Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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................................................................................. 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN ...........Chapter 10 Virtual LANs ..................................................................... 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN ..... 142 IGMP Snooping Overview ....................................................................... 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering ................................................................................................ 151 Configuring the Interval Timer ...... 103 Tagged VLAN Example ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs ...................................................94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 112 Modifying a VLAN ................................................92 Port-based VLAN Overview ................... 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table .................... 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN................................................................................................................................................................................. 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count .................. 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN ................................................................................ 127 Displaying MAC Addresses ..................................................................................................................................................... 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address .......................................................................................................................... 126 MAC Address Overview ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses .......... 99 Tagged VLAN Overview ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................91 VLAN Overview ................................................................ 98 Port-based Example 2.......................................................................................... 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control .......... 160 5 ........................................................................................................................ 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping ....... 118 Changing a PVID Value ............................................................................................................................................................. 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 140 Configuring CoS ........................................................................................................................................................................... 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs .................................................................................................................................................. 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 139 Class of Service Overview ....................... 97 Port-based Example 1...................................................................... 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service ................................................................................................................................................................ 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 157 Displaying Switch Statistics ................................................................... 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview ...... 116 Deleting All VLANs ...................................................................... 156 Displaying Port Statistics ..................................................................................................... 115 Deleting a VLAN .................... 143 Activating IGMP Snooping ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode .......................................................................................................................................................................... 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 137 Changing the Aging Time ...................................................................................................................................................................... 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port .............................................................................................................. 113 Displaying VLAN Information .........................................................................................................................................................................

.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................209 Deleting a VLAN ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................210 Displaying VLANs ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................204 Creating a VLAN ....................................................................................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................162 Obtaining Software Updates ........................................................................................................................................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses ...............205 Modifying a VLAN .............................................................203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs ...............................................................................................................................................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror .................................................................................................................................... 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................175 Viewing System Information ............................................................................................................213 6 ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session .....................................................................................................................................................212 Changing a PVID .....................................................................................................................................................................201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings .....................................................................................................................................184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics .......................................................................................... 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session ..................................................................................................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters ....................................................................................................................................................168 Example..............................................................................................................................................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings .............................................................................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security ...................................................................................................................................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks .............174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ..........................................................................183 Configuring Port Parameters ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode ...................................................................................................................................................................................................192 Displaying the Port Security Level ......................................................................................................... 167 Uploading a Configuration File ....................................................................................................................................................................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk ....................................171 Browser Tools.................................................... 168 Section III Web Browser Management ............................................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP .........195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring ............................................................................................................................................................................167 Example..........................................................

. 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping . 219 Configuring CoS .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings .............................................................................................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table ......................... 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping ........................................... 230 7 ...................................... 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 228 Index .............................................................................................. 225 Configuring the Interval Timer ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

..................................... 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window ............................................................................ 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN ................................................... 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window ........................................................................................................................................................ 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window ................................................................................................................................................................ 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN ............................................................... 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN .........................................................................Example 1 ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 25 Figure 2: Main Menu ........................................................................................................................................................................... 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu ......................................................................List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window ........................................................................................................................................................ 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window ............................... 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu ............................................................................................................................... 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu ......................................................................................................... 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window .......................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window .................................................................................................................................................. 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 ....................... 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window ...................................................... 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window ............................... 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window ........................................................................Example 2 ................................................................................. 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window ..................... 52 Figure 11: Port Menu ............................................................................................................................................................ 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window ............................................................................................................................................. 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ................. 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu ............................................................ 122 8 ................................................................................................................................................ 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu ................................... 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu ........................................................................................................................ 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window ................................. 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu ..................................................................................... 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

...................... Figure 53: General Tab .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 60: Port Statistics Window ...................................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ................................................................................................................... Figure 54: General Tab Window ............................................................................................................ Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window ...................................................................... Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window ...... Figure 69: CoS Setting Window ........................................... Figure 68: VLAN Window .................................................................. Figure 52: Home Page ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window .......................................................................................................................................... Figure 67: Add VLAN Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu ...................................................................... Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 55: SNMP Tab .......................................................................................................................................... Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Configuration .................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab ............................................................... Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu ......................................................................................... Figure 61: Port Security Menu ............................................... Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window ...........................................Monitoring .............................................. Figure 66: VLAN Window .......................................................... Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 57: Settings for Port Window .......................................................................................................................................... Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window ................................................................................................................. 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 ....... Figure 62: Port Trunking Window ............................................................................ Figure 59: Port Status Window ............................................... Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page ....................................................................... Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab ....................................................................................... Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu .............................................................................................................. Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window ........................................... Figure 71: IGMP Tab ...................................................................... Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window ................................................. Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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alliedtelesyn.Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products.com or our FTP server at ftp. You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www. enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password.com.alliedtelesyn. To use the FTP server. 14 .

Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software. It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. 15 .

as explained in the hardware installation guide. and powering ON the device. then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network. The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. If this is true for your network. such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters. Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A. You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches.Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. 16 .

It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser. The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use. The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide. 17 . There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session.AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. such as to change or adjust its operating parameters. you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software.

Once the session is started. This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch. Note For instructions on starting a local management session.Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. using a straight-through RS-232 cable. You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session. 18 . refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located. you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch.

you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. which include the enhanced stacking feature. Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. 19 . If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. With AT-8024GB switches.

❑ Port security level . There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session. refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171. 20 . as well as every AT-8024 switch. Consequently. every AT-8024GB switch. This too is a type of remote management. because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch. just like a Telnet management session. ❑ DHCP and BOOTP .You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session.You can view but not set the port security level of a switch. that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address. They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking . Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session.You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session.Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch.

Consequently. For instructions. 21 . The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program. A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program.AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. refer to your SNMP management documentation. you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program.

Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .

The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

you must go to where that switch is located.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. 24 . Note For information on enhanced stacking. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. This can simplify network management. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch. to start this type of management session. You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch. Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. Additionally. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. you can manage just that switch. usually within a few meters. You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch.

3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session. POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2. perform the following procedure: 1. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program. Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200. Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch. see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 .

The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly. The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps. 5. (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1. the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps). You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S . enter the password for the management software.Save Configuration Changes R . or an equivalent terminal emulator program. This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only. simply type boot and press Return to start the switch. The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset. Press the Return key twice. Otherwise.) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal.Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 .) 4.1 and above. (The password is case-sensitive.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal. If prompted for a password.) The Main Menu is displayed. Note During boot up. The default is “admin”. (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>). the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt.

Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. refer to Chapter 4. type the corresponding letter or number. This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet. For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session.AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item. Enhanced Stacking on page 46. Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu. 27 . It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located.

Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session. 28 . Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously. return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit. This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended. You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch.

as shown in Figure 2 on page 26. Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. In terms of functionally. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch. Enter the management software password when prompted. To make a selection. type R or press ESC twice. type its corresponding number of letter. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. To return to a previous menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol. Additionally. 29 . You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities. such as with a local management session. Note For background information on enhanced stacking. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. The menus also function the same. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol. The default password is “admin”. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time.

type Q for Quit from the Main Menu.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session. 30 .

and more. activating the original switch default settings. There are also procedures for resetting the switch. There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it.Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 .

) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. Second. you must also assign it a subnet mask. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. This switch will be the Master switch of the stack. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. You do not need to assign an IP address. all from the same management session. This feature has two primary benefits. 32 . First. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking. The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. subnet mask. you must assign at least one of them an IP address. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. a web browser. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet.

The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. 33 . How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which. The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. switches on your network need an IP address. if any. You can do this two different ways. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet. The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure.AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37.

go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37.Reset Switch X .....0 Default Gateway . To manually set a switch’s IP address. along with other optional information.) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch... From the Main Menu...Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L ..255...... subnet mask. perform the following procedure: 1.. 9 ...0..Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 .0.. 0... 255.Save Configuration Changes R .0.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address...0. (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network.. 0.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 . Administrator ...Release DHCP IP Address S . such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch............ Change Password .. and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session.Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42..0.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address .0 Subnet Mask .. The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed. Comments .. The selection X .0 System Name .. type 4 to select Administration Menu.

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. perform the following procedure: 1. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. 2. type 3 to select SNMP Configuration. The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R . From the Advanced Configuration window. 39 . type 5 to select System Config Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. From the System Configuration Menu. From the Main Menu.

. The parameters are described below...SET Community 3. 4 ..... Adjust the parameters as desired.Trap Receiver 1 5 .. After making your changes. 40 ..GET Community 2 ...Trap Community ......Save Configuration Changes R ..0..GET Community ......0 0.... 5.. public 2 . Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch........ ..0... type S to select Save Configuration Changes..Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch.. when prompted....0 0.. private 3 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 ..SET Community ....Trap Receiver 2 6 ...0 0..Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings.0 S .......0. ... enter the new value. type its corresponding number and...0... public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 .... ... 0....0.Trap Receiver 3 7 ... To change a value...Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed.0...0.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4. 1 .0.......

the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. 4. From the System Configuration Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. perform the following procedure: 1. 41 . Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A. type 5 to select System Config Menu. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings. Type Y for yes or N for no. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. If you type Y for yes. From the Main Menu. Type Y to reset the switch. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. You are prompted to reset the switch.

42 . Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software. From the Administrator Menu. The switch immediately reloads its operating system. Some data traffic may be lost.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. type 9 to select Reset Switch. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. type 4 to select Administrator Menu. a task requiring only a second or two to complete.

❑ Web Access . type E to enable web access or D to disable web access. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password. perform the following procedure: 1. The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes. when prompted. 43 . type 6 to select Web Server Access and.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch. when prompted. To configure web browser access. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software. (The password is case-sensitive.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. 3. For example. For instructions on how to set this security feature. 2. type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and. ❑ Console Timeout . For instructions on how to set this security feature. enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. perform the procedure below. perform the procedure below. type 5 to select System Config Menu. The default password is “admin”.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. These security features are: ❑ Password . if you specify 2 minutes.The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. To configure the console timer. and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser. From the Main Menu. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. After you have made the desired changes. no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 44 . if you disable web access. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. 4.

. MAC Address ....A0... The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed....AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information..........1 5456411 00.3 ATI_LOADER1. 45 ... type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu..32.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version .... Bootloader Version ..... Serial Number ..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed...D2...... AT-S39 v1.00 R ....17...

Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. 46 . The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch.

This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. Once connected to the network. You simply connect it to your network. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. 47 . ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. such as for maintenance. should you remove a master switch from the network. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master. That way. If your network consists of more than one subnet. There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network.

do not. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually. you must assign each master switch a unique IP address. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. referred to as slave switches. 48 . 3. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack. For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch. You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask.

and each has been assigned a unique IP address.09.32. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. 49 .16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149.32.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature.18 Master 2 IP Address 149.11. you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet. Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router.32.09. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149.11. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet.22 Master 2 IP Address 149.32. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets.

A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 .Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch.Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 . A master switch must have a unique IP address. slave switch.Enhanced Stacking Services S . It does not need an IP address or subnet mask.A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch. you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet. A switch with this designation can be managed locally. perform the following procedure: 1. To be managed remotely. Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch . ❑ Slave switch . Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack.. The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed. ❑ Unavailable .. Note The default setting for a switch is Slave. or unavailable. From the Main Menu. a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address.Save Configuration Changes R . To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status. Master 2 .A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet.

2. To change a switch’s status.” For example. type 1 to select Switch State. 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master. A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch.Switch State. S to make it a slave switch. The following prompt is displayed. or U to make the switch unavailable.Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches. Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3. Type M to change the switch to a master switch. 51 . Note The “2 . Press Return.

then it is very easy.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 . 2. From the Main Menu. To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack.Get/Refresh List of Switches A .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch. perform the following procedure: 1. you are by default addressing that particular switch. you need to select it from the management software.Access Switch R . The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch. If you assigned system names to your switches. The window in Figure 10 is displayed. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services. From the Enhanced Stacking window. When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet. The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G .

Enter the switch’s password and press Return. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. Once you see that window. You now can manage the selected switch. 4. The password is case-sensitive. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice. return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch. Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. if you want to manage the Master switch. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session. Type A to select Access Switch. This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window. 6. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. The default password is “admin”. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. 53 . Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

From the Main Menu.Accept changes & update flash R . The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed. type 1 to select Port Menu. 55 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C . perform the following procedure: 1. From the Port Menu. type 4 to select Port Status.

Possible values are: Auto . The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number. Possible values are: Up .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed.Update Display R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 56 . Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port.Next Page U .Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Manual .indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link. Down . Figure 12 is an example of the window.Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually.indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node.

57 .Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. Flow The flow control setting for the port.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X.AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port. Spd The operating speed of the port. Possible values are: None . Possible values are: Forwarding . Possible values are: 10 .10 Mbps 100 . This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member.100 Mbps 1000 .The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames. Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex. State The current operating status of the port.No flow control on the port. Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member.The port has been manually disabled. Both . Disabled . Receive . Transmit .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port.

... Broadcast Control ... From the Port Menu. Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 ... The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return.. type 1 to select Port Menu.. 2... To configure a range of ports. Advertise 100HDX .. Negotiation .. MDI/MDIX Mode ..... The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed.. Advertise 100FDX ... Advertise 10HDX ..... To configure only one port.. perform the following procedure: 1... Advertise 10FDX .. type 1 to select Port Configuration.... The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. enter the last port number in the range..... To configure a range of ports. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return...Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch....... enter the first port of the range... Flow Control .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status ....No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 .. From the Main Menu.

. If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation. 59 ..Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode. Disabled .. which is the default....The port will receive and forward packets....Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex..The port will not receive or forward packets. The parameters are described below. Adjust the port parameters as desired..10 Mbps 0100 . Once the problem has been fixed. The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 ...Speed .AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port.100 Mbps 1000 . The possible settings for the 2 . When disabled. 1 .... You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections. This toggles the parameter through its possible settings.Duplex . You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port..Speed selection are: 0010 . 5. This is the default setting.. Possible settings are: Forwarding ...Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port.. You adjust a parameter by typing its number. 0 . If you select Manual.. a port will not receive or transmit frames.. 0100 3 . you can enable the port again to resume normal operation.Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode.. the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically. two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 ...

