Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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............................................................................... 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode ...................................................................................................................... 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 118 Changing a PVID Value ........................................................................................................................................ 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses ............................................. 156 Displaying Port Statistics ...................................................... 112 Modifying a VLAN .................................................................. 142 IGMP Snooping Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 103 Tagged VLAN Example ................................................................................................ 137 Changing the Aging Time ............................................................................................................................................................ 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port ......................................................................................................................................................................91 VLAN Overview ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 157 Displaying Switch Statistics .................................................................................................................................... 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs ............ 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs .................................................................................................... 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN ........................................................................................................................... 139 Class of Service Overview ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table ................................................. 115 Deleting a VLAN ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 97 Port-based Example 1........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN .............. 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping .................................................................................................... 127 Displaying MAC Addresses ............................................................................................................ 98 Port-based Example 2...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 143 Activating IGMP Snooping .......................................................... 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 126 MAC Address Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering ................ 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN ........................................................ 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count .............................................. 113 Displaying VLAN Information .................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses ............................. 99 Tagged VLAN Overview .................... 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses .............94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN ................................................................................ 116 Deleting All VLANs ......................................................... 140 Configuring CoS ..................................................... 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address .......................................................................................... 160 5 ............ 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview .........................................................................92 Port-based VLAN Overview .............................................................. 151 Configuring the Interval Timer .......................................................................................................................................... 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk ...............................................................175 Viewing System Information ...............................................................................................................................171 Browser Tools......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 168 Section III Web Browser Management .....................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security ..............Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................213 6 ..............................................................................................................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings .....................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks ...183 Configuring Port Parameters ....163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................192 Displaying the Port Security Level .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters ................................. 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session .......210 Displaying VLANs ......................................................................................................................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................205 Modifying a VLAN ..........................................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters .....................................................................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol .....................204 Creating a VLAN ......................................................................162 Obtaining Software Updates ...................211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode .........................................................................................................................................................................................................167 Example..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics .....................201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings ........................................174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ............................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses ...................................................................................................................................................209 Deleting a VLAN ..........................168 Example..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring ..............................................................................................................212 Changing a PVID ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ....203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs ............................................................. 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 167 Uploading a Configuration File ............

..................................................................................................................................................................... 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control ........................................................................ 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table ............................................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings ........................................................................... 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames ................................................................... 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping ................................................................................................................................. 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping ............ 225 Configuring the Interval Timer ........................................................................................................................................................... 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 228 Index ............................... 230 7 .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 219 Configuring CoS ...................................................................................................................................................

.......................................................................................................... 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window ................................................... 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 .............................................................................. 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window .......................................................................................................................................................................... 122 8 .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu ........ 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window ........................... 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu .........................................................Example 1 ....................................................................................................................... 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu ...........List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN ..................................................................................................................... 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example .................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN .............................................................................................................................. 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window ............................................................................................................................... 25 Figure 2: Main Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu .............................................................................. 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window ....... 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu .............. 52 Figure 11: Port Menu ................................................................................................ 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu .................. 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu ......................................................................................................................................... 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window ..................................................................................... 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ................................................... 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window .... 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window ................................................................. 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window ................................................................................................ 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 ................................................................................... 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................Example 2 ..................................................... 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window ........................................................................................................ 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN ................................................................ 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window ...................................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................. Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window ................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Configuration ................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window ...................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab ....................................................................................................... Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window .......................................................................................................................... Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window ........................................................... Figure 62: Port Trunking Window ...................................................................................... Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window ...................................................... Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window .......................... 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 ....................................... Figure 57: Settings for Port Window ................................................................................................... Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field ............................... Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window ............................................ Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window ..................................................................................................................... Figure 61: Port Security Menu .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 60: Port Statistics Window ............................................................. Figure 53: General Tab .. Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu ............................................. Figure 54: General Tab Window .......................................................... Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu ............................................................................................................................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ......... Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window .......................... Figure 55: SNMP Tab .. Figure 59: Port Status Window ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 71: IGMP Tab .. Figure 69: CoS Setting Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 66: VLAN Window ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 68: VLAN Window ............ Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window .......................................... Figure 52: Home Page .............................................................................................................................................................................Monitoring .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 67: Add VLAN Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu ........................................... Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window ...................................................................................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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14 .com.com or our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.alliedtelesyn. To use the FTP server. You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www.Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products. enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password.

Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software. It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. 15 .

as explained in the hardware installation guide.Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. and powering ON the device. If this is true for your network. such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network. Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A. You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches. Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters. The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. 16 .

The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use. 17 . It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser. They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session. The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide. There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. such as to change or adjust its operating parameters.AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software.

Once the session is started. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located. You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session. using a straight-through RS-232 cable. 18 . you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch. Note For instructions on starting a local management session. This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch.Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. 19 . This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session. With AT-8024GB switches. which include the enhanced stacking feature. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters. Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address.

refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171.Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch. that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address. Consequently.You can view but not set the port security level of a switch. ❑ DHCP and BOOTP . every AT-8024GB switch.You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session. ❑ Port security level . just like a Telnet management session. because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch.You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session. Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session. 20 . There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session. as well as every AT-8024 switch. This too is a type of remote management. They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking .

21 . Consequently. A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program.AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. For instructions. Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program. refer to your SNMP management documentation. The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program.

Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .

The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. to start this type of management session. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. usually within a few meters. Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. Note For information on enhanced stacking. Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. you must go to where that switch is located. You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. 24 . refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch. you can manage just that switch. This can simplify network management. Additionally.

see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 . POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2. perform the following procedure: 1. Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200. 3. Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program.

Note During boot up. (The password is case-sensitive. 5. Otherwise. If prompted for a password. (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1.) The Main Menu is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S . (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>). You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch. the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps).Save Configuration Changes R .Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal.1 and above. simply type boot and press Return to start the switch. The default is “admin”. enter the password for the management software.) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal. The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly. The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps. This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only.) 4. the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt.Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 . or an equivalent terminal emulator program. The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset. Press the Return key twice.

Enhanced Stacking on page 46. Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu. For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session. type the corresponding letter or number. This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located. 27 . Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. refer to Chapter 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item. you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet.

Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session. You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch. Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions. This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended. return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit. Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously. 28 .

This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. The default password is “admin”. Note For background information on enhanced stacking. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol. type R or press ESC twice. such as with a local management session. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. The menus also function the same. Additionally. To return to a previous menu. The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. 29 . Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. as shown in Figure 2 on page 26. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol. type its corresponding number of letter. Enter the management software password when prompted. Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely. To make a selection. In terms of functionally. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47.

30 . type Q for Quit from the Main Menu.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session.

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures. and more. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 . There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it. activating the original switch default settings. There are also procedures for resetting the switch.

The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. you must assign at least one of them an IP address. a web browser. Second. (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address. You do not need to assign an IP address. 32 . AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. This switch will be the Master switch of the stack. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. subnet mask.) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. you must also assign it a subnet mask. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. First. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. all from the same management session. This feature has two primary benefits.

Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. 33 . The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. switches on your network need an IP address. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which. If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure. The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses.AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. You can do this two different ways. if any. Note For further information on enhanced stacking.

.. To manually set a switch’s IP address..0.0... 0..Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address. 255.0..Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L ... Change Password ..255.Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42. 9 ... such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch..0.. 0..Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 . go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37...Release DHCP IP Address S .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address .. subnet mask..0 Subnet Mask . and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session. Comments .Save Configuration Changes R .. (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network.. From the Main Menu.....Reset Switch X ....0 System Name ..0..) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 .. perform the following procedure: 1.0 Default Gateway ... Administrator .. type 4 to select Administration Menu... along with other optional information. The selection X ...... The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed.

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R . 39 . type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the System Configuration Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window. From the Main Menu. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. type 3 to select SNMP Configuration. 2. The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3.

.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed...Trap Community .Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings.. Adjust the parameters as desired......Trap Receiver 2 6 ......Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4..... when prompted.0...0....... type S to select Save Configuration Changes..SET Community 3................ 1 .....Save Configuration Changes R .0. public 2 ........ 0.0.0 0..Trap Receiver 3 7 .0.0 0..0. public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 ..0 0.......GET Community 2 ..Trap Receiver 1 5 ..Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch.. enter the new value..SET Community .. Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch.0.... .. After making your changes. 40 . 5..0.. private 3 . ..0 S ..... type its corresponding number and.. The parameters are described below.. 4 . .GET Community ... To change a value. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 .

Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A. From the System Configuration Menu. Type Y to reset the switch. 41 . 4. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. If you type Y for yes. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults. the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings. perform the following procedure: 1. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. From the Main Menu. You are prompted to reset the switch. Type Y for yes or N for no. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. type 5 to select System Config Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. 2.

The switch immediately reloads its operating system. perform the following procedure: 1. type 9 to select Reset Switch. a task requiring only a second or two to complete. From the Main Menu. From the Administrator Menu. 2. type 4 to select Administrator Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. 42 . Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software. Some data traffic may be lost.

For instructions on how to set this security feature. From the Main Menu. 2. the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. These security features are: ❑ Password .You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch. if you specify 2 minutes.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. type 6 to select Web Server Access and. and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser. To configure web browser access. For instructions on how to set this security feature. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software. perform the procedure below. perform the following procedure: 1. type E to enable web access or D to disable web access. (The password is case-sensitive. type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and. For example. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password. ❑ Console Timeout .This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. To configure the console timer. ❑ Web Access . The default password is “admin”.The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch. 3. when prompted. 43 . enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes. perform the procedure below. when prompted. type 5 to select System Config Menu.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 44 . no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser. 4. After you have made the desired changes. if you disable web access. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch.

....32....3 ATI_LOADER1... The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed. type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu.......... Serial Number ..1 5456411 00.D2.... Bootloader Version ......... 45 .00 R .... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version . MAC Address ....Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed.....A0.17...AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information. AT-S39 v1.

46 . This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch.Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch.

You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet. there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management. That way. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. If your network consists of more than one subnet. such as for maintenance. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. should you remove a master switch from the network. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. Once connected to the network. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. 47 . There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. You simply connect it to your network.

You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. 3. referred to as slave switches. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask. Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. do not. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually. 48 . you must assign each master switch a unique IP address.

22 Master 2 IP Address 149.18 Master 2 IP Address 149. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet.32.09.32.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router. Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches.32. 49 . you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet.11.16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149. and each has been assigned a unique IP address.09. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet.32.11. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets.

Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 .Enhanced Stacking Services S . slave switch. To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status. It does not need an IP address or subnet mask. you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet. From the Main Menu. a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address. ❑ Slave switch . or unavailable. Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch . perform the following procedure: 1. A switch with this designation can be managed locally. Note The default setting for a switch is Slave.A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch. ❑ Unavailable . type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking..Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch.Save Configuration Changes R .Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable.A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch. The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed. A master switch must have a unique IP address. You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch.. Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 .. Master 2 .A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet. To be managed remotely.

51 . S to make it a slave switch. 4. Press Return. A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch.Switch State. Note The “2 . Type M to change the switch to a master switch. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master. type 1 to select Switch State. 2.” For example. The following prompt is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 . To change a switch’s status.Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches. or U to make the switch unavailable. Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G .Get/Refresh List of Switches A . perform the following procedure: 1.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch.Access Switch R . From the Main Menu. The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch. If you assigned system names to your switches. 2. you are by default addressing that particular switch. The window in Figure 10 is displayed. When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet. The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window. To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. then it is very easy. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services. you need to select it from the management software. From the Enhanced Stacking window. To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack.

53 .AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. The default password is “admin”. Once you see that window. Type A to select Access Switch. return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. 4. You now can manage the selected switch. This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. if you want to manage the Master switch. Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. 6. The password is case-sensitive. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. Enter the switch’s password and press Return. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

From the Main Menu. type 4 to select Port Status. 55 .Accept changes & update flash R . type 1 to select Port Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C . The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2. From the Port Menu.

Figure 12 is an example of the window. Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N .Update Display R . Possible values are: Auto . Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number.Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down .indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed.Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually.Next Page U . 56 . Manual . Possible values are: Up .

Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port. Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. Receive .100 Mbps 1000 .The port has been manually disabled.AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port. Disabled . Possible values are: None . Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. Spd The operating speed of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X.The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames.10 Mbps 100 . 57 .No flow control on the port. Both . Flow The flow control setting for the port. State The current operating status of the port. Transmit . Possible values are: 10 . Possible values are: Forwarding . This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member.

MDI/MDIX Mode ........... enter the first port of the range. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. To configure a range of ports. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status . The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed..... type 1 to select Port Menu.... The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4.. Advertise 100HDX ... 2.No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 . The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3.. Advertise 10HDX ......... perform the following procedure: 1... Negotiation . From the Main Menu. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch. Advertise 100FDX ... enter the last port number in the range. type 1 to select Port Configuration.. Advertise 10FDX . To configure a range of ports.. Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 . Flow Control .......... From the Port Menu..... Broadcast Control .. To configure only one port..

This is the default setting. You adjust a parameter by typing its number..AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 . The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters.Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode.The port will receive and forward packets..Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex... Possible settings are: Forwarding . 1 . you can enable the port again to resume normal operation.100 Mbps 1000 .10 Mbps 0100 . Disabled ... If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation.. a port will not receive or transmit frames.. This toggles the parameter through its possible settings. Once the problem has been fixed.The port will not receive or forward packets. When disabled.. You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port...Speed selection are: 0010 . two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 .Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode. 59 . If you select Manual. 0 ..Duplex ..Speed . The parameters are described below. the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically.. 5... which is the default....Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port.. Adjust the port parameters as desired... 0100 3 . The possible settings for the 2 .. You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections....

