Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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......................................................................................................................................... 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs ......................... 127 Displaying MAC Addresses ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service ................................................................................................................................................................................ 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview ........................................................ 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses ..................... 112 Modifying a VLAN .......................................................................... 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping .. 98 Port-based Example 2...................................... 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode ............................................................................................................................................................................... 143 Activating IGMP Snooping ......................................................................................................... 140 Configuring CoS ........................................................................................................................94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN .................................................................... 156 Displaying Port Statistics .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................. 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN........................................................................................................................................................ 113 Displaying VLAN Information .................................................................................................................................................................. 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address ......................................................................................................................................................... 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses ......................... 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count ..................................................................................................................................................................... 116 Deleting All VLANs .................................................................... 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 151 Configuring the Interval Timer ... 118 Changing a PVID Value .......................................................................................................................................................... 99 Tagged VLAN Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 97 Port-based Example 1........................................................................................................................ 157 Displaying Switch Statistics ........................................................................................................................... 137 Changing the Aging Time ..................................................................................................................................................... 160 5 ........................................................................................................................................................................ 115 Deleting a VLAN ..92 Port-based VLAN Overview ............................................................................. 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics .......................................... 126 MAC Address Overview .............................. 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview ................................................................. 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN .......................... 139 Class of Service Overview ........................................................................................................................... 103 Tagged VLAN Example ............ 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table ............................................................................................... 142 IGMP Snooping Overview ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN ...........................................................................................91 VLAN Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers .....................................................................................................................................................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs ........................................................... 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode .............................................................................................................................175 Viewing System Information ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters .................................................................................................................171 Browser Tools.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................168 Example................................................ 167 Uploading a Configuration File ..............................................................................................................................................................195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring ..................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol .......................................................................................................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session .....194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk ...................183 Configuring Port Parameters ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 168 Section III Web Browser Management .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates ................................................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror ..................................................................................................................213 6 ..............................................................................................................................167 Example........201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings ........................................................................................................192 Displaying the Port Security Level ................................................................................................................................................209 Deleting a VLAN ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................205 Modifying a VLAN ...........................................184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics ................................................................. 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session .....................................................................................................................................204 Creating a VLAN ............162 Obtaining Software Updates ...............................................................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security .............................................................................................................................................. 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session .......................174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings .........................................................................................................................................203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs ........................................................................................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks ................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP ........................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters ....................................................................................................................................................................................212 Changing a PVID .......................................210 Displaying VLANs ..............................................................................................................................................................................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session ...............................................

........................................................................... 228 Index .................................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table .................................................................... 230 7 ......................................................................................... 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping ................................................................................................................................................................ 219 Configuring CoS ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control . 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames ................................................................................................................... 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table .................................................................................................................................................... 225 Configuring the Interval Timer ................................................................................................ 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................... 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu ....................................................... 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu ................List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port .............................................................................................................................. 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window ..... 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window ................................................................................... 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window ............... 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 122 8 ......................................................................................................................................................................................................Example 2 ........................................................................................................ 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN ..................................................................................................................................................... 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window ............................................................................................................................................... 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window ..................... 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu .................... 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window .... 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu .................................................................. 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu ....................................................................................... 52 Figure 11: Port Menu ....................... 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu .......................... 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window .............................................................................................. 25 Figure 2: Main Menu ..........................................................................Example 1 ............................................................................................................................ 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 ........... 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu ............................................................................... 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window .... 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu ..................................................................... 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ........ 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window .................................... 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window ................................................................................................................ 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu ................................................... 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu .......................................... 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window ................................................................................................ 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu .................................................................................................................

.. Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab .............................. Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page ................................................ Figure 54: General Tab Window ...................................................................................................... Figure 52: Home Page ...................................................................................................... Figure 61: Port Security Menu .................................................... Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window .............................. Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field ........................................................................................................................................ Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu ....................... Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window ....................................................................... Figure 66: VLAN Window ................... Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window ........................................................ Figure 53: General Tab ........................................................................................................... Figure 67: Add VLAN Window ................................................................................................................. Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 57: Settings for Port Window ............................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 59: Port Status Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 69: CoS Setting Window ........................................................... Figure 55: SNMP Tab ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 71: IGMP Tab .....................................Monitoring ........................................................................................ Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu ......................................................................................................... Figure 60: Port Statistics Window ............................................. Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window .......................................................................................................................................... Figure 62: Port Trunking Window ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window .......................................................................................................................................... Figure 68: VLAN Window .................. Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window ............................................................................................................................................................. Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window ....................... Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window ................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab .................................................. Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Configuration ........

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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14 .com. You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www. To use the FTP server. enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password.alliedtelesyn.Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products.alliedtelesyn.com or our FTP server at ftp.

15 . It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software.

The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. and powering ON the device. If this is true for your network. then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network. Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters. Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A. 16 . You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches.Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. as explained in the hardware installation guide. such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228.

such as to change or adjust its operating parameters. The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide. The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use.AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser. 17 . There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session. you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software.

18 . Once the session is started. using a straight-through RS-232 cable. You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located. you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch. This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch. Note For instructions on starting a local management session.Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25.

You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. 19 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. With AT-8024GB switches. Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. which include the enhanced stacking feature. If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol.

Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session. There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session. ❑ Port security level . that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address. 20 . every AT-8024GB switch. just like a Telnet management session.Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch. This too is a type of remote management.You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session. because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch. ❑ DHCP and BOOTP . refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171.You can view but not set the port security level of a switch.You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session. as well as every AT-8024 switch. They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking . Consequently.

you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program. For instructions. The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program. Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. Consequently. refer to your SNMP management documentation.AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program. 21 .

The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session.

Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .

You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch. 24 . Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. you must go to where that switch is located. you can manage just that switch. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. to start this type of management session. This can simplify network management. Note For information on enhanced stacking. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. Additionally. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. usually within a few meters. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch. This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port.

see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 . Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200. perform the following procedure: 1. POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2. Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session. 3. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program.

or an equivalent terminal emulator program. (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1. The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal. (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>).) 4. The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps. The default is “admin”. The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S . Otherwise.1 and above.Save Configuration Changes R . You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch.) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal. simply type boot and press Return to start the switch. (The password is case-sensitive. the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps). enter the password for the management software. This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only.Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 . Press the Return key twice. 5. the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt. If prompted for a password. Note During boot up.) The Main Menu is displayed.

This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network.AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item. you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet. refer to Chapter 4. It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located. Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. 27 . type the corresponding letter or number. Enhanced Stacking on page 46. For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session. Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu.

Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions. Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously. 28 . You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch. This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session. return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit.

An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities. such as with a local management session. 29 . This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely. type R or press ESC twice. Note For background information on enhanced stacking. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. To make a selection. The default password is “admin”. The menus also function the same. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch. as shown in Figure 2 on page 26. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. In terms of functionally. Enter the management software password when prompted. The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. Additionally. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. To return to a previous menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. type its corresponding number of letter.

Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session. 30 . type Q for Quit from the Main Menu.

activating the original switch default settings. There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it. and more.Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures. There are also procedures for resetting the switch. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 .

If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. all from the same management session. You do not need to assign an IP address. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. This switch will be the Master switch of the stack. you must also assign it a subnet mask. You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. subnet mask. a web browser. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. First. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking. 32 . (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address. you must assign at least one of them an IP address. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address. Second. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses.) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. This feature has two primary benefits. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices.

Note For further information on enhanced stacking. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure.AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. 33 . Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. if any. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet. switches on your network need an IP address. The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. You can do this two different ways. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network.

..0.... From the Main Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address....Reset Switch X .0. and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 .0.0.0 System Name ...Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L .. Comments .. Change Password ..Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 .0 Subnet Mask .... 255. go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37.. along with other optional information. To manually set a switch’s IP address. such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch... (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network.. The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed............0. subnet mask... 0... The selection X .. perform the following procedure: 1. Administrator .0 Default Gateway ...Release DHCP IP Address S .) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch. type 4 to select Administration Menu.Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42.255..... 9 . 0. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address .Save Configuration Changes R ..

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

From the System Configuration Menu. type 3 to select SNMP Configuration. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. From the Advanced Configuration window.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. 39 . 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu.

.......Trap Receiver 3 7 .0.. To change a value......0... 0..Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed. public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 .Save Configuration Changes R .... 5.0 0.Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch..... ...Trap Receiver 2 6 ...Trap Community .....0.0. when prompted. After making your changes..0.. type S to select Save Configuration Changes....SET Community ..0 0. 40 . Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch. 4 .0.. private 3 . Adjust the parameters as desired.....Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings....GET Community 2 .... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 .SET Community 3..Trap Receiver 1 5 ......GET Community ... .. The parameters are described below......0..0 S . 1 ..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4....... . type its corresponding number and........0 0. enter the new value.0...... public 2 .

Type Y for yes or N for no. From the Main Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 41 . The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. 2. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. From the System Configuration Menu. If you type Y for yes. the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A. Type Y to reset the switch. You are prompted to reset the switch. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. perform the following procedure: 1. 4.

The switch immediately reloads its operating system. Some data traffic may be lost. 42 . Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software. type 9 to select Reset Switch. type 4 to select Administrator Menu. 2. From the Main Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. perform the following procedure: 1. a task requiring only a second or two to complete. From the Administrator Menu.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. The default password is “admin”.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. (The password is case-sensitive. To configure web browser access. if you specify 2 minutes. type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and. To configure the console timer. type 5 to select System Config Menu. enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes. ❑ Web Access . and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password. type E to enable web access or D to disable web access. 43 . ❑ Console Timeout . The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. For example. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. 2.The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. perform the procedure below. when prompted.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch. For instructions on how to set this security feature. perform the procedure below. From the Main Menu. when prompted. type 6 to select Web Server Access and. These security features are: ❑ Password . the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. For instructions on how to set this security feature.

type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 44 . Your changes are immediately activated on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser. 4. After you have made the desired changes. if you disable web access.

..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed..3 ATI_LOADER1........ type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu. AT-S39 v1... Bootloader Version .....17..D2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information.. Serial Number . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version .. MAC Address ........32..A0.... 45 ........... The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed...00 R .1 5456411 00.

This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch.Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. 46 .

It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. Once connected to the network. You simply connect it to your network.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. That way. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. 47 . you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. If your network consists of more than one subnet. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. should you remove a master switch from the network. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet. such as for maintenance. There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1.

referred to as slave switches. 48 . you must assign each master switch a unique IP address. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack. Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask. You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. do not. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. 3. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet.32. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets. 49 .16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149. you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router.11.22 Master 2 IP Address 149. and each has been assigned a unique IP address.32.11. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches.32.32.09.09.18 Master 2 IP Address 149.

Note The default setting for a switch is Slave. ❑ Slave switch . Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch ..Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 . ❑ Unavailable .. a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address. or unavailable.Enhanced Stacking Services S . perform the following procedure: 1.A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch.Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable. you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet. It does not need an IP address or subnet mask. You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 .Save Configuration Changes R . To be managed remotely. Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack.A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch. The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch.A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet. slave switch. To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status. From the Main Menu.. A master switch must have a unique IP address. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. A switch with this designation can be managed locally. Master 2 .

Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches. 51 . S to make it a slave switch. Note The “2 .AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. type 1 to select Switch State. The following prompt is displayed. To change a switch’s status. or U to make the switch unavailable. A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch. 2. the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master. 4.Switch State. Type M to change the switch to a master switch.” For example. Press Return. Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3.

The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch. you are by default addressing that particular switch. To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch. The window in Figure 10 is displayed.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G . To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack.Get/Refresh List of Switches A . If you assigned system names to your switches. When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking.Access Switch R . From the Enhanced Stacking window. then it is very easy. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services. The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window. you need to select it from the management software. From the Main Menu.

A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session. 4. if you want to manage the Master switch. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. The default password is “admin”. Enter the switch’s password and press Return. This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. 6. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. You now can manage the selected switch. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch. Once you see that window. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. The password is case-sensitive. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window. Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches. 53 . return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit. Type A to select Access Switch.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

type 4 to select Port Status.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2. From the Main Menu. From the Port Menu. 55 . type 1 to select Port Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch.Accept changes & update flash R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C . perform the following procedure: 1. The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. 56 . Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port.indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node.Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually. Figure 12 is an example of the window. Manual . Possible values are: Auto .indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.Next Page U . Down . The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number. Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port.Update Display R . Possible values are: Up . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N .

10 Mbps 100 .Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port.100 Mbps 1000 . Disabled .The port has been manually disabled.AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Possible values are: 10 . 57 . Both .No flow control on the port.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. Spd The operating speed of the port.The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames. Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. State The current operating status of the port. Possible values are: Forwarding . Receive . Flow The flow control setting for the port. This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member. Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex. Transmit . Possible values are: None .1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port.

. Negotiation . Advertise 100HDX . type 1 to select Port Configuration... Advertise 10HDX .......... From the Port Menu... Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 . To configure only one port... The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed.... From the Main Menu. Flow Control .... Broadcast Control . perform the following procedure: 1..Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch.. To configure a range of ports... The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4.... enter the last port number in the range. 2....... Advertise 10FDX . To configure a range of ports.No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 ... enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return..... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status . MDI/MDIX Mode .... Advertise 100FDX . type 1 to select Port Menu. enter the first port of the range.. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3.... Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return...

