Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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..............................................92 Port-based VLAN Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 137 Changing the Aging Time ..... 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address .................................. 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs .............................................................................. 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes ................................................ 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 113 Displaying VLAN Information ............................................................................................................................................. 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN ........................................................................................................................................ 143 Activating IGMP Snooping ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs ......... 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port ............................................................................... 160 5 .................................................................................................................................................................... 99 Tagged VLAN Overview ................... 98 Port-based Example 2.................................................................... 112 Modifying a VLAN ........ 151 Configuring the Interval Timer .................. 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses .............. 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count .................................................................................................................................................... 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 103 Tagged VLAN Example ...94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 118 Changing a PVID Value ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table ......................................................................................................................................................................... 126 MAC Address Overview ................................................................................................................................................................... 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 139 Class of Service Overview ..............................91 VLAN Overview ................................................................................................................ 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode .................................................................................................................................................. 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping . 115 Deleting a VLAN ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs ...................... 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN ............................................................................. 127 Displaying MAC Addresses ..................... 142 IGMP Snooping Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview ...................... 140 Configuring CoS .............................................. 116 Deleting All VLANs ...................................................................................... 97 Port-based Example 1.......................... 157 Displaying Switch Statistics ......................................................................................................................... 156 Displaying Port Statistics ....................................................... 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses .............................................................

..........192 Displaying the Port Security Level ..............168 Example...............................................................................203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror .................................................................................................................................................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................210 Displaying VLANs .....................................................................................................................................................................................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP ...................171 Browser Tools........................................................................................................................... 168 Section III Web Browser Management ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................209 Deleting a VLAN ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................183 Configuring Port Parameters ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................175 Viewing System Information ............................................................212 Changing a PVID .......................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk ..................162 Obtaining Software Updates ...........................................205 Modifying a VLAN ............................................................................................211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode ...................................................................................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security . 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ........................................................................................................ 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters ........195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring ..........................................................................................................213 6 ........174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name .................................................................................................................................... 167 Uploading a Configuration File ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates ...................................................................................204 Creating a VLAN ...............................................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol .................................................. 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session ........................................................................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters ..............................................................................167 Example........184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics ............................

.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 219 Configuring CoS ............................................................................................... 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table .............................................................. 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping . 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service .............................. 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings ........... 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control ................................................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames ................................................................................................................................................................... 230 7 ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 228 Index ........................................................................................................................................................................ 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping .................................................................................................................................. 225 Configuring the Interval Timer ......

...... 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window ............................................ 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window .......................................................................................................................... 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu ....................................................................................................................................... 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu ............................................................................................................................................................... 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window .............................................................................. 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu ............................................................................................................................................................ 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window ..................................................................... 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu .............. 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu ................................................................................................................... 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu .................................................................................................................................................................. 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ....................................................................... 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN ................................................................................................................. 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu ................................................................................. 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window ............................................................. 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu ................................................. 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN ......................................................................................................................................................... 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN ................................................................................................................. 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window .....................................................Example 1 ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu .................................................................................................................................................................................... 122 8 .......List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Example 2 ............................................................................................................................................... 25 Figure 2: Main Menu ................................ 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window ................................................................. 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window ....................................................................................... 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu ....................................................................................................... 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window ............ 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example .......................................................................................................................... 52 Figure 11: Port Menu .............................................. 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window ............................................................................................................................. 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu ......................................................................................................................................................................

.......................... Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab ....................... Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu .................................... Figure 57: Settings for Port Window ................................................................. Figure 66: VLAN Window ................................................................... Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 55: SNMP Tab ...................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 67: Add VLAN Window .............................................................................. Figure 69: CoS Setting Window .................. 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 .......................................................................................................................................................... Figure 68: VLAN Window ........................................................................................................................... Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window ......................................................................................................................................................... Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page ..................................................................................................... Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window ......................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window ................................ Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window ....................................................................................................................... Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window ... Figure 61: Port Security Menu .................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu ................................................................................... Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 60: Port Statistics Window ....................................................................Monitoring ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window ............. Figure 53: General Tab .........................................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ........................................................................................................................................ Figure 59: Port Status Window .................. Figure 71: IGMP Tab ...... Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field ....................................................... Figure 54: General Tab Window ..................................................... Figure 52: Home Page .................... Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 62: Port Trunking Window ........................................................ Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Configuration ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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alliedtelesyn.com.Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products.alliedtelesyn. To use the FTP server. 14 . enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password. You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www.com or our FTP server at ftp.

It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software. 15 .

AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. 16 . as explained in the hardware installation guide.Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches. Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A. then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network. If this is true for your network. The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. and powering ON the device. Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters. such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters.

AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use. The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide. It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser. you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software. 17 . such as to change or adjust its operating parameters. There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session.

Note For instructions on starting a local management session. you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch. This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch.Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. using a straight-through RS-232 cable. You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session. 18 . such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located. Once the session is started.

refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. 19 . Note For further information on enhanced stacking. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session. With AT-8024GB switches. If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. which include the enhanced stacking feature. You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters.

20 .You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session. ❑ Port security level .Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch. ❑ DHCP and BOOTP . They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking . Consequently. that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address. There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session. every AT-8024GB switch.You can view but not set the port security level of a switch. as well as every AT-8024 switch.You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session. just like a Telnet management session. because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch. Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session. refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171. This too is a type of remote management.

Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program. refer to your SNMP management documentation. Consequently. 21 .AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program. For instructions. you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program.

The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session.

Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .

You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. Note For information on enhanced stacking. 24 . Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. This can simplify network management. Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch. to start this type of management session. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch. you must go to where that switch is located. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. usually within a few meters.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. you can manage just that switch. Additionally.

3. see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 . Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session. Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200. perform the following procedure: 1. POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program.

) The Main Menu is displayed. The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps. This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal. (The password is case-sensitive. Press the Return key twice. enter the password for the management software. or an equivalent terminal emulator program. (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>).1 and above. Note During boot up. The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly. Otherwise. You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch.Save Configuration Changes R .) 4. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S . The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset.Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 .) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal. (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1. the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps). 5. The default is “admin”. simply type boot and press Return to start the switch. If prompted for a password. the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt.

Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu. For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session. type the corresponding letter or number. refer to Chapter 4. Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. 27 .AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item. Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located. Enhanced Stacking on page 46. This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet.

Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session. Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions. return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit. This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended. Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously. You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch. 28 .

You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities. type R or press ESC twice. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. In terms of functionally. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol. as shown in Figure 2 on page 26. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch. The menus also function the same. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. To return to a previous menu. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. 29 . Additionally. The default password is “admin”. Note For background information on enhanced stacking. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. such as with a local management session. To make a selection. Enter the management software password when prompted.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. type its corresponding number of letter. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time.

Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session. type Q for Quit from the Main Menu. 30 .

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures. activating the original switch default settings. There are also procedures for resetting the switch. There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it. and more. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 .

