Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 97 Port-based Example 1...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses ................................................................................................................................. 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses ................................................................................................................................................................... 99 Tagged VLAN Overview ............................. 112 Modifying a VLAN ............. 115 Deleting a VLAN .............................................................................. 118 Changing a PVID Value ..........................92 Port-based VLAN Overview ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 142 IGMP Snooping Overview ..... 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control .................94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN ........................................................................................................................................... 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview ............................ 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 140 Configuring CoS .............................................91 VLAN Overview .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN.......................................... 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service .................................... 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN ........................................................................................................................................................ 139 Class of Service Overview ........................................................ 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping ................... 137 Changing the Aging Time .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 116 Deleting All VLANs ........................................................................................................ 103 Tagged VLAN Example .. 126 MAC Address Overview ........................................................................................................................................ 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 98 Port-based Example 2............................................................................................................................... 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics ..................................... 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count ...................................................................................................................................... 113 Displaying VLAN Information ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 151 Configuring the Interval Timer ..................................... 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers ..... 156 Displaying Port Statistics ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 160 5 ........... 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs .............................................. 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses ................ 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs .........................................................................................................................................................................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs ..................... 127 Displaying MAC Addresses .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port ................................................................. 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN ...................................................................................................... 143 Activating IGMP Snooping ..................................... 157 Displaying Switch Statistics ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol ....... 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ..................................................195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring .........................................................................................................................................................213 6 ................................204 Creating a VLAN .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................162 Obtaining Software Updates ......197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates ......................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs .................................................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP ........................................... 168 Section III Web Browser Management ....................................................................................................................................171 Browser Tools.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................192 Displaying the Port Security Level .............................................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 167 Uploading a Configuration File ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................212 Changing a PVID .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session ....................................................................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters ..........................................................................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security ....................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses ..............................................................................................................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session ................................................................................................................................................................................174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name .............................184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics ...........................................................167 Example................................................................................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ..............................................................................................................................................210 Displaying VLANs .....................................................................................168 Example..................................................175 Viewing System Information ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................209 Deleting a VLAN ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................183 Configuring Port Parameters ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................205 Modifying a VLAN ..............................................................................211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames ......... 228 Index ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 230 7 ............... 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping ..................................................... 225 Configuring the Interval Timer ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service ................ 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings ........................................................................................................................................... 219 Configuring CoS ...................................................... 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping ................................................................................................................................................. 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control .........................................................................................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table ...

.......................Example 1 ........................................................................................................................................................ 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window ................................................................................................................................................................................... 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu ................................................ 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu ....................................................................................................................... 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window ................................................................ 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window .......................................................... 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example ................................................................................. 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window ........................................................................................................................................................... 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window ..................................... 25 Figure 2: Main Menu ......................................... 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN ............................................................... 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu .................................................... 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu .......... 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window .......................................................................................................................................................................................................List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu . 122 8 ........................................................................................................................................................ 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu ..................................... 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN ......................................... 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 ............................................................................................................................. 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window .......................................................................................................................................... 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window ........................................................................................................................................... 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu ................... 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN ..................................................................................................................... 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window ............................................................. 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 52 Figure 11: Port Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu ...................................................... 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window ........................................................... 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu .................................................................................. 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Example 2 .................................. 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 ................................................................................................................................................................................... 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu ................................................................................................................ 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window ...........................................................

........... Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu .............................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu ......................................................... Figure 55: SNMP Tab ................................................................ Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window ........................................... 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 ............................... Figure 61: Port Security Menu ............................................................................................................................................ Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window ............................................. Figure 52: Home Page ............................................................................................ Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window .............................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 54: General Tab Window ........................................ Figure 57: Settings for Port Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 59: Port Status Window ....................................................................................................................................................... Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 62: Port Trunking Window ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 68: VLAN Window ............................................................................................................... Figure 71: IGMP Tab .................... Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field ....................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu ........................................................ Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ........................................................................................................................ Figure 53: General Tab ...................................................... Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 67: Add VLAN Window ......................................................................... Figure 60: Port Statistics Window ..................... Figure 69: CoS Setting Window ................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Monitoring .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window ................................................................................................... Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window ..................................................................... Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window ...................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 66: VLAN Window ........................................................................................................................................................... Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window ..........................................................................................................................................................................Configuration ..................... Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab ..........................................................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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alliedtelesyn.com or our FTP server at ftp. You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www.alliedtelesyn. 14 .com.Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products. enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password. To use the FTP server.

It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software. 15 .

AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A. and powering ON the device. such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters. 16 .Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. If this is true for your network. You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches. then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network. as explained in the hardware installation guide. The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters.

It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser. There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use. They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session. such as to change or adjust its operating parameters.AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software. The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide. 17 .

This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch. refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 18 . Once the session is started. Note For instructions on starting a local management session. You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session. you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch. using a straight-through RS-232 cable.Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located.

You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. which include the enhanced stacking feature. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. 19 . refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. With AT-8024GB switches. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address.

There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session. just like a Telnet management session. refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171. This too is a type of remote management. as well as every AT-8024 switch. every AT-8024GB switch.Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch. ❑ DHCP and BOOTP .You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session. that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address.You can view but not set the port security level of a switch.You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session. Consequently. 20 . because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch. They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking . ❑ Port security level . Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session.

AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program. Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program. refer to your SNMP management documentation. 21 . Consequently. For instructions. The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program.

Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .

The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. usually within a few meters. to start this type of management session. Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. 24 . Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. Note For information on enhanced stacking. This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. This can simplify network management. Additionally. You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. you can manage just that switch. you must go to where that switch is located.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program. perform the following procedure: 1. POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2. see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 . Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200. 3. Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch.

enter the password for the management software. 5. The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly. (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>). Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S . Press the Return key twice. The default is “admin”.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal. Note During boot up. The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps.) 4. Otherwise.Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 . (The password is case-sensitive. or an equivalent terminal emulator program. the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps). This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only. the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt. simply type boot and press Return to start the switch. (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1.) The Main Menu is displayed.1 and above. If prompted for a password.) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal. The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset.Save Configuration Changes R . You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch.

refer to Chapter 4. It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located. you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet.AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item. 27 . Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu. For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session. This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. Enhanced Stacking on page 46. type the corresponding letter or number. Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch.

Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions. 28 . return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit. This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended. Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session. You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch.

An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch. Enter the management software password when prompted. 29 . The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol. To make a selection. Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. such as with a local management session. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. as shown in Figure 2 on page 26. The menus also function the same. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. type its corresponding number of letter. type R or press ESC twice. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol. Note For background information on enhanced stacking. Additionally. In terms of functionally. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. The default password is “admin”. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. To return to a previous menu. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network.

type Q for Quit from the Main Menu.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session. 30 .

