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Gongri Hydroelectric Project

Feasibility Report

TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE NO
12. CONSTRUCTION METHODOLOGY AND EQUIPMENT PLANNING........................12-1
12.1 INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................................12-1
12.2 BASIS FOR STUDY ..............................................................................................12-1
12.2.1 Major Components ............................................................................12-1
12.2.2 Material Sources ...............................................................................12-2
12.3 BASIC CONSIDERATIONS ....................................................................................12-2
12.3.1 Number and Type of Construction Contracts, Basic Hypothesis ........12-2
12.3.2 Scheduled Working Hours .................................................................12-3
12.4 CONSTRUCTION SCHEDULE ................................................................................12-4
12.5 PRECONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES...........................................................................12-4
12.6 TENDER AND CONTRACTS ...................................................................................12-5
12.7 MATERIAL SOURCES ..........................................................................................12-5
12.8 BARRAGE & INTAKE: CONSTRUCTION METHODS & EQUIPMENT ............................12-7
12.8.1 Surface Excavation............................................................................12-7
12.8.2 Concreting: Construction Methods and Equipment ............................12-9
12.8.3 Construction Programme.................................................................12-10
12.9 FEEDER AND LINK TUNNELS .............................................................................12-11
12.9.1 Excavation.......................................................................................12-11
12.9.2 Construction Programme.................................................................12-14
12.10 DE-SILTING BASINS ..........................................................................................12-14
12.10.1 Construction Method and Equipment...............................................12-14
12.10.2 Construction Program......................................................................12-17
12.11 HEAD RACE TUNNEL ........................................................................................12-17
12.11.1 Construction Method & Equipment ..................................................12-17
12.11.2 Construction Program......................................................................12-21
12.12 SURGE SHAFT ..................................................................................................12-21
12.12.1 Construction Method and Equipment...............................................12-22
12.12.2 Construction Programme.................................................................12-24
12.13 PRESSURE SHAFT ............................................................................................12-25
12.13.1 Construction Method .......................................................................12-25
12.13.2 Construction Programme.................................................................12-27
12.14 POWERHOUSE COMPLEX ..................................................................................12-27
12.14.1 Construction and Equipment ...........................................................12-28
12.14.2 Construction Program......................................................................12-29

167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 i

Gongri Hydroelectric Project
Feasibility Report

12.14.3 Electro-Mechanical Equipment .......................................................12-29
12.15 REQUIREMENT OF CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT ..................................................12-29
12.16 KEY MATERIAL REQUIREMENT/ PLANNING .........................................................12-29
12.16.1 Quantity of different materials..........................................................12-29
12.16.2 Coarse and Fine Aggregates...........................................................12-30
12.16.3 Cement and Steel............................................................................12-30
12.16.4 Explosives .......................................................................................12-30
12.16.5 Miscellaneous Items ........................................................................12-30

167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 ii

Gongri Hydroelectric Project
Feasibility Report

12. CONSTRUCTION METHODOLOGY AND EQUIPMENT PLANNING

12.1 Introduction
This section deals with the construction methods and implementation planning proposed
for the main components of Gongri Hydroelectric Project. The construction methodology
for each type of structure is described under the relevant sub-sections of this chapter. The
type and size of equipment to be used is indicated while describing the construction
methodology. The number of machines required for construction of the project and total
requirement for each type and size of the major equipment is worked out. It is aimed to
have least possible variety of equipment, yet a project of such a magnitude does need
several different types of equipment to cater to the progress rates as required by the
construction schedule.

It is appreciated that the contractors in all probability may suggest their own construction
techniques and equipment for execution of the job based on equipment actually available
with them. However, the present exercise will help in evaluating the reasonableness of the
bids and construction method and cost estimate.

12.2 Basis for Study

The construction cost and time depend to a great extent on the method adopted to carry
out the work and equipment deployed for the same. As there are alternative
methods/equipment, due care has to be exercised in selection of most efficient
construction method/equipment so as to optimize construction cost and time. These two
factors are inter-related and generally, any attempt to reduce one results in increasing the
other. Therefore, a balance has to be maintained and construction cost and construction
period are to be optimized after comparative evaluation of price escalation and interest
during construction versus lost benefits due to delay in completion.

12.2.1 Major Components

Gongri hydroelectric project involves construction of a 40 m long Barrage across river
Gongri with pondage required for peaking. The regulated releases from the reservoir would
be led to a surface powerhouse having an installed capacity of 90 MW (3X30 MW) and
thereafter will be discharged back into the river the water conductor system comprises:

• A Barrage with Intake

• 2 Nos. De-silting Basins with Feeder and Link Tunnels

• 4.7m dia finished Horse shoe-shaped Head Race Tunnel about 7.75 km long,

167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-1

3 Basic Considerations Mechanized construction has been planned for almost all types of construction activities so as to achieve consistent quality at a faster progress rate. Supply and erection of penstocks and other hydro-mechanical components like intake and barrage gates.2 Material Sources Detailed construction material survey has been carried out as part of geotechnical survey. sufficient utilization of equipment on the project would be ensured. This way the total requirement of equipment at a time would be reduced and also. 12. Areas for disposal of excavated material from various works have been identified for equipment planning purposes. While deciding the optimum number of contracts for civil works.0 m Dia penstock branches off taking from it for feeding the turbines.5 m dia steel lined pressure shaft with three 2. etc. Aggregate crushing and processing plants will be installed at a suitable locations. 12. and • A tail race connected with the river. Crushed sand is therefore proposed to be used. on its completion can be shifted to the other.1 Number and Type of Construction Contracts. however. Basic Hypothesis All main civil works can suitably be divided into optimum number of contract packages. it is to be 167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-2 . Suitable sand for use as fine aggregate is not available in the vicinity. • A 3. The sequencing of construction activities.3. 12. Locations of Quarries. Sufficient quantity of material to be used as coarse aggregate in concrete is available within reasonable distance of the project works. Dumping areas have been identified and their distances from various project components to determine the lead to be taken for working out unit rate of civil work items and equipment planning has been worked out and are detailed in Annexure-12-5. • Surface Powerhouse with three Francis type Units of 30 MW each. Batching and Mixing Plants. Aggregate Plants. will. has been attempted in such a way that equipment from one activity. be part of the civil contracts so that the problem of interface between civil and hydro-mechanical works are minimized and the schedule be adhered to meticulously.2. Gongri Hydroelectric Project Feasibility Report • An 10 m Dia underground Surge Shaft open to sky. wherever possible. considering that the works are to be executed through award of contracts and duly taking into the consideration the capabilities of prospective and eligible contractors.