The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. you must assign at least one of them an IP address. subnet mask.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address. Second. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. 32 . This switch will be the Master switch of the stack. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. You do not need to assign an IP address. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. all from the same management session. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking. This feature has two primary benefits. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. First. you must also assign it a subnet mask. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address.) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. a web browser.

33 . The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. if any. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which. The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network.AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. You can do this two different ways. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. switches on your network need an IP address.

.....0..Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 . Administrator . along with other optional information..Reset Switch X . From the Main Menu.. 0. subnet mask..... Change Password ..... The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed. 0. The selection X ...0 Subnet Mask ...Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42.0. type 4 to select Administration Menu.255. Comments .Save Configuration Changes R .0 Default Gateway ...0. and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session.. perform the following procedure: 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address...Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L . such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch.. 255......Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 . go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. To manually set a switch’s IP address.Release DHCP IP Address S .0..0 System Name .. (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network..0.) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch. 9 ....... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address ....

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the Main Menu. 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. 39 . From the Advanced Configuration window. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed. type 3 to select SNMP Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. From the System Configuration Menu.

GET Community 2 ...... 40 ...... Adjust the parameters as desired. Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch....... 4 ....Trap Receiver 2 6 . private 3 ...Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4..GET Community .0....SET Community 3.....Trap Receiver 1 5 ..0 0....0.0 0..... The parameters are described below.0. . public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 ..... enter the new value. After making your changes. when prompted.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 ..0. type its corresponding number and.0......Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. .......Trap Community .....0..SET Community ..0...0 S ... .... 1 ..Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed. type S to select Save Configuration Changes..Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings.....0. 5....Save Configuration Changes R . To change a value.Trap Receiver 3 7 . public 2 ..... 0..0 0..

2. 41 . perform the following procedure: 1. You are prompted to reset the switch. the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. From the Main Menu. If you type Y for yes.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. From the System Configuration Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. Type Y for yes or N for no. 4. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Type Y to reset the switch.

42 . Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software. type 9 to select Reset Switch. type 4 to select Administrator Menu. a task requiring only a second or two to complete. perform the following procedure: 1. Some data traffic may be lost. 2. The switch immediately reloads its operating system.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. From the Main Menu. From the Administrator Menu.

type E to enable web access or D to disable web access. To configure web browser access. perform the procedure below. type 5 to select System Config Menu. type 6 to select Web Server Access and. To configure the console timer. the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. The default password is “admin”. For instructions on how to set this security feature. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. when prompted. From the Main Menu. enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. ❑ Console Timeout . For example. For instructions on how to set this security feature. The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes. (The password is case-sensitive. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. ❑ Web Access . These security features are: ❑ Password . and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser. perform the procedure below.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. 3. 2. 43 .The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch. when prompted. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software. if you specify 2 minutes.

44 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 4. if you disable web access. no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser. After you have made the desired changes.

45 .......00 R ...1 5456411 00.D2..A0.. AT-S39 v1...3 ATI_LOADER1..... MAC Address ......AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information. The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version .....32..........Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed...... Bootloader Version . Serial Number . type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu..17...

Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. 46 . The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch. This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. should you remove a master switch from the network. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. That way. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management. ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. 47 . there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. such as for maintenance. Once connected to the network. If your network consists of more than one subnet. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet. You simply connect it to your network.

Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. 3. do not. For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. referred to as slave switches. 48 . You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. you must assign each master switch a unique IP address. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask.

You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. 49 .16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149.32. you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet.32.22 Master 2 IP Address 149. and each has been assigned a unique IP address.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router.18 Master 2 IP Address 149. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets. Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet.09.32.11.11.09.32.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature.

. Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack. a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address. You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch. you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet. Master 2 .Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 . A switch with this designation can be managed locally. It does not need an IP address or subnet mask. or unavailable.Save Configuration Changes R . perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. ❑ Slave switch .Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable.. slave switch. Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch . To be managed remotely.A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch. To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status..A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet.Enhanced Stacking Services S . Note The default setting for a switch is Slave. The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 . A master switch must have a unique IP address. ❑ Unavailable .A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking.

Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 4. The following prompt is displayed. Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 . Press Return. To change a switch’s status. 51 . 2. A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch. or U to make the switch unavailable. Type M to change the switch to a master switch. Note The “2 .Switch State. the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master. type 1 to select Switch State. S to make it a slave switch.Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches.” For example.

Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 .Access Switch R . type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. you are by default addressing that particular switch. The window in Figure 10 is displayed.Get/Refresh List of Switches A . 2. you need to select it from the management software. From the Main Menu. then it is very easy. If you assigned system names to your switches. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G . To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet. From the Enhanced Stacking window. When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet. The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window. The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch. To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch. perform the following procedure: 1.

if you want to manage the Master switch. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. 6. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch. The default password is “admin”.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password. Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. Once you see that window. The password is case-sensitive. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. You now can manage the selected switch. 53 . This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. Type A to select Access Switch. Enter the switch’s password and press Return. 4. Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C .Accept changes & update flash R . perform the following procedure: 1.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2. From the Port Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch. 55 . type 1 to select Port Menu. type 4 to select Port Status. From the Main Menu. The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed.

Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port.Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Down . 56 .indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link. Manual . Possible values are: Auto .Update Display R .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed.Next Page U . Possible values are: Up . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N . The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number. Figure 12 is an example of the window.indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node.Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually.

Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex. Receive . Possible values are MDI and MDI-X.10 Mbps 100 .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. Possible values are: Forwarding .Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. Spd The operating speed of the port.The port has been manually disabled. Disabled . Flow The flow control setting for the port. Possible values are: None . Transmit .Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. State The current operating status of the port. Both . Possible values are: 10 .1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port.100 Mbps 1000 . This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member.No flow control on the port. 57 .The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames. Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member.AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port.

type 1 to select Port Configuration... Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return......... enter the last port number in the range. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3... Advertise 100FDX ... Advertise 10HDX . To configure only one port.... From the Port Menu..... Flow Control .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status ....Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch... MDI/MDIX Mode . The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed... To configure a range of ports... To configure a range of ports. type 1 to select Port Menu.. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. enter the first port of the range. Advertise 100HDX .No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 .. Negotiation .. From the Main Menu.. Broadcast Control ...... Advertise 10FDX . perform the following procedure: 1.... 2.... enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return.... Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 ..

Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port. 5.... You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections. When disabled.. Once the problem has been fixed.. The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters........ which is the default. the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically. You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port. You adjust a parameter by typing its number.Speed . This toggles the parameter through its possible settings.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 . Adjust the port parameters as desired. 59 ...Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode. 0 ..The port will not receive or forward packets.. If you select Manual. 0100 3 . The parameters are described below. This is the default setting..Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode. a port will not receive or transmit frames... you can enable the port again to resume normal operation.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port. If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation..Duplex .100 Mbps 1000 ..Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex..The port will receive and forward packets. two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 .10 Mbps 0100 . Possible settings are: Forwarding . The possible settings for the 2 . 1 ....Speed selection are: 0010 . Disabled ..

