Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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................................................................ 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN ................................................................................................................................................. 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering .......................................... 126 MAC Address Overview ......................... 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN............................................................................................. 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN ........................................................................................... 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count ....................... 140 Configuring CoS ...................... 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 113 Displaying VLAN Information ........................................... 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses ................................................................................................................................................................................ 156 Displaying Port Statistics . 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 99 Tagged VLAN Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 160 5 ...............................................................................................................................................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs ............................................................................... 118 Changing a PVID Value ....................................................................................................... 115 Deleting a VLAN ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 157 Displaying Switch Statistics .............91 VLAN Overview .................. 139 Class of Service Overview ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview ... 127 Displaying MAC Addresses .................................................................................... 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 103 Tagged VLAN Example ............................ 98 Port-based Example 2............................ 142 IGMP Snooping Overview .................................................... 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 151 Configuring the Interval Timer ................................................................................................................................. 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs ......................................................................................................................................................................... 137 Changing the Aging Time ....................................................................................................... 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN .................................................................................... 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses ......................................... 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 97 Port-based Example 1...................................................92 Port-based VLAN Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................. 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address ...........................................................................................................................................94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN ................................. 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control ...................... 112 Modifying a VLAN ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs ........................... 116 Deleting All VLANs ........................................................................................................ 143 Activating IGMP Snooping ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses .....................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................................................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ......................................................................................192 Displaying the Port Security Level ........................................................................................................................................................................................................162 Obtaining Software Updates ..........................................174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ...................................................................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security ................................... 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................175 Viewing System Information ...........................................................................................................................................................................................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session ...............................................................................................................................................................................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol .............................................................................................................201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings .........................................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk ................................... 168 Section III Web Browser Management ..................................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................204 Creating a VLAN .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................171 Browser Tools..................167 Example...........195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring ..............................................................203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP .....................................................................................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses ...213 6 ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ......................................................................................... 167 Uploading a Configuration File ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................212 Changing a PVID ...................................................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode .............................................................................................................................................................................. 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters ........................................................184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics .............................................................................................................................................................183 Configuring Port Parameters ................................................210 Displaying VLANs .....205 Modifying a VLAN ........................................................................................................................................................................................................209 Deleting a VLAN ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters .........................................................168 Example...............................................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates .......

.............................................................................. 228 Index ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 230 7 ....... 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service .......................................................................... 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table ....................................................................................... 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping ...................................................................................... 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table ......................................................................................... 225 Configuring the Interval Timer ............. 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames .................................... 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping ........................................................................................................................... 219 Configuring CoS ............................................................................................................................

......................................................................... 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ................................ 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 ............................................................................................ 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu ....................................................... 52 Figure 11: Port Menu ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window ............ 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu ........................... 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window .............................................................................................................................. 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN ........................................ 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu .................................................................................................... 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu .......................................................................................................................... 25 Figure 2: Main Menu ......................................................................................................................... 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu ...... 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window ....................................... 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu ............................................................................................List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port ....................................................... 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu ............................................................................................................................... 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window ...................................... 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window ..................................................................................................... 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window ................................................................................................................................... 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu ........... 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window .................................................................................................................................................... 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window ......................................... 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window ............................................................................. 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window .................................................................................................................................................................................. 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window ......................... 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 ...................................................................................................................Example 1 ............................................................. 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Example 2 ................................................................. 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu .............................................................................................................................................................................. 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN .................................................................................................................................................................. 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window ................................................................................................................ 122 8 ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................... Figure 68: VLAN Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 ................................................................ Figure 52: Home Page .......................................................................................... Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window ............................................................ Figure 60: Port Statistics Window . Figure 67: Add VLAN Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 59: Port Status Window ............................................................................. Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field ............................ Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window ................................................................................................... Figure 53: General Tab ....Configuration ............................................................. Figure 69: CoS Setting Window ................... Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window ................................................................ Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu ............................................................... Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page ............................................... Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window ............................. Figure 55: SNMP Tab ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 62: Port Trunking Window .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window .................. Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 66: VLAN Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window .... Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu ......................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window .............................................................................................................................................. Figure 71: IGMP Tab ................................................................................. Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu .......................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 61: Port Security Menu . Figure 57: Settings for Port Window ........................................................................................................................................... Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window ...................... Figure 54: General Tab Window .................................................................................. Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window ........................................................................................................... Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Monitoring ................................................. Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www. enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password. To use the FTP server.com or our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products.com.alliedtelesyn. 14 .

Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software. 15 . It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network. and powering ON the device. Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A. You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches. If this is true for your network.Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters. Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters. 16 . as explained in the hardware installation guide. The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228.

It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser. The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide. The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use. There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. 17 . such as to change or adjust its operating parameters. you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software. They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session.AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch.

18 .Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. Note For instructions on starting a local management session. you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch. You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session. refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located. This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch. Once the session is started. using a straight-through RS-232 cable.

You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. 19 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session. which include the enhanced stacking feature. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. With AT-8024GB switches. you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32.

You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session. They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking . This too is a type of remote management.Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch. that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address. as well as every AT-8024 switch. Consequently.You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session. because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch. just like a Telnet management session. Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session. ❑ Port security level . There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session.You can view but not set the port security level of a switch. ❑ DHCP and BOOTP . every AT-8024GB switch. 20 . refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171.

21 . A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program. you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program. Consequently.AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program. For instructions. refer to your SNMP management documentation.

Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .

The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. 24 . This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. to start this type of management session. you can manage just that switch. This can simplify network management. You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch. You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. usually within a few meters.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch. you must go to where that switch is located. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. Additionally. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch. Note For information on enhanced stacking. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit.

Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program. POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session. Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200. 3. see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 .

This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only. (The password is case-sensitive.) The Main Menu is displayed. You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch. enter the password for the management software.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal. the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt.Save Configuration Changes R . Note During boot up.) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal. the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps). or an equivalent terminal emulator program. The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps. The default is “admin”. (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1. The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset. 5.) 4. Press the Return key twice.Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S . (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>). The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly.1 and above. simply type boot and press Return to start the switch. If prompted for a password. Otherwise.

Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. refer to Chapter 4. type the corresponding letter or number.AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item. Enhanced Stacking on page 46. 27 . Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu. you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet. Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located. For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session. This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network.

This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session. 28 . Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously. You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch. Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions. return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit.

An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. To make a selection. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol. type R or press ESC twice. type its corresponding number of letter. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. The default password is “admin”. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities. In terms of functionally. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. The menus also function the same. 29 . Enter the management software password when prompted. The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. such as with a local management session. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. To return to a previous menu. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. Additionally. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch. Note For background information on enhanced stacking. as shown in Figure 2 on page 26.

30 . type Q for Quit from the Main Menu.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session.

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures. There are also procedures for resetting the switch. and more. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 . activating the original switch default settings. There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it.

