Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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.............................................................................. 140 Configuring CoS .............................. 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port ........................................................................................................................................................................ 137 Changing the Aging Time ...................................................... 116 Deleting All VLANs ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 112 Modifying a VLAN .................................................................. 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses ............................................................................ 97 Port-based Example 1.......... 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN .... 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes ........................................................................................................................................................ 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN .................................................................................... 103 Tagged VLAN Example .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 151 Configuring the Interval Timer .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview .............................................................................................................................................................. 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs ............................................................................................................... 113 Displaying VLAN Information .................................................................................................................................... 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service .................................................................................................................................................... 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses . 142 IGMP Snooping Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................... 143 Activating IGMP Snooping .............. 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview ..................................................................................................................................... 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses .............................................................................................. 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers .................................................................................................................................................................................. 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN................................................................................................................................................................ 126 MAC Address Overview .......................................... 127 Displaying MAC Addresses .............................................................................................................................................................. 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics .......................................... 115 Deleting a VLAN ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs ................................................................................................................................................................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs ............................ 98 Port-based Example 2........................ 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN ............................................... 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address ........ 160 5 .................................. 118 Changing a PVID Value .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control .............................................................................................................................................................. 156 Displaying Port Statistics .................................................................................................................. 157 Displaying Switch Statistics ..............................................................................................92 Port-based VLAN Overview .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN .......................................................................................................................................................................................................91 VLAN Overview .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count ................... 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode ...................................................................................... 139 Class of Service Overview ................................................................................................................................... 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 99 Tagged VLAN Overview .............................................................................................

............................................................................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security ..............167 Example...................................................................................................................................212 Changing a PVID .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk ....................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs .....................................................................................................................................................................................195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................162 Obtaining Software Updates ...................................................................................................201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings ...............................................................................................................................................................................................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks ....................................................................................171 Browser Tools........................................................................................................................................................................ 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session .....179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics ....................213 6 ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session ...168 Example............................................................................................................................................................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session ............................................................................183 Configuring Port Parameters ..........................................................................................................................................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol ...........................................................................192 Displaying the Port Security Level ...............................................................................................................210 Displaying VLANs ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 167 Uploading a Configuration File ......................................................................................................................................................................................................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings .................................................................................................................................................................................................205 Modifying a VLAN ..................................................................209 Deleting a VLAN .....170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ............... 168 Section III Web Browser Management ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name .........................175 Viewing System Information ..............................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror ............................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP .......................................................................204 Creating a VLAN .................211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

............................................. 219 Configuring CoS .............................................. 225 Configuring the Interval Timer ..................................................................................................................................................................... 228 Index ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames ............................................................ 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping .......................................................................................... 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table ...................................................................................... 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control ................................................................................................................................................................. 230 7 ....................................................................................................................... 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table .. 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service ......................................................

.................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu .................. 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window .......................................................................................................................................... 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window ....................................................... 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 . 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu ............................................................ 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu ........................................................................................................................................ 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN ............................................................................................................................................................................ 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu .......................... 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example ................................................................................................................................................... 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window ..................................................... 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window ..........................Example 1 ...................................... 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window ................................................................. 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window .................................................................................................................................. 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu ......................................................................................................................................List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port .............................................................................. 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window . 25 Figure 2: Main Menu ........................................................................................ 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window ...................................................................................................... 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window ....................................................... 52 Figure 11: Port Menu ............................................................................................................................................................ 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 ............................................................................................... 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window ................................................................................................................................................................ 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window .................................................................................................. 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu .......................................................................... 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu ................ 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 122 8 ...................................................................................................................................................... 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ............................. 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Example 2 ............................................. 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu ............................

................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu ............. Figure 52: Home Page ................................... Figure 59: Port Status Window ....................................................... 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 ........................................................................................ Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window ................................................................................... Figure 69: CoS Setting Window .................... Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 67: Add VLAN Window ...................... Figure 53: General Tab ............................................................................................................. Figure 61: Port Security Menu ............................................................... Figure 57: Settings for Port Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 62: Port Trunking Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................Configuration ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window ................ Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab .......................................................... Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window .................................................................................................................................................... Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window ........................................ Figure 54: General Tab Window ............................... Figure 68: VLAN Window .........................................Monitoring ....................................... Figure 66: VLAN Window ............................................................................................ Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 60: Port Statistics Window ..................................................................................................................................................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page ...................... Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window ................................................... Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu ........................ Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window ................................................................................................. Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu .......................................................................................................................................................... Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field . Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window ...................................................................................................................................................... Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 55: SNMP Tab ....................................................................................... Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window ................................................................................. Figure 71: IGMP Tab ................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products.alliedtelesyn.alliedtelesyn. You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www. 14 . enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password.com.com or our FTP server at ftp. To use the FTP server.

15 . It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software.

then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network. such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters. as explained in the hardware installation guide. If this is true for your network.Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. and powering ON the device. You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches. Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. 16 . Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A.

you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software. The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use. They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session. such as to change or adjust its operating parameters.AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. 17 . There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide. It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser.

This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch. you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch. Once the session is started. using a straight-through RS-232 cable. refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. Note For instructions on starting a local management session.Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. 18 . You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located.

Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters. Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. With AT-8024GB switches. which include the enhanced stacking feature. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. 19 . Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches.

that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address.Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch. refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171.You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session. 20 . There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session. Consequently. ❑ Port security level . every AT-8024GB switch. just like a Telnet management session. ❑ DHCP and BOOTP .You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session. as well as every AT-8024 switch. because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch. This too is a type of remote management. They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking .You can view but not set the port security level of a switch. Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session.

Consequently. For instructions. 21 . A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program.AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program. refer to your SNMP management documentation. The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program. Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch.

The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session.

The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

to start this type of management session. you must go to where that switch is located. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. you can manage just that switch. You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. 24 . Note For information on enhanced stacking. Additionally. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. usually within a few meters. Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch. This can simplify network management. This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port.

see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 . Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session. POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2. perform the following procedure: 1. Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program. 3.

the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt. Press the Return key twice. The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset.) 4. the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps). Otherwise. Note During boot up.) The Main Menu is displayed.Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 . If prompted for a password.Save Configuration Changes R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S .) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal. (The password is case-sensitive. The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps. simply type boot and press Return to start the switch. The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal.1 and above. (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>). The default is “admin”. (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1. enter the password for the management software. or an equivalent terminal emulator program. 5. This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only. You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch.

For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session. you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet. Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. refer to Chapter 4. type the corresponding letter or number. Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu. Enhanced Stacking on page 46. 27 . It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located.AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item.

Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions. return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session. Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously. This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended. You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch. 28 .

Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. Additionally. type R or press ESC twice. The menus also function the same. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. 29 . as shown in Figure 2 on page 26. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch. type its corresponding number of letter. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol. Enter the management software password when prompted. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol. In terms of functionally. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. To make a selection. The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. Note For background information on enhanced stacking. The default password is “admin”. To return to a previous menu. such as with a local management session.

type Q for Quit from the Main Menu. 30 .Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session.

activating the original switch default settings. and more.Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures. There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it. There are also procedures for resetting the switch. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 .

) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. a web browser. You do not need to assign an IP address. Second. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. This switch will be the Master switch of the stack. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address. subnet mask. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. you must also assign it a subnet mask. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. This feature has two primary benefits. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. all from the same management session.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. First. 32 . you must assign at least one of them an IP address. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address.

If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet.AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. if any. you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. 33 . How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which. You can do this two different ways. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. switches on your network need an IP address. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses.

.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address .....Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 . such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch. 0.Release DHCP IP Address S .) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch..Save Configuration Changes R ...Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address. The selection X . Change Password ...0 Default Gateway ... 0.255.....Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L ..0.0 System Name ...Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 . perform the following procedure: 1... Administrator . The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed. type 4 to select Administration Menu......... and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session. along with other optional information... Comments .. subnet mask..0.Reset Switch X .0..0. 9 .. From the Main Menu... To manually set a switch’s IP address.. go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37.0. (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network.Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42... 255.0 Subnet Mask ...

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. 2. From the Main Menu. From the System Configuration Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window. type 3 to select SNMP Configuration. 39 .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R . perform the following procedure: 1.

0. public 2 ..... ..0.SET Community . 0.0 0..... The parameters are described below. ...0 0. public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 ........................0.Save Configuration Changes R ...Trap Receiver 2 6 ..... 4 .GET Community 2 ..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4.....Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. 40 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 .....0.. . enter the new value. when prompted....0 0. type S to select Save Configuration Changes......0.SET Community 3....Trap Receiver 3 7 . type its corresponding number and. Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch.. 5. To change a value. Adjust the parameters as desired......0.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed. After making your changes..0..0 S ...Trap Receiver 1 5 ... private 3 . 1 ........GET Community .Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch.Trap Community .0...

You are prompted to reset the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. From the Main Menu. From the System Configuration Menu. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. type 5 to select System Config Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. Type Y to reset the switch. 4. 2. If you type Y for yes. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. Type Y for yes or N for no. 41 . the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings. Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A.

The switch immediately reloads its operating system. Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software. From the Main Menu. 2. Some data traffic may be lost. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Administrator Menu. a task requiring only a second or two to complete. type 9 to select Reset Switch. 42 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. type 4 to select Administrator Menu.

perform the following procedure: 1.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch. perform the procedure below. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software. For instructions on how to set this security feature. From the Main Menu. type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and. ❑ Web Access .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. type E to enable web access or D to disable web access. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. if you specify 2 minutes.The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch. For instructions on how to set this security feature. The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes. 2. To configure the console timer. ❑ Console Timeout . type 6 to select Web Server Access and. 3. the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. To configure web browser access. (The password is case-sensitive. when prompted. and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser. perform the procedure below.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. For example.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. These security features are: ❑ Password . 43 . enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes. type 5 to select System Config Menu. The default password is “admin”. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password. when prompted.

4. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. After you have made the desired changes. no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser. if you disable web access. 44 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example.

... AT-S39 v1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version ...3 ATI_LOADER1... 45 .00 R . Serial Number ..D2.......AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information.... type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu.......1 5456411 00.... Bootloader Version ......32..17..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed..A0....... MAC Address . The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed...

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch. This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. 46 .Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch.

You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. should you remove a master switch from the network. such as for maintenance. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. That way. Once connected to the network. There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management. If your network consists of more than one subnet. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. 47 . you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master. ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. You simply connect it to your network. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask.

You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. you must assign each master switch a unique IP address. referred to as slave switches. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. do not. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. 48 . refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session. 3. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch.

16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149.11.22 Master 2 IP Address 149.09. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet.09.32.18 Master 2 IP Address 149.11. and each has been assigned a unique IP address.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149. you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet.32. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets. Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches. 49 .24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router.32.32.

Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch . you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking.Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable. A switch with this designation can be managed locally. or unavailable. From the Main Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch. Master 2 . slave switch..Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 .A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch. a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address. Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 ..A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch. The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed. To be managed remotely. A master switch must have a unique IP address. It does not need an IP address or subnet mask. ❑ Unavailable .Enhanced Stacking Services S .Save Configuration Changes R . Note The default setting for a switch is Slave. ❑ Slave switch . To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status. You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch. perform the following procedure: 1.A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet..

A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch. type 1 to select Switch State. To change a switch’s status. Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3. the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master.Switch State.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 . S to make it a slave switch. 51 . 2. The following prompt is displayed. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note The “2 . or U to make the switch unavailable. 4.Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches.” For example. Press Return. Type M to change the switch to a master switch.

Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 .Get/Refresh List of Switches A . The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch. you are by default addressing that particular switch. then it is very easy. From the Enhanced Stacking window. 2. If you assigned system names to your switches. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services. To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet. perform the following procedure: 1. To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack.Access Switch R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G . The window in Figure 10 is displayed. you need to select it from the management software. From the Main Menu. The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch.

Once you see that window. Type A to select Access Switch. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window. You now can manage the selected switch. Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches. Enter the switch’s password and press Return. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. if you want to manage the Master switch. 6. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session. The password is case-sensitive. return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit. 53 . The default password is “admin”. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password.

Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .

Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2. type 4 to select Port Status. From the Main Menu. type 1 to select Port Menu. 55 . The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed. From the Port Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C . perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch.Accept changes & update flash R .

Figure 12 is an example of the window. The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N .Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually.Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port.indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link. Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto . Possible values are: Up .Next Page U . Manual .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.Update Display R . Down . 56 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed.indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node.

Receive . Spd The operating speed of the port.No flow control on the port.The port has been manually disabled.10 Mbps 100 . Disabled .AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port. Both . Transmit . Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Possible values are: 10 . Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. State The current operating status of the port. 57 .Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port.The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames. This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: None .100 Mbps 1000 . Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex. Possible values are: Forwarding . Flow The flow control setting for the port.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.

.................. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed.. Advertise 10FDX ... Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 . enter the last port number in the range. enter the first port of the range... To configure a range of ports... The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return.. From the Port Menu..... perform the following procedure: 1...Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch... Negotiation . From the Main Menu.... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status ....... To configure a range of ports. Broadcast Control . 2.. type 1 to select Port Menu..No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 .. type 1 to select Port Configuration. To configure only one port. Advertise 100HDX . Advertise 10HDX ... Flow Control . Advertise 100FDX .. MDI/MDIX Mode . The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4..

... This toggles the parameter through its possible settings.. If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation..The port will receive and forward packets... 0100 3 ..10 Mbps 0100 ...1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 ..Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex... You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port.Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode.. You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections. Possible settings are: Forwarding .. which is the default... you can enable the port again to resume normal operation. 0 . a port will not receive or transmit frames.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port. 1 . The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters..Speed .. Adjust the port parameters as desired.100 Mbps 1000 .. The possible settings for the 2 .The port will not receive or forward packets. This is the default setting. You adjust a parameter by typing its number.Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode. two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 .Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port. The parameters are described below.. Disabled . 5.. Once the problem has been fixed..Speed selection are: 0010 . If you select Manual.Duplex .. the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically.. When disabled. 59 ..

