Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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........................... 160 5 .................................................. 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes ................................................................................................................................ 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 126 MAC Address Overview ....................................................................................... 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview ......................................................................................................................................... 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count ................................ 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 157 Displaying Switch Statistics ................................................................................................................................................. 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs ..................................................................................................................................................... 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port .................................................................................................... 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address .................92 Port-based VLAN Overview ............................................................................................. 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses ................................................................................................................................................................................ 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 116 Deleting All VLANs ............................................................................................................................................... 98 Port-based Example 2................................................................................................................................................................... 151 Configuring the Interval Timer ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode .................................................................. 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN ...............................................91 VLAN Overview ........................................... 115 Deleting a VLAN ........................................................................................ 127 Displaying MAC Addresses ....................................................................................................................... 103 Tagged VLAN Example ................. 97 Port-based Example 1................. 142 IGMP Snooping Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses ............................... 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 112 Modifying a VLAN .................................................................................................................................................................................... 113 Displaying VLAN Information .................................... 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 139 Class of Service Overview ....................... 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table ........................................................................................................................................... 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses ......................................... 118 Changing a PVID Value ................................................................................................. 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control ............................................................. 99 Tagged VLAN Overview ......................................................................................94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN ................ 137 Changing the Aging Time ........................... 156 Displaying Port Statistics ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview ............................................................ 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers ................................................................................................................... 143 Activating IGMP Snooping .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 140 Configuring CoS .....................................................................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs .................................................. 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN ......................................................................... 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN..............................................

...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................204 Creating a VLAN ....213 6 .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................168 Example........................................................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks ...............................................................................174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ..............................................203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs ........170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ..................167 Example........................................................................ 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters ....164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session .184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics ....................183 Configuring Port Parameters ................................................................................................211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................162 Obtaining Software Updates .......................................................................................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror .........................................................................................................................................................................192 Displaying the Port Security Level ....... 167 Uploading a Configuration File ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................205 Modifying a VLAN ................................................................................................... 168 Section III Web Browser Management ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................210 Displaying VLANs ....................................................................................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters ............................................................................................................................201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring .......................................................................... 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session ............................................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses .......................................................................................................................................................................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security ...............194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................171 Browser Tools......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ........................................................................................................................................209 Deleting a VLAN ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................175 Viewing System Information ..................................................................................................................................212 Changing a PVID ..............................................................................................................................................................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol ...............................................................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control ......................................................... 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping ...................................................... 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames ............................................................................................. 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table .................................................................................................................................................. 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service .......................................................................................................................................................... 230 7 ........................... 228 Index ........................................................................................................................................................................... 219 Configuring CoS ................................................................................................... 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings ....................................................................................................................................................Chapter 25 MAC Address Table .......................... 225 Configuring the Interval Timer ............................................................................................. 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

.................................................................... 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example ......................................................................................... 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window .......................................................................... 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN .........................................................................................................................Example 1 ............................................................................... 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu ............................... 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window ......................................................................................................... 25 Figure 2: Main Menu .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu .............................................................................................. 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window ............................................................................................................................................... 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window ....................................................................... 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu ................................................................................... 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 ........................................................................................Example 2 ................................................. 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window ...................................................... 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window ............................................................................... 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu ........................................................................................................................... 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window ... 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window ............................................................................................................................................ 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu ...... 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu ................................................................................ 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window .................. 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 122 8 ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port ....................................... 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window ........................................................................................................................................ 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 52 Figure 11: Port Menu ............................................................................................. 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window .................................................................................. 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu .. 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu ................................................................................................................................................. 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu .................................................................................... 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................. Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window ......................................................................................................................... Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu ....................................................................... Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window ....................................................................................... Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab ............................... Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window .................................... 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 ........................................................... Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page ....................................................................................................................................................... Figure 60: Port Statistics Window ................................................................................................................................................ Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window ...............................Monitoring .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ............ Figure 53: General Tab ........................................................................................................................................ Figure 66: VLAN Window ........................................................................................................................................................ Figure 67: Add VLAN Window ................... Figure 62: Port Trunking Window ...............................................................Configuration ............................................................................................... Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu .................................................................................. Figure 68: VLAN Window .................................................................................................................................................... Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window ................................ Figure 61: Port Security Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 54: General Tab Window .................................................................... Figure 52: Home Page .............................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 57: Settings for Port Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field .......................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu ......................... Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window ... Figure 55: SNMP Tab ................................................................. Figure 69: CoS Setting Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window ... Figure 59: Port Status Window ..................... Figure 71: IGMP Tab ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window ...................................... Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab ............................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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alliedtelesyn.com or our FTP server at ftp.Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products.com.alliedtelesyn. enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password. You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www. 14 . To use the FTP server.

Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software. 15 . It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A. 16 . Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters.Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. as explained in the hardware installation guide. and powering ON the device. then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network. You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches. such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters. The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. If this is true for your network.

It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser. you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software. The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use.AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. 17 . They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session. There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. such as to change or adjust its operating parameters. The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide.

Once the session is started. 18 .Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. Note For instructions on starting a local management session. You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session. you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch. refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located. using a straight-through RS-232 cable.

only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address. Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. which include the enhanced stacking feature. 19 . you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. With AT-8024GB switches. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters.

You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session. This too is a type of remote management. just like a Telnet management session. They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking . because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch. ❑ DHCP and BOOTP . refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171. every AT-8024GB switch.You can view but not set the port security level of a switch.Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch. Consequently. as well as every AT-8024 switch. Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session. ❑ Port security level . that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address.You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session. 20 . There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session.

For instructions. Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. refer to your SNMP management documentation. Consequently. 21 . A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program. The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program. you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program.AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program.

Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .

The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. This can simplify network management. You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch. Additionally. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch. usually within a few meters. You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. 24 .Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. you can manage just that switch. running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. you must go to where that switch is located. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch. This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. to start this type of management session. Note For information on enhanced stacking.

3. POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program. Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch. see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 . perform the following procedure: 1. Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200.

Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal. (The password is case-sensitive. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S . simply type boot and press Return to start the switch.Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 . or an equivalent terminal emulator program. the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt. If prompted for a password. the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps). 5. Otherwise.) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal.) 4. Note During boot up. You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch.) The Main Menu is displayed. The default is “admin”.1 and above. (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>). The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset. The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps. This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only. enter the password for the management software. The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly. Press the Return key twice. (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1.Save Configuration Changes R .

type the corresponding letter or number. It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located. Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch. For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session. you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet. 27 . Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. refer to Chapter 4. Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item. Enhanced Stacking on page 46.

This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended. Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session. Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously. You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch. return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit. 28 .

such as with a local management session. The menus also function the same. The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. In terms of functionally. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. type R or press ESC twice. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. as shown in Figure 2 on page 26. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. To return to a previous menu. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities. 29 . All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. To make a selection. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. type its corresponding number of letter.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. Enter the management software password when prompted. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. Additionally. Note For background information on enhanced stacking. Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. The default password is “admin”. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol.

Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session. type Q for Quit from the Main Menu. 30 .