15 cum capacity loader for various leads have also been worked out and are given in Annexure 12-B.2 Scheduled Working Hours Equipment planning for calculating requirement of equipment is carried out based on the number of working days available. The requirement of 10T tippers / 15T dumpers with 1 cum capacity Excavator / 1. The work for construction of accesses and the basic site infrastructure will have to be taken up in advance so that the same are available by the time main civil contractor(s) start mobilizing for their respective work. 12. In the project area. The requirement of 3 / 4 Cum Transit Mixers with 25 & 10 Cum/hrs capacity concrete pumps for various leads have also been worked out and are given in Annexure 12-C. a working season of 8 months will be possible after allowing for monsoon season of 4 months. etc. which depends upon climatic conditions in the project area. Planning for all above ground and under ground works has been done for three shifts working.3. Provision of stand by equipment has been considered as follows: • Single shift working 10% • Two shift working 20% • Three shift working 30% Production rates for various types of excavation and dozing equipments used for determining their requirement is given in Annexure 12-A. 167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-3 . The scheduled working hours considering 25 working days per month accordingly work out as under: Single shift work/day =8x25x6 =1200 hours Two shift work/day =8x25x11 =2200 hours Three shift work/day =8x25x15 =3000 hours Since the production capability would be affected during monsoon months especially for the supplies/services and muck disposal.. suitable reduction in the progress has been taken into account for the year as a whole. Gongri Hydroelectric Project Feasibility Report ensured that interference between different work areas is minimal and sufficient space is available for different contractors’ camps and construction facilities.

downstream end of HRT). Power House. · Approach road to Power House and Tail Race. • Availability of construction power at Barrage. · Approach road to quarry site. Construction of all the works shall be taken up simultaneously in such a manner so as to complete the works in a period of 44 months allowing a period of one month for initial filling and testing of the water conductor system and commissioning and testing of the units at an interval of one month thereafter. batching and mixing plants areas. top of Surge Shaft and Colony. muck disposal area. intermediate Adits and barrage site. · Approach roads to muck disposal areas. Gongri Hydroelectric Project Feasibility Report 12. Aggregate Plant areas and workshop sites.. It is necessary that all infrastructural works as mentioned below are completed before zero month so that construction of main works is started on schedule: • Acquisition of land required for construction of structures. quarry area etc • Up-gradation and construction of access roads : · Roads to Adit to bottom of Surge Shaft/downstream end of HRT. workshops.5 Preconstruction Activities It is presumed that the execution of the project shall start with effect from the month of October of the year of start of execution (Taken as zero month). Intermediate Adit sites. 12. • Construction of residential and non-residential buildings. a construction schedule for the project has been prepared in the form of a bar chart and is attached as Annexure 12-1. project colonies.4 Construction Schedule It is proposed to complete the project and commission all the three units in a period of 48 months from the date of start of the project. · Approach road to explosive magazines • Areas for Aggregate and Batching and Mixing plants. Pressure Shaft Site (i. financial and legal formalities for execution of the project need to be completed by this time. Workshop and offices. stores. bridges and roads. All administrative.e. Based on the equipment planning and construction programme described in the succeeding sections. stores etc as per requirement. The activities to take up infrastructural works shall be started about a year before zero month so as to ensure that all such works are completed before the scheduled date of start 167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-4 .

Aggregate Plants. Areas for disposal of excavated material from various works have been identified for equipment planning purposes. Special attention would be paid to the early completion of main access roads and bridges. All contracts relating to the civil works shall be finalized at least 3 months before starting month of execution and order for manufacturing and supply relating to electro-mechanical equipment shall be finalized in all respects by “Zero” month. “Zero” month) to ensure the completion of all such works before the start of the main civil works. however.e. Dumping areas have been identified and shown on drawing giving infrastructure details.De-silting Chambers 167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-5 . A 60 cum capacity BM plant to meet the concrete requirements of: . Batching and Mixing Plants 1. suitable material for use as coarse aggregates in concrete has been found to be available in sufficient quantity within reasonable distance of the project works. Procurement of plant and machinery required for construction of the project will have to be done by the civil construction agency by “zero” month 12. Batching & Mixing Plants and Aggregate Processing Plants proposed to be provided on the project at the following locations: A.Feeder and Link tunnels . proposed to be used. All contracts for infrastructural development works shall be finalized 8 months before starting month of execution (i. not available in the vicinity.5.7 Material Sources Based on preliminary investigations. Batching and Mixing Plants.Barrage and Intake . Gongri Hydroelectric Project Feasibility Report of construction of the main civil works of the project. Their distances from various project components to determine the lead to be taken for working out unit rate of civil work items and equipment planning has been worked out and are detailed in Annexure-12. Crushed sand is therefore.6 Tender and Contracts The contract for various packages shall be finalized in advance of the starting of the work at site. Some of these activities will continue for some time during the 1st year of construction also. Locations of Quarries. Suitable sand for use as fine aggregate is. 12.

Surge Shaft .1 167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-6 .Switch Yard B. Aggregate Crushing and Processing Plant Aggregate Crushing and Processing Plants (120 TPH capacity each) one near the Barrage area and another opposite Adit -3 on the right bank to meet the aggregate and sand requirements of the project.Head Race Tunnel –Intermediate portion from Adits-2 and 3 3.Silting Flushing Tunnel . A 30 cum capacity BM plant to meet the concrete requirements of: .Pressure Shaft . Head Race Tunnel –upstream portion from Adit-1 2. Equipment required for production of aggregates (coarse aggregates of different sizes and crushed sand) are given in Table-12. Gongri Hydroelectric Project Feasibility Report .Powerhouse complex . A 30 cum capacity BM plant to meet the concrete requirements of: . The capacities of the proposed B&M and Aggregate Processing and Crushing Plants have been worked out as per details given in Annexure 12-3 and 12-4.Head Race Tunnel –Downstream portion from Adit-4 . Gate Chamber and Inspection Adit .Gate Shaft.