The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155.Advertise 100FDX 8 .Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option. which is the default setting. which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half.Advertise 10HDX 7 .Advertise 10FDX 6 . Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated. By default. if you set the selection 8 . B .MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port. 60 . which is the default setting. If you set this to Auto. During Auto-Negotiation. you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX. Possible settings are: None .Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. If desired. half-duplex operation. Both .Advertise 100HDX to No. You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation. 5 . The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time. the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it.No flow control on the port. Transmit .Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation. Receive . a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it. the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps.or full-duplex mode.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. a switch port will advertise its full capabilities. For example.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. 9 .

The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. 61 . This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. which. This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode. when selected. The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection. You can use this option to reset the selected port. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Once you have set the port parameters. Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port.

Type 1 to select GBIC Information. 2. 62 . From the System Configuration Menu. these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. From the Main Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4. The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed. 3. Type either 24 or 25. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5.GBIC Information R . To display GBIC information. perform the following procedure: 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch. From the Advanced Configuration window. type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number .. N ... Type of Serial Interface ......5/125 um Fib.......... (100m) ........ You cannot change this information...... (10k) ...Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only...... Length 9/125 mm Fib........... Length 50/125 um Fib..... Length 62... (10m) ..........Next Page R . Figure 15 is an example of the window. Extended Serial Transceiver . Length 9/125 um Fib.... Elect/Opt Transceiver ..AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module...... (k) ....... 63 .... Connector Type ........ Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding ................

You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session.Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security. Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. 64 . The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.

the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. even when the end node is inactive. Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn. it remains in the table and is never purged. Once this mode is activated. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. There are four levels of port security. You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. 65 . Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. Automatic This operating mode disables port security. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch. Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table.

Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. 66 . Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward. The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table. Once you have activated this security level. When this security level is activated. the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time. even those belonging to inactive end nodes. The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses.

type 2 to select Limited mode. 2. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. After activating this security mode. type 5 to select Port Security. perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. To specify the limits. To set a switch’s port security level. 67 . 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table. type 3 to select the Secured mode. This is the default setting. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward. ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. type 1 to select Port Menu. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. From the Main Menu. From the Port Menu. type 1 to select Automatic mode.

A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch. 68 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned. Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. type 4 to select Lock all the ports now.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn. To configure Limited security mode. 3. From the Port Menu. Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port. You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table. type 2 to select Limited security. Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 .Configure port security limited mode R . The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed. You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 . From the Main Menu. 2. type 5 to select Port Security. frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded. perform the following procedure: 1. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports. type 1 to select Port Menu.Set MAC limit per port 3 . The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed. When you activate this security level. From the Port Security menu.Display MAC limit per port 2 .

If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. type R to select Return to previous menu. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed. The range is 1 to 150 addresses. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports. Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. 7. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. This applies the limit to the port. Type 2 to choose Select a port. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. 11. 70 . 9. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. 10. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports. Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. 13. 12. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8. repeat Steps 5 through 9.

The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed. 15. 14. If you assigned different values to different ports. be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu. Examine the MAC limits. Check to be sure that they are correct.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. 71 . Limited security has now been configured on the switch. If necessary. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port. repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. 16.

Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .

the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. such as a server. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. and 7). 15 for the trunk. 73 . or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. workstation. and so on. For example. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. 6. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. 23. or 4 ports. For example. and so on. or another Ethernet switch. To maintain the order of the port connections. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. speed. A port trunk is 2. 5. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load. 3. 22. there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. 14. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. Despite the software configuration and physical connections. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. and 24. ❑ The duplex mode. router. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. ❑ When cabling a trunk. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. port 13 to port 22. 13. ports 4. you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. 3.

AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 .❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN. A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs. The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch. The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server. AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches. ❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch. The server is connected to the switch with four data links.

are the same for all the ports of the trunk.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch. type 1 to select Port Menu. Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology. type 3 to select Port Trunking. To create a port trunk.Delete Trunk 3 . such as speed and duplex mode. You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN. Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software.Save Configuration Changes R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 . Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 . 2. Check to be sure that the settings. examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk. From the Main Menu. Note Before creating a port trunk. From the Port Menu. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1.Show port trunking status S .Add ports to trunk 2 .

Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return. 6.4) or as a range (e. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R . Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk. The port trunk is ready for network operations. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 8. The following prompt is displayed.2. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window. 1.. Enter new value -> 4. 7-10). 5. You can specify the ports individually (e. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking. To confirm the creation of the port trunk.3.g.3.g. Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk.Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7. type 3 to display the status of the trunk. 76 ..

From the Port Menu. Type 2 to select Delete trunk. type 1 to select Port Menu. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. type 3 to select Port Trunking. 2. 4. 77 . 3. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. To confirm the deletion. perform the following procedure: 1. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. To delete a port trunk from the switch. The port trunk is deleted from the switch. 5. From the Main Menu. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed.

Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .

you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. 79 . However. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports. the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. the mirror port is likely to drop packets. For example. You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed. For example. the more ports you mirror.

Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4.Show Port Mirror Status S .Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror.CPU Attached . type 1 to select Port Menu.. Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is. perform the following procedure: 1. 0 2 . enter the last port in the range. 80 . Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7.. No 3 . the port to where the traffic will be copied). From the Main Menu. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror. You can specify only one mirror port. enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step.. 5. The following prompt is displayed... From the Port Menu.. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed.. If you want to mirror a range or ports. type 2 to select Port Mirroring.Mirroring Port .. 2.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3. To mirror the traffic of only one port.Add ports to mirror 4 . To mirror a range of ports.. Press Return. Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored. enter the first port of the range.. Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6...Delete ports from mirror 5 .Save Configuration Changes R .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 . The following prompt is displayed. The following prompt is displayed..

The port mirror is now functional. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. 9. Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu. type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status. To confirm the creation of the port mirror. 10. The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored. 81 .

5. 3. From the Main Menu. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. Enter 0 and press Return. type 1 to select Port Menu. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. The following prompt is displayed. From the Port Menu. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. 82 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror.

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol.Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters. 83 . refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802.1D. ISO/IEC 10038: 1993.

The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. By adjusting the value. and sometimes its MAC address. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. also referred to as the bridge identifier. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. exist in the network topology. referred to as broadcast storms. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge.Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. leaving only one main active path. as specified in the IEEE 802. STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. Where multiple paths exist. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number.1D standard. either planned or unplanned. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. 84 . A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability. So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes.

The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. If two paths have the same port cost. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. where all ports have a port cost of 0. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state. 85 . Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and. the lower the port cost. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. if one is found. blocking mode. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. active path. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby. Below are the default values.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. The faster the port. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. If redundant paths exist. the preferred path is selected through port priority. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary.

Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. For small networks. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. before it begins to forward frames. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. or addition of any active components. For large networks. a change in a port state is not activated immediately. listening and learning. especially if it is a large network. 86 . This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. and if not. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. removal. and that could adversely impact network performance.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. with the size of your network being a primary factor. When a bridge is brought on-line. Consequently. the active topology also changes. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). a temporary data loop could occur. However. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets.

.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable .. The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed. The default setting is disabled. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. 87 .Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch. Bridge Identifier .Reset STP to Defaults R .Display STP Port Settings 9 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings..1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters... If you enable STP. 1.. Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 . Bridge Hello Time ....Config STP Port Settings 8 ... Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default.. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. Bridge Forwarding . The parameters are described below..... Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network.. 1 . the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks.. From the Main Menu. Bridge Priority . Bridge Max Age .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2. You should consult the IEEE 802..

the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. The default is 15 seconds. The default is 2 seconds. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. The default is 20 seconds.Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. When a root bridge goes off-line. with 0 being the highest priority.Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge.535. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. for example.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. 88 . if you use the default 20. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. 4 . For example. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed. 3 .Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). 3. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. If the bridge transitions too soon. 5 . After you have made the desired changes. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. 6 . resulting in network loops. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP.

Bridge Hello Time . The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed.. enter the last port of the range. Path Cost . To configure just one port. Root Bridge . type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. Adjust the settings as desired. From the Main Menu. 89 .. From the Spanning Tree menu. This value cannot be changed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating . Port Priority .. enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3..... 1 . Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R . 2.... type 7 to select Config STP port settings. enter the first port of the range. The parameters are described below. Enter the number of the port you want to configure.... perform the following procedure: 1........ To configure a range of ports.Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain... The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. To configure a range of ports...

The default is 2 seconds.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . 4 . This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed.Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN. To change this value. 3 . 90 . The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port. The range is 0-255.Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge.Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain. The range is 1 to 65535. and 4 for a 1 Gbps port. refer to the previous procedure. 5 . This value cannot be changed from this window. 10 for a 100 Mbps port. The default value for priority is 128.

modifying. and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session.Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs). It also contains the procedures for creating. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 . This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode.

This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. For example. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. This too can improve overall network performance. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. Additionally. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. With VLANs. if an employee changed departments. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN. Before the advent of VLANs. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. 92 . For example. logical LAN segments. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases.

VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically. or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another. Additionally. you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software.AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. 93 . a virtual LAN can span more than one switch. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections. This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location.

you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. and Engineering. A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. you must give it a name. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN. A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. Examples include Sales. or just a few ports. A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). 94 . Production. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. called the Default VLAN. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. such as a router or Layer 3 switch.

) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. In this manner. all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. Consequently. The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received. For example. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN. unique VLAN. you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. Untagged Ports Naturally. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. 95 . and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously. Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). If you allow the management software to do it automatically. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. Additionally. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames. rather than by a port’s PVID. You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. This is acceptable when you are creating a new. it will simply select the next available VID. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership.AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches.

the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. ❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs. General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port. This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. However. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. Consequently. 96 . assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches.

97 . many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs. In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches. For example. a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN. across multiple VLANs. ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN. such as servers and printers.AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. ❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network.

11 . and Production VLANs on the switch. You assign this number when you create a VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs. the Default VLAN is not shown. 98 .13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . (For purposes of the following examples. A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member. Engineering.) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN . The ports have been assigned PVID values.4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9.Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales.24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID. A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN.

each VLAN has one port connected to the router.Example 2 99 . two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch. The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN . In this example. Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs.

11.6.This is the final VLAN in the example. However. it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router. The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch. it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. 100 . 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 . This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment. ❑ Engineering VLAN . This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN. This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch. It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch. 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13. Engineering. and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . ❑ Production VLAN .This VLAN spans both switches. So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . 14. It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch. Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router.This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN. Since this VLAN spans multiple switches. This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN.6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN .24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 .

VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. For example. The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch. the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame. If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN. This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches. 101 . The IEEE 802. This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging.3ac standard). the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. the frame will be discarded. this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network. This contrasts to a port-based VLAN.1Q-compliant. Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94. referred to as a tagged frame. A tag. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames.

In the case of a tagged VLAN. Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN. the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. However. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. An untagged port. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. 102 . it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. there would seem to be no need for a PVID. But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN. Otherwise. a frame without any tagged information). The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. simultaneously. can be in only one VLAN at a time. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. But actually there is. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94.

❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS. each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID. 103 . ❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks. ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time.

1Q-based products.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 .

It is connected to an IEEE 802. 18 (PVID 2) 8. data separation and security remain. while still maintaining data separation and security. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. 20 (PVID 3) 8. when received by the switch. 105 . you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. The tagged frames. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs. each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. But with tagged ports. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11.1Q-compliant server.

Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. but the VLANs are not used. either tagged or untagged. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered. ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. Packets are passed through the switch unchanged. is ignored. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. 106 . You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. All VLAN information. frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames.

type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Virtual LAN Definitions 3 . 107 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 . From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3.Save Configuration Changes R . perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S .Port VLANs & Priorities R . The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. From the VLAN Menu. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.Virtual LAN Support 2 .

. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN..... If the VLAN will be unique in your network. Sales or Accounting). The name can contain spaces. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches... If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. 108 ... then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected... Mirroring Port ... C ... VLAN ID (VID) .. then the name should be unique as well... 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) ... such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value. The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed. Untagged Ports .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4... The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example... 0 Tagged Ports ..Create VLAN R . If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches... then its VID must also be unique. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name .. 5. but not special characters...... The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. For example.. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN... If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches... than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch.... The name can be from one to ten characters in length.

5. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN.7-9). Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports..AT-S39 User’s Guide 6.3. Press any key. 11. leave this field empty.5). 7-9). For more information on port mirroring. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. as a range (e.. 14. You can specify the ports individually (e. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. 2.g. or both (e. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79.g. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port. 13. 10. type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports. If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports. you will see the following message: SUCCESS .3.) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature.g.5).7-9) 7.g. You can specify the ports individually (e. this parameter should be left with its default value of 0.Press any key to continue. type 6 and Y for yes. 2.g.5. Note In most cases. either do not select this option or select it and type N for no. or both (e. 12.. To verify that the VLAN was created correctly. 2. If the VLAN will contain tagged ports.. leave this field empty. as a range (e. you can analyze the VLAN traffic. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN. Type C to select Create VLAN. 8. A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports.. 109 .(If you do not to activate this feature. type 4 to select Show All VLANs. 2. 7-9).g.. 9.

ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. 110 . the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN. For example. Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15. if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. Note When you create a new VLAN. You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time.

