You are on page 1of 169

AL-JALEYS

Part I (Revised Edition)

For Teaching & Learning Arabic Language & Culture


Dr.Mohammed Jiyad
2008
To Harry Barnes, Jr. who believes that

A different language

is a different

vision of life.

‫ُ سابح‬
ٍ ‫ُنا سرج‬‫ٍ يف الّد‬
‫ُ مکان‬‫أعّز‬
‫ِ کتاب‬
ُ ‫ٍ يف الّزمان‬‫ُ جليس‬
‫وخري‬
CONTENTS

Introduction I

Unit 1 Making Friends in Beirut 1

Unit 2 At Casablanca Airport 16

Unit 3 In a Hotel in Algers 33

Unit 4 Having Breakfast in Damascus 49

Unit 5 In a Bank in Baghdad 67

Unit 6 Renting a Car in Cairo 88

Unit 7 Shopping in Tunis 108

Unit 8 Staying with a Family in Amman 128

Unit 9 Being in a Car Accident in Oman 148

Unit 10 A Weekend with a Family in the Emirates 171


Introduction

For decades teachers have been combining language and content through techniques
such as storytelling, games, role plays, and, more recently, integration of subject area.
The introduction of teaching language in order to achieve proficiency based outcomes
has underscored the importance of meaning and context in comprehension and
production. The guidelines developed by ACTFL and the Educational Testing Service
(ETS) define what language users are able to do with the language at various stages. In
the last ten years, many professionals grasped the idea of using the proficiency
definition of what it means to know a language for purposes of organizing instruction.
The proficiency model defines language ability in terms of three criteria:

(1) functions: linguistic tasks performed such as asking for information, narrating
past activities, or expressing opinions.

(2) contexts/contents: the settings in which one uses language, e.g., informal
settings, transactional situations, formal settings, together with the topic or
themes of conversation, such as topics related to self and to immediate
environment (family, shopping, transportation, restaurant, etc., concrete topics of
personal and general interest, and abstract topics.

(3) accuracy: the precision of the message in terms of fluency, grammar,


vocabulary, pragmatic competence, pronunciation, sociolinguistic competence (Buck,
Byrnes, and Thompson 1989). Meaning and contextualized practice form the foundation
for an approach that seeks to develop proficiency.

The recent focus on more meaningful, contextualized teaching has prompted some
changes in the traditional bottom-up mechanical /communicative format of textbook
exercises. In his review of textbook exercise formats, Waltz (1989) found that current
textbooks are “contextualizing” mechanical or skill-getting exercises in a wide variety of
ways such as by:

(1) connecting exercise sentences with the same situation or theme;


(2) providing a context for the exercise in the form of information concerning people,
activities or description; and
(3) combining cultural aspects with language practice within the exercise.

Recent studies in foreign language teaching have pointed to the possible benefit of a
“top-down” or “whole language” approach to language instruction, through which
students manipulate language to communicate thoughts by using higher level skills
before attending to discrete language structures with the use of lower level skills. By
means of activities such as negotiation of meaning and joint problem solving with the
teacher and classmates, students participate in amore complex task than the students
are capable of producing by themselves (Adir-Hauck 1992). Therefore, meaning and
context take the front seat in this performance before competence approach, which
reflects how first-language learners acquire language. Anderson (1984) proposes four
criteria for judging a whole language approach to language teaching. Language learning
should:

(1) include meaningful, natural language


(2) include whole language, not language fragments
(3) be functional, and
(4) be learned in a meaningful context.

Basically, the above principles have been utilized in the development of "Al-Jaleys"
textbook. In addition, a culture-based textbook and its syllabus identify a possible
sequence of contexts of communication, grammatical structures, and cultural topics that
could be integrated. The culture topics in Al-Jaleys appear in three categories:

(1) those dealing with surface features of the Arabic culture with primary
emphasis on behavior;

(2) those pertaining to daily life in the target culture-habits, patterns of living, etc.;

(3) those dealing with a more conceptual level, with attention to political, s ocial,
economical, culture institutions and pattern, and with the challenges currently facing
Arabs. The convergence of these factors serves as a process through which students
are able to acquire a set of behavior, body of knowledge, a set of skills, and a cultural
proficiency that facilitate learning about the Arabic culture and their own cultures as
well.

Finally, Al-Jaleys recommends an interactive teacher/student relationship that can be


categorized as "cognitive instruction." Through this approach, students process
information in meaningful ways, take responsibility for their own learning and become
independent learners. As students and teacher work together to understand and explore
new contexts through "scaffolding" process, the teacher shows learners how to use
various strategies to solve language and culture tasks. In exploring longer segments,
students are guided through by means of various steps, ranging from identifying main
ideas to express opinions and writing compositions.

Mohammed. M. Jiyad, PhD


Mount Holyoke College, USA
mjiyad@mtholyoke.edu
‫‪Unit # 1‬‬ ‫الوحدة رقم )‪(1‬‬
‫‪Three people meet for the first time in Beirut, Lebanon‬‬

‫ٌيٍی‪ :‬أٔب (ٌيٍی)‪ ًَْ٘ ،‬أٔذِ (طَسِز)؟‬


‫ط‪ٛ‬ساْ‪ :‬ال‪.‬‬
‫ٌيٍی‪ َِْٓ :‬أٔذِ؟‬
‫ط‪ٛ‬ساْ‪ :‬أٔب (ط‪ٛ‬ساْ)‪.‬‬
‫ٌيٍی‪ :‬رـَؼَزَفٕب‪ ًَْ٘ .‬أٔذِ عبٌجَخٌ؟‬
‫ط‪ٛ‬ساْ‪ :‬ال‪ ،‬أٔب ِ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفـَخٌ‪.‬‬
‫ٌيٍی‪ :‬أيَٓ؟‬
‫ط‪ٛ‬ساْ‪ :‬أٔب ِ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفـَخٌفي اٌدبِِقَخِ األِزيکيَخِ‪.‬‬
‫ٌيٍی‪َٛ٘ َِْٓ :‬؟‬
‫ط‪ٛ‬ساْ‪( َٛ٘ :‬ثبطًِ)‪.‬‬
‫ٌيٍی‪َِٛ َٛ٘ ًَْ٘ :‬ؽـَفٌ في اٌدبِِقَخِ األِزيکيَخِ أيضبً؟‬
‫ط‪ٛ‬ساْ‪ :‬ال‪ َٛ٘ ،‬فبًٌِِ في َِغقَُ ٍ‪.‬‬
‫ٌيٍی‪َِ :‬ززجبً يب ثبطًِ‪ ،‬أٔب ٌيٍی‪.‬‬
‫ثبطًِ‪ :‬رـَؼَزَفٕب!‪.‬‬
‫ن!‬ ‫ٌيٍی‪ :‬رـَؼَزَفٕب ثـِ َ‬
‫ثبطًِ‪ ًَْ٘ :‬أٔذِ ٌـُجٕبٔيَخٌ؟‬
‫ٌيٍی‪ :‬ال‪ ،‬أٔب ک‪ٛ‬يزيَخٌ‪ ًَْ٘ .‬أٔذَ ٌـُجٕبٔيٌ؟‬
‫ثبطًِ‪ :‬ال‪ ،‬أٔب ط‪ٛ‬رّيٌ‪ .‬ط‪ٛ‬ساْ ٌـُجٕبٔيَخٌ أِزيکيَخٌ‪.‬‬
‫ٌيٍی‪ :‬أٔذَ فبًٌِِ في َِغقَُ ٍ؟‬
‫ط‪ٛ‬ساْ‪ َٛ٘ :‬عجَبشٌ َِؼ‪ٛٙ‬رٌ في اٌَّغقَُ اٌفـَزٔظيِ‪.‬‬
‫ٌيٍی‪ :‬في اٌَّغقَُ اٌفـَزٔظيِ!‬
‫ط‪ٛ‬ساْ‪ٚ :‬اٌٍـَِٗ‪ ٛ٘ ،‬عـَجَبشٌ َِؼ‪ٛٙ‬رٌ خـِّدَاً‪.‬‬
‫ٌيٍی‪ :‬أٔب أ ُزتُ األکًَ اٌفـَزٔظيَ‪.‬‬
‫ثبطًِ‪ :‬ؿَسير! ‪ٚ‬األکًُ اٌقزثيُ؟‬
‫ٌيٍی‪:‬أ ُزِتُ األکًَ اٌقَزثيَ أيضبً‪.‬‬
‫ثبطًِ‪ :‬عـَجقبً‪ٌ َٛ٘ .‬ـَذيذٌ‪.‬‬
‫ٌيٍی‪ٔ :‬ـَقَُ ٌـَذيذٌ ‪ُِٚ‬خزـٍَِفٌ‪.‬‬
‫ثبطًِ‪ُِ :‬خزـٍَِفٌ خـِّدَاً!‬
‫ٌيٍی‪ :‬اٌی اٌٍمبءِ!‬
‫ط‪ٛ‬ساْ ‪ٚ‬ثبطًِ‪َِ :‬ـَ اٌظَالَِخِ!‬

‫‪Cultural Expressions:‬‬ ‫الشائِعَت ‪:‬‬ ‫العباراث‬


‫!‪Hello‬‬ ‫َِززَجبً‬
‫)‪Hello (response‬‬ ‫أ٘الًَ‬
‫‪Hello (response), You are welcome‬‬ ‫أ٘الًَ ‪ٚ‬ط‪ٙ‬الً‬
‫!‪Pleased to meet you‬‬ ‫رـَؼَزَفٕب‬
‫)‪Pleased to meet you (response‬‬ ‫ن‬
‫رـَؼَزَفٕب ثـِ َِ‬
‫‪By Allah‬‬ ‫‪ٚ‬اٌٍـَِٗ‬
‫‪Good bye‬‬ ‫اٌی اٌٍمبءِ‬
Good bye (response) ‫َِـَ اٌظَالَِ ِخ‬
I like, I would like, I love ..... ُ‫أ ُزِت‬

Vocabularies: ُ‫المفرداث‬
an Arab, Arabic ٌ‫ ـخ‬/ ٌ‫فَزَثي‬
a Lebanese ٌ‫ـُيثٕبٔي‬
a Syrian ٌ‫رّي‬ٛ‫ط‬
a Kuwaiti ٌ‫يزي‬ٛ‫ک‬
an American ٌ‫أِزيکي‬
a French ٌ‫َـفرٔظي‬
famous ٌ‫ر‬ٛٙ‫َِؼ‬
different, various ٌ‫ُِخزـٍَِف‬
delicious ٌ‫ٌـَذيذ‬
true, correct ٌ‫ؿَسير‬
worker ًٌِِ‫فب‬
cook, chef ٌ‫طَـثَبش‬
employee ٌ‫َؽـَف‬ِٛ
student ٌ‫عبٌِت‬
food ًٌ‫أک‬
who (a question word) َِْٓ
where (a question word) َٓ‫أي‬
is, was, are, were (a question word) ًَْ٘
very ً‫جِـّدَا‬
also, too ً‫أيضب‬
sure, of course ً‫عـَجقب‬
Grammar: ُ‫عد‬
ِ ‫القوا‬

1. The independent singular pronouns in Arabic are:


I ‫ أٔب‬، You (m) َ‫ أٔذ‬،You (f) ِ‫ أٔذ‬، He/it َٛ٘ and She/it َ‫ ٘ي‬.

2. The definite article in Arabic is prefixed to the noun or adjective. It is made of two
letters; ‫أٌـ‬
the student (f) ُ ‫اٌغـَبٌِجَخ‬ the famous (f) ُ ‫رَح‬ٛٙ‫ اٌَّؼ‬the worker (m) ًُِِ‫اٌقب‬

3. Definite nouns take short vowels at the end of the word as case markers. The same
is true with adjectives.
the cook (m) ُ‫ اٌغـَجَبش‬the famous (f) ُ ‫رَح‬ٛٙ‫ اٌَّؼ‬.
On the other hand, indefinite nouns and adjectives take “Nunation” for case ending as
in:
an American (f) ٌ‫ أِزيکيَخ‬food ٌَ‫عـَقب‬.
Please remember that “Nunation” is made of one of the short vowels, i.e., “Damma,”
“FatHa,” or “Kasra” plus /n/ sound.

4. Nouns and adjectives in Arabic are either masculine or feminine. The most common

way to figure out the gender of a singular feminine noun or adjective is through the use

of the consonant, “Taa’ MarbuuTa” suffixed to the word as in:


a worker (f) ٌ‫فبٍِِـَخ‬, famous (f) ٌ‫رَح‬ٛٙ‫ َِؼ‬.

Verb Conjugation: :‫حـَصريفُ الفِعل‬


The following verb is conjugated to present tense for singular pronouns:
to like, desire, love, want ُ ِ‫أ ُز‬
‫ت‬
َ‫هي‬ َ‫هو‬ ِ‫أنج‬ َ ‫أن‬
‫ج‬ ‫أنا‬
ُ‫رـُسِت‬ ُ‫يُسِت‬ َِٓ‫رـُسِجي‬ ُ‫رـُسِت‬ ُ‫أ ُزِت‬
Drill # 1 ‫الخمرينُ األّوَل‬
Use the words in the vocabulary list in meaningful sentences.
Drill # 2: :‫الخمرينُ الثاني‬
Please choose the correct options:
...... ٌ‫أألکًُ اٌقَزثيُ ٌـَذيذ‬ .1
One of the following words cannot be used to fill in the blank. Which?

ً‫ َِززجب‬.‫د‬ ً‫ خـِّدَا‬.‫ة‬ ً‫ أيضب‬.‫أ‬

One of the following sentences is not grammatically correct. Which? .2


.ً‫ أألکًُ اٌقزثيُ ٌـَذيذٌ عـَجقب‬.‫أ‬
.ٌ‫ أألکًُ عـَجقبً اٌقزثيُ ٌـَذيذ‬.‫ة‬
. ٌ‫ عـَجقبً أألکًُ اٌقزثيُ ٌـَذيذ‬.‫د‬

َُُ‫ اٌَّغـْق‬.................. .3
Which of the following words cannot be used to fill in the blank?
ِِْٓ .‫د‬ َٓ‫ أي‬.‫ة‬ ‫ َ٘ذا‬.‫أ‬

Which of the following is a phrase? .4

ٌ‫ر‬ٛٙ‫ أٌَّغقَُُ َِؼ‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ أالکًُ ٌـُذيذ‬.‫ة‬ ُ‫ أألکًُ اٌُّخزـٍَِف‬.‫أ‬

.ٍ ‫ر‬ٛٙ‫َ عجَبشٌ في َِغـْقَُ ٍ َِؼ‬ٛ٘ .5


The best translation for this sentence is:
a. He is a famous cook in a restaurant.
b. He is a famous cook in the restaurant.
c. He is a cook in a famous restaurant

ِ‫َِـَ اٌظَالَِخ‬ .6
This is the proper response to:

َٓ‫ أي‬.‫د‬ ً‫ َِززَجب‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫ اٌی اٌٍمبء‬.‫أ‬


Which of the following words does not belong with the others? .7
ً‫ أيضب‬.‫د‬ َِْٓ .‫ة‬ َٓ‫ أي‬.‫أ‬

.ِ‫ في اٌدبِِقَخ‬................... َ‫٘ي‬ .8


Which of the following nouns cannot be used to fill in the blank?
ٌ‫ فبٍِِـَخ‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫َؽـَف‬ِٛ .‫ة‬ ٌ‫ عبٌِجَخ‬.‫أ‬

ِ‫اٌی اٌٍمبء‬ .9
This phrase is used by Arabs to mean:
a. Good bye!
b. How are you?
c. Good morning!

.ِ َُ‫ في اٌَّغـْق‬............. َٛ٘ .10


Which of the following words cannot be used to fill in the blank?

ٌ‫ عـَجَبش‬.‫د‬ ًُِِ‫ اٌقب‬.‫ة‬ ُ ‫ اٌقبٍِِـَخ‬.‫أ‬

! َِٗ‫اٌٍـ‬ٚ .11
The Arabs would use this expression to:
a. show regret
b. make an oath
c. extend an invitation

ُ‫أ ُزِت‬ .12


This verb is used to mean:

a. I hate b. I like c. I agree

Which of the following adjectives means, “true, correct”? .13

ٌ‫ ُِخزـٍَِف‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ ؿَسير‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ ٌـَذيذ‬.‫أ‬


Which of the following does not fit in this set of words? .14

ٌ‫ ٌـَذيذ‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ ُِخزـٍَِف‬.‫ة‬ ً‫ خـِّدَا‬.‫أ‬

! ِ‫اٌی اٌٍمبء‬ .15


The proper response to this expression is:

ً‫ َِززَجب‬.‫د‬ ‫ رـَؼَزَفٕب‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫ َِـَ اٌظَالَِخ‬.‫أ‬

Considering Gender, which pronoun is odd in the set? .16

َ‫ أٔذ‬.‫د‬ َ‫ ٘ي‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫ أٔذ‬.‫أ‬

We use the expression, ‫رَـؼَزَفٕب‬ .17


a. When we introduce ourselves.
b. When someone introduces him/herself.
c. When one wants to leave.

Which of the following expressions is odd in the set? .18

َٓ‫ أي‬.‫د‬ ً‫ َِززَجب‬.‫ة‬ ‫ رـَؼَزَفٕب‬.‫أ‬

.ِ‫َيذ‬ٛ‫أٔب فَزَثيَخٌ ِِْٓ اٌک‬ .19


The best translation of this sentence is:
a. I am a Kuwaiti from Arabia.
b. I am an Arab from Kuwait.
c. I am the Arab from Kuwait.

One of the following words does not belong to this set. Which? .20
ٌ‫ر‬ٛٙ‫ َِؼ‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ فَزَثي‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ فـَزَٔظي‬.‫أ‬
.ِ‫ عبٌِتٌ في اٌدبِِقَخ‬................. .21
Which of the following pronouns can be used to make a correct sentence?

ِ‫ أٔذ‬.‫د‬ َ‫ ٘ي‬.‫ة‬ َٛ٘ .‫أ‬

.ِ‫َؽـَفـَخٌ في اٌدبِِقَخ‬ِٛ .................. .22


Which of the following pronouns cannot be used to fill in the blank?
َ‫ أٔذ‬.‫د‬ ِ‫ أٔذ‬.‫ة‬ ‫ أٔب‬.‫أ‬

Considering Person, which pronoun is odd in the set? .23


َ‫ ٘ي‬.‫د‬ َٛ٘ .‫ة‬ ِ‫ أٔذ‬.‫أ‬

For case marker, indefinite nouns in Arabic take: .24


a. Nunation
b. Short Vowels
c. Sukuun

For case marker, definite adjectives in Arabic take: .25


a. Sukuun
b. Nunation
c. Short Vowels
Drill # 3: :‫الخمرين الثالث‬
a. Change the following sentences to the feminine:
‫ ًَْ٘ أٔذَ عبٌِتٌ؟‬.1
.ٌ‫ أٔب عـَجَبش‬.2
.ًٌِِ‫َ فب‬ٛ٘ .3
.ٌ‫َؽـَف‬ِٛ ‫ َ٘ذا‬.4
b. Replace the subject with its corresponding personal pronoun:
.ِ‫ ُِسََّّدٌ أ ُطزبذٌ في اٌدبِِقَخ‬.1
.ِ‫َؽـَفـَخٌ في اٌَّکزـَجَخ‬ِٛ ‫ ٌيٍی‬.2
‫‪ .3‬فٍي عبٌِتٌ خَّديّدٌ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .4‬فبعَِّخ فبٍَِِخٌ في اٌَّغقَُ ِ‪.‬‬
‫‪c. Change the following sentences to the masculine:‬‬
‫‪ ًَْ٘ .1‬أٔذِ فبٍِِـَخٌ؟‬
‫‪َ٘ .2‬ذِٖ ُِّدرَطَخٌ ٌـُجٕبٔيَخٌ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .3‬أٔب ِ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفخٌخَّديّدَحٌ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ِِْٓ .4‬أيَٓ األطزبذحُ اٌظُ‪ٛ‬ريَخ ُ؟‬
‫‪d. Give the correct form of the predicate:‬‬
‫‪ .1‬أٔب (عبٌِتٌ ط‪ٛ‬رّيٌ)‪.‬‬
‫‪٘ .2‬يَ (أ ُطزبذٌ ک‪َٛ‬يزيٌ)‪.‬‬
‫‪ .3‬أٔذَ (فبًٌِِ خَّديّدَحٌ)‪.‬‬
‫‪ .4‬ثبطًِ (عجَبخـَخٌ َِؼ‪ٛٙ‬رٌ)‪.‬‬
‫‪e. Answer the following questions:‬‬
‫‪ٌ ًَْ٘ .1‬يٍی عبٌِجَخٌ؟‬
‫‪ ِِْٓ .2‬أيَٓ ٘يَ؟‬
‫‪ ًَْ٘ .3‬ثبطً عبٌِتٌ؟‬
‫‪ ِِْٓ َٛ٘ ًَْ٘ .4‬أِزيکب؟‬
‫‪ ًَْ٘ .5‬ط‪ٛ‬ساْ عبٌِجَخٌ؟‬
‫‪ .6‬أيَٓ ٘يَ ِ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفـَخٌ؟‬
‫‪ٌ ًَْ٘ .7‬يٍی عجَبخـَخٌ؟‬
‫‪٘ ًَْ٘ .8‬يَ ٌـُجٕبٔيَخٌ؟‬
‫‪ ًَْ٘ .9‬ثبطًِ عجَبشٌ في اٌدبِِقَخِ؟‬
‫‪ َٛ٘ ًَْ٘ .10‬فزٔظيٌ؟‬
‫‪ ًَْ٘ .11‬ط‪ٛ‬ساْ أِزيکيَخٌ؟‬
‫‪٘ ًَْ٘ .12‬يَ عـَجَبخـَخٌ؟‬
‫‪ ٛ٘ َِْٓ .13‬ؿَّديكُ ط‪ٛ‬ساْ؟‬
‫‪ ًَْ٘ .14‬ط‪ٛ‬ساْ ؿَّديمَخ ُ ٌيٍی؟‬
Drill # 4 :‫الخمرين الرابع‬
Choose the correct options and explain WHY:

Considering Gender, which personal pronoun is different from the other two? .1

َ‫ أٔذ‬.‫د‬ َ‫ ٘ي‬.‫ة‬ َٛ٘ .‫أ‬


............. ٌ‫أٌَّغقَُُ اٌقَزثيُ کـَجيز‬ .2
Which of the following options does not make a meaningful sentence?
ً‫ أ٘ال‬.‫د‬ ً‫ خـِّدَا‬.‫ة‬ ً‫ أيضب‬.‫أ‬

!َِٗ‫اٌٍـ‬ٚ .3
This expression is used:
a. to show appreciation
b. to make an oath
c. to say “Goodbye”

Which of the following words is unlike the other two? .4


ٌ‫ ُِخزـٍَِف‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ر‬ٛٙ‫ َِؼ‬.‫ة‬ ً‫ أيضب‬.‫أ‬
.ِ‫ في اٌدبِقَخ‬............ َٛ٘ .5
One of the following nouns can be used to fill in the blank? Which?
ٌ‫ فبٍِِـَخ‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫َؽـَف‬ِٛ .‫ة‬ ٌ‫ عبٌِجَخ‬.‫أ‬
!ٌ‫ال‬ٙ‫ط‬ٚ ً ‫أ٘ال‬ .6
The Arabs would use this expression in response to:
ً‫ َِززَجب‬.‫د‬ ‫ رـَؼَزَفٕب‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫ ِـَ اٌظَالَِخ‬.‫أ‬
‫ األطزبذ ُ اٌدَّديّدُ؟‬........ .7
One of the following options cannot be used to form this question. Which?
ِِْٓ .‫د‬ َٓ‫ أي‬.‫ة‬ َِْٓ .‫أ‬

!ٍ ‫ثـِخـَيز‬ .8
This expression is the proper response to the one in option:
ً‫ ػُکزا‬.‫د‬ ُ‫ کـَيفَ اٌسبي‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫ اٌی اٌٍمبء‬.‫أ‬
One of the following words is unlike the other two. Which? .9
ِٖ‫ ٘ ِذ‬.‫د‬ ِِْٓ .‫ة‬ ‫ َ٘ذا‬.‫أ‬
Only one of the following sentences is grammatically correct. Which? .10
.ً‫ األکًُ اٌفـَزٔظيُ ٌـَذيذٌ خـِّدَا‬.‫أ‬
.ٌ‫ األکًُ خـِّدَاً اٌفـَزٔظيُ ٌـَذيذ‬.‫ة‬
.ٌ‫ األکًُ اٌفـَزٔظيُ خـِّدَاً ٌـَذيذ‬.‫د‬

Which of the following adjectives can be used in a way the other two cannot? .11

ٌ‫ر‬ٛٙ‫ َِؼ‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ ُِخزـٍَِف‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ فـَزٔظي‬.‫أ‬

Which of the following adjectives means “different”? .12


ٌ‫ ُِخزـٍَِف‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ ؿَسير‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ ٌـَذيذ‬.‫أ‬
Which of the following options is unlike the other two? .13
‫ َ٘ذا‬.‫د‬ َِْٓ .‫ة‬ َٓ‫ أي‬.‫أ‬
Which of the following options is a good sentence? .14
ُ ‫يزيَخ‬ٛ‫ أٌدبِِقَخ ُ اٌک‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ر‬ٛٙ‫ أٌغـَجَبشُ َِؼ‬.‫ة‬ ُ‫ أألطزبذ ُ اٌقزثي‬.‫أ‬
.............. ُ‫ال أ ُزت‬ .15
This Arabic functional expression means:
a. I don’t like
b. I don’t agree
c. I don’t believe

.ٍ‫ َرح‬ٛٙ‫٘يَ أطزبذحٌ في خبِِقَخٍ َِؼ‬ .16


The best translation for this sentence is:
a. She is a professor in a famous university.
b. She is a famous professor in my university.
c. She is a famous professor in the university.
ِ‫اٌی اٌٍـِمبء‬ .17
An Arab would use this functional expression to mean:
a. Really
b. Goodbye
c. Oh, my God

.‫ عبٌِتٌ ِِْٓ فزَٔظب‬............... .18


Which of the following options cannot be used to fill in the blank?
ِ‫ أٔذ‬.‫د‬ ‫ أٔب‬.‫ة‬ َٛ٘ .‫أ‬
One of the following items is unlike the other two? .19
َٓ‫ أي‬.‫د‬ َِْٓ .‫ة‬ ً‫ َِززَجب‬.‫أ‬

‫رـَؼَزَفٕب‬ .20
An Arab would use this functional expression when:
a. someone asks for something
b. someone introduces him/herself
c. someone excuses himself/herself

Considering Person, which pronoun is unlike the other two? .21


‫ أٔب‬.‫د‬ َ‫ أٔذ‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫ أٔذ‬.‫أ‬

.ِ‫َؽـَفخٌ في اٌَّکزجَخ‬ِٛ ............... . 22


Which of the following pronouns cannot be used in this context
َ‫ ٘ي‬.‫د‬ َ‫ أٔذ‬.‫ة‬ ‫ أٔب‬.‫أ‬

.ِ‫ في َِغقَُ ِ اٌدبِِقَخ‬......... َ‫٘ي‬ .23


Which of the following nouns does not make a meaningful sentence?
ٌ‫ عجَبخَخ‬.‫د‬ ًُِِ‫ اٌقب‬.‫ة‬ ُ ‫ اٌقبٍِِـَخ‬.‫أ‬

The Arabic verb َٓ‫ رـُسِجِي‬corresponds to the personal pronoun: .24

َ‫ أٔذ‬.‫د‬ ِ‫ أٔذ‬.‫ة‬ ‫ أٔب‬.‫أ‬


‫‪Adjectives in Arabic usually:‬‬ ‫‪.25‬‬
‫‪a. follow nouns‬‬
‫‪b. proceed nouns‬‬
‫‪c. it doesn’t matter‬‬

‫‪Reading Exercise:‬‬ ‫حمرين القرا َءةِ‪:‬‬


‫‪Read the following words, phrases and sentences into your tape recorder, then listen to‬‬
‫‪them. Give the tape to your teacher to check your performance:‬‬
‫عـَجبخـَخٌ ِ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفخٌ‬ ‫عـَجَبشٌ ِ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفٌ عبٌِتٌ‬
‫ٌـُجٕبٔيَخٌ‬ ‫فَزَثيَخٌ أِزيکيٌ ط‪ٛ‬ريَخٌ ک‪َٛ‬يزيٌ‬
‫ِ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفخٌ ط‪ٛ‬ريَخٌ‬ ‫ِ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفٌ فَزَثيٌ‬ ‫عبٌِجَخٌ فـَزٔظيَخ‬ ‫ت فَزَثيٌ‬ ‫عبٌِ ٌ‬
‫في اٌَّغـْقَُ ِ اٌَّؼ‪ٛٙ‬ر ِ‬ ‫اٌغـَقبَُ اٌقَزثيُ في اٌدبِِقَخِ اٌفـَزٔظيَخِ‬
‫اٌغـَقبَُ اٌفـَزٔظيُ اٌَّؼ‪ٛٙ‬رُ‬ ‫في خبِِقَخِ اٌک‪َٛ‬يذِ في اٌدبِِقَخِ اٌَّؼ‪َ ٛٙ‬رحِ‬
‫أٔذِ عبٌِجَخٌ‪.‬‬
‫٘‪ َٛ‬عـَجَبشٌ‪.‬‬
‫أٌَّغـْقَُُ َِؼ‪ٛٙ‬رٌ‪.‬‬
‫٘يَ ِ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفخٌ في اٌدبِِقَخِ‪.‬‬
‫ٌيٍی عبٌِجَخٌ ِِْٓ اٌک‪َٛ‬يذِ‪.‬‬
‫‪ٚ‬اٌٍـَِٗ‪ ،‬أ ُزِتُ اٌغـَقبََ اٌفـَزٔظيَ!‬
‫أٔذِ عبٌِجَخٌط‪ٛ‬ريَخٌ في اٌدبِِقَخِ‪.‬‬
‫ثبطًِ عـَجَبشٌ َِؼ‪ٛٙ‬رٌ ِِْٓ ط‪ٛ‬ريب‪.‬‬
‫٘‪ َٛ‬عـَجَبشٌ في اٌَّغـْقَُ ِ اٌفـَزٔظيِ اٌَّؼ‪ٛٙ‬ر ِ‪.‬‬
‫ط‪ٛ‬ساْ ِ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفخٌ في اٌدبِِقَخِ األِزيکيَخِ اٌَّؼ‪َ ٛٙ‬رحِ‪.‬‬
Unit # 2 (2) ‫ألوحدة‬
‫رقم‬
Saamir Jibran is an Arab-American businessman. He arrives at Casablanca
Airport in Morocco from New York. He is asked by the passport and customs
agents about his passport, visa, luggage and belongings.

!‫ن‬
َ ِ‫ال ً ثـ‬َٙ‫ط‬ٚ ً ‫ أ٘ال‬:‫أٌؼـُزعي‬
.ُ‫ ػُکزاً يب طَيِّد‬:‫طبِِز‬
‫ ِِْٓ أيَٓ أٔذَ لبّدٌَِ؟‬:‫أٌؼـُزعي‬
.‫رن‬ٛ‫ي‬ٛ‫ ِِْٓ ٔي‬:‫طبِِز‬
‫ ًَْ٘ فِٕ َّدنَ رؤػيزَحٌ؟‬:‫أٌؼـُزعي‬
.ٍ ‫ز‬َٙ‫٘ي ؿبٌِسَخٌ ٌِؼ‬ٚ ،ُْ‫ ٔـَق‬:‫طبِِز‬
‫أٌؼـُزعي‪ :‬أيَٓ اٌزؤػيزَح ُ؟‬
‫طبِِز‪ :‬أٌزؤػيزَح ُ في اٌدَ‪ٛ‬اس ِ‬
‫أٌؼـُزعي‪ ًَْ٘ :‬اٌدَ‪ٛ‬اسُ ؿبٌرٌ؟‬
‫طبِِز‪ٔ :‬ـِقَُْ اٌدَ‪ٛ‬اسُ ؿبٌِرٌ ٌِظَٕـَخٍ‪.‬‬
‫أٌؼـُزعي‪ ًَْ٘ :‬فِٕ َّدنَ ؿَّديكٌ في اٌَّغزةِ؟‬
‫طبِِز‪ٔ :‬ـَقَُْ‪ ٛ٘ٚ ،‬اُطزبذٌ في خبِِقَخِ اٌزِثبطِ‪.‬‬
‫أٌؼـُزعي‪ :‬أٔذَ اُطزبذٌ؟‬
‫طبِِز‪ :‬ال‪ ،‬أٔب رَخًُُ أفّبي ٍ‪.‬‬
‫أٌؼـُزعي‪ :‬رـَفـَضًَْ اٌی َِکزـَتِ اٌدَّبرنِ!‬
‫)‪(Samir proceeds to the customs office‬‬
‫ضبثـِظ ُ اٌدَّبرنِ‪ :‬أ٘ال ً ‪ٚ‬ط‪ٙ‬ال ًثِـهَ!‬
‫طبِِز‪ٚ :‬ثّـِهَ يب طيِّدُ!ُ‬
‫ضبثـِظ ُ اٌدَّبرنِ‪ ًَْ٘ :‬فِٕ َّدنَ ػَيءٌ َِّٕ‪ٛ‬ؿٌ؟‬
‫طبِِز‪ :‬أف‪ٛ‬ذ ُ ثبٌٍـَِٗ! ال‪ ،‬عـَجقب ً‪.‬‬
‫ضبثـِظ ُ اٌدَّبرنِ‪ِ َ٘ ًَْ٘ :‬ذِٖ زَميجَزـُهَ؟‬
‫طبِِز‪ٔ :‬ـَقَُْ‪ِ َ٘ .‬ذِٖ اٌسَميجَخ ُ اٌکـَجيزَح ُ‪.‬‬
‫ضبثـِظ ُ اٌدَّبرنِ‪ِٚ :‬بذا أيضب ً؟‬
‫طبِِز‪٘ :‬ذا اٌک‪ِٛ‬پي‪ٛ‬رز اٌـَغيزُ‪.‬‬
‫ضبثـِظ ُ اٌدَّبرنِ‪َ َِ ًَْ٘ :‬قهَ آٌخ ُ رـَـ‪ٛ‬يز ٍ؟‬
‫طبِِز‪ِ :‬بذا‪ ِِْٓ ،‬فـَضٍِهَ؟‬
‫ضبثـِظ ُ اٌدَّبرنِ‪َ َِ ًَْ٘ :‬قهَ کبِِزا؟‬
‫طبِِز‪ٔ :‬ـَقَُْ فِّٕدّي کبِِزا‪.‬‬
‫ضبثـِظ ُ اٌدَّبرنِ‪٘ ًَْ٘ :‬ي خَّديّدحٌ؟‬
‫طبِِز‪ :‬ال‪٘ ،‬ي لـَّديَّخٌ‪.‬‬
‫ضبثـِظ ُ اٌدَّبرنِ‪ :‬کـَُْ َِقهَ ِِْٓ اٌفـٍُ‪ٛ‬ص؟‬
‫طبِِز‪َِ :‬قي اٌفُ ّد‪ٚ‬الر‪.‬‬
‫ضبثـِظ ُ اٌدَّبرنِ‪ :‬کـًُُ ػَيءٍ فٍی ِب يُزاَُ!‬
‫طبِِز‪ :‬أٌسّّدُ ٌٍـَِٗ!‬
‫ضبثـِظ ُ اٌدَّبرنِ‪ :‬اِأل َ٘ ِذِٖ األطزِّبرَح َِِْٓ فـَضٍِهَ!‬
‫طبِِز‪ :‬زبضِزْ!‬
‫ضبثـِظ ُ اٌدَّبرنِ‪ :‬اط ُّهَ فَزَثيٌ‪ ًَْ٘ ،‬أٔذَ فَزَثيٌ؟‬
‫طبِِز‪ :‬أٔب أِزيکيٌ ِِْٓ أؿًٍ فَزَثيٍ‪.‬‬
‫ضبثـِظ ُ اٌدَّبرنِ‪ :‬أ٘ال ً ‪ٚ‬ط‪ٙ‬ال ًثِـهَ في ثٍَـَ ِّدنَ اٌَّغزةِ!‬
‫طبِِز‪ :‬ػـُکزاً ٌَـهَ يب أخي!‬

‫‪Common Expressions:‬‬ ‫العباراثُ الشائعَت ُ‪:‬‬

‫!‪Thank you‬‬ ‫ػـُکزاً!‬


‫!‪Thanks to God‬‬ ‫أٌسَّّدُ ٌٍـَِٗ‬
‫?‪What else‬‬ ‫ِبذا أيضبً‬
‫!‪Please take/ go ahead‬‬ ‫رـَفـَضـًَْ ‪ /‬رـَفـَضٍَي!‬
‫!‪You are welcome‬‬ ‫أ٘ال ً ‪ٚ‬طَ‪ٙ‬ال ً ثـِنَِ‬
‫!‪Everything is fine‬‬ ‫کـًُُ ػَيءٍ فٍی ِب يُزاَُ!‬
‫!‪God forbid‬‬ ‫أف‪ٛ‬ذ ُ ثبٌٍـَِٗ‬

‫‪Vocabularies:‬‬ ‫ألمُفرَداث‪:‬‬
‫‪to, for, belonging to‬‬ ‫ٌِـ‬
‫‪to, for‬‬ ‫اٌی‬
‫‪from‬‬ ‫ِِْٓ‬
‫‪in, at‬‬ ‫في‬
‫)‪this (f‬‬ ‫َ٘ذِِٖ‬
‫)‪this (m‬‬ ‫َ٘ذا‬
‫‪I have‬‬ ‫فِّٕدّي‬
‫‪You (m), (f) have‬‬ ‫فِّٕدَنَِ‬
suitcase ٌ‫زَميجَخ‬
passport ٌ‫اس‬َٛ‫خ‬
visa ٌ‫رؤػيزَح‬
office ٌ‫َِکزَـت‬
thing ٌ‫ػَيء‬
computer ‫رز‬ٛ‫ِپي‬ٛ‫ک‬
month ٌ‫ز‬َٙ‫ػ‬
year ٌ‫طَٕـَخ‬
big, large ٌ‫ح‬/ٌ‫کـَجيز‬
good, valid ٌ‫ح‬/ٌ‫ؿبٌِر‬
coming ٌ‫ح‬/ٌَِ‫لبّد‬
forbidden ٌ‫ح‬/ٌ‫ؿ‬َِّٕٛ
old, ancient ٌ‫ح‬/ٌُ‫لـَّدي‬
new ٌ‫ح‬/ٌ‫خَّديّد‬
small, young ٌ‫ح‬/ٌ‫ؿَغيز‬
Mr./Mrs ‫ ٌح‬/ٌ‫طَيِّد‬
friend ٌ‫ح‬/ٌ‫ؿَّديك‬
professor ٌ‫ح‬/ٌ‫أ ُطزبذ‬
origion ًٌ‫أؿ‬
camera )‫يز (کبِِزا‬ٛ‫آٌـَخ ُرـَـ‬
the customs officer ِ‫ضبثـِظ ُ اٌدَّبرن‬
the airport policeman ِ ‫ػَزعيُ اٌَّغبر‬
the businessman ِ ‫رَخًَُ األفّبي‬
Grammar: : ‫القواعِد‬

1. The adjective in Arabic usually follows the noun and agrees with it in terms of
number, gender, case and definiteness, as in:

an Arab professor (m) ٌ‫أ ُطزبذٌ فَزَثي‬


the American professor (f) ُ ‫أألطزبذح ُ األِزيکيَخ‬
the valid passport ُ‫اسُ اٌـَبٌِر‬َٛ‫أٌد‬
You notice that when a noun is paired with an adjective that agrees with it in every
aspect, the two words form a phrase.

But if the noun is definite and the adjective is indefinite, then we have a sentence.
Compare:

the valid visa / ُ ‫أٌزؤػيزح ُ اٌـبٌِسَخ‬


versus
The visa is valid .ٌ‫أٌزؤػيزح ُؿبٌِسَخ‬

This kind of adjective is called “a predicate adjective.”

2. Also notice that definite nouns and adjectives take short vowels for case marker as
in:
for the nominative case -ُ ُ‫أٌَّغبر‬
for the accusative case -َ َ‫أٌَّغبر‬
for the genitive case -ِ‫أٌَّغبر‬
3. The indefinite noun/adjective in Arabic is marked by a grammatical ending that is
called “Tanwin/Nunation” It means adding the sound /n/ to the original short vowel.

Arabic has three forms and they are as follows:

for the nominative case -ٌ ٌ‫زَميجَخ‬


for the accusative case -ً ً ‫زَميجَخ‬
for the genitive case -ٍ ٍ‫زَميجَخ‬
4. Arabic has a common form of adjective called “Nisbah.” That can be created from a
noun. Mainly, it is used to form adjectives for nationalities and it is created by the
addition of:

for the masculine ٌ‫ـ‬


‫ي‬
for the feminine ٌ‫ـيَخ‬
Thus, from the word ُ‫ اٌَّغزِة‬one can create:
Moroccan (m), (f) ُ ‫ اٌَّغزثيَخ‬،ُ‫اٌَّغزثي‬

You also need to do the following:

a. Drop the “Taa’ MarbuuTa” (the feminine marker) before you add the suffix.
a Saudi (f) ُ ‫ّديَخ‬ٛ‫اٌظَق‬ a Saudi (m) ُ‫ّدّي‬ٛ‫ اٌظَق‬Saudi Arabia ُ ‫ّديَخ‬ٛ‫اٌظَق‬
b. You need to drop the long vowel ‫ ا‬at the end of the original noun as in the following
examples:
ٌ‫أِزيکيَخ‬ ٌ‫أِزيکب أِزيکي‬
ٌ‫فـَزٔظيَخ‬ ٌ‫فـَزَٔظب فـَزٔظي‬
ٌ‫ٌيجيَخ‬ ٌ‫ٌيجي‬ ‫ٌيجيب‬
ٌ‫ريَخ‬ٛ‫ط‬ ٌ‫رّي‬ٛ‫ريب ط‬ٛ‫ط‬
An Equational Sentence in Arabic )‫اٌخَجَز‬ٚ ‫ (خٍُّــَخ ُ اٌُّجزّدأ‬is made of a subject and a
predicate. The subject is always definite, if it is in the initial position, and it has to be in
the nominative case.

Please notice the following:

a. The subject can be a noun .ٌ‫أٌغـَقبَُ ٌـَذيذ‬


b. It can be a proper noun .ٌ‫ٌـَيٍی عبٌِجَخ‬
c. Or a pronoun . ٌ‫٘يَ أطزبذح‬
Notice that more often the verb “to be” in Arabic is understood, not expressed.

The predicate of the equational sentence can be:

a . a noun .ٌ‫أٔب أطزبذح‬


b. a proper noun .‫أٔب طَسَز‬
c. an indefinite adjective .ٌ‫أٌسميجَخ ُ لـَّديَّخ‬
d. an adverb .‫اسُ ُٕ٘ب‬َٛ‫أٌد‬
e. a prepositional phrase .ِ ‫اس‬َٛ‫أٌزؤػيزَح ُ في اٌد‬
Verb Conjugation: :‫حـَصريفُ األفعال‬
The following verbs ْ ‫“ اِأل‬fill in,” and ًَْ‫“ رـَفضـ‬please, go ahead, take” are in the
imperative forms, and conjugated to the pronouns; you (m), (f), and (pl).

‫أنخـُم‬ ِ‫أنج‬ َ‫أنج‬

‫ا‬ٚ‫اِأل‬ ‫اِألّي‬ ْ ‫اِأل‬


‫ا‬ٍَٛ‫رـَفـَض‬ ‫رـَفـَضـٍَي‬ ًَْ‫رـَفـَض‬

Drill # 1 :‫ألخمرينُ األّوَل‬

Use the words and phrases in the Vocabulary List in meaningful sentences.

Drill # 2: :‫ألخمرينُ الثـَاني‬

Please choose the correct options:


.ِ ‫اس‬َٛ‫أٌزؤػي َزحُ في اٌد‬ .1
This sentence means:
a. The visa is with the passport.
b. The visa is inside the passport.
c. The visa is next to the passport.

ً ‫عـَجقب‬ .2
This functional expression means:

a. Hello
b. Welcome
c. Of course

‫ِبذا أيضب ً؟‬ٚ .3


This expression is used by Arabs to mean:

a. Who else?
b. What else?
c. Where else?
.ِ‫فِّٕدّي ؿَّديكٌ في اٌدبِِقَخ‬ .4
This sentence means:
a. I have a friend in the university.
b. He has a friend in the university.
c. You (m) have a friend in the university.

َُُ‫اٌَّغـْق‬............ .5

Which of the following words cannot be used to fill in the blank?


ِِْٓ .‫د‬ َٓ‫ أي‬.‫ة‬ ‫ َ٘ذا‬.‫أ‬
.‫رَخًُُ األفّبي ِ لبّدٌَِ ِِْٓ أِزيکب‬ .6
The sentence says, ”The businessman is .........”
a. leaving the USA
b. living in the USA
c. coming from the USA

Which of the following words is unlike the other two? .7


ٌ‫ ؿبٌِر‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ؿ‬َِّٕٛ .‫ة‬ ٌ‫ ػَيء‬.‫أ‬

Which of the following words is unlike the other two? .8


‫ في‬.‫د‬ َٓ‫أي‬ ِِْٓ .‫أ‬

. ..............ًَْ‫رـَفـَضـ‬ .9
This functional expression is used in one of the following situations. Which?
a. bad temper
b. polite request
c. friendly disagreement

!ً ‫ال‬َٙ‫ط‬ٚ ً ‫أ٘ال‬ . 10
The proper response to this functional expression is:
ِ‫ َِـَ اٌظَالَِخ‬.‫د‬ ً ‫ عـَجقب‬.‫ة‬ َِ‫َثِـه‬ٚ .‫أ‬

.ِ َُ‫ في اٌَّغق‬........... ٛ٘ . 11
Which of the following nouns cannot be used to fill in the blank?
ٌ‫ عـَجَبش‬.‫د‬ ُ ‫ اٌقبٍِِـَخ‬.‫ة‬ ًُِِ‫ اٌقب‬.‫أ‬
.ٌ‫يز ِ خَّديّدَح‬ٛ‫آٌـَخ ُ اٌزـَـ‬ . 12
This sentence says that .... .
a. the camera is new
b. the camera is lost
c. the camera is expensive

ِ‫رـَفـَضًَْ اٌی َِکزـَتِ اٌدَّبرن‬ . 13


This sentence means:
a. Go to the exit door!
b. Ask at the information booth!
c. Proceed to the customs office!

Which of the following options is a sentence? . 14


ٌ‫رز ؿَغيز‬ٛ‫ِپي‬ٛ‫ ک‬.‫رز ؿَغيزٌ د‬ٛ‫ِپي‬ٛ‫ اٌک‬.‫رز اٌـَغيزُ ة‬ٛ‫ِپي‬ٛ‫ اٌک‬.‫أ‬
.َْ‫أٔب فَزَثيَخٌ ِِْٓ ٌـُجٕب‬ . 15
The best translation of this sentence is:
a. I am an Arab from Lebanon.
b. I am the Arab from Lebanon.
c. I am the Lebanese from Arabia.

Which of the following is not a sentence? . 16


ٌ‫ر‬ٛٙ‫ أٌَّغقَُُ َِؼ‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ أألکًُ ٌـَذيذ‬.‫ة‬ ُ‫ أألکًُ اٌُّخزـٍَِف‬.‫أ‬
Which of the following is not a phrase? . 17
ِ‫ َِکزـَتُ اٌدَّبرن‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫اسُ ؿبٌـِر‬َٛ‫ أٌد‬.‫ة‬ ِ ‫رَخًُُ األفّبي‬
.ِ ‫اس‬ٛ‫ اٌد‬.......... ُ‫أٌزؤػي َزح‬ . 18
Which of the following prepositions makes the sentence meaningful?
‫ في‬.‫د‬ ِِْٓ .‫ة‬ ‫ اٌی‬.‫أ‬
.ٌ‫فِّٕدّي زَميجَخٌ کـَجيزَح‬ . 19
This sentence means:
a. I have a big suitcase.
b. I have a small suitcase.
c. I do not have a small suitcase.

Which of the following words does not belong with the other two? . 20
ٍ ‫ ٌِـَّديك‬.‫د‬ ٍ‫ ٌِظَٕـَخ‬.‫ة‬ ٍ ‫ز‬َٙ‫ ٌِؼـ‬.‫أ‬
Which of the following expressions does not imply agreement? . 21
ً ‫ عـَجقب‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ ػـَيء‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ ؿَسير‬.‫أ‬
!َُ‫کـًُُ ػـَيءٍ فٍی ِب يُزا‬ . 22

An Arab would use this expression to mean:


a. Everything is bad.
b. Everything is fine.
c. Everything is in a mess

.ٌ‫ؿ‬َِّٕٛ ُ‫٘ذا اٌؼـَيء‬ . 23


The best translation for this sentence is:
a. This thing is not allowed.
b. This thing is not forbidden.
c. This is the forbidden thing.