8 Barrage & Intake: Construction Methods & Equipment 12.1 Surface Excavation For the construction of Barrage. the river diversion shall be done in half portion of the river at a time by erecting temporary diversion. Work of barrage will be executed in two parts.first the right half will be taken up and the water diverted to pass through the left half portion by constructing a suitable diversion dyke as already 167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-7 .15 cum 3 Aggregate Processing plants Excavator 1.8.0 Cum 2 One each at R B quarry sites Jack Hammers 120 cfm 5 At Rock quarry site Pusher Leg 2 At Rock quarry site Dozer 90 HP 1 At rock quarry site To carry blasted boulders to crushing Dumpers 15 T 3 plant To carry aggregates from crushing plant Tippers 10 T 3 to BM plant Portable Compressors 171 cfm 2 For R B quarries (Diesel) 500 cfm 1 For rock quarry BM Plants 60 cum/hr 1 Near Barrage area 1 opposite Adit-3 on right bank and 30 cum/hr 2 another in Powerhouse complex Aggregate crushing and 1 opposite Adit-3 on right bank and 120 TPH 2 processing plants another in Barrage area 1 for rock quarry site and 1 each R B Blasting Accessories 3 sets quarries 12. The diversion dyke will be designed in such a way to pass the diversion flood. A period of 24 months has been earmarked for this activity. The surface excavation for Barrage involves common excavation and rock excavation. The floods shall be allowed to pass over the barrage structure during the monsoon periods and no work on the Barrage shall be done during the monsoons. Excavation work of the barrage is proposed to be carried out in conjunction with concreting work. Gongri Hydroelectric Project Feasibility Report Table 12.1: Equipment Required for Production of Aggregates and Concrete Equipment Capacity Number Location One at rock quarry site and one each at Loader 1.

33 with 20% peak Swell Factor: Volume to be handled/ hr (Loose) 44.2 Soil/Over Items Rock Remarks Burden Total Volume of excavation in 115185 11470 Barrage & Intake cum cum Working Time Period 10 months Shift Proposed Three Total Operational Hours 4125 Hours Volume to be handled/ hr (In situ) 27. for which provision of equipment for the surface excavation is made. Gongri Hydroelectric Project Feasibility Report mentioned. • For rock excavation. • Transportation to the disposal areas by 10 T Tippers – 5 Nos. • A 90 HP bulldozer is also required to stay in the disposal area for performing the rough spreading of the unloaded material.78 Volume to be handled/ hr (In situ) 33. requiring drilling and blasting. The construction work in the left half will be carried out in a similar manner thereafter. The work of Intake structure is proposed to be carried out concurrently with the left side portion of the barrage.67 for Rock Excavation Total Quantity to be handled /hr at a 1 hydraulic excavators of 1 49. 167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-8 . drilling the holes with hand-held rigs/crawler rigs with suitable hole pattern.2 The hourly quantity of Surface Excavation in Table 12.97 0.75 for Common Excavation 0.48 3.64 4. are given in Table 12.9 2. Hydraulic excavator. The quantity of excavation as estimated and capacity.61 cum time cum capacity to be deployed Following construction methods are proposed for surface excavations: • Excavation and loading of excavated material by 1 cum.

8. 167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-9 . excavation of riverbed material by 1cum hydraulic excavator and transportation to the aggregate processing plant by 10 T Tippers (For details refer Annexure-12-B).(For details refer Annexure-12-4). Gongri Hydroelectric Project Feasibility Report 12. Item Right side Left side 26500 Cum 45600 Cum Placement Quantity Working Time Period 10 months 11 months Shifts Proposed Three Three No of days in a month for Concrete 20 20 placement Operational hours/day 15 hrs 15 hrs Total Operational hours 3000 hrs 3300 hrs Volume of concreting /hour 9 cum 14 cum The quantity of concrete required to be placed per day during the placement period is presented in Annexure-12-3. Following construction method and equipment have been considered for concreting of Barrage and Intake: • Placing of concrete will be done with the help of chutes and with concrete pumps wherever necessary. De-silting basins and a part of HRT. Transit mixers to the concrete pumps – Required 2 nos. The number of concrete pumps and transit mixers required to meet the above placement rate are detailed in Annexure12-6. concrete pumps of 25 cum. • Batching and Mixing Plant of capacity 60 cum/hr located within a radius of 1000 meters from the barrage. For placement of concrete 2 nos.2 Concreting: Construction Methods and Equipment The total quantity of concreting involved and hourly pouring rate are indicated in Table 12. • An aggregate crushing and screening plant of 120 TPH for preparation of coarse and fine aggregates to cater to the requirement of the Barrage Area (For details refer Annexure-12-4). The practical output of the plant is generally about 60% of theoretical capacity will be able to meet the peak hourly placement rate of barrage as well as the requirement of intake. • At RBM quarry.3. capacity each will be deployed. • Concrete transportation by 4 cum.

Month 40 portion 167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-10 . Placement of concrete would start in the 2nd quarter of the year 1 and end by the fortieth month. Equipment required for construction is listed in Table 12. Gongri Hydroelectric Project Feasibility Report Alternatively concreting of the Barrage can be done with the help of Tower Crane.3 Construction Programme Excavation of components would start in the 3rd month of year 1 and end by the 31st month./hr 2 Transit Mixers 4 cum capacity 2 Tippers 10 T 5 Trucks 10 T 2 Dewatering Pumps of sort 6 Compressors 500 cfm 2 12.4 Equipment Capacity Number Hydraulic Excavator 1 cum 1 JCB 1 Crawler Dozer 90 HP 1 Crawler/Wagon Drills 1 Jack Hammers 120 cfm 8 Concrete pumps 25 cum.8. Major Construction Plant. • Barrage and Intake The work of Barrage-Spillway shall be carried out as under • Excavation of abutment and Barrage (Right Month 3 – Month 8 Side) & construction of Diversion Dyke • Restoration of Dyke Month 13 – Month 13 Concreting of Barrage and stilling basin in -Right half portion Month 4 – Month 15 • Construction of diversion dyke for taking up left Month 25 – Month 26 side portion of barrage • Restoration of Dyke Month 37 – Month 37 Excavation of barrage and stilling basin Month 27 – Month 31 in the river bed – left side portion Concreting of Barrage and stilling basin in -Left half Month 28.

