any key to continue. Specify the new PVID value for the port..Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed........ 7.... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number . Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. Return to the Main Menu.Update Changes to Chip C . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. Type 3 to select Switch Mode. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 2. 121 . Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. Press Return. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. From the Main Menu. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. perform the following procedure: 1. type 5 to select System Config Menu. B-Basic): 3. 5. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. The default is Tagged mode. Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs.

The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed. 2. The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. perform the following procedure: 1. It sets a switch’s VLAN mode.Accept changes & update flash R . When VLANs are enabled.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3. If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure.Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C . The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed. Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs. the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. From the Main Menu. the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode.Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E .Enable VLANs Globally D .Disable VLANs Globally R .Enable/Disable VLANs 2 . When VLANs are disabled. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 . From the VLAN Menu. Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering. ingress filtering is disabled.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.

5. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch. 4. 123 . Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode. 6. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

the switch discards the frame. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. the frame is discarded. For further information. Here is an example. tagged or untagged. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. 124 . Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). If they belong to different VLANs. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. just as a reminder. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. If there is. Once the tagged frame is received. the port accepts the frame. Fortunately. the port accepts the frame. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. If they belong to the same VLAN. First. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table. In this case. nor to any frames. the port discards the frame. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs.

The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed. In most cases.Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R . You cannot set this per port. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets. Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags. Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame. 4. Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E .Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D . and that is the priority tag. perform the following procedure: 1. From the VLAN Menu. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. From the Virtual LAN Support menu. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame. Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch. 2. To enable or disable ingress filtering. regardless of the status of ingress filtering. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. which is the default.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5. 125 . You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis.

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table.

If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. For example. determines the port where the destination node is connected. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. along with the port number on which each address was learned. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table. by referring to its MAC address table. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. it also examines the destination address and. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port. This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table. When the destination node responds.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch. When the switch receives a packet. it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. 127 . every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. and the port number where each address was learned. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet.

The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. even when the end node is inactive. 128 . even when the end node is inactive. The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted. You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process. The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes). The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. once entered in the table. For instructions on changing the aging timer. A static MAC address. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports.

129 . The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed. just the base ports. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R . The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports. To display the MAC address table. type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses. One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses. type 6 to select MAC Address Tables. 3. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports. To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. To display only static MAC addresses.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2.

Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. The static MAC address window is exactly the same. The columns in the window are defined below.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses.Update Display R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed. Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch.Accept changes & update flash U . non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N . This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses. which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. 130 . PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group.

Another example is “000020F. This feature is not supported at this time.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. As an example. The type can be either static or dynamic. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. 131 . Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. Type The MAC address type. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. except for the switch’s MAC address. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored.

132 . The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. From the Main Menu. type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3. A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port. 2. Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return. From the MAC Address Table menu. 1.

type 6 to select MAC Address Table. you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned. for a static address.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. From the MAC Address Table menu. or to which the address was assigned. The procedure in this section offers an easier way. You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address. But if the switch is part of a large network. 2. 133 . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. From the Main Menu. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. finding the address could prove difficult. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. 1. if the address was learned dynamically. type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address.

The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN. For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns. as explained earlier in this chapter. From the MAC Address Table menu. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. 2. From the Main Menu. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. type 6 to select MAC Address Table.) Note To perform this procedure. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. produces the same result. 134 . you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. (This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. perform the following procedure. 1. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3. To obtain a VLAN’s VID.

type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses. From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. Once the table has been purged. Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 1. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table. 2. From the MAC Address Table menu. 135 . the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. perform the following procedure. 3. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. A confirmation prompt is displayed. the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. If you type Y for yes. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. 2. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected. The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table. perform the following procedure: 1. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address. From the MAC Address Table menu. 136 . From the Main Menu. 5. To add a static address to the MAC address table. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses.

From the Main Menu. 137 . 2. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. type 3 to select Delete MAC Address.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table. perform the following procedure: 1. From the MAC Address Table menu. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. 4.

Enter a new value in seconds. type 5 to select System Config Menu. To adjust the aging time.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3. The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch. From the Main Menu. 2. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. 138 . From the System Config Menu. When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time. the switch deletes the address. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes). perform the following procedure: 1. This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active.

Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .

But with the introduction of time-critical applications. 140 . File transfer delays did occur. but were mostly transparent to network users. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest. 0 to 7.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority. low and high. untagged frames (i. When a tagged packet enters a switch port.e.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue. Prior to CoS. packet transfer delays can prove problematic. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer. network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner. For example.1p and 802.. By default. such as voice transmission or video conferencing. The 802. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis. CoS was designed to address this problem. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues.1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802.1Q standards. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays. transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue.

A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. 9. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. 8.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. Type 3 to select Priority (0 . (Again. 6.) 7. 141 . Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. 10.7). 5. Type 1 to select Port Number. enter a value from 0 to 3. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. 11. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. 2. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. Press Return. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. enter a value from 4 to 7. Return to the Main Menu. From the VLAN Menu. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch. The default for this parameter is No. From the Main Menu. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3.

Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .

If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. it simply stops sending reports.) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. In Version 2. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. There are two versions of IGMP. In Version 1. referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. it removes the node from appropriate membership list. Once the router has received a report from a host node. referred to as a time-out value. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. the router does not send multicast packets out the port. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. 143 . This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups.

except the port on which it received the packet. which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value. Note By default. Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance. IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2. a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. and by processing leave requests. 144 .

View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S .IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status . The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed.. Host/Router Timeout Interval . type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. 3..Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port.Save Configuration Changes R ... 2 .. After selecting this option.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters... perform the following procedure: 1... From the System Configuration Menu.. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 .. The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. From the Advanced Configuration window.. From the Main Menu.. Multicast Router Port(s) . type 5 to select System Config Menu...... Multicast Host Topology ...Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 . type E to enable or D to disable this feature. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate). Maximum Multicast Groups .. 2.

This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. 4 . The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 . The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. The default is 256 multicast groups.Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. The default is 260 seconds. 5 . The range is from 1 second to 86.Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. that is. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. 3 . Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection.Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. The default is 256 multicast addresses. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses.400 seconds (24 hours).Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected.

or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number. Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Your changes are activated immediately on the switch. To select Auto Detect.AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect. After making the desired changes. 147 . 4. enter “0” (zero) for this parameter.

perform the following procedure: 1. 148 . From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. 3. type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U . From the System Configuration Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch.Update Display R . From the Main Menu. as well as the host nodes. From the Advanced Configuration window. type 5 to select System Config Menu. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 2. 4. The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. To display the list. Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected. To display a list of the multicast routers. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. From the Advanced Configuration window. 3. From the Main Menu. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. 2. type 7 to select View Multicast Router List.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch. 4. perform the following procedure: 1. Router IP The IP address of the multicast router. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U . 149 . VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. From the System Configuration Menu. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. type 5 to select System Config Menu. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.Update Display R .

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software.

The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. For example. That is. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. 151 . you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network.AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. For example. You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. Broadcast frames are different. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. When a node sends out a broadcast frame. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. In order to use this feature. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored.

152 . At these settings. the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example. Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames. If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval. the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds.

0 milli sec 3 . 0 micro sec C ..Timer for 10 MB ports . or 3 and enter a value when prompted... From the System Configuration Menu. perform the following procedure: 1.Save Configuration Changes R .) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. From the Main Menu. From the Advanced Configuration Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4.. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps .100x 153 .. 100. type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 . 0 milli sec 2 .Timer for 100 MB ports . 2. Type 1. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds..10x ❑ 100 Mbps . 2. The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed. type 5 to select System Config Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature... The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds. 3.Timer for 1000 MB ports . and 1000 Mbps. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps ..

154 . 5. Once you have set the desired timer intervals. The default value is “0” for all timers. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. the management software multiples the value by 10. 6. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive.

To configure a range of ports. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. 5. From the Main Menu. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. From the Port Menu. To configure only one port. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. 2. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded. 155 . Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . type 1 to select Port Menu. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return.> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds. For example.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. enter the first port of the range. type 1 to select Port Configuration. enter the last port number in the range. Type B to select Broadcast Control. To configure a range of ports. 6. perform the following procedure: 1. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics.