The definite article in Arabic is: . 24


a. prefixed to the noun
b. suffixed to the noun
c. prefixed to its adjective only

This marker, “ -ٌ “ is used in Arabic as indication of : . 25


a. an accusative case
b. a nominative case
c. a genitive case

Drill # 3: ُ‫ألخمرينُ الثـَالِث‬


a. Answer the following questions:
‫ ِبذا َِأل طبِِز في َِکزـَتِ اٌدَّبرنِ؟‬.1
‫ؿٌ؟‬َِّٕٛ ٌ‫ ًَْ٘ فِّٕدَ طبِِز ػـَيء‬.2
‫ز ٍ؟‬َٙ‫اسُ طبِِز ؿبٌِرٌ ٌِؼـ‬َٛ‫ ًَْ٘ خ‬.3
‫ ًَْ٘ رؤػيزَح ُ طبِِز ؿبٌِسَخٌ ٌِظَٕـَخٍ؟‬.4
‫ ِِْٓ أيَٓ طبِِز لبّدٌَِ؟‬.5
‫ أيَٓ رؤػيزَح ُ طبِِز؟‬.6
‫‪ ًَْ٘ .7‬آٌـَخ ُ رـَـ‪ٛ‬يز طبِِز لـَّديَّخٌ؟‬
‫‪ ًَْ٘ .8‬ک‪ِٛ‬پي‪ٛ‬رز طبِِز ؿَغيزٌ؟‬
‫‪ َٛ٘ َِْٓ .9‬رَخًُُ األفّبي ِ؟‬
‫‪ ًَْ٘ .10‬ؿَّديكُ طبِِز اٌَّغزثيُ رَخًُُ أفّبي؟‬
‫‪ ًَْ٘ .11‬طبِِز أِزيکيٌ؟‬
‫‪ ًَْ٘ .12‬زَميجَخ ُ طبِِز ؿَغيزَحٌ؟‬
‫?‪b. What is the proper response for each of the following functional expressions‬‬
‫‪ .1‬أ٘ال ً ‪ٚ‬طَ‪ٙ‬ال ً!‬
‫‪َِ .2‬زْزَجب ً‬
‫‪ .3‬کُـًُ ػـَيءٍ فٍی ِب يُزاَُ!‬
‫‪ .4‬رـَفـَضـًَْ ‪ /‬رـَفـََضـٍَي!‬

‫‪c. Rewrite the following sentences in the correct forms:‬‬

‫‪ .1‬أيَٓ (َِکزـَت) اٌدَّبرنِ؟‬


‫‪ .2‬أٌدَ‪ٛ‬اسُ (ؿبٌِر ٌِظَٕـَخ)‪.‬‬
‫‪( .3‬خَ‪ٛ‬اس) ٌيٍی في (اٌسَميجَخ)‪.‬‬
‫‪( .4‬کـً) ػـَيءٍ فٍی ِب (يُزاَ)!‬
‫‪( .5‬رؤػيزَح) األطزبذِ (ؿبٌِسَخ)‪.‬‬
‫‪ٌ .6‬يٍی رـُسِتُ (اٌغـَقبَ اٌقَزَثي)‪.‬‬

‫‪d. Provide the correct end-voweling to the underlined words:‬‬


‫‪َ َِ ًَْ٘ .1‬قهَ ػـَيء َِّٕ‪ٛ‬ؿ؟‬
‫‪ .2‬اِأل ْ َ٘ ِذِٖ األطزِّبرَح يب ٌيٍی!‬
‫‪ .3‬زَميجَخ طبِِز خَّديّدَح‪.‬‬
‫‪ .4‬رؤػيزَح األطزبذ في اٌدَ‪ٛ‬اس ِ‪.‬‬
.‫ؿ؟ ال عـَجـ‬َِّٕٛ ٌ‫ فِّٕدَن ػـَيء‬.5
.‫ أٔب أِزيکيٌ ِِْٓ أؿً فَزَثي‬.6
.‫رن‬ٛ‫ي‬ٛ‫ طبِِز لبّدَِ ِْٓ ٔي‬.7
!‫ رـَفـَضـٍَي اٌی َِکزـَت اٌدَّبرن‬.8

Drill # 4 :‫ألخمرينُ الرَابِع‬

Choose the correct options and explain WHY:


Which of the following options is a phrase? .1

ُ‫اسُ اٌٍـُجٕبٔي‬ٛ‫ أٌد‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ر‬ٛٙ‫ أٌَّغقَُُ َِؼ‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ أألکًُ ٌـَذيذ‬.‫أ‬


.ِ‫ اٌسَميجَخِ اٌـَغي َزح‬......... ‫اسُ٘ب‬َٛ‫خ‬ .2
Which of the following prepositions makes a good sentence?
‫ في‬.‫د‬ ِِٓ .‫ة‬ ‫ اٌی‬.‫أ‬
.ِ َُ‫ في اٌَّغق‬.......... َ‫٘ي‬ .3
Which of the following nouns cannot be used to make a correct sentence?
ًُِِ‫ اٌقب‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ عـَجَبخـَخ‬.‫ة‬ ُ ‫ اٌقبٍِِـَخ‬.‫أ‬
Only one of the following options is a sentence. Which? .4
ٌ‫رز ؿَغيز‬ٛ‫ِپي‬ٛ‫ ک‬.‫د‬ ُ‫رز اٌـغيز‬ٛ‫ِپي‬ٛ‫ اٌک‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫رز ؿَغيز‬ٛ‫ِپي‬ٛ‫ اٌک‬.‫أ‬
Which of the following words is unlike the other two? .5
‫ في‬.‫د‬ َٓ‫ أي‬.‫ة‬ ِِْٓ .‫أ‬
!ِ‫اٌی اٌٍمبء‬ .6
Only one of the following options is the proper response to the expression above.
Which?
ً ‫ عـَجقب‬.‫د‬ ِ‫ثِـه‬ٚ .‫ة‬ ِ‫ َِـَ اٌظَالَِخ‬.‫أ‬
.ِ َُ‫ اٌَّغق‬........ ًُُ‫أٌزَخ‬ .7
Only one of the following words cannot be used to fill in the blank. Which?
ِِْٓ .‫د‬ َٓ‫ أي‬.‫ة‬ ‫ في‬.‫أ‬
.‫رَخًُُ األفّبي ِ لبّدٌَِ ِِٓ أِزيکب‬ .8
This sentence is best translated as:
a. The businessman is leaving America.
b. The businessman is living in America.
c. The businessman is coming from America.

.ِ‫أٌسميجَخ ُ في ِّکزـَتِ اٌدَّبرن‬ .9


This sentence says that:
a. The suitcase is in the customs office.
b. The big suitcase is in the customs office.
c. The suitcase is not in the customs office.

ً ‫عـَجقب‬ . 10
An Arab would use this expression when she/he wants to say:
a. Not at all
b. Of course
c. How are you

Which of the following words can be used with either of the other two? . 11
ٌ‫ ػـَيء‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ ؿبٌِر‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ؿ‬َِّٕٛ .‫أ‬
‫ًَْ٘ کـًُُ ػـَيءٍ فٍی ِب يُزاَُ؟‬ . 12
This expression is used to ask if:
a. everything is fine
b. everything is going badly
c. everything is going as expected

‫ِبذا رـُسِتُ أيضب ً؟‬ٚ . 13


This expression means:
a. Where else do you go?
b. What else do you like?
c. Who else do you meet?

Which of the following words is unlike the other two? . 14


ٌ‫ؿ‬َِّٕٛ .‫د‬ ُ‫ أ ُزِت‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ ؿبٌِر‬.‫أ‬

.ِ‫اس ِاٌفزٔظي‬ٛ‫أٌزؤػيزَح ُفي َ٘ذا اٌد‬ . 15


The message which is expressed here is that:
a. The visa is in that French passport.
b. The visa is with this French passport.
c. The visa is inside this French passport.

.ِ‫اٌٍـَِٗ فِّٕدّي ؿَّديكٌ في اٌدبِِقَخ‬ٚ . 16


The sentence says that:
a. I have a friend in the university.
b. He has a friend in the university.
c. You (m) have a friend in the university.

.ُ ‫يز ِاٌدَّديّدَح‬ٛ‫أيَٓ آٌـَخ ُ اٌزـَـ‬ . 17


The question is about:
a. an old camera
b. a lost new camera
c. an expensive camera

. ...........ًَْ‫رـَفـَضـ‬ . 18
Arabs would use this expression when:
a. They express their condolences.
b. They request a favor from someone.
c. They ask someone to eat, proceed or sit down.

.ِ‫رّيٌ ِِْٓ اٌَّغزة‬ٛ‫أٔب ط‬ . 19


This sentence tells you that:
a. I am a Syrian from Morocco.
b. I am a Moroccan from Syria.
c. I am the Syrian from Morocco.

Only one of the following words is different from the other two. . 20
Which?
ُ‫ أٌـَّديك‬.‫د‬ ُ ‫ أٌظـَٕـَخ‬.‫ة‬ ُ‫ز‬َٙ‫ أٌؼـ‬.‫أ‬
.ِ‫رـَفـَضٍَي اٌی َِکزـَتِ اٌدَّب ِرن‬ . 21
This sentence means:
a. You (f) proceed to the customs office!
b. You (m) proceed to the customs office!
c. All of you proceed to the customs office!

Only one of the following options is a correct sentence. Which? . 22


ٌ‫ أٌزؤػيزَح ُ ؿبٌِسَخ‬.‫د‬ ِ‫ أطزبذ ُاٌدبِِقَخ‬.‫ة‬ ِ ‫ رَخًُُ األفّبي‬.‫أ‬
.ٍ‫اسُ ؿبٌِرٌ ٌِظَٕـَخ‬َٛ‫أٌد‬ . 23
This sentence says that:
a. The visa is valid for a year.
b. The passport is valid for a year
c. The passport is valid for less than a year.

‫ؿٌ في اٌَّغزِةِ؟‬َِّٕٛ ُ‫ًَْ٘ ٘ذا اٌؼـَيء‬ . 24

This question can best be translated as:


a. Is this thing allowed in Morocco?
b. Is this thing forbidden in Morocco?
c. Is this thing encouraged in Morocco?

Which of the following do not take short vowels for case markers? . 25
a. Nouns
b. Adjectives
c. Prepositions

Reading Exercise: :ِ‫حمرين القرا َءة‬


Read the following words, phrases and sentences into your tape recorder, then listen to
them. Give the tape to your teacher to check your performance:

ٌ‫ؿ‬َِّٕٛ ًُْ‫رـَفـَض‬ ٌ‫عـَجقب ً رؤػيزَحٌ ػـَيء‬


ٍ‫ز ٍ ٌِظَٕـَخ‬َٙ‫ؽّديكٌ خَّديّدَحٌ ٌِؼـ‬ َ
‫يز ِ ِِْٓ أيَٓ؟‬ٛ‫زَميجَخٌ کـَجيزَحٌ آٌـَخ ُاٌزـَـ‬
ِ‫َِـَ اٌظَالَِخ‬ ً ‫ال‬َٙ‫ط‬ٚ ً ‫أ٘ال‬ ٍ ‫رَخًُُ أفّبي‬
ً ‫ِبذا أيضب‬ٚ ِ‫اسٌ ؿبٌِرٌ رؤػيزَحٌ خَّديّدَحٌ َِکزـَتُ اٌدّبرن‬َٛ‫خ‬
.ٍ‫اسُ ؿبٌِرٌ ٌِظَٕـَخ‬َٛ‫أٌد‬
.ٌ‫يز ِ خَّديّدَح‬ٛ‫آٌـَخ ُ اٌزـَـ‬
.ِ‫ أطزبذٌ في اٌدبِِقَخ‬ٛ٘
.ٌ‫رز ؿَغيز‬ٛ‫ِپي‬ٛ‫َ٘ذا اٌک‬
.ٍ‫أٌزـَؤػيزَح ُ ؿبٌِسَخٌ ٌِظَٕـَخ‬
.َُ‫کـًُُ ػـَيءٍ فٍی ِب يُزا‬
‫ًَْ٘ فِٕ َّدنِ ػَيءٌ َِّٕ‪ٛ‬ؿٌ؟‬
‫ضًْ اٌی َِکزـَتِ اٌدَّبرنِ!‬ ‫رـَفـَ ُ‬
‫أأل ُطزبذ ُ اٌَّغزثيُ لبّدٌَِ ِِْٓ اٌزِثبطِ‪.‬‬
‫أٌزـَؤػيزَح ُ اٌدَّديّدح ُ في خَ‪ٛ‬اس ِاٌظَفـَز ِ‪.‬‬
‫رَخًُُ األفّبي ِ األِزيکيُ لبّدٌَِ ِِْٓ ‪ٚ‬اػٕغٓ‪.‬‬
‫‪Unit # 3‬‬ ‫ألوحدة رَقم (‪:)3‬‬

‫‪Faris is renting a room in a hotel in Algers. He has the following conversation with‬‬
‫‪the receptionist.‬‬

‫ِ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفخ ُ األطزِمجبي ِ‪ :‬أ٘ال ً ‪ٚ‬طَ‪ٙ‬ال ً!‬


‫فبرِص‪ :‬أ٘ال ً ‪ٚ‬طَ‪ٙ‬ال ً ثِـهِ يب آِٔظَخ ُ!‬
‫ِ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفخ ُ األطزِمجبي ِ‪ :‬أيََخ َ خِّدَِخٍ؟‬
‫فبرِص‪ :‬أ ُريّدُ غُزفـَخ ً‪.‬‬
‫ِ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفخ ُ األطزِمجبي ِ‪ :‬فِّٕدّي غـُزفخٌ في اٌغـَب َثكِ اٌزَاثِـ ِ‪.‬‬
‫فبرِص‪ ًَْ٘ :‬في اٌفـُٕ ُّدقِ ِِـقَّدٌ؟‬
‫ِ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفخ ُ األطزِمجبي ِ‪ :‬عـَجقبً‪ٌٚ ،‬کْٓ ٌألطَفِ ٘‪ٛ‬فبعًٌِ اٌيَ‪.ََٛ‬‬
‫فبرِص‪ :‬فبعًٌِ اٌي‪ !ََٛ‬يب ٌٍِسَؼ ِ!ًَْ٘ في اٌغـُزفـَخِ زََّبٌَ؟‬
‫ِ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفخ ُ األطزِمجبي ِ‪ٔ :‬ـَقَُْ‪ِٚ ،‬بءٌ طبخٌِٓ ‪ٚ‬ثبرّدٌ‪.‬‬
‫فبرِص‪ٚ :‬اٌظَزيزُ؟‬
‫ِ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفخ ُ األطزِمجبي ِ‪ :‬أٌظَزيزُ کـَجيزٌ‪ٚ ،‬في اٌغـُزفـَخِ ٘برِفٌ‪.‬‬
‫فبرِص‪٘ :‬برِفٌ؟‬
‫ِ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفخ ُ األطزِمجبي ِ‪ :‬رـٍَـَفـَ‪.ْٛ‬‬
‫فبرِص‪٘ :‬برِفٌ! ُِّزبسٌ!‬
‫ِ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفخ ُ األطزِمجبي ِ‪ٚ :‬رـٍَفشي‪ُِٚ ْٛ‬کيِفٌ‪.‬‬
‫فبرِص‪ُِّ :‬زبسٌ‪ُِّ ،‬زبسٌ! کـَُْ األخ َزحُ؟‬
‫ِ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفخ ُ األطزِمجبي ِ‪ِ :‬بئخ ُ ّد‪ٚ‬الر ٌٍِـَيٍـَخِ اٌ‪ٛ‬ازِ َّدحِ‪.‬‬
‫فبرِص‪٘ :‬ذا غبي ٍ خـِّدَا ً! ًَْ٘ فِٕ َّدنِ غـُزفـَخٌ أؿغـَزُ؟‬
‫ِ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفخ ُ األطزِمجبي ِ‪ٔ :‬ـَقَُْ‪ٌٚ ،‬کْٓ ثِّد‪ ِ ْٚ‬زََّبَ ٍ‪.‬‬
‫فبرِص‪ :‬ال‪ ،‬ثؤصَ! في أّيِ عبثَك ٍ؟‬
‫ِ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفخ ُ األطزِمجبي ِ‪ :‬في اٌغـَبثَك ِ اٌظَبثِـ ِ‪.‬‬
‫فبرِص‪ :‬في اٌغـَبثَك ِ اٌظَبثِـ ِ‪ٚ ،‬ثِّد‪ِِ ِ ْٚ‬ـقَّدٍ!‬
‫ِ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفخ ُ األطزِمجبي ِ‪ :‬آطِفـَخٌ! ِب فِّٕدّي غـُزفخٌ أ ُخزی‪.‬‬
‫فبرِص‪٘ :‬ذا ػيءٌ غـَيزُ َِقم‪ٛ‬ي ٍ!‬
‫ِ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفخ ُ األطزِمجبي ِ‪ :‬أٔب آطِفـَخٌ ٘ذا کـًُُ ِب فِّٕدَٔب‪.‬‬
‫فبرِص‪ :‬ال ثؤصَ! ال ثؤصَ! ٘بدِ اٌِّفزبذَ!‬
‫ِ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفخ ُ األطزِمجبي ِ‪ :‬اِأل ْ٘ ِذِٖ االطزّبرَح َ أ‪َٚ‬ال ً‪ ِِْٓ ،‬فـَضٍِهَ‪.‬‬
‫فبرِص‪ :‬زبضِزْ!‬
‫ن اٌّدَائَُِ ‪.......‬‬ ‫ن ‪ٚ‬فُٕ‪ٛ‬أـَ َ‬ ‫ِ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفخ ُ األطزِمجبي ِ‪ :‬أکزـُتْ اطَُ َ‬
‫فبرِص‪ :‬اطّي ‪ٚ‬فُٕ‪ٛ‬أي اٌّدَائَُِ ‪.......‬‬
‫ن ‪ٚ‬فَّدَّدَ اٌٍيبٌي ‪........‬‬ ‫ِ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفخ ُ األطزِمجبي ِ‪ٚٚ :‬ؽيفـَزـَ َ‬
‫فبرِص‪ٚٚ :‬ؽيفـَزي ‪ٚ‬فَّدَّدَ اٌٍيبٌي‪ ،‬رـَفـَضـٍَي!‬
‫ِ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفخ ُ األطزِمجبي ِ‪ :‬ػـُکزا ً‪٘ٚ ،‬ذا ٘‪ ٛ‬اٌِّفزبذُ‪.‬‬
‫ن!‬
‫ن اٌٍـَُٗ ثـِ ِ‬
‫فبرِص‪ :‬ػـُکزاً‪ ،‬ثبرَ َ‬
Cultural Expressions: : ‫العباراثُ الشـَائِعَت‬

What can I do for you ‫أيـَخ ُ خِّدَِخٍ؟‬


sorry (m)/(f) ٌ‫ آطِفـَخ‬/ ٌ‫آطِف‬
Excellent! !ٌ‫ُِّزبس‬
Fine!, O.K.! ً ‫زظَٕب‬ َ / ْ‫ عيِت‬/ْ‫زبضِز‬
You (m), (f) fill out the form! !َ ‫ّي ٘ ِذِٖ األطزِّبرَح‬/ ‫اِأل‬
How much is the rate? ُ ‫کـَُْ األخزَح‬
This is a reasonable thing! !ٌ‫ي‬ٛ‫٘ذا ػـَيءٌ َِقم‬
This is an unreasonable thing! !ٍ ‫ي‬ٛ‫٘ذا ػـَيءٌ غـَيزُ َِقم‬
You (m), (f), (pl) give me! !‫ا‬ٛ‫ ٘بر‬/ !‫ ٘بري‬/ !ِ‫٘بد‬
I, You (m), (f), we have ‫ فِّٕدَٔب‬/ َِ‫ فِٕ َّدن‬/ ‫فِّٕدّي‬
O.K. , fine, no problem َ‫ال ثؤص‬
What a luck? !ِ ‫يب ٌٍِسَؼ‬
The Vocabulary: :ُ‫ألمُفرَداث‬
telephone )َْٛ‫٘برِفٌ (رـٍَـَفـ‬
television ْٛ‫رـٍَـَفشي‬
air conditioner ٌ‫ُِکيِف‬
bed ٌ‫فِزاع‬
shower ٌَ‫زََّب‬
key ٌ‫ِِفزبذ‬
room ٌ‫غـُزفـَخ‬
floor ٌ‫عبثَك‬
elevator ٌ‫ِِـقَّد‬
hotel ٌ‫فـُّٕدُق‬
job, vocation ٌ‫َؽيفـَخ‬ٚ
water ٌ‫ِبء‬
without ِ ْٚ‫ثـِّد‬
with regret ِ َ‫ٌِألط‬
‫ف‬
less expensive, cheaper ُ‫أرخـَؾ‬
expensive ٍ ‫غبي‬
constant, continuant ٌُِ‫ّدائ‬
cold ٌ‫ ح‬/ ٌ‫ثبرِّد‬
hot ٌ‫ ح‬/ ٌِٓ‫طبخ‬
broken, not working ًٌِ‫فبع‬
what (a question word about things) ‫ِب‬
$ 100 ‫الر‬ٚ‫ِبئخ ُ ّد‬
thank you ً‫ػـُکزا‬
no problem ً‫ا‬ٛ‫فَف‬
for a night ٍ‫ٌٍِـَيٍـَخ‬
which (a question word) ُ ‫ أيَخ‬/ ُ‫أّي‬
how many, how much? َُْ‫کـ‬
but ِْٓ‫ ٌـَک‬، ِْٓ‫ٌـَک‬ٚ

Grammar: :‫القواعِد‬

Idaafa is used in Arabic to indicate a relationship between two or more nouns as in:

the man’s passport ِ ًُ‫اسُ اٌزَخ‬َٛ‫خ‬


The first noun is called “the first term of Idaafa,” and the second noun is called the
“second term of Idaafa.”

The first term of Idaafa can never take the Arabic definite article. Its definiteness or lack
of it depends on the second term. The second term can carry the definite article.

an airport policeman ٍ ‫ػـُزعيُ َِغبر‬


the airport policeman ِ ‫ػـُزعيُ اٌَّغبر‬
The first term of Idaafa does not take Nunation even though the second term does.
ٍ ًُ‫غـُزفـَخ ُ رَخ‬
The first term can be in any case, depending on its function in a given sentence.
ٍ‫زَميجَخِ عبٌِجَخ‬ ٍ‫زَميجَخ َ عبٌِجَخ‬ ٍ‫زَميجَخ ُ عبٌِجَخ‬
As you must have noticed the second term is always in the genitive case.

The two terms of Idaafa should not be separated. The only word that can be placed
between them is a demonstrative pronoun.

the elevator of this hotel ِ ‫ِِـقَّدُ ٘ذا اٌفـُّٕدِق‬


Although Arabic requires that the adjective should follow the noun it modifies, in the
case of Idaafa, the adjective must follow the second term even though it is related to the
first term.

the man’s new visa ُ‫رؤػيزَح ُ اٌزَخًُُ ِ اٌدَّدي َّدح‬

Verb Conjugation: :‫حـَصريف األفعال‬

The following verb is conjugated to present tense for the singular pronouns.
to desire, want, wish, would like َ‫أراّد‬
‫هي‬ ‫هو‬ ِ‫أنج‬ َ‫أنج‬ ‫أنا‬

ُ‫رـُزيّد‬ ُ‫يُزيّد‬ َٓ‫رـُزيّدي‬ ُ‫رـُزيّد‬ ُ‫أ ُريّد‬


Drill # 1: :‫ألخمرين األّوَل‬

Use the words and phrases in the Vocabulary List in good sentences.

Drill # 2: :‫ألخمرين الثاني‬


!ً ‫َال‬ٚ‫اِأل ْ٘ ِذِٖ األطزِّبرَح َ أ‬ .1
This sentence means:
a. Take this form first!
b. Fill in this form first!
c. Give me this form first!
.ٌ‫ خَّديّد‬............... .2
Which of the following options makes a correct sentence?

ِ ‫ يب ٌٍِسَؼ‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ غـُزفـَخ‬.‫ة‬ ُ‫ أٌُّکيِف‬.‫أ‬

ِ ‫أٌِّـقَّدُ في اٌغـَبثك ِ اٌزَاثِـ‬ .3

The best translation for this sentence is:


a. The room is on the seventh floor.
b. The elevator is on the fourth floor
c. The bathroom is on the fourth floor.

!َ‫ال ثؤص‬ .4
This functional expression implies:
a. refusal
b. happiness
c. acceptance

Which of the following options can be used with either of the other two? .5
ٌ‫ ؿبٌِر‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ؿ‬َِّٕٛ .‫ة‬ ٌ‫ ػـَيء‬.‫أ‬

!َ‫أ ُريّدُ ػـَيئب ً أرخَؾ‬ .6


This sentence implies that you are:
a. selling b. betting c. bargaining

.ِ‫فِّٕدّي ؿَّديكٌ في اٌدبِِقَخ‬ .7


This sentence means:
a. He has a friend in the university.
b. I have a friend in the university.
c. You (m) have a friend in the university.

!ٛ‫أٌقَف‬ .8
This is the proper response to the expression in option:
ً ‫ َِززَجب‬.‫د‬ ً ‫ ػـُکزا‬.‫ة‬ ً ‫َال‬ٚ‫ أ‬.‫أ‬
.ٌ‫ األخزَح َ غبٌيَخ‬.............. َ ‫أ ُريّدُ ٘ ِذِٖ اٌغـُزفـَخ‬ .9
Which of the following options makes a good sentence?
‫ ِب‬.‫د‬ َِٓ‫ ٌـَک‬.‫ة‬ ِ ْٚ‫ ثـِّد‬.‫أ‬

.ِ‫اس ِ اٌدَّديّد‬َٛ‫ اٌد‬.......... ُ‫أٌزؤػي َزح‬ . 10


Only one of the following prepositions makes the sentence correct. Which?
‫ اٌی‬.‫د‬ ِِْٓ .‫ة‬ ‫ في‬.‫أ‬

.ٌ‫ثبرّد‬ٚ ٌِٓ‫ اٌسََّبَ ِِبءٌ طبخ‬.............. . 11


Which of the following prepositions can be used to fill in the blank?
ِِْٓ .‫د‬ ‫ اٌی‬.‫ة‬ ‫ في‬.‫أ‬

!ٍ ‫ي‬ٛ‫٘ذا ػَيءٌ غَيزُ َِقم‬ . 12


If you say something like this, you mean you:
a. forgot what you just heard
b. believe what you just heard
c. cannot believe what you just heard

Which of the following expressions does not imply agreement? . 13


ً ‫ عـَجقب‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ ػـَيء‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ ؿَسير‬.‫أ‬
............... ٌ‫٘ ِذِٖ اٌغـُزفـَخ ُغبٌيَخ‬ . 14
One of the following options cannot be used to fill in the blank. Which?
ً ‫ أيضب‬.‫د‬ َُْ‫ کـ‬.‫ة‬ ً ‫ خـِّدَا‬.‫أ‬
Which of the following options is unlike the other two? . 15

‫ ثبرِّد‬.‫د‬ ‫ أرخَؾ‬.‫ة‬ ٓ‫ طبخ‬.‫أ‬

Which of the following words can be used with either of the other . 16
two?
ُ‫ اٌـِزاثِـ‬.‫د‬ ُ‫ اٌُّکيِف‬.‫ة‬ ُ‫أ اٌخب ِِض‬
Which of the following is not a sentence? . 17
ٌ‫ أٌّبءُ ثبرّد‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ اٌظَزيزُ کـَجيز‬.‫ة‬ ُ ‫اٌغـُزفَخ‬ٚ ُ‫ أٌِّفزبذ‬.‫أ‬
.ٌ‫في اٌغـُزفـخِ طَزيزٌ کـَجيز‬ . 18
This sentence says:
a. The big bed is in the big room.
b. There is a big bed in the room.
c. There is a bed in the big room.

.ٌ‫فِّٕدّي زَميجَخٌ کـَجيزَح‬ . 19


This sentence says:
a. I have a big suitcase.
b. I have a new suitcase
c. I have a small suitcase.

.َ‫٘بدِ األطزِّب َرحَ ِِْٓ فـَضٍِه‬ . 20


This imperative sentence is asking to:
a. take the form
b. fill out the form
c. hand in the form
ٌ‫ُِّزبس‬ . 21
Use of this expression implies:
a. doubt
b. disbelief
c. satisfaction

Which of the following statements is correct? . 22


a. The first term of Idaafa can be any case.
b. The second term of Idaafa can be any case.
c. The first term of Idaafa can take Nunation.

The first term of Idaafa cannot take: . 23


a. an adjective
b. a definite article
c. an accusative marker

.ِ ‫زَميجَزي اٌکجي َزحُ في غـُزفـَزي في اٌفـُّٕدُق‬ . 24


This sentence implies that:
a. I am traveling
b. I have a lot of luggage
c. I am staying with my family
‫٘بدِ ِبءً طبخِٕبً !‬ ‫‪. 25‬‬
‫‪You are asking for:‬‬
‫‪a. hot water‬‬ ‫‪b. cold water‬‬ ‫‪c. mineral water‬‬

‫‪Drill # 3:‬‬ ‫ألخمرين الثالث‪:‬‬


‫‪a. Answer the following questions:‬‬
‫‪ .1‬کـَُْ األخزَح ُ ٌٍِيٍـَخِ اٌ‪ٛ‬ازِ َّدحِ؟‬
‫‪ِ .2‬بذا يُزيّدُ فبرص؟‬
‫‪ .3‬کـَيفَ اٌظَزيزُ في اٌغـُزفـَخِ؟‬
‫‪ ًَْ٘ .4‬في اٌغـُزفـَخِ ُِکيِفٌ ‪ٚ‬رٍفشيَ‪ْٛ‬؟‬
‫‪ِ .5‬بذا َِأل فبرص؟‬
‫‪ِ .6‬بذا کـَزـَتَ فبرص في األطزِّب َرحِ؟‬
‫‪b. Write the appropriate questions for the following statements:‬‬

‫‪ٔ .1‬ـَقَُْ‪ ،‬اٌغـُزفـَخ ُ في اٌغـَبثك اٌزَاثِـ‪.‬‬


‫‪ .2‬أٌِّـْقَّدُ في اٌغـَبثك اٌظَبثِـ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .3‬ال‪ ،‬في اٌغـُزفـَخِ زََّبٌَ ؿَغيزٌ‪.‬‬
‫‪ٔ .4‬ـَقَُْ‪ ،‬فِّٕدّي ِِفزبذُ اٌغـُزفـَخِ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .5‬ال‪ٌ ،‬ألطَفِ اٌّبءُ ثبرّدٌ‪.‬‬
‫‪c. Give the correct form of the words between brackets:‬‬

‫‪٘ .1‬ذا ِِـْقَّدُ اٌفـُّٕدق ‪( . .............‬فبعٍِـَخٌ)‬


‫‪ ........... . 2‬في اٌغـُزفخِ کـَجيزٌ‪( .‬طَزيز)‬
‫‪ .3‬أيَٓ األطزِّبرَح ُ ‪ ............‬؟ (خَّديّد)‬
‫‪٘ .4‬ذا ػـَيءٌ غـَيزُ ‪َِ( ! ............‬قم‪ٛ‬ي)‬
‫‪ .5‬اٌُّکيَفُ في اٌغـُزفـَخِ ‪( . ..........‬اٌمـَّديُ)‬
‫‪ِ ٘ .6‬ذِٖ غـَزفـَخٌ ‪( ...........‬رَخيؾ)‬
‫‪d. Underline the Idaafa constructs in the following sentences:‬‬

‫‪ .1‬في فـُّٕدُق اٌَّغبرِ َِغقٌَُ کـَجيزٌ‪.‬‬


‫‪ .2‬ػـُزعيُ اٌَّغبرِ في َِکزـَجِِٗ اٌدَّديّدِ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ًَْ٘ .3‬خَ‪ٛ‬اسُ اٌظَفـَزِ ؿبٌِرٌ ٌِظَٕـَخٍ؟‬
‫‪ .4‬أخْزَح ُ اٌغـُزفـَخِ في ٘ذا اٌفـُٕ ُّدقِ غبٌيَخٌ خـِّدَا ً‪.‬‬
‫‪ .5‬أيَٓ زَميجَخ ُ اٌزَخًُ اٌفـَزٔظي؟‬
‫‪ .6‬ؿَّديمي ٘‪َِٛ ٛ‬ؽـَفُ األطزمجبيِ اٌدَّديّدُ‪.‬‬
‫‪e. Rearrange the following words to make correct sentences:‬‬

‫ٌـُجٕبٔي‬ ‫أٔب‬ ‫ثَيز‪ٚ‬د عـَجَبشٌ ِِْٓ‬ ‫‪.1‬‬


‫غـَيزُ ٘ذا َِقم‪ٛ‬يٍ ػـَيءٌ ‪ٚ‬اٌٍـَِٗ !‬ ‫‪.2‬‬
‫ػـَيءٌ ؟ ال عـَجقبٌ!‬ ‫ًَْ٘‬ ‫ن َِّٕ‪ٛ‬ؿٌ‬ ‫فِّٕدَ َِ‬ ‫‪.3‬‬
‫فٍی !‬ ‫يُزاَُ‬ ‫ػـَيءٍ کـًُُ‬ ‫ِب‬ ‫‪.4‬‬
‫أخ َزحُ‬ ‫ّد‪ٚ‬الر ٌٍِيٍـَخٍ‬ ‫اٌغزفخِ‬ ‫‪ٚ‬ازِّدحٍ ِبئَخ ُ‬ ‫‪.5‬‬
‫أ٘ال ً !‬ ‫ن‬
‫ثٍَـَّدِ َِ‬ ‫‪ٚ‬طَ‪ٙ‬ال ً في‬ ‫ن اٌقَزَثيِ‬ ‫ثـ َِ‬ ‫‪.6‬‬

‫‪Drill # 4‬‬ ‫الخمرين الرَابِع‪:‬‬


‫‪Choose the correct options and explain WHY:‬‬

‫أريّدُ غزفخ ً في‪ٙ‬ب زََّبٌَ ‪. ......................‬‬ ‫‪.1‬‬


‫‪The receptionist would not understand you if you use option ....... to complete this‬‬
‫‪sentence.‬‬
‫د‪ .‬ألخ َزحٍ ‪ٚ‬ازِ َّدحٍ‬ ‫ة‪ٌٍِ .‬ـَيٍـَخٍ ‪ٚ‬ازِ َّدحٍ‬ ‫أ‪ٌِ .‬يَ‪ٚ ٍ َٛ‬ازِّدٍ‬

‫ػـُکزا ً‬ ‫‪.2‬‬
‫‪The proper response to this functional expression is:‬‬
‫د‪َِّ .‬زبسٌ‬ ‫ة‪ .‬أٌقَف‪ٛ‬‬ ‫ن‬
‫ن اٌٍـَُٗ ثـِ َِ‬
‫أ‪ .‬ثبرَ َ‬

‫أٌِّـقَّدُ فبعًٌِ في اٌغـَبثك اٌزاثِـ‪.‬‬ ‫‪.3‬‬


The sentence says that the elevator ........... .
a. is broken on the fourth floor.
b. is coming to the fourth floor.
c. does not go to the fourth floor.

Which of the following options is an example of Idaafa? .4


ًٌِ‫ ِِـقَّدٌ فبع‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ أٌّبءُ ثبرّد‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫َؽـَفخ ُ األطزِمجبي‬ِٛ .‫أ‬
ُ‫رـُزيّد‬ .5
This form of verb does not correspond to option ..... .
َ‫ أٔذ‬.‫د‬ ‫ ٘ي‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫ أٔذ‬.‫أ‬

!ٌ‫ؿ‬َِّٕٛ ٌ‫ فِّٕدّي ػـَيء‬،َ‫ال ثؤص‬ .6


Using this sentence says that you ....... .
a. deny having something that is illegal
b. acknowledge that you have an illegal thing
c. wonder if you have done something that is illegal

. ................ ‫َؽيفخ ُ في‬ٌٛ‫ا‬ٚ ُُِ‫اُْ اٌّدائ‬ُٕٛ‫اٌق‬ٚ ُُ‫أألط‬ .7


Only one of the following nouns cannot be used to fill in the blank. Which?
ِ‫ األخ َزح‬.‫د‬ ِ‫ األطزِّب َرح‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫ اٌزـَؤػي َزح‬.‫أ‬

!َِ‫ثب َرنَ اٌٍـَُٗ ثِـه‬ .8

This functional expression is used to express:


a. agreement
b. frustration
c. appreciation

! ........... ‫اِألّي األطزِّب َرحَ في‬ .9


Option ..... makes a good sentence.
َِ‫ اٌسََّب‬.‫د‬ ِ‫ اٌظَزيز‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫ اٌَّغبر‬.‫أ‬

. ..................... ٌ‫في زََّبَِ اٌفـُٕ ُّدقِ ِبء‬ . 10


Which of the following adjectives makes the sentence correct?
ٍ ‫ غبي‬.‫د‬ ًٌِ‫ فبع‬.‫ة‬ ٌِٓ‫ طبخ‬.‫أ‬

. ........... ْٚ‫٘ي ثـِّد‬ٚ ٌ‫٘ ِذِٖ اٌغـُزفـَخ ُ غبٌِيَخ‬ . 11


Which of the following options makes the sentence correct?
ٍ‫ رؤػي َزح‬.‫د‬ ٍ ‫ طَزيز‬.‫ة‬ ٍ َ‫ زََّب‬.‫أ‬

.ٌ‫أ ُريّدُ ٘ ِذِٖ اٌغـُزفخ َ ٌکَِٓ األخزَح َ غبٌيَخ‬ . 12


This sentence implies that you find the rate:
a. expensive
b. reasonable
c. rather cheap
Which of the following does not imply an imperative? . 13
َ‫ ال ثؤص‬.‫د‬ ِ‫ ٘بد‬.‫ة‬ ْ ‫ اِأل‬.‫أ‬
.ٌ‫ کـَجيز‬.............. ِ‫في اٌغـُزفخ‬ . 14
Only one of the following nouns cannot be used to fill in the blank. Which?
ٌ‫ ِِـقَّد‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ طَزيز‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ ُِکيِف‬.‫أ‬

.َ‫ ثَغّداّد‬......... ٌَِ‫٘ذا اٌزَخًُُ لبّد‬ . 15


Which of the following prepositions makes the sentence correct?
ِِْٓ .‫د‬ ِ‫ ثـ‬.‫ة‬ ‫ في‬.‫أ‬

!ٌ‫ي‬ٛ‫ ٘ذا ػَيءٌ َِقم‬،َ‫ال ثؤص‬ . 16


If you say this sentence to someone, she/he would get the message that you are:
a. cheated
b. convinced
c. very angry

‫أيَخ َ خِّدَِخٍ؟‬ . 17
This functional expression means:
a. Have we met before?
b. Who is your employer?
c. What can I do for you?

‫ األفّبي ِ؟‬............... ُُ‫ِب اط‬ . 18


If you would like to come up with a good example of Idaafa, which option would you
avoid to choose?
ِ ‫ أطزِمجبي‬.‫د‬ ِ‫َؽـَف‬ِٛ .‫ة‬ ِ ًُ‫ رَخ‬.‫أ‬

Which of the following options cannot be used to describe one certain . 19


thing?
ٌُ‫لـَّدي‬ٚ ٌ‫ خَّديّد‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫خَّديّد‬ٚ ٍ ‫ غبي‬.‫ة‬ ٍ ‫غبي‬ٚ ٌُ‫ لـَّدي‬.‫أ‬

.ٍ‫ فَزَثي‬.............. ِِْٓ ٌ‫أٔب أِزيکي‬ . 20


Which of the following nouns can be used to fill in the blank?

ٍ َِ‫ لبّد‬.‫د‬ ٍ ً‫ أؿ‬.‫ة‬ ٍ‫اس‬َٛ‫ خ‬.‫أ‬

!ِ‫األطزِّبرَح َ في اٌَّکزـَت‬.............. . 21
Which of the imperative verbs would you use if you want to say, “Fill in this form in the
office!”
‫ا‬ٚ‫ أِأل‬.‫د‬ ‫ا‬ٍَٛ‫ رـَفـَضـ‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫ ٘بد‬.‫أ‬

.ْٛ‫رـٍَـَف‬ٚ ٌ‫ُِکيِف‬ٚ ٌَ‫ب زََّب‬ٙ‫في‬ٚ ٌ‫اٌغـُزفخ ُ کـَجيزح‬ . 22

Therefore, it is:
ٌ‫ خَّديّدَح‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ رَخيـَخ‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ غبٌيَخ‬.‫أ‬

.ِ ‫ اٌفّٕدُق‬............ ‫ؿَّديمي فبًٌِِ في‬ . 23


Which of the following nouns cannot be used to fill in the blank?
ِ ‫ َِغبر‬.‫د‬ ِ‫ ِِـقَّد‬.‫ة‬ ِ َُ‫ َِغق‬.‫أ‬

The only word you can place between the first term and the second . 24
term of Idaafa is:
a. an adjective
b. a preposition
c. a demonstrative pronoun

The second term of Idaafa is always in the: . 25


a. genitive case
b. accusative case
c. nominative case
‫‪Reading Exercise:‬‬ ‫حمرين القِراءَة‪:‬‬
‫‪Read the following words, phrases and sentences into your tape recorder, then listen to‬‬
‫‪them. Give the tape to your teacher to check your performance:‬‬

‫ِب ٌء‬ ‫غـُزفـَخٌ ِِـقَّدٌ فـُٕ ُّدقٌ فبعًٌِ‬


‫ال ثؤصَ‬ ‫ُِکيـِفٌ ثـِّد‪ُِّ ِ ْٚ‬زب ٌس‬ ‫طَزيزٌ‬
‫طَزيزٌ کـَجيزٌ‬ ‫ِبءٌ طبخٌِٓ‬ ‫أ‪َٚ‬ال ً‬ ‫آطِفـَخٌ‬
‫ثـِّد‪ ِ ْٚ‬زََّبَ ٍ في اٌغـَبثك ِ اٌزَاثِـ ِ ػـَيءٌ غـَيزُ َِقم‪ٛ‬ي ٍ‬
‫ػـَيءٌ َِقم‪ٛ‬ي ٍ‬ ‫ِبءٌ طبخٌِٓ ‪ٚ‬ثبرِّدٌ ٘ذا غبي ٍ خـِّدَا ً‬
‫في اٌفـُّٕدُق ِ ِِـقَّدٌ‪.‬‬
‫أٌغـُزفـَخ ُ ثـِّد‪ ِ ْٚ‬زََّبَ ٍ‪.‬‬
‫کـَُْ أخ َزحُ اٌغـُزفـَخِ؟‬
‫ِِـْقَّدُ اٌفـُّٕدُق ِفبعًٌِ‪.‬‬
‫ًَْ٘ في اٌغـُزفـَخِ زََّبٌَ؟‬
‫ًَْ٘ فِٕ َّدنَ غـُزفـَخٌ أرخَؾُ؟‬
‫ال ثؤصَ‪٘ ،‬بدِ اٌِّفزبذَ!‬
‫٘بدِ ِِفزبذَ اٌغـُزفـَخِ اٌکـَجي َزحِ!‬
‫اِألّي ٘ذِٖ األطزِّبرَح َ ِِْٓ فضٍِهِ!‬
‫في اٌسََّبَ ِ اٌدَّديّدِ ِبءٌ طبخٌِٓ ‪ٚ‬ثبرِّدٌ‪.‬‬
‫‪Unit # 4‬‬ ‫ألوحدَة رَقم )‪(4‬‬
‫‪Michael arrived in Damascus last night. This morning he had breakfast in a nearby‬‬
‫‪cafeteria. The following conversation took place between him and the waiter.‬‬

‫أٌدَزطَ‪ :ْٛ‬ؿَجبذَ اٌخـَيزِ‪ ،‬يب أطزبذ ُ!‬


‫ِبيکًِ‪ :‬ؿَجبذَ إٌـُ‪ٛ‬ر ِ!‬
‫أٌدَزطَ‪ ًَْ٘ :ْٛ‬رـُسِتُ ػـَيئب ً؟‬
‫ِبيکًِ‪ٔ :‬ـَقَُْ‪٘ ،‬بدِ ٌي لـَ‪ٛٙ‬ح ً ِِْٓ فـَضٍِهَ‪.‬‬
‫أٌدَزطَ‪ :ْٛ‬ثبٌسٍَيتِ ‪ٚ‬اٌظُکـَز؟‬
‫ِبيکًِ‪ :‬ثبٌسٍَيتِ فـَمـظ‪.‬‬
‫أٌدَزطَ‪ :ْٛ‬أّيَ ػـَيءٍ آخـَزَ؟‬
‫ِبيکًِ‪ِ :‬بذا فِّٕدَکـُُ؟‬
‫أٌدَزطَ‪ :ْٛ‬فِّٕدَٔب ثَيضٌ ‪ٚ‬خُجٌٓ ‪ٚ‬فَـيزٌ ‪....... ٚ‬‬
‫ِبيکًِ‪ِٚ :‬بذا أيضبً؟‬
‫أٌدَزطَ‪ :ْٛ‬فِّٕدٔب کـَقهٌ ‪ٚ‬خـُجشٌ فَزَثيٌ ‪........ ٚ‬‬
‫ِبيکًِ‪٘ :‬بدِ ٌي ثَيضبً ‪ٚ‬خـُجشاً فَزَثيَبً ‪ٚ‬فَـيزَ ثُزرـُمبي‪.‬‬
‫أٌدَزطَ‪ ًَْ٘ :ْٛ‬رـُسِتُ اٌجَيضَ َِمٍيَبً أ‪َِ ٚ‬ظٍ‪ٛ‬لبً؟‬
‫ن‪ .‬أيَٓ َِسًَُ ثَيـِ اٌدَزائِّدِ؟‬ ‫ِبيکًِ‪َِ :‬مٍيَبً ِِْٓ فـَضًِ َ‬
‫أٌدَزطَ‪ :ْٛ‬فِّٕدَ اٌَّّدخًَ ِ‪ ًَْ٘ .‬رـُسِتُ أْْ أ ُزضِزَ ٌَـهَ خَزيّدَح ً؟‬
‫ِبيکًِ‪َ٘ ًَْ٘ :‬ذا ُِّکٌِٓ؟‬
‫أٌدَزطَ‪ :ْٛ‬عـَجقبً ُِّکٌِٓ‪ ًَْ٘ .‬رـُسِتُ خَزي َّدحً فَزثيَخ ً؟‬
‫ِبيکًِ‪ ًَْ٘ :‬فِّٕدَُُ٘ خَزائِّدُ أخٕـَجيَخٌ؟‬
‫أٌدَزطَ‪ٔ :ْٛ‬ـَقَُْ‪ ،‬فِّٕدَُُ٘ خَزائِّدُ فـَزٔظيَخٌ ‪ٚ‬أىٍيشيَخٌ‪.‬‬
‫ِبيکًِ‪٘ :‬بدِ ٌي خَزيّدحً ط‪ٛ‬ريَخ ً!‬
‫‪(The waiter comes back minutes later‬‬ ‫(اٌدزط‪ ْٛ‬يَق‪ّٛ‬دُ ثَقّدَ ّدَلب ِئكَ‬
‫أٌدَزطَ‪ :ْٛ‬رـَفـَضـًَْ َ٘ ِذِٖ اٌدَزي َّدحُ ‪ٚ‬اٌمـَ‪َٛ ٙ‬حُ‪.‬‬
‫ِبيکًِ‪ :‬ػـُکزاً‪.‬‬
‫أٌدَزطَ‪ :ْٛ‬أٌفغ‪ٛ‬رُ طَيک‪ ُْٛ‬خبِ٘شاً ثَقّدَ ّدَلب ِئكَ‪.‬‬
‫ِبيکًِ‪ُِّ :‬زبسٌ‪.‬‬
‫أٌدَزطَ‪ :ْٛ‬يب أطزبذ ُ‪ ًَْ٘ ،‬رـَظَّرُ ٌي ثِظئاي ٍ؟‬
‫ِبيکًِ‪ :‬رـَفـَضـًَْ!‬
‫أٌدَزطَ‪ِ َ٘ ًَْ٘ :ْٛ‬ذِٖ سيبرَرُـهَ األ‪ٌٚ‬ی ٌِ‪ٙ‬ذا اٌجٍَـَّدِ؟‬
‫ِبيکًِ‪ٔ :‬ـَقَُْ‪ِ َ٘ ،‬ذِٖ سيبرَري األ‪ٌٚ‬ی‪ٚ ،‬اْْ ػبءَ اٌٍـَُٗ ال رـَک‪ ُْٛ‬األخيزَح َ‪.‬‬
‫أٌدَزطَ‪ :ْٛ‬اْْ ػبءَ اٌٍـَُٗ‪ .‬أّيَ ػـَيءٍ أزجَجْذَ أکثـَزَ؟‬
‫ِبيکًِ‪ :‬في اٌسَميمـَخِ ِب ػبَّ٘ددُ ػـَيئبً‪.‬‬
‫أٌدَزطَ‪ :ْٛ‬کـَيفَ يَک‪٘ ُْٛ‬ذا ُِّکِٕبً؟ َ٘ ِذِٖ ّدَِِؼكُ اٌدَّيٍـَخ ُ ‪.......‬‬
‫ِبيکًِ‪ :‬ألـِّدُ ِب ػبَّ٘ددُ ػـَيئبً ثَقّدُ‪.‬‬
‫أٌدَزطَ‪َِ :ْٛ‬ف‪َِ ،ٌَٛٙ‬ف‪ !ٌَٛٙ‬رـَمـِّدُ ‪َٚ‬ؿٍَذَ زَّديثبً‪.‬‬
‫ِبيکًِ‪ٔ :‬ـَقَُْ ‪َٚ‬ؿٍَذُ ٌـَيٍـَخ َ أِض ِ‪.‬‬
‫)‪(The waiter goes, then comes back with the breakfast‬‬
‫ن‪.‬‬
‫أٌدَزطَ‪َ٘ :ْٛ‬ذا فـُغ‪ٛ‬رُ َ‬
‫ِبيکًِ‪ :‬ػـُکزاً‪.‬‬
‫أٌدَزطَ‪ ًَْ٘ :ْٛ‬رـُسِتُ فـُٕدبَْ لـَ‪َٛ ٙ‬حٍ آخزَ؟‬
‫ِبيکًِ‪ٔ :‬ـَقَُْ‪٘ٚ ،‬بدِ ٌي اٌفبر‪َ ٛ‬رحَ ألٔـِي ُِظزـَقدـًٌِ‪.‬‬
‫أٌدَزطَ‪ :ْٛ‬أيَخ َ فبر‪َ ٛ‬رحٍ؟‬
‫ِبيکًِ‪ :‬فبر‪َ ٛ‬رحُ فـُغ‪ٛ‬رّي‪.‬‬
‫أٌدَزطَ‪ :ْٛ‬ال يب أطزبذ ُ‪ ،‬فـُغ‪ُ ٛ‬رنَ فٍی زِظبثي!‬
‫ِبيکًِ‪ :‬کـَيفَ يَک‪٘ ُْٛ‬ذا؟‬
‫أٌدَزطَ‪ :ْٛ‬أٌَّ َزحَ اٌثبٔيخ َ‪ .‬أٔذَ ضـَيفـُٕب اٌيَ‪.ََٛ‬‬
‫ِبيکًِ‪ :‬عـَيِتْ‪ٚ ،‬اٌدَزيّدَح ُ؟‬
‫أٌدَزطَ‪ :ْٛ‬أٌدَزي َّدحُ فٍی زِظبثي أيضبً‪.‬‬
‫ِبيکًِ‪ :‬ػـُکزاً خَشيال ً‪.‬‬
‫أٌدَزطَ‪ :ْٛ‬أ٘ال ً ‪ٚ‬طَ‪ٙ‬ال ً ثِـهَ!‬

‫‪Cultural Expressions:‬‬ ‫ألعِباراثُ الشـَائِعَت‪:‬‬

‫!‪Understood‬‬ ‫َِف‪ٌَ ٛٙ‬‬


‫!‪God’s willing‬‬ ‫اْْ ػبءَ اٌٍـَُٗ‬
‫‪Good morning‬‬ ‫ؿَجبذَ اٌخـَيز ِ‬
‫)‪Good morning! (response‬‬ ‫ؿَجبذَ إٌـُ‪ٛ‬ر‬
‫?‪Can I ask you (m) a question‬‬ ‫رـَظَّرُ ٌي ثـِظئايٍ؟‬
‫?‪Can I ask you (f) a question‬‬ ‫رـَظَّسيَٓ ٌي ثـِظئايٍ؟‬
‫?‪Is this possible‬‬ ‫ًَْ٘ ٘ذا ُِّکٌِٓ؟‬

‫‪Vocabularies:‬‬ ‫ألمُفرداث‪:‬‬
‫‪milk‬‬ ‫زٍَي ٌ‬
‫ت‬
‫‪coffee‬‬ ‫لـَ‪َٛٙ‬حٌ‬
‫‪pretzel‬‬ ‫کـَقهٌ‬
‫‪bread‬‬ ‫خـُجشٌ‬
‫‪sugar‬‬ ‫طَکـَزٌ‬
‫‪cheese‬‬ ‫خُجٌٓ‬
‫‪eggs‬‬ ‫ثَيضٌ‬
orange juice ‫فَـيزُ ثُزرـُمبي‬
once ٌ‫َِزَح‬
newspaper/s )ُ‫خَزي َّدحٌ (خَزائِّد‬
place, shop ًٌَ‫َِس‬
question ٌ‫طئاي‬
minutes ُ‫ّدَلب ِئك‬
the waiter َْٛ‫أٌدَزط‬
he is ُْٛ‫يَک‬
I arrived ُ‫َؿٍَذ‬ٚ
you (m) mean ُ‫رـَمـِّد‬
you (m) permit, allow ُ‫رـَظَّر‬
you (m) like, would like, desire ُ‫ست‬ ِ ُ‫رـ‬
ready ٌ‫خبِ٘ش‬
beautiful ًٌ‫خَّي‬
the second (f) ُ ‫أٌثـّبَٔيَخ‬
the first (f) ‫ٌی‬ٚ‫أأل‬
last (f) ٌ‫أخي َزح‬
understood ٌَٛٙ‫َِف‬
in, by, with ِ‫ثـ‬
after َ‫ثَقّد‬
to, at َ‫فِّٕد‬
to them (they have) َُُ٘‫فِّٕد‬
only ْ ‫فـَمـَظ‬
where (a question word) َٓ‫أي‬
recently ً ‫زَّديثب‬
a lot, many ً‫کـَثيزا‬

Verb Conjugation: :‫حصريف األفعال‬

The following verbs are conjugated to the present tense for the singular pronouns:
‫هي‬ ‫هو‬ ِ‫أنج‬ َ‫أنج‬ ‫أنا‬

ُ ٛ‫رـَک‬
ْ ُ ٛ‫يَک‬
ْ َ ‫ٔي‬ٛ‫رـَک‬
ٓ ُ ٛ‫رـَک‬
ْ ُ ٛ‫أک‬
ْ (to be) َ ‫کب‬
ْ
ُ‫رـُسضِز‬ ُ‫يُسضِز‬ َٓ‫رـُسضِزي‬ ُ‫رـُسضِز‬ ُ‫أ ُزضِز‬ (to bring) َ‫أزضَز‬
ُ‫رـَظَّر‬ ُ‫يَظَّر‬ َٓ‫رـَظَّسي‬ ُ‫رـَظَّر‬ ُ‫أطَّر‬ (to allow) َ‫طََّر‬

The following verbs are conjugated to the past tense for the singular pronouns:

‫هي‬ ‫هو‬ ِ ‫أن‬


‫ج‬ َ ‫أن‬
‫ج‬ ‫أنا‬
ْ‫لـَـَّدَ لـَـَّدّد‬ ِ‫لـَـَّدد‬ َ‫لـَـَّدد‬ ُ‫لـَـَّدد‬ (to intend) َ‫لـَـَّد‬
ْ‫َؿٍَـَذ‬ٚ ً َ َ‫َؿ‬ٚ ِ‫َؿٍَذ‬ٚ َ‫َؿٍَذ‬ٚ ُ‫َؿٍَذ‬ٚ (to arrive) ًََ‫َؿ‬ٚ

Grammar: :‫ألقواعِد‬
1. The following demonstrative pronouns are used with singular

nouns/adjectives in Arabic.
a. ‫ َ٘ذا‬means “this” and is used for the masculine

as in:
This is a hotel. .ٌ‫٘ذا فـُٕ ُّدق‬
b. ِٖ‫ذ‬
ِ َ٘ means “this” and is used for the feminine
as in:
This is a newspaper .ٌ‫َ٘ ِذِٖ خَزي َّدح‬
c. َ‫ ذٌِه‬means “that” and is used for the masculine

as in:
That is bread. .ٌ‫ذٌِهَ خـُجش‬
d. ‫ن‬
َ ًِ‫َ ر‬means “that” and is used for the feminine
as in:
That is a list (menu). .ٌ‫رٍِهَ لبئَِّخ‬
2. ‫ِب‬ is a negation particle used to negate verbal sentences which are in the past. You

need to place this particle before the verb. For example:

I did not arrive yesterday. .ِ ‫َؿٍَذُ أِض‬ٚ ‫ِب‬


I did not mean this. .‫ِب لـَـَّددُ َ٘ذا‬
Drill # 1 : ‫الخمرين األّوَل‬
Use the words in the vocabulary list in good sentences.

