Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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............................................................................................................ 112 Modifying a VLAN ............................................................................................................................................ 99 Tagged VLAN Overview ............................................................... 156 Displaying Port Statistics ............................................................................................................................................94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN ................................................................. 157 Displaying Switch Statistics ............................. 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN ......................... 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN ...... 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 113 Displaying VLAN Information ...................................................... 142 IGMP Snooping Overview ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 137 Changing the Aging Time ...................................................................................................... 126 MAC Address Overview ........................................................................................................................................................... 103 Tagged VLAN Example .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs ............................................................................................................................................................ 115 Deleting a VLAN ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address .................... 143 Activating IGMP Snooping ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count ............................................................................................................................................................................ 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering ......................................................................... 127 Displaying MAC Addresses .............................................................................................................................. 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN ...92 Port-based VLAN Overview ................................................................................... 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port ...................................................................................................................................... 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table ................................................................................................................. 118 Changing a PVID Value ......................... 151 Configuring the Interval Timer ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control ............................................... 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs ...................................................................................................................................... 139 Class of Service Overview .................................................................................................... 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses ........................................... 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers ...... 98 Port-based Example 2.................................................................................................... 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 140 Configuring CoS ............................................. 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs .................................................................................. 97 Port-based Example 1.................................................................................................................................................................................. 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses ............................................................................................................................................................................. 116 Deleting All VLANs ................................................................................................................................91 VLAN Overview ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN ....................................................................................... 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses .......... 160 5 ..........................................................................................

............... 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session ............................................................................... 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ...........................................................................205 Modifying a VLAN ...............................................................................................................................................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP .....................................................................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................162 Obtaining Software Updates ..............................213 6 .Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................167 Example.........................................................................................................................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session ...............................................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk ..............................................................................................................................................211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode ..................................................................................................................................................................171 Browser Tools............................................................................................................................................................................195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring ...........................................................................................................................................203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs ...................................................................................................................................................................................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror ...........................................................................................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters .........................................................................................................................................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session .................................................................................................183 Configuring Port Parameters ....................................................................................... 167 Uploading a Configuration File ............................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ..................................................................................... 168 Section III Web Browser Management .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics .........................................................................................................................................................175 Viewing System Information ...............................................................................................................................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses ................................................................................................................168 Example.........................212 Changing a PVID ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters .....................................................................................................................................192 Displaying the Port Security Level ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................209 Deleting a VLAN ....................................................................................................................................................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks ..................................................................................................................174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name .................................................................................................210 Displaying VLANs ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................204 Creating a VLAN .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................................................................... 230 7 ........................................................................... 219 Configuring CoS ................................ 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping ............................... 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control .............................................................. 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service ................................................................. 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings ........................................................................................ 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping .................... 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 225 Configuring the Interval Timer ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 228 Index .........................................................................................................................................................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

..................................... 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window ............. 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN ............................................................................................................. 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu .............................................................. 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 122 8 ........................................................................................................................... 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu ................................................... 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ............. 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window ......................................................................................................... 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu ..................................................... 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu ................................................................................................ 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 25 Figure 2: Main Menu ...................................................................................................... 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window ................................................................................................................................... 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example .............. 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu ......................................................................................... 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Example 2 .............................................................................. 52 Figure 11: Port Menu .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu ..................... 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window .................................................................................................................................................. 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu ....................... 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu ............................................................ 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu ...............................................................................................List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port .................................................................. 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window ....................................................................................................................................... 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ... 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu .................................................................................................................................................. 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window ..... 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN ................................................................................................... 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN .......................................... 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window ............................ 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window ............................ 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window ... 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Example 1 ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu ........................................................................

................................. Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window .................................. Figure 68: VLAN Window .................................................................... Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 53: General Tab ................................................. Figure 61: Port Security Menu .................................................... Figure 55: SNMP Tab .............................................. Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 57: Settings for Port Window .................................................................................................................................................... Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window ........................................................................................................................................................................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ......... 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 .................................................................................................... Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window ............................................................................................... Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu ........................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 52: Home Page ........................ Figure 69: CoS Setting Window ............................................... Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window ................................................................................................................................... Figure 60: Port Statistics Window .............................. Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window ...................................................................................................................... Figure 62: Port Trunking Window ..................................................................... Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page .............. Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu ............................................................... Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab .................................................................................................................Configuration ............................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 54: General Tab Window ........................................................................................... Figure 66: VLAN Window ................................................... Figure 71: IGMP Tab ........................................................................... Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window ............... Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 59: Port Status Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 67: Add VLAN Window .............................................. Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window ...............................Monitoring .................................................................................. Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window ..............................................................................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password.alliedtelesyn.com.Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products. 14 .alliedtelesyn.com or our FTP server at ftp. You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www. To use the FTP server.

Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software. It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. 15 .

Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters. Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A. then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. as explained in the hardware installation guide.Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. and powering ON the device. The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters. If this is true for your network. 16 . You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches.

It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser. such as to change or adjust its operating parameters.AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. 17 . They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session. you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software. The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use. The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide. There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch.

Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session. you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch. Once the session is started. using a straight-through RS-232 cable. 18 . refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located. This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch. Note For instructions on starting a local management session.

Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session. 19 . refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. which include the enhanced stacking feature. If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. With AT-8024GB switches. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session. Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters.

You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session. This too is a type of remote management. There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session. ❑ DHCP and BOOTP .You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session. that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address. every AT-8024GB switch. as well as every AT-8024 switch. ❑ Port security level . refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171. 20 . just like a Telnet management session.Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch.You can view but not set the port security level of a switch. Consequently. They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking . Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session. because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch.

Consequently. Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program. you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program. For instructions.AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program. 21 . refer to your SNMP management documentation.

The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session.

Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .

You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. usually within a few meters. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch. Note For information on enhanced stacking. This can simplify network management. This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. Additionally. to start this type of management session. you can manage just that switch. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch. 24 . refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. you must go to where that switch is located. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch.

see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 . POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200. Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch.

The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset. enter the password for the management software.) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal. the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps). simply type boot and press Return to start the switch.1 and above. The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly. 5. the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt. This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only. (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1. Press the Return key twice. You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch.) 4.Save Configuration Changes R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S . Note During boot up. If prompted for a password. (The password is case-sensitive. The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal.Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 . Otherwise. or an equivalent terminal emulator program. (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>).) The Main Menu is displayed. The default is “admin”.

you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet. Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu. Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. type the corresponding letter or number. Enhanced Stacking on page 46. Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. refer to Chapter 4. 27 . It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located. For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session.AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item.

28 . Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously. return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit. You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch. This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session. Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions.

type R or press ESC twice. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch. such as with a local management session. To make a selection. The default password is “admin”. The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. In terms of functionally. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. Enter the management software password when prompted. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. as shown in Figure 2 on page 26. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. Additionally. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. To return to a previous menu. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. 29 . An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely. type its corresponding number of letter. The menus also function the same. Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. Note For background information on enhanced stacking.