Both . the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps. you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX. The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time. If you set this to Auto.Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation. Receive . which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half. which is the default setting. 9 . For example.or full-duplex mode.Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option. which is the default setting.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode.Advertise 10HDX 7 . If desired.No flow control on the port. By default.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. a switch port will advertise its full capabilities.Advertise 100FDX 8 .Advertise 100HDX to No.Advertise 10FDX 6 . if you set the selection 8 . B .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. During Auto-Negotiation.MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port. 5 . 60 . Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated. a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it. Possible settings are: None . refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. half-duplex operation. Transmit . You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation. the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it. The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames.

The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection. This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode. when selected. Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port. which. You can use this option to reset the selected port. Once you have set the port parameters. This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node. 61 .AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection.

GBIC Information R . From the System Configuration Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window. From the Main Menu. 2. Type 1 to select GBIC Information.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch. perform the following procedure: 1. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5. 62 . type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4. 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 . type 5 to select System Config Menu. The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed. these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. Type either 24 or 25. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. To display GBIC information.

Length 9/125 mm Fib.... Length 62...... 63 ........ Elect/Opt Transceiver .. You cannot change this information...... N ... Length 9/125 um Fib.............. Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding ............Next Page R .......Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only.AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number . Type of Serial Interface .... (10m) ...... Figure 15 is an example of the window...... Extended Serial Transceiver ..5/125 um Fib... Length 50/125 um Fib........... Connector Type ... (k) . (10k) ......... (100m) .............

64 . The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session.Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security. Note Port security can only be set through a local management session.

Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. There are four levels of port security. it remains in the table and is never purged. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch. Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. even when the end node is inactive. Once this mode is activated. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn. Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. 65 . The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. Automatic This operating mode disables port security.

Once you have activated this security level. When this security level is activated. The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level. The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward. The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. 66 . Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time. even those belonging to inactive end nodes. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch.

1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. After activating this security mode. type 3 to select the Secured mode. 67 . you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses. type 1 to select Automatic mode.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed. type 2 to select Limited mode.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. From the Port Menu. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. type 5 to select Port Security. To set a switch’s port security level. type 1 to select Port Menu. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. To specify the limits. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. perform the following procedure: 1. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. 2. From the Main Menu. Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. This is the default setting.

68 . type 4 to select Lock all the ports now. A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch. Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time.Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned.

frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded. type 2 to select Limited security.Set MAC limit per port 3 . You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports. type 1 to select Port Menu. From the Main Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 . Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port. You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 . When you activate this security level. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn.Configure port security limited mode R . perform the following procedure: 1. From the Port Menu. type 5 to select Port Security. Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn. From the Port Security menu. 2. To configure Limited security mode.Display MAC limit per port 2 . 3. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed. Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table.

type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports. 9. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6. Type 2 to choose Select a port.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. 13. type R to select Return to previous menu. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. 10. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8. Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. 11. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. repeat Steps 5 through 9. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch. This applies the limit to the port. 70 . 12. 7. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed. The range is 1 to 150 addresses.

16. Check to be sure that they are correct. 14. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port. Limited security has now been configured on the switch. 15. repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. If you assigned different values to different ports. 71 . The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed. Examine the MAC limits.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. If necessary. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu.

Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .

the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load. and so on. 15 for the trunk. To maintain the order of the port connections. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. Despite the software configuration and physical connections. or 4 ports. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. speed. you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. 22. and 24. ❑ The duplex mode. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. ports 4. For example. and 7). the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. For example. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. 73 . ❑ When cabling a trunk. or another Ethernet switch. A port trunk is 2. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. 14. 5. port 13 to port 22. 3. there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. router. 23. workstation. 6. 13. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. such as a server. 3. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. and so on.

❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch. The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs. AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 .❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN. AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches. The server is connected to the switch with four data links. Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server. The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch.

are the same for all the ports of the trunk. From the Port Menu. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. such as speed and duplex mode. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed. type 3 to select Port Trunking. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 . examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk.Show port trunking status S .AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch. type 1 to select Port Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 . Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology.Add ports to trunk 2 . Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software. Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure.Save Configuration Changes R .Delete Trunk 3 . 2. You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN. Check to be sure that the settings. To create a port trunk. Note Before creating a port trunk.

6. Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R . 5. To confirm the creation of the port trunk.Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window.. The port trunk is ready for network operations.3. Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk. 7-10). Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. The following prompt is displayed.g.3.4) or as a range (e. You can specify the ports individually (e. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk. 1. type 3 to display the status of the trunk. 8. Enter new value -> 4.g.. 76 . Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking.2.

perform the following procedure: 1. 77 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology. The port trunk is deleted from the switch. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. To confirm the deletion. type 3 to select Port Trunking. 4. From the Main Menu. From the Port Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. 5. 2. 3. type 1 to select Port Menu. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. To delete a port trunk from the switch. Type 2 to select Delete trunk.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror.

the mirror port is likely to drop packets. For example. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports. the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time. 79 . You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port. the more ports you mirror. For example. However. if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports.

The following prompt is displayed. Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is.Mirroring Port . To mirror a range of ports.Show Port Mirror Status S . Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored. If you want to mirror a range or ports. perform the following procedure: 1.Add ports to mirror 4 . From the Port Menu. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror..Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror. Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7.. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed. 5.. No 3 .. Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6. type 1 to select Port Menu. To mirror the traffic of only one port.. 2. 0 2 . The following prompt is displayed. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. You can specify only one mirror port...CPU Attached .Save Configuration Changes R ... the port to where the traffic will be copied). From the Main Menu.Delete ports from mirror 5 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3.. 80 .. Press Return. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. The following prompt is displayed. enter the last port in the range... enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step. enter the first port of the range. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 ..

Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. To confirm the creation of the port mirror. Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status. The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored. 81 . The port mirror is now functional. 9. 10.

5. 3. From the Port Menu. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The following prompt is displayed. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. 2.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror. Enter 0 and press Return. 82 . Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. type 1 to select Port Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu.

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol.1D. refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802.Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters. 83 . ISO/IEC 10038: 1993.

and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link. 84 . STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. leaving only one main active path. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge. and sometimes its MAC address.Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. By adjusting the value. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches.1D standard. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. exist in the network topology. either planned or unplanned. Where multiple paths exist. referred to as broadcast storms. also referred to as the bridge identifier. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance. as specified in the IEEE 802.