a ramp will be constructed to approach the Feeder Tunnels portal.1 Excavation The work of Feeder and Link Tunnels will be started immediately on start of execution of the project. that is.9.0 m. To start with.25 m to account for 300 mm thick concrete lining. Small ring bund will be constructed on the left bank opposite the portal portion if required. • Slope stabilization to be done by using shotcrete machine and anchoring by hydraulic drill rig. 50 mm thick shotcrete and pay line margin of about 150 mm.25m modified D-shaped finished size. Same size has been adopted for Link tunnels with a combined length of about 250.9 Feeder and Link Tunnels 12. • A 90 HP bulldozer is also required to stay in the disposal area for performing the rough spreading of the unloaded material.5m x 5. excavation can be undertaken by full face drill and blasting method. In view of the size of the Tunnels. • Excavation in rock will be done by drilling and blasting for which track drill/jack hammers are proposed to be used. earth and boulders in overburden. The excavation is based on the following construction methods: 167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-11 . • Disposal of excavated material in both cases shall be done with 1 cum hydraulic excavator and 10 T Tipper combinations. • Portal concreting by using transit concrete mixers The two Feeder tunnels are 3. Gongri Hydroelectric Project Feasibility Report Radial Gate erection • Right 2 Radial gates Month 16 – Month20 • Left 3 Radial gates Month 37 – Month 42 • Intake HM works Month 39 – Month 44 Testing of Radial Gates operation • Right 2 Gates Month 19 – Month20 • Left 3 barrage gates Month 43 – Month 44 12. Before taking up the actual tunnel excavation. The minimum excavated size of the tunnels shall be 4. to be excavated with 1 cum hydraulic excavator.5mx4. about 680 m long combined. portal construction and slope stabilization would be required for which the following sequence may be followed: • Common excavations.

00 hrs 1. Although the time of each activity within a cycle may vary according to class of rock encountered.50 hr Drilling of holes 1.50 hr 1. Gongri Hydroelectric Project Feasibility Report • Drilling of the charge holes by means of two boom hydraulic drill jumbos equipped with man basket. the total time cycle for the pull planned as indicated above is likely to be of the same order.5 Equipments provided for excavation is as per the details given in rate analysis for Feeder Tunnels.15 cum wheel loader.50 hr 1.00 hrs 1.50 hr 0.50 hr 0. • Rock-bolting by fully mechanized Rock-bolting drilling rig. it will be possible to complete a cycle of operation for heading within a period of 12 hours. Estimated Cycle Time Table 12– 5 Description of Job Good Rock Fair Rock Poor Rock Pull = 2 m Pull = 1.0 hrs Preparation for the job & profile marking 0.00 hr De-fuming 1. • Charging operation of explosive executed by means of man basket and firing of the rounds nonel detonators. A typical cycle for fair rock is given in Table 12. With the above construction method and equipment.00 hr 1.5 m Pull = 1 m % Rock Classification 10% 60% 30% Pre-grouting/fore poling Nil Nil 5.00 hr 1. • Driving of each round according to the class of rock (approx. by 1. • Loading of the muck resulting from blasting. • Number of holes per round (including those necessary for carrying out smooth blasting along the peripheral surface and vent holes) ranging from 35-40 according to rock characteristics.00 hr Charging & Blasting 1. 2. • Shotcrete with the help of 10 cum capacity shotcrete machine with robo arm.50 m for good to fair rock and less for poor rock and multi drift method for tunneling in soft rock).00 hr 167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-12 . • Transport of the muck to the spoil area by 10T Tippers • A 90 HP bulldozer is also required to stay in the disposal area for performing the rough spreading of the unloaded material.

Following sequence of operation will be followed for concrete lining of the Feeder Tunnels: • Concrete to be placed in three stages viz.00 hrs Nil Providing Ribs and Lagging Nil Nil 4.00 Shotcreting and rock bolting 2.0 hrs With cycle time of 40 hrs and 1 set of shutter form. A typical cycle time for overt concreting is as under: Table-12.75 hrs Say 12 Hrs Say 12 Hrs Say 24 Hrs Rate of progress per month 100. • Pouring of concrete for overt by 25 cum/hr capacity concrete pump.25 hrs Scaling and bottom cleaning 1. • Installation of traveling formwork for invert. (Invert concreting will follow with a lag of 1 month) 167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-13 . overt and invert. • Transportation of concrete by 4 cum capacity transit mixers. • Installation of rails on kerb for the movement of 12 m traveling formwork for overt concreting.. an average sustainable progress of about 60 m per month can be achieved for excavation.0 hrs Total 40.0 m 75.0 hrs Pouring time 8.50 hr 3. Gongri Hydroelectric Project Feasibility Report Mucking 1.00 hrs Back filling Nil Nil 3.50 hrs 1.50 hrs 17.50 hrs 1.00 hrs 1.00 hrs Total 9.0 hrs Setting time 24.00 hrs 9.6 Estimated Cycle Time in Overt Concreting (12 m) Erection time 8. an average progress of 6 m per day or about 150 m per month can be achieved. • Kerb concreting to be placed with the help of 20 m form work.00 hr 1.0m (with 25 days working time) With this cycle time. With the deployment of 1 shutter. • Pouring of concrete for invert with similar equipment as deployed for overt.0 m 25. the lining of both the Feeder Tunnels will be completed in 5 months. kerb.

Another Adit will be taken off from this Adit to the bottom of the de-silting basins. 12. to be executed simultaneously. Gongri Hydroelectric Project Feasibility Report 12.8(H) x215m Long. Month 1 – Month 3 Excavation –Feeder Tunnels 1& 2 Month 3 – Month 8 Excavation –Link Tunnels 1& 2 Month 7 – Month 15 Concreting of – Feeder Tunnel 1 Month 37-Month 39 .1 Construction Method and Equipment A construction Adit to approach the downstream ends of the de-silting basins has been planned to facilitate construction of de-silting basins.Link Tunnel 2 Month 31-Month 3 Grouting and cleaning Month 40 – Month 44 12. This tunnel will be widened to form the crown portion of the basin. The equipments available after excavation of Feeder Tunnels shall be used for this activity to the extent available. A typical cycle for benching operation is given in Table 12. Each De-silting basin is 9m (W) x13. The construction method and type of equipment for the construction of crown portion is similar to the construction of HRT. First of all.0m x 4.10 De-Silting Basins As a part of the water conductor system. a tunnel of 6m D-shaped will be excavated through the crown portion of each de-silting basin. A 3.Feeder Tunnel 2 Month 40-Month 42 Concreting of – Link Tunnel 1 Month 29-Month 30 .5m pilot hole will be excavated from the floor of the De-silting basin excavated crown portion up to the bottom Adit.10.7 167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-14 . two de-silting basins have been proposed. the work of Feeder Tunnels shall be carried out as under. benching operation will be started by dividing the chambers into segments and undertaking excavation of the segments.9.2 Construction Programme Based on the above methodology. Thereafter. excavation of de-silting basins will be undertaken through that Adit. After the completion of construction Adit. Approach ramp and portal const.