Drill # 2 : ‫الخمرين الثاني‬


Please choose the correct options.

Which of the following options is unlike the other two? .1


ٌٓ‫خُج‬ٚ ٌ‫ ثَيض‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫خـُجشٌفَزثي‬ٚ ‫ن‬
ٌ ‫ کـ‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫لبئَِّخ‬ٚ ٌ‫خَزيّدَح‬.‫أ‬

‫أيَٓ َِسًَُ ثَيـ ِاٌدَزائِّدِ؟‬ .2


You would use this form of question to ask about:
a. the newspaper stand
b. the newspaper office
c. the newspaper reporter

!َُٗ‫اْْ ػبءَ اٌٍـ‬ .3


In which of the following circumstances this expression is used?
a. When you regret or forget something.
b. When you forget or mess up something.
c. When you promise or hope for something.

!َ ‫اِألّي َ٘ ِذِٖ األطزِّبرَح‬ .4


This sentence means:
a. Take this form!
b. Fill in this form!
c. Give me this form!
!ًٌِ‫رَح َ ألٔـِي ُِظزـَقدـ‬ٛ‫٘بدِ اٌفبر‬ .5
This sentence would imply that you:
a. are in a hurry
b. liked the food
c. will come again

!ٍ ‫ي‬ٛ‫٘ذا ػـَيءٌ غَيزُ َِقم‬ .6


If you say something like this, you mean:
a. You forgot what you have just heard.
b. You believe what you have just heard.
c. You cannot believe what you have just heard.

.ِ‫حً ثبٌظُکـَز‬َٛ َٙ‫ال اُريّدُ لـ‬ .7


This sentence implies that:
a. You take sugar in your coffee.
b. You do not take sugar in your coffee.
c. You do not mind taking sugar in your coffee.

.‫ ِرنَ فٍی زِظبثي‬ٛ‫فـُغ‬ .8


If you use this expression you mean:
a. Let us go Dutch for breakfast.
b. I am treating you to breakfast.
c. You are treating me to breakfast.

Which of the following options says,” I don't want scrambled eggs .9


and orange juice.” ?
.ً‫خُجٕب‬ٚ ً‫ ال أريّدُ ثَيضبً َِمٍيَب‬.‫أ‬
.‫فَـيزَ ثُزرـُمبي‬ٚ ً‫ ال أريّدُ ثَيضبً َِمٍيَب‬.‫ة‬
.‫فَـيزَ ثُزرـُمبي‬ٚ ً‫لب‬ٍٛ‫ ال أريّدُ ثَيضبً َِظ‬.‫د‬

‫ِبذا أيضبً؟‬ . 10
You need to use this expression when you mean to say:
a. what else
b. where else
c. someone else
Considering person, which of the following options is unlike the . 11
other two?
‫ ضَيفـُٕب‬.‫د‬ ‫ زِظبثي‬.‫ة‬ ‫ طَزيزّي‬.‫أ‬
‫ذِا اٌجٍَـَّدِ؟‬ٌِٙ ‫ٌی‬ٚ‫ األ‬............... ِٖ‫ًَْ٘ َ٘ ِذ‬ . 12
Which of the following options makes the sentence correct?
ِ‫رُن‬ٛ‫ فـُغ‬.‫د‬ ِ‫خَزيّدَرـُن‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫ سيبرَرُـه‬.‫أ‬

.‫ريب‬ٛ‫َؿٍَذُ ٌـَيٍـَخ َ أِض ِِِْٓ ط‬ٚ . 13


You would use this sentence to mean, “I arrived ........... .”
a. this evening
b. yesterday evening
c. yesterday at noon

A good example of Idaafa can be found in option: . 14

ٌ‫ ِبءٌ ثبرِّد‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ أٌظَزيزُ کـَجيز‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫ ِِفزبذُ اٌغـُزفـَخ‬.‫أ‬

.َ‫ُْ خبِ٘شاً ثَقّدَ ّدَلب ِئك‬ٛ‫ ُرنَ طَيک‬ٛ‫فـُغ‬ . 15


When you hear a waiter/waitress say this sentence to you in a cafeteria he/she means
that, “Your breakfast ........... .”
a. is ready now
b. will be ready
c. was ready minutes ago

.ٌ‫اسٌ ؿبٌِر‬َٛ‫في اٌسَميمـَخِ ِب فِّٕدّي خ‬ . 16


The underlined phrase means:
a. in fact
b. my treat
c. God willing

ٌ‫ق‬ٍٛ‫ َِظ‬، ٌ‫ُِمٍي‬ . 17


These two adjectives can only describe the noun in option:
ٌٓ‫ خُج‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ ثَيض‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ زٍَيت‬.‫أ‬
ْ‫عـَيِت‬ . 18
The synonym for this expression can be found in option:

ْ‫ زبضِز‬.‫د‬ ًٌِ‫ ُِظزـَقدـ‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ي‬ٛ‫ َِقم‬.‫أ‬

ٌِٓ‫طبخ‬ . 19
Option ..... provides the antonym for this adjective which means “hot”.

ٌ‫ کـَثيز‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ ثبرِّد‬.‫ة‬ ُ‫ أرخَؾ‬.‫أ‬

!‫أٔذَ ضَيفـُٕب‬ . 20
The pronoun suffix is in reference to:
a. us b. her c. you

.ٌ‫أ ُزِتُ ٘ذا اٌفـُٕ ُّدقَألٔـَُٗ لَزيت‬ . 21


The pronoun suffix in the underlined word corresponds to the personal pronoun in
option:
َ‫ أٔذ‬.‫د‬ ‫ أٔب‬.‫ة‬ ٛ٘ .‫أ‬

‫ًَْ٘ رـَظَّسيَٓ ٌي ثـِظئاي ٍ؟‬ . 22


This expression means:
a. Can I ask you a question?
b. Can’t you ask such a question?
c. Did you ask your question?

.ِ‫دَ في اٌَّظبء‬ٚ‫َؿٍَذُ اٌی ثَيز‬ٚ ،ِ‫في اٌَّ َزحِ اٌثـَبٔيَخ‬ . 23


This sentence implies that you:
a. have been there once
b. have been there twice
c. have never been in Beirut

Which of the sentences cannot be translated as “Do you want me to . 24


get you a newspaper?”
‫ستُ أْْ اُزضِزَ ٌـَهَ خَزيّدَحً؟‬ ‫أ‪ ًَْ٘ .‬رـُ ِ‬
‫ة‪ ًَْ٘ .‬اُزِتُ أْْ اُزضِزَ ٌَـهَ خَزي َّدحً؟‬
‫د‪ ًَْ٘ .‬رـُسِجِيَٓ أْْ اُزضِزَ ٌَـهَ خَزي َّدحً؟‬

‫أٌؼـُزعيُ فِّٕدَ اٌَّّدخًَ ِ‪.‬‬ ‫‪. 25‬‬


‫‪This sentence says that the policeman was .......... .‬‬
‫‪a. in the lobby‬‬
‫‪b. at the entrance‬‬
‫‪c. at the reception counter‬‬

‫‪Drill # 3:‬‬ ‫الخمرين الثالث‪:‬‬


‫‪a. Answer the following questions:‬‬
‫‪ .1‬اٌی أيَخِ َِّديٕـَخٍ ‪َٚ‬ؿًََ ِبيکً؟‬
‫‪ِ .2‬زی ‪َٚ‬ؿًَ ِبيکً اٌی رٍِهَ اٌَّّديٕـَخِ؟‬
‫‪ .3‬أّيَ فَـيز ٍ يُسِتُ ِبيکًِ فٍی اٌفـُغ‪ٛ‬ر ِ؟‬
‫‪ .4‬کـَُْ کبٔـَذ فبر‪ٛ‬رَح ُ اٌفـُغ‪ٛ‬ر ِ؟‬
‫‪ .5‬أيَخ َ خَزي َّدحٍ عـٍَـَتَ ِبيکًِ؟‬
‫‪ .6‬أيَٓ کبَْ َِسًَُ ثَيـ ِاٌدَزائِّدِ؟‬

‫‪b. Change the following to the feminine forms:‬‬


‫‪ ًَْ٘ .1‬رـَظَّرُ ٌي ثـِظئاي ٍ؟‬
‫‪َِ .2‬زی ‪َٚ‬ؿٍَذَ اٌی اٌمبِ٘ َزحِ؟‬
‫‪ .3‬طؤک‪ ُْٛ‬في اٌجَيذِ ٘ذا اٌَّظبءَ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .4‬ؿَجبذَ اٌخـَيز ِ‪ ،‬يب اُطزبذ ُ!‬
‫‪ .5‬يُسِتُ ضـَيفـُٕب اٌمـَ‪َٛ ٙ‬حَ ثبٌسٍَيتِ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .6‬في اٌسَميمـَخِ ٘‪ ٛ‬غَيزُ لبّدَِ ٍ ِِْٓ ّدَِِؼكَ‪.‬‬

‫‪c. Put the following words in the correct order to make good sentences:‬‬

‫ٌِ‪ٙ‬ذا سيبرَري‬ ‫‪ .1‬اٌجٍَـَ ِّد األ‪ٌٚ‬ی ٘ ِذِٖ‬


‫َِّديٕـَ ِخ ‪َٚ‬ؿٍَذُ‬ ‫‪ .2‬اٌی َّدَِؼكَ زَّديثبً‬
‫طَيَک‪ُ ٛ‬‬
‫ْ‬ ‫‪ .3‬خبِ٘شاً ثَق َّد اٌفـُغ‪ُ ٛ‬ر ّدَلب ِئكَ‬
‫‪ .4‬اُزِتُ َِظٍ‪ٛ‬لبً اٌثـَبٔيَخ َ ثَيضًب اٌَّ َزحَ في‬
‫ضَيفـُٕب‬ ‫ثبٌسٍَيِتِ‬ ‫يُزي ُّد‬ ‫‪ .5‬اٌظُکـَز ِ ‪ ٚ‬لـَ‪ً َٛ ٙ‬ح‬
‫‪ٚ‬اٌٍـَِٗ‬ ‫ال‬ ‫األطزِمجبي ِ ألـِّدُ ِ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفـَخ َ‬ ‫يب‬ ‫‪ .6‬ذيِنَ‬
‫‪d. Provide the correct voweling to the following sentences:‬‬

‫‪ .1‬أيَٓ َِسًَ ثَيـ اٌدَزائِّد اٌقَزثيَخ ‪ٚ‬األخٕـَجيَخ؟‬


‫‪٘ .2‬بد اٌفبر‪ٛ‬رح ألٔـَي ُِظزـَقدـًِ خـِّدَا‪.‬‬
‫‪ .3‬في اٌسَميمـَخ ّدِِؼك َِّديٕـَخ لـَّديَّخ ‪ٚ‬خَّيٍـَخ‪.‬‬
‫‪َِ .4‬سًَ ثَيـ فَـيز اٌجُزرـُمبي فِّٕد َِّدخًَ اٌفـُُّٕدُق‪.‬‬
‫‪ .5‬أٔذ ضَيفـُٕب ٘ذا اٌي‪.َٛ‬‬
‫‪َٚ ًَ٘ .6‬ؿٍذ يب ؿَّديمي ٌـَيٍـَخ أِض ِِٓ ر‪ِٔ ٛ‬ضَ؟‬

‫‪e. Give the proper response to each of the following functional expressions:‬‬
‫‪ .1‬ؿَجبذَ اٌخَيز ِ!‬
‫ن!‬
‫‪٘ .2‬بدِ ٌي لـَ‪َٛ ٙ‬حً ِِْٓ فـَضًِ َ‬
‫‪ ًَْ٘ .3‬طَزک‪ ُْٛ‬في اٌجَيذِ ٘ذا اٌَّظبءَ؟‬
‫‪ .4‬أخزَح ُ اٌغـُزفـَخِ ‪ّ 500‬د‪ٚ‬الر ٌٍِـَيٍـَخِ اٌ‪ٛ‬ازِ َّدحِ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ًَْ٘ .5‬رـَظَّسيَٓ ٌي ثـِظئاي ٍ؟‬
‫‪Drill # 4‬‬ ‫الخمرين الرابِع‪:‬‬
‫‪Please select the correct options and explain WHY:‬‬

‫?‪Which of the following is an equational sentence‬‬ ‫‪.1‬‬


‫د‪ .‬ثَيضٌ َِمٍيٌ‬ ‫ة‪ .‬أٌفـُغ‪ٛ‬رُ خبِ٘شٌ‬ ‫أ‪َِ .‬سًَُ اٌدَزائِّدِ‬

‫‪Option .... is the best translation for, “ Would you like to have a‬‬ ‫‪.2‬‬
‫”?‪newspaper‬‬
‫د‪ ًَْ٘ .‬رـُسِتُ خَزائِّدَ‬ ‫ة‪ ًَْ٘ .‬اُزِتُ خَزي َّدحً‬ ‫أ‪ ًَْ٘ .‬رـُسِتُ خَزي َّدحً‬
.َ‫ٔيَٓ في اٌفـُّٕدُق ِ٘ذا اٌَّظبء‬ٛ‫طَزـَک‬ .3
This sentence implies that your friend is:
a. on a vacation
b. buying a beautiful apartment
c. staying at her other friend’s house

!َُٗ‫اْْ ػبءَ اٌٍـ‬ .4


You would not use this expression under one of the following circumstances. Which?
a. denying
b. agreeing
c. promising

!َ‫أٔذِ ضَيفـَزـُٕب ٘ذا اٌَّظبء‬ .5


When you say something like this, you mean:
a. I am your guest.
b. He is your guest.
c. She is your guest.

.‫ب ثبٌظُکـَز‬َٙ‫حَ ألٔـ‬َٛ َٙ‫ال أزِتُ اٌمـ‬ .6


The pronoun suffix is in reference to:
a. the speaker
b. the word “sugar”
c. the word “coffee”

.ِ َ‫ال اُزِتُ اٌّبءَ اٌظَبخَِٓ خـِّدَا ً في اٌسََّب‬ .7


The antonym for the underlined adjective is in option:
َ‫ اٌکـَثيز‬.‫د‬ َ‫ اٌجبرّد‬.‫ة‬ َ‫ األرخَؾ‬.‫أ‬

.ً ‫يٌ خـِّدَا‬ٛ‫٘ذا ػـَيءٌ َِقم‬ .8


Which of the following options would you use to substitute for this sentence?
َُٗ‫ اْْ ػبءَ اٌٍـ‬.‫د‬ ْ‫ عـَيِت‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ آطِفـَخ‬.‫أ‬

Which option would you choose if you want to order “scrambled eggs .9
and orange juice?
.‫ثُزرـُمبي‬ٚ ً ‫خُجٕب‬ٚ ً ‫ أريّدُ ثَيضب ً َِمٍيَب‬.‫أ‬
.‫فَـيزَ ثُزرـُمبي‬ٚ ً ‫ أريّدُ ثَيضب ً َِمٍيَب‬.‫ة‬
.‫فَـيزَ ثُزرـُمبي‬ٚ ً ‫لب‬ٍٛ‫ أريّدُ ثَيضب ً َِظ‬.‫د‬
.َ‫ اٌدَزي َّدح‬........ ُ‫في اٌسَميمخِ ِب لـَـَّدد‬ . 10
Which of the following options cannot be used in this sentence?
َ‫ ذٌه‬.‫د‬ َ‫ رٍِه‬.‫ة‬ ِٖ‫ َ٘ ِذ‬.‫أ‬

.‫ٌی‬ٚ‫َ٘ ِذِٖ ٘يَ اٌَّ َزحُ األ‬ . 11


You are referring to:
a. the last time
b. the first time
c. the second time

!ِ ‫ذا اٌظُئاي‬ّٙ‫ال أطَّرُ ثـ‬ . 12


When you respond to a question in this way, it implies that:
a. you are annoyed by it
b. you are glad to answer it.
c. you have no answer at all.

‫ٌی ٌٍَِّغزِةِ؟‬ٚ‫ األ‬.............. ِٖ‫ًَْ٘ َ٘ ِذ‬ . 13


Which of the following options makes a good sentence?
‫ن‬
َ ُ‫ غـُزفـَزـ‬.‫د‬ ‫ن‬
َ ُ‫ خَزيّدَرـ‬.‫ة‬ ‫ن‬
َ َُ‫ سيبرَرـ‬.‫أ‬

.ِ ‫أٌِّـْقَّدُ فِّٕدَ َِّدخًَ ِ اٌفـُّٕدُق‬ . 14


The elevator is:
a. in the back
b. at the corner
c. at the entrance

‫أيَٓ َِسًَُ ثَيـ ِاٌقَـيز ِ؟‬ . 15


If you ask an Arab such a question, he/she would assume that you:
a. are thirsty
b. want to buy a newspaper
c. want to exchange your money

!ِ‫ني‬
َ ‫ ذ‬............ ‫ ال‬،ٌ‫أٔب آطِف‬ . 16
Which is the option that cannot be used to fill in the blank?
َٓ‫ رـَمـُّدي‬.‫د‬ ُ‫ لـَـَّدد‬.‫ة‬ ُ‫ ألـِّد‬.‫أ‬
Which of the following options is unlike the other two? . 17
ٌٓ‫خُج‬ٚ ٌ‫ ثَيض‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫خـُجش‬ٚ ٌ‫ خَزيّدَح‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫زٍَيت‬ٚ ٌ‫ فَـيز‬.‫أ‬
.َََٛ‫ اٌي‬............. َ‫ أٔذ‬،‫ن فٍی زِظبثي‬
َ ُ‫ر‬ٛ‫فـُغ‬ . 18
This sentence would make more sense if you use option:
ٍ ‫ رَخًُُ أفّبي‬.‫د‬ ‫ ضَيفـُٕب‬.‫ة‬ ‫ لبّدٌَِ ِِٓ أِزيکب‬.‫أ‬

!‫َظ‬
ْ ‫حً فـَمـ‬َٛ َٙ‫أريّدُ لـ‬ . 19
You would use this expression to order:
a. coffee only
b. black coffee
c. fresh coffee

. ................ ِ‫ال ًثـ‬َٙ‫ط‬ٚ ً ‫أ٘ال‬ . 20


Option ...... would make a good sentence:
‫رِٔب‬ٛ‫ فـُغ‬.‫د‬ ‫ ضَيفِٕب‬.‫ة‬ ‫ خَزائِّدِٔب‬.‫أ‬

!ْ ‫رِ فـَمـَظ‬ٛ‫حَ فٍی اٌفـُغ‬َٛ َٙ‫أزِتُ اٌمـ‬ . 21


When you say something like this, you mean:
a. You like coffee in general.
b. You drink coffee all the time.
c. You drink coffee in the morning.

‫َؿٍَذِ ٌـَيٍـَخ َأِض ِ ِِْٓ ثَغّداّدَ؟‬ٚ ًَْ٘ . 22


The person implied in this sentence is:
‫ أٔب‬.‫د‬ َ‫ أٔذ‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫ أٔذ‬.‫أ‬

!ًٌِ‫حَ ألٔـِي ُِظزـَقدـ‬َٛ َٙ‫٘بدِ اٌمـ‬ . 23


This sentence says that you are in a hurry and, therefore, you:
a. want to pay
b. want to leave
c. want to order

.َ‫ خبِ٘شاً ثَقّدَ ّدَلب ِئك‬........... ُْٛ‫طَيَک‬ . 24


Only one option cannot be used in this sentence. Which?
ُ ‫رَح‬ٛ‫ اٌفبر‬.‫د‬ ُ‫ اٌقَـيز‬.‫ة‬ ُ‫ر‬ٛ‫ اٌفـُغ‬.‫أ‬

َْ‫ت‬
! ِ‫عـَي‬ . 25
You would use this expression to convey:
‫‪a. anger‬‬
‫‪b. agreement‬‬
‫‪c. dissatisfaction‬‬

‫‪Reading Exercise:‬‬ ‫حمرين القِراءة‪:‬‬


‫‪Read the following words, phrases and sentences into your tape recorder, then listen to‬‬
‫‪them. Give the tape to your teacher to check your performance:‬‬

‫خُجٌٓ‬ ‫خـُجشٌ‬ ‫َِمٍيٌ‬ ‫ثَيضٌ‬ ‫لـَ‪َٛٙ‬حٌ‬


‫خَزيّدَحٌ‬ ‫فـُغ‪ٛ‬رٌ‬ ‫َِظٍ‪ٛ‬قٌ‬ ‫زٍَيتٌ طُکـَزٌ‬
‫ثَقّدَ ّدلب ِئكَ‬ ‫في اٌسَميمـَخِ‬ ‫ن‬
‫خـُجشٌفَزَثيٌ ِِْٓ فـَضًِ َ‬
‫ألٔـِي ُِظزـَقدـًٌِ‬ ‫خَزيّدَحٌفـَزٔظيَخٌ‬ ‫فِّٕدَ اٌَّّدخًَ ِ‬
‫ثَيـُ اٌدَزائِّدِ‬ ‫ّدَِِؼكُ اٌدَّيٍـَخ ُ سيبررـُ‪ٙ‬ب األ‪ٌٚ‬ی‬
‫اْْ ػبءَ اٌٍـَُٗ!‬
‫فٍی زِظبثي أيضب ً‪.‬‬
‫ًَْ٘ فِّٕدَُُ٘ خَزائِّدُ؟‬
‫ًَْ٘ رـُسِتُ خَزي َّدحً فَزَثيَخ ً؟‬
‫ًَْ٘ َ٘ ِذِٖ سيبرَرـُنَ األ‪ٌٚ‬ی؟‬
‫أريّدُ لـَ‪َٛ ٙ‬حً ثبٌظُکـَزِ فـَمـَظ ْ ‪.‬‬
‫٘بري اٌفبر‪َ ٛ‬رحَ ألٔـِي ُِظزـَقدـًٌِ!‬
‫‪َٚ‬ؿٍَذُ اٌی ّدَِِؼكَ ٌـَيٍـخ َ أِض ِ‪.‬‬
‫اُريّدُ ثَيضب ًَِمٍيَب ً‪ٚ‬فَـيزَ ثُزرـُمبي‪.‬‬
‫في اٌسَميمـَخِ‪ِ َ٘ ،‬ذِٖ ٘يَ اٌَّ َزحُ اٌثـَبٌِثـَخ ُ‪.‬‬
‫أٔب ال اُزِتُ اٌجَيضَ اٌَّظٍ‪ٛ‬قَ فٍی اٌفـُغ‪ٛ‬رِ‪.‬‬
‫في اٌَّ َزحِ اٌثـَبٔيَخِ ‪َٚ‬ؿٍَذُ اٌی ثَيز‪ٚ‬دَ في اٌّظبءِ‪.‬‬
‫‪Unit # 5‬‬ ‫ألوحدة رقم (‪)5‬‬
‫‪Nader is in Baghdad. He is asking for directions to go to a bank. In the bank he‬‬
‫‪speaks with the teller about various things.‬‬

‫ٔبّدِر‪ :‬ؿَجبذَ اٌخـَيز!‬


‫رَخًٌُ‪ :‬ؿَجبذَ إٌـُ‪ٛ‬ر!‬
‫ٔبّدِر‪ :‬أيَٓ اٌجٕه ِِْٓ فـَضٍِهَ؟‬
‫رَخًٌُ‪ :‬في ِٔ‪ٙ‬بيخِ اٌؼَبرِؿِ اٌی اٌيَّيٓ‪.‬‬
‫ٔبّدِر‪َِ :‬زی يَفزـَرُ فب َّدحً؟‬
‫رَخًٌُ‪ :‬أؽـُُٓ‪ ،‬في اٌظَبفَخِ اٌزـَبطِقَخِ‪.‬‬
‫ٔبّدِر‪ :‬ػـُکزاً فٍی َ٘ ِذِٖ اٌَّقٍ‪ِٛ‬بدِ‪.‬‬
‫رَخًٌُ‪ :‬أٌقف‪ ،ٛ‬أخي‪.‬‬
‫(يَذَ٘تُ ٔبّدِر اٌی اٌجَٕهَ)‬
‫ٔبّدِر‪َِ :‬ززَجبً!‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفُ‪َِ :‬ززَجبً ‪ٚ‬أ٘ال ً ‪ٚ‬طَ‪ٙ‬ال ً! ايَخ َخِّدَِخٍ؟‬
‫ٔبّدِر‪ :‬اُريّدُ أْْ أؿْزفَ ٘ذا اٌؼـَيه‪.‬‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفُ‪ ِِْٓ :‬أيَخِ فٍُّـَخٍ؟‬
‫ٔبّدِر‪ ِِْٓ :‬اٌّدُ‪ٚ‬الر اٌی اٌّدِيٕبر‪.‬‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفُ‪ :‬زبضِزْ‪ ًْ٘ ،‬فِٕ َّدنَ زِظبةٌ ُٕ٘ب؟‬
‫ٔبّدِر‪ :‬ال‪ٌ ،‬ـَيضَ فِّٕدَّي زِظبةٌ‪.‬‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفُ‪ :‬أٔذَ أخٕـَجيٌ‪ ،‬عـَجقب ً؟‬
‫ٔبّدِر‪ٔ :‬ـَقَُ‪ ،‬أٔب کـَٕـَّدّيٌ‪.‬‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفُ‪ ًَْ٘ :‬يُّکُِٓ أْْ أری خَ‪ٛ‬ا َسنَ؟‬
‫ٔبّدِر‪ :‬عـَجقب ً‪ ،‬رـَفـَضـًَْ‪.‬‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفُ‪ٌِ :‬ظ‪ٛ‬ءِ اٌسؼ ِ ‪ ،‬طِقزُ اٌّدُ‪ٚ‬الر ٌـَيضَ خَيِّدا ً‪.‬‬
‫ٔبّدِر‪ :‬اٌّدُ‪ٚ‬الر ّدائّبً ٌـَيضَ خَيِّدا ً‪.‬‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفُ‪ :‬خبؿَخ ً‪َ٘ ،‬ذا األطج‪ٛ‬ؿَ‪.‬‬
‫ٔبّدِر‪٘ :‬ذا األطج‪ٛ‬ؿَ فـَمـَظ! ُِٕذ ُ طُٕـَخٍ ‪ ٛ٘ٚ‬فٍی ٘ذا اٌسبي ِ‪.‬‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفُ‪ :‬فٍی کـًُِ زبي ٍ‪ ،‬کـَُْ ّد‪ٚ‬الرا ً رـُسِتُ أْْ رـَـْزِفَ؟‬
‫ٔبّدِر‪ :‬خـَّظيَٓ ّد‪ٚ‬الرا ً فـَمـَظ ْ‪.‬‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفُ‪ ًَْ٘ :‬أٔذَ ُٕ٘ب ِٕذ ُ سََِٓ‪.‬‬
‫ٔبّدِر‪ :‬ال‪َٚ ،‬ؿٍَذُ ُِٕذ ُ آ ُطج‪ٛ‬ؿ ٍ‪.‬‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفُ‪ٚ :‬کـُٕذَ کـًَُ اٌ‪َٛ‬لذِ في ثَغّداّدَ‪.‬‬
‫ٔبّدِر‪ٔ :‬ـَقَُْ‪ ،‬أرثَقَخ ُ أيَبَ ٍ في اٌَّزسَفِ اٌقِزاليِ اٌمـَّديُ ِ‪.‬‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفُ‪ :‬يَدـِتُ أْ رـَش‪ٚ‬رَ (ثبثـًَِ)‪.‬‬
‫ٔبّدِر‪ :‬اْْ ػبءَ اٌٍـَُٗ‪.‬‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفُ‪٘ :‬ي ٌـَيظَذْ ثَقي َّدحً‪.‬‬
‫ٔبّدِر‪ :‬کـَُْ اٌَّظبفـَخ ُثبٌظَيَب َرحِ؟‬
‫ن ‪َٚ‬لذٌ‪ ،‬يَدـِتُ أْْ رـَش‪ٚ‬رَ‬‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفُ‪ِِ 60 :‬يال ًفـَمـَظ! ٘يَ لـَزيجَخٌخـِّدَا ً‪ٚ .‬اذا کبَْ فِّٕدَ َ‬
‫(أ‪ٚ‬ر) أيضب ً‪.‬‬
‫ن‪٘ .‬ي في عـَزيمي اٌی اٌجَـ َزحِ‪.‬‬ ‫ٔبّدِر‪ :‬طؤخٍُـكُ اٌ‪َٛ‬لذَ ٌِذيِ َ‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفُ‪ ًَْ٘ :‬طَزـَذَ٘تُ اٌی اٌجَـ َزحِ؟‬
‫ٔبّدِر‪ٔ :‬ـَقَُْ‪ٚ ،‬اٌِّدّي ِِْٓ اٌجَـ َزحِ ‪ٚٚ‬اٌِّدَري ِِْٓ (ر‪ٛ‬رَٔز‪ )ٛ‬في کـَٕـّدا‪.‬‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفُ‪ :‬أٌدَ‪ ُٛ‬في اٌجَـ َزحِ زبرٌ خـِّدَا ًفي اٌـَيفِ‪.‬‬
.ِ ‫ ٘ي لـَزيجَخٌِِْٓ اٌجَسز‬.َ‫ ٔـَقَُْ أفزِفُ ذٌه‬:‫ٔبّدِر‬
!ً ‫ أرـََّٕـَی ٌَـهَ البَِخ ًُِّزِقَخ‬.‫ ُّدنَ يب أخي‬ٛ‫ َ٘ ِذِٖ ٔـُم‬:ُ‫َؽـَف‬ٌّٛ‫أ‬
!ِ‫ ثب َرنَ اٌٍـَُٗ ثِـهَ! اٌی اٌٍمبء‬،‫ ػـُکزا ًيب أخي‬:‫ٔبّدِر‬
!ِ‫ َِـَ اٌظَالَِخ‬:ُ‫َؽـَف‬ٌّٛ‫أ‬

Cultural Expressions: ‫العِباراثُ الشائِعَت‬

unfortunately ِ ‫ءِ اٌسَؼ‬ٛ‫ٌِظ‬


since a week ago ٍ ‫ؿ‬ٛ‫ُِٕذ ُ اُطج‬
You are very welcome! ً ‫ال‬َٙ‫ط‬ٚ ً ‫أ٘ال‬ٚ ً ‫َِززَجب‬
May God bless you! َِ‫ثب َرنَِ اٌٍـَُٗ ثِـه‬
anyway, however ٍ‫فٍی کـًُِ زبي‬
it is necessary that ... ْْ‫يَدـِتُ أ‬
Can I see ......? ‫ًَْ٘ يُّکُِٓ أْْ أری‬
I will create the time. َ‫َلذ‬ٌٛ‫طؤخٍُـكُ ا‬
I know that. َ‫أفزِفُ ذٌِه‬
I wish you (m) a good stay! ً ‫أرـَّٕـَی ٌَـهَِ البَِخ ً ُِّزِقَخ‬
Thank you for this information. ِ‫ِبد‬ٍٛ‫ذِٖ اٌَّق‬ ِ َ٘ ‫ػـُکزاً فٍی‬
Vocabularies: :ُ‫المُفرَداث‬
left ‫يَظب ٌر‬
right ٌٓ‫يَّي‬
near, nearby ٌ‫لـَزيت‬
foreign, foreigner ٌ‫أخٕـَجي‬
end ٌ‫بيَخ‬ِٙٔ
good ٌ‫خَيِّد‬
other, another ُ‫آخَز‬
enjoyable, pleasant ٌ‫ُِّزِقَخ‬
street, boulevard ٌ ِ‫ػبر‬
‫ؿ‬
road, way, path ٌ‫عـَزيك‬
stay, residency ٌ‫البَِخ‬
information ٌ‫ِبد‬ٍٛ‫َِق‬
museum ٌ‫َِزسَف‬
bank ‫ثَٕه‬
time, era ٌََِٓ‫س‬
time ٌ‫َلذ‬ٚ
summer ٌ‫ؿَيف‬
sea ٌ‫ثَسز‬
check ‫ػَيه‬
currency, money ٌ‫فٍُّـَخ‬
money ٌ‫ّد‬ٛ‫ٔـُم‬
dollar ‫الر‬ٚ‫ّد‬
dinar (Iraqi currency) ٌ‫ّدِيٕبر‬
price, rate ٌ‫طِقز‬
account ٌ‫زِظبة‬
year ٌ‫طَٕـَخ‬
month ٌ‫ز‬َٙ‫ػـ‬
week ٌ‫ؿ‬ٛ‫اُطج‬
day/s ٌَ‫ أيَب‬- ٌََٛ‫ي‬
hour ٌ‫طبفَخ‬
family ٌ‫فبئٍِـَخ‬
mother ٌ‫اٌِ َّدح‬ٚ
father ٌ‫اٌِّد‬ٚ
brother ٌ‫أش‬
especially ً ‫خبؿَخ‬
usually ‫فب َّد ًح‬
always ً ‫ّدائِّب‬
all, everyone ًُُ‫کـ‬
if ‫اذا‬
no (negation particle, Equ. Sen.) ْ‫ ٌـَيظَذ‬، َ‫ٌـَيض‬
which (question word m/f) ُ ‫ أيَخ‬، ُ‫أّي‬
where (question word) َٓ‫أي‬
how many, how much َُْ‫ثـِکـ‬/َُْ‫کـ‬
when (question word) ‫َِزی‬
he/it opens ُ‫يَفزـَر‬
I know ُ‫أفزِف‬
I wish, hope ‫أرـَّٕـَی‬
I believe, think ُُٓ‫أؽـ‬
I create ُ‫أخٍُـك‬
you (m), she visits ُ‫ر‬ٚ‫رـَش‬
you (m), she goes ُ‫رـَذَ٘ت‬
you (m), she spends, changes (money) ُ‫رـَـزِف‬
four ٌ‫أرثَقَخ‬
ninth ٌ‫ربطِـ‬
fifty َْٛ‫خَّظ‬

Grammar: :‫ألقواعِد‬

We know that a noun in Arabic can become definite by the prefixed definite article.
Another way is to become a part of a definite Idaafa. A third method is to be suffixed by
a possessive pronoun. These suffixes are determined by number and gender. They are
equivalent to “her,” “his,” “my” etc.

The suffixes for singular pronouns in Arabic are:


my passport ‫اسّي‬َٛ‫خ‬ ‫ـي‬..... ‫أٔب‬

your (m) visa َ‫رؤػيزَرُـه‬ َ‫ـه‬..... َ‫أٔذ‬

your (f) friend ِ‫ؿَّديمـُه‬ ِ‫ـه‬..... ِ‫أٔذ‬

his suitcase ُٗ ُ‫زَميجَزـ‬ ُٗ‫ـ‬..... ٛ٘

her bed ‫طَزيزُ٘ب‬ ‫ب‬ٙ‫ـ‬..... ‫٘ي‬

You remember that in Arabic one can use ‫ ِب‬to negate past tense verbs.

She did not eat ْ‫ِب أکـٍَـَذ‬


Verbs in the present tense can be negated by the article ‫ال‬
He does not like .... ُ‫ست‬
ِ ُ‫ال ي‬
Equational sentences do not have verbs. Their verbs are understood. To negate this
type of sentences one has to use a different negation particle.

This particle is َ‫ ٌـَيض‬and its various forms are determined by the number and gender of
its subject. The following are the singular forms:

َ‫هي‬ ‫هو‬ ِ‫أنج‬ َ‫أنج‬ ‫أنا‬


ْ‫ظذ‬
َ ‫ٌـَي‬ َ‫ٌـَيض‬ ِ‫ٌـَظذ‬ َ‫ٌـَظذ‬ ُ‫ٌـَظذ‬

Verb Conjugation :‫حصريف األفعال‬

‫هي‬ ‫هو‬ ِ‫أنج‬ َ‫أنج‬ ‫أنا‬


ُ‫رـَفزـَر‬ ُ‫يَفزـَر‬ َٓ‫رـَفزـَسي‬ ُ‫رـَفزـَر‬ ُ‫أفزـَر‬ َ‫فـَزـَر‬
ُ ُ‫رـَؾـ‬
ٓ ُ ُ‫يَؾـ‬
ٓ َ ِ‫رـَؾـَُٕـي‬
ٓ ُ ُ‫رـَؾـ‬
ٓ ُ ُ‫أؽـ‬
ٓ َ َ‫ؽـ‬
ٓ
ُ‫رـَذَ٘ت‬ ُ‫يَذَ٘ت‬ َٓ‫رـَذَ٘جي‬ ُ‫رـَذَ٘ت‬ ُ‫أذَ٘ت‬ َ‫ذَ٘ت‬
ُ‫ر‬ٚ‫رـَش‬ ُ‫ر‬ٚ‫يَش‬ َٓ‫ري‬ٚ‫رـَش‬ ُ‫ر‬ٚ‫رـَش‬ ُ‫ر‬ٚ‫أس‬ َ‫سار‬

Drill # 1 :‫الخمرين األّوَل‬


Use the words and phrases in the Vocabulary List in good sentences:
Drill # 2: :‫الخمرين الثـَاني‬
Please select the correct options:
Which of the following sentence is semantically correct? .1
.ِ‫ يَذَ٘تُ اٌجَٓن في اٌظَبفَخِ اٌظَبثـِقَخ‬.‫أ‬
.ِ‫ يَـزِفُ اٌجَٓن في اٌظَبفَخِ اٌثـَبِِٕـَخ‬.‫ة‬
.ِ‫ يَفزـَرُ اٌجَٓن في اٌظَبفَخِ اٌزـَبطِقَخ‬.‫د‬
.ٌ‫في اٌسَميمـَخِ ال أؽـُُٓ أَْ طِقزَ اٌّدِيٕبرِ خَيِّد‬ .2
The underlined expression means:
a. in fact
b. my treat
c. God willing

.ً ‫ خَيِ َّدحٌ خـِّدَا‬............ ِٖ‫َ٘ ِذ‬ .3


You want to say that the information is good. Which item would you select?
ٌ‫ زِظبة‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ِبد‬ٍٛ‫ َِق‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ فٍُّـَخ‬.‫أ‬

.َ‫ن ثَقّدَ ّدَلب ِئك‬


َٓ‫يَفزـَرُ اٌج‬ .4
This sentence can be an answer to one of the following question words. Which?
‫ ِبذا‬.‫د‬ ‫ َِزی‬.‫ة‬ َٓ‫ أي‬.‫أ‬

.ٌ‫اس‬َٛ‫ ٌـَيضَ فِّٕدّي خ‬............... .5


Only one of the following options cannot be used to fill in the blank. Which?
ِ ‫ءِ اٌسَؼ‬ٛ‫ ٌِظ‬.‫د‬ ُ‫ ألـِّد‬.‫ة‬ ُ‫ اُريّد‬.‫أ‬

.َ‫ؿ‬ٛ‫ ٘ذا األطج‬................ ،ٌ‫الر خَيِّد‬ُٚ‫طِقزُ اٌّد‬ .6


You are talking about the dollar rate. Which options makes your statement correct?
ً ‫ خبؿَخ‬.‫د‬ ِ‫ أِض‬.‫ة‬ َََٛ‫ أٌي‬.‫أ‬
Which of the following options is unlike the others? .7
ٌ‫ خُجشٌ فَزَثي‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫لبئَِّخ‬ٚ ٌ‫ خَزيّدح‬.‫ة‬ ٌٓ‫خُج‬ٚ ٌ‫ ثَيض‬.‫أ‬
Only one of the following options is unlike the others. Which? .8
‫الر‬ُٚ‫ اٌّد‬.‫د‬ ُٓ‫ أٌيَّي‬.‫ة‬ ُ ‫ أٌقٍُّـَخ‬.‫أ‬
‫َِزی‬ .9
This question word cannot be used to ask about which one of the following options?
ٌ‫ طَٕـََخ‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ؿ‬ٛ‫ اُطج‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ زِظبة‬.‫أ‬

. ............. ‫فِّٕدّي زِظبةٌ خَّديّدٌ في ثَٕه‬ . 10


Which of the options makes a good sentence?
َ‫ آخَز‬.‫د‬ ٍ ‫ فٍی کـًُِ زبي‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ خِّدَِخ‬.‫أ‬

.‫ ٌـَيضَ فِّٕدّي زِظبةٌ في َ٘ذا اٌجٕه‬................... . 11


Which of the following phrases makes a good sentence?
ٌ‫ سيب َرحٌ ُِّزِقَخ‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ِبدٌ خَّديّدَح‬ٍٛ‫ َِق‬.‫ة‬ ِ ‫ءِ اٌسَؼ‬ٛ‫ ٌِظ‬.‫أ‬

.ِ ‫بيَخِ اٌؼـَبرؿ‬ِٙٔ ‫أؽـُُٓ أَْ اٌَّزسَفَ في‬ . 12


The underlined word means:
a. I cash b. I arrive c. I believe

.َ‫ ٌي َ٘ذا اٌؼـَيه ِِْٓ فـَضٍِه‬............. . 13


Which verb would you use if you want to cash your check?
ُ‫ يَـفزـَر‬.‫د‬ ُُٓ‫ أؽـ‬.‫ة‬ ْ‫ اؿْزِف‬.‫أ‬
. ............... َ‫أٌفـُٕ ُّدقُ اٌدَّديّدُ في ذٌِه‬ . 14
You are talking about the location of a new hotel. Which option will make your statement
correct?
ِ ‫ اٌظِقز‬.‫د‬ ِ‫ اٌخِّدَِخ‬.‫ة‬ ِ ‫ اٌؼـَبرؿ‬.‫أ‬

.ِ ٓ‫ اٌيَّي‬............... ِ ‫أٌَّزسَفُ في آخز ِ اٌؼـَبرؿ‬ . 15


Which of the following prepositions can be used to fill in the blank?
‫ في‬.‫د‬ ‫ فٍی‬.‫ة‬ ‫ اٌی‬.‫أ‬

Which of the following options is unlike the other two? . 16


‫ َِزی‬.‫د‬ ‫ خَيِّد‬.‫ة‬ َُْ‫ کـ‬.‫أ‬

.ٌ‫ِبدُخَيِ َّدح‬ٍٛ‫َ٘ ِذِٖ اٌَّق‬ . 17


Which word can best substitute for the underlined word?
ٌ‫بيَخ‬ِٙٔ .‫د‬ ٌ‫ خَّدي َّدح‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ خَّيٍـَخ‬.‫أ‬

You would like to order fried eggs and orange juice. Which option .18
would you choose?
.ً ‫خُجٕب‬ٚ ٌ‫ أريّدُ ثَيضب ً َِمٍيَب‬.‫أ‬
.ً‫ثَيضب ً َِمٍيَب‬ٚ ‫ أريّدُ فَـيزَ ثُزرـُمبي‬.‫ة‬
.‫ فَـيزَ ثُزرـُمبي‬ٚ ً ‫لب‬ٍٛ‫ أريّدُ ثَيضب ً ِظ‬.‫د‬

