Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics ........................................................................................ 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 151 Configuring the Interval Timer ..................................................................................91 VLAN Overview ...................................... 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping ......... 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN ................................... 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................92 Port-based VLAN Overview .................................................................................................................................................................. 118 Changing a PVID Value ........................................................................... 115 Deleting a VLAN ....................................................................................................................................................... 156 Displaying Port Statistics ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table ................................................... 143 Activating IGMP Snooping .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs ................................... 99 Tagged VLAN Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port .................................................... 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering ................... 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses ......................................... 140 Configuring CoS ................................................................................................................................................ 116 Deleting All VLANs ......................................................... 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service ......................................................................................................................................................... 98 Port-based Example 2........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN ............................................................................................................................................................. 127 Displaying MAC Addresses ......................... 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address .................................. 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN .......................................................................................................................................................................... 103 Tagged VLAN Example ....................... 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview ................................................................................... 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 97 Port-based Example 1............................................................................................................................... 157 Displaying Switch Statistics ..................................................................................................................... 142 IGMP Snooping Overview ........94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses ...................................... 137 Changing the Aging Time .... 160 5 ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 113 Displaying VLAN Information ........................... 126 MAC Address Overview .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs .............. 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers ................................. 139 Class of Service Overview .............. 112 Modifying a VLAN .................................................................................................................................................................... 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN.................................................................................................................................... 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes .......

...................................213 6 ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP .........................................................................168 Example.......................................................................................................................183 Configuring Port Parameters ...............................................................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses ......184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks ........................................................................210 Displaying VLANs .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters ..............................................................171 Browser Tools..............................................................................................................................................................................................................212 Changing a PVID ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk .........................................................................................................................................................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................167 Example............................................................................................................................................ 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ...198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................204 Creating a VLAN ....................................................................................209 Deleting a VLAN .......................................................................................................... 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session ........................................................................ 168 Section III Web Browser Management ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters ...................................................................................................................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session .........................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security ........................201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings ....................................................................................................................................................................................192 Displaying the Port Security Level .........195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................205 Modifying a VLAN ...............................................................................................................................................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates ...................................................162 Obtaining Software Updates ............................................................................................211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session ............................................ 167 Uploading a Configuration File .....................................................................................................203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs ...............................................................................................................................175 Viewing System Information ................................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

....... 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table ............................... 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control ....................... 219 Configuring CoS ........................................................................................ 225 Configuring the Interval Timer ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 228 Index ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service .................. 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table ............................................... 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings ................................................................................................................................ 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping ....................................... 230 7 ...........................................................................................

................................................................. 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window ............................................................................. 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example .......................................................Example 2 ............................................ 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu .................................................................................. 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu ........................................................................................Example 1 ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu ................................................... 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu .................................................... 122 8 ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window ................ 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu ..................................... 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 25 Figure 2: Main Menu ......................................................................................... 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN ......................................................................... 52 Figure 11: Port Menu ............................ 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN .................................................................................................................................. 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window ..List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window ........................................................................... 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window ....... 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu ........................ 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window .......................................... 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu ................................................................................................................................................ 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu ....................................................... 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu ................................ 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 ..... 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window .................................................................................................................................................................. 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu .................................................................... 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 ............................. 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window .................................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................... Figure 68: VLAN Window ........................................ Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 54: General Tab Window .............................................................................. Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field ............................................................................. Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ............................................................................... Figure 71: IGMP Tab .............................................................. Figure 62: Port Trunking Window ........... Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu .............................................................................................................................. Figure 59: Port Status Window ..................................................................................................................................... Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window .............. 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 .................. Figure 69: CoS Setting Window ...........Monitoring ............. Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 67: Add VLAN Window ... Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab ........ Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page .................................................. Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window ............................................................................................ Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window ........................................................... Figure 53: General Tab .................................................................... Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window .............................................................................................................................Configuration .............................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu ......................................................... Figure 61: Port Security Menu .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 57: Settings for Port Window .................................................................................................................... Figure 55: SNMP Tab ..................................................................................................................... Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window ................................................. Figure 52: Home Page .................................................................................................................... Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window ........................................................ Figure 60: Port Statistics Window ........................................................................................................................... Figure 66: VLAN Window .......... Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window .................................................................................................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password. To use the FTP server. You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www. 14 .com.com or our FTP server at ftp.Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products.alliedtelesyn.alliedtelesyn.

15 .Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software. It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. 16 .Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches. Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A. such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters. then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network. as explained in the hardware installation guide. If this is true for your network. and powering ON the device. Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters.

They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session. 17 . It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser.AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. such as to change or adjust its operating parameters. The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use. you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software. The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide.

you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located. Once the session is started. This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch. 18 . Note For instructions on starting a local management session. refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25.Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session. using a straight-through RS-232 cable.

With AT-8024GB switches. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. which include the enhanced stacking feature. You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session. Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters. 19 . You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session.

just like a Telnet management session.You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session. They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking .You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session. This too is a type of remote management.You can view but not set the port security level of a switch. every AT-8024GB switch. that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address. There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session. because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch. 20 . ❑ Port security level . refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171.Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch. Consequently. Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session. as well as every AT-8024 switch. ❑ DHCP and BOOTP .

The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program.AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. 21 . Consequently. For instructions. refer to your SNMP management documentation. Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program. A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program.

Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .

The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. Additionally. You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch. This can simplify network management.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. to start this type of management session. you can manage just that switch. usually within a few meters. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch. you must go to where that switch is located. Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. Note For information on enhanced stacking. This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. 24 . refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47.

Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch. Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program. 3. see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 . perform the following procedure: 1. POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session.

or an equivalent terminal emulator program. This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only. Press the Return key twice. If prompted for a password. the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt. 5.) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal. the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps). (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1.) 4. The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly. The default is “admin”. (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>).Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 . simply type boot and press Return to start the switch. Note During boot up.Save Configuration Changes R .Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal. You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch. The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset. enter the password for the management software. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S . Otherwise.1 and above.) The Main Menu is displayed. The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps. (The password is case-sensitive.

It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located. type the corresponding letter or number. This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session. Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu. Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet.AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item. Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. 27 . Enhanced Stacking on page 46. refer to Chapter 4.

Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session. Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions. Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously. You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch. return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit. 28 . This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended.

type its corresponding number of letter. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol. Note For background information on enhanced stacking. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities. Additionally. 29 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. The menus also function the same. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol. as shown in Figure 2 on page 26. Enter the management software password when prompted. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. To make a selection. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch. Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. The default password is “admin”. such as with a local management session. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. To return to a previous menu. type R or press ESC twice. In terms of functionally. The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network.

Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session. type Q for Quit from the Main Menu. 30 .

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures. There are also procedures for resetting the switch. and more. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 . activating the original switch default settings. There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it.

a web browser. Second. (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. You do not need to assign an IP address. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. 32 . You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. you must also assign it a subnet mask.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. all from the same management session. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking. subnet mask. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. First. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. This switch will be the Master switch of the stack. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. This feature has two primary benefits.) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. you must assign at least one of them an IP address.

