Management Software

®

AT-S39

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User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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.................................94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN ........................................................................ 113 Displaying VLAN Information ........ 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 103 Tagged VLAN Example ............................................... 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service .................................................................................. 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses ............................ 137 Changing the Aging Time .....92 Port-based VLAN Overview ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics .................. 97 Port-based Example 1............................................................................................................... 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN............................................................................................ 115 Deleting a VLAN ................................................................................................................... 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table ...................................................................................................................................................................... 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address ....................................................................................................................................................................................91 VLAN Overview ........................................................................................................ 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN ............................................................................. 160 5 ................ 140 Configuring CoS .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs ....................................................... 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN ............................................ 98 Port-based Example 2. 151 Configuring the Interval Timer ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 112 Modifying a VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping ...................................................................................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 116 Deleting All VLANs ................ 127 Displaying MAC Addresses .... 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 99 Tagged VLAN Overview .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 142 IGMP Snooping Overview ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses ................... 143 Activating IGMP Snooping ........................................................................ 157 Displaying Switch Statistics .................................................................... 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count ...................................................................... 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 139 Class of Service Overview ................................................................. 118 Changing a PVID Value .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 156 Displaying Port Statistics ............................................................................................................................................................. 126 MAC Address Overview .....................................................................................

............................................................................................................195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring .....................................................162 Obtaining Software Updates ..........................................................205 Modifying a VLAN ..................................................................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates .......................... 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ....................... 167 Uploading a Configuration File ...............211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session ........181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters .....................................................................................................................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol .............................. 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters ...........................................................................................................................................201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings ..............................184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics ..................................................................................................................................................................175 Viewing System Information ................................................................................................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................168 Example..........................................................................................................................................................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ........213 6 ........................................................................................................................171 Browser Tools....................................................................................................................................................... 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session ...................................................................................................................................................................... 168 Section III Web Browser Management ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................167 Example..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk .....................................209 Deleting a VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP ..174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ......................................................................................................................................................................203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs .......................212 Changing a PVID .................................................................................................................................................................204 Creating a VLAN ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security ........................................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ........................................................................................................................................................................................183 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................210 Displaying VLANs .......................................................................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................192 Displaying the Port Security Level ..........................................................................................................................................................................

....................................... 228 Index ................................................ 225 Configuring the Interval Timer ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings ............................................................................................................... 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 219 Configuring CoS ............... 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control . 230 7 ....................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table ............................................................................................................................................................ 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames ........................................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................ 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN ..... 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Example 2 ......................................................... 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu ........................................................................................................................... 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window .............................................................................................. 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example .......................................................................................... 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu .............................................. 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window ..................................................................................................................................................................................................List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port ................................. 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window .................................................................................................. 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window ........................................................ 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 52 Figure 11: Port Menu ......................................... 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window ............................ 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu ............................................ 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window ......................................................................................................................................................................... 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window .................................................................................................. 25 Figure 2: Main Menu ................................................................. 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu ......................................................................................................................................................... 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu ........................................................... 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window ..................... 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window ................ 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu ........................................................................................................................... 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu .................................................................................. 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window .................... 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu .............................................................................................................................................................................Example 1 ......... 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 .................................. 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window .......................................................................................................................................................................... 122 8 ...................................................... 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu ........................................................................ 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ....

............... Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu ......................................................................................................................................................... Figure 69: CoS Setting Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 59: Port Status Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window ............................................................................................. Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu ................. Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window ..................................................................................... Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab ................ Figure 71: IGMP Tab .............................................................................................................................................. Figure 62: Port Trunking Window ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 55: SNMP Tab ............................. Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................Configuration ........................................... Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page .................................................................................................. Figure 53: General Tab ...............................................................................................................................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ...................................................................... Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window .. Figure 54: General Tab Window ................................................................................................................................. Figure 60: Port Statistics Window ........................Monitoring ....................................................................... Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu ........................................................................................................................... Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window ........................................................................................................................................... Figure 52: Home Page ................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 68: VLAN Window ....................................... Figure 67: Add VLAN Window ..................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 61: Port Security Menu ..................................................................................................................................... Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window ....................................................................................................................... Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 57: Settings for Port Window ......................... Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window ................................................................. Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window ..................................................................................................................................................... Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 ........................................................................ Figure 66: VLAN Window ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window ........................................................................................................................................................... Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window ..............................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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14 . To use the FTP server.com or our FTP server at ftp. You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www. enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password.alliedtelesyn.Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products.com.alliedtelesyn.

It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. 15 .Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software.

such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters. If this is true for your network. The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network. You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches.Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. 16 . and powering ON the device. Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters. Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. as explained in the hardware installation guide.

The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide. The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use. such as to change or adjust its operating parameters. It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser. 17 . you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software.AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session. There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch.

using a straight-through RS-232 cable. This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch.Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. Once the session is started. you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch. Note For instructions on starting a local management session. refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 18 . You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located.

This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters. 19 . you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. With AT-8024GB switches. you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session. You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. which include the enhanced stacking feature.

20 .You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session. This too is a type of remote management. There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session. Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session. They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking . because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch. that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address. Consequently.You can view but not set the port security level of a switch. ❑ Port security level .You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session. as well as every AT-8024 switch. refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171. just like a Telnet management session. ❑ DHCP and BOOTP .Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch. every AT-8024GB switch.

The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program. For instructions. Consequently. A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program.AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. refer to your SNMP management documentation. 21 . Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program.

Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .

Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .

Additionally. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch. This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch. to start this type of management session. you can manage just that switch. Note For information on enhanced stacking. usually within a few meters. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. you must go to where that switch is located. You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch. This can simplify network management. 24 . Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session.

3. perform the following procedure: 1. Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session. Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch. POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2. see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 . Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program.

(This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S .1 and above. You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch. The default is “admin”. (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>). Otherwise. the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt.Save Configuration Changes R . The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly. The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps. Note During boot up. (The password is case-sensitive. enter the password for the management software. Press the Return key twice.) 4.) The Main Menu is displayed.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal. If prompted for a password. This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only. or an equivalent terminal emulator program.) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal. the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps). 5. simply type boot and press Return to start the switch. The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset.Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 .

Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. 27 . Enhanced Stacking on page 46. This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu. Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet. type the corresponding letter or number. It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located.AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item. For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session. refer to Chapter 4.

28 . Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session. This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended. return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit. Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously. You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch.

You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. type its corresponding number of letter. The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch. Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. such as with a local management session. as shown in Figure 2 on page 26. To return to a previous menu. Additionally. Note For background information on enhanced stacking. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. In terms of functionally.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. To make a selection. The menus also function the same. Enter the management software password when prompted. The default password is “admin”. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol. 29 . An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol. type R or press ESC twice. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking.

30 .Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session. type Q for Quit from the Main Menu.

There are also procedures for resetting the switch. activating the original switch default settings. There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 . and more.Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures.