‫ذا اٌجٍَـَّدِ؟‬ٌِٙ ‫ٌی‬ٚ‫ األ‬............. ِٖ‫ًَْ٘ َ٘ ِذ‬ . 19


Which of the following nouns would not make a correct sentence?
َ‫ِبرُـه‬ٍٛ‫ َِق‬.‫د‬ َ‫ البَِزُـه‬.‫ة‬ َ‫ سيبرَرُـه‬.‫أ‬

.ِ ‫ اٌؼـَبرؿ‬................. ‫أٌجـَٕه في‬ . 20


Which options would you choose if you want to say, “The bank is at the end of the

street.”
ِ‫بيَخ‬ِٙٔ .‫د‬ ِ‫ خِّدَِخ‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫ طِقز‬.‫أ‬
.ًٌِ‫رح َ ألٔـِي ُِظزـَقدـ‬ٛ‫٘بدِ اٌفبر‬ . 21
This sentence implies that you are:
a. sick
b. hungry
c. in a hurry

.ِ‫ر اٌمـَّديَّخ ُ في عـَزي ِمهَ اٌی اٌجَـ َزح‬ٚ‫ َِّديٕـَخ ُ أ‬،ٍ‫فٍَی کـًُِ زبي‬ . 22
In this context the underlined phrase means:
a. always
b. anyway
c. unfortunately

.َََٛ‫ اٌجَٕه في اٌظَبفَخِ اٌزـَبطِقَخِ اٌي‬......... ‫ال‬ . 23


Which of the following options makes a good sentence?
ُ‫ يَفزـَر‬.‫د‬ ُ‫ أؿْزِف‬.‫ة‬ ُ‫ ٔـُسِت‬.‫أ‬

. .............. ِ‫يَفزـَرُ اٌجَٕه في اٌظَبفَخِ اٌثـَبِِٕـَخ‬ . 24


Which of the following adverbs cannot be used to fill in the blank?
َََٛ‫ اٌي‬.‫د‬ ً ‫ ّدائِّب‬.‫ة‬ ً ‫ خبؿَخ‬.‫أ‬
ْ‫زبضِز‬ . 25
This functional expression which means, “O.K., fine, all right” has a synonym. Which of
the following options is it?
‫ َِزی‬.‫د‬ ْ‫ آطِف‬.‫ة‬ ْ‫ عـَيِت‬.‫أ‬

Drill # 3: :‫ألخمرين الثـَالِث‬


a. Answer the following questions:
‫ أيَٓ يُزيّدُ ٔبّدر أْْ يَذَ٘تَ؟‬.1
‫؟‬ٛ٘ َٓ‫ ِِْٓ أي‬.2
‫ کُْ ّديٕبراً ؿَزَفَ ٔبّدر في اٌجـَٕه؟‬.3
‫الر؟‬ُٚ‫ کـَيفَ کبَْ طِقزُ اٌّد‬.4
‫‪َِ .5‬زی ‪َٚ‬ؿًََ ٔبّدِر اٌی ثغّداّدَ؟‬
‫‪ .6‬اٌی أيَخِ ِّديٕـَخٍ يَذَ٘تُ ٔبّدِر ثَقّدَ سيب َرحِ ثغّداّدَ؟‬
‫‪b. Give the correct forms of the words and phrases which are between brackets:‬‬

‫‪( .1‬زَميجَخ ‪ +‬أٔذِ) في اٌغـُزفـَخِ في اٌفـُّٕدُق ِ‪.‬‬


‫‪ِ .2‬ب کبَْ (فـُغ‪ٛ‬ر‪ +‬أٔذَ) خبِ٘شا ً‪.‬‬
‫‪ِ َ٘ .3‬ذِٖ (سيبرَح‪ )ٛ٘+‬األ‪ٌٚ‬ی ٌَِّّديٕـَخِ ثَيز‪ٚ‬دَ‪.‬‬
‫‪( ًَْ٘ .4‬خَزيّدَح‪ +‬أٔذَ) ط‪ٛ‬ريَخٌ؟‬
‫‪َِ( .5‬قٍ‪ِٛ‬بد‪٘+‬ي) فْٓ اٌقِزاق ٌـَيظَذْ خَّدي َّدحً‪.‬‬
‫‪ ًَْ٘ .6‬يُّکُِٓ أْْ يَک‪( َْٛ‬زِظبة‪+‬أٔذِ) في ثَٕه آخـَزَ؟‬
‫‪( .7‬اِأل) َ٘ذِٖ األطزِّبرحَ ِِْٓ فـَضٍِهِ!‬
‫‪َٚ( .8‬ؿٍَذ) ٔبّدِر اٌی ثَغّداّدَ َِظبءَ أِض ِ‪.‬‬
‫‪( ًَْ٘ .9‬رـَؾـُّٓ) أَْ اٌِّفزبذَ في غـُزفـَ ِزهِ؟‬
‫‪( .10‬أفزـَر) اٌجبةَ ٌِ‪ٛ‬اٌِّدّي کـًَُ يَ‪.ٍ َٛ‬‬
‫‪( .11‬رـَفزـَر) ؿَّديمي زِظبثب ً خَّديّدا ً‪.‬‬
‫‪( .12‬أس‪ٚ‬ر) ‪ٚ‬اٌِّدَري أخي في ِٔ‪ٙ‬بيَخِ األطج‪ٛ‬ؿ ِ‪.‬‬

‫‪c. Rearrange the following words to make correct sentences:‬‬


‫َ٘ذا في فِّٕدّي‬ ‫‪ِ .1‬ب في زِظبةٌ اٌجٓن اٌسَميمـَخِ‬
‫ً َِّديٕـَخِ‬‫األطج‪ٛ‬ؿَ ‪ٚ‬اٌِّدّي َ٘ذا ‪َٚ‬ؿَ َ‬ ‫اٌی‬ ‫‪ّ .2‬دَِِؼكَ‬
‫ال‬ ‫أل َ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫‪ .3‬أخزَرـُُٗ َ٘ذا غبٌِيَخٌ اٌفـُٕ ُّدقَ أزِ ُ‬
‫ت‬
‫ف اٌّد‪ٚ‬الر ؟‬ ‫رـَؾـُُٓ کـَي َ‬ ‫‪ .4‬اٌيَ‪ ََٛ‬طِقزَ َ٘ذا‬
‫رـَش‪ٚ‬رَ فِٕ َّدنَ اذا أْْ َِّديٕـَخ َ يَدـِتُ‬ ‫کبَْ‬ ‫‪ .5‬أ‪ٚ‬ر ‪َٚ‬لذٌ‬
‫البَِخ ً‬ ‫ن اٌجٍَـَّدِ َ٘ذا‬‫‪ .6‬في أرـََّٕـَی اٌدَّيً ِ ُِّزِقَخ ً ٌـَ ِ‬
‫‪d. Negate the following sentences:‬‬
‫‪ .1‬کبٔـَذْ ‪ٚ‬اٌِّدَري ‪ٚٚ‬اٌِّدَري في اٌفـُّٕدُق ِ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .2‬أٌفـُٕ ُّدقُ في ِٔ‪ٙ‬بيَخِ اٌؼـَبرؿ اٌی اٌيَّيٓ ِ‪.‬‬
.ٍ‫رُ اٌزَخًُُ فبئٍِـَزـَُٗ في اٌـَيفِ کـًَُ طَٕـَخ‬ٚ‫ يَش‬.3
.ِ‫ُ زبرَا ًخـِّدَا ًفي ؿَيفِ َ٘ذِٖ اٌظـَٕـَخ‬َٛ‫ کبَْ اٌد‬.4
.ٌ‫ََ خَيِ َّدح‬َٛ‫الر ٘ذا اٌي‬ُٚ‫ِبدُ فَْٓ طِقز ِاٌّد‬ٍٛ‫ أٌَّق‬.5
.ِ َُ‫ يَؾـُُٓ ؿَّديمي أَْ اٌخِّدَِخ َ ُِّزب َسحٌ في َ٘ذا اٌَّغق‬.6

Drill # 4 :‫ألخمرين الرَابِع‬


Please select the correct options and explain WHY:

‫َِزی رـَفزـَرُ زِظبثب ً خَّديّدا ً؟‬ .1


In response to this question, one of the following options does not seem to be a likely or
probable answer. Which?
َ ‫ َ٘ ِذِٖ اٌظَٕـَخ‬.‫د‬ َ ‫ َ٘ ِذِٖ اٌظَبفَخ‬.‫ة‬ َََٛ‫ َ٘ذا اٌي‬.‫أ‬
.‫ٌـَيضَ اٌفـُٕ ُّدقُ اٌدَّديّدُ في ٘ذا اٌؼـَبرؿ‬ .2
You are giving directions but the person you are talking to could not understand the
underlined word. Which option would you choose to make your message go through?
ِ ‫ اٌغـَزيك‬.‫د‬ ِ‫َلذ‬ٌٛ‫ ا‬.‫ة‬ ِ ََِٓ‫ اٌش‬.‫أ‬

ٌ‫ءِ اٌسَؼ ِِب فِّٕدّي رؤػي َزح‬ٛ‫ٌِظ‬ .3


Which of the following options can substitute for the underlined negation particle?
ُ‫ غـَيز‬.‫د‬ ‫ ال‬.‫ة‬ َ‫ ٌـَيض‬.‫أ‬

‫ خَّدي َّدحٌ؟‬............... ِٖ‫ًَْ٘ َ٘ ِذ‬ .4


Which of the following words cannot be used to fill in the blank?
ٌ‫ ُِّزِقَخ‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ِبد‬ٍٛ‫ َِق‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ فٍُّـَخ‬.‫أ‬

‫ََ؟‬َٛ‫کـَُْ طِقزُ اٌّدِيٕبر َِ٘ذا اٌي‬ .5


This question indicates that you want to:
a. pay your meal bill
b. exchange some money
c. pay the price of what you have bought
.‫ فِّٕدّي زِظبةُ في ٘ذا اٌجَٕه‬............. .6
Which of the following verbs cannot be used to fill in the blank?
ُ‫ أؿْزِف‬.‫د‬ ُُٓ‫ أؽـ‬.‫ة‬ ُ‫ ألـِّد‬.‫أ‬

.ِ ٓ‫أٌَّزسَفُ في آخِزِ اٌؼـَبرِؿِ اٌی اٌيَّي‬ .7


You were giving someone directions to the museum, but you meant to say the antonym
for the underlined word. Which word would you choose?
ِ ‫ اٌظُئاي‬.‫د‬ ِ ‫ اٌيَظبر‬.‫ة‬ ِ ‫ اٌسَؼ‬.‫أ‬

‫؟‬............. ‫ًَْ٘ زِظب ُثهَ اٌدَّديّدُ في ثَٕه‬ .8


You work in a bank and you want to know if I have another account somewhere else.
Which word would you choose?
ُِ٘‫ فب‬.‫د‬ ‫ آخز‬.‫ة‬ ‫ خبِ٘ش‬.‫أ‬

.ِ‫ ال أفزفُ اذا کبَْ اٌجَٕه يَفزـَرُ في اٌظَبفَخِ اٌقبػِ َزح‬،ِ‫في اٌسَميمـَخ‬ .9
The underlined functional expression means:
a. in fact
b. my treat
c. God willing

.َْ‫رُ خبِ٘شٌ اآل‬ٛ‫ اٌفـُغ‬،ٍ ‫فٍی کـًُِ زبي‬ . 10


The underlined functional expression means:
a. always
b. anyway
c. unfortunately

.ِ‫ أْْ رـَذَ٘تَ اٌی َِّديٕـَخِ ثبثً اٌمـَّديَّخ‬................ . 11


Which of the following verbs makes a good sentence?

ُ‫ يَمـِّد‬.‫د‬ ُ‫ر‬ٚ‫ يَش‬.‫ة‬ ُ‫ يَدت‬.‫أ‬

.َ‫ز‬َٙ‫ ٘ذا اٌؼـ‬......... ،ً ‫الر ٌـَيضَ خَيِّدا‬ُٚ‫طِقزُ اٌّد‬ . 12


Which option would you choose if you wanted to say, “The price of the dollar was not
good, especially this month.”
ً ‫ خبِ٘شا‬.‫د‬ ً ‫ فبّدَح‬.‫ة‬ ً ‫ خبؿَخ‬.‫أ‬

.ً‫ب ٌـَيظَذْ خَّدي َّدح‬ُٙ‫ِبرـ‬ٍٛ‫َِق‬ . 13


The pronoun implied in this sentence is:
َ‫ أٔذ‬.‫د‬ ‫ أٔب‬.‫ة‬ ‫ ٘ي‬.‫أ‬

.ِ ‫ح َ ثبٌظُکـَز‬َٛٙ‫أؽـُُٓ أٔـَُٗ يُسِتُ اٌمـ‬ . 14


The underlined verb means:
a. I like
b. I drink
c. I believe

Which of the following options is unlike the other two? . 15


ٌ‫ّد‬ٛ‫ٔـُم‬ٚ ٌ‫ زِظبة‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫اٌِّدَح‬ٚٚ ٌ‫اٌِّد‬ٚ .‫ة‬ ٌ‫ فبئٍِـَخ‬.‫أ‬

. ............. ‫رَخًُُ األفّبي ِ لبّدٌَِ ِِْٓ ٌيجيب َ٘ذا‬ . 16


Which of the following options cannot be used in this sentence?
َ ‫ اٌظَٕـَخ‬.‫د‬ َ‫ؿ‬ٛ‫ األطج‬.‫ة‬ َ‫َلذ‬ٌٛ‫ ا‬.‫أ‬

.ٌ‫ِبدِ خَيِّدح‬ٍٛ‫أؽـُُٓ أَْ َ٘ذِٖ اٌَّق‬ . 17


This sentence implies that the information you just received is:
a. annoying
b. ridiculous
c. worthwhile

‫ّدِ٘ب في ٘ذا اٌجٕه؟‬ٛ‫ًَْ٘ ِِْٓ اٌُّّکِٓ ِ أَْ کـًََ ٔم‬ . 18


Which of the following options can substitute for the underlined word?
ِ‫ اٌسِظبة‬.‫د‬ ِ‫ اٌخِّدَِخ‬.‫ة‬ ِ ‫ي‬ٛ‫ اٌَّقم‬.‫أ‬
None of the following options is wrong. However, one of them makes . 19
more sense. Which one is it?
.ً ‫الرا‬ٚ‫ أريّدُ أْْ أؿْزفَ خـَّظيَٓ ّد‬.‫أ‬
.ً ‫الرا‬ٚ‫ أريّدُ أْْ رـَـْزفَ خـَّظيَٓ ّد‬.‫ة‬
.ً ‫الرا‬ٚ‫ أريّدُ أْْ يَـْزفَ خـَّظيَٓ ّد‬.‫د‬
Which of the following sentences is semantically incorrect? . 20
.ِ‫ يَـْزفُ ٘ذا اٌجَٕه في اٌظَبفَخِ اٌزـَبطِقَخ‬.‫أ‬
.ِ‫ يَفزـَرُ ٘ذا اٌجَٕه في اٌظَبفَخِ اٌثـَبِِٕـَخ‬.‫ة‬
.ِ‫ يَفزـَرُ ٘ذا اٌجَٕه في اٌظَبفَخِ اٌزـَبطِقَخ‬.‫د‬

.َ‫أفزفُ أَْ اٌَّغقََُ يَفزـَرُ ثَقّدَ ّدَلب ِئك‬ . 21


This sentence implies that the restaurant:
a. will open soon
b. is closed today
c. will open at 5:00 as usual

‫الر؟‬ُٚ‫ اٌّد‬............ َٓ‫ِبدٌ خَّديّدَحٌ ف‬ٍٛ‫ًَْ٘ فِٕ َّدنِ َِق‬ . 22


Which of the following options cannot be used to fill in the blank?
َ‫ آخَز‬.‫د‬ ِ ‫ طِقز‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫ فٍُّـَخ‬.‫أ‬

.ًٌِ‫رَح َ ألٔـِي ُِظزـَقدـ‬ٛ‫٘بدِ اٌفبر‬ . 23


This sentence implies that you are:
a. early
b. angry
c. in a hurry

‫ا ُسنِ؟‬ٛ‫ أيَٓ خ‬،ْ‫عـَيِت‬ . 24


Which of the following words can substitute for the underlined one in the sentence?
ُ‫ألـِّد‬.‫د‬ ُ‫ رـَظَّر‬.‫ة‬ ْ‫ زبضِز‬.‫أ‬
You are visiting an Arab country and would like to extend that visit . 25
Therefore, ...... .
‫د‪َِ .‬قٍ‪ِٛ‬برُـهِ خَّدي َّدحٌ‬ ‫ة‪ .‬فبر‪ٛ‬رَرُـهِ ع‪ٛ‬يٍـَخٌ‬ ‫أ‪ .‬البَِزُـهِ ُِّزِقَخٌ‬

‫‪Reading Exercise:‬‬ ‫حمرين القراءَة‪:‬‬


‫‪Read the following words, phrases and sentences into your tape recorder, then listen to‬‬
‫‪them. Give the tape to your teacher to check your performance:‬‬
‫أٌيَ‪َُ ٛ‬‬ ‫کـَُْ َِزی طِقزٌ خَيِّدٌ‬
‫ّدائِّب ً خبؿَخ ً زبضِزٌ أٌَّزسَفُ أألطج‪ٛ‬ؿُ‬
‫في اٌظَبفَخِ اٌظَبثِقَخِ‬ ‫أيَخ ُ خِّدَِخٍ ِب فِّٕدّي َِزی يَفزـَرُ‬
‫ٌِظ‪ٛ‬ءِ اٌسَؼ ِ فٍی کـًُِ زبي ٍ‬ ‫اٌی اٌيَّيٓ ِ‬
‫في ِٔ‪ٙ‬بيَخِ اٌؼـَبرؿ ِ‬ ‫َِقٍ‪ِٛ‬بدٌ خَّديّدَحٌ َ٘ ِذِٖ اٌَّقٍ‪ِٛ‬بدُ‬

‫أؽـُُٓ ُِٕذ ُ طَٕـَخٍ‪.‬‬


‫ًَْ٘ َ٘ ِذِٖ فٍُّـَخٌخَّدي َّدحٌ؟‬
‫کـَُْ طِقُزُ اٌّدِيٕبر ِاٌيَ‪ََٛ‬؟‬
‫ٌـَيضَ فِّٕدّي َِقٍ‪ِٛ‬بدٌ خَّدي َّدحٌ‪.‬‬
‫ِب فِّٕدّي زِظبةٌ في ٘ذا اٌجَٕه‪.‬‬
‫أٌزَخًُُ األخٕـَجيُ في اٌجَٕه اٌدَّديّدِ‪.‬‬
‫يَدـِتُ أْْ أؿْزفَ خَّظيَٓ ّديٕبرا ً‪.‬‬
‫أٌَّزسَفُ في ِٔ‪ٙ‬بيَخِ اٌؼـَبرؿ ِاٌی اٌيَّيٓ ِ‪.‬‬
‫أؽـُُٓ أَْ اٌجَٕه يَفزـَرُ في اٌظَبفَخِ اٌزـَبطِقَخِ‪.‬‬
‫ًَْ٘ فِّٕدنِ َِقٍ‪ِٛ‬بدٌ خَّدي َّدحٌ فَْٓ اٌقٍُّـَخِ اٌدَّدي َّدحِ‪.‬‬
‫‪Unit # 6‬‬ ‫ألوحدة رقم )‪:(6‬‬
‫‪Robert is at a car rental agency in Cairo. He wants to rent a car and has the‬‬
‫‪following conversation with the agent.‬‬

‫ر‪ٚ‬ثزد‪ :‬ؿَجبذَ اٌخـَيز ِ!‬


‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَف‪ :‬ؿَجبذَ إٌـُ‪ٛ‬ر ِ! أيَخ َ خِّدَِخٍ؟‬
‫ر‪ٚ‬ثزد‪ :‬أ ُريّدُ أْْ أطزؤخـِزَ طَيَب َرحً‪.‬‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَف‪ :‬زبضِزْ‪ ،‬فِّٕدٔب طيَبرادٌ خَيِ َّدحٌ‪ .‬أّيَ ٔـَ‪ٛ‬ؿ ٍ رُـسِتُ؟‬
‫ر‪ٚ‬ثزد‪ :‬أ ُزِتُ طيَب َرحً أِزيکيَخ ًؿَغي َزحً‪.‬‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَف‪ :‬کـَُْ يَ‪ِٛ‬ب ً؟‬
‫ر‪ٚ‬ثزد‪ :‬ألطج‪ٛ‬ؿ ٍ‪.‬‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَف‪ :‬أألخزَح ُ ثالث‪ّ َْٛ‬د‪ٚ‬الرا ً ٌٍِيَ‪.ِ َٛ‬‬
‫ر‪ٚ‬ثزد‪ُٕ٘ ًَ٘ :‬بنَ لـَيّدُ فٍی اٌَّظبفـَخِ؟‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَف‪ٔ :‬ـَقَُ‪ِ ،‬بئَخ ُ ِيً ٍ ٌٍِيَ‪ ِ َٛ‬اٌ‪ٛ‬ازِّدِ‪.‬‬
‫ر‪ٚ‬ثزد‪ِٚ :‬ب ٘ي کـٍُفـَخ ُاٌّيً ثَقّدَ ذٌهَ؟‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَف‪ :‬فُؼز‪ َْٚ‬طَٕزب ً ٌٍِّيً ِاٌ‪ٛ‬ازِّدِ‪.‬‬
‫ر‪ٚ‬ثزد‪٘ :‬ذا غبي ٍخـِّدَا ً‪.‬‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَف‪ُِّ :‬کٌِٓ‪ .‬أٔذَ رـَقزفُ أَْ ٘ذا ِ‪ٛ‬طُُِ اٌظَيبزَخِ‪.‬‬
‫ر‪ٚ‬ثزد‪ :‬يَقٕي کـًُُ ػـَيءٍ غبي ٍ؟‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَف‪ :‬ثَقضُ اٌؼـَيءِ‪.‬‬
‫ر‪ٚ‬ثزد‪ :‬کـُْ أخ َزحُ اٌظيَبرحِ اٌکـَجي َزحِ؟‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَف‪ :‬خَّظ‪ّ َْٛ‬د‪ٚ‬الرا ً ٌٍِيَ‪ ِ َٛ‬اٌ‪ٛ‬ازِّدِ‪.‬‬
‫ر‪ٚ‬ثزد‪ :‬کـَُْ اٌمـَيّدُ فٍی اٌَّظبفـَخِ؟‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَف‪ِ :‬بئخ ِيً ٍ أيضب ً‪.‬‬
‫ر‪ٚ‬ثزد‪ٚ :‬اٌکـٍُفـَخ ُ فُؼز‪ َْٚ‬طَٕزب ً ٌٍِّيً ِاألضبفي‪.‬‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَف‪٘ :‬ذا ؿَسيرٌ‪.‬‬
‫ر‪ٚ‬ثزد‪ :‬عـَيِتْ‪ ،‬أريّدُ طَيَب َرحً ؿَغي َزحً‪.‬‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَف‪ ًِْ٘ :‬يُّکُِٓ أْْ أری رُخـَخ َاٌظِيبلـَخِ؟‬
‫ر‪ٚ‬ثزد‪ :‬عـَجقب ً‪ِ َ٘ ،‬ذِٖ رُخـَزي‪.‬‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَف‪ ًَْ٘ :‬يُّکُٓ أْْ أری خ‪ٛ‬اسَ اٌظَفـَز؟‬
‫ر‪ٚ‬ثزد‪ :‬زبضِزْ‪٘ ،‬ذا خَ‪ٛ‬اسُ طَفـَزّي‪.‬‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَف‪ :‬کـًَُ ػـَيءٍ ثبٌزـَّبَ‪.‬‬
‫ر‪ٚ‬ثزد‪ :‬کـَُْ اٌزـَؤِيُٓ؟‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَف‪ :‬أٌزـَؤِيُٓ ضَِّٓ األخ َزحِ‪.‬‬
‫ر‪ٚ‬ثزد‪ :‬أفٕي اٌزـَؤِيُٓ فٍی اٌسَيبحِ‪.‬‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَف‪ :‬آطِفْ‪ٌ ،‬ـَيضَ فِّٕدَٔب رؤِيٌٓ فٍی اٌسَيبحِ‪.‬‬
‫ر‪ٚ‬ثزد‪ٌ :‬ـَيضُ فِّٕدَکـُُ! ال يُّکُِٓ أْْ أػززّيَ رؤِيٕب ً فٍی اٌسَيبحِ!‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَف‪ :‬ال‪ٌ ،‬ـَيضَ فِّٕدٔب رؤِيٌٓ فٍی اٌسَيبحِ‪.‬‬
‫ر‪ٚ‬ثزد‪ِ :‬ب ٘‪ َٛ‬اٌظَجَتُ؟ ٌِّبذا؟‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَف‪ :‬أٌسيبحُ في يَّدِ اٌٍـَِٗ! في يَّدِ رَثِٕب!‬
‫ر‪ٚ‬ثزد‪َِ :‬ف‪َِ ،ٌَٛٙ‬ف‪ِ َ٘ !ٌَٛٙ‬ذِٖ ثـِغبلـَخ ُاألئزّبْ ِ؟‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَف‪َ َِ ًُْ٘ :‬قهَ ٔـَمّدٌ؟‬
‫ر‪ٚ‬ثزد‪ٔ :‬قَُ‪ِ ،‬قي ٔـَمّدٌ‪.‬‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَف‪ :‬أفـَضًُِ أْْ رـَّدفـَـَ ثبٌٕـَمّدِ‪.‬‬
‫ر‪ٚ‬ثزد‪ َٛ٘ٚ :‬کذٌهَ!‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَف‪ ًَْ٘ :‬فِٕ َّدنَ طئايٌ آخزُ؟‬
‫ر‪ٚ‬ثزد‪ :‬أؽـُُٓ أٔـَٕي أززبجُ اٌی خبرعـَخٍ‪.‬‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَف‪ :‬عـَجقب ً‪ ،‬اٌخبرعـَخ ُ في اٌظيَب َرحِ‪.‬‬
‫ر‪ٚ‬ثزد‪ٚ :‬اٌِّفزبذُ کذٌهَ؟‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَف‪ :‬ال‪٘ ،‬ذا ٘‪ ٛ‬اٌِّفزبذُ‪.‬‬
‫ر‪ٚ‬ثزد‪ :‬ػـُکزا ً‪ ،‬يب أش‪.‬‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَف‪ :‬ال ػـُکزَ فٍی ‪ٚ‬اخـِتٍ‪.‬‬
‫ر‪ٚ‬ثزد‪ :‬اٌی اٌٍمبءِ‪.‬‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَف‪ :‬خُذ ْ اٌسَذ ِرَ!‬
‫ر‪ٚ‬ثزد‪ :‬أٌسَيبحُ في يَّدِ اٌٍـَِٗ!‬
‫أٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَف‪ :‬أٌٍـَُٗ َِ َقهَ!‬
‫‪Cultural Expressions :‬‬ ‫ألعباراث ‪:‬‬
‫الشـَائعت‬
‫!‪Good bye‬‬ ‫أٌٍـَُٗ َِ َقهَ!‬
‫!‪Everything is fine‬‬ ‫کـًَُ ػـَيءٍ ثبٌزـَّبَ‪.‬‬
‫!‪Everything is fine‬‬ ‫کـًَُ ػـَيءٍ فٍی ِب يُزاَُ‪.‬‬
‫!‪Everything is in God’s hands‬‬ ‫کـًَُ ػـَيءٍ ثـِيَّدِ اٌٍـَِٗ‪.‬‬
‫!‪Life is in God’s hands‬‬ ‫أٌسَيبحُ ثـّيَّدِ اٌٍـَِٗ‬
‫)‪Be careful! (serious warning‬‬ ‫خُذ ْ اٌسَذ ِرَ‬
‫!‪No problem! Don’t mention it‬‬ ‫ال ػـُکزَ فٍی ‪ٚ‬اخـِتٍ‬
‫‪life insurance‬‬ ‫رؤِيٌٓ فٍی اٌسَيبحِ‬
‫‪Ied in‬‬ ‫ِِْٓ ضِّٓ ِ‬
‫‪I prefer you pay cash.‬‬ ‫أفـَضًُِ أْْ رـَّدفـَـَ ثبٌٕـَمّدِ‬
‫!‪so be it‬‬ ‫‪ َٛ٘ٚ‬کـَذٌهَ‬
credit card ْ‫ثـِغبلـَخ ُ ائزّب‬

Vocabularies: :‫ألمفرداث‬
some of ُ ‫ثَق‬
‫ض‬
Why ‫ٌِّبذا‬
kind, sort, type, make ٌ‫ؿ‬َٛ‫ٔـ‬
question ٌ‫طئاي‬
reason/s, cause/s ُ‫طَجتٌ – أطجبة‬
life ٌ‫زَيبح‬
insurance ٌٓ‫رؤِي‬
car/s ٌ‫ طيَبراد‬-ٌ‫طَيَب َرح‬
license ٌ‫رٌخـَخ‬
driving ٌ‫طيبلـَخ‬
map ٌ‫خبرعـَخ‬
tourism ٌ‫طيبزَخ‬
season ٌُِ‫ط‬َِٛ
distance ٌ‫َِظبفـَخ‬
restriction, limit ٌ‫لـَيّد‬
money, cash ٌ‫ٔـَمّد‬
cost ٌ‫کـٍُفـخ‬
additional, extra ٌ‫اضبفي‬
big, large, old (for people) ٌ‫کـَجيز‬
small, tiny, young (for people) ٌ‫ؿَغيز‬
much, plenty, abundance ٌ‫کـَثيز‬
little, small ًٌ‫لـٍَي‬
I want, like, desire ُ‫أ ُريّد‬
I write ُ‫أکزـُت‬
I rent ُ‫أطزؤخـِز‬
I pay ُ‫أّدفـَـ‬
I need ُ‫أززبج‬
we have ‫فِّٕدَٔب‬
you (mp) have ُُ‫فِّٕدَکـ‬
he means ‫ يَقٕي‬/ ُ‫يَمـِّد‬
he knows ُ‫يَقزِف‬
he bought ‫اػزـَزی‬
he requested, asked for َ‫عـٍَـَت‬
Grammar: :‫القواعد‬
a. Unlike English, the question word َُْ‫ کـ‬when it means “how many,” has to be followed
by a noun that is singular, indefinite, and in accusitive case. Examples are:

How many rooms are there in this hotel? ‫کـَُْ غـُزفـَخ ً في ٘ذا اٌفـُّٕدُق ِ؟‬
How many cars are there in the street? ‫کـَُْ طيَب َرحً في اٌؼـَبرؿ؟‬
ً
Ie the words following the question word “how many” have to be indefinite, all of them
take Nunation. Notice that they are singular although in English translation they are
plural.
b. ‫٘ي‬ ٛ٘ ِ‫أٔذ‬ َ‫أٔذ‬ ‫أٔب‬
I believe that you are familiar with the list of pronouns above. They are all singular and
represent first, second and third persons for both masculine and feminine. Their
corresponding plural forms are as the following:
َُٓ٘ ُُ٘ َٓ‫أٔزُـ‬ ُُ‫أٔزـ‬ ُٓ‫ٔـَس‬
they (fp) they (mp) you (fp) you (mp) we (f&m)

c. In Unit # 5 you were told that a noun can become definite by adding a possessive
suffix to it. This is the third possible way to make a noun
definite. The first method is to prefix it with the definite article, and the
second method is to become a part of Idaafa, if the second term is definite.

I believe you remember the various forms of the possessive suffixed pronouns for the
singular. We have come across many examples of them. As you know they are as the
following:
‫ـي‬.... ‫أٔب‬
َ‫ـه‬.... َ‫أٔذ‬
ِ‫ـه‬.... ِ‫أٔذ‬
ُٗ‫ـ‬.... ٛ٘
‫ب‬ٙ‫ـ‬.... ‫٘ي‬
Now that we have learned that, let us move on to the plural forms. The plural forms of
the possessive suffixed pronouns are as the following:

our guest ‫ضَـيفـُٕب‬ ‫ـٕب‬.... ُٓ ‫ٔـَس‬


your (mp) breakfast ُُ‫رُکـ‬ٛ‫فـُغ‬ ُُ‫ـکـ‬.... ُُ‫أٔزـ‬
your (fp) insurance َُٓ‫رؤِيٕـُکـ‬ َُٓ‫ـکـ‬.... َُٓ‫أٔزـ‬
their (mp) coffee ُُُٙ‫َرـ‬َٛٙ‫لـ‬ ُُٙ‫ـ‬.... ُُ٘
their (fp) account َُُٓٙ‫زِظبث‬ َُٓٙ‫ـ‬.... َُٓ٘

Verb Conjugation: :‫حصريف األفعال‬


The following verbs are conjugated to the present tense for singular pronouns.
‫هي‬ ‫هو‬ ِ‫أنج‬ َ‫أنج‬ ‫أنا‬

ُ‫ف رـَقزِف‬ ُ ِ‫يَقز‬ َٓ‫رـَقزفي‬ ُ‫رـَقزِف‬ ُ‫أفزِف‬ (to know) َ‫فَزَف‬


‫رـَقٕي‬ ‫يَقٕي‬ َٓ‫رـَقٕي‬ ‫رـَقٕي‬ ‫أفٕي‬ (to mean) ‫فَٕی‬

ُ‫رـَکزـُت‬ ُ‫يَکزـُت‬ َٓ‫رـَکزـُتُ رـَکزـُجي‬ ُ‫أکزـُت‬ (to write) َ‫کـَزـَت‬

ُ‫رـَسزبج‬ ُ‫يَسزبج‬ َٓ‫رـَسزبخي‬ ُ‫رـَسزبج‬ ُ‫أززبج‬ (to need) َ‫اززبج‬

ُ‫أطزـَؤخِزُ رـَظزـَؤخـِ ُز رـَظزـَؤخزيَٓ يَظزؤخـِزُ رـَظزـَؤخـِز‬ (to rent) َ‫اطزؤخَز‬


Drill # 1 :‫ألخمرين األّوَل‬
Use the words and phrases in the Vocabulary List in good sentences:

Drill # 2: :‫ألخمرين الثاني‬


Please choose the correct options:

Which of the following options has a reference to a feminine second personal plur al . 1
pronoun?
‫ فِّٕدَٔب‬.‫د‬ َُُ٘‫ فِّٕد‬.‫ة‬ َُٓ‫ فِّٕدَکـ‬.‫أ‬
.ً ‫طُُِ اٌظِيبزَخِ َ٘ ِذِٖ اٌظَٕـَخَ غبي ٍ خـِّدَا‬َِٛ .2
You are talking about the tourism season as being very:
a. pleasant
b. crowded
c. expensive

.ٌ‫ رُخـَخ‬............ َ‫ال أفزفُ أٔـَُٗ ٌـَيض‬ .3


One of the following options makes the sentence sound strange. Which?
‫ فِّٕدّي‬.‫د‬ ََُٓ٘‫ فِّٕد‬.‫ة‬ ُُ‫ فِّٕدَکـ‬.‫أ‬

.ِ‫ٌـَيضَ ٘ذا طَجَجب ًِِْٓ ضِّٓ ِاألطجبة‬ .4


The underlined phrase means:
a. included
b. provided
c. excluded

‫ٌِّبذا کـٍُفـَخ ُ اطزِئدبر ِاٌظَيب َرحِ في ٘ذا اٌجٍَـَّدِ غبٌيَخٌ؟‬ .5


Only one of the following phrases can be used to substitute for the question word.
Which?

َْ‫ ًَْ٘ ِِْٓ اٌُّّکِٓ ِأ‬.‫د‬ َْ‫ َِزی أفزفُ أ‬.‫ة‬ َْ‫ اٌظَجَتُ أ‬ٛ٘ ‫ ِب‬.‫أ‬
‫ًَْ٘ رـَقزفُ اذا کبٔـَذْ رُخـَزُـهَ ؿبٌِسَخ ً؟‬ .6
The question is whether your .............. is valid?
a. visa
b. License
c. passport

‫ًَْ٘ رـَقزفيَٓ کـَُْ کـٍُفـَخ ُاطزئدبر اٌغـُزفـَخِ؟‬ .7


Which of the following cannot be an answer to the question?
‫َِخٌ خـِّدَا‬ٛٙ‫ َِف‬.‫د‬ ً ‫ لـٍَيٍـَخٌ خـِّدَا‬.‫ة‬ ً ‫ غبٌيَخٌ خـِّدَا‬.‫أ‬

‫ًَْ٘فِّٕدَکـُُ رؤِيٌٓ فٍی اٌسَيبحِ؟‬ .8


The pronoun reference in the underlined word is:
َ‫ أ‬.‫د‬ ُُ‫ أٔزـ‬.‫ة‬ ُُ٘ .‫أ‬

‫ؿ ٍِِْٓ اٌظيَبرادِ رـُفضـٍِيَٓ؟‬َٛ‫أّيَ ٔـ‬ .9


Which of the following verbs would you choose to substitute the verb of the sentence
without changing the meaning?
َٓ‫ رـَقٕي‬.‫د‬ َٓ‫ رـَظزؤخزي‬.‫ة‬ َٓ‫ رـُسجِي‬.‫أ‬

!َُ‫کـًُُ ػـَيءٍ فٍی ِب يُزا‬ . 10


Which of the following options gives the same message expressed above?

.َ‫ کـًُُ ػـَيءٍ ثبٌزـَّب‬.‫أ‬


.َ‫ کـًُُ ػـَيءٍ ثبٌسََّب‬.‫ة‬
.َ‫ کـًُُ ػـَيءٍ فٍَـَيِٗ اٌظَال‬.‫د‬

!َِٗ‫أٌسَيبحُ في يَّدِ اٌٍـ‬ . 11


If someone says something like that to you, she/he is:
a. fatalist
b. pragmatist
c. independent
.ِ‫ذا اٌجٍَـَّد‬ٌٙ ٍ‫ خبرعـَخٍ کـَجي َزح‬............ ُ‫أززبج‬ . 12
You want to tour an Arab country you are visiting. So, you need a big map. Which
preposition you need to use?
‫ في‬.‫د‬ ِِْٓ .‫ة‬ ‫ اٌی‬.‫أ‬

.ٌَِ‫طُُِ اٌظِيبزَخِ لبّد‬َِٛ !َ‫خُذ ْ اٌسَذ َر‬ . 13


The message you are giving is:
a. watch out
b. don’t worry
c. I cannot believe this

‫ فٍی اٌسَيبحِ؟‬............ ِ‫ًَْ٘ فِٕ َّدن‬ . 14


You work for an insurance company and you are trying to sell a life insurance policy to
your neighbor. Which noun would you choose?
ٌٓ‫ رؤِي‬.‫د‬ ٌُِ‫ط‬َِٛ .‫ة‬ ٌ‫اخـِت‬ٚ .‫أ‬

.ٍ‫ خَّدي َّدح‬............ ‫أززبجُ اٌی‬ . 15


You need something. One of the following items cannot be on your list. Which?
ٍ‫طيبزَخ‬ ٍ‫ خبرِعـَخ‬.‫ة‬ ٍ‫ رُخـَخِ طيبلـَخ‬.‫أ‬

.ِ‫اٌجَـ َزح‬ٚ َ‫ ثَيَٓ ثَغّداّد‬............. َُْ‫ال يَقزفُ کـ‬ . 16


Only one of the following nouns can be used to fill in the blank. Which?

ُ ‫ اٌظِيبلـَخ‬.‫د‬ ُ ‫ اٌظِيبزَخ‬.‫ة‬ ُ ‫ اٌَّظبفـَخ‬.‫أ‬

.ُ‫ آخـَز‬.......... ‫أفٕي ٌـَيضَ فِّٕدّي‬ . 17


You are unlikely to hear or see the noun in option ...... used to fill in the blank.
ٌ‫ طئاي‬.‫د‬ ٌُِ‫ط‬َِٛ .‫ة‬ ٌ‫اس‬َٛ‫ خ‬.‫أ‬
‫ٌِّبذا رـُفـَضًُِ أْْ أکزـُتَ ػـيکب ًآخـَزَ؟‬ . 18
What is the pronoun reference in the underlined verb?
ٛ٘ .‫د‬ ‫ أٔب‬.‫ة‬ َ‫ أٔذ‬.‫أ‬

ُ‫ أّي‬، ‫ ٌِّبذا‬، َُْ‫کـ‬ . 19


Which of the above question words asks about reason/cause?
ُ‫ أّي‬.‫د‬ ‫ ٌِّبذا‬.‫ة‬ َُْ‫ کـ‬.‫أ‬

.ً ‫أخ َزحُ اٌغـُزفـَخِ غبٌيَخٌخـِّدَا‬ . 20


Only one of the following adjectives cannot substitute the adjective in the sentence for
semantic reasons. Which?
ٌ‫ کـَجي َزح‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ کـَثي َزح‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ لـٍَيٍـَخ‬.‫أ‬

! ............ ‫ًَْ٘ يُّکُِٓ أْْ أری‬ . 21


You were pulled aside by a policeman because you were speeding. What option can be
used to make the first question you will be asked?
َِ‫ طَيَبرَرـه‬.‫د‬ ِ‫ا َسن‬ٛ‫ خ‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫ رُخـَزَـه‬.‫أ‬

..................ُ ‫ًَْ٘ فِّٕدَکـُُ اطزّبرَح‬ . 22


Which of the following options does not makes a correct sentence?
ِ‫ اٌخبرعـَخ‬.‫د‬ ِ ٓ‫ اٌزؤِي‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫ األخزَح‬.‫أ‬

َ‫ِب ًرـُسِتُ أْْ رـَظزؤخـِزَ اٌظَيَب َرح‬َٛ‫ ي‬......... . 23


Which of the following words would you choose to ask this question?
ُ‫ أّي‬.‫د‬ َُْ‫ کـ‬.‫ة‬ ‫ ٌِّبذا‬.‫أ‬

.ً ‫رؤِيُٓ اٌظيَبرادِ في ٘ذا اٌجٍَـَّدِ ٌـَيضَ غبٌيب‬ . 24


You live in one of the Arab countries, and you are talking about automobile insurance in
that country. You seem to believe that it is:
a. cheap
b. expensive
c. very expensive
‫َ٘ ِذِٖ رُخـَخ ُطيبلـَخِ اٌزَخًُ ِاألخٕـَجيِ‪.‬‬ ‫‪. 25‬‬
‫‪The underlined word is in the genitive case because:‬‬
‫‪a. its adjective is in genitive‬‬
‫‪b. it is a second term of Idafa‬‬
‫‪c. it is a noun which is definite‬‬

‫‪Drill # 3:‬‬ ‫ألخمرين الثالث‪:‬‬


‫‪a. Answer the following questions:‬‬

‫‪ِ .1‬بذا يُزيّدُ ر‪ٚ‬ثَزد اْْ يَظزؤخـِزَ؟‬


‫‪ .2‬أّيَ ٔـَ‪ٛ‬ؿ ٍِِْٓ اٌظَيَبرادِ يُفـَضًُِ ر‪ٚ‬ثُزد؟‬
‫‪ .3‬کـَُْ أخ َزحُ اٌظَيَب َرحِ اٌکـَجي َزحِ ٌِيَ‪ٍٚ َٛ‬ازِّدٍ؟‬
‫‪ ًَْ٘ .4‬اػززی ر‪ٚ‬ثَزد رؤِيٕب ًفٍی اٌسَيبحِ؟ ٌِّبذا؟‬
‫‪ .5‬کـَيفَ ّدَفـَـَ ر‪ٚ‬ثَزد أخ َزحَ اٌظَيَب َرحِ؟‬
‫‪ .6‬کـَُْ أخزحُ اٌّيًِ األضبفيِ؟‬
‫‪b. Please check if each of the following statements is true/false:‬‬

‫‪ٌ ..... . 1‬ـَيضَ ُٕ٘بنَ لَيّدٌ فٍی اٌَّظبفـَخِ‪.‬‬


‫‪ ..... . 2‬عٍتَ اٌّ‪َٛ‬ؽـَفُ رُخـَخ َ اٌظِيبلخِ ‪ٚ‬اٌزـَؤػي َزحَ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ..... . 3‬يَسزبجُ ر‪ٚ‬ثَزد اٌی خبرعـَـخٍ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ..... . 4‬اطزؤخَزَ ر‪ٚ‬ثَزد طَيَب َرحً أِزيکيَخ ً ٌِيَ‪ٍٚ َٛ‬ازِّدٍ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ..... . 5‬أخ َزحُ اٌّيً األضبفيِ ‪ّ 30‬د‪ٚ‬الراً‪.‬‬
‫‪ٌ ..... . 6‬ـَيضَ فِّٕدَُُ٘ رؤِيٌٓ فٍی اٌسَيبحِ‪.‬‬
‫‪c. Please provide the correct forms of the words/phrases which are between brackets:‬‬

‫‪ .1‬کـَُْ (اٌغزفخ) في اٌفـُّٕدُق ِ؟‬


‫‪َٚ .2‬ؿًََ (ضيف ‪ٔ +‬سُٓ) ِِْٓ ثغّداّدَ أِض ِ‪.‬‬
‫‪َِ .3‬زی (رظزؤخـِز) طَيَب َرحً‪ ،‬يب فبعَِّخ ُ؟‬
‫‪ .4‬ال (اٌؼـُکز) فٍی اٌ‪ٛ‬اخـِتِ!‬
‫‪( .5‬خُذ اٌسَذ َر)‪ ،‬يب ؿَّديمي!‬
‫‪( .6‬أٌّ‪ٛ‬طُِ) اٌظِيبزَخِ غبي ٍخـِّدَا ً‪.‬‬

‫‪d. Please provide the correct vowel-endings for the following sentences:‬‬

‫‪٘ .1‬ذٖ ثغبلخ األئزّبْ‪ٚ ،‬ال أفزف ٌّبذا اٌکٍفخ غبٌيخ‪.‬‬


‫‪ .2‬رُخـَخ اٌظِيبلخ ؿبٌِسَخ ٌِظَٕـَخ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .3‬أّي ٔ‪ٛ‬ؿ ِٓ اٌظَيَبراد رـُفـَضٍِيٓ؟‬
‫‪ .4‬ال ألـّد اٌزؤِيٓ فٍی اٌسيبح‪.‬‬
‫‪ .5‬أٌّفزبذ ‪ٚ‬اٌخبرعخ ‪ٚ‬ثغبلخ األئزّبْ في اٌغزفخ ثبٌفـُّٕدُق‪.‬‬
‫‪ ِِٓ ًَ٘ .6‬اٌُّّکِٓ أْ أری رُخـَزه؟‬

‫‪e. Please identify the independent pronouns for the possessive pronoun suffixes in the‬‬
‫‪following sentences:‬‬

‫‪ ..... . 1‬طَيَبرَرـُٕب اٌدَّديّدحُ في اٌؼـَبرؿ ِ‪.‬‬


‫‪ ..... . 2‬زَيبرـُکـَُ في يَّدِ اٌٍـَِٗ!‬
‫‪ٌ ..... . 3‬ـَيظَذ َِقٍ‪ِٛ‬برـُکـَُٓ خَّدي َّدحً‪.‬‬
‫‪ٌِّ ..... . 4‬بذا رؤِيٕـُ‪ ُُٙ‬غبي ٍ؟‬
‫‪ ..... . 5‬في اٌسَميمـَخِ‪ ،‬ثٍَـَّدَُُ٘ٓ خُّيًٌ خِّدَاً‪.‬‬
‫‪ ًَ٘ ..... . 6‬ثغبلخ ائزّبٔ‪ٙ‬ب ؿبٌِسَخٌٌِظَٕـَخٍ؟‬

‫‪Drill # 4‬‬ ‫ألخمرين الرَابع‪:‬‬


‫‪Choose the correct options and explain WHY:‬‬

‫طَيَب َرحُ أخي خَّدي َّدحٌ‪.‬‬ ‫‪.1‬‬


‫‪This sentence can be negated by the particle in option ...... which would require some‬‬
‫‪change in the predicate end-voweling.‬‬
‫د‪ٌ .‬ـَيظَذْ‬ ‫ة‪ .‬ال‬ ‫أ‪ِ .‬ب‬
.ُ‫ آخَز‬......... ‫ٌـَيضَ فِّٕدّي‬ .2
Only one of the following nouns is less unlikely used as a subject for this sentence.
Which?
ُُِ‫ط‬َِٛ .‫د‬ ٌ‫ طئاي‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫اس‬َٛ‫ خ‬.‫أ‬

.‫طُُِ اٌظِيبزَخِ غبي ٍخـِ َّداً في فـَزَٔظب‬َِٛ ........... .3


Which of the following question words can be used to make your question correct
grammatically and semantically.
‫ ٌِّبذا‬.‫د‬ ُ‫ أّي‬.‫ة‬ َُْ‫ کـ‬.‫أ‬

‫ رـُسِتُ أْْ رـَظزؤخـِزَ اٌظَيَبرَح َ؟‬.......... َُْ‫کـ‬ .4


Grammatically, you can use any of the following nouns which are in the accusative case
to fill in the blank. Practically, one of them does not sound correct. Which?
ً ‫ طَٕـَخ‬.‫د‬ ً‫فب‬ٛ‫ أطج‬.‫ة‬ ً‫ِب‬َٛ‫ ي‬.‫أ‬

.ِِٗ‫ فٍی اٌسَيبحِ ٌِقبئٍِز‬........... ‫اػززی خبرّي‬ .5


Which of the following nouns can be used as an object for this sentence?
ً‫ زِظبثب‬.‫د‬ ً‫طِّب‬َِٛ .‫ة‬ ً‫ رؤِيٕب‬.‫أ‬

‫ ٍطَيَب َرحُ أطزَ ِرهِ؟‬......... ُ‫أّي‬ .6


You are asking your friend about the kind of car her family owns. Which of the following
nouns you need to choose?
ٍ ٓ‫ رؤِي‬.‫د‬ ٍ‫اخـِت‬ٚ .‫ة‬ ٍ ‫ؿ‬َٛ‫ ٔـ‬.‫أ‬

.ٍ‫اد‬َٛ‫ًَْ٘ رُخـَزُـهَ ؿبٌِسَخٌٌِثالسِ طَٕـ‬ .7


This question asks if your ..... is valid for three years.
a. visa
b. license
c. passport

َُْ‫کـ‬ .8
This question word can be used to ask about:
a. when or how many
b. how much or where
c. how many or how much

.‫ أززبجُ اٌی طَيَب َرحٍ أخزی‬...... .9


Which of the following negation particles can be used to negate this sentence?
‫ ال‬.‫د‬ ‫ ِب‬.‫ة‬ َ‫ ٌـَيض‬.‫أ‬

‫ غـُزفـَخ ً؟‬............ ْْ‫ًَْ٘ رـُسِتُ أ‬ . 10


Which of the following verbs makes a good question?