30 .Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session. type Q for Quit from the Main Menu.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 . and more. There are also procedures for resetting the switch. There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it.Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures. activating the original switch default settings.

The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address. subnet mask. This feature has two primary benefits. 32 . Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. all from the same management session. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. a web browser. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. First. This switch will be the Master switch of the stack. you must assign at least one of them an IP address. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking.) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. You do not need to assign an IP address. You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. Second. (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. you must also assign it a subnet mask.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses.

Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. switches on your network need an IP address. you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet. 33 . The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which.AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. You can do this two different ways. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure. If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. if any.

...0..Release DHCP IP Address S . and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session. The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed.) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch...Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L ...Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42.255. To manually set a switch’s IP address. such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch...Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 . The selection X ...Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address... along with other optional information...0... 255... From the Main Menu..0.0.... Comments .. (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network. 9 ....Reset Switch X ...Save Configuration Changes R ... Administrator ...Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 .. 0. go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37... subnet mask.... 0.0 System Name .0.0 Default Gateway . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address . type 4 to select Administration Menu.. Change Password . perform the following procedure: 1...0 Subnet Mask .

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. type 3 to select SNMP Configuration. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R . From the System Configuration Menu. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. 39 . From the Advanced Configuration window. From the Main Menu.

.. ...... Adjust the parameters as desired. ... when prompted. 4 .. 40 ..... To change a value.....0..... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 ......0.........Save Configuration Changes R .GET Community . 0.Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings... 5.Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch..Trap Community ..0...Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4....... private 3 .Trap Receiver 3 7 ....0. Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch.0 0.0 0...... type S to select Save Configuration Changes..Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed...0. public 2 .0. After making your changes..0..SET Community 3. enter the new value. type its corresponding number and...0 0.. The parameters are described below.GET Community 2 ...SET Community . .Trap Receiver 1 5 .. 1 .Trap Receiver 2 6 ..0 S .......0........ public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 ...

The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. From the System Configuration Menu. 2. the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. From the Main Menu. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. 4. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings. 41 . Type Y for yes or N for no.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults. Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. Type Y to reset the switch. You are prompted to reset the switch. If you type Y for yes. type 5 to select System Config Menu.

From the Main Menu. type 9 to select Reset Switch. The switch immediately reloads its operating system. a task requiring only a second or two to complete.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. type 4 to select Administrator Menu. Some data traffic may be lost. 2. Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software. 42 . perform the following procedure: 1. From the Administrator Menu.

❑ Web Access . type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and. ❑ Console Timeout . 43 .This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. type E to enable web access or D to disable web access. 2. 3. The default password is “admin”. (The password is case-sensitive. when prompted. For instructions on how to set this security feature. perform the following procedure: 1. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password. These security features are: ❑ Password . if you specify 2 minutes. and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser. To configure the console timer. when prompted. From the Main Menu. perform the procedure below.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software. type 5 to select System Config Menu. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. For example. The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes. type 6 to select Web Server Access and. To configure web browser access.The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch. For instructions on how to set this security feature. the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. perform the procedure below.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34.

After you have made the desired changes. if you disable web access. type S to select Save Configuration Changes.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. 44 . no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. 4.

..AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information...32... 45 . Serial Number ...3 ATI_LOADER1......... MAC Address ....D2..A0.. type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version ..........00 R .17.......1 5456411 00. AT-S39 v1.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed. Bootloader Version ..... The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed.

46 . The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch.Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch.

It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. You simply connect it to your network. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master. Once connected to the network. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. such as for maintenance. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. That way. you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. should you remove a master switch from the network. If your network consists of more than one subnet. 47 . you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet. there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack.

you must assign each master switch a unique IP address. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. 48 . 3. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack. referred to as slave switches. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. do not. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask. Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session.

18 Master 2 IP Address 149.32.11.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router.32.09. you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet. 49 . Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches.09.16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149. and each has been assigned a unique IP address.32.32. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149.11.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet.22 Master 2 IP Address 149. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet.

Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch . or unavailable. A switch with this designation can be managed locally. You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch. Note The default setting for a switch is Slave. From the Main Menu. a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address. To be managed remotely. ❑ Slave switch . To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status.A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch. It does not need an IP address or subnet mask. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 .A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet. you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet. The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed. Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack... Master 2 .Save Configuration Changes R . type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. slave switch.Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable..A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch. ❑ Unavailable . perform the following procedure: 1.Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 . A master switch must have a unique IP address.Enhanced Stacking Services S .

Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 2. The following prompt is displayed.Switch State. Note The “2 .” For example. Press Return. 4. Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3. Type M to change the switch to a master switch. type 1 to select Switch State. S to make it a slave switch. or U to make the switch unavailable.Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches. the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 . 51 . A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch. To change a switch’s status.

When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet. you are by default addressing that particular switch. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services.Access Switch R . then it is very easy. The window in Figure 10 is displayed. The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window. From the Enhanced Stacking window. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch. To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet. perform the following procedure: 1. The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch. If you assigned system names to your switches.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 .Get/Refresh List of Switches A . To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack. From the Main Menu. you need to select it from the management software. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. 2.

Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. Enter the switch’s password and press Return.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. The default password is “admin”. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password. Type A to select Access Switch. Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches. 6. This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. The password is case-sensitive. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session. Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. Once you see that window. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. 53 . if you want to manage the Master switch. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice. You now can manage the selected switch. return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit. 4.

Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .

From the Main Menu. type 4 to select Port Status.Accept changes & update flash R . From the Port Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch. The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. 55 .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C . type 1 to select Port Menu.

Next Page U . Possible values are: Up .Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Auto . 56 .Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually.indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N . Figure 12 is an example of the window.Update Display R . Down .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed. The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number.indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. Manual .

The port has been manually disabled. Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. Possible values are: Forwarding . Receive .10 Mbps 100 . Flow The flow control setting for the port. Transmit .The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames.AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port. Spd The operating speed of the port.100 Mbps 1000 . Both . Possible values are: 10 .1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port. Disabled .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. State The current operating status of the port.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port.No flow control on the port.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. Possible values are: None . This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member. 57 . Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X.

. enter the first port of the range.. From the Main Menu.. Flow Control .. To configure a range of ports..No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 ....... Advertise 10HDX . Advertise 100FDX . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status . 2.......Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed.... type 1 to select Port Menu. Negotiation . Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return.. To configure only one port. To configure a range of ports. type 1 to select Port Configuration.. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. MDI/MDIX Mode . The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. enter the last port number in the range.. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Port Menu.. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return......... Advertise 10FDX .... Advertise 100HDX .......... Broadcast Control .. Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 ......