There are also procedures for resetting the switch. There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it.Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures. and more. activating the original switch default settings. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 .

it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. First.) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address. Second. a web browser. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. you must assign at least one of them an IP address. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses. 32 . You do not need to assign an IP address. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. subnet mask. all from the same management session. This feature has two primary benefits. This switch will be the Master switch of the stack. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. you must also assign it a subnet mask. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely.

This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. switches on your network need an IP address. 33 .AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. if any. The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. You can do this two different ways. How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet.

type 4 to select Administration Menu.....Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 . From the Main Menu...) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch.0.0.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address...Save Configuration Changes R . 0..0 Default Gateway ....0.0.. Administrator ... 0.... subnet mask..... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address ... go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37...Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42. The selection X .Reset Switch X .....0. and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session. 255.... perform the following procedure: 1. Change Password .0 Subnet Mask ...Release DHCP IP Address S ... To manually set a switch’s IP address. The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed..255...0 System Name . along with other optional information.. (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network...Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L . such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch. Comments . 9 .

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. From the System Configuration Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window. type 3 to select SNMP Configuration. type 5 to select System Config Menu. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. 39 . 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R .

. ....Save Configuration Changes R .0.. To change a value.0.........0 0. 4 ...... private 3 ... enter the new value.. The parameters are described below. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 . Adjust the parameters as desired..Trap Receiver 2 6 .SET Community 3. Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch. After making your changes. ....0..Trap Receiver 1 5 ...Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch.....0....Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings....Trap Community .0.......0.. type its corresponding number and.. public 2 ... .0 0.. 5.Trap Receiver 3 7 . 1 ....GET Community 2 ..SET Community ...Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4....GET Community .. 0........Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed... public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 .. when prompted..0 0.....0..... 40 ...0...0 S .

Type Y for yes or N for no. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults. From the System Configuration Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. If you type Y for yes. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. From the Main Menu. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. 4. perform the following procedure: 1. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A. Type Y to reset the switch. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 2. You are prompted to reset the switch. 41 .

type 9 to select Reset Switch. Some data traffic may be lost.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. type 4 to select Administrator Menu. 2. a task requiring only a second or two to complete. From the Main Menu. The switch immediately reloads its operating system. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Administrator Menu. 42 . Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software.

The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes. enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes. 3. To configure web browser access. type E to enable web access or D to disable web access. 2.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. These security features are: ❑ Password . From the Main Menu. For instructions on how to set this security feature.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password. (The password is case-sensitive. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. The default password is “admin”. and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. For instructions on how to set this security feature. if you specify 2 minutes. 43 . the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. perform the procedure below. For example. To configure the console timer. ❑ Console Timeout . perform the following procedure: 1. ❑ Web Access .The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch. type 5 to select System Config Menu. type 6 to select Web Server Access and. type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and. when prompted.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch. perform the procedure below. when prompted. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software.

if you disable web access. 44 . 4. no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. After you have made the desired changes. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example.

type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu.D2... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version ......... Serial Number ..A0........ Bootloader Version ... 45 .. MAC Address ..17..00 R ......32...AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information......1 5456411 00.....Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed. The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed. AT-S39 v1....3 ATI_LOADER1.

This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch.Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. 46 .

You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. such as for maintenance.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. Once connected to the network. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. You simply connect it to your network. If your network consists of more than one subnet. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. That way. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet. should you remove a master switch from the network. 47 . ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management.

3. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch. do not. 48 . You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. referred to as slave switches. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask. For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. you must assign each master switch a unique IP address. Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network.

32. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149.18 Master 2 IP Address 149.32.11. 49 .16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet.32.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router. you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature. and each has been assigned a unique IP address.32.09.09. Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets.22 Master 2 IP Address 149.11. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet.

slave switch.A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch.Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 . Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack. Note The default setting for a switch is Slave. To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status. or unavailable. From the Main Menu. Master 2 .. A switch with this designation can be managed locally. a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address. ❑ Unavailable . A master switch must have a unique IP address.Enhanced Stacking Services S . You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch. you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet. It does not need an IP address or subnet mask. perform the following procedure: 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch. The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed.Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable.A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch. ❑ Slave switch . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 . Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch . type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking... To be managed remotely.Save Configuration Changes R .A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet.

S to make it a slave switch. the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master. type 1 to select Switch State. Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3. or U to make the switch unavailable. Press Return. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 . To change a switch’s status.” For example. 51 .Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note The “2 . The following prompt is displayed. 4.Switch State. Type M to change the switch to a master switch. A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch.

From the Enhanced Stacking window. perform the following procedure: 1. To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services. 2. then it is very easy. you are by default addressing that particular switch. The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. If you assigned system names to your switches. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 . The window in Figure 10 is displayed. When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet.Get/Refresh List of Switches A .Access Switch R . To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack. you need to select it from the management software. The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch.

return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit. This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. Type A to select Access Switch. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window. if you want to manage the Master switch. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session. The password is case-sensitive. 6.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. You now can manage the selected switch. Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches. The default password is “admin”. Once you see that window. 53 . return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice. Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. 4. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. Enter the switch’s password and press Return.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1.Accept changes & update flash R . From the Port Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C . type 1 to select Port Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2. type 4 to select Port Status.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch. 55 . From the Main Menu.

Possible values are: Up . 56 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N .Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode.Next Page U . Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Figure 12 is an example of the window. Possible values are: Auto .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually. Manual . The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed.Update Display R .indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down .

Transmit .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.10 Mbps 100 . Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member.No flow control on the port.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port. Both .The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames. Disabled . Possible values are: Forwarding . Possible values are: None .The port has been manually disabled. Flow The flow control setting for the port. Receive . 57 .Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. Possible values are: 10 . This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member.AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port.100 Mbps 1000 . State The current operating status of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Spd The operating speed of the port.

2.. Advertise 100FDX .. Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 . The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. To configure a range of ports. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return.. Advertise 10FDX .... The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4.. From the Main Menu....... MDI/MDIX Mode ..Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch.... The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed....... Flow Control .. type 1 to select Port Menu.... Advertise 100HDX .... Advertise 10HDX ... To configure a range of ports.. To configure only one port. Broadcast Control ... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status . From the Port Menu.No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 .. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return....... perform the following procedure: 1. enter the first port of the range.. type 1 to select Port Configuration... enter the last port number in the range. Negotiation ......

59 .Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex. 5. 0100 3 . The possible settings for the 2 ..Duplex . Possible settings are: Forwarding . Disabled . 1 ... If you select Manual.Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode.100 Mbps 1000 . 0 ..1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 .Speed . you can enable the port again to resume normal operation. If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation... Adjust the port parameters as desired.Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode.... When disabled....AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port. You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections.. the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically.10 Mbps 0100 .The port will not receive or forward packets.... The parameters are described below....... The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters. You adjust a parameter by typing its number.Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port. This toggles the parameter through its possible settings.. You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port. a port will not receive or transmit frames.. two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 ..Speed selection are: 0010 .The port will receive and forward packets. This is the default setting. which is the default. Once the problem has been fixed..

Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it. which is the default setting. half-duplex operation. 5 . the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps. 9 . For example. By default. If you set this to Auto.MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port. Transmit . The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. Both . 60 . B . The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155. During Auto-Negotiation.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port.Advertise 10HDX 7 .Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation.Advertise 100FDX 8 .Advertise 100HDX to No.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode. if you set the selection 8 . a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it. you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX. Possible settings are: None . a switch port will advertise its full capabilities.Advertise 10FDX 6 .or full-duplex mode. Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated. which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half. You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation. which is the default setting.Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option. Receive . If desired.No flow control on the port.

You can use this option to reset the selected port.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection. This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode. which. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node. Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port. The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection. 61 . Once you have set the port parameters. when selected.

From the Advanced Configuration window. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. Type 1 to select GBIC Information. To display GBIC information. these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5. The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed. 3.GBIC Information R . 62 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 . Type either 24 or 25. type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information. From the System Configuration Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch. 2.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4. type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the Main Menu.

.. (10k) ..................... Connector Type ...........Next Page R ............. 63 ..AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module.... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number .... Length 9/125 mm Fib.... N .... You cannot change this information... Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding . Length 9/125 um Fib......... Figure 15 is an example of the window... Elect/Opt Transceiver ..... (100m) ... (k) ... Length 50/125 um Fib.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only... Extended Serial Transceiver .....5/125 um Fib.. Type of Serial Interface ....... (10m) ..... Length 62........

64 . You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session.Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security. Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.

Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. Automatic This operating mode disables port security. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table. it remains in the table and is never purged. Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. 65 . Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn. There are four levels of port security. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. Once this mode is activated. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. even when the end node is inactive. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports.

66 . Once you have activated this security level. The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level. the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned. When this security level is activated. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time. even those belonging to inactive end nodes. no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table. Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch.

type 1 to select Automatic mode. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. perform the following procedure: 1. type 3 to select the Secured mode. type 1 to select Port Menu. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. To specify the limits.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. After activating this security mode. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. To set a switch’s port security level. 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. From the Main Menu. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table. 67 . From the Port Menu. type 5 to select Port Security. type 2 to select Limited mode. This is the default setting. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned. type 4 to select Lock all the ports now. Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. 68 . A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch.

Configure port security limited mode R . the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports. 3. When you activate this security level. From the Port Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 . Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table. frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded. Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn.Set MAC limit per port 3 .Display MAC limit per port 2 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 . To configure Limited security mode. You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed. type 1 to select Port Menu. You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. type 2 to select Limited security. From the Main Menu. Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port. type 5 to select Port Security. From the Port Security menu.

type R to select Return to previous menu. The range is 1 to 150 addresses. Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. repeat Steps 5 through 9. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. 7. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed. type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports. 70 . Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. This applies the limit to the port. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode. 10. 9. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. 13. 12. Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . 11.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6. Type 2 to choose Select a port. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports.

71 . Limited security has now been configured on the switch. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port. If necessary. 16. 14. be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. 15. Examine the MAC limits. Check to be sure that they are correct. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu. repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. If you assigned different values to different ports. The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch.

Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .

or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. 14. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. For example. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. router. 73 . you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. ❑ The duplex mode. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. ports 4. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. 5. workstation. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. or another Ethernet switch. 15 for the trunk. 6. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load. 22. and so on. ❑ When cabling a trunk. or 4 ports. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. Despite the software configuration and physical connections. 23. and so on. there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. and 24. port 13 to port 22. For example. and 7). 13. the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. To maintain the order of the port connections. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. such as a server. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. 3. A port trunk is 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. 3. speed.

The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server. A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs.❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN. ❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch. AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 . AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches. The server is connected to the switch with four data links. The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch.

are the same for all the ports of the trunk. Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software. Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure. Note Before creating a port trunk. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed. Check to be sure that the settings.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch. such as speed and duplex mode. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance.Show port trunking status S .Add ports to trunk 2 .Delete Trunk 3 . 2. You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN. type 3 to select Port Trunking. type 1 to select Port Menu. From the Main Menu. examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk.Save Configuration Changes R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 . perform the following procedure: 1. To create a port trunk.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 . From the Port Menu.

4) or as a range (e. The following prompt is displayed.2. Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking. You can specify the ports individually (e. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window. Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk. 76 .g.3. 1.g.3. 6. Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. type 3 to display the status of the trunk. 8. To confirm the creation of the port trunk.. 5.. The port trunk is ready for network operations. Enter new value -> 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R . 7-10).Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7.

Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology. To delete a port trunk from the switch. From the Port Menu. 2. type 3 to select Port Trunking. 77 . 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. From the Main Menu. Type 2 to select Delete trunk. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. type 1 to select Port Menu. 5. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. The port trunk is deleted from the switch. To confirm the deletion. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance.

Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .

AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed. However. you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port. the more ports you mirror. For example. 79 . if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports. the mirror port is likely to drop packets. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time. the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. For example.

. 80 . The following prompt is displayed. enter the first port of the range.. Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror. Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed. The following prompt is displayed. Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is.Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror.Delete ports from mirror 5 . type 1 to select Port Menu.. To mirror a range of ports.... Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6.CPU Attached . If you want to mirror a range or ports. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. From the Port Menu. From the Main Menu. The following prompt is displayed. type 2 to select Port Mirroring.. perform the following procedure: 1. enter the last port in the range.. the port to where the traffic will be copied)... Press Return..Show Port Mirror Status S . enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step.Save Configuration Changes R .Add ports to mirror 4 . 5.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3. 2. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4.. You can specify only one mirror port.. 0 2 . Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 .Mirroring Port .. No 3 . To mirror the traffic of only one port.

AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu. 9. 81 . The port mirror is now functional. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 10. The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored. type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status. To confirm the creation of the port mirror.

From the Main Menu. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. 82 . type 2 to select Port Mirroring. Enter 0 and press Return. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. 2. type 1 to select Port Menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. The following prompt is displayed.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror. 5. From the Port Menu.

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol. 83 .Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters. refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802. ISO/IEC 10038: 1993.1D.

Where multiple paths exist. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. either planned or unplanned. Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge. By adjusting the value. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link.1D standard. leaving only one main active path. STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. as specified in the IEEE 802. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. exist in the network topology. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. referred to as broadcast storms. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance.Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. and sometimes its MAC address. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. 84 . also referred to as the bridge identifier.

where all ports have a port cost of 0. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. active path. 85 . the preferred path is selected through port priority. Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. If two paths have the same port cost. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. blocking mode. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. the lower the port cost. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. If redundant paths exist. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby. Below are the default values. The faster the port. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. if one is found. Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it.

The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. with the size of your network being a primary factor. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). and if not. a change in a port state is not activated immediately. especially if it is a large network. or addition of any active components. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. When a bridge is brought on-line. before it begins to forward frames. Consequently. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. removal. For large networks. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. a temporary data loop could occur. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. and that could adversely impact network performance. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. the active topology also changes. This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. However. For small networks. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. listening and learning. 86 . To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network.

