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Thursday, December 2, 2010 Vol. 45 Issue No.

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PIRATE RADIO

Thursday, December 2, 2010

STAFF

Editors-in-Chief Jenny Cain Arianna Puopolo Managing Editors Rod Bastanmehr Julia Reis Copy Melinda Széll, chief Molly Kossoff Mimi Stroud Grace Watson Production Hilli Ciavarello, design director Rachel Adams Emily Chisholm Tess Goodwin Campus News Julie Eng, editor Ryan Mark-Griffin, editor Rosela Arce James Austin Dana Burd Rosa Castañeda Kara Foran City News Sarah Naugle, editor Rosie Spinks, editor Nicole Pritchard Susan Sun Mikaela Todd Rosanna Van Straten Sports Joey Bien-Kahn, editor Natalia Equihua Asa Hess-Matsumoto Arts and Entertainment Alejandro Trejo, editor Veronica Glover Chelsea Hawkins Politics and Culture Blair Stenvick, editor Stephanie Meade Maja Vojnovic Web Timothy Lindvall II, developer Photo/Illustration Rachel Edelstein, editor Morgan Grana, editor Isaac Miller, editor Andrew Allio Scott Haupenthal, videographer Louise Leong Bela Messex Nick Paris Molly Solomon Rosanna Van Straten Pat Yeung Prescott Watson Advertising Ryan Ayers, manager Alex Lattin Prescott Watson Business Brittany Thompson, manager

Public Discourse
Is water a right or a privilege?
Compiled by NATALIA EQUIHUA & ISAAC MILLER

“Water should be a right and everyone should have equal access to water resources, but not in excessive amounts.” SASHA CALDER SECOND-YEAR, COWELL ANTHROPOLOGY

“Obviously it should be a right, because we need water to live.” ANTHONY MORENO THIRD-YEAR, COLLEGE EIGHT BUSINESS

“A right that everyone should have and a privilege that I’m lucky enough to have.” CHRISTOPHER KNIGHT THIRD-YEAR, PORTER PSYCHOLOGY

“It depends. On campus, it is a right because we’re locked into a system. In other circumstances you have more control, so it is a privilege.” GABRIEL MARTIN THIRD-YEAR, COWELL ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES

About Us
City on a Hill Press is produced by and for UCSC students. Our primary goal is to report and analyze issues affecting the student population and the Santa Cruz community. We also serve to watchdog the politics of the UC administration. While we endeavor to present multiple sides of a story, we realize our own outlooks influence the presentation of the news. The CHP collective is dedicated to covering underreported events, ideas and voices. Our desks are devoted to certain topics: campus and city news, sports, arts and entertainment and politics and culture. CHP is a campus paper, but it also provides space for Santa Cruz residents to present their views and interact with the campus community. Ideally, CHP’s pages will serve as an arena for debate, challenge, and ultimately, change. City on a Hill Press is published weekly by the City on a Hill Press publishing group from the last week of September to the first week of June, except during Thanksgiving, winter and spring quarter breaks. The opinions expressed in this paper do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the staff at large, or the University of California.

Contact
General editorial (831) 459-2430 editors@cityonahillpress.com Advertising (831) 459-2444 advertising@cityonahillpress.com Friend us on Facebook facebook.com/cityonahillpress Business (831) 459-4350 Send letters to City on a Hill Press UCSC Press Center 1156 High St. Santa Cruz, CA 95064

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Thursday, December 2, 2010

Table of Contents
5 Out of State, Out of Mind
by RYAN MARK-GRIFFIN by KARA FORAN

6 STI Self-Test Up and Running 7 Event Calendar
compiled by TESS GOODWIN by MAJA VOJNOVIC by JAMES AUSTIN

8 The Age of the Virtual Classroom 10 Byron Baharona, World Traveler 11 Taking On the Big Waves 12 Through Our Lens
by SUSAN SUN by PRESCOTT WATSON by ASA HESS-MATSUMOTO

14 A Pirate’s Life for Free 16 Coaches Call an Audible
by NATALIA EQUIHUA
Photo by Nick Paris

Inner-Tube Water Polo 19
by JOEY BIEN-KAHN

Finnish Documentary Filmmaker Visits 21
by CHELSEA HAWKINS

Students STAND Up against Genocide 23
by MAJA VOJNOVIC

A Night in the Goth Scene

by SUSAN SUN

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editorials: The

Pope on Condoms 25 & Online Classes an Epic Fail ‘Tis a Gift to Be Simple 26 & Slug Comics

editorials:

Who the Hell Asked You?! 27
Photo by Morgan Grana

Cover illustration by Rachel Edelstein

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Regents to Increase Non-Resident Enrollment
UC approves 10 percent cap on non-California resident students
By Ryan Mark-Griffin Campus Co-Editor When New Jersey native Kana Abe was a senior in high school, she made a PowerPoint presentation to convince her parents that UCSC was the school for her. However, after just one quarter at the UC, she applied for transfer to Rutgers University back in her home state of New Jersey. “I have a twin sister and everything always has to be fair,” Abe said. “When I compared my expenses here at UCSC to hers at Rutgers, it was double what she was paying. After [that], I knew I would come home.” UC regents have made a goal of increasing out-of-state student enrollment to 10 percent of the total UC population. The $23,000 that these students bring to the university in annual fees is considered a way to mitigate the effects of state budget cuts. Campuses systemwide are scrambling to revamp recruitment of these high-paying students. UCSC is focusing mainly on Internet resources such as CollegeWeekLive as a method of recruiting high achieving students from out of state, but have also adjusted more active programs. This year, the “Taking UCSC Home” program — which utilizes student volunteers to outreach at high schools in their hometown — has been extended to winter break in an effort to increase participation of out-of-state students. Michelle Whittingham, associate vice chancellor of enrollment and director of admissions at UCSC, said high student fees and lack of financial aid puts the school at a disadvantage when recruiting out-of-state students. “Since 2007, we have seen a decrease in non-resident enrollment, which is directly related to fee increases,” Whittingham said. Whittingham said that UCSC has a lot to offer that is unique to the campus. “The key for us [when recruiting] is that a lot of students are looking for that out-of-state experience. We want to make sure people are aware of the quality of education we offer here.” At the same time that UC admissions offices step up their recruitment of students outside California, many non-residents are leaving the UC. Last year when Abe told her roommate — New Mexico resident Ginny Sullivan — that she was transferring, Sullivan tried to convince her to stay. Now, Sullivan too is applying to transfer out of California. Sullivan, a second-year, was attracted to UCSC because she wanted the challenge of being far away from home and because of the prestige of the UC. While she has enjoyed her experience here at UCSC, Sullivan says she does not feel it represents a higher quality of education than she could receive at less expensive universities in other states. An only child of two working parents, she questions whether the UC education she receives is worth the $23,000 more she pays than California residents. “I could go to another out-of-state school for in-state tuition through the western exchange program. Maybe my parents can scrape by and afford this,” Sullivan said. “But is that the right decision?” Sullivan said that despite feeling like she is paying for more than she receives, her experience at UCSC has been mostly positive. For this reason, she has not made a firm decision about whether on not she will leave California after this year. “I’m filling out the applications because I want the option to transfer,” Sullivan said. “I want to give this school a chance to win my heart this year. If at the end of the year I still feel the same underwhelming feeling about the quality of my education, I’m probably going to leave.”

Andrew Allio

GINNY SULLIVAN, a second-year from New Mexico, is one of many students considering leaving the University of California to find a more affordable and higher quality education.

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Campus

Thursday, December 2, 2010

Thursday, December 2, 2010

Campus

Health Center Introduces STI Self-Testing
New system to make process faster, promote sexual health
By Kara Foran Campus Reporter having to go through the entire medical process just to get a simple STD test done,” he said. Patients fill out a form and drop it in a cubby in front of the lab for a lab technician to pick up. The patient provides a urine sample for chlamydia and gonorrhea and a blood sample for syphilis and HIV, which are sent to an outside lab to get tested. But the STI self-test is not for everyone. Patients are encouraged to choose a test based on their specific needs. “If you have any symptoms at all, you are recommended to see a doctor,” Anderson said. “If it is asymptomatic, then the test could be for you.” Anderson recommended the website stdwizard.org, which offers a quiz that can help students assess whether the self-test is right for them. Clarifying a patient’s situation determines whether seeing a clinician, taking a self-directed test or even waiting to test will be most effective. “Maybe if you had unsafe sex last night, getting the STD test the next day isn’t going to do much for you, so you really need to kind of know when the best time to take it is,” Anderson said. Patient care coordinator Beth Hyde said that this STI test was introduced to provide more options for students who might be too embarrassed to get an STI test. “About a year ago we began to think of ways that we could reduce barriers to having students get tested,” she said. “Last winter, a survey was done on campus which demonstrated that half of the students on campus did not regularly ... protect themselves from sexually transmitted infections.” This survey motivated health center staff to involve more students in sexual health care. “[Students’] embarrassment or concern about having to reveal [their sexual history] to someone else prevented some students from getting tested,” Hyde said. “We wanted to give some students the opportunity to get tested without having to worry about having a difficult conversation.” Another resource that Hyde advocates is Student Health Outreach and Promotion. SHOP offers free, anonymous HIV testing. With the use of an oral swab, students can receive their results in 20 minutes. Outreach programs like SHOP and the STI self-test promote the idea that students should choose to be a part of their health care needs. Hyde emphasizes “really working with students to teach them how to take care of themselves and how to be healthy on their own,” to achieve this. The self-test encourages patients to be proactive about health by reinforcing the idea that health is dependent upon the doctor and the patient. “How do we acknowledge that the relationship between the provider and the student is a collaboration? It’s a partnership,” Hyde said. Despite the newness of the self-test, it maintains the same level of accuracy and anonymity as the patient-doctor test, Anderson said. The price is also the same: a $20 lab fee and individually-priced STI tests, ranging from $1.43 to $11.40. “I’m really excited about this. I’m really, really happy,” Hyde said. “It’s another example of the ways in which the Health Center has really looked to figure out how do we best serve our community and make people as healthy as we can.” Testing is offered in the basement of the Health Center every weekday from 9 a.m. to 12 p.m. (9:30 a.m. on Wednesdays). Anonymous HIV testing through SHOP is available Monday through Friday from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., in the Health Center.