This switch will be the Master switch of the stack. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. First. subnet mask. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking. you must also assign it a subnet mask. This feature has two primary benefits. (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses. all from the same management session. you must assign at least one of them an IP address. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. 32 . Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. Second. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. You do not need to assign an IP address. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address.) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. a web browser.

This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. if any. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. You can do this two different ways. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. 33 . The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet. you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure.AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. switches on your network need an IP address.

0.0. go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37.0 Subnet Mask .Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42........Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address............. Change Password ...0.. perform the following procedure: 1..Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L ..) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address .. Administrator .Release DHCP IP Address S . such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch... To manually set a switch’s IP address. 255.. 9 . The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed. along with other optional information.0 Default Gateway . (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network. The selection X .0.. From the Main Menu.0... subnet mask... 0.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 ..255.0 System Name ..Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 ..Save Configuration Changes R ... 0..Reset Switch X .. Comments .. and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session. type 4 to select Administration Menu...

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. From the System Configuration Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R . 2. From the Main Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 39 . The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed. type 3 to select SNMP Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1.

.. private 3 . when prompted.0 0....GET Community .0...Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4....Trap Community .Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 ...0.. public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 ........Save Configuration Changes R . The parameters are described below....Trap Receiver 2 6 ....... ..0.. To change a value.. 0......Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed..0. 40 .GET Community 2 .Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch... enter the new value.. 4 .......0 S ... 5. ... . Adjust the parameters as desired.0. type S to select Save Configuration Changes.. 1 .0. Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch............SET Community . public 2 .....Trap Receiver 1 5 ...Trap Receiver 3 7 ...SET Community 3.0 0. After making your changes.. type its corresponding number and.0......0 0..0...

AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. From the Main Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. You are prompted to reset the switch. Type Y for yes or N for no. the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. From the System Configuration Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 2. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings. 41 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A. 4. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults. Type Y to reset the switch. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. If you type Y for yes.

Some data traffic may be lost. Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. The switch immediately reloads its operating system. From the Administrator Menu. type 9 to select Reset Switch. a task requiring only a second or two to complete. From the Main Menu. 42 . type 4 to select Administrator Menu.

if you specify 2 minutes.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes. perform the procedure below. For example. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password. 3. To configure web browser access. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software. These security features are: ❑ Password . (The password is case-sensitive. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 2. The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes. ❑ Console Timeout . type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and. The default password is “admin”. For instructions on how to set this security feature. For instructions on how to set this security feature.The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch. type 6 to select Web Server Access and. when prompted.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch. To configure the console timer. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. From the Main Menu.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. perform the procedure below. when prompted. perform the following procedure: 1. 43 . ❑ Web Access . and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. type E to enable web access or D to disable web access.

After you have made the desired changes. 4. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser. if you disable web access.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. 44 . Your changes are immediately activated on the switch.

.. Bootloader Version .32.. type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version ....1 5456411 00.. AT-S39 v1.........Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed....AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information.......D2......17. Serial Number ..... 45 ...A0..00 R ...... The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed..3 ATI_LOADER1. MAC Address .

46 .Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch. This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch.

You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. should you remove a master switch from the network. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. You simply connect it to your network. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. If your network consists of more than one subnet. ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. there must be at least one master switch in each subnet.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. such as for maintenance. you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. Once connected to the network. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management. There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. 47 . ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. That way.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. referred to as slave switches. Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. you must assign each master switch a unique IP address. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch. 48 . refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask. 3. do not. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually.

16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet.32. you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet.18 Master 2 IP Address 149. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router.32. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149. and each has been assigned a unique IP address.22 Master 2 IP Address 149.32.32.11.11. 49 .09.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature. Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches.09.

type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address.A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet.Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable.. Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack.A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch. Note The default setting for a switch is Slave.A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch.Enhanced Stacking Services S . Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch . ❑ Slave switch . You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch.Save Configuration Changes R . To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status. To be managed remotely. The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed.. A master switch must have a unique IP address. ❑ Unavailable . From the Main Menu. It does not need an IP address or subnet mask. Master 2 . A switch with this designation can be managed locally. perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 . you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet. slave switch. or unavailable..Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 .

Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3. A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch. Press Return. 4. 2.” For example. type 1 to select Switch State. or U to make the switch unavailable.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 .Switch State. Type M to change the switch to a master switch. To change a switch’s status. S to make it a slave switch. Note The “2 . The following prompt is displayed. 51 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master.Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches.

type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. you are by default addressing that particular switch. perform the following procedure: 1. If you assigned system names to your switches.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch. The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window. To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services. From the Enhanced Stacking window. To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet. The window in Figure 10 is displayed. The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch. you need to select it from the management software.Access Switch R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G . From the Main Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 . 2. When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet. then it is very easy.Get/Refresh List of Switches A .

Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. 4. Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. Type A to select Access Switch. if you want to manage the Master switch. You now can manage the selected switch. 6. Enter the switch’s password and press Return. The default password is “admin”. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice. return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window. 53 . The password is case-sensitive. Once you see that window. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

type 1 to select Port Menu. 55 . type 4 to select Port Status. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C . From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch. From the Port Menu. perform the following procedure: 1.Accept changes & update flash R . The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2.

Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually. Possible values are: Up .Update Display R . Possible values are: Auto .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 56 .Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N .Next Page U .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed. Figure 12 is an example of the window.indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link. Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number.indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down . Manual .

Both .No flow control on the port. This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port. Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. 57 .AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port.100 Mbps 1000 . Transmit . Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Possible values are: Forwarding . Receive . Disabled . Spd The operating speed of the port.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames.10 Mbps 100 .The port has been manually disabled.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. Flow The flow control setting for the port. Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex. State The current operating status of the port.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. Possible values are: None . Possible values are: 10 .

.. Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 .... From the Port Menu.. Broadcast Control ... The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed........ 2.. type 1 to select Port Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3.. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return.. Advertise 10HDX .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch.... Flow Control . The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. type 1 to select Port Configuration. To configure a range of ports.... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status .... enter the first port of the range............. From the Main Menu.. Advertise 100HDX .. To configure only one port..... perform the following procedure: 1. enter the last port number in the range. Advertise 100FDX .No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 .. To configure a range of ports.... Advertise 10FDX . Negotiation .. MDI/MDIX Mode .

The possible settings for the 2 .. Once the problem has been fixed.. 59 ......Speed selection are: 0010 .Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 . the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically.100 Mbps 1000 .Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode.. you can enable the port again to resume normal operation. This toggles the parameter through its possible settings.. If you select Manual.. 0100 3 ..AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port...Duplex .. which is the default. You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port.... When disabled. two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 .Speed . Adjust the port parameters as desired. 1 .. 0 ... The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters. You adjust a parameter by typing its number. This is the default setting. a port will not receive or transmit frames.Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port..The port will receive and forward packets.10 Mbps 0100 .The port will not receive or forward packets..Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode. 5. Possible settings are: Forwarding ... You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections.. The parameters are described below. Disabled .. If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation.

