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Lecture Notes

INTERNATIONAL COLLEGE OF AUTOMOTIVE (ICAM)

LECTURE NOTE

DVI 1033 INTRODUCTION TO VEHICLE INSPECTION

12/04/2010

Revision date

Semester 1

Page 1

Inspection Procedure 3. Inspection Standards 12/04/2010 Revision date Semester 1 Page 2 . Introduction to Vehicle Inspection 2. Main Inspection Process 4.Lecture Notes Contents 1.

headlight test.2. .1 Vehicle Inspection • Vehicle Inspection is a procedure mandated by national or sub-national governments in many countries. that is able to communicate and the inspection result is generated automatically from the the computer system. emission.1 Permanent Computerized Branch (PCB) This category of branch has been installed with computerised system and an intergrated inspection equipment consisting of all stages of inspection which include visual inspection. smoke emission test. there is some controversy over whether it is a costeffective way to improve road traffic safety. 1.Lecture Notes CHAPTER 1 1. side-slip test.2 Category of Inspection Branches In Malaysia. If it is required periodically. Inspection can be required at various times. every year and twice a year. brake test. typical intervals are once every two years. it encourages individual to send their vehicles for inspection voluntarily. 12/04/2010 Revision date Semester 1 Page 3 . • With regard to safety inspection. it is often termed periodic motor vehicle inspection. there are variuos categories of vehicle inspection branches depending on the set-up.1.1 Terms and Definition 1. • Some countries where vehicle inspection for certain category of vehicle is not mandated. A typical example is Malaysia. or both.1. suspension test. in which a vehicle is inspected to ensure that it conforms to regulations governing safety.1. for example it can performed periodically or on transfer of title to a vehicle. speedometer test. Some typical examples include: 1. INTRODUCTION TO VEHICLE INSPECTION 1.

Lecture Notes Example : PUSPAKOM Wangsa Maju 12/04/2010 Revision date Semester 1 Page 4 .

15 M 12 M RECEPTION 3M Page 5 .40 M 6.00 M SPEEDOMETER HEADLIGHT SUSPENSION /BRAKE 3.50 M IN OUT ROAD RESERVE PETUNJUK: Pemeriksaan Berkala Pemeriksaan Khas Pemeriksaan Syarikat Kewangan/tukar milik 6M SIDE SLIP UNDER CARRIAGE PIT AXLE PLAY WAITING AREA FOR HV BEFORE INSPECTION GROUND FLOOR PLAN 55 Pasir Gudang Drive Through Payment Counter 12/04/2010 Revision date Semester 1 76.90 M PUBLIC TOILET 6M HV 2.00 M 5.20 M 10 M 6.00 M 3.Lecture Notes PUSPAKOM WANGSA MAJU 247.00 M PAYMENT COUNTER OFFICE AND WEIGHER REGISTRATION COUNTER SPECIAL/ INITIAL INSPECTION AREA LV 16.048 M UNDER CARRIAGE PIT AXLE PLAY 64.00 M 5.00 M PARKING LOT GUARD HOUSE 6M Overall Size:4.50 M 6.00 M PAYMENT COUNTER PAYMENT COUNTER GENSET ROOM UNDER CARRIAGE PIT AXLE PLAY UNDER CARRIAGE PIT AXLE PLAY EXPRESS LANE 79.00 M AXLE WEIGHER WAITING AREA 10.4O M TECH.00 M 31.40 M PAYMENT COUNTER 6.82 Acres 240. ROOM ADMIN OFFICE OFFICE OFFICE OFFICE MANAGER OFFICE WAITING SHELTER STAIR 35.78 M STAIR CONTROL ROOM 8.40 M UNDER CARRIAGE PIT AXLE PLAY STAIR WALKWAY 8.00 M SPEEDOMETER SUSPENSION /BRAKE HEADLIGHT WAITING AREA FOR LV BEFORE INSPECTION SIDE SLIP 1.

a portable brake tester (Decelerometer) and a pit for visual inspection. for example a smoke meter (to conduct emission test).2.Lecture Notes 1.1. Keningau 12/04/2010 Revision date Semester 1 Page 6 .2 Permanent Outstation Branch (POB) This category has an office away from the main branch that is manned by a small number of personnel and the branch is installed with a computer system capable of generating inspection results but is only provided with minimal number of inspection equipement.

