Management Software

®

AT-S39

N
User’s Guide
FOR AT-8024 AND AT-8024GB FAST ETHERNET SWITCHES VERSION 1.3

PN 613-50245-00 Rev C

Copyright  2002 Allied Telesyn, Inc. 960 Stewart Drive Suite B, Sunnyvale, CA 94085 USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn, Inc. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Netscape Navigator is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Allied Telesyn, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied Telesyn, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Preface ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 How This Guide is Organized ...........................................................................................................................................................................10 Document Conventions ....................................................................................................................................................................................11 Where to Find Web-based Guides .................................................................................................................................................................12 Contacting Allied Telesyn .................................................................................................................................................................................13 Sales or Corporate Information ..............................................................................................................................................................13 Management Software Updates ....................................................................................................................................................................14

Section I Overview

......................................................................................................................................................... 15

Chapter 1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................18 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................19 Web Browser Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................20 SNMP Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................21

Section II Local and Telnet Management ................................................................................................. 22
Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session ................................................................................................................................23 Local Management Session ..............................................................................................................................................................................24 Starting a Local Management Session................................................................................................................................................. 25 Enhanced Stacking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Quitting from a Local Session ................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Telnet Management Session ............................................................................................................................................................................29 Starting a Telnet Management Session .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Quitting from a Telnet Management Session................................................................................................................................... 30

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Table of Contents

Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? ................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024 Switch............................................................................................................................................................................................ 32 AT-8024GB Switch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 How Do You Assign an IP Address?...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name ........................................................................................................................................... 34 Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services ................................................................................................................................................. 37 Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses ......................................................................................................... 39 Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Resetting a Switch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features .............................................................................................................................. 43 Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address ........................................................................................................ 45 Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Enhanced Stacking Overview ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Guidelines...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status ............................................................................................................................................ 50 Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Returning to the Master Switch............................................................................................................................................................. 53 Chapter 5 Port Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Displaying Port Status ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 Configuring Port Parameters .......................................................................................................................................................................... 58 Displaying GBIC Information ........................................................................................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 6 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64 Port Security Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Configuring Port Security ................................................................................................................................................................................. 67 Configuring the Limited Security Mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Chapter 7 Port Trunking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Port Trunking Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Creating a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 Deleting a Port Trunk ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Chapter 8 Port Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Port Mirroring Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 Creating a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 80 Deleting a Port Mirror ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol ................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 STP Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Selecting a Root Bridge ............................................................................................................................................................................ 84 Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths........................................................................................................................................... 85 Handling Topology Changes.................................................................................................................................................................. 86 Communicating Between Bridges........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................................................................................. 87 Configuring STP Port Settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 89

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.................. 137 Changing the Aging Time .................................................. 127 Displaying MAC Addresses ........................................................................................................................... 148 Displaying a List of Multicast Routers . 129 Viewing MAC Addresses by Port ........................................................................................................................... 112 Modifying a VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................. 116 Deleting All VLANs ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 115 Deleting a VLAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 142 IGMP Snooping Overview ........................................................... 99 Tagged VLAN Overview ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 104 Basic VLAN Mode Overview ........................ 153 Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count ...................92 Port-based VLAN Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 113 Displaying VLAN Information ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 157 Displaying Switch Statistics ........................................... 135 Adding Static MAC Addresses .................................................................................................................. 96 Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs .................................................................................. 118 Changing a PVID Value ...... 97 Port-based Example 1................................................... 121 Enabling or Disabling All VLANs .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 134 Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses ......................................................................................................................................... 150 Broadcast Frame Control Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 145 Displaying a List of Host Nodes .................... 103 Tagged VLAN Example ..... 151 Configuring the Interval Timer .............. 139 Class of Service Overview .............................................................................................................................................................. 107 Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN .................................................................. 140 Configuring CoS ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................94 General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN ............................................ 143 Activating IGMP Snooping .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 149 Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 122 Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 126 MAC Address Overview .............................................................................................................. 119 Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode ............................................................................................................................................................. 106 Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN .. 101 General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN.............................................................. 98 Port-based Example 2.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 138 Chapter 12 Class of Service ....................................................................................................................................... 155 Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 160 5 ..................................................................................................... 156 Displaying Port Statistics ......... 133 Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN ................................................................................................... 141 Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 111 Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN .................................................................................................................................. 136 Deleting Static MAC Addresses ................... 132 Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 124 Chapter 11 MAC Address Table ....................................................................................................................91 VLAN Overview ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Chapter 10 Virtual LANs ....................................................................................................................

........................................................................187 Chapter 20 Port Security ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................168 Example.........................................................................................................................................................184 Displaying Port Status and Statistics ......................................................................................................Table of Contents Chapter 16 Management Software Updates .......................................................................167 Example.....................183 Configuring Port Parameters .............................................................................................................. 169 Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ........................................................................................193 Chapter 21 Port Trunks .......................213 6 .............212 Changing a PVID ............................................................................................................................................163 Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session .....................................................................................................................................................................................................195 Chapter 22 Port Mirroring .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 168 Section III Web Browser Management .................................................174 Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name .........................................................................................................................................................................171 Browser Tools............................................................................................................................................................................ 167 Uploading a Configuration File ........................................................................................................................................................... 172 Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session ....................181 Chapter 19 Port Parameters ............................................................................203 Chapter 24 Virtual LANs ..............................................................201 Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings .................................................................................................................................198 Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................170 Starting a Web Browser Management Session ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................205 Modifying a VLAN ...............................................................................................................................204 Creating a VLAN ...........................................................................................................................................179 Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................210 Displaying VLANs ...............162 Obtaining Software Updates ...............................................................................164 Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP .........................................................................................................................................................197 Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror .............................200 Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings ............................................................................................175 Viewing System Information ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................211 Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 173 Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters ..........................................209 Deleting a VLAN ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................194 Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk .........................................................................................................192 Displaying the Port Security Level ..............................

............Chapter 25 MAC Address Table .................................................................................................................................... 220 Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 219 Configuring CoS ............................................................................................................................................................ 226 Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames .......................................................................... 228 Index ................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 225 Configuring the Interval Timer .............................................................................................................................................................. 230 7 ................................................................................ 216 Chapter 26 Class of Service ........................................................................ 215 Viewing the MAC Address Table ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 222 Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 227 Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings ...................................... 221 Configuring IGMP Snooping ..............................................................

. 122 8 ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................Example 1 ............... 49 Figure 9: Enhanced Stacking Window ............................................................................... 25 Figure 2: Main Menu ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 104 Figure 29: VLAN Menu ............................................................................................. 74 Figure 21: Port Trunking Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 45 Figure 8: Enhanced Stacking Example ..... 74 Figure 20: Port Trunk Example 2 ............................................... 58 Figure 14: GBIC Information Window ........................................................................................................................................................... 116 Figure 35: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ...................................................................................... 115 Figure 34: Delete a VLAN Menu .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 55 Figure 12: Port Status Window ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 87 Figure 25: Config STP Port Settings Window ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 107 Figure 30: Virtual LAN Definitions Menu ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 67 Figure 17: Limited Security Mode Menu ................................................................. 69 Figure 18: Set MAC Limit Menu ............................................... 99 Figure 28: Example of a Tagged VLAN ... 76 Figure 23: Port Trunking Menu ................................................................................................................................... 63 Figure 16: Port Security Menu ......................................................................................................................... 56 Figure 13: Port Configuration Window ........................ 113 Figure 33: Show All VLANs Window ........................ 26 Figure 3: Administration Menu ..................................................................................................... 50 Figure 10: Enhanced Stacking Window ......................................... 119 Figure 36: Port VLANs and Priorities Window ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Example 2 ........... 120 Figure 37: Virtual LAN Support Menu ...................................................... 52 Figure 11: Port Menu ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 108 Figure 32: Modifying a VLAN Menu .................................................................................................... 80 Figure 24: Spanning Tree Menu ......................................................................................... 98 Figure 27: Port-based VLAN .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 70 Figure 19: Port Trunk Example 1 ............................ 38 Figure 5: Advanced Configuration Window ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................List of Figures Figure 1: Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 40 Figure 7: Diagnostics Window ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 89 Figure 26: Port-based VLAN ................................................................... 39 Figure 6: SNMP Configuration Window ..................... 107 Figure 31: Create a VLAN Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 75 Figure 22: Port Trunk Status Window ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 34 Figure 4: System Configuration Menu ..................................... 62 Figure 15: GBIC Information Window ................................

..................................................................................... Figure 49: Display Module Statistics Window .................................................................................................. Figure 43: View Multicast Hosts List Window ........................................................................................................................................................... Figure 67: Add VLAN Window .................................................................... Figure 53: General Tab ................................ Figure 61: Port Security Menu ................................................. Figure 45: Broadcast Storm Control Window ...................... Figure 50: Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu ................................................. Figure 64: Spanning Tree Window ................... Figure 62: Port Trunking Window ........................................................................ Figure 70: Forwarding Database Tab ............................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 48: Display Port Statistics Window ............................ Figure 42: IGMP Snooping Configuration Window ........Configuration ............................. Figure 55: SNMP Tab ............................................................................................................................ Figure 39: Ingress Filtering Window ...................................................................................... Figure 66: VLAN Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Figure 54: General Tab Window .................................................................................. Figure 57: Settings for Port Window ........................................................................................................ Figure 69: CoS Setting Window ............................. Figure 60: Port Statistics Window ................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 56: Port Setting Configuration Tab ............................................................................................................................ Figure 41: Show All MAC Addresses Window ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 122 125 129 130 145 148 149 153 157 157 158 160 165 171 172 176 179 181 184 185 187 188 190 193 195 198 201 203 205 206 211 213 216 222 9 .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 65: Spanning Tree Window ............................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 59: Port Status Window ............................................................................................................................................ Figure 58: Port Monitoring Page .......................................................................................... Figure 52: Home Page ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 63: Port Mirroring Window ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Figure 38: VLAN Support Window ........................ Figure 51: Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 46: Ethernet Statistics Menu ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Monitoring ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Figure 40: MAC Address Table Menu ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ Figure 68: VLAN Window ...................................... Figure 47: Port Statistics Menu ........................................................... Figure 71: IGMP Tab ............. Figure 44: View Multicast Routers List Window .......................................................................................................................................................

Preface

This guide contains instructions on how configure the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches using the AT-S39 management software.

How This Guide is Organized
This manual is divided into three sections. Section I: Overview This section has just one chapter. It reviews the different ways that you can access the AT-S39 management software on a switch. Section II: Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch from a local management session or a Telnet management session. A local management session is established by connecting a terminal or PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch. A Telnet management session is established using the Telnet application protocol. This type of management session can be performed from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. Section III: Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage a switch using a web browser, such as Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator, from a workstation on your network.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions: Note Notes provide additional information. Warning Warnings inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in bodily injury. Caution Cautions inform you that performing or omitting a specific action may result in equipment damage or loss of data.

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Preface

Where to Find Web-based Guides
The Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com contains PDF files of the installation and user guides for all Allied Telesyn products. The documents can be viewed on-line or downloaded onto a local workstation or server.

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Contacting Allied Telesyn
To contact Technical Support by phone, find your country or region in the table below. United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, South America, Puerto Rico Tel: 1 800 428 4835 (option 4) United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland (+44) 1-235-442560 Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, China, India, Hong Kong Tel: (++65) 3815-612 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Israel Tel: (+39) 02-41-30-41 Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Eastern Europe Tel: (+49) 30-435-900-126 France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Middle East, Africa (+33) 1-60-92-15-25 Australia Tel: 1 800 000 880

Japan Tel: (+81) 3-3443-5640

You can also contact Technical Support on-line at: www.alliedtelesyn.com/allied/support/help.asp.

Sales or Corporate Information

Allied Telesyn, Inc. 19800 North Creek Parkway, Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011 Tel:1 (425) 487-8880 Fax:1 (425) 489-9191

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enter ‘anonymous’ for the user name when you log in and your e-mail address for the password. To use the FTP server. 14 .com.alliedtelesyn. You can download new versions of our management software from our web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com or our FTP server at ftp.Preface Management Software Updates Allied Telesyn periodically updates the management software programs for our managed products.

Section I Overview The chapter in this section provides a brief overview of the AT-S39 management software. It explains some of the functions that you can perform with the management software and reviews the different methods for accessing the AT-S39 software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. 15 .

then you can use the switch as an unmanaged switch by simply connecting the unit to your network. as explained in the hardware installation guide. 16 .Chapter 1 Overview The AT-S39 management software is intended for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. such as port speed and duplex mode ❑ Create virtual LANs (VLANs) ❑ Create port trunks and port mirrors ❑ Assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address and subnet mask ❑ Activate and configure the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) ❑ Configure port security The AT-S39 management software comes pre-installed on the switch with default settings for all its operating parameters. If this is true for your network. You use the software to adjust the operating parameters of the switches. and powering ON the device. Some of the functions that you can perform with the software include: ❑ Enable and disable ports ❑ Configure port parameters. The default settings may be adequate for some networks and may not need to be changed. Note The default settings for the management software can be found in Appendix A. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228.

It also has a special interface for managing a switch with a web browser. The methods are referred to as management sessions in this guide. The AT-S39 software has a menu interface that makes it very easy to use. such as to change or adjust its operating parameters. They are: ❑ Local Management Session ❑ Telnet Management Session ❑ Web Browser Management Session ❑ SNMP Management Session The following sections in this chapter briefly describe each type of management session.AT-S39 User’s Guide To actively manage a switch. you must access the switch’s AT-S39 management software. 17 . There are four different ways that you can access the management software on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch.

This type of management session is referred to as “local” because you must be physically close to the switch. 18 . Once the session is started. such as in the wiring closet where the switch is located. using a straight-through RS-232 cable.Section I: Overview Local Management Session You establish a local management session with an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch by connecting a terminal or a PC with a terminal emulator program to the RS232 Terminal port on the front panel of the switch. refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. You can configure all of a switch’s operating parameters from a local management session. Note For instructions on starting a local management session. you will see a menu from which you can make selections to configure and monitor the switch.

Establishing a Telnet management session with an AT-8024 switch requires that the switch have an IP address. 19 . You cannot manage an AT-8024 switch remotely using the Telnet application protocol if it does not have an IP address. This type of management session is referred to in this guide as a remote management session because you can manage the switch from any workstation on your network that has the application protocol. This section contains a brief discussion about when it makes sense to assign IP addresses to the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. With AT-8024GB switches. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. only one switch in a subnet needs to have an IP address. you have complete management access to all other AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. A Telnet management session gives you complete access to all of a switch’s operating parameters. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. which include the enhanced stacking feature. Once you have established a Telnet management session with an AT-8024GB switch that has an IP address.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session Any management workstation on your network that has the Telnet application protocol can be used to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. If you are just beginning to build your network and have not assigned any IP addresses to switches. refer to Starting a Telnet Management Session on page 29. Note For instructions on how to start a Telnet management session. you might want to start by reading When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. You can perform all the same functions from a Telnet management session as you can from a local management session.

They are: ❑ Enhanced stacking . Consequently. This too is a type of remote management. refer to Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 171.You can view but not set the port security level of a switch. ❑ DHCP and BOOTP .You cannot use the enhanced stacking feature of an AT-8024GB switch from a web browser management session. Note For instructions on starting a web browser management session.You cannot activate these protocols from a web browser management session. because you can use any workstation on your network that has a web browser to manage a switch. There are some management functions that you cannot perform from a a web browser management session. 20 . that you want to manage on your network using a web browser must have its own unique IP address. every AT-8024GB switch. as well as every AT-8024 switch. just like a Telnet management session. ❑ Port security level .Section I: Overview Web Browser Management Session You can also use a web browser to manage a switch.

refer to your SNMP management documentation. you must assign an IP address to each switch to be managed with an SNMP program. The AT-S39 software supports the following MIBs: ❑ SNMP MIB-II (RFC 1213) ❑ Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) ❑ Interface Group MIB (RFC 1573) ❑ Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643) ❑ Remote Network MIB (RFC 1757) ❑ Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB You must download the Allied Telesyn managed switch MIB file from the Allied Telesyn web site and compile the file with your SNMP program. 21 . A familiarity with Management Information Base (MIB) objects is necessary to manage a switch with an SNMP management program. Consequently.AT-S39 User’s Guide SNMP Management Session Another way to remotely manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch is with an SNMP management program. Note SNMP management does not utilize the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. For instructions.

Section II Local and Telnet Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch from a local or Telnet management session. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 2: Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session on page 23 ❑ Chapter 3: Basic Switch Parameters on page 31 ❑ Chapter 4: Enhanced Stacking on page 46 ❑ Chapter 5: Port Parameters on page 54 ❑ Chapter 6: Port Security on page 64 ❑ Chapter 7: Port Trunking on page 72 ❑ Chapter 8: Port Mirroring on page 78 ❑ Chapter 9: Spanning Tree Protocol on page 83 ❑ Chapter 10: Virtual LANs on page 91 ❑ Chapter 11: MAC Address Table on page 126 ❑ Chapter 12: Class of Service on page 139 ❑ Chapter 13: IGMP Snooping on page 142 ❑ Chapter 14: Broadcast Frame Control on page 150 ❑ Chapter 15: Ethernet Statistics on page 156 ❑ Chapter 16: Management Software Updates on page 162 22 .

The sections in the chapter are: ❑ Local Management Session on page 24 ❑ Telnet Management Session on page 29 23 .Chapter 2 Starting a Local or Telnet Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a local or Telnet management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch.

running a local management session does not interfere with the flow of Ethernet traffic through the unit. You can start a local management session at any time on any AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch in your network. To start a local management session on another AT-8024 switch. 24 . Starting a local management session on a AT-8024GB switch that has been configured as a Master switch of an enhanced stack allows you to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet from the same local management session. This can simplify network management. Starting a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that is not part of an enhanced stack or that is a slave switch in a stack allows you to manage just that switch. This typically means that you must be in the wiring closet where the switch is located. You do not have to start a separate local management session for each AT-8024GB switch.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Local Management Session On the front panel of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switch is a port labelled RS232 Terminal Port. Additionally. Note For information on enhanced stacking. usually within a few meters. you must go to where that switch is located. to start this type of management session. You use this port to establish a local management session with the switch’s AT-S39 management software. A local management session is so named because you must be close to the switch. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. you can manage just that switch. A switch does not need an IP address for you to manage it with a local management session. When you start a local management session on an AT-8024 switch.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Local Management Session To start a local management session. 3. Connect one end of a straight-through RS232 cable with a DB-9 connector to the RS232 Terminal Port on the switch. POR TB DE LINK RS232 TER MIN AL P ORT MOD E FAU LT MAS TER PWR Figure 1 Connecting a Terminal or PC to the RS232 Terminal Port 2. perform the following procedure: 1. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or PC with a terminal emulator program. Configure the terminal or terminal emulator program as follows: ❑ Baud rate: Auto-detect (default 115200. see Note below) ❑ Data bits: 8 ❑ Parity: None ❑ Stop bits: 1 ❑ Flow control: None 25 .

Note During boot up. enter the password for the management software. or an equivalent terminal emulator program. The switch maintains the terminal port speed until the system is again powered on or reset.) The Main Menu is displayed. (This feature applies to Boot Loader Version 1. Press the Return key twice.) 4. The default is “admin”. the switch uses a default baud rate of 115200 bits per second (bps). This message is intended for manufacturing purposes only. (The password is case-sensitive. simply type boot and press Return to start the switch. You can use this feature by pressing any key on your keyboard within five seconds after powering on or resetting the switch. The switch responds by determining the speed of the terminal and automatically configuring the speed of the RS232 Terminal Port accordingly. (If you do inadvertently display the boot prompt (=>). The range of the port’s baud rate is 1200 to 115200 bps. If prompted for a password.Save Configuration Changes R .Section II: Local or Telnet Management Note The switch has an auto-detect feature that allows it to automatically determine the speed of the terminal. Otherwise.1 and above. the switch displays the following prompt: Press any key to stop image loading and go to Boot Prompt. 5.Previous Menu Enter you selection: Figure 2 Main Menu 26 .) Note The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Port Menu VLAN Menu Spanning Tree Menu Administration Menu System Config Menu MAC Address Tables Ethernet Statistics Diagnostics Enhanced Stacking S .

Pressing the Esc key from a submenu or window returns you to the previous menu. Enhanced Stacking When you start a local management session on an AT-8024GB switch that has been designated as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. refer to Chapter 4. This can save you the time and trouble of having to start a separate local management session each time you want to manage a AT-8024GB switch in your network. 27 . you can use the local management session to manage all other AT-8024GB switches in the subnet. Note Enhanced stacking is not supported on the AT-8024 switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide To select a menu item. Enhanced Stacking on page 46. type the corresponding letter or number. For information on enhanced stacking and how to manage different switches from the same management session. It can also save you from having to go to the different wiring closets where the switches are located.

Failure to properly exit from a local or Telnet management session may block future management sessions. return to the Main Menu type Q for Quit. You should always exit from a management session when you are finished managing a switch. 28 . This can prevent unauthorized individuals from making changes to a switch’s configuration should you leave your management station unattended. Note You cannot operate both a local management session and a Telnet management session on the same switch simultaneously.Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Local Session To quit a local session.