0mx3.5m (W)x3m (Deep)x 3. Gongri Hydroelectric Project Feasibility Report Estimated Cycle Time for 10. One 1.00 hrs Scaling and bottom cleaning 0. However.00 hr De-fuming 0. • Muck will be removed from the bottom Adit by loading in 10 T Tippers with the help of 1.15 cum hydraulic loader in combination with 10 T Tippers for mucking. 167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-15 . (Refer annexure 12- B) • Concreting of the crown portion of the basins is proposed to be done with the help of gantry after bench excavation up to 3 m depth.5m size pilot holes will be excavated from the floor of the de-silting basin crown portion to reach the bottom Adit.0 m bench Table 12. • After concreting the crown of the basins.50 hrs Total 11.0m x 4. • Side walls slashing of the tunnel to form crown of the de-silting basins with the same set of equipment.0m (length) by deploying crawler drill / jack hammers for drilling and 90 HP dozer for pushing the muck down the pilot hole. concreting may be done only in the crown portion leaving a clear gap of about 3m so as to ensure that no damage to concrete takes place during further blasting.15 cum hydraulic loader.50 hr Rock-bolting & shotcreting 2.15 cum wheel loaders. • 3.7 Drilling of holes 4. excavation of the basins will be completed by benching and removing the excavated material through the bottom Adit. Two tippers will be required for mucking.00 hrs Charging & Blasting 1. one 90 HP dozer and two 10T capacity tippers will be required. • Excavation of benches of size 10.50 hr Mucking and cleaning 3.5mx3. as erection of gantry after complete excavation of the basins will be difficult.50 hrs say 12 hrs The construction methods and equipment for excavation of de-silting basins are as follows: • Driving the tunnel through crown portion of de-silting basins by full face drill and blast method deploying 2 boom drill jumbo for drilling and 1.

2 Crawler /Wagon Drill 2 Jack Hammers 120 cfm 12 Tippers 10T 6 Crawler Dozer 90 HP 2 Shotcrete Machine with Robot Arm 10 cum. Gongri Hydroelectric Project Feasibility Report • Concreting of the walls of the basins will be done thereafter with the help of concrete pumps and usual wall formwork panels. 2 Shotcrete Machine 5 cum 2 Transit Mixers 4 cum 3 Traveler Form 12 m length 2 Hydraulic platform/Truck Jumbo 2 Shutter vibrator 12 Dewatering Pumps of sort 8 Blasting Accessories 2 Welding sets 2 Concrete Pump 25 cum/hr 3 B & M Plant 60 cum/hr 1 Aggregate Processing Plant 120 TPH 1 Concrete Mixers 14/10 cft 2 Air Compressor 500 cfm 2 Grout Pump 2 Trucks 10 T 3 167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-16 .8 Equipment Capacity Number Two Boom Hydraulic Drill Jumbo 2 Wheel Loader 1. List of Major Construction Plant & Equipment Table 12.15 cum.

75 km length.1 Construction Method & Equipment Before taking up tunnel excavation.10.2 Construction Program The work of De-silting Basins shall be carried out as under Excavation of Adit-1(A3) to Flushing Tunnel. Gongri Hydroelectric Project Feasibility Report 12.0 m and RD 5728. to be excavated with 1 cum.11 Head Race Tunnel The water conductor system includes a 4. hydraulic excavator. Two more intermediate Adits at about RD 3157. A branch of this Adit will approach bottom of surge shaft.0 m from the upstream will be constructed. portal construction and slope stabilization at the Adits would be required for which following construction sequence is suggested: • Common excavation. The Adit constructed downstream of the De-silting basins will also cater to HRT excavation. The construction of HRT is proposed to be taken up from four Adits.5m pilot shaft Month 19 – Month 19 Excavation of basins 1st bench (3m deep) Month 16– Month 20 Concreting of crown portion and transition Month 19 – Month 25 Excavation of basins incl bottom hoppers Month 26 – Month 32 Concreting of De-silting Basins Month 37 – Month 44 Excavation of gate gallery including adit Month 24 – Month 37 Concreting of gate portion of gate gallery Month 38 – Month 43 Erection of gates Month 41 – Month 43 Excavation of Flushing Tunnel Month 6 – Month 20 Concreting of flushing tunnel Month 25 – Month 39 Grouting and cleaning Month 38 – Month 44 12. earth and boulder in overburden.0m x 4. Month 1 – Month 5 Excavation of crown portion of de-silting basins Month 7 – Month16 Excavation of 3. 12. that is. Another face for excavation of the tunnel will be from an Adit to be constructed upstream of surge shaft to approach downstream end of the tunnel.7 m diameter modified horse shoe shaped headrace tunnel of about 7. 167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-17 .11. Thus the tunnel will be excavated from 6 faces with maximum length of about 1300 m excavation from one face.

The excavation is based on the following construction methods: • Drilling of the charge holes by means of two boom hydraulic drill jumbos equipped with man basket.15 cum wheel loader. With the above construction method and equipment. Gongri Hydroelectric Project Feasibility Report • Excavation in rock will be done by drilling and blasting for which track drills/heavy duty jack hammers are proposed to be used.7m diameter modified horseshoe shaped tunnel. • A 90 HP bulldozer is also required to stay in the disposal area for performing the rough spreading of the unloaded material. • Loading of the muck resulting from blasting. • Rock-bolting by fully mechanized Rock-bolting drilling rig/with the help of two boom hydraulic drill jumbo. • Number of holes per round (including those necessary for carrying out smooth blasting along the peripheral surface and vent holes) ranging from 40-50 according to rock characteristics. excavation can be undertaken by full face drill and blasting method.7m (to account for 300 mm thick concrete lining. the minimum excavated size of the tunnel shall be 5. • Transport of the muck to the spoil area by 10T Tippers • Shotcrete with the help of 10 cum capacity shotcrete machine with robot arm. the total time cycle for the 167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-18 . In view of the size of the HRT. by 1. • Slope stabilization using shotcrete machine and anchoring by hydraulic drill rig • Portal concrete by using portable concrete mixers with weigh batchers.00 m for good to fair rock and less for poor rock and multi drift method for tunneling in soft rock). For a finished 4. 50 mm thick shotcrete and a pay line margin of about 150 mm). 2. • Charging operation of explosive executed by means of man basket and firing of the rounds nonel detonators. it will be possible to complete a cycle of operation for heading within a period of 12 hours. • Disposal of excavated material in both cases shall be done with 1 cum hydraulic excavator and 10 T Tippers combination. • Driving of each round according to the class of rock (approx. Although the time of each activity within a cycle may vary according to class of rock encountered.