This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. From the Main Menu. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. Ports 1 to 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. 7. The new Sales VLAN has now been created. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. Type C to select Create VLAN. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 4. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. 111 . press any key. 2. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. perform the following procedure: 1. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. Press Return. To create the example Sales VLAN. From the VLAN Menu. 8. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 9. 5. 6. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104. From the Main Menu. press any key. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created. Press Return. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN. 11. and 12. 7. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. perform the following procedure: 1. and two untagged ports. 6. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”.10. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Type C to select Create VLAN. Ports 9. To create the example Engineering VLAN. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. Ports 8 and 16. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9. From the VLAN Menu. 112 . After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. 8. 5. 3. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. 2. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. It will consist of three untagged ports. 4. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port.16”. 20”. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. 10. 9.11. type 1 to select Create a VLAN.

To obtain a VLAN’s VID. The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed. type 2 to select Modify a VLAN.. 2. From the Main Menu. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4.. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. perform the following procedure: 1. The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS . Change the VLAN’s information as desired. To modify a VLAN. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5.VLAN ID (VID) .. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify. This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN. refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107. From the VLAN Menu. type M to select Modify VLAN.. After making the desired changes. R . type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure. 7. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 .. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). 6. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 113 .Press any key to continue.. The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed.. 3. For a description of the parameters.

8.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. The VLAN has been modified. 11. Press any key. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 9. 114 . 10. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.

type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 2.9 U: 8.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names.9 U: 1-6 T: 7.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R . 3. type 4 to select View All VLANs. From the VLAN Menu. The Show All VLANs window is displayed. Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. perform the following procedure: 1. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 . From the Main Menu. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch. VID numbers.

A confirmation prompt is displayed. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. R . 2. To delete a VLAN.. To delete the VLAN. 6.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4.. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. 3. The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed. type 3 to select Delete a VLAN.. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID).Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure. perform the following procedure: 1. From the VLAN Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed. From the Main Menu.. type D.. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.. Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN.VLAN ID (VID) . Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. which has a VID of 1. 116 . Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return.

10. The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS . are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. All ports in the deleted VLAN. 8. 9. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The VLAN has been deleted. Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed.Press any key to continue. 117 .AT-S39 User’s Guide 7. both tagged and untagged. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu.

Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 3.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 118 . on a switch. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 4. To delete all VLANs on a switch. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. A confirmation message is displayed. To delete selected VLANs. 5. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. except the Default VLAN. From the VLAN Menu. Press Return. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. From the Main Menu.

There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary. Press Return. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. To change a PVID for a port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port.Port Number R . The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 . 119 . Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change. From the VLAN Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. For example. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed. 2.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. Type 1 to select Port Number. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7. From the Main Menu.

Press any key to continue.... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number .. Specify the new PVID value for the port.. Port VLAN ID ......... 9. Override Priority (Y/N) . You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch.....Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5..... Return to the Main Menu. 7. Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High ... Press Return.. The port now has a new PVID. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6........ Type U to select Update Changes to Chip... 8..... The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS .. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 1 1 0 N U .Accept changes & update flash R ..Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed.Update Changes to Chip C .. Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID... 120 ..

or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs. Type 3 to select Switch Mode. 4. The default is Tagged mode. 121 . B-Basic): 3. From the Main Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. 5. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Press Return. 2. perform the following procedure: 1.

Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C . To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering.Enable/Disable VLANs 2 . the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E . From the VLAN Menu.Accept changes & update flash R . When VLANs are disabled.Enable VLANs Globally D . the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3.Disable VLANs Globally R . perform the following procedure: 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs. From the Main Menu.Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 . type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering. If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 . 2. ingress filtering is disabled. The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. It sets a switch’s VLAN mode. When VLANs are enabled.

123 . 6. A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch. 5. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. 4.

Once the tagged frame is received. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table. the port accepts the frame. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN. First. Here is an example. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. If there is. 124 . If they belong to the same VLAN. tagged or untagged. the frame is discarded. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. just as a reminder. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. If they belong to different VLANs. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. In this case. Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. the port discards the frame.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. Fortunately. or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. For further information. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. the switch discards the frame. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. nor to any frames. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. the port accepts the frame.

In most cases.Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R . Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority. which is the default.Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5. 2. The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed. regardless of the status of ingress filtering. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. and that is the priority tag. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 4. A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame. Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch. Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags.AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E . To enable or disable ingress filtering. From the VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Virtual LAN Support menu. 125 . You cannot set this per port. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame.

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table.

127 . A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. When the destination node responds. For example. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. by referring to its MAC address table. When the switch receives a packet. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. and the port number where each address was learned. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. along with the port number on which each address was learned. it also examines the destination address and. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table. This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. determines the port where the destination node is connected. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security.

The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses. even when the end node is inactive. Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table. The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes). This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. once entered in the table. You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process. even when the end node is inactive. The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. For instructions on changing the aging timer. 128 . The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. A static MAC address.

type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports. One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports. The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed. type 6 to select MAC Address Tables. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed. To display only static MAC addresses. type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. 129 . To display the MAC address table. From the Main Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2. just the base ports. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R . To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. The columns in the window are defined below.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed. which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. The static MAC address window is exactly the same. non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N . PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses.Accept changes & update flash U . 130 . MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch.Update Display R .

EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. 131 . Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. Another example is “000020F. As an example. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. The type can be either static or dynamic. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. Type The MAC address type. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. except for the switch’s MAC address. This feature is not supported at this time.

1. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3. From the Main Menu. From the MAC Address Table menu. The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. 2. A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port. 132 . type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu. Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return.

or to which the address was assigned. From the MAC Address Table menu. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 2. 133 . You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address. for a static address. you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned. 1. But if the switch is part of a large network. From the Main Menu. finding the address could prove difficult. if the address was learned dynamically. type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. The procedure in this section offers an easier way.

refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN.) Note To perform this procedure. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view. perform the following procedure. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. (This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN. 2. From the Main Menu. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch. 1. From the MAC Address Table menu. 134 . produces the same result.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3. as explained earlier in this chapter.

From the Main Menu. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. perform the following procedure. 135 . Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. 1. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table. If you type Y for yes. type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. A confirmation prompt is displayed. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure. the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. Once the table has been purged. 3. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. From the MAC Address Table menu.

5. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address. To add a static address to the MAC address table. 136 . The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table. From the Main Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. 2. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected. type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. From the MAC Address Table menu. perform the following procedure: 1. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses.

2. type 3 to select Delete MAC Address. Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. perform the following procedure: 1. 137 . Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table. From the Main Menu. 4. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. From the MAC Address Table menu. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address.

2. perform the following procedure: 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. type 5 to select System Config Menu. To adjust the aging time. From the System Config Menu. The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch. From the Main Menu. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time. the switch deletes the address. This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active. 138 . The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes). The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3. Enter a new value in seconds.

Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .

You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port.e. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications. but were mostly transparent to network users.1Q standards. low and high. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays. The 802. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802. network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue. Prior to CoS. File transfer delays did occur. By default. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue. 140 . For example. packet transfer delays can prove problematic. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues.1p and 802. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest. transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality. such as voice transmission or video conferencing. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802.1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example.. untagged frames (i. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer. 0 to 7. CoS was designed to address this problem. But with the introduction of time-critical applications. When a tagged packet enters a switch port.