Note For background information on enhanced stacking. you cannot run both a Telnet management session and a local management session on the same switch at the same time. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47. Any workstation on your network that has the application protocol can be used to manage the switch. 29 . Starting a Telnet Management Session To start a Telnet management session. type R or press ESC twice. To return to a previous menu. Additionally. The menus also function the same. there are no differences between managing a switch locally through the RS232 Terminal Port and remotely with the Telnet application protocol.AT-S39 User’s Guide Telnet Management Session You can use the Telnet application protocol from a workstation on your network to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. To make a selection. Note You can run only one Telnet management session on a switch at a time. The Main Menu of a Telnet management session is the same menu that you see in a local management session. Enter the management software password when prompted. All of the functions from a local management session are available to you from a Telnet management session. The default password is “admin”. as shown in Figure 2 on page 26. You need to assign an IP address to only one of the AT-8024GB switches to have full Telnet management capability to all the other AT-8024GB switches in your network. specify the IP address of the switch in the Telnet application protocol. The AT-8024GB switch features enhanced stacking. In terms of functionally. This type of management is referred to as remote management because you do not have to be physically close to the switch to start the session. You see the same menu selections and have the same management capabilities. type its corresponding number of letter. An AT-8024 switch must have an IP address for you to remotely manage it using the Telnet application protocol. such as with a local management session. An AT-8024 switch without an IP address cannot be managed remotely.

30 .Section II: Local or Telnet Management Quitting from a Telnet Management Session To end a Telnet management session. type Q for Quit from the Main Menu.

activating the original switch default settings. There is a discussion on when to assign an IP address to a switch and the different ways that you can go about it. and more. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32 ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34 ❑ Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37 ❑ Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses on page 39 ❑ Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41 ❑ Resetting a Switch on page 42 ❑ Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features on page 43 ❑ Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address on page 45 31 .Chapter 3 Basic Switch Parameters This chapter contains a variety of information and procedures. There are also procedures for resetting the switch.

The basic rule to follow is if you want to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. it helps to reduce the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices. This gateway address is the IP address of the router through which the switch and management station will communicate. AT-8024 Switch Every AT-8024 switch on your network that you want to manage remotely using the Telnet application protocol. you must also assign it a subnet mask. First. You cannot remotely manage an AT-8024 switch if it does not have an IP address. The switch will function fine without these values and you can still configure all switch parameters through a local management session. a web browser. subnet mask. This is because the AT-8024GB switch supports enhanced stacking. AT-8024GB Switch The considerations to take into account on deciding whether to assign an IP address to an AT-8024GB switch are different than those for an AT-8024 switch. You do not need to assign an IP address. Starting either a local or a Telnet management session on a master switch allows you to manage all the other AT-8024GB switches that are in the same subnet. it allows you to configure multiple switches through the same local or remote management session. or gateway address if you do not intend to manage an AT-8024 switch remotely. all from the same management session. you must assign at least one of them an IP address. This switch will be the Master switch of the stack. If you decide to assign an AT-8024 switch an IP address. The following two subsections help to explain how to go about making this decision. Enhanced stacking allows multiple AT-8024GB switches to share the same IP address. (The switch uses the subnet mask to determine which portion of an IP address represents the network address and which the node address. Second. or an SNMP management program must have a unique IP address. You use the address to identify the switch when you start a remote management session. This feature has two primary benefits.) You must also assign the switch a gateway address if there is a router between the switch and the remote management workstation.Section II: Local and Telnet Management When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? One of your first tasks as you begin to build your network will be to determine which of the switches in your network should be assigned unique IP addresses. 32 .

33 . If you do not plan to remotely manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. refer to Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47.AT-S39 User’s Guide If your network consists of multiple subnets. The procedure for this is explained in the next procedure. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. The switches will operate fine without an IP address and you will still be able to manage them completely through local management sessions. The switch with the IP address will be the Master switch of that subnet. switches on your network need an IP address. Note For further information on enhanced stacking. The second method is by activating the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch and have the switch automatically download its IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. You can do this two different ways. The first method is to assign the IP configuration information manually. you must assign a unique IP address to at least one AT-8024GB switch in each subnet. you have to access the AT-S39 software on the switches and assign the addresses. if any. How Do You Assign an IP Address? Once you have decided which. This procedure is explained in Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. then there is no need for you to assign any of them an IP address.

. Administrator . Comments .. 0...0.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name The procedure in this section explains how to manually assign an IP address... go to the procedure Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 3 Administration Menu Note The selection 9 . (If you want the switch to obtain its IP configuration from a DHCP or BOOTP server on your network. Change Password . perform the following procedure: 1.Xmodem Downloads & Uploads L .0 Subnet Mask ..0. type 4 to select Administration Menu.0. subnet mask.255.. such as the name of the administrator responsible for maintaining the unit and the location of the switch..... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Administration Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IP Address .0 Default Gateway .Reset Port is described in Resetting a Switch on page 42...... 0.. 255. The Administration Menu in Figure 3 is displayed..Save Configuration Changes R ....Release DHCP IP Address S . To manually set a switch’s IP address..) This procedure also explains how to assign a name to the switch.... along with other optional information. The selection X .0 System Name .0.Reset Switch X ............ From the Main Menu...0.. 9 ..Xmodem Downloads and Uploads is described in Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 34 . and gateway address to the switch from a local or Telnet management session..

AT-S39 User’s Guide

2. Change the parameters as desired. The parameters in the IP Parameters window are described below: 1 - IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser, a Telnet utility, or an SNMP management program, or if you want an AT-8024GB switch to function as the Master switch of an enhanced stack. 2 - Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 3 - Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. 4 - System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example, Sales Ethernet switch). This parameter is optional. Note It is advised that you assign each switch a name. The names can help you identify the various switches when you manage them, and can help you avoid performing configuration procedures on the wrong switch. 5 - Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. This parameter is optional. 6 - Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch, such as its location (for example, 4th Floor wiring closet 402B). This parameter is optional. 7 - Change Password This parameter is used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length and can consist of alphanumeric characters (a to z, A to Z, and 1 to 9). The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. The default password is “admin”. The password is case-sensitive.

35

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Caution Do not include spaces or special characters, such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!), in a password. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser, because most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. L - Release DHCP IP Address If you activate DHCP on the switch so that the unit obtains its IP address from a DHCP server on your network, you can use this selection prior to resetting or powering off the switch so that the IP address is released back to the DHCP server for assignment to another network device. 3. After you have set the parameters, type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note A change to the IP address, subnet mask, or gateway address will not take effect until after you reset the switch. You can reset the device using selection 9 - Reset Switch in the Administration Menu or with the Reset button on the back panel of the unit.

36

AT-S39 User’s Guide

Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services
The BOOTP and DHCP application protocols were developed to simplify network management. They are used to automatically assign IP configuration information to the devices on your network, such as an IP address, subnet mask, and a default gateway address. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support these protocols and can obtain their IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. If you activate this feature, the switch will seek its IP address and other IP configuration information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network whenever you reset or power ON the device. Naturally, for this to work there must be a BOOTP or DHCP server residing on your network and you must configure the service by entering in the switch’s MAC address. BOOTP and DHCP services typically allow you to specify how the IP address is to be assigned to the switch. Choices are static and dynamic. If you choose static, the server will always assign the same IP address to the switch when the switch is reset or powered ON. This is the preferred configuration. Since the BOOTP and DHCP services always assigns the same IP address to a switch, you will always know which IP address to use when you need to remotely manage a particular switch. If you choose dynamic, the server will assign any unused IP address that it has not already assigned to another device. This means that a switch might have a different IP address each time you reset or power cycle the device, making it difficult for you to remotely manage the unit. Note The BOOTP and DHCP option is disabled by default on the switch. To activate or deactivate the BOOTP and DHCP protocols on the switch, perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu, type 5 to select System Config Menu.

37

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

The System Configuration Menu in Figure 4 is displayed.
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch System Config Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 MAC Aging Time ................... Hash Count ....................... Switch Mode ...................... Console Discount Timer Interval .. BOOTP/DHCP........................ Web Server Status ................ 300 seconds 6 Tagged 10 minute(s) Disabled Enabled

7 - Advanced Configuration 8 - Reset to Factory Defaults S - Save Configuration Changes R - Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 4 System Configuration Menu 2. Type 5 to select BOOTP/DHCP. The following prompt is displayed:
BOOTP/DHCP (E-Enabled, D-Disabled):

3. Type E to enable BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch or D to disable the services and press Return. The default is disabled. 4. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 5. Reboot the switch using either the management software or the reset button on the back panel of the switch.

38

39 . 2. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring SNMP Community Strings and Trap IP Addresses To configure the SNMP community strings for the switch and to assign up to four IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. type 3 to select SNMP Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 5 Advanced Configuration Window 3. The Advanced Configuration window in Figure 5 is displayed. From the System Configuration Menu. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Advanced Configuration Menu 1 2 3 4 IGMP Snooping Configuration Broadcast Timers Setup SNMP Configuration GBIC Uplink Information R . type 5 to select System Config Menu.

5. public 2 . private 3 .. 4 . 40 .....SET Community ..Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 6 SNMP Configuration Window 4..0. To change a value......Trap Receiver 1 5 .0.... type S to select Save Configuration Changes......Trap Community .... Changes to the SNMP parameters are immediately activated on the switch... enter the new value.. type its corresponding number and.GET Community 2 .... .0...0.Trap Receiver 2 6 ........0 S ..0 0....Save Configuration Changes R ..0......Section II: Local and Telnet Management The SNMP Configuration window in Figure 6 is displayed...0.. 0....Trap Receiver 3 7 ....GET Community ...0..SET Community 3. ........ ....Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings.0 0.0 0. After making your changes.... 1 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch SNMP Configuration 1 ... Adjust the parameters as desired.. public 4 5 6 7 Trap Trap Trap Trap receiver receiver receiver receiver 1 2 3 4 . The parameters are described below. when prompted.0.......Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values The procedure in this section returns all AT-S39 software parameters to their default values. the parameter settings are reset to the factory default values. Type Y for yes or N for no. To return the AT-S39 management software to its default settings. This procedure also deletes any VLANs that you have created on the switch. 4. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. From the System Configuration Menu. Type Y to reset the switch. You are prompted to reset the switch. 41 . type 5 to select System Config Menu. If you type Y for yes. perform the following procedure: 1. The following prompt is displayed: Are you sure you want to reset to factory defaults (Y/N) -> 3. 2. type 8 to select Reset to Factory Defaults. Note The AT-S39 software default values can be found in Appendix A. From the Main Menu.

perform the following procedure: 1. type 9 to select Reset Switch. a task requiring only a second or two to complete. type 4 to select Administrator Menu. From the Main Menu. From the Administrator Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Resetting a Switch To reset a switch. 42 . 2. Some data traffic may be lost. The switch immediately reloads its operating system. Caution The switch will not forward traffic during the brief period required to reload its operating software.

3. To configure the console timer. ❑ Console Timeout . perform the following procedure: 1. the AT-S39 management software automatically ends a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after 2 minutes. when prompted. For instructions on how to set this security feature. 2. type E to enable web access or D to disable web access.The management software prompts you for a password whenever you start a local or remote management session on a switch. if you specify 2 minutes. From the Main Menu. To configure the console timer and web access security features of the AT-S39 management software.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the AT-S39 Software Security Features The AT-S39 software has three features that can help prevent unauthorized individuals from changing the parameter settings of the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches in your network. The default password is “admin”. type 6 to select Web Server Access and.) The switches in your network can have the same or different passwords. perform the procedure below. For instructions on how to change the AT-S39 password. when prompted. enter a value of from 1 to 60 minutes.You can also disable the web browser management feature on the switch. perform the procedure below.This parameter causes the management software to automatically end a management session if it does not detect any activity from the local or remote management station after the specified period of time. To configure web browser access. type 4 to select Console Disconnect Timer Interval and. 43 . ❑ Web Access . This security feature can prevent unauthorized individuals from using your management station should you step away from your system while configuring a switch. The default for the console timeout value is 10 minutes. and so prevent individuals from managing the switch remotely using a web browser. (The password is case-sensitive. For instructions on how to set this security feature. type 5 to select System Config Menu. For example. These security features are: ❑ Password . refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34.

4. no one will be able to manage the switch remotely using a web browser. After you have made the desired changes. if you disable web access. 44 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch.

D2.. AT-S39 v1... MAC Address .1 5456411 00.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 7 Diagnostics Window The information in this window cannot be changed...A0. type 8 to select Diagnostics from the Main Menu...32..... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Diagnostics 1 2 3 4 Application Software Version . Bootloader Version .. 45 .......00 R . The Diagnostics window in Figure 7 is displayed..3 ATI_LOADER1......17...........AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing the AT-S39 Version Number and Switch MAC Address The procedure in this section displays the following switch information: ❑ AT-S39 version number ❑ Bootloader version number ❑ Serial number ❑ MAC Address To display the information...... Serial Number ....

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Enhanced Stacking Overview on page 47 ❑ Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50 ❑ Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack on page 52 Note This feature applies only to the AT-8024GB switch. 46 .Chapter 4 Enhanced Stacking This chapter explains the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch. This feature is not supported on the AT-8024 switch.

❑ Each subnet must have at least one master AT-8024GB switch. This eliminates the need of having to initiate a separate management session for each switch in your network. you can begin to manage it immediately from any workstation in your network. You simply connect it to your network. You cannot have multiple enhanced stacks in a subnet. there must be at least one master switch in each subnet. If your network consists of more than one subnet. ❑ The AT-8024GB switches can share the same IP address. It offers the following benefits: ❑ You can manage up to 24 AT-8024GB switches from one local or remote management session. It is advisable that there be at least two master switches in each enhanced stack. Once connected to the network. There are three basic steps to implementing this feature on your network: 1. ❑ You must change the master switch’s stacking status to Master.AT-S39 User’s Guide Enhanced Stacking Overview The enhanced stacking feature can make it easier for you to manage the AT-8024GB switches in your network. Guidelines There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when implementing enhanced stacking for your network: ❑ Each subnet in your network constitutes an enhanced stack. ❑ You must assign the master AT-8024GB switch an IP address and subnet mask. You can select any AT-8024GB switch to act as the master switch of an enhanced stack. That way. should you remove a master switch from the network. This reduces the number of IP addresses that you need to assign to your network devices for remote management. such as for maintenance. ❑ Remotely managing a new AT-8024GB switch in your network is simplified. you can still manage the AT-8024GB switches in the subnet through the other master switch. You must select a switch in your network to function as the master switch of the stack. 47 .

refer to Activating the BOOTP and DHCP Services on page 37. For instructions on activating the BOOTP and DHCP services. A master switch must have an IP address and subnet mask. you must assign each master switch a unique IP address. If an enhanced stack will have more than one master switch. You must change the enhanced stacking status of the master switch to Master. This is explained in the procedure Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status on page 50. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. You must assign the master switch an IP address and subnet mask. Initially assigning an IP address or activating the BOOTP and DHCP services can only be performed through a local management session. referred to as slave switches. For instructions on how to set the IP address manually. 48 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2. The other AT-8024GB switches in an enhanced stack. 3. Note You can set the IP address manually or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on a master switch and have the master switch obtain its IP information from a BOOTP or DHCP server on your network. do not.

Each subnet has eight AT-8024GB switches.24 Figure 8 Enhanced Stacking Example The example consists of a network of two subnets interconnected with a router.11.22 Master 2 IP Address 149.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example Figure 8 is an example of the enhanced stacking feature.09. 49 . and each has been assigned a unique IP address.18 Master 2 IP Address 149.32. Subnet A Master 1 IP Address 149.11.32.32.32. Two AT-8024GB switches in each subnet have been selected as the master switches of their respective subnets. You would then have management access to all the AT-8024GB switches in the same subnet. you could start a local management session or a remote Telnet management session with one of the master switches in the subnet.16 RS-232 TERMINAL PORT FAULT MASTER PWR Router Subnet B Master 1 IP Address 149.09. To manage the AT-8024GB switches of a subnet.

Note The default setting for a switch is Slave. slave switch.A master switch of a stack can be used to manage all the AT-8024GB switches in a subnet. ❑ Unavailable . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Enhanced Stacking 1 . From the Main Menu.. To be managed remotely. or unavailable. Once you have established a local or remote management session with the Master switch of a stack..A slave switch can be remotely managed through a master switch. A switch with this designation can be managed locally. you can access and manage all the AT8024GB switches in the subnet..Enhanced Stacking Services S . To adjust a switch’s enhanced stacking status.Previous Menu Figure 9 Enhanced Stacking Window 50 . a switch with an unavailable stacking status must be assigned a unique IP address.A switch with an unavailable stacking status cannot be remotely managed through a master switch. A master switch must have a unique IP address. ❑ Slave switch .Save Configuration Changes R . You can manually assign a master switch an IP address or activate the BOOTP and DHCP services on the switch. The Enhanced Stacking window in Figure 9 is displayed. Each status is described below: ❑ Master switch . perform the following procedure: 1. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking.Switch State-(M)aster/(S)lave/(U)navailable. Master 2 . It does not need an IP address or subnet mask.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Setting a Switch’s Enhanced Stacking Status The enhanced stacking status of an AT-8024GB switch can be master switch.

the switch’s current status in the figure above is Master.Enhanced Stacking Services” selection in the window is available only on master switches. The following prompt is displayed. A change to the status is immediately activated on the switch. S to make it a slave switch.” For example. Enter new setup (M/S/U) -> 3. 2. To change a switch’s status.AT-S39 User’s Guide The window displays the current status of the switch at the end of selection “1 . 51 . Press Return. 4.Switch State. type 1 to select Switch State. Type M to change the switch to a master switch. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Note The “2 . or U to make the switch unavailable.

The management tasks that you perform effect only the master switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Selecting a Switch in an Enhanced Stack The first thing that you should do before performing any procedure on an AT-8024GB switch in an enhanced stack is check to be sure that you are performing it on the correct switch. If you assigned system names to your switches.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 10 Enhanced Stacking Window 52 .Access Switch R . 2. When you start a management session on the master switch of a subnet. then it is very easy. The name of the switch being managed is always displayed at the top of every management window. type 2 to select Enhanced Stacking Services. type 9 to select Enhanced Stacking. To select a switch to manage in an enhanced stack. perform the following procedure: 1. The window in Figure 10 is displayed. From the Enhanced Stacking window. Allied Telesyn AT-8024GB Ethernet Switch Sales Switch Enhanced Stacking Services Switch Software Switch Num MAC Address Name Mode Version Model ------------------------------------------------------------G . From the Main Menu. To manage a slave switch or other master switch in the subnet. you are by default addressing that particular switch. you need to select it from the management software.Get/Refresh List of Switches A .

Type G to select Get/Refresh List of Switches. A prompt similar to the following is displayed: Enter the switch number -> [1 to 24} 5. return to the Main Menu of the slave switch and type Q for Quit.AT-S39 User’s Guide 3. You can either select another switch in the list to manage or. Note The Master switch on which you started the management session is not included in the list. Type A to select Access Switch. Type the number of the switch you want to manage. 53 . if you want to manage the Master switch. The master switch polls the network for all AT-8024GB slave and master switches in the subnet and displays a list of the switches in the Enhanced Stacking window. Once you see that window. The Main Menu of the slave switch is displayed. 4. Nor are any switches with an enhanced stacking status of Unavailable. This returns you to the Master switch screen listing the switches in the subnet. A prompt is displayed if the switch has been assigned a password. you are again addressing the Master switch from which you started the management session. Enter the switch’s password and press Return. The password is case-sensitive. Returning to the Master Switch When you have finished managing a slave switch and want to manage another switch in the subnet. The default password is “admin”. Any management tasks you perform effect only the selected switch. You now can manage the selected switch. 6. return to the master switch’s Main Menu by typing R twice.

This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Displaying Port Status on page 55 ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 58 ❑ Displaying GBIC Information on page 62 54 .Chapter 5 Port Parameters The chapter contains procedures for viewing and changing the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch.

type 4 to select Port Status. perform the following procedure: 1. type 1 to select Port Menu.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 11 Port Menu 2. The Port Menu in Figure 11 is displayed. From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status To display the status of the ports on the switch. From the Port Menu.Accept changes & update flash R . 55 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Menu 1 2 3 4 5 Port Port Port Port Port Configuration Mirroring Trunking Status Security C .

Link The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. 56 . Possible values are: Auto .indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.Update Display R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 12 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode.Next Page U .indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Neg The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Up .Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode have been set manually. The columns in the window are described below: Prt The port number. Figure 12 is an example of the window. Manual . Down .Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port Status window is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Status Prt Link Neg MDI Spd Dplx Vlan Flow State --------------------------------------------------------------------001 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 002 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 003 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 004 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 005 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding 006 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 007 Up Auto MDI 100 Full 1 Disabled Forwarding 008 Up Auto MDI 10 Half 1 Disabled Forwarding N .

The port is sending and receiving Ethernet frames. Transmit . Possible values are: Forwarding . Possible values are: None . Disabled . Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Receive . Spd The operating speed of the port. Possible values are: 10 . Flow The flow control setting for the port. 57 . This column will not include the VIDs of the VLANs where the port is a tagged member. State The current operating status of the port.1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) Dplx The duplex mode of the port. Vlan The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. Both .Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide MDI The operating configuration of the port.No flow control on the port. Possible values are half-duplex and full-duplex.The port has been manually disabled.10 Mbps 100 .100 Mbps 1000 .Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port.

... To configure a range of ports.. type 1 to select Port Configuration. enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 is displayed. Advertise 100FDX . Advertise 10FDX .. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. To configure a range of ports.... Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return... Advertise 10HDX . Flow Control ... 2.. To configure only one port. enter the last port number in the range...... From the Main Menu. type 1 to select Port Menu. Broadcast Control ..... Forwarding Auto None Yes Yes Yes Yes AUTO 0 ..... Negotiation .......Section II: Local and Telnet Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on the switch.. perform the following procedure: 1...... enter the first port of the range. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Configuration Configuring Ports 4 to 4 0 1 4 5 6 7 8 9 B C F X R Status .No Broadcast Control Save Configuration Changes Force Renegotiation Reset Port Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 13 Port Configuration Window 58 .... From the Port Menu.. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3.... MDI/MDIX Mode ... Advertise 100HDX ....