Receive .Advertise 100FDX 8 . Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated. you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX. 60 . Transmit . refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155. Both . The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames. You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. During Auto-Negotiation.Advertise 10HDX 7 .Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option.No flow control on the port. a switch port will advertise its full capabilities.Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation. which is the default setting. if you set the selection 8 .Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. Possible settings are: None . 9 . For example. the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps. the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it.Advertise 10FDX 6 .or full-duplex mode.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode. If desired. If you set this to Auto. which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half. The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time. which is the default setting. half-duplex operation. B .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port. a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it. By default.Advertise 100HDX to No. 5 .

The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection. Once you have set the port parameters. Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. which. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode. when selected. You can use this option to reset the selected port. The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection. 61 .

To display GBIC information. From the Advanced Configuration window. From the System Configuration Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Type either 24 or 25. Type 1 to select GBIC Information. 3. these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. 2. The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 . 62 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch.GBIC Information R .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4.

Figure 15 is an example of the window.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only......... Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding .. You cannot change this information.. (10m) ...... Length 50/125 um Fib. Length 9/125 mm Fib.. Length 62... Type of Serial Interface ............ (100m) ............ Elect/Opt Transceiver .Next Page R .................... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number ..... 63 ..... Extended Serial Transceiver ..... Connector Type .. Length 9/125 um Fib... N ..5/125 um Fib................. (k) .......AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module.. (10k) ....

You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. 64 .Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security. Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.

Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn. Automatic This operating mode disables port security. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch. Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. 65 . The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. Once this mode is activated. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. even when the end node is inactive. it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. it remains in the table and is never purged. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. There are four levels of port security. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table.

Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. Once you have activated this security level. 66 . The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level. The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table. the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time. even those belonging to inactive end nodes. When this security level is activated. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.

2. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses. type 3 to select the Secured mode. After activating this security mode. This is the default setting. perform the following procedure: 1. type 5 to select Port Security. type 1 to select Automatic mode. From the Port Menu. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. From the Main Menu. To specify the limits. 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . type 1 to select Port Menu. To set a switch’s port security level. type 2 to select Limited mode. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward. 67 .

Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch. type 4 to select Lock all the ports now.Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned. 68 .

Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port. When you activate this security level. frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded. Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table. 2. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports. From the Main Menu. Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn. To configure Limited security mode. You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses.Display MAC limit per port 2 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed. 3. type 2 to select Limited security.Set MAC limit per port 3 .Configure port security limited mode R . The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 . You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports. type 5 to select Port Security. perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 . From the Port Menu. From the Port Security menu. type 1 to select Port Menu.

The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed. Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. repeat Steps 5 through 9. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. 13. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports. type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8. 11. 9. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . 70 . The range is 1 to 150 addresses. Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. type R to select Return to previous menu. Type 2 to choose Select a port. 7. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. 12. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode. This applies the limit to the port. 10.

be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. 71 . 14. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port. Check to be sure that they are correct. Examine the MAC limits. Limited security has now been configured on the switch. 15. repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed. If you assigned different values to different ports. If necessary. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu. 16.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch.

Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .

22. 73 . such as a server. ❑ When cabling a trunk. For example. ❑ The duplex mode. ports 4. or 4 ports. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. and so on. To maintain the order of the port connections. 5. you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. For example. and 7). there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. port 13 to port 22. 6. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. 3. 3. workstation.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. 15 for the trunk. 13. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. Despite the software configuration and physical connections. On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. router. speed. or another Ethernet switch. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. and 24. 23. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. 14. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. A port trunk is 2. or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load. and so on.

❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN. AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 . ❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch. AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches. The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch. Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server. The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. The server is connected to the switch with four data links. A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs.

To create a port trunk. You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 . Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. are the same for all the ports of the trunk.Show port trunking status S . such as speed and duplex mode. type 1 to select Port Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch. Note Before creating a port trunk.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 . Check to be sure that the settings.Delete Trunk 3 .Add ports to trunk 2 . examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk. Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software. From the Port Menu. 2. From the Main Menu. Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure.Save Configuration Changes R . type 3 to select Port Trunking. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed.

1. type 3 to display the status of the trunk. Enter new value -> 4. 6. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. You can specify the ports individually (e. The port trunk is ready for network operations. 7-10).. Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk.g. Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk.3. To confirm the creation of the port trunk..4) or as a range (e.3. 8.Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7.g. 5.2. Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window. 76 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R . The following prompt is displayed. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking.

type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. The port trunk is deleted from the switch. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. type 1 to select Port Menu. 4. From the Port Menu. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. From the Main Menu. 2. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. To delete a port trunk from the switch. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. type 3 to select Port Trunking. 77 . Type 2 to select Delete trunk. 5. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. To confirm the deletion.

Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .

AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. the mirror port is likely to drop packets. meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. the more ports you mirror. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time. For example. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. For example. the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. 79 . if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports. You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed. However. you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port.

Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4.Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror. Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror. The following prompt is displayed... The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed..Add ports to mirror 4 ...Delete ports from mirror 5 . enter the first port of the range. No 3 . 2. Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7. To mirror a range of ports. 0 2 .Mirroring Port . Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored. enter the last port in the range.CPU Attached . 5. If you want to mirror a range or ports.. type 1 to select Port Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3. From the Main Menu. To mirror the traffic of only one port. Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6.. 80 ... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 . type 2 to select Port Mirroring. The following prompt is displayed. The following prompt is displayed. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. From the Port Menu. the port to where the traffic will be copied).. You can specify only one mirror port.Save Configuration Changes R . Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is.. Press Return....Show Port Mirror Status S . perform the following procedure: 1. enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step.

The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored. The port mirror is now functional.AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. 81 . type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status. 9. To confirm the creation of the port mirror. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 10. Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu.

Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror. 2. type 1 to select Port Menu. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. 82 . perform the following procedure: 1. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. 3. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. Enter 0 and press Return. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. From the Port Menu. 5. The following prompt is displayed. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port.

1D. refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802.Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters. ISO/IEC 10038: 1993. 83 . The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol.

leaving only one main active path. Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number. 84 . The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. and sometimes its MAC address. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. By adjusting the value.1D standard. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. referred to as broadcast storms. STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance.Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. as specified in the IEEE 802. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes. Where multiple paths exist. exist in the network topology. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. either planned or unplanned. also referred to as the bridge identifier.

the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. If two paths have the same port cost. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. where all ports have a port cost of 0. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. The faster the port. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. blocking mode. the preferred path is selected through port priority. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby. 85 . Below are the default values. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. If redundant paths exist. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and. the lower the port cost. if one is found. active path. Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge.