Advertise 10FDX 6 . a switch port will advertise its full capabilities. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. which is the default setting. Receive .Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation. The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode. the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps. a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it. Possible settings are: None . Both .or full-duplex mode.Advertise 100FDX 8 . If desired.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.Advertise 100HDX to No.Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option.MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port. Transmit . 60 . half-duplex operation. By default. B . During Auto-Negotiation. which is the default setting. The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time.No flow control on the port. if you set the selection 8 . If you set this to Auto.Advertise 10HDX 7 . the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it. 5 . which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half. you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX. You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation. Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated. 9 . For example.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port.

Once you have set the port parameters. You can use this option to reset the selected port.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode. which. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. when selected. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node. The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection. 61 . Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port. This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection.

type 5 to select System Config Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4. The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed. From the System Configuration Menu. To display GBIC information. Type either 24 or 25. Type 1 to select GBIC Information. From the Advanced Configuration window. perform the following procedure: 1. type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch.GBIC Information R . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 . The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5. 3. From the Main Menu. 2. 62 .

............Next Page R ..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only.... (10k) ............ Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding ...... N .. (10m) ..... Type of Serial Interface .... Connector Type ............ Figure 15 is an example of the window.... (k) ............ Length 62.. Extended Serial Transceiver ... Length 9/125 mm Fib...AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number ....... Length 9/125 um Fib...5/125 um Fib. Length 50/125 um Fib... (100m) . Elect/Opt Transceiver .. 63 ...... You cannot change this information................

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. 64 .Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security. Note Port security can only be set through a local management session.

adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. it remains in the table and is never purged. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch. There are four levels of port security. You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn. Once this mode is activated. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. Automatic This operating mode disables port security. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. even when the end node is inactive. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. 65 .

The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. 66 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time. Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. Once you have activated this security level. no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward. When this security level is activated. The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level. the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table. The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. even those belonging to inactive end nodes.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed. 67 . 2. type 3 to select the Secured mode. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. From the Port Menu. This is the default setting. type 1 to select Automatic mode. 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. type 1 to select Port Menu. To specify the limits. From the Main Menu. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. type 2 to select Limited mode. To set a switch’s port security level. type 5 to select Port Security. After activating this security mode.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch.

type 4 to select Lock all the ports now. A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch. Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time.Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned. 68 .

Set MAC limit per port 3 . perform the following procedure: 1.Display MAC limit per port 2 . type 1 to select Port Menu. You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports. When you activate this security level. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed. Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table. Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port. type 5 to select Port Security. type 2 to select Limited security. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn.Configure port security limited mode R . From the Port Menu. To configure Limited security mode. You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. From the Port Security menu. Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn. 3. From the Main Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 . frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded. 2.

repeat Steps 5 through 9. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. This applies the limit to the port. 12. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8. 13. Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. 9. 11. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed. type R to select Return to previous menu. Type 2 to choose Select a port. To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode. 7. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports. The range is 1 to 150 addresses. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. 10. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. 70 . Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port.

repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. Check to be sure that they are correct. 14. be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. 71 . 16. Examine the MAC limits. Limited security has now been configured on the switch. The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed. If you assigned different values to different ports. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. 15. If necessary. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port.

Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .

router. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. port 13 to port 22. 5. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. ports 4. ❑ When cabling a trunk. and so on. such as a server. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. and so on. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. or 4 ports. To maintain the order of the port connections. Despite the software configuration and physical connections. 22. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. 3. For example. 15 for the trunk. 6. and 24. or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. 3. speed. the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. 14. 23. you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load. workstation. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. or another Ethernet switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. 73 . A port trunk is 2. 13. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. and 7). A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. ❑ The duplex mode. For example.

AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 . The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches.❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN. ❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch. A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs. Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server. The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch. The server is connected to the switch with four data links.

Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. 2. From the Port Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed. From the Main Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 . Note Before creating a port trunk. type 1 to select Port Menu. You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1.Show port trunking status S . type 3 to select Port Trunking. Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure. To create a port trunk. Check to be sure that the settings. such as speed and duplex mode. examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk. Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 .Add ports to trunk 2 .Delete Trunk 3 .Save Configuration Changes R . are the same for all the ports of the trunk.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R . Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk. 7-10). The port trunk is ready for network operations. Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window..2. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking. 76 . 8. Enter new value -> 4.. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. type 3 to display the status of the trunk.4) or as a range (e. The following prompt is displayed.g. To confirm the creation of the port trunk. 5. 6.g.3. Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk.3. 1. You can specify the ports individually (e.Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7.

To delete a port trunk from the switch. 77 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. From the Port Menu. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. 5. 4. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. To confirm the deletion. The port trunk is deleted from the switch. type 3 to select Port Trunking. 2. type 1 to select Port Menu. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. Type 2 to select Delete trunk. From the Main Menu.

Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .

However. 79 . you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port. the more ports you mirror. the mirror port is likely to drop packets. if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. For example. You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed. meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. For example. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic.

enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step.. type 2 to select Port Mirroring.. Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6. No 3 .. You can specify only one mirror port.. From the Port Menu. Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored.. 5. 80 . enter the first port of the range.Add ports to mirror 4 . The following prompt is displayed. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 .... Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3. the port to where the traffic will be copied). From the Main Menu. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. perform the following procedure: 1..Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror.Show Port Mirror Status S . The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed. Press Return. type 1 to select Port Menu. enter the last port in the range. To mirror a range of ports..... 2.. If you want to mirror a range or ports. To mirror the traffic of only one port. The following prompt is displayed. 0 2 .Delete ports from mirror 5 . Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror.Mirroring Port . The following prompt is displayed. Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is.CPU Attached .Save Configuration Changes R .

type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status. Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. 81 . To confirm the creation of the port mirror. 10. The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored. The port mirror is now functional. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 9.

type 1 to select Port Menu. Enter 0 and press Return. The following prompt is displayed. 2. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. From the Main Menu. 82 . Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. perform the following procedure: 1. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. 5. 3. From the Port Menu. The port mirror on the switch is deleted.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror.

1D. 83 . refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802. ISO/IEC 10038: 1993. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol.Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters.

The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. Where multiple paths exist. By adjusting the value. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. also referred to as the bridge identifier. and sometimes its MAC address. of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance. So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. referred to as broadcast storms. as specified in the IEEE 802.1D standard. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. leaving only one main active path. either planned or unplanned. exist in the network topology. 84 . The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge.Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down.

