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Myron Albert Dane L. Soriano HRM 2-6 Historical Development of Volleyball 1.

Volleyball as a game Volleyball is an Olympic team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by a net. Each team tries to score points by grounding a ball on the other team's court under organized rules. 2. Establishments of different volleyball organization y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y Argentina - Federacion Argentina de Voleibol Australia - Australian Volleyball Federation Austria - Osterreichischer Volleyball Verband Austria - OVV Belgium - Bienvenue au VBC St Jo Brazil - Confederacao Brasileira de VolleyBall Canada - Volleyball Canada Canada - Team Canada Canadian Deaf National Volleyball Team Czech - Czech Volleyball Federation England - English Volleyball Association England - Team England Women's Volleyball European Volleyball Confederation Ireland - Volleyball Association of Ireland Italy - Federazione Italiana di Pallavolo Italy - My Italian Women's Vball Team India - Volleyball Federation of India Japan - Japan Volleyball Association Offical Web Site Finland - Finland - Suomen Ientopalloliitto France - Federation Francise de Volley-ball Greece - Hellenic Volleyball On-Line Iceland - Blaksamband Islands Liechtenstein - Liechtensteiner Volleyballverband Luxembourg - Confederation Europeenne de Volleyball Netherlands - Netherlands - Volleyball of Netherlands Norway - Norges Volleyballforbund Philippines Philippine Volleyball Federation San Marino - Federazione Sammarinese Pallavolo Turkey - Turkish Volleyball Federation USA - USA Volleyball

Terminologies Ace .The attempt by a player to terminate a play by hitting the ball to the floor on the opponent's side.When a back row player takes off to jump behind the 10-foot/3-meter line and attacks the ball.A successful attempt by any one front row player to intercept the ball near the net that results in the termination of the rally. Blocking Error .24 meters (7 feet 4 1/8 inches) for women's competition (these heights are varied for veterans and junior competitions).5 feet) wide.Passing or setting the ball to a teammate who attacks the ball for a kill.Red-and-white striped pole attached to the net that extends 32 inches above the net and indicates out-of-bounds along the sideline.A violation that consists of touching the net.Rules of the Game 1. which is the position of the serving player: After a team gains the serve (also known as siding out). If a ball comes in contact with the line. its members must rotate in a clockwise direction. with the player from area "1" moving to area "6". with the player previously in area "2" moving to area "1" and so on. Any person involved in the block attempt that terminates the rally receives a block assist. This "3 meter" (or 10 foot) line divides the court into "back row" and "front row" areas (also back court and front court).A successful attempt by any two or more front row players to intercept the ball near the net that results in the termination of the rally. An antenna is placed on each side of the net perpendicular to the sideline and is a vertical extension of the side boundary of the court. The team courts are surrounded by an area called the free zone which is a minimum of 3 meters wide and which the players may enter and play within after the service of the ball. crossing the center line. divided into two 9 m × 9 m halves by a one-meter (40-inch) wide net placed so that the top of the net is 2. . Playing Area The game is played on a volleyball court 18 meters (59 feet) long and 9 meters (29. crossing the center line. 2. Back Row Attack . Attack Attempt .A serve that results directly in a point. Blocking Error . Assist .A violation that consists of touching the net. and 2. the ball is considered to be "in". There is a line 3 meters from and parallel to the net in each team court which is considered the "attack line". blocking a set or any other violation which pertains to illegal blocking.A successful attempt by any front row player to intercept the ball near the net that results in the termination of the rally. Block . All lines denoting the boundaries of the team court and the attack zone are drawn or painted within the dimensions of the area and are therefore a part of the court or zone. Block Solo . A ball passing over the net must pass completely between the antennae (or their theoretical extensions to the ceiling) without contacting them.43 meters (7 feet 11 5/8 inches) above the center of the court for men's competition. These are in turn divided into 3 areas each: these are numbered as follows. Block Assist . Antenna . starting from area "1".

A move to the floor which enables a player to dig the ball. Slide Attack .blocking a set or any other violation which occurs while making a block attempt. Set . Net Height . Ten Foot/3-Meter Line .Scoring method used in the fifth game of matches where points can be won by the serving or receiving team.A top spin serve delivered by a player in midair.Receiving a serve or the first contact of the ball with the intent to control the ball to another player. Red And Yellow Card .An attack that is directed diagonally from the point of attack. Dink . Side Out Scoring . Two yellow cards results in an automatic red card.Seven feet.A one-handed. Hitter . Results in automatic ejection and a point/side out for the opponent. You cannot score a point if your team is trying to side out. Jump Serve . Dig . Joust . Kill . Extension Roll . Overlap . Side Out .Returning the ball to the opponent without the intent to get a kill.Given by the official to a player or coach for a major violation.When two opposing players contact the ball simultaneously above the net causing the ball to momentarily come to rest.Usually performed by the setter.An attack that results directly in a point or side out.The line extended across the court to signify the point which a back row player must leave the ground behind to attack the ball.Officials located at the corners of the court. each linesman is responsible for ruling if the ball is legally in play along the lines for which or she is responsible.An extremely low vertical set used to beat the opponent's blocks. Cross-Court Attack .A violation called when a team lines up out of rotation on a service attempt. Quick Set .Scoring method used in games one through four of matches where points can be won only by the serving team.Players must retain their initial rotational order throughout the entire game. Free Ball .Contacting the ball with the forearms in order to deliver the ball to the setter in an underhanded manner. Outside Hitter . 6 inches wide (18m x 9m). Substitution .Usually plays at the ends of the net when in the front row. Linesman .Act of retrieving an attacked ball close to the floor and making a successful pass. Pass . Red Card . Each team is allowed 15 substitutions per game. Middle Blocker . Hitting Percentage .Given by the official to a player or coach as a warning of misconduct. Forearm Pass .A statistic derived from total kills minus total attack errors and divided by total attempts.59 feet from end line to end line and 29 feet.A rally won by the team who is receiving serve. 4-1/8 inches high. Also received automatically after two red cards.A low back set to the antenna that the middle hitter swings behind the setter to attack. Court Dimensions . Each player is allowed an unlimited number of entries. resulting in the right to serve.A player who attacks the ball. Yellow Card . soft hit into the opponent's court using the fingertips. Rally Scoring . the point is replayed if this is called by the official. .Given by the official to a player or coach for flagrant misconduct resulting in a point/side out to the opponent. but once the ball is served they are allowed to move anywhere.Allows one player to replace another player already on the court.A pass that puts the ball in place for a hitter to attack. Dump . who delivers the ball into the opponent's court on the second contact. Rotation .Usually plays in the middle of the net when in the front row and moves laterally to her blocking assignments.

