Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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............................................................................................................................................................................ 139 Class of Service Overview .................................................................................. 156 Displaying Port Statistics .................................................... 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs ..................................................................................................................................................92 Port-based VLAN Overview ................................................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs ........................................................................................................................................... 142 IGMP Snooping Overview ......................................................................................... 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses ............................................................................... 116 Deleting All VLANs ................................ 137 Changing the Aging Time ............................... 143 Activating IGMP Snooping ............................ 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 112 Modifying a VLAN .............................................................................................................................. 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping .................................................................................................................................... 99 Tagged VLAN Overview .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 127 Displaying MAC Addresses ........ 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service ......... 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................91 VLAN Overview .......................................................................................................... 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses ........................................................................................................................ 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 126 MAC Address Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs .......................................................................................................................................... 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes ........................................94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address .................................................................................................................................................................................... 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode ....................... 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port ................................................................... 97 Port-based Example 1............ 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering .................................... 98 Port-based Example 2............................................................... 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview ........................... 118 Changing a PVID Value .................................................................................................................................................................. 160 5 ............................................. 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers ............. 103 Tagged VLAN Example ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 157 Displaying Switch Statistics ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 115 Deleting a VLAN ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 113 Displaying VLAN Information ................................... 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN ............................................................................................ 140 Configuring CoS ............................................ 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................. 151 Configuring the Interval Timer ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................ 167 Uploading a Configuration File .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk ........ 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session .......................171 Browser Tools..................................................................................................................................................174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ..............................................................................................................................195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring ...........................................................................................................................................................................167 Example....................................................................................................................................................184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics ..................211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode .....................................209 Deleting a VLAN .........................192 Displaying the Port Security Level .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings .............................................................................................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror ................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters ................................213 6 ................................................................162 Obtaining Software Updates .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol ..........................................................................175 Viewing System Information ...................................................................................................................................................................................212 Changing a PVID ..........................................................................................................203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security .............................................................................................................................................................................168 Example................................................................................................................................................................................ 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings ....................................................... 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ....................................................................................................204 Creating a VLAN ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses ................................................................205 Modifying a VLAN ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................183 Configuring Port Parameters ........................................................................... 168 Section III Web Browser Management ............................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP ....................................................................210 Displaying VLANs .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table ............................................................................................................................................... 228 Index ...................................... 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control ..................................................... 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service .................................... 219 Configuring CoS .................................................................................. 225 Configuring the Interval Timer ....... 230 7 .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings ...................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames .......................................... 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping .................................................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................. 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu .......................................... 25 Figure 2: Main Menu ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 ......... 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window ...................................................... 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu ........................................................... 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window ........................................................................................................................................................... 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window ....................................................... 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu ............................................................................................................................................. 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window ................................................................................................................... 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window ..................................................................................................... 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu .................. 52 Figure 11: Port Menu ............................................................................ 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................Example 1 .................. 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu ...................................... 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu ...................Example 2 ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ................................................................................................................. 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window ......................................................................... 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu .List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port .............................................................................................................................. 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu .......... 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window .................................................................................................. 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN ............................ 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu .. 122 8 ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN ................ 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window ........................................................................................... 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window ....................................................................................................................... 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu ......................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................... Figure 53: General Tab ................................................................................... Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window ............................................ Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ......................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window .................................................................................................................................. Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window ............................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu ........... Figure 60: Port Statistics Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window ............................. Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab ...................................................................................................................................Configuration ................................................................................................... Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 68: VLAN Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 52: Home Page .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page ................................. Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab ................... Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window ..... Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu ...... Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu ..................................................................................................... Figure 66: VLAN Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 57: Settings for Port Window ......... Figure 71: IGMP Tab ...................................................................................................... Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field ....................................................................................................................... Figure 61: Port Security Menu ............................................................. Figure 67: Add VLAN Window ........ Figure 69: CoS Setting Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window ................................................................................................................................................. Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window ...................................................................................... Figure 54: General Tab Window ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 62: Port Trunking Window ........................................ Figure 55: SNMP Tab ............................................................................................................................. 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 ............. Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window ..........................................................................................................................................Monitoring .......................................................................................... Figure 59: Port Status Window ..

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password.alliedtelesyn.com.Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products. You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www. 14 . To use the FTP server.com or our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.

Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software. 15 . It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A. then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network. and powering ON the device. If this is true for your network. 16 . such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters. The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed.Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches. as explained in the hardware installation guide. Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228.

The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide. you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software. The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use. They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session. 17 .AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. such as to change or adjust its operating parameters. It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser. There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch.

such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located. You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session. using a straight-through RS-232 cable. Once the session is started. This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch. 18 . Note For instructions on starting a local management session. refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch.Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch.

This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. 19 . only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session. which include the enhanced stacking feature. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. With AT-8024GB switches. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

❑ DHCP and BOOTP . because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch. as well as every AT-8024 switch. refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171. They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking . ❑ Port security level .Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch. just like a Telnet management session.You can view but not set the port security level of a switch. There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session.You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session.You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session. 20 . This too is a type of remote management. Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session. that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address. Consequently. every AT-8024GB switch.

21 . Consequently. you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program. refer to your SNMP management documentation. For instructions. A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program. Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program.

Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .

The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch. Note For information on enhanced stacking. Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. you must go to where that switch is located. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. usually within a few meters. You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. Additionally. you can manage just that switch. 24 . You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. This can simplify network management. to start this type of management session. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47.

perform the following procedure: 1. Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session. Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200. 3. see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 . POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2.

enter the password for the management software. This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only. (The password is case-sensitive. Press the Return key twice.1 and above. The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly.) 4. You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch. the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps).) The Main Menu is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S . or an equivalent terminal emulator program. 5. The default is “admin”. If prompted for a password. the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt.) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal. simply type boot and press Return to start the switch. The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps. Otherwise. (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1.Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 . The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal. Note During boot up.Save Configuration Changes R . (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>).

you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet. For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session. Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item. Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. 27 . refer to Chapter 4. This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located. Enhanced Stacking on page 46. type the corresponding letter or number.

28 . You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session. This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended. Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions. return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit. Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously.

you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol. The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. To return to a previous menu. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely. Note For background information on enhanced stacking. as shown in Figure 2 on page 26. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. In terms of functionally. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. Additionally. Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. The menus also function the same. To make a selection. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol. The default password is “admin”. type its corresponding number of letter. Enter the management software password when prompted. such as with a local management session. 29 . type R or press ESC twice. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session. type Q for Quit from the Main Menu. 30 .

activating the original switch default settings.Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 . and more. There are also procedures for resetting the switch. There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it.

(The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. subnet mask.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. First. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. This switch will be the Master switch of the stack. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. you must also assign it a subnet mask. a web browser. You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address. all from the same management session.) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. You do not need to assign an IP address. you must assign at least one of them an IP address. Second. 32 . or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. This feature has two primary benefits.

you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. switches on your network need an IP address. The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network.AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which. 33 . if any. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. You can do this two different ways. The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet.

Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42..0....... such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 . subnet mask.0 Default Gateway .. Change Password ..) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch. type 4 to select Administration Menu..0 System Name ......255.. (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network. Comments .0.Reset Switch X . 255.. Administrator .Release DHCP IP Address S .....0 Subnet Mask ... 0..Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 ..Save Configuration Changes R . along with other optional information.... 0. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu..... go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37.Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address ...0.0. and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session. To manually set a switch’s IP address... The selection X ..Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address..0.. 9 ... The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed..

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

39 . From the Main Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. From the Advanced Configuration window. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. From the System Configuration Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R . type 3 to select SNMP Configuration. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 2. perform the following procedure: 1.

........... enter the new value.Trap Receiver 3 7 .0 0..SET Community 3..0..Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed. public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 ... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 .. Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch.0.. 1 . . public 2 ..Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings.. After making your changes. .....GET Community 2 .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4.... Adjust the parameters as desired.... private 3 ...0 S ... The parameters are described below.0.0.. type its corresponding number and.0..GET Community .Trap Receiver 2 6 .Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. 5....0 0...... type S to select Save Configuration Changes...0...... ....SET Community .. 0.0 0........0..Save Configuration Changes R ...... when prompted..0.....Trap Community ... 4 . 40 ....Trap Receiver 1 5 ... To change a value...

To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the Main Menu. You are prompted to reset the switch. 2. From the System Configuration Menu. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. 41 . 4. Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A. the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. perform the following procedure: 1. Type Y for yes or N for no. Type Y to reset the switch. If you type Y for yes. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228.

type 4 to select Administrator Menu. a task requiring only a second or two to complete. 2. From the Administrator Menu. Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software. Some data traffic may be lost. type 9 to select Reset Switch. The switch immediately reloads its operating system.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. 42 . From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1.

For example. if you specify 2 minutes. when prompted. type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch. (The password is case-sensitive. type 6 to select Web Server Access and. perform the following procedure: 1. when prompted.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. The default password is “admin”. From the Main Menu. ❑ Web Access .The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password. perform the procedure below. 2. To configure web browser access. and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser. type E to enable web access or D to disable web access. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. These security features are: ❑ Password . 3. The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes. For instructions on how to set this security feature. To configure the console timer. 43 . the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes. perform the procedure below. For instructions on how to set this security feature.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. type 5 to select System Config Menu.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. ❑ Console Timeout .

Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser. 4.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. 44 . type S to select Save Configuration Changes. After you have made the desired changes. if you disable web access.

.... type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu.1 5456411 00....00 R ....D2.17..32. The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed..... MAC Address .........Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed...AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information. Bootloader Version .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version . Serial Number . 45 .3 ATI_LOADER1.... AT-S39 v1.A0..............

Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. 46 . The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch.

❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. such as for maintenance. Once connected to the network. 47 . Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. You simply connect it to your network. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management. should you remove a master switch from the network. There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. If your network consists of more than one subnet. That way. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack.

refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. referred to as slave switches. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. 3. 48 . For instructions on how to set the IP address manually. you must assign each master switch a unique IP address. You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. do not.

32.16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149.09. you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet.11. and each has been assigned a unique IP address.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature. 49 .32. Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets.09.22 Master 2 IP Address 149.11.32.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet.18 Master 2 IP Address 149.32.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 . A master switch must have a unique IP address. A switch with this designation can be managed locally. To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status. ❑ Unavailable . you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet.. Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack. The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed.A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch. To be managed remotely. Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch .Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable. a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address. You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch.. It does not need an IP address or subnet mask. or unavailable.Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 .Enhanced Stacking Services S . type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. perform the following procedure: 1.Save Configuration Changes R .A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet. Note The default setting for a switch is Slave. Master 2 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch. From the Main Menu.A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch.. ❑ Slave switch . slave switch.

Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches. Type M to change the switch to a master switch. Press Return. 2. To change a switch’s status.” For example. type 1 to select Switch State. The following prompt is displayed.Switch State.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 . or U to make the switch unavailable. S to make it a slave switch. Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3. 51 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 4. A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch. Note The “2 . the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master.

From the Main Menu. then it is very easy.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 . If you assigned system names to your switches. From the Enhanced Stacking window. The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window. you are by default addressing that particular switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G .Get/Refresh List of Switches A . perform the following procedure: 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch. The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch. 2. To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet. The window in Figure 10 is displayed. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services. When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack.Access Switch R . you need to select it from the management software.

The default password is “admin”. if you want to manage the Master switch. Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches. 6. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch. The password is case-sensitive. return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit. Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. Enter the switch’s password and press Return. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password. Type A to select Access Switch. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. 53 . You now can manage the selected switch. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. 4. Once you see that window. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice. Type the number of the switch you want to manage.

Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .

55 . From the Port Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch. type 4 to select Port Status.Accept changes & update flash R . The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed. type 1 to select Port Menu. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1.

indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link. The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number. Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Up .indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. Possible values are: Auto . Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port.Next Page U . 56 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N .Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode.Update Display R .Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed. Figure 12 is an example of the window. Manual .

State The current operating status of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. 57 .100 Mbps 1000 . Flow The flow control setting for the port.No flow control on the port. Both . Possible values are: None . Receive .The port has been manually disabled.The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames. Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member. Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex. Possible values are: Forwarding . Possible values are: 10 .AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port. Transmit .Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. Spd The operating speed of the port.10 Mbps 100 .1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. Disabled .

The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3.. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed.. Advertise 100FDX .. type 1 to select Port Menu.. To configure a range of ports.No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 . type 1 to select Port Configuration.. Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 . 2.......... Broadcast Control ... To configure a range of ports.... Flow Control .. Negotiation ....... Advertise 10FDX .. enter the last port number in the range.... From the Port Menu.... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status . To configure only one port... Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return...... Advertise 10HDX . Advertise 100HDX ... enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return... The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. enter the first port of the range... perform the following procedure: 1.... From the Main Menu.. MDI/MDIX Mode .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch.

The parameters are described below.... 0 . Possible settings are: Forwarding .... You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port.... 1 . If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation.Speed .. 0100 3 . Adjust the port parameters as desired. Once the problem has been fixed. This is the default setting.. a port will not receive or transmit frames...Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port.. 59 . two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 . you can enable the port again to resume normal operation.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 . When disabled... The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters.. which is the default.... 5. The possible settings for the 2 .10 Mbps 0100 . You adjust a parameter by typing its number. If you select Manual.Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode.Duplex . the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically.100 Mbps 1000 . Disabled . This toggles the parameter through its possible settings.The port will receive and forward packets. You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections...The port will not receive or forward packets....Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex.Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode.Speed selection are: 0010 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port..

Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. 9 . The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time. If desired. half-duplex operation. For example. which is the default setting. Transmit . B . if you set the selection 8 . The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. which is the default setting.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.Advertise 100FDX 8 . a switch port will advertise its full capabilities. the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it.No flow control on the port. 60 .MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port. Possible settings are: None .or full-duplex mode. If you set this to Auto. which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half.Advertise 10FDX 6 .Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option. By default.Advertise 10HDX 7 . You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155. Receive . you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX. a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it. During Auto-Negotiation.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode. Both .Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation. the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps. 5 .Advertise 100HDX to No. Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated.

61 . The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection. Once you have set the port parameters. when selected.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode. This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. You can use this option to reset the selected port. Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port. The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node. which.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 . these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. Type either 24 or 25. 62 .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4. Type 1 to select GBIC Information. 3.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch. 2. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5. From the Advanced Configuration window.GBIC Information R . From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. type 5 to select System Config Menu. To display GBIC information. From the System Configuration Menu. The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information.

....... Extended Serial Transceiver . (100m) ......Next Page R .. Type of Serial Interface ... Length 50/125 um Fib............ Length 62..... Length 9/125 um Fib.... 63 ........... (10k) ..... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number ...... Elect/Opt Transceiver .......... (10m) . Length 9/125 mm Fib..AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module....Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only. Figure 15 is an example of the window........5/125 um Fib.. You cannot change this information............ Connector Type ... (k) ..... N ..... Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding ........

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. 64 .

Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. even when the end node is inactive. 65 . the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table. Once this mode is activated. You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. Automatic This operating mode disables port security. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch. Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. There are four levels of port security. it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. it remains in the table and is never purged.

66 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned. no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. When this security level is activated. Once you have activated this security level. even those belonging to inactive end nodes. The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table. The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time.

you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. type 1 to select Port Menu. To specify the limits. type 1 to select Automatic mode. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. type 2 to select Limited mode. From the Port Menu. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. After activating this security mode. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. To set a switch’s port security level. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. This is the default setting.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. 2. type 3 to select the Secured mode. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. 67 . From the Main Menu. ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. type 5 to select Port Security.

A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned. Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. 68 . type 4 to select Lock all the ports now.

To configure Limited security mode. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed. When you activate this security level.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn. From the Port Menu. type 5 to select Port Security.Display MAC limit per port 2 . the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports. type 2 to select Limited security. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 . From the Main Menu. type 1 to select Port Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 . Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn. From the Port Security menu. You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses.Configure port security limited mode R . 2. Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table. 3. You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports. Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port.Set MAC limit per port 3 .

Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . 10. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6. 9. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. 7. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. 11. This applies the limit to the port. The range is 1 to 150 addresses. Type 2 to choose Select a port. To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch. 12. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports. type R to select Return to previous menu. 70 . If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. 13. Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. repeat Steps 5 through 9. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again.

be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. If you assigned different values to different ports. If necessary. Examine the MAC limits. repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. Check to be sure that they are correct. The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed. 14. 71 . 16.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port. 15. Limited security has now been configured on the switch.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks.

❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. To maintain the order of the port connections. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. 13. speed. and so on.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. 15 for the trunk. ❑ When cabling a trunk. and 24. you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. 23. A port trunk is 2. and so on. or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. ports 4. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. 3. such as a server. or another Ethernet switch. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. or 4 ports. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. ❑ The duplex mode. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. and 7). 14. there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. 73 . port 13 to port 22. 5. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. For example. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. For example. workstation. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. 6. Despite the software configuration and physical connections. 22. router. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. 3.

Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server. A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs.❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN. The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches. ❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch. AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 . The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch. The server is connected to the switch with four data links.

Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. are the same for all the ports of the trunk. You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN. such as speed and duplex mode. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 . 2. Check to be sure that the settings. To create a port trunk. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Port Menu.Save Configuration Changes R . Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology.Delete Trunk 3 . examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk. Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure.Show port trunking status S .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 . type 1 to select Port Menu.Add ports to trunk 2 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch. type 3 to select Port Trunking. Note Before creating a port trunk. From the Main Menu.

1.g.3. 5. Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 6. 76 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R . You can specify the ports individually (e. The following prompt is displayed. Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk.. Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return. 8.g. type 3 to display the status of the trunk. 7-10). To confirm the creation of the port trunk.. Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk.3.4) or as a range (e.Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7. Enter new value -> 4. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch.2. The port trunk is ready for network operations.

Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. 3. 77 . 2. Type 2 to select Delete trunk. 5. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Port Menu. 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. To delete a port trunk from the switch. The port trunk is deleted from the switch. type 1 to select Port Menu. type 3 to select Port Trunking. From the Main Menu. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. To confirm the deletion.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror.

❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. the mirror port is likely to drop packets. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports. if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports. For example. the more ports you mirror. However. For example. 79 . you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time.

..CPU Attached ..Delete ports from mirror 5 .Save Configuration Changes R .... 5.Show Port Mirror Status S . Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is. Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7. Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed.. The following prompt is displayed. The following prompt is displayed. The following prompt is displayed. No 3 ... Type 1 to select Mirroring Port.Mirroring Port . Press Return. enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step. perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 ... Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror. enter the last port in the range. Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored. From the Main Menu.Add ports to mirror 4 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3. You can specify only one mirror port. 80 . To mirror a range of ports.. If you want to mirror a range or ports.Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror. 0 2 . To mirror the traffic of only one port. type 1 to select Port Menu. From the Port Menu.. 2. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. the port to where the traffic will be copied).. enter the first port of the range.

9. 10. The port mirror is now functional. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 81 .AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored. To confirm the creation of the port mirror. type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status. Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu.

The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. Enter 0 and press Return. 3. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. From the Port Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. type 1 to select Port Menu. 82 . From the Main Menu.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. 2. The following prompt is displayed. 5.

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol. refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802.1D. 83 . ISO/IEC 10038: 1993.Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters.

leaving only one main active path. and sometimes its MAC address. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number. By adjusting the value. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. also referred to as the bridge identifier. referred to as broadcast storms. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability. exist in the network topology. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance. as specified in the IEEE 802. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. Where multiple paths exist. 84 . Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. either planned or unplanned.1D standard. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes.Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge.

the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. blocking mode. Below are the default values. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state. if one is found. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. 85 . Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. where all ports have a port cost of 0. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby. active path. Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. the preferred path is selected through port priority. If two paths have the same port cost. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. the lower the port cost. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. The faster the port. If redundant paths exist. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and.

with the size of your network being a primary factor. a temporary data loop could occur. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. removal. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. 86 . The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. For large networks. The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. For small networks. This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. However. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. Consequently. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. and if not. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. When a bridge is brought on-line. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). or addition of any active components. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. especially if it is a large network. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. the active topology also changes. a change in a port state is not activated immediately. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. and that could adversely impact network performance. before it begins to forward frames. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. listening and learning. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred.