If two paths have the same port cost. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and. Below are the default values. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. If redundant paths exist. The faster the port. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. blocking mode. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby. active path. 85 . Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. if one is found. where all ports have a port cost of 0. the lower the port cost. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state. the preferred path is selected through port priority.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software.

especially if it is a large network. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. However. and if not. with the size of your network being a primary factor. or addition of any active components. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. listening and learning. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. and that could adversely impact network performance. This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. For large networks. Consequently. a change in a port state is not activated immediately. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). For small networks. 86 . The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. When a bridge is brought on-line. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. removal. the active topology also changes. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. before it begins to forward frames. a temporary data loop could occur. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software.

. The parameters are described below.. 87 . Bridge Priority ...Display STP Port Settings 9 . Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default.Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch... Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. Bridge Identifier . Bridge Hello Time ... the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. From the Main Menu.Reset STP to Defaults R . 1 ..1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters.. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings.. The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed.... 1. If you enable STP.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2. Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 . Bridge Forwarding .. You should consult the IEEE 802....Config STP Port Settings 8 . type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable . Bridge Max Age .. The default setting is disabled..

resulting in network loops.Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. with 0 being the highest priority. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. for example. 88 . not all links may have yet adapted to the change. 3. 4 . 6 . the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge.Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. If the bridge transitions too soon. After you have made the desired changes. if you use the default 20. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs).Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. 3 . The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. The default is 2 seconds.535. The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed. The default is 15 seconds.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . For example. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The default is 20 seconds. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. When a root bridge goes off-line. 5 .

Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating . Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R . The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4.. The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu... enter the last port of the range. perform the following procedure: 1..... 2.. Path Cost .. Bridge Hello Time ...... 1 . Root Bridge ... To configure a range of ports. The parameters are described below. Enter the number of the port you want to configure... Port Priority . To configure a range of ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters. enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step. 89 . From the Spanning Tree menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5.. To configure just one port. From the Main Menu... This value cannot be changed. type 7 to select Config STP port settings. Adjust the settings as desired.... The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. enter the first port of the range...

5 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . and 4 for a 1 Gbps port. To change this value.Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge.Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge. 4 . 3 . The range is 1 to 65535.Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN. The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port. refer to the previous procedure. The range is 0-255. The default is 2 seconds. The default value for priority is 128. 10 for a 100 Mbps port. 90 . This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed. This value cannot be changed from this window.

Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs). modifying. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 . and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session. This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. It also contains the procedures for creating.

For example. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. logical LAN segments. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. 92 . broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN. This too can improve overall network performance. It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. For example. With VLANs. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. if an employee changed departments. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. Before the advent of VLANs. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. such as one for Sales and another for Accounting.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. Additionally. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases.

a virtual LAN can span more than one switch. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections. you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software.AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location. or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another. Additionally. 93 . VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically.

Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN. you must give it a name. A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. such as a router or Layer 3 switch. or just a few ports. called the Default VLAN. and Engineering. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. Examples include Sales. VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. Production. The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. 94 . This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID).

For example.AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN. it will simply select the next available VID. You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. If you allow the management software to do it automatically. you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. rather than by a port’s PVID. This is acceptable when you are creating a new. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames. In this manner. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. unique VLAN. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID. Consequently. Untagged Ports Naturally. The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. Additionally.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. 95 . Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID.

the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID. Consequently. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID. General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN. This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. 96 . ❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. However. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN. ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN. across multiple VLANs. A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs. For example. such as servers and printers. ❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network. 97 . In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches.

98 .) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN .13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . The ports have been assigned PVID values.4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9.Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. You assign this number when you create a VLAN. 11 . A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN. and Production VLANs on the switch. (For purposes of the following examples. A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member. Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . the Default VLAN is not shown. Engineering.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs.24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID.

The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example. each VLAN has one port connected to the router. two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch. Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN .Example 2 99 . In this example.

So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch. Since this VLAN spans multiple switches. This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN. This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN. and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router. 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13. Engineering. 100 . 14.This is the final VLAN in the example. This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch. The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch. 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . ❑ Engineering VLAN . Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router.6.24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 . This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment.11. However.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4.This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN. It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch. ❑ Production VLAN . 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 .6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN .This VLAN spans both switches.

the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802. When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. 101 .1Q-compliant. this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network. For example. The IEEE 802. This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802. A tag. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously. The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time. the frame will be discarded. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port. This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership. referred to as a tagged frame.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches.3ac standard). This contrasts to a port-based VLAN. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame.

can be in only one VLAN at a time. and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. In the case of a tagged VLAN. The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. 102 . You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN. it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. a frame without any tagged information). Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. However. But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. there would seem to be no need for a PVID. the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. An untagged port. But actually there is. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. Otherwise. The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. simultaneously.

AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN. ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time. If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks. ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs. 103 . ❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802.1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 .1Q-based products. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.

each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated. when received by the switch. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. data separation and security remain. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. 18 (PVID 2) 8. 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11. while still maintaining data separation and security. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. 20 (PVID 3) 8. 105 . This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs. The tagged frames.1Q-compliant server. But with tagged ports. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. It is connected to an IEEE 802.

Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. Packets are passed through the switch unchanged. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. is ignored. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. but the VLANs are not used. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121. 106 . either tagged or untagged. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. All VLAN information.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 .Virtual LAN Support 2 .Virtual LAN Definitions 3 . 107 . The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the VLAN Menu. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S .Port VLANs & Priorities R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3.Save Configuration Changes R . type 1 to select Create a VLAN.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed. Sales or Accounting).. The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4.. then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches.. 0 Tagged Ports ... If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches... Untagged Ports . but not special characters.... 5... then its VID must also be unique. 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) ... if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches... 108 .. The name can be from one to ten characters in length. The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example. C .. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN. VLAN ID (VID) .Create VLAN R . The name can contain spaces... For example. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). Mirroring Port . Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name ........... then the name should be unique as well.... If the VLAN will be unique in your network.. than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch.. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network.. you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value... The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096..

This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. You can specify the ports individually (e. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. 12. 2.g. type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted. 13..) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature. 14. Type C to select Create VLAN.7-9).(If you do not to activate this feature. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.5). Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN.3. leave this field empty. Note In most cases. 109 . as a range (e. you will see the following message: SUCCESS .3. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. either do not select this option or select it and type N for no. 2. If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports.7-9) 7. To verify that the VLAN was created correctly.. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports.g. For more information on port mirroring.. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU.g. 2. you can analyze the VLAN traffic. or both (e. 2. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN.. If the VLAN will contain tagged ports. leave this field empty. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port. 7-9). 7-9). 11. 9.g. or both (e.g. 8. You can specify the ports individually (e.g.5. this parameter should be left with its default value of 0. Press any key. as a range (e. type 6 and Y for yes. A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored. 10.5.Press any key to continue.. type 4 to select Show All VLANs.5).AT-S39 User’s Guide 6.. Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports.

You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time. Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. Note When you create a new VLAN. the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN. For example. if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. 110 .