.. The parameters are described below.Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode. the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically..The port will not receive or forward packets. You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections... Possible settings are: Forwarding .. The possible settings for the 2 . If you select Manual.Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex.. This toggles the parameter through its possible settings. which is the default.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 .. When disabled. you can enable the port again to resume normal operation...Speed ... If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation. The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters...The port will receive and forward packets..Duplex .100 Mbps 1000 . Disabled . 0100 3 ...AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port. a port will not receive or transmit frames. 59 .. 1 .10 Mbps 0100 . This is the default setting.Speed selection are: 0010 .Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode. 0 .Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port. two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 . 5.. Once the problem has been fixed....... You adjust a parameter by typing its number. Adjust the port parameters as desired.. You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port.

refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155. 5 . a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it.No flow control on the port. a switch port will advertise its full capabilities.Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option. During Auto-Negotiation.Advertise 100HDX to No.Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation.MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port.Advertise 100FDX 8 . Receive . you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX. 60 . the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it. If you set this to Auto. You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation. Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated. B . which is the default setting.Advertise 10FDX 6 . By default. For example. which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half. if you set the selection 8 .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode. Both . half-duplex operation. The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames. Possible settings are: None . which is the default setting.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. If desired. The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time. Transmit . 9 .or full-duplex mode.Advertise 10HDX 7 . the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps.

Once you have set the port parameters. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node. This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode. You can use this option to reset the selected port.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. 61 . The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection. The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection. when selected. which. This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port.

perform the following procedure: 1.GBIC Information R . From the System Configuration Menu. 2. 62 . type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information. type 5 to select System Config Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5. Type 1 to select GBIC Information. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 . 3. The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed. To display GBIC information.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch. From the Advanced Configuration window. From the Main Menu. Type either 24 or 25. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4.

.... Connector Type ................ You cannot change this information.. (10k) . Elect/Opt Transceiver . (10m) . Extended Serial Transceiver .... (k) .................Next Page R .. (100m) .... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number .. Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding .... Length 62.5/125 um Fib...... N . 63 ..........Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only.......... Length 9/125 um Fib..................... Figure 15 is an example of the window... Length 50/125 um Fib. Type of Serial Interface ... Length 9/125 mm Fib...AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module......

Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. 64 .Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session.

Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. even when the end node is inactive. You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. it remains in the table and is never purged.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. Automatic This operating mode disables port security. Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. Once this mode is activated. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch. 65 . There are four levels of port security. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table.

The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time. Once you have activated this security level. When this security level is activated. no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. even those belonging to inactive end nodes. The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. 66 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. To set a switch’s port security level. 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . 2. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. To specify the limits. Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. 67 . ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. From the Port Menu. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. type 2 to select Limited mode. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed. After activating this security mode. type 3 to select the Secured mode. type 1 to select Port Menu. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward. From the Main Menu. type 1 to select Automatic mode. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. type 5 to select Port Security. This is the default setting.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned. Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. type 4 to select Lock all the ports now. 68 . A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch.

From the Port Menu. type 2 to select Limited security. Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn. Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed. When you activate this security level.Set MAC limit per port 3 . From the Port Security menu.Configure port security limited mode R .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn. type 1 to select Port Menu. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed. type 5 to select Port Security. You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 . the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports. To configure Limited security mode.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 . You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses.Display MAC limit per port 2 . 2. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded. Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table. From the Main Menu.

70 . Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. 12. 13. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. This applies the limit to the port. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. 9.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch. type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode. Type 2 to choose Select a port. 7. 10. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. The range is 1 to 150 addresses. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. type R to select Return to previous menu. 11. repeat Steps 5 through 9.

16. 71 . The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed. Examine the MAC limits. repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. 15. 14. be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu. Limited security has now been configured on the switch. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. Check to be sure that they are correct. If you assigned different values to different ports. If necessary.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks.

speed. port 13 to port 22. router. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. 23. or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. and 24. and 7). or 4 ports. 3. 13. To maintain the order of the port connections. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. 15 for the trunk. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. ports 4. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. For example. and so on. workstation.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. ❑ When cabling a trunk. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. and so on. A port trunk is 2. 6. or another Ethernet switch. 14. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. ❑ The duplex mode. the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. such as a server. Despite the software configuration and physical connections. For example. 3. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. 5. there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. 73 . 22. On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21.

❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch. AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches. The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch. AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 .❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN. A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs. The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. The server is connected to the switch with four data links. Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server.

You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN.Delete Trunk 3 . type 1 to select Port Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. Check to be sure that the settings. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed.Add ports to trunk 2 . Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. 2. Note Before creating a port trunk.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch.Save Configuration Changes R . such as speed and duplex mode. examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk. To create a port trunk. type 3 to select Port Trunking. From the Main Menu. Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure. Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software. are the same for all the ports of the trunk.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 . From the Port Menu.Show port trunking status S . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 .

1. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. To confirm the creation of the port trunk. Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk. Enter new value -> 4.g. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window.g.. You can specify the ports individually (e. Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking.Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7.4) or as a range (e.2.3. 5. 7-10).. Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk. 6. 76 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R . The following prompt is displayed. type 3 to display the status of the trunk.3. 8. The port trunk is ready for network operations.

To confirm the deletion. Type 2 to select Delete trunk. The port trunk is deleted from the switch. From the Port Menu. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. From the Main Menu. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. type 1 to select Port Menu. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. 5. 77 . The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. 4. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. type 3 to select Port Trunking. To delete a port trunk from the switch.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror.

However. 79 . if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports. You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed. the more ports you mirror. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. the mirror port is likely to drop packets. meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports. For example. the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port. For example.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port.

Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. No 3 .Delete ports from mirror 5 .Show Port Mirror Status S . From the Port Menu.... 0 2 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 .Mirroring Port . enter the first port of the range.. If you want to mirror a range or ports.. the port to where the traffic will be copied)..CPU Attached .. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed.. To mirror a range of ports. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. 5. From the Main Menu.. perform the following procedure: 1. To mirror the traffic of only one port. The following prompt is displayed. 80 ..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3. enter the last port in the range. You can specify only one mirror port. Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror.Save Configuration Changes R .Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror. 2. Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7. Press Return.. enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step.Add ports to mirror 4 . Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6. Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored.. The following prompt is displayed... type 2 to select Port Mirroring. type 1 to select Port Menu. The following prompt is displayed.

The port mirror is now functional. To confirm the creation of the port mirror. Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. 10. type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status. 81 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 9. The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored.

Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Enter 0 and press Return. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. From the Main Menu. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. From the Port Menu. 5. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. 2.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror. 82 . The following prompt is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. type 1 to select Port Menu.

refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802.Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol. ISO/IEC 10038: 1993.1D. 83 .

but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. exist in the network topology. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link. and sometimes its MAC address. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. 84 . The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number. as specified in the IEEE 802.Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles.1D standard. leaving only one main active path. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. Where multiple paths exist. of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. By adjusting the value. also referred to as the bridge identifier. either planned or unplanned. referred to as broadcast storms.

If two paths have the same port cost. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state. Below are the default values. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. If redundant paths exist.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. where all ports have a port cost of 0. the preferred path is selected through port priority. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. the lower the port cost. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. active path. Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. blocking mode. 85 . Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. The faster the port. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. if one is found.