10 Mbps 0100 . The parameters are described below...AT-S39 User’s Guide Note The Port Configuration window in the figure above is for a 10/100 Mbps twisted pair port.... If you select Manual. 59 .Speed selection are: 0010 . 5.. The possible settings for the 2 . two additional selections are displayed in the window: 2 .. 0 ..Duplex are Full-duplex and Halfduplex..Status You use this selection to enable or disable a port... You might want to disable a port and prevent packets from being forwarded if a problem occurs with the node or cable connected to the port. If you select Auto for Auto-Negotiation.Speed . 1 . You adjust a parameter by typing its number.The port will not receive or forward packets. the switch will set both speed and duplex mode for the port automatically.. When disabled. You can also disable an unused port to secure it from unauthorized connections.. which is the default.Duplex .. Once the problem has been fixed.. you can enable the port again to resume normal operation. Adjust the port parameters as desired.100 Mbps 1000 ..1000 Mbps (AT-8024GB switch only) The possible settings for 3 .. The window for a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch will contain a subset of the parameters.... Possible settings are: Forwarding ...The port will receive and forward packets. a port will not receive or transmit frames. 0100 3 .Full-Duplex You use these two selections to set the port’s speed and duplex mode. This toggles the parameter through its possible settings.. Disabled ... This is the default setting.Negotiation You use this selection to configure a port for Auto-Negotiation or to manually set a port’s speed and duplex mode..

Section II: Local and Telnet Management Flow Control Flow control applies only to ports operating in full-duplex mode. If you set this to Auto. a switch port will advertise its full capabilities.Advertise 100HDX to No.Advertise 10HDX 7 . 9 . a switch port determines the appropriate speed and duplex mode by advertising its capabilities to the end node connected to it. half-duplex operation. you can set the wiring configuration manually by selecting either MDI or MDIX. If desired.Advertise 10FDX 6 . B . if you set the selection 8 . Transmit . By default. Receive . 60 .Broadcast Control For background information on this selection and instructions on how to set the option.Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. Possible settings are: None . refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 and Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155.Advertise 100HDX These selections are used for ports configured for AutoNegotiation.No flow control on the port. which is the default setting. which is the default setting. You can use these four selections to limit the capabilities a switch port will advertise during Auto-Negotiation.Advertise 100FDX 8 . the switch port will not advertise that it is capable of 100 Mbps. The pause packet notifies the end node to stop transmitting for a specified period of time. The switch uses a special pause packet to stop the end node from sending frames. Both . During Auto-Negotiation. the port will configure itself automatically according to the end node connected to it.MDI/MDIX Mode Use this selection to set the wiring configuration of the port. 5 . which in the case of a port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch are 10 or 100 Mbps speed and half. Note In most network environments you should leave all AutoNegotiation advertisements activated. For example.Flow control only on as packets are being received on the port.or full-duplex mode.Flow control only as packets are being transmitted out the port.

The window also has a Force Renegotiation selection. when selected. The Port configuration window features a Reset Port selection. 61 . This can be helpful if you believe that a port and end node are not operating at the same speed and duplex mode. This can prove useful in situations where a port is experiencing a problem making a valid connection to the end node.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6. Configuration changes are immediately activated on a port. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. which. prompts the port to Auto-Negotiate with the end node. Once you have set the port parameters. You can use this option to reset the selected port.

From the Main Menu. Type 1 to select GBIC Information. type 5 to select System Config Menu. these are the port numbers for GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. 2.GBIC Information R .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying GBIC Information The AT-S39 management software can display basic manufacturer information about a GBIC module in an AT-8024GB switch. perform the following procedure: 1. Type either 24 or 25. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. From the System Configuration Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Uplink Port number -> [25 to 26] 5. 3.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 14 GBIC Information Window 4. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu 1 . 62 . The GBIC Information window in Figure 14 is displayed. type 4 to select GBIC Uplink Information. From the Advanced Configuration window. To display GBIC information.

................. Length 9/125 um Fib... Extended Serial Transceiver ........ (10k) . Shortwave laser w/o OFC M5 M6 100 MBytes/sec Serial Encoding ..5/125 um Fib.. (k) .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch GBIC Information Menu Port Number . N ........ Figure 15 is an example of the window.............. Length 9/125 mm Fib.... 63 . (10m) ................. Length 62..... Elect/Opt Transceiver ... Connector Type . Length 50/125 um Fib....AT-S39 User’s Guide The management software displays a window containing basic information about the GBIC module.... Type of Serial Interface ....Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 24 GBIC Module Not Defined FC SC connector 1000Base-SX 8B10B 0 0 50 22 Figure 15 GBIC Information Window The information in the window is for viewing purposes only...Next Page R ...... You cannot change this information.. (100m) ...........

64 . You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ Port Security Overview on page 65 ❑ Configuring Port Security on page 67 ❑ Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69 Note Port security does not apply to ports on GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. Note Port security can only be set through a local management session.Chapter 6 Port Security This chapter contains the procedures for setting port security.

AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Security Overview The port security feature can enhance the security of your network. Once a dynamic MAC address has been learned on a port and added to the MAC address table. it discards frames that ingress the port with source MAC addresses not already stored in the MAC address table. and so control the number of network devices that can forward frames through the switch. Automatic This operating mode disables port security. You can continue to add static MAC addresses to a port even if the port has already learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. 65 . Limited You can use this security level to manually specify a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on the switch can learn. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins learning new addresses. Note Static MAC addresses are retained by the switch and are not included in the count of maximum addresses that can be learned by a port. adding them to the dynamic MAC address table for each port until it reaches the port’s maximum limit. even when the end node is inactive. Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. it remains in the table and is never purged. Once this mode is activated. The switch learns and adds addresses to its dynamic MAC address table as it receives frames on the ports. Once a port has learned its maximum limit of MAC addresses. You can use the feature to control the number of MAC addresses learned on the ports. Note The Automatic security mode is the default security level for the switch. There are four levels of port security. The switch continues to learn MAC addresses so long as there is space in the MAC address table and deletes inactive MAC addresses. The MAC aging time is disabled under this security level.

The switch forwards frames based on the dynamic MAC addresses that it has already learned and any static MAC addresses that the network administrator has entered. The switch also deletes any addresses in the static MAC address table. Lock All Ports This security level causes the switch to immediately stop learning new dynamic MAC addresses. no dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. 66 . refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. Note For background information on MAC addresses and aging time. even those belonging to inactive end nodes. Any node whose MAC address is not in the static MAC address table will not be able to send frames through the switch. When this security level is activated. The MAC aging time is disabled in this security level.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Secure This security level instructs the switch to forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. The switch will forward frames only from those nodes whose MAC addresses you enter in the static MAC address table. Once you have activated this security level. you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes whose frames the switch should forward. the switch deletes all dynamic MAC addresses and disables the MAC address table so that no new addresses can be learned.

you must enter the static MAC addresses of the nodes with frames the switch is to forward. From the Main Menu. A switch operating in Automatic mode does not restrict the number of MAC addresses learned by the ports. To specify the limits. For instructions on how to add static MAC addresses. To set a switch’s port security level. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. ❑ To forward frames based solely on static MAC addresses. Select the desired security level: ❑ To disable port security on the switch. perform the procedure in Configuring the Limited Security Mode on page 69.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 16 Port Security Menu 3. After activating this security mode. 1 2 3 4 Automatic mode (default mode) Limited mode Secured mode Lock all the ports now R . The Port Security menu in Figure 16 is displayed. This is the default setting.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring Port Security Note Port security can only be set through a local management session. type 3 to select the Secured mode. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security The current mode is AUTOMATIC. You cannot set port security from a Telnet management session. type 2 to select Limited mode. The switch continues to learn addresses so long as there is available space in the MAC address table. type 1 to select Port Menu. ❑ To specify a maximum number of MAC addresses each port can learn. 67 . type 5 to select Port Security. type 1 to select Automatic mode. From the Port Menu.

Section II: Local and Telnet Management ❑ To stop the switch from learning new dynamic MAC addresses and have it forward frames based only on static MAC addresses and on those dynamic addresses that it has already learned. Note Only one security level can be active on a switch at a time. A change to the security level is immediately activated on the switch. type 4 to select Lock all the ports now. 68 .

To configure Limited security mode. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Port Menu. From the Port Security menu.Set MAC limit per port 3 .Display MAC limit per port 2 .Configure port security limited mode R . The Port Security menu in Figure 16 on page 67 is displayed. 3. You can assign the same limit to all ports or different limits to different ports. From the Main Menu. type 2 to select Limited security. Static MAC addresses are not included in the count of the maximum MAC addresses a port can learn.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Limited Security Mode The Limited security mode lets you set a maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses each port on a switch can learn. You can continue to add static MAC addresses even after a port has learned its maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses. frames with new source MAC addresses are discarded and are not forwarded. Once the maximum number of MAC addresses have been learned by a port. the switch deletes all MAC addresses in the dynamic MAC address table and immediately begins to learn new addresses as frames are received on the ports. type 1 to select Port Menu. 2. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed. Static MAC addresses are not deleted from the static MAC address table. type 5 to select Port Security. When you activate this security level. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Security Limited Mode Menu 1 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 17 Limited Security Mode Menu 69 .

type 3 to select Configure port security limited mode. type 4 to select Apply this MAC limit to all ports. Type 3 to select Set MAC limit for selected port. 10. 9. 7. 70 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Set MAC Limit Menu 1 2 3 4 Enter a threshold Select a port Set MAC limit for selected port Apply this MAC limit to all ports R . Type 2 to choose Select a port. From the Port Security Limited Mode Menu. To set MAC address limits for the other ports on the switch. Once you have set the MAC address limits on the desired ports. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 18 Set MAC Limit Menu 5. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. repeat Steps 5 through 9. If you want to apply this MAC address limit to all ports on the switch. 11. 12. This applies the limit to the port. The range is 1 to 150 addresses. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a number of MAC limit: [1 to 150] -> 8.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 4. The Limited Security Mode menu in Figure 17 is displayed again. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. Type 2 to select Set MAC limits per port. 13. Enter the maximum number of dynamic MAC addresses you want the port to be able to learn and press Return. type R to select Return to previous menu. Type 1 to select Enter a threshold. The Set MAC Limit Menu in Figure 18 is displayed again. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 6.

Check to be sure that they are correct. Type R to select Return to the Previous Menu. If necessary. be sure that the different values apply to the correct ports. 16. Type 1 to select Display MAC limit per port.AT-S39 User’s Guide The dynamic MAC address limits are applied to the ports on the switch. repeat this procedure to change any MAC address limits. Limited security has now been configured on the switch. 71 . 15. If you assigned different values to different ports. The current MAC address limits for all the ports are displayed. 14. Examine the MAC limits.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Trunking Overview on page 73 ❑ Creating a Port Trunk on page 75 ❑ Deleting a Port Trunk on page 77 72 .Chapter 7 Port Trunking This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting port trunks.

5. assume that you are connecting a trunk between two AT-8024 switches. ❑ A port trunk can consist of 2. For example. and so on. ❑ The ports of a port trunk must be of the same medium type. they can be all twisted pair ports or all fiber optic ports. the next lowest numbered port on the switch should be connected to the next lowest numbered port on the other device. To maintain the order of the port connections. 3. and 7). workstation. 13. A port trunk is 2. router. ports 4. and flow control settings must be the same for all the ports in a trunk. The lowest numbered port in a trunk on the switch should be connected to the lowest numbered port of the trunk on the other device. ❑ When cabling a trunk. port 13 to port 22. 6. such as a server. ❑ The ports of a trunk must be consecutive (for example. you would connect port 12 on the first AT-8024 switch to port 21 on the second AT-8024. 3. The port trunk always sends packets from a particular source to a particular destination over the same link within the trunk. On the first AT-8024 switch you had chosen ports 12. speed. or 4 ports that have been grouped together to function as one logical path to an end node. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch can support only one port trunk at a time. the order of the connections should be maintained on both nodes. For example. ❑ The duplex mode. and so on. On the second AT8024 switch you had chosen ports 21. 23. or another Ethernet switch. A single link is designated for flooding broadcasts and packets of unknown destination. or 4 ports. Despite the software configuration and physical connections. 15 for the trunk. 14. A port trunk increases the bandwidth between a switch and a network node and can be useful in situations where a single physical data link between a switch and a node is insufficient to handle the traffic load. there are no data loops in aggregated links because of load balancing. and 24. 73 . 22.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Trunking Overview Port trunking is an economical way for you to increase the bandwidth between an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch and another network device.

AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Figure 20 Port Trunk Example 2 74 . AT-8024GB Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PORT A PORT B FAULT LINK LINK MASTER PWR MODE MODE Figure 19 Port Trunk Example 1 You can also use port trunks to increase the bandwidth between switches. A port trunk cannot consist of ports from different VLANs. Figure 19 shows an example of a port trunk between an AT-8024 switch and a network server. The server is connected to the switch with four data links. ❑ You can create a port trunk of optional GBIC modules installed in the Port A and Port B slots of an AT-8024GB switch. The links are connected to ports 1 through 4 on the switch.❑ The ports of a port trunk must be members of the same VLAN. The example in Figure 20 shows a port trunk of four data links between two AT-8024 switches.

type 3 to select Port Trunking. such as speed and duplex mode. Caution Do not connect the cables to the trunk ports on the switch until after you have configured the trunk with the management software. Check to be sure that the settings.Delete Trunk 3 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port Trunk This section contains the procedure for creating a port trunk on the switch. Connecting the cables before configuring the software will create a loop in your network topology. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance.Add ports to trunk 2 . The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 is displayed.Save Configuration Changes R . Note Before creating a port trunk. Be sure to review the guidelines in Port Trunking Overview on page 73 before performing the procedure.Show port trunking status S .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 21 Port Trunking Menu 75 . From the Port Menu. are the same for all the ports of the trunk. To create a port trunk. examine the parameter settings of the ports that will make up the trunk. You should also check to be sure that the ports are members of the same VLAN. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Main Menu. type 1 to select Port Menu. 2. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking 1 .

g. The following prompt is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Trunking Trunk Ports -----------------------------------------------------------------1-4 R .Previous Menu Figure 22 Port Trunk Status Window 7. Connect the cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. Type 1 to select Add ports to trunk. 1. To confirm the creation of the port trunk. Refer to the instructions included with the node for directions on how to create a port trunk. 8.3. Enter the ports that will constitute the port trunk and press Return.g.3. 5. type 3 to display the status of the trunk.4) or as a range (e. Enter new value -> 4. 6. 76 .. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The port trunk is ready for network operations.2. You can specify the ports individually (e.. 7-10). Configure the ports on the remote end node for port trunking. Figure 22 shows an example of the Port Trunking status window.

To delete a port trunk from the switch. The Port Trunking menu in Figure 21 on page 75 is displayed. The port trunk is deleted from the switch. type 3 to select Port Trunking. Data loops can result in broadcast storms and poor network performance. 2. Deleting a port trunk without first disconnecting the cables can create loops in your network topology. Type 2 to select Delete trunk. type 1 to select Port Menu. 77 . perform the following procedure: 1. 4. From the Main Menu. The window should now show that there are no port trunks on the switch. 5. To confirm the deletion.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Disconnect the cables from the port trunk on the switch before performing the following procedure. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. From the Port Menu. 3. type 3 to display the Port Trunking status window.

Chapter 8 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedures for creating and deleting a port mirror. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Port Mirroring Overview on page 79 ❑ Creating a Port Mirror on page 80 ❑ Deleting a Port Mirror on page 82 78 .

For example. if you mirror the traffic of six heavily active ports. you cannot use a 10/100 Mbps port to mirror traffic on a 1000 Mbps GBIC port. 79 . the more ports you mirror. For example. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be located on the same switch. meaning that it will not provide an accurate mirror of the traffic of the other six ports. ❑ The ports to be mirrored and the mirroring port must be operating at the same speed. However. the mirror port is likely to drop packets. the less likely the mirroring port will be able to handle all the traffic. You can connect a network analyzer to the port where the traffic is being copied and monitor the traffic on the other ports without impacting network performance or speed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Port Mirroring Overview The port mirroring feature allows you to unobtrusively monitor the traffic being received and transmitted on one or more ports on a switch by having the traffic copied to another switch port. Observe the following guidelines when creating a port trunk: ❑ You can mirror from one to 23 ports on a switch at a time.

enter the last port in the range. Press Return. Type 3 to select Add ports to mirror. type 2 to select Port Mirroring. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 is displayed. Ending port number [1 to 24] -> 7. If you want to mirror a range or ports.. To mirror a range of ports.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 23 Port Trunking Menu 3.. 5..CPU Attached . perform the following procedure: 1. enter the same port number here as you did in the previous step.Delete ports from mirror 5 . Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. 0 2 ..Mirroring Port . enter the first port of the range. type 1 to select Port Menu... Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port Mirroring 1 .. 80 . the port to where the traffic will be copied).Save Configuration Changes R .. You can specify only one mirror port. The following prompt is displayed...Add ports to mirror 4 . Enter the number of the port to function as the mirror port (that is..Creating a Port Mirror To create a port mirror. Starting port number [1 to 24] -> 6. The following prompt is displayed. The following prompt is displayed.. From the Port Menu... To mirror the traffic of only one port.Show Port Mirror Status S . 2. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. Enter the number of the port whose traffic is to be mirrored. No 3 . From the Main Menu.

type 5 to select Show Port Mirror Status. 9.AT-S39 User’s Guide 8. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The management software displays the number of the mirror port and the port(s) whose traffic is to be mirrored. 10. To confirm the creation of the port mirror. 81 . The port mirror is now functional. Press Esc to return to the Port Mirroring menu.

From the Port Menu. type 1 to select Port Menu. 82 . Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. From the Main Menu. Enter 0 and press Return. perform the following procedure: 1. Type 1 to select Mirroring Port. 3. The port that was functioning as the port mirror is now available for normal network operations. Please enter a port number [0 to 24] -> 4. type 2 to select Port Mirroring.Deleting a Port Mirror To delete a port mirror. 5. The Port Mirroring menu in Figure 23 on page 80 is displayed. The port mirror on the switch is deleted. The following prompt is displayed. 2.

refer to Section 4 of IEEE Std 802. The sections in this chapter include: ❑ STP Overview on page 84 ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 87 ❑ Configuring STP Port Settings on page 89 Note For detailed information on the Spanning Tree Protocol.1D. ISO/IEC 10038: 1993. 83 .Chapter 9 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter provides introductory information on the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and explains how to adjust the STP bridge and port parameters.

You should probably also consider which bridge should function as a backup in the event you need to take the primary root bridge off-line. A network loop can pose a danger to network performance and operability. leaving only one main active path. but it can also activate backup redundant paths in case a main link fails. The bridge with the lowest bridge priority number in the network is selected as the root bridge. The bridge priority number is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. The redundant paths can be activated by STP if the main path goes down. and assign that bridge the second lowest bridge identifier number. STP places the extra paths in a standby or blocking mode. STP can be an important part of large networks where loops. exist in the network topology. you can designate which switch on your network you want as the root bridge by giving it the lowest bridge priority number. The root bridge also distributes network topology information to the other network bridges. either planned or unplanned. The root bridge is used by the other bridges to determine if there are redundant paths in the network. By adjusting the value.1D standard. that needlessly consume network bandwidth and often significantly reduce network performance. A root bridge is selected by a combination of a bridge’s priority number. referred to as broadcast storms.Section II: Local and Telnet Management STP Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support the Spanning Tree Protocol. as specified in the IEEE 802. Where multiple paths exist. STP prevents data loops from forming in your network by ensuring that only one path exists between the end nodes in your network. and sometimes its MAC address. Selecting a Root Bridge The first task that bridges perform when STP is activated on a network is the selection of a root bridge. 84 . A loop exists when two or more nodes on your network can transmit data to each other over more than one data link. If two or more bridges have the same bridge priority number. So not only does STP guard against multiple links between end nodes. of those bridges the one with the lowest MAC address is designated as the root bridge. Data packets can become caught in repeating cycles. also referred to as the bridge identifier.

This is accomplished by an evaluation of port costs. 85 . Below are the default values. the preferred path is selected through port priority. the bridge is referred to as the designated bridge and the port through which the bridge is communicating with the root bridge is referred to as the designated port. blocking mode. and which path(s) will be placed in the standby. If redundant paths exist.AT-S39 User’s Guide Finding and Resolving Redundant Paths Once the Root Bridge has been selected. Every port on a bridge participating in STP has a cost associated with it. the final cost of a path is the value of all ports between a bridge and the root bridge. Table 1 Port Costs for AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches Port Speed 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1000 Mbps Port Cost 100 10 4 The cost of a path is cumulative. if one is found. Where there is only one path between a bridge and a root bridge. the bridges must determine if the network contains redundant paths and. The faster the port. they must select a preferred path while placing the redundant paths in a backup or blocking state. The cost of a port on a bridge is typically based on port speed. the bridges that are a part of the paths must determine which path will be the primary. This too is a value that you can adjust on a per port basis on the switch. active path. The exception to this is the ports on the root bridge. If two paths have the same port cost. The path offering the lowest cost to the root bridge becomes the primary path and all other redundant paths are placed into blocking state. The port costs of the ports on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are adjustable through the management software. where all ports have a port cost of 0. the lower the port cost.