3. The new Sales VLAN has now been created. 8. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Ports 1 to 4. Type C to select Create VLAN. From the VLAN Menu. 9. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. 2. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. To create the example Sales VLAN. 7. 5. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. 111 . 6. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. press any key. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. 4. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. Press Return.

and two untagged ports.10. 6. Type C to select Create VLAN. 10. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. From the Main Menu. 112 . From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. 4. 20”. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9.11. perform the following procedure: 1. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. 2. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”. From the VLAN Menu. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. 8. Ports 9. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created. 11. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. 7. Press Return. Ports 8 and 16. 5. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. and 12.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104. press any key. 9.16”. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. 3. It will consist of three untagged ports. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”. To create the example Engineering VLAN.

type 2 to select Modify a VLAN.. The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed.Press any key to continue. perform the following procedure: 1. After making the desired changes. The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. Change the VLAN’s information as desired.. From the Main Menu. To modify a VLAN.. The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS . From the VLAN Menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. 113 . type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. For a description of the parameters. 2. R . refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107. This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4. 7..VLAN ID (VID) . The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 . 6.. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify. 3.. type M to select Modify VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu..AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure.

Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs. 114 . Press any key. 11. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 9.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. The VLAN has been modified. 10. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. 8.

2. perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 . type 4 to select View All VLANs.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R . VID numbers. Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names.9 U: 1-6 T: 7. From the VLAN Menu. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch. The Show All VLANs window is displayed. From the Main Menu. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33. 3.9 U: 8.

A confirmation prompt is displayed. 6.. R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 . 2. To obtain a VLAN’s VID.VLAN ID (VID) . refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. type D.. To delete the VLAN. type 3 to select Delete a VLAN. Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5.. The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID).. From the VLAN Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4. The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. 116 .. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. From the Main Menu. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN.. 3. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. which has a VID of 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure. To delete a VLAN..

The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS . The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed. 117 . Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 8.AT-S39 User’s Guide 7.Press any key to continue. Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure. 9. both tagged and untagged. 10. All ports in the deleted VLAN. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. The VLAN has been deleted.

To delete all VLANs on a switch. perform the following procedure: 1. 4. A confirmation message is displayed. Press Return. except the Default VLAN. 3.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. From the Main Menu. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. on a switch. 118 . To delete selected VLANs. 5. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 2. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. From the VLAN Menu. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs.

then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. perform the following procedure: 1. To change a PVID for a port. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary. From the VLAN Menu. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN.Port Number R . 2. Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 . a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. Press Return. Type 1 to select Port Number.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed. 119 . For example. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. From the Main Menu. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94.

..Accept changes & update flash R .... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number . Port VLAN ID ..... Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High ..Press any key to continue. The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS . The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6.Update Changes to Chip C .. You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5.. 120 .... Specify the new PVID value for the port. 9.. Return to the Main Menu. 7....... Press Return. The port now has a new PVID. 8....Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed.. Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID........... Override Priority (Y/N) . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes...... 1 1 0 N U ..

Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. B-Basic): 3. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs. The default is Tagged mode. 121 . From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 4. 2. Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. 5. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type 3 to select Switch Mode. Press Return. The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. perform the following procedure: 1.

The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering.Accept changes & update flash R . From the Main Menu.Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 . It sets a switch’s VLAN mode. 2. Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 . To configure a switch’s VLAN mode.Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C . When VLANs are enabled.Disable VLANs Globally R .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. From the VLAN Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E . The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed.Enable VLANs Globally D . type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support.Enable/Disable VLANs 2 . ingress filtering is disabled. When VLANs are disabled. perform the following procedure: 1. If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure. The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed. Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs. the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode. the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.

Type R to select Return to Previous Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. 5. 4. A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch. 123 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode. 6.

the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. the port accepts the frame. the port accepts the frame. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. Here is an example. If there is. First. tagged or untagged. If they belong to the same VLAN. 124 . Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. just as a reminder. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. If they belong to different VLANs. nor to any frames. Fortunately. the frame is discarded.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. Once the tagged frame is received. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. In this case. the port discards the frame. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. the switch discards the frame. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN. For further information.

which is the default. and that is the priority tag. 125 . A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame. regardless of the status of ingress filtering. Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags. 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets. 2. The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the VLAN Menu.Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R . Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame. From the Virtual LAN Support menu. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3. You cannot set this per port. Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority. From the Main Menu. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. To enable or disable ingress filtering. Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E . A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis. In most cases.Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D .

Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .

For example. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table. determines the port where the destination node is connected. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port. and the port number where each address was learned. 127 . The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. by referring to its MAC address table. When the switch receives a packet. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. it also examines the destination address and.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. When the destination node responds. along with the port number on which each address was learned. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data.

The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes). refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. even when the end node is inactive. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports. The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. once entered in the table. You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses. A static MAC address. 128 . Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table. remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted. For instructions on changing the aging timer.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. even when the end node is inactive. This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches.

129 . The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed. From the Main Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2. The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports. perform the following procedure: 1. type 6 to select MAC Address Tables. type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses. To display only static MAC addresses. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R . just the base ports. To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. To display the MAC address table. type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only. which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. The static MAC address window is exactly the same.Accept changes & update flash U . The columns in the window are defined below. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed. Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window. 130 . (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch.Update Display R .”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N . A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups.

Another example is “000020F.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. As an example. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. Type The MAC address type. This feature is not supported at this time. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. 131 . except for the switch’s MAC address. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. The type can be either static or dynamic. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member.

The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3. The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port. type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu. Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return. You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. 132 . type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 2. From the Main Menu. From the MAC Address Table menu. 1.

for a static address. But if the switch is part of a large network. The procedure in this section offers an easier way. if the address was learned dynamically. 2. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. 133 . From the MAC Address Table menu. finding the address could prove difficult. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 1. type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address. or to which the address was assigned. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned. From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations.

perform the following procedure.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns. From the MAC Address Table menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN. 2. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. From the Main Menu. produces the same result. 134 . type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. (This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. 1. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3. as explained earlier in this chapter. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view.) Note To perform this procedure. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. Once the table has been purged. type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses. 3. If you type Y for yes. Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. A confirmation prompt is displayed. 1. 135 . type 6 to select MAC Address Table. perform the following procedure. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table. 2. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure. From the Main Menu. the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. From the MAC Address Table menu. the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table.

type 6 to select MAC Address Table. type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. 136 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected. perform the following procedure: 1. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses. From the Main Menu. To add a static address to the MAC address table. 2. The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table. From the MAC Address Table menu. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address. 5.

137 . Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table. type 3 to select Delete MAC Address. 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. From the Main Menu. Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. 2. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. perform the following procedure: 1. From the MAC Address Table menu.

type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes). To adjust the aging time. From the System Config Menu. Enter a new value in seconds. the switch deletes the address.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3. From the Main Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 2. 138 . When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software.

but were mostly transparent to network users. The 802.1Q standards. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer. packet transfer delays can prove problematic. CoS was designed to address this problem. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802.. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications. By default. For example. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays. File transfer delays did occur.e. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port.1p and 802. such as voice transmission or video conferencing. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue. untagged frames (i. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis. But with the introduction of time-critical applications.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802. transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue. low and high. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues. network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner. 140 . When a tagged packet enters a switch port.1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example. 0 to 7. Prior to CoS.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest.