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 .Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures. activating the original switch default settings. There are also procedures for resetting the switch. There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it. and more.

you must assign at least one of them an IP address. This switch will be the Master switch of the stack. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address. This feature has two primary benefits. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address.) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. You do not need to assign an IP address. all from the same management session. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. subnet mask. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses. 32 . you must also assign it a subnet mask. a web browser. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. First. You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. Second.

The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure. The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. switches on your network need an IP address. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. if any. Note For further information on enhanced stacking.AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. You can do this two different ways. If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which. 33 . refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47.

..Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42...Release DHCP IP Address S .. Change Password ... To manually set a switch’s IP address..Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 ..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 . such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch..Reset Switch X ... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address .. 0...255...0. subnet mask... From the Main Menu. along with other optional information.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address..) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch.0 Default Gateway . The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed. type 4 to select Administration Menu.0 Subnet Mask ..0.0.Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L . and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session.... 0.. go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37..Save Configuration Changes R ....0 System Name ..... 255. (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network... Administrator ...0. The selection X .. Comments ..0... 9 .. perform the following procedure: 1..

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. From the Main Menu. 39 . From the System Configuration Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R . From the Advanced Configuration window. 2. type 3 to select SNMP Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch.

0 S .. Adjust the parameters as desired...... type its corresponding number and.......... After making your changes...SET Community 3. The parameters are described below...0.. 4 ..GET Community 2 ...... 0..... 1 ......Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed....0 0. ....... Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch.SET Community ..... public 2 ...Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch.0 0. private 3 ..0.0.0.. 40 ...... public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 .0... .. .Trap Receiver 3 7 ..Save Configuration Changes R ..GET Community . 5... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 .0 0.......Trap Community .... enter the new value.Trap Receiver 1 5 .0. To change a value.Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings..0..0.......Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4. type S to select Save Configuration Changes.Trap Receiver 2 6 .. when prompted.

2. 41 . the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. From the Main Menu. You are prompted to reset the switch. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. Type Y for yes or N for no. Type Y to reset the switch. From the System Configuration Menu. type 5 to select System Config Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. 4. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings. If you type Y for yes. Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A.

From the Administrator Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. a task requiring only a second or two to complete. Some data traffic may be lost. From the Main Menu. Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software. type 4 to select Administrator Menu. The switch immediately reloads its operating system. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. 42 . type 9 to select Reset Switch.

From the Main Menu. To configure web browser access. type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and. (The password is case-sensitive. ❑ Console Timeout . type 6 to select Web Server Access and. perform the following procedure: 1. For example.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. type 5 to select System Config Menu. when prompted. For instructions on how to set this security feature. 3. These security features are: ❑ Password . For instructions on how to set this security feature. perform the procedure below. This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes. perform the procedure below. the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. 2.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch.The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch. when prompted. if you specify 2 minutes. 43 . To configure the console timer. The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software. The default password is “admin”. type E to enable web access or D to disable web access. and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. ❑ Web Access .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 4. After you have made the desired changes. 44 . if you disable web access.

.. MAC Address ...17... The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed... 45 ...Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed.. Serial Number .00 R ..... type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu..1 5456411 00. Bootloader Version ..... AT-S39 v1..AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information...A0.D2.....32.....3 ATI_LOADER1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version ............

This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch.Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. 46 . The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch.

there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. That way. ❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. If your network consists of more than one subnet. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. should you remove a master switch from the network. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management. such as for maintenance. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. Once connected to the network. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. You simply connect it to your network. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master. 47 . You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch.

For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session. you must assign each master switch a unique IP address. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask. referred to as slave switches. do not. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. 48 . 3.

You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet.32.09.18 Master 2 IP Address 149.32. 49 .11. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets. you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet.09.16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149. and each has been assigned a unique IP address. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149.11.22 Master 2 IP Address 149.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router.32.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature. Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet.32.

Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 . A master switch must have a unique IP address. ❑ Slave switch . a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address. It does not need an IP address or subnet mask. Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack. Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch .. perform the following procedure: 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch. or unavailable. The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed.A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet. To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status. From the Main Menu.. ❑ Unavailable . Note The default setting for a switch is Slave. you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet. To be managed remotely. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking.Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable.A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch.A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch. You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 ..Enhanced Stacking Services S . slave switch. A switch with this designation can be managed locally. Master 2 .Save Configuration Changes R .

A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 2. Type M to change the switch to a master switch. the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master. or U to make the switch unavailable. type 1 to select Switch State. 51 . To change a switch’s status. Note The “2 .” For example. S to make it a slave switch.Switch State. Press Return.Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches. 4. Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3. The following prompt is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 .

Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G . To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet. then it is very easy. you need to select it from the management software. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack.Access Switch R . The window in Figure 10 is displayed. From the Enhanced Stacking window. perform the following procedure: 1. If you assigned system names to your switches. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 . When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet. you are by default addressing that particular switch. 2. The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch. The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch.Get/Refresh List of Switches A .

Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. if you want to manage the Master switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. The password is case-sensitive. 4. Type A to select Access Switch. 6. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. The default password is “admin”. return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session. Enter the switch’s password and press Return. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. Once you see that window. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window. 53 . Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch. You now can manage the selected switch. This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password.

Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .

type 1 to select Port Menu.Accept changes & update flash R . From the Main Menu. From the Port Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch. The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2. type 4 to select Port Status. 55 . perform the following procedure: 1.

Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. 56 . Manual . Down . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N .Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually.indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto . Figure 12 is an example of the window.indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node.Update Display R .Next Page U .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed. Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number. Possible values are: Up .

57 .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.No flow control on the port. State The current operating status of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X.The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames. Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member.The port has been manually disabled.100 Mbps 1000 . Possible values are: Forwarding . Flow The flow control setting for the port.10 Mbps 100 . Spd The operating speed of the port. Transmit .Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port. This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member. Receive .AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. Possible values are: 10 . Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex. Both . Possible values are: None . Disabled .

.... Advertise 10HDX . Broadcast Control ... Advertise 100HDX .. type 1 to select Port Menu. type 1 to select Port Configuration.... From the Main Menu.. Advertise 100FDX . The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3.... From the Port Menu... perform the following procedure: 1.. enter the first port of the range. Negotiation .. Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 ..... MDI/MDIX Mode .... 2.. enter the last port number in the range. To configure a range of ports... Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return.. Flow Control ..... To configure a range of ports. Advertise 10FDX ... The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status . enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return..No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 . To configure only one port. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4.....Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch...........

. The parameters are described below. When disabled. This is the default setting. If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation. the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically. This toggles the parameter through its possible settings.Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode....AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port.10 Mbps 0100 .Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port..Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode... The possible settings for the 2 . 0100 3 . Disabled .... You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections.Speed . The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters.Speed selection are: 0010 ..... Once the problem has been fixed. Adjust the port parameters as desired.. a port will not receive or transmit frames.... 59 ...The port will not receive or forward packets. 0 . You adjust a parameter by typing its number. Possible settings are: Forwarding .Duplex . You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port. 1 .. 5.The port will receive and forward packets.. which is the default.Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex.100 Mbps 1000 .. If you select Manual. two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 ... you can enable the port again to resume normal operation.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 ..

Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated. B . For example. the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps.Advertise 10FDX 6 .Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port. 5 . The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames.Advertise 10HDX 7 . Transmit .MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port. Receive . 60 . You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation.Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation. a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port. The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time. Both . half-duplex operation. you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX. which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half. If desired. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155. During Auto-Negotiation. if you set the selection 8 . 9 . a switch port will advertise its full capabilities.or full-duplex mode. Possible settings are: None .No flow control on the port. If you set this to Auto.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.Advertise 100HDX to No. which is the default setting. By default.Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option.Advertise 100FDX 8 . the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it. which is the default setting.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode.

This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode. This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node. The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection. when selected. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 61 . Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port. Once you have set the port parameters. You can use this option to reset the selected port. which.

type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. 62 .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5. From the System Configuration Menu. To display GBIC information. type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information. 3. 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 .GBIC Information R . type 5 to select System Config Menu. The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed. From the Advanced Configuration window. Type 1 to select GBIC Information.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch. these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. Type either 24 or 25. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1.

.......... Extended Serial Transceiver .........Next Page R . 63 . Length 62..5/125 um Fib...... Figure 15 is an example of the window. Length 9/125 um Fib.. N ................... Length 9/125 mm Fib... You cannot change this information.AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module.... Connector Type . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number .....Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only.... (k) .. Type of Serial Interface ...... Elect/Opt Transceiver .................... (10m) ........... (100m) .. Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding ... (10k) . Length 50/125 um Fib.........

Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. 64 .Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session.

You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. even when the end node is inactive. Once this mode is activated. There are four levels of port security. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table. it remains in the table and is never purged.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch. Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level. Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn. Automatic This operating mode disables port security. 65 .

66 . refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. even those belonging to inactive end nodes. Once you have activated this security level. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned. When this security level is activated.

1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . This is the default setting. 67 . You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed. To set a switch’s port security level.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses. type 1 to select Automatic mode. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. type 2 to select Limited mode. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69. type 3 to select the Secured mode. From the Port Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. From the Main Menu. 2. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward. type 5 to select Port Security. perform the following procedure: 1. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. After activating this security mode. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table. type 1 to select Port Menu. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. To specify the limits.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned. A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch. type 4 to select Lock all the ports now. 68 . Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time.

the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports. From the Port Security menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 . You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports. The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed. From the Main Menu. type 1 to select Port Menu. 2. Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port. type 2 to select Limited security. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed.Set MAC limit per port 3 .Configure port security limited mode R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn.Display MAC limit per port 2 . When you activate this security level. Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn. From the Port Menu. frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded. type 5 to select Port Security. perform the following procedure: 1. You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table. 3. To configure Limited security mode.

10. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6. repeat Steps 5 through 9. 11. 70 . If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. 9. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports. Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. This applies the limit to the port. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports. Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch. 13. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. 12. Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . The range is 1 to 150 addresses. type R to select Return to previous menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. 7. Type 2 to choose Select a port. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again.

The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. Check to be sure that they are correct. If you assigned different values to different ports. 15. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port. Examine the MAC limits. be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. 14. 16. Limited security has now been configured on the switch. 71 . If necessary.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks.

❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. For example. workstation. ❑ When cabling a trunk. ports 4. you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. 14. 6. 22. and 24. or 4 ports. 23. 73 . To maintain the order of the port connections. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. 3. On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load. and so on. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. Despite the software configuration and physical connections. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. 5. the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. For example. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. and so on. 15 for the trunk. or another Ethernet switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. 13. and 7). there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. speed. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. port 13 to port 22. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. A port trunk is 2. 3. ❑ The duplex mode. such as a server. router.

Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server. The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches. A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs. The server is connected to the switch with four data links. AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 . ❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch. AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches. The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch.❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN.

2.Add ports to trunk 2 . Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure. You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 .Save Configuration Changes R . are the same for all the ports of the trunk. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 .Delete Trunk 3 .Show port trunking status S . Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology. Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software. examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed. From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. type 3 to select Port Trunking. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. From the Port Menu. To create a port trunk. such as speed and duplex mode. Check to be sure that the settings. Note Before creating a port trunk. type 1 to select Port Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch.

The port trunk is ready for network operations. You can specify the ports individually (e. 76 . Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk. 6.g.3. Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R .g. Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk... type 3 to display the status of the trunk.4) or as a range (e.Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7. 8.3. To confirm the creation of the port trunk. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window. 1. Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking. Enter new value -> 4. The following prompt is displayed. 5. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch.2. 7-10). Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

77 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. type 3 to select Port Trunking. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window. From the Main Menu. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. 3. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. type 1 to select Port Menu. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. 2. The port trunk is deleted from the switch. From the Port Menu. To confirm the deletion. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. Type 2 to select Delete trunk. 4. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology. perform the following procedure: 1. To delete a port trunk from the switch.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror.

❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time. the more ports you mirror.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. 79 . the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. the mirror port is likely to drop packets. if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports. For example. For example. meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports. you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed. However.

The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed.. You can specify only one mirror port. To mirror a range of ports.. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 .Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror. The following prompt is displayed. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. enter the first port of the range. the port to where the traffic will be copied).Show Port Mirror Status S .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3. Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored. To mirror the traffic of only one port..Delete ports from mirror 5 . Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6.Save Configuration Changes R . enter the last port in the range. type 1 to select Port Menu. 5.. From the Main Menu. Press Return...Add ports to mirror 4 .CPU Attached . The following prompt is displayed. Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is. perform the following procedure: 1. 80 .... 0 2 . No 3 .. Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7. If you want to mirror a range or ports.Mirroring Port . The following prompt is displayed.. Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror. From the Port Menu. enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step. type 2 to select Port Mirroring....

10. Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu. The port mirror is now functional. 9. type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status. To confirm the creation of the port mirror. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 81 . The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored.AT-S39 User’s Guide 8.

5. type 1 to select Port Menu. 3. From the Main Menu. From the Port Menu. Enter 0 and press Return. 82 . The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. The following prompt is displayed. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4.

83 . ISO/IEC 10038: 1993.1D.Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol. refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802.

By adjusting the value. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges.1D standard. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. either planned or unplanned. A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link. leaving only one main active path. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. also referred to as the bridge identifier. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. exist in the network topology. Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. and sometimes its MAC address. of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. as specified in the IEEE 802. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number.Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. 84 . A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability. Where multiple paths exist. referred to as broadcast storms. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops.

85 . if one is found. Below are the default values. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. The faster the port. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and. If two paths have the same port cost. If redundant paths exist. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby. the preferred path is selected through port priority. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. where all ports have a port cost of 0. This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. active path.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. the lower the port cost. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. blocking mode. Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it.

and that could adversely impact network performance. removal. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. especially if it is a large network. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. the active topology also changes. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. Consequently. When a bridge is brought on-line. However. a temporary data loop could occur. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. listening and learning. or addition of any active components. and if not. For large networks. 86 . Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network. For small networks. with the size of your network being a primary factor. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. a change in a port state is not activated immediately. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. before it begins to forward frames. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network.