The possible settings for the 2 .100 Mbps 1000 ....10 Mbps 0100 ...AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port. When disabled.... Possible settings are: Forwarding ... two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 .. You adjust a parameter by typing its number.Speed selection are: 0010 . the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically..Duplex . You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port..Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode. This toggles the parameter through its possible settings. you can enable the port again to resume normal operation.. Disabled . This is the default setting.Speed ..Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port. 0 . If you select Manual.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 ... 1 . Adjust the port parameters as desired.The port will receive and forward packets.. The parameters are described below. The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters..Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex. 0100 3 .... You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections.. 59 .. 5. Once the problem has been fixed. which is the default.Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode.The port will not receive or forward packets.. If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation. a port will not receive or transmit frames..

a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it. you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX.or full-duplex mode.Advertise 100FDX 8 .Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation. If desired. half-duplex operation. a switch port will advertise its full capabilities.Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation. By default.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port.MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.Advertise 10FDX 6 . The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames.Advertise 10HDX 7 . 9 . the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps. Transmit . 5 . which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half. if you set the selection 8 . refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155.Advertise 100HDX to No. B . which is the default setting. the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it. Receive . Possible settings are: None .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode. which is the default setting. If you set this to Auto. During Auto-Negotiation. The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time. Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated. For example. 60 .No flow control on the port. Both .

prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node. Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port. when selected. This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. which. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection. You can use this option to reset the selected port.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode. Once you have set the port parameters. The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection. 61 .

type 5 to select System Config Menu. Type either 24 or 25. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. 62 . these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 . To display GBIC information. perform the following procedure: 1.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4. 2. From the Advanced Configuration window. From the Main Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch. 3. Type 1 to select GBIC Information.GBIC Information R . type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information. From the System Configuration Menu. The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed.

.... (k) .. Length 62...5/125 um Fib...... Type of Serial Interface ..... N .. Connector Type . 63 .......... Length 50/125 um Fib......Next Page R ... You cannot change this information.AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only........... (10k) .... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number ....... Elect/Opt Transceiver ............... Figure 15 is an example of the window......... Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding .... Extended Serial Transceiver ....... Length 9/125 um Fib............. (10m) .. (100m) ... Length 9/125 mm Fib....

64 . Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security.

You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. There are four levels of port security.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. even when the end node is inactive. it remains in the table and is never purged. Once this mode is activated. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. 65 . Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table. Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. Automatic This operating mode disables port security. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward. Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. even those belonging to inactive end nodes. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time. When this security level is activated. no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned. Once you have activated this security level. The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. 66 .

❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. To specify the limits. After activating this security mode. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. From the Port Menu. type 1 to select Port Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. perform the following procedure: 1. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. type 3 to select the Secured mode. 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . This is the default setting. Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. 2. To set a switch’s port security level. 67 . The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses. From the Main Menu. type 5 to select Port Security. type 1 to select Automatic mode.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. type 2 to select Limited mode.

type 4 to select Lock all the ports now. A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch. Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. 68 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned.

The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed. type 5 to select Port Security.Configure port security limited mode R . You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 . type 1 to select Port Menu. Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn. perform the following procedure: 1. You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded. 3.Set MAC limit per port 3 .Display MAC limit per port 2 . Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn. From the Main Menu. 2. type 2 to select Limited security. Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port. To configure Limited security mode. When you activate this security level. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed. From the Port Menu. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports. From the Port Security menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 .

To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch. 9.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports. repeat Steps 5 through 9. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. 11. type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. 12. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. 13.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8. Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. The range is 1 to 150 addresses. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode. Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. type R to select Return to previous menu. 10. Type 2 to choose Select a port. This applies the limit to the port. 7. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. 70 .

14. The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed. be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu. If necessary. 15. If you assigned different values to different ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. Check to be sure that they are correct. repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port. Examine the MAC limits. 16. 71 . Limited security has now been configured on the switch.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks.

5. you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. and 24. there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. and 7). workstation. such as a server. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. and so on. 73 . or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. port 13 to port 22. 15 for the trunk. 13. For example. 6. router. the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. ports 4. To maintain the order of the port connections. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. 23. speed. 14. 22. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. and so on. Despite the software configuration and physical connections. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. For example. On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. A port trunk is 2. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. or another Ethernet switch. 3. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. 3. ❑ When cabling a trunk. ❑ The duplex mode. or 4 ports. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load.

A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs. ❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch. The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch. The server is connected to the switch with four data links. AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches. AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 . Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server.❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN.

The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch. Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure.Add ports to trunk 2 .Delete Trunk 3 .Save Configuration Changes R . 2. perform the following procedure: 1. Note Before creating a port trunk. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk.Show port trunking status S . type 1 to select Port Menu. You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN. such as speed and duplex mode.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 . are the same for all the ports of the trunk. To create a port trunk. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 . type 3 to select Port Trunking. From the Main Menu. Check to be sure that the settings. Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software. From the Port Menu.

.2. 7-10). The port trunk is ready for network operations. 8. To confirm the creation of the port trunk.g. Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk. Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window.3.. Enter new value -> 4. 76 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 6. 1. 5.Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7.g.3. Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return.4) or as a range (e. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. type 3 to display the status of the trunk. The following prompt is displayed. You can specify the ports individually (e. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R . Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk.

type 3 to select Port Trunking. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. To delete a port trunk from the switch. 77 . 4. 5. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. Type 2 to select Delete trunk.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology. 3. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Port Menu. The port trunk is deleted from the switch. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. 2. To confirm the deletion. From the Main Menu. type 1 to select Port Menu. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed.

Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .

if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports. However. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time. meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. For example. For example. the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. the more ports you mirror. the mirror port is likely to drop packets. 79 . You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch.

Press Return. The following prompt is displayed. Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is.. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. enter the last port in the range...Delete ports from mirror 5 . From the Port Menu.. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. type 1 to select Port Menu.. To mirror a range of ports. To mirror the traffic of only one port. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed. Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6. Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7.. enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3. perform the following procedure: 1.. No 3 .Show Port Mirror Status S . The following prompt is displayed.. 5. Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror.Mirroring Port .. 2. Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored....CPU Attached . the port to where the traffic will be copied).Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror. enter the first port of the range.. 80 . From the Main Menu. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4.. The following prompt is displayed.Save Configuration Changes R . If you want to mirror a range or ports.Add ports to mirror 4 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 . 0 2 . You can specify only one mirror port.

To confirm the creation of the port mirror. The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored. 10. 81 . Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu. The port mirror is now functional. 9.AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status.

The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. 5. type 1 to select Port Menu. From the Main Menu. From the Port Menu.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror. 2. 82 . perform the following procedure: 1. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. The following prompt is displayed. 3. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. Enter 0 and press Return.

1D. ISO/IEC 10038: 1993. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol. refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802.Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters. 83 .

Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge.1D standard. So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes.Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. leaving only one main active path. of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link. as specified in the IEEE 802. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. also referred to as the bridge identifier. exist in the network topology. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability. Where multiple paths exist. referred to as broadcast storms. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. 84 . By adjusting the value. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. either planned or unplanned. and sometimes its MAC address.

and which path(s) will be placed in the standby. active path. where all ports have a port cost of 0. blocking mode. Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. the preferred path is selected through port priority. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. Below are the default values. the lower the port cost. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. The faster the port. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. if one is found. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. If redundant paths exist. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. 85 . the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. If two paths have the same port cost. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software.