The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. listening and learning. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. a temporary data loop could occur.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. When a bridge is brought on-line. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. However. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. 86 . a change in a port state is not activated immediately. or addition of any active components. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. and if not. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. the active topology also changes. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. removal. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. For large networks. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. before it begins to forward frames. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. Consequently. especially if it is a large network. you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. with the size of your network being a primary factor. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. For small networks. and that could adversely impact network performance. The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain.

. Bridge Hello Time .. Bridge Max Age . Bridge Forwarding . The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed.. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. The parameters are described below.. 1.. Bridge Identifier .Reset STP to Defaults R . Bridge Priority . 87 ....Display STP Port Settings 9 . If you enable STP. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable .. Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. The default setting is disabled... You should consult the IEEE 802...Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch. Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 ...AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2..1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network... From the Main Menu.. 1 .Config STP Port Settings 8 .. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks.

4 . All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. if you use the default 20. 3 .Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. 6 . The default is 20 seconds. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. 3. When a root bridge goes off-line. 5 .Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. The default is 15 seconds. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds.Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge.535.Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. After you have made the desired changes. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. For example. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. 88 . The default is 2 seconds. with 0 being the highest priority. The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed.Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. resulting in network loops. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. for example. If the bridge transitions too soon.

To configure just one port.. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4... From the Spanning Tree menu. 1 . Path Cost . To configure a range of ports. Bridge Hello Time .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters. Root Bridge .. perform the following procedure: 1. The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed. To configure a range of ports.. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. The parameters are described below..Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating . From the Main Menu... Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R . The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3.. enter the last port of the range. type 7 to select Config STP port settings.. Port Priority ........ enter the first port of the range.. This value cannot be changed.. Enter the number of the port you want to configure.. enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step.... Adjust the settings as desired.. 89 ...

Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . To change this value. This value cannot be changed from this window. The range is 1 to 65535. refer to the previous procedure.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed. The default value for priority is 128. The range is 0-255. The default is 2 seconds. 4 .Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge. 90 .Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN. 10 for a 100 Mbps port. 3 . The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port.Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain. 5 . and 4 for a 1 Gbps port.

modifying. It also contains the procedures for creating. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 . and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session. This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode.Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs).

Before the advent of VLANs. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. 92 . It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. With VLANs. For example. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN. The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. For example. This too can improve overall network performance. Additionally. logical LAN segments. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company. such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. if an employee changed departments.

AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. a virtual LAN can span more than one switch. 93 . This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location. VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections. or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another. Additionally. you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software.

A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. Examples include Sales. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. you must give it a name. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN. A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. or just a few ports. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. 94 . and Engineering. Production. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). called the Default VLAN. such as a router or Layer 3 switch.

The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership. all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID.AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. For example. In this manner. 95 . Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). Additionally. Consequently. unique VLAN. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID. You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. Untagged Ports Naturally. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. If you allow the management software to do it automatically. The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch. you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. This is acceptable when you are creating a new. rather than by a port’s PVID. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. it will simply select the next available VID. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN.

❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member. 96 . However. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID. Consequently. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID. General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID. the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically.

For example. ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN. A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs. 97 . such as servers and printers.AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. across multiple VLANs. many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches. a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN. ❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network.

4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9. Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs. A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN. 98 .13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 .) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN . (For purposes of the following examples.24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID. You assign this number when you create a VLAN. the Default VLAN is not shown.Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. Engineering. The ports have been assigned PVID values. 11 . and Production VLANs on the switch.

AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example. The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN. each VLAN has one port connected to the router. In this example. two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch. Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN .Example 2 99 .

14. 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13. The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch.24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 . 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . Engineering. it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router. This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN. it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN. ❑ Production VLAN .This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN. However. ❑ Engineering VLAN . Since this VLAN spans multiple switches. 100 . This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4. This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch. This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN. It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch.6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN .11. and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 .This VLAN spans both switches.This is the final VLAN in the example. Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch. 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 .6.

When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. A tag. This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. For example. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame. referred to as a tagged frame. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port. The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time. the frame will be discarded. The IEEE 802. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802. Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802. This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94.3ac standard). 101 . the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership. If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN.1Q-compliant. This contrasts to a port-based VLAN. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port.

The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. In the case of a tagged VLAN. and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. But actually there is. simultaneously. the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. Otherwise. there would seem to be no need for a PVID. But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. a frame without any tagged information).Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN. The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. An untagged port. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN. 102 . can be in only one VLAN at a time. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. However. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports.

each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID. If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time.AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN. ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs. 103 . ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS. ❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID.

Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.1Q-based products.1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802.

each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated.1Q-compliant server. One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. when received by the switch. It is connected to an IEEE 802. 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. 20 (PVID 3) 8. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. 105 . But with tagged ports. They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. data separation and security remain. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. The tagged frames. 18 (PVID 2) 8. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. while still maintaining data separation and security.

Packets are passed through the switch unchanged. is ignored. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. All VLAN information. ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. but the VLANs are not used. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered. either tagged or untagged.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames. 106 .

The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed.Virtual LAN Support 2 . 107 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S . type 1 to select Create a VLAN. From the Main Menu. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.Port VLANs & Priorities R . From the VLAN Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 . perform the following procedure: 1. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.Save Configuration Changes R .Virtual LAN Definitions 3 .

The name can be from one to ten characters in length. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example..... VLAN ID (VID) .. 0 Tagged Ports .. Mirroring Port ..Create VLAN R .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name ... Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN... 108 ...Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4.. 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) ... The name can contain spaces. If the VLAN will be unique in your network.. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches....Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed......... If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches... such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value. Sales or Accounting)... 5. For example. but not special characters..... Untagged Ports ... The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. then the name should be unique as well. If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch. The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value. C . then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. then its VID must also be unique...

7-9). leave this field empty.) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature.. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port. If the VLAN will contain tagged ports. 12..AT-S39 User’s Guide 6.g. 2.5).Press any key to continue. or both (e. type 6 and Y for yes.. 2. 10.(If you do not to activate this feature. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN.g. 14.5. If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports. Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN.3. 2. You can specify the ports individually (e. You can specify the ports individually (e. either do not select this option or select it and type N for no. or both (e.5. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted. Press any key.7-9) 7.7-9). To verify that the VLAN was created correctly. 11. 9. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79.5).g.g. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. 13. you will see the following message: SUCCESS . as a range (e.. type 4 to select Show All VLANs. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. 7-9).. this parameter should be left with its default value of 0..g. leave this field empty. For more information on port mirroring. 2. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch.g. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports. you can analyze the VLAN traffic. Note In most cases. 8. A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored. as a range (e.3. Type C to select Create VLAN. 109 .

Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15. if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. For example. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time. the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN. Note When you create a new VLAN. You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs. 110 .

To create the example Sales VLAN. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. 111 . The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. Ports 1 to 4. 3. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”. 7. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 5. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. perform the following procedure: 1. 9. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. This is the VID value for the new VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. 4. From the Main Menu. Type C to select Create VLAN. press any key. 8. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. 2. From the VLAN Menu. 6. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. Press Return. The new Sales VLAN has now been created.