Students can now test themselves for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Previously, patients had the sole option of making an appointment with a clinician to get tested for STIs. Now, a self-directed test is offered that eliminates the need to see a doctor. Doug Anderson, a fifth-year molecular, cell and developmental biology major, works at the health center as a phlebotomist, and as a lab and pharmacy technician. Anderson is one of the technicians who processes lab specimens for the test. “It just saves students time from

Illustration by Bela Messex

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CITY
Thursday, Dec. 2 • Concert: Hot Club of San Francisco. Kuumbwa Jazz Center. 7 p.m. $20 in advance, $23 at door. • Film: “Glenn Beck Live: Broke.” Regal Cinema 9. 8 p.m. • Concert: Population 5. The Catalyst. 9 p.m. $8 in advance, $10 at door. • Concert: Hot Club of San Francisco. Kuumbwa Jazz Center. $20 in advance, $23 at door. Doors open at 6 p.m. Show at 7 p.m. • Concert: Emily Bonn & The Vivants, The Bluetail Flies. The Crêpe Place. Doors open at 8 p.m. Show begins at 9 p.m. $7. Friday, Dec. 3 • Benefit Concert: “It’s a Beautiful Day, Superior Olive.” Kuumbwa Jazz Center. 8 p.m. $20 in advance, $25 at door. • Concert: Zed’s Dead, Vaski, Mark Instinct. The Catalyst. 8 p.m. $20 advance. • Concert: Passion Pit. Santa Cruz Civic Auditorium. 8 p.m. $30. • Concert: “Music for the Feast of Christmas.” Cabrillo Symphonic Chorus. Holy Cross Church. 8 p.m. $18–20. • Concert: Mylo Jenkins, New Heirlooms, And Hod, Eliza Rickman. The Crêpe Place. 9 p.m. $8. • Film: “The Nightmare Before Christmas.” Del Mar Theatre. 11:59 p.m. $6.50. Event repeats on Dec. 4. Saturday, Dec. 4 • Boutique: 4th Annual Holiday Gift Boutique. Louden Nelson Community Center. 11 a.m. to 6 p.m. • Concert: Elvin Bishop and Band. The Catalyst. $16 in advance, $19 at door. Doors open at 6:30 p.m. Show at 7:30 p.m. Ages 21 and up. • Concert: Brooke Fraser. Rio Theatre. 8 p.m. $12 in advance, $15 at door. • Performance: Planet Cruz Comedy Hour with Richard Stockton. Kuumbwa Jazz Center. 8 p.m. $20 in advance, $25 at door. • Concert: The Phenomenauts. The Crêpe Place. 9 p.m. $12. Sunday, Dec. 5 • Benefit Concert: “Jazz, Jazz, Jazz, Auction!” Kuumbwa Jazz Center. 1 p.m. $10–20. • Concert: The Vandals, Versus the World, Assorted Jellybeans. The Catalyst. 9 p.m. $12 in advance, $15 at door. • Concert: Animal Prufrock, Frootie Flavors. The Crêpe Place. 9 p.m. $7.

Monday, Dec. 6 • Concert: The Bad Plus. Kuumbwa Jazz Center. 7 & 9 p.m. $22 in advance, $25 at door. • Film: “Monty Python’s Life of Brian.” The Crêpe Place. 8 p.m. Tuesday, Dec. 7 • Concert: 7 Come 11. The Crêpe Place. 8 p.m. to 12 a.m. Free. Wednesday, Dec. 8 • Meeting: Environmental Impact Report Preparation. First Congregational Church from 12:30 to 2 p.m. New Brighton Middle School from 6:30 to 9 p.m. Free. • Concert: Boombox, Dark Party. The Catalyst. 9 p.m. $10 in advance, $12 at door. Ages 21 and up.

CAMPUS
Thursday, Dec. 2 • Lecture: “Indigenous Peoples, Markets and Rainforests: A Cross-Cultural Perspective from Ecuador’s Amazon.” Charles E. Merrill Lounge. 5:30 to 7 p.m. Free. • Reading: Living Writers series. Student reading. Humanities 206. 6 p.m. Friday, Dec. 3 • Art: Fall 2010 Open Studios. Baskin Visual Arts and Digital Arts Research Center, courtyard and studios. 12 to 4 p.m. Free. • Performance: Tandy Beal’s “Mixed Nutz! The Nutcracker Re-Mixed.” Presented by Theater Arts Department. Theater Arts Mainstage. 7 to 9 p.m. $17.50–32.50. Event repeats through Dec. 5. See arts.ucsc.edu for additional showtimes and ticket information. • Concert: “Laetentur Caeli: a program of masterworks for choir and orchestra by Joseph Haydyn and Camille Saint-Saëns.” UCSC concert choir and orchestra. Music Center Recital Hall. $10 general admission, $8 seniors, $6 students with ID. 7:30 p.m. to 9:30 p.m. Event repeats Saturday. Saturday, Dec. 4 • Class: Underwater Robotics Workshop. East Field Center OPERS Pool. 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Free. Monday, Dec. 6 • Seminar: “A Grassroots Account of Human Rights Promotion in Sudan.” Social Sciences 1 Room 261. 3:30 to 5 p.m. Free.

Compiled by Tess Goodwin cityonahillpress.com

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Event Calendar

Thursday, December 2, 2010

Event Calendar

University to Pilot Online Instruction
Distance learning programs change the face of higher education
By Maja Vojnovic Politics & Culture Reporter The University of California system is looking into implementing online classes through the UC Online Instruction Pilot Project. The project, created at UC Berkeley, will be implemented UC-wide March 2011. The UC Online Instruction Pilot Project will allow individual faculty members to propose an online course for the project and decide how the class should run. How exams will be proctored and how grades will be given depends in large part on the faculty members. Jessica Fiske-Bailey, assistant vice provost for Undergraduate Education, mentioned that technology could help the UC reach more people. “As state funding gets limited and costs increase, [the UC system] feels a great responsibility to provide accessible education,” Fiske-Bailey said. “There is a real commitment to provide education to people.” According to the UC Online Instruction Pilot Project’s website, the project will test whether online instruction can use technological tools to give undergraduates educational opportunities comparable to the quality classroom instruction offered at a UC. Students will be able to take a course from the comfort of their own dorm room or favorite coffee shop, rather than an overcrowded lecture hall. “If you have a virtual classroom, you may not be limited by location space,” Fiske-Bailey said. “The theory behind it is that you won’t be limited to taking classes at the location you’re located in.” UCSC students who cannot get into a class because it has reached its full capacity can instead take it as an online class at another UC. For example, if a legal studies class is already full at UCSC, but not at UCLA, a student can instead take it online from UCLA. Sophia Zeng, a UCSC thirdyear, was unaware of the efforts the UCs are making to introduce online classes, but thinks that online classes are a great idea. “[Online classes will allow] students who want to get ahead in their education or even students who don’t want to leave their house or dorm room to receive [an] education,” Zeng said. “It might even encourage students to ‘attend’ class without physically being there.” Jim Phillips, director of Learning Technologies at UCSC, mentioned that the university’s system is currently a hybrid, with a combination of online web-based tools and in-class experience. This new project will make UCSC’s current system available online — with virtual classrooms where students can interact with other students and the professor, Phillips said. However, certain hands-on classes will not be available online. These classes range from chemistry labs to studio drawing courses. Ideally, the project will allow students to see the lecture online, as the professor is giving it. Also, students will be able to key in questions during the online lecture. All lectures will be available on demand after the official lecture date. Although other institutions have already implemented programs like this successfully, there are some concerns that have yet to be addressed. Zeng worried that online classes might not work for all types of students. “Online classes could be [disadvantageous] for people who don’t have strong self-motivation and negatively affect a student’s ability to develop punctuality or good study habits,” Zeng said. At the recent regents meeting at UCSF, Regent Eddie Island advocated for distance education as a way to save money. He questioned whether this form of education was being looked at seriously as an alternative to increasing student fees. “There is no reason to use distance learning when the student fee pots remain available,” Island said. Opponents of the program are concerned that the loss of personalized instruction may affect students and faculty members negatively, if not planned out well. Zeng, an environmental studies major and education minor, said that if online classes are not planned out right, the inability to meet new people and friends in these kind of classes

would be detrimental to the overall college experience. “Online classes should be introduced. However, [the UC system] needs to realize that there will be positive and negative outcomes with such classes,” Zeng said. “This situation depends on each person’s learning ability and pace.” Phillips, director of Learning Technologies, does not doubt that the UC system will have online education. “We will have online education at the UCs,” Phillips said. “It’s just a question of if it will happen now or later.” If the project succeeds, students will be no longer restricted by classroom location, but will instead have a virtual classroom they can access from any location in the world, Fiske-Bailey said. “The world is so much bigger than we thought,” Fiske-Bailey said. “Our location should not limit us.”