There are a large number of other errors specified in the rules. or to cause the ball to land outside the court. raising one arm above the head and hitting the ball so it will move quickly down to the ground on the opponent's court) to return the ball over the net. across the plane) of the net in order to block the attacked ball. taking more than 8 seconds to serve. Offense will score on a defense miss or out of bounds hit. the defensive players arranged in the rest of the court attempt to control the ball with a dig (usually a fore-arm pass of a hard-driven ball). The most frequent errors that are made are either to fail to return the ball over the net within the allowed three touches. or through the block. These errors include back-row or libero players spiking the ball or blocking (back-row players may spike the ball if they jump from behind the attack line). and third by the attacker who spikes (jumping. . or serve into the net. The opposing team must use a combination of no more than three contacts with the volleyball to return the ball to the opponent's side of the net. There will be a point scored on every score of the ball. although most of them are infrequent occurrences. the team transitions to offense. The team on defense attempts to prevent the attacker from directing the ball into their court: players at the net jump and reach above the top (and if possible. players not being in the correct position when the ball is served. To get play started. After a successful dig. Players may travel well outside the court to play a ball that has gone over a sideline or end-line in the air. or a player penetrating under the net into the opponent's court. second of the set (usually an over-hand pass using wrists to push finger-tips at the ball) by the setter so that the ball's trajectory is aimed towards a spot where one of the players designated as an attacker can hit it. The team with possession of the ball that is trying to attack the ball as described is said to be on offense. above. using another player as a source of support to reach the ball. Scoring Procedure Rally scoring will be used. A player from the serving team throws the ball into the air and attempts to hit the ball so it passes over the net on a course such that it will land in the opposing team's court (the serve). If the ball is hit around. out of bounds hit. a player "catching" the ball. rallying back and forth. or playing the ball when it is above the opponent's court. 4. These contacts usually consist first of the bump or pass so that the ball's trajectory is aimed towards the player designated as the setter. Other common errors include a player touching the ball twice in succession. A ball is "in" if any part of it touches a sideline or end-line. Defense will score on an offensive miss. a team is chosen to serve by coin toss. until the ball touches the court within the boundaries or until an error is made.3. Playing Format Each team consists of six players. a player touching the net while attempting to play the ball. stepping over the back boundary line when serving. The game continues in this manner. and a strong spike may compress the ball enough when it lands that a ball which at first appears to be going out may actually be in. attacking the serve in the front court and above the height of the net.

. Four Hits. provided the contacts occur during one action. Catch. It's illegal for a player or any object to assist a teammate in playing the ball.. It's legal to block beyond the net. A blocker may place his/her hands beyond the net provided this action doesn't interfere with the opponents play. The ball is falling near the net and no member of the attacking team is in position to make a play. Attacking Faults. Reaching Over the Net. A player may not hit the ball 2 times consecutively except when blocking. Assisted Hit. Ball Crossing the Net Outside the Crossing Space.Game will be played to 25 pts. Violations y Consecutive Contacts.. he/she may step or land outside the service zone or inside the court. There are official volleyball rules for playing the ball at the net. It's illegal to catch or throw the ball. A player completes an attack hit from higher than the top of the net when the ball is coming from an overhand finger pass by a libero in the front zone. The ball must cross the net within the crossing space. Contact with the ball is made after 3 team contacts. provided the contacts take place simultaneously. Contact with the net is only a fault if contact is made during the action of playing the ball or if it interferes with play. the server must not touch the court or the ground outside the service zone. and without contacting the ceiling. The ball would have crossed the net if not touched by a player and no member of the attacking team was in position to make a play. The ball must rebound from the hit. Penetration under the Net. An opponent completes an attack hit on a served ball. provided.. if at the moment of contact. . It's a violation for a team to hit the ball 4 times before returning it. between the antennas and their imaginary extension. A back row player completes an attack hit from the front zone. the ball is entirely above the top of the net. 5. It's permitted for a player to step under the net into the opponents court provided that some part of the penetrating hand or foot is in contact with or is directly above the center line. Must win by 2 points. The libero completes an attack hit. The following are volleyball violations for attacking. The ball must cross over the net. when the ball is in the front zone and the ball is entirely above the top of the net. After contact. Foot Fault. the ball is entirely above the top of the net. y y y y y y y y y y Blocking within the Opponents Space. Contact with the Net. However. if at the moment of contact. At the moment of service contact or take off for a jump serve. a player may make consecutive contacts on the teams first team contact.