This is a value that you can set on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches. removal. it will transmit a BPDU every two seconds. For small networks. The appropriate value for this parameter will depend on a number of variables. 86 . or addition of any active components. you should not specify a value so large that a topology change is unnecessarily delayed. and if not. before it begins to forward frames. Consequently. with the size of your network being a primary factor. whether it has the lowest bridge priority number of all the bridges and should therefore become the root bridge. The Forwarding Delay value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches through the management software. if an AT-8024 or an AT-8024GB Switch is selected as the Root Bridge of a spanning tree domain. which could result in the delay or loss of some data packets. If a topology change is made before all bridges have been notified. To forestall the formation of temporarily data loops during topology changes. This portion of the frame is referred to as the Bridge Packet Data Unit (BPDU). When a bridge is brought on-line.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Handling Topology Changes If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure. a temporary data loop could occur. a change in a port state is not activated immediately. For large networks. The amount of time a port spends in these states is set by the Forwarding Delay value. However. it will issue a BPDU in order to determine whether a root bridge has already been selected on the network. The frequency with which the root bridge sends out a BPDU is called the Hello Time. The interval is measured in seconds and the default is 2 seconds. It might take time for the root bridge to notify all bridges that a topology change has occurred. This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports. This value states the amount of time that a port spends in the listening and learning states prior to changing to the forwarding state. especially if it is a large network. Communicating Between Bridges The bridges that are part of a spanning tree domain communicate with each other using a bridge broadcast frame that contains a special section devoted to carrying STP information. the active topology also changes. listening and learning. a port designated to change from blocking to forwarding passes through two additional states. The root bridge will periodically transmit a BPDU to determine whether there have been any changes to the network topology and to inform other bridges of topology changes. and that could adversely impact network performance. you should specify a value large enough to allow the root bridge sufficient time to propagate a topology change throughout the entire network.

If you enable STP. 87 . The default setting is disabled.Enable/Disable Enables and disables STP on the switch.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters..AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings This section contains the procedure for configuring a bridge’s STP settings. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Spanning Tree Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 Enable/Disable .... 1..... Bridge Max Age . Bridge Identifier ...Display STP Port Settings 9 . You should consult the IEEE 802. Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. Disabled 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D 65535 2 15 20 7 . The parameters are described below. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks.Config STP Port Settings 8 . type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu... From the Main Menu.. Bridge Hello Time .. 1 . The Spanning Tree Menu in is displayed. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed.... Bridge Forwarding . Bridge Priority ..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 24 Spanning Tree Menu 2..Reset STP to Defaults R ..

The Bridge Identifier cannot be changed. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. 3 . 88 . This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65.535. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. type S to select Save Configuration Changes. resulting in network loops.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 .Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. for example. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. The default is 15 seconds. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). The default is 20 seconds. with 0 being the highest priority.Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. For example. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. After you have made the desired changes. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge. 6 . This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. When a root bridge goes off-line. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker when selecting the root bridge if two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. if you use the default 20.Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. If the bridge transitions too soon. 3. The default is 2 seconds.Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. 5 . not all links may have yet adapted to the change. 4 .

The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. From the Main Menu. type 3 to select Spanning Tree Menu. Root Bridge .. To configure just one port. To configure a range of ports. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Config STP Port Settings Configuring Ports 4 to 4 1 2 3 4 5 Participating . perform the following procedure: 1. type 7 to select Config STP port settings. This value cannot be changed. To configure a range of ports. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring STP Port Settings To adjust STP port parameters. Path Cost . enter the last port of the range.. The STP Port Configuration window in Figure 25 is displayed... enter the first port of the range. 1 .... 89 .. Yes 10 128 2 00:A8:22:34:C1:2D R .. From the Spanning Tree menu.. enter the same port number here as you entered in the previous step........ Adjust the settings as desired. The parameters are described below....Participating This parameter indicates whether the port is participating in the spanning tree domain... Port Priority ...Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 25 Config STP Port Settings Window 5.. 2... Enter the number of the port you want to configure. Bridge Hello Time .

refer to the previous procedure.Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. and 4 for a 1 Gbps port.Priority This parameter is used as a tie breaker when two or more ports are determined to have equal costs to the root bridge. 3 . To change this value.Path Cost The spanning tree algorithm uses the cost parameter to decide which port provides the lowest cost path to the root bridge for that LAN. The range is 0-255.Root Bridge The MAC address of the bridge functioning as the root bridge in the spanning tree domain. The default value for priority is 128. 90 . 10 for a 100 Mbps port. 4 . The default is 2 seconds. This value is for display purposes only and cannot be changed. This value cannot be changed from this window. The default values for this parameter are 100 for a 10 Mbps port. 5 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management 2 . The range is 1 to 65535.

It also contains the procedures for creating. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ VLAN Overview on page 92 ❑ Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94 ❑ Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101 ❑ Basic VLAN Mode Overview on page 106 ❑ Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107 ❑ Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN on page 111 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 113 ❑ Displaying VLAN Information on page 115 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 116 ❑ Deleting All VLANs on page 118 ❑ Changing a PVID Value on page 119 ❑ Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121 ❑ Enabling or Disabling All VLANs on page 122 ❑ Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering on page 124 91 . This chapter also describes the Basic VLAN mode and how you can change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. modifying. and deleting VLANs from a local or Telnet management session.Chapter 10 Virtual LANs This chapter contains basic information about virtual LANs (VLANs).

you could create separate VLANs for the different departments in your company. With VLANs. you can segment your network through the switch’s management software and so be able to group nodes with related functions into their own separate. It also frees up bandwidth within all the logical workgroups. physical changes to the network often had to been made at the switches in the wiring closets. changing the employee’s LAN segment assignment might require a change to the wiring at the switches. The ports of a VLAN form an independent broadcast domain where the traffic generated by the nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN. VLANs can be used to control the flow of data in your network and prevent data from flowing to unauthorized end nodes. 92 . The nodes of a VLAN receive traffic only from nodes of the same VLAN. if an employee changed departments. These VLAN groupings can be based on similar data needs or security requirements. ❑ Simplified network management VLANs can also simplify network management. ❑ Increased security Since data traffic generated by a node in a VLAN is restricted only to the other nodes of the same VLAN. Additionally. Before the advent of VLANs. VLANs improve network perform because VLAN data traffic stays within the VLAN. the greater the likelihood overall network performance will decrease. VLANs offer several important benefits: ❑ Improved network performance Network performance often suffers as networks grow in size and as data traffic increases. This reduces the need for nodes to handle traffic not destined for them. For example. broadcast traffic remains within the VLAN. For example. such as one for Sales and another for Accounting.Section II: Local and Telnet Management VLAN Overview A VLAN is a group of ports on an Ethernet switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. logical LAN segments. This too can improve overall network performance. since each VLAN constitutes a separate broadcast domain. The more nodes on each LAN segment vying for bandwidth.

a virtual LAN can span more than one switch. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switches support the following types of VLANs: ❑ Port-based VLANs ❑ Tagged VLANs These VLANs are described in the following sections. VLAN memberships can be changed any time through the management software without moving the workstations physically. or having to change group memberships by moving cables from one switch port to another. This means that the end nodes of a VLAN do not need to be connected to the same switch and so are not restricted to being in the same physical location. you can change the LAN segment assignment of an end node connected to the switch through the switch’s AT-S39 management software. 93 .AT-S39 User’s Guide But with VLANS. Additionally.

such as a router or Layer 3 switch. Production. and Engineering. If a VLAN consists only of ports located on one physical switch in your network. Each port of a port-based VLAN can belong to only one VLAN at a time. Examples include Sales. The parts that make up a port-based VLAN are: ❑ VLAN name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Untagged ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier VLAN Name To create a port-based VLAN. 94 . called the Default VLAN. A port-based VLAN is a group of ports on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch that form a logical Ethernet segment. This number uniquely identifies a VLAN in the switch and the network. The VLAN can consist of all the ports on an Ethernet switch. a VLAN consists of a group of ports on one or more Ethernet switches that form an independent broadcast domain. you would assign it a VID unique from all other VLANs in your network. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches are preconfigured with one port-based VLAN. Traffic generated by the end nodes of a VLAN remains within the VLAN and does not cross over to the end nodes of other VLANs unless there is an interconnection device. This number is called the VLAN identifier (VID). you must give it a name. A port-based VLAN can have as many or as few ports as needed. All ports on the switch are members of this VLAN. or just a few ports. VLAN Identifier Each VLAN in a network must have a unique number assigned to it. The name should reflect the function of the network devices that are be members of the VLAN. A port-based VLAN also can span switches and consist of ports from multiple Ethernet switches.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based VLAN Overview As explained in the VLAN Overview section earlier in this chapter.

If you allow the management software to do it automatically. rather than by a port’s PVID. then you will need to assign the number yourself so that the VLAN has the same VID on all switches. An untagged port cannot be assigned to two port-based VLANs simultaneously. you need to specify which ports on the switch are to be members of a port-based VLAN. If you are creating a VLAN on an AT-8024 that will be part of a larger VLAN that spans several switch. all ports of a port-based VLAN must have the same PVID. the PVID of the ports in a VLAN must match the VLAN’s VID. Additionally. unique VLAN. For example.AT-S39 User’s Guide If a VLAN spans multiple switches. and that VLAN membership will be determined solely by the port’s PVID. and forwards the frame only to those ports with the same PVID. The names derive from the fact that the frames received on a port will not contain any information that indicates VLAN membership. You can assign this number manually or allow the management software to do it automatically. it will simply select the next available VID. then the VID for the VLAN on the different switches must be the same. 95 . you would assign the Marketing VLAN on each switch the same VID. if you had a port-based VLAN titled Marketing that spanned three AT-8024 switches. Untagged Ports Naturally. Consequently. In this manner. the switches are able to recognize and forward frames belonging to the same VLAN even though the VLAN spans multiple switches.) A port on a switch can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. This is acceptable when you are creating a new. Port VLAN Identifier Each port in a port-based VLAN must have a port VLAN identifier (PVID). (There is another type of VLAN where VLAN membership is determined by information within the frames themselves. The switch associates a frame to a port-based VLAN by the PVID assigned to the port on which the frame is received. This type of VLAN is explained in Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. Ports in a port-based VLAN are referred to as untagged ports and the frames received on the ports as untagged frames.

❑ Each port must be assigned a PVID. Some switches and switch management programs require that you assign the PVID value for each port manually. ❑ A port-based VLAN that spans multiple switches requires a port on each switch where the VLAN is located to function as an interconnection between the switches where the various parts of the VLAN reside. General Rules to Creating a Port-based VLAN Below is a summary of the general rules to observe when creating a portbased VLAN. the PVID for each port in the VLAN would need to be assigned the value 5. This value is assigned automatically by the AT-S39 management software. assume that you were creating a port-based VLAN on a switch and you had assigned the VLAN the VID 5. ❑ A port can be an untagged member of only one port-based VLAN at a time. Consequently. ❑ Each port-based VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. a router or Layer 3 switch is required to interconnect the VLANs. The software automatically assigns a PVID to a port. each part of the VLAN on the different switches must be assigned the same VID. making it identical to the VID of the VLAN to which the port is a member. ❑ If there are end nodes in different VLANs that need to communicate with each other. This value must be the same for all ports in a port-based VLAN and it must match the VLAN’s VID. If a particular VLAN spans multiples switches. 96 . the AT-S39 management software performs this task automatically. However.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example.

In network configurations where there are many individual VLANs that span switches. many ports can end up being used ineffectively just to interconnect the various VLANs. ❑ A VLAN that spans several switches will require a port on each switch for the interconnection of the various parts of the VLAN. such as servers and printers. 97 . across multiple VLANs. ❑ The introduction of a router into your network could create security issues from unauthorized access to your network. A router or Layer 3 switch must be added to the network to provide a means for interconnecting the port-based VLANs. For example.AT-S39 User’s Guide Drawbacks to Port-based VLANs There are several drawbacks to port-based VLANs: ❑ It is not easy to share network resources. a VLAN that spans three switches would require one port on each switch to interconnect the various sections of the VLAN.

Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 . (For purposes of the following examples. Engineering. and Production VLANs on the switch.4 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9. the Default VLAN is not shown. A PVID is the same as the VID to which the port is an untagged member.) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Port 4 Port 12 Port 22 WAN Router Figure 26 Port-based VLAN . A port’s PVID is assigned automatically by the management software when you create the VLAN.13 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 .Example 1 The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. The ports have been assigned PVID values.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Port-based Example 1 Figure 26 illustrates an example of one AT-8024 Fast Ethernet Switch with three port-based VLANs. 98 . You assign this number when you create a VLAN.24 (PVID 4) Each VLAN has been assigned a unique VID. 11 .

AT-S39 User’s Guide In the example. each VLAN has one port connected to the router. Port-based Example 2 Figure 27 illustrates more port-based VLANs. Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 27 Port-based VLAN . The router interconnects the various VLANs and functions as a gateway to the WAN. In this example.Example 2 99 . two VLANs span more than one Ethernet switch.

it needs a direct connection between its various parts to provide a communications path. The two parts of the VLAN are interconnected by a direct link from Port 6 on the top switch to Port 5 on the bottom switch.6 (PVID 2) none ❑ Sales VLAN . 20 (PVID 3) Ports 13. However.This VLAN spans both switches. It has the VLAN of 4 and its ports have been assigned the PVID also of 4. This is provided in the example with a direct connection from Port 14 on the top switch and Port 13 on the bottom switch. Port 18 on the top switch connects to the router. 19-24 (PVID 3) Production VLAN (VID 4) Ports 21 . and Production VLANs on the switches: Sales VLAN (VID 2) AT-8024 Switch (top) Ports 1 .This is the final VLAN in the example. This direct link allows the two parts of the Sales VLAN to function as one logical LAN segment. The nodes of this VLAN are connected to only the top switch. This VLAN uses Port 20 on the top switch as a connection to the router and the WAN. This port allows the Sales VLAN to exchanged Ethernet frames with the other VLANs and to access the WAN. Since this VLAN spans multiple switches.24 (PVID 4) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) Ports 1 . ❑ Production VLAN . Engineering. 14. It has a VID value of 2 and consists of seven untagged ports on the top switch and six untagged ports on the bottom switch. So this VLAN does not require a direct connection to the bottom VLAN. 18 (PVID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Ports 9 .11.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The table below lists the port assignments for the Sales. ❑ Engineering VLAN . 100 .This port-based VLAN uses Ports 9 to 11 on the top switch and Ports 19 to 24 on the bottom switch as connections to the workstations of the VLAN. it uses Port 22 as a connection to the router.6.

If the frame’s VID does not match any of the VLANs that the port is a member of. the frame will be discarded. where the PVIDs assigned to the ports determine VLAN membership. The IEEE 802. a server can be configured to accept and return packets from many different VLANs simultaneously. which follows the source and destination addresses in a frame.3ac standard). referred to as a tagged frame. the switch forwards the frame only to those ports that share the same VID. As explained earlier in this chapter in VLAN Identifier on page 94. A port to receive or transmit tagged frames is referred to as a tagged port. A tag. The benefit of a tagged VLAN is that the tagged ports within the VLAN can belong to more than one VLAN at one time. contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame belongs (IEEE 802.AT-S39 User’s Guide Tagged VLAN Overview The second type of VLAN supported by the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches is a tagged VLAN. For example.1Q standard deals with how this tagging information is used to forward the traffic throughout the switch. The VLAN information within an Ethernet frame is referred to as a tag or tagged header. You can use one port per switch for connecting all VLANs on the switch to another switch. the frame will be accepted and forwarded to the appropriate ports. The device must be able to process the tagged information on received frames and add tagged information to transmitted frames. Tagged VLANs are also useful where multiple VLANs span across switches. This is the standard that outlines the requirements and standards for tagging. The handling of frames tagged with VIDs coming into a port is straightforward. VLAN membership in a tagged VLAN is determined by information within the frames that are received on a port. If the incoming frame’s VID tag matches one of the VIDs of a VLAN that the port is a tagged member of. Any network device connected to a tagged port must be IEEE 802.1Q-compliant. This contrasts to a port-based VLAN. 101 . this number uniquely identifies each VLAN in a network. When a switch receives a frame with a VLAN tag. This can greatly simplify the task of adding shared devices to the network.

a frame without any tagged information). A port can also be an untagged member of one VLAN and a tagged member of different VLANs. Otherwise. Tagged and Untagged Ports You need to specify which ports will be members of the VLAN.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The parts of a tagged VLAN are much the same as those for a port-based VLAN. it will usually be a combination of both untagged ports and tagged ports. and that in a port-based VLAN packets are forwarded based on the PVID. simultaneously. They are: ❑ VLAN Name ❑ VLAN Identifier ❑ Tagged and Untagged Ports ❑ Port VLAN Identifier Note For explanations of VLAN name and VLAN identifier. refer back to VLAN Name and VLAN Identifier on page 94. whether a member of a port-based VLAN or a tagged VLAN. In the case of a tagged VLAN. The PVID is used if a tagged port receives an untagged frame (that is. However. the PVID of a port is ignored on a tagged port. But actually there is. there would seem to be no need for a PVID. Port VLAN Identifier As explained earlier in the discussion on port-based VLANs. An untagged port. The port will forward the frame based on the port’s PVID. a tagged port can be a member of more than one VLAN. You specify which ports will be tagged and which untagged when you create the VLAN. 102 . The PVID is always identical to the VLAN’s VID. But this is only in cases where untagged frames arrive on tagged ports. can be in only one VLAN at a time. the management software automatically assigns a PVID to each port when a port is made a member of a VLAN. Since a tagged port determines VLAN membership by examining the tagged header within the frames that it receives.

AT-S39 User’s Guide General Rules to Creating a Tagged VLAN Below is a summary of the rules to observe when creating a tagged VLAN. ❑ An AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch can support up to 32 tagged VLANS. ❑ Each tagged VLAN must be assigned a unique VID. each part of the VLAN on the different switches or stacks must be assigned the same VID. 103 . If a particular VLAN spans multiple switches or stacks. ❑ A tagged port can be a member of multiple VLANs. ❑ An untagged port can be an untagged member of only one VLAN at a time.

Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Legacy Server Sales VLAN (VID 2) Production VLAN (VID 4) AT-8024 Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER WAN IEEE 802.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Tagged VLAN Example Figure 28 illustrates how tagged ports can be used to interconnect IEEE 802.1Q-based products.1Q Compliant Server AT-8024 Link Mode Link Mode 10Base-T / 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet Switch AT-8024 Ethernet Switch RS-232 TERMINAL PORT MODE COL 100 FULL ACT PWR FAULT MASTER Sales VLAN (VID 2) Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Figure 28 Example of a Tagged VLAN 104 .

20 (PVID 3) 8. are delivered only to those ports that belong to the VLAN from which the tagged frame originated. each VLAN had to have its own data link between the switches to connect the different parts of the VLANs. 16 Production VLAN (VID 4) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 21 to 24 (PVID 4) 8 1 to 5 (PVID 2) 15 19 to 24 (PVID 3) 15 none none This example is nearly identical to the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. data separation and security remain. Two other tagged ports are used to simplify network design in the example. 18 (PVID 2) 8. 16 Engineering VLAN (VID 3) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports 9 to 11. meaning the server can handle frames from multiple VLANs. while still maintaining data separation and security. It is connected to an IEEE 802. Now all three VLANs can access the server without having to go through a router or other interconnection device. Tagged ports have been added to simplify network implementation and management. They provide a connection between the different parts of these two VLANs. In the Port-based Example 2 on page 99. But with tagged ports. They are Port 16 on the top switch and Port 15 on the bottom switch.1Q-compliant server. The tagged frames. This port has been made a tagged member of the three VLANs.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port assignments for the VLANs are as follows: Sales VLAN (VID 2) Untagged Ports Tagged Ports AT-8024 Switch (top) AT-8024 Switch (bottom) 1 to 5. you can use one data link to carry data traffic from several VLANs. One of the tagged ports is Port 8 on the top switch. These ports have been made tagged members of the Sales and Engineering VLANs. when received by the switch. 105 . It is important to note that even though the server is accepting frames from and transmitting frames to more than one VLAN.