Note For further information on enhanced stacking. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure. You can do this two different ways. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. switches on your network need an IP address. if any. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37.AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet. 33 . The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet. How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which.

0 Subnet Mask . Comments .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 ...Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address..Release DHCP IP Address S .. The selection X ...... type 4 to select Administration Menu... perform the following procedure: 1...0....Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L ....0........ 0....0 System Name ..) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch.. 255. From the Main Menu.. and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session.0. go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37..0...Save Configuration Changes R . along with other optional information.0.. Change Password . subnet mask. To manually set a switch’s IP address..Reset Switch X . 0... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address .Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42. (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network. Administrator .0 Default Gateway . 9 . The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed.255. such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch.....Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 .

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. type 3 to select SNMP Configuration. From the System Configuration Menu. From the Main Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R . 39 . The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed. From the Advanced Configuration window. perform the following procedure: 1. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. type 5 to select System Config Menu.

0... 4 .0 0. After making your changes..... Adjust the parameters as desired.. ...... To change a value...SET Community 3.. .GET Community . .. 5. Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch....0..... when prompted.. public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 .. public 2 .0... enter the new value............Trap Community .. 0.Trap Receiver 2 6 .....SET Community ...Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4. The parameters are described below.0 S . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 ......0...Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch..0.. type its corresponding number and...0 0....Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed........0.0 0....0..0.....Trap Receiver 1 5 .GET Community 2 ..Save Configuration Changes R . 1 ...Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings.. 40 .. private 3 .. type S to select Save Configuration Changes.Trap Receiver 3 7 ...

type 5 to select System Config Menu. Type Y for yes or N for no. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. 41 . the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. 4. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. If you type Y for yes. You are prompted to reset the switch. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults. From the Main Menu. Type Y to reset the switch. Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. From the System Configuration Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3.

From the Main Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. type 4 to select Administrator Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. The switch immediately reloads its operating system. 2. Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software. From the Administrator Menu. type 9 to select Reset Switch. Some data traffic may be lost. 42 . a task requiring only a second or two to complete.

For instructions on how to set this security feature. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software. From the Main Menu.The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch. 43 . To configure web browser access. 3. enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes. To configure the console timer. type 5 to select System Config Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. type E to enable web access or D to disable web access. perform the following procedure: 1. perform the procedure below. the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. if you specify 2 minutes. The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes. perform the procedure below. 2. type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and. when prompted. (The password is case-sensitive. These security features are: ❑ Password . ❑ Console Timeout . For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. type 6 to select Web Server Access and. and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser. The default password is “admin”. For example. when prompted. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. For instructions on how to set this security feature. ❑ Web Access .

Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. if you disable web access. After you have made the desired changes. 4. no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 44 .

. MAC Address ..D2.1 5456411 00....Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed........AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information...A0. Serial Number .... The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed..3 ATI_LOADER1. type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu.00 R .....32... 45 .... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version ...... AT-S39 v1. Bootloader Version .........17...

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch. This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. 46 .Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch.

There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. You simply connect it to your network. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet. should you remove a master switch from the network. That way. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. such as for maintenance. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master. If your network consists of more than one subnet. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. 47 . It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. Once connected to the network.

For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask. 48 . You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack. 3. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually. do not. you must assign each master switch a unique IP address. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session. You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. referred to as slave switches. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network.

Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149.22 Master 2 IP Address 149. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets. Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches.16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149.32. you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet.09. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet.32. and each has been assigned a unique IP address.32.09. 49 .11.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router.32.18 Master 2 IP Address 149.11.

It does not need an IP address or subnet mask.Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 . A switch with this designation can be managed locally. Master 2 . To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status. ❑ Unavailable .Enhanced Stacking Services S . ❑ Slave switch . The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed.. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. To be managed remotely. or unavailable. You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 . type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking.A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch. a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address. Note The default setting for a switch is Slave. Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch .A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet. slave switch.A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch. you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet.Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable.Save Configuration Changes R ..Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch. A master switch must have a unique IP address. Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack..

type 1 to select Switch State. or U to make the switch unavailable. 51 .” For example. To change a switch’s status. Note The “2 . Press Return. The following prompt is displayed. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch. Type M to change the switch to a master switch. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 . the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master.Switch State. S to make it a slave switch. Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3.Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches. 4.

Access Switch R . When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet.Get/Refresh List of Switches A . The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch. The window in Figure 10 is displayed. To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet. you are by default addressing that particular switch. From the Enhanced Stacking window.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 . To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack. From the Main Menu. then it is very easy. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services. The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window. If you assigned system names to your switches.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch. 2. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. you need to select it from the management software. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G . perform the following procedure: 1.

4. You now can manage the selected switch. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password. Type A to select Access Switch. The default password is “admin”. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch. Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches. return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. Once you see that window. The password is case-sensitive. Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. Enter the switch’s password and press Return. This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice. 6. if you want to manage the Master switch. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. 53 . Type the number of the switch you want to manage.

Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .

type 4 to select Port Status. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C . 55 . From the Main Menu. From the Port Menu.Accept changes & update flash R . The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. type 1 to select Port Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch.

56 . Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Auto . Down .indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link. Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port.indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed.Update Display R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number. Figure 12 is an example of the window.Next Page U . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N .Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode.Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually. Manual . Possible values are: Up .

Transmit .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. Possible values are: None .10 Mbps 100 .The port has been manually disabled.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex. Possible values are: Forwarding . Possible values are: 10 . Both . Receive . Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. Spd The operating speed of the port.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port. Flow The flow control setting for the port. Disabled .The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X.100 Mbps 1000 . This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member.AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port. 57 . State The current operating status of the port.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port.No flow control on the port.

.. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. Advertise 10HDX .. To configure a range of ports. enter the last port number in the range..... To configure only one port.No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 ..... From the Main Menu... Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return.. Advertise 100HDX .. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. To configure a range of ports.. type 1 to select Port Configuration.. enter the first port of the range. perform the following procedure: 1...... Broadcast Control . type 1 to select Port Menu. From the Port Menu.... The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status .... Advertise 10FDX .. Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 . Flow Control .... The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed..Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch........ Negotiation .. MDI/MDIX Mode ........ 2. Advertise 100FDX .

Adjust the port parameters as desired.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 .. the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically. 1 .Duplex .... You adjust a parameter by typing its number... Disabled . When disabled.. The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters.. a port will not receive or transmit frames.... 0100 3 .Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode. If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation.. Possible settings are: Forwarding . 0 ..Speed . The parameters are described below... 59 .10 Mbps 0100 ..Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex. You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port...AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port..The port will receive and forward packets.. This toggles the parameter through its possible settings. two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 . If you select Manual.Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode. You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections.. which is the default.....Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port. The possible settings for the 2 . Once the problem has been fixed..Speed selection are: 0010 .100 Mbps 1000 . you can enable the port again to resume normal operation. 5. This is the default setting.The port will not receive or forward packets.

Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated. 5 . The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155. You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation. if you set the selection 8 . the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps.No flow control on the port. Both .Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. Transmit . you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX.Advertise 100FDX 8 .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode. Possible settings are: None .Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. During Auto-Negotiation. By default.Advertise 10HDX 7 . 9 . The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time. If desired. B . a switch port will advertise its full capabilities. For example. 60 .Advertise 100HDX to No. which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half. which is the default setting. which is the default setting.Advertise 10FDX 6 .MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port. half-duplex operation. a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it. Receive . If you set this to Auto. the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it.or full-duplex mode.

which. Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port. 61 . Once you have set the port parameters.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection. The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode. when selected. This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. You can use this option to reset the selected port.

3.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. From the System Configuration Menu. type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information. From the Advanced Configuration window. type 5 to select System Config Menu. The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed. To display GBIC information. these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 .GBIC Information R . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. Type either 24 or 25.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4. From the Main Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5. Type 1 to select GBIC Information. 62 .

. Extended Serial Transceiver ...............Next Page R ..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only..... (10m) ......... N ......AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module.. (k) ...................... Figure 15 is an example of the window......... You cannot change this information....... Length 9/125 mm Fib. Length 62........ (100m) ... Length 50/125 um Fib.. 63 ............ Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number ... Length 9/125 um Fib....5/125 um Fib.. Elect/Opt Transceiver .. Type of Serial Interface .. Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding .. (10k) .. Connector Type ..

64 . Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security.

Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn. even when the end node is inactive. You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. Once this mode is activated. it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. it remains in the table and is never purged. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. Automatic This operating mode disables port security. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. 65 . Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table. There are four levels of port security.

you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table. Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. even those belonging to inactive end nodes. The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level. The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. 66 . the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. When this security level is activated. The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time. Once you have activated this security level. no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table.

After activating this security mode. perform the following procedure: 1. Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. To specify the limits. 67 . type 1 to select Automatic mode.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. From the Port Menu. To set a switch’s port security level. This is the default setting. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table. type 3 to select the Secured mode. type 5 to select Port Security. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. 2. 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . type 1 to select Port Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. type 2 to select Limited mode. From the Main Menu. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session.

type 4 to select Lock all the ports now.Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned. A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch. Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. 68 .

2.Configure port security limited mode R . perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table. type 1 to select Port Menu. When you activate this security level. frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 . type 5 to select Port Security. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 . The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed. Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn. From the Port Security menu. From the Port Menu. You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. type 2 to select Limited security. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports.Set MAC limit per port 3 .Display MAC limit per port 2 . 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn. Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port. To configure Limited security mode. You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports.

The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed. repeat Steps 5 through 9. type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports. Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. 7. 12. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. 11. 13. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode. Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports. Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. The range is 1 to 150 addresses. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. 9. type R to select Return to previous menu. 70 . Type 2 to choose Select a port. To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. 10. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. This applies the limit to the port. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again.

repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port. Limited security has now been configured on the switch. The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed. 71 . Check to be sure that they are correct. 15. 14. be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. Examine the MAC limits. 16. If necessary. If you assigned different values to different ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks.

A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. 13. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. 15 for the trunk. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. or another Ethernet switch. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. and so on. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. 73 . and so on. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. For example. such as a server. and 24. or 4 ports. or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. 22. 23. ❑ The duplex mode. To maintain the order of the port connections. workstation. 5. 14. you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. port 13 to port 22. 3. On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. 6. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. A port trunk is 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. ❑ When cabling a trunk. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. and 7). 3. Despite the software configuration and physical connections. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. speed. For example. router. ports 4.

Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server. ❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch. A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs. The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch.❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN. The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 . The server is connected to the switch with four data links. AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches.

are the same for all the ports of the trunk. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 .Save Configuration Changes R . type 3 to select Port Trunking.Delete Trunk 3 . Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. To create a port trunk.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch. 2. From the Port Menu. You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN. Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology. examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk.Add ports to trunk 2 . Check to be sure that the settings. Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 . Note Before creating a port trunk. such as speed and duplex mode.Show port trunking status S . type 1 to select Port Menu.

Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk. The following prompt is displayed. The port trunk is ready for network operations. type 3 to display the status of the trunk.. 1. To confirm the creation of the port trunk. Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return. 5.2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R . 6. Enter new value -> 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.3. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. 8.3. 7-10). Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking.Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7.4) or as a range (e. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window..g. Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk. You can specify the ports individually (e. 76 .g.

From the Main Menu. type 1 to select Port Menu. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. 3. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. 2. 4. 5. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. 77 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. type 3 to select Port Trunking. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology. To confirm the deletion. From the Port Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. The port trunk is deleted from the switch. Type 2 to select Delete trunk. To delete a port trunk from the switch.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror.

❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports. you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. For example. the more ports you mirror. 79 . Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time. For example. meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports. You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed. However. the mirror port is likely to drop packets.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 .CPU Attached ... type 2 to select Port Mirroring.Delete ports from mirror 5 . From the Port Menu. enter the last port in the range. enter the first port of the range. 0 2 ..... Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6. Press Return...Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror.Add ports to mirror 4 . Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored. 2. Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7. From the Main Menu. The following prompt is displayed. You can specify only one mirror port. 80 ..Save Configuration Changes R . The following prompt is displayed. The following prompt is displayed. the port to where the traffic will be copied). If you want to mirror a range or ports.. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. To mirror a range of ports.. Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3.. perform the following procedure: 1. To mirror the traffic of only one port. 5.Show Port Mirror Status S . No 3 . Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4.. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed.. Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is. type 1 to select Port Menu.Mirroring Port . enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step.

AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. 10. To confirm the creation of the port mirror. 81 . Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu. The port mirror is now functional. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 9. type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status. The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored.

Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. type 1 to select Port Menu. 2.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror. 3. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. Enter 0 and press Return. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. 82 . Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. perform the following procedure: 1. 5. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. The following prompt is displayed. From the Port Menu. From the Main Menu.

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol. ISO/IEC 10038: 1993.1D.Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters. refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802. 83 .

Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. exist in the network topology. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability.Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. referred to as broadcast storms. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. and sometimes its MAC address.1D standard. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. as specified in the IEEE 802. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. also referred to as the bridge identifier. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. By adjusting the value. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. 84 . So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes. STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance. leaving only one main active path. Where multiple paths exist. either planned or unplanned. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number.

the lower the port cost. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. where all ports have a port cost of 0. The faster the port. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. active path. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. If two paths have the same port cost. Below are the default values. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby. Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. if one is found. If redundant paths exist. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. 85 . The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and. the preferred path is selected through port priority.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. blocking mode. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge.

before it begins to forward frames. When a bridge is brought on-line. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. with the size of your network being a primary factor. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. and that could adversely impact network performance. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. a temporary data loop could occur. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. For small networks. However. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. or addition of any active components. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. Consequently. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. 86 . you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. For large networks. the active topology also changes. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). removal. a change in a port state is not activated immediately. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. and if not. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. especially if it is a large network. listening and learning.