Consequently. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. or addition of any active components. before it begins to forward frames. the active topology also changes. a temporary data loop could occur. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. listening and learning. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. a change in a port state is not activated immediately. 86 . The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. with the size of your network being a primary factor. This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). and if not. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. For large networks. and that could adversely impact network performance. especially if it is a large network. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. removal. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. When a bridge is brought on-line. However. For small networks. The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge.

Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. You should consult the IEEE 802. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. From the Main Menu..Reset STP to Defaults R . Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable . If you enable STP....... Bridge Forwarding . Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. The parameters are described below.. Bridge Identifier .... the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. 87 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2..Config STP Port Settings 8 .Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch.. Bridge Priority ....1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings.. The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed. 1.Display STP Port Settings 9 . The default setting is disabled. Bridge Max Age .. 1 .. Bridge Hello Time .

The default is 20 seconds.Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. When a root bridge goes off-line. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. 88 . This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 4 . the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. if you use the default 20.535. 5 . with 0 being the highest priority. The default is 2 seconds.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . The default is 15 seconds. 3.Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. For example. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. 3 . Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. resulting in network loops. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs).Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. If the bridge transitions too soon. for example.Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. 6 . After you have made the desired changes. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds.

. Path Cost . enter the last port of the range.. enter the first port of the range.. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4.. 2.. From the Spanning Tree menu... The parameters are described below..... Enter the number of the port you want to configure. From the Main Menu. 1 . The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed. type 7 to select Config STP port settings. This value cannot be changed... Port Priority .... type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. To configure just one port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating . 89 . To configure a range of ports. Bridge Hello Time .. enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step. To configure a range of ports. Root Bridge ......Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain. Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R .. perform the following procedure: 1..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5... The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. Adjust the settings as desired.

The default is 2 seconds.Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN. 3 .Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge. and 4 for a 1 Gbps port. This value cannot be changed from this window.Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain. 4 . The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port. 10 for a 100 Mbps port. The range is 0-255. The default value for priority is 128. 90 . 5 .Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . To change this value. This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed. refer to the previous procedure. The range is 1 to 65535.

modifying. It also contains the procedures for creating. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 .Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs). and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session. This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode.

For example. 92 . ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. This too can improve overall network performance. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. Before the advent of VLANs. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. For example. It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. logical LAN segments. if an employee changed departments. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. With VLANs. such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. Additionally. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them.

AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections. This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location. or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another. a virtual LAN can span more than one switch. Additionally. 93 . you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software. VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically.

The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. or just a few ports. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. such as a router or Layer 3 switch. called the Default VLAN. Examples include Sales. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN. A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. and Engineering. Production.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. you must give it a name. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. 94 .

95 .) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. If you allow the management software to do it automatically. Consequently. You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. This is acceptable when you are creating a new. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. it will simply select the next available VID. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID. In this manner. Untagged Ports Naturally. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. rather than by a port’s PVID. unique VLAN. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames. all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. For example. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. Additionally.

❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. Consequently. However. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs. the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. 96 . the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID.

❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network. For example. In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches. A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs. a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN. across multiple VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN. 97 . such as servers and printers.

13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . 11 . (For purposes of the following examples.) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN .Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. Engineering. the Default VLAN is not shown. You assign this number when you create a VLAN. Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . and Production VLANs on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs. A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN.4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9.24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID. 98 . The ports have been assigned PVID values. A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member.

Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN . each VLAN has one port connected to the router. In this example. two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch. Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs. The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example.Example 2 99 .

❑ Engineering VLAN . 100 . It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4. 14. The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch.This is the final VLAN in the example. Since this VLAN spans multiple switches. This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN.6.This VLAN spans both switches. Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router. 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 . It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch. it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. ❑ Production VLAN . 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 .24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch. However. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch.This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN. This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment.11.6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN . So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN. 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13. Engineering. This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN. it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router.

Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch. If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN. this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network.3ac standard). For example. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. This contrasts to a port-based VLAN. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously.1Q-compliant. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802. the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports. the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership. This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. A tag. The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time. referred to as a tagged frame. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch. When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. the frame will be discarded. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame. 101 . The IEEE 802. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port.

refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. Otherwise. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. An untagged port. and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives. However. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. 102 . can be in only one VLAN at a time. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. a frame without any tagged information). But actually there is. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN. You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN. simultaneously.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. In the case of a tagged VLAN. there would seem to be no need for a PVID. it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports.

103 . ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs. each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID. If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks. ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time. ❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID.AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 .1Q-based products.

But with tagged ports. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated. 20 (PVID 3) 8.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. when received by the switch. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs. each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. It is connected to an IEEE 802. 105 . They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11. data separation and security remain. 18 (PVID 2) 8. while still maintaining data separation and security. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example. The tagged frames.1Q-compliant server.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. All VLAN information. Packets are passed through the switch unchanged. Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. 106 . Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered. either tagged or untagged. ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames. is ignored. but the VLANs are not used. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted.

perform the following procedure: 1.Virtual LAN Definitions 3 . The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2.Virtual LAN Support 2 . From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.Port VLANs & Priorities R . 107 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S . From the Main Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the VLAN Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN.Save Configuration Changes R . type 1 to select Create a VLAN. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.

... then its VID must also be unique. then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value. Sales or Accounting).. The name can be from one to ten characters in length.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name .... If the VLAN will be unique in your network. VLAN ID (VID) .. The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value.. then the name should be unique as well........ 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) ... Untagged Ports ..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4. than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch. Mirroring Port . For example.. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. 108 .... but not special characters. The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example..Create VLAN R . Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN. If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches... 0 Tagged Ports . C .. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches........... if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096.. The name can contain spaces. 5...

Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN. type 6 and Y for yes. or both (e.. 8.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.. Note In most cases. type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted. this parameter should be left with its default value of 0. To verify that the VLAN was created correctly. 13. If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports. 9..g. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79.g.g. you will see the following message: SUCCESS . 7-9). or both (e. either do not select this option or select it and type N for no. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch.7-9) 7.g. 12.g.. leave this field empty. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. You can specify the ports individually (e. as a range (e. For more information on port mirroring.. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. You can specify the ports individually (e. 2. leave this field empty.3. type 4 to select Show All VLANs. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN. 2. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU.(If you do not to activate this feature. you can analyze the VLAN traffic. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN.g. 11.. 2.7-9).Press any key to continue. 7-9). Type C to select Create VLAN.5).5). Press any key.) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature. 14. A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored. If the VLAN will contain tagged ports. Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports. 109 .3. 10. 2.5. as a range (e.5.