Illustration by Rachel Edelstein

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Campus

Thursday, December 2, 2010

Thursday, December 2, 2010

Campus

Where in the World is Byron Barahona?
While studying abroad, Spanish professor learned about language, culture and himself
By James Austin Campus Reporter It was something that opened his eyes to the world, and the world became something he knew rather than envisioned. Studying abroad was much more than an academic experience — it was something that taught him about himself. On a sunny afternoon, Byron Barahona, lecturer in Spanish at UC Santa Cruz, sat down with City on a Hill Press to share his extensive experience studying abroad. He spoke deliberately, choosing his answers with care while punctuating them often with easy laughs. “If you follow your intuition, it may take you to interesting places — moments in your life and the discovery of experiences that you couldn’t imagine prior to that,” Barahona said. Born in Guatemala, Barahona has studied in six different countries and visited 40. He spent most of his time abroad in Paris, studying and researching French literature. Current students are completing their own study abroad applications as they plan what is one of the most unique experiences of their education, many through the UC’s Education Abroad Program. These applications are not to be taken lightly, as they determine where students may spend anywhere from a couple months to an entire year of time studying. Barahona’s own experiences reflect the impact studying abroad can have on a student’s education. After studying for a semester in Guatemala, Barahona began undergraduate studies at the University of Massachusetts in Boston for philosophy and for French literature. “Boston was a pretty tough place, not very used to immigrants from Latin America,” Barahona said. “It was my first encounter with a language I barely knew.” He credits the rapid progress he made learning English with his constant desire to be able to communicate and experience the cultures around him. In 1987, Barahona left Boston to study for a year in Paris. As a cultural hub in Europe, Paris was the perfect place to study the French language and literature. However, studying at the Sorbonne University was only a part of the experience. “There’s much more to French culture than its writers,” Barahona said with a nostalgic look on his face. “There’s the art, the food, there’s the joie de vivre, that attitude toward living a good life which, in many ways, influenced who I am, who I became.” One way these aspects of culture influenced him was in his appreciation of food. Barahona laughed as he related how he had always liked eating, but it wasn’t until he went to Paris that he began paying attention to the pairing of flavors with each other and with wines. “That was an amazing discovery, because it was a discovery of the senses in a way that I had not anticipated at all,” Barahona said. “In the end, it became a pretty good balance of that intellectual idealization I had of a life in Paris and the other areas which make us human.” Though he was constantly learning about French culture, it was an experience that took time. Learning the language simultaneously helped in his understanding, and became quite an experience on its own. “The progression of the language development in tandem with the life experience is something quite formidable, because it gradually opens up that culture to you,” Barahona said. “The realization that you can progress both in your understanding of the language and your understanding of the culture is simply quite amazing.” Barahona said that an unexpected aspect of study in Paris was a developing interest in his own culture. While traveling from Paris to other parts of Europe, Barahona encountered people who had “genuine and real questions [about Latin America] which they posted that I simply had not thought about. It made me

Photo by Molly Solomon

SPANISH PROFESSOR Byron Barahona has studied in six countries and visited 40. Barahona has expanded his cultural horizons and learned new languages through his travels. realize that there was something in Latin American culture that was worth pursuing.” At the end of his year in Paris, Barahona returned to Boston and added a third major, Latin American literature, to his philosophy and French literature studies. He graduated at the age of 26 and went on to pursue his doctorate at UC Berkeley. There, he continued studying French and Latin American literature, and added Italian to the list as he worked toward a degree in Romance languages in literature. As part of his studies, Barahona spent a summer in Florence, Italy and another in Lisbon, Portugal. He went back to France for a year and a half to do research, as well as traveling to Argentina and then back to Guatemala. “Eventually, the road led back to it,” Barahona said. If he could go back and spend more time somewhere he’s visited, he said, he would choose Germany. Barahona has visited almost all of Western Europe and spent some time in Germany with friends. While much of his academic time abroad has been studying and researching, six years ago he taught in Singapore while working for Stanford University. Of the many locales to which Barahona has not yet traveled, he said he would most like to see Japan. “I’ve never engaged with any Asian language,” he said. “Linguistically speaking, I would be very open to the challenge of studying something radically different from what I know.” Barahona has advice for anyone considering going abroad. “Being immersed in a culture that is totally different from yours is quite a shock,” he said. “Students who have the courage to go somewhere shouldn’t be discouraged by that initial encounter. What’s on the other side is worth exploring.”

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Photos by Nick Paris

WITH THE NEW NAME the Jay at Mavericks, the world-famous surf competition promises the same great waves and history making surf-runs, but its new management reflects a higher dedication to the sport and its players. By Asa Hess-Matsumoto Sports Reporter Lined up shoulder-to-shoulder stood a slew of sandy beach boys, all masters of their craft. The surfers, 24 strong, posed in front of their surfboards, fashioning themselves in the classic stance immemorial to surf history as photographers snapped pictures. For them, last Monday’s opening ceremony to the Jay Moriarty Big Wave Invitational was the dawn of a new chapter in big wave surf history. The opening ceremony was the culmination of a longstanding conflict between the surfers and the previous permit holder of the competition’s location, Mavericks Surf Ventures. In 2004, Mavericks Surf Ventures began hosting the Mavericks Big Wave Surf Invitational near Half Moon Bay. The company, named after the competition’s location, had annually attracted thousands of viewers to watch the daring surfers tackle the Goliath waves. The scene is a dream for many a big wave surfer: 80-foot swells, California sunshine and the biggest names in surfing around the world. Hawaiian big wave surfer Jamie Sterling, current leader in the Big Wave World Tour, recalls some of his best moments in surfing that happened at Mavericks. “Mavericks generates the perfect swells,” Sterling said. “It breaks in a defined reef location consistently, and has some of the biggest waves in the world. The Jay pushes the evolution of big wave surfing to the next level by bringing together the most stellar athlete line-up from around the world. In this way, all oceans meet at Mavericks.” But in recent years, the competition has been mired in poor management, angering both the surf competitors and the competition’s sponsors, veteran surfer Grant Washburn said. “[Mavericks Surf Ventures] was going to do whatever it wanted to do, regardless of what we thought,” Washburn said. “They were taking all of the money provided by the competition’s sponsors to spend on other company events and merchandise. They wouldn’t — no, couldn’t — pay the judges, the staff or even the prize money to the winning surfers.” Washburn’s comments reflected the attitude of the international surfing community as a whole, unhappy with Mavericks Surf Ventures for commercializing one of the largest surf events in the globe. “When they forced Jeff [Clark] out of the competition, the guy who made Mavericks what it is today, none of the surfers were happy then,” Washburn said. “When they were cutting the smaller prizes out to just give one big prize to the top winner, we weren’t happy then either. But we all banded together then just as we are now … [Mavericks Surf Ventures] had this coming.” In October, the Half Moon Bay Surf Group, composed of veteran Mavericks competitors in conjunction with Barracuda Networks, succeeded in a prolonged campaign against Mavericks Surf Ventures over the permit for the competition’s location. The competition, renamed the Jay Moriarty Big Wave Invitational — or “the Jay,” for short — is named after the late Jay Moriarty, an avid surfer who died in a diving accident. In the huddle of Moriarty’s friends and family at the opening ceremony, not a single story passed without describing him as “stoked.” But more than just the event’s name has changed. One third of this year’s competitors hail from Santa Cruz, the rest coming from other prominent international surf spots such as Australia, South Africa, Brazil and other U.S. surf locales. Kenny “Skindog” Collins, winner of Billabong’s 2010 XXL Ride of the Year, is one of the surfers from Santa Cruz invited to compete at the Jay this season. “We’re a real close community,” Collins said. “You can see we’re all out here just doing what we love doing most. Now that the old management, Mavericks [Surf Ventures] is out, and we, the surfers, are in, things are awesome. No other contest is run like this.” The event has had an overhaul in its managing scheme, now being geared as a non-profit event — its earnings going towards supporting local charities. The invitations to the event are now allocated based on a vote among the surfers handling the Jay, as opposed to being chosen by Mavericks Surf Ventures. In short, every facet of the world-renowned competition is now solidly in the hands of its surfers. “These shores have a global reputation and a dedicated bunch of dudes who love to surf them,” Collins said. “It’s no surprise that so many surfers from Santa Cruz — surf culture central — should care about what happens at Mavericks.” To see the wave riders out on the water and hear the shore roar from the beachside crowd, it’s clear that Mavericks this year belongs to none other than the surfers themselves.

KENNY COLLINS, a Santa Cruz veteran surfer (third from the left), bows his head with other competitors in the Jay Moriarty Mavericks Surf Competition. The surfers remembered Jay Moriarty, a friend and fellow surfer for whom the contest is named. Moriarty was killed in a tragic diving accident in the Maldives in 2001.