From the Main Menu.. 1 . Bridge Identifier ...AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings. Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 .. Bridge Priority . The parameters are described below... Bridge Hello Time .Config STP Port Settings 8 ...1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default..Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed...Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2. You should consult the IEEE 802. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. If you enable STP... Bridge Forwarding . 87 .. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network.. The default setting is disabled..Display STP Port Settings 9 . The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed. 1.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable . Bridge Max Age ..Reset STP to Defaults R ...

All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). with 0 being the highest priority. 4 . The default is 20 seconds. The default is 2 seconds.Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. 5 . if you use the default 20. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. If the bridge transitions too soon. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds.Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. For example. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. The default is 15 seconds. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. resulting in network loops. 3 .535. After you have made the desired changes. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. 6 . When a root bridge goes off-line. 88 . for example. 3. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. not all links may have yet adapted to the change.Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value.

. The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed.... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating . enter the first port of the range. Enter the number of the port you want to configure.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters.. Path Cost ... To configure a range of ports. type 7 to select Config STP port settings. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4..... 89 . From the Main Menu. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu....Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain.. Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R . enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step. Port Priority . perform the following procedure: 1.... The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3... This value cannot be changed.. To configure a range of ports. enter the last port of the range.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5. The parameters are described below. Bridge Hello Time .. From the Spanning Tree menu..... To configure just one port. 2. Root Bridge . 1 . Adjust the settings as desired..

This value cannot be changed from this window.Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain.Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN. 4 . To change this value. The default is 2 seconds. 90 . 10 for a 100 Mbps port. 5 . This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed. The default value for priority is 128. The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port. refer to the previous procedure. 3 . The range is 1 to 65535.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. and 4 for a 1 Gbps port.Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge. The range is 0-255.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 .

It also contains the procedures for creating.Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs). This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 . and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session. modifying. This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode.

This too can improve overall network performance. The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN. For example. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. Before the advent of VLANs. With VLANs. 92 . It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. logical LAN segments. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. For example. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. if an employee changed departments. Additionally.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth.

VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically. Additionally. you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software.AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections. This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location. 93 . a virtual LAN can span more than one switch.

The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. such as a router or Layer 3 switch. A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. or just a few ports. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. Examples include Sales. you must give it a name.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. Production. called the Default VLAN. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. and Engineering. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. 94 .

it will simply select the next available VID. This is acceptable when you are creating a new. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID.AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. In this manner. unique VLAN. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received. rather than by a port’s PVID. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously. Untagged Ports Naturally. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. 95 . For example. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID. Consequently. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN. If you allow the management software to do it automatically. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. Additionally.

the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. ❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. However. ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member. This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID. General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN. 96 . the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. Consequently. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port.

many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN. across multiple VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. For example. ❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network. ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN. A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs. such as servers and printers. In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches. 97 .

You assign this number when you create a VLAN. The ports have been assigned PVID values. Engineering. (For purposes of the following examples.13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . 98 . A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member.24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID.) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN . and Production VLANs on the switch. A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN.Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. the Default VLAN is not shown. Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs.4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9. 11 .

two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch. Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN . The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN. each VLAN has one port connected to the router. In this example.Example 2 99 .

This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN. 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN. Engineering. This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN. 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 . ❑ Production VLAN .6.24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 . Since this VLAN spans multiple switches. ❑ Engineering VLAN .This VLAN spans both switches. Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13. This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment. it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN. However. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch. This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch. 100 .This is the final VLAN in the example.11. It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch.6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN . It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4. 14. and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch. it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router.

When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802.3ac standard).1Q-compliant. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. A tag. This contrasts to a port-based VLAN. the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports. 101 . This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port. the frame will be discarded. If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch. For example. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership. The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch. this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port. This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. referred to as a tagged frame. Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802. The IEEE 802. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN.

In the case of a tagged VLAN. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. simultaneously. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. Otherwise. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. An untagged port. But actually there is. the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. a frame without any tagged information). there would seem to be no need for a PVID. But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. However. can be in only one VLAN at a time. 102 . it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN.

each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID. If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks. ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time. 103 . ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS. ❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID.AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802.1Q-based products.1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 . Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.

They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example. when received by the switch. 20 (PVID 3) 8. They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. But with tagged ports. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management.1Q-compliant server.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. 105 . 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11. data separation and security remain. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs. while still maintaining data separation and security. 18 (PVID 2) 8. It is connected to an IEEE 802. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs. The tagged frames. each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs.

When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. Packets are passed through the switch unchanged. Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. All VLAN information. either tagged or untagged. Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. but the VLANs are not used. ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121. is ignored. 106 . You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1.Port VLANs & Priorities R . type 1 to select Create a VLAN.Virtual LAN Definitions 3 .Save Configuration Changes R . The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3. From the VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu. 107 .Virtual LAN Support 2 . From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 . type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.

... For example.. then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. 108 .Create VLAN R ... you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed.. The name can contain spaces. Sales or Accounting)...... such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches.. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4.. 0 Tagged Ports . The name can be from one to ten characters in length.. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN.. Mirroring Port ... The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value.. C .. The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096... If the VLAN will be unique in your network.... Untagged Ports .. then its VID must also be unique.. The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example. 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) . than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch. VLAN ID (VID) ..... If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. then the name should be unique as well. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches...... 5. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name . If this will be a unique VLAN in your network... but not special characters....

If the VLAN will contain tagged ports.3..g. type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted. as a range (e.. 2.7-9). as a range (e.g. 11. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. Press any key.5). You can specify the ports individually (e. 2. 2. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port. 2. 10. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. you will see the following message: SUCCESS . Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN. type 4 to select Show All VLANs. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. Type C to select Create VLAN..3. 9. Note In most cases..5. Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. leave this field empty.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. 14. You can specify the ports individually (e. If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored.7-9) 7.5). 8. 7-9).) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature. 12..(If you do not to activate this feature. or both (e.g. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports.g.g.5. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. 109 .g. or both (e. To verify that the VLAN was created correctly.Press any key to continue.. you can analyze the VLAN traffic. 7-9). If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. this parameter should be left with its default value of 0. type 6 and Y for yes. leave this field empty. For more information on port mirroring. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN. either do not select this option or select it and type N for no. 13.

Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time. ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. 110 . Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs. the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15. For example. if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. Note When you create a new VLAN.

After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. 3. From the Main Menu. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. 2. Ports 1 to 4. 7. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. To create the example Sales VLAN. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 111 . 9.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. perform the following procedure: 1. Press Return. Type C to select Create VLAN. From the VLAN Menu. press any key. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. 5. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 6. 4. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. 8. The new Sales VLAN has now been created.