It will consist of three untagged ports. From the VLAN Menu. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. 8. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. Ports 8 and 16. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.16”. Type C to select Create VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. and 12. 7. From the Main Menu. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created. 6. Press Return. 4. 20”. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. 5. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. Ports 9. 112 . Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104. perform the following procedure: 1. To create the example Engineering VLAN. 2. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. 9. and two untagged ports. 3.11. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. press any key. 11.10. 10.

The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed. 2.Press any key to continue.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4. 3.. refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107. This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify.. 113 . perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.VLAN ID (VID) . For a description of the parameters. 6.. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 7. After making the desired changes. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. Change the VLAN’s information as desired... Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed. To modify a VLAN. type M to select Modify VLAN. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115.. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. type 2 to select Modify a VLAN. R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 . The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS .. From the VLAN Menu.

Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 114 . 11. 9. 10. 8.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. The VLAN has been modified. Press any key. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.

From the VLAN Menu.9 U: 1-6 T: 7. 2. 3. Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7. type 4 to select View All VLANs. The Show All VLANs window is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R . VID numbers.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 . perform the following procedure: 1. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. From the Main Menu. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.9 U: 8.

R . To delete a VLAN. 2. 3. type 3 to select Delete a VLAN. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115.. 6. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed. The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed. From the VLAN Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. type D. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 . To obtain a VLAN’s VID.. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions..Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4.VLAN ID (VID) . 116 . The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. A confirmation prompt is displayed. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN.. To delete the VLAN. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.. which has a VID of 1. Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN.. From the Main Menu..

Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 9.AT-S39 User’s Guide 7. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs. The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS .Press any key to continue. both tagged and untagged. are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. All ports in the deleted VLAN. The VLAN has been deleted. 8. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 10. 117 .

To delete all VLANs on a switch. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. 3. To delete selected VLANs. 118 . except the Default VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. 5. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Press Return. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. A confirmation message is displayed. on a switch. From the Main Menu. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. 4. perform the following procedure: 1. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. From the VLAN Menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. 2.

From the VLAN Menu. 119 . For example. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. From the Main Menu. Type 1 to select Port Number. To change a PVID for a port. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. perform the following procedure: 1. Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change. Press Return. 2. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 . then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN.Port Number R . The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed.

Press any key to continue.. Override Priority (Y/N) . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.. Return to the Main Menu.....Update Changes to Chip C ..... 9..Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed.. You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5.... 120 ... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number . Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID... Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High .Accept changes & update flash R . The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS . 1 1 0 N U .......... Press Return. The port now has a new PVID... 7..... Specify the new PVID value for the port. Port VLAN ID .. 8...... Type U to select Update Changes to Chip.. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6...

Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. 4. B-Basic): 3. The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged. The default is Tagged mode. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. From the Main Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 2. Press Return. 121 . Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs. 5. Type 3 to select Switch Mode. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode.

Accept changes & update flash R . It sets a switch’s VLAN mode. the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. perform the following procedure: 1. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 . From the VLAN Menu. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed.Enable VLANs Globally D . type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3. The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering. ingress filtering is disabled. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E . To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. 2. If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure. When VLANs are enabled. When VLANs are disabled.Disable VLANs Globally R .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed. Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs. Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering. From the Main Menu.Enable/Disable VLANs 2 .Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C .

123 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode. 5. A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch. 4. 6.

If they belong to different VLANs. Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. For further information. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. If there is. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. the frame is discarded. Once the tagged frame is received. the port discards the frame. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. tagged or untagged. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. If they belong to the same VLAN. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. In this case. the switch discards the frame. Here is an example. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. the port accepts the frame. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. Fortunately. or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. 124 . nor to any frames. just as a reminder. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. the port accepts the frame. First.

Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D . The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis. 125 . A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch. To enable or disable ingress filtering. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3. Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame. 2. In most cases. perform the following procedure: 1. From the VLAN Menu. From the Virtual LAN Support menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E .AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets. Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. From the Main Menu. regardless of the status of ingress filtering. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. and that is the priority tag. Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5. 4. which is the default. You cannot set this per port. Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags.Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R .

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table.

For example. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. When the switch receives a packet. along with the port number on which each address was learned. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. it also examines the destination address and. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. 127 . Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch. by referring to its MAC address table. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. and the port number where each address was learned. When the destination node responds. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. determines the port where the destination node is connected.

The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table. The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports. refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted. 128 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process. The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses. once entered in the table. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes). even when the end node is inactive. This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. even when the end node is inactive. For instructions on changing the aging timer. The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. A static MAC address. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active.

perform the following procedure: 1. type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses. One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses. From the Main Menu. The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed. The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed. To display the MAC address table. 3. type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports. just the base ports. To display only static MAC addresses. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R . type 6 to select MAC Address Tables.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2. To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. 129 .

Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses.Accept changes & update flash U . This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses.Update Display R . The columns in the window are defined below. Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. The static MAC address window is exactly the same. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. 130 .”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N . MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only. which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed.

Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. As an example. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. This feature is not supported at this time. Another example is “000020F. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. except for the switch’s MAC address. Type The MAC address type. The type can be either static or dynamic. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. 131 .

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. From the MAC Address Table menu. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3. From the Main Menu. 1. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port. 2. The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port. 132 . Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return. type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu.

finding the address could prove difficult. or to which the address was assigned. But if the switch is part of a large network. The procedure in this section offers an easier way. if the address was learned dynamically. 1. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. From the MAC Address Table menu. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. 2. you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned. 133 . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. for a static address. type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. From the Main Menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address.

Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. 2. perform the following procedure. as explained earlier in this chapter. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns. 134 . (This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN. From the MAC Address Table menu. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view. From the Main Menu. 1.) Note To perform this procedure. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. produces the same result.

A confirmation prompt is displayed. From the MAC Address Table menu. type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses. the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. perform the following procedure. 1. Once the table has been purged. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. type 6 to select MAC Address Table.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. If you type Y for yes. From the Main Menu. 2. 135 . the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table. 3. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure.

From the MAC Address Table menu. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 136 . To add a static address to the MAC address table. perform the following procedure: 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses. 5. 2. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. From the Main Menu.

Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table. 137 . From the Main Menu. Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. From the MAC Address Table menu. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. 2. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. type 3 to select Delete MAC Address. 4.

When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time. type 5 to select System Config Menu. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. 138 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. the switch deletes the address. From the Main Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3. Enter a new value in seconds. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes). To adjust the aging time. perform the following procedure: 1. From the System Config Menu. This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active. The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch. 2.

Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .

a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue. 0 to 7. The 802. But with the introduction of time-critical applications.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues. transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality. such as voice transmission or video conferencing. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer.e. low and high. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications.. untagged frames (i. For example. When a tagged packet enters a switch port. but were mostly transparent to network users. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802. File transfer delays did occur.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority. By default.1p and 802. 140 . while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue. CoS was designed to address this problem. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue. network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner.1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest.1Q standards. Prior to CoS. packet transfer delays can prove problematic.

Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. Type 1 to select Port Number. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. From the Main Menu. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. 5. 9. Type 3 to select Priority (0 .7). (Again. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 8. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch. 6. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. 11. From the VLAN Menu. 141 . 2. Press Return. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Return to the Main Menu. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. 3.) 7. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS. The default for this parameter is No. enter a value from 4 to 7. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port. enter a value from 0 to 3. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. perform the following procedure: 1.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port. 10. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch.

A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. it removes the node from appropriate membership list. it simply stops sending reports. it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames.) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. There are two versions of IGMP. 143 . Once the router has received a report from a host node. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. referred to as a time-out value. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. In Version 2. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group. In Version 1. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. the router does not send multicast packets out the port.

a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports. Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups. 144 . except the port on which it received the packet. and by processing leave requests. Note By default. IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2.

Multicast Host Topology . Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate).... 2. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 . The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. From the Main Menu. The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch.. 2 . 3... Host/Router Timeout Interval . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status .IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch... type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. From the System Configuration Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window. Multicast Router Port(s) . type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration.. View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S ..Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. perform the following procedure: 1.Save Configuration Changes R ... Maximum Multicast Groups .... After selecting this option. type E to enable or D to disable this feature.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 ....AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters. type 5 to select System Config Menu....

that is. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port.Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. 3 . The default is 256 multicast addresses. 4 .400 seconds (24 hours). If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval.Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 . If a switch has a mixture of host nodes.Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. The default is 256 multicast groups.Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports. The range is from 1 second to 86. Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. The default is 260 seconds. The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. 5 .

147 .AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Your changes are activated immediately on the switch. 4. Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter. enter “0” (zero) for this parameter. To select Auto Detect. After making the desired changes. or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 2. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. type 5 to select System Config Menu. The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group. From the System Configuration Menu. 148 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U . From the Main Menu. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. 3. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. as well as the host nodes. 4. Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected. From the Advanced Configuration window. perform the following procedure: 1. To display the list.Update Display R .

type 5 to select System Config Menu.Update Display R . From the Advanced Configuration window. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. To display a list of the multicast routers. You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch. The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. 4. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. From the System Configuration Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. Router IP The IP address of the multicast router. From the Main Menu. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. 149 . type 7 to select View Multicast Router List. 3. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window.

Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .

For example. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance.AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. Broadcast frames are different. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. When a node sends out a broadcast frame. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. 151 . For example. In order to use this feature. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. That is. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds.

If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval. the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames. Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch. 152 . At these settings.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example.

Timer for 1000 MB ports . 2.. 100. and 1000 Mbps. or 3 and enter a value when prompted. Type 1... 0 milli sec 3 . From the Main Menu..) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed. 0 micro sec C .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4. From the System Configuration Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.Timer for 10 MB ports .100x 153 . The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps .10x ❑ 100 Mbps .Save Configuration Changes R .. 2.Timer for 100 MB ports . From the Advanced Configuration Menu.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps .. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. type 5 to select System Config Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature. type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed. The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.... You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. 0 milli sec 2 .

Once you have set the desired timer intervals. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. 5. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. The default value is “0” for all timers. Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. 6. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. 154 . type S to select Save Configuration Changes. the management software multiples the value by 10. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed.

5. To configure a range of ports. perform the following procedure: 1. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. enter the first port of the range. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. 2. enter the last port number in the range. 6. To configure only one port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. type 1 to select Port Menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 155 . type 1 to select Port Configuration. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval. To configure a range of ports. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. For example.> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. From the Port Menu. From the Main Menu. Type B to select Broadcast Control. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics.

From the Main Menu. The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed.Clear Module Statistics 3 . type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu. Press Return. 5. Type 1 to choose Select a Port. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 .Display Module Statistics R .Clear Port Statistics 3 .Select a Port 2 . 157 . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2.Display Port Statistics R . The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics. Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view. perform the following procedure: 1. Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics.Port Statistics Menu 2 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3. From the Ethernet Statistics menu.

.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window... RX_UNICAST ........ OVERSIZE . 158 ... CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port............... RX_OVERFLOW ................................. FRAGMENT ....... Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port....................... Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port............... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded...Update Display R ............ UNDERSIZE ..... shown in Figure 48.................. CRC_ERROR .... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port... RX_BRDCAST ............ Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port..... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT .. RX_COUNT .. RX_MLTCAST ....... TX_COUNT ...Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.................... U ................. Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port........ PORT_IN_DISCARDS .

Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. 159 . Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. packets with alignment errors. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port. select the option “2 . but discarded and not forwarded.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”.Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port.

............... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded..... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT ... shown in Figure 48..................... PORT_IN_DISCARDS ...............Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only......... 160 .. CRC_ERROR ..... type 3 to select Display Module Statistics... UNDERSIZE ..... RX_BRDCAST .. RX_OVERFLOW .................... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch.. TX_COUNT ....... OVERSIZE ............ U ..Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch. RX_MLTCAST . type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics................. RX_COUNT .......... From the Ethernet Statistics menu......... FRAGMENT .. RX_UNICAST ...................Update Display R ...... perform the following procedure: 1...... 2.... Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch...... From the Main Menu......... The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window.. Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch...............

Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. 161 . CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch. but discarded and not forwarded. Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. select the option “2 . Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. packets with alignment errors. Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch.Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu.

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

163

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

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The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. 166 . If you are installing a new management image. Do not reboot the switch. the switch automatically resets. a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete. the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed. Begin the file transfer of the new management software image. Once the management software is initialized. Note Do not interrupt the initialization process. Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem.

1. loader file.img 167 . Put . Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149. or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above. The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39. Source file .ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39. Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software. Binary .1 put c:\ats39.img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39. A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT.This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image.35.1.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.1.cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image. you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn. If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host .The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch. This may necessitate renaming the file. tftp -i 149.AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software.The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch.35.

The source file name is “ATS39. Binary . Destination file .35.35. The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host . tftp -i 149.cfg”.The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file.img c:\ats39.1 to local drive C: of the workstation.1. This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically.This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from. Source file . Get .The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation. Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149.img Once the file is stored on a local drive.1. 168 .1 get ats39. Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation. as explained in the previous section. it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.

The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22. IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19. Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18. Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20. Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24. Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23. MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26.

Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser. such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator. 170 .

the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed. 2. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies. 171 . the switch must have an IP address. Additionally. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. To start a web browser management session. as shown in Figure 51. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. For instructions. Start your web browser. enter the user name and password. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. (The password is case-sensitive.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. Consequently. perform the following procedure: 1. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch. To change the password.) The user name cannot be changed. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser. When prompted.

You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows. 172 . Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software. Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus. Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display. You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser. In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites.The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed.

173 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session. select Exit from any AT-S39 management page.

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

If the System menu option is not selected.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. 175 . perform the following procedure: 1. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default. To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. 2. subnet address. refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. From the Home Page. select it and then select the General tab. select Configuration.

Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window.Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example. 176 . 3. The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide. Change the parameters as desired. Sales Ethernet switch).

To create a new password. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). or an SNMP management program. The default password is “admin”. Floor 4.. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length. Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. such as its location (e. Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser. The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. a Telnet utility. Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. click Apply. 177 . 4. Wiring closet 402B).g. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. After you have set the parameters. IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. enter the new password into both fields. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch.

You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session. subnet mask. 178 . or by using the Reset button on the switch. or gateway address. You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session. you must reset the switch to activate your change. If you made a change to the IP address.Section III: Web Browser Management 5.

The Monitoring window is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. select the General tab. select Monitoring. The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed. 3. select System Status. From the Configuration Menu. 2. From the Home page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. If it is not already selected. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 .

refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212. Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging . These values cannot be changed. You cannot change any of the values from this window. These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. If this parameter displays “Tagged. For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session.Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes). Virtual LANs on page 91. which also explains how to change the parameters. refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10. For information about VLANs.” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. ❑ Hash Count . Administration This section contains a variety of information.Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode. General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address. This value cannot be changed. For background information about MAC addresses. ❑ Switch Mode . 180 .Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted. The sections in the window are defined below. If this parameter displays “Basic.Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. including the IP address of the switch and the system name.” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs.

181 . Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. From the Configuration menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. Select the SNMP tab. 3. 2. From the Home page. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. select Configuration. Adjust the parameters as desired. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed. select System. The parameters are described below. perform the following procedure: 1.

Changes are immediately activated on the switch. 5. Click Apply to save your changes to the switch. 182 .Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 .Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed.

184 . 3. The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. From the Configuration page. 2. (To deselect a port. The selected port turns white. select Layer 1. Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4. select Configuration. Select the Port Setting tab. Click Modify. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure.) 5. perform the following procedure: 1. You can select only one port at a time.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch. click it again. From the Home page.

AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed. 185 . If the threshold is reach. For background information on this feature. Both . For instructions on how to set this value.Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port. Receive . any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch.Flow control only on packets being received on the port. An example of the window is shown in Figure 57. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. Flow Control The flow control setting for the port. Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time. The parameters are described below. Adjust the port parameters as desired.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6. Transmit . Possible values are: None .No flow control on the port. refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227.

Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port. Once you have made the desired changes. Default values are listed in Appendix A.Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps .Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . This is the default. ❑ 10Mbps . 186 . Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values. Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames. The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port. The default for this port parameter is enabled. 7.Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. click Apply.Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps .

AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. To display the status or statistics of a switch port. duplex mode. perform the following procedure: 1. Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB. and more. select Layer 1. click it again. From the Home page.) 4. MDI/MDI-X configuration. Click a port. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58. select Monitoring. You can view a port’s operating speed. 187 . You can select only one port at a time. From the Monitoring page. (To deselect a port. Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics. 2. 3. The selected port turns white. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

191

Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session. refer to Port Security Overview on page 65. 192 . Note For background information on port security.Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session.

From the Layer 2 page. 2. From the Configuration page. Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 . perform the following procedure: 1. select Layer 2. From the Home page. 3. select Monitoring.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. The current security level is displayed. select the Port Security tab.

Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session. 194 . Note For background information on port trunking. refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73.

Loops can result in broadcast storms. the ports of the trunk will be white. Select the Port Trunking tab. From the Configuration page. From the Home page. 195 . select Layer 1. which can adversely effect the operations of your network. If you are deleting a port trunk. all ports in the switch image will be black. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. 2. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. If there is a port trunk. select Configuration. which can produce broadcast storms. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk. To create or delete a port trunk. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. 3. Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology.

b. A selected port changes to white. click Remove. 3. The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. Click Apply.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. To delete a port trunk. 5. or 4 ports. You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. 196 . To create a port trunk. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch. do the following: a. An unselected port is black. A port trunk can contain 2. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk.

refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79.Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror. 197 . Note For background information on port mirroring.

5. The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. select Layer 1. Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4. do the following: a. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. From the Home page.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch. 198 . From the Configuration page. To create a port mirror. c. Select the Port Mirroring tab. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. b. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. 3. Click Apply. select Configuration. To delete an existing port mirror.

199 .AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted. The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations.

refer to STP Overview on page 84. 200 . Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session.Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP. Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session.

the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. From the Home page. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window . The parameters are described below. 3. select Configuration.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters.Configuration 4. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. select the Spanning Tree tab.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. 201 . From the Configuration menu. From the Layer 2 window. To configure a bridge’s STP parameters. perform the following procedure: 1. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. 2. You should consult the IEEE 802. If you enable STP. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. select Layer 2.

Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. The default is 15 seconds. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. This value cannot be changed. if you use the default 20. The default is 2 seconds. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. for example. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. For example. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. with 0 being the highest priority. 202 . After you have made the desired changes. The default is 20 seconds. click Apply. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. When a root bridge goes off-line. 5. If the bridge transitions too soon. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. The default setting is disabled.535. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. possibly resulting in a network loop. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch.

perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window . From the Home page. From the Layer 2 page. To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters. select the Spanning Tree tab. refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201. 2.Monitoring 203 . The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed. select Monitoring. select Layer 2. 3. From the Monitoring menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.

This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 . Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode. refer to Chapter 10. Virtual LANs. and delete VLANs from a web browser management session. This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode.Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. modify.

3. select Configuration. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. select Layer 2. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 . The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed. From the Configuration menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. From the Layer 2 window. From the Home page. select the VLAN tab.

Click Add. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. Sales or Accounting). The name can contain spaces but not special characters. the name should be unique as well. Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. 6. its VID must be unique as well.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example. 206 . The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. The name can be from one to 10 characters in length. Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches.

If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. In most cases. For example. or a tagged port. The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. Click Apply. Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. 9. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. This value disables port mirroring. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. its VID value should be the same on each switch. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. 207 . To select ports for the VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. 7. 8. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. 10. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. Note For background information on port mirroring. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. click Send to CPU.

208 . The VLAN is now ready for network operations.Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment.

Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. perform the following procedure: 1. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. click Apply.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. select the VLAN tab. 5. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. select Layer 2. From the Configuration menu. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure. they are returned to the Default VLAN. From the Home page. From the Layer 2 window. 6. After making the desired changes. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. select Configuration. 7. 2. Creating a VLAN. 3. 4. Click Modify. 209 . The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations.

4. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. 5. 2. From the Configuration menu. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete.Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. Click Remove. 3. select Configuration. From the Home page. select Layer 2. 210 . The VLAN is deleted from the switch. select the VLAN tab. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. From the Layer 2 window. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports.

select Layer 2. 3. select the VLAN tab. From the Layer 2 page. select Monitoring. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. From the Monitoring page. perform the following procedure: 1. The management software displays the window in Figure 68.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . 2. From the Home page.