Note When you create a new VLAN. For example. if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time. ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. 110 . You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15. Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.

type 1 to select Create a VLAN. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. 8. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 2. From the Main Menu. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. 9. To create the example Sales VLAN. The new Sales VLAN has now been created. 6. perform the following procedure: 1. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Press Return. 111 . The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. 3. From the VLAN Menu. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Ports 1 to 4. 7. 5. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”. Type C to select Create VLAN. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. press any key. 4. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN.

and 12. 5. press any key. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created. 10. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. perform the following procedure: 1. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. 11. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104. 9. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. and two untagged ports. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. 20”. From the Main Menu.11. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”. 2. To create the example Engineering VLAN. Ports 9. 112 . It will consist of three untagged ports. Ports 8 and 16. 6.10. Type C to select Create VLAN. 4. 7. From the VLAN Menu. 3. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 8. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN.16”. Press Return.

type 2 to select VLAN Menu. The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed. 2. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107. 6. type M to select Modify VLAN.... The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5.. The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed. 3. Change the VLAN’s information as desired..AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure..VLAN ID (VID) . 113 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 . The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS . Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. For a description of the parameters. From the Main Menu. To modify a VLAN. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. After making the desired changes. type 2 to select Modify a VLAN.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4.Press any key to continue. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). R .. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN. From the VLAN Menu. 7. perform the following procedure: 1.

9. Press any key. 8. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The VLAN has been modified. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs. 10. 114 . The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. 11.

From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the VLAN Menu. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R . 2. Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33. The Show All VLANs window is displayed. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 . perform the following procedure: 1.9 U: 8.9 U: 1-6 T: 7. type 4 to select View All VLANs. 3. VID numbers. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch.

The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed. 6. 3. type D. A confirmation prompt is displayed. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. To delete the VLAN. 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 .. R .VLAN ID (VID) . The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.. perform the following procedure: 1. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115... From the VLAN Menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. which has a VID of 1. Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN. type 3 to select Delete a VLAN..Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4.. From the Main Menu.. To delete a VLAN. 116 . Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID).

Type R to select Return to Previous Menu.Press any key to continue. 10. The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS . 117 . 9. 8. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed. All ports in the deleted VLAN. The VLAN has been deleted. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide 7. both tagged and untagged.

From the VLAN Menu. 2. 3.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. 5. To delete all VLANs on a switch. From the Main Menu. A confirmation message is displayed. Press Return. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. To delete selected VLANs. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 118 . From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. on a switch. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. except the Default VLAN. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. 4. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. perform the following procedure: 1. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.

type 2 to select VLAN Menu. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed. Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary. There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. 2. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. To change a PVID for a port. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 . Type 1 to select Port Number.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7.Port Number R . From the VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. perform the following procedure: 1. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN. For example. Press Return. 119 .

. 7...... 1 1 0 N U . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number ..Update Changes to Chip C ... You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch.. Port VLAN ID .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed. 120 ... Press Return.. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6..... The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS .. 8.. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip.. Specify the new PVID value for the port.Press any key to continue.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5........ Return to the Main Menu.... Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID... Override Priority (Y/N) .... Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High .....Accept changes & update flash R . 9. The port now has a new PVID....

B-Basic): 3. 121 . type 5 to select System Config Menu. Type 3 to select Switch Mode. The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. 5. 2. The default is Tagged mode. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. From the Main Menu. Press Return. 4. perform the following procedure: 1. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E . 2. When VLANs are disabled. Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering. the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. When VLANs are enabled. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Enable/Disable VLANs 2 . Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs. the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 . From the VLAN Menu. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed. From the Main Menu. If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure.Enable VLANs Globally D . It sets a switch’s VLAN mode.Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 . The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3. perform the following procedure: 1. ingress filtering is disabled.Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C .Disable VLANs Globally R . The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering.Accept changes & update flash R .

Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 5. 6. 123 . A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch. 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode.

There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). the port accepts the frame. nor to any frames. Once the tagged frame is received. If there is. In this case. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table. Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. First. just as a reminder. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. If they belong to different VLANs. For further information. tagged or untagged. Here is an example. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. the port accepts the frame. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. the frame is discarded. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated. or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. the switch discards the frame. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. the port discards the frame. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. If they belong to the same VLAN. Fortunately. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. 124 .

which is the default. In most cases. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority. To enable or disable ingress filtering. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E .AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets.Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R . Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5. A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame. You cannot set this per port. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. 4. 2. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3. From the Virtual LAN Support menu. regardless of the status of ingress filtering. The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed.Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D . type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch. Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags. From the Main Menu. From the VLAN Menu. and that is the priority tag. 125 .

Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .

For example. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. When the switch receives a packet.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. by referring to its MAC address table. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. When the destination node responds. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. 127 . the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received. A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. and the port number where each address was learned. it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. determines the port where the destination node is connected. along with the port number on which each address was learned. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port. it also examines the destination address and. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table.

The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses. even when the end node is inactive. 128 . refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted. For instructions on changing the aging timer. The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. A static MAC address. Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. once entered in the table. The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes). This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. even when the end node is inactive. You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process.

perform the following procedure: 1. type 6 to select MAC Address Tables. To display the MAC address table. type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses. 3. To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. From the Main Menu. The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. just the base ports. type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports. To display only static MAC addresses.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R . One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports. 129 . The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed.

MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses. The static MAC address window is exactly the same. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window. The columns in the window are defined below. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only. 130 . A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses. non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N . Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”.Accept changes & update flash U .Update Display R . PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed.

EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. This feature is not supported at this time. except for the switch’s MAC address. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. 131 .AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Another example is “000020F. Type The MAC address type. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. As an example. The type can be either static or dynamic. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not.

From the MAC Address Table menu. Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return. 2. From the Main Menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu. You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port. 1. 132 . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3. A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port.

1. 133 . 2. You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address. if the address was learned dynamically. type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address. or to which the address was assigned. From the Main Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. But if the switch is part of a large network. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. From the MAC Address Table menu. for a static address. finding the address could prove difficult. The procedure in this section offers an easier way. type 6 to select MAC Address Table.

From the MAC Address Table menu. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. From the Main Menu. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. produces the same result. (This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN. 1. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table. 2. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. perform the following procedure. as explained earlier in this chapter. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3. 134 . For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN.) Note To perform this procedure.

perform the following procedure. the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table. From the MAC Address Table menu. 3. Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. 135 . type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses. Once the table has been purged. A confirmation prompt is displayed. 1. If you type Y for yes. the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. From the Main Menu.

From the Main Menu. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected. The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table. 2. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses. To add a static address to the MAC address table. 136 . the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. 5. From the MAC Address Table menu. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address. perform the following procedure: 1. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3.

perform the following procedure: 1. 137 . Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. From the Main Menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. type 3 to select Delete MAC Address. Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. 4. From the MAC Address Table menu. 2. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3.

From the System Config Menu. From the Main Menu. When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time. The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3. 2. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 138 . Enter a new value in seconds. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes). To adjust the aging time. perform the following procedure: 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch. the switch deletes the address. This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software.

