You are on page 1of 2

APPLICATION NOTE 105: Current Sense Circuit Collection

Unidirectional
Unidirectional current sensing monitors the current flow- Unidirectional Current Sensing Mode
ing only in one direction through a sense resistor. RSENSE
TO
LOAD
2.5V TO
To see other chapters in this Application Note, return to C
0.1µF 60V
the Introduction.
1 8
Unidirectional Output into FIL– FIL+
LT1787HV
A/D with Fixed Supply at VS+ 2 VS

VS+ 7

3 VBIAS 6
RSENSE DNC

5V ROUT
C1 4 5
5V
1 8 1µF VEE VOUT
FIL– FIL+ VOUT

LT1787
2 VS VS+ 7 R1 1787 F08
20k
3 VBIAS 6 IOUT 5%
DNC
ROUT
4 5 VCC
VEE +IN CS
VOUT LTC1286 CLK TO µP
–IN D
R2 VREF GND OUT
5k 1787 F06
5%

Here the LT1787 is operating with the LTC1286 A/D con-
verter. The –IN pin of the A/D converter is biased at 1V by
the resistor divider R1 and R2. This voltage increases as
sense current increases, with the amplified sense voltage
appearing between the A/D converters –IN and +IN ter- This is just about the simplest connection in which the
minals. The LTC1286 converter uses sequential sampling LT1787 may be used. The VBIAS pin is connected to
of its –IN and +IN inputs. Accuracy is degraded if the ground, and the VOUT pin swings positive with increasing
inputs move between sampling intervals. A filter capaci- sense current. The output can swing as low as 30mV.
tor from FIL+ to FIL– as well as a filter capacitor from Accuracy is sacrificed at small output levels, but this is
not a limitation in protection circuit applications or where
VBIAS to VOUT may be necessary if the sensed current
changes more than 1LSB within a conversion cycle. sensed currents do not vary greatly. Increased low level
accuracy can be obtained by level shifting VBIAS above
ground. The level shifting may be done with resistor di-
viders, voltage references or a simple diode. Accuracy is
ensured if the output signal is sensed differentially be-
tween VBIAS and VOUT.

Unidirectional-1

in this application the economical LTC1286 is used to digitize a unidirectional measurement. This LTC6101 current sense cir- cuit uses a 4. The LT1787 has a nominal gain of eight. Unidirectional-2 . providing a 1. Adding an LTC6101 to the D GND OUT C2 same circuit. While the LT1787 is able to provide a bidirectional out- put.APPLICATION NOTE 105: Current Sense Circuit Collection 16-Bit Resolution Unidirectional 48V Supply Current Monitor with Output into LTC2433 ADC Isolated Output and 105V Survivability The LTC2433-1 can accurately digitize signal with source impedances up to 5kΩ. ROUT 20k VREF VCC 4 5 CS vides shorted load protection by monitoring the current VEE VOUT +IN LTC1286 CLK TO µP –IN flow to through the switch. Intelligent High Side Switch The HV version of the LTC6101 can operate with a total supply voltage of 105V. The gain of the circuit and the level of output current from the LTC6101 depends on the particular opto-isolator used.0016Ω LOAD 1 8 2. 12-Bit Resolution Unidirectional Output into LTC1286 ADC RSENSE TO I = 100A 0. Current flow in high supply volt- age rails can be monitored directly or in an isolated fash- ion as shown in this circuit. VOUT = VBIAS + (8 • ILOAD • RSENSE) 0.99kΩ output resistance to meet this re- quirement. It provides the gate drive for 3 DNC VBIAS 6 15k 1µF a power switch from standard logic voltage levels.25 1787 TA01 provides a linear voltage signal proportional to the load current for additional intelligent control. thus no additional buffering is necessary. It pro.5V TO 60V FIL– FIL+ LT1787HV The LT1910 is a dedicated high side MOSFET driver with 2 VS – VS + 7 R1 C1 5V built in protection features.1µF LT1634-1. sharing the same current sense resistor.25V full-scale out- put at approximately 100A of load current.