Lecture Notes TRAFFIC FLOW AND LAYOUT PLAN PUSPAKOM KENINGAU OFFICE 54M INSPECTION PIT POST GUARD EXIT 75 M ENTRANCE Overall size: 1 acres Sri Aman 12/04/2010 Revision date Semester 1 Page 7 .

Lecture Notes TRAFFIC FLOW AND LAYOUT PLAN PUSPAKOM SRI AMAN OFFICE 21.1.3 Mobile Computerized Branch (MCB) MCB is the type of branch that is visited on schedule by a mobile inspection unit equipt with full inspection equipment in a suburban or isolated locations.3 M LV/HV/B2/B5 33 M PASIR PANAS ROAD RIVER ROUNDABOUT BRAKE INSPECTION AREA OUT IN 139 1.2. This mobile inspection unit is also installed with a computer system which is capable to communicate and intergrate with the equipment and generate inspection results. Mobile Inspection Unit means the equipment and machinery which may be transported from place to place to carry out Inspections 12/04/2010 Revision date Semester 1 Page 8 .

Lecture Notes Mobile Computerised Branch 12/04/2010 Revision date Semester 1 Page 9 .

1.4 Mobile Outsation Branch (MOB) This category of branch is located at remote area and is visited by personnel from the main branch as scheduled. The inspection performed by this team of personnel on manual.2. individual customer or fleet owners. A few of these branch are provided with a smoke meter (for emission test) and a decelerometer (for brake test) brought in by the visiting personnel.2. PUSPAKOM Premier Service Unit 12/04/2010 Revision date Semester 1 Page 10 . For instance.1.Lecture Notes 1.5 Premier Service Unit (PSU) PSU provide inspection services to dedicated customers upon their request.1. Most of these type of branch performed manual inspection where by there is no equipment involved.

An on-the-road test for brake efficiency. and (c).3. (b). A statutory check over a special pit for the inspection and testing of the whole body of a motor vehicle.2.1 Automated Inspection Automated Inspection is an inspection performed using Automated Equipment under an automated and computerized vehicle inspection system. 1.1.2 Manual Inspection When an automated inspection cannot be effected.2 Type of Inspection There are various type of inspection. dimensions of approved drawing plans and conform to all requirements for the registration of 12/04/2010 Revision date Semester 1 Page 11 .1 Initial Inspection To check whether the newly constructed motor vehicles comply with specifications.3. Manual inspection normally is conducted at the POB and MOB. Exhaust and Sound Visual Inspection – Under Carriage Relevant data shall be key into the computer system The result of each test shall be issued by the system control computer 1. A smoke emission test using a smoke meter for diesel engines. meter and wheel alignment of a motor vehicle.1. Stages in relation to an automated inspection:Visual Inspection – Above Carriage A-B-S Tester Test of Headlight. including its chassis.Lecture Notes 1.1. Manual Inspection is to be performed. 1. whereas Automated Equipment means the equipment and machinery prescribed by law to be used to carry out Automated Inspections and shall include mobile inspection unit. 1. Type of inspections are named according to their purposes. The minimum requirement for Manual Inspection to be done shall include:(a).3 Mode of Inspection Inspection may be carried out either by the Automated Mode or the Manual Mode. for example.

the police or any competent authorities for compliance with specific requirements of the law.2.2.2. 1. 1. 1. Vehicle modification including upgrading of vehicle weight limits. c. routine and special inspections. b. e. 1.2. Change of registration numbers.6 Inspection Prior to Change of Ownership / Possession of Motor Vehicle To verify the authentication of the vehicle prior to the transfer of ownership for all kind of motor vehicle registered as private use excluding motorcycle. Confirmation of engine and chassis particulars.2 Routine Inspection Routine Inspections are all those periodic inspections which are mandatory to be carried out from time to time under the Road Transport Act 1987. The procedure of inspection include:12/04/2010 Confirmation of engine number Revision date Semester 1 Page 12 . d. h. Change of engine and chassis.Lecture Notes imported vehicles for specific use. 1.4 Re-inspection The re-inspection of motor vehicles is required when a vehicle which has failed a previous inspection that include initial. f. Locally manufactured and assemble private motor vehicles are not subject to Initial Inspection as they have undergone “Type or Model” Approval. Increase of passenger capacity. Change of use of vehicles.5 Accident Inspection The inspection of all kind of motor vehicle involve in accidents at the request of the authorities. Any request by Road Transport Department. for instance the police. g.3 Special Inspection Special Inspections are inspection which may be required for any of the following purpose:a. Loss of registration certificate. Weighing of vehicles. i.2.