Tagged and untagged frames exit the switch the same as they entered. is ignored. All VLAN information. Tagged frames are analyzed only for priority level. Packets are passed through the switch unchanged. refer to Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 121.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Basic VLAN Mode Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches support a special VLAN configuration referred to as Basic VLAN Mode. frames are forwarded based solely on MAC addresses. either tagged or untagged. regardless of the type of ports on which the frames are received and transmitted. including PVIDs assigned to ports and VLAN tags in tagged frames. Note For instructions on how to activate the Basic VLAN mode. but the VLANs are not used. When the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. 106 . You should be aware of the following before you activate the Basic VLAN mode: ❑ You cannot create or modify port-based or tagged VLANs when the Basic VLAN Mode is activated. ❑ Any pre-existing port-based or tagged VLANs are retained in the event you later disabled Basic VLAN Mode.

type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the VLAN Menu. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.Virtual LAN Definitions 3 . perform the following procedure: 1. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed.Save Configuration Changes R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 29 VLAN Menu 2. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Definitions 1 2 3 4 5 Create a VLAN Modify a VLAN Delete a VLAN Show All VLANs Clear All VLANs S .Virtual LAN Support 2 . From the Main Menu. 107 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN To create a new port-based or tagged VLAN. The VLAN Menu in Figure 29 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Menu 1 . type 1 to select Create a VLAN.Port VLANs & Priorities R .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 30 Virtual LAN Definitions Menu 3.

then its VID must also be unique.. Mirroring Port ....Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 31 Create a VLAN Window 4.. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches... If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches.. The name can contain spaces. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. If the VLAN will be unique in your network.. C .. 108 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Create a VLAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 VLAN Name ... Untagged Ports . than the VID value for the VLAN should be the same on each switch. For example..Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Create a VLAN window in Figure 31 is displayed.. but not special characters...... 0 Send to CPU (Y/N) ... Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter a VID value for the new VLAN... 5.... then the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. The management software will use the next available VID number on the switch as the default value. The name can be from one to ten characters in length.. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter a name for the new VLAN... If this VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. Sales or Accounting). The permitted range of the VID value is 2 to 4096.. VLAN ID (VID) . you must assign the Sales VLAN on each of the switches the same VID value..... then the name should be unique as well..Create VLAN R .. The name should reflect the function of the nodes that will be a part of the VLAN (for example.... such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!).. 0 Tagged Ports ..

leave this field empty. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN.5. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. If this VLAN will not contain any untagged ports. A value of 0 means that the VLAN traffic will not be mirrored. For more information on port mirroring. 7-9).5). 2. 14. 10. Type C to select Create VLAN. You can specify the ports individually (e. or both (e. as a range (e. Press any key.AT-S39 User’s Guide 6.g.(If you do not to activate this feature. 8..5.7-9) 7. 7-9). you can analyze the VLAN traffic. If the switch is successful in creating the new VLAN. type 5 to select Mirroring Port and enter a port number when prompted. leave this field empty. 109 .7-9). If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. If the VLAN will contain tagged ports.Press any key to continue. 12. 2. or both (e. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. as a range (e. 11..g. 13.3. type 6 and Y for yes. you will see the following message: SUCCESS . Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and specify the ports on the switch to function as untagged ports in the VLAN... To verify that the VLAN was created correctly.. By placing a packet sniffer on the mirroring port. Check to see that the VLAN was created correctly and that it contains the appropriate ports.. 2. If this VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch.g.) Note In most situations you should not activate this feature. type 4 to select Show All VLANs.5). 2. this parameter should be left with its default value of 0.g. Note In most cases.3. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 9. You can specify the ports individually (e.g. either do not select this option or select it and type N for no. type 3 to select Tagged Ports and specify the ports.g.

Note When you create a new VLAN. 110 . if you are creating a new VLAN on a switch that contains only the Default VLAN. Tagged ports are not removed from any current VLAN assignments because tagged ports can belong to more than one VLAN at a time.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 15. the ports that you specify as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from the Default VLAN. ports designated as untagged ports of the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. Press Esc or type R to return to the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. You can repeat this procedure to create additional VLANs. For example.

After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. To create the example Sales VLAN. From the VLAN Menu. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. Type C to select Create VLAN. nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. press any key. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the Main Menu. 8. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 2 and will consist of four untagged ports. 5. 9. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. The new Sales VLAN has now been created. The VLAN will not contain any tagged ports. 4. 6. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. 3. Press Return. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Sales”. This is the VID value for the new VLAN.AT-S39 User’s Guide Example of Creating a Port-based VLAN The following procedure creates the Sales VLAN illustrated in Portbased Example 1 on page 98. 111 . 7. Ports 1 to 4. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “1-4”. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “2”. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu.

nor will it be sent to the switch’s CPU. Type 3 to select Tagged Ports and enter “8. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 20”. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Press Return.16”. It will consist of three untagged ports.10. 11. After the switch displays the prompt notifying you that it created the VLAN. Ports 8 and 16. Type 2 to select VLAN ID (VID) and enter “3”. This VLAN will be assigned a VID of 3. This is the VID value for the new VLAN. To create the example Engineering VLAN. press any key.11. 112 . 4. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. The new Engineering VLAN has now been created. From the Main Menu. 2. and 12. perform the following procedure: 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Example of Creating a Tagged VLAN The following procedure creates the Engineering VLAN in the top switch illustrated in Tagged VLAN Example on page 104. The VLAN traffic will not be mirrored on another port. Type 4 to select Untagged Ports and enter “9. 6. Type 1 to select VLAN Name and enter “Engineering”. type 1 to select Create a VLAN. 8. and two untagged ports. 5. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. Ports 9. From the VLAN Menu. 7. These are the untagged ports of the VLAN. Type C to select Create VLAN. These are the tagged ports of the VLAN. 9. 3. 10.

.. To modify a VLAN. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Modify a VLAN 1 ..AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to modify to perform this procedure. From the VLAN Menu. R . Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. type M to select Modify VLAN.Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 32 Modifying a VLAN Menu 4. 6. This window contains all relevant information about the VLAN. refer to Step 4 through Step 9 in the procedure Creating a Port-based or Tagged VLAN on page 107. 113 . 7. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5. 2. The Modify a VLAN window for the selected VLAN is displayed. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. type 2 to select Modify a VLAN. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to modify. Change the VLAN’s information as desired. perform the following procedure: 1.. For a description of the parameters. After making the desired changes. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. The Modify a VLAN window in Figure 34 is displayed. 3. From the Main Menu... To obtain a VLAN’s VID.Press any key to continue. The switch displays the following prompt after modifying the VLAN: SUCCESS ..VLAN ID (VID) .

11. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 is displayed. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. 8. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 9. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to modify other VLANs. The VLAN has been modified.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. 10. Press any key. 114 .

2. An example of the window is shown in Figure 33. perform the following procedure: 1. 3.9 U: 1-6 T: 7.9 U: 8. VID numbers. Show All VLANs VID VLAN Name Untagged (U) / Tagged (T) ---------------------------------------------------------------1 Default VLAN U: 20-24 T: 7. From the VLAN Menu. type 2 to select VLAN Menu.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 33 Show All VLANs Window 115 . type 4 to select View All VLANs.10-19 T: 7 2 Sales 3 Production R . and member ports of all the VLANs on a switch. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLAN Information To view the names. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. The Show All VLANs window is displayed.

3. A confirmation prompt is displayed. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [2 to 4096] -> 5.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting a VLAN Note You need to know the VID of the VLAN you want to delete to perform this procedure. Use this window to confirm that you are deleting the correct VLAN. 6. 2. 116 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Delete a VLAN 1 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 34 Delete a VLAN Menu 4. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. refer to the procedure Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. To delete the VLAN.VLAN ID (VID) . From the VLAN Menu.. type D. which has a VID of 1. To delete a VLAN... From the Main Menu. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. perform the following procedure: 1.. Type 1 to select VLAN ID (VID). type 2 to select VLAN Menu.. R .. type 3 to select Delete a VLAN. The Delete a VLAN menu in Figure 34 is displayed.. The specifications of the selected VLAN are displayed. Enter the VID of the VLAN you want to delete and press Return.

The switch displays the following prompt after deleting the VLAN: SUCCESS . Type R to select Return to Previous Menu.Press any key to continue. Repeat this procedure starting with Step 3 to delete other VLANs. both tagged and untagged. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu in Figure 30 on page 107 is displayed. 10.AT-S39 User’s Guide 7. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The VLAN has been deleted. All ports in the deleted VLAN. 117 . Type Y to delete the VLAN or N to cancel the procedure. are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. 8. 9.

2. Press Return. To delete all VLANs on a switch. The Virtual LAN Definitions menu is displayed again. From the Virtual LAN Definitions menu. Type Y to delete all VLANs or N to cancel the procedure. 3. 118 . type 2 to select Virtual LAN Definitions. 5. perform the procedure Deleting a VLAN on page 116. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. From the VLAN Menu. perform the following procedure: 1. on a switch. 4. A confirmation message is displayed. All VLANs are deleted and their tagged and untagged ports are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports. except the Default VLAN. To delete selected VLANs.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Deleting All VLANs This section contains the procedure for deleting all VLANs. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. type 5 to select Clear All VLANs. From the Main Menu.

For example. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 35 is displayed. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. There should be little need or reason for you to manually change a PVID yourself. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if you deem it necessary. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 . if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. From the VLAN Menu. Type 1 to select Port Number.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 35 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 3. 119 . perform the following procedure: 1. then the port will be assigned a PVID also of 7.Port Number R . Enter the number of the port on the switch whose PVID you want to change. Press Return. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID Value The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. From the Main Menu. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software when you create a VLAN. To change a PVID for a port.

. 1 1 0 N U .. 9...... Type 2 to select Port VLAN ID... Override Priority (Y/N) .. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Port VLANs & Priorities 1 2 3 4 Port Number ...Accept changes & update flash R ...Section II: Local and Telnet Management The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 is displayed.... The following prompt is displayed: Enter new value -> [1 to 4096] -> 6.... The switch displays the following prompt: SUCCESS .. The port now has a new PVID.Press any key to continue..Update Changes to Chip C ..... Type S to select Save Configuration Changes... Return to the Main Menu..Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 36 Port VLANs and Priorities Window 5. 8..... Specify the new PVID value for the port...... Priority (0-7) 0=Low 7=High ... 120 . 7. You can repeat this procedure to assign new PVIDs to other ports on the switch.. Press Return... Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. Port VLAN ID .

The following prompt is displayed: Enter switch mode (T-Tagged. B-Basic): 3. From the Main Menu. 121 . Port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode are all described in earlier sections in this chapter. The default is Tagged mode. Reset the switch using the Reset Switch option in the Administration Menu or the reset button on the back of the unit. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. type 5 to select System Config Menu. or B to configure the switch for the Basic VLAN Mode. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. Type T in order to create your own port-based and tagged VLANs. 5. perform the following procedure: 1. Press Return. 4. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting a Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. Type 3 to select Switch Mode.

type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Virtual LAN Support 1 . perform the following procedure: 1. The VLAN Support window in Figure 38 is displayed. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** VLANs are globally Disabled ** E . Type 1 to select Enable/Disable VLANs.Enable VLANs Globally D .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling All VLANs This procedure performs almost exactly the same function as the previous procedure. When VLANs are enabled. From the VLAN Menu. It sets a switch’s VLAN mode.Disable VLANs Globally R .Accept changes & update flash R .Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 37 Virtual LAN Support Menu 3. To configure a switch’s VLAN mode. If you activate the Basic VLAN Mode using the previous procedure. ingress filtering is disabled.Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering C . Performing this procedure does not change the current setting of ingress filtering. When VLANs are disabled.Enable/Disable VLANs 2 . From the Main Menu. the switch supports the Basic VLAN mode. The difference between the two procedures has to do with ingress filtering. 2. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 is displayed. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs.Previous Menu Figure 38 VLAN Support Window 122 .

4. Type R to select Return to Previous Menu. A change to the status of the VLANs is activated immediately on the switch. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 123 . Type E to enable the VLANs or D to activate the Basic VLAN Mode. 6.AT-S39 User’s Guide The prompt enclosed in asterisks gives the current status of the VLANs. 5.

tagged or untagged. the switch transmits the frame out the port to the destination node. Assume that a tagged frame with a VID of 4 is received on a port that is a member of a VLAN also with a VID of 4. Here is an example. So how do the egress rules apply when ingress filtering is disabled? First. Let’s first examine how the ingress rules are applied to tagged frames when ingress filtering is activated. just as a reminder. the port accepts the frame. It does not matter whether the frame and the port belong to the same or different VLANs. a tagged frame is an Ethernet frame that contains a tagged header. the port accepts the frame.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Enabling or Disabling Ingress Filtering There are certain rules a switch follows as it receives and forwards an Ethernet frame. the switch discards the frame. In this case. First. There are rules for frames as they enter a port (called ingress rules) and rules for when a frame is transmitted out a port (called egress rules). this discussion on ingress filtering need only review the rules as they apply to tagged frames. or floods the port to all ports on the VLAN if the MAC address is not in the table. The header contains the VID of the VLAN to which the frame originated. If there isn’t a corresponding VLAN. 124 . refer to Tagged VLAN Overview on page 101. If there is. the port discards the frame. If they belong to the same VLAN. when the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode. For further information. There are quite a few ingress and egress rules for Fast Ethernet switches. If the frame and port had belonged to different VLANs. Ingress filtering does not apply to untagged frames. any tagged frame is accepted on any port on the switch. the frame is discarded. What the switch does is it examines the tagged header of each tagged frame that enters a port and determines whether the tagged frame and the port that received the frame are members of the same VLAN. A switch will not accept and forward a frame unless the frame passes the ingress and egress rules. nor to any frames. Once the tagged frame is received. Fortunately. because both the frame and the port belong to the same VLAN. the switch examines the tagged header and determines if the VID in the header corresponds to any VLANs on the switch. If they belong to different VLANs. assuming that the destination node’s MAC address is in the MAC address table.

The Ingress Filtering window in Figure 39 is displayed. A switch will always examine a priority tag in a tagged frame. type 1 to select Virtual LAN Support. The Virtual LAN Support menu in Figure 37 on page 122 is displayed 3. Type E to activate ingress filtering or D to disable the feature on the switch. Each tagged frame has a priority tag in it that instructs the switch as to the importance of the frame. Activating or deactivating ingress filtering has no effect on the switch’s handling of priority tags. A change to the status of ingress filtering is immediately activated on the switch. which is the default. 4. You can enable or disable ingress filtering on a per switch basis. From the Main Menu.Disable Ingress Filtering Globally R . perform the following procedure: 1. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. From the Virtual LAN Support menu. You cannot set this per port.Enable Ingress Filtering Globally D . To enable or disable ingress filtering. 2.AT-S39 User’s Guide There is one other thing that should be mentioned about ingress filtering and tagged packets. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch VLAN Support ** Ingress Filtering is Globally Enabled ** E .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 39 Ingress Filtering Window 5. regardless of the status of ingress filtering. type 2 to select Enable/Disable Ingress Filtering. Frames with a high priority are handled ahead of frames with a low priority. From the VLAN Menu. In most cases. you will probably want to leave ingress filtering activated on the switch. 125 . and that is the priority tag.

The sections in this chapter include: ❑ MAC Address Overview on page 127 ❑ Displaying MAC Addresses on page 129 ❑ Viewing MAC Addresses by Port on page 132 ❑ Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address on page 133 ❑ Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN on page 134 ❑ Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses on page 135 ❑ Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136 ❑ Deleting Static MAC Addresses on page 137 ❑ Changing the Aging Time on page 138 126 .Chapter 11 MAC Address Table The chapter contains the procedures for viewing the static and dynamic MAC address table.

When the switch receives a packet. freeing the other switch ports for receiving and transmitting data. Since both the source node and the destination node for the packet are located on the same port on the switch. This prevents packets from being forwarded onto inappropriate LAN segments and increases network security. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is not in the MAC address table. the switch adds its MAC address and port number to the table. by referring to its MAC address table. The switch learns the MAC addresses of the end nodes by examining the source address of each packet received on a port. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switches contain a 4 kilobyte MAC address table. This increases network bandwidth by limiting each frame to the appropriate port when the intended end node is located. and the port number where each address was learned. If the ports have been grouped into virtual LANs. along with the port number on which each address was learned. The switch uses the table to store the MAC addresses of the network nodes connected to its ports. A MAC address is assigned to a device by the device’s manufacturer. It then forwards the packet to the appropriate port and on to the end node. it discards the packet without forwarding it on to any port.AT-S39 User’s Guide MAC Address Overview Every hardware device that you connect to your network has a unique MAC address associated with it. every network interface card that you use to connect your computers to your network has a MAC address assigned to it by the adapter’s manufacturer. it floods the packet to all the ports on the switch. the switch floods the packet only to those ports which belong to the same VLAN as the port on which the packet was received. there is no reason for the switch to forward the packet. This too increases network performance by preventing frames from being forwarded unnecessarily to other network devices. For example. When the destination node responds. If the switch receives a packet with a destination address that is on the same port on which the packet was received. it also examines the destination address and. It adds the address and port on which the packet was received to the MAC table if the address has not already been entered in the table. The result is a table that contains all the MAC addresses of the devices that are connected to the switch’s ports. determines the port where the destination node is connected. 127 .

even when the end node is inactive. The switch deletes a dynamic MAC address from the table if it does not receive any frames from the node over a specified period of time. You might need to enter static MAC addresses of end nodes the switch will not learn in its normal dynamic learning process. This prevents the MAC address table from becoming filled with addresses of nodes that are no longer active. The switch assumes that the node with that MAC address is no longer active and that its MAC address can be purged from the table. remains in the table indefinitely and is never deleted. The default value is 300 seconds (5 minutes). This value is adjustable on the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Switches. For instructions on changing the aging timer. 128 . The MAC address table can also store static MAC addresses.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The type of MAC address described above is referred to as a dynamic MAC address. Dynamic MAC addresses are not stored indefinitely in the MAC address table. even when the end node is inactive. The period of time that the switch waits before purging an inactive dynamic MAC address is called the aging timer. once entered in the table. A static MAC address. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch learns by examining the source MAC addresses of the frames received on the ports. refer to Changing the Aging Time on page 138. or if you want a MAC address to remain permanently in the table.

Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 40 MAC Address Table Menu 2. 129 . From the Main Menu. The MAC Address Table menu in Figure 40 is displayed. One selection displays both the static and dynamic MAC addresses while the other displays just the static addresses. To display the MAC address table. To display only static MAC addresses. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch MAC Address Tables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A Show all MAC Addresses Add static MAC Address Delete Static MAC Address Delete all dynamic MAC Addresses Show all static MAC addresses View MAC addresses by port View the port of MAC address View MAC addresses by VLAN ID View Multicast MAC Addresses View MAC addresses on base ports (Port 1 to 24) R . perform the following procedure: 1. and you do not want to view the MAC addresses learned on the GBIC ports. type 6 to select MAC Address Tables. 3. just the base ports.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying MAC Addresses The management software has two menu selections for displaying the MAC addresses of a switch. type 1 to select Show All MAC Addresses or A to select View MAC Addresses on Base Ports. type 5 to select Show All Static MAC Addresses. To display both static and dynamic MAC addresses. The second selection is useful if you are managing an AT8024GB switch with GBIC modules installed.

except for the title and the fact that it displays only static MAC addresses. 130 . This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. non-aging) 00:a0:d2:18:1a:c8 1 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c4:16:3b:80 2 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:c2:10:c6 3 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:c2:09:10:d8 4 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:33:43:a1:87 5 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:12:a7:14:68 6 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d2:22:15:10 7 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic 00:a0:d4:18:a6:89 8 00000000 No No No 1 Dynamic N . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Show All MAC Addresses MAC Port PMAP CPU MIR EMP VlanID Type --------------------------------------------------------------------01:80:C1:00:02:01 0 00000000 Yes Yes Yes 0 Static (fixed. MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. Figure 41 is an example of the Show All MAC Addresses window. The columns in the window are defined below. The static MAC address window is exactly the same.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 41 Show All MAC Addresses Window The information is for viewing purposes only. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch.Section II: Local and Telnet Management The management software displays the MAC addresses.Accept changes & update flash U . PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. which displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping.Update Display R .”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”.

CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. Another example is “000020F. The type can be either static or dynamic. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses.AT-S39 User’s Guide The port numbering scheme is from right to left. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. 131 . Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. Type The MAC address type. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. As an example. This feature is not supported at this time. EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. except for the switch’s MAC address.

2. 1. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. type 6 to select View MAC Addresses by Port Menu.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing MAC Addresses by Port This section contains the procedure for viewing the dynamic MAC addresses that have been learned on a particular port. 132 . The columns in the window and the definitions of the columns are the same as for the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. A window is displayed with the MAC addresses of the nodes on the port. Enter the number of the port whose static and dynamic MAC addresses you want to view and press Return. From the Main Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter port number -> [1 to 26] -> 3. From the MAC Address Table menu. You can also use this procedure to view any static MAC addresses that have been assigned to a port.

You can specify the MAC address and let the management software automatically locate the port on the switch where the device is connected. You could display the MAC address table and scroll through the list looking for the MAC address. finding the address could prove difficult. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter MAC address: 3. 1. if the address was learned dynamically. But if the switch is part of a large network.AT-S39 User’s Guide Identifying a Port Number by MAC Address In some situations. From the Main Menu. 2. 133 . or to which the address was assigned. type 7 to select View the Port of MAC Address. Enter the MAC address of the node in the following format and press Return: XXXXXX XXXXXX The management software displays a prompt containing the port number on the switch to which the node is connected. From the MAC Address Table menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. for a static address. you might want to know which port a particular MAC address was learned. The procedure in this section offers an easier way.

From the Main Menu.) Note To perform this procedure. perform the following procedure. (This procedure is not of much value if the switch contains only the Default VLAN. refer to the Show All MAC Addresses window on page 130. 1.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Viewing the MAC Addresses of a VLAN The procedure in this section can be useful if you created VLANs on the switch and want to view the MAC addresses of the nodes of a particular VLAN. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a VLAN ID: [1 to 4095] -> 3. To obtain a VLAN’s VID. For an example of the window and for definitions of the columns. The management software displays a window with a list of the MAC addresses of the nodes in the VLAN. refer to Displaying VLAN Information on page 115. 134 . type 8 to select View MAC Addresses by VLAN Menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. 2. produces the same result. From the MAC Address Table menu. as explained earlier in this chapter. To view the MAC addresses of a VLAN on the switch. Enter the VID of the desired VLAN and press Return. in which case displaying the entire MAC address table. you need to know the VID number of the VLAN whose MAC addresses you want to view.

the switch immediately begins to relearn the MAC addresses as frames are received on the ports. Once the table has been purged. the dynamic MAC addresses are deleted from the MAC address table. A confirmation prompt is displayed. To delete all dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. perform the following procedure. Note This procedure does not delete static MAC addresses. 2. Type Y for yes to delete the dynamic MAC addresses or N for no to cancel the procedure. The switch immediately begins to relearn the addresses and to add them to the table. From the Main Menu. 3. 135 . type 4 to select Delete All Dynamic MAC Addresses. type 6 to select MAC Address Table. If you type Y for yes. From the MAC Address Table menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting All Dynamic MAC Addresses The management software allows you to purge the MAC address table of all dynamic MAC addresses. 1.