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Sports

Thursday, December 2, 2010

SURFERS competition THE BIGdeal, old faces MEET welcomes new WAVES Opening ceremony of

Thursday, December 2, 2010

Photography

THROUGH OUR LENS
Photography & Words by Prescott Watson
Landscapes are probably the hardest images to capture. People work wonders: Introducing them quickly brings depth and a story to the piece. Portraits are challenging because, like spices, people often need to be presented carefully to show their character. In a way, the photographer needs to be the salt that compliments and highlights the subjects’ personality and characteristics. These are some people I’ve photographed recently.
To view more photographs from this week’s Through Our Lens, visit cityonahillpress.com.

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PICTURED COUNTERCLOCKWISE: Jungkyun Watson, Gehe Baek, Felix Watson. FROM TOP TO BOTTOM on opposing page: Alex Iorfino, Valerie Le, Felix Watson.

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Photography

Thursday, December 2, 2010

Santa Cruz Signature Pirate Radio Station in Its 15th Year of Operation

Thursday, December 2, 2010

Feature

Playing a cat-andmouse game with the federal marshals, Free Radio Station continues to broadcast as a pirate radio station

By Susan Sun City Reporter Photos by Rosanna Van Straten

A

narchist posters and stickers cover every inch of the room. CDs pour off the shelves of the wall, and a giant pirate flag is raised high, draping across the room. This is the secret broadcasting center of Free Radio Santa Cruz. For over a decade and a half, Free Radio Santa Cruz — 101.1 FM — has been operating without a license from the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), and it doesn’t want one. Back in 1995, a handful of activists set up the lowpowered pirate radio broadcast station, using their meager $1,000 to pay for a transmitter, antennae, tape and CD players, and a mixing board. The station was 15-watts and broadcasted from a bedroom on Avalon Street. “We at the FRSC generally agree that it’s very important to control communication without asking for permission from the government,” said John Malkin, host of the Great Leap Forward Wednesdays

from 7 to 9 p.m. on FRSC. “We want to self-control what we say without government regulation. People at FRSC have different ideas of what free speech really means.” While other forms of media do not require a license from the government in order to operate — newspapers, magazines, Internet websites all publish without certification — radio and television are more closely monitored. “For some reason the government has decided that the first amendment doesn’t apply to radio and television,” said Louis LaFortune, FRSC host of Resistance and Renewal. “They have all these rules about what we can say, and what we can’t.” Many other licensed radio stations are limited to what they are allowed to air, not only through federal regulations, but also through corporate influence. LaFortune feels that those sponsored by mega-corporations may be forced to compromise their

content for fear of having their funding revoked.   “Whenever you take money from anybody, you’re compromised. That’s why I support free radio because we’re allowed to do anything we want,” LaFortune said. For example, Ford, Walmart, Chevron and the U.S. State Department are some of the corporations that fund National Public Radio, or NPR. Ten percent of their money comes from the government. For the folks at FRSC, that 10 percent gives the government too much leverage. In many ways, FRSC’s unlicensed broadcasting is a reaction to this kind of control over the media. “Mainstream media is not really ‘mainstream,’” LaFortune said. “Corporations are outside of the mainstream. They do not represent the mainstream and I’d like to get ‘mainstream media’ out of everybody’s vocabulary.” While the corporate media was beating

the drums for war, LaFortune said that in terms of airing voices from both sides on the radio regarding the growing conflict in the Middle East, NPR was one of the worst. It had, at most, one antiwar activist caller broadcasted on the air. There were essentially no left-leaning voices represented on their airwaves, which really skewed the censuses’ view. “This is the amount of control that the federal government has on NPR,” LaFortune said. “They self-censor. That’s the problem with so called ‘public radio.’ Some people censor themselves because they don’t want to stick their neck out. They could lose their jobs, their careers. I’m not going to lose anything here.” Most members at FRSC prefer to operate independently as a pirate radio station. And under current US media policies, FRSC doesn’t actually have much of a choice. “Even if we wanted to go legal, we

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couldn’t do it. There are just not enough frequencies available,” LaFortune said. In 1996, when Bill Clinton signed the Telecommunications Act, he turned the communications business into an open market with free competition. As a result, mega-corporations were able to capitalize on communication businesses. Air One Radio Network and Clearchannel now have over 1000 stations. “That’s wrong,” said LaFortune. “Everybody should get one.” It’s more than just conglomerate takeover that the FRSC is fighting off. A registered radio station can be closely monitored for language and content, and can be immediately tracked down if they are not complying with FCC standards. Pirate radio stations serve as a threat to the FCC because their content cannot be tracked and monitored. In addition, broadcast airwaves transmitted from a pirate radio station can interfere with certain licensed stations that operate at a neighboring frequency. But FRSC has always been attentive to such occurrences of interference, yielding stations whenever conflicts arise. They are currently operating on their third frequency. In 2004, when Air 1 Christian was granted a license to the frequency FRSC had been operating on, FRSC forfeited the frequency and relocated up the dial from 96.3 FM to 101.1 FM. Listeners unaware of the change were in for a surprise when they tuned in to their favorite radio station and were greeted instead with Christian rock music. In spite of efforts made by FRSC to remain a peaceful radio station, the FCC has continued to tail the station. On September 29, 2004, a swarm of FCC agents and a dozen heavily armed federal marshals launched a full raid on the low-powered local radio station.  The agents shut down FRSC and forcefully seized all of the station’s operating equipment, worth about $8000. “Philosophically we do not agree with the FCC’s right to regulate us. We think we are within the law and we’re not true pirates. The way I see it, the FCC stole all our equipment during that raid,” LaFortune said. However, with the perseverance of the team of radio broadcasters and with strong support from their listeners in the community, FRSC was able to continue broadcasting as a pirate radio station less than a month after the raid. A benefit bers of the radio station continue to opt for a license-free existence. The members generally agree that although this constant game of cat-and-mouse with the FCC certainly imposes grueling limitations, the consequences attached to FCC regulation are far worse. Under FCC regulations, you have to identify your radio station in a certain way, members of FRSC said, explaining that there are permit fees and only certain frequencies on which you can operate. FRSC defies federal control of the radio airwaves because they say that local control of community media produces more credibility. Programs hosts voluntarily invest their time in producing their shows. So earning a paycheck does not influence their content. “We have a certain mission we strive to achieve. We are based on nonviolence and we want to be noncommercial. We want to be free from that realm of capitalism and commercialism,” said John Malkin, host of “The Great Leap Forward.” “In the broadest sense, we can use whatever language we want and we are unlimited on what we talk about,” he said. “We choose to self-regulate.” Free Radio Santa Cruz Host of “Soup’s Kitchen” Scott Erickson acknowledges some of the benefits attached to unlicensed broadcasting. “Believe it or not, I had that KZSC show, and I could put two people in the studio. If I had one other person there, I would be violating the radio standards, and I could get kicked off. Matter of fact, I did get kicked off for such a thing,” Erickson said. “The idea that I could just have anyone come and go, and they could say whatever they want. That is the biggest advantage in the world.” “Being able to swear on the air is a beautiful thing,” he added. UCSC student Bryan May also reaps the benefits of Free Radio Santa Cruz’s informal pirate policy. Through FRSC’s open screening process, May was able to host his own show, Fun in the Oven. “By allowing creative individuals in the Santa Cruz community to submit applications to host their own original program on the station, this gives anyone in the community an opportunity to have their voice be heard,” May said. “It’s very accessible. I always try to convince my friends to do shows.” May said the screening process is simple: “Anyone can pretty much do their own show as long as they’re not being an asshole. It’s free speech, but it’s also hatefree speech.” Free Radio isn’t just resigned to local listeners. FRSC also streams all its content online at freakradio.org for Internet users. Katherine Lee, an online listener, expressed her reasons for listening to Free Radio Santa Cruz. “I always tune in to Free Radio to listen to my friends’ show,” Lee said. “I recognize some of the voices on the air. It’s exciting to be so closely connected to the media.” For the most part, U.S. policy does not come down too hard on pirate radio broadcasting, which enables any station with enough perseverance to continue operating for years on end. “None of the members at Free Radio are in danger of going to prison. No one’s ever been fined or had to pay any money. The liability we have is very little,” LaFortune said. “In other countries, pirate radio is a serious business.” FRSC currently operates with a monthly cost of about $750. Radio hosts are thus able to pay an affordable $25 to $30 a month to do their own show. It costs thousands of dollars more to operate under a licensed antenna. Licenses have to be renewed and repaid each year. Some assert that due to the nature of radio, there should be no charge at all. “A lot of people don’t feel that it should cost money because we’re using airwaves, which is a natural resource,” said Malkin,

“Whenever you take money from anybody, then you’re compromised. That’s why I support free radio, because we’re allowed to do anything we want.” — Louis LaFortune, FRSC Resistance and Renewal host

concert was thrown to help raise money for replacing the lost equipment. After the raid, FRSC relocated to a new broadcasting venue. Now it keeps the transmitter and equipment separate. FRSC still receives threatening letters from the FCC. But it avoids raids by dutifully unplugging its antenna and replanting it in a new secret location every few months. Notwithstanding the burden of having the FCC constantly on their tail, mem-

LEFT: Scott Erickson, host of Soup’s Kitchen, exercises the power of free speech on the air by humorously reciting the notorious “seven dirty words” that are forbidden for broadcast on public airwaves.