.. Bridge Priority . You should consult the IEEE 802.... Bridge Hello Time . From the Main Menu. The default setting is disabled. Bridge Forwarding ...Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2.Display STP Port Settings 9 ....Config STP Port Settings 8 . Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default....1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters.. Bridge Max Age .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings. 87 . 1. Bridge Identifier .Reset STP to Defaults R . Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 . type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network.... The parameters are described below. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable .. 1 .. If you enable STP. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed..

After you have made the desired changes. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. If the bridge transitions too soon. The default is 15 seconds.Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. The default is 2 seconds. The default is 20 seconds. When a root bridge goes off-line. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. 3 . 6 . 5 . type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. resulting in network loops. if you use the default 20. for example. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). 88 . 3.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value.535. with 0 being the highest priority. 4 .Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes.Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. For example.

From the Spanning Tree menu. enter the last port of the range.Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain.......... From the Main Menu. Enter the number of the port you want to configure. 89 . The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed.... To configure just one port. 2. To configure a range of ports... type 7 to select Config STP port settings. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. This value cannot be changed. enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step. perform the following procedure: 1.... Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R . The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4... enter the first port of the range. Root Bridge .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5. Adjust the settings as desired.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. The parameters are described below..... 1 ... Path Cost .. To configure a range of ports. Bridge Hello Time . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating .. Port Priority .

Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed. 10 for a 100 Mbps port.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port. and 4 for a 1 Gbps port.Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge. The range is 0-255. To change this value. The default is 2 seconds. 90 .Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain. This value cannot be changed from this window. 5 . 3 . 4 . refer to the previous procedure. The default value for priority is 128. The range is 1 to 65535.Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN.

This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode.Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs). modifying. and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 . It also contains the procedures for creating.

you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN. This too can improve overall network performance. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. For example. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. Additionally. logical LAN segments. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. For example. 92 . since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. With VLANs. Before the advent of VLANs. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. if an employee changed departments. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases.

93 .AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location. VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically. Additionally. or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another. a virtual LAN can span more than one switch. you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections.

a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. and Engineering. or just a few ports. Examples include Sales. The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). called the Default VLAN. A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. such as a router or Layer 3 switch. A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. Production.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. you must give it a name. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. 94 .

rather than by a port’s PVID. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN. Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). If you allow the management software to do it automatically. You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID. The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously. Untagged Ports Naturally. it will simply select the next available VID. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. Additionally. For example. unique VLAN. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID. 95 . then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. This is acceptable when you are creating a new. Consequently. you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. In this manner.AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. However. ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. 96 . Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. ❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID. Consequently. General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN. the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5.

across multiple VLANs. a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN. A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs. ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN. ❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network. For example.AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. 97 . many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches. such as servers and printers.

13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . The ports have been assigned PVID values.Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. 98 . (For purposes of the following examples.) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN . You assign this number when you create a VLAN. the Default VLAN is not shown. and Production VLANs on the switch. A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN. Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member. 11 .24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID.4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs. Engineering.

each VLAN has one port connected to the router.AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example. two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch. Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs.Example 2 99 . Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN . In this example. The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN.

it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router. and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN.This is the final VLAN in the example. This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN. 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13. However. ❑ Production VLAN .This VLAN spans both switches. it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4.11. 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router. The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales.This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch. This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment. 14. 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 . 100 . Since this VLAN spans multiple switches.6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN . It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch. This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch. Engineering. ❑ Engineering VLAN .6. So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN.24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 .

The IEEE 802.3ac standard). this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches. This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802. A tag. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames. For example. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header.1Q-compliant. This contrasts to a port-based VLAN. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch. When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port. referred to as a tagged frame. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. the frame will be discarded.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch. the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port. If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of. The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time. This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. 101 . As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802.

and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. Otherwise. a frame without any tagged information). An untagged port. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. In the case of a tagged VLAN. it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN. can be in only one VLAN at a time. However. simultaneously. But actually there is. You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. there would seem to be no need for a PVID. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. 102 . The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID.

If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time. ❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. 103 . ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS.AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN. ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs. each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID.

1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 .1Q-based products.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.

while still maintaining data separation and security. But with tagged ports. 105 . It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. data separation and security remain.1Q-compliant server. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs. 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11. The tagged frames. each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. when received by the switch. It is connected to an IEEE 802. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated. One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. 20 (PVID 3) 8. 18 (PVID 2) 8.

regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. either tagged or untagged. You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. All VLAN information. 106 . Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. Packets are passed through the switch unchanged. is ignored. Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121. Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. but the VLANs are not used.

From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 . The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed.Virtual LAN Definitions 3 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S . type 1 to select Create a VLAN. 107 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3.Virtual LAN Support 2 .Port VLANs & Priorities R . From the Main Menu. From the VLAN Menu. perform the following procedure: 1.Save Configuration Changes R . type 2 to select VLAN Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.

Untagged Ports .... then the name should be unique as well. VLAN ID (VID) .. Sales or Accounting).. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches.. 5. The name can contain spaces.. The name can be from one to ten characters in length... such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!).. Mirroring Port .. then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected...... The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name ...... if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed. then its VID must also be unique........ If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches.. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network.....Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4. 108 . 0 Tagged Ports .Create VLAN R .. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN... The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096... The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value. than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch. 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) .. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. C . but not special characters.. For example.

Press any key. You can specify the ports individually (e.g. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports. For more information on port mirroring. 109 . either do not select this option or select it and type N for no. you will see the following message: SUCCESS . Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port. 10. You can specify the ports individually (e.5). 7-9). or both (e. leave this field empty.. To verify that the VLAN was created correctly.5).. as a range (e. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports.g. Note In most cases.. 2. 12..7-9) 7. or both (e.g.g. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. 7-9).5. this parameter should be left with its default value of 0. as a range (e. 9. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.g. leave this field empty. 2.(If you do not to activate this feature. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch.7-9).3.. 13. 2. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted. Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports. 2. 14.5.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6..g. If the VLAN will contain tagged ports. you can analyze the VLAN traffic. 8. A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored.) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature.Press any key to continue.3. Type C to select Create VLAN. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. 11. type 6 and Y for yes. type 4 to select Show All VLANs. If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports.

Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. 110 . You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs. if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN. For example.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15. Note When you create a new VLAN. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time.

Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. 2. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. From the VLAN Menu. 8. 5. press any key. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. 111 . The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. The new Sales VLAN has now been created. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. To create the example Sales VLAN. From the Main Menu. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. 6. 4. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. 7. 3. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. Type C to select Create VLAN. 9. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. Press Return. Ports 1 to 4.