From the Ethernet Statistics menu.Select a Port 2 . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4.Clear Port Statistics 3 . Type 1 to choose Select a Port.Port Statistics Menu 2 .Display Module Statistics R . type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu.Display Port Statistics R . The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3. 157 . Press Return. Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view. From the Main Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2. 5. perform the following procedure: 1.Clear Module Statistics 3 . The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics.

.Update Display R ..... UNDERSIZE .................................... OVERSIZE ...................... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT ........................... CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded...... RX_COUNT .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window... RX_MLTCAST ................. U ....... RX_UNICAST ........ PORT_IN_DISCARDS .............. RX_OVERFLOW .... shown in Figure 48...Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.. Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port.......................... TX_COUNT ................... 158 . The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port.. CRC_ERROR .. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port.......... Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port... RX_BRDCAST .. Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port... FRAGMENT ......

Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”. 159 .3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. but discarded and not forwarded. select the option “2 .Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu. packets with alignment errors.AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port.

.......... 2... CRC_ERROR .... Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch............... type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT .. The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch.......Update Display R .......Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch......... U ..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.. perform the following procedure: 1. FRAGMENT .................................. PORT_IN_DISCARDS ...... RX_BRDCAST ..... RX_MLTCAST ......... RX_COUNT ............................. Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch. TX_COUNT .. RX_OVERFLOW ......... 160 ................ RX_UNICAST ... OVERSIZE ..... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded......... shown in Figure 48................ From the Main Menu... UNDERSIZE ... type 3 to select Display Module Statistics................. The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window. From the Ethernet Statistics menu....

select the option “2 .Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu. Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch. but discarded and not forwarded. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”. 161 .3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch. packets with alignment errors. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch.

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

163

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

Begin the file transfer of the new management software image. a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete. the switch automatically resets. Note Do not interrupt the initialization process. 166 . the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed. Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. Once the management software is initialized.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. If you are installing a new management image. Do not reboot the switch.

cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image.AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software.35.1. Source file .The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch. If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software.35. you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn.1 put c:\ats39. loader file.1.1.This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image. Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149.ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39. Put . A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT. tftp -i 149. Binary . The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39.img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39.img 167 . Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host .The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch. or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above. This may necessitate renaming the file.

Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP. as explained in the previous section. Source file .35. Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited. tftp -i 149.This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation. Destination file .The source file name is “ATS39.1 get ats39. The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host .img Once the file is stored on a local drive.img c:\ats39.1.35.cfg”. Binary .1 to local drive C: of the workstation.The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file. Get .1. 168 . This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically.The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation.

Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28. Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27. Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23. Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20. Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17.

such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser. 170 .

When prompted. 171 . Start your web browser. 2. The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies. as shown in Figure 51. enter the user name and password. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. Additionally. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. To change the password.) The user name cannot be changed. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. perform the following procedure: 1. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser. you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed. For instructions. Consequently. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. (The password is case-sensitive. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch. the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. To start a web browser management session. the switch must have an IP address.

You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser. Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus. In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites. You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows.The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed. Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display. Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software. 172 .

select Exit from any AT-S39 management page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session. 173 .

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home Page. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. 2. 175 . select Configuration. subnet address. select it and then select the General tab. To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. If the System menu option is not selected.

The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide. Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window. Sales Ethernet switch). 3.Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Change the parameters as desired. 176 . The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example.

IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 177 . You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. 4. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply.. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser. The default password is “admin”. Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. such as its location (e. or an SNMP management program.g. After you have set the parameters. The names can help you identify the various switches in your network.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length. enter the new password into both fields. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. To create a new password. click Apply. a Telnet utility. Wiring closet 402B). This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. Floor 4.

You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session.Section III: Web Browser Management 5. or by using the Reset button on the switch. If you made a change to the IP address. 178 . You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session. or gateway address. subnet mask. you must reset the switch to activate your change.

From the Configuration Menu. select Monitoring. If it is not already selected. The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed. From the Home page. select the General tab. 3. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. The Monitoring window is displayed. select System Status. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 .

including the IP address of the switch and the system name. These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session. 180 . If this parameter displays “Tagged. refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212. ❑ Switch Mode . For background information about MAC addresses. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes). which also explains how to change the parameters.Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted. For information about VLANs. General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. This value cannot be changed.Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only. Administration This section contains a variety of information. Virtual LANs on page 91.Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table. These values cannot be changed.” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. If this parameter displays “Basic. Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging . The sections in the window are defined below. You cannot change any of the values from this window. refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10. ❑ Hash Count .Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode.