The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed.. The default setting is disabled. Bridge Max Age . 1 ... Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 . 87 ...1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. The parameters are described below. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable ...AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network.... the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks.. Bridge Priority .Display STP Port Settings 9 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. Bridge Forwarding .. 1..Reset STP to Defaults R ...Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch... Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. Bridge Identifier .Config STP Port Settings 8 . Bridge Hello Time . From the Main Menu.. You should consult the IEEE 802... If you enable STP.

3. 4 .Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge.535. The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed. resulting in network loops.Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. for example. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 88 . This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. After you have made the desired changes. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. 5 .Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table.Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. The default is 15 seconds. 3 . not all links may have yet adapted to the change. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . The default is 20 seconds. When a root bridge goes off-line. The default is 2 seconds. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). with 0 being the highest priority. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. 6 . If two or more bridges have the same priority value. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. If the bridge transitions too soon. For example. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. if you use the default 20. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge.

Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3.... Root Bridge . Path Cost .... 1 . From the Spanning Tree menu. Port Priority . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating . The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5..AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters. This value cannot be changed. 89 ...... To configure a range of ports.. The parameters are described below... Bridge Hello Time . Enter the number of the port you want to configure.... type 7 to select Config STP port settings. enter the last port of the range. Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R ... enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step.. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. 2. To configure just one port. To configure a range of ports... Adjust the settings as desired. From the Main Menu... perform the following procedure: 1.. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4.. enter the first port of the range.

The range is 0-255. To change this value.Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 .Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN.Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. refer to the previous procedure. The default is 2 seconds. 3 . 90 . The default value for priority is 128. The range is 1 to 65535. and 4 for a 1 Gbps port. 10 for a 100 Mbps port. This value cannot be changed from this window. 4 . This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed. 5 . The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port.

It also contains the procedures for creating. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 .Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs). This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session. modifying.

changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN. logical LAN segments. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company. 92 . Additionally. This too can improve overall network performance. Before the advent of VLANs. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. With VLANs. For example. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. if an employee changed departments. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. For example. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment.

Additionally. VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically. you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections.AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. 93 . or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another. a virtual LAN can span more than one switch. This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location.

Production. The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. you must give it a name. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). and Engineering.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. or just a few ports. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. 94 . The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. Examples include Sales. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. called the Default VLAN. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN. A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches. such as a router or Layer 3 switch.

You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. If you allow the management software to do it automatically. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN. you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. it will simply select the next available VID. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames. For example. The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received. Additionally. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID. Consequently. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID. Untagged Ports Naturally. Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. This is acceptable when you are creating a new. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. In this manner. unique VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. rather than by a port’s PVID. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. 95 .

General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID. the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. ❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. Consequently. 96 . a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member. However. the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically.

a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN. across multiple VLANs. In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches. For example. many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. such as servers and printers. 97 . ❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network. A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN.

You assign this number when you create a VLAN. Engineering.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs.13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member. and Production VLANs on the switch. the Default VLAN is not shown. 98 . 11 . The ports have been assigned PVID values.Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN.4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9.24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID.) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN . (For purposes of the following examples.

In this example. each VLAN has one port connected to the router.AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example. Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN . two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch. The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN.Example 2 99 .

However.6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN . Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router. So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN. and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . 100 . ❑ Production VLAN . Engineering. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch.This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN. it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router.This is the final VLAN in the example.11. 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 . It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch. Since this VLAN spans multiple switches. This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch. The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch. It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4.This VLAN spans both switches. ❑ Engineering VLAN . 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales.6. This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN. This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment.24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 . 14. This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN. 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13. it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path.

the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports. The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time.1Q-compliant. 101 . When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches. If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of.3ac standard). This contrasts to a port-based VLAN. referred to as a tagged frame.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch. For example. Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802. The IEEE 802. A tag.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. the frame will be discarded. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously. This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame. This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network.

The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. An untagged port. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. But actually there is. the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. can be in only one VLAN at a time. simultaneously. 102 . it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. Otherwise. In the case of a tagged VLAN. The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. there would seem to be no need for a PVID. a frame without any tagged information). and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. However. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN.

❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS. ❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID. 103 . If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks.AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN. ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time.

1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 .1Q-based products. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802.

But with tagged ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. It is connected to an IEEE 802. It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. The tagged frames.1Q-compliant server. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs. when received by the switch. 20 (PVID 3) 8. They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11. while still maintaining data separation and security. 105 . In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example. 18 (PVID 2) 8. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. data separation and security remain. each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. either tagged or untagged. ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. is ignored. but the VLANs are not used. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. All VLAN information. frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121. Packets are passed through the switch unchanged. 106 . Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames. You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated.

The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. type 1 to select Create a VLAN.Virtual LAN Support 2 . perform the following procedure: 1. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed.Virtual LAN Definitions 3 . From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. From the Main Menu.Port VLANs & Priorities R . From the VLAN Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S .AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN.Save Configuration Changes R . type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 107 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2.

. Mirroring Port ...Create VLAN R .. The name can be from one to ten characters in length. 5... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name . if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. VLAN ID (VID) . The name can contain spaces. The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example...Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed. 0 Tagged Ports .. you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value.. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches........ If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) . C . Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN.... then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected...... than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch... If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). but not special characters.. The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value.. then the name should be unique as well.. If the VLAN will be unique in your network.... The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. Sales or Accounting).... Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN...Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4.. Untagged Ports . 108 . then its VID must also be unique... For example.

The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. You can specify the ports individually (e. 109 . 9. 14.g. this parameter should be left with its default value of 0. 13.. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports.g.g. as a range (e.5. type 4 to select Show All VLANs.5. 7-9).5).5).7-9) 7..(If you do not to activate this feature. 7-9). If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN.7-9).3.) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports. 11. 8. you will see the following message: SUCCESS . type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports.g. A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored.Press any key to continue. either do not select this option or select it and type N for no. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN. or both (e.. leave this field empty. 10. Press any key. type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted. 2. 2. as a range (e. or both (e. To verify that the VLAN was created correctly. Note In most cases. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port. Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports. 2. If the VLAN will contain tagged ports.3.g.. leave this field empty. You can specify the ports individually (e. type 6 and Y for yes. Type C to select Create VLAN.. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN..g. you can analyze the VLAN traffic. For more information on port mirroring. 2. 12.

110 . if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time. Note When you create a new VLAN. the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN. ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. For example. Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15.

type 1 to select Create a VLAN. The new Sales VLAN has now been created. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”. To create the example Sales VLAN. 6. 111 . nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. 9. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. 5. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 8.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. 7. 3. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. Type C to select Create VLAN. Ports 1 to 4. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. 4. press any key. Press Return. 2. From the VLAN Menu. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN.