Press Return. Type 1 to select Port Number. 10. 9. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. 6. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch. 141 . Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. (Again. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. From the VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. Return to the Main Menu. 11. 5. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. enter a value from 4 to 7. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Type 3 to select Priority (0 . 3. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. perform the following procedure: 1.7). enter a value from 0 to 3. 2. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue.) 7. The default for this parameter is No. 8.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch.

it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups. There are two versions of IGMP. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. the router does not send multicast packets out the port.) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. it simply stops sending reports. 143 . Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. referred to as a time-out value. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. In Version 2. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. Once the router has received a report from a host node. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. it removes the node from appropriate membership list. referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port. In Version 1.

Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance. Note By default. except the port on which it received the packet.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value. and by processing leave requests. which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups. 144 . IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2. a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports.

. type E to enable or D to disable this feature. Host/Router Timeout Interval . Maximum Multicast Groups ...AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters. perform the following procedure: 1..IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. Multicast Host Topology ... The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. 3. After selecting this option... type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. From the Main Menu.Save Configuration Changes R . This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 . From the System Configuration Menu. Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate)... 2 . View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S ...Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port... The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch.. type 5 to select System Config Menu.. Multicast Router Port(s) . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 .. From the Advanced Configuration window.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status ... 2..

4 . The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. The default is 256 multicast groups. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. The default is 256 multicast addresses. 5 . that is.Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval.Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. 3 .400 seconds (24 hours). you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. The default is 260 seconds. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port.Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 .Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. The range is from 1 second to 86. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active.

or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number. After making the desired changes. To select Auto Detect. type S to select Save Configuration Changes.AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect. Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter. enter “0” (zero) for this parameter. Your changes are activated immediately on the switch. 4. 147 .

Update Display R . 148 . as well as the host nodes. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U . The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. From the System Configuration Menu. type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. To display the list. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. From the Advanced Configuration window. 4. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. 3. From the Main Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch. The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. 2.

2. From the Advanced Configuration window. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. type 7 to select View Multicast Router List. You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. To display a list of the multicast routers.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.Update Display R . From the System Configuration Menu. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U . The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected. perform the following procedure: 1. The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. type 5 to select System Config Menu. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. From the Main Menu. 149 . Router IP The IP address of the multicast router. 4.

Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .

The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. When a node sends out a broadcast frame. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. For example.AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. In order to use this feature. That is. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. For example. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. Broadcast frames are different. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval. 151 . The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps.

At these settings. the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames. If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval. 152 . Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example.

0 micro sec C .Timer for 1000 MB ports . 2. From the System Configuration Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 . or 3 and enter a value when prompted.. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds... Type 1. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed. From the Advanced Configuration Menu.100x 153 . and 1000 Mbps. type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup..Timer for 100 MB ports ..AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature. 100. 0 milli sec 3 .. 2...Save Configuration Changes R .Timer for 10 MB ports . The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . type 5 to select System Config Menu. perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4. The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.. 3. From the Main Menu.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed. 0 milli sec 2 .

Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. the management software multiples the value by 10. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. 5. Once you have set the desired timer intervals. type S to select Save Configuration Changes.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. 6. The default value is “0” for all timers. 154 . Your changes are immediately activated on the switch.

2. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. For example. type 1 to select Port Menu. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . Type B to select Broadcast Control. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return.> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. type 1 to select Port Configuration. enter the last port number in the range.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval. 5. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. 6. To configure a range of ports. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds. enter the first port of the range. To configure a range of ports. To configure only one port. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. From the Main Menu. From the Port Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded. 155 . The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed.

Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .

Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3. 157 . type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4. From the Main Menu.Clear Port Statistics 3 .Display Port Statistics R . The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed.Clear Module Statistics 3 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics.Select a Port 2 . From the Ethernet Statistics menu. 5.Display Module Statistics R . type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu. Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2. Type 1 to choose Select a Port.Port Statistics Menu 2 . The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . Press Return. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . perform the following procedure: 1. Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics.

....... RX_UNICAST ........ Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port... CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port.... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded......... RX_MLTCAST ... RX_COUNT .........Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.............. 158 ........ RX_OVERFLOW .................Update Display R ................Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window... UNDERSIZE ....................... Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port................. RX_BRDCAST ... Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port............ CRC_ERROR ..... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT ......................... OVERSIZE ..... Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port..... TX_COUNT . U ...... shown in Figure 48.... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port......... PORT_IN_DISCARDS ..... FRAGMENT ..........

3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”. packets with alignment errors. 159 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. select the option “2 . Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port.Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. but discarded and not forwarded. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port.

...... shown in Figure 48.. Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch................ UNDERSIZE ...... Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch............ RX_COUNT . PORT_IN_DISCARDS ........... CRC_ERROR .. The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window............. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics............................... 2....... 160 .............. OVERSIZE ... From the Ethernet Statistics menu..Update Display R .......... RX_OVERFLOW ............... TX_COUNT ... U ......Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch. RX_UNICAST ... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT ......... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded..... perform the following procedure: 1.....Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only............ type 3 to select Display Module Statistics... FRAGMENT ..... From the Main Menu...... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch................... RX_MLTCAST ...... RX_BRDCAST .

Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch. packets with alignment errors. but discarded and not forwarded. Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch. 161 .Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu. select the option “2 . Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch. If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch.

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

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Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. If you are installing a new management image. 166 . Once the management software is initialized. Begin the file transfer of the new management software image. the switch automatically resets. Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. Note Do not interrupt the initialization process. Do not reboot the switch. the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed. a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete.

The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch. This may necessitate renaming the file.The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch. loader file.cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image.35. or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above. tftp -i 149.img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39.35. Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149.1.1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software. Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software.img 167 .1 put c:\ats39. Binary . If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software.This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image. you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39.1. A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT. Put . You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host . The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39. Source file .

it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP.img c:\ats39. as explained in the previous section.img Once the file is stored on a local drive. Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited.1.The source file name is “ATS39. Binary .The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file.1. 168 .cfg”. Source file . The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host .1 get ats39.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation.35.35. Get .1 to local drive C: of the workstation.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. Destination file .The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation. This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically.This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from. Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149. tftp -i 149.

IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28. Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22. Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20. Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18. MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26. Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27.

170 . such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser.

The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. as shown in Figure 51.) The user name cannot be changed. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch. 2. Start your web browser. When prompted. you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies. Consequently. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. enter the user name and password. (The password is case-sensitive. 171 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. Additionally. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. perform the following procedure: 1. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. To start a web browser management session. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. the switch must have an IP address. To change the password. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. For instructions. the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser.

172 .The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed. Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software. You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser. Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus. Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display. You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows. In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites.

select Exit from any AT-S39 management page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session. 173 .

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

175 . To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. 2. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. select Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. From the Home Page. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default. refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. If the System menu option is not selected. select it and then select the General tab. perform the following procedure: 1. subnet address.