The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. all from the same management session. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking. This switch will be the Master switch of the stack. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. This feature has two primary benefits. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. you must assign at least one of them an IP address. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. you must also assign it a subnet mask. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. 32 . If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. You do not need to assign an IP address. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. First. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address.) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. a web browser. Second. The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. subnet mask.

AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. switches on your network need an IP address. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet. How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which. 33 . Note For further information on enhanced stacking. The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. You can do this two different ways. if any. The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address.

..... 9 ..0. subnet mask. To manually set a switch’s IP address.. From the Main Menu... 255. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address . type 4 to select Administration Menu. 0... Administrator . (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network....0..0 Default Gateway ...255.... and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session..Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42.. perform the following procedure: 1.Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 ... go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. 0.0.Release DHCP IP Address S .) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch...Save Configuration Changes R ...Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 .Reset Switch X . The selection X ...0.. Change Password ..... such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch..0 System Name . along with other optional information....Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address.Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L ... The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed.0.0 Subnet Mask . Comments ...

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R . From the System Configuration Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. type 3 to select SNMP Configuration. 39 . The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed. 2. type 5 to select System Config Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.

. when prompted.0...0 S ...0 0.GET Community ...0.. 40 . 5...0.0.. public 2 .. 4 ... .Save Configuration Changes R ....Trap Receiver 1 5 .Trap Receiver 3 7 .........SET Community .0...... .Trap Receiver 2 6 .......0 0..0....... enter the new value... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 ......GET Community 2 . After making your changes..... The parameters are described below. 0..... Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch...0.0 0..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4...0.Trap Community .... type S to select Save Configuration Changes. To change a value.......... .SET Community 3. type its corresponding number and. public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 .Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch..Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. Adjust the parameters as desired.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed..... 1 . private 3 ...

From the System Configuration Menu. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults. 41 . 4. You are prompted to reset the switch. Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. If you type Y for yes. type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the Main Menu. Type Y to reset the switch. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. Type Y for yes or N for no. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings.

Some data traffic may be lost. Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software. From the Main Menu. type 9 to select Reset Switch. From the Administrator Menu. type 4 to select Administrator Menu. a task requiring only a second or two to complete. The switch immediately reloads its operating system. 2. 42 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. perform the following procedure: 1.

perform the procedure below. type 5 to select System Config Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch. For example. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. 43 . if you specify 2 minutes. perform the procedure below. To configure web browser access.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password. when prompted. For instructions on how to set this security feature. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. 3. The default password is “admin”. enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes. when prompted. (The password is case-sensitive. ❑ Console Timeout .The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch. and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser. type E to enable web access or D to disable web access. For instructions on how to set this security feature. To configure the console timer. From the Main Menu. These security features are: ❑ Password . ❑ Web Access . refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. 2. type 6 to select Web Server Access and.

44 . if you disable web access. 4. no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. After you have made the desired changes. type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu... Serial Number ...A0..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed. Bootloader Version .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version ...1 5456411 00.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information. The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed...... MAC Address ....17............. AT-S39 v1......D2.3 ATI_LOADER1.... 45 ..32......00 R .

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch.Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. 46 .

It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. such as for maintenance. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. Once connected to the network. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. should you remove a master switch from the network. 47 . ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. You simply connect it to your network. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. That way. If your network consists of more than one subnet. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet. There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. referred to as slave switches. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. do not. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack. For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. 3. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask. 48 . If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch. Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. you must assign each master switch a unique IP address.

11.16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149. 49 .09.32.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature. you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet.32. Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches.22 Master 2 IP Address 149.32.11. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router. and each has been assigned a unique IP address.18 Master 2 IP Address 149.09. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet.32. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet.

Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable.. a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address.A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet. Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch .A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. To be managed remotely. ❑ Slave switch . slave switch. The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed. you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet.Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 . From the Main Menu. ❑ Unavailable .Save Configuration Changes R . It does not need an IP address or subnet mask.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch. A switch with this designation can be managed locally. Note The default setting for a switch is Slave. perform the following procedure: 1.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 .A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch.. or unavailable.Enhanced Stacking Services S . A master switch must have a unique IP address. To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status. You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch. Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack. Master 2 .

Type M to change the switch to a master switch. or U to make the switch unavailable. S to make it a slave switch. Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3.Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches.” For example. 4. 2. type 1 to select Switch State. A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 . Note The “2 .Switch State. The following prompt is displayed. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. To change a switch’s status. the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master. Press Return. 51 .

then it is very easy.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch. To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet.Access Switch R . From the Enhanced Stacking window.Get/Refresh List of Switches A . you are by default addressing that particular switch. you need to select it from the management software. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G . If you assigned system names to your switches. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services. The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch. From the Main Menu. The window in Figure 10 is displayed. The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. 2.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 . perform the following procedure: 1. When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet. To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack.

Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches. This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. 4. The default password is “admin”. 53 . Type A to select Access Switch. return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit. The password is case-sensitive. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. You now can manage the selected switch. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. if you want to manage the Master switch. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. Once you see that window. 6. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. Enter the switch’s password and press Return.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

type 4 to select Port Status. 55 . From the Port Menu. From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch.Accept changes & update flash R .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2. The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C . type 1 to select Port Menu.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed. Possible values are: Auto .indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.Update Display R . Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port.Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode.indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Manual . Possible values are: Up . The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number. Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port.Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually. Figure 12 is an example of the window. Down .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 56 .Next Page U . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N .

57 . Flow The flow control setting for the port.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port.100 Mbps 1000 . State The current operating status of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Possible values are: 10 . Possible values are: None . Possible values are: Forwarding .10 Mbps 100 . Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex.The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames. Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. Spd The operating speed of the port.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port.The port has been manually disabled. Transmit .AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port. Disabled .Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. Receive . Both . This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member.No flow control on the port.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.

Broadcast Control ........ Advertise 100FDX ...... The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3.. From the Port Menu. To configure a range of ports....Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch. Negotiation . To configure only one port..... enter the first port of the range....... enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. From the Main Menu. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return... MDI/MDIX Mode . The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4.... type 1 to select Port Menu..No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 .. Advertise 10FDX .. Advertise 10HDX ...... type 1 to select Port Configuration. 2... enter the last port number in the range. Flow Control ... perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status . Advertise 100HDX . To configure a range of ports... Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 ......

This toggles the parameter through its possible settings..10 Mbps 0100 . the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically. Disabled .. 5. If you select Manual.100 Mbps 1000 . The parameters are described below.Speed selection are: 0010 . two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 .. Adjust the port parameters as desired.Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port. 59 ... you can enable the port again to resume normal operation. which is the default.Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode.. The possible settings for the 2 .The port will not receive or forward packets...Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode. 0 .. You adjust a parameter by typing its number...Duplex . 1 . Possible settings are: Forwarding ... Once the problem has been fixed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port.......Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex.The port will receive and forward packets.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 .. If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation.. You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port.. The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters.Speed ... When disabled... 0100 3 . a port will not receive or transmit frames. This is the default setting. You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections.