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Feature

Thursday, December 2, 2010

Feature

Who cares about sports at UCSC?
The university proves to be a revolving door for head coaches
Photos by Nick Paris

By Natalia Equihua
Sports Writer
Everything is silent on the UC Santa Cruz campus. The soccer fields are empty, the pool remains in complete stillness, and the volleyball courts are closed. There is only the echo of a frenetic crowd cheering for their teams during the season, but the season is over. It is summer, and this also means another coach has to depart. Coach Selene Teitelbaum calls for a team meeting. For the women’s volleyball team, this is just a preseason reunion, but Teitelbaum is trying to choose the right words to break the news: The previous day she signed a contract to join Winona State University’s coaching staff. Her words leave the team speechless. Their silence speaks loudly about the sad situation of sports at UCSC. “It wasn’t something we saw coming,” said thirdyear Alyssa Trakes, current captain of the women’s volleyball team. “We were very sad to see her leave. She told us that she was offered a position as a coach for a Division II school. We all understood that she had an incredible opportunity that she couldn’t pass up.” At UCSC, one or two coaches leave every year. They find work at other campuses with better opportunities, better salaries, a higher level of competition, full-time positions and a bigger budget that supports sports. Coaches leaving their teams at such a high rate over the years can limit the development of NCAA university teams. This has also turned into an issue for the student-athletes who are unable to develop their athletic skills to their full extent, as they have to keep adjusting to different coaching styles with every coach that comes into the university. Former D-III school UC San Diego has gone through funding problems and coach turnover as well. However, thanks to the support they received from the administration and the student body, UCSD became a D-II school. UCSC still lacks this support. “[UCSC] is a great place to gain experience in the coaching profession,” Teitelbaum said in an e-mail. “Unfortunately, due to the lack of support from the university, it is almost impossible to make a living as a coach at UCSC. Coaches are forced to look elsewhere.”

A History of Inconsistency
Over the past two years, four coaches have left their UCSC teams. In 2009 Nikki Turner, head coach of the women’s basketball team, and Dan Chamberlain, head of the men’s soccer team, left for Cal State East Bay and Stanford University, respectively. And in the summer of 2010, in addition to Teitelbaum’s departure, Adam Boothe, head coach of the women’s cross country team, decided to try Winona State University. Throughout the history of the athletic department at UCSC, the high number of coaches leaving the institution has remained steady and is comparatively higher than the average D-III school. Athletic Department Executive Director Andrews said the main reasons coaches leave the school are career advancement with full-time jobs, and their aspirations to work in a D-I or D-II school. “The bottom-line is that [UCSC] doesn’t have any career positions in coaching,” Andrews said. “If you want to [coach] as a career, this isn’t the place to do it.” Because of a lack of financial support, the athletic department has to hire coaches in a by-agreement

MEN’S TENNIS head coach Bob Hansen shows his display of trophies. Over his 30-year tenure as head coach at UCSC, he has won 10 national titles with his team.

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Thursday, December 2, 2010
contract. This means that on average the coaches receive $10,000 a year, and they don’t receive medical benefits. “I realized if I was going to further my coaching career it was time to move on. It certainly had nothing to do with the runners, or people in the department,” Boothe said. “When an athletic department receives little to no support from the University, it was just something I couldn’t be a part of anymore. Being a coach [at UCSC] can ruin coaching sometimes.” There are only three full-time coaches at UCSC: Bob Hansen, men’s tennis coach; Kim Musch, head of the swimming and diving team; and Michael Runeare, current head coach of the men’s soccer team. The three coaches gained their titles because they also work as P.E. teachers or hold other positions inside the athletic department. This also means they get paid roughly $2,000 more than the average coach. The rest of the coaching staff is forced to find alternative jobs to help them pay the bills in Santa Cruz, as they are unable to support themselves on a UCSC coach’s salary. For former UCSC women’s cross country coach Boothe, who currently works as an assistant cross country and track and field coach at Winona State University, the salary was a major concern during his tenure at UCSC. “The average NCAA Division III coach makes around $32,000 per year. UCSC doesn’t pay any of their coaches full-time,” Boothe said. “I owned a running store in town to sustain myself. At Winona State I make enough to sustain myself from coaching alone.” To sustain herself as the women’s basketball head coach, Nikki Turner had to serve as the assistant of the athletic director and the sports information director as well, while at UCSC. “I had two other busy full-time jobs on campus and it was really difficult concentrating in all [of my jobs],” Turner said. “Trying to do that and practice, and then trying to do recruiting was hard. It really makes it harder for the coach to develop the program.” In 2009, a few months before Nikki Turner left, Dan Chamberlain gave up the men’s soccer team head coaching position to go to Stanford and become an assistant coach. He knew that he was not only heading to a Division I school, but also, he said, to a place where he could learn from coaches with more experience. After a year at Stanford, he is now an assistant coach of the Division I Dons at the University of San Francisco. “There’s a staff of coaches that are here full-time, whereas in Santa Cruz it was me plus a couple of part-time people trying to help as much as they could,” Chamberlain said. “My responsibilities [at USF] are more in detail than they were in UCSC. When you have four people working 40 to 60 hours a week, you can get a lot more done.” Although some coaches cannot fully develop their coaching skills at UCSC, Ryan Andrews said the school has an appeal to some coaches who are just beginning their coaching experience. “Here we give coaches with limited experience the opportunity to work as head coaches, something that not many schools do,” he said. “However, ideally they would have a career as coaches.” was created. “The difference between UCSD and UCSC is that their athletics was separated from recreations. Here it’s all in one same department,” he said. “In their case, someone decided to make an athletic department and fund it. “Here, the decision to have athletics came from within the recreation program. Usually it is the university’s administration the one that decides to create an athletic program.” In only 10 years, UCSD has shown that, when both the students and the administration are interested in a wholly successful university, there are steps that can be taken to provide the required funding to every department — this includes athletics. with women’s cross country coach Boothe. After six months of training together, Coach Boothe announced he was leaving. “I understood it was a good opportunity for him to go to a Division II school. It is admirable and respectable,” Hoyt said. “[But] it’s sad that the [athletic programs] cannot be more competitive. They need more support. Passion can only go so far without it.” For the athletic department, recruiting new athletes is more difficult than it is for other teams because of the inconsistency in the coaching staff. Andrews explained that student-athletes want some assurance that the coach that recruited them before coming to the university is going to be there, so they know what they will obtain from the program. For those who are already part of the team, the transition also poses difficulties. “If athletes are used to one way of thinking and doing things, it takes time to adjust to another way of doing things,” said former women’s vol-

Tritons Find the Right Balance

Blue and gold flutters everywhere. It is not only in their clothes and in their banners — the colors are inside every student and every athlete. The crowd never stops cheering: “Triton power, triton power. UCSD! Fight, fight, fight.” The noise is overwhelming, but even then, the loudness is what makes you feel at home. This is a common scenario for the UCSD Tritons, The Struggle of the Student-Athlete but for the UCSC Slugs, this kind of interest in sports has not yet been developed. One year ago, second-year history Ten years ago, UC San Diego was in major Tyler Hoyt decided to come to Division III, alongside UCSC. Today, the UCSC, where there is no men’s track UCSD Tritons not only have moved up divisions, but they stand as one of the best team, because his high school track and field coach had recommended he train D-II schools in the country. In 2009, UCSD was ranked first in Division II and seventh in all schools, according to the National Collegiate Scouting Association (NCSA) Power Rankings, which bases its results on student-athlete graduation rates, academic strength and athletic prowess of the university. UCSC, meanwhile, was only ranked No. 79 on the list of Division III schools. In 2007, UCSD students decided to pass a fee-referendum to charge $78 per quarter in order to help the athletic department keep growing. According to the UCSD Triton’s website, this fee allowed the school to increase the budget that the NCAA requires for D-II schools from $250,000 to $300,000. With enough funding, the first step UCSD’s athletic department took after becoming D-II in 2000, was to turn all its part-time head coaches into full-time coaches, with an average salary of $50,000 a year. However, the changes to the program were more than just budgetary. UCSD athletic director Earl Edwards said that there is an intrinsic importance in having a consistent coaching staff, together with a strong athletic department. He said this is why the UCSD’s sports program has been so successful. “The athletic department is a place for personal development. Coaches spend four years with the athletes. They spend a lot of time practicing and getting to know them on a personal level — they get to serve as mentors, they get to know things about them outside of the classroom,” Edwards said. “The athletic department gives the student-athletes more of a holistic approach to education.” Andrews sees more complexity in Illustration by Rachel Edelstein the way UCSC’s athletic department

Continued on p. 22

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Continued from p. 15

host of “The Great Leap Forward.” Although the United States doesn’t prosecute violation of media regulations as severely as some other countries do, members of Free Radio Santa Cruz still said that there is still a lot of room for improvement in U.S. media policy. “We have all this fabulous wealth in this country, but the media is so poor in the amount of issues it covers,” LaFortune said. “The whole point of having pirate radio is to assert that the airwaves belong to the public.” Free Radio listener and UCSC student David Dines celebrates FRSC’s defiance of federal regulations. “Under these open parameters you have more freedom of con-

Pirate Radio

tent,” Dines said. “By allowing anyone to have a show, it appeals to a wider range of people instead of just one demographic. Different kinds of people are able to produce what they want to produce instead of what they’re allowed to produce. There’s a kind of authenticity to that which you don’t get from other stations.” FRSC continues to broadcast 24 hours a day, seven days a week, 365 days a year — all while hiding its whereabouts from the FCC. Despite a 15-year struggle of battling it out with FCC, FRSC continues to survive and thrive. In its broadcasting studio, the signature pirate flag proudly waves. Free Radio Santa Cruz still stands.