176 . Change the parameters as desired. 3. Sales Ethernet switch). The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide. Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window. Entering a value for this parameter is optional.Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed. The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example.

To create a new password. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. After you have set the parameters. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch. such as its location (e. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser. enter the new password into both fields. click Apply. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. The default password is “admin”. Floor 4. This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. 177 . Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. Wiring closet 402B). a Telnet utility. The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply.. 4. IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch.g. Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. or an SNMP management program. Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. Entering a value for this parameter is optional.

You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session. or by using the Reset button on the switch. If you made a change to the IP address. or gateway address. You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session. 178 . you must reset the switch to activate your change.Section III: Web Browser Management 5. subnet mask.

2. select System Status. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 . From the Home page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. 3. select Monitoring. perform the following procedure: 1. If it is not already selected. The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed. The Monitoring window is displayed. From the Configuration Menu. select the General tab.

For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session. refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212. The sections in the window are defined below. which also explains how to change the parameters. For information about VLANs.Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. This value cannot be changed. Virtual LANs on page 91. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes).Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table. ❑ Switch Mode . You cannot change any of the values from this window.” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. If this parameter displays “Basic.” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs.Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted. Administration This section contains a variety of information. ❑ Hash Count . If this parameter displays “Tagged. including the IP address of the switch and the system name. refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10. For background information about MAC addresses. These values cannot be changed. Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging . 180 .Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only. General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address. These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175.

The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed. 181 . GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. select System. From the Configuration menu. From the Home page. Select the SNMP tab. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. 2. Adjust the parameters as desired.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. select Configuration. 3. The parameters are described below.

Changes are immediately activated on the switch. Click Apply to save your changes to the switch. 5.Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. 182 .

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 .Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed.

The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. From the Configuration page. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. You can select only one port at a time. The selected port turns white.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch. Select the Port Setting tab. 3. select Layer 1. Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4. From the Home page. (To deselect a port. click it again. 184 . Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure. select Configuration.) 5. Click Modify.

Both . Flow Control The flow control setting for the port. An example of the window is shown in Figure 57. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151.No flow control on the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed. Possible values are: None . refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227. Adjust the port parameters as desired. Receive .Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port. any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch. Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6. Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time. Transmit . The parameters are described below. 185 . For instructions on how to set this value.Flow control only on packets being received on the port.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. If the threshold is reach. For background information on this feature.

This is the default. 7. ❑ 10Mbps . AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. Default values are listed in Appendix A. The default for this port parameter is enabled.Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port.Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps .Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps .Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port. A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames. Once you have made the desired changes. Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode. 186 . Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values. click Apply.Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps .

(To deselect a port. You can view a port’s operating speed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. perform the following procedure: 1. 187 . select Monitoring. 3. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch. From the Home page. select Layer 1. Click a port.) 4. From the Monitoring page. and more. MDI/MDI-X configuration. You can select only one port at a time. Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. 2. The selected port turns white. Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB. click it again. To display the status or statistics of a switch port. duplex mode.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

191

192 . Note For background information on port security.Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session. Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session. refer to Port Security Overview on page 65.

3. From the Configuration page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page. From the Layer 2 page. Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 . select Monitoring. The current security level is displayed. select the Port Security tab. select Layer 2.

194 .Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session. Note For background information on port trunking. refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73.

Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. From the Home page. 195 . Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. which can adversely effect the operations of your network. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk. which can produce broadcast storms.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. Select the Port Trunking tab. From the Configuration page. all ports in the switch image will be black. To create or delete a port trunk. perform the following procedure: 1. select Layer 1. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. Loops can result in broadcast storms. If there is a port trunk. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. 3. the ports of the trunk will be white. select Configuration. 2. If you are deleting a port trunk.

You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. 5. To create a port trunk. To delete a port trunk. 3.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. or 4 ports. do the following: a. 196 . An unselected port is black. Click Apply. A selected port changes to white. click Remove. The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk. A port trunk can contain 2. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch. b.

197 .Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror. Note For background information on port mirroring. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79.

3.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. To delete an existing port mirror. b. 198 . 2. select Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. 5. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports. Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4. The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. To create a port mirror. c. select Layer 1. Click Apply. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. do the following: a. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. Select the Port Mirroring tab. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. From the Configuration page. From the Home page. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch.

199 .AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted. The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations.

refer to STP Overview on page 84. Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session.Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP. Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session. 200 .

201 .1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. select the Spanning Tree tab. select Configuration.Configuration 4. To configure a bridge’s STP parameters. From the Home page. 3. If you enable STP. The parameters are described below.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. From the Configuration menu. select Layer 2. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window . 2. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Layer 2 window. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. You should consult the IEEE 802.

After you have made the desired changes. For example. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. if you use the default 20. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. 202 . Changes are immediately activated on the switch. This value cannot be changed. with 0 being the highest priority. If the bridge transitions too soon. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. The default is 20 seconds. The default is 2 seconds. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. The default is 15 seconds. for example. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs).Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. click Apply. possibly resulting in a network loop.535. 5. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. The default setting is disabled. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. When a root bridge goes off-line.

2. 3.Monitoring 203 . select Layer 2. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings. To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed. From the Layer 2 page. select the Spanning Tree tab. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page. select Monitoring. From the Monitoring menu.

Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. and delete VLANs from a web browser management session. modify. refer to Chapter 10. This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. Virtual LANs. Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 .

AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. From the Layer 2 window. 2. select Configuration. From the Configuration menu. 3. The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed. select Layer 2. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 . select the VLAN tab. From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1.

Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN. The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example. Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. Click Add. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). The name can be from one to 10 characters in length. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. its VID must be unique as well. Sales or Accounting).Section III: Web Browser Management 4. 6. 206 . If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. The name can contain spaces but not special characters. Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. the name should be unique as well.

9. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. In most cases. Click Apply. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. 207 . 7. 8. To select ports for the VLAN. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. For example. its VID value should be the same on each switch. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. Note For background information on port mirroring. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. This value disables port mirroring.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. click Send to CPU. The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. 10. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. or a tagged port. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches.

Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. 208 . The VLAN is now ready for network operations.

Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. 7. 3. From the Layer 2 window. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. Click Modify. From the Home page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. After making the desired changes. 5. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. 4. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. From the Configuration menu. 209 . Creating a VLAN. select the VLAN tab. select Configuration. 2. select Layer 2. 6. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. they are returned to the Default VLAN. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. click Apply. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure. perform the following procedure: 1.

From the Home page. The VLAN is deleted from the switch. From the Configuration menu. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete. perform the following procedure: 1. select the VLAN tab. select Configuration.Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. 210 . 3. 2. Click Remove. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. 5. From the Layer 2 window. 4. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. select Layer 2.

From the Home page. select Layer 2. The management software displays the window in Figure 68. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch. From the Layer 2 page. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . select the VLAN tab. select Monitoring. From the Monitoring page.

