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Edoni
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Edoni (also Edones, Edonians, Edonides) (Greek: "Ηδωνοί") were a Thracian people who dwelt mostly
between the Nestus and the Strymon rivers in southern Thrace, but also once dwelt west of the Strymon at least
as far as the Axios. They inhabited the region of Mygdonia before the Macedonians drove them out. [1] There
were a number of Edonian cities in the Classical era , including Drabescus and Myrcinus .

Contents Approximate location of the Edones
1 History
2 Mythology
3 References
4 See also

History
The strategically important Milesian colony of Ennea Hodoi (or "Nine Ways", later Amphipolis) was taken by the Edonians shortly after the Persian
Empire was driven from the area. [2] Edonis and the nearby Thracians defeated a massive Ionian invasion led by Athens 32 years later. The Athenians and
their allies advanced far up the Angitis valley toward Drabescus before they were cut off and completely destroyed, losing 10,000 killed in the disaster .[3 ]
Athens wrested control of Amphipolis from the Edonians just prior to the Peloponnesian War.[4] Brasidas liberated the city during that conflict and after a
pro-Lacedaemonian coup d'état the Edonians became his allies .[5 ] They made up most of his army when he defeated Cleon's offensive .[6 ]

Mythology
Lycurgus, son of Dryas, was a mythical king of the Edoni , who drove Bacchus into exile in the islands but was ultimately overthrown and killed by his
own people. The conflict began with Lycurgus' opposition to either the drinking of wine or the worship of the new god . Lycurgus was based at the mouth
of the Strymon River around Amphipolis.[7] According to one version of the story he was imprisoned at Mt. Pangaeum by the Edoni and then torn apart
by his horses on Dionysius' orders.[8 ] The Edoni were celebrated for their orgiastic worship of Bacchus (Dionysus). In Latin poems, the term Edonis
signified a female Bacchanal. The Peresadyes, [9 ] forerunners of the dynasty of Bardyllis that ruled over the Dardanii were most likely Edones.

References
1. ^ Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, 2 .99.
2. ^ Thuc. 4. 102
3. ^ Thuc. 1. 100, 4.102 .2
4. ^ Thuc. 4. 102.3
5. ^ Thuc. 4. 107
6. ^ Thuc. 5. 8-10
7. ^ Apollodorus 3.5 .1
8. ^ Apollodorus 3.5 .1
9. ^ The Cambridge Ancient History : The fourth century B.C. (http://books.google .com/books?id =vx 251bK 988gC &pg=PA427 & dq=peresadyes& hl=el& cd=7#
v=onepage&q =peresadyes& f=false )

See also
List of Thracian tribes
Lycurgus (Thrace)
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Categories: Ancient tribes in the Balkans | Thracian tribes of Macedonia | Ancient Thrace stubs

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