َ‫ رـَسزبج‬.‫د‬ َ‫ رـَـزف‬.‫ة‬ َ‫ رـَظزؤخـِز‬.‫أ‬

.ً‫ کـَجي َزح‬............. َ‫أريّدُ أْ أطزؤخِز‬ . 11


Which of the following nouns can be used as an object for this sentence and be correct
semantically?
ً ‫ رُخـَخ‬.‫د‬ ً‫ طَيَب َرح‬.‫ة‬ ً‫ زَيبح‬.‫أ‬

!َ‫کـًُُ ػـَيءٍ ثبٌزـَّب‬ . 12


This Arabic functional expression means, “Everything is fine!” One of the following
expression says the same thing. Which?
!َ‫ کـًُُ ػـَيءٍ ثبٌسََّب‬.‫أ‬
!َ‫ کـًُُ ػـَيءٍ فٍی ِب يُزا‬.‫ة‬
!َ‫ کـًُُ ػـَيءٍ فٍَـَيِٗ اٌظَال‬.‫د‬

.ً‫طُُِ اٌظِيبزَخِ في ِـزَ خَّيًٌ خـِّدَا‬َِٛ . 13


This sentence says that tourism season in Egypt is very:
a. crowded
b. beautiful
c. expensive
‫ؿ ٍِِْٓ اٌظَيَبرادِ رـُسِتُ؟‬َٛ‫أّيَ ٔـ‬ . 14
You are asking a friend about the kind of car he ...... .
a. likes
b. owns
c. drives

.ً‫ خبرعـَخٍ ألٔي أفزفُ اٌَّّديٕـََخ َ خَيِّدا‬........ ُ‫ال أززبج‬ . 15


You want to say, “I do not need a map because I know the city really well.” Which
preposition the main verb needs?
‫ في‬.‫د‬ ‫ اٌی‬.‫ة‬ ِِْٓ .‫أ‬

‫کـَُْ غـُزفـَخ ًفي ٘ذا اٌفـُّٕدُق ِاٌدَّديّدِ؟‬ . 16


You read about a new hotel that has been opened recently. You are asking a friend if
he/she knows:
a. how big it is
b. what is the rate
c. if it is a 5 stars hotel

You are talking about some guys and you mean to say, “They do not . 17
have ....... .” Which of the following expressions would you begin your sentence with?
ُُ‫ ٌـَيضَ فِّٕدَکـ‬.‫د‬ ََُٓ٘‫ ٌـَيضَ فِّٕد‬.‫ة‬ َُُ٘‫ ٌـَيضَ فِّٕد‬.‫أ‬

!ٍ‫اخـِت‬ٚ ‫ال ػـُکزَ فٍی‬ . 18


This expression means:
a. Forget it!
b. Thank you!
c. No problem
‫ في َِکزـَتِ اطزئدبر ِاٌظَيَبرادِ؟‬............. َُْ‫کـ‬ . 19
Which of the following identical nouns has the correct voweling to be used after the
question word ْ َُ‫? کـ‬

ٍ‫ أِزأح‬.‫د‬ ً‫ أِزأح‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ اِزأح‬.‫أ‬


.ِ‫ ِب فِّٕدَٔب رؤِيٌٓ فٍی اٌسَيبح‬، .......... . 20
Which of the following words would you choose if you want to say, “Sorry, we do not
have life insurance.” ?
ُ‫ ألـِّد‬.‫د‬ ُُٓ‫ أؽـ‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ آطِف‬.‫أ‬

!ِٗ‫کـًُُ ػـَيءٍ في يَّدِ اٌٍـ‬ . 21


If you hear someone saying this expression, you would be under the impression that
he/she is:
a. religious
b. extremist
c. naturalist

‫ًَْ٘ رـُسِجِيَٓ أْْ أکزـُتَ ٌهِ ػـَيکبً؟‬ . 22


The teller is asking a customer if she wants him to:
a. cash her check
b. issue her a check
c. deposit her check

‫ ؟‬................ ‫ن رؤِيٌٓ فٍی‬


ِ َ‫ًَْ٘ فِّٕد‬ . 23
You are talking to a friend and meant to ask her if she had insurance on certain things
or items. Only one of the following nouns can not be used. Which?
ِ‫ األطزّب َرح‬.‫د‬ ِ‫ اٌظَيَب َرح‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫ اٌسَيبح‬.‫أ‬
You are talking to a group of women to remind them that they do not . 24
have time to go on a tour. Which option would you choose?

.ِ‫َلذٌ ٌٍِظيبزَخ‬ٚ ‫ ٌـَيضَ فِّٕدَٔب‬.‫أ‬


.ِ‫َلذٌ ٌٍِظيبزَخ‬ٚ ُُ‫ ٌـَيضَ فِّٕدَکـ‬.‫ة‬
.ِ‫َلذٌ ٌٍِظيبزَخ‬ٚ َُٓ‫ ٌـَيضَ فِّٕدَکـ‬.‫د‬

‫ ؟‬............. ُ‫أيَٓ اطزّب َرح‬ . 25


Which of the following options cannot be or rarely used to be the second term of
Idaafa?
ِ‫ اٌظِيبلـَخ‬.‫د‬ ِ ٓ‫ اٌزـَؤِي‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫ِبد‬ٍٛ‫ اٌَّق‬.‫أ‬
‫‪Reading Exercise‬‬ ‫حمرين القراءة‪:‬‬

‫‪Read the following words, phrases and sentences into your tape recorder, then listen to‬‬
‫‪them. Give the tape to your teacher to check your performance:‬‬

‫أززب ُ‬
‫ج‬ ‫ألـِّدُ‬ ‫أريّدُ‬ ‫ٔـَ‪ٛ‬ؿٌ‬ ‫يَ‪ٌَٛ‬‬
‫خبرعـَخٌ رؤِيٌٓ َِ‪ٛ‬طٌُِ طِيبزَخٌ أطزؤخـِزُ‬
‫ِب فِّٕدَکـُُ‬ ‫رُخـَزُـهِ‬ ‫ِِْٓ ضِّٓ ِ‬ ‫أّيُ ٔـَ‪ٛ‬ؿ ٍ‬
‫طَيَبرادٌ ؿَغي َزحٌ‬ ‫٘ذا اٌظَجَتُ‬ ‫في يَّدِ اٌٍـَِٗ‬
‫أألخ َزحُ ٌٍِـَي‪ِ َٛ‬اٌ‪ٛ‬ازِّدِ ثـِغبلـَخ ُ األئزِّبْ ِ‬ ‫أٌزـَؤِيُٓ فٍی اٌسَيبحِ‬

‫ال ػـُکزَ فٍی اٌ‪ٛ‬اخـِتِ!‬


‫کـَُْ أخزحُ اٌغـُزفخِ ٌألطج‪ٛ‬ؿ ِ‪.‬‬
‫أززبجُ اٌی خبرعـَخِ اٌَّّديٕـَخِ‪.‬‬
‫أٔب أفزفُ أَْ اٌسَيبحَ ثـِيَّدِ اٌٍـَِٗ‪.‬‬
‫ت أْْ أطزؤخـِزَ طَيَب َرحً ؿَغي َزحً‪.‬‬ ‫أ ُزِ ُ‬
‫فِّٕدَکـُُ طيَبرادٌ کـَثيزَحٌ َ٘ذِٖ اٌظَٕـَخ َ‪.‬‬
‫أألخ َزحُ ثالث‪ّ َْٛ‬د‪ٚ‬الراً ٌٍِيَ‪ِ َٛ‬اٌ‪ٛ‬ازِّدِ‪.‬‬
‫ًَْ٘ فِّٕدَ فبئٍِـَ ِزهِ رؤِيٌٓ فٍی اٌسَيبحِ؟‬
‫في َ٘ذا اٌؼـَبرؿ ِ طَيَبرادٌ کـَثي َزحٌ خـِّدَاً‪.‬‬
‫أّيُ ٔـَ‪ٛ‬ؿ ٍ ِِْٓ اٌظَيَبرادِ طَيَبرَرـُ‪ٙ‬ب اٌدَّدي َّدحُ؟‬
‫ال أؽـَُٓ أَْ َِ‪ٛ‬طَُِ اٌظِيبزَخِ َ٘ ِذِٖ اٌظَٕـَخ َغبي ٍ‪.‬‬
Unit # 7 )7( ‫ألوحدة رقم‬

David has been studying Arabic in Tunis, the capital of Tunisia. He is about to
leave the country, and is therefore doing some shopping. He is asking for directions
to a well-known discount store.

!‫ َِززجبً يب أش‬:‫ّد‬ٚ‫ّدا‬
!ً ‫ال‬َٙ‫ط‬ًٚ ‫أ٘ال‬ٚ ً‫ َِززجب‬:ًُ‫اٌزَخ‬
‫ أيَٓ ػبرؿُ (اٌزـَسزيز)؟‬،َ‫ ِِْٓ فـَضٍِه‬:‫ّد‬ٚ‫ّدا‬
‫ ًَْ٘ أٔذَ أخٕجيٌ؟ ًَْ٘ رـَقزفُ اٌَّّديٕـَخ َ؟‬:ًُ‫اٌزَخ‬
.ً‫ال أفزفُ اٌَّّديٕخ َخـِيِّدا‬ٚ ٌ‫ أٔب أخٕجي‬،َُْ‫ ٔق‬:‫ّد‬ٚ‫ّدا‬
.‫ ػبرؿُ اٌزـَسزيز ٌـَيضَ ثَقيّداً ِِْٓ ُٕ٘ب‬:ًُ‫اٌزَخ‬
‫ کـَيفَ أؿًُِ ُٕ٘بنَ؟‬:‫ّد‬ٚ‫ّدا‬
‫اٌزَخًُ‪ :‬عـَيِتْ‪ ،‬أٔذَ اآلَْ في ػبرؿ (ط‪ٛ‬ريب)‪.‬‬
‫ّدا‪ّٚ‬د‪ :‬عـَيِتْ‪ ،‬أٔب اآلَْ في ػبرؿ ط‪ٛ‬ريب‪.‬‬
‫اٌزَخًُ‪ :‬ػبرؿُ اٌزـَسزيز لـَزيتٌ ِِْٓ ُٕ٘ب‪.‬‬
‫ّدا‪ّٚ‬د‪ :‬أيَٓ ٘‪َٛ‬؟‬
‫ن‪.‬‬‫اٌزَخًُ‪ :‬اذَ٘تْ اٌی آخِزِ اٌؼبرؿ ِ ‪ٚ‬خُذ ْ يَّيٕـَِ َ‬
‫ن؟‬
‫ّدا‪ّٚ‬د‪ٚ :‬ثَقّدَ ذيِ َ‬
‫اٌزَخًُ‪ :‬اِغ ِخَّظيَٓ ِززاً رـَمزيجبً!‬
‫ّدا‪ّٚ‬د‪ :‬أِؼي خَّظيَٓ ِززاً رـَمزيجبً‪.‬‬
‫اٌزَخًُ‪ :‬زَزـَی رـَـًَِ اٌی ّدائِ َزحِ اٌپ‪ٌٛ‬يض‪.‬‬
‫ّدا‪ّٚ‬د‪ :‬کـَيفَ افزِفُ ّدائِ َزحَ اٌپ‪ٌٛ‬يض؟‬
‫اٌزَخًُ‪ :‬أِبَِ‪ٙ‬ب طَيَبرادٌ َِکز‪ٛ‬ةٌ فٍَـَي‪ٙ‬ب (ػـَزعخ)‬
‫ن؟‬‫ّدا‪ّٚ‬د‪ِٚ :‬بذا أفقًَُ ثَقّدَ ذيِ َ‬
‫ن!‬
‫اٌزَخًُ‪ :‬فِّٕدَ ّدائِ َزحِ اٌپ‪ٌٛ‬يض‪ ،‬خُذ ْ ػـَّبٌـَ َ‬
‫ّدا‪ّٚ‬د‪ :‬زَظَٕبً‪.‬‬
‫اٌزَخًُ‪ :‬اِغ ِِبئَخ ًأ‪ِ ٚ‬بئَخ ً‪ٚ‬فَؼزيَٓ خَغ َ‪ٛ‬حً ‪.....‬‬
‫ّدا‪ّٚ‬د‪ :‬خَغ َ‪ٛ‬حٌ؟ ِبذا رـَمـِّدُ؟‬
‫اٌزَخًُ‪ :‬ألـِّدُ خـَّظيَٓ أ‪ ٚ‬طِزـِيَٓ ِِززاً‪.‬‬
‫ّدا‪ّٚ‬د‪ :‬عـَيِتْ ‪....‬‬
‫اٌزَخًُ‪ :‬ززـَی رـَـًَِ اٌی ػبرؿ ِ (أکز‪ٛ‬ثَز)‪.‬‬
‫ّدا‪ّٚ‬د‪ٚ :‬کـَيفَ أفزفُ اٌؼـَبرؿَ؟‬
‫ن ٌـَ‪ٛ‬زَخٌسَرلبءُ َِکز‪ٛ‬ةٌ فٍَي‪ٙ‬ب (ػبرؿُ أکز‪ٛ‬ثَز)‪.‬‬ ‫اٌزَخًُ‪ُٕ٘ :‬ب َ‬
‫ن؟‬
‫ّدا‪ّٚ‬د‪َٚ :‬ثقّدَ ذيِ َ‬
‫اٌزَخًُ‪ :‬اِغ ِفي ػبرؿ ِأکز‪ٛ‬ثَز زَ‪ٛ‬اٌي فِؼزيَٓ ِِززاً!‬
‫ّدا‪ّٚ‬د‪ :‬أِؼي في ػبرؿ ِأکز‪ٛ‬ثَز زَ‪ٛ‬اٌي فِؼزيَٓ ِِززاً‪.‬‬
‫ن َِغقٌَُ َِؼ‪ٛٙ‬رٌ اطُُّٗ (َِغقُُ ٌـُجٕبَْ)‪.‬‬ ‫اٌزَخًُ‪ُٕ٘ :‬ب َ‬
‫ّدا‪ّٚ‬د‪ٚ :‬ثَقّدِ اٌَّغقَُ ِ؟‬
‫ن ٌَِّظبفـَخٍ لـَـي َزحٍ‪ ،‬زَ‪ٛ‬اٌي فَؼ َزحَ أِزبرٍ‪.‬‬ ‫اٌزَخًُ‪ :‬ربثِـْ طَيزَ َ‬
‫ّدا‪ّٚ‬د‪ :‬زَظَٕبً‪.‬‬
‫ن ٌـَ‪ٛ‬زَخ َػبرؿ ِاٌزـَسزيز‪.‬‬ ‫اٌزَخًُ‪ :‬طَزـَزی أِبََ َ‬
‫ّدا‪ّٚ‬د‪ َٛ٘ ًَْ٘ :‬ػبرؿٌ ‪ٚ‬اطِـٌ؟‬
‫اٌزَخًُ‪ ٛ٘ :‬ػبرؿٌ ‪ٚ‬اطِـٌ ‪ُِٚ‬شّدَزٌُِ‪.‬‬
‫ّدا‪ّٚ‬د‪ ًَْ٘ :‬رـَظَّرُ ٌي ثـِظئايٍ آخَزَ‪.‬‬
‫اٌزَخًُ‪ :‬عـَجقبً‪ ،‬رـَفـَضـًَْ!‬
‫ّدا‪ّٚ‬د‪ :‬أيَٓ َِخشُْ (األ٘زاَ ِ) في ػبرؿ ِ اٌزـَسزيز؟‬
‫اٌزَخًُ‪ :‬في آخِزِ اٌؼـَبرؿ ِ‬
‫ّدا‪ّٚ‬د‪ :‬غَيزُ َِقم‪ٛ‬يٍ!‬
‫اٌزَخًُ‪ٌِّ :‬بذا غَيزُ َِقم‪ٛ‬يٍ!‬
‫ّدا‪ّٚ‬د‪ :‬لبٌ‪ٛ‬ا ٌي أـَُٗ في ثِّدايَخِ اٌؼـَبرؿ ِ‪.‬‬
‫اٌزَخًُ‪ :‬ال‪ ،‬يب أش‪ ،‬ؿَّدِلٕي! أٔب أفزِفُ ؿبزِتَ اٌَّخشَْ ِ‪.‬‬
‫ّدا‪ّٚ‬د‪ :‬ػـُکزاً فٍی َ٘ ِذِٖ اٌَّقٍ‪ِٛ‬بدِ‪ .‬أٔذَ ٌـَغيفٌ خـِّدَاً‪.‬‬
‫اٌزَخًُ‪ :‬ال ػـُکزَ فٍی ‪ٚ‬اخـِتٍ‪.‬‬
‫ّدا‪ّٚ‬د‪ :‬کبَْ يَدـِتُ أْْ أکزـُتَ َ٘ ِذِٖ اٌَّقٍ‪ِٛ‬بدِ‪.‬‬
‫اٌزَخًُ‪َ٘ :‬ذا ال يَ‪ .ُُُٙ‬اطؤيْ إٌـَبصَ في اٌغـَزيك ِ‪.‬‬

‫‪Cultural Expression:‬‬ ‫العِباراثُ الشـَائعَت‬

‫!‪You (f) go north‬‬ ‫اذَ٘جي اٌی اٌؼّبي ِ!‬


‫!‪You (m) go right‬‬ ‫اذَ٘تْ اٌی اٌيَّيٓ ِ!‬
‫!‪take your (f) left‬‬ ‫ن!‬‫خُذّي ػـَّبٌـَ ِ‬
‫!‪take your (m) right‬‬ ‫ن!‬‫خُذ ْ يَّيٕـَ َ‬
‫!‪No, brother, believe me‬‬ ‫ال‪ ،‬يب أشْ‪ ،‬ؿَّدِلٕي!‬
‫!‪No need for thanks‬‬ ‫ال ػـُکزَ فٍی ‪ٚ‬اخـِتٍ!‬
‫!‪It does not matter‬‬ ‫٘ذا ال يَ‪ُُُٙ‬‬
‫‪They said to me ....‬‬ ‫لبٌ‪ٛ‬ا ٌي ‪........‬‬
‫‪Ask people.‬‬ ‫اطؤيْ إٌبصَ!‬
‫‪written on it‬‬ ‫َِکز‪ٛ‬ةٌ فٍَـَي‪ٙ‬ب‬
‫‪You are very nice.‬‬ ‫أٔذَ ٌـَغيفٌ خـِّدَاً!‬

‫‪Vocabularies:‬‬ ‫المُفرَداث‪:‬‬
‫‪name‬‬ ‫اط ٌُ‬
‫‪police‬‬ ‫ػـَزعـخٌ‬
office, department ‫ّدائِ َز ٌح‬
store ٌَْ‫َِخش‬
information ٌ‫ِبد‬ٍٛ‫َِق‬
walking, marching ٌ‫طَيز‬
road ٌ‫عَزيك‬
sign ٌ‫زَخ‬َٛ‫ٌـ‬
owner ٌ‫ؿبزِت‬
people ٌ‫ٔبص‬
beginning ٌ‫ثـِّدايَخ‬
right ٌٓ‫يَّي‬
north ٌ‫ػـَّبي‬
step/s ٌ‫اد‬َٛ‫خَغـ‬/ٌ‫ح‬َٛ ‫خَغ‬
meter/s ٌ‫أِزبر‬/ٌ‫ِِزز‬
distance ٌ‫َِظبفـَخ‬
continue, keep on! ْ‫ربثِـ‬
believe! ْ‫ؽِّدق‬ َ
ask, enquire! ْ‫اطؤي‬
walk! ِ ‫اِغ‬
go! ْ‫اذَ٘ت‬
take! ْ ‫خُذ‬
in front of, facing ََ‫أِب‬
until ‫زَزـَی‬
about, around ‫اٌي‬َٛ‫ز‬
approximately ً‫رـَمزيجب‬
wide, spacious ٌ‫اطِـ‬ٚ
short ٌ‫لـَـيز‬
long, tall ًٌ‫ي‬َٛ‫عـ‬
far ٌ‫ثَقيّد‬
near, close ٌ‫لـَزيت‬
first ُ‫َي‬ٚ‫أ‬
last ُ‫آخِز‬
blue (f) ‫سَرلب ُء‬
nice ٌ‫ٌـَغيف‬
crowded, congested ٌُِ‫ُِشّدَز‬
Grammar: :‫القواعِد‬
1. In making the verb imperative, notice the following steps:
a. If the consonant which follows the subject marker is / ~ / drop it.
ُ ‫رؤخُذ‬ ْ ‫خـُذ‬
becomes

ًُُ‫رؤکـ‬
becomes ًُْ‫کـ‬

b. For the feminine singular you need to add /‫ّي‬/ as in:

‫کـٍُي‬ and ‫خـُذّي‬


c. For the plural you need to add /‫ا‬ٚ/ as in:

‫ا‬ٍُٛ‫ کـ‬and ‫ا‬ٚ‫خـُذ‬


2. If the medial vowel is Fatha / -َ / or Kasra / -ِ / the initial vowel becomes /‫ا‬/
ُ‫ رـَزخـِـ‬becomes ْ‫ ارخَـ‬and ًَُ‫ رـَفق‬becomes ًَْ‫افق‬
For the feminine and plural follow step 1 as in:
‫ ارخَقي‬، ‫ افقٍَي‬and ‫ا‬ٛ‫ ارخَق‬، ‫ا‬ٍَٛ‫افق‬
3. If the medial vowel is Dhamma / -ُ / the initial vowel is ُ ‫ أ‬as in:

ُ‫ يَکزـُت‬which becomes ْ‫أ ُکزـُت‬


4. If the verb ends with the long vowel / ‫ ّي‬/ you need to reduce it to Kasra / -ِ / as in:
‫رـَّؼي‬ which becomes ِ ‫اِغ‬
Please remember that the imperative is derived from the imperfect tense. Also notice
that the final vowel changes from Dhamma / -ُ / to Sukun (Zero Vowel) / -ْ / .

5. Arabic does not allow you to begin a sentence with a subject that is indefinite. To
avoid that, you need to move the predicate to the initial position as in:
.ٌ‫في اٌؼـَبرؿ ِطَيَب َرح‬
6. The singular subject markers for the present tense verb are as following:
ُ‫أ ُطبفِز‬ or ُ‫أ َفزِف‬ ..... ُ ‫أ‬ or َ ‫أٔب أ‬
ُ ِ‫رـَقز‬
‫ف‬ ..... َ‫رـ‬ َ ٔ‫أ‬
‫ذ‬
َٓ‫رـَقزفي‬ َٓ‫ ـي‬.....َ‫رـ‬ ِ‫أٔذ‬
ُ‫يَقزِف‬ ..... َ‫يـ‬ ٛ٘
ُ‫رـَقزِف‬ ..... َ‫رـ‬ ‫٘ي‬
7. The mood markers for the present tense for the singular pronouns are the following:
ُ َ٘‫أذ‬
‫ت‬ -ُ ‫أٔب‬
ُ‫رـَذَ٘ت‬ ُ- َ‫أٔذ‬
َٓ‫رـَذ٘جي‬ َْ ِ‫أٔذ‬
ُ‫يَذَ٘ت‬ ُ- ٛ٘
ُ‫رـَذَ٘ت‬ ُ- ‫٘ي‬
8. In order to change the tense from present to future you can either prefix َ‫طـ‬ to the
verb or place َ‫ف‬َٛ‫ط‬ before it as in:

.َ‫طَٕـََذَ٘تُ اٌی اٌَّغقَُ َِ٘ذا اٌّظبء‬


.َ‫فَ ٔـََذَ٘تُ اٌی اٌَّغقَُ َِ٘ذا اٌّظبء‬َٛ‫ط‬
We will go to the restaurant this evening.

Verb Conjugation: :‫حـَصريف األفعال‬


1. The following verbs are in the imperative form and conjugated to three
of the personal pronouns.
‫أنخـُم‬ ِ ‫أن‬
‫ج‬ َ ‫أن‬
‫ج‬
‫ا‬ٛ‫اذَ٘ج‬ ‫اذَ٘جي‬ ْ‫اذَ٘ت‬ ‫ذ ََ٘ت‬
‫ا‬ٛ‫اِؼ‬ ‫اِؼي‬ ِ ‫اِغ‬ ‫َِؼی‬
‫ا‬ٚ‫خـُذ‬ ‫خـُذّي‬ ْ ‫خـُذ‬ َ ‫أخـَذ‬
‫ا‬ٌٛ‫اطؤ‬ ‫اطؤٌي‬ ْ‫اطؤي‬ َ‫طؤي‬
‫ا‬ٍَٛ‫افق‬ ‫افقٍَي‬ ًَْ‫افق‬ ًََ‫فـَق‬
‫ا‬ٛ‫ربثـِق‬ ‫ربثـِقي‬ ْ‫ربثـِـ‬ َ‫ربثَـ‬
‫ا‬ٛ‫ؿَّدِل‬ ‫ؿَّدِلي‬ ْ‫ؿَ ِّدق‬ َ‫ؿَ َّدق‬
2. The following verbs are in the present tense and conjugated to the
singular pronouns.
‫هي‬ ‫هو‬ ِ‫أنج‬ َ ‫أن‬
‫ج‬ ‫أنا‬
ُ‫رـَقزِف‬ ُ‫رـَقزفيَٓ يَقزِف‬ ُ‫رـَقزِف‬ ُ‫أفزِف‬ َ َ‫فَز‬
‫ف‬
ُ‫رـَکزـُت‬ ُ‫ٓ يَکزـُت‬
َ ‫رـَکزـُجي‬ ُ‫رـَکزـُت‬ ُ‫أکزـُت‬ َ‫کـَزـَت‬
ًُِ‫رـَـ‬ ًُِ‫رـَـٍِيَٓ يَـ‬ ًُِ‫رـَـ‬ ًُِ‫أؿ‬ ًََ‫َؿ‬ٚ

Drill # 1 :‫ألخمرين األّوَل‬


Use the words and phrases in the Vocabulary List in good sentences:
Drill # 2: :‫الخمرين الثاني‬
Please choose the correct options:
Which of the following options is unlike the other two? .1
َ‫ ػـَّبٌُـه‬.‫د‬ َ‫ طَي ُزن‬.‫ة‬ َ‫ يَّيُٕـه‬.‫أ‬

.‫ِبً رـُسِتُ أْْ رـَظزؤخـِزَ اٌظَـيَبرَحَ؟‬َٛ‫ ي‬....... .2


One of the question words can be used to fill in the blank, the other one requires some
modification. The third one cannot be used in this context. Which one?
َٓ‫ أي‬.‫ة‬ َ‫ أّي‬.‫ة‬ َُْ‫ کـ‬.‫أ‬

!ِ َْ‫ في اٌغـَزيك ِفَْٓ اٌَّخش‬......... ‫اطؤٌي‬ .3


Only one of the following nouns can be used to fill in the blank. Which?
َ‫ح‬َٛ ‫ اٌخَغ‬.‫د‬ َ‫ اٌؼـَبرؿ‬.‫ة‬ َ‫ إٌـَبص‬.‫أ‬

Which of the following nouns is unlike the other two? .4


ٌ‫ الفِزـَخ‬.‫د‬ ‫ٌيض‬ٛ‫ پ‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ ػـُزعـخ‬.‫أ‬

‫ خَيِّداً؟‬......... ُ‫ًَْ٘ رـَقزِف‬ .5


Which of the following words can be used to fill in the blank?
َ‫ اٌمـَـي َزح‬.‫د‬ َ ‫ اٌَّّديٕـَخ‬.‫ة‬ َ‫ح‬َٛ ‫ اٌخَغ‬.‫أ‬

‫ٌيض؟‬ٛ‫أيَٓ ّدائِ َزحُ اٌپ‬ .6


Which of the following words can be used to substitute the definite noun in the sentence
without changing its content?
ِ‫ِبد‬ٍٛ‫ اٌَّق‬.‫د‬ ِ ‫ اٌظَيز‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫ اٌؼـُزعـَخ‬.‫أ‬

Which of the following expressions is unlike the other two? .7


َ‫ أِب َِه‬.‫د‬ ‫ب‬ٙ‫ فٍَـَي‬.‫ة‬ ً‫ رـَمزيجب‬.‫أ‬

Considering number, one of the following nouns is unlike the other two. .8
Which?
ٌ‫ طَيَبراد‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ أِزبر‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ َِّديٕـَخ‬.‫أ‬

.ُ‫ آخَز‬.......... َْ‫ألـِّدُ ِب فِّٕدّي اآل‬ .9


Which of the following nouns can be used to fill in the blank?
ٌ‫ طئاي‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ ّدائِ َزح‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ِبد‬ٍٛ‫ َِق‬.‫أ‬

ٍ ‫ي‬ٛ‫غَيزُ َِقم‬ . 10
Only one of the following options says the same thing. Which?
ًَُّ‫ ال أف‬.‫د‬ ُ‫ أ ُؿَ ِّدق‬.‫ة‬ ُ‫ ال أ ُؿَ ِّدق‬.‫أ‬

Which of the following verbs is unlike the other two? . 11


‫ خـُذ‬.‫د‬ ‫ اذَ٘ت‬.‫ة‬ ‫ رـَقزِف‬.‫أ‬

!ً‫حً رـَمزيجب‬َٛ ‫اِغ ِ خَّظيَٓ خُغ‬ . 12


Which of the following expressions can be used to substitute the sentence verb?
َ‫ ربثـِـْ طَي َزن‬.‫د‬ َ‫ اطؤيْ إٌـَبص‬.‫ة‬ ‫فَ رـَزی‬َٛ‫ ط‬.‫أ‬
.ٍ‫ ذَ٘جٕب اٌی َِغقَُ ٍثَقيّد‬،ِ‫َلذ‬ٌٛ‫ن ا‬
َ ‫ثَقّدَ ذي‬ . 13
The underlined phrase means:
a. after that time
b. before that time
c. during that time

.َُُُٙ‫َ٘ذا ػـَيءٌ ال ي‬ . 14
This expression is meant to:
a. be a joke
b. reduce your anxiety
c. make you feel guilty

.ِ َْ‫أٔب ال أفزِفُؿبزِتَ اٌَّخش‬ . 15


The underlined phrase means:
a. the store name
b. the store owner
c. the store location

!‫ؿَّدِلٕي‬ . 16
This expression means:
a. let me go!
b. Believe me!
c. Come with me!

One of the following options is not a complete sentence. Which? . 17


َ‫ خُذ ْػـَّبٌَـه‬.‫د‬ ‫ب‬ٙ‫ةٌ فٍَـَي‬ٛ‫ َِکز‬.‫ة‬ ‫ ؿَّدِلٕي‬.‫أ‬
All the following sentences are good sentences. Which of them has . 18
the word which means “until”?
.ِ ‫ا ٌي أـَُٗ في َ٘ذا اٌؼـَبرِؿ‬ٌٛ‫ لب‬.‫أ‬
.ٍ‫َؿٍَٕب اٌی َِغقَُ ٍکـَجيز‬ٚ ‫ َِؼيٕب ززـَی‬.‫ة‬
.ِ‫ يَدـِتُ أْْ رـَذَ٘تَ اٌی َِکزـَتِ اٌدَّبرن‬.‫د‬
All the following options have pronoun suffixes. Yet, one of them is . 19
unlike the other two. Which?
ُُّٗ‫ اط‬.‫د‬ ‫ب‬ٙ‫ فٍَي‬.‫ة‬ ‫ن‬
َ ُ‫ طَيز‬.‫أ‬

.ِ‫ رؤِيٕبً فٍی اٌسَيبح‬............... . 20


All the following verbs imply future tense, yet only one of them can be used in this
context. Which?
ُ‫ طؤطؤي‬.‫د‬ ُ‫ طؤلـِّد‬.‫ة‬ ‫ طؤػزـَزّي‬.‫أ‬

.ً‫الرا‬ٚ‫ خَّظيَٓ ّد‬............ ْْ‫أ ُزِتُ أ‬ . 21


Which of the following verbs can be used in this sentence?
َ‫ أکزـُت‬.‫د‬ َ‫ أؿزِف‬.‫ة‬ َُٓ‫ أؽـ‬.‫أ‬

.‫ن‬
َ ََ‫فَ رـزی َِخشََْ األ٘زاَ ِأِب‬َٛ‫ط‬ . 22
This sentence implies a ....... action.
a. past
b. future
c. present

‫ ِِْٓ فـَضٍِهَ؟‬،َِ‫ األ٘زا‬........... َٓ‫أي‬ . 23


You are looking for “Al-Ahram Street.” You stop someone to ask about it. Which noun
would you choose?
َُُ‫ َِغق‬.‫د‬ َُْ‫ َِخش‬.‫ة‬ ُ‫ ػبرِؿ‬.‫أ‬

!ً‫ح‬َٛ ‫ طَي َزنَ خَّظيَٓ خَغ‬............. . 24


One of the following imperative verbs fits better in this context. Which?
ْ‫ اطؤي‬.‫د‬ ًَْ‫ افق‬.‫ة‬ ْ‫ ربثـِـ‬.‫أ‬

‫ًَْ٘ رـُسجِِيَٓ أْْ أکزـُتَ ٌَـهِ ػـَيکبً؟‬ . 25


‫?‪This sentence implies .......... a check‬‬
‫‪a. cashing‬‬
‫‪b. writing‬‬
‫‪c. cancelling‬‬

‫‪Drill # 3:‬‬ ‫الخمرين الثالث‪:‬‬


‫‪a. Answer the following questions:‬‬
‫‪ .1‬أيَٓ يُزيّدُ ّدا‪ّٚ‬د أْْ يَذَ٘تَ؟‬
‫‪ٌِّ .2‬بذا يَزيّدُ ّدا‪ّٚ‬د أْْ يَذَ٘تَ ُٕ٘بنَ؟‬
‫‪ ًَْ٘ .3‬کبٔـَذ فِٕ َّدُٖ خبرِعـَخٌ؟‬
‫‪ِ .4‬بذا فًََِّ ّدا‪ّٚ‬د ززـَی ‪َٚ‬ؿًََ اٌی َِخشَْ ِاأل٘زاَ ِ؟‬
‫‪ِ .5‬بذا فًََِّ ّدا‪ّٚ‬د فِّٕدَ ّدائِ َزحِ اٌپ‪ٌٛ‬يض؟‬
‫‪ٌِّ .6‬بذا ال يَقزِفُ ّدا‪ّٚ‬د اٌَّّديٕـَخ َخَيِّداً؟‬
‫‪b. Vowel the underlined words in the following sentences:‬‬

‫‪ .1‬أززبجُ اٌی خبرعخ ألٔـِي ال أفزفُ اٌَّّديٕـَخ خَيِّداً‪.‬‬


‫‪ ًَْ٘ .2‬رـَقزفيَٓ أيَٓ َِخشَْ ثَغّداّد في ػبرؿ ِاٌزـَسزيز؟‬
‫‪ِ َ٘ .3‬ذِٖ طَيَبرَح ػِزعخ اٌَّّديٕـَخ اٌدَّدي َّدحُ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .4‬لبٌ‪ٛ‬ا ٌي اَْ اٌَّخشَْ في أ‪َٚ‬يِ ػـبرِؿ أکز‪ٛ‬ثَز‪.‬‬
‫‪ .5‬فِّٕدَ َِکزـَتِ اٌد‪ٛ‬اساد خُذّي يَّيٕـَن!‬
‫‪ .6‬في آخِزِ اٌؼـَبرؿ َِغقَُ کـَجيزٌ لـَزيتٌ ِِْٓ اٌفـُّٕدُق ِ‪.‬‬
‫‪c. Give the imperative forms of the verbs between parentheses:‬‬
‫‪( .1‬طؤي ‪ +‬أٔذِ) إٌـَبصَ في اٌغـَزيك ِ!‬
‫‪( .2‬رَخَـ ‪ +‬أٔزُ) اٌی اٌفّٕدق لجًَ اٌظَبفَخِ اٌظَبثِقَخِ!‬
‫‪( .3‬أکـًَ ‪ +‬أٔذَ) فغ‪ِ ٛ‬رَنَ اآلَْ!‬
‫‪( .4‬فَزَف ‪ +‬أٔذَ) ؿبزِتَ اٌَّخشِْ ألٔـَُٗ ؿَّديمي!‬
‫‪d. Give the correct forms of the words between brackets:‬‬

‫‪ .1‬اٌَّظبفـَخ ُ ثَيَٓ َِکزـَتِ اٌؼـُزعخِ ‪ٚ‬اٌفّٕدُق ِ ‪( 50‬أِزبر)‪.‬‬


‫اٌذززيز ‪ٚ‬ػبرؿ ثَغّداّد؟‬‫‪ .2‬کـَُْ (اٌخُغ َ‪ٛ‬حُ) ثَيَٓ ػبرؿ َـ‬
‫‪e. Change the following sentences to the imperative form:‬‬

‫‪ .1‬رـَذَ٘جيَٓ اٌی ّدائِ َزحِ اٌؼـُزعخِ‪.‬‬


‫‪ .2‬رؤخُذ ُاألطزِّب َرحَ اآلَْ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .3‬رـَزخـِق‪ َْٛ‬اٌی اٌفـُّٕدُق ِفي اٌَّظبءِ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .4‬رـَّؼي في اٌؼـَبرؿ اٌ‪ٛ‬اطِـ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .5‬رؤکـٍُيَٓ اٌفغ‪ٛ‬رَ في اٌظَبفَخِ اٌظَبثـِقَخِ ؿَجبزبً‪.‬‬
‫‪ .6‬رـَظؤٌ‪ َْٛ‬إٌـَبصَ في اٌؼـَبرِؿ ِ‪.‬‬
‫‪f. Put the following words in the correct order to make good sentences:‬‬
‫ت‬
‫أکزـُتَ األطزّب َرحِ يَدـِ ُ‬ ‫کبَْ‬ ‫فٍی اطّي‬ ‫أْ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫‪.1‬‬
‫ن‬
‫طَيزَ ِ‬ ‫في‬ ‫اٌفـُّٕدُق ِ ٘ذا‬ ‫ربثقي اٌؼـَبرؿ ِ‬ ‫زَزـَی‬ ‫‪.2‬‬
‫اٌ‪ٛ‬اطِـ ِ‬ ‫اٌؼـَبرؿ ِ َِخشَُْ‬ ‫َ٘ذا‬ ‫األ٘زاَ ِ‬ ‫في‬ ‫آخِزِ‬ ‫‪.3‬‬
‫اٌد‪ٛ‬اسادِ‬ ‫َِکزـَتِ‬ ‫اٌی‬ ‫ززـَی رـَـًَِ‬ ‫اِغ ِ‬ ‫‪.4‬‬
‫خـِّدَاً‬ ‫ؿَّدِلٕي‬ ‫خَّيٍخٌ‬ ‫اَْ‬ ‫ؿَّديمي‬ ‫يب‬ ‫ثغّداّدَ‬ ‫‪.5‬‬
‫ػـبرِؿ ِ؟‬ ‫اطَُ‬ ‫في‬ ‫رـَقزفيَٓ اٌدَّديّدِ‬ ‫اٌَّغقَُ ِ ط‪ٛ‬ريب‬ ‫ًَْ٘‬ ‫‪.6‬‬
Drill # 4 :‫الخمرين الرَابع‬
Please choose the correct options and explain WHY:
.ِ ‫طَيَبرادُ اٌؼـُزعـَخِ کـَثي َزحٌ أِبََ اٌفـُّٕدُق‬ .1
Therefore, there is a:
a. problem
b. wedding
c. dinner party

‫ ِِْٓ فضًِنَ؟‬،ِ‫أيَّٓدائِ َزحُ اٌؼـُزعـَخ‬ .2


Which of the following nouns can substitute the underlined one?
ُ ‫ ضبثـِظ‬.‫د‬ ُ‫ طَيَب َرح‬.‫ة‬ ُ‫ َِکزـَت‬.‫أ‬

.ِ َْ‫رـَقزفيَٓ ؿبزِجَخ َاٌّخش‬ .3


The sentence says that you:
a. shop at that store
b. know the owner of that store
c. don’t know the location of that store

.ِ‫ِبد‬ٍٛ‫طَزـَزی أِبِهَ َِکزـَتَ اٌَّق‬ .4


You are given directions to the:
a. police station
b. customs office
c. information bureau

!َٗ‫ اْْ ػبءَ اٌٍـ‬،ِ َُ‫طَٕؤکـًُُ في ٘ذا اٌَّغق‬ .5


This sentence says that .............. at this restaurant.

a. we ate
b. we will eat
c. we usually eat
One of the adjectives used to describe the word “sign” does not sound .6
appropriate. Can you determine the option which has this adjective?

ٌ‫زَخ ُاٌَّخشَْ ِؿَغي َزح‬َٛ‫ ٌـ‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫زَخ ُ اٌؼـَبرؿ ِلـٍَيٍـَخ‬َٛ‫ ٌـ‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫زَخ ُ اٌَّغقَُ کجي َزح‬َٛ‫ ٌـ‬.‫أ‬

.ُ‫ سَرلبء‬...............ِ ‫ لـَزيجبً ِِْٓ اٌفـُّٕدُق‬،ِ ‫في اٌؼـَبرؿ‬ .7


Which of the following nouns can be used to fill in the blank?
ٌَْ‫ َِخش‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫زَخ‬َٛ‫ ٌـ‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ عـَزيك‬.‫أ‬

.ٌُِ‫ا ٌـَٕب اَْ اٌؼـَبرِؿَ َِشّدَز‬ٌٛ‫لب‬ .8


The sentence says that the street is:
a. wide
b. crowded
c. dead-end

‫ن؟‬
ِ ِ‫اسَ طَفـَز‬َٛ‫ًَْ٘ َِِٓ اٌُّّکِٓ ِأْْ أری خ‬ .9
There is no possibility that you will be asked this question in one of the following
situations. Can you determine which?
َ‫ َِغقَُ ِثغّداّد‬.‫د‬ َ‫ َِغبرِ ّدَِِؼك‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫ ّدائِ َزحِ اٌؼـُزعخ‬.‫أ‬

............. ‫اٌَّغقَُُ اٌی‬ٚ ........... ‫أٌَّخشَُْ اٌی‬ . 10


Only one of the following pairs of adjectives can be used to fill in the blanks. Which?
ِ ٓ‫ اٌيَّي‬-ِ ‫ اٌؼـَّبي‬.‫د‬ ِ‫ اٌمـَزيت‬- ِ‫ اٌجَقيّد‬.‫ة‬ ِ ً‫ي‬َٛ‫ اٌغـ‬- ِ‫ اٌمـَـيز‬.‫أ‬

.ً‫ ِِززاً رـَمزيجب‬50 ِ‫َِکزـَتِ اٌؼـُزعخ‬ِٚ َُ‫أٌَّظبفخ ُ ثَيَٓ اٌَّغق‬ . 11


Only one of the following words can substitute for the underlined word without changing
the meaning. Which?
ً‫ طَيزا‬.‫د‬ ‫ زَزـَی‬.‫ة‬ ‫اٌي‬َٛ‫ ز‬.‫أ‬
.ِ ‫اطؤٌي إٌـَبصَ في اٌغـَزيك‬ . 12
Only one of the following nouns would substitute for a noun in the sentence without
changing the meaning. Which?
ِ ‫ اٌظَيز‬.‫د‬ ِ‫ح‬َٛ ‫ اٌخَغ‬.‫ة‬ ِ ‫ اٌؼـَبرؿ‬.‫أ‬

............... ٚ ٍ ‫اطِـ‬ٍٚ ‫َِؼـَيٕب في ػبرؿ‬ . 13


Which of the following adjectives cannot be used in this sentence?
ٍ‫ لـَـيز‬.‫د‬ ٍ ً‫ي‬َٛ‫ عـ‬.‫ة‬ ٍ ‫ي‬ٛ‫ َِقم‬.‫أ‬

‫ أفزِفَ ّدائِ َزحَ اٌؼـُزعخِ؟‬............. . 14


Only one of the following options can be used to fill in the blank?
ِ‫ آخِز‬.‫د‬ ‫ زُزـَی‬.‫ة‬ َ‫ کـَيف‬.‫أ‬

.ِ ‫اٌي ثالثيَٓ ِِززاً ثَقّدَ اٌفـُّٕدُق‬َٛ‫اِؼي ز‬ . 15


What is the subject implied in this sentence?
ِ‫ أٔذ‬.‫د‬ َ‫ أٔذ‬.‫ة‬ ُُ‫ أٔزـ‬.‫أ‬

.َ‫ ػبرِؿ ِّدَِِؼك‬........... َ‫َِغقَُُ ثَغّداّد‬ . 16


You want to give someone directions to get to Baghdad Restaurant which is on
Damascus Avenue. Which word would you need to use to fill in the blank?
‫اٌي‬َٛ‫ ز‬.‫د‬ ََ‫ أِب‬.‫ة‬ ‫ في‬.‫أ‬

Which of the following expressions is unlike the other two? . 17


ٌ‫زَخ‬ٌٛ ‫ب‬ٙ‫ فٍَي‬.‫د‬ ‫ن‬
َ ُ‫ِبرـ‬ٍٛ‫ َِق‬.‫ة‬ ُُٗ‫ طَيَبرَرـ‬.‫أ‬
Only one of the following options is not a sentence. Which? . 18
ُ‫زَخ ُ اٌؼـَبرؿ ِاٌدَّدي َّدح‬َٛ‫ ٌـ‬.‫د‬ ً‫ أٔذَ ٌـَغيفٌ خـِّدَا‬.‫ة‬ ‫ن‬
ِ ِ‫ن اٌٍـَُٗ ثـ‬
َ َ‫ ثبر‬.‫أ‬

.ً‫الرا‬ٚ‫ خَّظيَٓ ّد‬............ ْْ‫أ ُزِتُ أ‬ . 19


Which of the following verbs should you use in a bank?
‫ أری‬.‫د‬ َ‫ أؿزِف‬.‫ة‬ َ‫ أِؼي‬.‫أ‬

.‫ٌيض‬ٛ‫ األ٘زاَ ِأِبََ َِکزـَتِ اٌپ‬............ . 20


Only one of the following nouns is unlikely to be used to fill in the blank?
َُُ‫ َِغق‬.‫د‬ َُْ‫ َِخش‬.‫ة‬ ُ‫ ػبرِؿ‬.‫أ‬

Arabic grammar rules allow you to use one of the following sentences. . 21
Can you determine which one is correct?
.ِ ‫ َِغقٌَُ کـَجيزٌ في آخِزِ اٌؼـَبرِؿ‬.‫أ‬
.ِ ‫َي ِاٌؼـَبرِؿ‬ٚ‫ َِخشٌَْ ؿَغيزٌ في أ‬.‫ة‬
.ٌ‫ في آخِزِِاٌؼـَبرِؿ ِ َِخشٌَْ ؿَغيز‬.‫د‬
One of the following verbs is not in the imperative form. Which? . 22
ًُ‫ آکـ‬.‫د‬ ‫ اِؼي‬.‫ة‬ ‫ ربثـِـ‬.‫أ‬

.ِ‫ؿَّدِليٕي! ِب ذَ٘جذُ اٌی اٌَّخشَْ ِاٌدَّديّد‬ . 23


The subject of the underlined word is:
a. I b. You (m) c. You (f)

............ ‫ٌکْٓ ٌـَيضَ فِّٕدّي رؤِيٌٓ فٍی‬ٚ ،ِ َْ‫اٌَّخش‬ٚ ِ‫ فِّٕدّي رؤِيٌٓ فٍی اٌظَيَب َرح‬.24

This sentence talks about insurance. One of the following words needs to be used to fill
in the blank? Which?
ِ‫ اٌمـَـيز‬.‫د‬ ِ ُِ‫ط‬ٌَّٛ‫ ا‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫ اٌسَيبح‬.‫أ‬

!ِ‫ طَيزَکـُُ اٌی َِکزـَتِ اٌدَّبرن‬............. . 25


All these verbs are in the imperative form. Yet, one of them can be used to fill in blank.
Which?
‫ا‬ٌٛ‫ اطؤ‬.‫د‬ ‫ا‬ٛ‫ أکزـُج‬.‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ٛ‫ ربثـِق‬.‫أ‬
‫‪Reading Exercise:‬‬ ‫حمرين القراءة‪:‬‬

‫‪Read the following words, phrases and sentences into your tape recorder, then listen to‬‬
‫‪them. Give the tape to your teacher to check your performance:‬‬
‫افقَ ْ‬
‫ً‬ ‫اذَ٘جي‬ ‫ؿبزِتٌ‬ ‫َِخشٌَْ‬ ‫ػبرؿٌ‬
‫رـَمزيجبً‬ ‫رـَقزِفُ‬ ‫ٌـَ‪ٛ‬زَخٌ‬ ‫ٌـَغيفٌ‬ ‫ّدائِ َزحٌ‬
‫يَدـِتُ أْْ أکزـُتَ‬ ‫غـَيزُ َِقم‪ٛ‬ي ٍ‬ ‫في اٌغـَزيك ِ‬ ‫لـَزيتٌ خـِّدَاً‬
‫ن‬
‫ٌـَيضَ أِبََ ِ‬ ‫ػـُزعـخ ُاٌَّّديٕـَخِ‬ ‫ػبرؿٌ ُِشّدَزٌُِ‬
‫َِکز‪ٛ‬ةٌ فٍَـَي‪ٙ‬ب‬ ‫َِّديٕـَخٌلـَزيجَخٌ‬ ‫طَيَب َرحٌ سَرلبءُ‬

‫اطؤٌ‪ٛ‬ا إٌـَبصَ في اٌغـَزيك ِ‪.‬‬


‫طَيَبرادُ اٌؼـُزعخِ أِبََ اٌَّکزـَتِ‪.‬‬
‫خُذ ْ يَّيَٕـهَ ‪ٚ‬اِغ ِفَؼزَ خَغ‪ٛ‬ادٍ‪.‬‬
‫ًَْ٘ رـَقزفيَٓ اطَُ ؿبزِتِ اٌَّخشَْ ِ؟‬
‫خُذّي ػـَّبٌهِ ‪ٚ‬اِؼي خَّظيَٓ ِِززاً‪.‬‬
‫کبَْ يَدـِتُ أْْ أکزـُتَ َ٘ ِذِٖ اٌَّقٍ‪ِٛ‬بدِ‪.‬‬
‫ؿَّدِلٕي يب ؿَّديمي‪ ،‬أَْ اٌفـُٕ ُّدقَ لـَزيتٌ‪.‬‬
‫ربثـِـْ طَي َزنَ في ٘ذا اٌؼـَبرؿ ِزَزـَی آخِ ِزِٖ‪.‬‬
‫َِخشَُْ األ٘زاَ ِفي أ‪َٚ‬ي ِػبرِؿ ِاٌزـَسزيزِ رـَمزيجبً‪.‬‬
‫اِغ ِفي ٘ذا اٌؼـَبرؿ ِزَزـَی رـَـًَِ اٌی ّدائِ َزحِ اٌپ‪ٌٛ‬يض‪.‬‬
Unit # 8 (8) ‫ألوحدة رقم‬

Julie McDonald is an American student who is living with an Arab family during
the time she is studying Arabic in Amman, Jordan. One day she goes with Abu
Hasan, her host parent, on his visit to a local market to buy some vegetables.