6. (Again. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. Type 1 to select Port Number. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch. The default for this parameter is No. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port. 9. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Return to the Main Menu. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. 5. 11. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. 3. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. 10. Type 3 to select Priority (0 . enter a value from 0 to 3. 2. From the Main Menu. 8.7). enter a value from 4 to 7. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. 141 . Press Return. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS. From the VLAN Menu.) 7.

Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .

IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. 143 . The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. Once the router has received a report from a host node. the router does not send multicast packets out the port. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. In Version 1. referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. it removes the node from appropriate membership list. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. In Version 2. referred to as a time-out value. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port.) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. it simply stops sending reports.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups. There are two versions of IGMP. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups.

except the port on which it received the packet. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value. 144 . Note By default. which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups. and by processing leave requests.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch. a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports. Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2.

View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S . perform the following procedure: 1.. From the System Configuration Menu........ Host/Router Timeout Interval ..... type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. From the Advanced Configuration window. type 5 to select System Config Menu.. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 .. 2.. After selecting this option.Save Configuration Changes R .. Multicast Router Port(s) . type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration.Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. Maximum Multicast Groups ...AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters. 3. type E to enable or D to disable this feature.. The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 .IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate).. 2 . Multicast Host Topology . From the Main Menu. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status .

400 seconds (24 hours). some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub.Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. The default is 260 seconds. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. 5 . you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port.Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports.Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. that is.Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. The default is 256 multicast addresses. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 . This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. The default is 256 multicast groups. 3 . With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. 4 . such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. The range is from 1 second to 86.

type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Your changes are activated immediately on the switch. 147 . After making the desired changes. To select Auto Detect. Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter. enter “0” (zero) for this parameter. or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number.AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect. 4.

type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. 148 . type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. From the System Configuration Menu. To display the list. as well as the host nodes. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U . The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. type 5 to select System Config Menu. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. perform the following procedure: 1. Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. From the Advanced Configuration window.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch. 4.Update Display R . 2. Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected. 3. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. From the Main Menu. The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group.

Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. From the Advanced Configuration window.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. 2. type 7 to select View Multicast Router List. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. 3. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected.Update Display R . Router IP The IP address of the multicast router. 4. You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch. From the System Configuration Menu. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U . perform the following procedure: 1. To display a list of the multicast routers. The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. From the Main Menu. 149 . type 5 to select System Config Menu.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software.

For example. For example. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. Broadcast frames are different. 151 . In order to use this feature. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network.AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. When a node sends out a broadcast frame. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps. That is. You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch.

the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames. At these settings. If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example. 152 . the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch.

perform the following procedure: 1. 0 milli sec 3 .Timer for 10 MB ports . From the Advanced Configuration Menu......Timer for 1000 MB ports . From the System Configuration Menu. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. type 5 to select System Config Menu.100x 153 . The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. Type 1. 0 micro sec C . The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . 100..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4. type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup. 3.. and 1000 Mbps. The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed. From the Main Menu. The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds.10x ❑ 100 Mbps ..Timer for 100 MB ports . or 3 and enter a value when prompted. 2.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed. 0 milli sec 2 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10.Save Configuration Changes R .1x ❑ 1000 Mbps .. 2. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 .

The default value is “0” for all timers. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. Once you have set the desired timer intervals. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. 6. 5. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 154 . the management software multiples the value by 10.

If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. enter the last port number in the range. From the Main Menu. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded. 155 . To configure only one port. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. type 1 to select Port Configuration. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . Type B to select Broadcast Control. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. type 1 to select Port Menu. For example. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. 5. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. To configure a range of ports. enter the first port of the range. 6. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. 2. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds. From the Port Menu. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. perform the following procedure: 1. To configure a range of ports.

Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .

Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics.Display Port Statistics R . The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3.Clear Port Statistics 3 . 157 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view. From the Main Menu. Press Return.Clear Module Statistics 3 . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics. type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu.Port Statistics Menu 2 .Select a Port 2 . 5. Type 1 to choose Select a Port. The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2.Display Module Statistics R . perform the following procedure: 1. From the Ethernet Statistics menu.

....... RX_UNICAST .....Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window. UNDERSIZE ....... Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port...... U .. Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port................. RX_OVERFLOW ..........Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only..... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded.. CRC_ERROR . PORT_IN_DISCARDS ............... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT . shown in Figure 48.......... RX_COUNT ..................................................Update Display R ....... Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port............... TX_COUNT ... FRAGMENT ......... RX_MLTCAST .......... CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port......... Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port....... RX_BRDCAST ..... OVERSIZE .................. 158 ......

If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets.AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. but discarded and not forwarded. select the option “2 . 159 . packets with alignment errors. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port.Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu.

..................Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch.... perform the following procedure: 1..... type 3 to select Display Module Statistics........... shown in Figure 48. CRC_ERROR ........... PORT_IN_DISCARDS .. RX_COUNT ....Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only........... RX_OVERFLOW .................. Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch........ UNDERSIZE ...Update Display R . From the Ethernet Statistics menu.. OVERSIZE . type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics. Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT .......... RX_UNICAST ........ RX_BRDCAST ....... U ...... The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window.. 160 ....... 2........ FRAGMENT ... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch.......... From the Main Menu............ RX_MLTCAST ........ Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch................ TX_COUNT ...................................

select the option “2 .3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”.Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch. but discarded and not forwarded. Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. 161 . Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch. packets with alignment errors.AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch.

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

163

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

Do not reboot the switch. the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed. Begin the file transfer of the new management software image. the switch automatically resets. 166 . Note Do not interrupt the initialization process. Once the management software is initialized. a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete. If you are installing a new management image.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem.

35.This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host .1.1 put c:\ats39.cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image. or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above.1. If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software. loader file. tftp -i 149.The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch.The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch. A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT.ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39. This may necessitate renaming the file. you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn.img 167 .1.img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39.AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software. Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149.35. Binary .You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39. Put . Source file . Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software.

Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited.1 to local drive C: of the workstation.1. Get .cfg”. Source file .35. 168 . The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host . tftp -i 149.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation.The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation.1.img c:\ats39.1 get ats39.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.35. This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically. Destination file . as explained in the previous section.The source file name is “ATS39. Binary . it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP.This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from.The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file. Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149.img Once the file is stored on a local drive.

Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19. Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28. Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22. Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23. Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26. Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20.

170 .Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser. such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.

To change the password. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. For instructions. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. To start a web browser management session. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed. (The password is case-sensitive. 171 .) The user name cannot be changed. When prompted. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. Additionally. as shown in Figure 51. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. Consequently. Start your web browser. enter the user name and password. perform the following procedure: 1. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser. the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. the switch must have an IP address. 2.

You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser. Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus. You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows.The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed. Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display. 172 . In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites. Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software.

173 . select Exit from any AT-S39 management page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session.

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

select it and then select the General tab. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. subnet address. select Configuration. To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default. 175 . perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home Page. If the System menu option is not selected. refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. 2.