The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 7. and 12. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. and two untagged ports. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN.11. To create the example Engineering VLAN. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 112 . 6. 9. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. 8. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. Ports 9.10. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 10. 5. 4. From the Main Menu. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. From the VLAN Menu. Ports 8 and 16. Type C to select Create VLAN. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”. 3. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”. press any key.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104. Press Return. 2. It will consist of three untagged ports. perform the following procedure: 1. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9. 20”. 11.16”. type 1 to select Create a VLAN.

type 2 to select VLAN Menu.. After making the desired changes. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure. R ..Press any key to continue. Change the VLAN’s information as desired. The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed. type M to select Modify VLAN. 113 . From the VLAN Menu. The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS . 2. perform the following procedure: 1. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4. From the Main Menu. 3. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. To modify a VLAN. refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107.. 7.VLAN ID (VID) . The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed.. This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN.. For a description of the parameters.. type 2 to select Modify a VLAN. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. 6..

Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. The VLAN has been modified. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. Press any key. 10. 8. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 9. 11. 114 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R . From the Main Menu. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7. type 4 to select View All VLANs.9 U: 1-6 T: 7. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch. From the VLAN Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names. VID numbers.9 U: 8. The Show All VLANs window is displayed. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 . An example of the window is shown in Figure 33. 2.

116 .. R . To delete the VLAN. 3. From the Main Menu..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. perform the following procedure: 1. To obtain a VLAN’s VID.. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. A confirmation prompt is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 . The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed.VLAN ID (VID) . Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return. type 3 to select Delete a VLAN. Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN. To delete a VLAN. 2. The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed.. type D. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID).Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure... From the VLAN Menu. which has a VID of 1. 6.

Press any key to continue. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed. 9. Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure. The VLAN has been deleted.AT-S39 User’s Guide 7. both tagged and untagged. 8. 10. are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs. The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS . All ports in the deleted VLAN. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 117 .

The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. 5. perform the following procedure: 1. A confirmation message is displayed. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. except the Default VLAN. To delete selected VLANs. on a switch. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. From the Main Menu. 4. 3. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 2. To delete all VLANs on a switch. 118 . type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. From the VLAN Menu. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. Press Return.

2. Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change. For example. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. From the VLAN Menu. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94.Port Number R . There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. Type 1 to select Port Number. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN. then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 . Press Return. 119 . The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. To change a PVID for a port. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1.

...... The port now has a new PVID. Press Return.. Return to the Main Menu..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5... Override Priority (Y/N) .... Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch.....Press any key to continue..Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed...Update Changes to Chip C .. 7. Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High ........ 8.. Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID. Port VLAN ID ..... 120 ...... Specify the new PVID value for the port..Accept changes & update flash R . 9.. The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS ... The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 1 1 0 N U ..

5. Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The default is Tagged mode. Type 3 to select Switch Mode. B-Basic): 3. 121 . To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. 2. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs. 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. Press Return. perform the following procedure: 1. type 5 to select System Config Menu. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. From the Main Menu.

The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed. From the Main Menu. From the VLAN Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3.Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C . When VLANs are enabled.Disable VLANs Globally R .Enable/Disable VLANs 2 . type 2 to select VLAN Menu. the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode. If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure. perform the following procedure: 1. ingress filtering is disabled. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E . The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering. When VLANs are disabled. It sets a switch’s VLAN mode. The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed.Enable VLANs Globally D . the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering.Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 . type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 . 2. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode.Accept changes & update flash R .

A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch. 123 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 5.AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. 6. 4.

the port discards the frame. the port accepts the frame. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table. First. For further information. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. Fortunately. Once the tagged frame is received. the switch discards the frame. If they belong to different VLANs. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. If they belong to the same VLAN. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. nor to any frames. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. 124 . tagged or untagged. Here is an example. If there is. or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. just as a reminder. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. the frame is discarded. In this case. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN. the port accepts the frame. Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node.

perform the following procedure: 1. You cannot set this per port. regardless of the status of ingress filtering. From the Main Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E . 125 .Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D . A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5. 2. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis. which is the default. From the VLAN Menu. 4. The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed. From the Virtual LAN Support menu. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch. Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority. To enable or disable ingress filtering.Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R . In most cases. Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets. and that is the priority tag. Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags.

Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .

and the port number where each address was learned. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. For example. 127 . It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. When the switch receives a packet. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table. A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. along with the port number on which each address was learned. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table. When the destination node responds. This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. determines the port where the destination node is connected. it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. it also examines the destination address and. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. by referring to its MAC address table.

remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted. The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. even when the end node is inactive. once entered in the table. The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses. You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process. refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. A static MAC address. The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. 128 . Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. even when the end node is inactive. For instructions on changing the aging timer. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes). The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports.

The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed. type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports. The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports. type 6 to select MAC Address Tables.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2. 129 . To display the MAC address table. From the Main Menu. To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses. just the base ports. 3. type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses. To display only static MAC addresses. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R .

Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch.Update Display R . PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses. The columns in the window are defined below.Accept changes & update flash U .”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses. The static MAC address window is exactly the same. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N . 130 .

Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. As an example. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. The type can be either static or dynamic. except for the switch’s MAC address. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. 131 . MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. Another example is “000020F. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. Type The MAC address type. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. This feature is not supported at this time. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. 2. Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return. A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port. 132 . You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port. The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 1. From the Main Menu. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. From the MAC Address Table menu. type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu.

if the address was learned dynamically. you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned. 2. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. The procedure in this section offers an easier way. You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address. But if the switch is part of a large network. for a static address. type 6 to select MAC Address Table.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. From the Main Menu. or to which the address was assigned. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. 1. From the MAC Address Table menu. finding the address could prove difficult. 133 .

perform the following procedure.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view. 1. 2. (This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. as explained earlier in this chapter. From the MAC Address Table menu. 134 . in which case displaying the entire MAC address table. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. produces the same result.) Note To perform this procedure. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu.

If you type Y for yes. the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. From the MAC Address Table menu. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. 135 . type 6 to select MAC Address Table. Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. perform the following procedure. 1. the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. Once the table has been purged. From the Main Menu. type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses. 3. 2. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure. A confirmation prompt is displayed.

136 . To add a static address to the MAC address table. From the MAC Address Table menu. 5. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address. type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

137 . Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. From the MAC Address Table menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. perform the following procedure: 1. type 3 to select Delete MAC Address. 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. 2. From the Main Menu.

Enter a new value in seconds. This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active. To adjust the aging time. From the Main Menu. the switch deletes the address. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. type 5 to select System Config Menu. The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes). The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3. 2. 138 . From the System Config Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time.

Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .

CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications. transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality..1Q standards.1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example. CoS was designed to address this problem. 0 to 7. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue.e. File transfer delays did occur. packet transfer delays can prove problematic.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority. untagged frames (i. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802. For example. low and high. network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner. but were mostly transparent to network users. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest. When a tagged packet enters a switch port. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue.1p and 802. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue. 140 . frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer. The 802. Prior to CoS. But with the introduction of time-critical applications. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays. By default. such as voice transmission or video conferencing. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch. Type 3 to select Priority (0 . The default for this parameter is No. enter a value from 0 to 3. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. 3. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. 141 . 8. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. Press Return. 6. 11. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 2. Return to the Main Menu. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. perform the following procedure: 1. 10. (Again.7).) 7. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. Type 1 to select Port Number. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS. 5.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the VLAN Menu. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. From the Main Menu. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. enter a value from 4 to 7. 9.

Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .

referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. referred to as a time-out value.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. 143 . One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port. Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups. In Version 2. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. In Version 1. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. the router does not send multicast packets out the port. it simply stops sending reports. Once the router has received a report from a host node. A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. There are two versions of IGMP. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. it removes the node from appropriate membership list.) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports.

The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. except the port on which it received the packet. a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports. IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch. 144 . which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups. Note By default. Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance. and by processing leave requests.

2.Save Configuration Changes R ..IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch.... type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate). From the Main Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu. After selecting this option..... The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. type E to enable or D to disable this feature. Multicast Host Topology . The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status .... type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration.. View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S ..Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. Maximum Multicast Groups . Host/Router Timeout Interval . Multicast Router Port(s) .. perform the following procedure: 1... 2 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 ... From the System Configuration Menu. 3..AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters.. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 .. From the Advanced Configuration window.

Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. 3 . leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. 4 . Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 . The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. The range is from 1 second to 86. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. The default is 260 seconds. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. The default is 256 multicast addresses. that is. The default is 256 multicast groups.Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected.400 seconds (24 hours). you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection.Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports. 5 . The range is 1 to 2048 groups.Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router.

Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter. enter “0” (zero) for this parameter. Your changes are activated immediately on the switch. After making the desired changes. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number. 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect. To select Auto Detect. 147 .

type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. 148 . Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U . 3. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Advanced Configuration window. 2. as well as the host nodes. Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. 4.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch. The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. From the System Configuration Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. From the Main Menu. To display the list.Update Display R . type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window.

Router IP The IP address of the multicast router. You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch. type 7 to select View Multicast Router List.Update Display R . 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 149 . The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window. From the System Configuration Menu. 2. To display a list of the multicast routers. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. 3. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U .

Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .

AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. Broadcast frames are different. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. When a node sends out a broadcast frame. In order to use this feature. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network. The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds. That is. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network. You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. 151 . For example. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. For example. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit.

At these settings. 152 . the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example. If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval. the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch. Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames.

type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup. or 3 and enter a value when prompted. The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed..) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps ... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 . type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the Main Menu. 2. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. 0 micro sec C . 3. perform the following procedure: 1.Timer for 100 MB ports . 2.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature.. From the Advanced Configuration Menu... From the System Configuration Menu. 0 milli sec 2 .100x 153 .Timer for 10 MB ports .. 100.. 0 milli sec 3 .Save Configuration Changes R . and 1000 Mbps.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps .Timer for 1000 MB ports .. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. Type 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4.

A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. 154 . Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. Once you have set the desired timer intervals. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive. 6. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. The default value is “0” for all timers. the management software multiples the value by 10.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example.

2.> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. 155 . enter the last port number in the range. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. For example. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. From the Port Menu. 6. To configure only one port. enter the first port of the range. From the Main Menu. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. type 1 to select Port Menu. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. perform the following procedure: 1. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. To configure a range of ports. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. type 1 to select Port Configuration. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. 5. To configure a range of ports. Type B to select Broadcast Control.

Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .

Clear Module Statistics 3 . 157 .Select a Port 2 .Port Statistics Menu 2 . Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3. Press Return. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . Type 1 to choose Select a Port. Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4.Display Port Statistics R . The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . From the Main Menu. type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu.Clear Port Statistics 3 . From the Ethernet Statistics menu. The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics.Display Module Statistics R .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics. perform the following procedure: 1. 5.

......... OVERSIZE ..... 158 .......... UNDERSIZE .. Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded... RX_OVERFLOW ......Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only....... CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port......... Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port....... TX_COUNT ....... U ............. PORT_IN_DISCARDS ....... RX_UNICAST .................................. RX_BRDCAST ...... Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port.................. shown in Figure 48....................... Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port.........................Update Display R ..... Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT ......... RX_MLTCAST . CRC_ERROR .. FRAGMENT ......... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port.. RX_COUNT .........Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window..

but discarded and not forwarded. select the option “2 . Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. 159 . and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”.Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. packets with alignment errors. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port.

...... The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window................. U ......Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch......... type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics. perform the following procedure: 1.......... shown in Figure 48......... RX_OVERFLOW . From the Main Menu........ OVERSIZE ........ CRC_ERROR ........ Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT ... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded.. TX_COUNT .... PORT_IN_DISCARDS .. 160 ................... RX_COUNT ......................... RX_BRDCAST ............ Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch........Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only............ RX_UNICAST ....... RX_MLTCAST ... From the Ethernet Statistics menu....... UNDERSIZE ............. type 3 to select Display Module Statistics......... FRAGMENT .............. 2...Update Display R ....... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch. Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch.

3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch.Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu. but discarded and not forwarded. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch. Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch. packets with alignment errors. select the option “2 . Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch. Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch. If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. 161 .

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

162

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

163

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

164

AT-S39 User’s Guide

The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

Once the management software is initialized. Begin the file transfer of the new management software image. the switch automatically resets.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. Note Do not interrupt the initialization process. Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete. the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed. 166 . If you are installing a new management image. Do not reboot the switch.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host . If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.1 put c:\ats39.1.35.35.1. Binary . loader file. Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software. tftp -i 149.1.img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39. A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT.ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39.img 167 . The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39. you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn. This may necessitate renaming the file.cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image. or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above.The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch. Put .This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image. Source file . Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149.The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation.The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file.1.35.1 get ats39.img c:\ats39. Source file .35. Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited. tftp -i 149.This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from.1.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. as explained in the previous section.cfg”. The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host . Binary .1 to local drive C: of the workstation.The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation.img Once the file is stored on a local drive. Get . Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149.The source file name is “ATS39. it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP. This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically. Destination file . 168 .

Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23. Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27. IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28. Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18. Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20. Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26. Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17.

such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser. 170 .

To start a web browser management session. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. (The password is case-sensitive. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. Start your web browser. 2. 171 . perform the following procedure: 1. When prompted. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch.) The user name cannot be changed. The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. Consequently. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. Additionally. as shown in Figure 51. you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed. To change the password. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. enter the user name and password. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser. For instructions. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies. the switch must have an IP address.

You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser. Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software. You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows. Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus. 172 .The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed. Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display. In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session. select Exit from any AT-S39 management page. 173 .

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. 175 . subnet address. perform the following procedure: 1. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. select Configuration. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default. If the System menu option is not selected. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. From the Home Page. To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. select it and then select the General tab.

176 . Entering a value for this parameter is optional. The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example. Change the parameters as desired. Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window.Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed. Sales Ethernet switch). The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide. 3.

