TASK 2. Environmental Management System (EMS) / ISO 14001:2004.

Complete the following tasks using the example of a mining company. 2.1: Determine the legislative requirements for the company’s operations (federal and state legislations) that are required by the ISO 14001 (one page). The Rapu-Rapu Polymetallic Project (RRPP) is the largest private polymetallic and zincproducing mine located in Albay, Philippines employing almost 1,000 employees and occupying almost 1.1% of the entire municipality. RRPP is jointly owned and managed by the Rapu-Rapu Minerals, Inc (RRMI) and the Rapu-Rapu Processing, Inc (RRPI). Major Asian shareholders include LG International, Korea Resources Corp. and Malaysia Smelting Corp. The following laws and legislative requirements have been accomplished by the RRPP:

1995 Mining Act (Republic Act 7642) Environmental Compliance Certificate (July 12, 2001) (Environmental Management Bureau)

• • • •

Environmental Protection and Enhancement Program (April 2002) Clean Air Act of 1999 (Republic Act 8749) Clean Water Act of 2004 (Republic Act 9275) Mineral Production and Sharing Agreement (MPSA)

Final Mine Rehabilitation and Decommissioning Plan - The FMRDP was submitted in December 2007 and is currently undergoing some revisions based on the recommendations of the Mines

and Geosciences Bureau. Meanwhile, the management has committed to pay PhP 5.0 Million every month until the FMRDP is finally approved. 2.2: Determine at least 5 stakeholders of the organization and minimum 2 requirements for each stakeholder (one page). • Investors – these are individuals or groups that have shares in the company. o Return on investment and steady increase of revenue. o Reputation of the organization: the mining company must maintain its status as a safe and environment-friendly organization concerned with the well-being of its employees, the social community within which it operates, and its surrounding environment. • Employees o Financial stability of the mining company to ensure continued benefits for all its employees o Continued training for employees to ensure safety at the workplace. • Social community o Safety of the community within which the mining company operates. o Community development and assistance programs. • Environment – protection and conservation of the environment o Solid, liquid and air waste management

o Marine and wildlife conservation • Government o Is the beneficiary of the FMDRP commitment of PhP5.0 M monthly until the plans are approved o Frequent audits that would ensure complaisance of the mining company to standards and laws being implemented. 2.3: Determine 5 main processes that describe the organization’s operations. For each main process determine at least 2 sub-processes. These may include both mining and non-mining processes (one page). • Exploration o Resource Drilling, Metallurgical Test Work o Engineering and Environmental Studies • Processing
o

Classification of pit materials into ore or waste materials through Grade Control Drilling

o Construction of infrastructure needed for mining purposes • Final Mine Rehabilitation and Decommissioning Plan
o

Formulation, management and implementation of the closure of the mining site.

o

Implement a progressive rehabilitation plan that will ensure long-term environmental stability after the life of the mine and provide for safe post-mining land uses.

Environmental Management o Adopt and maintain industry best practices during its construction, operation, closure and rehabilitation phases; o Formulate and implement measures that ensure the safety of employees, the surrounding communities, and its inhabitants

Social Development and Management
o

The RRPP is mandated to set aside a minimum of one percent of the mining and milling cost annually, 10% of which shall be allocated for the development of mining technology and geosciences and 90% shall be appropriated for the implementation of the SDMP, as well as the corresponding manpower training and development.

o

The Rapu-Rapu Polymetallic Project and the government of the Philippines have a similar dedication of improving the quality of life of the communities especially around the mining project. By addressing the vital needs of the host and neighboring communities through providing infrastructure, education and training, health and sanitation, food security, socio-cultural assistance and capacity building.