..1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters.. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable ... From the Main Menu. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network.. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. You should consult the IEEE 802. The default setting is disabled.Reset STP to Defaults R . Bridge Max Age . 1 . If you enable STP. Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default..Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings... Bridge Priority .....Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2. Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 .Display STP Port Settings 9 . Bridge Hello Time ... The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed.Config STP Port Settings 8 .. Bridge Forwarding . Bridge Identifier .. The parameters are described below.. 1. 87 ...

all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. If the bridge transitions too soon. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table.Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. 88 . if you use the default 20. The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge.Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. for example.535. 6 . 3 . All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. resulting in network loops. 3. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. The default is 2 seconds. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. When a root bridge goes off-line. After you have made the desired changes. 4 . The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. 5 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 .Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. The default is 15 seconds. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes.Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. with 0 being the highest priority. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. The default is 20 seconds. For example.

The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed. enter the first port of the range.. From the Spanning Tree menu. 89 . The parameters are described below. Enter the number of the port you want to configure. 2. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating .Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain...... To configure a range of ports. This value cannot be changed.. Port Priority .... Path Cost ... 1 .. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5. enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step.. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4..... enter the last port of the range. Adjust the settings as desired. From the Main Menu...AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters.. To configure just one port. Bridge Hello Time ... Root Bridge . type 7 to select Config STP port settings. Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R .. perform the following procedure: 1.. To configure a range of ports.

refer to the previous procedure. 4 . This value cannot be changed from this window. To change this value.Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN. The range is 0-255. The range is 1 to 65535.Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain. 10 for a 100 Mbps port. 5 . and 4 for a 1 Gbps port.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. The default value for priority is 128.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . 90 . 3 .Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge. The default is 2 seconds. The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port. This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed.

and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 . modifying. This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. It also contains the procedures for creating.Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs).

Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. This too can improve overall network performance. Before the advent of VLANs. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. if an employee changed departments. you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. For example. Additionally. It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. logical LAN segments. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth. For example. such as one for Sales and another for Accounting. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN. 92 . These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. With VLANs. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN.

AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections. you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software. VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically. or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another. 93 . Additionally. a virtual LAN can span more than one switch. This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location.

Examples include Sales. or just a few ports. A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter. 94 . called the Default VLAN. Production. VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). such as a router or Layer 3 switch. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. you must give it a name. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. and Engineering. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN.

and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. Consequently. unique VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN. If you allow the management software to do it automatically. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. it will simply select the next available VID. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. Untagged Ports Naturally. For example. rather than by a port’s PVID. This is acceptable when you are creating a new.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. In this manner. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames. you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. 95 . then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. Additionally. You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID. (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves.

❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. ❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN. Consequently. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. However. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. 96 . This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID. ❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs.

97 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN. across multiple VLANs. such as servers and printers. In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches. a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN. ❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network. many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. For example. A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs.

Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales.13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 .) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN . 11 .4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9. Engineering. A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN. 98 . A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member. The ports have been assigned PVID values. You assign this number when you create a VLAN. Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 .24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs. and Production VLANs on the switch. (For purposes of the following examples. the Default VLAN is not shown.

The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN.Example 2 99 . In this example. Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs. two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN . each VLAN has one port connected to the router.AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example.

This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment.24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 . 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 .11.6. ❑ Engineering VLAN . and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . However. It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch. Engineering. This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN. 14. This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch. So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN.This is the final VLAN in the example. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch. ❑ Production VLAN .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. 100 .This VLAN spans both switches. 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13.6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN .This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN. It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4. it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch. it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router. This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN. Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router. Since this VLAN spans multiple switches. 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 .

this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network. the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94. 101 . VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously.3ac standard).AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch.1Q-compliant. This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network. This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. the frame will be discarded. This contrasts to a port-based VLAN. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches. The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time. Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. referred to as a tagged frame. When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port. the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership. A tag. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. For example. The IEEE 802. If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch.

The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. a frame without any tagged information). the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. simultaneously. You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN. However. An untagged port. 102 . Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. there would seem to be no need for a PVID. Otherwise. can be in only one VLAN at a time. it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. In the case of a tagged VLAN. But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. But actually there is. and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN.

each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID. 103 . ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time. If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks. ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN. ❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID.

1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 .1Q-based products.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.

Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example. But with tagged ports.1Q-compliant server. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. It is connected to an IEEE 802. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. when received by the switch. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch. data separation and security remain. They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN. each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. while still maintaining data separation and security. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated. One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11. 18 (PVID 2) 8. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs. 20 (PVID 3) 8. The tagged frames. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. 105 .

refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121. but the VLANs are not used.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. All VLAN information. Packets are passed through the switch unchanged. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode. either tagged or untagged. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames. You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. 106 . frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. is ignored. Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered.

Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S .Virtual LAN Definitions 3 . type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.Port VLANs & Priorities R .AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN. 107 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2. perform the following procedure: 1. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. From the Main Menu.Save Configuration Changes R . The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. From the VLAN Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 .Virtual LAN Support 2 . type 2 to select VLAN Menu. The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3.

. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. Untagged Ports . The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value.. Mirroring Port ..Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed. Sales or Accounting).. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. but not special characters... Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name ......... 108 .. then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. then its VID must also be unique... The name can contain spaces. 5.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4..... For example. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network.. The name can be from one to ten characters in length.. The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example. 0 Tagged Ports .. VLAN ID (VID) .... If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches... If the VLAN will be unique in your network... than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch.... 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) .. The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096.. then the name should be unique as well. you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value.. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches..Create VLAN R .. C ...

7-9). or both (e. Type C to select Create VLAN. leave this field empty. as a range (e.. leave this field empty. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. or both (e. as a range (e.5. If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN. 2. 7-9).g.g. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports. 11.5.) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature. 109 . this parameter should be left with its default value of 0. 14. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. 2.g.5).g.. Press any key. You can specify the ports individually (e. type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted. type 6 and Y for yes. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. 7-9)..g. type 4 to select Show All VLANs. 9. you can analyze the VLAN traffic.3. For more information on port mirroring. 2.g. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored. 8. If the VLAN will contain tagged ports. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. To verify that the VLAN was created correctly.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. 12.3..Press any key to continue. you will see the following message: SUCCESS . Note In most cases.. 2. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port.7-9) 7.5). either do not select this option or select it and type N for no. You can specify the ports individually (e. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch.. 10.(If you do not to activate this feature. Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports. 13.

if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. Note When you create a new VLAN. You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs. the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN. ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. For example.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15. 110 . Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time.

nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. 8. 3. The new Sales VLAN has now been created. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. 5. Press Return. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. Type C to select Create VLAN. 2. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. To create the example Sales VLAN. 111 . From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. From the VLAN Menu. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”. perform the following procedure: 1. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. 4. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. Ports 1 to 4. 9. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. press any key. 7. 6. type 1 to select Create a VLAN.