Wiring closet 402B). Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). or an SNMP management program. enter the new password into both fields. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. The default password is “admin”. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. After you have set the parameters. Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. To create a new password. Floor 4. IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. 177 . Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. such as its location (e.. a Telnet utility. Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser.g. 4. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch. click Apply.

Section III: Web Browser Management 5. If you made a change to the IP address. You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session. you must reset the switch to activate your change. or by using the Reset button on the switch. or gateway address. subnet mask. You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session. 178 .

The Monitoring window is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. From the Configuration Menu. If it is not already selected. select System Status. select Monitoring. select the General tab. The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed. 2. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 . From the Home page.

which also explains how to change the parameters. 180 . refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212. refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10. ❑ Switch Mode .Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only. If this parameter displays “Basic. For background information about MAC addresses. This value cannot be changed. Administration This section contains a variety of information.” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address. including the IP address of the switch and the system name. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes). Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging .Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted.” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session. For information about VLANs. ❑ Hash Count .Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table.Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode. These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. Virtual LANs on page 91. If this parameter displays “Tagged. The sections in the window are defined below. You cannot change any of the values from this window. These values cannot be changed.

2. Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. perform the following procedure: 1. select System. Select the SNMP tab. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. From the Home page. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. From the Configuration menu. The parameters are described below. Adjust the parameters as desired. 181 . select Configuration.

Click Apply to save your changes to the switch.Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. 5. 182 . Changes are immediately activated on the switch.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 .Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed.

Click Modify. (To deselect a port. The selected port turns white. click it again.) 5. The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. perform the following procedure: 1.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch. You can select only one port at a time. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure. 184 . select Configuration. 3. 2. Select the Port Setting tab. From the Configuration page. Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4. From the Home page. select Layer 1.

Possible values are: None . Flow Control The flow control setting for the port. Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time. Both . For instructions on how to set this value.Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed. any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch. 185 .No flow control on the port.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6. If the threshold is reach. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. For background information on this feature.Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Adjust the port parameters as desired. refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227. An example of the window is shown in Figure 57. Transmit . The parameters are described below. Receive .

Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode. 186 . Once you have made the desired changes. ❑ 10Mbps . The default for this port parameter is enabled.Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . 7. Default values are listed in Appendix A. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames.Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port.Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port.Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps .Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps . Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values. click Apply. This is the default.

To display the status or statistics of a switch port. 3. Click a port. From the Monitoring page. You can view a port’s operating speed. You can select only one port at a time. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page. 2. MDI/MDI-X configuration. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB. duplex mode. Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. click it again. The selected port turns white. select Monitoring. 187 . select Layer 1. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch. and more.) 4. (To deselect a port. Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

191

192 . Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session. Note For background information on port security.Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session. refer to Port Security Overview on page 65.

select the Port Security tab. From the Configuration page. select Layer 2. 3. The current security level is displayed. Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. select Monitoring. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Layer 2 page. From the Home page. 2.

Note For background information on port trunking.Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session. 194 . refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73.

the ports of the trunk will be white. 2. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. If there is a port trunk. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk. If you are deleting a port trunk. all ports in the switch image will be black. From the Configuration page. Select the Port Trunking tab. To create or delete a port trunk. which can adversely effect the operations of your network. select Configuration. Loops can result in broadcast storms. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. 195 . select Layer 1. From the Home page. which can produce broadcast storms.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. 3. perform the following procedure: 1.

196 . You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. A port trunk can contain 2. 5. click Remove. or 4 ports. b. A selected port changes to white.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. An unselected port is black. To create a port trunk. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk. Click Apply. do the following: a. The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. To delete a port trunk. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch. 3.

refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. Note For background information on port mirroring.Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror. 197 .

The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. 3. select Configuration. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. To create a port mirror. b. 5. c. do the following: a. From the Home page. 2. To delete an existing port mirror.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. select Layer 1. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. Click Apply. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. 198 . Select the Port Mirroring tab. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Configuration page. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports. Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4.

AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted. 199 . The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations.

Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session. refer to STP Overview on page 84. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP.Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. 200 . Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session.

From the Layer 2 window. From the Configuration menu. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window .Configuration 4. 3. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. 201 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. The parameters are described below. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. From the Home page. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. You should consult the IEEE 802. select Configuration. 2. select the Spanning Tree tab.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. To configure a bridge’s STP parameters. perform the following procedure: 1. select Layer 2. If you enable STP.

535. This value cannot be changed. For example. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. for example. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. possibly resulting in a network loop. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. If the bridge transitions too soon. The default is 15 seconds. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. The default is 2 seconds. The default setting is disabled. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. 5. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. After you have made the desired changes. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds.Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. with 0 being the highest priority. if you use the default 20. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. 202 . click Apply. When a root bridge goes off-line. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. The default is 20 seconds.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings.Monitoring 203 . Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window . perform the following procedure: 1. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed. select the Spanning Tree tab. refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201. select Monitoring. From the Home page. From the Layer 2 page. 2. To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters. From the Monitoring menu. 3. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. select Layer 2.

modify. This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. and delete VLANs from a web browser management session. Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode.Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 . Virtual LANs. refer to Chapter 10.

Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 . 2. From the Layer 2 window. select Layer 2. select Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. From the Configuration menu. perform the following procedure: 1. select the VLAN tab. The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed. From the Home page. 3.

Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN. 206 . The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. The name can contain spaces but not special characters. Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. 6. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. The name can be from one to 10 characters in length. the name should be unique as well. Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example. its VID must be unique as well. Click Add. Sales or Accounting).Section III: Web Browser Management 4. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!).

For example. 8. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. To select ports for the VLAN. or a tagged port. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. 207 . if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. This value disables port mirroring. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. Click Apply. 9. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. Note For background information on port mirroring. In most cases. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. 7. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. 10. its VID value should be the same on each switch. click Send to CPU. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN.

The VLAN is now ready for network operations.Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. 208 .

click Apply. select the VLAN tab. From the Home page. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. select Configuration. After making the desired changes. select Layer 2. perform the following procedure: 1. 4. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. they are returned to the Default VLAN. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. 6. 5. Creating a VLAN. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. 2. 3. 7. 209 . From the Layer 2 window. Click Modify. From the Configuration menu.

select Layer 2. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. 5. 210 . Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete. select Configuration. The VLAN is deleted from the switch. 4. From the Home page.Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. Click Remove. From the Layer 2 window. select the VLAN tab. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. From the Configuration menu. 3. 2.

select the VLAN tab. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . select Monitoring. 3. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch. From the Monitoring page. The management software displays the window in Figure 68. From the Home page. From the Layer 2 page. select Layer 2. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 2.

perform the following procedure: 1. which is the default. 5. You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. If you select Tagged. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. 3. choose System. Note Refer to Chapter 10. From the Home Page. Select the General tab. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. 2. In the Switch Mode section of the window. select Configuration. From the Configuration menu. If you select Basic. 4. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. click either Tagged or Basic. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. To set the switch’s VLAN mode.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. Virtual LANs. 212 . Reset the switch. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs.

select Layer 2. Click Apply. From the Layer 2 page. For example. From the Configuration page. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. You can select only one port at a time. 3. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure. To change a PVID for a port. A selected port turns white.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. To deselect a port. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. 5. From the Home page. select Configuration. 2. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. select CoS. click it again. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 . A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. 4.