2. 136 . To add a static address to the MAC address table. Enter the number of the port on the switch to which the device is connected. Repeat steps 2 to 4 to enter additional static MAC addresses. type 2 to select Add Static MAC Address. Enter the static MAC address in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX Once you have specified the MAC address. From the Main Menu. The management software adds the static address to the MAC address table.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Adding Static MAC Addresses The management software allows you to assign up to 255 static MAC addresses per port on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch. 5. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. perform the following procedure: 1. the following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number: [1 to 24] -> 4. From the MAC Address Table menu. type 6 to select MAC Address Table.

Enter the static MAC address to be deleted in the following format: XXXXXX XXXXXX The static MAC address is immediately deleted from the switch’s MAC address table. From the MAC Address Table menu. perform the following procedure: 1. 137 . 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Deleting Static MAC Addresses To delete a static MAC address. From the Main Menu. type 3 to select Delete MAC Address. Repeat the procedure to delete additional static MAC addresses. 2. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a MAC address: 3. type 6 to select MAC Address Table.

When the switch detects that no packets have been sent to or received from a particular MAC address in the table after the period specified by the aging time.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Changing the Aging Time The switch uses the aging time to delete inactive dynamic MAC addresses from the MAC address table. the switch deletes the address. The management software activates the new aging time value on the switch. 2. 138 . perform the following procedure: 1. Enter a new value in seconds. To adjust the aging time. From the Main Menu. The default setting for the aging time is 300 seconds (5 minutes). From the System Config Menu. The following prompt is displayed: Enter your new value -> [1 to 1048575] 3. type 5 to select System Config Menu. type 1 to select MAC Aging Time. This prevents the table from becoming full of addresses of nodes that are no longer active.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Class of Service Overview on page 140 ❑ Configuring CoS on page 141 139 .Chapter 12 Class of Service This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the Class of Service (CoS) feature of the AT-S39 software.

network traffic was handled in a best-effort manner. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches have two priority queues. 140 . By default. CoS can be important in network environments where there are time-critical applications.1p standard outlines eight levels of priority. Prior to CoS. But with the introduction of time-critical applications. packet transfer delays can prove problematic.1p and 802. 0 to 7. while a packet with a priority tag of 1 is placed in the low priority queue. such as voice transmission or video conferencing. For example. transfer delays of voice transmission can result in poor audio quality. the switch responds by placing the packet into one of the two queues according to following assignments: IEEE 802.e.1Q standards.. that can be adversely affected by packet transfer delays. These priority-to-queue assignments can be overridden using the AT-S39 management software on a per port basis.1p Priority Levels 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AT-8024 and AT-8024GB Queue high high high high low low low low For example. frames without VLAN or priority level information) are automatically assigned to the low priority buffer. When a tagged packet enters a switch port. CoS was designed to address this problem. But you can configure CoS on a port so that all untagged frames received on the port are directed to the high priority queue. but were mostly transparent to network users. File transfer delays did occur. with 0 the lowest priority and 7 the highest.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Class of Service Overview The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support CoS as specified in the IEEE 802. a tagged packet with a priority tag of 6 is placed in the high priority queue. untagged frames (i. low and high. The 802. You can also use CoS to control which priority queue handles untagged frames that ingress a port.

3. (It does not matter which value you enter so long as it’s from 0 to 3. Enter new value -> [1 to 26] -> 4. Press Return. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames that ingress the port. 11.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. 9. From the VLAN Menu. it does not matter which number it is so long as it is from 4 to 7. A tagged frame leaves a switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. perform the following procedure: 1.) 7. 2. Type 1 to select Port Number. Return to the Main Menu. Type U to select Update Changes to Chip. Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. type 3 to select Port VLANS & Priorities. Type 3 to select Priority (0 . All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue as specified in Step 6. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. enter a value from 4 to 7. 5. type 2 to select VLAN Menu. The Port VLANS & Priorities window in Figure 36 on page 120 is displayed. Enter the number of the port on the switch where you want to configure CoS. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring CoS To configure CoS for a port.7). 6. type 4 to select Override Priority and type Y. The default for this parameter is No. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. enter a value from 0 to 3. From the Main Menu. 8. 10. 141 . (Again. Repeat this procedure to configure CoS on other ports on the switch.

Chapter 13 IGMP Snooping This chapter explains how to activate and configure the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping feature on the switch. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143 ❑ Activating IGMP Snooping on page 145 ❑ Displaying a List of Host Nodes on page 148 ❑ Displaying a List of Multicast Routers on page 149 142 .

This improves switch performance and network security by restricting the flow of multicast packets only to those switch ports connected to host nodes. it simply stops sending reports.) The router creates a multicast membership list by periodically sending out queries to the local area networks connected to its ports. A report indicates an end node’s intention to become a member of a multicast group. Any multicast packets belonging to that multicast group are then forwarded by the router out the port. it removes the node from appropriate membership list.AT-S39 User’s Guide IGMP Snooping Overview IGMP snooping is best explained by first defining IGMP. It uses the lists to forward multicast packets only to switch ports where there are host nodes that are members of multicast groups. Once the router has received a report from a host node. referred to as a time-out value. it must continue to periodically issue reports to remain a member. One of the differences between the two versions is how a host node indicates that it no longer wants to be a member of a multicast group. If a particular port on the router has no nodes that want to be members of multicast groups. it assumes that the host node no longer wants to receive multicast frames. This protocol enables routers to create lists of nodes that are members of multicast groups. it notes the multicast group that the host node wants to join and the port on the router where the node is located. a host node exits from a multicast group by sending a leave request. (A multicast group is a group of end nodes that want to receive multicast packets from a multicast application. If a router does not receive a report from a host node after a predefined length of time. Once a router receives a leave request from a host node. the router does not send multicast packets out the port. The router will also stop sending out multicast packets out the port to which the node is connected if it determines there are no further host nodes on the port. and removes it from the membership list of the multicast group. There are two versions of IGMP. IGMP snooping enables the Fast Ethernet switch to monitor the flow of queries from a router and reports from host nodes to build its own multicast membership lists. A node wanting to become a member of a particular multicast group responds to a query by sending a report. 143 . In Version 2. In Version 1. This improves network performance by restricting multicast packets only to router ports where host nodes are located. Nodes that join a multicast group are referred to as host nodes. referred to as Version 1 and Version 2. Once a host node has been made a member of a multicast group.

which controls how frequently they expect to see reports from end nodes that want to remain members of multicast groups. 144 . except the port on which it received the packet. and by processing leave requests. The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches support both IGMP Version 1 and Version 2. Such flooding of packets can negatively impact switch and network performance. a switch would have to flood multicast packets out all of its ports. Note By default.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Without IGMP snooping. IGMP snooping is disabled on the switch. The switches maintain their multicast groups through an adjustable time-out value.

View Multicast Hosts List View Multicast Router List Disabled Single-Host/Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 Auto Detect S . From the System Configuration Menu. Host/Router Timeout Interval . type 5 to select System Config Menu..Multicast Host Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a 145 .... The Single-Host/Port setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch... type E to enable or D to disable this feature. After selecting this option.. perform the following procedure: 1.. From the Advanced Configuration window... type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration.. 3.. Multicast Host Topology . From the Main Menu. 2... Possible settings are SingleHost/Port (Edge) and Multi-Host/Port (Intermediate)..Save Configuration Changes R . type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch IGMP Snooping Configuration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IGMP Snooping Status .IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch.....AT-S39 User’s Guide Activating IGMP Snooping To activate or deactivate IGMP snooping on the switch and to configure IGMP snooping parameters. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 42 IGMP Snooping Configuration Window The options in the window are defined below: 1 . 2 . Maximum Multicast Groups .. Multicast Router Port(s) ..

If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. 4 .Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. The Multi-Host setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. that is. The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses. 5 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports.Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. The default is 260 seconds. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. you should select the Multi-Host Port (Intermediate) selection. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses.400 seconds (24 hours). If a switch has a mixture of host nodes. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. 3 .Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. The range is from 1 second to 86. The default is 256 multicast addresses. The switch responds by immediately ceasing the transmission of further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with multicast addresses. You can let the switch determine this automatically by 146 . Only after all the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. The default is 256 multicast groups.

Note Selections 6 and 7 in the menu are discussed later in this chapter. or you can specify the port yourself by entering a port number. To select Auto Detect. After making the desired changes. 147 . type S to select Save Configuration Changes. 4. enter “0” (zero) for this parameter. Your changes are activated immediately on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide selecting Auto Detect.

Host IP The IP address(es) of the host node(s) connected to the port.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying a List of Host Nodes You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast groups on a switch. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window.Update Display R . type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. Membership Port The port(s) on the switch to which one or more host nodes of the multicast group are connected. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Hosts List Multicast Group Member Port VLAN Host IP --------------------------------------------U . perform the following procedure: 1. The columns are defined below: Multicast Group The multicast address of the group. type 6 to select View Multicast Host List. 2. type 5 to select System Config Menu. From the System Configuration Menu. To display the list. From the Main Menu. From the Advanced Configuration window. 148 . The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. The View Multicast Host List in Figure 43 is displayed. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. as well as the host nodes.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 43 View Multicast Hosts List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. 4. 3.

The View Multicast Router List in Figure 43 is displayed. 2. From the IGMP Snooping Configuration window. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch View Multicast Router List Port VLAN Router IP --------------------------------------------U . type 7 to select View Multicast Router List.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 44 View Multicast Routers List Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. From the Main Menu. To display a list of the multicast routers. perform the following procedure: 1. The IGMP Snooping Configuration window in Figure 42 is displayed. type 5 to select System Config Menu. The columns are defined below: Port The port on the switch where the multicast router is connected. From the System Configuration Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a List of Multicast Routers A multicast router is a router that is receiving multicast packets from a multicast application and transmitting the packets to host nodes. VLAN The VID of the VLAN in which the port is an untagged member. 4.Update Display R . You can use the AT-S39 software to display a list of the multicast routers that are connected to the switch. Router IP The IP address of the multicast router. 3. From the Advanced Configuration window. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration. 149 . type 1 to select IGMP Snooping Configuration.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151 ❑ Configuring the Interval Timer on page 153 ❑ Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count on page 155 150 .Chapter 14 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains the procedures for configuring the broadcast frame control feature of the AT-S39 management software.

when a node needs to send a file to a network server for storage. In order to use this feature. some network operating systems use broadcast frames to announce the presence of devices on the network. You can specify a different value for 10 Mbps. The maximum broadcast frame limit specifies the maximum number of broadcast frames the switch will allow on a port during the specified timer interval. Broadcast frames are different. Broadcast frames received once the maximum has been exceeded are discarded by the port and are not forwarded. For example. 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps ports on the switch. 151 . The timer interval for 10 and 100 Mbps ports is measured in milliseconds. That is. The timer interval for 1000 Mbps ports is measured in microseconds. The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast frames on a port. A time interval setting applies to all corresponding ports on the switch. The problem with broadcast frames is that too many of them traversing the network can impact network performance. Should the performance of your network has been diminished by heavy broadcast traffic. the node sending a unicast frame intends the frame for a particular node on the network.AT-S39 User’s Guide Broadcast Frame Control Overview Most frames on an Ethernet network are unicast frames. the node sends the file in unicast Ethernet frames containing the destination address of the server where the file is to be stored. A unicast frame is sent to a single destination. you can use the AT-S39 management software to limit the number of broadcast frames passing through the switch and so limit the number of broadcast frames on your network. For example. You can specify a different maximum for each port on the switch. the frame is directed to all nodes on the network or all nodes within a particular virtual LAN. When a node sends out a broadcast frame. you must set two values: the interval timer and the maximum broadcast frame limit. Broadcast packets can perform a variety of functions in an Ethernet network.

At these settings. If the maximum is exceeded during the specified time interval. Let’s assume that you sent the timer interval for 100 Mbps ports to 100 milliseconds and the maximum broadcast frame limit for a particular 100 Mbps port on the switch to 200 broadcast frames. the broadcast frames over the limit are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. the port will accept up to 200 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. Note The AT-S39 default setting is no broadcast frame control on the switch. 152 .Section II: Local and Telnet Management Here’s an example.

. From the Advanced Configuration Menu. or 3 and enter a value when prompted. 0 milli sec 2 . 100.. The value for 1000 Mbps ports is in microseconds. type 2 to select Broadcast Timers Setup.. 3.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection? Figure 45 Broadcast Storm Control Window 4.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Interval Timer To set the interval timer for the broadcast frame control feature. 2.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps ... (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.Timer for 10 MB ports . and 1000 Mbps. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps ..Save Configuration Changes R . From the Main Menu. 0 micro sec C . Type 1. 2.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at that corresponding speed.. The Broadcast Storm Control window in Figure 45 is displayed. type 5 to select System Config Menu.. perform the following procedure: 1. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds..100x 153 . 0 milli sec 3 .10x ❑ 100 Mbps . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Broadcast Storm Control 1 .Timer for 100 MB ports . From the System Configuration Menu. type 7 to select Advanced Configuration.Timer for 1000 MB ports . You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10.

type S to select Save Configuration Changes. The default value is “0” for all timers. if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. 154 . Note The 1000 Mbps speed applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. Go to the next procedure and specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch can receive. 6. Once you have set the desired timer intervals.Section II: Local and Telnet Management For example. the management software multiples the value by 10. A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. 5. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps.

enter the same port number here as you entered in Step 3 and press Return. For example. 6. 155 . enter the first port of the range. The following prompt is displayed: Ending Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 4. If you entered a value of 200 at the prompt. The following prompt is displayed: Enter Max. enter the last port number in the range. To configure a range of ports. The following prompt is displayed: Starting Port to Configure [1 to 24] -> 3. Broadcasts (0 -> No limit) : [0 to 1023] .> Specify the maximum number of broadcast frames the port can receive during the timer interval. and you specified a 10 millisecond interval timer for 100 Mbps ports. the switch will allow a maximum of 200 broadcast frames on the port every 10 milliseconds. To configure a range of ports. 5. From the Main Menu. type 1 to select Port Configuration.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the Maximum Broadcast Frame Count To specify the maximum number of broadcast frames a port on the switch can receive and forward. Enter the number of the port you want to configure and press Return. Type B to select Broadcast Control. assume that you are specifying the maximum broadcast frame count for a port operating at 100 Mbps. all broadcast frames over 200 are discarded by the switch and are not forwarded. type 1 to select Port Menu. The Port Configuration window in Figure 13 on page 58 is displayed. Your changes are immediately activated on the switch. 2. If more than 200 broadcast frames are received during the time interval. Type S to select Save Configuration Changes. From the Port Menu. To configure only one port. perform the following procedure: 1.

Chapter 15 Ethernet Statistics This chapter contains the procedures for displaying data traffic statistics. Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Displaying Port Statistics on page 157 ❑ Displaying Switch Statistics on page 160 156 .

Select a Port 2 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 46 Ethernet Statistics Menu 2. 5.Display Port Statistics R .Display Module Statistics R .Clear Port Statistics 3 .Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: Figure 47 Port Statistics Menu 3. Enter the number of the port whose statistics you want to view.Clear Module Statistics 3 . Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . From the Ethernet Statistics menu. Type 1 to choose Select a Port.Port Statistics Menu 2 . The Port Statistics Menu in Figure 47 is displayed Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Ethernet Statistics 1 . 157 . From the Main Menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Statistics To display Ethernet port statistics. perform the following procedure: 1. The following prompt is displayed: Please enter a port number [1 to 26] -> 4. Press Return. type 1 to select Port Statistics Menu. type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics. Type 3 to select Display Port Statistics. The Ethernet Statistics menu in Figure 46 is displayed.

.... CRC_ERROR ............. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port..................................................... CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port.... The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of bytes received and transmitted on the port..... OVERSIZE .... TX_COUNT ...... Transmit Packets Number of bytes transmitted out the port... RX_BRDCAST ............ RX_COUNT ...Update Display R ..... Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port................ PORT_IN_DISCARDS .. Received Packets Number of bytes received on the port. 158 ...Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 48 Display Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. FRAGMENT .......Section II: Local and Telnet Management The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window................................... shown in Figure 48.... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port’s buffer has been exceeded..... RX_MLTCAST . RX_UNICAST .............. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Port Statistics Ethernet statistics for port #1 TOTAL_COUNT ........ UNDERSIZE .............. U .... RX_OVERFLOW ....

If you want to clear the counters on the port and return them to “0”.Clear Port Statistics” from the Port Statistics Menu. 159 . Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. select the option “2 . Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.AT-S39 User’s Guide Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. packets with alignment errors. but discarded and not forwarded.

..............Section II: Local and Telnet Management Displaying Switch Statistics To display Ethernet statistics for an entire switch.Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Figure 49 Display Module Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only............. RX_UNICAST .......... type 7 to select Ethernet Statistics............ TX_COUNT . Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted from the switch. The statistics are defined below: Total Count Number of valid packets received and transmitted by the switch....... The statistics for the port are displayed in the Display Port Statistics window.. Received Packets Number of packets received by the switch.................. PORT_IN_DISCARDS ..Update Display R .... From the Ethernet Statistics menu.. CRC_ERROR ...... UNDERSIZE ........... perform the following procedure: 1... OVERSIZE .. U ..... FRAGMENT ..... shown in Figure 48... 2............... Received Overflow Number of times the capacity of the port buffers have been exceeded....... RX_BRDCAST ............................ RX_OVERFLOW .................... RX_COUNT ... type 3 to select Display Module Statistics....... RX_MLTCAST ... From the Main Menu........ 160 ............. Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Display Module Statistics Ethernet statistics for this module TOTAL_COUNT .........

Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets. 161 . packets with alignment errors. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received by the switch. but discarded and not forwarded.AT-S39 User’s Guide Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the switch. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. select the option “2 . Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the switch. If you want to clear the counters on the switch and return them to “0”. and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the switch. Port in Discards Number of frames successful received and buffered by the switch.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the switch. Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.Clear Module Statistics” from the Ethernet Statistics Menu.

Chapter 16

Management Software Updates

This chapter explains how to obtain new versions of the AT-S39 management software and how to download the software onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch. You can download new management software onto a switch using either of the following methods: ❑ Local management session ❑ Trivial File Transfer Protocol Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Obtaining Software Updates on page 163 ❑ Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session on page 164 ❑ Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP on page 167

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AT-S39 User’s Guide

Obtaining Software Updates
New releases of the AT-S39 management software are available from the Allied Telesyn web site at www.alliedtelesyn.com and from our FTP server at ftp.alliedtelesyn.com. To log on to the FTP server, enter “anonymous” for the user name and your email address for the password. Management software for the AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches will have “S39” as part of the filename. Note The AT-8024 and AT-8024GB switches use the same management software image.

163

Section II: Local and Telnet Management

Downloading New Management Software from a Local Management Session
This section contains the procedure for downloading a new version of the AT-S39 management software onto a switch. You can also use this procedure to download a new boot loader file onto the switch or a configuration file. Note You cannot perform this procedure from a Telnet or web browser management session. Caution The switch will not forward Ethernet traffic during the software download and initialization process. Note The current configuration of the switch (e.g., IP address, subnet mask, and virtual LANs) is maintained when you install a new software image on the switch. If you want to return a switch to its default configuration, refer to Activating the AT-S39 Software Default Values on page 41. The following procedure assumes that you have already obtained the new version of management software and have stored it on the computer from which you will be performing the procedure. To download a new software image onto an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using Xmodem, perform the following procedure: 1. Establish a local management session on the switch where you intend to download the new management software. For instructions, refer to Starting a Local Management Session on page 25. 2. From the Main Menu, type 4 to select Administration menu. 3. From the Administration Menu, type X to select Xmodem Download & Uploads.

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The following menu is displayed:
Allied Telesyn AT-8024 Ethernet Switch Xmodem Downloads & Uploads 1 - Xmodem Image Download 2 - Xmodem Config Download 3 - Xmodem Boot Loader Download R - Return to Previous Menu Enter your selection:

Figure 50 Xmodem Downloads & Uploads Menu Note This version of the management software does not allow you to upload a configuration file from a workstation to a switch using the management software. Uploading configuration files is possible using TFTP, as explained in Uploading a Configuration File on page 168. 4. Type the appropriate number to select the desired action. The following prompt is displayed:
Enter filename -

5. Enter one of the following: ❑ To load a new management software image, type ats39.img. ❑ To load a new boot loader file, type ats39.ldr. ❑ To load a configuration file, type ats39.cfg. Note The actual filename of the software image, loader file, or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch does not have to match the corresponding filename above, so long as the suffix is correct (.img, .ldr, or .cfg). The following prompt is displayed:
You are going to invoke the Xmodem download utility. Do you wish to continue? [Yes/No]

6. Type Y for Yes. The prompt “Downloading” is displayed.

165

Do not reboot the switch. Note Do not interrupt the initialization process. Note The transfer protocol must be Xmodem. the switch will begin initialize the software after it is installed.Section II: Local and Telnet Management 7. Once the management software is initialized. a process that takes approximately 1 minute to complete. the switch automatically resets. If you are installing a new management image. Begin the file transfer of the new management software image. 166 .