• Pouring of concrete for overt by 25 cum/hr capacity concrete pump.50 hr 0.00 hr 1.0 m 75.50 hrs 1.00 hr Charging & Blasting 1.0m (with 25 days working time) With this cycle time. A typical cycle for different rock condition is given in Table 12.00hr Shotcreting and rock bolting 2.00 hr 1.0 m % Rock Classification 10% 50% 40% Pre grouting/fore poling Nil Nil 5.50 hr Drilling of holes 1.50 hr 0.0 m Pull = 1.9 Estimated Cycle Time (Hrs) Table 12. • Installation of rails on kerb for the movement of 12 m traveling formwork (collapsible shutters) for overt concreting.00 hrs Total 10. Gongri Hydroelectric Project Feasibility Report pull planned as indicated above is likely to be of the same order.5 m Pull = 1.00 hrs 1.00 hrs 10.00 hrs Say 12 Hrs Say 12 Hrs Say 24 Hrs Rate of progress per month 100.75 hrs 18..5 m per month can be achieved for excavation of HRT.9 Description of Job Good Rock Fair Rock Poor Rock Pull = 2.50 hrs Nil Providing Ribs and Lagging Nil Nil 3. 167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-19 .0 hrs Preparation for the job & profile 0.25 hrs 1.00 hr Mucking 2. overt and invert.50 hr 1.50 hr 1. an average sustainable progress of about 57.50 hrs 2. A note on Method of tunneling in soft rock is attached at Annexure 12-8 Following sequence of operation will be followed for concrete lining of the HRT: • Concrete to be placed in three stages viz.00 hr 3.00 hrs Scaling and bottom cleaning 1. • Kerb concreting to be placed with the help of 20 m form work.00 hrs 2.50 hrs Back filling Nil Nil 3.0 m 25. Equipments provided for excavation is as per the details given in rate analysis for HRT excavation. kerb.00 hr 1.00 hr De-fuming 1.

4 Jack Hammers 120 cfm 8 Tipper 10T 16 Crawler Dozer 90 HP 3 Shotcrete Machine with Robo Arm 10 cum. With the deployment of 6 shutters a progress of 900 m per month is likely to be achieved. an average progress of 6 m per day or about 150 m per month can be achieved.0 hrs Pouring time 8. the lining of HRT will be completed in 8-9 months.0 hrs Setting time 24.0 hrs With cycle time of 40 hrs and 1 set of shutter form.15 cum.10 Erection time 8.0 hrs Total 40.10 Estimated Cycle Time in Overt Concreting (12 m) Table 12. • Installation of traveling formwork for invert.11 Equipment Capacity Number Two Boom Hydraulic Drill Jumbo 4 Wheel Loader 1. 4 Shotcrete Machine 5 cum 4 Transit Mixers 4 cum 12 Traveler Form 12 m length 6 Hydraulic platform/Truck Jumbo 4 Shutter vibrator 24 167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-20 .11 List of Major Construction Plant & Equipment for Head Race Tunnel Table 12. Gongri Hydroelectric Project Feasibility Report • Transportation of concrete by 4 cum capacity transit mixers. A typical cycle time for overt concreting is as under: Table 12. (Invert concreting will follow with a lag of 1 month) Based on the above methodology. major construction plant and equipment required for construction of HRT has been worked out as given in Table-12. • Pouring of concrete for invert with similar equipment as deployed for overt. Thus.

Completion of Adits in next 4 months. 167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-21 . • Grouting and cleaning of the HRT to start simultaneously with concreting with a lag of about 3 months and completed 2 months after concreting. Lining to start in quarter 3 of the year 3 and completed by quarter 2 of the year 4. 12. • Concrete lining of whole of HRT to be taken up from the four Adits with 6 sets of 12 m long shutter forms at each location.2 Construction Program The sequence of construction of HRT takes into account the following aspects: • Open excavation for portal construction is to be undertaken in the 1st quarter of year 1.11. • Tunnel excavation from all headings will be completed by the quarter 2 of the year 3. Gongri Hydroelectric Project Feasibility Report Needle vibrator 12 Dewatering Pumps of sort 12 Blasting Accessories 6 Welding sets 6 Concrete Pump 25 cum/hr 6 B & M Plant 30 cum/hr 2 60 cum/hr 1 Aggregate Processing Plant 120 TPH 2 Concrete Mixers 14/10 cft 3 Concrete placer 6 Air Compressor 500 cfm 3 Grout Pump 4 Trucks 10 T 6 12.12 Surge Shaft An underground open to sky orifice type surge shaft of 10. • Tunnel excavation from all faces will be started immediately after the Adits have been completed that is from 8th month of first year.0 m diameter and having a height of about 75 m is a part of the water conductor system.

1 Construction Method and Equipment Considering the dimension of the shaft and ease of construction.0 m is given in Table-12.0 m lifts at a time. Pilot shaft will be excavated from top manually by usual drill and blast technique.12 167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-22 . After the pilot hole is excavated up to the bottom chamber. • Drilling length to be controlled to produce funnel profile to facilitate flow of blasted material towards pilot shaft. widening of the shaft to the final dimension will be undertaken by conventional drill and blast method from top of the shaft. excavation will be taken up from the Adit provided at the downstream end of HRT to approach the bottom of surge shaft. drilling being done manually by jackhammers. Simultaneously. • Rock bolting and shotcreting as per design parameters and field requirements and and providing steel supports (Ribs). Gongri Hydroelectric Project Feasibility Report 12. In the first stage a pilot shaft will be excavated through the height and thereafter the shaft will be widened to the final size. • Pushing of the remaining blasted material through pilot shaft manually or by JCB.12.15 cum loader with 10 T Tipper. Men and material will be lowered from the top using winch operated hoist. The construction method for widening of the shaft is as under: • Drilling of the charge holes by jackhammers after covering the pilot hole with a steel baffle plate to ensure safety of the crew. (Raise climber has not been considered in view of the activity is not being critical) A winch-operated hoist will be used for lowering men and material and lifting the muck with the help of a bucket of appropriate size. the surge shaft is proposed to be excavated in two stages. A typical cycle of widening of Surge Shaft for a lift of 1. Widening operation will be taken up by excavating in 1. • Removal of muck at bottom of pilot shaft by deploying 1.