These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. 10. Type C to select Create VLAN.16”. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. 8. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN. 20”. Ports 8 and 16.10. Press Return. 112 . Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. Ports 9. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. From the Main Menu. It will consist of three untagged ports. press any key. 5.11. and two untagged ports. 3. and 12. To create the example Engineering VLAN. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. 4. 11. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”. 6. From the VLAN Menu. 7. 9.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created.

6. type M to select Modify VLAN. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). 113 . After making the desired changes. From the Main Menu.. Change the VLAN’s information as desired. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS .. type 2 to select Modify a VLAN.. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure. The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. R .Press any key to continue. To modify a VLAN. For a description of the parameters. From the VLAN Menu. refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107. perform the following procedure: 1. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115.. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5.. 3. The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed. This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN.. 2.VLAN ID (VID) . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4. 7.

Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs. The VLAN has been modified. 10. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. Press any key. 11. 8. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. 114 . 9.

9 U: 8. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33. From the Main Menu.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R . 3. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch. type 4 to select View All VLANs.9 U: 1-6 T: 7. From the VLAN Menu. Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 . type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. The Show All VLANs window is displayed. 2. VID numbers.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names.

To delete a VLAN. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). To delete the VLAN. type 3 to select Delete a VLAN. type D. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN.VLAN ID (VID) . 116 . type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed.. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115.. From the Main Menu. A confirmation prompt is displayed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure.. which has a VID of 1... type 2 to select VLAN Menu. The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed.. From the VLAN Menu. R . Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1.. 2. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. 3. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. 6. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.

Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs. Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure. 117 . 10. are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS . All ports in the deleted VLAN.Press any key to continue.AT-S39 User’s Guide 7. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 9. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 8. both tagged and untagged. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed. The VLAN has been deleted.

To delete all VLANs on a switch. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. 5. From the VLAN Menu. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. perform the following procedure: 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. 2. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. 118 . A confirmation message is displayed. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. To delete selected VLANs. 4. 3. From the Main Menu. except the Default VLAN. on a switch. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Press Return.

Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change.Port Number R . Press Return. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. For example.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. From the VLAN Menu. then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7. To change a PVID for a port. Type 1 to select Port Number. From the Main Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN. 119 . a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 2. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary.

.... The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed.... Return to the Main Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. 9. Specify the new PVID value for the port... 8....Update Changes to Chip C .. You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch....... Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High . The port now has a new PVID.. Port VLAN ID ..... 120 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number ... Press Return..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5. Override Priority (Y/N) ....Press any key to continue.......Accept changes & update flash R . Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID.... 1 1 0 N U ... Type S to select Save Configuration Changes... 7.

4. 121 . You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. From the Main Menu. The default is Tagged mode. 2. Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. Type 3 to select Switch Mode. Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. B-Basic): 3. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs. The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged. Press Return. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. type 5 to select System Config Menu.

Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E .Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 . To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. 2. the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. ingress filtering is disabled. Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs.Enable VLANs Globally D . From the Main Menu. the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode. When VLANs are enabled.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure.Disable VLANs Globally R . type 2 to select VLAN Menu. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed. It sets a switch’s VLAN mode. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 .Enable/Disable VLANs 2 . From the VLAN Menu. The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed.Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C . When VLANs are disabled.Accept changes & update flash R . perform the following procedure: 1. Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering.

6. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 4. A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode. 123 .AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. 5.

assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table. nor to any frames.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. Here is an example. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. If there is. For further information. the port accepts the frame. the port discards the frame. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. Fortunately. the switch discards the frame. the frame is discarded. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. First. If they belong to the same VLAN. Once the tagged frame is received. tagged or untagged. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. just as a reminder. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated. 124 . the port accepts the frame. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. In this case. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. If they belong to different VLANs. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN.

You cannot set this per port. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis.Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R . Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch. The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5.Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D . From the VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame. 125 . From the Virtual LAN Support menu. In most cases. and that is the priority tag. which is the default. Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch. To enable or disable ingress filtering. 2. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E . 4. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support.AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets. regardless of the status of ingress filtering.

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table.

Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. determines the port where the destination node is connected. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received. and the port number where each address was learned. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. it also examines the destination address and. When the destination node responds. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. along with the port number on which each address was learned. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table. This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. For example. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. When the switch receives a packet. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. 127 . it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. by referring to its MAC address table. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table.

The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes). refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports. A static MAC address. This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. once entered in the table. For instructions on changing the aging timer. even when the end node is inactive. You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process. The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted. even when the end node is inactive. 128 . Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. To display the MAC address table. To display only static MAC addresses. The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed. just the base ports. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports. One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses. perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R . To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses. 129 . 3. type 6 to select MAC Address Tables. type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports. The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed. From the Main Menu.

Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N .Update Display R . except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses. which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses.Accept changes & update flash U .”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. The static MAC address window is exactly the same. 130 . This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed. MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. The columns in the window are defined below.

131 . assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. except for the switch’s MAC address. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. As an example. This feature is not supported at this time. The type can be either static or dynamic. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. Another example is “000020F.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. Type The MAC address type. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group.

type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu. 1. Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return. A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port. From the Main Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 132 . 2. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3. You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port. From the MAC Address Table menu. The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130.

The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. for a static address. if the address was learned dynamically. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. 1. finding the address could prove difficult. From the Main Menu. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. The procedure in this section offers an easier way. you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned. 133 . type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 2. or to which the address was assigned. You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address. From the MAC Address Table menu. But if the switch is part of a large network.

as explained earlier in this chapter. produces the same result. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 2. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. 134 . For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns.) Note To perform this procedure. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN. (This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN. 1. From the Main Menu. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. perform the following procedure. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. From the MAC Address Table menu. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table.

From the MAC Address Table menu. 135 . If you type Y for yes. Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. 1. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure. A confirmation prompt is displayed. Once the table has been purged. From the Main Menu. the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. 2. the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses. type 6 to select MAC Address Table.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. 3. perform the following procedure.

Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses. The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table. 136 . type 6 to select MAC Address Table. From the Main Menu. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address. type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. From the MAC Address Table menu. perform the following procedure: 1. 5. To add a static address to the MAC address table. 2. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3.

The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. 4. type 3 to select Delete MAC Address. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 2. From the MAC Address Table menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. 137 . Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table.

The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch. This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active. From the Main Menu. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. To adjust the aging time. 138 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. From the System Config Menu. the switch deletes the address. perform the following procedure: 1. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 2. Enter a new value in seconds. The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3. When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes).

Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .

transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer. 140 .1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example. low and high. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue. For example. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue. but were mostly transparent to network users. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications. untagged frames (i. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues.. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis.e. File transfer delays did occur.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802. The 802. network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802. When a tagged packet enters a switch port. packet transfer delays can prove problematic.1Q standards. By default. Prior to CoS. CoS was designed to address this problem.1p and 802. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest. such as voice transmission or video conferencing. But with the introduction of time-critical applications. 0 to 7.