Rosanna Van Straten

SOUP’S ON: Scott Erickson hosts “Soup’s Kitchen” on Free Radio Santa Cruz. The station broadcasts without a license from the Federal Communications Commission

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INNER-TUBE TEAM BLOWS ITS COMPETITION OUT OF THE WATER
Kekoomba’s 21-game winning streak secures third straight water polo championship
By Joey Bien-Kahn Sports Editor The night of the championship was frigid and dark, save the silver shine off a full moon that hung lazily in the east. A single star pierced through a coal-black southern sky, above the silhouette of a forest of evergreens, while smoke clouds rose from the rain-peppered pool. And yet, two teams braved the elements — screaming, scrapping and splashing toward the ultimate goal. The Kekoomba, which has gone three straight quarters without losing a match, faced off with the team We Are Really Good and Stuff in the innertube water polo championship on Nov. 21. The two had met during the regular season and We Are Really Good and Stuff put up an incredible fight, losing by only one goal. The members of We Are Really Good and Stuff are smiley and easy-going. Kekoomba team members are big, strong, cocky and mean. This could have been a David and Goliath story. But the reason that story is still told is that most of the time, the rock does not connect directly between the eyes. Most of the time the giant kills the little boy. The Kekoomba dominated the match 29-11, continuing their 21-game winning streak (not including forfeits) and capturing the team’s third straight championship. “We dominate, definitely, anyone who steps in that pool,” said third-year Laura Rudolph, whose teammates call her the Kekoomba’s MVP. “I think that’s the perfect word to describe it: dominance.” Rudolph rarely missed a shot, leading her team with eight goals, which accounted for 16 of the Kekoomba’s 29 points (goals by women count for two), half of which were assisted by third-year Taylor Moxon. The Kekoomba paddled down the pool faster and fought for the ball more aggressively, making points nearly impossible to come by for We Are Really Good and Stuff. The Kekoomba played a perfect match. A team does not win 21 consecutive games by chance. The inner-tube water polo championship three-peat displays a dominance rarely seen in sport. “I would rank us somewhere around the Bulls dynasty,” thirdyear Nick Armell said. True, Michael Jordan’s Chicago Bulls did twice threepeat, but they were far from undefeated. A winning streak like the Kekoomba’s rarely happens. The team has found success by keeping its talented squad together every quarter. Much of the roster played water polo in high school. And with a consistent roster, the team gets better every intramural season. The Kekoomba is a dynasty: the Patriots, the Lakers and the Yankees of inner-tube water polo. They are Muhammad Ali, Mike Tyson, Babe Ruth and Barry Bonds. They are Da Vinci, using a yellow ball to paint the Mona Lisa every time they enter the pool. We are taught that perfection is an unattainable goal — just out of humanity’s reach. And yet, the Kekoomba has been perfect for three straight years. William Faulkner once said: “All of us failed to match our dreams of perfection.” Clearly, he had never seen the Kekoomba play inner-tube water polo. Fourth-year Daniel Rozen promised that Kekoomba would defend its title this winter. As he pulled his UCSC intramural championship T-shirt over his head, he grinned, nodded and said: “We are thoroughly apologetic to those who dare face us. We got to win it again. We need a shirt for every day of the week.”

Photos by Morgan Grana

INNER-TUBE WATER POLO team Kekoomba has won its 21st game in a row. During its last match Nov. 21, the team beat We Are Really Good and Stuff by 29-11.

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Sports

Thursday, December 2, 2010

Molly Solomon

FILMMAKER SUSANNA HELKE discusses her film “White Sky” and her latest project “Playground,” which were both shown on campus. A guest in the Film and Digital Media Visiting Artists series, Helke answered questions ranging from her inspirations and future projects to the technical aspects of how she produced the films.

Finnish director visits campus, shows documentary on environmental disaster and social survival
By Chelsea Hawkins Arts & Entertainment Reporter Images of a steely gray desolate landscape spread across the screen as a voiceover speaks steadily and poetically about relationships, family and the nickel factory that looms over and dominates a small Russian town. This is the opening of Finnish director Susanna Helke’s film “White Sky,” a documentary that follows the story of a family in Northern Russia. The family is financially dependent on a local nickel factory that negatively impacts them physically and environmentally. As the film shadows the family of three, it treats their lives with a tone of neutrality. Helke lets the individuals share their story through the slow unraveling of their daily lives — what Helke calls “the Slavic slowness” — rather than through abrupt scenes of intense action or unconcealed emotion. Within this apparent “slowness,” the focus on the “banal,” the barrenness of landscapes, the coiling smoke from the factory, and the narrator’s explanation of treatment to remove metal from her and her family’s bodies illustrate the situation and bring it to life. For Porter fourth-year film student Ally Bobus, the visual of the films and their presentation were “really beautiful [and] really different from most documentaries we get to see.” The change of pace in the film and the ways in which it diverges from traditional documentary film made the experience, for Bobus, “almost a cultural thing.” Working between Helsinki, Finland and San Francisco, Helke is a documentary filmmaker who often focuses on disenfranchised youth, and is visiting as part of the Film and Digital Media Visiting Artist Series. Helke has a history with UC Santa Cruz, as she has worked and done research with the film and digital media department. Associate professor in film and digital media Irene Gustafson explained that the draw to Helke’s films was the unique way they represented and told a story. “[‘White Sky’ is] so dramatic, but it’s not dramatic in the way we usually think about film,” Gustafson said. “It’s about the drama of living in an area of environmental disaster. I think her films are incredibly curious and intensely visual.” Helke said she does not want to portray the family of “White Sky” or any of other individuals in her films as victims. “I don’t see these people as victims,” Helke said, “but I think in documentary tradition … films see some kind of social problem … something that is wrong that has to be corrected, and the strategy to do that is to find … victims and not really look at them, or look at how they are but [use] them as examples or [use] them to promote the agenda, the agenda of change. For me, it’s more about exploring how people survive.” As Helke discusses her work, she makes clear that she is not interested in painting a specific social picture of the family, nor is she interested in delivering a neatly wrapped message. Instead, she wants viewers to infer the film’s message on their own by experiencing the film through the characters. By denying the viewer easily accessed ideas and leaving the films open-ended, Helke is opting to set herself apart from the tradition of documentary film making. “[Viewer response is] something you don’t even want to control,” Helke said. “I feel like if you can [make the audience] feel the world through that mergence, that experience of kind of getting inside that [character’s] skin and see the world through that perspective, I think that’s really important.” While Helke’s approach to story-telling is through the lens of documentary, she does not hold herself to the “classical, puritanical” tradition of documentary filmmaking, but she seeks out an “emotional element.” Helke’s divergence from the mode of traditional documentary filmmaking was recognized immediately by individuals within the audience. Associate professor of film and digital media Gustavo Vazquez appreciated the ways in which Helke played with the boundaries of genre, specifically in her short film “Playground,” which was simultaneously a more structured narrative and a documentary. “[Helke] likes to blur the notion of narrative with documentary,” Vazquez said. “[The characters] are social actors, playing themselves on different subjects.” For Helke, an easily definable film — a film that fits neatly into one category — is unnatural and “paralyzing.” “I was just never able to make documentaries any other way,” Helke said. Currently, Helke is working on a new documentary discussing the large number of homeless queer youth within the United States. The film, similar to “White Sky” and “Playground,” focuses on “things that are in the shades of normal life” and “[gives] voice to people who don’t usually have it,” she said. The experience of a film like Helke’s, for people like Gustafson, is an opportunity to see a new perspective on the ways individuals interact and behave. “There’s a productive way where [Helke is] really interested in working with real people to create caricatured versions of themselves,” Gustafson said. “[She’s] interested in the way we’re always playing characters, performing roles.” The Film and Digital Media Visiting Artists series continues throughout the 2010–2011 academic year. Other visiting filmmakers include Eric Stanley and Chris Vargas Jan. 24, Travis Wilkerson Feb. 7, Rebecca Baron April 4, and Wynne Greenwood April 25.