0. this being not a critical activity a working period of 12 months has been provided in the schedule keeping in view the logistics of the location.5 m and it will be difficult to handle a single shutter form of such a size.0 hr Drilling Time 4.0 hr Scaling and bottom clearing 1. an average monthly progress of about 12 to 15m can be achieved.0 hrs TOTAL 21. Alternatively. concreting is proposed to be done in two segments.0 hr Scaling and bottom clearing 1. The time provided is in addition to 6 months provided for excavation of the pilot hole.50 hrs Shotcreting 2. 167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-23 .0 hrs De-fuming and clearing 1. Concreting of the surge shaft will be undertaken at the end.0 hrs De-fuming and clearing 1. Equipments provided for excavation is as per the details given in rate analysis for Surge Shaft Excavation.0 m Lift Drilling Time 6.0 hrs Total 19.0 hrs Charging and blasting 2.0 m for widening of surge shaft. slip form can be used for surge shaft concreting.0 hrs Charging and blasting 2. Gongri Hydroelectric Project Feasibility Report (A) Estimated Cycle Time for excavation of 1m Lift of Pilot Hole Table 12.50 hrs Rock-bolting 2. However.0 hr Dozing time of muck in pilot hole 4. As the excavated diameter of the surge shaft is 11.0 hr Mucking and clearing 12. Thus the widening of the surge shaft will take about 6 months. It will be carried out from bottom to top.0 hrs Say 24 hrs (B) Estimated Cycle Time for excavation of Surge Shaft in 1.12 Profile marking and setting of operation 1.0 hrs Say 24 hrs With a cycle time of 24 hours for a lift of 1.

12.0 hrs Setting time 36. 12.5 m Lifts in 2 segments Erection of reinforcement 16.15 cum.0 hrs Say 72 hrs Thus one lift of 1.13 List of Major Construction Plant & Equipment for Surge Shaft Table 12. 4 Concrete shutter form 2 sets Concrete Pump 10 cum.13 Equipment Capacity Number Wheel Loader 1.5 m will be completed in 6 days.0 hrs Concreting 4.2 Construction Programme The construction of Surge Shaft is scheduled as under: Excavation of Pilot Hole Month 3– Month 8 Month 9 – Month 21 Widening of Shaft Concreting of Shaft Month 22 – Month 39 Grouting and cleanup Month 37 – Month 44 HM work Month 37 – Month 44 Based on the above methodology. 1 Grout Pump 1 cccum/hr Batching and mixing plant* 1 167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-24 . 1 JCB/Back Hoe 1 Jack Hammers 120 cfm 8 Pusher legs 4 Tipper 10T 4 Crawler Dozer 90 HP 1 Dry Shotcrete Machine 5 cum 1 Transit Mixers 4 cum.12.0 hrs Cleaning and Erection of shutter form 8. An average progress of 6 m per month will be achieved. This being not a critical activity a period of 15 months has been provided. major Construction Plant and Equipment required for construction of Surge Shaft have been worked out as given in Table. Gongri Hydroelectric Project Feasibility Report (C) Estimated Time Cycle for concreting of Surge Shaft in 1.0 hr Total 64.

The pressure shaft works comprise a 3. having a total length of about 150 m so as to feed 3 units in the power house. access is proposed to be provided by taking off an Adit from Adit to downstream end of HRT.5 hr Installation of rail/scaling and Rock-bolting 5. This will enable taking up work of pressure shaft independent of the work in HRT. 12.5 hr Drilling Time 7.13.00 hr 167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-25 .00 hrs Profile marking 0.00 hrs Charging of holes 2. Gongri Hydroelectric Project Feasibility Report Aggregate Processing Plant* 1 Trucks 10 T 2 Dewatering Pumps of sort 4 Mobile Crane 20 T 1 Welding Sets 1 Needle vibrator 6 Electric Winch 10 T 1 Portable compressor 500 cfm 1 12. first 35 m is horizontal. Thereafter it bifurcates into 3 branches of 2. The excavation of vertical portion of the pressure shafts (about 155 m in height) will be carried out from bottom using raise climber equipment. Typical cycle of operation for excavation in the vertical pressure shaft with the use of Alimak Raise Climber equipment is given below: Estimated Cycle Time for excavation of Vertical Pressure Shaft 1m Lift/ cycle Travel of Raise Climber to face 0.13 Pressure Shaft For carrying out the work of pressure shaft independently. A construction Adit (Adit-5) will be provided for approach to the bottom of pressure shafts and construction of horizontal portion of pressure shafts. The construction methodology for excavation of horizontal pressure shafts is similar to that adopted for HRT.0 m dia.5 m dia shaft about 500 m long. then 155 m is vertical and further 300 m again horizontal. Out of total length of pressure shaft.1 Construction Method The excavation of the top horizontal portion of pressure shafts will be carried out through the Adit with full face drilling and blasting method.

Equipments provided for excavation is as per the details given in rate analysis for Pressure Shaft Excavation. 2 Grout Equipment 1 Air Hoist 1 Batching and mixing plant* 1 Aggregate Processing Plant* 1 167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-26 .5 hr Blasting and De-fuming 2.14 Equipment Capacity Number Two Boom Hydraulic Drill Jumbo 1 Alimak Raise Climber with 2 stopper drills 1 Wheel Loader 1. On completion of excavation.00 hrs Say 24 hrs The mucking cycle is out of time cycle and not critical. steel lining of the pressure shafts will be carried out.15 cum. major Construction Plant and Equipment required for construction of Pressure Shaft have been worked out as given in Table. Penstock installation shall proceed from inside to outside in horizontal portion whereas from bottom to top in case of vertical shaft. Gongri Hydroelectric Project Feasibility Report Descending of Raise Climber 0. Finally the penstock ferrule will be buried in concrete after requisite testing of the welded joint.12. 4 Concrete Pump 25 cum. 1 Jack Hammers 120 cfm 3 Tipper 10T 3 Crawler Dozer 90 HP 2 Shotcrete Machine 5 cum 2 Transit Mixers 4 cum. Based on the above methodology. The entire sequence of installation of a 5 m long penstock assembly is likely to take about 5 days. 5m long fabricated in workshop will be transported on a trailer and will be unloaded by a mobile crane/EOT crane and lowered to the position of installation with the help of a winch and pulley arrangement. aligned and welded.50 hrs Total 18. Steel ferrules.14 List of Major Construction Plant & Equipment for Pressure Shaft Table 12.