From the Main Menu. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.16”. 11.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104. and 12. 8. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. Ports 8 and 16. To create the example Engineering VLAN. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.10. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN. Press Return. From the VLAN Menu. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. and two untagged ports. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 6. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. 112 . 2. 7. Type C to select Create VLAN. 10. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9.11. 5. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”. Ports 9. It will consist of three untagged ports. 9. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 20”. press any key. 4.

perform the following procedure: 1. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.. 6... refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. 113 .. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. type M to select Modify VLAN. The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed..AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure. Change the VLAN’s information as desired. 2. The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed. type 2 to select Modify a VLAN. After making the desired changes. To modify a VLAN. 7. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). R .VLAN ID (VID) ... For a description of the parameters. This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN. From the VLAN Menu. 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 .Press any key to continue. The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS .

Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 8.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. The VLAN has been modified. 11. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. 10. 114 . Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 9. Press any key. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs.

2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 3.9 U: 1-6 T: 7. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R . VID numbers. From the Main Menu. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. The Show All VLANs window is displayed.9 U: 8. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 . Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7. type 4 to select View All VLANs. From the VLAN Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch.

type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions.. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu..VLAN ID (VID) . To obtain a VLAN’s VID. To delete the VLAN.. 3. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). type D. The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed. Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4. From the VLAN Menu. To delete a VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. 116 . perform the following procedure: 1. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return. type 3 to select Delete a VLAN. The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed. R . A confirmation prompt is displayed. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. 6... 2. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115... which has a VID of 1.

All ports in the deleted VLAN. 117 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. The VLAN has been deleted. Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure.AT-S39 User’s Guide 7. The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS . Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu.Press any key to continue. 8. 9. 10. both tagged and untagged. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu. 4. A confirmation message is displayed. 118 . Press Return. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. on a switch. 2. 5. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. 3. To delete selected VLANs. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. perform the following procedure: 1. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. except the Default VLAN. From the VLAN Menu. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. To delete all VLANs on a switch. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

Type 1 to select Port Number. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 . For example.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed. To change a PVID for a port. 2. 119 . From the Main Menu. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. From the VLAN Menu. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN. Press Return. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7.Port Number R . Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change.

... You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch. Override Priority (Y/N) ....... Return to the Main Menu.. Specify the new PVID value for the port. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip.... Press Return... 1 1 0 N U .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5....Press any key to continue. Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High .. 7....Update Changes to Chip C .. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6...Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed... Port VLAN ID .. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes........ Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number .. The port now has a new PVID..... Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID. 120 .Accept changes & update flash R . 9. 8.... The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS .

Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs. Press Return. Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. From the Main Menu. 2. The default is Tagged mode. type 5 to select System Config Menu. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. 4. Type 3 to select Switch Mode. 121 . Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. perform the following procedure: 1. 5. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. B-Basic): 3. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.

If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure.Accept changes & update flash R .Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E .Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 . 2. When VLANs are enabled. perform the following procedure: 1. the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering. Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs.Enable VLANs Globally D . type 2 to select VLAN Menu. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode.Enable/Disable VLANs 2 . From the VLAN Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 . ingress filtering is disabled. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed. When VLANs are disabled. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. It sets a switch’s VLAN mode. The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed.Disable VLANs Globally R . From the Main Menu. The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3. the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode.

A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch. Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode. 6. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes.AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. 123 . 5. 4. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu.

If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN. Fortunately. 124 . or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. the port accepts the frame. Once the tagged frame is received. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. just as a reminder. the port discards the frame. nor to any frames. the switch discards the frame.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. the frame is discarded. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. For further information. First. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. tagged or untagged. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. If they belong to different VLANs. Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. Here is an example. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. If they belong to the same VLAN. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. the port accepts the frame. In this case. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. If there is.

Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame. Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis. perform the following procedure: 1. To enable or disable ingress filtering. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3.Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D . In most cases. From the VLAN Menu. 4. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed. Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch. From the Main Menu. regardless of the status of ingress filtering. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5. and that is the priority tag. which is the default. 125 . type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. 2. Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority.AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets.Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R . you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame. You cannot set this per port. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the Virtual LAN Support menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E .

Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .

freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. it also examines the destination address and. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. When the destination node responds. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. For example. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. 127 . If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table. it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. along with the port number on which each address was learned. When the switch receives a packet. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. and the port number where each address was learned. determines the port where the destination node is connected. by referring to its MAC address table. This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located.

The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. even when the end node is inactive. refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. once entered in the table. You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process. This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. For instructions on changing the aging timer. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports. even when the end node is inactive. The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses. The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. 128 . This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted. The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. A static MAC address. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes).Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. To display only static MAC addresses. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports. 3. type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R . One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses. 129 . The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed. just the base ports.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2. The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed. type 6 to select MAC Address Tables. To display the MAC address table. type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports. perform the following procedure: 1. To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. From the Main Menu.

Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. The static MAC address window is exactly the same. The columns in the window are defined below.Update Display R . Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only.Accept changes & update flash U . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses. 130 . (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window. which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N .

assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. 131 . Type The MAC address type. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. As an example. This feature is not supported at this time. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. except for the switch’s MAC address. The type can be either static or dynamic. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Another example is “000020F. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state.

A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port. 132 . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 2. From the Main Menu. Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return. The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu. From the MAC Address Table menu. 1. type 6 to select MAC Address Table.

you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned. 133 . From the Main Menu. But if the switch is part of a large network. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. 1. The procedure in this section offers an easier way. finding the address could prove difficult. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. if the address was learned dynamically. type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address. or to which the address was assigned. You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address. for a static address. From the MAC Address Table menu.

From the MAC Address Table menu. 2. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table. For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. 134 . Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. 1. as explained earlier in this chapter. (This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. produces the same result. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view. perform the following procedure.) Note To perform this procedure. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch. type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN. To obtain a VLAN’s VID.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. 3. 1. Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table. From the Main Menu. A confirmation prompt is displayed. If you type Y for yes. 2. 135 . the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. perform the following procedure. Once the table has been purged. the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. From the MAC Address Table menu. type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses.

5. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. perform the following procedure: 1. 136 . type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address. The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. To add a static address to the MAC address table. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected. From the Main Menu. 2. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address. From the MAC Address Table menu.

type 3 to select Delete MAC Address. Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table. From the MAC Address Table menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 4. 137 . The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. From the Main Menu. Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses.

Enter a new value in seconds. type 5 to select System Config Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. 2. The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes). From the System Config Menu. To adjust the aging time. This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. the switch deletes the address. 138 . From the Main Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time.

Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .

e. network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port. transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality. The 802. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority. But with the introduction of time-critical applications. packet transfer delays can prove problematic. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802. For example. untagged frames (i. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues. but were mostly transparent to network users. When a tagged packet enters a switch port. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue.. File transfer delays did occur. CoS was designed to address this problem. Prior to CoS.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays. By default. 0 to 7. 140 .1p and 802.1Q standards. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue. such as voice transmission or video conferencing. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest. low and high.1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example.

Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 2. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. enter a value from 4 to 7. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. (Again. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port. Type 3 to select Priority (0 . The default for this parameter is No. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. 3. 8. enter a value from 0 to 3. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. 141 . From the Main Menu.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. Press Return. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. 9. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. 10. 6. perform the following procedure: 1. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch.) 7. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. Type 1 to select Port Number. 5. 11. Return to the Main Menu. From the VLAN Menu. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered.7). Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch.

This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups.) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. it removes the node from appropriate membership list. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. In Version 1. it simply stops sending reports. A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group. Once the router has received a report from a host node. referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group. the router does not send multicast packets out the port. 143 . IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. referred to as a time-out value. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. In Version 2. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. There are two versions of IGMP. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located.

which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. except the port on which it received the packet. IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2. and by processing leave requests. a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value. Note By default. 144 . Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance.

type E to enable or D to disable this feature.. The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch.....IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch... perform the following procedure: 1. Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate).. Multicast Router Port(s) . type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters. View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S . 3.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 . This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. Multicast Host Topology ..... type 5 to select System Config Menu.. From the Main Menu... After selecting this option.. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status . 2.Save Configuration Changes R .Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. Host/Router Timeout Interval . 2 . Maximum Multicast Groups .. From the Advanced Configuration window.. From the System Configuration Menu...

that is. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub.Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports. Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. The default is 256 multicast groups. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. The default is 260 seconds. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. The range is 1 to 2048 groups.Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. 3 . 4 . This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. 5 . leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses.400 seconds (24 hours). If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 .Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. The default is 256 multicast addresses. The range is from 1 second to 86.Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected.

AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect. To select Auto Detect. Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter. enter “0” (zero) for this parameter. After making the desired changes. 147 . or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 4. Your changes are activated immediately on the switch.

148 . From the System Configuration Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected. Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port. type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U .Update Display R . 2.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch. To display the list. type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. From the Main Menu. The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. 4. The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group. as well as the host nodes.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed.

Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. From the Advanced Configuration window. 3. From the System Configuration Menu. The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected. perform the following procedure: 1. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U .Update Display R . The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. type 5 to select System Config Menu. 149 . You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch. type 7 to select View Multicast Router List. type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. Router IP The IP address of the multicast router. 4. To display a list of the multicast routers. From the Main Menu. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software.

The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval. When a node sends out a broadcast frame. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network. Broadcast frames are different. 151 . some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds.AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. For example. That is. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. For example. You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. In order to use this feature. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds.

152 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example. If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval. the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames. Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch. the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. At these settings.

0 milli sec 2 . 0 micro sec C . The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature. 2.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed. 3.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps ..10x ❑ 100 Mbps .Save Configuration Changes R . perform the following procedure: 1. 0 milli sec 3 . The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps .100x 153 . 100.. type 5 to select System Config Menu. Type 1. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 .. 2... type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup.. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.Timer for 1000 MB ports . From the Main Menu. and 1000 Mbps. or 3 and enter a value when prompted.. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds.. The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed..Timer for 10 MB ports . From the System Configuration Menu. From the Advanced Configuration Menu.Timer for 100 MB ports .

type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 6. 154 . if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. the management software multiples the value by 10. Once you have set the desired timer intervals. The default value is “0” for all timers. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. 5.

For example. To configure a range of ports.> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. 2. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. To configure only one port. To configure a range of ports. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] . 6. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. enter the last port number in the range. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. 155 . Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. perform the following procedure: 1. Type B to select Broadcast Control. type 1 to select Port Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. 5. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded. enter the first port of the range. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. From the Main Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. From the Port Menu. type 1 to select Port Menu.

Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .

From the Main Menu.Display Port Statistics R . Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view. perform the following procedure: 1.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2. From the Ethernet Statistics menu. Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics.Select a Port 2 .Display Module Statistics R .Clear Module Statistics 3 . type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics. Type 1 to choose Select a Port. 157 . Press Return. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4. The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed.Clear Port Statistics 3 . The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . 5.Port Statistics Menu 2 . type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics.

.... TX_COUNT ......Update Display R ............ RX_COUNT . RX_MLTCAST .... FRAGMENT ............ Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port............... RX_BRDCAST .......... U ...... CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port. UNDERSIZE ....... Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port.....Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window. 158 ......... PORT_IN_DISCARDS ........... Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port........ RX_UNICAST ....... Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port.................. OVERSIZE ............. CRC_ERROR . shown in Figure 48................ Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded.....Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only....................... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT ......... RX_OVERFLOW ........................

159 . Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. but discarded and not forwarded.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. select the option “2 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. packets with alignment errors. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port. If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port.

..... perform the following procedure: 1... FRAGMENT ............. Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch.... 160 ......... The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window............ From the Ethernet Statistics menu.... RX_MLTCAST ......... RX_OVERFLOW .......Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch.. RX_BRDCAST ..... Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch. RX_UNICAST ..... From the Main Menu....................Update Display R . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT . RX_COUNT .. UNDERSIZE .................. type 3 to select Display Module Statistics.......... CRC_ERROR .. TX_COUNT .............. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics..................... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch... U ....... PORT_IN_DISCARDS ..... 2... OVERSIZE ............................Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only... shown in Figure 48..... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded.............

Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch. If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”.Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu. but discarded and not forwarded. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch. packets with alignment errors. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802. 161 . select the option “2 . Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch.

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

163

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

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The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

166 . If you are installing a new management image. Do not reboot the switch. the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed. Once the management software is initialized. the switch automatically resets. Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. Note Do not interrupt the initialization process. a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. Begin the file transfer of the new management software image.

ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39. Binary . Put .The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch. This may necessitate renaming the file. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host .1. loader file. or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above. A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT.cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image. Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software. tftp -i 149.1. The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39.img 167 .The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch. you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn.img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39.AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software. Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149. Source file .35. If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software.35.This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image.1.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.1 put c:\ats39.

The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation. as explained in the previous section.1 get ats39.The source file name is “ATS39.The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file.img Once the file is stored on a local drive.1.cfg”. 168 . Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited. This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically. it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation. Binary .You must specify binary mode for the file transfer. Destination file .35. Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149. The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host .This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from. Source file .img c:\ats39.35.1. tftp -i 149.1 to local drive C: of the workstation. Get .

Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 . Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23. Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18. Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20. Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24. MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17. Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28.

such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser. 170 .

you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed.) The user name cannot be changed. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser. To start a web browser management session. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. perform the following procedure: 1. To change the password. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch. Start your web browser. 2. the switch must have an IP address.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. as shown in Figure 51. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. Consequently. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. (The password is case-sensitive. 171 . When prompted. For instructions. enter the user name and password. Additionally.

Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus. You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows.The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed. You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser. 172 . In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites. Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display. Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session. 173 . select Exit from any AT-S39 management page.

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home Page. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. subnet address. select Configuration. If the System menu option is not selected.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. 2. refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. select it and then select the General tab. To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default. 175 .