To set the switch’s VLAN mode. Select the General tab. click either Tagged or Basic. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs. 212 . You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. Reset the switch. Note Refer to Chapter 10. If you select Basic. choose System. which is the default. From the Home Page. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. 4. Virtual LANs. You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. From the Configuration menu. 5. If you select Tagged. 3.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. In the Switch Mode section of the window. perform the following procedure: 1. select Configuration. 2. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode.

A graphical image of the switch is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 . 5. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. 2. From the Home page. To change a PVID for a port. To deselect a port. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. For example. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. select Configuration. 3. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. select Layer 2. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. A selected port turns white. From the Layer 2 page. select CoS. Click Apply. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. click it again. From the Configuration page. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. You can select only one port at a time.

Class of Service on page 219. 214 . 7.Section III: Web Browser Management 6. The new value is immediately activated on the port. Click Apply. Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26. The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch. Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port.

215 .Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.

From the Home page. The options are described below. From the Monitoring page. select Layer 2. select Monitoring. select the Forwarding Database tab. Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses. 3. 2. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. For instructions. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. perform the following procedure: 1.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. 216 . Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session. The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed. From the Layer 2 page. You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses.

4. Another example is “000020F. Once you have configured the options.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. click View. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. As an example. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. You specify the VLAN by its VID. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. 217 . The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. The port numbering scheme is from right to left.

This feature is not supported at this time. except for the switch’s MAC address. 218 . Type The MAC address type.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. The type can be either static or dynamic. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member.

This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS.Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS. refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. 219 .

Click Apply. From the Configuration page. A graphical image of the switch is displayed.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. 6.) 5. (Again. 220 . You can select only one port at a time. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. The default for this parameter is No. 2. select Layer 2. From the Home page. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. 3.) 7. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. select Configuration. 8. click the Override Priority option. From the Layer 2 page. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5. A selected port turns white. perform the following procedure: 1. (To deselect a port. Click the port where you want to configure CoS. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. 4. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. click it again. Click Modify. select the CoS tab. it does not matter which of these levels you select.

Note For background information on this feature.Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch. refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143. 221 .

Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. perform the following procedure: 1. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port). 222 . select System. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. 3. The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed. select Configuration. Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. Select the IGMP tab. From the Configuration menu. Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. 2. From the Home page.

The range is from 1 second to 86. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. The default is 256 multicast groups. Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. The default is 260 seconds. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. that is. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 . The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out.400 seconds (24 hours). This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router.

You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect. The default is 256 multicast addresses. Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. 224 .Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. A white port indicates a multicast router port.

Note For background information on this feature. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. 225 .Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch.

) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed. 100.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. From the Home page. After you have entered your values. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. 4. If they are not already selected. 3. The default value is “0” for all timers. the management software multiples the value by 10. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . enter values for the three interval timers. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page.100x For example. perform the following procedure: 1. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab. Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. click Apply. 2. select them now. and 1000 Mbps. To specify an interval timer. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . 226 . Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. select Configuration.

If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. As an example. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. The selected port turns white. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. From the Home page. the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. 2. click it again. perform the following procedure: 1. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. When you open the Layer 1 page. If it is not selected. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. In the graphical switch image. 5. The port will accept all broadcast frames. 7. 227 . To deselect a port. 3. Click Apply. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. select it now. You can select only one port at a time. select Layer 1. Click Modify. 6. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. select Configuration. From the Configuration page. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. 4.

0.0. Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.0.0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 .Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.0 255.0.255.0 0.0.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.) 229 .1 and above only.

227 browser tools. 88. 60. 202 bridge priority. 88. 45 Auto-Negotiation. 86. 228 DHCP activating. 43 conventions. 86. 88. used in this guide. 177 H hello time. 84. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. 50 F flow control. configuring. 36 documentation. 47 setting switch status. 138 defined. 52 defined. 172 C Class of Service configuring. 84. 150. 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. 164 downloading via TFTP. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. 163 AT-S39 version number. 141. 202 bridge hello time parameter.Index A aging time changing. 41. 37 defined. 225 defined. 88. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. 37 BPDU. 88 G gateway address. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. 167 obtaining. 41. 212 BOOTP activating. 140 console timeout. 202 bridge max age parameter. 35. 128 AT-S39 default settings. 185 forwarding delay. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 121. 27. 202 bridge identifier. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 11 D default values. 155. 90 host nodes 230 . 60. 106 setting. 47 guidelines. 220 defined. 37 releasing IP address. AT-S39. 37 defined.

42 root bridge. 80. 190 port cost defined. 65 local management session defined. 45 slave switch. 32. 193 port statistics. displaying. 181 SNMP management session. 222 defined. 195 guidelines. 79 deleting. default settings. 226 defined. 35. 186 displaying status. 29. 84 RS232 port. switch. 198 port security configuring. 28 starting. 77. 50 returning to. 69 defined. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 173 R resetting a switch. 59. 21 snoop topology. 146. 60 multicast groups. 111. 195 defined. 146. 50 SNMP community strings. 85 setting. port security. 140 priority. 30 web browser session. 115. 90 port mirroring creating. 102 port-based VLAN creating. 143 ingress filtering. 75. 82. 113. 18 quitting. 65 displaying. 55. 213 defined. 222 231 . 211 modifying. 39. 66 serial number. 116. 90 PVID. 119. 151 L limited security mode configuring. 223 multicast router. 210 displaying. switch. 126. 216 MAC address. 95. 157 port trunking creating. 177 interval timer configuring. 145. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. defined. 148 host/router timeout interval. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). maximum. 205 defined. 187 speed. 118 deleting. 184 disable. 107. 25 S Secure level.AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 198 defined. 24 M MAC address table. 59. 94 deleting all. 35. 73 deleting. 143 displaying. 21 master switch defined. 177 default. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 58. 67 defined.1d standard. 145. 87. 171 port configuring parameters. 149 P password changing. 209 priority queues. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 28 Telnet session. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. 153. 26. 186 statistics. 223 I IEEE 802.

176 T tagged VLAN creating. 205 defined. 35. 111. 137 displaying. 108 VLAN identifier. 210 displaying. 43 limitations. 129 statistics port. 121. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. 94. 24 Telnet. 171 232 . 160 STP.Index software updates downloading from a local session. 167 obtaining. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. 157. default. 113. 19 quitting. 101 VLAN identifier (VID). 167 U unavailable status. 50 user name. 84 port cost. 115. 177 switch statistics. 210 disabling. 171 V version number. 89 defined. 29 web browser. 118 deleting. 92 deleting all. 87. 107. 20 quitting. 201 configuring port parameters. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. 211 modifying. 107. 205 defined. 211 enabling. AT-S39. 35. 85. 29 TFTP. 116. 209 Telnet management session defined. 90 viewing bridge parameters. 190 switch. 94 tagged. downloading software updates. 45 virtual LAN creating. 212 modifying. 164 downloading via TFTP. 171 static MAC address adding. 116. 112. 136 deleting. 113. changing. 118 deleting. 160 system name. 206 VLAN. defined. 122 displaying. 122 mode. 115. 209 port-based. 30 starting. defined. defined. 112. 101 deleting all. 203 starting session local. 173 starting.

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