60 .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. B .MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port. For example. Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated. 5 . Receive . the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it.Advertise 100HDX to No. During Auto-Negotiation.Advertise 100FDX 8 .or full-duplex mode.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode. the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps. Possible settings are: None . which is the default setting. You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port.Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option. a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it. Both . If desired. The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port.Advertise 10FDX 6 . Transmit . half-duplex operation. By default. a switch port will advertise its full capabilities. if you set the selection 8 .No flow control on the port. If you set this to Auto. which is the default setting. The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames.Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation. 9 . you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX. which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half.Advertise 10HDX 7 . refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155.

prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node. Once you have set the port parameters. 61 . This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode. Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port. This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. You can use this option to reset the selected port. The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection. when selected.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. which.

perform the following procedure: 1. Type either 24 or 25. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 . The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch. From the Advanced Configuration window. type 5 to select System Config Menu. To display GBIC information.GBIC Information R . these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4. From the System Configuration Menu. 3. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. Type 1 to select GBIC Information. From the Main Menu. 62 . type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5. 2.

..... Length 9/125 mm Fib............. Type of Serial Interface ..........Next Page R .. Figure 15 is an example of the window. (100m) .... (10k) ....Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only... You cannot change this information......AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module....... 63 ..... Connector Type .......... Extended Serial Transceiver ...... Length 9/125 um Fib.............. Length 50/125 um Fib.... Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding .5/125 um Fib... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number ... N .. Elect/Opt Transceiver ... Length 62... (k) . (10m) .............

Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security. 64 . You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. Note Port security can only be set through a local management session.

Once this mode is activated. it remains in the table and is never purged. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. even when the end node is inactive. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table. Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. 65 . it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. Automatic This operating mode disables port security. There are four levels of port security.

even those belonging to inactive end nodes. The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. 66 . Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level. When this security level is activated. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. Once you have activated this security level. the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned.

From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Port Menu. 67 . type 2 to select Limited mode. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. type 1 to select Port Menu. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. This is the default setting. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. To specify the limits. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. type 3 to select the Secured mode. 2. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses. To set a switch’s port security level. type 1 to select Automatic mode. 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table. type 5 to select Port Security. After activating this security mode. Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned. type 4 to select Lock all the ports now. Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch. 68 .

AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn. Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn. From the Port Security menu. You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses.Display MAC limit per port 2 . The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed. You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports. type 5 to select Port Security. 2.Configure port security limited mode R . 3. Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port. perform the following procedure: 1. type 1 to select Port Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 . The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed. From the Port Menu. When you activate this security level.Set MAC limit per port 3 . frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded. To configure Limited security mode. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select Limited security. Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table.

Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. 11. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports. To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch. type R to select Return to previous menu. 70 . Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. This applies the limit to the port. repeat Steps 5 through 9. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. 9. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. 10. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. The range is 1 to 150 addresses. 7. type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8. Type 2 to choose Select a port. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. 13. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . 12.

Check to be sure that they are correct. repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. Limited security has now been configured on the switch. If necessary. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port. The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. If you assigned different values to different ports. 14. be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. 15. 71 . 16. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu. Examine the MAC limits.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks.

The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. 3. To maintain the order of the port connections. router. ports 4. 13. workstation. 23. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. A port trunk is 2. and 7). or another Ethernet switch. 6. For example. such as a server. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. and so on. 5. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. 14. port 13 to port 22. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load. ❑ When cabling a trunk. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. speed. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. 22. On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. Despite the software configuration and physical connections. the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. 15 for the trunk. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. and 24. ❑ The duplex mode. or 4 ports. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. For example. 73 . 3. there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. and so on.

The server is connected to the switch with four data links. Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server. The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch. AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 . ❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch. The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches.❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN. A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs. AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch.Show port trunking status S . type 3 to select Port Trunking.Delete Trunk 3 .Add ports to trunk 2 . To create a port trunk. Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure. examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk. Note Before creating a port trunk. Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software. type 1 to select Port Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed. Check to be sure that the settings. such as speed and duplex mode. From the Main Menu. From the Port Menu. You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 . Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology. 2. are the same for all the ports of the trunk.Save Configuration Changes R .

g. Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R . 8. Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return. Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.3.4) or as a range (e. 76 . 6. Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking. type 3 to display the status of the trunk. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window. Enter new value -> 4. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch.2.Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7.3. You can specify the ports individually (e.. 7-10). To confirm the creation of the port trunk. 5. 1.g. The following prompt is displayed. The port trunk is ready for network operations.

From the Main Menu. 77 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. To confirm the deletion. From the Port Menu. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. 5. 3. Type 2 to select Delete trunk. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The port trunk is deleted from the switch. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. 4. To delete a port trunk from the switch. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. type 3 to select Port Trunking. type 1 to select Port Menu.

Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .

❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. the mirror port is likely to drop packets. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed. meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports. the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. 79 . the more ports you mirror. For example. However. you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port. For example. if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports.

Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror. perform the following procedure: 1. The following prompt is displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 .Save Configuration Changes R ... If you want to mirror a range or ports.Delete ports from mirror 5 .. You can specify only one mirror port.. To mirror a range of ports.. enter the last port in the range. Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored. enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed. type 1 to select Port Menu. type 2 to select Port Mirroring.Add ports to mirror 4 . enter the first port of the range.Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror.. From the Main Menu.Mirroring Port .. the port to where the traffic will be copied). The following prompt is displayed. 2. Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7. 5... Press Return...CPU Attached . The following prompt is displayed... 0 2 .Show Port Mirror Status S . Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is. To mirror the traffic of only one port. 80 .. Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6. No 3 . From the Port Menu.

10. Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu. The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored. The port mirror is now functional. 9.AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status. To confirm the creation of the port mirror. 81 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. 3. The following prompt is displayed. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. From the Main Menu. 2. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. perform the following procedure: 1. Enter 0 and press Return. 5. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. From the Port Menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. type 1 to select Port Menu. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. 82 .

83 . ISO/IEC 10038: 1993.1D. refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802.Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol.

84 . Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. leaving only one main active path. of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. either planned or unplanned. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. also referred to as the bridge identifier. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. Where multiple paths exist. and sometimes its MAC address. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. referred to as broadcast storms. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes. as specified in the IEEE 802. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number. By adjusting the value. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. exist in the network topology.1D standard.Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol.

The faster the port. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. If redundant paths exist.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby. Below are the default values. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. If two paths have the same port cost. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. 85 . Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. where all ports have a port cost of 0. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. the lower the port cost. the preferred path is selected through port priority. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. active path. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. blocking mode. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. if one is found. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state.

a change in a port state is not activated immediately. removal. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. However. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. and that could adversely impact network performance. If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. 86 . listening and learning. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. For small networks. before it begins to forward frames. with the size of your network being a primary factor. The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. a temporary data loop could occur. and if not.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. especially if it is a large network. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. the active topology also changes. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. Consequently. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. For large networks. When a bridge is brought on-line. or addition of any active components. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes.