The parameters are described below. From the Configuration menu. From the Home page. Select the SNMP tab. Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. 3. select Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. select System. 181 . The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed. 2. Adjust the parameters as desired. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings.

Click Apply to save your changes to the switch.Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. 5. 182 . Changes are immediately activated on the switch.

Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 . Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed.

From the Configuration page.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch. The selected port turns white. click it again. perform the following procedure: 1. The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. (To deselect a port. 2.) 5. select Layer 1. Select the Port Setting tab. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure. Click Modify. select Configuration. You can select only one port at a time. 184 . From the Home page. 3. Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4.

Flow Control The flow control setting for the port. Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time. The parameters are described below. For background information on this feature. Adjust the port parameters as desired. any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch. Receive . Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6.No flow control on the port.Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port. Possible values are: None .AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed. For instructions on how to set this value.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. An example of the window is shown in Figure 57. 185 . Transmit . Both . refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227. If the threshold is reach.Flow control only on packets being received on the port.

Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode.Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. This is the default.Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port.Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port.Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames. 7. Default values are listed in Appendix A.Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps . Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values. 186 . Once you have made the desired changes. ❑ 10Mbps . The default for this port parameter is enabled. click Apply.

Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. perform the following procedure: 1. MDI/MDI-X configuration. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch. From the Monitoring page. 2. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB. Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics. You can view a port’s operating speed. The selected port turns white. select Layer 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics.) 4. and more. From the Home page. 187 . select Monitoring. 3. click it again. (To deselect a port. You can select only one port at a time. Click a port. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58. To display the status or statistics of a switch port. duplex mode.

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If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

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Note For background information on port security. 192 . Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session.Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session. refer to Port Security Overview on page 65.

From the Layer 2 page. The current security level is displayed. 3. select the Port Security tab. Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 . From the Home page. From the Configuration page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. select Monitoring. select Layer 2.

194 .Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session. Note For background information on port trunking. refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. Loops can result in broadcast storms. From the Configuration page. 195 . Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk. 2. 3. all ports in the switch image will be black. which can produce broadcast storms. Select the Port Trunking tab. To create or delete a port trunk. From the Home page. the ports of the trunk will be white. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. If you are deleting a port trunk. perform the following procedure: 1. select Configuration. If there is a port trunk. which can adversely effect the operations of your network. select Layer 1.

do the following: a. A port trunk can contain 2. A selected port changes to white. b. To delete a port trunk. 3. To create a port trunk. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk. 196 . or 4 ports. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch. An unselected port is black.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. 5. click Remove. Click Apply.

Note For background information on port mirroring.Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. 197 .

Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch. 2. The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. 198 . b. c.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. select Configuration. From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1. Click Apply. 5. select Layer 1. 3. To create a port mirror. From the Configuration page. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports. To delete an existing port mirror. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. do the following: a. Select the Port Mirroring tab.

199 . The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted.

Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP. Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session. 200 . refer to STP Overview on page 84. Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session.

The parameters are described below. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed.Configuration 4. 3. select Configuration. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. From the Configuration menu. 201 . Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window . select the Spanning Tree tab. From the Layer 2 window. You should consult the IEEE 802.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. From the Home page. select Layer 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. To configure a bridge’s STP parameters. If you enable STP. perform the following procedure: 1. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. 2.

This value cannot be changed.Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. After you have made the desired changes.535. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. for example. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. click Apply. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. with 0 being the highest priority. For example. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. The default is 15 seconds. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. 202 . If the bridge transitions too soon. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. 5. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). The default setting is disabled. The default is 20 seconds. When a root bridge goes off-line. The default is 2 seconds. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. if you use the default 20. possibly resulting in a network loop. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP.

From the Home page. 3. To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters. 2. select Layer 2. From the Monitoring menu.Monitoring 203 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed. refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201. perform the following procedure: 1. select Monitoring. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window . The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. select the Spanning Tree tab. From the Layer 2 page.

Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode. modify. This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. refer to Chapter 10.Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. and delete VLANs from a web browser management session. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 . Virtual LANs.

From the Layer 2 window. select the VLAN tab. select Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. select Layer 2. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page. The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed. 2. From the Configuration menu. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 .