The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. active path. Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby. where all ports have a port cost of 0. The faster the port. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. blocking mode. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. If redundant paths exist. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state. If two paths have the same port cost. 85 . the lower the port cost. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and. Below are the default values. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. if one is found. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. the preferred path is selected through port priority. Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge.

you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. or addition of any active components. before it begins to forward frames. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. a temporary data loop could occur. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. 86 . The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. the active topology also changes. and that could adversely impact network performance. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. For small networks. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. listening and learning. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. a change in a port state is not activated immediately. especially if it is a large network. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). removal. with the size of your network being a primary factor. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. Consequently. For large networks. and if not. However. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. When a bridge is brought on-line.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings.Reset STP to Defaults R ....Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch. 87 . From the Main Menu... The parameters are described below. If you enable STP.. Bridge Hello Time . Bridge Identifier ... the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks.. Bridge Forwarding ....Config STP Port Settings 8 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2.... Bridge Max Age . 1 .1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters.. Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. The default setting is disabled. The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed. You should consult the IEEE 802.Display STP Port Settings 9 .. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. 1.. Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable .. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed.. Bridge Priority .

the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. 4 . The default is 20 seconds. 5 . 3. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. If two or more bridges have the same priority value.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. for example. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. 3 . 88 . The default is 2 seconds.Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. After you have made the desired changes.535. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs).Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. For example. The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. When a root bridge goes off-line. with 0 being the highest priority. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. 6 . if you use the default 20. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. type S to select Save Configuration Changes.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge.Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. The default is 15 seconds.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . If the bridge transitions too soon. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. resulting in network loops. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds.

. To configure just one port.. The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed. To configure a range of ports... From the Main Menu.. type 7 to select Config STP port settings.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters. enter the last port of the range..... The parameters are described below. Root Bridge . Path Cost ....Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5. 89 .. Enter the number of the port you want to configure. enter the first port of the range... This value cannot be changed. Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating . From the Spanning Tree menu. 1 . 2.. To configure a range of ports.... Bridge Hello Time . Port Priority . type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. Adjust the settings as desired... The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step.. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. perform the following procedure: 1......Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain.

4 . 10 for a 100 Mbps port. 90 . To change this value. 5 . and 4 for a 1 Gbps port.Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN. refer to the previous procedure. This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed. This value cannot be changed from this window. The range is 1 to 65535.Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . The range is 0-255.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port. 3 . The default is 2 seconds. The default value for priority is 128.Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain.

It also contains the procedures for creating. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 . This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. modifying. and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session.Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs).

such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. For example. For example. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN. With VLANs. Additionally.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. This too can improve overall network performance. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN. It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. 92 . VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. logical LAN segments. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. if an employee changed departments. Before the advent of VLANs. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases.

AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. 93 . or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another. you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software. a virtual LAN can span more than one switch. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections. This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location. VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically. Additionally.

and Engineering. Examples include Sales. 94 . A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches. Production. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. called the Default VLAN. A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. such as a router or Layer 3 switch. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. you must give it a name. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. or just a few ports. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN.

(There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. it will simply select the next available VID.AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. This is acceptable when you are creating a new. rather than by a port’s PVID. all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. Consequently. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames. The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously. unique VLAN. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. 95 . Additionally. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID. Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. In this manner. For example. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN. If you allow the management software to do it automatically. The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. Untagged Ports Naturally.

This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. ❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port. the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. 96 . This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID. Consequently.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. However. the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID.

a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN. such as servers and printers. 97 . In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches. A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs. ❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network. across multiple VLANs. many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. For example. ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN.

the Default VLAN is not shown. A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN.13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . 11 . and Production VLANs on the switch. A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member.) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN . (For purposes of the following examples.4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9. The ports have been assigned PVID values.24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID. You assign this number when you create a VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs. 98 . Engineering.Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 .

In this example. each VLAN has one port connected to the router.Example 2 99 . two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch. Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN . The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example.

19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . ❑ Production VLAN . Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router. However. 14. This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN. it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router. and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 .6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN . So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN.This is the final VLAN in the example. it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. Since this VLAN spans multiple switches.This VLAN spans both switches. This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch. It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch. This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch. ❑ Engineering VLAN .6. 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13. Engineering. The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch. This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4. 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 .This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN.24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 .11. 100 .

As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch. the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports. A tag. the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. 101 . The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames. referred to as a tagged frame. the frame will be discarded.1Q-compliant. The IEEE 802. This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame.3ac standard). If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN. This contrasts to a port-based VLAN. this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802. Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802. This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches. When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership. For example. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch.

Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN. 102 . The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. can be in only one VLAN at a time. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. Otherwise. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. there would seem to be no need for a PVID. The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. a frame without any tagged information). You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN. the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. But actually there is. However. simultaneously. In the case of a tagged VLAN. An untagged port. But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier.

❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS. If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks.AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN. each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time. ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs. 103 . ❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID.

Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802.1Q-based products.

16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99.1Q-compliant server. It is connected to an IEEE 802. They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. But with tagged ports. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example. The tagged frames. 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11. 18 (PVID 2) 8. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. data separation and security remain. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. 105 . while still maintaining data separation and security. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. when received by the switch. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. 20 (PVID 3) 8. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated.

is ignored. but the VLANs are not used. frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. All VLAN information. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. Packets are passed through the switch unchanged. either tagged or untagged. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. 106 . Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered. ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames.

The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.Virtual LAN Definitions 3 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.Virtual LAN Support 2 . type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2. From the VLAN Menu.Save Configuration Changes R . From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1.Port VLANs & Priorities R . type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 107 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S . type 1 to select Create a VLAN. The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed.

... than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch.... but not special characters.. The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example.. If the VLAN will be unique in your network.. Mirroring Port .Create VLAN R ..... Untagged Ports .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed.. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches..... 5. then the name should be unique as well. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN. For example. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value.. 0 Tagged Ports .. then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value...Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4. If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. then its VID must also be unique. C .. 108 ...... The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name .. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. The name can contain spaces.. The name can be from one to ten characters in length..... VLAN ID (VID) . If this will be a unique VLAN in your network...... Sales or Accounting).. 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) .

2. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports. You can specify the ports individually (e. A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored. If the VLAN will contain tagged ports. this parameter should be left with its default value of 0. 2. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. you will see the following message: SUCCESS . type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted.Press any key to continue. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port.g.. 7-9).) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature. 2. type 4 to select Show All VLANs. Note In most cases. 12. 9.g. 14. or both (e. leave this field empty. leave this field empty. as a range (e..5). Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN. as a range (e. 10.. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6..3. 8. Type C to select Create VLAN. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. 13.g. or both (e. you can analyze the VLAN traffic. 2. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79.5. Press any key. 7-9). If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN.g. To verify that the VLAN was created correctly. Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports. either do not select this option or select it and type N for no. For more information on port mirroring. type 6 and Y for yes.3.g.5.g.. You can specify the ports individually (e.7-9) 7. 109 .. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. 11.5).7-9).(If you do not to activate this feature.

110 . For example. You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs. the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN. Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time. ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. Note When you create a new VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15.

These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. 8. 9. Ports 1 to 4. press any key. 5. 111 . 7. 4. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. To create the example Sales VLAN. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. 3. Type C to select Create VLAN. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. 6. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. 2. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. The new Sales VLAN has now been created. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. From the VLAN Menu. Press Return.