Bridge Identifier ..Reset STP to Defaults R ...Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks.. Bridge Priority . Bridge Hello Time . 87 .1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters...... Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed. The parameters are described below. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable .. The default setting is disabled..AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings. 1... Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. Bridge Max Age ..Config STP Port Settings 8 ..Display STP Port Settings 9 .. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed.. You should consult the IEEE 802. Bridge Forwarding ...Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2. 1 . From the Main Menu.. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. If you enable STP. Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 .

If two or more bridges have the same priority value. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes.Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. for example. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. resulting in network loops. For example. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. When a root bridge goes off-line.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. 3. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. The default is 20 seconds. 5 . if you use the default 20. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. with 0 being the highest priority.Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. If the bridge transitions too soon. 6 . Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table.Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. 88 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . not all links may have yet adapted to the change. 4 . The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed. The default is 15 seconds.535. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 3 . After you have made the desired changes. The default is 2 seconds.

.. This value cannot be changed.. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3.. Bridge Hello Time . enter the first port of the range.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters. 2.. enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5...Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain.. Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R . The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed... 1 . To configure just one port... Root Bridge .. enter the last port of the range.. Enter the number of the port you want to configure. Path Cost .... From the Main Menu. The parameters are described below. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. type 7 to select Config STP port settings. To configure a range of ports. 89 . Port Priority .. To configure a range of ports... perform the following procedure: 1.... From the Spanning Tree menu. Adjust the settings as desired... type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu...

Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . 4 . and 4 for a 1 Gbps port. The range is 0-255. This value cannot be changed from this window. 90 .Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge.Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN. The range is 1 to 65535. 3 . refer to the previous procedure.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. The default value for priority is 128. The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port. 10 for a 100 Mbps port. This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed. 5 .Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain. The default is 2 seconds. To change this value.

It also contains the procedures for creating. modifying. This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 .Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs).

if an employee changed departments. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. Before the advent of VLANs. logical LAN segments. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. With VLANs. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. For example. For example. Additionally. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. 92 . such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. This too can improve overall network performance.

Additionally.AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software. This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location. or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another. VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections. 93 . a virtual LAN can span more than one switch.

94 . Examples include Sales. Production. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. called the Default VLAN. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN. such as a router or Layer 3 switch. VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches. or just a few ports. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. you must give it a name. A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. and Engineering.

you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN. unique VLAN. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously. all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID. Additionally. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch. Untagged Ports Naturally. For example. The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership. it will simply select the next available VID. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. Consequently. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. 95 . Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received. rather than by a port’s PVID. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches.AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. In this manner. If you allow the management software to do it automatically. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. This is acceptable when you are creating a new.

The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port. General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN. the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. Consequently. ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. However. ❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID. 96 . making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member.

97 . a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN. In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches. ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN. many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. For example.AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. such as servers and printers. A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs. ❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network. across multiple VLANs.

Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. The ports have been assigned PVID values. the Default VLAN is not shown. A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member.24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID. (For purposes of the following examples. You assign this number when you create a VLAN.) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN .13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . Engineering.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs. A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN. Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . 11 . and Production VLANs on the switch.4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9. 98 .

AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example. In this example. Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN . two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch.Example 2 99 . The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN. each VLAN has one port connected to the router.

24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 .11. It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4. So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN. This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN. 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13. 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 .6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN .This is the final VLAN in the example. It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch. ❑ Production VLAN . This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment. 14. it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch. This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN.This VLAN spans both switches. The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch. Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router. This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch. Since this VLAN spans multiple switches. ❑ Engineering VLAN . 100 . However.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router. Engineering.This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN.6.

This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. For example. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port. the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch. The IEEE 802. 101 . If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. This contrasts to a port-based VLAN. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames. referred to as a tagged frame. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802. A tag.3ac standard). Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802. When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network. the frame will be discarded.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port. the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports. If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership.1Q-compliant. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously.

They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. there would seem to be no need for a PVID. An untagged port. However. simultaneously. can be in only one VLAN at a time. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. In the case of a tagged VLAN. Otherwise. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. a frame without any tagged information). But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. 102 . The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. But actually there is. You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN. The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID.

❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS.AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN. each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time. 103 . ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs. If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks. ❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.1Q-based products.1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 .

In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. 20 (PVID 3) 8. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. The tagged frames. each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. data separation and security remain. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. while still maintaining data separation and security. They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. 105 . when received by the switch. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs. But with tagged ports. 18 (PVID 2) 8. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs. It is connected to an IEEE 802.1Q-compliant server. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. is ignored. 106 . All VLAN information. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121. frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. but the VLANs are not used. Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames. You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. either tagged or untagged. Packets are passed through the switch unchanged.

type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1.Port VLANs & Priorities R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S . From the VLAN Menu. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.Virtual LAN Definitions 3 .Save Configuration Changes R . type 1 to select Create a VLAN.Virtual LAN Support 2 . type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN. 107 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 .

If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected.. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. then its VID must also be unique.... If this will be a unique VLAN in your network.... C ... The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value.. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN... Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN. than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch. 108 .. If the VLAN will be unique in your network.. then the name should be unique as well. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) . The name can be from one to ten characters in length. 0 Tagged Ports ... Untagged Ports .... The name can contain spaces.......... but not special characters... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name .Create VLAN R ... The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value..Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed. 5.. For example..... if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches.... VLAN ID (VID) .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4. The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example. Sales or Accounting). Mirroring Port .

AT-S39 User’s Guide 6.. you can analyze the VLAN traffic. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. 2. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN. Note In most cases. A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored. You can specify the ports individually (e. or both (e. Type C to select Create VLAN. 9.7-9) 7. Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports.5.g. If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports.(If you do not to activate this feature. 2. 10. either do not select this option or select it and type N for no.3. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. 14. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports. 13.g. or both (e.g.g. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN.. You can specify the ports individually (e. leave this field empty.g.) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature. To verify that the VLAN was created correctly..3. 12. 11. 2. as a range (e. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port. 8. 7-9). The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. type 4 to select Show All VLANs.. 7-9). you will see the following message: SUCCESS . 2. type 6 and Y for yes. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch.5).5. type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports.. leave this field empty. For more information on port mirroring.. 109 .g. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.5). If the VLAN will contain tagged ports. Press any key. as a range (e. this parameter should be left with its default value of 0.7-9).Press any key to continue.

For example. ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs. 110 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15. Note When you create a new VLAN. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time. the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN. if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.

The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. Press Return. 2. 3. Ports 1 to 4. 111 . Type C to select Create VLAN. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. 7. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. From the Main Menu. To create the example Sales VLAN. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. From the VLAN Menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 5. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. 9. press any key. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. 4. perform the following procedure: 1. The new Sales VLAN has now been created. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. 6. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. 8. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports.