Filmmaker Pushes Boundaries of Genre

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No champions without instruction
Continued from p. 17
leyball coach Teitelbaum. Students who have gone through the process of changing coaches in the middle of their collegiate athletic career believe that the transition does affect the team. Coach Teitelbaum’s former player and current team captain Alyssa Trakes said a consistent coaching staff is central to a team’s development. “Comfortability with coaching style is really important in most sports because it allows the athletes to build up a strong relationship and understanding with their coach,” Trakes said. “When there are frequent changes in coaching staff, the comfortability obviously decreases.” Chamberlain, former head coach of the men’s soccer team, says that the current situation of the department is “unfair for everyone” and that it should take a determinate direction. “If [UCSC’s administration] wants the department to have true student-athletes, then Division III is a good place to be, and then the university needs to fund the department accordingly,” he said. “If they think that they shouldn’t have an athletic department, then they should get rid of it, and have sports clubs only.” way and let me create this wonderful team,” Hansen said. “I’ve had chances to leave but I was so committed to what I wanted to accomplish here; I wanted to have the best program in the country and I just kept focused on that.” To him, the reality of the athletic department is sad, but shouldn’t be seen as an obstacle in making a team successful. “Many coaches have remained at UCSC because they love the challenge. If you’re easily discouraged, it’s not a good place for you as a coach,” he said. “I used to think that there’re a lot of places where you can coach if you are successful, but if you can face the challenges here, you know you’re good.” The current administration at UCSC is also becoming publicly aware of the difficulties that the athletic department has been facing over the years. As a result, UCSC vice chancellor Alma Sifuentes decided to make a report about the sports program in the university. The intention is to develop measures to improve the athletic department’s current situation. Although this document hasn’t been approved by the school’s administration, executive director of the athletic department Andrews said that among its proposals is having full-time coaches. However, given the economical situation of the school, right now “it is not realistic to improve [the coach’s] salaries,” he said. Coach Boothe doesn’t consider this a matter of selecting academics over athletics, or the other way around. Instead, he said that to be one of the best universities, “it is important to acknowledge all of your students’ interests, talents, and pursuits... it’s about supporting all of your students.” The debate is still going on between the athletic department and the administration as they decide how to better support sports at UCSC. Meanwhile, the studentathletes at UCSC believe that they are the ones who will continue to deal with the inconsistencies of the program. “[UCSC has] a great program with a huge potential,” Trakes, captain of the women’s volleyball team said. “However, our potential is being incredibly limited by the lack of support.”

Getting on the Right Track
In a small office overlooking the OPERS facilities sits one of the few coaches that have been at UCSC for over three decades despite the adversity and the lack of funding. Thirty-three years after he first came to UCSC, Coach Bob Hansen sits smiling as he looks around the walls of his office. He is surrounded by tokens of his achievements: photographs celebrating championships, certificates that show his years of experience, and awards, both for coaching and for his overall team. In his 30 years as head coach of the men’s tennis team, he has been named Coach of the Year four times by the Intercollegiate Tennis Association (ITA) and has won 10 national championships in his tenure, which is the most of any NCAA D-III tennis team. “Early on I wasn’t given a lot of support, but everyone just stood out of my

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Drumming for Peace in Sudan
Student organization STAND seeks to fight genocide and civil war

Photos by Nick Paris

MUSIC PROFESSORS PARTICIPATE in a drum circle to raise awareness of the Jan. 9 referendum in Sudan. The local chapter of STAND, a student organization that works to fight genocide, held the event. Members say that if the referendum passes, the outbreak of civil war and possible genocide may be less likely in the region.

By Maja Vojnovic Politics and Culture Reporter Rhythmic African beats echoed throughout Quarry Plaza on Nov. 22, grabbing the attention of students on their way to the bookstore. STAND, a new student anti-genocide coalition, hosted a drum circle in the hopes of promoting awareness of the current crisis in Southern Sudan. Guest speaker at the event and UCSC lecturer in psychology Tony Hoffman, said that drum circles in Africa are traditionally meant to bring people together. Some students stopped and took pictures of the large drum circle with their cell phone cameras, while others joined in. One of the organization’s current goals is to raise awareness about the upcoming Southern Sudanese independence referendum on Jan. 9. Through the referendum, citizens will vote to determine whether Southern Sudan should or should not remain a part of Sudan as a whole. Molly Murphy, the organization’s co-president, explained why the election is of such importance to STAND. “The outcome of this referendum is up to the people, but the fairness and possibility of violence is of great concern to us,” Murphy said. “Historically, under the dictator Omar al-Bashir, Sudanese elections have been unfairly rigged and plagued with violence that makes voting unsafe.” Sudan is still experiencing a violent civil war between the North and South since 1983. Without a peaceful and fair referendum, Sudan could remain entrenched in its civil war and continue the genocide in Darfur. STAND calls for diplomatic leadership from the United States and others to promote a peaceful and fair referendum this January. If the referendum were delayed or failed to pass, the outbreak of civil war and possible genocide would be

more likely in the area. STAND hopes to call on the diplomatic leadership of the United States and others to promote a peaceful and fair referendum this January. Murphy and Chiara Cabiglio, co-presidents of the STAND Santa Cruz chapter, brought the organization to life this quarter. Cabiglio interned with the Darfur Peace and Development organization in Washington D.C, which inspired her to start up an organization of her own in Santa Cruz. Cabiglio coordinated with Murphy, who went to STAND training in Maryland, and they got a few other dedicated people together to form the administrative group. The UCSC STAND chapter is just one sub-chapter in the national STAND organization that is based in Washington, D.C. After much planning by Cabiglio, Murphy, and others, the organization, which used to exist at UCSC a few years ago, was reintroduced this quarter. Nicole Pokojny, treasurer for STAND UCSC, said the group hopes to make people aware of the conflict in Sudan. “UCSC’s STAND is aiming to spread awareness and advocate against the genocide happening in the world today, in three major conflict zones in particular: the Congo, Burma and Sudan,” she said. “We want to get people interested in learning more about the monstrosities that are happening in the world, and hope that it encourages them to want to work together with other people that care about the same things, and do something about it.” For now, STAND is still expanding and giving people tangible ways in which they can make a difference: a letter-writing campaign to Congress members, an open-house/open-

call day inviting people to call in and help the cause, and speakers who may come in the winter or spring to hold a campus-wide event. Despite the harrowing subject the club deals with, Pokojny is optimistic about the future of student activism. “Genocide cannot be stopped tomorrow,” Pokojny said. “But with an organization like STAND, UCSC students can come closer to solving the problem.”

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Politics & Culture

Thursday, December 2, 2010

Thursday, December 2, 2010

Politics & Culture

Santa Cruz’s longest running underground Goth Night features eccentric music and fashion
By Susan Sun City Reporter

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An enchanting dominatrix sporting long, luscious pink hair and a velvet, tightly-laced corset with ruffles and coquetry, flashes her moves on the dance floor. She displays equal dignity and humility. Visual tracers of a black vinyl trench coat follow a neo-Victorian man of translucent pallor drifting across the room. Music by The Cure floats through the venue. The Box, Santa Cruz’s longest-running Goth Night hosted at the Blue Lagoon every Sunday night, draws in a unique crowd of passionate, musicloving fashionistas. Creating the ambience of a dark and romantic world, like-minded individuals gather to embrace their painfully enamoring subculture. “The original concept of The Box was the puzzle box from the ‘Hellraiser’ movie,” said Julian Carson, the lead organizer of The Box. “The movie sort of explored that concept of pleasure and pain being related. “The club moved away from that eventually. People don’t show up expecting to meet characters from that movie, and we don’t necessarily even use that concept in our promotional artillery anymore.” The Goth culture has traditionally been brutally misrepresented in society. As a result of stereotyping, Goths have been misconstrued as depressed outcasts, Satan worshippers or drug abusers. But, in reality, Goths are just regular people with a bit of extra kink for music and style. Many of them are working professionals who seek to live out their alter ego once in a while. For the most part, these people simply want to practice their freedom of expression without having to face the harsh judgment society often imposes on eccentricity. Ian Sardegna-Stephens, a DJ at The Box under the moniker Doc Deth, sums up the Gothic

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style in a nutshell: “A lot of people here really dress to the nines,” he said. When it comes to Gothic fashion, black is certainly a keystone element, but it also goes much further than that. “It’s hard for me to encapsulate the Goth style, but people do make an effort to look good,” Sardegna-Stephens said. “People really spend a lot of time on their outward appearance, which really helps with the atmosphere. It really shows the commitment.” And the atmosphere set at Sunday night’s The Box is certainly vamped up by people’s creative efforts in pulling together the most elaborate costumes. Lace and fishnet stockings, provocative stilettos, kneehigh platforms shrouded with buckles, elegant corsets matched with dark-flowing capes. When visualizing Goth couture, think Alexander McQueen meets the vampire Lestat, joining forces with the Japanese Harajuku Lovers. “There’s definitely a dark undercurrent portraying the whole masked Halloween theme. Halloween is Christmas for a lot of us,” Sardegna-Stephens said. However, all the sexiness and seduction attached to the bondage and sadomasochism paraphernalia ever-present in the culture can generate a few problems when outsiders — often referred to by Goths as “Muggles” — leak into the scene. “When some kinds of folks stand around staring or drooling, that kind of behavior is generally frowned upon. Dealing with folks in the scene, just because a woman is wearing fishnets and latex doesn’t mean that she’s just trying to get laid,” The Box organizer Carson said. “These people are just confectioners of sexuality. It’s more about expressing yourself and sharing that with other people.”