Type C to select Create VLAN. 5. It will consist of three untagged ports. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. 8. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. and 12. perform the following procedure: 1. press any key. To create the example Engineering VLAN. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3.16”. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104.10. 9. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN. 10. Press Return. Ports 8 and 16. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. 2. 11. 3. 20”.11. From the Main Menu. and two untagged ports. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. 7. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 4. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”. Ports 9. 112 . From the VLAN Menu. 6. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”.

type 2 to select Modify a VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4. refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN. 2. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS . type 2 to select VLAN Menu.. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID).. 3. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify. Change the VLAN’s information as desired. For a description of the parameters. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115..VLAN ID (VID) . From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure. 6. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. 113 .Press any key to continue. The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed... type M to select Modify VLAN. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 ... 7. R . To modify a VLAN. After making the desired changes. The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed. From the VLAN Menu.

Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 9. 11. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. 8.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. 10. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. The VLAN has been modified. 114 . Press any key.

type 2 to select VLAN Menu.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R .9 U: 1-6 T: 7. perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 . From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.9 U: 8. The Show All VLANs window is displayed. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names. VID numbers. 3. Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch. From the Main Menu. From the VLAN Menu. type 4 to select View All VLANs. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.

To obtain a VLAN’s VID.. 3... To delete a VLAN. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 . type 2 to select VLAN Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). R . Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN. 2. type 3 to select Delete a VLAN.VLAN ID (VID) . A confirmation prompt is displayed. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.. 116 . The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed. type D.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4. The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed.. which has a VID of 1. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.. To delete the VLAN. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return. From the VLAN Menu. 6. From the Main Menu.

The VLAN has been deleted. 8. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 9. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs.Press any key to continue.AT-S39 User’s Guide 7. All ports in the deleted VLAN. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed. 10. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 117 . both tagged and untagged. Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure. are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS .

on a switch. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 5. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Press Return. From the Main Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. To delete all VLANs on a switch. except the Default VLAN. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. 2. 118 . type 2 to select VLAN Menu. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. 4. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. From the VLAN Menu. To delete selected VLANs. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. A confirmation message is displayed.

A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. Press Return. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 . From the Main Menu. 119 . There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. To change a PVID for a port. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. perform the following procedure: 1. From the VLAN Menu.Port Number R . type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. 2. Type 1 to select Port Number. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed. then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7. For example.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change.

....Press any key to continue.. Specify the new PVID value for the port. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip.Accept changes & update flash R ... 1 1 0 N U .. Override Priority (Y/N) ... Port VLAN ID .. You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch... 120 .. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6. 8.. Press Return. Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number . 7.Update Changes to Chip C .......Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed.. Return to the Main Menu.. 9......Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5. The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS ........ Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High ... The port now has a new PVID.......

AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. B-Basic): 3. perform the following procedure: 1. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. Type 3 to select Switch Mode. 2. Press Return. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs. 121 . You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. 4. 5. type 5 to select System Config Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged. The default is Tagged mode. From the Main Menu. Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter.

From the VLAN Menu. The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed. 2.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode. ingress filtering is disabled. When VLANs are enabled.Enable VLANs Globally D . When VLANs are disabled.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3. The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering. the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. It sets a switch’s VLAN mode.Disable VLANs Globally R . If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure.Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C . perform the following procedure: 1.Accept changes & update flash R . type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E . Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed.Enable/Disable VLANs 2 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 . Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering. From the Main Menu. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support.Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 .

5. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 123 .AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. 6. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch. 4. Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode.

the port discards the frame. tagged or untagged. First. Here is an example. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. Once the tagged frame is received. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. If they belong to the same VLAN. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. In this case. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table. just as a reminder. the port accepts the frame. nor to any frames. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. 124 . For further information. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. If there is. the port accepts the frame. Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. the switch discards the frame. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated. Fortunately.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. the frame is discarded. If they belong to different VLANs.

which is the default. To enable or disable ingress filtering. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch. and that is the priority tag. Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority. In most cases. Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. 125 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5. From the Virtual LAN Support menu. From the VLAN Menu. A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E .Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D . type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 2. You cannot set this per port.AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3. regardless of the status of ingress filtering. From the Main Menu. 4. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis. perform the following procedure: 1. Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags.Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R . type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed. Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch.

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table.

When the destination node responds. For example. A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received. When the switch receives a packet. along with the port number on which each address was learned. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. and the port number where each address was learned. determines the port where the destination node is connected. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. it also examines the destination address and. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. 127 . it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. by referring to its MAC address table. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table.

128 . even when the end node is inactive. refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. For instructions on changing the aging timer. The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted. A static MAC address. once entered in the table. even when the end node is inactive. This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes).

perform the following procedure: 1. type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2. The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R . type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses. From the Main Menu. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports. To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed. 3. type 6 to select MAC Address Tables.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. just the base ports. One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses. To display the MAC address table. 129 . To display only static MAC addresses.

This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only. except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses. The static MAC address window is exactly the same. The columns in the window are defined below.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N .Update Display R . Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window.Accept changes & update flash U . which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. 130 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group.

EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. The type can be either static or dynamic. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. Type The MAC address type. Another example is “000020F. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. This feature is not supported at this time. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. 131 . except for the switch’s MAC address. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. As an example.

The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return. 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port. 132 . A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port. 2. The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3. From the Main Menu. From the MAC Address Table menu. type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu.

From the MAC Address Table menu. or to which the address was assigned. for a static address. From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. 1. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address. if the address was learned dynamically. But if the switch is part of a large network. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. 2. finding the address could prove difficult. you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned. type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. The procedure in this section offers an easier way. 133 .

(This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. as explained earlier in this chapter. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch.) Note To perform this procedure. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. 1. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. produces the same result. From the MAC Address Table menu. 2. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view. perform the following procedure. For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. 134 . To obtain a VLAN’s VID. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. From the Main Menu.

Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure. A confirmation prompt is displayed. the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. From the MAC Address Table menu. 2. 135 . Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. 1. From the Main Menu. Once the table has been purged. 3. If you type Y for yes. perform the following procedure. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses.

perform the following procedure: 1. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address. From the Main Menu. To add a static address to the MAC address table. The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. 5. 136 . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. 2. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. From the MAC Address Table menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected. type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address.

Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. From the MAC Address Table menu. 137 . 4. type 3 to select Delete MAC Address.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses.

This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active. The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3. the switch deletes the address. When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time. From the Main Menu. The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. 138 . Enter a new value in seconds. From the System Config Menu. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes). To adjust the aging time.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. 2. type 5 to select System Config Menu.

Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .

frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer. 140 . File transfer delays did occur. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue.1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority. CoS was designed to address this problem. network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner.1p and 802. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue. The 802. but were mostly transparent to network users. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest. For example. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays. When a tagged packet enters a switch port. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues. transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality.1Q standards. untagged frames (i. low and high. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802. By default. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications. Prior to CoS. such as voice transmission or video conferencing. packet transfer delays can prove problematic. 0 to 7. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port.e. But with the introduction of time-critical applications.. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802.

type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 2. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port.) 7. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. 10. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. 8. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. 3. 5. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. 141 . If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. From the VLAN Menu. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. Press Return. Return to the Main Menu.7). The default for this parameter is No. (Again. 9. enter a value from 4 to 7. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. enter a value from 0 to 3. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS. 6. Type 3 to select Priority (0 . The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. 11. Type 1 to select Port Number.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch.

This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. it removes the node from appropriate membership list. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups. the router does not send multicast packets out the port. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port. it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. 143 . In Version 1. There are two versions of IGMP. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. Once the router has received a report from a host node.) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. it simply stops sending reports. referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. In Version 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. referred to as a time-out value. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application.

and by processing leave requests. Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance. which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2. Note By default. IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch. a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value. 144 . except the port on which it received the packet.

type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. 2.. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 . 2 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters.... From the Main Menu. After selecting this option.IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch... The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. type 5 to select System Config Menu..Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status . From the Advanced Configuration window. perform the following procedure: 1...Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 . View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S .... Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate). Multicast Router Port(s) . type E to enable or D to disable this feature. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed... Host/Router Timeout Interval . From the System Configuration Menu.... Multicast Host Topology ..... 3.Save Configuration Changes R . Maximum Multicast Groups .

You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes.Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. The default is 260 seconds. The default is 256 multicast addresses. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port.Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports. that is. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. 5 . 4 . The default is 256 multicast groups.400 seconds (24 hours). it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port.Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 . The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses.Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. 3 . some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. The range is from 1 second to 86. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval.

or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number. enter “0” (zero) for this parameter. 147 . To select Auto Detect. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter. After making the desired changes. Your changes are activated immediately on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect. 4.

3. 2. as well as the host nodes. From the System Configuration Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch. Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected. Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. 148 . 4. To display the list.Update Display R . From the Main Menu. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U . VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window. type 6 to select View Multicast Host List.

Router IP The IP address of the multicast router. 149 .Update Display R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. From the Advanced Configuration window. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. From the Main Menu. From the System Configuration Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. 4. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. type 5 to select System Config Menu. type 7 to select View Multicast Router List. 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U . The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected. To display a list of the multicast routers. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. 2. You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes.

Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .

Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. That is. Broadcast frames are different. In order to use this feature. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network.AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. 151 . For example. The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. For example. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. When a node sends out a broadcast frame. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network.

the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. 152 . Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames. At these settings. If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval. Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch. the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example.

Timer for 1000 MB ports .100x 153 . 2. Type 1. and 1000 Mbps. perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 . 0 micro sec C . From the System Configuration Menu... The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds.. 0 milli sec 3 .. 3. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4. From the Advanced Configuration Menu.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps .Timer for 100 MB ports . From the Main Menu.Save Configuration Changes R . The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps ..) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup. The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed.. or 3 and enter a value when prompted..AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature..Timer for 10 MB ports . 100. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. 2.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . 0 milli sec 2 . type 5 to select System Config Menu..

Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. The default value is “0” for all timers. Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. 5. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive. Once you have set the desired timer intervals. 154 . if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. 6. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. the management software multiples the value by 10.

the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. To configure only one port. From the Port Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. 2. To configure a range of ports. 6. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. To configure a range of ports. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. 155 . type 1 to select Port Configuration. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type B to select Broadcast Control. enter the first port of the range. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch.> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. type 1 to select Port Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. For example. enter the last port number in the range. 5. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded. From the Main Menu.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics.

perform the following procedure: 1. The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed. 157 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2.Select a Port 2 .Clear Port Statistics 3 .Clear Module Statistics 3 . type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu. The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . Press Return. From the Ethernet Statistics menu. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4.Port Statistics Menu 2 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 .Display Module Statistics R . From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics.Display Port Statistics R . Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics. 5. Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view. Type 1 to choose Select a Port. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics.

................. U ..... RX_MLTCAST ...... Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port........ OVERSIZE .......Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window............ RX_OVERFLOW ........Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.. shown in Figure 48.... PORT_IN_DISCARDS ... Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port.. TX_COUNT ............ Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port................. The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port...................... CRC_ERROR ... FRAGMENT ........ CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port... RX_UNICAST ........Update Display R .............. Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port......... 158 ............. UNDERSIZE ......................... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT ......... RX_BRDCAST ....... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded.. RX_COUNT .....

3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port. but discarded and not forwarded. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”.Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. packets with alignment errors.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. select the option “2 . 159 .

......... RX_BRDCAST .......... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch........ Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch........... 160 .................. type 3 to select Display Module Statistics. From the Main Menu..................... 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT ...... shown in Figure 48.. UNDERSIZE .............. Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded.............. RX_MLTCAST .. CRC_ERROR .. The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window.......................... Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch......Update Display R ...Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch.... PORT_IN_DISCARDS .......Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. RX_COUNT .. TX_COUNT . OVERSIZE ..... From the Ethernet Statistics menu...... RX_UNICAST .. perform the following procedure: 1....... type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics............. FRAGMENT ....... U .. RX_OVERFLOW ........................

Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”. 161 . but discarded and not forwarded.Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu. Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch. select the option “2 .3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. packets with alignment errors. Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch.

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

162

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

163

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed. Once the management software is initialized. a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete. If you are installing a new management image. 166 . Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. Note Do not interrupt the initialization process. Do not reboot the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. the switch automatically resets. Begin the file transfer of the new management software image.

35.1.img 167 .img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39. Binary .1.The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software. A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host . This may necessitate renaming the file.cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image. Put . If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software.1 put c:\ats39. Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149.1.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above. tftp -i 149.35. Source file . Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software. loader file.ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39. The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39.The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch.This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image. you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn.

1 to local drive C: of the workstation. as explained in the previous section.1.The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation. Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation. Source file . 168 . The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host . tftp -i 149.35. Get .The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file.1. Destination file .img Once the file is stored on a local drive. it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP. Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited.35. Binary .This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from.The source file name is “ATS39. This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically.cfg”.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.img c:\ats39.1 get ats39.

Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22. MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26. Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24. Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27. IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17. Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19.

Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser. such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator. 170 .

enter the user name and password. 2. Consequently.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser. The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. Additionally. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. the switch must have an IP address. perform the following procedure: 1. For instructions. To start a web browser management session. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session.) The user name cannot be changed. 171 . Start your web browser. To change the password. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies. When prompted. (The password is case-sensitive. you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed. as shown in Figure 51. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies.

You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser.The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed. Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus. In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites. Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software. You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows. Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display. 172 .

173 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session. select Exit from any AT-S39 management page.

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

If the System menu option is not selected. select Configuration. From the Home Page. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. 175 . To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. perform the following procedure: 1. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default. select it and then select the General tab. subnet address. refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32.