If desired. 5 . During Auto-Negotiation.Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option. 9 . B .Advertise 10FDX 6 . Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated. For example.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. which is the default setting.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode.Advertise 10HDX 7 .Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port.No flow control on the port. If you set this to Auto. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155. which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half. you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX. a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it. You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation. 60 . The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames. half-duplex operation.MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port.or full-duplex mode. a switch port will advertise its full capabilities. Possible settings are: None .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. which is the default setting.Advertise 100HDX to No. By default. if you set the selection 8 . Both . the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps.Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation. the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it. Receive . Transmit .Advertise 100FDX 8 . The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time.

AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. 61 . You can use this option to reset the selected port. The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection. which. Once you have set the port parameters. when selected. This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode. Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port. The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection.

Type either 24 or 25. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. To display GBIC information. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5. 3. Type 1 to select GBIC Information.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch.GBIC Information R . these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. 62 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 . type 5 to select System Config Menu. type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information. 2. The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed. From the System Configuration Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4.

..... Length 9/125 um Fib......... You cannot change this information. (k) ............ Elect/Opt Transceiver .. Connector Type ......5/125 um Fib............ (10m) ...... (100m) ..AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module..... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number ......Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only...........Next Page R .... 63 . Length 62... N ........ Extended Serial Transceiver . Type of Serial Interface . (10k) ...... Length 50/125 um Fib....... Length 9/125 mm Fib... Figure 15 is an example of the window...... Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding ......

Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. 64 . The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security.

even when the end node is inactive. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn. it remains in the table and is never purged. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. 65 . Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. There are four levels of port security. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. Automatic This operating mode disables port security.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. Once this mode is activated. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses.

66 . no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. even those belonging to inactive end nodes. The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. When this security level is activated.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time. Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned. The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level. Once you have activated this security level. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table.

❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward. 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . 67 . type 2 to select Limited mode.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. After activating this security mode. Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. type 1 to select Port Menu. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. From the Port Menu. From the Main Menu. type 3 to select the Secured mode. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. type 5 to select Port Security. This is the default setting. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. type 1 to select Automatic mode. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. To specify the limits. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. To set a switch’s port security level. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. 2.

A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch. 68 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned. type 4 to select Lock all the ports now. Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time.

Display MAC limit per port 2 . type 5 to select Port Security. 2. You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn. You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed. From the Port Menu. Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn. When you activate this security level. 3.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 . frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded. perform the following procedure: 1. To configure Limited security mode. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed. type 1 to select Port Menu. type 2 to select Limited security. From the Port Security menu. Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table.Set MAC limit per port 3 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 .Configure port security limited mode R . the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports. From the Main Menu.

Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. This applies the limit to the port. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. repeat Steps 5 through 9. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. 12. 7. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. type R to select Return to previous menu. Type 2 to choose Select a port. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode. 11. Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. The range is 1 to 150 addresses. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports. 9. Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. 10. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. 13. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . 70 .

14. If necessary. If you assigned different values to different ports. Check to be sure that they are correct. be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. 71 . repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed. 15. 16. Limited security has now been configured on the switch. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port. Examine the MAC limits.

Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .

The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. 22. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load. the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. speed. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. 15 for the trunk. ❑ The duplex mode. ports 4. 6. such as a server. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. 5. and 24. 14. or 4 ports. you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. Despite the software configuration and physical connections. router. or another Ethernet switch. 73 . and 7). the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. port 13 to port 22. workstation. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. and so on. A port trunk is 2. For example. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. To maintain the order of the port connections. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. and so on. 3. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. 13. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. For example. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. ❑ When cabling a trunk. 3. 23. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination.

The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. ❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch. A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs. AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 . Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server.❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN. AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches. The server is connected to the switch with four data links. The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch.

Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. To create a port trunk. From the Port Menu.Show port trunking status S . Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure. From the Main Menu. Check to be sure that the settings. Note Before creating a port trunk. examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology. Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software. You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN. such as speed and duplex mode.Add ports to trunk 2 .Delete Trunk 3 . type 3 to select Port Trunking. type 1 to select Port Menu.Save Configuration Changes R . perform the following procedure: 1. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch. 2. are the same for all the ports of the trunk.

g. Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. 76 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R . Enter new value -> 4.4) or as a range (e.3. You can specify the ports individually (e.Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7. Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk.3.2. The port trunk is ready for network operations. 6. 8. The following prompt is displayed. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. To confirm the creation of the port trunk.g.. 1. Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window.. Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk. type 3 to display the status of the trunk. 7-10). 5.

The port trunk is deleted from the switch. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. To confirm the deletion. To delete a port trunk from the switch. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. 77 . 5. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. From the Port Menu. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. 2. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology. type 1 to select Port Menu. From the Main Menu. type 3 to select Port Trunking. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. 4. Type 2 to select Delete trunk.

Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .

if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports. For example.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. 79 . meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports. For example. the mirror port is likely to drop packets. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. the more ports you mirror. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. However. you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port. You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed.

Press Return. 2. You can specify only one mirror port. 5.CPU Attached . The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed.. 0 2 . No 3 ..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3. Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6. The following prompt is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 . Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7. the port to where the traffic will be copied).. Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is.. 80 . Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored. From the Main Menu. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. perform the following procedure: 1. type 1 to select Port Menu...Delete ports from mirror 5 . Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror.Add ports to mirror 4 . To mirror the traffic of only one port. To mirror a range of ports.. type 2 to select Port Mirroring.Show Port Mirror Status S . If you want to mirror a range or ports.... enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step. From the Port Menu. The following prompt is displayed. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port..Save Configuration Changes R ... enter the last port in the range. enter the first port of the range. The following prompt is displayed..Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror.Mirroring Port .

Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status. To confirm the creation of the port mirror. 10. Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu. The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored. 9. 81 . The port mirror is now functional.

The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. 5. From the Main Menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The following prompt is displayed.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. 2. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. 82 . Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. Enter 0 and press Return. type 1 to select Port Menu. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. From the Port Menu. The port mirror on the switch is deleted.

83 . The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol.1D. ISO/IEC 10038: 1993. refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802.Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters.

STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode.Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. exist in the network topology. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. Where multiple paths exist. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles. of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. also referred to as the bridge identifier. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance. and sometimes its MAC address.1D standard. either planned or unplanned. So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. referred to as broadcast storms. 84 . By adjusting the value. Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge. as specified in the IEEE 802. leaving only one main active path. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link.

the lower the port cost.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. the preferred path is selected through port priority. Below are the default values. if one is found. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state. active path. Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. 85 . blocking mode. If redundant paths exist. The faster the port. Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. If two paths have the same port cost. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and. where all ports have a port cost of 0. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. When a bridge is brought on-line. or addition of any active components. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. For small networks. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. and that could adversely impact network performance. This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. For large networks. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. before it begins to forward frames. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. Consequently. the active topology also changes. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. with the size of your network being a primary factor. However. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. a temporary data loop could occur. and if not. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. a change in a port state is not activated immediately. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). listening and learning. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. especially if it is a large network. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. removal. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. 86 .

. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed...AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings..... Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. The default setting is disabled. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu.. 87 . You should consult the IEEE 802. 1.Display STP Port Settings 9 . Bridge Identifier . From the Main Menu..Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch. The parameters are described below. Bridge Max Age . 1 .. Bridge Priority ....Reset STP to Defaults R .Config STP Port Settings 8 .. The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed... Bridge Hello Time .. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable .. Bridge Forwarding . Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 . If you enable STP.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default...Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2.

the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. if you use the default 20. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. The default is 20 seconds. 88 . This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. If the bridge transitions too soon. with 0 being the highest priority. 3.Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. The default is 2 seconds. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. 4 . All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs).Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. resulting in network loops. The default is 15 seconds. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed. 3 . After you have made the desired changes. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds.535. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. 5 . the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge.Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. For example. for example. 6 . When a root bridge goes off-line. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 .

. Bridge Hello Time .... From the Spanning Tree menu.. To configure a range of ports. Port Priority .. enter the last port of the range.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters.. Adjust the settings as desired.. enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step. The parameters are described below. To configure a range of ports.Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating .. Path Cost ..... 2. The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5... Root Bridge . type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. Enter the number of the port you want to configure. perform the following procedure: 1.. From the Main Menu. type 7 to select Config STP port settings.. 1 . This value cannot be changed... enter the first port of the range. 89 ...... Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R .. To configure just one port. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4.

The range is 1 to 65535. This value cannot be changed from this window.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port. The default is 2 seconds.Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge. 3 . 4 . This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed. 5 . and 4 for a 1 Gbps port.Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. 90 . The range is 0-255. refer to the previous procedure. The default value for priority is 128. 10 for a 100 Mbps port. To change this value.Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN.

and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session. This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. It also contains the procedures for creating.Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs). This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 . modifying.

❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth. Before the advent of VLANs. For example. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. 92 . such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company. The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. Additionally. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN. This too can improve overall network performance.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. logical LAN segments. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. With VLANs. For example. if an employee changed departments. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN.

you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software. 93 . Additionally. This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location. VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections.AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another. a virtual LAN can span more than one switch.

A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. Production. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. called the Default VLAN. or just a few ports. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. Examples include Sales. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. such as a router or Layer 3 switch. A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. and Engineering. The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. you must give it a name. A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches. 94 . The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network.

it will simply select the next available VID. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. If you allow the management software to do it automatically. Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously. The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership. you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. unique VLAN. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. This is acceptable when you are creating a new. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN. For example. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID. The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received. Untagged Ports Naturally. Consequently. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. rather than by a port’s PVID. 95 . and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. Additionally. In this manner. all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID. You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically.

❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. Consequently. 96 . ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID. the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs. This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN. the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID. However. ❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside.

For example. across multiple VLANs. a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN. A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs. such as servers and printers. ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN. many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches. ❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network. 97 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources.

A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN.) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN .24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID.4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9.13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 .Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. The ports have been assigned PVID values. Engineering. A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member. 98 . and Production VLANs on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs. (For purposes of the following examples. You assign this number when you create a VLAN. 11 . the Default VLAN is not shown. Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 .

Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN . Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs. In this example. each VLAN has one port connected to the router.AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example. two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch. The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN.Example 2 99 .

it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN. So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN.6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN . Engineering.11. Since this VLAN spans multiple switches. 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 . and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . ❑ Production VLAN . It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch. 14.This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN.6. This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN. ❑ Engineering VLAN . However. Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router. it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch. This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment.This is the final VLAN in the example. 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch. It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4. The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch.24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 .This VLAN spans both switches. 100 .

The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame. This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. referred to as a tagged frame. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port. the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports. If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of. For example. When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN. This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. 101 . The IEEE 802. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch. A tag. the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership. the frame will be discarded.1Q-compliant. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches. this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously. This contrasts to a port-based VLAN.3ac standard). The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802.

the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. a frame without any tagged information). a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. In the case of a tagged VLAN. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. Otherwise.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. An untagged port. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. can be in only one VLAN at a time. there would seem to be no need for a PVID. Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN. But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. 102 . Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. But actually there is. simultaneously. However. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is.

❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time. 103 . If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks. ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS. each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID. ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN.

Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 .1Q-based products.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802.

They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11. 105 . 20 (PVID 3) 8. while still maintaining data separation and security. But with tagged ports. One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. when received by the switch. data separation and security remain. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. The tagged frames.1Q-compliant server. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated. They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. 18 (PVID 2) 8. It is connected to an IEEE 802. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered. frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. but the VLANs are not used. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames. You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. 106 . Packets are passed through the switch unchanged. Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. either tagged or untagged. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121. is ignored. All VLAN information.

107 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S . From the VLAN Menu. The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed.Virtual LAN Definitions 3 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3. perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 .Port VLANs & Priorities R . From the Main Menu. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.Save Configuration Changes R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN. type 1 to select Create a VLAN.Virtual LAN Support 2 . type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.

... Untagged Ports .....Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed.. Mirroring Port . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name ... If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches.. The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096.. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN.. C . 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) . 0 Tagged Ports .... Sales or Accounting)... If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches.. 5. The name can be from one to ten characters in length.. If the VLAN will be unique in your network.. but not special characters.. VLAN ID (VID) ...Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4. then the name should be unique as well.. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches.. The name can contain spaces.. then its VID must also be unique..Create VLAN R . you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value.. The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example.. The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value. than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!).... For example..... 108 ... then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected...

Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.3.5). either do not select this option or select it and type N for no. To verify that the VLAN was created correctly. as a range (e.7-9) 7. Note In most cases. 2..g. You can specify the ports individually (e.. type 6 and Y for yes.5).. 9. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports. type 4 to select Show All VLANs. Type C to select Create VLAN.g. leave this field empty.3. you will see the following message: SUCCESS . If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU.. as a range (e..g.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. 7-9).) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN. If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports. 109 . If the VLAN will contain tagged ports. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. You can specify the ports individually (e. A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored. you can analyze the VLAN traffic. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN. 13. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. 2. type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted. 11. 8.Press any key to continue.5. Press any key.5. this parameter should be left with its default value of 0. or both (e. 2. 2. leave this field empty.g.g. For more information on port mirroring. 12. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. 7-9). or both (e.g. 10.. 14.7-9). Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports.(If you do not to activate this feature. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port.

Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time. For example.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15. the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN. Note When you create a new VLAN. You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs. if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. 110 .

8. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. To create the example Sales VLAN. 5. Type C to select Create VLAN. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. 111 . 3. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. press any key. perform the following procedure: 1. 9. From the Main Menu. From the VLAN Menu. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. 4. Press Return. 6.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. 2. Ports 1 to 4. The new Sales VLAN has now been created. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 7. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN.

press any key. and 12. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. Ports 8 and 16. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. 8. 11. 2. Type C to select Create VLAN.16”. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”.10. 9. 20”. 5.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104. perform the following procedure: 1. It will consist of three untagged ports. Press Return. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”.11. From the VLAN Menu. To create the example Engineering VLAN. 10. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. 6. 7. and two untagged ports. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9. 3. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. 112 . Ports 9. From the Main Menu. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU.

From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. type 2 to select Modify a VLAN. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. Change the VLAN’s information as desired.VLAN ID (VID) .. perform the following procedure: 1. 6.Press any key to continue.. From the VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu. The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS ...AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure. type M to select Modify VLAN. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. After making the desired changes. 7. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115.. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. 2. The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID).. To modify a VLAN. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify. The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed.. 113 . type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 . For a description of the parameters.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4. R . refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107. This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN.

The VLAN has been modified. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Press any key. 114 . The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. 11. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. 9. 10. 8.

perform the following procedure: 1. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch. 3. From the Main Menu. type 4 to select View All VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. The Show All VLANs window is displayed.9 U: 8. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 2. VID numbers. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7. From the VLAN Menu.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R .9 U: 1-6 T: 7.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 . An example of the window is shown in Figure 33.

type 3 to select Delete a VLAN. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return.. To delete a VLAN. To delete the VLAN. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1..VLAN ID (VID) .. A confirmation prompt is displayed. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. which has a VID of 1. 2.. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID).Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure. R . To obtain a VLAN’s VID. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. type D.. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 6. The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed. 3. From the VLAN Menu.. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 . Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN.. 116 .

117 . 10. 9. Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure. 8. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS . All ports in the deleted VLAN. both tagged and untagged. The VLAN has been deleted.Press any key to continue. are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide 7. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed.

4. 5. To delete all VLANs on a switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. 118 . Press Return. 2. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu. From the VLAN Menu. A confirmation message is displayed. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. perform the following procedure: 1. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. 3. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. except the Default VLAN. on a switch. To delete selected VLANs.

The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. 119 . But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary. From the Main Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 . From the VLAN Menu. Type 1 to select Port Number. For example. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Port Number R . Press Return. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. To change a PVID for a port. There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself.

... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number .... Type U to select Update Changes to Chip..Accept changes & update flash R .... 1 1 0 N U .. The port now has a new PVID. Return to the Main Menu.... Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID..... 120 . 9.... Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High ..Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed.. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6...... Press Return..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5. Port VLAN ID .. 7... Override Priority (Y/N) ... You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch. Specify the new PVID value for the port......Press any key to continue.Update Changes to Chip C ..... 8. The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS .

Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs. B-Basic): 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged. 4. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. 5. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. 121 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. Press Return. type 5 to select System Config Menu. The default is Tagged mode. Type 3 to select Switch Mode. 2.

Enable/Disable VLANs 2 . 2. It sets a switch’s VLAN mode. Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed. ingress filtering is disabled. If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure. the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3. The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering.Enable VLANs Globally D . Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs.Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E .Disable VLANs Globally R . perform the following procedure: 1. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 .Accept changes & update flash R . When VLANs are disabled. From the Main Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed. When VLANs are enabled. From the VLAN Menu. the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 . type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support.

6. 123 . 5. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch. Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode. 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

If there is. If they belong to the same VLAN. or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. First. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. For further information. tagged or untagged. just as a reminder. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. nor to any frames. Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. the port accepts the frame. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). the port accepts the frame. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table. Fortunately. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. 124 . the frame is discarded. Here is an example. Once the tagged frame is received. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. If they belong to different VLANs. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. In this case. the port discards the frame. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. the switch discards the frame.

You cannot set this per port. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 125 . To enable or disable ingress filtering.AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets. Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority. 2. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3. From the VLAN Menu. Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch. In most cases. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. regardless of the status of ingress filtering. From the Main Menu. Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags. A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame. The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed.Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R .Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D . From the Virtual LAN Support menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5. and that is the priority tag. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E . 4. perform the following procedure: 1. which is the default.

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table.

If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. For example. When the destination node responds. 127 . The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. When the switch receives a packet. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port. and the port number where each address was learned. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. by referring to its MAC address table. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received. it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. it also examines the destination address and. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. determines the port where the destination node is connected. along with the port number on which each address was learned. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table. A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer.

Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports. The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. even when the end node is inactive. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes). 128 . You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process. The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses. once entered in the table. For instructions on changing the aging timer. A static MAC address. even when the end node is inactive. The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer.

and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports. From the Main Menu. The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed. type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports. To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2. 3. To display the MAC address table. perform the following procedure: 1. type 6 to select MAC Address Tables. One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses. The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed. just the base ports. 129 . To display only static MAC addresses.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses.

Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. The columns in the window are defined below. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. The static MAC address window is exactly the same.Accept changes & update flash U . (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only. which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. 130 . except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses. Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses.Update Display R . Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed.

except for the switch’s MAC address. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. Type The MAC address type. 131 .AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. Another example is “000020F. The type can be either static or dynamic. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. This feature is not supported at this time. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. As an example. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not.

The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. 2. type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu. From the MAC Address Table menu. Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return. From the Main Menu. You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port. A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port. 132 . The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 1.

The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. The procedure in this section offers an easier way. type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address. But if the switch is part of a large network. finding the address could prove difficult. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. or to which the address was assigned. From the MAC Address Table menu. 2. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. 1. From the Main Menu. if the address was learned dynamically. you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. for a static address. 133 . You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address.

Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 134 . 1. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. produces the same result. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view. From the Main Menu. For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns. (This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN. perform the following procedure.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch. 2. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115.) Note To perform this procedure. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. as explained earlier in this chapter. From the MAC Address Table menu.

type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses. the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 3. Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. From the Main Menu. 1. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure. Once the table has been purged. If you type Y for yes. 2. A confirmation prompt is displayed. perform the following procedure. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. From the MAC Address Table menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. 135 .

To add a static address to the MAC address table. The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. 5. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. From the MAC Address Table menu. 2. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 136 . Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address.

type 3 to select Delete MAC Address. From the MAC Address Table menu. 4. Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. 137 . type 6 to select MAC Address Table. From the Main Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. perform the following procedure: 1.

The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes). type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. perform the following procedure: 1. type 5 to select System Config Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. the switch deletes the address. When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time. From the Main Menu. 2. From the System Config Menu. The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch. Enter a new value in seconds. The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3. 138 . This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active. To adjust the aging time.

Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .

But with the introduction of time-critical applications. transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality. but were mostly transparent to network users. For example. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays.1p and 802. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue. packet transfer delays can prove problematic. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest. low and high. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802. 140 . network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications.1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue. Prior to CoS.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue. 0 to 7.. When a tagged packet enters a switch port. By default. The 802. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis.1Q standards. such as voice transmission or video conferencing. untagged frames (i.e. File transfer delays did occur. CoS was designed to address this problem.

Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. 141 . type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities.7). 11. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. 8. From the Main Menu.) 7. enter a value from 0 to 3. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. 5. Return to the Main Menu. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. 6. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch. From the VLAN Menu. Press Return. 10. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. (Again. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. 2. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS. enter a value from 4 to 7. The default for this parameter is No. Type 3 to select Priority (0 . Type 1 to select Port Number. 3. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 9.

Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .

(A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group. it simply stops sending reports. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. it removes the node from appropriate membership list. referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. referred to as a time-out value. Once the router has received a report from a host node. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. In Version 2. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. the router does not send multicast packets out the port. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups.) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. 143 . Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. There are two versions of IGMP.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. In Version 1.

The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2. and by processing leave requests. Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance. 144 . a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value. Note By default. IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch. which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. except the port on which it received the packet.

Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 ..Save Configuration Changes R . Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate)... From the Main Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window. Multicast Host Topology . View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S . type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration.IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch.. type 5 to select System Config Menu.Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port.. From the System Configuration Menu.... 3.... type E to enable or D to disable this feature. perform the following procedure: 1... The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. Host/Router Timeout Interval .. The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters... type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status . After selecting this option... 2 .. 2.. Multicast Router Port(s) . This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 . Maximum Multicast Groups ..

This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. that is. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port.Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. 3 . The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. 4 . The default is 256 multicast groups. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes.400 seconds (24 hours). such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. The range is 1 to 2048 groups.Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port.Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. The default is 260 seconds. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. 5 . The default is 256 multicast addresses. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 .Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. The range is from 1 second to 86.

After making the desired changes. enter “0” (zero) for this parameter. 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter. Your changes are activated immediately on the switch. or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number. 147 . To select Auto Detect.

3. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. From the System Configuration Menu. as well as the host nodes. Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected. The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group. 2. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. From the Main Menu. type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. 148 . Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration.Update Display R . perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch. The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U . To display the list. From the Advanced Configuration window. 4.

The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected. perform the following procedure: 1. To display a list of the multicast routers. From the Main Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window. 3. 4. From the System Configuration Menu. 149 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. type 7 to select View Multicast Router List. The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes. You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. Router IP The IP address of the multicast router. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 2.Update Display R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U .

Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .

For example. The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds. For example. When a node sends out a broadcast frame. 151 . some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. Broadcast frames are different. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. That is.AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network. In order to use this feature. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit.

the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. 152 . If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval. At these settings. Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch. Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example.

Save Configuration Changes R .1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . From the Main Menu..Timer for 1000 MB ports . From the Advanced Configuration Menu. 2.. 100. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature. perform the following procedure: 1...Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4. From the System Configuration Menu. 3. 0 milli sec 3 ...Timer for 100 MB ports . 0 milli sec 2 . The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps ... type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup. type 5 to select System Config Menu.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds.100x 153 . The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed.Timer for 10 MB ports . and 1000 Mbps.. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed. 0 micro sec C . (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. Type 1. or 3 and enter a value when prompted. 2.

A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. 5. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. The default value is “0” for all timers. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. the management software multiples the value by 10. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive. 6. Once you have set the desired timer intervals. 154 . type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.

perform the following procedure: 1. type 1 to select Port Menu. Type B to select Broadcast Control. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 155 . For example. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds. To configure a range of ports. 5. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded. To configure a range of ports. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. enter the first port of the range. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. 2. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. type 1 to select Port Configuration. enter the last port number in the range. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps.> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. 6. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval. From the Port Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. From the Main Menu. To configure only one port.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics.

157 . Type 1 to choose Select a Port. The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed. From the Main Menu. Press Return. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics.Select a Port 2 . From the Ethernet Statistics menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3.Display Port Statistics R . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4. Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics.Clear Module Statistics 3 .Display Module Statistics R . type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics. The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2.Port Statistics Menu 2 . Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . perform the following procedure: 1. 5.Clear Port Statistics 3 .

Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window........... UNDERSIZE ............ CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port.............. PORT_IN_DISCARDS ... FRAGMENT .. RX_OVERFLOW . shown in Figure 48.. Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port......... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port...........Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only...... CRC_ERROR .. RX_BRDCAST . TX_COUNT ................ Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port...... U ..... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port......................Update Display R ........ RX_MLTCAST ............................................ Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT ................ RX_COUNT ......... 158 ............ OVERSIZE ........... RX_UNICAST ...... Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port.

159 . and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. select the option “2 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets.Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port. If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”. packets with alignment errors. but discarded and not forwarded.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.

....... RX_OVERFLOW ........... 2.......Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only......... The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window. RX_MLTCAST ........ shown in Figure 48......... type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics. U ......... type 3 to select Display Module Statistics...... PORT_IN_DISCARDS ....... RX_BRDCAST .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT .... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch.... CRC_ERROR ........... From the Ethernet Statistics menu...... TX_COUNT . UNDERSIZE ...Update Display R .. perform the following procedure: 1. RX_COUNT ..... From the Main Menu......Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch............. Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch.................. Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch. RX_UNICAST ......... FRAGMENT ........... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded........................ OVERSIZE .................................. 160 .....

161 . Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch. Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch. but discarded and not forwarded. packets with alignment errors. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch. select the option “2 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch. If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”.Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch.

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

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Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

the switch automatically resets. Begin the file transfer of the new management software image. Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete. the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. Do not reboot the switch. Once the management software is initialized. 166 . If you are installing a new management image. Note Do not interrupt the initialization process.

you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn. If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software.1. or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above.The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch. Binary . The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39.AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software. A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT.1. Source file .img 167 .This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. Put .35. This may necessitate renaming the file. tftp -i 149. Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software. Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149.1 put c:\ats39.ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39.The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch.1. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host .cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image.35.img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39. loader file.

Get . it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.img Once the file is stored on a local drive. Binary .1 get ats39.The source file name is “ATS39. The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host .img c:\ats39. 168 . Source file .1.This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from. Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149.cfg”.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation. Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited. as explained in the previous section.The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file. This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically.35. tftp -i 149.1 to local drive C: of the workstation. Destination file .1.The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation.35.

MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20. Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19. Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28. Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23. Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18.

such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser. 170 .

) The user name cannot be changed. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. enter the user name and password. Start your web browser. as shown in Figure 51. (The password is case-sensitive. 2. When prompted. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch. To change the password. you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed. perform the following procedure: 1. Consequently. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. 171 . Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. To start a web browser management session. Additionally. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. For instructions. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. the switch must have an IP address. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34.

In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites.The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed. Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software. You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser. Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus. You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows. 172 . Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display.

173 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session. select Exit from any AT-S39 management page.