6. (Again. Press Return. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. The default for this parameter is No.7). If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port. 10.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. From the Main Menu. 5. From the VLAN Menu. 3. Type 3 to select Priority (0 . (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. 2. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. 8. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip.) 7. enter a value from 0 to 3. enter a value from 4 to 7. Type 1 to select Port Number. 9. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. 141 . perform the following procedure: 1. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. Return to the Main Menu. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. 11.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch.

AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. 143 . referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. referred to as a time-out value. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. Once the router has received a report from a host node. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. In Version 1. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group. it removes the node from appropriate membership list. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. There are two versions of IGMP. A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report.) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. the router does not send multicast packets out the port. it simply stops sending reports. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. In Version 2.

IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2. Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance. Note By default. 144 . except the port on which it received the packet. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value. which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups. a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. and by processing leave requests.

type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. 2 . From the Advanced Configuration window.Save Configuration Changes R ....AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 .. Multicast Host Topology . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status . 3..IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch... type E to enable or D to disable this feature. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration... This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 . After selecting this option. type 5 to select System Config Menu... Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate). 2. Maximum Multicast Groups .. Multicast Router Port(s) .. From the Main Menu.. perform the following procedure: 1.. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed.. Host/Router Timeout Interval .Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. From the System Configuration Menu.... View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S .. The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports.Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 . 4 . The default is 256 multicast addresses.Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes.Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. that is. The default is 256 multicast groups. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. 3 . The range is from 1 second to 86. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. 5 . With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval.400 seconds (24 hours). The default is 260 seconds.

enter “0” (zero) for this parameter. or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number. 147 . 4. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Your changes are activated immediately on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect. To select Auto Detect. Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter. After making the desired changes.

The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group. perform the following procedure: 1. The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. 148 . Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U . From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. 3. To display the list. 4. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. as well as the host nodes.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. From the System Configuration Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window. 2. type 6 to select View Multicast Host List.Update Display R . From the Main Menu. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch.

To display a list of the multicast routers.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 149 . type 7 to select View Multicast Router List. 4. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. 3. From the Main Menu. You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch. From the System Configuration Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected. perform the following procedure: 1. Router IP The IP address of the multicast router. 2. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U . VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration.Update Display R . From the Advanced Configuration window.

Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .

You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. For example. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. In order to use this feature. The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds. For example.AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. 151 . That is. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. When a node sends out a broadcast frame. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. Broadcast frames are different. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network.

Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames. the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example. If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval. At these settings. 152 .

type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup.. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.Timer for 10 MB ports .10x ❑ 100 Mbps . The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds.Timer for 100 MB ports ..1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . 2.. The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds. or 3 and enter a value when prompted.. 0 micro sec C .100x 153 . Type 1. and 1000 Mbps. 2. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed.. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 0 milli sec 2 .. 0 milli sec 3 . From the System Configuration Menu. From the Main Menu. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 .Save Configuration Changes R .Timer for 1000 MB ports .. The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4. 100... From the Advanced Configuration Menu. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10.

A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. The default value is “0” for all timers. the management software multiples the value by 10. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive. 5. 6. 154 . type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. Once you have set the desired timer intervals.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example.

The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. To configure a range of ports. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. For example. type 1 to select Port Menu. From the Port Menu. 6. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. type 1 to select Port Configuration. Type B to select Broadcast Control. From the Main Menu. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. enter the first port of the range. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. 2. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. 155 . To configure a range of ports. 5.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . enter the last port number in the range. To configure only one port.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics.

The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics.Clear Port Statistics 3 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics. Type 1 to choose Select a Port.Clear Module Statistics 3 . Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics.Select a Port 2 . Press Return. The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed. From the Ethernet Statistics menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2. 157 . From the Main Menu.Port Statistics Menu 2 . Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view.Display Module Statistics R .Display Port Statistics R . 5. type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3. perform the following procedure: 1.

..... Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port..... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port.. UNDERSIZE . FRAGMENT ... TX_COUNT . CRC_ERROR ...Update Display R ...... U ......Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window............. 158 ... RX_OVERFLOW .............................. The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port. RX_UNICAST ........................Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.. PORT_IN_DISCARDS ........... OVERSIZE ................ Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port........ RX_COUNT ................... RX_BRDCAST ............... Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port...... RX_MLTCAST ............... CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port............. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT ......... shown in Figure 48.............

Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. select the option “2 . 159 . Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. but discarded and not forwarded.Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port. If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”. packets with alignment errors.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port.

From the Ethernet Statistics menu...Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only............................... Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch......... shown in Figure 48..... U .. RX_MLTCAST .............. 160 .................. type 3 to select Display Module Statistics... From the Main Menu... RX_UNICAST ... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT .. TX_COUNT ...Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch... PORT_IN_DISCARDS ...... FRAGMENT .. RX_BRDCAST ..................... The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window......... OVERSIZE .............. CRC_ERROR ...... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics.Update Display R ............. UNDERSIZE ........... RX_COUNT ........ Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch..... RX_OVERFLOW ....... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch............ 2............ perform the following procedure: 1........

Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch. but discarded and not forwarded. 161 .Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. select the option “2 . packets with alignment errors. Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch. Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch. If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”.AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch.

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

163

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

166 . If you are installing a new management image. Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. Once the management software is initialized. the switch automatically resets. Note Do not interrupt the initialization process. Do not reboot the switch. the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed. a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. Begin the file transfer of the new management software image.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software. tftp -i 149. This may necessitate renaming the file.1. Binary . A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT.ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39. loader file.cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image. you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn.img 167 .This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image.1.35. Source file . If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software. or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above.The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch. Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software.35.The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch.img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39.1.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host .1 put c:\ats39. Put . Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149.

img Once the file is stored on a local drive.35. tftp -i 149. Binary . Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149.The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation.The source file name is “ATS39. The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host . This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically.cfg”. 168 .35.img c:\ats39. Source file .1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation. Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited. Get .The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file.1.This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from. Destination file .1 to local drive C: of the workstation.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP.1 get ats39. as explained in the previous section.

Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20. IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28. Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26. Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27. Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19. Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18. Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22.

such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser. 170 .

the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. Consequently. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies. 2. The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. To change the password. Additionally. enter the user name and password. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. To start a web browser management session. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. Start your web browser. the switch must have an IP address. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. For instructions. (The password is case-sensitive. you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed. 171 . Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. as shown in Figure 51. When prompted. perform the following procedure: 1. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser.) The user name cannot be changed.

The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed. You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows. In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites. 172 . Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display. Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software. You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser. Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session. 173 . select Exit from any AT-S39 management page.

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

select Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default. subnet address. select it and then select the General tab. refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. From the Home Page. To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. 175 . 2. If the System menu option is not selected. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. perform the following procedure: 1.

Sales Ethernet switch). The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide. 3. The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example.Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Change the parameters as desired. 176 . Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window.