!ُُ‫ أٌظَالَُ فٍَيکـ‬:َٓ‫ زَظ‬ٛ‫أث‬


!ُُٗ‫ثَزَکبرـ‬ٚ َِٗ‫رَزّخ ُاٌٍـ‬ٚ َ‫فٍَيکـُُ اٌظَال‬ٚ :‫أٌخَضـَبر‬
.َََٛ‫قُ َِشّدَزٌُِ اٌي‬ُٛ‫ أٌظ‬:َٓ‫ زَظ‬ٛ‫أث‬
.ِ‫ َِشّدَزٌُِ خـِّدَاً ثـِظَجَتِ اٌقيّد‬:‫أٌخَضـَبر‬
!َ‫اٌٍـَِٗ ٔـَظيذُ اٌقيّد‬ٚ ،ٌ‫ ؿَسير‬:َٓ‫ زَظ‬ٛ‫أث‬
!َ‫ ٔـَظيذَ اٌقيّد‬:‫أٌخَضـَبر‬
!َ‫ؿبرَ األٔظبُْ يَٕظی زَزـَی اٌقيّد‬ٚ ،ً ‫ ؿبرَدْ اٌقيؼـَخ ُؿَقجَخ‬:َٓ‫ زَظ‬ٛ‫أث‬
‫أٌخَضـَبر‪ :‬أٌٍـَُٗ کـَزيٌُ ‪ ،‬يب أثب زَظَٓ‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ ٛ‬زَظَٓ‪ :‬کـًُُ فبَ ٍ ‪ٚ‬أٔزـُُ ثـِخَيز!‬
‫أٌخَضـَبر‪ٚ :‬أٔزـُُ ِِْٓ أً٘ ِاٌخَيز‪ ،‬اْْ ػبءَ اٌٍـَٗ! َِْٓ َ٘ ِذِٖ اٌؼـَبثخ ُ؟‬
‫أث‪ ٛ‬زَظَٓ‪ِ٘ :‬يَ خ‪ٌٛ‬ي‪ ،‬ضَيفـَزـُٕب ِِْٓ أِزيکب‪ .‬رـَّد ُرصُ اٌقَزَثيَخ َفي اٌدبِِقَخِ‪.‬‬
‫أٌخَضـَبر‪ِ :‬ب ػبءَ اٌٍـَُٗ‪ِ ،‬ب ػبءَ اٌٍـَُٗ! ‪ٚ‬کـَُْ ػـَ‪ٙ‬زاً طَ‪ٛ‬فَ رـَّد ُرصُ ُٕ٘ب؟‬
‫أث‪ ٛ‬زَظَٓ‪ :‬اْْ ػبءَ اٌٍـَُٗ‪ ،‬کـًَُ فـَـًْ ِاٌـَيفِ‪.‬‬
‫أٌخَضـَبر‪ :‬فَؾيُْ! ًَْ٘ ُٕ٘بنَ ٔبصٌ يَزـَکٍّ‪ َْٛ‬اٌقَزَثيَخ َفي أِزيکب؟‬
‫خ‪ٌٛ‬ي‪ :‬عـَجقبً‪ُٕ٘ٚ ،‬بنَ ٔبصٌ يَزـَقٍَـَّ‪ َْٛ‬اٌقَزثيَخ َ‪.‬‬
‫أٌخَضـَبر‪ُِّ :‬زبسٌ! ‪ٚ‬اٌٍـَِٗ َ٘ ِذِٖ أ‪َٚ‬يُ َِ َزحٍ أطَّـُ َ٘ذا اٌخَجَزَ‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ ٛ‬زَظَٓ‪ :‬کـَيفَ أطقبرُ اٌخُضَز ِاٌيَ‪ََٛ‬؟‬
‫أٌخَضـَبر‪ :‬أٌسَّّدُ ٌٍِـَِٗ‪ ،‬أطْقبرُ اٌخُضَز ِّدائِّبً ُِٕبطِجَخٌ‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ ٛ‬زَظَٓ‪ :‬فٍی األلـًَِ‪ ،‬أطْقبرُ اٌخُضَزِ ُِٕبطِجَخٌ!‬
‫أٌخَضـَبر‪ِ :‬بذا رـَمـِّدُ؟‬
‫کيَ ػـَيءٍ ؿبرَ غبٌيآً‪٘ .‬ذا خُٕ‪!ْٛ‬‬ ‫أث‪ ٛ‬زَظَٓ‪ :‬ألـِّدُ ـُ‬
‫أٌخَضـَبر‪ :‬ال رـَؼک‪ ،ٛ‬يب أخي! زبٌـُٕب أزظَُٓ ِِْٓ اٌغـَيزِ‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ ٛ‬زَظَٓ‪ :‬أٌٍـَُٗ يُظبفِّدُ اٌفـَميزَ‪ َِْٓٚ ،‬فِٕ َّدُٖ فبئٍِـَخٌ کـَجي َزحٌ!‬
‫أٌخَضـَبر‪ :‬اٌفـُمزاءُ ٌـَ‪ ُُْٙ‬أٌٍـَُٗ!‬
‫أث‪ ٛ‬زَظَٓ‪ :‬زَزـَی اٌٍـَٗ رـَقِتَ ِِْٓ اٌفـُمزاءِ‪ُِٚ ،‬ظبفَ َّدحِ اٌفـُمزاءِ!‬
‫أٌخَضـَبر‪ :‬أطزـَغفِزُ اٌٍـََٗ! أطزـَغفِزُ اٌٍـََٗ! أٔذَ ٌظذَ فٍی زبٌِهَ‪ ،‬يب أثب زَظَٓ!‬
‫أث‪ ٛ‬زَظَٓ‪ :‬کـَُْ طَٕـَخ ً‪ٚ‬أٔذَ رـَقًَُّ ثبئِـَ خُضَزٍ؟‬
‫أٌخَضـَبر‪ُِٕ :‬ذ ُ کـُٕذُ ػبثَبً‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ ٛ‬زَظَٓ‪ :‬يَقٕي کـًَُ زَيب ِرهَ‪.‬‬
‫أٌخَضـَبر‪َ٘ :‬ذا ؿَسيرٌ‪.‬‬
‫ن‪ ًَْ٘ ،‬طَِّقذَ أَْ َ٘ذا اٌجٍَّدَ يَظز‪ٛ‬رِّدُ اٌجَيضَ ‪......‬‬ ‫أث‪ ٛ‬زَظَٓ‪ :‬ثـِؼـَزَفَِ‬
‫أٌخَضـَبر‪ :‬أثَّداً!‬
‫أث‪ ٛ‬زَظَٓ‪ٚ :‬يَظز‪ٛ‬رِّدُ اٌّدَخبجَ ‪ٚ‬اٌزُسَ ‪ٚ‬اٌٍـَسَُ ‪َِٚ‬قْد‪ َْٛ‬اٌغـَّبعُِ ِ ‪........‬‬
‫أٌخَضـَبر‪ :‬ثـِـَزازَخٍ‪ٔ ،‬ـَظز‪ٛ‬رِّدُ اٌمـَّرَ ‪ٚ‬اٌجَـًََ ‪ٚ‬اٌثـُ‪ٚ ََٛ‬اٌف‪ٛ‬اکَِٗ‬
‫أث‪ ٛ‬زَظَٓ‪ :‬أخبفُ أْْ يؤريَ يَ‪ٔ ٌَٛ‬ـَظز‪ٛ‬رِّدُ فيِٗ زَزـَی اٌفـَ‪ٛ‬طفبد!‬
‫أٌخَضـَبر‪ :‬أٌٍـَُٗ أکجَزُ!‬
‫أث‪ ٛ‬زَظَٓ‪ٚ :‬ال رـَک‪ ُْٛ‬فِّٕدَٔب فـٍُ‪ٛ‬صٌ ٔـَؼززّي ػـَيئبً‪ .‬أٌُّؼکٍِخ ُ أَْ اٌظِيبطَـخ َ خَغؤ‪.‬‬
‫أٌخَضـَبر‪ :‬أيَخ َطيبطَخٍ رـَمـِّدُ؟‬
‫أث‪ ٛ‬زَظَٓ‪ :‬طيبطَخ ُ اٌسُک‪َِٛ‬خِ اٌُّسزـَزََِخِ!‬
‫أٌخَضـَبر‪ِٚ :‬ب ذٔـْتُ اٌسُک‪َِٛ‬خِ؟‬
‫أث‪ ٛ‬زَظَٓ‪ :‬ػَدَقَذْ اٌفالزيَٓ فٍی اٌ‪ٙ‬ـِد َزحِ اٌی اٌُّّدُْ ِ‪.‬‬
‫أٌخَضـَبر‪ :‬زَظَٕبً‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ ٛ‬زَظَٓ‪ :‬أؿجَسَذْ اٌسُم‪ٛ‬يُ ثـِال فـَالزيَٓ‪.‬‬
‫ن؟‬‫أٌخَضـَبر‪ِٚ :‬ب ٘‪ ٛ‬اٌسًَُ ثـِزأّيَ‬
‫أث‪ ٛ‬زَظَٓ‪ :‬أٌسًُُ ٘‪ ٛ‬أْْ يَزخـِـَ اٌفالز‪ َْٛ‬اٌی زُم‪ٌِٙٛ‬ـُِ‪.‬‬
‫أٌخَضـَبر‪ٚ :‬اذا رَخَـَ اٌفالز‪ َْٛ‬اٌی زُم‪ٌِٙٛ‬ـُِ‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ ٛ‬زَظَٓ‪ :‬ال ٔـَسزبجُ أْْ ٔـَظز‪ٛ‬رِّدَ اٌخُضَزَ‪.‬‬
‫أٌخَضـَبر‪ :‬فٍی کـًُِ زبيٍ‪ِ ،‬بذا رـُسِتُ اآلَْ؟‬
‫أث‪ ٛ‬زَظَٓ‪٘ :‬بدِ کيٍ‪ ٛ‬عّبعَُِ ‪ٚ‬کيٍ‪ ٛ‬خيبرٍ‪.‬‬
‫أٌخَضـَبر‪ :‬زبضِزْ! کيٍ‪ ٛ‬عّبعَُِ ‪ٚ‬کيٍ‪ ٛ‬خيبرٍ‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ ٛ‬زَظَٓ‪ :‬ثـِکـَُْ کيٍ‪ ٛ‬اٌغـَّبعُِ؟‬
‫أٌخَضـَبر‪ :‬خّظ‪ َْٛ‬لِزػبً‪ٚ ،‬اٌخيبرُ ثالث‪ َْٛ‬لِزػبً‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ ٛ‬زَظَٓ‪ :‬يب ٌـَغيفْ! َ٘ذا غبي ٍخـِّدَاً‪ ،‬خبؿَخ ًاٌغّبعُُِ‪.‬‬
‫أٌخَضـَبر‪ :‬ال‪ ،‬يب أثب زَظَٓ! َ٘ذِٖ عـَّبعُُِ ُِّزب َسحٌ‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ ٛ‬زَظَٓ‪ :‬أٌسكُ َِ َقهَ‪ٌ ،‬ـَکَِٓ اٌظِقزَ غبي ٍ‪.‬‬
‫أٌخَضـَبر‪ :‬عـَيِت! کـَُْ رـُزيّدُ أْْ رـَّدفـَـَ ثـَََّٓ اٌکيٍ‪ٛ‬؟‬
‫أث‪ ٛ‬زَظَٓ‪ :‬اػزـَزَيذُ کيٍ‪ُِٕ ٛ‬ذ ُيَ‪ِٛ‬يٓ ِثـِثالثيَٓ لِزػبً‪.‬‬
‫أٌخَضـَبر‪َ٘ :‬ذا غَيزُ ُِّکِٓ ٍ! أٔب اػزـَزيذُ اٌکيٍ‪ ٛ‬ثـِثالثيَٓ لِزػبً‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ ٛ‬زَظَٓ‪ :‬عـَيِتْ! ٘بدِ کيٍ‪ ٛ‬ثـِخَّظَخٍ ‪ٚ‬ثالثيَٓ لِزػبً‪.‬‬
‫أٌخَضـَبر‪ :‬أرثَرُ خَّظَخ َ لز‪ٚ‬ع ٍفـَمـَظ ْ‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ ٛ‬زَظَٓ‪َ٘ :‬ذا رِثرٌ َِقم‪ٛ‬يٌ‪.‬‬
....... ْْ‫يَدـِتُ أ‬ِٚ ْ‫ َ٘ذا ال يَکفي! يَدـِتُ أْْ أّدفـَـَ ايدبرَ اٌّدُکب‬،‫ ال‬:‫أٌخَضـَبر‬
‫ أرـَفـَمٕب؟‬.ً‫َْ لِزػب‬ٛ‫ عـَيَت! أرثق‬:َٓ‫ زَظ‬ٛ‫أث‬
!َِٗ‫ أِزّي اٌی اٌٍـ‬.‫ أرـَفـَمٕب‬:‫أٌخَضـَبر‬

The grocer weighs one Kilo of tomato and hands it to Abu Hasan who pays the price, and he and
Julie say:

.ُُٗ‫ثَزَکبرـ‬ٚ َِٗ‫رَزَّخ ُ اٌٍـ‬ٚ ُُ‫ اٌظَالَُ فٍَـَيکـ‬:‫ٌي‬ٛ‫خ‬ٚ َٓ‫ زَظ‬ٛ‫أث‬


.ُُٗ‫ثَزَکبرـ‬ٚ َِٗ‫رَزَّخ ُ اٌٍـ‬ٚ َُ‫فٍَـَيکـُُ اٌظَال‬ٚ :‫أٌخَضـَبر‬

Cultural Expression: :‫ألعباراثُ الشـَائعت‬

Have a happy New Year! !ٍ ‫أٔزـُُ ثـِخَيز‬ٚ ٍَ‫کـًُُ فب‬


You too have a happy New Year! !‫أٔزـُُ ثـِخَيز‬ٚ
This is crazy! !ٌُْٕٛ‫َ٘ذا خ‬
How are you? ‫کـَيفَ اٌسبيُ؟‬
Thanks to God! !َِٗ‫أٌسَّّدُ ٌٍـ‬
God forgive me! !ََٗ‫أطزـَغفِزُ اٌٍـ‬
May God help the poor! !َ‫أٌٍـَُٗ يُظبفِّدُ اٌفـُمزاء‬
Don’t complain! !ٛ‫ال رـَؼک‬
God is great! !ُ‫أٌٍـَُٗ أکجَز‬
By your honor/honestly! َِ‫ثـِؼـَزَ ِفه‬
You are not yourself! !‫ن‬
َِ ِ‫أٔذَِ ٌـَظذَِ فٍی زبي‬
God blessing! !َُٗ‫ِب ػبءَ اٌٍـ‬
Leave it to God! !َِٗ‫أِزُٔب اٌی اٌٍـ‬
You are right! !َِ‫سكُ َِ َقه‬ َ ٌ‫أ‬
My gracious God! !ْ‫يب ٌـَغيف‬
Vocabularies: :‫ألمفرداث‬

rent ‫ايدب ٌر‬


shop, store ٌَْ‫َِخش‬/ٌ‫د‬ٛٔ‫زب‬/ٌْ‫ّدُکـَب‬
seller, vender ٌ‫ثبئِـ‬
market ٌ‫ق‬ٛ‫ط‬
occasion ٌ‫ُِٕبطَجَخ‬
festival, celebration ٌ‫فِيّد‬
rice ٌ‫رُس‬
fruit ٌ‫َخ‬ِٙ‫فبک‬
vegetables ٌ‫خُضَز‬
cucumber ٌ‫خِيبر‬
paste ٌْٛ‫َِقد‬
tomato ُُِ‫عّبع‬
garlic ٌَٛ‫ث‬
onion ًٌَ‫ثَـ‬
wheat ٌ‫لـَّر‬
meat ٌُ‫ٌـَس‬
chicken ٌ‫ّدَخبج‬
price ٌََّٓ‫ثـ‬
money ٌ‫ص‬ٍُٛ‫فـ‬
piasters ‫ع‬ٚ‫لـُز‬
solution ًٌَ‫ز‬
matter/s, issue/s ٌ‫ر‬ِٛ‫ أ‬-ٌ‫أِز‬
summer ٌ‫ؿَيف‬
season ًٌ‫فـَـ‬
problem ٌ‫َِؼکٍِـَخ‬
guilt, sin, wrong doing ٌ‫ذٔت‬
policy ٌ‫طِيبطَخ‬
government ٌ‫َِخ‬ٛ‫زُک‬
country ٌ‫ثٍَـَّد‬
town/s, city/ies ٌُْ‫ ُِّد‬-ٌ‫َِّديٕـَخ‬
poor ُ‫ فـُمزاء‬-ٌ‫فـَميز‬
human being/s, people ٌ‫أظبٌْ – ٔبص‬
family ٌ‫فبئٍِـَخ‬
opinion ٌ‫رأّي‬
farmer/s َْٛ‫ فَـالَز‬-ٌ‫فَـالَذ‬
field/s, farm/s ٌ‫ي‬ٛ‫زَمًٌ – زُم‬
return ٌ‫ؿ‬ٛ‫رُخ‬
immigration/migration ٌ‫ِ٘د َزح‬
life ٌ‫زَيبح‬
living ٌ‫فِيؼَخ‬
dear ٌ‫فَشيش‬
correct, right ٌ‫ؿَسير‬
noble, generous ٌُ‫کـَزي‬
better, best َُٓ‫أزظ‬
proper, suitable ٌ‫ُِٕبطِت‬
difficult ٌ‫ؿَقت‬
nice, gentle ٌ‫ٌـَغيف‬
since ُ ‫ُِٕذ‬
never ً‫أثَّدا‬
always ً‫ّدائِّب‬
now َْ‫اآل‬
you (m) heard َ‫طَِّقذ‬
he got tired َ‫رـَ ِقت‬
she has become ْ‫ؿبرَد‬
I forgot ُ‫ـَْظ َيذ‬
she encouraged ْ‫ػَدَقَذ‬
you (ms), she works ًُِ‫رـَؼزـَغ‬
we buy ‫ٔـَؼزـَزّي‬
he comes ‫يؤري‬
I fear ُ‫أخبف‬
he imports ُ‫رِّد‬ٛ‫يَظز‬

Grammar: :‫ألقواعد‬
1. The plural subject pronouns and their markers for the present tense are as follows:

‫ ٔـَظَّ ُـ‬......... َ‫ٔـ‬ ُٓ‫ٔـَس‬


َْٛ‫ْ رـَظَّق‬ َ ٚ ....... َ‫رـ‬ ُُ‫أٔزـ‬
َٓ‫ْ رـَظَّق‬ َ ....... َ‫رـ‬ َُٓ‫أٔزـ‬
َْٛ‫ْ يَظَّق‬ٚ ....... ‫يَـ‬ ُُْ٘
َٓ‫ َْ يَظَّق‬........ ‫يَـ‬ َُٓ٘
The present tense markers for these pronouns are suffixed to the verb. They are as the
following:
ُ- ُٓ‫ٔـَس‬
َُْ ُُ‫أٔزـ‬
.... َُٓ‫أٔزـ‬
َْ ُُ٘
.... َُٓ٘
‫‪2. To negate the present tense in Arabic, you need to place the negation particle‬‬ ‫ال‬
‫‪before that verb. Thus:‬‬
‫‪He lives in this house.‬‬ ‫يَظکـُُٓ في َ٘ذا اٌجَيذِ‪.‬‬
‫‪becomes:‬‬
‫‪He does not live in this house.‬‬ ‫ال يَظکـُُٓ في َ٘ذا اٌجَيذِ‪.‬‬

‫‪Verb Conjugation:‬‬ ‫حـَصريف األفعال‪:‬‬

‫ُه َ‬
‫ن‬ ‫هُم‬ ‫أنخُـ َ‬
‫ن‬ ‫أنخـُم‬ ‫نـَح ُ‬
‫ن‬
‫يَمـِّدَْ‬ ‫يَمـِّد‪َْٚ‬‬ ‫رـَمـِّدَْ‬ ‫رـَمـِّد‪َْٚ‬‬ ‫ٔـَمـِّدُ‬ ‫لـَـَّدَ‬
‫يَزقَجَٓ‬ ‫يَزقَج‪َْٛ‬‬ ‫رـَزقَجَٓ‬ ‫رـَزقَج‪َْٛ‬‬ ‫ٔـَزقَتُ‬ ‫رـَقِتَ‬
‫ْ يَؼزـَغـٍَِٓ‬ ‫يَؼزـَغـٍِ‪َ ٛ‬‬ ‫رـَؼزـَغـٍَِٓ‬ ‫رـَؼزـَغـٍِ‪َْٛ‬‬ ‫ٔـَؼزـَغـًُِ‬ ‫اػزـَغـًََ‬
‫يَظَّقَٓ‬ ‫يَظَّق‪َ ٛ‬‬
‫ْ‬ ‫رـَظَّقَٓ‬ ‫رـَظَّق‪َْٛ‬‬ ‫ٔـَظَّـُ‬ ‫طَِّـَ‬
‫يَخَفَٓ‬ ‫يَخبف‪َ ٛ‬‬
‫ْ‬ ‫رـَخَفَٓ‬ ‫رـَخبف‪َْٛ‬‬ ‫ٔـَخبفُ‬ ‫خبفَ‬
‫يَؼزـَزيَٓ‬ ‫يَؼزـَز‪َْٚ‬‬ ‫رـَؼزـَزيَٓ‬ ‫رـَؼزـَز‪َْٚ‬‬ ‫ٔـَؼزـَزّي‬ ‫اػزـَزی‬
‫يُؼـَدِقَٓ‬ ‫يُؼـَدِق‪َْٛ‬‬ ‫رـُؼـَدِقَٓ‬ ‫رـُؼـَدِق‪َْٛ‬‬ ‫ٔـُؼـَدِـَ‬ ‫ػـَدَـَ‬
‫يَّدفـَقَٓ‬ ‫يَّدَفـَق‪َْٛ‬‬ ‫رـَّدَفـَقَٓ‬ ‫رـََّدفـَق‪َْٛ‬‬ ‫ٔـَّدَفـَـُ‬ ‫ّدَفـَـَ‬
‫يَزثَسَٓ‬ ‫يَزثَس‪َْٛ‬‬ ‫رـَزثَسَٓ‬ ‫رـَزثَس‪َْٛ‬‬ ‫ٔـَزثَرُ‬ ‫رَثـِرَ‬
‫يزـَفـِمَٓ‬ ‫يَزـَفـِم‪َْٛ‬‬ ‫رـَزـَفـِمَٓ‬ ‫رـَزـَفـِم‪َْٛ‬‬ ‫ٔـَزـَفِـكُ‬ ‫ارـَفَـكَ‬

‫‪Drill # 1:‬‬ ‫الخمرين األّوَل‪:‬‬


‫‪Use the words and phrases in the Vocabulary List in good sentences:‬‬

‫‪Drill # 2:‬‬ ‫الثاني ‪:‬‬ ‫الخمرين‬


‫‪Please choose the correct options:‬‬
‫‪“May God help the poor!”, can be expressed by:‬‬ ‫‪.1‬‬
‫أ‪ .‬أٌٍـَُٗ يُظبفِّدُ اٌفـَميزَ!‬
!ََٗ‫ أطزـَغفِزُ اٌٍـ‬.‫ة‬
!َِٗ‫ أِزُٔب اٌی اٌٍـ‬.‫د‬

............... َ‫يَدـِتُ أْْ أّدفـَـ‬ .2


Which option do I have to use if I want to say, I must pay the shop rent.” ?
ِ ْ‫ ايدبرَ اٌّدُکـَب‬.‫د‬ ً‫ال‬ٛ‫ رِثسبً َِقم‬.‫ة‬ ٍٛ‫ طِقزَ اٌکي‬.‫أ‬

Which of the following adverbs means “never” ? .3


ً‫ رـَمزيجب‬.‫د‬ ً ‫ خبؿَخ‬.‫ة‬ ً‫ أثَّدا‬.‫أ‬

One of the following items seems to be unlike the other two. Which? .4
ُ‫طفبد‬َٛ‫ أٌفـ‬.‫د‬ ُِٗ‫اک‬ٛ‫ أٌف‬.‫ة‬ ُ‫ اٌخُضَز‬.‫أ‬

.ِ‫ ثـُِّٕبطَجَخِ اٌقيّد‬............ ُ‫ق‬ُٛ‫أٌظ‬ .5


Only one word cannot be used to fill in the blank. Which?
ٌُِ‫ ُِشّدَز‬.‫د‬ َُٓ‫ أزظ‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ لـَّر‬.‫أ‬
‫ًَْ٘ رـُسِتُ أْْ أکزـُتَ ٌَـهَ ػَيکبً؟‬ .6
The question says, “Do you want me ......... ?”

a. to cash your check

b. to give you a check

c. to write you a check

.ًََ‫اٌجَـ‬ٚ ََُٛ‫اٌثـ‬ٚ َ‫رِّدُ اٌمـَّر‬َٛ‫ٔـَظزـ‬ .7


The corresponding implied subject of this sentence is in option:
ُٓ‫ ٔـَس‬.‫د‬ َُٓ٘ .‫ة‬ ُُ٘ .‫أ‬

!ِ‫ثـِؼَزَ ِفه‬ .8
Arabs would use this expression to mean:

a. frankly

b. honestly

c. sincerely

Which of the following expressions indicates anger, dissatisfaction, or .9


disapproval?
َِٗ‫ أٌسَّّدُ ٌٍِـ‬.‫د‬ ُ‫ اْْ ػبءَ اهلل‬.‫ة‬ ٌُْٕٛ‫ َ٘ذا خ‬.‫أ‬

.ً‫ طِقزُ اٌخيبرِ ُِٕبطِتٌ خـِّدَا‬........ . 10


Which of the following expressions would you use to say, “Believe me, the price of the
cucumber is very reasonable.”
‫ فبئٍِـَزي‬.‫د‬ ‫ ؿَّدِلٕي‬.‫ة‬ ‫ ثـِؼَزَفي‬.‫أ‬

!ٍ‫أٔزـُُ ثـِخَيز‬ٚ ٍَ‫کـًُُ فب‬ . 11


Arabs would use this expression during the two Islamic Eids Ramadhan & Al-AdhHa.
What is the proper response to it?
‫ ؿَجبذَ اٌخَي ِز‬.‫أ‬
ٍ‫ اْْ ػبءَ اٌٍـَُٗ ثـِخَيز‬.‫ة‬
.ِ‫أٔزـُُ ِِْٓ أًِ٘ اٌخَيز‬ٚ .‫د‬

.ً ‫َخ‬ِٙ‫فبک‬ٚ ً‫رُسَا‬ٚ ً‫ٌـَسّب‬ٚ ً‫اػزـَزَيذُ ّدَخبخب‬ . 12


This sentence says that I bought:
a. rice, chicken, fruit and meat
b. tomato, chicken, onion and garlic
c. meat, rice, vegetables and chicken

Which of the following words is unlike the other two? . 13


ٌُْ‫ ُِّد‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ ؿَيف‬.‫ة‬ ًٌْ‫ فـَـ‬.‫أ‬

ِ‫ـِد َزح‬ٌٙ‫َِخ ُ اٌفالَزيَٓ فٍی ا‬ٛ‫ اٌسُک‬........... . 14


Which of the following verbs makes this sentence correct?
ُ‫ رـَمـِّد‬.‫د‬ ُ‫ رـُؼَدِـ‬.‫ة‬ ًُِ‫ رـَؼزـَغ‬.‫أ‬

Which of the following verbs is not in the imperative form? . 15


‫ خُذ‬.‫د‬ ‫ اذَ٘ت‬.‫ة‬ ‫ رـَقزِف‬.‫أ‬

.ً ‫ٌـَيظَذْ أطقبرُ اٌخَضَزِ فبٌيَخ‬ . 16


The sentence says that the price of vegetables is not high because it is:
ٌُِ‫قُ ُِشّدَز‬ُٛ‫ أٌظ‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫اکُِٗ کـَثي َزح‬َٛ‫ أٌفـ‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫ فـَـًُْ اٌـَيف‬.‫أ‬

Which of the following expressions involves possessive case? . 17


َ‫ ثـِزأيِـه‬.‫د‬ َ‫سكُ َِ َقه‬
َ ٌ‫ أ‬.‫ة‬ ُ‫ ال رَـغْن‬.‫أ‬

One of the following nouns is not in the plural form. Which? . 18


ٌ‫ي‬ٛ‫ زُم‬.‫د‬ ٌُْ‫ ُِّد‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ فبئٍِـَخ‬.‫أ‬

.ِ‫ زبٌـُٕب أزظَُٓ ِِْٓ اٌغـَيز‬،ُ‫ن‬


ْ‫ال رَـغ‬ . 19
This sentence says that, “Our conditions are ....... .”
a. similar
b. worse than the others
c. better than the others

.ِ‫ـِد َزح‬ٌٙ‫ إٌـَبصُ ِِْٓ طيبطَخِا‬ٛ‫يَؼْک‬ . 20


The word in option .... is the antonym of the underlined word.
ٌ‫ ذ َٔـْت‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ؿ‬ٛ‫ رُخ‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ ُِؼکٍِـَخ‬.‫أ‬

.َ‫اٌٍـَِٗ ٔـَظيذُ اٌقيّد‬ٚ . 21


This sentence implies that, “I am ....... .”
a. angry
b. indifferent
c. preoccupied
Which of the following verbs say, “I fear .... .” . 22
ُ‫ أخبف‬.‫د‬ ُ‫ أَػَدِـ‬.‫ة‬ ُ‫رِّد‬َٛ‫ أطزـ‬.‫أ‬

.‫أػزـَغًُِ ثبئِـَ خُضَزٍ کـًَُ زَيبري‬ . 23


This sentence says that this individual has been working as a grocer .....
a. recently
b. all his life
c. as part time

Which of the following expressions is not an adverb? . 24


‫ فٍی زِظبثي‬.‫د‬ ٍ ‫ فٍی کـًُِ زبي‬.‫ة‬ ًَِ‫ فٍی األلـ‬.‫أ‬

.ً ‫ؿبرَدِاٌَّقيؼَخ ُؿَقجَخ‬ . 25
Which of the following words is a synonym to the underlined word?
ُ‫ـِد َزح‬ٌٙ‫ ا‬.‫د‬ ُ ‫َِخ‬ٛ‫ اٌسُک‬.‫ة‬ ُ‫ اٌسَيبح‬.‫أ‬

Drill # 3: :‫الخمرين الثالث‬


a. Answer the following questions:
‫ٌي َِـَ اثي زَظَٓ؟‬ٛ‫ اٌی أيَٓ ذَ٘جَذْ خ‬.1
‫ زَظَٓ؟‬ٛ‫ ِبذا اػززی أث‬.2
‫ زَظَٓ فَْٓ اٌَّقيؼَخِ؟‬ٛ‫ ِبذا لبيَ اث‬.3
‫ في رأّي اثي زَظَٓ؟‬،ِ‫َِخ‬ٛ‫ ذٔـْتُ اٌسُک‬ٛ٘ ‫ ِب‬.4
‫ ثـِزأيِٗ؟‬،ًَُ‫ اٌس‬ٛ٘ ‫ِب‬ٚ .5
‫ زَظَٓ اٌی ثبئِـ ِاٌخُضَزِ؟‬ٛ‫ کُْ ّدَفـَـَ أث‬.6
b. Change the following sentences to negative:
.ِ‫ زَظَٓ ِِْٓ اٌَّقيؼَخ‬ٛ‫ أث‬ٛ‫ يَؼک‬.1
.َٓ‫ْ فَـالَزي‬ٚ‫يُ ثـِِّد‬ٛ‫ أؿجَسَذْ اٌسُم‬.2
.ِ‫ـِد َزح‬ٌٙ‫َِخٌاٌفالَزيَٓ فٍی ا‬ٛ‫ ػَدَقَذْ اٌسُک‬.3
.ًٌَٙ‫ زًَُ َِؼبکًِ اٌجٍَـَّدِ ط‬.4
‫‪ .5‬رـَظز‪ٛ‬رِّدُ ِِـزُ اٌجَيضَ ِِْٓ ٌيجيب‪.‬‬
‫‪ .6‬طيبطَخ ُ اٌسُک‪َِٛ‬خِ في اٌقِزاق ُِِّزب َسحٌ‪.‬‬
‫‪c. Vowel the underlined words:‬‬
‫‪ .1‬زبٌـُٕب أزظَٓ ِِْٓ اٌغـَيز‪.‬‬
‫‪ٔ .2‬ـَظز‪ٛ‬رِّدُ اٌجَـًََ ‪ٚ‬اٌثـُ‪ ََٛ‬کـًُ طَٕـَخ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .3‬أرثَرُ خَّظَخ لـُز‪ٚ‬ع فـَمـَظ ْ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .4‬رـَقِتَ اٌٍـَٗ ِِْٓ اٌفـُمزاء ‪.‬‬
‫سكُ َِ َقهِ ‪ٌٚ‬کَٓ اٌظِقز غبي‪.‬‬ ‫‪ .5‬أٌ َ‬
‫‪ٌَ .6‬يضَ ٘ذا رِثر َِقم‪ٛ‬ي‪.‬‬
‫‪d. Give the correct forms of the verb which are between brackets:‬‬

‫‪( .1‬يَزقَتُ‪ُِ ِْٓ )ُ٘+‬ؼکٍِخِ األطقبرِ اٌقبٌيَخِ‪.‬‬


‫‪ .2‬ال (يَمـِّدُ‪ )َُٓ٘+‬طيبطَخ َ اٌسُک‪َِٛ‬خِ اٌدَّدي َّدحِ‪.‬‬
‫‪( ًَْ٘ .3‬يَؼزـَغًُِ‪+‬أٔزـَُٓ) في ط‪ٛ‬ق ِاٌَّّديٕـَخِ؟‬
‫‪ .4‬ال ٔـُسِتُ أْْ (يَظّـُ‪ٔ+‬سُٓ) فَْٓ اٌُّؼکٍِـَخِ ثَقّدَ اآلَْ‪.‬‬
‫‪( َِْٓ .5‬يُؼـَدِـُ‪+‬أٔزـُُ) فٍی اٌظَکـَٓ ِفي َ٘ذا اٌجَيذِ؟‬
‫‪َِ .6‬زی (يَؼزـَزّي‪ )َُٓ٘+‬اٌٍسَُ ‪ٚ‬اٌخُضَزَ ثُّٕبطَجَخِ اٌقيّدِ‪.‬‬
‫‪e. Put the following groups of words in the right order to make good sentences:‬‬
‫يَخبفُ اٌٍـََٗ غَزيتٌ‪.‬‬ ‫٘‪ ٛ‬رَخًٌُ‬ ‫ال‬ ‫‪.1‬‬
‫َِ َقهِ ٔـَظيذُ‪.‬‬ ‫سكُ‬
‫أٌ َ‬ ‫ُِٕبطَجَخ َ ززَی اٌقيّدِ‬ ‫‪.2‬‬
‫رـَظز‪ٛ‬رّدُ ِِْٓ اٌقزاقِ ط‪ٛ‬ريب اٌفـَ‪ٛ‬طفبد!‬ ‫‪.3‬‬
‫اٌيَ‪ََٛ‬؟‬ ‫اٌٍـَسُْ اٌَّّديٕـَخِ‬ ‫في‬ ‫ط‪ٛ‬ق ِ أطقبرُ‬ ‫کـَي َ‬
‫ف‬ ‫‪.4‬‬
‫في ُِّزب َسحٌ‪.‬‬ ‫أطقب َر اٌظُ‪ٛ‬ق ِ ؿَّدِلٕي اٌخُضَزِ‬ ‫َ٘ذا‬ ‫أَ‬
‫ْ‬ ‫‪.5‬‬
‫اٌجٍَّدِ زُم‪ٛ‬يُ أؿجَسَذْ فَـالَزيَٓ‪.‬‬ ‫ثـِال‬ ‫‪.6‬‬
Drill # 4: :‫الخمرين الرابع‬
Please choose the correct options and explain WHY:
.ً‫اکِِٗ ٌـَيضَ ُِٕبطِجب‬َٛ‫ أَْ طِقزَ اٌفـ‬.......... .1
One of the following verbs cannot be used in this sentence. Which?
ُ‫ أطزـَغفِز‬.‫د‬ ُ‫ أفزـَمِّد‬.‫ة‬ َُٓ‫ أؽـ‬. 1

Which of the following words is unlike the other two? .2


ٌ‫ رأّي‬.‫د‬ ًٌ‫ زَم‬.‫ة‬ ٌْ‫ أظب‬.‫أ‬

.‫ريب‬ٛ‫َْ اٌغـَّبعُِ ِ ِِْٓ ط‬ٛ‫يَؼززّي اٌقِزاقُ َِقد‬ .3


Which of the following verbs can substitute for the verb of this sentence?
ًُِ‫ يَؼزـَغ‬.‫د‬ ُ‫ يَّدفـَـ‬.‫ة‬ ُ‫رّد‬َٛ‫ يَظزـ‬.‫أ‬

.ََٗ‫ رَخًٌُ ال يَخبفُ اٌٍـ‬ٛ٘ .4


The sentence implies that I am .......... this person.
a. insulting
b. criticizing
c. commending

!َُٗ‫ِب ػبءَ اٌٍـ‬ .5


This expression is used by Arabs to indicate:
a. envy
b. criticism
c. appreciation

َ‫ه‬
! ‫ثـِؼـَزَ ِف‬ .6
The best response you can come up with to this expression is the one in option:
!‫ أٌٍـَُٗ أکجَ ُز‬.‫د‬ !ََٗ‫ أطزـَغفِزُ اٌٍـ‬.‫ة‬ !‫ ؿَّدِلٕي‬.‫أ‬
.ِ‫قُ ُِشّدَزٌُ ثـُِّٕبطَجَخِ اٌقيّد‬ُٛ‫أٌظ‬ .7
This sentence implies that it was a:
a. holiday
b. big sale
c. weekend

.ُِْ‫رِّدُ ِِـزُ اٌّدَخبجَ ِِْٓ األرّد‬َٛ‫رـَظزـ‬ .8


This sentence says that Egypt ...... chicken.
a. imports
b. exports
c. produces just enough for local consumption

.ِ‫ ٔـَظيذُ زَزَی ُِٕبطَجَخِ اٌقيّد‬،َ‫سكُ َِ َقه‬


َ ٌ‫أ‬ .9
Which of the following expressions can substitute for the underlined one?
‫ ؿَّدِلٕي‬.‫د‬ ‫ ثـِؼـَزَفي‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ ؿَسير‬.‫أ‬

.ً‫ال‬ٛ‫يَزثَرُ ثبئِـُ اٌخَضَزِ رِثسبً َِقم‬ . 10


The sentence implies that:
a. The grocer charges high prices
b. his prices are really low
c. his price are fair

!ِ ‫اطؤٌي إٌـَبصَ في اٌغـَزيك‬ . 11


You can replace the underlined word by the one in option ...... without changing the
meaning so much.
ِ َْ‫ اٌَّخش‬.‫د‬ ِ ‫ق‬ُٛ‫ اٌظ‬.‫ة‬ ِ ‫ اٌؼـَبرؿ‬.‫أ‬

Which of the following words is unlike the other two? . 12


ُ‫ أٌزُس‬.‫د‬ ُُ‫ أٌٍـَس‬.‫ة‬ ُ‫ أٌّدَخبج‬.‫أ‬

.ِ ‫ ِِْٓ اٌغـَيز‬........... ‫ زبٌـُٕب‬،‫ال رَـغْنُ يب أخي‬ . 13


Which of the following adjectives fits better in the blank?
َُٓ‫ أزظ‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ ُِٕبطِت‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ ؿَقجَخ‬.‫أ‬

.َ‫ز‬َٙ‫ َ٘ذا اٌؼـ‬.............. ُ‫ِب ّدَفـَقْذ‬ . 14


You can fill in the blank with the option in:
ِ ‫ ثـَََّٓ اٌفـُّٕدُق‬.‫د‬ ِ‫ طِقزَ اٌجَيذ‬.‫ة‬ ِ ْ‫ ايدبرَ اٌّدُکب‬.‫أ‬

.ٌ‫ ٌـَکَِٓ زَيبرـَُٗ ؿَقجَخ‬،ٌ‫زَمًُ اٌفَـالَذ ِکـَجيز‬ . 15


This sentence implies that the farmer has:
a. a difficult life b. a big farm c. both

.َِٗ‫اک‬َٛ‫اٌفـ‬ٚ َ‫اٌخُضَز‬ٚ َُ‫َْ اٌٍـَس‬ٚ‫رِّد‬ٛ‫يَظز‬ . 16


What is the subject pronoun implied in the verb of this sentence?

ُٓ‫ ٔـَس‬.‫د‬ َُُ٘ .‫ة‬ َُٓ٘ .‫أ‬

Which of the following words is unlike the other two? . 17


ٌ‫ خبؿَخ‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ؿ‬ٛ‫ رُخ‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ ِ٘د َزح‬.‫أ‬

!ٍ ‫أٔزـُُ ثـِخَيز‬ٍٚ َ‫کـًُُ فب‬ . 18


You will use the expression in option .... to respond to this well wishing and greeting
expression.
!ِ‫أٔزـُُ ِِْٓ أً٘ ِاٌخَيز‬ٚ .‫أ‬
!ِ‫ؿَجبذَ اٌخَيز‬ٚ ً‫ َِززَجب‬.‫ة‬
!ٍ ‫ اْْ ػبءَ اٌٍـَُٗ ّدائِّبً ثـِخَيز‬.‫د‬

!ََٗ‫أطزـَغفِزُ اٌٍـ‬ . 19
You would use this expression when someone says something that is:
a. bad
b. nice
c. exciting
.َْٚ‫ کـَثيز‬.......... ٌ‫کبَْ في اٌؼـَبرِؿ ِٔبص‬ . 20
Only one word of the following can fill in the blank. Which?
ٌ‫ فبئٍِـَخ‬.‫د‬ ُ‫ فـُمزاء‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ ذٔـْت‬.‫أ‬

.ِ‫ق ِاٌَّّديٕـَخ‬ٛ‫يَؼزـَغًُِ ؿَّديمي ثبئِـَ ٌـَسُ ٍفي ط‬ . 21


This sentence implies that my friend is:
a. a grocer
b. a butcher
c. an insurance agent

.ِ‫َِخ‬ٛ‫ إٌـَبصُ ِِْٓ طيبطَخِ اٌسُک‬ٛ‫يَؼک‬ . 22


This sentence implies that people are:
a. happy
b. concerned
c. indifferent

‫کـَيفَ طقزُاٌٍـَسُِ في فـَـًْ ِاٌـَيفِ؟‬ . 23


The underlined noun cannot be replaced by the noun in option ......... .
ِ ‫ي‬ٛ‫ اٌسُم‬.‫د‬ ِ ُِ‫ اٌغـَّبع‬.‫ة‬ ِ ًَ‫ اٌجَـ‬.‫أ‬

!ٌُ‫أٌٍـَُٗ کـَزي‬ . 24
Arabs would not use this expression when someone is:
a. sad
b. down
c. happy

. ......... َْ‫ٌـَخٍ أل‬ٛ‫ـِد َزحُ ِِْٓ اٌقزاق ِغَيزُ َِقم‬ٌٙ‫أؿجَسَذْ ا‬ . 25

Which of the following options can better fit in the blank?


ٌ‫ األطقبرَ فبٌيَخ‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫َِخ َُِّزب َسح‬ٛ‫ اٌسُک‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ اٌسَيبحَ ؿَقجَخ‬.‫أ‬
‫‪Reading Exercise:‬‬ ‫حمرين القراءة‪:‬‬

‫‪Read the following words, phrases and sentences into your tape recorder, then listen to‬‬
‫‪them. Give the tape to your teacher to check your performance:‬‬

‫أٌظُ‪ُ ٛ‬‬
‫ق‬ ‫أآلَْ‬ ‫ّدائِّبً‬ ‫فـَ‪ٛ‬اکُِٗ‬ ‫فِيّدٌ‬
‫األٔظبُْ‬ ‫اٌـَيفُ‬ ‫ُِشّدَزٌُِ‬ ‫ؿَسيرٌ‬ ‫ُِٕبطَجَخٌ‬
‫أٌٍـَُٗ کـَزيٌُ! فٍی األلـًَِ ثبئِـُ اٌخُضَزِ‬ ‫أِزُٔب ٌٍـَِٗ!‬ ‫ثـِزأيهَ‬
‫في اٌسَميمَخِ فـَـًُْ اٌـَيفِ أطزـَغفِزُ اٌٍـََٗ! فٍی کـًُِ زبي ٍ َِقد‪ ُْٛ‬اٌغـَّبعُِ‬
‫َ٘ذا رَخًٌُ ال يَخبفُ اٌٍـََٗ!‬
‫کـَيفَ أطقبرُ اٌٍـَسُ ِ في ط‪ٛ‬ق ِاٌَّّديٕـَخِ؟‬
‫سكُ َِ َقهِ‪ٔ ،‬ـَظيذُ زَزـَی ُِٕبطَجَخ َاٌقيّدِ‪.‬‬ ‫أٌ َ‬
‫أؿجَسَذْ اٌَّّديٕـَخ ُثـِال ٔبص ٍثـِظَجَتِ اٌ‪ٙ‬ـِد َزحِ‪.‬‬
‫ال رـُؼَدِـُ اٌسُک‪َِٛ‬خ ُاٌفَـالَزيَٓ فٍی اٌ‪ٙ‬ـِد َزحِ‪.‬‬
‫يَذَ٘تُ إٌـَبصُ اٌی ٌـُجٕبَْ في فـَـًْ ِاٌـَيفِ‪.‬‬
‫ِب طَِّقذُ أَْ َ٘ذا اٌجٍَـَّدَ يَظز‪ٛ‬رِّدُ اٌثـُ‪ٚ ََٛ‬اٌجَـًََ‪.‬‬
‫ٔـَؼزـَزّي إٌـَفظ َِِْٓ أِزيکب ‪ٚ‬اٌزُسَ ِِْٓ اٌقزاق ِ‪.‬‬
‫رـَظزـَ‪ٛ‬رِّدُ اٌک‪َٛ‬يذُ اٌّدَخبجَ ‪ٚ‬اٌفـَ‪ٛ‬اکَِٗ ِِْٓ ط‪ٛ‬ريب‪.‬‬
‫في اٌسَميمـَخِ‪ ،‬کبَْ إٌـَبصُ اٌفـُمـَزاءُ في اٌؼـَبرِؿ ِ‪.‬‬
Unit # 9 (9) ‫ألوحدة رقم‬
Maher is visiting Oman and was planning to go to the village where his father was
born. He was in a car accident, and therefore was a month late. He talks on the
phone with Abu Naaser, one of his relatives there.