3. authorized or given the power under Section 66(F) of the Road Transport Act 1987 to inspect a motor vehicle.3. professionally with high level of integrity and without fear or favor to ensure motor vehicles are safe to be used and also safe to other road users.2 With reference to Motor Vehicles (Qualification of Examiners) Rules. b. “Examiner” means any person who carries out inspection of motor vehicles and issues inspection certificates. 1. c. Act on a “conflict of interest” Steal from the firm Use the position as leverage to force illicit benefits out of others through extortion or commercial bribery 1. Unethical means to deviate from these goals to serve one’s own interests in ways that. honestly.3 Responsibility of Vehicle Examiner (VE) 1. c.1 In Malaysia.comply to the “law of agency”. 1994. if he or she: a. VE has to perform the vehicle inspection activities diligently.3 Apart from these.3.Lecture Notes - Confirmation of chassis particulars Glass test as specified by the Motor Vehicle (Prohibition of Certain type of Glass) Inspect the condition of vehicle body shell and chassis 1.2. a VE is a person who is appointed. namely a.7 Inspection for Financial Institutions Inspection as required by the financial institutions for the administration of auction and financing processes.3. 1. 1.5 Conflict of interest 12/04/2010 Revision date Semester 1 Page 13 . Vehicle Examiner as an employee has certain obligations to the firm or company or organization.3. if illegal. Employee’s main moral duty is to work toward the goals of the firm and avoid any activities that might harm those goals. b.4 An employee might fail in performing the obligation to the employer. that is the law that specifies the legal duties of “agents” (employee) towards their “principals” (employers). 1. are counted as a form of “white-collar crime” Employee’s duties to the firm .

X’mas. a. What is the purpose of the gift? Is the gift intended or accepted as a bribe? (iii).3. 1. What is the position of the recipient of the gift? Is he in the position to influence dealings? (v). what is the accepted business practice in the area? Is the gift part of an open and wellknown industry practice? (vi). (i). Engaged in carrying out a certain task on behalf of the company Has an interest in the outcome of the task The interest does or reasonably might affect the judgment the employee is obligated to exercise on behalf of the company 1. (iv). That is.6 Steal from the firm a. when the employee transacts business for the firm.Lecture Notes Occur when employees in a certain job have an “interest” that might motivate them to do that job in a way that may not be in the best interests of the firm. b. 12/04/2010 Revision date Semester 1 Page 14 . Employee theft Take property or use property that belongs to employer without consent. c. What is company’s policy? c. b. What are the circumstances under which the gift was given? Was it given openly? Was it given to celebrate a special event eg birthday. the employee will deal favorably with that person or that person’s firm.3. Vincent Barry suggests that the following factors should be considered when evaluating the morality of accepting a gift. or using company’s computer during one’s own time. Commercial bribe: A consideration given or offered to an employee by a person outside the firm with the understanding that.7 Commercial bribe and extortion a. b. Gifts: may or may not be unethical. copy. Commercial extortion: when an employee demands a consideration from persons outside the firm as a condition for dealing favorably with those persons when the employee transacts business for the firm. Computer theft Enter data banks. What is the value of the gift? It is substantial to influence one’s decision? (ii).

Structural vs situational (well planned and carried out systematically. Therefore. c. 12/04/2010 Revision date Semester 1 Page 15 .3. d.3. ethics is the study of moral standards – the process of examining the moral standards of a person or society to determine whether these standards are reasonable or unreasonable in order to apply them to concrete situations and issues. What is the law? 1. the principals of conduct governing an individual or a group or a society. c. Morality is the standards that an individual or a group has about what is right and wrong or good and well. b.Lecture Notes (vii). Situation is unplanned eg driver caught under influence of alcohol and offer the policeman a bribe). 1. b.8 Ethics. Bribe vs facilitation payment (large amount to senior officials vs small amount to lower level officials) Supply vs demand Cartel vs collusion (bidders form cartel & manipulate award decision with or without involvement of inside officials vs collusion agreements can include assigning turns among cartel members for winning bid.3. The study of morality.9 Corruption Corruption can be defined as the misuse of entrusted power for private gain. Ethics can be defined as: a. 1.10 Forms of corruption a.