Put .1. The filename must be one of the following: ❑ “ATS39.AT-S39 User’s Guide Downloading a New Management Software Image Using TFTP The AT-S39 software comes with TFTP server software. Example The following example downloads a new management software image onto a switch with an IP address of 149. or configuration file to be downloaded onto the switch must match the corresponding filename above.The Put command is used to download a new software image file to the switch. You need to provide the following information when using the TFTP client software to download a file: Host .cfg for a configuration file Note The filename of the software image.1. loader file. A command line version is included in most UNIX variants and in Windows NT.1 put c:\ats39.The path and filename of the file that is to be downloaded onto the switch. Please consult the documentation or the manufacturer of the software used on the proper use of the software.1. tftp -i 149. Source file .ldr for a new boot loader ❑ “ATS39.35. This may necessitate renaming the file.This is the IP address of the AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch to which you are downloading the new software image.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.35.img 167 . you can use the client software to download the following files onto the switch: ❑ A new AT-S39 software image ❑ A new boot loader file ❑ A configuration file TFTP software is available from various sources and is included in SNMPc which is can be purchased through Allied Telesyn. Binary .img” for a new software image ❑ “ATS39. If your network is using the TCP/IP protocol and there is a workstation on your network with TFTP client software.

Source file . Note The switch configuration file created with these procedures cannot be edited.35.img c:\ats39.The path and filename where you want to store the configuration file.img Once the file is stored on a local drive. The basic TFTP parameters for uploading a switch configuration file to a workstation are as follows: Host . This file can then be used to restore the configuration information to the same switch or can be uploaded to other switches of the same family that need to be configured identically. 168 .1 to local drive C: of the workstation.The source file name is “ATS39. Get . tftp -i 149. Destination file .The Get command is used to upload the configuration file to the workstation.You must specify binary mode for the file transfer.This is the IP address of the switch that you are uploading the configuration file from.cfg”.35. it can be downloaded to another switch using TFTP.Section II: Local and Telnet Management Uploading a Configuration File The switch configuration information can be uploaded and saved to a file on a workstation. Example The following example uploads the configuration file from a switch with an IP address of 149.1. Binary .1.1 get ats39. as explained in the previous section.

Port Trunks on page 194 ❑ Chapter 22. The chapters include: ❑ Chapter 17. Spanning Tree Protocol on page 200 ❑ Chapter 24. Starting a Web Browser Management Session on page 170 ❑ Chapter 18. Port Mirroring on page 197 ❑ Chapter 23. Basic Switch Parameters on page 174 ❑ Chapter 19. IGMP Snooping on page 221 ❑ Chapter 28.Section III Web Browser Management The chapters in this section explain how to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch using a web browser. MAC Address Table on page 215 ❑ Chapter 26. Port Parameters on page 183 ❑ Chapter 20. Class of Service on page 219 ❑ Chapter 27. Port Security on page 192 ❑ Chapter 21. Virtual LANs on page 204 ❑ Chapter 25. Broadcast Frame Control on page 225 169 .

Chapter 17 Starting a Web Browser Management Session This chapter contains the procedure for starting a management session on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch using a web browser. such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator. 170 .

2.AT-S39 User’s Guide Starting a Web Browser Management Session This section explains how to start a web browser management session. (The password is case-sensitive. To change the password.) The user name cannot be changed. as shown in Figure 51. The default user name is “manager” and the default password is “admin”. enter the user name and password. To start a web browser management session. Enter the IP address of the switch you want to manage in the URL field of the browser. Initially assigning an IP address to a switch can only be done through a local management session. For instructions. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 34. Consult your web browser’s documentation on how to configure the switch’s web browser not to use proxies. refer to Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. Switch’s IP Address Figure 51 Entering a Switch’s IP Address in the URL Field 3. you must establish a separate management session on each switch to be managed. you must configure your browser’s network options not to use proxies. Note If your PC with the web browser is connected directly to the switch to be managed or is on the same side of a firewall as the switch. the switch must have an IP address. Consequently. Additionally. perform the following procedure: 1. the enhanced stacking feature of the AT-8024GB switch is not supported from a web browser management session. Start your web browser. Note In order for you to manage an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch using a web browser. 171 . When prompted.

Selecting Back on your browser’s toolbar returns you to the previous display. You can return to the management web pages anytime as long as you do not quit the browser. Figure 52 Home Page This is the Home page of the management software. You can also use the browser’s bookmark feature on frequently-used Omega menus and windows. 172 .The window shown in Figure 52 is displayed. In the left portion of the Home page is the main menu: ❑ Configuration ❑ Monitoring ❑ Exit Note A web browser management session remains active even if you link to other sites. Browser Tools You can use the browser tools to move around the Omega menus.

173 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Quitting from a Web Browser Management Session To exit from a web browser management session. select Exit from any AT-S39 management page.

Chapter 18 Basic Switch Parameters The procedure in this chapter explains how to set the following switch parameters: ❑ Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175 ❑ Viewing System Information on page 179 ❑ Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses on page 181 174 .

subnet address. refer to When Does an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Switch Need an IP Address? on page 32. perform the following procedure: 1. select it and then select the General tab. select Configuration. From the Home Page. The Configuration window is displayed with the System option selected by default. To set the basic switch parameters for an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet switch. 2. If the System menu option is not selected. and gateway address to an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name Note For guidelines on when to assign an IP address. 175 .

Entering a value for this parameter is optional. Sales Ethernet switch). Change the parameters as desired. 176 . The parameters in the Configuration and Broadcast Storm Control sections are discussed later in this guide. 3.Section III: Web Browser Management The General tab in Figure 53 is displayed. The parameters are described below: System Name This parameter specifies a name for the switch (for example. Figure 53 General Tab Note This procedure describes the parameters in the Administration section of the window.

The names can help you identify the various switches in your network. The same password is used for both local and remote management sessions. 177 . Most web browsers cannot handle special characters in passwords. Gateway address This parameter specifies the default router’s IP address. Your changes are not stored to flash in the switch until you select Apply.g. You must specify an IP address if you intend to remotely manage the switch using a web browser. Subnet mask This parameter specifies the subnet mask for the switch. This can help you avoid performing a configuration procedure on the wrong switch. a Telnet utility. Floor 4. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). IP address This parameter specifies the IP address of the switch. This address is required if you intend to remotely manage the switch from a management station that is separated from the switch by a router. Administrator This parameter specifies the name of the network administrator responsible for managing the switch. To create a new password. The password can be from 2 to 10 characters in length..AT-S39 User’s Guide Note You should assign each switch a name. or an SNMP management program. Comments This parameter specifies additional information about the Fast Ethernet switch. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. This is particularly important if you will be managing the switch from a web browser. Entering a value for this parameter is optional. After you have set the parameters. You must specify a subnet mask if you assigned an IP address to the switch. 4. enter the new password into both fields. Password Confirm Password These parameters are used to change the administrator’s login password for the switch. such as its location (e. The default password is “admin”. Caution The password should not contain any spaces or special characters. Wiring closet 402B). click Apply.

you must reset the switch to activate your change.Section III: Web Browser Management 5. or gateway address. You cannot reset a switch from a web browser management session. If you made a change to the IP address. 178 . or by using the Reset button on the switch. You can reset a switch from a local or a Telnet session. subnet mask.

select Monitoring. From the Home page. The Monitoring window is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Viewing System Information To view basic information about the switch. 2. perform the following procedure: 1. 3. Figure 54 General Tab Window 179 . select System Status. The General tab window in Figure 54 on page 179 is displayed. If it is not already selected. select the General tab. From the Configuration Menu.

” the switch supports port-based and tagged VLANs. The sections in the window are defined below. refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127. General This section displays the switch’s serial number and the switch’s MAC address. ❑ Switch Mode . which also explains how to change the parameters. refer to Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212. These parameters are defined in the procedure Configuring an IP Address and Switch Name on page 175. If this parameter displays “Basic. Configuration This section contains the following items: ❑ MAC Aging . including the IP address of the switch and the system name.Section III: Web Browser Management This window is for viewing purposes only. You cannot change any of the values from this window. Administration This section contains a variety of information. For information about VLANs. The default is 300 seconds (5 minutes).Defines how long a dynamic MAC address can remain inactive in the MAC address table before it is deleted. 180 . This value cannot be changed. For background information about MAC addresses. If this parameter displays “Tagged. ❑ Hash Count .” the switch is operating in the Basic VLAN Mode.Defines the switch’s current VLAN mode. Virtual LANs on page 91. For instructions on how to set the switch VLAN mode from a web browser management session. refer to the overview sections in Chapter 10. These values cannot be changed.Defines the strategy used by the switch in locating addresses in the MAC address table.

Figure 55 SNMP Tab 4. The parameters are described below. select Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. Adjust the parameters as desired. GET Community SET Community Trap Community Use these parameters to set a switch’s SNMP community strings. select System. 3.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring the SNMP Parameters and Trap IP Addresses To change the switch’s SNMP community strings or to specify the IP addresses of management stations to receive traps from the switch. Select the SNMP tab. The SNMP window in Figure 55 is displayed. 2. From the Home page. 181 . From the Configuration menu.

Click Apply to save your changes to the switch. 5.Section III: Web Browser Management Trap Receiver 1 Trap Receiver 2 Trap Receiver 3 Trap Receiver 4 Use these selections to specify the IP addresses of up to four management workstations on your network to receive traps from the switch. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. 182 .

Chapter 19 Port Parameters The procedures in this chapter allow you to view and change the parameter settings for the individual ports on a switch. Examples of port parameters that you can adjust include duplex mode and port speed. This chapter contains the following procedures: ❑ Configuring Port Parameters on page 184 ❑ Displaying Port Status and Statistics on page 187 183 .

click it again. The Port Setting tab is shown in Figure 56. Figure 56 Port Setting Configuration Tab 4. 3. 2. Click the port in the graphical switch image that you want to configure. From the Configuration page. Click Modify. perform the following procedure: 1. (To deselect a port. The selected port turns white. From the Home page. select Layer 1. You can select only one port at a time. Select the Port Setting tab. 184 . select Configuration.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring Port Parameters To configure the parameter settings for a port on a switch.) 5.

Both . 185 . For instructions on how to set this value. Flow Control The flow control setting for the port. Receive .Flow control only on packets being transmitted out of the port. Figure 57 Settings for Port Window 6. An example of the window is shown in Figure 57. For background information on this feature. any additional broadcast packets received on the port are discarded by the switch. The parameters are described below. Adjust the port parameters as desired.Flow control only on packets being received on the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Settings for Port window is displayed. refer to Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames on page 227. refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151. Transmit .Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. Broadcast Storm Control The maximum number of broadcast packets the port can receive within a specified period of time.No flow control on the port. If the threshold is reach. Possible values are: None .

Full Duplex Disable Port You can use this check box to enable or disable a port. AT-S39 Default Settings on page 228. Note Clicking Default returns the port settings to the default values. The switch immediately activates the parameter changes on the port. ❑ 10Mbps . A disabled port will not accept or transmit frames.Full Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . Once you have made the desired changes. The default for this port parameter is enabled.Half Duplex ❑ 100Mbps . Possible settings for this parameter are: ❑ Auto-Negotiate: The port will Auto-Negotiate both speed and duplex mode. 186 . This is the default.Section III: Web Browser Management Speed and Mode The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. 7. click Apply.Half Duplex ❑ 10Mbps . Default values are listed in Appendix A.

You can select only one port at a time. Figure 58 Port Monitoring Page This page displays a graphical image of the front of the switch. You can view a port’s operating speed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying Port Status and Statistics The procedure in this section displays the operating status of the ports on a switch and port statistics. To display the status or statistics of a switch port. You can also view the operating status of any GBIC modules installed in an AT-8024GB. select Monitoring. From the Monitoring page. 2. and more. Ports with valid links to end nodes have a green light. perform the following procedure: 1. Click a port. The Layer 1 option is shown in Figure 58. From the Home page. duplex mode. click it again. The selected port turns white. select Layer 1. 3. (To deselect a port. 187 . Click Status to display the port’s operating status or Statistics to display port statistics.) 4. MDI/MDI-X configuration.

Section III: Web Browser Management

If you select port status, the Port Status window in Figure 59 is displayed.

Figure 59 Port Status Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. To adjust port parameters, refer to Configuring Port Parameters on page 184. The columns in the window are described below: Link State The status of the link between the port and the end node connected to the port. Possible values are: Up - indicates that a valid link exists between the port and the end node. Down - indicates that the port and the end node have not established a valid link.

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Flow Control The port’s flow control setting. Possible values are: None - No flow control on the port. Transmit - Flow control only on packets being transmitted out the port. Receive - Flow control only on packets being received on the port. Both - Flow control for both packets entering and leaving the port. MDI Mode The operating configuration of the port. Possible values are MDI and MDI-X. Negotiation The status of Auto-Negotiation on the port. Possible values are: Auto - Indicates that the port is using Auto-Negotiation to set operating speed and duplex mode. Manual - Indicates that the operating speed and duplex mode are set manually. Actual Speed The operating speed and duplex mode of the port. Possible values are: 0010 - 10 Mbps 0100 - 100 Mbps 1000 - 1000 Mbps Port VLAN ID The VID of the VLAN where the port is an untagged member. Override Priority The status of the override priority feature. If the status is Yes, tagged and untagged packets entering the port are directed to either to low or high priority queue as specified in CoS. If the status is No, tagged frames entering the port are directed to the low or high queue according to the priority levels specified in the tagged packets. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140. Priority The priority queue to which untagged packets are directed when received on the port. A value of 1 to 3 directs untagged packets to the low priority queue while a value of 4 to 7 directs packets to the high priority queue. If the override priority feature has been activated on the port, tagged packets will be directed to the priority queue reflected by this status parameter. For further information on this feature, refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

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If you select Statistics, the Statistics window in Figure 60 is displayed.

Figure 60 Port Statistics Window The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. The statistics are defined below: Transmit Packets Number of packets transmitted out the port. Received Packets Number of packets received on the port. Received Overflow Number of times frames entering the port have exceeded the capacity of the port’s buffer. Received Broadcast Number of broadcast packets received on the port. Received Multicast Number of multicast packets received on the port. CRC Error Number of packets with a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) error but with the proper length (64-1518 bytes) received on the port Total Packets Number of packets received and transmitted on the port.

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Undersize Packets Number of packets that were less than the minimum length specified by IEEE 802.3 (64 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Fragmented Packets Number of undersized packets, packets with alignment errors, and packets with FCS errors (CRC errors) received on the port. Oversize Packets Number of packets exceeding the maximum specified by IEEE 802.3 (1518 bytes including the CRC) received on the port. Port in Discards Number of frames successfully received and buffered by the port, but discarded and not forwarded.

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Note For background information on port security. Note A switch’s port security level can be changed only from a local management session.Chapter 20 Port Security This chapter explains how to display the current port security level on the switch from a web browser management session. 192 . refer to Port Security Overview on page 65.

From the Layer 2 page. 2. From the Home page. From the Configuration page. The current security level is displayed.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying the Port Security Level To display the switch’s port security level. perform the following procedure: 1. Figure 61 Port Security Menu 193 . 3. select Monitoring. select the Port Security tab. select Layer 2.

194 .Chapter 21 Port Trunks This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port trunk using a web browser management session. refer to Port Trunking Overview on page 73. Note For background information on port trunking.

which can produce broadcast storms. 2. perform the following procedure: 1.AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating or Deleting a Port Trunk Caution Do not connect the cables of a port trunk to the ports on the switch until after you have configured the ports on both the switch and the end node. From the Home page. disconnect the cables from the ports before you delete the trunk. The management software displays the Port Trunking window in Figure 62. 195 . select Layer 1. If you are deleting a port trunk. From the Configuration page. which can adversely effect the operations of your network. Deleting the trunk without first disconnecting the data cables can create a loop in your network topology. 3. the ports of the trunk will be white. Connecting the cables prior to configuring the ports can create loops in your network topology. To create or delete a port trunk. Figure 62 Port Trunking Window If the switch does not contain a port trunk. select Configuration. If there is a port trunk. Select the Port Trunking tab. Loops can result in broadcast storms. all ports in the switch image will be black.

Click Apply. The port trunk is immediately deleted from the switch. 3. A port trunk can contain 2. 196 . The new port trunk is immediately activated on the switch. 5. To create a port trunk. You can now connect the data cables to the ports of the trunk on the switch. A selected port changes to white. or 4 ports. do the following: a. An unselected port is black. click Remove. To delete a port trunk. b.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. Click the ports that will make up the port trunk.

Chapter 22 Port Mirroring This chapter contains the procedure for creating or deleting a port mirror. Note For background information on port mirroring. 197 . refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79.

You can now connect a data analyzer to the mirror port to monitor the traffic on the selected ports. 5. To create a port mirror. Click Apply. From the Home page. b. select “—“ from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu and click Apply. 2. select Layer 1. You can select from 1 to 23 ports. The management software displays the Port Mirroring window in Figure 63. 3. 198 . do the following: a. To delete an existing port mirror.Section III: Web Browser Management Creating or Deleting a Port Mirror To create or delete a port mirror. Use the pull-down menu from Mirroring Port to select the port to function as the port mirror. Click the port(s) in the graphical switch image whose traffic is to be copied to the mirror port. Select the Port Mirroring tab. perform the following procedure: 1. The port mirror is immediately activated on the switch. From the Configuration page. c. select Configuration. Figure 63 Port Mirroring Window 4.

AT-S39 User’s Guide The port mirror is deleted. 199 . The port that was functioning as the mirror port can now be used for normal network operations.

Sections in the chapter include: ❑ Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201 ❑ Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 203 Note For background information on STP. Setting port parameters is only possible from a local or Telnet management session. 200 . Note You cannot set STP port parameters from a web browser management session. refer to STP Overview on page 84.Chapter 23 Spanning Tree Protocol This chapter explains how to configure the STP bridge parameters on an AT-8024 or AT-8024GB Fast Ethernet Switch from a web browser management session.

To configure a bridge’s STP parameters. From the Configuration menu.AT-S39 User’s Guide Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings Caution STP on a bridge is disabled by default. Adjust the bridge STP settings as needed. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 64 is displayed. select the Spanning Tree tab. 2. The parameters are described below. From the Home page. Figure 64 Spanning Tree Window . 201 . select Layer 2.Configuration 4. 3. perform the following procedure: 1. If you enable STP.1d standard before changing any of the STP parameters. select Configuration. From the Layer 2 window. You should consult the IEEE 802. Changing them without prior experience and an understanding of how STP works might have a negative effect on your network. the bridge provides default STP parameters that are adequate for most networks.

all bridges delete current configuration messages after 20 seconds. For example. Changes are immediately activated on the switch. 5. for example.535. Bridge Forwarding Delay The waiting period before a bridge changes to a new state. Bridge Hello Time The time interval between generating and sending configuration messages by the bridge. The bridge with the lowest priority number is selected as the root bridge. possibly resulting in a network loop. The default setting is disabled. The bridge identifier is used as a tie breaker in the selection of the root bridge when two or more bridges have the same bridge priority value. becomes the new root bridge after the topology changes. If the bridge transitions too soon. The default is 20 seconds. When a root bridge goes off-line. All bridges in a bridged LAN use this aging time to test the age of stored configuration messages called bridge protocol data units (BPDUs). After you have made the desired changes. Note The aging time for BPDUs is different from the aging time used by the MAC address table. This parameter can be from 1 to 10 seconds. If two or more bridges have the same priority value. click Apply. Enable STP Enables and disables STP on the switch. This number is used in determining the root bridge for STP. with 0 being the highest priority. not all links may have yet adapted to the change. The default is 2 seconds. This value cannot be changed. This parameter can be from 0 (zero) to 65. if you use the default 20. 202 . Bridge Max Age The length of time after which stored bridge protocol data units (BPDUs) are deleted by the bridge. the bridge with the numerically lowest MAC address becomes the root bridge. The default is 15 seconds. Bridge Priority The priority number for the bridge. the bridge with the next priority number automatically takes over as the root bridge.Section III: Web Browser Management Bridge Identifier The MAC address of the bridge. This parameter can be from 6 to 40 seconds.

select Monitoring. From the Monitoring menu. From the Layer 2 page. select the Spanning Tree tab. select Layer 2. 3. The Spanning Tree window in Figure 65 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. From the Home page. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only.Monitoring 203 . To change the parameters or for definitions of the parameters. refer to Configuring a Bridge’s STP Settings on page 201.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying a Bridge’s STP Settings To display the STP settings. Figure 65 Spanning Tree Window .

modify. Note For background information on VLANs and on the Basic VLAN mode.Chapter 24 Virtual LANs This chapter explains how to create. Virtual LANs. This chapter contains the following sections: ❑ Creating a VLAN on page 205 ❑ Modifying a VLAN on page 209 ❑ Deleting a VLAN on page 210 ❑ Displaying VLANs on page 211 ❑ Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode on page 212 ❑ Changing a PVID on page 213 204 . This chapter also explains how to change a switch’s VLAN operating mode. refer to Chapter 10. and delete VLANs from a web browser management session.

From the Layer 2 window. select Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. 2. 3. The VLAN window in Figure 66 is displayed. select the VLAN tab. From the Home page. Figure 66 VLAN Window 205 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Creating a VLAN To create a new VLAN. From the Configuration menu. select Layer 2.