You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser. such as its location (e. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length.g. Floor 4. Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. a Telnet utility. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. 177 . This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. or an SNMP management program. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. To create a new password. The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. enter the new password into both fields. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. Wiring closet 402B).. Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. click Apply. The default password is “admin”. IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. After you have set the parameters. 4.

subnet mask.Section III: Web Browser Management 5. You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session. If you made a change to the IP address. or gateway address. You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session. you must reset the switch to activate your change. or by using the Reset button on the switch. 178 .

select System Status. From the Home page. From the Configuration Menu. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. select Monitoring. The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed. select the General tab. The Monitoring window is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 . If it is not already selected. 3.

including the IP address of the switch and the system name.Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only. This value cannot be changed. refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212. The sections in the window are defined below. Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging . 180 . You cannot change any of the values from this window. Administration This section contains a variety of information. These values cannot be changed.Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table.” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. which also explains how to change the parameters. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes). refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10. General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address. These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. Virtual LANs on page 91. For information about VLANs.Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted.” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. ❑ Switch Mode . If this parameter displays “Tagged. ❑ Hash Count . refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session.Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode. For background information about MAC addresses. If this parameter displays “Basic.

Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. The parameters are described below. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. 181 . From the Home page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. select System. Adjust the parameters as desired. select Configuration. From the Configuration menu. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. 2. Select the SNMP tab. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed.

Click Apply to save your changes to the switch. 182 . Changes are immediately activated on the switch. 5.Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 .Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed.

(To deselect a port. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure. select Layer 1.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch. click it again. From the Home page. Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4. perform the following procedure: 1. 184 . 2. Select the Port Setting tab.) 5. The selected port turns white. You can select only one port at a time. The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. Click Modify. 3. select Configuration. From the Configuration page.

Both .Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. Flow Control The flow control setting for the port. Adjust the port parameters as desired. Receive .No flow control on the port. For background information on this feature. For instructions on how to set this value.Flow control only on packets being received on the port. If the threshold is reach. Possible values are: None . 185 . The parameters are described below. Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6. Transmit .AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed. refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227. Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time. An example of the window is shown in Figure 57. any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.

This is the default. 186 . Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode. The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port. ❑ 10Mbps . AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. The default for this port parameter is enabled. Once you have made the desired changes.Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port.Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps .Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps .Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . click Apply. Default values are listed in Appendix A. 7.Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port. A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames. Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values.

You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch. and more. click it again.) 4. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. 187 . perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page. Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. duplex mode. To display the status or statistics of a switch port. (To deselect a port. You can view a port’s operating speed. Click a port. 2. select Monitoring. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58. Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics. You can select only one port at a time. MDI/MDI-X configuration. The selected port turns white. From the Monitoring page. select Layer 1.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

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refer to Port Security Overview on page 65. 192 . Note For background information on port security. Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session.Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session.

select Monitoring. select Layer 2. 3. select the Port Security tab. Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 . From the Configuration page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page. The current security level is displayed. From the Layer 2 page. 2.

refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73. 194 .Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session. Note For background information on port trunking.

select Configuration. 3. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk. Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. select Layer 1. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. 195 . From the Configuration page. If there is a port trunk. If you are deleting a port trunk. which can adversely effect the operations of your network. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. which can produce broadcast storms. 2. To create or delete a port trunk. Loops can result in broadcast storms. all ports in the switch image will be black. From the Home page. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. Select the Port Trunking tab. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. the ports of the trunk will be white.

A port trunk can contain 2. 5. A selected port changes to white.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. b. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk. or 4 ports. Click Apply. To create a port trunk. 3. An unselected port is black. click Remove. To delete a port trunk. do the following: a. You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch. The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. 196 .

Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror. Note For background information on port mirroring. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. 197 .

5. Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4. 198 . To delete an existing port mirror. The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. c. perform the following procedure: 1. To create a port mirror. From the Home page. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. select Configuration. select Layer 1. From the Configuration page. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch. Click Apply. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. 3. 2. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. b. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. do the following: a. Select the Port Mirroring tab.

199 . The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted.

Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session.Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. 200 . Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP. refer to STP Overview on page 84. Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session.

Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. You should consult the IEEE 802. The parameters are described below. perform the following procedure: 1. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. From the Layer 2 window.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. select the Spanning Tree tab. select Configuration. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. 3.Configuration 4. If you enable STP. From the Configuration menu. 201 . From the Home page. 2. select Layer 2. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. To configure a bridge’s STP parameters.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window .

if you use the default 20.Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. If the bridge transitions too soon. The default is 20 seconds. When a root bridge goes off-line. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. After you have made the desired changes. This value cannot be changed. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. click Apply. with 0 being the highest priority. possibly resulting in a network loop. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. For example. 202 . All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. The default is 2 seconds. The default setting is disabled.535. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. for example. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. 5. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. The default is 15 seconds. Changes are immediately activated on the switch.

select the Spanning Tree tab. select Layer 2. perform the following procedure: 1.Monitoring 203 . select Monitoring. To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters. From the Layer 2 page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings. 2. 3. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window . The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed. From the Home page. From the Monitoring menu.

and delete VLANs from a web browser management session. Virtual LANs. modify. refer to Chapter 10. This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 . Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode.Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create.

perform the following procedure: 1. select Layer 2. From the Layer 2 window. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 . From the Configuration menu. 3. The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. select Configuration. From the Home page. select the VLAN tab.

The name can contain spaces but not special characters. the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. Click Add. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example. its VID must be unique as well. the name should be unique as well. The name can be from one to 10 characters in length. Sales or Accounting). 206 . Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. 6.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN.

click Send to CPU. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. For example. The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. In most cases. or a tagged port. Click Apply. Note For background information on port mirroring. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. 9. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. its VID value should be the same on each switch. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. 207 . Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. 10. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. This value disables port mirroring. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. To select ports for the VLAN. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. 7. 8. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches.

208 . The VLAN is now ready for network operations.Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment.

5. select the VLAN tab. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. From the Configuration menu. they are returned to the Default VLAN. 6.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. select Layer 2. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. From the Home page. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. 4. After making the desired changes. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Layer 2 window. 209 . click Apply. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. Click Modify. 7. Creating a VLAN. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure. 3. select Configuration.

The VLAN is deleted from the switch. From the Layer 2 window. 5. From the Configuration menu. Click Remove. select Configuration. 2. select Layer 2. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete. 3. 210 .Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. 4. perform the following procedure: 1. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. From the Home page. select the VLAN tab.

From the Monitoring page. select the VLAN tab. select Layer 2. 2. From the Home page. select Monitoring. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . 3. From the Layer 2 page. The management software displays the window in Figure 68. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch.

From the Home Page. 3. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. In the Switch Mode section of the window. You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. 5. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. If you select Tagged. From the Configuration menu. To set the switch’s VLAN mode. 2. Select the General tab. choose System.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. Note Refer to Chapter 10. 212 . You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs. 4. If you select Basic. Virtual LANs. perform the following procedure: 1. which is the default. select Configuration. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. Reset the switch. click either Tagged or Basic.