Sales Ethernet switch). The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example. Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. 176 .Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed. 3. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide.

This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. enter the new password into both fields. a Telnet utility. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply.AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length. The default password is “admin”. Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. or an SNMP management program. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Wiring closet 402B). IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. After you have set the parameters. Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. 4. click Apply. Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters.g. Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. such as its location (e. To create a new password. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch. The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. 177 .. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). Floor 4. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser.

If you made a change to the IP address. You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session. or gateway address. subnet mask. or by using the Reset button on the switch. You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session. 178 .Section III: Web Browser Management 5. you must reset the switch to activate your change.

3. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. select the General tab. From the Home page. The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed. select System Status. From the Configuration Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 . select Monitoring. If it is not already selected. The Monitoring window is displayed.

You cannot change any of the values from this window. For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session. Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging . refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212. If this parameter displays “Tagged. This value cannot be changed. Administration This section contains a variety of information. For background information about MAC addresses. These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. which also explains how to change the parameters. These values cannot be changed. 180 . refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10. If this parameter displays “Basic. General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address. ❑ Hash Count . For information about VLANs. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes). ❑ Switch Mode .” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. The sections in the window are defined below. including the IP address of the switch and the system name. Virtual LANs on page 91.Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted.Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only.Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table.Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode.

Select the SNMP tab. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. From the Configuration menu. 181 . Adjust the parameters as desired. The parameters are described below. From the Home page. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. 2. select System. select Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed.

5. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. Click Apply to save your changes to the switch.Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. 182 .

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 .Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed.

3.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch. Select the Port Setting tab.) 5. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure. 184 . The selected port turns white. perform the following procedure: 1. select Layer 1. From the Configuration page. Click Modify. From the Home page. The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. select Configuration. (To deselect a port. You can select only one port at a time. Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4. click it again. 2.

Both . The parameters are described below. refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227. Possible values are: None . For instructions on how to set this value. any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch.No flow control on the port.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. For background information on this feature. An example of the window is shown in Figure 57. Transmit . If the threshold is reach. Receive .Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port. Adjust the port parameters as desired. 185 . refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. Flow Control The flow control setting for the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed. Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time. Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6.Flow control only on packets being received on the port.

❑ 10Mbps . The default for this port parameter is enabled. 186 .Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . This is the default. Once you have made the desired changes.Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port. click Apply.Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228.Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps .Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps . 7. Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode. Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values. Default values are listed in Appendix A. A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames. The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port.

select Layer 1. Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics. 3. (To deselect a port. You can select only one port at a time. click it again. and more. duplex mode. MDI/MDI-X configuration. 2. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58. 187 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB. From the Monitoring page. To display the status or statistics of a switch port.) 4. You can view a port’s operating speed. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch. select Monitoring. From the Home page. Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. The selected port turns white. Click a port.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

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refer to Port Security Overview on page 65. 192 . Note For background information on port security.Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session. Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session.

select Layer 2. Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. From the Configuration page. select Monitoring. From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Layer 2 page. select the Port Security tab. 3. 2. The current security level is displayed.

Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session. Note For background information on port trunking. refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73. 194 .

Select the Port Trunking tab. select Layer 1. 3. From the Configuration page. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. If you are deleting a port trunk. To create or delete a port trunk. 195 . The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. all ports in the switch image will be black. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. the ports of the trunk will be white. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. Loops can result in broadcast storms. which can adversely effect the operations of your network. From the Home page. select Configuration. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. If there is a port trunk. Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. which can produce broadcast storms.

An unselected port is black. click Remove. 5. A selected port changes to white. You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. 3. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch. b. do the following: a. A port trunk can contain 2. To create a port trunk. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. Click Apply. 196 . or 4 ports. The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. To delete a port trunk.

Note For background information on port mirroring.Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. 197 .

The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. b. c. Click Apply. To create a port mirror. 3. 198 . From the Home page. You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports. Select the Port Mirroring tab. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. 2. 5. select Layer 1. From the Configuration page. Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4. To delete an existing port mirror. The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. do the following: a. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. perform the following procedure: 1. select Configuration.

The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted. 199 .

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP. Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session. 200 . refer to STP Overview on page 84. Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session.Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session.

Configuration 4. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. 2. select Layer 2. select the Spanning Tree tab. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks. perform the following procedure: 1. You should consult the IEEE 802.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. From the Layer 2 window. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. 3. select Configuration. From the Home page. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window .1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. To configure a bridge’s STP parameters. 201 . The parameters are described below. If you enable STP. From the Configuration menu.

Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state.Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. If the bridge transitions too soon. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. if you use the default 20. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. This value cannot be changed. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. The default is 15 seconds. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. 202 . possibly resulting in a network loop. click Apply. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. 5. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. For example. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. The default is 2 seconds. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. The default setting is disabled. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP.535. When a root bridge goes off-line. with 0 being the highest priority. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. for example. The default is 20 seconds. After you have made the desired changes.

select Layer 2.Monitoring 203 . perform the following procedure: 1. From the Layer 2 page. 2. select the Spanning Tree tab. 3. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window .AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings. select Monitoring. To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters. From the Monitoring menu. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed. From the Home page. refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.

and delete VLANs from a web browser management session. This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode. modify. refer to Chapter 10.Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. Virtual LANs. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 .

The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed. select Configuration. From the Configuration menu. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 . 2. select Layer 2. select the VLAN tab. From the Home page. From the Layer 2 window. perform the following procedure: 1. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN.

If this will be a unique VLAN in your network.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. Click Add. The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example. If the VLAN will be unique in your network. Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN. The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. The name can be from one to 10 characters in length. the name should be unique as well. 6. Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. 206 . The name can contain spaces but not special characters. the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. Sales or Accounting). such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). its VID must be unique as well.

Click Apply. its VID value should be the same on each switch. 9. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port. 10. To select ports for the VLAN. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. 7.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. For example. Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. This value disables port mirroring. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. click Send to CPU. The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. or a tagged port. 8. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. Note For background information on port mirroring. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. In most cases. 207 . in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time.

208 . The VLAN is now ready for network operations.Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment.

they are returned to the Default VLAN. select the VLAN tab. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure. 6. From the Layer 2 window. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. select Layer 2. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. From the Configuration menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. 3. select Configuration. click Apply. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. 5. After making the desired changes. 4. 7. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. Creating a VLAN. 209 . Click Modify. From the Home page. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN.

From the Layer 2 window. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page. Click Remove. select Layer 2. From the Configuration menu. 5. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. select Configuration.Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. 2. 210 . select the VLAN tab. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete. 4. The VLAN is deleted from the switch.

2. select the VLAN tab. From the Monitoring page. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . From the Layer 2 page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch. perform the following procedure: 1. The management software displays the window in Figure 68. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 3. select Monitoring. select Layer 2. From the Home page.