From the VLAN Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port.11. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9. To create the example Engineering VLAN. Ports 9. and 12. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. and two untagged ports. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. It will consist of three untagged ports. 6. 3. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. 2. 112 . 7. 10. press any key. Ports 8 and 16. 4. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”. 11. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”. Type C to select Create VLAN.10.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104. 9. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 20”. 5.16”. Press Return. 8. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.

. Change the VLAN’s information as desired. refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. To obtain a VLAN’s VID.. For a description of the parameters. From the Main Menu. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify. 6.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. 7. 2. The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed. 113 . To modify a VLAN.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 . The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS . 3. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.... From the VLAN Menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. R .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4. type M to select Modify VLAN.. type 2 to select Modify a VLAN.VLAN ID (VID) . This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN. After making the desired changes.Press any key to continue.

Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. 11. 8. 10.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. Press any key. 9. 114 . The VLAN has been modified. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs.

type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7. 2. VID numbers. perform the following procedure: 1.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R . and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. type 4 to select View All VLANs. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33.9 U: 1-6 T: 7.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names. From the VLAN Menu. 3.9 U: 8. The Show All VLANs window is displayed.

R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 . which has a VID of 1. The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed. To obtain a VLAN’s VID.. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. 6. type 3 to select Delete a VLAN. 2.. To delete a VLAN. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115.. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed.VLAN ID (VID) . type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. From the VLAN Menu.. From the Main Menu.. 3.. perform the following procedure: 1. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4. To delete the VLAN.. A confirmation prompt is displayed. 116 . Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure. Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN. type D.

117 . 8. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure.AT-S39 User’s Guide 7. both tagged and untagged. The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS . Type R to select Return to Previous Menu.Press any key to continue. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed. are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. All ports in the deleted VLAN. 10. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs. The VLAN has been deleted. 9.

type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. Press Return.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. on a switch. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. 4. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. 3. From the VLAN Menu. A confirmation message is displayed. 118 . The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. perform the following procedure: 1. except the Default VLAN. To delete selected VLANs. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. To delete all VLANs on a switch. 2. 5. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.

if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN. then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7. To change a PVID for a port. For example.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. 119 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 . 2. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary.Port Number R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. perform the following procedure: 1. From the VLAN Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. Press Return. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. From the Main Menu. Type 1 to select Port Number. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed.

... Override Priority (Y/N) .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed.. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip... Return to the Main Menu...... 7. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.. 8.....Press any key to continue. The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS .. 1 1 0 N U ...Accept changes & update flash R .. You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch. Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID... The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6... 120 ..Update Changes to Chip C . 9.. Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High ............. Press Return... The port now has a new PVID.. Specify the new PVID value for the port.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number . Port VLAN ID .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5..

5. Type 3 to select Switch Mode.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. Press Return. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged. Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. The default is Tagged mode. 121 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. perform the following procedure: 1. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs. From the Main Menu. 2. 4. B-Basic): 3.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E . type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Disable VLANs Globally R .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3. If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure. perform the following procedure: 1. When VLANs are enabled. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering. The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed.Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C .Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 . The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering. the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode.Accept changes & update flash R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 . ingress filtering is disabled. Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. From the VLAN Menu.Enable VLANs Globally D .Enable/Disable VLANs 2 . When VLANs are disabled. 2. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed. From the Main Menu. It sets a switch’s VLAN mode.

Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode. 4. A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch. 5.AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 123 . 6. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

the port accepts the frame. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated. If they belong to the same VLAN. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. Once the tagged frame is received. nor to any frames. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. If they belong to different VLANs. the port accepts the frame. For further information. the switch discards the frame. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. 124 . the frame is discarded. tagged or untagged. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table. just as a reminder. the port discards the frame. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). Here is an example. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. First. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. If there is.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. Fortunately. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. In this case.

which is the default. Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch. regardless of the status of ingress filtering.AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis. Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags.Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R . In most cases. 2. 4. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3. From the Virtual LAN Support menu. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5. perform the following procedure: 1. You cannot set this per port. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. From the VLAN Menu. A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame. and that is the priority tag. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E . type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed. 125 . To enable or disable ingress filtering.Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D . Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame. Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority.

Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .

it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. 127 . it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. by referring to its MAC address table. along with the port number on which each address was learned. it also examines the destination address and. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. and the port number where each address was learned. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. For example. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. determines the port where the destination node is connected. When the switch receives a packet. This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. When the destination node responds. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices.

once entered in the table.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes). For instructions on changing the aging timer. 128 . even when the end node is inactive. A static MAC address. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process. even when the end node is inactive. The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses. Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports. remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted.

One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports. type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses. The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed. The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed. type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports. 129 . To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. type 6 to select MAC Address Tables. just the base ports.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R . perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. 3. To display only static MAC addresses. To display the MAC address table.

The columns in the window are defined below. except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses. Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window. MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only.Accept changes & update flash U . which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. 130 . (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed. The static MAC address window is exactly the same.Update Display R . Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch.

As an example. This feature is not supported at this time. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. Type The MAC address type. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. 131 . The type can be either static or dynamic. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. Another example is “000020F. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. except for the switch’s MAC address. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member.

type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu. 132 . From the Main Menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 1. A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port. 2. The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. From the MAC Address Table menu. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3. Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port.

you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned. finding the address could prove difficult.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. From the Main Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. for a static address. if the address was learned dynamically. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. The procedure in this section offers an easier way. 2. 133 . type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address. But if the switch is part of a large network. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. From the MAC Address Table menu. 1. or to which the address was assigned. You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address.

) Note To perform this procedure. 134 . refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. 1. From the Main Menu. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view. 2.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. perform the following procedure. From the MAC Address Table menu. produces the same result. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. (This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN. as explained earlier in this chapter. For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns.

A confirmation prompt is displayed. 3. the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table. From the MAC Address Table menu. type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses. If you type Y for yes. From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. Once the table has been purged. 1. 2. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. 135 . the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. perform the following procedure. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses.

2. 136 . 5. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address. To add a static address to the MAC address table. type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. perform the following procedure: 1. From the MAC Address Table menu. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. From the Main Menu. The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table.

type 6 to select MAC Address Table. perform the following procedure: 1. type 3 to select Delete MAC Address. From the MAC Address Table menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. 2. 137 . From the Main Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. 4. Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. the switch deletes the address. type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the Main Menu. When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time. To adjust the aging time. From the System Config Menu. Enter a new value in seconds. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch. 138 . The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes). perform the following procedure: 1. 2. This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software.

File transfer delays did occur. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port. low and high. For example. By default.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues. But with the introduction of time-critical applications. When a tagged packet enters a switch port. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802. untagged frames (i. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue.e. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays. but were mostly transparent to network users. such as voice transmission or video conferencing.. network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest.1p and 802. transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality. 0 to 7.1Q standards. 140 . The 802. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802. Prior to CoS. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis.1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example. CoS was designed to address this problem. packet transfer delays can prove problematic.