These are the tagged ports of the VLAN.10. 7. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”. Type C to select Create VLAN. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9.11. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104. It will consist of three untagged ports. 20”. From the VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu. To create the example Engineering VLAN. Ports 9. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. 3. and two untagged ports. 5. 6. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. 10. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. press any key. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”.16”. 4. 9. 2. and 12. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created. Ports 8 and 16. 112 . After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. 8. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. Press Return. perform the following procedure: 1. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. 11.

VLAN ID (VID) .. 113 . For a description of the parameters.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 . From the Main Menu.. R . Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify.Press any key to continue. This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.. To modify a VLAN. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS . 6. From the VLAN Menu. 2. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. Change the VLAN’s information as desired. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID).Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4. After making the desired changes. 3.. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions..AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure.. type 2 to select Modify a VLAN. The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed. refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107. type M to select Modify VLAN. 7. The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. To obtain a VLAN’s VID.

Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs. 114 . Press any key. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. 10. The VLAN has been modified.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. 9. 8. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 11. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu.

From the VLAN Menu. 2. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33. VID numbers. The Show All VLANs window is displayed. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. From the Main Menu. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 .9 U: 8.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R . Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. type 4 to select View All VLANs. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.9 U: 1-6 T: 7. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.

. To delete the VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure. The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed.VLAN ID (VID) . 2. 3. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. perform the following procedure: 1. R . type 3 to select Delete a VLAN... 6. which has a VID of 1. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 116 . To obtain a VLAN’s VID.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5.. type D. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN.. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return.. The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed. From the VLAN Menu. To delete a VLAN. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 . A confirmation prompt is displayed.

All ports in the deleted VLAN. The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS . 8.AT-S39 User’s Guide 7. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed. both tagged and untagged. are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports.Press any key to continue. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure. The VLAN has been deleted. 9. 117 . 10.

From the VLAN Menu. 4. perform the following procedure: 1. on a switch. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. To delete all VLANs on a switch. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. Press Return. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. A confirmation message is displayed. From the Main Menu. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. 5. 2. 3. 118 . type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. To delete selected VLANs. except the Default VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs.

119 . For example. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. Type 1 to select Port Number. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. From the VLAN Menu. Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. Press Return. perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 . if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7.Port Number R . type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN. From the Main Menu. 2. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. To change a PVID for a port.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7.

.....Update Changes to Chip C . Return to the Main Menu.... The port now has a new PVID.. Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High . You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch..... 9.... 8. 7...Accept changes & update flash R . Type U to select Update Changes to Chip..Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed.. The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6... Override Priority (Y/N) .. 120 .... Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID.....Press any key to continue.. Specify the new PVID value for the port... Type S to select Save Configuration Changes......... Press Return. Port VLAN ID . 1 1 0 N U ...

Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. perform the following procedure: 1. type 5 to select System Config Menu. The default is Tagged mode. 2. Press Return. 4. 5. Type 3 to select Switch Mode. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 121 . The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. From the Main Menu. Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. B-Basic): 3. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode.

Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 . The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 . To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Enable VLANs Globally D .Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C . If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure. When VLANs are enabled. the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode. 2. ingress filtering is disabled. When VLANs are disabled. perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E . It sets a switch’s VLAN mode.Accept changes & update flash R .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3. From the VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu.Disable VLANs Globally R . Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs. The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering. the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs.Enable/Disable VLANs 2 . The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support.

Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode. 4. A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. 5. 6. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 123 .

Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. Fortunately. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. just as a reminder. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. the port discards the frame. the port accepts the frame. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. Here is an example. nor to any frames. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. For further information. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. 124 . It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. First. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. the switch discards the frame. Once the tagged frame is received. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. If they belong to different VLANs. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated. tagged or untagged. or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. the port accepts the frame. In this case. If there is. the frame is discarded. If they belong to the same VLAN. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table.

The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed. Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame. You cannot set this per port. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis. To enable or disable ingress filtering. perform the following procedure: 1. Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3.Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R .Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D . and that is the priority tag. Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch. A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch. In most cases.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. 4. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. From the Main Menu. From the Virtual LAN Support menu. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. which is the default. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E . 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets. From the VLAN Menu. 125 . Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority. regardless of the status of ingress filtering.

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table.

the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. 127 . determines the port where the destination node is connected. This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. When the destination node responds. When the switch receives a packet. and the port number where each address was learned. it also examines the destination address and. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. by referring to its MAC address table. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. For example. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. along with the port number on which each address was learned. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received. A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet.

even when the end node is inactive. refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted. Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. once entered in the table. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports. The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes). The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. 128 . A static MAC address. You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process. This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. even when the end node is inactive. For instructions on changing the aging timer.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R . To display the MAC address table. To display only static MAC addresses. type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports. From the Main Menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Tables.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. perform the following procedure: 1. The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed. 129 . just the base ports. One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports. To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed. type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses. 3.

Update Display R .Accept changes & update flash U . The columns in the window are defined below. The static MAC address window is exactly the same. non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N . (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses. Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only. MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. 130 .

CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. As an example. 131 . except for the switch’s MAC address. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. Another example is “000020F. The type can be either static or dynamic. Type The MAC address type. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. This feature is not supported at this time. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state.

The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 1. From the MAC Address Table menu. type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu. From the Main Menu. The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port. A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port. 132 . type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 2. Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return.

2. for a static address. 1. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. or to which the address was assigned. you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned. From the MAC Address Table menu. From the Main Menu. finding the address could prove difficult. if the address was learned dynamically. You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. But if the switch is part of a large network. type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address. The procedure in this section offers an easier way. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. 133 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations.

you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. produces the same result. 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. (This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. From the MAC Address Table menu. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3. perform the following procedure. as explained earlier in this chapter. 134 . For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns. 2. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN.) Note To perform this procedure. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. From the Main Menu. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch.

3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. 2. 135 . If you type Y for yes. From the MAC Address Table menu. the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. 1. the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. Once the table has been purged. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table. perform the following procedure. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses. From the Main Menu. A confirmation prompt is displayed. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure.

To add a static address to the MAC address table. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address. 5. 136 . the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. From the MAC Address Table menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses. The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table. 2. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address.

type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 4. Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. From the Main Menu. 137 . Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table. 2. From the MAC Address Table menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. perform the following procedure: 1. type 3 to select Delete MAC Address.

When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes). perform the following procedure: 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. type 5 to select System Config Menu. The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch. To adjust the aging time. Enter a new value in seconds. From the System Config Menu. 2. the switch deletes the address. This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active. From the Main Menu. 138 . The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3.

Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .

But with the introduction of time-critical applications. File transfer delays did occur. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues.. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays. 140 . For example.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority. When a tagged packet enters a switch port. packet transfer delays can prove problematic. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue. Prior to CoS. The 802. but were mostly transparent to network users. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue. 0 to 7. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer. low and high. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port.1Q standards. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802. such as voice transmission or video conferencing.1p and 802. transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality. network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner. CoS was designed to address this problem. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest.e. untagged frames (i. By default.1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. enter a value from 4 to 7. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. Type 3 to select Priority (0 . If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. Return to the Main Menu. The default for this parameter is No. 10. 3. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port. 5. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. 8. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. From the Main Menu. (Again.7). type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS. Press Return. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. 9. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. 11.) 7. From the VLAN Menu. enter a value from 0 to 3. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. Type 1 to select Port Number. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. 141 . 6.

Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .

a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. Once the router has received a report from a host node. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group. it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. In Version 1. In Version 2. referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. the router does not send multicast packets out the port. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application.) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. it removes the node from appropriate membership list. There are two versions of IGMP. 143 . referred to as a time-out value. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. it simply stops sending reports. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP.

144 . except the port on which it received the packet. a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports. which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups. Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance. Note By default. IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2. and by processing leave requests.

... From the Advanced Configuration window.Save Configuration Changes R . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. Multicast Host Topology .... From the Main Menu..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 ...IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters. Maximum Multicast Groups . type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration... This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 . type E to enable or D to disable this feature. Multicast Router Port(s) .. After selecting this option. Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate)...Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status .... 2 .. Host/Router Timeout Interval . perform the following procedure: 1. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 3.. 2. View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S . The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. From the System Configuration Menu. The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch.

This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected.Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected.Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. 4 . You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. that is. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. 5 . you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes.Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. The default is 260 seconds. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. The default is 256 multicast addresses. The default is 256 multicast groups. Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port.Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 . 3 . The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. The range is from 1 second to 86.400 seconds (24 hours).

4. To select Auto Detect. 147 . or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number.AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect. After making the desired changes. Your changes are activated immediately on the switch. Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter. enter “0” (zero) for this parameter. type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

as well as the host nodes. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. 2. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. 148 . type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected. From the Advanced Configuration window. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U . To display the list. 3. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. From the Main Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. From the System Configuration Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch. The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group. The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. 4.Update Display R .

From the Advanced Configuration window. The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. 3. From the Main Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U . type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. To display a list of the multicast routers. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected. type 7 to select View Multicast Router List. 4.Update Display R . type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the System Configuration Menu. 2. You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. Router IP The IP address of the multicast router. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. 149 . From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software.

You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps. The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. Broadcast frames are different. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. For example. 151 . The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network.AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. For example. In order to use this feature. When a node sends out a broadcast frame. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. That is.

the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval. Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch. At these settings. Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames. the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example. 152 .

AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature. and 1000 Mbps..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4... 3.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps .. 0 milli sec 3 .100x 153 . 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 . From the Advanced Configuration Menu.. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. 0 micro sec C . The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed. 2.. Type 1.Save Configuration Changes R .. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup.. The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds.Timer for 10 MB ports . or 3 and enter a value when prompted. perform the following procedure: 1. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . 0 milli sec 2 . From the System Configuration Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 100.Timer for 100 MB ports .Timer for 1000 MB ports . From the Main Menu..

Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. Once you have set the desired timer intervals. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The default value is “0” for all timers. the management software multiples the value by 10. Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. 5. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. 6. 154 .

2. For example. From the Port Menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. 155 .> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. To configure a range of ports. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded. 5. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . type 1 to select Port Menu. To configure only one port. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. enter the first port of the range. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval. 6. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. enter the last port number in the range. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. perform the following procedure: 1. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. type 1 to select Port Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. To configure a range of ports. From the Main Menu. Type B to select Broadcast Control.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics.

Select a Port 2 .Port Statistics Menu 2 . From the Ethernet Statistics menu.Display Port Statistics R .Display Module Statistics R . Press Return. The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed. Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view. From the Main Menu. 157 . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4.Clear Module Statistics 3 . Type 1 to choose Select a Port.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2. Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics. 5. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics. type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu. perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3. The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 .Clear Port Statistics 3 .

........ 158 .... CRC_ERROR ....Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window.. RX_MLTCAST .... RX_UNICAST ............... OVERSIZE ....... shown in Figure 48........................Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only..... PORT_IN_DISCARDS . TX_COUNT ...... UNDERSIZE ............ FRAGMENT .. RX_OVERFLOW ... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded.... Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port.......Update Display R ................................ The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port............ RX_BRDCAST ... CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port. U .. RX_COUNT .... Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT ........ Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port.................................. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port........................

3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. 159 .3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. but discarded and not forwarded.Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu. packets with alignment errors. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port. select the option “2 .

................ TX_COUNT . type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics......... U ....... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch...... 160 . CRC_ERROR .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only..... OVERSIZE ..... shown in Figure 48............................................... RX_OVERFLOW . RX_COUNT .....................Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch. type 3 to select Display Module Statistics........ RX_UNICAST ........... RX_BRDCAST ... 2...... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT ................ Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch. The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window.. Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded........... PORT_IN_DISCARDS ......... perform the following procedure: 1... RX_MLTCAST . UNDERSIZE ............Update Display R ............ Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch.. From the Main Menu........... From the Ethernet Statistics menu..... FRAGMENT .

3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. select the option “2 . If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”.AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch.Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. packets with alignment errors. but discarded and not forwarded. Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch. 161 . Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch.

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

163

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

Begin the file transfer of the new management software image. Note Do not interrupt the initialization process. the switch automatically resets. Once the management software is initialized.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. If you are installing a new management image. Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. Do not reboot the switch. a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete. 166 . the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed.

A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT. This may necessitate renaming the file. Put . The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39.35.ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39.1.35. loader file.1.The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch.1. Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149. tftp -i 149.This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image. or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above. Binary . If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software. Source file .AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software.img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host .The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.1 put c:\ats39. Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software.img 167 . you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn.cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image.

tftp -i 149. Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited.1 to local drive C: of the workstation. Destination file .The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation. Binary .1.35. Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149. The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host . Get .This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.img c:\ats39. 168 .cfg”.1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation.1 get ats39. This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically. Source file .35.The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file. it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP.img Once the file is stored on a local drive. as explained in the previous section.The source file name is “ATS39.

The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17. Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26. Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22. Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20. Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18. IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28.

such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser. 170 .

Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. To start a web browser management session. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed. perform the following procedure: 1. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. as shown in Figure 51. Additionally. For instructions.) The user name cannot be changed. the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser. 2. When prompted. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies. The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. 171 . (The password is case-sensitive. To change the password. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. enter the user name and password. Start your web browser. the switch must have an IP address. Consequently.

In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites. Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus. 172 . You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser. Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display. You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows. Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software.The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed.

select Exit from any AT-S39 management page. 173 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session.

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

perform the following procedure: 1. 2. To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. select Configuration. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default. select it and then select the General tab. 175 . If the System menu option is not selected. refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. From the Home Page. subnet address. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch.

Entering a value for this parameter is optional. 176 . 3. The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example. Change the parameters as desired. Sales Ethernet switch). The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide. Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window.Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed.

Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. Wiring closet 402B).. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 177 . Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch. To create a new password. Floor 4. IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch.g. Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. such as its location (e. The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. click Apply. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). enter the new password into both fields. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply. 4. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. a Telnet utility. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. The default password is “admin”. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. After you have set the parameters. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length. or an SNMP management program.

or by using the Reset button on the switch. you must reset the switch to activate your change. subnet mask.Section III: Web Browser Management 5. If you made a change to the IP address. You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session. 178 . You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session. or gateway address.

From the Configuration Menu. From the Home page. select Monitoring. The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed. If it is not already selected. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 . 2. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. select System Status. select the General tab. perform the following procedure: 1. The Monitoring window is displayed.

If this parameter displays “Tagged.Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted. including the IP address of the switch and the system name. For information about VLANs. ❑ Switch Mode .Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only. You cannot change any of the values from this window. refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. If this parameter displays “Basic. 180 .Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode.” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. ❑ Hash Count .Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes). These values cannot be changed.” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10. These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. Virtual LANs on page 91. The sections in the window are defined below. For background information about MAC addresses. This value cannot be changed. which also explains how to change the parameters. For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session. General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address. Administration This section contains a variety of information. Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging .

The parameters are described below. From the Home page. 181 . select Configuration. Adjust the parameters as desired. Select the SNMP tab. From the Configuration menu. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. 2. 3. Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. perform the following procedure: 1. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed. select System.

5.Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. 182 . Click Apply to save your changes to the switch.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 .Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed.

The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. The selected port turns white. 184 . You can select only one port at a time. 3. (To deselect a port. Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4. From the Home page. Click Modify. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure. From the Configuration page.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch. select Configuration. select Layer 1. click it again. perform the following procedure: 1. Select the Port Setting tab. 2.) 5.

Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. Adjust the port parameters as desired. If the threshold is reach. Flow Control The flow control setting for the port. The parameters are described below. For instructions on how to set this value.No flow control on the port. Possible values are: None . refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. 185 .Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port. For background information on this feature. Transmit . Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6. Receive . Both . any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch. Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time. An example of the window is shown in Figure 57. refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed.Flow control only on packets being received on the port.

Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps . The default for this port parameter is enabled. This is the default. click Apply. Default values are listed in Appendix A.Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames.Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . 186 . ❑ 10Mbps . Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values.Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port.Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port. Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode. Once you have made the desired changes. 7. The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228.

From the Home page. and more.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. 3.) 4. select Layer 1. The selected port turns white. You can view a port’s operating speed. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58. click it again. Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch. select Monitoring. To display the status or statistics of a switch port. Click a port. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB. duplex mode. perform the following procedure: 1. (To deselect a port. From the Monitoring page. Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. You can select only one port at a time. 187 . MDI/MDI-X configuration. 2.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

191

refer to Port Security Overview on page 65. Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session. 192 .Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session. Note For background information on port security.

Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 . perform the following procedure: 1. 2. From the Home page. 3. select Layer 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. The current security level is displayed. From the Configuration page. From the Layer 2 page. select Monitoring. select the Port Security tab.

Note For background information on port trunking. 194 . refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73.Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session.

the ports of the trunk will be white. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. which can produce broadcast storms. From the Configuration page. If there is a port trunk. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. From the Home page. Select the Port Trunking tab. 2. select Layer 1. which can adversely effect the operations of your network. Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. perform the following procedure: 1. Loops can result in broadcast storms. 195 . Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. select Configuration. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk. If you are deleting a port trunk. all ports in the switch image will be black. To create or delete a port trunk.

Section III: Web Browser Management 4. You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. 196 . Click the ports that will make up the port trunk. Click Apply. To delete a port trunk. To create a port trunk. A selected port changes to white. A port trunk can contain 2. do the following: a. 5. b. click Remove. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch. The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. or 4 ports. An unselected port is black. 3.

197 . refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79.Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror. Note For background information on port mirroring.

Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch. 198 . b. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. Select the Port Mirroring tab.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. From the Configuration page. From the Home page. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. 5. 3. 2. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports. select Layer 1. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. select Configuration. do the following: a. c. To create a port mirror. To delete an existing port mirror. perform the following procedure: 1. Click Apply.

AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted. 199 . The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations.

Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session. 200 . Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session. refer to STP Overview on page 84.Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP.

the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. 2. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window . 3. If you enable STP. You should consult the IEEE 802. select Configuration. To configure a bridge’s STP parameters. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. 201 . select Layer 2.Configuration 4. perform the following procedure: 1. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. From the Home page. From the Configuration menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. From the Layer 2 window. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. select the Spanning Tree tab.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. The parameters are described below.

5. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. If the bridge transitions too soon. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. click Apply. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. The default is 2 seconds. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge.Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. if you use the default 20. The default setting is disabled. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. for example. For example. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table.535. This value cannot be changed. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. The default is 15 seconds. The default is 20 seconds. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. After you have made the desired changes. with 0 being the highest priority. 202 . Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. possibly resulting in a network loop. When a root bridge goes off-line. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs).

From the Layer 2 page. 2. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 3. From the Monitoring menu. From the Home page. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window . select the Spanning Tree tab.Monitoring 203 . To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters. select Monitoring. perform the following procedure: 1. refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings. select Layer 2.

This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. modify. and delete VLANs from a web browser management session. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 . refer to Chapter 10. Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode.Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. Virtual LANs.

select Layer 2. select the VLAN tab. select Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Configuration menu. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 . From the Layer 2 window. The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed. From the Home page. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. 3.

the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN. Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. the name should be unique as well. its VID must be unique as well. The name can contain spaces but not special characters. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. Click Add.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. The name can be from one to 10 characters in length. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. Sales or Accounting). The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example. The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. 6. 206 .

Click Apply. This value disables port mirroring. click Send to CPU. its VID value should be the same on each switch. or a tagged port. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. 10. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. Note For background information on port mirroring. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. To select ports for the VLAN. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. 8. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. In most cases. For example. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. 207 . 7. You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. 9. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“.

The VLAN is now ready for network operations.Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. 208 .

3. 209 . Click Modify. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. 7. From the Configuration menu. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. After making the desired changes. 5. From the Home page. they are returned to the Default VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. click Apply. 6. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. select Layer 2. select Configuration. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. Creating a VLAN. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure. From the Layer 2 window. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. 4. select the VLAN tab. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN.

210 . select Layer 2. 5. From the Home page. Click Remove. select the VLAN tab. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN.Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. From the Layer 2 window. The VLAN is deleted from the switch. From the Configuration menu. 4. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete. 2. select Configuration. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed.

The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. From the Monitoring page. select Layer 2. select the VLAN tab. perform the following procedure: 1. The management software displays the window in Figure 68. 3. From the Home page. From the Layer 2 page. select Monitoring. 2. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch.

From the Configuration menu. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. To set the switch’s VLAN mode. Select the General tab. choose System. 212 . click either Tagged or Basic. 4. select Configuration. 5. In the Switch Mode section of the window. From the Home Page. perform the following procedure: 1. You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. Reset the switch. 2. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs. If you select Basic. 3. Note Refer to Chapter 10. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. Virtual LANs. If you select Tagged. which is the default. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode.