!َٛ‫ ٍَ٘ـ‬:‫ِبِ٘ز‬
‫! َِْٓ يَزـَکـٍَـَُُ؟‬َٛ‫ ٍَ٘ـ‬:‫ ٔبؿِز‬ٛ‫أث‬
.ُ‫ أٔب ِبِ٘ز اثزا٘ي‬:‫ِبِ٘ز‬
!ً ‫ال‬َٙ‫ط‬ٚ ً ‫ ِبِ٘ز! أ٘ال‬:‫ ٔبؿِز‬ٛ‫أث‬
‫ال ً ثـِه! ًَْ٘ رـَقزِفـُٕي؟‬َٙ‫ط‬ٚ ً ‫ أ٘ال‬:‫ِبِ٘ز‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪ :‬في اٌسَميمخِ‪ ،‬ال أرـَذکـَزُ َ٘ذا األطَُ‪.‬‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ :‬أٔب أزَّدُ ألبرِثِـهَ‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪ :‬رـَؼـَزَفٕب‪ٌٚ ،‬ـَکْٓ ِب فِّٕدّي لـَزيتٌ ث‪ٙ‬ذا األطُِ‪.‬‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ :‬زب‪ِٚ‬يْ أْْ رـَزـَذکـَزَ!‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪ٚ :‬اٌٍـَِٗ زَزـَی ِب فِّٕدّي ؿَّديكٌ ث‪ٙ‬ذا األطُِ!‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ :‬أٔب ِبِ٘ز ثُٓ اثزا٘يُ‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪ :‬أّيُ اثزا٘يُ؟‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ :‬اثزا٘يُ زَجيت‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪ :‬اثزا٘يُ زَجيت؟‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ٔ :‬ـَقَُْ اثزا٘يُ ِِْٓ فبئٍِـَخِ زَجيت‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪ :‬عيَتْ‪ ،‬فبئٍخ ُزَجيت ٘ي فبئٍِـَزي‪.‬‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ ًَْ٘ :‬فِٕ َّدنَ ألبرةُ في کـَٕـَّدا؟‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪ :‬في کـَٕـَّدا؟ ٔـَقَُْ‪ ،‬فِّٕدّي اثُٓ فٍَُ‪.‬‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ :‬أٔب اثٕـُُٗ األکجَزُ‪ِ ،‬بِ٘ز‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪ :‬عـَجقبً‪ ،‬عـَجقبً! ٌِّبذا ِب لـٍُذَ َ٘ذا َِْٓ اٌجـِّدايَخِ‪.‬‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ :‬أٔب ذکـَزدُ ذٌِهَ‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪َِ :‬زی ‪َٚ‬ؿٍَذَ‪ ،‬يب اثٕي‪.‬‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ُِٕ :‬ذ ُثالثـَخِ ػُ‪ٛٙ‬رٍ رـَمزيجبً‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪ُِٕ :‬ذ ُثالثـَخِ ػُ‪ٛٙ‬رٍ‪ِٚ ،‬ب ارـَـٍَذَ ثـِٕب‪.‬‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ :‬آطِفٌ يب فَِّي‪ٚ ،‬اٌٍـَِٗ کـُٕذُ َِؼغ‪ٛ‬ال ً خـِّدَاً‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪ :‬عـَيِتْ‪ٌٚ ،‬ـَکْٓ ٘ذا فُذرٌ غَيزُ َِمج‪ٛ‬ي ٍ‪.‬‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ :‬في اٌسَميمـَخِ‪ ،‬کـُٕذُ في زبّدِسِ طَيَب َرحٍ‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪ :‬کـُٕذَ في زبّدِسِ طَيَب َرحٍ‪ِٚ ،‬ب ارـَـٍَذَ ثـِٕب؟‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ٚ :‬اٌٍـَِٗ يب فَِّي‪ِ ،‬ب أرّددُ أْْ أسفِدَکـُُ‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪ :‬کـَيفَ رـُشفِدُٕب ‪ٔٚ‬ـَسُٓ أٍُ٘ـهَ؟‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ :‬ؿَسيرٌ‪ .‬في اٌسَميمـَخِ‪ ،‬أخجَزَٔي ‪ٚ‬اٌِّدّي ‪..........‬‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪ :‬أخجَ َزنَ‪ِٚ ،‬ب ارـَـٍَذَ ثـِٕب!‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ :‬أخجَزَٔي أْْ أرـَـًَِ ثـِکُ اذا اززـَدذُ ٌِذٌِهَ ‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪ٌِّٚ :‬بذا ِب ارـَـٍَذَ؟‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ :‬ألٔـِي کـُٕذُ في اٌُّظزـَؼفی‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪ٚ :‬کـَيفَ کبٔذْ ٔـَزيدَخ ُاٌسبّدِسِ؟‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ :‬کـَظَزدُ ذِرافي ‪ٚ‬خَزَزذُ فـَخِذّي ‪ٚ‬رأطي‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪ :‬أٌسَّّدُ ٌٍِـَِٗ فٍی طَالَِزِه‪ ،‬يب ‪ٌَٚ‬ـَّدّي!‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ :‬ػـُکزاً يب فَِّي‪ٚ ،‬ثب َرنَ اٌٍـَُٗ ثِـهَ‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪َِ :‬زی زَّدَسَ ذٌِهَ‪ٚ ،‬أيَٓ رـَزقبٌـَحُ؟‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ :‬زَّدَسَ ذٌِهَ لـَجًَ ػـَ‪ٙ‬زٍ‪ٚ ،‬أرـَقبٌـَحُ في ُِظزـَؼفی اٌدبِِقَخِ‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪ُِٕ :‬ذ ُػـَ‪ٙ‬زٍ؟ ال ثُّدَ أَْ اٌسبّدسَ کبَْ خَغيزاً!‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ :‬فٍَِّ‪ٛ‬ا ٌي فٍََّيَخ ً لـَجًَ أطج‪ٛ‬فَيٓ ِ‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪ٚ :‬کـَيفَ رـَؼقُزُ اآلَْ ثَقّدَ اٌقٍََّيَخِ؟‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ِ :‬ب سايَ فِّٕدّي أٌـٌَُ ػـَّديّدٌ في ؽـَ‪ٙ‬زّي‪.‬‬
‫سهَ اٌغـَجيتُ أْْ رـَؾـًََ في اٌُّظزـَؼفی؟‬ ‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪ٚ :‬کـَُْ ٔـَـَ َ‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ :‬اْْ ػبءَ اٌٍـَُٗ‪ ،‬طؤر ُزنُ اٌُّظزـَؼفی اٌيَ‪.ََٛ‬‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪ :‬عَيُتْ‪ ،‬طَزـَؾـًَُ في ثَيزِٕب زَزـَی رـَزـَسَظََٓ‪.‬‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ :‬ال أفزـَمِّدُ أَْ َ٘ذا ُِٕبطِتٌ‪ .‬أفـَضًُِ أْْ أطکـَُٓ في فـُّٕدُق ٍ‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪ :‬في فـُّٕدُق ٍ! اطَّـْ‪ ،‬طؤزضُزُ اٌی اٌُّظزـَؼفی اآلَْ‪.‬‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ :‬لـَجًَ أْْ رـَسضُزَ‪ ،‬أزَـؾِزْ ّدَليمـَخ ًززـَی ٔـَزـَفبََُ٘!‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪ :‬ال ّدَليمـَخ ً‪ٚ‬ال زَزـَی ثبٔيَخ ً! ِبذا طَيَم‪ٛ‬يُ إٌـَبصُ؟‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ :‬ثِـَزازَخٍ‪ ِِْٓ ،‬اٌُّّکِٓ ِأال َ أرربذَ في اٌجَيذِ‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪ :‬أٔذَ َِدٕ‪َِ !ٌْٛ‬زيضٌ ‪ٚ‬رـُفـَضًُِ أْْ رـَظکـَُٓ في اٌفـُّٕدُق ِ!‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ :‬أٔب اٌيَ‪ ََٛ‬أزظَُٓ ِِْٓ األِض ِ‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪ :‬زَظَٕبً‪َ٘ ،‬ذا خَيِّدٌ‪.‬‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ :‬ألّدِرُ اآلَْ أْْ أرـَسَ َزنَ ‪ٚ‬أل‪ ِِْٓ ََٛ‬فِزاػي‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪ :‬أف‪ َُُٙ‬ذٌهَ‪ٌٚ ،‬ـَکْٓ أٔذَ ِب سٌِذَ رـَسزبجُ اٌی رفبيَخٍ‪.‬‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ :‬في اٌسَميمـَخِ ال أريّدُ أْْ أثمًَِ فٍَيکـُُ أ‪ ٚ‬أسفِدَکـُُ‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪ :‬کـَيفَ رـُثمًُِ فٍَيٕب أ‪ ٚ‬رـُشفِدُٕب‪ٔٚ ،‬ـَسُٓ أٍُ٘ـهَ!‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ :‬عـَيِتْ‪ ،‬عـَيِتْ! ارـَفمٕب ‪ٌٚ‬ـَکْٓ ثـِؼـَزطٍ ‪ٚ‬ازِّدٍ‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪ :‬کـًُُ ػـُز‪ٚ‬عِه َِمج‪ٌٛ‬ـَخٌ‪.‬‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ :‬أر ُزنُ اٌجَيذَ فِّٕدَِب أريّدُ ذٌِهَ‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪َ٘ :‬ذا ػـَيءٌ ثَظيظٌ‪ .‬أر ُزنْ اٌجَيذَ فِّٕدَِب رـُسِتُ‪.‬‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ٚ :‬اٌٍـَِٗ ال أّدرّي ِبذا أل‪ٛ‬يُ‪.‬‬
‫أث‪ٔ ٛ‬بؿِز‪ٔ :‬ـُزي ُّدنَ أْْ رـُمبثـًِ أٍَ٘ـهَ ‪ٚ‬رـَزـَقزَفَ اٌی ألبرِثِـهَ‪.‬‬
‫ِبِ٘ز‪ :‬اْْ ػبءَ اٌٍـَُٗ! في اٌسميمـَخِ أزِتَ ذٌِـهَ کـَثيزاً‪.‬‬
.ِ‫فِّٕدَِب رـَزـَسَظَُٓ ٔؤخُذنَ اٌی اٌمـَزيَخ‬ٚ :‫ ٔبؿِز‬ٛ‫أث‬
‫ فَؾيٌُ! أيَٓ اٌمَزيَخ ُ؟ ًَْ٘ ٘ي ثَقي َّدحٌ؟‬:‫ِبِ٘ز‬
.ِ‫اٌي طبفَخٍ ثبٌظَيَب َرح‬َٛ‫ ز‬.ٌ‫ لـَزيجَخ‬،‫ ال‬:‫ ٔبؿِز‬ٛ‫أث‬
!َُٗ‫ اْْ ػبءَ اٌٍـ‬:‫ِبِ٘ز‬
!َِٗ‫ کـًُُ ػـَيءٍ ثـِيَّدِ اٌٍـ‬:‫ ٔبؿِز‬ٛ‫أث‬

Cultural Expression: :‫العباراثُ الشـَائِعَت‬

This is unacceptable excuse! !ٍ ‫ي‬ٛ‫َ٘ذا فُذرٌ غَيزُ َِمج‬


Thanks to God for your safety! !َِ‫أٌسَّّدُ ٌٍـَِٗ فٍی طَالَِ ِزه‬
Everything is in God hand! !َِٗ‫کـًُُ ػـَيءٍ ثـِيَّدِ اٌٍـ‬
By God, I don’t know what to say! !ُ‫ي‬ٛ‫اٌٍـَِٗ ال أفزِفُ ِب أل‬ٚ

By God, I was very busy. .ً‫ال خـِّدَآ‬ٛ‫اٌٍـَِٗ کـُٕذُ َِؼغ‬ٚ


This is a simple matter/thing. .ٌ‫َ٘ذا ػـَيءٌ ثَظيظ‬
You are crazy! !ٌْٕٛ‫أٔذَ َِد‬
it is necessary that .... ْْ‫ال ثُّدَ أ‬
nothing but ...... ......َ ‫ٌـَيضَ اال‬
I do not want to burden you. ُُ‫ال أريّدُ أْْ أثمًَِ فٍَـَيکـ‬

Vocabularies: :‫ألمُفرَداث‬
to be acquainted with ‫رـَقَزَفَ فٍی‬
to try َ‫َي‬ٚ‫زب‬
to advise َ‫ٔـَـَر‬
to mention َ‫ذکـَز‬
to say hello, greet ‫طٍَـََُ فٍی‬
he speaks, talks َُُ‫يَزـَکـٍَـ‬
I broke ُ‫کـَظَزد‬
I still (+ a verb in present tense) ُ‫ال أساي‬
I know ‫ أّدرّي‬/ ُ‫أفزِف‬
I bother ُ‫أ ُسفِح‬
I contact ًُِ‫أرـَـ‬
I prefer ًُِ‫أ ُفـَض‬
I burden ‫أ ُثمًُِ فٍی‬
I stand up َُٛ‫أل‬
I remember, recall ُ‫أرـَذکـَز‬
I move ُ‫أرـَسَزَن‬
I can, be able ُ‫ألّدِر‬
I feel comfortable ُ‫أرربذ‬
I live, reside ُُٓ‫أطکـ‬
you remain, stay ًَُ‫رـَؾـ‬
you recover ‫رـَؼفی‬
you meet ًُِ‫رـُمبثـ‬
you receive treatment ُ‫رـَزـَقبٌـَح‬
we take ُ ‫ٔؤخُذ‬
we make a compromise َُُ٘‫ٔـَزـَفب‬
you wait (imperative) ْ‫أزَـؾِز‬
you listen (imperative) ْ‫ اطزـَِّـ‬/ ْ‫اطِّـ‬
acceptable ٌ‫ي‬ٛ‫َِمج‬
dangerous, serious ٌ‫خَغيز‬
light ٌ‫خَفيف‬
heavy ًٌ‫ثـَمي‬
operation ٌ‫فٍََّيَخ‬
physician/s ُ‫ أعِجَبء‬/ ٌ‫عـَجيت‬
bed ٌ‫فِزاع‬
care ٌ‫رِفبيَخ‬
hospital ‫ُِظزـَؼْفی‬
patient/s ‫ َِزضی‬/ ٌ‫َِزيض‬
pain/s ٌَ‫ آال‬/ ٌَُ‫أٌـ‬
thigh ٌ‫فـَخِذ‬
arm ٌ‫ذِراؿ‬
eye ٌٓ‫فَي‬
head ٌ‫رأص‬
back ٌ‫ْز‬َٙ‫ؽـ‬
cousin ٍَُ‫اثُٓ ف‬
father ٌ‫اٌِّد‬ٚ
son/s ٌ‫ أثٕبء‬/ ٌٓ‫اث‬
relative/s ُ‫لـَزيتٌ ؟ ألبرِة‬
second ٌ‫ثبٔيَخ‬
minute ٌ‫ّدَليمـَخ‬
accident/s ُ‫اّدِس‬َٛ‫ ز‬/ ٌ‫زبّدِس‬
result/s ُ‫ ٔـَزبئِح‬/ٌ‫ٔـَزيدَخ‬
village/s ‫ لـُزی‬/ٌ‫لـَزيَخ‬
condition/s ٌ‫ط‬ٚ‫ػـُز‬/ٌ‫ػـَزط‬
one person ٌ‫أزَّد‬
safety ٌ‫طَالَِخ‬
end ٌ‫بيَخ‬ِٙٔ
beginning ٌ‫ثـِّدايَخ‬
that (f) ‫ن‬
َ ًِ‫ر‬
that (m) َ‫ذٌِه‬
until, so that, in order to ‫زَزـَی‬
so that, in order to ‫ٌِکـَي‬
Grammar: :‫القواعِد‬
.َ‫فبٌـَحَ اٌغـَجيتُ اٌَّزيض‬
1. The sentence above means, “The doctor treated the patient.” It is possible to
substitute for the object َ‫اٌَّزيض‬ by a pronoun that should be attached to the verb as

in:
The doctor treated him. ُ‫فبٌـَدَٗ ُ اٌغـَجيت‬
If the verb takes a preposition, the object pronoun will be suffixed to the preposition as
in the following sentence:
The patient greeted the doctor. .ِ‫طٍَـََُ اٌَّزيضُ فٍی اٌغـَجيت‬
The patient greeted him. .ِٗ‫طٍَـََُ اٌَّزيضُ فٍي‬
Notice that the final (Alif Maqsuurah) ‫ ی‬of the preposition is changed to a medial ‫ـيـ‬
as in:
‫اٌی‬ ‫فٍی‬ become ِٗ‫اٌـَي‬ ِٗ‫فٍـَي‬
The object pronoun suffixes for singular pronouns are:
‫أنا‬ ِ‫أنج‬ َ‫أنج‬ ‫هي‬ ‫هو‬
‫ـٕي‬ ِ‫ـه‬ َ‫ـن‬ ‫ب‬ٙ‫ـ‬ ُٗ‫ـ‬
The plural object pronoun suffixes are:
ُ ‫نـَح‬
‫ن‬ َ ‫أنخُـ‬
‫ن‬ ‫أنخـُم‬ َ ‫ُه‬
‫ن‬ ‫هُم‬
‫ـٕب‬ َُٓ‫ـکـ‬ ُُ‫ـکـ‬ َُٓٙ‫ـ‬ ُُٙ‫ـ‬
2. The adjective comparative and superlative forms are basically the same. The context
and little changes determine the form of this type of adjective. The pattern is usually
ًَُ‫أفق‬ .Therefore, the Arabic comparative and superlative for adjectives like:

ٌ ‫ي‬َٛ‫عـ‬
ً ٌُ ‫لـَّدي‬ ‫کـَجي ٌز‬
are ُ‫َي‬ٛ‫أع‬ ََُ‫ألّد‬ ُ‫أکجَز‬
If you want to compare two things the adjective is followed by the preposition ِِْٓ as in:

.ِٓ‫َيُ ِِْٓ ػبرِؿ ٌِِٕک‬ٛ‫ػبرِؿُ کـَٕـَّدّي أع‬


Kennedy Boulevard is longer than Lincoln Boulevard.
Please notice that both the adjective and the preposition proceed the second noun,
something unusual because we know the Arabic grammar rules require that the
adjective follows the noun.

Now, if you want to use the superlative form, then there are two ways to do that:

a. You attach a definite article to the adjective as in:

.ِ‫ اٌجَيذُ األکجَزُ في اٌمـَزيَخ‬ٛ٘ ‫ةذُ فٍي‬


َ‫ي‬
Ali’s house is the biggest (house) in the village.

b. Or, place the adjective before the noun and both should be indefinite as in:
ٍ ‫ؿ‬َٛ‫ساْ ٘ي أزّدَسُ ٔـ‬ٛ‫طَيَب َرحُ ط‬
Susan’s car is the most modern model.

Please remember that the indefinite comparative and superlative forms become
Diptotes and, therefore, do not take Nunation.

3. We are familiar with ‫ َ٘ذا‬and ِٖ‫َ٘ ِذ‬ which mean “this” for masculine and feminine
respectively. The corresponding forms for “that” are:

for masculine َ ٌِ‫ذ‬


‫ه‬
for feminine َ‫رٍِه‬

4. If the negation particle ‫ ال‬follows the subjunctive particle ْْ‫أ‬ , they become one

word َ ‫ أال‬as the second consonant ْْ is assimilated by the following ‫ي‬ of the negation

particle.

Verb Conjugation: :‫ـثَصريف األفعال‬


a. The following verbs are in the present tense and conjugated to the singular pronouns:
‫أنا‬ ِ ‫أن‬
‫ج‬ َ ‫أن‬
‫ج‬ ‫هي‬ ‫هو‬
َُُ‫أرـَکـٍَـ‬ َ ‫رـَزـَکـٍَـَّي‬
ٓ َُُ‫رـَزـَکـٍَـ‬ َُُ‫رـَزـَکـٍَـ‬ َُُ‫يَزـَکـٍَـ‬ َُ َ‫رـَکـٍَـ‬
ُ‫أفزِف‬ َٓ‫رـَقزِفي‬ ُ‫رـَقزِف‬ ُ‫رـَقزِف‬ ُ‫يَقزِف‬ َ‫فَزَف‬
‫ٓ أَرـَذکـَ ُز‬‫رـََزـَذکـَزي َ‬ ‫رـََزـَذکـَ ُز رـََزـَذکـَ ُز‬ ‫يَزـَذکـَ ُز‬ ‫رـَذکـَ َز‬
‫رـَزـَقبٌـَديَٓ أرـَقبٌـَحُ‬ ‫رـَزـَقبٌَـحُ رـَزـَقبٌـَحُ‬ ‫يَزـَقبٌـَحُ‬ ‫رـَقبٌـَحَ‬
‫‪b. The following verbs are in the present tense and conjugated to the plural pronouns:‬‬

‫نـَح ُ‬
‫ن‬ ‫أنخُـ َ‬
‫ن‬ ‫أنخـُم‬ ‫ُه َ‬
‫ن‬ ‫هُم‬
‫ٔـَٕـَرُ‬ ‫رـَٕـَسَٓ‬ ‫رـَٕـَسَ‪َْٛ‬‬ ‫يَٕـَسَٓ‬ ‫يَٕـَسَ‪َْٛ‬‬ ‫ٔـَـَ َ‬
‫ر‬
‫ٔـُفـَضًُِ‬ ‫رـُفـَضٍَِٓ‬ ‫رـُفـَضٍِ‪َْٛ‬‬ ‫يُفـَضٍَِٓ‬ ‫يُفـَضٍِ‪َْٛ‬‬ ‫فـَضًََ‬
‫ٔـَظکـُُٓ‬ ‫رـَظکـَُٓ‬ ‫رـَظکـُٕ‪َْٛ‬‬ ‫يََظکـَُٓ‬ ‫يَظکـُٕ‪َْٛ‬‬ ‫طَکـََٓ‬
‫ٔـَؾـًَُ‬ ‫رـَؾٍـٍَُٓ‬ ‫رـَؾـٍَـُ‪َْٛ‬‬ ‫يَؾٍـٍَُٓ‬ ‫يَؾـٍَـُ‪َْٛ‬‬ ‫ؽـًََ‬
‫‪c. The following verbs are in the past tense and conjugated to the singular pronouns:‬‬

‫أنا‬ ‫أن ِ‬
‫ج‬ ‫أن َ‬
‫ج‬ ‫هي‬ ‫هو‬
‫أفزـَمِّدُ‬ ‫رـَقزـَمِّديَٓ‬ ‫رـَقزـَمِّدُ‬ ‫يَقزـَمِّدُ رـَقزـَمِّدُ‬ ‫افزـَمـَّدَ‬
‫ألّدِرُ‬ ‫رـَمّدُريَٓ‬ ‫رـَمّدِرُ‬ ‫رـَمّدِرُ‬ ‫يَمّدِرُ‬ ‫لـَّدِرَ‬
‫أر ُزنُ‬ ‫رـَززُکيَٓ‬ ‫رـَز ُزنُ‬ ‫يَز ُزنُ رـَز ُزنُ‬ ‫رـَ َزنَ‬
‫أرـَفِكُ‬ ‫رـَزـَفِميَٓ‬ ‫رـَزـَفِكُ‬ ‫رـَزـَفِكُ‬ ‫يَزـَفِكُ‬ ‫ارـَفـَكَ‬
‫أرـَفبَُُ٘‬ ‫رـَزـَفبَّ٘يَٓ‬ ‫رـَزـَفبَُُ٘‬ ‫يَزـَفبَ٘ ُُ رـَزـَفبَُُ٘‬ ‫رـَفبََُ٘‬
‫أرـَسَزَنُ‬ ‫رـَرـَسَزَويَٓ‬ ‫رـَرـَسَزَنُ‬ ‫يـَرـَسَ َزنُ رـَرـَسَزَنُ‬ ‫رـَسَزَنَ‬
‫‪d. The following verbs are in the imperative form and conjugated to the second person‬‬
‫‪pronouns:‬‬

‫أنخـُم‬ ‫أنجِ‬ ‫أن َ‬


‫ج‬
‫اطَّْق‪ٛ‬ا‬ ‫اطَّْقي‬ ‫اطَّْـْ‬ ‫طَِّ َـ‬
‫أزَـؾِزّي أزَـؾِز‪ٚ‬ا‬ ‫أزَـؾِزْ‬ ‫أزـَؾـَزَ‬

‫‪Drill # 1:‬‬ ‫ألخِمرين األّوَل‪:‬‬


‫‪Use the words and phrases in the Vocabulary List in good sentences:‬‬
Drill # 2: :‫ألخِمرين الثاني‬
Please choose the correct options:

.ِ‫ األثُٓ األکجَزُ في اٌقبئٍِخ‬ٛ٘ ‫ِبِ٘ز‬ .1


The sentence says that Maher is the ............ son in the family.
a. eldest
b. adopted
c. youngest

.ِ‫أ ُفـَضًُِ أْْ أطْکـَُٓ في ثَيذٍ لـَزيتٍ ِِْٓ اٌدبِِقَخ‬ .2


My preference is to live:
a. on campus
b. close to campus
c. far from campus
Which of the following expressions is unlike the other two? .3
‫ ثبٌُّظزـَؼفی‬.‫د‬ ِ‫ ثبٌسَميمـَخ‬.‫ة‬ ٍ‫ ثـِـَزازَخ‬.‫أ‬

!ََُ٘‫ا ّدَليمـَخ ًززـَی ٔـَزـَفب‬ٚ‫أزـَؾز‬ .4


The time suggested for waiting is:
a. an hour
b. a minute
c. a moment

.ٍ ‫ي‬ٛ‫َ٘ذا فُذرٌ غَيزُ َِمج‬ .5


When an Arab friend says this expression, he/she could be:
a. tired
b. happy
c. dismayed

‫ًَْ٘ اٌسبّدِسُ في ػبرِؿ اٌَّغبرِ خَغيزٌ؟‬ .6


You want to know whether the accident is:
a. new
b. simple
c. serious

!ِ‫نف‬
َِ َ‫ثـِؼـَز‬ .7
When an Arab uses this expression, she/he means
a. Oh God b. frankly c. honestly.
!َِ‫أٌسَّّدُ ٌٍِـَِٗ فٍی طَالَِ ِزه‬ .8
Arabs would use this expression to wish:
a. someone well
b. a couple a happy marriage
c. someone success in a new business

!َِٗ‫ اٌٍـ‬......... ِ‫کـًُُ ػَيءٍ ثـ‬ .9


Which of the following can be used to fill in the blank?
ِ ‫ رأص‬.‫د‬ ِ‫ يَّد‬.‫ة‬ ِ ٓ‫ فَي‬.‫أ‬

!ُ‫ي‬ٛ‫ ِبذا أل‬.......... ‫اٌٍـَِٗ ال‬ٚ . 10


Which of the following verbs would you select to fill in the blank if you want to say, “By
God, I don’t know what to say!”?
‫ أّدرّي‬.‫د‬ ُ‫ أر ُزن‬.‫ة‬ ُ‫ أطَّـ‬.‫أ‬

Which of the following expression is used to convey disapproval? . 11


!َِٗ‫ أٌسَّّدُ ٌٍـ‬.‫د‬ !ٌُْٕٛ‫ َ٘ذا خ‬.‫ة‬ !َُٗ‫ اْْ ػبءَ اٌٍـ‬.‫أ‬

.ِ ‫ب فٍَّيَخ ً في اٌزَأصِ ثَقّدَ اٌسبّدِسِ أِض‬ٌٙ ‫ا‬ٍَِّٛ‫ف‬ . 12


The sentence says that they operated on her:
a. eye
b. arm
c. head

Which of the following functional expressions is unlike the other two? . 13


ٍ ‫ فٍی کـًُِ زبي‬.‫د‬ ‫ فٍی زِظبثي‬.‫ة‬ ًَِ‫ فٍی األلـ‬.‫أ‬

.ُُ‫ال أريّدُ أْْ أثمًَِ فٍَـَيکـ‬ . 14


The implied object pronoun in this sentence is:
ُُ‫ أٔزـ‬.‫ة‬ ُٓ‫ ٔـَس‬.‫ة‬ ُُ٘ .‫أ‬
.ِ‫ ثـُِّٕبطَجَخِ اٌقيّد‬........... َ‫ق‬ُٛ‫أفزـَمِّدُ أَْ اٌظ‬ . 15
Which of the following adjectives can be used to fill in the blank?
ٌ‫اطِـ‬ٚ .‫د‬ ٌُِ‫ ُِشّدَز‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ خَغيز‬.‫أ‬

.َ‫أٍَ٘ـه‬ٚ َ‫ ٌِکي رـُمبثـًَِ ألبرِ َثه‬............. . 16


Which option would you choose if you want to say, “We take you so that you meet your
relatives and family.”?
َ‫ ٔؤخُذن‬.‫د‬ َ‫خه‬
ُ ‫ ٔـَسزب‬.‫ة‬ َ‫ده‬
ُ ِ‫ ٔـُشف‬.‫أ‬

.ِ‫زّي ثَقّدَ اٌقٍَّيَخ‬َٙ‫ِب سايَ فِّٕدّي أٌـٌَُ ػـَّديّدٌ في ؽـ‬ . 17


This sentence says that the speaker has
a. severe back pain
b. slight toothache
c. moderate chest pain

‫کـَيفَ رـَزـَقبٌديَٓ في َ٘ذا اٌُّظزـَؼفی؟‬ . 18


The implied subject in this sentence is:

ِ‫ أٔذ‬.‫د‬ َ‫ أٔذ‬.‫ة‬ ‫ ٘ي‬.‫أ‬

‫ ثـِٕذَ فََُنَ؟‬........... ًَْ٘ . 19


Only one of the following verbs cannot be used to fill in the blank. Which?

ًُِ‫ رـُفـَض‬.‫د‬ َُُ‫ رـَزـَکـٍَـ‬.‫ة‬ ُ‫ رـَزـَذکـَز‬.‫أ‬

‫ ؟‬........... َ‫أٔذَ َِزيضٌ! ًَْ٘ أٔذ‬ِٚ ‫رـُفـَضًُِ أْْ رـَؾـًََ في اٌفـُّٕدُق‬ . 20


The only option that can fit in this sentence is:
ٌْٕٛ‫ َِد‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ عـَجيت‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ لـَزيت‬.‫أ‬

.ُ‫أ ُفضًُِ أْْ أر ُزنَ اٌجَيذَ فِّٕدَِب أ ُريّد‬ . 21


The sentence is talking about .......... a house.
a. buying
b. renting
c. leaving

ِِٗ‫أفزـَمِّدُ أٔـَٕي لبثٍَزـُُٗ في ثَيز‬ . 22


The attached pronoun ( ٗ‫ ) ـ‬in the two words in the sentence above has:
a. a same function
b. a different function
c. no significant function

ٍَُ‫اثُٓ ف‬ . 23
This expression can be related to the one in option:
‫ َِزيض‬.‫د‬ ‫ ُِٕبطِت‬.‫ة‬ ‫ ألبرِة‬.‫أ‬

.ُُ‫ ـکـ‬.............. ْْ‫ال أريّدُ أ‬ . 24


Which of the following verbs can be used to fill in the blank?
َ‫ أسفِح‬.‫د‬ ََٛ‫ أل‬.‫ة‬ َ‫ أرـَسَ َزن‬.‫أ‬

Which of the following expressions involves possession? . 25


ِ‫ ثِزأيه‬.‫د‬ ُ‫ؼه‬
ْ َ‫ ال رـ‬.‫ة‬ َ‫سكُ َِ َقه‬
َ ٌ‫ أ‬.‫أ‬

Drill # 3: :‫الخمرين الثالث‬


a. Answer the following questions:
‫ ثـَِّْٓ ارـَـًََ ِبِ٘ز؟‬.1
‫؟‬.ِ‫َلذ‬ٌٛ‫ أيَٓ کبَْ ِبِ٘ز في ذٌِـهَ ا‬.2
‫ ِبذا زَّدَسَ ٌـَُٗ؟‬.3
‫ کـَُ ثَميَ ِبِ٘ز في اٌُّظزـَؼفی؟‬.4
‫ط ُِبِ٘ز فٍی أثي ٔبؿِز؟‬ٚ‫ ِب ٘ي ػـُز‬.5
‫ ٔبؿِز ِِْٓ ِبِ٘ز ثَقّدَ أْْ يَزـَسَظََٓ؟‬ٛ‫ ِبذا يُزيّدُ أث‬.6
‫‪b. Substitute the objects in the following sentences by their corresponding object‬‬
‫‪pronouns.‬‬
‫‪ .1‬لبثًََ اٌغـَجيتُ ِبِ٘ز في اٌُّظزـَؼفی‪.‬‬
‫‪ .2‬رـَکـٍَـََُ ّدا‪ّٚ‬د َِـَ اٌّ‪ٛ‬ػَـفيَٓ في َِسًَِ اطزِئدبرِ اٌظَيَبرادِ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .3‬رـَقَزَفَ اثزا٘يُ اٌی فبئٍـَخِ ؿَّديمِِٗ في اٌـَيفِ اٌّبضي‪.‬‬
‫‪ٔ .4‬ـَـَرَ األطزبذ ُاٌغـَبٌِجبدِ أْْ يَسضُزَْ اٌی اٌَّکزـَتِ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .5‬رـَذکـَزْدُ اٌَّ‪ٛ‬فِّدَ َِـَ اٌغـَجيتِ أِض ِ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .6‬فبٌـَحَ األعجبءُ اٌَّزضی في ُِظزـَؼفی اٌدبِِقَخِ‪.‬‬

‫‪c. Put the words which are between parentheses in their correct forms.‬‬
‫‪ .1‬ال أريّدُ أْْ (أسفِحَ ‪ +‬أٔزـُُ) في َ٘ذا اٌ‪َٛ‬لذِ‪.‬‬
‫‪ٔ .2‬ـُزيّدُ أْْ رـُمبثـًَِ ألبرِ َثهَ ‪ٚ‬رـَزـَقزَفَ (اٌی ‪ +‬ألبرِثهَ)‪.‬‬
‫‪ .3‬ال أفزـَمِّدُ أَٔـهَ رـَقزِفُ األطزبذحَ أ‪( ٚ‬لبثٍَذَ ‪ +‬األطزبذحَ)‪.‬‬
‫‪ .4‬ذَ٘تَ اٌَّزيضُ اٌی اٌغـَجيتِ ‪ٚ‬عٍتَ ُِِٕٗ أْْ (يُقبٌِحَ ‪ +‬اٌَّزيضَ)‪.‬‬
‫‪ .5‬أ ُفـَضًُِ أْْ أرـَفبََُ٘ َِـَ أؿّدِلبئي ‪ٚ‬أرـَ ِفكَ (َِـَ ‪+‬أؿّدِلبئي)‪.‬‬
‫‪ .6‬أرـَذکـَزُ فبئٍِـَزي کـَثيزاً َ٘ ِذِٖ األيَبََ ألٔـِي أززبجُ (اٌی ‪ +‬فبئٍِـَزي)‪.‬‬
‫‪d. Vowel the underlined words in the following sentences.‬‬
‫‪ٚ .1‬اٌٍـَِٗ ال أفزِف ِبذا أل‪ٛ‬ي‪.‬‬
‫‪ .2‬ال أؽـُُٓ أَْ َ٘ذا اٌؼـَيء ُِٕبطِت‪.‬‬
‫‪ .3‬أرـَفـَمٕب ‪ٌٚ‬ـَکْٓ ثـِؼـَزط ‪ٚ‬ازِّد‪.‬‬
‫‪ .4‬طَ‪ٛ‬فَ رـُمبثـًِ ألبرِثَه ‪ٚ‬رـَزـَقَزَفُ فٍَـَي‪ٙ‬ـُِ‪.‬‬
‫‪ُِ .5‬ظزـَؼفی اٌَّّديٕـَخ في ػبرؿ ٍ ُِشّدَزُِ خـِّدَاً‪.‬‬
‫‪ .6‬ال ألّدِر أْْ أل‪ ِِْٓ َٛ‬اٌفِزاع اآلَْ‪.‬‬
‫‪e. Put the following words in the correct order to make good sentences.‬‬
‫َِـَ اٌِّـزييَٓ اٌ‪َٛ‬لذِ‪.‬‬ ‫أؿّدلبئِ ِٗ اٌقَزَثيَخ َ‬ ‫‪ .1‬يَزـَکـٍَـَ ُُ کـًَُ‬
‫زَزـَی‪.‬‬ ‫أْْ‬ ‫اٌُّظزـَؼفی في اٌغـَجيتُ‬ ‫ٓ رـَجمی‬
‫سظَ َ‬
‫‪ٔ .2‬ـَـَس‪ٙ‬ب رـَزـَ َ‬
‫زبّدِثـَخٍ‬ ‫اٌؼـُزعـَخِ ػبَّ٘ددُ‬ ‫‪ .3‬خَغي َزحً َِزکـَش ِ أِبََ‬
‫ٓ ؟‬
ُ ِ‫يُّک‬ َ‫کـيف‬ َ ‫أٍُ٘ـ‬
‫ه‬ ‫رـُشفِدَٕب‬ ْ‫أ‬
ْ ُٓ‫ٔـَس‬ٚ .4
‫ؿ ٍ ؟‬ٛ‫أطج‬ ‫فِّٕدَِب‬ َ‫ثَقّد‬ ‫ب‬َٙ‫فبئٍِـَزـ‬ ُ‫ي‬ٛ‫طَزـَم‬ ًُِ‫رـُمبثـ‬ ‫ ِبذا‬.5
‫طَيَب َرحٌ ؟‬ ‫ثـِؼَزَفي ال‬ ‫ب‬َٙ‫ؿَّديمـ‬ ُٖ‫فِٕ َّد‬ َْ‫أ‬ ُ‫ أفزِف‬.6

Drill # 4: :‫ألخمرين الرابع‬


Please choose the correct options and explain WHY:
ً‫ في ػبرِؿ ٍلـَزيتٍ خـِّدَا‬........... !‫ن‬
َ َ‫ربثـِـ طَيز‬ .1
Only the noun in option......... can be used to fill in the blank.
‫ أٌُّظزـَؼفی‬.‫د‬ ُ ‫َِخ‬ٛ‫ أٌسُک‬.‫ة‬ ُ ‫ أٌَّّديٕـَخ‬.‫أ‬

. ............ ‫ُْ َِزيضبً رـَسزبجُ اٌی‬ٛ‫فِّٕدَِب رـَک‬ .2


Only one of the following nouns can be used in this context. Which?
ٍ‫ ُِٕبطَجَخ‬.‫د‬ ٍ‫ فٍََّيَخ‬.‫ة‬ ٍ‫ رِفبيَخ‬.‫أ‬

ٌ‫لـَزيت‬ .3
This word can be associated with the option in:
ٍَُ‫ اثُٓ ف‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ َِزيض‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ ُِٕبطِت‬.‫أ‬

!َِ‫أٌسَّّدُ ٌٍـَِٗ فٍی طَالَِ ِزه‬ .4


The Arabs would use this expression:
a. to wish someone well
b. to express condolences
c. to wish someone good luck

‫ ؟‬.............. ِ‫ًَْ٘ ؿَسيرٌ أَْ األثَٓ األکجَزَ ٌٍِقبئٍِـَخ‬ .5


Which of the following words cannot be used to fill in the blank?

ٌْٕٛ‫ َِد‬.‫د‬ ٌْ‫ أظب‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ َِزيض‬.‫أ‬


Which of the following prepositional phrases is unlike the other two? .6
‫ ثبٌُّظزـَؼفی‬.‫د‬ ِ‫ ثبٌسَميمـَخ‬.‫ة‬ ٍ‫ ثـِـَزازَخ‬.‫أ‬
The object pronoun cannot be suffixed to: .7
a. a verb
b. an adverb
c. a preposition

.‫ب‬ِٙ‫کبَْ فِّٕدَ٘ب أٌـٌَُ ػـَّديّدٌ في رأط‬ .8


The sentence suggests that my friend probably had:
a. earache
b. toothache
c. headache

. ............. َ ‫أفزـَمِّدُ أَْ ذٌِهَ اٌؼـَيءَ ٌـَيضَ اال‬ .9


Only the word in option ....... can be used to fill in the blank.
ً‫ فُذرا‬.‫د‬ ً‫ ُِٕبطِجب‬.‫ة‬ ً ‫ ثـَميال‬.‫أ‬

.ِ‫َؿٍَٕب اٌی اٌجَيذ‬ٚ ‫رـَسَزَکـَذْ اٌظَيَب َرحُ فِّٕدَِب‬ . 10


The noun in option ....... cannot substitute for the underlined word.
ِ‫ اٌغـُزفـَخ‬.‫د‬ ‫ اٌُّظزـَؼفی‬.‫ة‬ ِ ‫ اٌفـُّٕدُق‬.‫أ‬

.‫ ِِْٓ فِزاػي‬........... ْْ‫ال أريّدُ أ‬ . 11


The context of this sentence does not allow you to use the word/phrase in option ..... to
fill in the blank.
َ‫ أسفِح‬.‫د‬ َ‫ أرـَسَ َزن‬.‫ة‬ ََٛ‫ أل‬.‫أ‬

.ِ‫کـًُُ ػَيءٍ فٍی ِب يُزاَُ ثَقّدَ اٌقٍَّيَخ‬ . 12


This sentence suggests that everything was fine ........…………………… .
a. before the operation
b. during the operation
c. after the operation

An Arab would use the sentence in option ..... to express disagreement . 13


with what someone has just said.
.ََٗ‫ أطزـَغفِزُ اٌٍـ‬.‫أ‬
.َِٗ‫ أٌسَيبحُ ثـِيَّدِ اٌٍـ‬.‫ة‬
.َ‫ أٌسَّّدُ ٌٍِـَِٗ فٍی طَالَِ ِزه‬.‫د‬
ِ‫ اٌغـَجيت‬........... َ‫رـَسَظََٓ ثَقّد‬ٚ ً‫کبَْ َِزيضب‬ . 14
The noun in option .... cannot be used to fill in the blank in this sentence.
ِ‫ ِ٘د َزح‬.‫د‬ ِ‫ سيب َرح‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫ ُِظبفَ َّدح‬.‫أ‬

. ..............ُ ‫ في اٌُّظزـَؼفی ُِٕذ‬ٛ٘ٚ ٌ‫ثبئِـُ اٌخُضَزِ َِزيض‬ . 15


In order to make a good sentence you have to avoid using the noun in option:
ٍ ََٛ‫ ي‬.‫د‬ ٍ ‫ؿ‬ٛ‫ أطج‬.‫ة‬ ٍ ٌُ‫ أ‬.‫أ‬

ٌٓ‫فَي‬ . 16
This word which means “eye” is related to the one in option ..... .
ٌ‫ رأص‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ فـَخِذ‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ ذِراؿ‬.‫أ‬

.َُُٙ‫ال يُّکُِٓ أْْ ٔـَزـَفبََُ٘ َِق‬ . 17


Therefore, we cannot ........... with them
ًَِ‫ ٔـُفـَض‬.‫د‬ َ‫ ٔـَٕـَر‬.‫ة‬ َُٓ‫ ٔـَظکـ‬.‫أ‬

.ِِٗ‫َيَ األثُٓ أْْ يَزـَذکـَزَ کـًَُ ألبرِثَـ‬ٚ‫زب‬ . 18


The sentence says that the son tried to ........... all his relatives.
a. visit
b. remember
c. maintain contacts with

!ٌْٕٛ‫ ًَْ٘ أٔذَ َِد‬،ٌ‫أٔذَ ِزيض‬ٚ ........... ‫رـُفـَضًُِ أْْ رـَؾـًََ في‬ .19
Which of the following nouns cannot be used to fill in the blank?
‫ اٌُّظزـَؼفی‬.‫د‬ ِ ‫ اٌفـُّٕدُق‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫ اٌجَيذ‬.‫أ‬

.‫ٌيض‬ٛ‫أٌُّظزـَؼفی لـَزيتٌ ِِْٓ ّدائِ َزحِ اٌپ‬ . 20


Only option ... can substitute for the underlined phrase.
ٌ‫ خَغيز‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ خَّديّد‬.‫ة‬ ََ‫ أِب‬.‫أ‬

.ِ‫ األثُٓ األکجَزُ ٌٍِقبئٍِـَخ‬ٛ٘ ‫ِبِ٘ز‬ . 21


The synonym for the underlined word in this context is the one in option ....
ُ‫ األثقَّد‬.‫د‬ ُ‫ األلزَة‬.‫ة‬ ُ‫َي‬ٚ‫ األ‬.‫أ‬

.ِ‫َْ في ُِظزـَؼفی اٌَّّديٕـَخ‬ٛ‫أٌفـُمزاءُ فـَمـَظ ْ يَزـَقبٌـَد‬ . 22


The sentence suggests that ....... receive treatment at the government hospital.
a. women only
b. only the poor
c. all the people

The object pronoun can be attached to: . 23


a. the verb
b. the subject
c. the first term of Idaafa

.ً‫ارـَفـَمذُ َِـَ ؿَّديمي أْْ ٔـَذَ٘تَ اٌی اٌَّغبرِ غـَّدا‬ . 24


The verb in option .... cannot be used to substitute for the underlined one in this
sentence.
ُ‫ رـَفبَّْ٘ذ‬.‫د‬ ُ‫ رـَزَکـْذ‬.‫ة‬ ُ‫ رـَکـٍَـَّْذ‬.‫أ‬

.ِ‫َِخ‬ٛ‫َْ طيبطَخ َاٌسُک‬ُٛ‫ کـًُُ إٌـَبص ِاليُسج‬،............ . 25


The prepositional phrase in option ..... cannot introduce this sentence.
ٍ‫ ثـِـَزازَخ‬.‫د‬ ِ‫ ثـِزايه‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫ ثـِبٌظِيبزَخ‬.‫أ‬
‫‪Reading Exercise:‬‬ ‫حمرين القراءة‪:‬‬

‫‪Read the following words, phrases and sentences into your tape recorder, then listen to‬‬
‫‪them. Give the tape to your teacher to check your performance:‬‬

‫أزَـؾِ ْز‬ ‫اطَّـْ‬ ‫ٔـَظکـُُٓ‬ ‫أ ُفـَضًُِ‬ ‫أ ُثمًُِ‬


‫رـَزـَقبٌـَديَٓ‬ ‫رـَقزـَمِّديَٓ‬ ‫أرـَسَ َزنُ‬ ‫رـَمّدِرُ‬ ‫يَزـَکـٍَـَُُ‬
‫کـًُُ ػَيءٍ ثـِيَّدِ اٌٍـَِٗ!‬ ‫زَزـَی رـَؼفی‬ ‫أٌٌُ لـَ‪ّٛ‬يٌ‬ ‫اثُٓ فٍَُ‬
‫ِبذا يَم‪ٛ‬يُ إٌبصُ؟ َ٘ذا فُذرٌ غـَيزُ َِمج‪ٛ‬ي ٍ!‬ ‫َِزی رـَم‪ ِِْٓ َُٛ‬اٌفِزاع ِ؟‬
‫ِب سٌِذَ رـَسزبجُ اٌی رفبيَخٍ‪.‬‬
‫أٌسَّّدُ ٌٍِـَِٗ فٍی طَالَِ ِزهَ!‬
‫‪ٚ‬اٌٍـَِٗ ال أّدرّي ِبذا أل‪ٛ‬يُ‪.‬‬
‫ًَْ٘ رـَمّدِرُ أْْ رـَم‪ ََٛ‬اآلَْ؟‬
‫ارـَفـَمٕب ‪ٌٚ‬کْٓ ثـِؼَزطٍ ‪ٚ‬ازِّدٍ‪.‬‬
‫ال أفزـَمِّدُ أَْ ٘ذا اٌؼَزط َُِٕبطِتٌ‪.‬‬
‫طَ‪ٛ‬فَ رـُمبثـًُِ ألبرِ َثهَ ‪ٚ‬رـَزـَقَزُفُ اٌـَي‪ٙ‬ـُِ‪.‬‬
‫ؿَّديمـَزي في اٌُّظزـَؼفی ُِٕذ ُأطج‪ٛ‬ؿ ٍ‪.‬‬
‫فٍَِّ‪ٛ‬ا ٌـَ‪ٙ‬ب فٍََّيَخ ًفي اٌزأص ِ ‪ٚ‬اٌذ ِراؿ ِ‪.‬‬
‫ثـِـَزازَخٍ‪ ٛ٘ ،‬رَخًٌُ َِدٕ‪ٌْٚٛ‬غـَزيتٌ‪.‬‬
‫ٌِألطَفِ‪ ،‬ال يُّکُِٓ أْْ ٔـَزـَفبََُ٘ َِقَ‪ ُُٙ‬أثَّداً‪.‬‬
‫طَ‪ٛ‬فَ رـَؾـًَُ في ثَيزِٕب زَزـَی ِٔ‪ٙ‬بيَخِ َ٘ذا اٌؼَ‪ٙ‬ز ِ‪.‬‬
‫يُّکُِٕـهِ أْْ رـَززُکي اٌفـُٕ ُّدقَ في اٌظَبفَخِ اٌزـَبطِقَخِ‪.‬‬
‫‪Unit # 10‬‬ ‫ألوحدة رقم (‪:)10‬‬

‫‪Bill is spending the weekend with his Arabic teacher’s family in the Emirate. As they‬‬
‫‪were all sitting around watching TV and talking, Nadia, the baby daughter of the hosts,‬‬
‫‪Mr. Walid Masoud and his wife Hanaan, showed symptoms of being sick.‬‬

‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ :‬أطّـُ اٌجـّٕذَ رـَجکي‪.‬‬