The plan area for excavation of the entire Powerhouse complex is 65. and Tailrace have been provided. About 107400 cum of Excavation for Powerhouse complex is in overburden and 26900 cum in rock is envisaged.3 m (H). final finishing Month 29 – Month 42 Adit plugging Month 43 – Month 44 12. A period of 8 working months has been earmarked for undertaking the proposed surface excavation.14 Powerhouse Complex A surface powerhouse complex comprising of Powerhouse. plugging. Gongri Hydroelectric Project Feasibility Report Trucks 10 T 2 Dewatering Pumps of sort 4 Mobile Crane 20 T 1 Welding Sets 5 Flexi Shaft Needle Vibrators 6 Electric Triple drum Winch 10 T 1 Portable Air compressor 500 cfm 2 Blasting Accessories 2 Hydraulic Platform/Truck Jumbo 1 12. Common Excavation Rock Excavation Total Volume of excavation 107400 cum. Transformer Deck.2 Construction Programme The construction programme for the construction of pressure shaft is as under: Excavation of Pressure shaft Month 7 – Month 20 Installation of penstocks and concreting in vertical Shaft portion Month 19 – Month 42 Installation and concreting of penstocks branches PB1 . 26900 cum Working Time Period 8 months 8 months 167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-27 . PB2 & Month 26 – Month 42 PB3 Grouting.13.3 m (L) x 18 m (W) x 37.

For rock excavation. 1 Transit Mixers 4 cum.15 Equipment Capacity Number Hydraulic Excavator 1 cum. 2 Crawler Dozer 90 HP 1 Jack Hammers 120 cfm 8 Tippers 15t 5 Dry shotcrete machine 6 Cum.1 Construction and Equipment List of major Construction Plant and Equipment required for construction of Powerhouse complex have been worked out as given in Table.14. 3 Concrete Pump 25 cum. drilling the holes with hand-held rigs/crawler rigs with suitable hole pattern. • Transportation to the disposal areas by 15 T Tippers – 4 (Refer Annexure 12-B) • A 90 HP bulldozer is also required to stay in the disposal area for performing the rough spreading of the unloaded material. • Concreting of powerhouse complex will be done with 25 cum. 12.15 List of Major Construction Plant & Equipment for Power House Complex Table 12. Gongri Hydroelectric Project Feasibility Report Shifts proposed Three Three Total operational hours 3000 hours 3000 hours Volume to be handled/hour (in-situ) 36 cum 9 cum Volume to be handled/hour (Loose) 48 cum 14 cum Volume to be handled/hour (Loose) 62 cum Following construction equipments are proposed for surface excavation: • Excavation and loading of the material by 1 cum. 2 Grout Equipment 1 Dewatering Pumps of sort 8 Mobile Crane 20 T 1 167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-28 . concrete pumps and transit mixers. Hydraulic excavators. requiring drilling and blasting. A period of 30 months has been earmarked for entire concreting including second stage concreting for E&M works.12.

1 Quantity of different materials The quantities of the above materials.2 Construction Program Surface Excavation of Powerhouse Complex Month 1 – Month 12 Concreting: sub and super structure Month 13 – Month 42 12. the requirement of steel and concrete will be most predominant.14. along with those of miscellaneous items.16.14.15 Requirement of Construction Equipment A comprehensive list of the major construction equipment and plants required for the execution of the project component wise is given in Annexure 12-2. Concrete production will involve uses of cement. Gongri Hydroelectric Project Feasibility Report Welding Sets 3 Flexi Shaft Needle Vibrators 8 Stationary Air Compressor 500 cfm 1 Portable Air compressor 500 cfm 1 12.16 Key Material Requirement/ Planning Construction of the project would require large quantities of materials. In addition. 12. 167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-29 . coarse and fine aggregates. are given in Table 12-16 and Annexure 12-7. supply. Among the various materials.3 Electro-Mechanical Equipment Proposed schedule for design. large quantity of explosives would also be required as the project components are almost all underground. erection and commissioning of electro-mechanical equipment is as follows: Design Supply Erection EOT 3 months 9 months 3 months Transformer 3 months 9 months 3 months Turbine & 6 months 12 months 16 months Generator Switchyard . 12 months 6 months 12. 12.

16. suitability and mine-ability of the construction materials and to identify the potential source of locations for the coarse aggregate (projected requirement 1. 12. Details of this survey are provided in Construction Materials Survey report for Bop Hydro-Power Project. 12.16.079 m3). diamond bits.16.23.-II MT 1468 12.2 Coarse and Fine Aggregates A thorough survey in and around the project area was undertaken to ensure availability. are proposed to be obtained from the open markets.505 m3) and fine aggregate (projected requirement 75. and reinforcement steel and structural steel from SAIL Stockyard at Guwahati. 167116-0000-40ER-0010-00 12-30 . oil and lubricants etc.4 Explosives Explosives shall be obtained from authorized dealers and carried to the site from the nearest retail magazine outlets. welding rods. 12. Gongri Hydroelectric Project Feasibility Report Table 12-16: Construction Material Requirement Quantities Particulars Unit Required 3 Open Excavation m 319485 3 Rock Excavation m 480955 Cement MT 111820 Silica MT 178 3 Boulders m 47542 3 Aggregate m 197910 3 Sand m 117632 Reinforcement Steel MT 3597 Structural Steel MT 3241 Rock Bolt (25 mm) m 120030 Gelatin Kg 411059 Detonators Nos 240502 Fuse Coil Nos 240502 Penstock Steel: ASTM 537 Gr.16.3 Cement and Steel Cement shall be procured from sale depot at Guwahati.5 Miscellaneous Items Other materials like drill steel.