3. The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide. Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window.Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example. 176 . Change the parameters as desired. Sales Ethernet switch).

click Apply. a Telnet utility. 4. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords.. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch. 177 . Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. After you have set the parameters. The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. or an SNMP management program. Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. enter the new password into both fields. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser. This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router.g. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. To create a new password. Wiring closet 402B). IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. Floor 4. The default password is “admin”. Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. such as its location (e. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!).

You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session. 178 . subnet mask.Section III: Web Browser Management 5. you must reset the switch to activate your change. or by using the Reset button on the switch. You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session. or gateway address. If you made a change to the IP address.

The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. If it is not already selected. perform the following procedure: 1. The Monitoring window is displayed. From the Configuration Menu. select Monitoring. 2. select System Status. select the General tab. From the Home page. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 . 3.

refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212.Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only. which also explains how to change the parameters. If this parameter displays “Basic. You cannot change any of the values from this window. Administration This section contains a variety of information. General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address. including the IP address of the switch and the system name. These values cannot be changed. These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. For information about VLANs. Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging . Virtual LANs on page 91. The sections in the window are defined below. This value cannot be changed. For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session.” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs.” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes). For background information about MAC addresses. If this parameter displays “Tagged. refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10. ❑ Hash Count . 180 .Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted. ❑ Switch Mode .Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode.Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table.

Select the SNMP tab. perform the following procedure: 1. The parameters are described below. Adjust the parameters as desired. From the Configuration menu. 3. 181 . select Configuration. 2. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed. Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. select System. From the Home page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch.

Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. Click Apply to save your changes to the switch. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. 182 . 5.

Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 .Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

select Layer 1. You can select only one port at a time. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. Click Modify.) 5. click it again. Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4. (To deselect a port.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch. The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. Select the Port Setting tab. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure. 2. From the Configuration page. 184 . The selected port turns white. From the Home page. select Configuration.

refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. For instructions on how to set this value.Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port. refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227. If the threshold is reach. The parameters are described below. Possible values are: None . Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time. An example of the window is shown in Figure 57.Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Receive .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. Adjust the port parameters as desired. Both . Transmit . Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6. 185 .AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed. any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch. For background information on this feature.No flow control on the port. Flow Control The flow control setting for the port.

7. The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port. The default for this port parameter is enabled. Default values are listed in Appendix A. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. click Apply.Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Once you have made the desired changes. 186 . ❑ 10Mbps . A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames.Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps .Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . This is the default. Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode.Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps .Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port. Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values.

2. and more. Click a port. 3. 187 . select Layer 1. From the Monitoring page. From the Home page. MDI/MDI-X configuration. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58. You can select only one port at a time. The selected port turns white. To display the status or statistics of a switch port. Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics. duplex mode. Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. You can view a port’s operating speed.) 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch. (To deselect a port. click it again. perform the following procedure: 1. select Monitoring.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

191

192 .Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session. Note For background information on port security. Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session. refer to Port Security Overview on page 65.

3. The current security level is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. select Layer 2. From the Home page. From the Configuration page. From the Layer 2 page. Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 . 2. select the Port Security tab. select Monitoring. perform the following procedure: 1.

refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73.Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session. Note For background information on port trunking. 194 .

2. perform the following procedure: 1. all ports in the switch image will be black. To create or delete a port trunk.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. From the Home page. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk. which can adversely effect the operations of your network. 195 . If there is a port trunk. Loops can result in broadcast storms. Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. From the Configuration page. Select the Port Trunking tab. 3. select Layer 1. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. the ports of the trunk will be white. which can produce broadcast storms. select Configuration. If you are deleting a port trunk.

The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. 196 . 3. To create a port trunk. You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch. 5. To delete a port trunk. click Remove. A selected port changes to white. or 4 ports. do the following: a. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk. A port trunk can contain 2.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. b. An unselected port is black. Click Apply.

refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. 197 .Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror. Note For background information on port mirroring.

From the Configuration page. Select the Port Mirroring tab. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. 198 . perform the following procedure: 1. 3. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch. To create a port mirror. From the Home page. To delete an existing port mirror. 2. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. select Layer 1. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. b. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. Click Apply. c. The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. 5. Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4. do the following: a. select Configuration.

The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted. 199 .

Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP. refer to STP Overview on page 84. Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session.Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. 200 .

2. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. The parameters are described below. 3. select Layer 2. You should consult the IEEE 802. 201 . select Configuration. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. To configure a bridge’s STP parameters. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window . The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed.Configuration 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. select the Spanning Tree tab. From the Configuration menu. From the Layer 2 window. If you enable STP. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page.

This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. For example. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. click Apply. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. 5. If the bridge transitions too soon. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. The default is 20 seconds. The default is 2 seconds. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. for example. 202 . if you use the default 20.535. The default is 15 seconds. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. When a root bridge goes off-line. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. with 0 being the highest priority. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. possibly resulting in a network loop. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. The default setting is disabled. After you have made the desired changes. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge.Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. This value cannot be changed. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge.

3. From the Layer 2 page. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed. 2.Monitoring 203 . select Monitoring. perform the following procedure: 1. To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters. From the Home page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings. refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201. select Layer 2. From the Monitoring menu. select the Spanning Tree tab. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window . The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.

Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode. modify. This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 . refer to Chapter 10.Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. and delete VLANs from a web browser management session. Virtual LANs.

Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 . From the Home page. select the VLAN tab. perform the following procedure: 1. The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed. select Configuration. select Layer 2. From the Layer 2 window. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. From the Configuration menu. 3.

If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. 6. Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. 206 . its VID must be unique as well. The name can contain spaces but not special characters. Sales or Accounting). such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!).Section III: Web Browser Management 4. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN. The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example. the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. the name should be unique as well. The name can be from one to 10 characters in length. Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. Click Add.

You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. click Send to CPU. or a tagged port. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. To select ports for the VLAN. its VID value should be the same on each switch. 9. 8. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. 7. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. Note For background information on port mirroring. Click Apply. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. 10. 207 . The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. This value disables port mirroring. Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. In most cases. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. For example.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu.

208 .Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. The VLAN is now ready for network operations.

Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. click Apply. they are returned to the Default VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. 6. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. 5. After making the desired changes. select the VLAN tab. select Configuration. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. 3. Creating a VLAN. From the Configuration menu. 209 . From the Layer 2 window. 7. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. 4. 2. From the Home page. Click Modify. select Layer 2.

2. select Configuration. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete. From the Layer 2 window. perform the following procedure: 1. 5. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. From the Configuration menu. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN.Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. select Layer 2. The VLAN is deleted from the switch. 3. 4. 210 . From the Home page. select the VLAN tab. Click Remove. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports.

select the VLAN tab. From the Layer 2 page. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The management software displays the window in Figure 68. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch. select Layer 2. From the Monitoring page. From the Home page. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . select Monitoring. 2. perform the following procedure: 1.

the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs. 5. Reset the switch. select Configuration. If you select Basic. 2. If you select Tagged. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. 3. click either Tagged or Basic. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. From the Configuration menu. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. Note Refer to Chapter 10. perform the following procedure: 1. You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. choose System.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. In the Switch Mode section of the window. Virtual LANs. which is the default. To set the switch’s VLAN mode. 212 . for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. Select the General tab. From the Home Page. 4.