3. The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example. 176 .Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window. Sales Ethernet switch). Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide.

or an SNMP management program. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. a Telnet utility. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Floor 4. 4. To create a new password. click Apply. The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser. After you have set the parameters. The default password is “admin”. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. such as its location (e. Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. 177 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. enter the new password into both fields. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply. Wiring closet 402B)..g.

you must reset the switch to activate your change. You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session. If you made a change to the IP address. subnet mask. or gateway address. or by using the Reset button on the switch. 178 .Section III: Web Browser Management 5. You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session.

From the Home page. 2. 3. select the General tab. If it is not already selected.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed. select System Status. select Monitoring. The Monitoring window is displayed. From the Configuration Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 .

refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. 180 . The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes). Administration This section contains a variety of information. The sections in the window are defined below. For information about VLANs. For background information about MAC addresses. Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging . For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session. ❑ Hash Count . refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212. Virtual LANs on page 91. including the IP address of the switch and the system name.” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. You cannot change any of the values from this window. ❑ Switch Mode . which also explains how to change the parameters.Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table.Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode.” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode.Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only.Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted. If this parameter displays “Tagged. General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address. These values cannot be changed. These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. If this parameter displays “Basic. This value cannot be changed.

From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1. The parameters are described below. select Configuration. select System. 3. 181 . Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. Select the SNMP tab. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed. 2. From the Configuration menu. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. Adjust the parameters as desired.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch.

182 . 5.Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. Click Apply to save your changes to the switch. Changes are immediately activated on the switch.

Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 .

perform the following procedure: 1. select Configuration. Click Modify. (To deselect a port. 184 . You can select only one port at a time. Select the Port Setting tab. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure.) 5.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch. The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. From the Configuration page. The selected port turns white. 2. select Layer 1. From the Home page. click it again. 3. Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4.

If the threshold is reach. refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227. 185 . The parameters are described below. For instructions on how to set this value. any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch. Both . An example of the window is shown in Figure 57. Flow Control The flow control setting for the port. Adjust the port parameters as desired.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed. Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. Possible values are: None . Receive .Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6. Transmit . For background information on this feature.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port.No flow control on the port.

Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode. click Apply. The default for this port parameter is enabled. This is the default. 186 . A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. 7. Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values. The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port.Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . Default values are listed in Appendix A.Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port.Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps .Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps .Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. ❑ 10Mbps . Once you have made the desired changes.

The selected port turns white. 187 .) 4. select Monitoring. To display the status or statistics of a switch port. From the Home page. 3. and more. Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics. 2. You can select only one port at a time. You can view a port’s operating speed. MDI/MDI-X configuration. (To deselect a port. Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. click it again. From the Monitoring page. duplex mode. Click a port. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. select Layer 1.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

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192 .Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session. refer to Port Security Overview on page 65. Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session. Note For background information on port security.

Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 . select Monitoring. 3. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. From the Layer 2 page. select Layer 2. select the Port Security tab. 2. From the Configuration page. The current security level is displayed. From the Home page.

Note For background information on port trunking. 194 .Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session. refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73.

select Layer 1. 195 . Loops can result in broadcast storms. which can produce broadcast storms. which can adversely effect the operations of your network. Select the Port Trunking tab. From the Home page. all ports in the switch image will be black. If you are deleting a port trunk. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. the ports of the trunk will be white. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. If there is a port trunk. 3. select Configuration. To create or delete a port trunk. Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. From the Configuration page. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk.

To create a port trunk. click Remove. A selected port changes to white. Click Apply. or 4 ports. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk. do the following: a. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch. 196 . The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. 5.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. An unselected port is black. b. 3. A port trunk can contain 2. To delete a port trunk. You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch.

Note For background information on port mirroring. 197 .Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79.

Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. From the Home page. Click Apply. do the following: a. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch. Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4. 3. 5. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. Select the Port Mirroring tab. From the Configuration page. select Configuration. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. select Layer 1. To delete an existing port mirror. To create a port mirror. 198 . c. perform the following procedure: 1. The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. 2. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. b.

199 . The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted.

Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session. refer to STP Overview on page 84.Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session. 200 . Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP.

select the Spanning Tree tab. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. From the Home page. select Layer 2. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window . Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. The parameters are described below. You should consult the IEEE 802. select Configuration. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. From the Layer 2 window. To configure a bridge’s STP parameters. 3. 201 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. If you enable STP. 2. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. From the Configuration menu.Configuration 4. perform the following procedure: 1.

the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. If two or more bridges have the same priority value.535. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. for example. if you use the default 20. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds.Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. For example. This value cannot be changed. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. The default is 15 seconds. When a root bridge goes off-line. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. The default is 2 seconds. The default setting is disabled. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. After you have made the desired changes. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. The default is 20 seconds. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. 202 . 5. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. click Apply. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. with 0 being the highest priority. If the bridge transitions too soon. possibly resulting in a network loop. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs).

perform the following procedure: 1. 3. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings. From the Monitoring menu. select the Spanning Tree tab. From the Layer 2 page. 2. select Layer 2. To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters.Monitoring 203 . From the Home page. refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed. select Monitoring. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window .

This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 . Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode.Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. and delete VLANs from a web browser management session. modify. refer to Chapter 10. Virtual LANs. This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode.

perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. From the Configuration menu. 2. The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed. 3. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 . From the Layer 2 window. select Configuration. From the Home page. select Layer 2. select the VLAN tab.

Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. Sales or Accounting). 206 . The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. The name can be from one to 10 characters in length. the name should be unique as well. 6. Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). its VID must be unique as well. Click Add. the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. The name can contain spaces but not special characters. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example.

For example. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. or a tagged port. Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. This value disables port mirroring. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. Note For background information on port mirroring. To select ports for the VLAN. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. 10. 7. In most cases. 207 . You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. Click Apply. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. 9. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. click Send to CPU. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. its VID value should be the same on each switch. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. 8. The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches.

The VLAN is now ready for network operations. 208 .Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment.

the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. select Configuration. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. After making the desired changes. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. 3. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. they are returned to the Default VLAN. Click Modify. 7. 6. Creating a VLAN. select Layer 2. From the Configuration menu. 209 . perform the following procedure: 1. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. From the Home page. click Apply. From the Layer 2 window. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. 4. select the VLAN tab. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. 2. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. 5.

perform the following procedure: 1.Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. From the Layer 2 window. select the VLAN tab. 210 . From the Home page. 5. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. Click Remove. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. 4. The VLAN is deleted from the switch. 2. From the Configuration menu. select Layer 2. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete. select Configuration. 3. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed.

The management software displays the window in Figure 68. From the Home page. select the VLAN tab. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . 2. 3. select Monitoring. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. From the Monitoring page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch. select Layer 2. From the Layer 2 page.

From the Home Page. perform the following procedure: 1. choose System. To set the switch’s VLAN mode. 2. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs. select Configuration. which is the default. You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. 4. In the Switch Mode section of the window. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. Note Refer to Chapter 10. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. 212 . Reset the switch. 5. If you select Tagged. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. 3. From the Configuration menu. If you select Basic. click either Tagged or Basic. Select the General tab. Virtual LANs.