The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. The name can be from one to 10 characters in length. 6. its VID must be unique as well. Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example. Click Add.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. the name should be unique as well. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. The name can contain spaces but not special characters. Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). Sales or Accounting). Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. 206 .

207 . The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. or a tagged port. its VID value should be the same on each switch. 9. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. 7. To select ports for the VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. click Send to CPU. 10. This value disables port mirroring. Click Apply. Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. 8. In most cases. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. Note For background information on port mirroring. You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. For example. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79.

208 . The VLAN is now ready for network operations.Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment.

From the Home page. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. they are returned to the Default VLAN. From the Configuration menu. After making the desired changes. select the VLAN tab. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. select Layer 2. 7. click Apply. select Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. 4. Creating a VLAN. From the Layer 2 window. 5. 2. 209 . 6. 3. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure. Click Modify.

Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. select Layer 2. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. 2. 4. 5. select the VLAN tab. perform the following procedure: 1. 3.Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. From the Layer 2 window. Click Remove. select Configuration. From the Home page. 210 . The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. From the Configuration menu. The VLAN is deleted from the switch.

perform the following procedure: 1. 3. select Monitoring. The management software displays the window in Figure 68. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . From the Monitoring page. From the Home page. select Layer 2. select the VLAN tab. From the Layer 2 page.

From the Configuration menu. You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. 2. Note Refer to Chapter 10. 3.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. perform the following procedure: 1. choose System. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. Reset the switch. click either Tagged or Basic. Select the General tab. If you select Tagged. which is the default. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. If you select Basic. Virtual LANs. From the Home Page. 212 . 4. 5. In the Switch Mode section of the window. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. select Configuration. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. To set the switch’s VLAN mode.

As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. 4. From the Configuration page. click it again. select Configuration. From the Layer 2 page. 3. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. A selected port turns white. 5. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. To deselect a port. For example. select CoS. Click Apply. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. select Layer 2. 2. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 . There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. You can select only one port at a time.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. To change a PVID for a port. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. perform the following procedure: 1. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure. From the Home page. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software.

Click Apply. The new value is immediately activated on the port. The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch. Class of Service on page 219.Section III: Web Browser Management 6. 214 . 7. Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port. Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26.

Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. 215 .

The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. For instructions. 3. 2. From the Monitoring page. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session. select Monitoring. The options are described below. From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table. select Layer 2. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses. 216 . select the Forwarding Database tab. From the Layer 2 page.

217 . Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port. Once you have configured the options. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. As an example. 4. click View. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. The port numbering scheme is from right to left. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. You specify the VLAN by its VID. Another example is “000020F. The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch.

EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. except for the switch’s MAC address. Type The MAC address type. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. 218 . The type can be either static or dynamic. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. This feature is not supported at this time.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored.

Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS. 219 . refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS.

If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. click it again.) 7. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. select Layer 2. A selected port turns white. 4. click the Override Priority option. From the Layer 2 page. select the CoS tab. Click Modify. Click Apply. select Configuration. 2. Click the port where you want to configure CoS. You can select only one port at a time. The default for this parameter is No. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7. (To deselect a port. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. 8.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed. (Again. From the Configuration page. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. 6. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5. it does not matter which of these levels you select. From the Home page.) 5.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. 220 . 3. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch.

Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch. Note For background information on this feature. 221 . refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143.

Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. select Configuration. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port). From the Home page. select System. Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. 2. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. 222 . Select the IGMP tab. From the Configuration menu.

This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. that is. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 . The range is 1 to 2048 groups. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router.400 seconds (24 hours). Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. The default is 260 seconds.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. The default is 256 multicast groups. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. The range is from 1 second to 86. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn.

A white port indicates a multicast router port. or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image. The default is 256 multicast addresses. Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses.Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses. 224 .

Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch. 225 . Note For background information on this feature. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151.

After you have entered your values. The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page.10x ❑ 100 Mbps .Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. click Apply. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. enter values for the three interval timers.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . and 1000 Mbps. If they are not already selected. select them now. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. the management software multiples the value by 10. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps .100x For example. You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. The default value is “0” for all timers. select Configuration. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed. From the Home page. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. 4. perform the following procedure: 1. 100. 226 . Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. 2. 3. To specify an interval timer.