From the Home Page. To set the switch’s VLAN mode. which is the default. If you select Basic. Note Refer to Chapter 10. If you select Tagged. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. Select the General tab.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. Reset the switch. You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. 4. 212 . perform the following procedure: 1. 2. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. select Configuration. 5. In the Switch Mode section of the window. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs. From the Configuration menu. choose System. click either Tagged or Basic. Virtual LANs. 3.

select Configuration. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. Click Apply. To change a PVID for a port. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. 5. 4. For example. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. select CoS. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 . perform the following procedure: 1. To deselect a port. 3. A selected port turns white. You can select only one port at a time. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. From the Layer 2 page. select Layer 2. From the Home page. From the Configuration page. 2. click it again. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure.

The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch. Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port. Click Apply. Class of Service on page 219. 7. 214 .Section III: Web Browser Management 6. The new value is immediately activated on the port. Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26.

215 . refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table.

Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses. From the Layer 2 page. For instructions. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table. 2. select Monitoring. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session. From the Home page. select the Forwarding Database tab. From the Monitoring page. perform the following procedure: 1. 216 . You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. The options are described below. select Layer 2. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed. 3.

Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. You specify the VLAN by its VID. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. The port numbering scheme is from right to left. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch. 4. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. As an example. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. Another example is “000020F. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. Once you have configured the options. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. 217 . Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. click View.

Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. except for the switch’s MAC address. 218 . Type The MAC address type. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. This feature is not supported at this time. The type can be either static or dynamic. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member.

219 . refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS.Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS.

select Configuration. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. 8. Click Modify. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5. The default for this parameter is No. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. (Again. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7.) 5. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. Click Apply. (To deselect a port. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered.) 7. select Layer 2. Click the port where you want to configure CoS. click the Override Priority option. 6. 220 . it does not matter which of these levels you select. You can select only one port at a time. From the Configuration page. 2. select the CoS tab. 4. A graphical image of the switch is displayed.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed. A selected port turns white. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Layer 2 page. 3. From the Home page. click it again.

221 .Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch. refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143. Note For background information on this feature.

2. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. From the Home page. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port). Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. select Configuration. 222 . The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. select System. Select the IGMP tab. Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. 3. From the Configuration menu. Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. perform the following procedure: 1. The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed.

The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch.400 seconds (24 hours). Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 . that is. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection. The default is 256 multicast groups. The default is 260 seconds. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. The range is from 1 second to 86. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port.

224 . The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect. Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected.Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses. A white port indicates a multicast router port. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. The default is 256 multicast addresses. or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image.

refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. Note For background information on this feature.Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch. 225 .

) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed. 3. 226 . select them now.10x ❑ 100 Mbps .100x For example. If they are not already selected. the management software multiples the value by 10. You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. From the Home page. To specify an interval timer. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps . 100. enter values for the three interval timers.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. 2. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10. The default value is “0” for all timers. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. and 1000 Mbps. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. click Apply. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. select Configuration. 4. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. After you have entered your values. perform the following procedure: 1. Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept. The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab.

In the graphical switch image. 4. Click Modify.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. Click Apply. select Layer 1. The selected port turns white. From the Configuration page. select it now. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames. The port will accept all broadcast frames. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. 5. 2. When you open the Layer 1 page. assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. 6. perform the following procedure: 1. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. select Configuration. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. If it is not selected. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. From the Home page. As an example. click it again. If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. 3. 227 . To deselect a port. 7. You can select only one port at a time. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window.

Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.0 255.0.0.0.255.0.0.0 0.Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings.0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 .

1 and above only.AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.) 229 .

84. 167 obtaining. used in this guide. 37 defined. 35. 150. 88. 185 forwarding delay. 47 guidelines.Index A aging time changing. 84. 202 bridge identifier. 88. 88. AT-S39. 11 D default values. 138 defined. 60. 202 bridge priority. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 106 setting. 88 G gateway address. 202 bridge max age parameter. 141. 220 defined. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. 172 C Class of Service configuring. 128 AT-S39 default settings. 52 defined. 90 host nodes 230 . 60. 212 BOOTP activating. 140 console timeout. 155. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. 41. 163 AT-S39 version number. 86. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. 43 conventions. 45 Auto-Negotiation. 27. 228 DHCP activating. 86. 36 documentation. 121. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. 50 F flow control. configuring. 41. 88. 37 releasing IP address. 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session. 225 defined. 227 browser tools. 202 bridge hello time parameter. 47 setting switch status. 37 defined. 177 H hello time. 164 downloading via TFTP. 37 BPDU.

153.AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 65 local management session defined. switch. 213 defined. 28 Telnet session. 116. 66 serial number.1d standard. 118 deleting. 111. 140 priority. 59. 190 port cost defined. 21 master switch defined. 181 SNMP management session. 186 displaying status. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). 145. port security. 60 multicast groups. 115. 25 S Secure level. 30 web browser session. 193 port statistics. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. 84 RS232 port. 205 defined. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 42 root bridge. 209 priority queues. 50 SNMP community strings. 222 defined. 26. 177 default. 211 modifying. 119. 58. 59. 50 returning to. 184 disable. 82. switch. 148 host/router timeout interval. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 222 231 . 223 I IEEE 802. 145. 79 deleting. 45 slave switch. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. 143 ingress filtering. 80. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. default settings. 90 PVID. 226 defined. 32. 35. 146. 95. 157 port trunking creating. 102 port-based VLAN creating. 171 port configuring parameters. 85 setting. 210 displaying. displaying. 146. 149 P password changing. 21 snoop topology. 75. 73 deleting. 173 R resetting a switch. 126. 195 guidelines. 143 displaying. 113. 216 MAC address. 195 defined. 151 L limited security mode configuring. 18 quitting. 187 speed. 94 deleting all. 28 starting. 177 interval timer configuring. 223 multicast router. 67 defined. 65 displaying. 55. defined. 35. 90 port mirroring creating. 69 defined. 77. 29. 39. 198 port security configuring. 186 statistics. 24 M MAC address table. maximum. 198 defined. 107. 87.

210 displaying. 203 starting session local. downloading software updates. 20 quitting. 118 deleting. 35. 167 U unavailable status. 107. 121. 164 downloading via TFTP. defined. 115. 94 tagged. 84 port cost. 116. 210 disabling. 137 displaying. 116. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. default. 87. 205 defined. 118 deleting. 167 obtaining. 122 mode. 89 defined. 29 web browser. 113. 30 starting. 157. 211 enabling. 24 Telnet. 50 user name. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. 171 static MAC address adding. 171 232 . 115. 94. 43 limitations. 107. 113. AT-S39. 209 Telnet management session defined. 211 modifying. 201 configuring port parameters. changing. 108 VLAN identifier. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. 35. 122 displaying. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 190 switch. 171 V version number. 209 port-based. defined.Index software updates downloading from a local session. 129 statistics port. 90 viewing bridge parameters. 205 defined. 19 quitting. 112. 173 starting. 92 deleting all. 85. 212 modifying. 29 TFTP. 136 deleting. 177 switch statistics. 112. 111. 160 STP. 101 VLAN identifier (VID). 101 deleting all. 206 VLAN. 160 system name. defined. 45 virtual LAN creating.