1p standard outlines eight levels of priority. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port.1Q standards. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer. By default. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays. such as voice transmission or video conferencing. packet transfer delays can prove problematic. File transfer delays did occur.1p and 802. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802. CoS was designed to address this problem. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue. network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802. 140 . but were mostly transparent to network users.1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example. low and high. transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis. But with the introduction of time-critical applications.e. Prior to CoS. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications. The 802.. For example. When a tagged packet enters a switch port. untagged frames (i. 0 to 7. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest.

type 2 to select VLAN Menu. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch. The default for this parameter is No. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 141 . Press Return. 5. (Again. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. 8. enter a value from 0 to 3.) 7. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port. enter a value from 4 to 7. 2.7). 3. Type 3 to select Priority (0 . Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. 11. perform the following procedure: 1. From the VLAN Menu. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. 10. 6. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. From the Main Menu. 9.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. Type 1 to select Port Number. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS. Return to the Main Menu.

Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .

) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports. In Version 1. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups. it simply stops sending reports. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. it removes the node from appropriate membership list. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. There are two versions of IGMP. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. In Version 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group. Once the router has received a report from a host node. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. referred to as a time-out value. 143 . it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. the router does not send multicast packets out the port. referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located.

144 . Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance. a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports. which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups. and by processing leave requests. IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2. except the port on which it received the packet.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value. Note By default.

. After selecting this option... type 5 to select System Config Menu. Multicast Router Port(s) .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status . Multicast Host Topology .. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 ..Save Configuration Changes R .. From the Main Menu. Maximum Multicast Groups . 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 .. Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate).Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port.. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. 3. type E to enable or D to disable this feature.IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch..... type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration.. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. From the Advanced Configuration window.... From the System Configuration Menu... View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S . Host/Router Timeout Interval . perform the following procedure: 1. 2 ...

400 seconds (24 hours). some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. that is. The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. 4 . If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected.Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. The range is from 1 second to 86. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 . it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. 3 . The default is 256 multicast groups.Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. 5 . The range is 1 to 2048 groups. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. The default is 256 multicast addresses. The default is 260 seconds. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes.Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected.Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports.

Your changes are activated immediately on the switch. 147 . type S to select Save Configuration Changes.AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect. or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number. enter “0” (zero) for this parameter. To select Auto Detect. 4. After making the desired changes. Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter.

From the Main Menu. type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. 4. 2. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window.Update Display R . type 5 to select System Config Menu. 3. The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group. To display the list.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 148 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U . VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. as well as the host nodes. Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected. perform the following procedure: 1. From the System Configuration Menu. The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. From the Advanced Configuration window.

Router IP The IP address of the multicast router. perform the following procedure: 1. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. From the Advanced Configuration window. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected. 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U . From the Main Menu. The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed.Update Display R .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes. 3. type 5 to select System Config Menu. type 7 to select View Multicast Router List.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. 149 . To display a list of the multicast routers. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch. 4. From the System Configuration Menu. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member.

Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .

For example. That is. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. 151 . The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. In order to use this feature. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps. Broadcast frames are different. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval.AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. For example. When a node sends out a broadcast frame. The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network.

the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch. 152 . the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. At these settings. If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval. Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example.

type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup..Timer for 1000 MB ports . 0 milli sec 3 . Type 1. 100. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature.10x ❑ 100 Mbps .Timer for 10 MB ports . 3. or 3 and enter a value when prompted. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed.Timer for 100 MB ports .... 2. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.. 0 milli sec 2 . and 1000 Mbps.100x 153 . 0 micro sec C . The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . From the Main Menu.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps .. The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4.. perform the following procedure: 1.. The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed. From the System Configuration Menu.. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. From the Advanced Configuration Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu.Save Configuration Changes R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 .

if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. Once you have set the desired timer intervals. The default value is “0” for all timers.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. 6. the management software multiples the value by 10. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 154 . 5. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive.

2. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. 155 . enter the first port of the range. 5. For example. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded. type 1 to select Port Menu. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. To configure a range of ports. From the Port Menu. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. type 1 to select Port Configuration. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . To configure only one port.> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. Type B to select Broadcast Control. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. To configure a range of ports. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. 6. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. enter the last port number in the range.

Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .

5. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics.Clear Module Statistics 3 . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4.Display Module Statistics R . type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2. Press Return.Port Statistics Menu 2 . type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics.Display Port Statistics R . From the Main Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics. Type 1 to choose Select a Port. The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed.Select a Port 2 . The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . From the Ethernet Statistics menu.Clear Port Statistics 3 . Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view. 157 .

. The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port..... FRAGMENT .. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port........... Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port. OVERSIZE ...........Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window..... Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port.................... TX_COUNT ... Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port..... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded....................................... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT ...... shown in Figure 48....Update Display R ................... PORT_IN_DISCARDS .................... RX_MLTCAST ........ RX_OVERFLOW ... 158 ........ RX_COUNT .....Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only............ Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port... RX_UNICAST ..... UNDERSIZE ..... RX_BRDCAST ..... U .............. CRC_ERROR ...........

and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. select the option “2 . If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”. 159 . Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port. but discarded and not forwarded.Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu. packets with alignment errors.

....................... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded............ RX_UNICAST ............... From the Ethernet Statistics menu. RX_BRDCAST ............. CRC_ERROR ....... RX_COUNT ........ TX_COUNT .... PORT_IN_DISCARDS .......Update Display R .............. The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch.. OVERSIZE .........Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch. 2........... perform the following procedure: 1... type 3 to select Display Module Statistics............. FRAGMENT ................... shown in Figure 48................. RX_OVERFLOW .... Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch. UNDERSIZE ... type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics........ From the Main Menu..... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT ........ RX_MLTCAST ........ The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only...... Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch... U .. 160 ......

Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets.Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”. 161 . but discarded and not forwarded. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch. packets with alignment errors.AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch. select the option “2 .

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

163

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

166 . a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete. Once the management software is initialized. the switch automatically resets. Do not reboot the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. Begin the file transfer of the new management software image. If you are installing a new management image. Note Do not interrupt the initialization process. the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed.

ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39.This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image. The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39.img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39. Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149.1 put c:\ats39.The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software. or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above.1.1. Binary .img 167 . loader file.35.1.35. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host . tftp -i 149.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. Source file . A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT. Put . If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software. Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software.cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image. you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn. This may necessitate renaming the file.The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation.The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file. Binary . Get . Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149.The source file name is “ATS39.img c:\ats39.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation.cfg”. 168 .35. The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host .1 get ats39.35.1.This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from.1 to local drive C: of the workstation. This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically. Source file . as explained in the previous section.1. tftp -i 149. Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited.img Once the file is stored on a local drive. Destination file . it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP.

Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26. Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17. IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28. Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20. Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24. Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22. Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19.

170 . such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser.

The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. (The password is case-sensitive. 171 . Start your web browser. you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies. perform the following procedure: 1. the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. 2. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch. For instructions. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. When prompted.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. Additionally. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. Consequently. To start a web browser management session. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser. To change the password.) The user name cannot be changed. the switch must have an IP address. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. as shown in Figure 51. enter the user name and password.

172 .The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed. Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software. You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows. Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display. Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus. In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites. You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session. select Exit from any AT-S39 management page. 173 .