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. 2. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. perform the following procedure: 1. select it and then select the General tab. From the Home Page. 175 . refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. subnet address.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default. select Configuration. If the System menu option is not selected.

Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window.Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed. The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example. The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide. Sales Ethernet switch). 176 . Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Change the parameters as desired. 3.

4. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length. click Apply. 177 . such as its location (e. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch.g. a Telnet utility. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. To create a new password.. The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. The default password is “admin”. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. or an SNMP management program.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. After you have set the parameters. enter the new password into both fields. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser. IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. Wiring closet 402B). Floor 4.

If you made a change to the IP address. or by using the Reset button on the switch. 178 . subnet mask. or gateway address. You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session.Section III: Web Browser Management 5. you must reset the switch to activate your change. You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session.

From the Configuration Menu. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 . select Monitoring. 3. select the General tab. The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. From the Home page. 2. The Monitoring window is displayed. If it is not already selected. select System Status. perform the following procedure: 1.

❑ Switch Mode . Administration This section contains a variety of information.Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address. This value cannot be changed. The sections in the window are defined below. You cannot change any of the values from this window. Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging .” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. If this parameter displays “Tagged. Virtual LANs on page 91. including the IP address of the switch and the system name. If this parameter displays “Basic. refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10. These values cannot be changed. 180 . For background information about MAC addresses.Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode. which also explains how to change the parameters.” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. For information about VLANs.Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only. refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212. ❑ Hash Count .Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes). For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. select System. Select the SNMP tab. perform the following procedure: 1. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed. 3. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. From the Home page. Adjust the parameters as desired. Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. 2. The parameters are described below. From the Configuration menu. 181 . select Configuration.

5. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. 182 .Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. Click Apply to save your changes to the switch.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 .Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed.

The selected port turns white.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch. You can select only one port at a time. 2. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure. select Configuration. Click Modify. (To deselect a port. 184 . From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Configuration page.) 5. The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. Select the Port Setting tab. click it again. select Layer 1. 3. Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4.

185 . Transmit . refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227. Both . An example of the window is shown in Figure 57. If the threshold is reach.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch. For background information on this feature. Flow Control The flow control setting for the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed.Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port. Possible values are: None . Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time. For instructions on how to set this value.No flow control on the port.Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6. Receive . The parameters are described below. Adjust the port parameters as desired.

Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values. Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode.Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps . AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. click Apply. 7. Default values are listed in Appendix A.Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port.Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port.Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port. The default for this port parameter is enabled. This is the default. A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames. Once you have made the desired changes. 186 . ❑ 10Mbps .Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps .

MDI/MDI-X configuration. (To deselect a port. To display the status or statistics of a switch port. 187 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. 3. Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics. From the Monitoring page. From the Home page. and more. perform the following procedure: 1. duplex mode. 2. select Layer 1.) 4. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB. select Monitoring. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch. The selected port turns white. You can select only one port at a time. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58. Click a port. click it again. You can view a port’s operating speed. Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

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refer to Port Security Overview on page 65. 192 .Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session. Note For background information on port security. Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session.

select the Port Security tab. The current security level is displayed. From the Configuration page. From the Home page. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. From the Layer 2 page. select Layer 2. Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 . select Monitoring.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level.

Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session. refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73. 194 . Note For background information on port trunking.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. select Layer 1. perform the following procedure: 1. all ports in the switch image will be black. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk. If there is a port trunk. the ports of the trunk will be white. Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. If you are deleting a port trunk. From the Configuration page. which can produce broadcast storms. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. which can adversely effect the operations of your network. select Configuration. 3. Loops can result in broadcast storms. From the Home page. To create or delete a port trunk. Select the Port Trunking tab. 195 . 2. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology.

The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. An unselected port is black. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch. You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. To delete a port trunk. 5. 3. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk. click Remove. A port trunk can contain 2. Click Apply. To create a port trunk.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. b. 196 . or 4 ports. A selected port changes to white. do the following: a.

Note For background information on port mirroring. 197 . refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79.Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror.

Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4. do the following: a.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. 5. The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. 2. select Layer 1. From the Configuration page. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. c. select Configuration. b. Click Apply. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. Select the Port Mirroring tab. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch. 3. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports. To create a port mirror. To delete an existing port mirror. 198 .

The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted. 199 .

200 . refer to STP Overview on page 84.Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP. Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session. Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. select Configuration. You should consult the IEEE 802. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. If you enable STP. 201 . select Layer 2. To configure a bridge’s STP parameters. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. From the Layer 2 window.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. 3. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. From the Home page. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. select the Spanning Tree tab. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window . The parameters are described below. 2. From the Configuration menu.Configuration 4. perform the following procedure: 1.

202 . Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. with 0 being the highest priority. The default is 2 seconds. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. When a root bridge goes off-line. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. The default setting is disabled. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. click Apply. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state.535. This value cannot be changed. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs).Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. 5. After you have made the desired changes. The default is 15 seconds. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. possibly resulting in a network loop. If the bridge transitions too soon. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. The default is 20 seconds. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. if you use the default 20. For example. for example.

refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. select Monitoring. 2. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window . From the Monitoring menu. select the Spanning Tree tab. From the Layer 2 page. select Layer 2. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings.Monitoring 203 . From the Home page.

Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. modify. and delete VLANs from a web browser management session. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 . refer to Chapter 10. Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode. This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. Virtual LANs.

perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 . select the VLAN tab.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. From the Layer 2 window. The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed. select Configuration. 2. From the Configuration menu. 3. select Layer 2. From the Home page.

Click Add. The name can contain spaces but not special characters.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. 206 . Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. its VID must be unique as well. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. Sales or Accounting). Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. the name should be unique as well. 6. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. The name can be from one to 10 characters in length.

Click Apply. its VID value should be the same on each switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. 207 . 7. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. 8. or a tagged port. In most cases. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. click Send to CPU. 9. 10. Note For background information on port mirroring. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. To select ports for the VLAN. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. This value disables port mirroring. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. For example. The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port.

Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. 208 . The VLAN is now ready for network operations.

select Layer 2. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. Creating a VLAN. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. 4. Click Modify. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. they are returned to the Default VLAN. click Apply. After making the desired changes.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. 209 . select Configuration. From the Layer 2 window. select the VLAN tab. 7. 3. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure. From the Home page. 5. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. 2. From the Configuration menu. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. 6. perform the following procedure: 1.

210 . Click Remove. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. 2. select Layer 2. The VLAN is deleted from the switch. select the VLAN tab. select Configuration. From the Home page. 5. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. 4. From the Configuration menu. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete.Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. From the Layer 2 window.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch. select Layer 2. From the Layer 2 page. From the Home page. The management software displays the window in Figure 68. 2. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. select the VLAN tab. From the Monitoring page. 3. select Monitoring. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 .

click either Tagged or Basic. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. perform the following procedure: 1. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. which is the default. choose System. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs. In the Switch Mode section of the window. Reset the switch. Note Refer to Chapter 10. If you select Basic. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. If you select Tagged. From the Home Page. 2. From the Configuration menu. Select the General tab. You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. 4.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. select Configuration. 212 . 5. To set the switch’s VLAN mode. Virtual LANs. 3.