Type 3 to select Priority (0 . If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. From the VLAN Menu. 10. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. 5. (Again.7). perform the following procedure: 1. 6. 141 . All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. enter a value from 4 to 7. 8. 2. enter a value from 0 to 3. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Type 1 to select Port Number. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch. 3. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS.) 7. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. Return to the Main Menu. From the Main Menu. 9. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. 11. The default for this parameter is No.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. Press Return.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch.

referred to as Version 1 and Version 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. In Version 2. Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. Once the router has received a report from a host node. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port. referred to as a time-out value. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups. the router does not send multicast packets out the port. it removes the node from appropriate membership list. 143 . If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. There are two versions of IGMP. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. it simply stops sending reports. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. In Version 1. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups. A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report.) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group.

and by processing leave requests. which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups. 144 . a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2. Note By default. Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. except the port on which it received the packet. IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch.

View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S . Multicast Host Topology .Save Configuration Changes R .. After selecting this option.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status . From the System Configuration Menu.. perform the following procedure: 1. Host/Router Timeout Interval ... type 5 to select System Config Menu. type E to enable or D to disable this feature..IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. From the Advanced Configuration window. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed.....Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters... 2 .. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration..... Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate)....Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 . This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 . 3. Maximum Multicast Groups . 2.. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. Multicast Router Port(s) . From the Main Menu.

The default is 260 seconds. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets.Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. The range is from 1 second to 86. The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. The default is 256 multicast groups. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. 3 .Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. 4 . With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. 5 . You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 . This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. that is. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. The default is 256 multicast addresses.400 seconds (24 hours). If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. The range is 1 to 2048 groups.Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected.Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn.

Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter. To select Auto Detect. 147 . type S to select Save Configuration Changes. or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number. Your changes are activated immediately on the switch. After making the desired changes. enter “0” (zero) for this parameter. 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect.

perform the following procedure: 1. Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 148 . VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. From the Main Menu. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. as well as the host nodes. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. 2. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. To display the list. 4. The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch. The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U . 3. From the Advanced Configuration window. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. From the System Configuration Menu.Update Display R . Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes. perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U . Router IP The IP address of the multicast router. From the Advanced Configuration window. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. To display a list of the multicast routers. You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. From the Main Menu. 3. The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. 4. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 2. From the System Configuration Menu. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window.Update Display R . type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. 149 . type 7 to select View Multicast Router List. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected.

Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .

A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. 151 . For example. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds. That is. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval.AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. Broadcast frames are different. In order to use this feature. You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. For example. When a node sends out a broadcast frame.

Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch. Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames. 152 . the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. At these settings. If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example. the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch.

The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds..Timer for 10 MB ports ..100x 153 ..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . 0 micro sec C .. and 1000 Mbps. The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed.Save Configuration Changes R . 3.Timer for 1000 MB ports ... perform the following procedure: 1. type 5 to select System Config Menu.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 . type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup. 100. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.. From the System Configuration Menu. 0 milli sec 2 . You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature. or 3 and enter a value when prompted.. 2. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. 0 milli sec 3 ..Timer for 100 MB ports . The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds. From the Advanced Configuration Menu. Type 1. From the Main Menu.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . 2.

if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. The default value is “0” for all timers. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. 5. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. the management software multiples the value by 10. 154 . 6. Once you have set the desired timer intervals. type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. To configure only one port. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval. For example. type 1 to select Port Menu. 6. perform the following procedure: 1. 5. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. 2. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. 155 . From the Main Menu. type 1 to select Port Configuration. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. To configure a range of ports. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3.> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. From the Port Menu. enter the last port number in the range. To configure a range of ports. enter the first port of the range. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. Type B to select Broadcast Control. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded.

Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .

perform the following procedure: 1. The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed. From the Main Menu. Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics.Display Port Statistics R .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics. From the Ethernet Statistics menu. type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu.Select a Port 2 . type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics. 5.Display Module Statistics R .Clear Module Statistics 3 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3. Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view. Press Return. Type 1 to choose Select a Port.Port Statistics Menu 2 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . 157 .Clear Port Statistics 3 . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4. The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 .

................... RX_UNICAST ... Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port................................ TX_COUNT ................ Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT .. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port. CRC_ERROR .......... shown in Figure 48.. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port........................ Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port.................. UNDERSIZE ..... U . RX_MLTCAST .. 158 ..Update Display R .......... OVERSIZE ... RX_COUNT .......................Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window................Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only... RX_BRDCAST .......... RX_OVERFLOW ... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port...... PORT_IN_DISCARDS ........... FRAGMENT . Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port..... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded...

Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu. select the option “2 . Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. 159 . If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. packets with alignment errors.AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. but discarded and not forwarded.

RX_UNICAST ............Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch. UNDERSIZE . CRC_ERROR ........ shown in Figure 48................ RX_COUNT .... perform the following procedure: 1....... The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window.......... 160 . Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded............. The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch.. RX_MLTCAST .... type 3 to select Display Module Statistics....... From the Ethernet Statistics menu... TX_COUNT ..........Update Display R .................... RX_OVERFLOW .... PORT_IN_DISCARDS ...... From the Main Menu.. FRAGMENT ......... Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch............Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only..... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT .............. RX_BRDCAST .............. 2.. OVERSIZE .................... Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch........... U ............. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics....

CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch. Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch. select the option “2 . Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”.AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch. Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch. 161 .3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. but discarded and not forwarded. packets with alignment errors.Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch.

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

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Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

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Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

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The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

If you are installing a new management image. the switch automatically resets.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. 166 . Begin the file transfer of the new management software image. Once the management software is initialized. Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete. Note Do not interrupt the initialization process. Do not reboot the switch. the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed.

Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149.The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch.1.cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image.The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch. or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software. Put . Binary .1. If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software. loader file. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host .img 167 .img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39. tftp -i 149.35.1.35. A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT.ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39.This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image. The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39. you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn. Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software. Source file . This may necessitate renaming the file.1 put c:\ats39.

Source file .The source file name is “ATS39. Destination file .The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file. Get .1.cfg”. Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited. 168 . This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149.img c:\ats39. The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host .35.This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from. Binary .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation.1.35. as explained in the previous section.img Once the file is stored on a local drive. it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP.1 get ats39.The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation. tftp -i 149.1 to local drive C: of the workstation.

Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20. Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27. MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26. Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18. IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28. Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19. Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22.

Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser. such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator. 170 .

you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed. the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. When prompted. the switch must have an IP address. Consequently. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. enter the user name and password. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch. 171 . refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. To start a web browser management session. The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. Start your web browser.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. 2. For instructions.) The user name cannot be changed. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. as shown in Figure 51. perform the following procedure: 1. To change the password. Additionally. (The password is case-sensitive. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies.

Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus. 172 . You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows. You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser.The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed. Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software. Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display. In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites.

173 . select Exit from any AT-S39 management page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session.