2. select CoS. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. From the Layer 2 page. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. From the Configuration page. To deselect a port. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 . You can select only one port at a time. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. 5. A selected port turns white. 3. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. select Layer 2. From the Home page. click it again. For example. Click Apply. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. select Configuration. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. 4. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. To change a PVID for a port. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. perform the following procedure: 1.

Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26. 7. The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch.Section III: Web Browser Management 6. Class of Service on page 219. The new value is immediately activated on the port. Click Apply. Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port. 214 .

refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table. 215 .

The options are described below. The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed. 216 . refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session. From the Layer 2 page. From the Monitoring page. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. 3. For instructions. 2. You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. select Layer 2. From the Home page. Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. perform the following procedure: 1.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table. select Monitoring. select the Forwarding Database tab.

You specify the VLAN by its VID. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. The port numbering scheme is from right to left. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. Another example is “000020F. As an example. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. 217 . 4. Once you have configured the options. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. click View. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch.

This feature is not supported at this time. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. Type The MAC address type. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. except for the switch’s MAC address.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. 218 . The type can be either static or dynamic. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses.

Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS. refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. 219 .

6. Click the port where you want to configure CoS. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. (Again. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. click the Override Priority option.) 7. Click Apply. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed. A selected port turns white. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. From the Home page. select Layer 2.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. click it again. The default for this parameter is No. 2.) 5. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. 220 . perform the following procedure: 1. (To deselect a port. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. select the CoS tab. 3. it does not matter which of these levels you select. 8.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7. You can select only one port at a time. From the Layer 2 page. select Configuration. 4. Click Modify. From the Configuration page. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered.

221 .Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch. Note For background information on this feature. refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143.

Select the IGMP tab. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port). Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. select System.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. From the Home page. Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. From the Configuration menu. 222 . perform the following procedure: 1. 2. select Configuration. Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. 3. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed.

Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. that is. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port.400 seconds (24 hours). you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. The default is 260 seconds. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. The default is 256 multicast groups. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. The range is from 1 second to 86. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 . such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port.

A white port indicates a multicast router port. 224 . The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses.Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses. or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image. The default is 256 multicast addresses. Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected.

Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. 225 . Note For background information on this feature.

From the Home page. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page. If they are not already selected.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . The default value is “0” for all timers. 4. select Configuration. You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . 226 . and 1000 Mbps. perform the following procedure: 1. click Apply. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. enter values for the three interval timers.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. the management software multiples the value by 10. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. 100. 2. Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch.100x For example. Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept. To specify an interval timer. select them now. After you have entered your values. 3.

4. select it now. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. To deselect a port. You can select only one port at a time. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. click it again. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. select Configuration. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. select Layer 1. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. 227 . Click Apply. From the Home page. 2. As an example. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. From the Configuration page. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames. The port will accept all broadcast frames. Click Modify. The selected port turns white. 6. In the graphical switch image. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. 7. perform the following procedure: 1. When you open the Layer 1 page. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. 5. If it is not selected. 3. the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch.

0 0.0 255.255.0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 .0. Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.0.0.0.0.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.) 229 .1 and above only.

202 bridge hello time parameter. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. 88 G gateway address. 27. 220 defined. 228 DHCP activating. 35. 45 Auto-Negotiation. 172 C Class of Service configuring. 37 defined. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 128 AT-S39 default settings. 140 console timeout. 86. 43 conventions. 141. 88. 47 setting switch status. 202 bridge max age parameter. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. 84. 90 host nodes 230 . 163 AT-S39 version number. 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. 41. 202 bridge priority. 52 defined. 50 F flow control. 225 defined. 37 releasing IP address. 86. 164 downloading via TFTP. 37 BPDU. 150. AT-S39. 212 BOOTP activating. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 185 forwarding delay. 47 guidelines. 88. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. used in this guide. 88. 88. 121. 106 setting. 37 defined. 167 obtaining. 60. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. 84. configuring. 36 documentation. 202 bridge identifier. 11 D default values. 227 browser tools. 138 defined.Index A aging time changing. 41. 177 H hello time. 155. 60.

1d standard. 149 P password changing. 157 port trunking creating. 145. 94 deleting all. 198 port security configuring. 115. 73 deleting. 95. 145. 153. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). 35. 102 port-based VLAN creating. 50 SNMP community strings. 28 starting. 32. 84 RS232 port.AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 116. 187 speed. 24 M MAC address table. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. 223 multicast router. 223 I IEEE 802. 140 priority. 181 SNMP management session. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 195 defined. 143 displaying. 146. 39. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 126. 113. 42 root bridge. 186 statistics. 173 R resetting a switch. 119. 67 defined. 226 defined. 60 multicast groups. 186 displaying status. 111. 146. 216 MAC address. 222 defined. defined. 205 defined. 66 serial number. 90 PVID. 193 port statistics. 118 deleting. 65 displaying. 151 L limited security mode configuring. maximum. 143 ingress filtering. 21 master switch defined. 177 default. 45 slave switch. 55. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 35. 30 web browser session. 87. 222 231 . 195 guidelines. 210 displaying. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. 65 local management session defined. switch. 29. 58. 177 interval timer configuring. switch. 59. 85 setting. default settings. 148 host/router timeout interval. 198 defined. 80. 25 S Secure level. 79 deleting. 28 Telnet session. 213 defined. 26. 69 defined. 184 disable. 209 priority queues. 211 modifying. 171 port configuring parameters. 90 port mirroring creating. 190 port cost defined. 82. 59. 75. 21 snoop topology. displaying. 77. 18 quitting. 50 returning to. 107. port security.

85. 94. 171 V version number. 35. 118 deleting. 157. 92 deleting all. 111. defined. 45 virtual LAN creating. 50 user name. 87. defined. 115. 116. 206 VLAN. 212 modifying. 211 modifying. 84 port cost. 136 deleting. changing. default. 101 VLAN identifier (VID). 210 displaying. 211 enabling. 205 defined. 113. 209 Telnet management session defined. 118 deleting. 173 starting.Index software updates downloading from a local session. 177 switch statistics. 30 starting. 167 obtaining. 107. 160 system name. 29 TFTP. 209 port-based. 112. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. 205 defined. AT-S39. 115. 107. 112. defined. 164 downloading via TFTP. 137 displaying. 116. 24 Telnet. 101 deleting all. 108 VLAN identifier. 20 quitting. 160 STP. 113. 29 web browser. 122 mode. 210 disabling. 203 starting session local. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. 90 viewing bridge parameters. 89 defined. downloading software updates. 201 configuring port parameters. 122 displaying. 35. 121. 171 static MAC address adding. 171 232 . 43 limitations. 167 U unavailable status. 19 quitting. 190 switch. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 94 tagged. 129 statistics port.

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