2. A selected port turns white. To deselect a port. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. perform the following procedure: 1. select CoS. From the Home page. Click Apply. 3. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. click it again. From the Configuration page. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure. From the Layer 2 page. 5. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 . The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. For example. select Layer 2. You can select only one port at a time. To change a PVID for a port. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. 4. select Configuration. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94.

Section III: Web Browser Management 6. The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch. Click Apply. Class of Service on page 219. 214 . 7. The new value is immediately activated on the port. Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26. Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port.

refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table.Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch. 215 .

The options are described below. select Monitoring. Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses. You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. 216 . The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table. select the Forwarding Database tab. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. For instructions. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. 2. From the Home page. From the Monitoring page. select Layer 2. From the Layer 2 page. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session.

click View. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. 4. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. The port numbering scheme is from right to left. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. As an example. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. You specify the VLAN by its VID.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. 217 . Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. Once you have configured the options. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. Another example is “000020F. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group.

This feature is not supported at this time. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. Type The MAC address type. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. The type can be either static or dynamic. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. 218 . VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. except for the switch’s MAC address. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state.

Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS. refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. 219 . This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS.

select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. 4. Click the port where you want to configure CoS. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. click the Override Priority option.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7. it does not matter which of these levels you select.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. From the Configuration page. click it again. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. (To deselect a port. 220 . The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed. (Again. select Configuration. From the Layer 2 page. 2. You can select only one port at a time. select Layer 2. Click Apply. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. The default for this parameter is No.) 5. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5. 8. Click Modify.) 7. 6. 3. select the CoS tab. A selected port turns white.

221 . refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143.Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch. Note For background information on this feature.

From the Home page. 3.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port). 2. Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. Select the IGMP tab. Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed. select Configuration. From the Configuration menu. select System. 222 .

Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. that is. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. The default is 260 seconds. The default is 256 multicast groups. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 . you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch.400 seconds (24 hours). With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. The range is from 1 second to 86.

224 . leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses.Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses. The default is 256 multicast addresses. A white port indicates a multicast router port. Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image.

refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151.Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch. 225 . Note For background information on this feature.

) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed. After you have entered your values. Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. From the Home page. You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. click Apply. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. The default value is “0” for all timers. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept. 4. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . If they are not already selected. 100.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps .10x ❑ 100 Mbps . The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab. select them now.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. To specify an interval timer. select Configuration. 3. 226 . You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. the management software multiples the value by 10. enter values for the three interval timers. 2. The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.100x For example. and 1000 Mbps. perform the following procedure: 1. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds.

Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. Click Modify.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. When you open the Layer 1 page. The selected port turns white. select it now. the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. Click Apply. The port will accept all broadcast frames. 4. select Layer 1. 7. perform the following procedure: 1. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. 6. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. 3. From the Home page. click it again. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. 5. If it is not selected. As an example. From the Configuration page. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames. 2. In the graphical switch image. 227 . You can select only one port at a time. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. select Configuration. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. To deselect a port.

0.Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.0.0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 .255.0 255.0 0.0.0.0. Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.

) 229 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.1 and above only.

configuring. 86. 177 H hello time. 43 conventions. 45 Auto-Negotiation. 185 forwarding delay. 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. 60. 88. 106 setting. 121. 88. 52 defined. 35. 90 host nodes 230 . 141. 84. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 227 browser tools. 167 obtaining. 140 console timeout. 150. 84. 128 AT-S39 default settings. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 88. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. 37 BPDU. 11 D default values. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. 172 C Class of Service configuring. 220 defined. 88. 155. AT-S39. 27. 163 AT-S39 version number. 202 bridge hello time parameter. 37 defined. 41. 225 defined. 228 DHCP activating. 41. 50 F flow control. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. 37 releasing IP address. 202 bridge max age parameter. 202 bridge identifier. 47 setting switch status.Index A aging time changing. 138 defined. 202 bridge priority. 86. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. 37 defined. 212 BOOTP activating. 88 G gateway address. 164 downloading via TFTP. used in this guide. 47 guidelines. 36 documentation. 60.

198 defined. 28 Telnet session. 90 PVID. switch. 149 P password changing.AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 145. 65 local management session defined. 186 displaying status. port security. 145. 24 M MAC address table. 153. 26. 87. 213 defined. 107. 116. defined. 18 quitting. 222 231 . 39. 59. 94 deleting all. 53 MDI/MDIX mode.1d standard. 146. 118 deleting. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). 21 snoop topology. 126. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 146. default settings. 73 deleting. 173 R resetting a switch. 67 defined. 148 host/router timeout interval. 28 starting. 55. 84 RS232 port. 177 interval timer configuring. 35. 205 defined. 32. 79 deleting. 184 disable. 209 priority queues. 143 ingress filtering. 60 multicast groups. 35. 102 port-based VLAN creating. 66 serial number. 157 port trunking creating. 111. 113. 75. 82. 140 priority. 85 setting. maximum. 226 defined. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 42 root bridge. 21 master switch defined. 50 returning to. 181 SNMP management session. displaying. 223 multicast router. 195 defined. 30 web browser session. 216 MAC address. 50 SNMP community strings. 190 port cost defined. 193 port statistics. 210 displaying. 143 displaying. 29. switch. 45 slave switch. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 223 I IEEE 802. 195 guidelines. 80. 177 default. 77. 151 L limited security mode configuring. 95. 211 modifying. 119. 187 speed. 58. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. 25 S Secure level. 115. 186 statistics. 222 defined. 59. 171 port configuring parameters. 65 displaying. 90 port mirroring creating. 198 port security configuring. 69 defined.

112. 209 Telnet management session defined. 211 enabling. AT-S39. default. 45 virtual LAN creating. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. 205 defined. 115. 89 defined. 94. 24 Telnet. 29 TFTP. 90 viewing bridge parameters. 121. 122 mode. 201 configuring port parameters. 29 web browser. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. 177 switch statistics. 209 port-based. 129 statistics port. 173 starting. 157. 190 switch. 164 downloading via TFTP. defined. 171 V version number. 171 232 . 43 limitations. 210 disabling. 19 quitting. 118 deleting. 118 deleting.Index software updates downloading from a local session. 85. 160 STP. defined. 136 deleting. 113. 206 VLAN. 212 modifying. 211 modifying. 167 obtaining. 101 deleting all. 30 starting. 92 deleting all. 171 static MAC address adding. 210 displaying. 107. 87. 113. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. 116. 107. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 111. defined. 160 system name. changing. 203 starting session local. 112. 167 U unavailable status. 137 displaying. 108 VLAN identifier. 50 user name. 84 port cost. 205 defined. 116. downloading software updates. 35. 94 tagged. 122 displaying. 20 quitting. 115. 35. 101 VLAN identifier (VID).

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