This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. the active topology also changes. especially if it is a large network. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. 86 . a change in a port state is not activated immediately. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. with the size of your network being a primary factor. before it begins to forward frames. or addition of any active components. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. and that could adversely impact network performance. If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. and if not. Consequently. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. removal. a temporary data loop could occur. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. For large networks. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. listening and learning. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. For small networks. When a bridge is brought on-line. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). However.

type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu.....Config STP Port Settings 8 .. If you enable STP. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks.. From the Main Menu.Reset STP to Defaults R . Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 . 1. 87 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings.. Bridge Identifier . Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network.. Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. The default setting is disabled.. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. Bridge Forwarding . You should consult the IEEE 802. Bridge Hello Time . The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed.....Display STP Port Settings 9 .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable . The parameters are described below...Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch. 1 ... Bridge Priority .. Bridge Max Age ..1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters.

resulting in network loops. if you use the default 20.535. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . type S to select Save Configuration Changes.Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state.Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. 3 . The default is 2 seconds.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge.Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. If the bridge transitions too soon. The default is 20 seconds. 6 . the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. for example. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. 5 . The default is 15 seconds. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. 4 . This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. After you have made the desired changes. 3. For example. When a root bridge goes off-line.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. 88 . This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. with 0 being the highest priority. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table.

. Enter the number of the port you want to configure.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating . 2. Root Bridge .. enter the last port of the range. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. enter the first port of the range. From the Spanning Tree menu. Bridge Hello Time .. This value cannot be changed... To configure just one port.Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain.. 89 . To configure a range of ports. To configure a range of ports... Path Cost ...... The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4.. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3.. From the Main Menu. Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R . Adjust the settings as desired.. The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed... enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step. perform the following procedure: 1.. type 7 to select Config STP port settings...... The parameters are described below.. 1 . Port Priority .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters.

and 4 for a 1 Gbps port.Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN. The default value for priority is 128. 4 . The default is 2 seconds. 90 . To change this value. 3 . This value cannot be changed from this window.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . 5 .Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain. refer to the previous procedure.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. 10 for a 100 Mbps port.Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge. The range is 1 to 65535. The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port. The range is 0-255. This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed.

This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode.Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs). and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 . It also contains the procedures for creating. modifying.

With VLANs. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. if an employee changed departments. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company. 92 . It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. This too can improve overall network performance.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases. Before the advent of VLANs. For example. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. Additionally. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. logical LAN segments. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. For example. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes.

93 .AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections. VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically. Additionally. a virtual LAN can span more than one switch. This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location. you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software.

VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. and Engineering. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN. called the Default VLAN. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. you must give it a name. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). Examples include Sales. or just a few ports. A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches. 94 . The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. such as a router or Layer 3 switch. Production. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time.

all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously. it will simply select the next available VID. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID. you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership. Untagged Ports Naturally. You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. In this manner. The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. Consequently. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. 95 . If you allow the management software to do it automatically. For example. This is acceptable when you are creating a new. rather than by a port’s PVID. unique VLAN. Additionally.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID. However. ❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port. ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID. the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member. 96 . the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. Consequently. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs. General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN.

❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network. such as servers and printers. In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches. A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs. ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN. For example.AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. 97 . many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. across multiple VLANs. a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN.

A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN. A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs.) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN .Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. (For purposes of the following examples. Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 .24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID. and Production VLANs on the switch. 11 . You assign this number when you create a VLAN. the Default VLAN is not shown. Engineering. 98 .13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . The ports have been assigned PVID values.4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9.

each VLAN has one port connected to the router. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN . Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example. two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch. The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN.Example 2 99 . In this example.

100 .11.This VLAN spans both switches. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch. and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN. ❑ Engineering VLAN .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. Engineering. This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment. This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN. The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch. This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch. Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router.6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN .This is the final VLAN in the example. It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4. 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 . Since this VLAN spans multiple switches. 14. 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 .This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN. However. ❑ Production VLAN . it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch. 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13.6.24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 . it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router. So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN.

This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. the frame will be discarded. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch. The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94. the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports. This contrasts to a port-based VLAN. the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame. The IEEE 802.3ac standard). For example. referred to as a tagged frame. A tag. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches. This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port. Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802. 101 .1Q-compliant.

But actually there is.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. Otherwise. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. In the case of a tagged VLAN. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. there would seem to be no need for a PVID. can be in only one VLAN at a time. the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN. An untagged port. simultaneously. Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. 102 . a frame without any tagged information). refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. However.

If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks. ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time. ❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. 103 .AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN. each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID. ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS.

Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802.1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 .1Q-based products.

It is connected to an IEEE 802.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. The tagged frames. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. 18 (PVID 2) 8. It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11. But with tagged ports. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example. while still maintaining data separation and security. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. when received by the switch. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs. 20 (PVID 3) 8.1Q-compliant server. They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. 105 . each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. data separation and security remain.

frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. either tagged or untagged. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. is ignored. Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. but the VLANs are not used.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. 106 . Packets are passed through the switch unchanged. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames. All VLAN information. ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode.

Virtual LAN Definitions 3 . perform the following procedure: 1. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed.Port VLANs & Priorities R .Save Configuration Changes R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 . From the VLAN Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3. 107 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S . type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Virtual LAN Support 2 . From the Main Menu. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.

.. The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096.... 108 . Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN..Create VLAN R . C . then its VID must also be unique. Sales or Accounting).. The name can be from one to ten characters in length. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name . If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch. Untagged Ports . if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches.. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network.. you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value. 0 Tagged Ports . The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example.. The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value...... The name can contain spaces.... such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. but not special characters. If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches... VLAN ID (VID) .. For example.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4...... then the name should be unique as well..Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed. Mirroring Port ........... 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) . 5... If the VLAN will be unique in your network... Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN.

.. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port. Press any key. either do not select this option or select it and type N for no. leave this field empty.g. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 2. as a range (e.5). Note In most cases.. type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted. 9.g. 109 . you can analyze the VLAN traffic. 7-9). For more information on port mirroring. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports. or both (e. 12.5. or both (e. To verify that the VLAN was created correctly.3. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. type 4 to select Show All VLANs... You can specify the ports individually (e. 7-9). you will see the following message: SUCCESS . leave this field empty. If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports.7-9).) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature.g.3. 10.5.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. If the VLAN will contain tagged ports.5). 2.(If you do not to activate this feature. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. 13. 11.g. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. You can specify the ports individually (e. as a range (e. 8. type 6 and Y for yes.7-9) 7. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored. Type C to select Create VLAN.Press any key to continue. 2. this parameter should be left with its default value of 0. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports. 2.. 14.g.g.

You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15. For example. if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. 110 . the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN. Note When you create a new VLAN. ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment.

nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. 5. Press Return. 111 . Ports 1 to 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. Type C to select Create VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. 9. 7. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 3. press any key. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. 2. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. 8. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. The new Sales VLAN has now been created. To create the example Sales VLAN. 4. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. 6. From the VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”.

From the Main Menu. To create the example Engineering VLAN.10.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104.11. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. 10. 4. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. 20”. and two untagged ports. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. perform the following procedure: 1. Press Return. 3. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN. Ports 8 and 16. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8.16”. It will consist of three untagged ports. 112 . type 1 to select Create a VLAN. Ports 9. 5. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. Type C to select Create VLAN. 8. and 12. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. 2. 6. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created. From the VLAN Menu. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. 9. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”. 7. press any key. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. 11.