Gothic culture certainly promotes respect and acceptance above all. Women are allowed the freedom to express their sexuality without fear of unsolicited male sexual harassment. “A lot of places where I’ve gone in the past have just really felt like a meat market,” The Box’s DJ Stats said. “Even just considering the style of dancing for Goths, typically there is no grinding. It’s kind of tacky. It’s not the norm. If some guy comes up behind you on the dance floor, then he’s obviously not from around here.” The Goths here in Santa Cruz are also a very tight-knit, closely connected group. Age, race and looks don’t matter in the Gothic society. According to many of The Box-goers, the crowd there is very accepting. There isn’t a lot of pretension that happens in the Goth scene. Some of the attendants have been going to The Box for years and, as a result, many close friendships have developed within that niche. DJ Stats said she feels comfortable spinning at the box because everyone looks out for one another. “Typically, everybody kind of supports each other. If somebody’s in trouble and if somebody’s being weird, you can always expect somebody to have your back,” she said. “I call it Goth Cheers. You go in and everybody knows your name and they’re always glad you came.” Next month, the Regency Ballroom in San Francisco will host its 11th annual Edwardian Ball, which focuses on the Edwardian period of history as well as the famous artist Edward Gorey. Visitors of the annual ball often come decked out in their most elaborate costumes of the year. The event takes place Jan. 21 and 22, and tickets are currently on sale.

Illustration by Bela Messex

Oh My Goth!

Condoning Condoms, But Not for Everyone
Pope Benedict XVI has a long way to go before he deserves praise for his attitude towards HIV/AIDS

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n sub-Saharan Africa, 22.5 million people are infected with the HIV virus. Worldwide, the pandemic has affected over 31 million people. Two weeks ago, Pope Benedict XVI said that the most effective known method to prevent transmission, condoms, might be a good idea — but only in some cases. In an excerpt from an in-depth interview released by the official Vatican newspaper, the Pope stipulated that condoms may in some cases be morally acceptable, “as perhaps when a male prostitute uses a condom.” The Pope’s comments, for which he received some praise from AIDS activists and other groups, show some progression on the exceedingly long path to curb the HIV/AIDS pandemic. However, this “progress” is an embarrassingly small step to solve a problem that is ravaging the people of an entire continent. For that, the Pope hardly deserves any credit. The remarks came in response to a question from a German journalist about criticism the Pope received when, on a 2009 trip to Africa, he said that condoms are not a suitable solution to the scourge of HIV/AIDS plaguing Africa. “On the contrary, they increase the problem,” the Pope said. In his recent interview, the Pope was presumably trying to clarify what he meant by those much-questioned comments. However, the Pope’s insinuation that a condom is only justified in an extreme case — such as that of a male sex worker having sex with another man — is entirely misguided. The HIV/AIDS virus is not confined merely to sex workers, or any one group. Still, there are those who applaud the Pope’s recent comments simply because they came from the head of the Catholic Church, an institution that has formally condemned the use of any contracep-

tive method since the official church teaching, entitled “Humanae Vitae,” that was released by Pope Paul VI was made public. However, when viewed through a real-world framework where millions of people are threatened with contracting AIDS every single day, his comments address a miniscule portion of the issue, and thus, are inadequate. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention has provided unequivocal evidence that condoms are effective at reducing the spread of the AIDS virus by 80 percent. For now, condoms represent the only widely accessible and practical barrier method that can be employed by the millions of people worldwide who need to protect themselves against the virus. So what does the Pope suggest those at-risk individuals — who don’t happen to be male prostitutes — do in the meantime? Simply not engage in sexual intercourse? Contract the virus anyway? Just as long as they don’t use a condom. For that, the Pope provides no answer. While the Pope’s comments are not equal in stature to the official doctrine of the Catholic Church, as the head of a major world religion, his words hold considerable clout. Because of this, African bishops and church officials have openly appealed to the Pope to lessen the stigma of condoms in the hope that it would help prevent the spread of this disease. It appears that this meager concession is the best that the Pope can offer. And for now, official church doctrine will reign supreme over the health and welfare of millions of human beings.

Illustration by Patrick Yeung

s students at the University of California watch budget cuts shut doors on their classes, the UC is exploring the possibility of spending $5-$6 million to expand online education programs. Though there are many reasons to oppose the move to offer UC classes online, the most obvious is that we aren’t paying thousands of dollars a year to sit at home and watch a computer screen. A few sentences typed in a chat window isn’t the kind of feedback we need from our professors or the interaction we need with our peers. A lively online discussion — however enjoyable — cannot replace shouting over that pretentious kid in your section in a discussion about an author’s motivation to have a character wear yellow. This is the inherent flaw in the online degree plan. Traditional, in-person UC programs aren’t offering just classes — they offer an experience. They offer community, an exchange of ideas; they foster intellectual and personal connections, inside the classroom and inside the dorm room. The UC says the online pilot program is a response to the increased role technology plays in students’ lives, but like most of the UC’s decisions right now, this one has money as a driving force. As everyone knows, the money from the state just isn’t there. We need to supplement it somehow, but not by raising tuition again. The UC’s efforts to search for fund-

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Internet-based undergraduate courses are not a viable option for increasing revenue
ing online may be seen as admirable. However, we would prefer to see the UC invest in existing resources — not in surface-level expansion. The move to online education might mean increased access to classes for nonUC students, and it might raise revenue. However, even the most advanced internet classes will be hard-pressed to offer anything more than a watereddown, cheapened academic and personal experience. It will be the discount store where the boutique’s slightly damaged products are sold half-price. California’s Master Plan for Higher Education promises to protect and foster the UC’s reputation as the pinnacle of higher education. A UC education can’t be convenient. It can’t be easily fit in between your morning run and your dentist appointment. Because convenience isn’t our priority. Our academic experience is our priority. In-person, human research is our priority. You can’t bump into your professor at a campus coffee shop and discuss lecture and life online. You can’t have lunch with some kids from your section online. You can’t assist your professor in the lab as a research assistant online. You can’t get a UC education online. Our academic experience is threedimensional, and no amount of live chat or video stream can replace the human experience of being a UC student.

Online Classes Are No Replacement

Illustration by Rachel Edelstein

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Editorial

Thursday, December 2, 2010

Editorial

A New Way to Give This Season
When it comes to presents this year, think outside the box
obsolete by next year and “need” to be replaced. This isn’t to say you have to give up gift-giving altogether. Instead, try to think of more practical or socially responsible gifts. Creativity, more than convenience, will give you the “wow factor” during the gift exchange, and you can sleep soundly knowing that it will be put to good use. Here are some suggestions: Rather than reaching for the newest DVD, see if there is something that the people on your list actually need. If the folks on your list have it all, then give them an alternative gift that will benefit others. Micro-financing can be a great way to help someone, and there are many sites that offer easy ways to get involved. Investing in Kiva could be a great way exercise your generosity this year. The site allows you to browse through the profiles of motivated entrepreneurs from the developing world and select who you’d like to help and how much to loan. For just $25, you can empower someone to change his or her life. If you would rather make your social impact locally, visit the Homeless Garden Project gift shop on Pacific Avenue. The proceeds from gift sales go directly to the payroll of homeless trainees, so you are not only buying a gift, but also paying for a homeless person to learn valuable skills that will help him or her get off the street. Finally, what your loved ones really want for the holidays might be you — not bursting out of a gigantic cake like a stripper at a bachelor party, but in the form of spending some quality time. Mom might be thrilled to be taken out to lunch, or maybe Dad would like to go fishing like when you were younger. Especially now that you spend so much time away from home, don’t be surprised if what your folks really want is some bonding. So this holiday season, don’t be boring. Don’t make the annual trip to stores you think your family members like and wait to stumble upon the “perfect” gift. Surprise them with something more interesting.

Thursday, December 2, 2010

he necktie that you are thinking about getting your dad for the holidays will likely share the same fate as the electric razor you got him for Father’s Day. Sooner or later, it will end up in a landfill. It’s not your fault. We live in a culture that too often values itself based on the stuff that we own. Do we have the newest laptop? The coolest phone? The completely useless — though perhaps wildly entertaining — iPad? More than any other time of the year, the holiday season is too often about getting more stuff. But as you rush from shop to shop, please put down the shirt you are thinking of giving your sister and ask yourself: Is this something she really needs? The answer is probably no. According to Stanford’s recycling center, in the short time between Thanksgiving and New Year’s, Americans generate around 25 million tons more waste than at any other time of the year. Even if your gift isn’t chucked out with last night’s pot roast, it might become

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You might find they are impressed you thought outside the box.

Illustration by Louise Leong

SLUG COMICS

by Louise Leong

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Thursday,December 2, 2010

Would you be interested in dating a 5'11" male, half-Asian CHP staffer who likes long walks on the beach?
Compiled by Ryan Mark-Griffin, Prescott Watson & Morgan Grana

WHO THE HELL ASKED YOU?!

“If he will pay for my food, I don’t see why not.” KEVIN NGUYEN FIRST-YEAR, COLLEGE NINE ECONOMICS

“No, I have a boyfriend. But maybe in the future...” ALEXA DOTY THIRD-YEAR, KRESGE FEMINIST STUDIES

“I would if I went on dates with gentlemen.” JOSH VAN GEEM FOURTH-YEAR, COLLEGE NINE MCD BIOLOGY

“No, because I have never been into Asians. I prefer shorter, darker-skinned males ... But the walks on the beach would be nice.” TANYA PARAON THIRD-YEAR, COLLEGE NINE MATHEMATICS

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