2.4: Select 2 main processes from the above list and identify at least 5 environmental aspects for each of those 2 main processes (altogether 10 environmental aspects) (one page). The Mining Process
Aspect Naturally occurring flora and Fauna Water use Air emissions Description Open-pit mining results to the removal of natural habitats of animal and other wildlife in the area Large amounts of water is consumed through the processes of crushing circuit, willing circuit and base metal plant Chemical reagents used for processing ores are commonly hazardous to human, animal and plant health and can cause considerable Storage and release of chemicals Noise generation environmental problems if not stored, used or released correctly. Crushing, milling and other machine-operated processes

Environmental Management
Aspect Description

Hazardous waste

Chemical waste from the mines such as acid and cyanide Sewerage from the camp accommodation, kitchen mess and offices contribute to a large amount of waste water that can not be used for irrigation or agriculture The mining and support operations all require the use of energy. Preservation and protection of the natural environment within and around the mining area Educate the immediate community and surrounding areas about solid waste management

Wastewater discharges Energy use Marine and wildlife conservation Solid waste management program for residents

2.5: Now identify at least 5 environmental impacts for each of the 2 main processes selected above (altogether 10 environmental impacts) (one page). The Mining Process
Aspect Naturally occurring flora and Fauna Water use Air emissions Storage and release of chemicals Noise generation Impact Imbalance of the natural environment within and around the mining area Wasted water Air pollution Chemical leaks Noise pollution

Environmental Management
Aspect Hazardous waste Wastewater discharges Energy use Marine and wildlife conservation Solid waste management program for residents Impact Pollution and contamination of air, soil, and water. Health risk to human, animal and plants Pollution from tailings and waste Consumption (or wastage) of natural resources Conservation of naturally occurring animals and plants Training, formulation of policies and regulations and production of IEC materials

2.6: Write down at least 1 objective for each of the 10 environmental aspects previously identified (altogether 10 environmental objectives) (one page). The Mining Process
Aspect Naturally occurring flora and Fauna Water use Air emissions Storage and release of chemicals Noise generation Objective Restore, protect and rehabilitate the natural environment within and surrounding the mining area Minimize use of water Limit air emissions Ensure safety standards regarding the storage and use of chemicals; Emergency Preparedness and Response Minimize the production of noise

Environmental Management
Aspect Hazardous waste Wastewater discharges Energy use Marine and wildlife conservation Solid waste management program for residents Objective Ensure safe and environment-compliant elimination or storage of hazardous waste Guarantee the cleanliness and safety of water surrounding the mining area Reduction in energy consumption Promote wildlife conservation and protection activities Reduce solid waste also in the surrounding areas of the mine

2.7: Determine the (realistic and relevant) targets for all of the 10 environmental objectives identified above (altogether 10 environmental targets) (one page). The Mining Process
Aspect Naturally occurring flora and Fauna Water use Objectives Restore, protect and rehabilitate the natural environment within and surrounding the mining area Minimize use of water Must comply with mandatory environmental laws such as The Clean Air Act of 1999 and Philippine Mining Act of Air emissions Storage and release of chemicals Noise generation Limit air emissions Ensure safety standards regarding the storage and use of chemicals; Emergency Preparedness and Response Minimize noise generation 1999 Hazardous substances such as cyanide, reagents, and lubricants should be provided with containment bunds, treatment and storage facilities 40% noise reduction Reforestation Recycle water from mining process use Targets

Environmental Management
Aspect Objectives Ensure safe and environmentcompliant elimination or Hazardous waste Wastewater discharges Energy use Marine and wildlife conservation Solid waste storage of hazardous waste Guarantee the cleanliness and safety of water surrounding the mining area Reduction in energy consumption Promote wildlife conservation and protection activities Reduce solid waste also in the 20% reduction of hazardous waste in 5 years 80% reduction of wasted water in 2 years; implement water recycling processes 10% reduction of energy consumption Existing forestry surrounding the site should be left untouched Construction of small material recovery facility within Targets

management program for residents surrounding areas of the mine and around the project site

2.8: Identify at least 2 actions for each environmental target identified above (altogether 20 environmental actions) one page). The Mining Process
Aspect Naturally occurring flora and Fauna Reforestation • • Targets Actions • 24.76 hectares around the mining area is maintained as a buffer zone 12.9-hectare mini-forest was made within a dense forested area Ensuring that only water that meet effluent standards are discharged from the TSF to the environmental ponds (the settling and finishing ponds) prior to release. Recycle water from mining process use Water use Must comply with mandatory environmental laws such as The Clean Air Act of 1999 and Philippine Air emissions Mining Act of 1999 Hazardous substances such as cyanide, reagents, and lubricants should be provided Storage and release of chemicals with containment bunds, treatment and storage facilities • Noise generation 40% noise reduction • • • • Make use of bio-fuel that releases less greenhouse gas. Improve engine performance and constant assessment of airemitting or gas-consuming equipment. • Use of oil and water separators to alleviate water waste management