A graphical image of the switch is displayed. Click Apply. To change a PVID for a port. 5. perform the following procedure: 1. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. From the Home page. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 . select Layer 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. From the Configuration page. You can select only one port at a time. 2. select CoS. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. To deselect a port. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. 3. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure. select Configuration. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. A selected port turns white. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. 4. For example. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. From the Layer 2 page. click it again.

Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26. The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch. Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port. Click Apply. 214 .Section III: Web Browser Management 6. The new value is immediately activated on the port. 7. Class of Service on page 219.

Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. 215 .

Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Layer 2 page. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. 3.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. From the Home page. The options are described below. 2. You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. 216 . For instructions. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table. The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed. select the Forwarding Database tab. Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses. select Layer 2. select Monitoring. From the Monitoring page.

Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. As an example. click View. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. 217 . Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Another example is “000020F. The port numbering scheme is from right to left. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch. Once you have configured the options. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. You specify the VLAN by its VID.

The type can be either static or dynamic. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. This feature is not supported at this time. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. 218 .Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. except for the switch’s MAC address. Type The MAC address type.

refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS.Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS. 219 .

A selected port turns white. click it again. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. perform the following procedure: 1. 4. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. (To deselect a port.) 5. 220 . Click Apply. From the Home page. Click the port where you want to configure CoS. click the Override Priority option. select Layer 2.) 7. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. select the CoS tab. 2. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. select Configuration. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5. Click Modify. From the Layer 2 page. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7. 3. 6. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. From the Configuration page. (Again.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. You can select only one port at a time. The default for this parameter is No. it does not matter which of these levels you select. 8.

Note For background information on this feature. refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143.Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch. 221 .

222 . From the Home page. select Configuration. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed. Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. select System. 3. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port). Select the IGMP tab. From the Configuration menu.

The range is 1 to 2048 groups. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. The default is 256 multicast groups. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. The range is from 1 second to 86. The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. The default is 260 seconds. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn.400 seconds (24 hours). You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 .AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. that is. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups.

Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. A white port indicates a multicast router port. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect. 224 . The default is 256 multicast addresses.Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses.

refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. 225 . Note For background information on this feature.Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch.

The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. and 1000 Mbps. After you have entered your values. enter values for the three interval timers. 100. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. perform the following procedure: 1. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps .10x ❑ 100 Mbps . 3. From the Home page. To specify an interval timer. 4. select them now.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept. You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds.100x For example. click Apply. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. The default value is “0” for all timers. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. If they are not already selected. The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page. 226 . select Configuration. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. 2. the management software multiples the value by 10.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10.

the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. 4. select it now. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. 2. From the Home page. The port will accept all broadcast frames. To deselect a port. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. From the Configuration page. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. perform the following procedure: 1. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. In the graphical switch image.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. The selected port turns white. 6. As an example. If it is not selected. click it again. 5. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. select Layer 1. select Configuration. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. 7. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. Click Apply. 3. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. 227 . You can select only one port at a time. When you open the Layer 1 page. Click Modify. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds.

0.255.0.0. Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.0.Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.0 0.0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 .0 255.0.

1 and above only.AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.) 229 .

Index A aging time changing. 50 F flow control. 202 bridge identifier. 88. 88. 11 D default values. 37 defined. 202 bridge priority. 86. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. 164 downloading via TFTP. used in this guide. 47 setting switch status. 60. 84. 43 conventions. 228 DHCP activating. 202 bridge max age parameter. 86. 35. 212 BOOTP activating. 90 host nodes 230 . 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. 185 forwarding delay. 177 H hello time. 45 Auto-Negotiation. 167 obtaining. 84. 41. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. 141. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. 27. 41. 88. 37 defined. 225 defined. 150. 138 defined. 227 browser tools. 52 defined. 37 BPDU. 47 guidelines. 36 documentation. 163 AT-S39 version number. 202 bridge hello time parameter. configuring. 140 console timeout. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 121. 88. 172 C Class of Service configuring. 128 AT-S39 default settings. 60. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. 88 G gateway address. 106 setting. 37 releasing IP address. 220 defined. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. AT-S39. 155.

222 defined. 102 port-based VLAN creating. 146. 75. 115. 151 L limited security mode configuring. 198 port security configuring. 18 quitting. 58. 60 multicast groups. 82. 66 serial number. 153. 186 statistics. port security. 205 defined. 145. 195 guidelines. 65 local management session defined. 95. 32.1d standard. 226 defined. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 126. 25 S Secure level. 42 root bridge. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). 90 PVID. 111. 216 MAC address. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 149 P password changing. 148 host/router timeout interval. 24 M MAC address table. 195 defined. 50 returning to. 26. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. 28 Telnet session. 69 defined. 223 I IEEE 802. 113. 187 speed. 80. 107. 211 modifying. 67 defined. 173 R resetting a switch. 35. 157 port trunking creating. default settings. 35. 209 priority queues. 186 displaying status. 177 default. switch. 116. 87. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. 223 multicast router. 118 deleting. 222 231 . 210 displaying. 29.AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 50 SNMP community strings. 73 deleting. 39. 198 defined. 79 deleting. 190 port cost defined. 21 snoop topology. 77. 59. 30 web browser session. 45 slave switch. 143 ingress filtering. 59. 90 port mirroring creating. 145. defined. 143 displaying. 181 SNMP management session. 140 priority. 21 master switch defined. maximum. 146. 193 port statistics. 119. 28 starting. 171 port configuring parameters. switch. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 84 RS232 port. 65 displaying. 177 interval timer configuring. 85 setting. 184 disable. 94 deleting all. displaying. 213 defined. 55.

24 Telnet. 211 modifying. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. 201 configuring port parameters. 115. 137 displaying. 116. 157. 171 static MAC address adding. 113. 89 defined. 177 switch statistics. 205 defined. 173 starting. 94 tagged. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. defined. 122 displaying. defined. 107. 113. 205 defined. 171 V version number. 35. 43 limitations. 29 web browser. 210 disabling. 85. 107. 136 deleting.Index software updates downloading from a local session. 171 232 . 112. 84 port cost. 118 deleting. 94. 35. 90 viewing bridge parameters. 101 VLAN identifier (VID). 29 TFTP. 209 port-based. 116. 20 quitting. 167 U unavailable status. 115. 87. changing. 111. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 210 displaying. default. 108 VLAN identifier. 122 mode. 45 virtual LAN creating. 92 deleting all. 203 starting session local. defined. 121. downloading software updates. 118 deleting. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. 160 STP. 167 obtaining. 129 statistics port. 164 downloading via TFTP. 101 deleting all. 30 starting. 112. 209 Telnet management session defined. 211 enabling. 190 switch. 212 modifying. 50 user name. 160 system name. 19 quitting. 206 VLAN. AT-S39.

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