To obtain a VLAN’s VID.. From the Main Menu. After making the desired changes. 113 . type 2 to select Modify a VLAN.VLAN ID (VID) ..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 . This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN. type M to select Modify VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. 3. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS .. Change the VLAN’s information as desired. From the VLAN Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed. 2. For a description of the parameters. 7.Press any key to continue. To modify a VLAN. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify. R ... refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5.. The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed. 6. perform the following procedure: 1.

11. 8. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. The VLAN has been modified. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs. 114 . Press any key. 9. 10. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.

2. perform the following procedure: 1. type 4 to select View All VLANs. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33.9 U: 8. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. VID numbers.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R . Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch. From the VLAN Menu. 3. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu.9 U: 1-6 T: 7.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names. The Show All VLANs window is displayed.

. 3.VLAN ID (VID) . 6. 2. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return. The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 . The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5.. From the Main Menu. To obtain a VLAN’s VID.. perform the following procedure: 1. R . type 3 to select Delete a VLAN. To delete the VLAN. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN.. which has a VID of 1. From the VLAN Menu. The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed. Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN.. 116 . To delete a VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure. type D. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. A confirmation prompt is displayed... type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID).

Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide 7. All ports in the deleted VLAN. 9.Press any key to continue. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 117 . The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed. 10. The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS . The VLAN has been deleted. are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure. both tagged and untagged. 8.

All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. To delete selected VLANs. 2. From the VLAN Menu. 5.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. Press Return. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. From the Main Menu. except the Default VLAN. A confirmation message is displayed. To delete all VLANs on a switch. 3. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. on a switch. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. perform the following procedure: 1. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 118 . 4. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.

perform the following procedure: 1. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. Type 1 to select Port Number. Press Return.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN. 119 . type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port.Port Number R . For example. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed. To change a PVID for a port. From the VLAN Menu. Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change. There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. From the Main Menu. 2. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 .

. 9. 1 1 0 N U ......Accept changes & update flash R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number ..Update Changes to Chip C ... Port VLAN ID .... The port now has a new PVID... The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5... 7. 8...... Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High .Press any key to continue..... Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID.. 120 ... The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed.. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip...... Press Return.. Return to the Main Menu. You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch.. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Specify the new PVID value for the port....... Override Priority (Y/N) .

Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. 2. Type 3 to select Switch Mode. From the Main Menu. B-Basic): 3. Press Return. Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs. type 5 to select System Config Menu. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged. The default is Tagged mode. 121 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. perform the following procedure: 1. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. 4. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode.

When VLANs are enabled. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 . It sets a switch’s VLAN mode. From the Main Menu. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs.Disable VLANs Globally R . From the VLAN Menu.Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 . If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure. The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering.Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C .Enable/Disable VLANs 2 .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. ingress filtering is disabled. 2. When VLANs are disabled. the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode.Accept changes & update flash R .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. perform the following procedure: 1. The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support.Enable VLANs Globally D . Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E .

5. 123 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 6. 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch. Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu.

If they belong to different VLANs. Here is an example. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. the port discards the frame. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. Fortunately. the port accepts the frame. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. the port accepts the frame. tagged or untagged. Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. 124 . assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table. For further information. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. nor to any frames. the frame is discarded. the switch discards the frame. Once the tagged frame is received. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN. First. just as a reminder. If there is. If they belong to the same VLAN. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. In this case. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules).

type 2 to select VLAN Menu. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3. From the Virtual LAN Support menu. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis. The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed. From the VLAN Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering.Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D . From the Main Menu. To enable or disable ingress filtering. You cannot set this per port. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch. regardless of the status of ingress filtering. which is the default. 125 . 4. and that is the priority tag. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. 2.Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R . A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame. Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E . Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags. Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority. perform the following procedure: 1. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch. In most cases.AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets.

Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .

determines the port where the destination node is connected. and the port number where each address was learned. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. it also examines the destination address and. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. When the switch receives a packet. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. by referring to its MAC address table. A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. 127 . This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. along with the port number on which each address was learned. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table. For example. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. When the destination node responds. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch.

even when the end node is inactive. You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process. This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted. refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. A static MAC address. The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses. The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. even when the end node is inactive. Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. For instructions on changing the aging timer. 128 . The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. once entered in the table. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes).

Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2. The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed. 129 . type 6 to select MAC Address Tables. The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed. just the base ports. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R . From the Main Menu. type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports. To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. To display the MAC address table. To display only static MAC addresses. One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports. type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch.

Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window. The columns in the window are defined below.Accept changes & update flash U .Update Display R . MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only. non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N . which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. The static MAC address window is exactly the same. except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses. 130 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed.

MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. 131 . VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. Type The MAC address type. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. As an example. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. This feature is not supported at this time. The type can be either static or dynamic. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. except for the switch’s MAC address. Another example is “000020F.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left.

The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. From the Main Menu. 1. The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu. From the MAC Address Table menu. 2. 132 . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3. You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port.

type 6 to select MAC Address Table. or to which the address was assigned. if the address was learned dynamically. 1. finding the address could prove difficult. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. for a static address.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address. you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned. 133 . But if the switch is part of a large network. From the MAC Address Table menu. From the Main Menu. type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. The procedure in this section offers an easier way. 2.

as explained earlier in this chapter. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns. 134 . type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table.) Note To perform this procedure. From the Main Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. perform the following procedure. From the MAC Address Table menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. (This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN. 1. 2. produces the same result. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view.

the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure. Once the table has been purged. Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. From the Main Menu. From the MAC Address Table menu. If you type Y for yes. 3. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. 135 . type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses. perform the following procedure. 1. A confirmation prompt is displayed. 2. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table. type 6 to select MAC Address Table.

type 6 to select MAC Address Table. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. 2. To add a static address to the MAC address table. type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses. From the Main Menu. 136 . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. From the MAC Address Table menu. The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table. perform the following procedure: 1. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected. 5.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. 2. type 3 to select Delete MAC Address. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. 137 . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. From the MAC Address Table menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 4. Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table.

138 . This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active. the switch deletes the address. To adjust the aging time. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 2. The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3. When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time. perform the following procedure: 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. From the Main Menu. The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch. Enter a new value in seconds. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes). From the System Config Menu.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software.

network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue. 0 to 7. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer. But with the introduction of time-critical applications. For example. CoS was designed to address this problem. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue. untagged frames (i.1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example. Prior to CoS. but were mostly transparent to network users. File transfer delays did occur.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority.1Q standards. The 802. When a tagged packet enters a switch port. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802.. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest. such as voice transmission or video conferencing.1p and 802. transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality.e. 140 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications. packet transfer delays can prove problematic. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays. By default. low and high.