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

select Configuration. subnet address. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home Page. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. If the System menu option is not selected. 175 . To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. 2. select it and then select the General tab.

Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window. 3.Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed. 176 . Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Sales Ethernet switch). The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example.

Floor 4..g. Wiring closet 402B). Entering a value for this parameter is optional. a Telnet utility. Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. The default password is “admin”. IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. such as its location (e. enter the new password into both fields. or an SNMP management program. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). click Apply. After you have set the parameters.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. 177 . The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser. The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. To create a new password. 4. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address.

subnet mask.Section III: Web Browser Management 5. You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session. You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session. or by using the Reset button on the switch. If you made a change to the IP address. 178 . or gateway address. you must reset the switch to activate your change.

If it is not already selected.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page. select System Status. From the Configuration Menu. 3. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 . The Monitoring window is displayed. select Monitoring. select the General tab. 2. The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed.

If this parameter displays “Basic. These values cannot be changed. refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212. You cannot change any of the values from this window. If this parameter displays “Tagged. The sections in the window are defined below. This value cannot be changed. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging . For information about VLANs.” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. ❑ Hash Count . The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes).Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode. ❑ Switch Mode . General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address.Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only. refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10. Virtual LANs on page 91.Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted. For background information about MAC addresses. For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session. Administration This section contains a variety of information. which also explains how to change the parameters. including the IP address of the switch and the system name. 180 .Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table. These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175.

The parameters are described below. perform the following procedure: 1. 181 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed. Adjust the parameters as desired. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. From the Configuration menu. 3. select System. 2. Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. Select the SNMP tab. select Configuration. From the Home page.

Changes are immediately activated on the switch. 182 .Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. Click Apply to save your changes to the switch. 5.

Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 . Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed.

select Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. Select the Port Setting tab. 184 . 2. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch. click it again. The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56.) 5. (To deselect a port. From the Configuration page. Click Modify. select Layer 1. From the Home page. 3. Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4. You can select only one port at a time. The selected port turns white.

185 . any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch. Adjust the port parameters as desired.No flow control on the port. Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6. Both . Transmit .AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed. Possible values are: None . For background information on this feature. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. An example of the window is shown in Figure 57. Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time. If the threshold is reach.Flow control only on packets being received on the port. For instructions on how to set this value. Receive . The parameters are described below. Flow Control The flow control setting for the port.Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port. refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227.

This is the default.Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps . Default values are listed in Appendix A. 186 . The default for this port parameter is enabled.Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . 7. ❑ 10Mbps . Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values. Once you have made the desired changes. A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames. click Apply.Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port. The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228.Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port.Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode.

The selected port turns white. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. and more.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. select Monitoring. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch.) 4. Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. 187 . To display the status or statistics of a switch port. MDI/MDI-X configuration. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB. 3. click it again. duplex mode. (To deselect a port. You can view a port’s operating speed. Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics. select Layer 1. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58. From the Home page. You can select only one port at a time. From the Monitoring page. Click a port.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

191

Note For background information on port security. Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session. refer to Port Security Overview on page 65.Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session. 192 .

Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 . perform the following procedure: 1. The current security level is displayed. select the Port Security tab. From the Configuration page. From the Home page. select Layer 2. 2. From the Layer 2 page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. 3. select Monitoring.

Note For background information on port trunking. 194 . refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73.Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session.

195 . If there is a port trunk. Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. 3. select Layer 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. the ports of the trunk will be white. select Configuration. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. which can adversely effect the operations of your network. perform the following procedure: 1. To create or delete a port trunk. all ports in the switch image will be black. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. From the Home page. If you are deleting a port trunk. Loops can result in broadcast storms. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. which can produce broadcast storms. Select the Port Trunking tab. From the Configuration page. 2.

You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. 5. The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. An unselected port is black. do the following: a. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk. A port trunk can contain 2. Click Apply. To delete a port trunk. 196 . b. click Remove. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch. 3. To create a port trunk. A selected port changes to white. or 4 ports.Section III: Web Browser Management 4.

refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. Note For background information on port mirroring. 197 .Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror.

c. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. 198 . To delete an existing port mirror. 2. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. From the Configuration page. b. perform the following procedure: 1. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch. The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports. Click Apply. Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. do the following: a. 3. Select the Port Mirroring tab. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. To create a port mirror. From the Home page. 5. select Layer 1. select Configuration.

199 . The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted.

Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session. refer to STP Overview on page 84.Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session. Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session. 200 . Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. 2. select the Spanning Tree tab. From the Configuration menu. From the Home page. 201 . The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. You should consult the IEEE 802. select Layer 2.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters.Configuration 4. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. select Configuration. From the Layer 2 window. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window . Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. The parameters are described below. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. 3. If you enable STP. perform the following procedure: 1. To configure a bridge’s STP parameters.

Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. if you use the default 20. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. The default is 15 seconds. The default is 20 seconds. for example. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge.535. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. After you have made the desired changes. with 0 being the highest priority. 202 . For example. The default setting is disabled. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. The default is 2 seconds. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. This value cannot be changed. 5. possibly resulting in a network loop. click Apply. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). When a root bridge goes off-line. If the bridge transitions too soon. If two or more bridges have the same priority value.Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP.

From the Layer 2 page. select Layer 2. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window . select the Spanning Tree tab. refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201. 3. 2. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.Monitoring 203 . From the Monitoring menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings. select Monitoring. To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed. From the Home page.

Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode. This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. modify. refer to Chapter 10. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 . and delete VLANs from a web browser management session. Virtual LANs.

From the Configuration menu. The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed. select the VLAN tab.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. select Configuration. 2. From the Home page. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 . select Layer 2. From the Layer 2 window. 3. perform the following procedure: 1.

206 . The name can be from one to 10 characters in length. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example. Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. the name should be unique as well. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN. Sales or Accounting). The name can contain spaces but not special characters. Click Add. its VID must be unique as well. 6. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN.Section III: Web Browser Management 4.

You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. or a tagged port. click Send to CPU. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. its VID value should be the same on each switch. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. 8. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. 9. In most cases. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. 7. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. 10. For example. This value disables port mirroring.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. To select ports for the VLAN. Note For background information on port mirroring. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. 207 . Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. Click Apply.

Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. The VLAN is now ready for network operations. 208 .

select Configuration. Click Modify. From the Layer 2 window. 6. click Apply. After making the desired changes. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page. 4. 3. 2. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. select the VLAN tab. Creating a VLAN. select Layer 2. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. they are returned to the Default VLAN. 7. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. 5. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. From the Configuration menu. 209 .

Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. select Layer 2. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. From the Configuration menu. select the VLAN tab. From the Home page. 210 . select Configuration. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. From the Layer 2 window. The VLAN is deleted from the switch. 5. 3. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. 4. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. Click Remove.

2. From the Layer 2 page. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. select Layer 2. From the Home page. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Monitoring page. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . select Monitoring.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch. select the VLAN tab. The management software displays the window in Figure 68.

