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Mobile Broadband Wireless Access (MBWA

)

IEEE 802.20

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MBWA ?
Low-cost, always-on, and truly mobile broadband wireless networks Also known as WWAN, Mobile-Fi Integration between the three domains of work, home, and mobile MBWA Work Group Approved by IEEE on Dec 2002, within IEEE 802.16 (WiMax) committee MBWA PHY and MAC layer approved on Jun 2008

IEEE 802.20 Standard
Efficient Packet-based air interface Optimized for IP Services Affordable, Spectrum-efficient, Ubiquitous and Always-on Multi-vendor interoperable mobile broadband wireless access networks For business and residential end user markets Access to infotainment services

MBWA Features
Licensed frequency bands below 3.5 GHz Bandwidths of 1.25, 5 and 10 MHz Peak data rate per user >1 Mbps (to 80 Mbps) Supports vehicular mobility up to 250 Km/h Cell size commensurate with MAN Sustained user data rates Supports more number of active users

Why IEEE 802.20 ?
Spectrum Efficient: very high data rates and aggregate data capacity in minimum spectrum Reduced cost of deploying and operating 802.20 networks High-speed data services at more affordable prices Full Mobility: supports various vehicular mobility classes Global mobility and roaming

MBWA General Architecture

(Access Termin al)

(Access Node)

MBWA Mesh Network

Challenges for Mesh Networks
Compatibility with old/current technologies Coexistence with other technologies Scalability Security Mobility (Network Handoff) Other challenges- Quality of Service(QoS), Resource Management, Power Management

MBWA Modes
IEEE 802.20 standard specifies two operation modes
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Wideband Mode (preferred mode) >1MHz carrier bandwidth (high data rate) Used for FDD and TDD 625k-MC Mode 625KHz carrier bandwidth Used for TDD only

MBWA Layered Architecture

Wideband Mode Architecture

MBWA Layers
Physical (PHY) Layer: Provides the channel structure, frequency, power output, modulation, and encoding specifications for the Forward and Reverse Channels Lower MAC Sublayer: Defines the procedures used to receive and to transmit over the Physical Layer Radio Link Sublayer: Provide as reliable and insequence delivery of

MBWA Layers cont…
Connection Control Plane: Provides air link connection establishment and maintenance services Session Control Plane: Provides protocol negotiation and protocol configuration services
Route Control Plane: The Route Control Plane provides creation, maintenance, and deletion of routes Security Functions: Security functions include functions for key exchange, ciphering, and message integrity protection MAC and PHY MIB: The MAC and PHY Management Information Base (MIB) provides usage statistics gathered from all protocols and management planes

MBWA Security
Wireless network is less inherently secure than wired networks Key Security Concerns:
1.

Protection against theft of service on behalf of the service provider Protection of the user privacy Deterring denial-of-service attacks

2. 3.

Protection Mechanisms:
1. 2.

Authentication Encryption

MBWA Authentication
For both Mobile station and Base Station Based on digital signatures using RSA algorithm Digital certificate contains information of the issuer and its public key RSA modulus ranges from 1024 bits to 2048 bits Key exchange is public using Elliptic

MBWA Encryption
Uses Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) encryption algorithm
1.

Evaluated, scrutinized, found sound for secure encryption by cryptographic experts world wide Uses stream cipher mode Symmetric-key encryption standard Key sizes of 128, 192 and 256 bits

2. 3. 4.

Provides user anonymity, privacy and integrity

MBWA, IEEE 802.16E & 3G

MBWA Advantages
Fully Mobile system without backward compatibility constraints Intertechnology roaming and handoff Intercell and Intersector handoff High Spectral Efficiency (1 b/s/Hz/cell) Cost Effective (for both Service

MBWA Applications
Internet Services Web browsing, e-mail (POP3, SMTP, IMAP), file transfer (FTP), audio and video streaming Virtual Private Network (VPN) Voice-Over-Internet Protocol (VoIP) Instant Messaging Service Online Multiplayer Gaming

Conclusion
A high bandwidth, low latency, always-on Internet service with mobility MBWA is a backward compatible standard A standard is very ambitious with wideranging scope Only future will tell whether MBWA will prove to be feasible from technological and engineering standpoints

References
W. Bolton, Y. Xiao, M. Guizani, "IEEE 802.20: Mobile Broadband Wireless Access", IEEE Wireless Communications, vol. 14, issue 2, pp. 84-95 M. Klerer, “Introduction to IEEE 802.20: Technical and Procedural Orientation,” . http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/802/20/Documents.htm IEEE 802.20 WG, "Mobile Broadband Wireless Access Systems – Five Criteria: Vehicular Mobility", IEEE 802.20 PD-03 F. Zon, X. Jiang, Z. Lin, "IEEE 802.20 Based Broadband Railroad Digital Network – The Infrastructure for M-commerce on the Train", Proc. ICEB 2004, Beijing, China, pp. 771-776 IEEE 802.20; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IEEE_802.20 IEEE 802.20 Mobile Broadband Wireless Access (MBWA); http://www.ieee802.org/20/

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