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The first President of the Republic of Indonesia, Soekarno, Bung Karno's usually called,

was born in Blitar, East Java, June 6, 1901 and died in Jakarta on June 21, 1970. His
father named Raden Soekemi Sosrodihardjo and his mother Ida Ayu Nyoman Rai.
During his life, he has three wives and has eight children. Fatmawati wife have children
from Guntur, Megawati, Rachmawati, Sukmawati and thunder. From Hartini wife has
Taufan and Bayu, while the wife Ratna Sari Dewi, the woman called the original
Japanese derivatives Naoko Nemoto Kartika have children ..

Sukarno's childhood just a few years living with his parents in Blitar. During his
elementary school to graduate, he lives in Surabaya, lodger at the home of Haji Oemar
Tokroaminoto Said, a veteran politician Sarekat founder of Islam. Then continue their
education at HBS (Hoogere Burger School). While studying at HBS, Sukarno had
galvanize nationalist spirit. After graduating HBS in 1920, moved to Bandung and
continued to THS (Technical High Technique Hoogeschool or school who is now the
ITB). He won the title "Ir" on May 25, 1926.

Then, he formulated and established doctrine Marhaenism PNI (Nationalist Party of


Indonesia) on July 4, 1927, with the aim of an independent Indonesia. As a result, the
Netherlands, put into prison Sukamiskin, Bandung on December 29, 1929. Eight months
later a new trial. In his defense, entitled Indonesia sued, he show apostasy Netherlands, a
nation that claims it is more advanced.

Defense that made the Dutch more and more angry. So that in July 1930, the PNI was
dissolved. After the Commons in 1931, Sukarno joined Partindo and at the same time
lead. As a result, he re-arrested and exiled to the Netherlands Ende, Flores, 1933. Four
years later moved to Bengkulu.

After a long struggle, Bung Karno and Bung Hatta proclaimed Indonesia's independence
on August 17, 1945. In the trial date of June 1, 1945 BPUPKI, Ir.Soekarno the idea about
the basis of the state which he called Pancasila. Dated August 17, 1945, Ir Soekarno and
Drs. Mohammad Hatta proclaimed Indonesia's independence. In the trial PPKI, August
18, 1945 Ir.Soekarno elected by acclamation as the first President of the Republic of
Indonesia.

Previously, he was also able to formulate that later became the basis of Pancasila
(ideology) of the Unitary State of Republic of Indonesia. He seeks to unite the
archipelago. Even Sukarno tried to gather the nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America
with the Asian-African Conference in Bandung in 1955 which later developed into the
Non-Aligned Movement.

Rebellion G-30-S/PKI childbirth political crisis that led to the rejection of MPR great for
accountability. Instead of the MPR picked Soeharto as Acting President. His health
continued to deteriorate, which in the day Sunday, June 21, 1970 he died at the army
hospital. He was buried at Wisma Yaso, Jakarta, and was buried in Blitar, East Java, near
the tomb of his mother, Ida Ayu Nyoman Rai. Government confer as "Hero of the
Proclamation."