You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. If you select Tagged. choose System. 5. Reset the switch. which is the default. perform the following procedure: 1. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. From the Configuration menu. 4. Note Refer to Chapter 10. Select the General tab. select Configuration. 212 . the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs. In the Switch Mode section of the window. click either Tagged or Basic. Virtual LANs. If you select Basic. To set the switch’s VLAN mode.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. From the Home Page. 2. 3.

2. A selected port turns white. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. Click Apply. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. select Layer 2. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure. To change a PVID for a port. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 . select CoS. From the Layer 2 page. From the Configuration page. 4. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. For example. 5. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. 3. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. click it again. select Configuration. To deselect a port. You can select only one port at a time. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page.

Click Apply.Section III: Web Browser Management 6. Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port. The new value is immediately activated on the port. Class of Service on page 219. 214 . 7. Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26. The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch.

refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table. 215 .

Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. select Monitoring. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table. From the Layer 2 page. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. 3. 2. select the Forwarding Database tab. From the Monitoring page. select Layer 2. The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed. For instructions. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. From the Home page. Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses. The options are described below. perform the following procedure: 1. 216 .

217 . The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. Once you have configured the options. click View. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. Another example is “000020F. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. You specify the VLAN by its VID. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. The port numbering scheme is from right to left. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. As an example. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. 4. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group.

EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. Type The MAC address type. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. 218 . This feature is not supported at this time. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. The type can be either static or dynamic. except for the switch’s MAC address.

refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. 219 .Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS.

The default for this parameter is No. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. Click Modify. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7. click it again.) 7. 220 . From the Configuration page. From the Layer 2 page. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. You can select only one port at a time. (Again. select the CoS tab. 6. select Layer 2. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed. A selected port turns white. 4. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. click the Override Priority option. 2. (It does not matter which of these levels you select.) 5. From the Home page. it does not matter which of these levels you select. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. (To deselect a port. select Configuration.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. 8. Click Apply. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5. Click the port where you want to configure CoS.

Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch. Note For background information on this feature. refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143. 221 .

Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. Select the IGMP tab. From the Home page. select System. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port). Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. From the Configuration menu. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. 222 . select Configuration. The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session.

If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. The default is 260 seconds. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. The default is 256 multicast groups. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port.400 seconds (24 hours). You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 . The range is from 1 second to 86. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. that is. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port.

Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses. Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. A white port indicates a multicast router port. or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image. The default is 256 multicast addresses. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect. 224 .

Note For background information on this feature.Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch. 225 . refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151.

The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . click Apply. 100. Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. select Configuration. 226 . The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed. 4. After you have entered your values. and 1000 Mbps. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. If they are not already selected. The default value is “0” for all timers.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . enter values for the three interval timers. 3. the management software multiples the value by 10. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab. perform the following procedure: 1. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. From the Home page. Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept. To specify an interval timer. 2.100x For example. select them now. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps.

If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. 5. Click Apply. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. From the Home page. The selected port turns white. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. To deselect a port. 2. 3. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. You can select only one port at a time. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. click it again. The port will accept all broadcast frames. If it is not selected. In the graphical switch image. perform the following procedure: 1. 7. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. As an example. select Configuration. When you open the Layer 1 page. 227 . select Layer 1. select it now. 4. Click Modify. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. 6. From the Configuration page. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch.

0.255.0.0 255.Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.0.0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 . Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.0.0 0.0.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.1 and above only.) 229 .

202 bridge priority. 43 conventions. 36 documentation. 155. 41. 88. 11 D default values. 60. 202 bridge hello time parameter.Index A aging time changing. 212 BOOTP activating. 50 F flow control. 177 H hello time. 163 AT-S39 version number. 88 G gateway address. 86. 228 DHCP activating. 47 setting switch status. 47 guidelines. 202 bridge identifier. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. AT-S39. used in this guide. 88. 35. 141. 84. 140 console timeout. 37 BPDU. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 41. 138 defined. 121. 86. 37 defined. 167 obtaining. 88. 37 defined. 150. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. configuring. 27. 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. 128 AT-S39 default settings. 172 C Class of Service configuring. 60. 45 Auto-Negotiation. 90 host nodes 230 . 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. 202 bridge max age parameter. 37 releasing IP address. 106 setting. 225 defined. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 220 defined. 185 forwarding delay. 84. 227 browser tools. 164 downloading via TFTP. 88. 52 defined.

181 SNMP management session. 28 Telnet session. 35. 77. 145. 126. 94 deleting all. 82. 195 guidelines. 107. switch. 143 ingress filtering. 66 serial number. 186 statistics. 140 priority. 118 deleting. 115. 213 defined. 59. 35. 21 master switch defined. 32. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 151 L limited security mode configuring. 58. 69 defined. 28 starting. 177 interval timer configuring.1d standard. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. 177 default. 190 port cost defined. 24 M MAC address table. 79 deleting. displaying. 210 displaying. 173 R resetting a switch. 195 defined. 95. 85 setting. 148 host/router timeout interval. 45 slave switch. 146. 90 PVID. 21 snoop topology. 157 port trunking creating. 222 231 . 193 port statistics. 198 port security configuring. maximum. 42 root bridge. 29. 75. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. 223 multicast router. 184 disable. 222 defined. 90 port mirroring creating. 87. 84 RS232 port. 146. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). 149 P password changing. default settings. 30 web browser session. 116. 73 deleting. 209 priority queues. 80. 153. 211 modifying. 198 defined. defined. 171 port configuring parameters. 143 displaying. 55. 111. 119.AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 145. 18 quitting. 60 multicast groups. 226 defined. 39. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 187 speed. 25 S Secure level. 59. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 205 defined. 65 local management session defined. 50 returning to. 102 port-based VLAN creating. 216 MAC address. 67 defined. 26. 50 SNMP community strings. 223 I IEEE 802. switch. 186 displaying status. 65 displaying. 113. port security.

167 obtaining. 211 enabling. 171 V version number. 116.Index software updates downloading from a local session. 107. 209 port-based. 211 modifying. 136 deleting. 45 virtual LAN creating. 35. 90 viewing bridge parameters. changing. 157. AT-S39. 206 VLAN. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 29 web browser. 164 downloading via TFTP. 94 tagged. 167 U unavailable status. 205 defined. defined. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. defined. 160 system name. 24 Telnet. 50 user name. 122 mode. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. 209 Telnet management session defined. 115. 84 port cost. 118 deleting. 210 disabling. 101 deleting all. 177 switch statistics. 115. 85. defined. 30 starting. 111. 201 configuring port parameters. 89 defined. 137 displaying. 29 TFTP. 113. 43 limitations. 122 displaying. 129 statistics port. 118 deleting. 20 quitting. 121. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. 112. 171 static MAC address adding. 87. 160 STP. 92 deleting all. downloading software updates. 173 starting. 210 displaying. default. 112. 107. 101 VLAN identifier (VID). 19 quitting. 212 modifying. 116. 190 switch. 94. 113. 171 232 . 108 VLAN identifier. 205 defined. 203 starting session local. 35.

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