To deselect a port. select Layer 2. You can select only one port at a time. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. click it again. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 . As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. From the Configuration page. 2. From the Home page. 5. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. 4. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. select CoS. select Configuration. To change a PVID for a port. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. From the Layer 2 page. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. For example. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure. Click Apply. A selected port turns white. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned.

Click Apply. Class of Service on page 219. Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port. 214 . The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch. Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26. The new value is immediately activated on the port.Section III: Web Browser Management 6. 7.

215 . This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch.

3. select Layer 2. The options are described below. Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. select the Forwarding Database tab. From the Home page. The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. From the Monitoring page. 216 . Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. 2. From the Layer 2 page. select Monitoring. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. For instructions.

CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. 4. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. 217 . This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. You specify the VLAN by its VID. The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. As an example. The port numbering scheme is from right to left. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. click View. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. Another example is “000020F. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch. Once you have configured the options.

This feature is not supported at this time. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. 218 . Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. The type can be either static or dynamic. Type The MAC address type. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. except for the switch’s MAC address.

This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS. refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS. 219 .

220 . 4. 2. From the Configuration page.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. Click Apply. select Layer 2. You can select only one port at a time.) 7. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. 6. A selected port turns white. (Again. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. (To deselect a port. From the Home page. click the Override Priority option. it does not matter which of these levels you select. From the Layer 2 page. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed. 3. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. Click the port where you want to configure CoS. The default for this parameter is No. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. click it again. select the CoS tab. select Configuration. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. Click Modify. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered.) 5. 8.

refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143. 221 . Note For background information on this feature.Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch.

A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port). Select the IGMP tab. From the Home page. Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. 2. select Configuration. select System. The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed. From the Configuration menu.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. 222 . 3. perform the following procedure: 1.

With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. The default is 260 seconds.400 seconds (24 hours). An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. The range is from 1 second to 86. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. The range is 1 to 2048 groups.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 . that is. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. The default is 256 multicast groups.

leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. 224 .Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses. The default is 256 multicast addresses. A white port indicates a multicast router port. or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image. Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses.

Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch. 225 . refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. Note For background information on this feature.

if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. 4.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. The default value is “0” for all timers. 226 . click Apply. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . 100. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. From the Home page. After you have entered your values. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds.100x For example. select them now. 2. The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page. If they are not already selected. perform the following procedure: 1. the management software multiples the value by 10. Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. select Configuration. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. enter values for the three interval timers. and 1000 Mbps. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab. Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . To specify an interval timer. You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. 3.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed.

the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. 2. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. The selected port turns white. select Layer 1. 3. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. 227 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. The port will accept all broadcast frames. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. select Configuration. click it again. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. If it is not selected. 6. Click Modify. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. From the Configuration page. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. 4. In the graphical switch image. perform the following procedure: 1. As an example. 5. To deselect a port. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames. From the Home page. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. Click Apply. 7. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. When you open the Layer 1 page. select it now. You can select only one port at a time.

0.0.0.0 255.0 0.0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 . Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.0.0.255.

) 229 .1 and above only.AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.

202 bridge hello time parameter. 60. 138 defined. 155. AT-S39. 88. 37 defined. 60. 202 bridge priority. 11 D default values. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. 167 obtaining. 228 DHCP activating.Index A aging time changing. 86. 50 F flow control. 164 downloading via TFTP. 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 90 host nodes 230 . 141. configuring. 88. 45 Auto-Negotiation. 225 defined. 227 browser tools. 220 defined. 35. 150. 27. 88. 84. used in this guide. 37 BPDU. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. 177 H hello time. 128 AT-S39 default settings. 37 releasing IP address. 41. 202 bridge identifier. 86. 36 documentation. 88. 185 forwarding delay. 43 conventions. 140 console timeout. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 121. 163 AT-S39 version number. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. 52 defined. 172 C Class of Service configuring. 202 bridge max age parameter. 212 BOOTP activating. 37 defined. 41. 84. 88 G gateway address. 47 guidelines. 106 setting. 47 setting switch status.

24 M MAC address table. 151 L limited security mode configuring. 77. 190 port cost defined. 143 displaying. 222 231 . 39. 60 multicast groups. 153. 157 port trunking creating. 198 defined. switch. 66 serial number. 140 priority. 107. 177 default. 223 multicast router. 116. 21 snoop topology. switch. 28 Telnet session. 75. 45 slave switch. 148 host/router timeout interval. port security. 90 port mirroring creating. default settings. 195 guidelines. 28 starting. 210 displaying. 211 modifying. 59. 82. 113. 209 priority queues. 84 RS232 port. 69 defined. 223 I IEEE 802. 187 speed. 173 R resetting a switch.1d standard. 177 interval timer configuring. 55. 126. 73 deleting. 85 setting. 65 displaying. 21 master switch defined. 146. 222 defined. 45 Management Information Base (MIB).AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 35. 35. maximum. 115. 184 disable. 67 defined. 42 root bridge. 193 port statistics. 213 defined. 32. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. defined. 50 returning to. 80. 145. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. 119. 195 defined. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 87. 18 quitting. 111. 181 SNMP management session. 198 port security configuring. 118 deleting. 145. 186 displaying status. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 65 local management session defined. 95. 94 deleting all. 226 defined. 58. 146. 149 P password changing. 26. displaying. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 102 port-based VLAN creating. 30 web browser session. 79 deleting. 143 ingress filtering. 50 SNMP community strings. 205 defined. 216 MAC address. 186 statistics. 25 S Secure level. 59. 171 port configuring parameters. 29. 90 PVID.

29 web browser. 201 configuring port parameters. 20 quitting. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. downloading software updates. 211 enabling. changing. 45 virtual LAN creating. 129 statistics port. 157. 94. 94 tagged. defined. 136 deleting. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 122 mode. 164 downloading via TFTP. AT-S39. 205 defined. 211 modifying. 160 system name. 118 deleting. 209 port-based. 90 viewing bridge parameters. 89 defined. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. 30 starting. 43 limitations. 167 U unavailable status. 171 static MAC address adding. 84 port cost. 24 Telnet. 118 deleting. 167 obtaining. 112. 212 modifying. 121. 210 displaying. 85. 122 displaying. 113. 19 quitting. 137 displaying.Index software updates downloading from a local session. 87. default. 35. 112. 29 TFTP. 113. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. 173 starting. defined. 210 disabling. 50 user name. 111. 108 VLAN identifier. 177 switch statistics. 35. 92 deleting all. 116. 171 232 . 115. 205 defined. 160 STP. 116. 107. 107. 206 VLAN. 209 Telnet management session defined. 115. 171 V version number. 101 deleting all. 203 starting session local. defined. 101 VLAN identifier (VID). 190 switch.

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