From the Configuration menu. which is the default. click either Tagged or Basic. Note Refer to Chapter 10. select Configuration. Select the General tab. 5. In the Switch Mode section of the window. perform the following procedure: 1. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. From the Home Page. choose System. 3. 2. If you select Tagged. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs. Virtual LANs. Reset the switch. 4.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. To set the switch’s VLAN mode. 212 . If you select Basic.

There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. 2. From the Configuration page. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. To deselect a port. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. click it again. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. 3. From the Home page. Click Apply. 4. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. To change a PVID for a port. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. You can select only one port at a time. 5. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 . The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. A selected port turns white. select Configuration. select CoS. select Layer 2. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. For example. From the Layer 2 page.

Section III: Web Browser Management 6. The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch. 7. 214 . Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26. The new value is immediately activated on the port. Click Apply. Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port. Class of Service on page 219.

This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table. 215 . refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch.

perform the following procedure: 1. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. 3.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. select the Forwarding Database tab. From the Home page. select Layer 2. 2. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table. From the Layer 2 page. select Monitoring. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session. For instructions. The options are described below. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. 216 . You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses. From the Monitoring page. The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed.

The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. click View. Once you have configured the options.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. As an example. You specify the VLAN by its VID. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. 4. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. 217 . Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. Another example is “000020F. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. The port numbering scheme is from right to left. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned.

Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. 218 . This feature is not supported at this time. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. except for the switch’s MAC address. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. The type can be either static or dynamic. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. Type The MAC address type.

Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS. refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS. 219 .

) 5. it does not matter which of these levels you select. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. (Again. You can select only one port at a time.) 7. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. (To deselect a port. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. A selected port turns white. 2. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. The default for this parameter is No. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. 6. Click Modify. select Configuration. Click the port where you want to configure CoS. select Layer 2. From the Home page. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. Click Apply. 4. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed. click it again. 220 . perform the following procedure: 1. click the Override Priority option.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. 8. From the Configuration page. 3. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. From the Layer 2 page. select the CoS tab.

refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143.Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch. 221 . Note For background information on this feature.

Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. select Configuration. Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. From the Home page. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port). Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. 3. Select the IGMP tab. perform the following procedure: 1. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. From the Configuration menu. 2.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. 222 . The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. select System.

The default is 256 multicast groups. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. The range is from 1 second to 86. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes.400 seconds (24 hours). You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 . Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. The default is 260 seconds. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. that is. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active.

Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. The default is 256 multicast addresses. A white port indicates a multicast router port. or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses.Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect. 224 .

refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151.Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch. 225 . Note For background information on this feature.

the management software multiples the value by 10. If they are not already selected.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. and 1000 Mbps. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . 2. You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. 100. 3. Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. click Apply.100x For example. 226 . To specify an interval timer. The default value is “0” for all timers. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept. After you have entered your values. select Configuration. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. 4. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab. select them now.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps .10x ❑ 100 Mbps . The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page. enter values for the three interval timers.

7. When you open the Layer 1 page. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. In the graphical switch image. 3. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. 5. If it is not selected. perform the following procedure: 1. select Configuration. 6. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames. From the Configuration page. To deselect a port. As an example. click it again. The port will accept all broadcast frames. You can select only one port at a time. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. 4. 227 . Click Modify. The selected port turns white. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. Click Apply. 2. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. select it now. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. select Layer 1. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. From the Home page.

0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 .0.0.0.0 0. Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.0.255.Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.0 255.0.

) 229 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.1 and above only.

47 setting switch status. 37 BPDU. 88 G gateway address. 202 bridge identifier. 84. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 88. 88. 106 setting. 128 AT-S39 default settings. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. 45 Auto-Negotiation. 35. 141. 60. 227 browser tools. 88. 177 H hello time. 27. used in this guide. 11 D default values. 41. AT-S39. 155. 88. 43 conventions. 212 BOOTP activating. 60. configuring. 220 defined. 52 defined. 225 defined. 86. 47 guidelines. 37 defined. 37 defined.Index A aging time changing. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 202 bridge hello time parameter. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. 163 AT-S39 version number. 150. 50 F flow control. 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. 41. 228 DHCP activating. 84. 185 forwarding delay. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. 202 bridge priority. 37 releasing IP address. 86. 36 documentation. 202 bridge max age parameter. 138 defined. 172 C Class of Service configuring. 167 obtaining. 140 console timeout. 121. 164 downloading via TFTP. 90 host nodes 230 .

default settings. 210 displaying. 149 P password changing. 29. maximum. 118 deleting. 222 defined. 80. 55. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 181 SNMP management session. 32. 60 multicast groups. 171 port configuring parameters. 102 port-based VLAN creating. switch. 113. 151 L limited security mode configuring. 198 port security configuring. 226 defined. 173 R resetting a switch. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. switch. 177 interval timer configuring. 73 deleting. 143 displaying. 25 S Secure level. 28 Telnet session. 216 MAC address. 145. 59. 222 231 . 198 defined. 195 guidelines. 79 deleting. 90 PVID. 50 SNMP community strings. 153. 42 root bridge. 223 multicast router. 94 deleting all.AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 186 displaying status. 213 defined. 82. 67 defined. 148 host/router timeout interval. 24 M MAC address table. displaying. 59. 21 master switch defined. 65 local management session defined. 126. 50 returning to. 211 modifying. 66 serial number. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). 107. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. 39.1d standard. 223 I IEEE 802. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 85 setting. 193 port statistics. 35. 205 defined. 87. defined. 157 port trunking creating. 45 slave switch. 146. 30 web browser session. 95. 116. 26. 187 speed. 21 snoop topology. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 65 displaying. 77. 75. 18 quitting. 84 RS232 port. 69 defined. 190 port cost defined. 90 port mirroring creating. 195 defined. 111. 186 statistics. 184 disable. 58. 145. 143 ingress filtering. 177 default. 209 priority queues. 140 priority. 28 starting. port security. 119. 146. 35. 115.

112. 116. 29 TFTP. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. 101 deleting all. 35. 118 deleting. 210 disabling. 24 Telnet. 210 displaying. default. AT-S39. 94 tagged. 173 starting. 20 quitting. 116. 157. 211 enabling. 209 port-based. 108 VLAN identifier. 160 STP. 171 V version number. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. 205 defined. 90 viewing bridge parameters. 87. 19 quitting. 50 user name. 94. 160 system name. 89 defined. 171 232 . 101 VLAN identifier (VID). 107. 190 switch. 203 starting session local. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 177 switch statistics. 29 web browser. 129 statistics port. 212 modifying. 111. 122 displaying. changing. 45 virtual LAN creating. 209 Telnet management session defined. 30 starting. defined. 205 defined. 112. 115. 206 VLAN. 35. 137 displaying. 211 modifying. 85. downloading software updates. 164 downloading via TFTP. 201 configuring port parameters. 92 deleting all. 118 deleting.Index software updates downloading from a local session. 113. 167 obtaining. 122 mode. 107. 115. 84 port cost. 43 limitations. defined. 167 U unavailable status. 121. defined. 171 static MAC address adding. 113. 136 deleting.

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