Effective containment bunds must be used to store hazardous waste to prevent leaks. Continuous training and education for employees regarding safety measures and emergency responsiveness in times of leaks Noisy mining processes should be situated away from residential areas. Acquire less noise-generating machines or invest in noise cancelling systems.

Environmental Management
Aspect Hazardous waste Wastewater discharges Targets 20% reduction of hazardous waste in 5 years 80% reduction of wasted water in 2 years; implement water recycling processes • • Targets • Implementation of a hazardous waste storage facility. • • Implementation of a hazardous waste disposal facility. Implementation of wastewater recycling processes and procedures and guidelines on water use. Installation of sewage treatment plants Acquisition of energy-saving equipments and appliances; implement procedures on energy use. 10% reduction of energy Energy use Marine and wildlife conservation Solid waste management program for residents consumption • Existing forestry surrounding the site should be left untouched Construction of small material recovery facility within and around the project site • • •

Environment-friendly alternative source of energy (solar, wind, etc) Catching and killing of wildlife such as reticulated pythons, monitor lizards (bayawak), and wild birds, and taking out of the island wild plants such as bonsai are strictly prohibited. Trapped wildlife are freed at the dense vegetation Education of solid waste management Continued implementation of such from the residential level.

2.9: Determine at least 5 methods that can be used to measure or monitor the progress of the implementation of the environmental actions (one page).

The Mining Process
Aspect Naturally occurring flora and Fauna • • Actions • 24.76 hectares around the mining area is maintained as a buffer zone 12.9-hectare mini-forest was made within a dense forested area Ensuring that only water that meet effluent standards are discharged from the TSF to the environmental ponds (the settling and finishing ponds) prior to release. • Water use • • Air emissions • Make use of bio-fuel that releases less greenhouse gas. Improve engine performance and constant assessment of air-emitting or gas-consuming equipment. Effective containment bunds must be used to store hazardous waste to prevent leaks. • Storage and release of chemicals • Continuous training and education for employees regarding safety measures and emergency responsiveness in times of leaks Noisy mining processes should be situated away from residential areas. • Noise generation Acquire less noise-generating machines or invest in noise cancelling systems. • • Noise meters within the mining site and in surrounding areas. Inspection of machineries and equipment and uphold timely maintenance. • • • Frequent inspections of storage facilities Inventory accounting of every chemical stored and released Sensors or chemical assays frequently done in runoff drains • Atmospheric sensors placed in areas surrounding the mining site Use of oil and water separators to alleviate water waste management • Sensors or quality measures frequently done in drains • Inventory of trees as well as tagging of wildlife Monitor Methods

Environmental Management
Aspect Hazardous waste Targets • Implementation of a hazardous waste storage facility. Monitor Methods • Inventory of hazardous waste materials in storage. • Constant inspection and monitoring of equipments

Implementation of a hazardous waste disposal facility. used for storage and disposal of hazardous waste

Implementation of wastewater recycling processes and procedures and guidelines on water use.

Wastewater discharges

• •

Installation of sewage treatment plants Acquisition of energy-saving equipments and appliances; implement procedures on energy use. • Sensors in runoff drains

• Energy use

Environment-friendly alternative source of energy (solar, wind, etc) Catching and killing of wildlife such as reticulated pythons, monitor lizards (bayawak), and wild birds, and taking out of the island wild plants such as bonsai are strictly prohibited. • Amount of energy used (electric bill)

Wildlife conservation

Trapped wildlife are freed at the dense vegetation Education of solid waste management Continued implementation of such from the residential level. • Less solid waste at the residential level • Increase in number of wildlife.


Solid waste management program for residents •

http://rapu-rapumining.com/ http://www.infomine.com/minesite/minesite.asp?site=rapurapu

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