214 . 7. Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26. The new value is immediately activated on the port. Class of Service on page 219. Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port. The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch. Click Apply.Section III: Web Browser Management 6.

215 . refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table.Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch.

select Monitoring. select the Forwarding Database tab. You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. perform the following procedure: 1. The options are described below. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses. From the Layer 2 page. 216 . For instructions. select Layer 2. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. 2. From the Monitoring page. 3. From the Home page. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session. The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session.

VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch. The port numbering scheme is from right to left. Another example is “000020F. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. click View. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. Once you have configured the options. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. As an example. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. You specify the VLAN by its VID. The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. 217 . Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. 4. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is.

This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. This feature is not supported at this time. Type The MAC address type. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. 218 . The type can be either static or dynamic. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. except for the switch’s MAC address.

Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS. refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS. 219 .

Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. select Layer 2. click the Override Priority option. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. Click Modify. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. 4. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed.) 5. perform the following procedure: 1.) 7. Click the port where you want to configure CoS. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. From the Configuration page. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. 3. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. A selected port turns white. select Configuration. select the CoS tab. (To deselect a port. click it again. 6. 8. From the Home page. Click Apply. (Again. You can select only one port at a time. it does not matter which of these levels you select. From the Layer 2 page. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. 220 . 2. The default for this parameter is No.

Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch. 221 . Note For background information on this feature. refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143.

From the Home page. 222 . 3. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. From the Configuration menu. The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. Select the IGMP tab.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. select Configuration. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. select System. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port).

The range is 1 to 2048 groups. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. The range is from 1 second to 86. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 . This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. The default is 260 seconds. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets.400 seconds (24 hours). The default is 256 multicast groups. Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. that is. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port.

The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image. The default is 256 multicast addresses.Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses. You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect. 224 . A white port indicates a multicast router port.

225 . refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. Note For background information on this feature.Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch.

(1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. the management software multiples the value by 10. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. 3.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . 2.100x For example. From the Home page. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. select Configuration. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. 226 . 100. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . click Apply. The default value is “0” for all timers. and 1000 Mbps. You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. To specify an interval timer. Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. If they are not already selected. enter values for the three interval timers. perform the following procedure: 1. 4. The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page. select them now. After you have entered your values.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps .) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed.

In the graphical switch image. Click Modify. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. 5. As an example. The port will accept all broadcast frames. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. 6. 4. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. From the Home page. click it again. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. The selected port turns white. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. When you open the Layer 1 page. 7. perform the following procedure: 1. select Configuration. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. 3. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames. You can select only one port at a time. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. select it now. From the Configuration page. To deselect a port. 227 . Click Apply. select Layer 1. If it is not selected. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch.

0.255.0.0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 .0.0 255. Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.0 0.0.0.Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.) 229 .1 and above only.

202 bridge priority. 141. 37 BPDU. 41. 27. 11 D default values. 155. 177 H hello time. 86. 140 console timeout. 88. 128 AT-S39 default settings. 35. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. 88. 220 defined. 228 DHCP activating. 172 C Class of Service configuring. 167 obtaining. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 121. 227 browser tools. 163 AT-S39 version number. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 185 forwarding delay. 47 guidelines. 225 defined. 150. configuring. 202 bridge max age parameter. 88. AT-S39. 84. 60. 60. 50 F flow control. 212 BOOTP activating. 37 defined. 37 releasing IP address. 86. used in this guide. 36 documentation. 37 defined. 45 Auto-Negotiation. 52 defined. 47 setting switch status. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session.Index A aging time changing. 138 defined. 202 bridge identifier. 84. 41. 164 downloading via TFTP. 106 setting. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. 202 bridge hello time parameter. 88. 43 conventions. 88 G gateway address. 90 host nodes 230 .

211 modifying. 195 guidelines. 148 host/router timeout interval. 45 slave switch. 80. 187 speed. 107. 50 SNMP community strings. 145. 39. 171 port configuring parameters. 21 master switch defined. 190 port cost defined. 102 port-based VLAN creating. 115. 222 231 . displaying. 186 displaying status. 143 displaying. 113. 69 defined. 184 disable. 198 defined. 59. defined.AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 95. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 126. port security. 111. 90 port mirroring creating. 177 interval timer configuring. 146. 146. switch. 143 ingress filtering. 149 P password changing. 186 statistics. maximum. 90 PVID. 18 quitting. 35. 153. 82. 140 priority. 151 L limited security mode configuring. 28 starting. 55. 118 deleting. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). 157 port trunking creating. 87. 205 defined. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 77. 213 defined. 42 root bridge. 145. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. 222 defined. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 198 port security configuring. 73 deleting. 94 deleting all. 173 R resetting a switch. 75. 116. 25 S Secure level. default settings. 60 multicast groups. 29. 226 defined. 79 deleting. 28 Telnet session. 50 returning to. 193 port statistics. 58. 35. 32. 26. 24 M MAC address table. 21 snoop topology. 85 setting. 66 serial number. 67 defined. 177 default. 65 local management session defined. 181 SNMP management session. 119. 216 MAC address. 210 displaying. 223 I IEEE 802. 195 defined. switch. 59. 223 multicast router. 53 MDI/MDIX mode.1d standard. 84 RS232 port. 209 priority queues. 65 displaying. 30 web browser session.

136 deleting. 50 user name. 84 port cost. 201 configuring port parameters. 167 U unavailable status. 113. 113. 20 quitting. 101 VLAN identifier (VID). 30 starting. 137 displaying. 35. 94. 190 switch. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 211 enabling. downloading software updates. 210 displaying. 171 232 . 115. 101 deleting all. 171 V version number. 116. AT-S39. 211 modifying. 108 VLAN identifier. 92 deleting all. 209 port-based. 118 deleting. 85. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. 203 starting session local. 212 modifying. 167 obtaining. 118 deleting. defined. 90 viewing bridge parameters. 164 downloading via TFTP. 160 STP. 89 defined. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. 29 TFTP. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. 122 mode. 45 virtual LAN creating. 107. defined. 24 Telnet. 107. 112. 206 VLAN. 115. 129 statistics port. changing. 160 system name. defined. 111. 116. 19 quitting. 29 web browser. 94 tagged. 112. 157. 209 Telnet management session defined. 205 defined. 205 defined. 210 disabling. 35. 43 limitations. 87. 122 displaying. 173 starting. default. 171 static MAC address adding.Index software updates downloading from a local session. 177 switch statistics. 121.

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