If the VLAN will be unique in your network. The name should reflect the function of the nodes of the VLAN (for example. Sales or Accounting). The name can be from one to 10 characters in length. the name should be unique as well. Select the Name field and enter a name for the new VLAN. The Add VLAN window in Figure 67 is displayed. Click Add. its VID must be unique as well. If this will be a unique VLAN in your network. 206 . the name for the VLAN should be the same on each switch where nodes of the VLAN are connected. If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. Figure 67 Add VLAN Window 5.Section III: Web Browser Management 4. Select the VID field and enter a VID value for the new VLAN. The name can contain spaces but not special characters. such as asterisks (*) or exclamation points (!). 6.

10. 9. click Send to CPU. you must assign the same VID value to each Sales VLAN on the three switches. 8. Note For background information on port mirroring. This value disables port mirroring. 7. if you are creating a VLAN called Sales that will span three switches. If you want all received traffic on the ports of the VLAN to be mirrored to another port on the switch. For example. In most cases. click on the appropriate ports in the switch image. you should not change this parameter’s default value of “—“. 207 . Note In most situations you should not activate this feature for a VLAN. in which case it can belong to multiple VLANs simultaneously. If you want all traffic received on the ports of the VLAN to be sent to the switch’s CPU. The range of the VID value is 2 to 4096. select the mirroring port from the Mirroring Port pull-down menu. refer to Port Mirroring Overview on page 79. Clicking repeatedly on a port toggles the port through the following possible settings: Untagged port Tagged port Port not a member of the VLAN A port can be an untagged port of a VLAN. Click Apply. To select ports for the VLAN. its VID value should be the same on each switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide If the VLAN will be part of a larger VLAN that spans multiple switches. in which case it can belong to only one VLAN at a time. This feature is useful when troubleshooting a VLAN. or a tagged port. You can analyze the VLAN traffic by placing a network analyzer on the mirroring port.

Section III: Web Browser Management Note The untagged ports that you assign to the new VLAN are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. 208 . The VLAN is now ready for network operations.

Creating a VLAN. 7. select the VLAN tab. 3. 6.AT-S39 User’s Guide Modifying a VLAN To modify a VLAN. 2. If you remove untagged ports from the VLAN. From the Layer 2 window. Modify the VLAN parameters by referring to Step 5 to Step 9 in the previous procedure. 209 . From the Home page. click Apply. The configuration window for the VLAN is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. 5. they are returned to the Default VLAN. 4. select Configuration. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to modify. From the Configuration menu. the ports are automatically removed from their current VLAN assignment. After making the desired changes. The modified VLAN is now ready for network operations. Note If you add untagged ports to the VLAN. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. Click Modify. select Layer 2.

Section III: Web Browser Management Deleting a VLAN To delete a VLAN from the switch. 3. The VLAN window in Figure 66 on page 205 is displayed. select Layer 2. 4. Click the circle next to the name of the VLAN you want to delete. 5. 2. From the Layer 2 window. select the VLAN tab. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page. From the Configuration menu. 210 . Click Remove. Note You cannot delete the Default VLAN. The VLAN is deleted from the switch. select Configuration. The ports in the VLAN are returned to the Default VLAN as untagged ports.

2. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Home page. The management software displays the window in Figure 68. The information in this window is for viewing purposes only. Figure 68 VLAN Window 211 . select Monitoring. 3. select the VLAN tab. From the Monitoring page.AT-S39 User’s Guide Displaying VLANs To display all the existing VLANs on a switch. select Layer 2. From the Layer 2 page.

You can reset the unit through a local or Telnet session or with the reset button on the back panel of the device. perform the following procedure: 1. the switch will support both port-based VLANs and tagged VLANs. Select the General tab. 5. click either Tagged or Basic. 4. You cannot reset the switch from a web browser management session. To set the switch’s VLAN mode. 3. From the Configuration menu. Note Refer to Chapter 10. 212 . the switch will operate in the Basic VLAN mode. If you select Tagged. choose System. 2. In the Switch Mode section of the window.Section III: Web Browser Management Setting the Switch’s VLAN Mode This section contains the procedure for setting a switch’s VLAN mode. Virtual LANs. You can configure a switch to support port-based and tagged VLANs or to operate in the Basic VLAN mode. which is the default. select Configuration. If you select Basic. for descriptions of port-based and tagged VLANs and the Basic VLAN mode. Reset the switch. From the Home Page.

To deselect a port. As explained in Port-based VLAN Overview on page 94. To change a PVID for a port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Changing a PVID The procedure in this section explains how to change a PVID value for a port. There should be little need for you to manually change a PVID yourself. The assignment of PVIDs is performed automatically by the AT-S39 software. click it again. if you assign Port 4 on the switch as an untagged port to a VLAN with a VID of 7. You can select only one port at a time. 2. 5. A graphical image of the switch is displayed. 3. From the Layer 2 page. A port’s PVID will be the same as the VLAN’s VID to which it has been assigned. A selected port turns white. Figure 69 CoS Setting Window 213 . select Layer 2. For example. Click Apply. select CoS. select Configuration. Click the port whose PVID you want to configure. 4. From the Home page. the port is assigned a PVID also of 7. a port receives a PVID when it is assigned as an untagged port to a VLAN. The CoS Setting window in Figure 69 is displayed. perform the following procedure: 1. From the Configuration page. But the AT-S39 software does allow you to adjust the value if necessary.

7.Section III: Web Browser Management 6. The new value is immediately activated on the port. Use the pull-down menu from the Port VLAN ID selection to specify the new PVID value for the port. 214 . The pull-down menu displays the VIDs of the VLANs existing on the switch. Click Apply. Class of Service on page 219. Note The Priority and Override Priority selections in the CoS Setting window are explained in Chapter 26.

refer to MAC Address Overview on page 127.Chapter 25 MAC Address Table This chapter contains instructions on how to view the dynamic and static addresses in the MAC address table of the switch. 215 . This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Viewing the MAC Address Table on page 216 Note For background information on the MAC address table.

perform the following procedure: 1.Section III: Web Browser Management Viewing the MAC Address Table To view the MAC address table. Figure 70 Forwarding Database Tab You can use the options in the window to display all the MAC addresses that have been learned by the switch or to restrict the addresses to either static or dynamic addresses. Static MAC addresses are addresses that you entered manually into the MAC address table. From the Monitoring page. select the Forwarding Database tab. Static MAC addresses can only be entered from a local or Telnet management session. 216 . Static Selecting this option displays only static MAC addresses. refer to Adding Static MAC Addresses on page 136. 2. The options are described below. From the Layer 2 page. select Layer 2. You can also restrict the addresses to a particular port or VLAN. From the Home page. The Forwarding Database window in Figure 70 is displayed. Note You cannot enter static addresses into the MAC address table from a web browser management session. 3. select Monitoring. For instructions.

Yes indicates that the traffic is being sent to the CPU while No indicates it is not. This column is useful in determining which ports belong to different multicast groups because it maps ports to multicast groups.”) Each “0” is a hexadecimal value for the binary value “0000”. Once you have configured the options. assume that ports 1 through 4 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. Each binary “0” represents a port on the switch. Port The pull-down menu with this option is used to display the MAC addresses learned on a particular port. CPU Indicates whether the traffic received on the port is sent to the switch’s CPU. (The abbreviation PMAP is derived from “port mapping. Multicast MAC Addresses This option displays the multicast MAC addresses. As an example. Dynamic MAC addresses are addresses that the switch has learned by examining the source addresses of frames received on the ports. click View. VLAN This option displays the MAC addresses learned by a particular VLAN on the switch.AT-S39 User’s Guide Dynamic Selecting this option displays only dynamic MAC address. The columns in the window are defined below: MAC The MAC address of the node connected to the switch. Both This option displays both static and dynamic MAC addresses. PMAP The ports on the switch that are members of a multicast group. This example would indicate that ports 1 to 4 and port 10 on the switch were members of the same multicast group. The MAC addresses are displayed in a window. Port The port on the switch where the MAC address was learned. 4. The port numbering scheme is from right to left. A binary “0” means that the port is not a member of a multicast group while a “1” means that it is. This would be represented in the column as follows: “0000000F”. You specify the VLAN by its VID. Another example is “000020F. 217 .

EMP Indicates whether multicast packets are being forwarded by ports in the blocking state. This feature is not supported at this time. Multicast packets are forwarded only by ports in the forwarding state. VLANID The VID of the VLAN to which the port is an untagged member. This column will indicate “No” for all multicast addresses.Section III: Web Browser Management MIR Indicates whether the traffic on the port is being mirrored. Type The MAC address type. Yes means the traffic is being mirrored while No indicates that it is not. 218 . The type can be either static or dynamic. except for the switch’s MAC address.

219 . This chapter contains the following procedure: ❑ Configuring CoS on page 220 Note For background information on CoS.Chapter 26 Class of Service This chapter contains instructions on how to configure CoS. refer to Class of Service Overview on page 140.

The default for this parameter is No.) 7. You can select only one port at a time. The CoS Settings window in Figure 69 on page 213 is displayed. select Layer 2. 8. Configuration changes are immediately activated on the switch. select any level from Level 0 to Level 3 from the Priority pull-down menu. 220 . Note The tagged information in a frame is not changed as the frame traverses the switch. From the Home page. (It does not matter which of these levels you select. A tagged frame exits the switch with the same priority level that it had when it entered. select the CoS tab. click it again. 4. perform the following procedure: 1. click the Override Priority option. 3. All tagged frames will be directed to either the low or high priority queue specified in Step 5. meaning that the priority level of tagged frames is determined by the priority level specified in the frame itself. If you are configuring a tagged port and you want the switch to ignore the priority tag in the tagged frames entering the port. If you want all tagged and untagged frames received on the port to go to the low priority queue. A graphical image of the switch is displayed.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring CoS To configure CoS. 6. select any level from Level 4 to Level 7.) 5. (Again. select Configuration. From the Configuration page. it does not matter which of these levels you select. Click Modify. A selected port turns white. (To deselect a port. Click the port where you want to configure CoS. Click Apply. 2.) If you want all frames received on the port to go to the high priority queue. From the Layer 2 page.

Chapter 27 IGMP Snooping This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the IGMP snooping feature on the switch. 221 . refer to IGMP Snooping Overview on page 143. Note For background information on this feature.

Figure 71 IGMP Tab The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. 3. Snoop Topology Defines whether there is only one host node per switch port or multiple host nodes per port. select Configuration. perform the following procedure: 1. select System. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds. From the Home page. Enable IGMP Snooping Status Enables and disables IGMP snooping on the switch. A check in the box indicates that IGMP is enabled. Select the IGMP tab. From the Configuration menu. 222 .Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring IGMP Snooping To configure IGMP snooping from a web browser management session. 2. Possible settings are Edge (SingleHost/Port) and Intermediate (Multi-Host/Port). The IGMP tab in Figure 71 is displayed.

If the switch does not detect any queries from a multicast router during the specified time interval. it assumes that the router is no longer active on the port. The range is 1 to 2048 groups. The switch makes the determination by watching for queries from the router. You can use the parameter to prevent the switch’s MAC address table from filling up with 223 . you should select the Intermediate Multi-Host Port selection. The switch forwards the leave request to the router and simultaneously ceases transmission of any further multicast packets out the port where the host node is connected.400 seconds (24 hours). Host/Router Timeout Interval Specifies the time period in seconds after which the switch determines that a host node has become inactive. Only after all of the host nodes connected to a switch port have transmitted leave requests (or have timed out) will the switch stop sending multicast packets out the port. This setting causes the switch to immediately stop sending multicast packets out a switch port when a host node signals its desire to leave a multicast group by sending a leave request or when the host node stops sending reports and times-out. The default is 256 multicast groups. The default is 260 seconds. The Intermediate (Multi-Host) setting is appropriate if there is more than one host node connected to a switch port. This ensures that the remaining active host nodes on the port will continue to receive the multicast packets. An inactive host node is a node that has not sent an IGMP report during the specified time interval. that is. With this setting selected the switch continues sending multicast packets out a port even after it receives a leave request from a host node on the port. some connected directly to the switch and others through an Ethernet hub. The range is from 1 second to 86. This parameter also specifies the time interval used by the switch in determining whether a multicast router is still active. Maximum Multicast Groups Specifies the maximum number of multicast groups the switch will learn. such as when a port is connected to an Ethernet hub to which multiple host nodes are connected.AT-S39 User’s Guide The Edge (Single-Host/Port) setting is appropriate when there is only one host node connected to each port on the switch. This parameter is useful with networks that contain a large number of multicast groups. If a switch has a mixture of host nodes.

You can let the switch determine this automatically by selecting Auto Detect. The default is 256 multicast addresses. 224 . The range is 1 address to 2048 addresses.Section III: Web Browser Management multicast addresses. or you can specify the port yourself by clicking on the ports in the graphical image. leaving no room for dynamic or static MAC addresses. A white port indicates a multicast router port. Multicast Router Port(s) Specifies the port on the switch to which the multicast router is detected.

Note For background information on this feature. 225 . refer to Broadcast Frame Control Overview on page 151.Chapter 28 Broadcast Frame Control This chapter contains instructions on how to configure the broadcast frame control feature on the switch.

A value of “0” disables the broadcast frame control feature for ports operating at the corresponding timer speed. select them now. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window tab. 226 . if you enter “20” for the interval timer for 10 Mbps ports. The values for 10 and 100 Mbps ports are in milliseconds. (1000 Mbps applies only to GBIC modules in an AT-8024GB switch.100x For example. Broadcast frames exceeding the maximum number during the specified timer interval are discarded by the port and are not forwarded by the switch. The default value is “0” for all timers. click Apply. 3. The System menu option is selected by default along with the General tab when you open the Configuration page. enter values for the three interval timers. The values for 1000 Mbps ports are in microseconds.) A value for an interval timer applies to all ports operating at the corresponding speed. 2. 100. the management software multiples the value by 10. You can specify a different interval timer for different port speeds. After you have entered your values.1x ❑ 1000 Mbps . From the Home page. perform the following procedure: 1. The result would be an interval timer of 200 milliseconds for ports operating at 10 Mbps. Go to the next procedure to set values for the maximum number of broadcast frames the ports on the switch will accept. 4. To specify an interval timer. select Configuration. If they are not already selected.10x ❑ 100 Mbps . and 1000 Mbps. You can enter a different interval timer for each possible port speed on the switch: 10.Section III: Web Browser Management Configuring the Interval Timer The interval timer defines the time period used in counting the number of broadcast packets on a port. The management software will multiple your value as follows: ❑ 10 Mbps .

If it received more than 300 broadcast frames during a 100 millisecond period. From the Home page. click it again. The port will accept all broadcast frames. The selected port turns white. click a port where you want to specify the maximum number of broadcast frames. the extra broadcast frames would be discarded by the port and would not be forwarded by the switch. 6. Repeat this procedure to set the maximum number of broadcast frames for other ports on the switch. As an example. 4. 227 . assume that you enter a value of 300 as the maximum number of broadcast frames for a port. When you open the Layer 1 page. In the graphical switch image. Specifying a value of “0” disables broadcast frame control on the port.AT-S39 User’s Guide Setting the Maximum Number of Broadcast Frames To set the maximum number of broadcast frames you want the ports on the switch to forward. Also assume that the port is operating at 100 Mbps and that you specified an interval timer of 100 milliseconds for 100 Mbps ports. 7. To deselect a port. select Configuration. In the Broadcast Storm Control section of the window. Click Modify. You can select only one port at a time. Click Apply. 2. enter the maximum number of broadcast packets you want the port to accept. The current settings for the port are displayed in the Port Configuration window. If it is not selected. select Layer 1. perform the following procedure: 1. the Port Settings tab is selected by default. select it now. The result would be that the port would accept up to 300 broadcast frames every 100 milliseconds. 3. From the Configuration page. The range is 0 to 1023 broadcast frames. 5.

0.0 255.0 0.255.Appendix A AT-S39 Default Settings This appendix lists the AT-S39 factory default settings. Settings IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address System Name MAC Aging Time Community Strings Get Community String Set Community String Trap Community String Spanning Tree Protocol Status Bridge Priority Bridge Max Age Time Bridge Hello Time Bridge Forwarding Delay IGMP Snooping Status Topology Host/Router Time-out Interval Maximum Multicast Groups Default 0.0.0 None 300 seconds public private public Disabled 32768 20 2 15 Disabled Single Host/ Port (Edge) 260 seconds 256 228 .0.0.0.

) 229 .AT-S39 User’s Guide Settings Management Interface Password User Name (web browser session only) Time Out Value Twisted Pair Ports Status Duplex Mode Speed Flow Control Broadcast Packets Security VLANs Default VLAN Name VID Basic Mode Broadcast Frame Control 10 Mbps Interval Timer 100 Mbps Interval Timer 1000 Mbps Interval Timer RS232 Port Data Bits Stop Bits Parity Flow Control Data Rate Default admin (case-sensitive) manager 10 minutes Enabled Auto-negotiation Auto-negotiation Disabled Forwarded Automatic Default VLAN (all ports) 1 Disabled 0 milliseconds 0 milliseconds 0 microseconds 8 1 None Full-duplex Auto-detect (default 115200 bps) (Boot Loader Version 1.1 and above only.

11 D default values. 121. 36 documentation. 90 host nodes 230 . 86. 37 defined. 151 broadcast frames maximum number. used in this guide. 88. 177 H hello time. 202 bridge protocol data unit (BPDU). 41. 47 guidelines. 202 bridge hello time parameter. 155. 88. AT-S39. 84. 227 browser tools. 150. 37 BPDU. 202 bridge identifier. 163 AT-S39 version number. configuring. 84. 41. 202 bridge max age parameter. 27. 43 conventions. 164 downloading via TFTP. 86. 88 G gateway address. 202 bridge priority. 60. 60. 172 C Class of Service configuring. 225 defined. 88. 141. 185 forwarding delay. 220 defined. 37 releasing IP address. 106 setting. 45 Auto-Negotiation. 12 E enhanced stacking changing switches. 128 AT-S39 default settings. 47 setting switch status. 202 broadcast frame control configuring. see bridge protocol data unit bridge forwarding delay parameter. 167 obtaining. 50 F flow control. 228 DHCP activating. 228 AT-S39 software updates downloading from a local session.Index A aging time changing. 186 B Basic VLAN mode defined. 37 defined. 212 BOOTP activating. 52 defined. 88. 35. 140 console timeout. 138 defined.

145. 209 priority queues. 35. 102 port-based VLAN creating. 111. 55. 95. 143 ingress filtering. 198 defined. 157 port trunking creating. 50 returning to. 201 IGMP snooping configuring. 124 Internet Protocol (IP) address. 58. 90 port mirroring creating. 195 guidelines. 145. 190 port cost defined. switch. 195 defined. 87. 26. 115. 29. displaying. 30 web browser session. 223 multicast router. 85 setting. 65 local management session defined. 140 priority. 67 defined. 25 S Secure level. 205 defined. 73 port VLAN identifier (PVID) changing. 171 port configuring parameters. 18 quitting.1d standard. 211 modifying. 151 L limited security mode configuring. 113. 193 port statistics. 21 snoop topology. 126. 60 multicast groups. 148 host/router timeout interval. 226 defined. 65 displaying. 21 master switch defined. 24 M MAC address table. See Port VLAN identifier Q quitting local session. 28 Telnet session. defined. 186 statistics. 75. 181 SNMP management session. 216 MAC address. 59. 118 deleting. 45 slave switch. 184 disable. 210 displaying. 177 interval timer configuring.AT-S39 User’s Guide defined. 222 231 . 143 displaying. 39. 84 RS232 port. 35. 187 speed. 50 SNMP community strings. 79 deleting. 59. switch. port security. 116. 53 MDI/MDIX mode. 69 defined. 149 P password changing. 222 defined. 223 I IEEE 802. 173 R resetting a switch. 146. 45 Management Information Base (MIB). 82. 177 default. 90 PVID. 107. 146. 42 root bridge. maximum. 66 serial number. 153. 119. 28 starting. 80. 32. default settings. 213 defined. 77. 73 deleting. 186 displaying status. 198 port security configuring. 94 deleting all.

AT-S39. 167 U unavailable status. default. 35. 201 configuring port parameters. downloading software updates. 121. 90 viewing bridge parameters. 94. 167 obtaining. 45 virtual LAN creating. 116. 211 enabling. 50 user name. 87. 107. 122 mode. 129 statistics port. See Spanning Tree Protocol subnet mask. 115. 101 VLAN identifier (VID). defined. 20 quitting. 176 T tagged VLAN creating. 190 switch. 160 STP. 203 starting session local. 209 port-based. 94 tagged. 211 modifying. 108 VLAN identifier. 177 switch statistics. 118 deleting.Index software updates downloading from a local session. 205 defined. 136 deleting. See virtual LAN W web browser management session disabling. 107. 112. defined. 173 starting. 113. 84 port cost. 164 downloading via TFTP. 19 quitting. 85. 171 V version number. 43 limitations. 113. 122 displaying. 210 disabling. changing. 29 TFTP. 92 deleting all. 35. 171 static MAC address adding. 89 defined. 24 Telnet. 115. 212 modifying. 160 system name. 101 deleting all. 116. 209 Telnet management session defined. 157. 210 displaying. 29 web browser. 30 starting. 206 VLAN. 112. 111. 118 deleting. 163 Spanning Tree Protocol configuring bridge parameters. defined. 171 232 . 205 defined. 137 displaying.