‫زٕبْ‪ :‬ال أفزِفُ اٌظَجَتَ‪.‬‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪َ٘ :‬ذِٖ أ‪َٚ‬يُ َِ َزحٍ رـَجکي في‪ٙ‬ب کـَثيزاً‪.‬‬
‫زٕبْ‪ :‬کـَيفَ أ‪َٚ‬يُ َِ َزحٍ؟ َ٘ذِٖ األيبَُ رـَجکي کـَثيزاً‪.‬‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ :‬يُّکُِٓ أْْ رـَک‪ َْٛ‬خبئِقَخ ً‪.‬‬
‫زٕبْ‪ :‬ال أفزـَمِّدُ ذٌهَ‪ .‬أرضَقزـُ‪ٙ‬ب لـَجًَ طبفَخٍ‪.‬‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ :‬رُثَّب رـَک‪َِ ُْٛ‬زيضَخ ً‪ .‬کبَْ فِّٕدَ٘ب ثَزّدٌ األطج‪ٛ‬ؿَ اٌّبضي‪ .‬رُثَّب َِزِضَذْ َِ َزحً ثبٔيَخ ً‪.‬‬
‫َ٘ذا ُِّکٌِٓ‪.‬‬
‫زٕبْ‪ :‬رـَسَظَٕـَذْ َ٘ذا األطج‪ٛ‬ؿَ ثَقّدَ سيب َرحِ اٌغـَجيتِ‪.‬‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ :‬أفزِفُ أَْ ؿِسَزـَ‪ٙ‬ب لـَّد رـَسَظَٕـَذْ کـَثيزاً ِب فَّدا اٌزَػَرَ‪.‬‬
‫زٕبْ‪ :‬کـًُُ األعفبي ِفِّٕدَُُ٘ رَػَرٌ َ٘ذِٖ األيَبََ‪.‬‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ :‬أٌدَ‪ ُٛ‬ثبرِّدٌ‪ٚ ،‬رُثَّب ٌِسبفـُ‪ٙ‬ب غـَيزُ کبفٍ‪.‬‬
‫زٕبْ‪ٌِ :‬سبفـُ‪ٙ‬ب کبفٍ خـِّدَاً‪ ،‬خبؿَخ ً في اٌٍيً ِ‪.‬‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ ًَْ٘ :‬أکٍَّـَذِ اٌّدَ‪ٚ‬اءَ؟ ألـِّدُ کـًَُ اٌّدَ‪ٚ‬اءِ‪.‬‬
‫زٕبْ‪ :‬عـَجقبً‪ .‬أخـَذدْ کـًَُ ّدَ‪ٚ‬ائِ‪ٙ‬ب‪ ،‬کّب لبيَ اٌغـَجيتُ‪.‬‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ :‬أٌٍـَُٗ أفٍـَُُ! رُثَّب فِّٕدَ٘ب أٌـٌَُ‪.‬‬
‫زٕبْ‪ :‬أٌٍـَُٗ أفٍـَُُ‪.‬‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ :‬رُثَّب رـُزيّدُ أْْ رـَٕبََ ‪ٚ‬ال رـَمّدِرُ فٍی ذٌِهَ‪.‬‬
‫زٕبْ‪ِٚ :‬بذا يَّٕـَقُ‪ٙ‬ب ِِْٓ إٌـَ‪ِ َٛ‬؟‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ :‬أألٌـَ ُُ‪ .‬رُثَّب يَّٕـَقُ‪ٙ‬ب األٌُُ ِِْٓ إٌـَ‪.ِ َٛ‬‬
‫زٕبْ‪ :‬أّيُ أٌـَُ ٍ؟ أٔذَ رـَسٍـُُُ‪ .‬أٔذَ رـُجبٌِغُ ّدائِّبً‪.‬‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ :‬أٌغـِفٍـَخ ُرـَظقًُُ ‪ٚ‬رـَجکي ‪ٚ‬رـَم‪ٌٛ‬يَٓ أ ُثبٌِغُ!‬
‫زٕبْ‪ٚ :‬اٌٍـَِٗ‪ ،‬أٔذَ رـُجبٌِغُ في کـًُِ ػَيءٍ‪.‬‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ :‬اطَّقي‪ ،‬اطَّقي! ٘يَ رـَظقًُُ اآلَْ!‬
‫زٕبْ‪ :‬کـًُُ األعفبي ِيَظقٍُ‪ٚ َْٛ‬يَجک‪َ٘ ًَ٘ .َْٛ‬ذا ػَيءٌ غـَزيتٌ؟‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ َِْٓ :‬لبيَ َ٘ذا ػَيءٌ غـَزيتٌ؟‬
‫زٕبْ‪ :‬أٔذَ‪ ِِْٓ ،‬رـَـَزُ ِفهَ!‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ :‬اطَّقي! ٘ي رـَظقًُُ ثبطزِّزار ٍ‪.‬‬
‫زٕبْ‪ :‬أٌغـِفٍـَخ ُ ُرـَظقًُُ ‪ٚ‬رـَجکي! ِبذا رـُزيّدُٔي أْْ أفًََّ؟‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ :‬ال ػَيءَ‪ ،‬ال ػَيءَ! ًَْ٘ فِّٕدَ٘ب زَزا َرحٌ فبٌيَخٌ؟‬
‫زٕبْ‪ :‬ال زَزارَرـُ‪ٙ‬ب فبّديَخٌ‪ .‬أخـَذرـُ‪ٙ‬ب لـَجًَ طبفَخٍ‪.‬‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ :‬زَزارَرـُ‪ٙ‬ب فبّديَخٌ! أٔذِ ُِزؤکـِ َّدحٌ أَْ زَزارَرـَ‪ٙ‬ب فبّديَخٌ؟‬
‫زٕبْ‪ :‬رـُزيّدُ اٌـِّدقَ‪ ،‬زَزارَرـُ‪ٙ‬ب ُِزرـَفِقَخٌ لٍَيال ً‪.‬‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ :‬کـَُْ اٌظَبفَخ ُاآلَْ؟ ِٔـْفُ اٌٍـَيً ِرـَمزيجبً؟‬
‫زٕبْ‪ :‬زَ‪ٛ‬اٌي اٌ‪ٛ‬ازِ َّدحِ ؿَجبزبً‪ِ .‬بذا رـُزيّدُ أْْ رـَفقًََ؟‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ِ :‬بذا أفًَُّ؟ أرـَـًُِ ثبٌغـَجيتِ‪ .‬رُثَّب فِٕ َّدُٖ الزِزاذٌ أ‪ٔ ٚ‬ـَـيسَخٌ‪.‬‬
‫زٕبْ‪ :‬في َ٘ذا اٌ‪َٛ‬لذِ!‬
‫‪Walid reaches the phone and called up Nadia’s physician.‬‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪َِ :‬ززَجبً ّدُکز‪ٛ‬ر! أٔب ‪ٌٚ‬يّد َِظق‪ّٛ‬د‪ .‬أٔب آطِفٌ فٍی اإلسفبج ِ!‬
‫أٌّدُکز‪ٛ‬ر‪َِ :‬ززَجبً‪ ،‬أخي ‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ .‬خَيزاً‪ ،‬اْْ ػبءَ اٌٍـَُٗ!‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ٚ :‬اٌٍـَُٗ يب ّدُکز‪ٛ‬ر‪ ،‬اثٕـَزي ٔبّديٗ رـَظقًُُ ‪ٚ‬رـَجکي‪.‬‬
‫أٌّدُکز‪ٛ‬ر‪ِِ :‬ظکيٕـَخٌٔبّديٗ!‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ :‬زبٌـَزـُ‪ٙ‬ب طَيِئـَخٌ‪ .‬رـَظقًُُ ثبطزِّزار ٍ‪.‬‬
‫أٌّدُکز‪ٛ‬ر‪ :‬أٌظُقبيُ عـَجيقيٌ ألٔـَُٗ کبَْ فِّٕدَ٘ب ثَزّدٌ‪ٌِّ .‬بذا رـَجکي؟‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ :‬ال ثُ َّد أْْ يَک‪ َْٛ‬فِّٕدَ٘ب أٌـٌَُ‪ٚ .‬اال َ ٌِّبذا رـَجکي؟‬
‫أٌّدُکز‪ٛ‬ر‪ :‬أکيّدٌ فِّٕدَ٘ب أٌـٌَُ‪ .‬أخجـِزٔي کـَيفَ زَزارَرـُ‪ٙ‬ب!‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ُِ :‬زرـَفِقَخٌ لـٍَيال ً‪ٚ ،‬ال رـَمّدِرٌ أْْ رـَٕبََ‪.‬‬
‫أٌّدُکز‪ٛ‬ر‪ :‬کـَيفَ رِضبفَزـُ‪ٙ‬ب اٌيَ‪ََٛ‬؟‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ :‬أرضَقَز‪ٙ‬ب أُِ‪ٙ‬ب کبٌقب َّدحِ‪.‬‬
‫أٌّدُکز‪ٛ‬ر‪ ًَْ٘ :‬فِّٕدَ٘ب اط‪ٙ‬بيٌ؟‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ :‬أفزـَمِّدُ فِّٕدَ٘ب اط‪ٙ‬بيٌ ثَظيظٌ‪.‬‬
‫أٌّدُکز‪ٛ‬ر‪ :‬کـَُْ َِ َزحً غـَيَزرـُُ زبضِٕبرـِ‪ٙ‬ب؟‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ :‬خَّضُ أ‪ ٚ‬طذُ َِزَادٍ ُِٕذ ُاٌؾـُ‪ٙ‬زِ‪.‬‬
‫أٌّدُکز‪ٛ‬ر‪ :‬خَّضُ أ‪ ٚ‬طذُ َِزَادٍ! َ٘ذا يَقٕي أَْ فِّٕدَ٘ب اط‪ٙ‬بال ً‪.‬‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ِ :‬ب طَجَتُ اإلط‪ٙ‬بي ِ؟ ٔبّديٗ رـَزضَـُ زٍَيتَ أِِ‪ٙ‬ب‪.‬‬
‫أٌّدُکز‪ٛ‬ر‪ :‬يَدـِتُ أْْ يَک‪ُٕ٘ َْٛ‬بنَ طَجَتٌ آخَزُ‪ ًَْ٘ .‬الزَؾزـُُ فٍَـَي‪ٙ‬ب ػَيئبً غـَزيجبً؟‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪َِ :‬ثـَال ً؟‬
‫سهُ فـََّ‪ٙ‬ب َِثـَال ً؟‬ ‫أٌّدُکز‪ٛ‬ر‪ :‬رـَ ُ‬
‫سهُ فـََّ‪ٙ‬ب فِّٕدَِب رـَزضَ ُـ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ :‬في اٌسَميمـَخِ‪ ،‬الزَؾٕب أٔـَ‪ٙ‬ب رـَ ُ‬
‫أٌّدُکز‪ٛ‬ر‪ ًَْ٘ :‬أٔذَ ُِزؤکـِّدٌ؟‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ٔ :‬ـَقَُْ ُِزؤکـِّدٌ‪.‬‬
‫أٌّدُکز‪ٛ‬ر‪ :‬کـَُْ فُّزُ ٔبّديٗ اآلَْ‪ ،‬يب ‪ٌٚ‬يّد؟‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ :‬زَ‪ٛ‬اٌي طَجقَخِ ػُ‪ٛٙ‬رٍ ‪ِٔٚ‬ـْفٍ‪.‬‬
‫أٌّدُکز‪ٛ‬ر‪ :‬يُّکُِٓ أَْ أطٕبٔـَ‪ٙ‬ب ثَّدأدْ رـَؾ‪َٙ‬زُ‪.‬‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ِ :‬ب فَاللـَخ ُاألطٕبْ ِثبٌجُکبءِ؟‬
‫أٌّدُکز‪ٛ‬ر‪ :‬فِّٕدَِب رـَجّدأ األطٕبُْ رـَؾ‪َٙ‬زُ‪ ،‬فبٔـَ‪ٙ‬ب رـُظَجِتُ أٌـَّبً ػَّديّداً‪.‬‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ :‬عـَيِتْ‪.‬‬
‫سهُ فـََُّٗ‪.‬‬
‫أٌّدُکز‪ٛ‬ر‪ٌِ :‬ذٌِهَ يَجّدأ ُاٌغـَفًَ يَجکي ‪ٚ‬يَ ُ‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ :‬ثـِـَزازَخٍ‪ ،‬الزَؾٕب َ٘ ِذِٖ اٌؾبِ٘ َزحَ‪ٌٚ ،‬ـَکِْٓ ِب فـَکـَزٔب ثبألطٕبْ ِ‪.‬‬
‫أٌّدُکز‪ٛ‬ر‪ :‬أزضِز٘ب غـَّداً ٌٍِقيب َّدحِ کي أفسَـَ‪ٙ‬ب ‪ٚ‬أفغي‪ٙ‬ب اٌّدَ‪ٚ‬اءَ إٌُّبطِتَ‪.‬‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ :‬ػُکزاً ّدُکز‪ٛ‬ر!‬
‫أٌّدُکز‪ٛ‬ر‪ :‬أٌقَف‪ ٛ‬أخي! رـُـجـِرُ فٍی خَيز ٍ!‬
‫‪ٌٚ‬يّد‪ :‬رـُـجـِرُ فٍی خَيز ٍ!‬

‫‪Cultural Expression:‬‬ ‫ألعباراث الشائِعت‪:‬‬


‫!‪God knows‬‬ ‫أٌٍـَُٗ أفٍـَُُ !‬
‫!‪Good night‬‬ ‫رـُـْجـِرُ‪/‬رـُـْجـِسيَٓ‪/‬رـُـْجـِس‪ َْٛ‬فٍی خَيزٍ!‬
‫‪She is in bad shape.‬‬ ‫زبٌـَزـُ‪ٙ‬ب طَيِئَخٌ‬
‫‪If you want the truth!, Frankly‬‬ ‫رـُزيّدُ اٌـِّدقَ‬
‫‪If you want the truth!, Frankly‬‬ ‫رـُزيّدُ اٌسَميمـَخ َ‬
‫!‪Is this something weird‬‬ ‫ًَْ٘ َ٘ذا ػَيءٌ غَزيتٌ؟‬
‫‪otherwise why‬‬ ‫‪ٚ‬اال َ ٌـِّبذا؟‬
‫‪last week‬‬ ‫أألطج‪ٛ‬ؿُ اٌّبضي‬
‫‪an hour ago, since an hour‬‬ ‫ُِٕذ ُ طبفَخٍ‬
‫‪midnight‬‬ ‫ِٔـْفُ اٌٍـَيً ِ‬
‫‪the first time‬‬ ‫أ‪َٚ‬يُ َِ َزحٍ‬
‫‪it can be .... .‬‬ ‫يُّکُِٓ أْْ رـَک‪.... َْٛ‬‬
‫‪ٚ‬اٌٍـَِٗ أٔذَ رـُجبٌِغُ في کـًُِ ػَيءٍ! !‪By God, you exaggerate in everything‬‬
Vocabularies: :‫ألمُفرداث‬

I took ُ ‫أخَذ‬
‫د‬
I mean, intend ُ‫ألـِّد‬
I hear ُ‫أطَّـ‬
I inspect, examine, test ُ‫أفسَؾ‬
she finished, completed ْ‫أکٍَّـَذ‬
she improved ْ‫رـَسَظَٕـَذ‬
she breast fed ْ‫رَضَقَذ‬
she breast fed ( a baby) ْ‫أرَضَقَذ‬
you (m), she says ُ‫ي‬ٛ‫رـَم‬
you (m), she cries ‫رـَجکي‬
you (m), she sleeps َُ‫رـَٕب‬
you (m), she scratches ُ‫سه‬ ُ َ‫رـ‬
you (m), she wants, desires ُ‫رـُزيّد‬
you (m), she coughs ًُُ‫رـَظق‬
you (m), she dreams ُُُ‫رـَسٍـ‬
you (m), she appears ُ‫َز‬ٙ‫رـَؾ‬
you (m), she be able ‫رـَمّدِرُ فٍی‬
we thought ‫فـَکـَزٔب‬
we differed ‫اخزـٍَـَفٕب‬
we observed ‫الزَؾٕب‬
you (mp), changed ‫غـَيَزٔب‬
such as ًُ‫ِِث‬
such as ‫کـَّب‬
except for ‫ِب فَّدا‬
except for َ ‫اال‬
perhaps ‫رُثَّب‬
especially ً ‫خبؿَخ‬
always, continuously ً‫ ّدائِّب‬،‫ثبطزِّزار‬
enough ٍ‫ کبفيَخ‬/ ٍ‫کبف‬
natural ٌ‫عـَجيقي‬
certain ٌ‫أکيّد‬
sure, confident ٌ‫ُِزؤکـِّد‬
hungry ٌ‫خبئِـ‬
sick, patient ٌ‫َِزيض‬
poor ٌٓ‫ِِظکي‬
normal, usual ٌ‫فبّدّي‬
bad ٌ‫طَيء‬
high, aloof ٌ‫ فبٌيَخ‬/ٍ ‫فبي‬
diarrhea ٌ‫بي‬ٙ‫اط‬
coughing ٌ‫طُقبي‬
runny nose, cold ٌ‫رَػَر‬
cold, catarrh ٌ‫ثَزّد‬
medicine ٌ‫اء‬َٚ‫ّد‬
diaper ٌ‫زبضِٕـَخ‬
temperature, heat ٌ‫زَزارَح‬
clinic, infirmary ٌ‫فِيبّدَح‬
teeth ٌْ‫أطٕب‬
mouth ٌَُ‫فـ‬
milk ٌ‫زٍَيت‬
child/ren ٌ‫ أعفبي‬/ ًٌ‫عِف‬
crying ٌ‫ثُکبء‬
visit, visiting ٌ‫سيبرَح‬
relationship, relation ٌ‫فَاللـَخ‬
phenomenon ٌ‫ؽبِ٘ َزح‬
bothering ٌ‫اسفبج‬
suggestion ٌ‫الزِزاذ‬
advice ٌ‫ٔـَـيسَخ‬
covering, cover ٌ‫غِغبء‬
blanket ٌ‫ٌِسبف‬
day/s ٌَ‫ أيَب‬/ ٌََٛ‫ي‬
night ًٌ‫ٌـَي‬
time, era ٌ‫َلذ‬ٚ
behavior ٌ‫رـَـَزُف‬
Grammar: :‫القواعِد‬
َْ‫کب‬ and her sisters change the case of the predicate from nominative to accusative
providing that the predicate is either a noun or an adjective. That is to say prepositional
phrases or adverbs do not fall and this rule. For example:

.ٌ‫أٌغـِفٍـَخ ُ َِزيضَخ‬
becomes
.ً ‫کبٔـَذْ أٌغـِفٍـَخ ُ َِزيضَخ‬
Now if the predicate is a prepositional phrase such as:
.‫أٌَّزيضُ في اٌُّظزـَؼفی‬
the use of َْ‫ کب‬would not affect the case of the phrase, and thus you will have:
.‫کبَْ أٌَّزيضُ في اٌُّظزـَؼفی‬
You also will notice that there will be no change required if the predicate is an adverb. A
sentence such as:
.‫أٌغـَجيتُ ُٕ٘ب‬
becomes
.‫کبَْ أٌغـَجيتُ ُٕ٘ب‬

If the subject of َْ‫ کب‬is a personal pronoun, َْ‫ کب‬should be conjugated accordingly like
any other Arabic verb. The chart is as the following:

‫أنا‬ ِ ‫أن‬
‫ج‬ َ ‫أن‬
‫ج‬ ‫هي‬ ‫هو‬
ُ ُٕ‫کـ‬
‫ذ‬ ِ ُٕ‫کـ‬
‫ذ‬ َ ُٕ‫کـ‬
‫ذ‬ ْ‫کبَٔـذ‬ َ ‫کب‬
ْ

ُ ‫نـَح‬
‫ن‬ َ ‫أنخُـ‬
‫ن‬ ‫أنخـُم‬ َ ‫ُه‬
‫ن‬ ‫هُم‬
‫کـُٕـَب‬ َُٓ‫کـُٕزـ‬ ُُ‫کـُٕزـ‬ َُٓ‫کـ‬ ‫ا‬ٛٔ‫کب‬
‫‪ , and thus behaves the same way.‬کبَْ ‪ِ is a sister of‬ب سايَ‬

‫‪Verb Conjugation:‬‬ ‫حـَصريف األفعال‪:‬‬

‫‪a. The following verbs are in the present tense and conjugated to the singular pronouns.‬‬
‫أنا‬ ‫أن ِ‬
‫ج‬ ‫أن َ‬
‫ج‬ ‫هي‬ ‫هو‬
‫ألـِّدُ‬ ‫رـَمـِّديَٓ‬ ‫رـَمـِّدُ‬ ‫رـَمـِّدُ‬ ‫يَمـِّدُ‬ ‫لـَـَّدَ‬
‫أٔبَُ‬ ‫رـَٕبِيَٓ‬ ‫رـَٕبَُ‬ ‫رـَٕبَُ‬ ‫يَٕبَُ‬ ‫ٔبََ‬
‫أؽ‪َٙ‬زُ‬ ‫رـَؾ‪َٙ‬زيَٓ‬ ‫رـَؾ‪َٙ‬زُ‬ ‫رـَؾ‪َٙ‬زُ‬ ‫يَؾ‪َٙ‬زُ‬ ‫ؽـَ‪َٙ‬زَ‬
‫أل‪ٛ‬يُ‬ ‫رـَم‪ٌٛ‬يَٓ‬ ‫رـَم‪ٛ‬يُ‬ ‫رـَم‪ٛ‬يُ‬ ‫يَم‪ٛ‬يُ‬ ‫لبيَ‬

‫‪b. The following verbs are in the present tense and conjugated to the plural pronouns.‬‬
‫نـَح ُ‬
‫ن‬ ‫أنخُـ َ‬
‫ن‬ ‫أنخـُم‬ ‫ُه َ‬
‫ن‬ ‫هُم‬
‫ٔـَسٍـُُُ‬ ‫رـَسٍـَُّٓ‬ ‫رـَسٍـُّ‪َْٛ‬‬ ‫يَسٍـَُّٓ‬ ‫يَسٍـُّ‪َْٛ‬‬ ‫زٍَـَ َُ‬
‫ٔـَظقًُُ‬ ‫رـَظقٍَُٓ‬ ‫رـَظقٍُ‪َْٛ‬‬ ‫رـَظقٍَُٓ‬ ‫يَظقٍُ‪َْٛ‬‬ ‫طَقًََ‬
‫ٔـُجبٌِغُ‬ ‫رـُجبٌِغَٓ‬ ‫رـُجبٌِغ‪َْٛ‬‬ ‫يُجبٌِغَٓ‬ ‫يُجبٌِغ‪َْٛ‬‬ ‫ثبٌـَغَ‬

‫‪c. The following verbs are in the past tense and conjugated to the singular pronouns.‬‬
‫أنا‬ ‫أن ِ‬
‫ج‬ ‫أن َ‬
‫ج‬ ‫هي‬ ‫هو‬
‫أخـَذدُ‬ ‫أخـَذدِ‬ ‫أخـَذدَ‬ ‫أخـَذ َدْ‬ ‫أخـَذ َ‬ ‫أخـَذ َ‬
‫رَضَقذُ‬ ‫رَضقذِ‬ ‫رَضَقذَ‬ ‫رَضَقَذْ‬ ‫رَضَـَ‬ ‫رَضَـَ‬
‫رـَسظَٕذُ‬ ‫رـَسَظَٕذِ‬ ‫رـَسَظَٕذَ‬ ‫رـَسَظَٕـَذْ‬ ‫رـَسَظََٓ‬ ‫رـَسَظََٓ‬
‫أکٍَّذُ‬ ‫أکٍَّذِ‬ ‫أکٍَّذَ‬ ‫أکٍَّـَذْ‬ ‫أکًََّ‬ ‫أکًََّ‬

‫‪d. The following verbs are in the past tense and conjugated to the plural pronouns.‬‬
‫نـَح ُ‬
‫ن‬ ‫أنخُـ َ‬
‫ن‬ ‫أنخـُم‬ ‫ُه َ‬
‫ن‬ ‫هُم‬
‫غـَيَزٔب‬ ‫غـَيَزرـَُٓ‬ ‫غـَيَزرـُُ‬ ‫غـَيَزَْ‬ ‫غـَيَز‪ٚ‬ا‬ ‫غـَيَ َز‬
‫الزَؾٕب‬ ‫الزَؾزـَُٓ‬ ‫الزَؾزـُُ‬ ‫الزَؾَٓ‬ ‫الزَؾ‪ٛ‬ا‬ ‫الزَؼ َ‬
‫اخزـٍَـَفٕب‬ َ ُ‫اخزـٍَـَفزـ‬
ٓ ُُ‫اخزـٍَـَفزـ‬ َ ‫اخزـٍَـَف‬
ٓ ‫ا‬ٛ‫اخزـٍَـَف‬ َ‫اخزـٍَـَف‬
‫ا‬ٚ‫فـَکـَز‬ َُٓ‫فـَکـَزرـ‬ ُُ‫فـَکـَزرـ‬ َْ‫فـَکـَز‬ ‫ا‬ٚ‫فـَکـَز‬ َ‫فـَکـَز‬

Drill # 1: :‫الخمرين األّوَل‬


Use the words and phrases in the Vocabulary List in good sentences:
Drill # 2: :‫الخمرين الثاني‬
Please choose the correct options:
.َ‫ؿ‬ٛ‫َزُ َ٘ذا األطج‬ٙ‫ب) رـَؾ‬ُٙ‫ثَّدأدْ (أطٕبٔـ‬ .1
The word between parentheses can be categorized with the one in option ...
ٌ‫ ذِراؿ‬.‫د‬ ٌٓ‫ فَي‬.‫ة‬ ٌَُ‫ فـ‬.‫أ‬

.ِ‫ًَْ٘ الزَؾزـُُ ػَيئبً غـَزيجبً في اٌجَيذ‬ .2


The subject of the sentence corresponds to the pronoun in option ....
ُٓ‫ ٔـَس‬.‫د‬ ُُ‫ أٔزـ‬.‫ة‬ ُُ٘ .‫أ‬

.ٍ‫ُُ في کـًُِ ػَيء‬َٙ‫اخزـٍَـَفٕب َِق‬ .3


If you want to send the opposite message you need to choose the verb in option ....

‫ أزضَزٔب‬.‫د‬ ‫ أکٍَّٕب‬.‫ة‬ ‫ ارـَفـَمٕب‬.‫أ‬

ِ ََٛ‫ب ِٓ إٌـ‬ُٙ‫األٌـَُُ اٌؼَّديّدُ يَّٕـَق‬ .4


The implied object pronoun in this sentence is in option ......
ُُ٘ .‫د‬ ُٛ٘ .‫ة‬ ‫ ٘ي‬.‫أ‬

..................... ًُُ‫کبٔـَذْ اٌغـِفٍـَخ ُرـَظق‬ .5


The following options include a noun, an adjective & an adverb. Which one makes a
correct sentence?
ُ‫اء‬َٚ‫ اٌّد‬.‫د‬ ٍ ‫ ثبطزِّزار‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ ُِزؤکـِ َّدح‬.‫أ‬
.ٍ‫ في کـًُِ ػَيء‬............. َ‫أٔذ‬ .6
Which of the following verbs can be used in this sentence?
ُ‫ رـُجبٌِغ‬.‫د‬ ُ‫ رـَمـِّد‬.‫ة‬ ُ‫ رـَمّدِر‬.‫أ‬

. .......... ‫کـًُُ ػَيءٍ فٍَی ِب يُزاَُ ِب فَّدا‬ .7


Which word would you choose if you want to say, “Everything is fine except for a runny
nose.”
َ‫ اٌزَػَر‬.‫د‬ َ‫ اٌجَزّد‬.‫ة‬ ًَ‫ اٌثـَمي‬.‫أ‬

!ً‫ خـِّدَا‬........... َََٛ‫ال أفزِفُ ٌِّبذا رـَـَزُفُـهَ اٌي‬ .8


Option .... would help you to express disappointment.
ٌ‫ غـَزيت‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ فبّدّي‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ عـَجيقي‬.‫أ‬
. ............. َ‫ال أفزـَمِّدُ أَْ ذٌِهَ اٌؼَيء‬ .9
Which of the following words would you need to select if you wanted to say, “I don’t
believe that that thing is proper.”?
ٌ‫ فُذر‬.‫د‬ ًٌ‫ ثـَمي‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ ُِٕبطِت‬.‫أ‬
.ِ ً‫ خبؿَخ ً في اٌٍـَي‬،ً‫کبَْ (غِغبإ٘ب) کبفيب‬ . 10
Which of the following nouns can substitute for the one between parentheses?
‫ب‬ُٙ‫ ٌِسبفـ‬.‫د‬ ‫اإ٘ب‬َٚ‫ ّد‬.‫ة‬ ‫ ثُکبإ٘ب‬.‫أ‬

.‫ب‬ِِٙ‫ زٍَيتَ أ‬.........ُ ‫أٌغـِفٍـَخ‬ . 11


Which of the following verbs makes the sentence correct?
ُ‫ رـَزضَـ‬.‫د‬ ‫ رـَجکي‬.‫ة‬ ‫ن‬
ُ ُ‫ رـَر‬.‫أ‬
:‫ اذْْ ٘ي‬.ًُُ‫أٌجـِٕذُ اٌـَغي َزحُ رـَظق‬ . 12
Therefore, she must be:
ٌ‫ َِزيضَخ‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ غـَزيجَخ‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ٔـَخ‬ْٕٛ‫ َِد‬.‫أ‬
.َ‫ ِٔض‬ٛ‫ اٌغـَبئِ َزحَ في َِغبر ر‬............. . 13
If I wanted to say, “We changed plane in Tunisia Airport,” which option do I need to
choose?
‫ غـَيَزٔب‬.‫د‬ ‫ أخَذٔب‬.‫ة‬ ‫ ػبَّ٘دٔب‬.‫أ‬
.‫ب‬َٙ‫رـُزيّدُٔي أْْ أغيِزَ زبضِٕـَزـ‬ . 14
The object pronoun which is attached to the verb corresponds to the subject pronoun in
option ..... .
َ‫ أٔذ‬.‫د‬ ‫ ٘ي‬.‫ة‬ ‫ أٔب‬.‫أ‬
. ............... ِ‫کبٔـَذْ زَزا َرحُ اٌغـِفٍـَخ‬ . 15
Grammatically speaking, option .... makes the sentence correct.
ٍ‫ فبٌيَخ‬.‫د‬ ً ‫ فبٌيَخ‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ فبٌيَخ‬.‫أ‬
To wish someone to be well, an Arab would use the expression in . 16
option ....
!ََٗ‫ أطزـَغفِزُ اٌٍـ‬.‫أ‬
!َِٗ‫ أٌسَيبحُ ثـِيَّدِ اٌٍـ‬.‫ة‬
!َِ‫ أٌسَّّدُ ٌٍـَِٗ فٍی طَالَِ ِزه‬.‫د‬
!ٍ ‫رـُـجـِرُ فٍی خَيز‬ . 17
The Arabs would use this expression in one of the following situations:

a. before they go to bed


b. following a short siesta
c. when they get up from sleep

!َُُ‫أٌٍـَُٗ أفٍـ‬ . 18
Speakers of Arabic use this expression to mean that:
a. they don’t know
b. they know very little
c. they know all details

‫َزُ؟‬ٙ‫َِزی ثَّدأدْ أطٕبٔـُُٗ رـَؾ‬ . 19


Option .... is an unlikely answer to this question.
ٍ ‫ؿ‬ٛ‫ ُِٕذ ُ أطج‬.‫د‬ ٍ‫ز‬َٙ‫ ُِٕذ ُػ‬.‫ة‬ ٍ‫ ُِٕذ ُطبفَخ‬.‫أ‬
.ٌ‫ب ػَّديّد‬َٙ‫لبيَ اٌغـَجيتُ اَْ رَػَس‬ . 20
Therefore, she must have:
ٌ‫ طُقبي‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ ثَزّد‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫بي‬ٙ‫ اط‬.‫أ‬
. ................... .............. َْ‫کب‬ . 21
Arabic grammar allows you to choose option .... only.
ً‫بٌـَُٗ ػَّديّدا‬ٙ‫ اط‬.‫د‬ ً ‫بٌـُُٗ ػَّديّدا‬ٙ‫ اط‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫بٌـُُٗ ػَّديّد‬ٙ‫ اط‬.‫أ‬

.ِ ........... ‫ُْ َِزيضبً ال رـَسزبجُ أْْ رـَذَ٘تَ اٌی‬ٛ‫فِّٕدَِب رـَک‬ . 22


The only option which makes a correct sentence is:
‫ اٌُّظزـَؼفی‬.‫د‬ ِ َُ‫ اٌَّغق‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫ اٌقيب َّدح‬.‫أ‬

.َ‫رـَسَظَٕـَذ زبٌـَخ ُاٌغـِفٍـَخِ ِب فَّدا اٌزَػَر‬ . 23


The underlined word means:
a. except for
b. apparently
c. constantly

.ٍ ‫ز‬َٙ‫ ُِٕذ ُػ‬............. ِٖ‫َ ِذ‬ِٙ‫في اٌسَميمـَخِ فـَکـَزٔب ثـ‬ . 24


The following options include two nouns and one adjective. Which fits best?
ِ‫ اٌخَغي َزح‬.‫د‬ ِ‫ اٌؾـَبِ٘ َزح‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫ اٌَّ َزح‬.‫أ‬

.ٍ ََٛ‫ ي‬............ َ‫اء‬َٚ‫أکٍَّـَذْ اٌجـِٕذُ اٌّد‬ . 25


Only one of the following prepositions cannot be used in this context. Which?
‫ في‬.‫د‬ ِِْٓ .‫ة‬ ُ ‫ ُِٕذ‬.‫أ‬

Drill # 3: :‫الخمرين الثالث‬


a. Answer the following questions.
‫ؿ اٌّبضي؟‬ٛ‫ ِبذا کبَْ فِّٕدَ ٔبّديخ في األطج‬.1
‫ب في رٍِهَ اٌٍـَيٍـَخِ؟‬ُٙ‫ کـَيفَ زبٌـ‬.2
‫‪ .3‬کـَيفَ کبٔـَذْ زَزا َرحُ ٔبّديخ؟‬
‫‪ِ .4‬بذا لبٌـَذْ أَ ٔبّديخ فَْٓ سَ‪ٚ‬خـِ‪ٙ‬ب ‪ٌٚ‬يّد َِظق‪ّٛ‬د؟‬
‫‪ ًَْ٘ .5‬ارـَـًََ ‪ٌٚ‬يّد َِظق‪ّٛ‬د ثبٌُّظزـَؼفی؟‬
‫‪ِ .6‬ب ٘‪ ٛ‬رأّيُ اٌغـَجيتِ في طَجَتِ ثـُکبءِ ٔبّديخ؟‬
‫‪b. Vowel the underlined words.‬‬
‫‪ .1‬رـَزضَـُ ٔبّديخ زٍَيتَ أِ‪ٙ‬ب‪.‬‬
‫‪ .2‬کبَْ فُّزُ ٔبّديخ ز‪ٛ‬اٌي طَجقَخ ػُ‪ٛٙ‬ر‪.‬‬
‫‪ .3‬الزَؾٕب أٔـَ‪ٙ‬ب رـَسُه فـَّ‪ٙ‬ب فِّٕدَِب رـَزضَـُ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .4‬يَقزِفُ اٌغـَجيتُ طَجَت اط‪ٙ‬بي ٔبّديخ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .5‬کبٔ‪ٛ‬ا يُغيِز‪ َْٚ‬زبضِٕـَز‪ٙ‬ب کـًَُ طبفَخ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .6‬أٌسَّّد ٌٍِـَِٗ فٍی طَالَِزه!‬
‫‪c. Check if the following statements are false or true. Please rewrite the false ones in‬‬
‫‪their correct forms.‬‬
‫‪ ............ . 1‬رـَسَظَٕـَذْ ؿِسَخ ُٔبّديخ کـَثيزاً ِب فَّدا اٌزَػَرَ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ............ . 2‬لبٌـَذْ اٌشَ‪ٚ‬خَخ ُاَْ سَ‪ٚ‬خَ‪ٙ‬ب يُجبٌِغُ لـٍَيال ً‪.‬‬
‫‪ ............ . 3‬أخَذدْ ٔبّديَخ ُکـًَُ ّدَ‪ٚ‬ائِ‪ٙ‬ب ِِثٍـَّب لبيَ اٌغـَجيتُ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ............ . 4‬فِّٕدَِب رـَجّدأ األطٕبُْ رـَؾ‪َٙ‬زُ فبٔـَ‪ٙ‬ب ال رـُظَجِتُ أٌـَّبً‪.‬‬
‫‪ ............ . 5‬غـَيَز‪ٚ‬ا زبضِٕبدِ ٔبّديخ َِزَادٍ کـَثي َزحً في ذٌِهَ اٌَّظبءِ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ............ . 6‬کبٔـَذْ زَزا َرحُ أَِ ٔبّديخ ُِزرـَفِقَخ ً لـٍَيال ً‪.‬‬
‫‪d. Rewrite the following sentences using the antonyms of the underlined words.‬‬
‫‪ .1‬في ثـِّدايَخِ اٌيَ‪ِٔ َٛ‬ـَذَ٘تُ اٌی اٌظُ‪ٛ‬ق ِ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .2‬اخزـٍَـَفـَذْ ٌيٍی َِـَ کـًُِ ؿَّديمبرِ‪ٙ‬ب‪.‬‬
‫‪ .3‬کبٔـَذْ زَميجَزي خَفيفـَخ ًخـِّدَاً‪.‬‬
‫‪َٚ .4‬ؿٍَذُ اٌی اٌَّغبرِ في اٌظَبفَخِ اٌظَبثِقَخِ‪.‬‬

‫‪e. Rewrite the following sentences using the synonyms of the underlined words.‬‬
‫‪ .1‬أؽـُُٓ أَْ ؿِسَزـَ‪ٙ‬ب رـَسَظَٕـَذْ کـَثيزاً‪.‬‬
.ِ‫اٌي اٌظَبفَخِ اٌقبػِ َزح‬َٛ‫ ذَ٘جذُ اٌی فِزاػي ز‬.2
f. Put the following groups of words in the right order to make good sentences.
. ‫في‬ ِ‫اٌقِيب َّدح‬ ٌ‫اٌغـَجيتُ َِزيضَخ‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ب‬َٙ‫ يَقزـَمِ ُّد أٔـ‬.1
. َٓ‫رـَظقٍُي‬ ‫ ٌِّبذا أفزِفُ ثبطزِّزارٍ ال‬.2
‫لـَجًَ ثـِـَّديمي‬ ًَِ‫أرـَـ‬ ِ‫اٌقبػِ َزح‬ ْْ‫ يَدـِتُ اٌظَبفَخِ أ‬.3
‫اٌدَّديّدِ؟‬ ًَََّ‫َ٘ذا ثَّدأدْ اٌُّظزـَؼفی اٌق‬ ‫ کـَيفَ في‬.4
‫فَْٓ طؤيَ اٌَّزيضَخِ اٌغـَجيتُ اٌـَجبذَ َ٘ذا؟‬ ًَْ٘ .5
.ِ‫اٌقِيب َّدح‬ ُ‫غَيز‬ ِ ًَ‫َِّدخ‬ ٌ‫عـَجيقي‬ ًٌُ‫رَخ‬ َ‫ فِّٕد‬.6
Drill # 4: :‫ألخمرين الرَابع‬
Please choose the correct options and explain WHY:

.ً‫ خـِّدَا‬........... َََٛ‫يَ اَْ رـَـزُفَـهَ اٌي‬ٛ‫أريّدُ أْْ أل‬ .1


Which of the following options would you use to express appreciations?
ٌ‫ ٌـَغيف‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ طَيء‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ عـَجيقي‬.‫أ‬
.ٌ‫ب طَيِئخ‬ُٙ‫ زبٌـَزـ‬،ٍ‫ثـِـَزازَخ‬ .2
If we want to give an opposite impression the adjective has to be substituted for by the
one in option ..... .
ٌ‫ خَّدي َّدح‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ خَّيٍـَخ‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ خَيِ َّدح‬.‫أ‬
.)ً‫َلذُ ِٔـْفَ اٌٍـَيًِ (رـَمزيجب‬ٌٛ‫کبَْ ا‬ .3
Though it requires that the word order should be rearranged, which of the following
words can substitute for the adverb between parentheses?
‫اٌي‬َٛ‫ ز‬.‫د‬ ً ‫ زَميمـَخ‬.‫ة‬ ٍ‫ ثبطزِّزار‬.‫أ‬

. .............. َ‫ٌَـَّد‬ٌٛ‫ ًَْ٘ رـَقزـَمِّدُ أَْ ا‬:َُ‫طؤٌـَذْ األ‬ .4


The Arabic grammar does not permit the use of the word in option .... to fill in the blank.
ٌ‫ َِزيض‬.‫د‬ ًُُ‫ يَظق‬.‫ة‬ ً‫ خبئِقب‬.‫أ‬

.ِ ََٛ‫األٌـَُُ يَّٕـَقُٕب ِِٓ إٌـ‬ٚ ُ‫بي‬ٙ‫أإلط‬ .5


The object pronoun which is suffixed to the verb correspond to the personal pronoun in
option .... .
َُٓ٘ .‫د‬ ُٓ‫ ٔـَس‬.‫ة‬ ُُْ٘ .‫أ‬

‫؟‬............ ِ‫ ًَْ٘ فِٕ َّدن‬،ٍ‫أٔذِ رـَظقٍُيَٓ ثبطزِّزار‬ .6


A doctor will never ask such a question using the noun in option ...
ٌ‫ ثَزّد‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫بي‬ٙ‫ اط‬.‫ة‬ ٌَُ‫ أٌـ‬.‫أ‬

. ............... ‫ِبدِ فَْٓ اٌَّزيض ِفي‬ٍٛ‫کـًُُ اٌَّق‬ .7


One of the following options cannot be used to fill in the blank. Which?
ِ‫ اٌقيب َّدح‬.‫د‬ ِ‫ اٌمِغقَخ‬.‫ة‬ ِ‫ َِزکـَشِاٌؼُزعـَخ‬.‫أ‬

.ِ‫أؽـُُٕـهَ رـُزيّدُ أْْ رـُسضِزَ٘ب اٌی اٌقيب َّدح‬ .8


The object pronouns which are attached to the two verbs in the sentence do not
correspond to the pair of pronouns in option ...... .
‫ أٔب‬- ‫ ٘ي‬.‫د‬ َ‫ أٔب – أٔذ‬.‫ة‬ ‫ أٔذَ – ٘ي‬.‫أ‬

. ............. ‫في اٌـَجبذ ِکبٔـَذْ زَزارَري‬ .9


The Arabic grammar permits the use of the predicate adjective in option:
ً ‫ فبٌيَخ‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ فبٌيَخ‬.‫ة‬ ٍ‫ فبٌيَخ‬.‫أ‬

.ََٓ‫أري ُّدنَ أْْ رـَؾـًََ في اٌقيب َّدحِ ززـَی رـَزـَسَظ‬ . 10


The third verb in the sentence can be substituted for by its synonym which is in option:
َ‫ رـَسزبج‬.‫د‬ ََ‫ رـَٕب‬.‫ة‬ ‫ رـَؼفی‬.‫أ‬

.ً‫أخجَزََُ٘ٓ اٌؼُزعيُ ػَيئبً خَّديّدا‬ . 11


The object pronoun which is suffixed to the verb corresponds to the pronoun in option
....
َُٓ‫ أٔزـ‬.‫د‬ َُٓ٘ .‫ة‬ ُُ٘ .‫أ‬
. .............. ِ‫رـُزيّديَٓ أْْ رؤکـٍُي ألَٔـه‬ . 12
The most logical option that can be used to fill in blank is in option:
ٌ‫ َِزيضَخ‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ خبئِقَخ‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ٔـَخ‬ٕٛ‫ َِد‬.‫أ‬

. ٌ‫ ُِٕبطِت‬.................َ‫ًَْ٘ فِٕ َّدن‬ . 13


Which of the following nouns would you choose if you are asking for an appropriate
suggestion?
ٌ‫ الزِزاذ‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫ ثَزّد‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ طُقبي‬.‫أ‬

‫اءَ؟‬َٚ‫َِزی أکٍَّزـُُْ اٌّد‬ . 14


The pronoun which is suffixed to the verb of the sentence is:
a. an object pronoun
b. a subject pronoun
c. a possessive pronoun

ً .ً ‫ أزَـؾِزْ ّدَليمـَخ‬:ِ‫اساد‬َٛ‫َؽـَفُ اٌد‬ِٛ َ‫لبي‬ . 15


The sentence says that I was asked to:
a. leave in a minute
b. wait for a minute
c. come back in a minute

.ِ‫لبثٍَذُ اٌغـَجيجَخ َفِّٕدَ اٌَّّدخًَِ اٌزَئيظي‬ . 16


The sentence says that I met the physician (f)
a. in the street
b. at the hospital
c. at the entrance

‫ن رؤِيٌٓ؟‬
ِ َ‫ ًَْ٘ فِّٕد‬:ُ‫طؤيَ اٌغـَجيت‬ . 17
The physician asked whether I have:
a. pain
b. temperature
c. something else
.ِ‫يَزضَـُ اٌغـِفًُ زٍَيتَ أِِِٗ کبٌقب َّدح‬ . 18
The sentence demonstrates that there is:
a. no Idaafa
b. no object pronoun
c. no prepositional phrase

.َ‫فِّٕدّي رَػَرٌ ػَّديّدٌ َ٘ذا اٌـَجبذ‬ . 19


Therefore, I must have:
ٌ‫ طُقبي‬.‫د‬ ٌ‫بي‬ٙ‫ اط‬.‫ة‬ ٌ‫ ثَزّد‬.‫أ‬

‫ ؟‬............ َ‫ًَْ٘ رـُزيّديَٓ ِِٕـِي أْْ أزضِز‬ . 20


One of the following options cannot be used to fill in the blank. Which?
َ‫ اٌؼَزَف‬.‫د‬ َ‫اء‬َٚ‫ اٌّد‬.‫ة‬ َ‫ر‬ٛ‫ اٌفـُغ‬.‫أ‬

!‫ِب اخزـٍَـَفٕب‬ . 21
An Arab would use this expression to mean that she/he ....
a. disagrees with you
b. agrees with you
c. has no opinion

.ً ‫ غبٌيَخ‬........... ْ‫أرـَّٕـَی أْْ أفزِفَ ٌِّبذا کبٔـَذ‬ . 22


Which of the following nouns can be used to fill in the blank?
ُ ‫ اٌکـٍُفـَخ‬.‫س‬ ِ‫ة اٌکـٍُفـَخ‬ َ ‫ اٌکـٍُفـَخ‬.‫أ‬

.‫ب‬ٌِٙ‫ب‬ٙ‫يَقزِفُ اٌغـَجيتُ طَجَتَ اط‬ . 23


The pronoun which is suffixed to the second term of Idaafa is:
a. a subject pronoun
b. an object pronoun
c. a possessive pronoun
‫لبيَ اٌغـَجيتُ‪ :‬رـَفـَضًَْ اٌی اٌقيب َّدحِ ‪٘ٚ‬بدِ اٌّدَ‪ٚ‬اءَ َِ َقهَ‪.‬‬ ‫‪. 24‬‬
‫‪The pronoun which is suffixed to the preposition is:‬‬
‫‪a. a subject pronoun‬‬
‫‪b. an object pronoun‬‬
‫‪c. a possessive pronoun‬‬

‫(رـُزيّدُ اٌـِّدقَ)‪ِ ،‬ب أکٍَّذُ اٌّدَ‪ٚ‬اءَ‪.‬‬ ‫‪. 25‬‬


‫‪Though the meaning will be different, which of the following phrases can only be used to‬‬
‫?‪substitute for the one between parentheses‬‬
‫د‪ .‬أٔب آطِفٌ‬ ‫ة‪ .‬أٔب ؿَغيزٌ‬ ‫أ‪ .‬أٔب خبئِـٌ‬
‫‪Reading Exercise:‬‬ ‫حمرين القراءة‪:‬‬
‫‪Read the following words, phrases and sentences into your tape recorder, then listen to‬‬
‫‪them. Give the tape to your teacher to check your performance:‬‬

‫أثبٌِ ُغ‬ ‫رـَسٍـَ ُُ‬ ‫رـَجکي‬ ‫أفزـَمِّدُ‬ ‫أطَّـُ‬


‫رـَم‪ٌٛ‬ي َ‬
‫ٓ‬ ‫رـَسَظَٕـَذْ‬ ‫رَضَقَذْ‬ ‫أکٍَّذُ‬ ‫رـَمّدِرُ‬
‫ر فٍی األسفبج ِ‬ ‫أ‪َٚ‬يُ َِ َزحٍ زَزا َرحٌ فبٌيَخٌ ِب فَّدا اٌزَػَ َ‬
‫رـُزيّدُ اٌـِّدقَ في َ٘ذا اٌ‪َٛ‬لذِ‬ ‫في اٌٍـَيً ِخبؿَخ ً‬
‫سيب َرحُ اٌغـَجيتِ أألطج‪ٛ‬ؿُ اٌّبضي‬ ‫رـَـَزُفٌ غـَزيتٌ‬
‫أألٌـَُُ اٌؼَّديّدُ يَّٕـَقُ‪ٙ‬ب ِِْٓ إٌـَ‪.ِ َٛ‬‬
‫ِب سايَ فِّٕدَ٘ب رَػَرٌ ػَّديّدٌ ‪ٚ‬أٌـٌَُ لـَ‪ّٛ‬يٌ‪.‬‬
‫أٌٍـَُٗ أفٍـَُُ‪ ،‬يُّکُِٓ أْْ رـَک‪َِ َْٛ‬زيضَخ ً‪.‬‬
‫لبٌـَذْ اٌشَ‪ٚ‬خَخ ُ ٌِش‪ٚ‬خـِ‪ٙ‬ب أـَُٗ يُجبٌِغُ ّدائِّبً‪.‬‬
‫ال أفزـَمِّدُ أَْ اٌجـِِٕذَ رَضَقَذْ ُِٕذ ُ طبفَخٍ‪.‬‬
‫أٌغـِفٍـَخ ُ رـَظقًُُ ثبطزِّزارٍ‪ ،‬خبؿَخ ً في اٌٍـَيً ِ‪.‬‬
‫رـُزيّدُ أْْ رـَزضَـَ زٍَيتَ أِِ‪ٙ‬ب ألٔـَ‪ٙ‬ب خبئِقَخٌ‪.‬‬
‫ًَْ٘ لبيَ اٌغـَجيتُ أَْ أطٕبٔـَ‪ٙ‬ب ثَّدأدْ رـَؾ‪َٙ‬زُ؟‬
‫لبيَ اٌشَ‪ٚ‬جُ ٌٍِغـَجيجَخِ أـَُٗ آطِفٌ فٍی األسفبج ِ‪.‬‬
‫أخَذدُ زَزارَرـَ‪ٙ‬ب َِٕذ ُطبفَخٍ ‪ِٚ‬ب ساٌـَذْ فبٌيَخ ً‪.‬‬