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

2. select it and then select the General tab. refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. perform the following procedure: 1. subnet address. To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. select Configuration. From the Home Page. 175 . If the System menu option is not selected.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default.

Entering a value for this parameter is optional.Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed. 3. Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide. 176 . The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example. Sales Ethernet switch).

Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser. such as its location (e. Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. After you have set the parameters. or an SNMP management program. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply. enter the new password into both fields. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. Wiring closet 402B). click Apply. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!).AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. The default password is “admin”. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length. Floor 4. IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch.g. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. 177 . Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. a Telnet utility. To create a new password.. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch. 4.

or gateway address. 178 . subnet mask. You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session.Section III: Web Browser Management 5. You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session. you must reset the switch to activate your change. or by using the Reset button on the switch. If you made a change to the IP address.

select the General tab. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 . perform the following procedure: 1. If it is not already selected. From the Home page. The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. 3. The Monitoring window is displayed. From the Configuration Menu. select Monitoring. select System Status.

For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session. refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212. These values cannot be changed. General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address.” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes). The sections in the window are defined below.Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode. ❑ Switch Mode . refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10. 180 . These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging . For background information about MAC addresses. ❑ Hash Count . If this parameter displays “Tagged. If this parameter displays “Basic. including the IP address of the switch and the system name.Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table. This value cannot be changed.” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. Virtual LANs on page 91.Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted. You cannot change any of the values from this window. which also explains how to change the parameters. Administration This section contains a variety of information.Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only. For information about VLANs.

From the Configuration menu. Adjust the parameters as desired. select Configuration. The parameters are described below. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. 2. From the Home page. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. Select the SNMP tab. Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. 181 . select System.

Click Apply to save your changes to the switch. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. 5.Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. 182 .

Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 .Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure.) 5. select Configuration. 3. From the Configuration page. 184 . 2. You can select only one port at a time. The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. Select the Port Setting tab. (To deselect a port. From the Home page. The selected port turns white. Click Modify. select Layer 1. click it again.

Flow Control The flow control setting for the port. An example of the window is shown in Figure 57.Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Transmit . For background information on this feature. Adjust the port parameters as desired. 185 . Receive . refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227. Both . For instructions on how to set this value. If the threshold is reach. Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. The parameters are described below. any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. Possible values are: None .AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed.No flow control on the port. Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6.Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port.

Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values.Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. This is the default. click Apply. Once you have made the desired changes. ❑ 10Mbps .Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps . 186 .Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps .Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames. 7. The default for this port parameter is enabled. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228.Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port. Default values are listed in Appendix A. The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port. Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode.

Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58. and more. select Layer 1. 3. Click a port. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB. 187 . perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch. 2. Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics. From the Monitoring page. MDI/MDI-X configuration.) 4. From the Home page. The selected port turns white. To display the status or statistics of a switch port. select Monitoring. duplex mode. You can select only one port at a time. click it again. You can view a port’s operating speed. (To deselect a port.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

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Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session.Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session. 192 . refer to Port Security Overview on page 65. Note For background information on port security.

3. From the Home page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. select the Port Security tab. From the Layer 2 page. select Layer 2. From the Configuration page. select Monitoring. 2. The current security level is displayed. Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 . perform the following procedure: 1.

refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73.Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session. Note For background information on port trunking. 194 .

perform the following procedure: 1. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. which can produce broadcast storms. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. If there is a port trunk. Loops can result in broadcast storms. From the Home page. From the Configuration page. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk. select Configuration. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. select Layer 1. 3. all ports in the switch image will be black. 195 . To create or delete a port trunk. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. If you are deleting a port trunk. which can adversely effect the operations of your network. the ports of the trunk will be white. Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. Select the Port Trunking tab.

Section III: Web Browser Management 4. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk. click Remove. 5. or 4 ports. do the following: a. An unselected port is black. b. The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch. 196 . 3. Click Apply. To delete a port trunk. A selected port changes to white. A port trunk can contain 2. To create a port trunk.

Note For background information on port mirroring. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79.Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror. 197 .

198 . Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. Select the Port Mirroring tab. To create a port mirror. 3. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports. select Configuration. 5. do the following: a.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. c. b. 2. Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4. From the Configuration page. Click Apply. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. From the Home page. The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. select Layer 1. To delete an existing port mirror. perform the following procedure: 1. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch.

AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted. The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations. 199 .

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP. Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session. Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session. refer to STP Overview on page 84.Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. 200 .

201 .Configuration 4.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window . To configure a bridge’s STP parameters. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Layer 2 window. select Configuration. 2. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. The parameters are described below.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. 3. From the Home page. select Layer 2. If you enable STP. select the Spanning Tree tab. You should consult the IEEE 802. From the Configuration menu.

The default is 15 seconds. The default setting is disabled.Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. 5. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. click Apply. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. possibly resulting in a network loop. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. The default is 20 seconds. After you have made the desired changes. The default is 2 seconds. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. If the bridge transitions too soon. When a root bridge goes off-line. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). For example.535. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. 202 . for example. if you use the default 20. with 0 being the highest priority. This value cannot be changed.

refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201. From the Monitoring menu.Monitoring 203 . select Layer 2. To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters. perform the following procedure: 1. select the Spanning Tree tab. 3. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window . From the Layer 2 page. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. select Monitoring.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings. 2. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed. From the Home page.

refer to Chapter 10. Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode. and delete VLANs from a web browser management session. Virtual LANs. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 . This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. modify.Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create.

From the Home page. From the Layer 2 window. From the Configuration menu. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 . select Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. 2. select Layer 2. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed. select the VLAN tab.

Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. Click Add. Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN. Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. its VID must be unique as well. Sales or Accounting). If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. 6. The name can be from one to 10 characters in length. 206 . If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. the name should be unique as well. The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. The name can contain spaces but not special characters.

its VID value should be the same on each switch. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. 207 . To select ports for the VLAN. 10. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. 8. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. This value disables port mirroring. click Send to CPU. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. or a tagged port. Click Apply. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. 9. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. 7. Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. In most cases. For example. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. Note For background information on port mirroring.

Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. The VLAN is now ready for network operations. 208 .

Creating a VLAN. select the VLAN tab. 209 . The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. From the Configuration menu. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. After making the desired changes. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. 2. select Configuration. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. 6. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. From the Layer 2 window. 7. 3. 4. click Apply. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. 5. Click Modify. they are returned to the Default VLAN. select Layer 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. From the Home page. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure.

210 . From the Configuration menu. select the VLAN tab. Click Remove. select Layer 2. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. 5. 3. From the Home page. select Configuration. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN.Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. The VLAN is deleted from the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. From the Layer 2 window. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. 4.

3. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. From the Monitoring page. perform the following procedure: 1. select the VLAN tab. From the Layer 2 page. select Layer 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch. select Monitoring. The management software displays the window in Figure 68. 2. From the Home page.

select Configuration. which is the default. You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. Reset the switch. Select the General tab. perform the following procedure: 1. 4. In the Switch Mode section of the window. Virtual LANs. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. If you select Basic. If you select Tagged. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. 5. choose System. 212 . From the Configuration menu. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. 3. 2. To set the switch’s VLAN mode. From the Home Page.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. click either Tagged or Basic. Note Refer to Chapter 10. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs.

select Layer 2. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure. 5. From the Configuration page. You can select only one port at a time. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 . select CoS. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. click it again. A selected port turns white. select Configuration. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. 3. 4. From the Layer 2 page. To change a PVID for a port. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. perform the following procedure: 1. To deselect a port. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. From the Home page. For example. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. Click Apply.

Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26.Section III: Web Browser Management 6. 214 . 7. Class of Service on page 219. The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch. The new value is immediately activated on the port. Click Apply. Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port.

refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch. 215 . This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table.

perform the following procedure: 1. Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses. You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. From the Home page. From the Layer 2 page. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table. select the Forwarding Database tab. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. From the Monitoring page. The options are described below. For instructions. The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed. 3. 216 . select Monitoring. select Layer 2.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. 2. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session.

Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. 4. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. 217 . Another example is “000020F. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. You specify the VLAN by its VID. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. click View. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. As an example. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. Once you have configured the options. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. The port numbering scheme is from right to left. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups.

This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. This feature is not supported at this time. Type The MAC address type. except for the switch’s MAC address.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. 218 . The type can be either static or dynamic.

This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS. refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. 219 .Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS.

A selected port turns white.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. 3. select Configuration. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. 4. Click Apply. Click Modify.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue.) 7. 220 . Click the port where you want to configure CoS. click it again. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. it does not matter which of these levels you select. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. (Again. 2. From the Configuration page. (To deselect a port. From the Home page. click the Override Priority option. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5.) 5. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7. select Layer 2. 8. You can select only one port at a time. select the CoS tab. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. From the Layer 2 page. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. perform the following procedure: 1. 6. The default for this parameter is No. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered.

Note For background information on this feature.Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch. refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143. 221 .

From the Configuration menu.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. 2. 3. 222 . From the Home page. Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. select System. Select the IGMP tab. select Configuration. The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port).

The range is from 1 second to 86. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 . you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. The default is 256 multicast groups. that is. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets.400 seconds (24 hours). Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. The default is 260 seconds. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups.

Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. 224 . A white port indicates a multicast router port. The default is 256 multicast addresses. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect.Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image.

Note For background information on this feature.Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. 225 .

The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. After you have entered your values. 2. Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept. enter values for the three interval timers.100x For example. 226 . If they are not already selected.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . 3. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. select Configuration. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. The default value is “0” for all timers. 4. The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps .Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. select them now. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page. click Apply. 100. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. To specify an interval timer. and 1000 Mbps. the management software multiples the value by 10.

You can select only one port at a time. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. 227 . select Layer 1. 2. When you open the Layer 1 page. 7. In the graphical switch image. perform the following procedure: 1. Click Apply. From the Home page. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. If it is not selected. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. The port will accept all broadcast frames. To deselect a port. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. As an example. 6. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. 4. the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. click it again. From the Configuration page. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. select Configuration. 5. The selected port turns white. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. Click Modify. select it now. 3.

0.0.0.0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 . Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.0 0.255.Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.0 255.0.0.

1 and above only.AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.) 229 .

228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. 138 defined. 41. 172 C Class of Service configuring. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 11 D default values. 88. configuring. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. 47 guidelines. 227 browser tools. 84. 202 bridge priority. 84. 50 F flow control. 121. 60. 60. 45 Auto-Negotiation. 220 defined. 141. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 225 defined. 52 defined. 212 BOOTP activating. 90 host nodes 230 . 167 obtaining. AT-S39. 37 releasing IP address. used in this guide. 35. 86. 202 bridge max age parameter. 155. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. 163 AT-S39 version number. 36 documentation. 47 setting switch status. 37 BPDU. 150. 37 defined. 37 defined. 88. 185 forwarding delay. 177 H hello time. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. 43 conventions. 88 G gateway address. 88. 106 setting.Index A aging time changing. 27. 41. 228 DHCP activating. 202 bridge hello time parameter. 164 downloading via TFTP. 128 AT-S39 default settings. 88. 86. 202 bridge identifier. 140 console timeout.

173 R resetting a switch. 148 host/router timeout interval. 67 defined. 146. switch. 30 web browser session. 39. 198 port security configuring. 73 deleting. 28 starting. 84 RS232 port. 146. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 223 I IEEE 802. 32.AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). 186 displaying status. 205 defined. 65 local management session defined. 29. 209 priority queues. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. 75. port security. switch. 82. 153. 126. 113. 25 S Secure level. 193 port statistics. 186 statistics. 143 ingress filtering. 145. 119. 195 defined. 35. 24 M MAC address table. 118 deleting. 95. 59. 60 multicast groups. 187 speed. 42 root bridge. 107. 210 displaying. 177 interval timer configuring. 195 guidelines. 18 quitting. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. 226 defined. 222 defined. 149 P password changing. 184 disable. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 211 modifying. 79 deleting. 85 setting. 140 priority. 171 port configuring parameters. 69 defined. maximum. 50 SNMP community strings. 87. 222 231 . 35. 55. 77. 223 multicast router. default settings. 198 defined. 59. 111. 90 PVID. 216 MAC address.1d standard. 80. defined. 45 slave switch. 90 port mirroring creating. 50 returning to. 213 defined. 65 displaying. 102 port-based VLAN creating. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 190 port cost defined. displaying. 157 port trunking creating. 21 master switch defined. 58. 115. 21 snoop topology. 177 default. 145. 181 SNMP management session. 66 serial number. 151 L limited security mode configuring. 116. 28 Telnet session. 26. 94 deleting all. 143 displaying.

24 Telnet. 87. 116. 190 switch. 108 VLAN identifier. 116. 167 obtaining. 157. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. 171 static MAC address adding. 89 defined. 211 modifying. 90 viewing bridge parameters. 107. 212 modifying. 122 mode. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. 205 defined. 177 switch statistics. 30 starting. 115. 29 TFTP. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 43 limitations. 206 VLAN. 209 port-based. changing. 111. defined. defined. 136 deleting. 94 tagged. 19 quitting. 203 starting session local. AT-S39. 137 displaying. 107. 101 VLAN identifier (VID). 92 deleting all. 20 quitting. 112. 164 downloading via TFTP. 85. downloading software updates. 84 port cost. 129 statistics port. 160 STP. 211 enabling. 201 configuring port parameters. 210 disabling. 173 starting. 167 U unavailable status. 94. 171 232 . 122 displaying. 113. 118 deleting. 115. 50 user name. 35. 171 V version number. 101 deleting all.Index software updates downloading from a local session. defined. 205 defined. default. 113. 210 displaying. 45 virtual LAN creating. 160 system name. 29 web browser. 35. 209 Telnet management session defined. 121. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. 118 deleting. 112.

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