Return to the Main Menu. enter a value from 4 to 7. enter a value from 0 to 3. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS. 9. 11. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. Press Return. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port. 8. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch.7). 10.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. 6. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. 3. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. perform the following procedure: 1. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. Type 1 to select Port Number. From the VLAN Menu. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. Type 3 to select Priority (0 .) 7. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. The default for this parameter is No. (Again. From the Main Menu. 5. 141 .

Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .

it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. it removes the node from appropriate membership list. the router does not send multicast packets out the port. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. In Version 2. it simply stops sending reports. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located.) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. referred to as a time-out value. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups. Once the router has received a report from a host node. There are two versions of IGMP. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. In Version 1. 143 .

144 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value. Note By default. except the port on which it received the packet. Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance. and by processing leave requests. which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups. a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports. IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch.

.. Multicast Host Topology . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status . type E to enable or D to disable this feature. From the Main Menu.. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration... type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S .Save Configuration Changes R . The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed.... After selecting this option.IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch.. Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate). perform the following procedure: 1....Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 . This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 . From the System Configuration Menu...... 3.. The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. Maximum Multicast Groups . 2 . Multicast Router Port(s) .... Host/Router Timeout Interval .Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. 2. type 5 to select System Config Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters. From the Advanced Configuration window.

You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active.Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. that is. The default is 256 multicast addresses. The default is 260 seconds.Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected.400 seconds (24 hours). This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups.Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. 3 . some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. The default is 256 multicast groups. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. 4 . An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. 5 . The range is from 1 second to 86.

enter “0” (zero) for this parameter. Your changes are activated immediately on the switch. Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. After making the desired changes. To select Auto Detect. 4. 147 .AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect. or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number.

From the Advanced Configuration window. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U . 3. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. type 5 to select System Config Menu. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. 148 . The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. From the System Configuration Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. To display the list. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected.Update Display R . as well as the host nodes. From the Main Menu. 4.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch. The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group.

4. type 7 to select View Multicast Router List. You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 2. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. From the System Configuration Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes. Router IP The IP address of the multicast router. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U . type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected. From the Main Menu. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. 3. 149 . From the Advanced Configuration window. The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1.Update Display R . To display a list of the multicast routers.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software.

For example. 151 . You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. In order to use this feature. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. When a node sends out a broadcast frame. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval. For example. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. Broadcast frames are different. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. That is.

Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames. the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example. Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch. the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. At these settings. 152 . If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval.

0 milli sec 3 ... From the Advanced Configuration Menu. From the System Configuration Menu.Timer for 10 MB ports . 0 milli sec 2 .) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed.10x ❑ 100 Mbps .Save Configuration Changes R . The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . perform the following procedure: 1. Type 1.Timer for 100 MB ports . You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4.... 3.Timer for 1000 MB ports .. The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature. type 5 to select System Config Menu.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . 0 micro sec C . (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. or 3 and enter a value when prompted.. From the Main Menu. 2. and 1000 Mbps. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. 100.. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.. type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup.100x 153 . The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds. 2.

A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. the management software multiples the value by 10. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The default value is “0” for all timers. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. 5.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. 154 . 6. Once you have set the desired timer intervals.

perform the following procedure: 1. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return.> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. To configure only one port. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. enter the first port of the range. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded. 155 . Type B to select Broadcast Control. 5. For example. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. 2. To configure a range of ports. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. enter the last port number in the range. To configure a range of ports. From the Main Menu. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. 6. type 1 to select Port Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval. type 1 to select Port Configuration. From the Port Menu. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt.

Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .

157 . From the Ethernet Statistics menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3. type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2. From the Main Menu.Display Port Statistics R .Clear Port Statistics 3 .Clear Module Statistics 3 . Press Return. The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed. 5. perform the following procedure: 1.Select a Port 2 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . Type 1 to choose Select a Port. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4. Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics.Display Module Statistics R . Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics.Port Statistics Menu 2 .

................. Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port.. 158 ............................ TX_COUNT .. U . UNDERSIZE ........ CRC_ERROR .............. RX_OVERFLOW ..... RX_MLTCAST ....Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window. Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port............. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port... RX_UNICAST .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. RX_BRDCAST .................................... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT ... FRAGMENT . Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded. PORT_IN_DISCARDS .............. RX_COUNT ............... Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port...... OVERSIZE ...... CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port............Update Display R ................................... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port. shown in Figure 48.

select the option “2 . packets with alignment errors.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. but discarded and not forwarded.Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu. 159 . Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port. If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets.AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.

. type 3 to select Display Module Statistics............ FRAGMENT ......... UNDERSIZE ......Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only....................... From the Main Menu...... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch.. OVERSIZE ................. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT . U .... 160 ....Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch..... RX_UNICAST ... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded............ RX_BRDCAST ....... RX_OVERFLOW ... Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch.... RX_MLTCAST ......... RX_COUNT ....... The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window............ shown in Figure 48.............Update Display R .... From the Ethernet Statistics menu............................ type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics......... Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch........ CRC_ERROR ... perform the following procedure: 1. 2. PORT_IN_DISCARDS ................. TX_COUNT ....

packets with alignment errors. select the option “2 .3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”. Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu. but discarded and not forwarded. 161 . Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch.

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

162

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

163

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

164

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The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. Once the management software is initialized. Do not reboot the switch. Note Do not interrupt the initialization process. Begin the file transfer of the new management software image. 166 . If you are installing a new management image. the switch automatically resets.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed. a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete.

cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image. tftp -i 149. Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host .35. or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above.35. A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT.ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39. Binary .1.1.This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image. Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149. Put .You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch. This may necessitate renaming the file. The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39.1. Source file .img 167 .img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39.1 put c:\ats39. you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn. loader file. If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software.AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software.The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch.

This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from.1 get ats39. tftp -i 149.The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file.img Once the file is stored on a local drive.1. The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host . it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP. Destination file . as explained in the previous section. This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically. Get .1 to local drive C: of the workstation.img c:\ats39. Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149.1.35. 168 . Binary .cfg”.The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation.The source file name is “ATS39.35. Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. Source file .

Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18. Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19. Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22. IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28. Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26. Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17. Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23.

such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator. 170 .Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser.

Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser. To change the password. The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch. Consequently. perform the following procedure: 1. For instructions. Additionally. 171 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. 2.) The user name cannot be changed. as shown in Figure 51. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed. the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. (The password is case-sensitive. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. To start a web browser management session. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. Start your web browser. enter the user name and password. When prompted. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. the switch must have an IP address.

You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows. Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display. In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites. You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser.The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed. Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus. 172 . Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session. 173 . select Exit from any AT-S39 management page.

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

select it and then select the General tab. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default. select Configuration. refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. If the System menu option is not selected. From the Home Page. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. 175 . subnet address. perform the following procedure: 1. To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. 2.

176 . Sales Ethernet switch).Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide. Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window. Change the parameters as desired. 3. The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example.

Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. After you have set the parameters.. Entering a value for this parameter is optional.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. 177 . click Apply. The default password is “admin”. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. Wiring closet 402B). This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. To create a new password. enter the new password into both fields. IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!).g. Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. a Telnet utility. The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. 4. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. such as its location (e. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser. Floor 4. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. or an SNMP management program. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address.

You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session. or by using the Reset button on the switch. 178 . you must reset the switch to activate your change.Section III: Web Browser Management 5. You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session. or gateway address. If you made a change to the IP address. subnet mask.

3. 2. From the Configuration Menu. The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed. From the Home page. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 . select System Status. The Monitoring window is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. If it is not already selected.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. select the General tab. select Monitoring.

General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address.” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs.Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only. For information about VLANs. These values cannot be changed. The sections in the window are defined below. If this parameter displays “Basic. This value cannot be changed. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes). Virtual LANs on page 91. Administration This section contains a variety of information. ❑ Switch Mode . ❑ Hash Count . Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging .” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. You cannot change any of the values from this window. which also explains how to change the parameters. refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212.Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table. If this parameter displays “Tagged. For background information about MAC addresses. including the IP address of the switch and the system name.Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode. These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted. For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session. 180 .

perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. Adjust the parameters as desired. Select the SNMP tab. 181 . From the Configuration menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. 2. From the Home page. 3. select System. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed. select Configuration. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. The parameters are described below.

Changes are immediately activated on the switch. 5.Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. Click Apply to save your changes to the switch. 182 .

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 .Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed.

perform the following procedure: 1. select Configuration. Select the Port Setting tab. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure. From the Home page.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch. You can select only one port at a time. 2. Click Modify. 3. click it again. The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4.) 5. The selected port turns white. select Layer 1. (To deselect a port. From the Configuration page. 184 .

No flow control on the port. Transmit . For instructions on how to set this value. Both . If the threshold is reach.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. An example of the window is shown in Figure 57. Flow Control The flow control setting for the port.Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port. refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227. Adjust the port parameters as desired. any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch. Receive . For background information on this feature. Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time. The parameters are described below. Possible values are: None .AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed. 185 .Flow control only on packets being received on the port. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6.

❑ 10Mbps . The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port.Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps . A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames. 186 .Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port. Default values are listed in Appendix A. 7. The default for this port parameter is enabled. click Apply. This is the default.Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . Once you have made the desired changes. Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values.Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode.Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps .

AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch. (To deselect a port. select Monitoring. You can view a port’s operating speed. 3. duplex mode. MDI/MDI-X configuration. select Layer 1. From the Monitoring page. click it again. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB.) 4. Click a port. The selected port turns white. 2. 187 . Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics. perform the following procedure: 1. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58. From the Home page. To display the status or statistics of a switch port. Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. You can select only one port at a time. and more.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

191

Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session. Note For background information on port security. refer to Port Security Overview on page 65. 192 .Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session.

2. From the Layer 2 page. Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. select Layer 2. perform the following procedure: 1. select Monitoring. The current security level is displayed. From the Home page. 3. From the Configuration page. select the Port Security tab.

Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session. Note For background information on port trunking. 194 . refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73.

which can adversely effect the operations of your network. the ports of the trunk will be white. From the Configuration page. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. From the Home page. If you are deleting a port trunk. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. Select the Port Trunking tab. which can produce broadcast storms. If there is a port trunk. 2. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. select Layer 1. all ports in the switch image will be black.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. 195 . Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. To create or delete a port trunk. select Configuration. Loops can result in broadcast storms.

Section III: Web Browser Management 4. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk. b. To create a port trunk. 5. Click Apply. To delete a port trunk. You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. 196 . The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. A selected port changes to white. 3. do the following: a. A port trunk can contain 2. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch. or 4 ports. click Remove. An unselected port is black.

197 .Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. Note For background information on port mirroring.

Click Apply.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. To delete an existing port mirror. perform the following procedure: 1. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. From the Configuration page. Select the Port Mirroring tab. From the Home page. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports. do the following: a. Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4. 5. c. select Layer 1. b. To create a port mirror. 3. 198 . The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch. select Configuration. 2.

AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted. 199 . The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP. refer to STP Overview on page 84. 200 . Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session. Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session.Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session.

Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window . select Layer 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. If you enable STP. perform the following procedure: 1. To configure a bridge’s STP parameters. 2. 3. From the Layer 2 window. The parameters are described below. From the Home page. select the Spanning Tree tab. You should consult the IEEE 802. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed.Configuration 4. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. 201 .1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. From the Configuration menu. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. select Configuration.

Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. with 0 being the highest priority. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. 5. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. If the bridge transitions too soon. The default is 2 seconds. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. For example. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. The default is 15 seconds. click Apply. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. When a root bridge goes off-line. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). Changes are immediately activated on the switch. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge.535. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. possibly resulting in a network loop. The default setting is disabled. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. 202 . After you have made the desired changes. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. for example. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. This value cannot be changed. if you use the default 20. The default is 20 seconds. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge.

select Monitoring. From the Home page. select Layer 2. 2. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed.Monitoring 203 . To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters. refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201. From the Layer 2 page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings. perform the following procedure: 1. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 3. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window . select the Spanning Tree tab. From the Monitoring menu.

modify. This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. refer to Chapter 10. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 . and delete VLANs from a web browser management session.Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode. Virtual LANs.

The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed. From the Layer 2 window. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. 3. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 . From the Home page. From the Configuration menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. select Configuration. select Layer 2. select the VLAN tab.

6. the name should be unique as well. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. Click Add. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example. Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. Sales or Accounting). The name can contain spaces but not special characters. its VID must be unique as well. The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. 206 . If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. The name can be from one to 10 characters in length. Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN.

7. Note For background information on port mirroring. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. its VID value should be the same on each switch. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. 10.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. or a tagged port. The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. click Send to CPU. In most cases. For example. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. To select ports for the VLAN. Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. This value disables port mirroring. 207 . click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. 9. Click Apply. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. 8. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch.

The VLAN is now ready for network operations. 208 .Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment.

The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure. 3. From the Layer 2 window. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. select Configuration. select Layer 2. 209 . 7. Creating a VLAN. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. 2. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. they are returned to the Default VLAN. Click Modify. 5. perform the following procedure: 1. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. After making the desired changes. 6. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. select the VLAN tab. click Apply. From the Configuration menu. From the Home page.

perform the following procedure: 1. The VLAN is deleted from the switch. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. select Configuration. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. select the VLAN tab.Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. Click Remove. From the Configuration menu. 5. 210 . Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete. select Layer 2. From the Home page. 4. From the Layer 2 window. 3. 2. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN.

perform the following procedure: 1. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch. select Monitoring. From the Home page. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . 3. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. select Layer 2. The management software displays the window in Figure 68. From the Monitoring page. select the VLAN tab. From the Layer 2 page.

for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. 2. 3. 4. You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. If you select Basic. perform the following procedure: 1. If you select Tagged. Note Refer to Chapter 10. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. From the Home Page. In the Switch Mode section of the window. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. select Configuration. To set the switch’s VLAN mode. click either Tagged or Basic. choose System. 212 . Virtual LANs. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. 5. From the Configuration menu. which is the default. Select the General tab. Reset the switch.