7. The selected port turns white. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. select Layer 1. 6. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. You can select only one port at a time. 2. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. 4. Click Modify. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames. To deselect a port. the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. When you open the Layer 1 page. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. perform the following procedure: 1. 5. The port will accept all broadcast frames. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. click it again. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. From the Configuration page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. If it is not selected. 227 . Click Apply. select it now. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. 3. In the graphical switch image. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. From the Home page. select Configuration. As an example.

0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 .0.0 255.Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.255. Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.0.0.0.0.0 0.

1 and above only.) 229 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.

212 BOOTP activating. 225 defined. 167 obtaining. 88. 35. 84. 88. 88. 150. 220 defined. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. 60. 88 G gateway address. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 37 releasing IP address. 41. 202 bridge priority. 86. 86. 128 AT-S39 default settings. 47 guidelines. 27. 36 documentation. 141. 43 conventions. 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. 88. 37 defined. 45 Auto-Negotiation. used in this guide. 164 downloading via TFTP. 37 BPDU. 50 F flow control. 60. 202 bridge max age parameter. 41. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. 185 forwarding delay. configuring. 140 console timeout.Index A aging time changing. 228 DHCP activating. 227 browser tools. 11 D default values. 138 defined. 90 host nodes 230 . 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. 52 defined. 84. 37 defined. 121. 47 setting switch status. 163 AT-S39 version number. 202 bridge hello time parameter. 155. 177 H hello time. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 202 bridge identifier. 106 setting. AT-S39. 172 C Class of Service configuring.

107. 190 port cost defined. 146. 186 statistics. 177 default. maximum. 145. 21 snoop topology. 111. 59. 90 PVID. default settings. 223 I IEEE 802. 28 Telnet session. 115. 195 guidelines. 35. switch. 198 port security configuring. 50 returning to. 143 ingress filtering. 216 MAC address.1d standard. 211 modifying. 45 slave switch. 85 setting. 116. 24 M MAC address table. 75. 90 port mirroring creating. 118 deleting. 173 R resetting a switch. 210 displaying. 145. 126. 50 SNMP community strings. 42 root bridge. 184 disable. 69 defined. 193 port statistics. 87. 65 displaying. 149 P password changing. 209 priority queues. 226 defined. 119. displaying. 148 host/router timeout interval. 198 defined. 55. 67 defined. switch. 143 displaying. 21 master switch defined. 222 231 . 58. 79 deleting. 94 deleting all. 28 starting. 195 defined. 26. 60 multicast groups. 151 L limited security mode configuring. 66 serial number. 95. 80. 25 S Secure level. 177 interval timer configuring. 39. 205 defined. 113. 18 quitting. 222 defined. port security. 171 port configuring parameters. defined. 146. 35. 77. 223 multicast router. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. 59. 73 deleting. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 187 speed. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. 186 displaying status. 102 port-based VLAN creating. 32. 140 priority. 65 local management session defined. 213 defined. 181 SNMP management session.AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 153. 157 port trunking creating. 82. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 30 web browser session. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 29. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). 84 RS232 port.

122 displaying. downloading software updates. 203 starting session local. 160 system name. defined. 85. 205 defined. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. 29 TFTP. default. 171 static MAC address adding. 167 U unavailable status. 45 virtual LAN creating. defined. 50 user name. 209 port-based. 20 quitting. 129 statistics port. 210 disabling. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 29 web browser. 101 deleting all. 87. 101 VLAN identifier (VID). 206 VLAN. 111. 19 quitting. 137 displaying. AT-S39. 84 port cost. 90 viewing bridge parameters. 116. 94 tagged. 113. 177 switch statistics. 210 displaying. 212 modifying. 209 Telnet management session defined. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. 121. 89 defined. 205 defined. 173 starting. 43 limitations. 167 obtaining. 35. 122 mode. 94. 211 modifying. 112. 171 232 . 35. 24 Telnet. 160 STP. 107. 190 switch. defined. 113. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. 211 enabling.Index software updates downloading from a local session. 118 deleting. changing. 112. 157. 116. 115. 164 downloading via TFTP. 171 V version number. 115. 118 deleting. 30 starting. 108 VLAN identifier. 92 deleting all. 136 deleting. 107. 201 configuring port parameters.

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