But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. From the Home page. You can select only one port at a time. select Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. From the Layer 2 page. 5. A selected port turns white. click it again. 2. To deselect a port. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 . a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. 3. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. For example. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. To change a PVID for a port. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. From the Configuration page. Click Apply. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. select Layer 2. select CoS. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. 4.

The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch.Section III: Web Browser Management 6. The new value is immediately activated on the port. 7. Class of Service on page 219. Click Apply. 214 . Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26. Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port.

Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table. 215 . refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.

3. From the Layer 2 page. perform the following procedure: 1. select Monitoring. select Layer 2. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session. From the Home page. 216 . For instructions. The options are described below. select the Forwarding Database tab. You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses. The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. From the Monitoring page. 2. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table.

Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. The port numbering scheme is from right to left. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. 217 . Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. Another example is “000020F. Once you have configured the options. The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. You specify the VLAN by its VID. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. click View. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch. As an example. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. 4.

except for the switch’s MAC address. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. This feature is not supported at this time. 218 . The type can be either static or dynamic. Type The MAC address type. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member.

This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS. refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS. 219 .

4. (To deselect a port. 2. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. Click Modify. 8. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. 220 . If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page. click it again. select Layer 2.) 5. The default for this parameter is No. (Again. From the Layer 2 page. it does not matter which of these levels you select. click the Override Priority option. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. select Configuration. A selected port turns white. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. select the CoS tab. 6. From the Configuration page. Click the port where you want to configure CoS. 3. Click Apply. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu.) 7. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5. You can select only one port at a time.

Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch. 221 . refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143. Note For background information on this feature.

select Configuration. From the Configuration menu. Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. 222 . The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port). The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. Select the IGMP tab. From the Home page. select System. Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. 2.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session.

Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. that is. The default is 256 multicast groups.400 seconds (24 hours). The default is 260 seconds. Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 . The range is from 1 second to 86.

Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses.Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses. The default is 256 multicast addresses. You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect. or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image. A white port indicates a multicast router port. 224 .

refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. 225 .Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch. Note For background information on this feature.

and 1000 Mbps. 2. To specify an interval timer. perform the following procedure: 1.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. After you have entered your values. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. the management software multiples the value by 10. 3. 100. The default value is “0” for all timers. select Configuration. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . 4. From the Home page. If they are not already selected. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. select them now. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. enter values for the three interval timers.100x For example. Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page. Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab. click Apply. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . 226 . (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps .

When you open the Layer 1 page. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. You can select only one port at a time. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. The port will accept all broadcast frames. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. To deselect a port. select it now. 4. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. 7. Click Apply. 2. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. perform the following procedure: 1. As an example. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. 3. The selected port turns white. click it again. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. If it is not selected. 6. From the Home page. select Layer 1. 227 . 5. In the graphical switch image. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames. From the Configuration page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. Click Modify. select Configuration.

0.0.0.0 255.0.255. Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.0 0.0.0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 .

AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.1 and above only.) 229 .

37 defined. 52 defined. 88 G gateway address. 37 BPDU. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. 212 BOOTP activating. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 45 Auto-Negotiation. 88. 50 F flow control. 84. 11 D default values. 86. 90 host nodes 230 . 177 H hello time. 202 bridge hello time parameter. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. 41. 47 setting switch status. 121. 163 AT-S39 version number. 220 defined. 27. 202 bridge priority. 88. 227 browser tools. 155. configuring. 228 DHCP activating. 47 guidelines. 37 defined. 185 forwarding delay. 41. 140 console timeout. 88. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 60. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches.Index A aging time changing. 37 releasing IP address. 86. 43 conventions. 106 setting. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. 60. 225 defined. 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. 172 C Class of Service configuring. 164 downloading via TFTP. 167 obtaining. 202 bridge max age parameter. 202 bridge identifier. 36 documentation. 150. 138 defined. 35. 128 AT-S39 default settings. AT-S39. 84. 141. used in this guide. 88.

58. 171 port configuring parameters. 107. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. 210 displaying. 90 port mirroring creating. 223 multicast router. 94 deleting all. 146. 28 starting. 216 MAC address. 173 R resetting a switch. 113. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 184 disable. 69 defined. maximum. 59. 223 I IEEE 802. 213 defined. 67 defined. 29. 35. 209 priority queues. 146. switch. 80. 118 deleting. port security. 143 ingress filtering. 198 defined. 177 interval timer configuring. 102 port-based VLAN creating. 222 defined. 32. 25 S Secure level. 187 speed. 195 guidelines. 28 Telnet session. 24 M MAC address table. 73 deleting. 50 SNMP community strings. 35.1d standard. 195 defined. 60 multicast groups. 226 defined. 21 master switch defined. 84 RS232 port. 211 modifying. 111. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 126. 59. 79 deleting. 149 P password changing. 66 serial number. 153. 77. 145. 193 port statistics. 115. 205 defined. 42 root bridge. switch. 21 snoop topology. 198 port security configuring. 90 PVID. 18 quitting. 45 slave switch. 186 statistics. 65 local management session defined. 157 port trunking creating. 85 setting. defined. 145. default settings. 82. 222 231 . 55. 148 host/router timeout interval. 87. displaying.AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 190 port cost defined. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). 75. 116. 143 displaying. 181 SNMP management session. 65 displaying. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 140 priority. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. 95. 151 L limited security mode configuring. 30 web browser session. 26. 186 displaying status. 119. 177 default. 39. 50 returning to.

92 deleting all. changing. 35. 157. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. 101 VLAN identifier (VID). 29 TFTP. 206 VLAN. 107. 90 viewing bridge parameters. 94 tagged. 122 mode. 101 deleting all. 118 deleting. 118 deleting. 116. 212 modifying. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 211 enabling. 205 defined. 113. 115. 211 modifying. 209 port-based. 94. 167 U unavailable status. 164 downloading via TFTP. 50 user name. 177 switch statistics. 210 disabling. 29 web browser. defined. 111. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. 121.Index software updates downloading from a local session. 173 starting. 107. 19 quitting. defined. 210 displaying. default. 87. 20 quitting. defined. 160 STP. 45 virtual LAN creating. 30 starting. 129 statistics port. 209 Telnet management session defined. 112. 115. 167 obtaining. 35. 43 limitations. 122 displaying. 171 232 . 108 VLAN identifier. 190 switch. 85. 89 defined. 84 port cost. 137 displaying. 160 system name. 205 defined. 116. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. 171 static MAC address adding. AT-S39. downloading software updates. 203 starting session local. 24 Telnet. 112. 113. 171 V version number. 136 deleting. 201 configuring port parameters.