You can select only one port at a time. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. From the Configuration page. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. For example. 2. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. select Configuration. 3. select CoS. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 . To deselect a port. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. click it again. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. From the Home page. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. A selected port turns white. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. From the Layer 2 page. 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. perform the following procedure: 1. select Layer 2. Click Apply. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. 5. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. To change a PVID for a port.

The new value is immediately activated on the port.Section III: Web Browser Management 6. Click Apply. 214 . The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch. Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26. 7. Class of Service on page 219. Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port.

215 . This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch.

The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed. The options are described below. perform the following procedure: 1. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. select Layer 2. select Monitoring. Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses. From the Home page. 2. For instructions. From the Layer 2 page. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session. 3. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table. 216 .Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. From the Monitoring page. You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. select the Forwarding Database tab.

click View. 4. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. You specify the VLAN by its VID. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Another example is “000020F. Once you have configured the options. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. The port numbering scheme is from right to left.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. 217 . As an example. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window.

218 . The type can be either static or dynamic.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. Type The MAC address type. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. except for the switch’s MAC address. This feature is not supported at this time.

This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS. refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. 219 .Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS.

4. select Configuration. Click the port where you want to configure CoS.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. 2. 3. click the Override Priority option. Click Apply. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch.) 5. From the Configuration page. perform the following procedure: 1. 220 . select Layer 2. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. select the CoS tab. From the Layer 2 page.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered.) 7. You can select only one port at a time. click it again. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7. it does not matter which of these levels you select. A selected port turns white. Click Modify. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. 6. (Again. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. 8. From the Home page. The default for this parameter is No. (To deselect a port.

refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143. 221 . Note For background information on this feature.Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch.

select System. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port). select Configuration. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. 222 . Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. From the Configuration menu.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. perform the following procedure: 1. Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed. Select the IGMP tab. 3. From the Home page. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. 2. Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds.

Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. The default is 256 multicast groups.400 seconds (24 hours). An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. The default is 260 seconds. The range is from 1 second to 86. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 . you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. that is.

224 . The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. A white port indicates a multicast router port. Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect.Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses. The default is 256 multicast addresses.

refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. 225 .Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch. Note For background information on this feature.

The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps .10x ❑ 100 Mbps . The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab. select them now. Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch.100x For example. Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept. 4. click Apply. 226 . select Configuration.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. To specify an interval timer. perform the following procedure: 1.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. the management software multiples the value by 10. 3. From the Home page. 100. The default value is “0” for all timers. and 1000 Mbps. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . enter values for the three interval timers. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. After you have entered your values. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. If they are not already selected. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. 2.

enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. If it is not selected. The port will accept all broadcast frames. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. select it now. 7. When you open the Layer 1 page. select Configuration. From the Configuration page. 2. 227 . 6. click it again. As an example. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. The selected port turns white. select Layer 1. 5. perform the following procedure: 1. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. To deselect a port. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. 3. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. Click Modify. Click Apply. From the Home page. You can select only one port at a time. 4. In the graphical switch image.

0.0.0.0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 .0 0. Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.0 255.Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.0.0.255.

) 229 .1 and above only.AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.

37 releasing IP address. 88. 41. 11 D default values. 50 F flow control. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. 60. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 106 setting. 140 console timeout. 84. 220 defined. 121. 47 guidelines. 60. 88. 35. 202 bridge priority. 128 AT-S39 default settings. 228 DHCP activating. 225 defined. AT-S39. used in this guide. 37 BPDU. 90 host nodes 230 . 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. 47 setting switch status. 84. 52 defined. 202 bridge hello time parameter. 37 defined. 212 BOOTP activating. 45 Auto-Negotiation. 177 H hello time. 43 conventions. 172 C Class of Service configuring. 150. 41. 164 downloading via TFTP.Index A aging time changing. configuring. 88. 36 documentation. 86. 202 bridge max age parameter. 167 obtaining. 27. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. 141. 88. 202 bridge identifier. 88 G gateway address. 37 defined. 163 AT-S39 version number. 227 browser tools. 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 155. 138 defined. 86. 185 forwarding delay.

222 defined. 102 port-based VLAN creating. 151 L limited security mode configuring. 145. 69 defined. 39. 198 port security configuring. 28 starting. 205 defined. 111. 107. 177 default. 186 statistics. 75.AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 153. 116. 216 MAC address. 181 SNMP management session. 80. 58. 42 root bridge. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 115. switch. defined. 186 displaying status. 59. 28 Telnet session. 210 displaying. 50 SNMP community strings. 94 deleting all. 222 231 . 24 M MAC address table. 95. 77. 73 deleting. 30 web browser session. 87. 66 serial number. 195 guidelines. 118 deleting. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 29. 149 P password changing. default settings.1d standard. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). 55. 90 port mirroring creating. 45 slave switch. 85 setting. 157 port trunking creating. 198 defined. 113. 177 interval timer configuring. 193 port statistics. displaying. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. 146. 143 displaying. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 140 priority. switch. 65 displaying. 126. 21 snoop topology. 223 multicast router. 213 defined. 60 multicast groups. 67 defined. 25 S Secure level. 148 host/router timeout interval. 35. 119. 143 ingress filtering. 26. 190 port cost defined. 59. 223 I IEEE 802. 226 defined. 90 PVID. 35. 32. 209 priority queues. 18 quitting. port security. 84 RS232 port. 82. 65 local management session defined. 50 returning to. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. maximum. 79 deleting. 211 modifying. 187 speed. 21 master switch defined. 195 defined. 173 R resetting a switch. 145. 184 disable. 171 port configuring parameters. 146.

113. 101 VLAN identifier (VID). 157. 108 VLAN identifier. 35. 171 static MAC address adding. AT-S39. 116. 205 defined. changing. 206 VLAN. 122 displaying. 90 viewing bridge parameters. 85.Index software updates downloading from a local session. 87. 173 starting. 209 Telnet management session defined. 94. 210 disabling. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 43 limitations. 113. 212 modifying. 24 Telnet. defined. 84 port cost. 45 virtual LAN creating. 190 switch. default. 107. 211 modifying. 111. 89 defined. 211 enabling. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. 19 quitting. 92 deleting all. 167 U unavailable status. downloading software updates. 101 deleting all. 29 web browser. 112. 177 switch statistics. 160 system name. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. 115. 209 port-based. 118 deleting. 30 starting. 203 starting session local. 121. 171 232 . 160 STP. 201 configuring port parameters. 136 deleting. 205 defined. 122 mode. 171 V version number. 118 deleting. 50 user name. defined. 210 displaying. 29 TFTP. 116. defined. 112. 115. 129 statistics port. 167 obtaining. 107. 137 displaying. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. 35. 94 tagged. 164 downloading via TFTP. 20 quitting.

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